Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 10, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 10, 1844 Page 2
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the British crown, nod ia which the lata Irish par liament heretofore had no share. I repeat, thus much I require (or Ireland, com plete legislative and judicial authority, vested in tha crown, and the restored Irish Home of Lords and C immoas ; it never entered into my mind to ac**pi of leas, aid it never can. It m<y 0>4 right h<*re to remind the Irish people of d tact, th it theM were sevenw nomisationbo ru'it'is ia IreU:?d bflore ttie TTuiou; all these would have been ewept away e. iuc ;i*ne of the reform bill ia E igland, if IreUnd then h&u r own p.trliam*ut. Tiey will, of cnur*- bo eou--i? dered as annihilated, and so much oi Uie Union si* ute as sweept trtem away would be re enacted by <h* dct mealing 'he Union statute itsell Tuere u one inquiry which the people ol Ire land have a right to make, and whicn I am ready to a'iii?ver. . Wnat occasion has ther* been to raise the que*" tiou of Federalism, 1 myself being content with the restoration of the Irish parliament in a reformed shio^? My answer is?that it is a duty whi:h I owe to the people of Ireland, to obtain for the struggle for the restoration of their parliament ull?tae strength, power, and energy that 1 possibly can accumulate in tlit' stuse. It is my stored duty ?* show 10 the British empire, and to the world, upon what slen der fouudatiooa of support the Union StatU'e is hi--d T idem niatraie to the Bmish mmis-ryand B i ish p trli im"ui me universally of the dieguei thai p-rvades frun uen oi every cltss, si being de unveil of S'lv su ire in th- governmeutol their own co nitry I dem msiraied, oy means o the 111011 s -r meetings<>t last year, how intense was, and is, tie ang-r <>1 ti** 'ri*h pco,?le at ttie loss of thei na n.iuil ttid<*(? -id-nc-; ani now ??? usefully, but fix e ily, determined they were, aud ire, never to re Ut hi ir exertions until ihe pail1 <t ?util b-. n C lileg-'-gifeti atfdiu Aad now it is equal y iu cumtMui o-i m- to procure, U posaib'e, a similar c >rnr>Kidti ?n atnnnu ihe wealthier cl? sses, and p?r ticu; tr y among the Protest tnt nobility aud geuiry, toi the restoration el our national independence. rhere is n > taunt.?i.i t. i J no reproach?there is no ctlu iiny, ihrtt I an: not cheerfully reed/ to *-n du e, if I era able to procure the sn.vt.u t?l ?u t ot the P.oten'ant nobility ami gentry ?<* hav not v i join, d US tti ?*?' Win* the re;*-alol tlieumon bk..nue. Taer. is nothing short ot pum-iple which I would not s icrihoe to onuir. tne ruppori of the ProU?ht>tnt Reutry ; 1 denire to place mem at the hend ol ihe m ivement, that all fear ol religious ascendency may be doue aw*y wiin for ever, and the repeal oi th- union rendered secure. H it the repeal ol fie uuion, in order to be useful to Ireland, should have the asseut of nearly all her p-i.nltuou, clergy, nobility, geutry, and laity ot every class, cresd, and persuasion. 1 am recruit iug sergeaut lor the Irish people ; and whilst I beat ?,? recruiu by every argument, convincing and con ciliatory, aud in tin# sacrifice of every ihmg bu1 pnnc ple ihe success ol my plans may b? postponed, bu' I think I am quite safe iu declaring that fcuen success is not remote or uncertsiu. Tne chief argument against R peal, used especially by tha elass 1 aiiu le to, it that tne restoration uf tbe lush parliament wwiU necessarily tend to a separation be iwesnths two countries?a powerful argument it tru? T iay, tbe nou-Ripeahrs. i.sssirt that tu?? K*~?ior Union would l?ave mtny q-i-stions unsettled between IreUnd aud England?that Ireland would have no control over treaties wlia foreign power?over the appointment ol the ssecut vj, that is, of the British ministry, or over the mtnacemeent ol the oolonies. or in other imperial concern*, and thus, that numerous international aud hos'ile questions would sri?e, ending to ere ate a civil war between tue two countries, leaving Ireland to no other choice thau submission to British ojoquest, or by s ?ucce?*ful revolt throwing nff British connexion, and the allegiance to the British crown ? Unhappily there is a great dilliculiy in persuading the persons who tats np these ideas ol their futility ; it is in ft ntely b itter to disouss with them in perfect temper and kiodlines* the remedies they them?elves propese. That tern dy consists in a Federal Congress upon some plan as V?t unJeQue t; ?o give Ireland a pitential vo'Ce in the re ? ill tti <nof foreiga treaties, in tae chocks on ministerial piwer. in the management of o?lomal alfaira, and in all otnar Imperial concerns. It it n ine trurf that. In striking out the plans for such Ciugrassional powers, many difficulties will arise, and mmy conflicting interests will have to be consulted. Tni, m ly tend to render the arrangement more dislcult to be ? If-Ced, but it Kederali?m shall bring to our aid u crest lorce of tne Protestant nobility and gentry, more taau equivalent to those ditflculties, the gain will be en tirely ou the side ot Ireland. .... I conf -ss I should be glad to see a plan that would give Ireland an eff?tual share in the arrangement of loreigu treaties !n that case the linen varns ot Bellast woull be in no danger of being sacrificed to the interests of tha makers of cutlery in Mhtfllcld or Birmingham. A<eiu, look to the colonies ; read the names of the official persons in those colonies. You will find very many Kuglish, and, abovo all, plenty of Scotch, but aoaroely one Irish; and if there be an Irishman among them, it is in all protiahility some renegade wbo has sold his country for a colonial bribe. Then, as to tha state of religion in the colonies : the religion of the people of England is protected in all the oolonies, so is the religion ol the people of Scotland, but the religion of the people of Ireland is scantily tolerated ! for example, in Newfoundland the Protestant bishop has a salary from government of 4001. a-yesr while my reverend friend, tha R.ght R-iv. Dr. F.eming. hss s salary of only AOl s-^ear, though his duties are in tke inverse ratio of tn" " w? tnut shown that I seek for Irslsnd the full bene fit of tha Repeal el tbe Union, and the restorstion ol her domestiJ parliament?that I never will take leas lor the Irisn pirlismtiut than that whicn it had before the Union -that is, final legislative and julioial authority in Ire **But if I can g*t imr* for Ireland? if I can, in.addition to her l?gi?la'ive Independence, procure for her by means of a federal arran*-meat a direct interference as to foreign 'resiles, add a direct and unequivocal power In colonial affairs, I will not refuse the advantages and au thortiy w nch m?y be tenders I to Ireland as additional link* in tbe connection with Great Biit in In fin>', fellow-countrymen, the paus< of experiment is over. Let us rouse again f >r tbe peacelul contest?a con test not to bo suspenled until the parliament ia again in <'.oli-gi greeu, with all lu ancient authority and Juris, diction " Hurra tktn,for the Repeal I! I have tha bouor to oe your IiI'Smii ???ivant, DA.NIEL O'COVNELL 0 t th^ motion ol Csp?ain Sflarer, tne letur of the Libe rator *<i inserted on the minutes. Mr M O'CoRFeix sail he bsd now much nlessure in aekiiewle l<iu< the receipt of 6001 from New York, U S. Th.s spi.? id d remittance wai acooinpanted by a l> tter from Mr. B 0'<'o:iner, winch was tethe lollowing eff ct: '?Nk# Voax. lfttn Ocober, 1B44 Data St* ?Again haw it became a plea-ing pirt ol my otfl'-ial duty to t tke a remittan ce to the Liyal Natiouel A?M2iatti>o. I hive the gra-ifija iun of enclosing here with a nill of exoba^ge for 6im/ sterling O this amount ti in e-trirtc :Vjd frjin 'is H-piiieri oi F .rt C ?vn g ?oo, Tnomas K amey, senre a y, 70 dol? 7 Jents, or Nf 7i i dig HirbiUr. Long laland, N^w York, 30 dots 5n cams or 61 6< , A<tona (seconddonation) N^w York, 87 doli ii ceu's . or 71 13 ' i Coldapring, N?W York J?me? M'vlulle p.esi ie.1t, arthur O Htra. secret?ry, and B-r nar t D iffy, trelaurer,-fourth donation, $108 or 90J. 10s Tne lutention of the New York Relators has, inanks to divine Providence, been rendered unnec?-s?ary ; thej b >d pledget themselves to liquidate the flue ot 3,ouOl, which in addition to imprisonment, was so intq iitously Imposed on the Liberator ..f hi" native land, leaving to. other t*si>ci*'ions n the Un ted States the honor of p y l'ig the flu?s oft te other captives The decision ot the House of Lordl has revtrse?l tne judgment ?nich con si/ned you to aprison, but it has noi reversed the deter mimion of the New York KepHaler< to coutilbu'e the il uool, of w ich sum the present remittance is tha first instalment, and which they desire to be spplisd to the great national o^j-cts you liare in view. Tne friends of Repeal-of civil and religious liberty ? thr >ughont the world rej >ic? at vour triumph, and at ihe d'sc tnifltura of your enemies You havi suffered perse cution fir ju?ii:? sake, and now enjoy the regard of be hoi ting th* entire fsilurn of evnry acteme to crush t-e Repeal, which either Tory ingenuity conl.l sog (est or its malevolenoe desire. The monster indict m^.it h^s turned out to b< a mjnst^ous humbug ! "a m ickei y, a dilunon an I a snare," and >ou tiri a?ain n> tan po-s- -?io'i ot that personal Ireedom ol which you I were so u iju?tly deprived Acinn a ulttory a d e?s from the Naw York Repeal A.ofii'ini on that uu piciotts event accompanied thi? comm inica'iou, and I can, with ennflJenco ssy, ih it it is an -x .rassion of the t-e-lings >vhi. U throb in million ot heart* th-ougnou* thi Unuel S ates, rej licng at th. in'xllig'.nce ol your trm nph and deliverance Irom csp ti?ity. By a resolution n?ssed Ht the last meeting of eur as.ocia'laii, at which rhirlea O'l^onuor, Esq , presided, the execu iva committee were direc-e 1 to m .ae arrange meuts tor c -lehrating the trium.ih ol the Repeal mart) rs by ? gran ' ? fional festivity, which wi 1 spuedily be car rjei into effect. H iping tnat you raav soon realise the consummation of the (torious otij ict to which your long and eventtul life has been devoted?the elevatl n of Ireland to her proper tank *mi>ng the na'ions of theearih, with her own dc meitic parliament legislating lor her wishes snd her wsnts?an en'erprise to all appearance, some few years ?inoe, the m >st nnpsless ever undertaken, but now cer tsin tu be attended with a success tbe grestes* ever ob tained by man. 1 have tha honor to b*, deer air, very faithfully and truly yourohedien* servant, BAR TII LO <11W O'OONNOfl, Sec'y, U. x. Rap-al Association, New York To DawisL O'ConesLb Esq , M P. II- (Nfr O'Connetl) hsd the mait sincere pleasure in m-ivinr that the e.oqisnt letter of Mr. O'Cenner bo ln<irt?l on their mmu'H, an I that the chairman be re q'Hited'o present to Mr. O'Connor, and thr >ugh him to tn^ subscribers also, tne heartfelt hanks of the a socif tion lor ?h-ir noble exortions in behalf of I,-aland (tear, hear.) F om tliU 1? t*:r it would be aeon that it w as net in Viw York alone hat the wrongs snd suffering* of Iro !end had evnk el popular sympsthyj for one of the d na tions alluded to in tke communication came from that ominous spot of tks Oregon territory, Astoiis, s place whoso very name ought to eonvey a solemn wsrnii.g to the rulers of E iff land. Tbe fact ol a domtion having e?m?i from auoh a phce, demonstrated thst a feeling uf sympathy (or the suffarlngs o Irishmen was ipreading rapidly through the lanifth an I breadth oi America. Let It sarva as a lesson 'o the rulers of England, tni) 'htng them that even in tbe rumotest regions of the perth, the wrong* of Ireland were known aud pitied. He Irnstat that ihe mvtnrs in dispute between England and A-nerioa in that qaartnr mignt be settled satisfactorily ?ind without having roconraa to measures ol violenoe ; but when a grea* iti'erna'lonsl queation was to be ai rangel,t)i? rulers ol Englaul nu^htto ramember that tin wr>n||s of Irelsnd slso mingle 1 in the scale there. When men in other ooutitries tnrned over tha pages ol history, end refteoted thst In Englsnd there hed been s success lo ot governnants who. for the Isst floit veers, had governed this country by a pellcy, which eoqld be tracked during that Inng lapis olnms by hlood-ihel, trsaoharr and da ??st*tioa, and tke ageot* of whose ruts were to be seen I In the nlurj and wretchedness of the people,they would eventueily uk themselves whether ihto ?? ???1??? cient to make them pause ^efor*11^*r The 1 ilh thetnselvea to the power o< such S OOWttrj.^ might well be prou l of the sympathy of their friend* at the othrr tide of tlie Atlantic, and tbejr shou.d study_so to midel iheir oonduct at to deserve a continuance ol that sympathy. A* loner as the* o rntinne.l to pursue tlie course whicn* followei-aeoriuug to destcrato a hoi) cju >h br unholy agencies, and ntuilutly SoekiOJ for ihtiir riich's in a manner not linhecoming their cherac"*rs *a Christians andaa men. so long might the lrish people reckon upoo enjlying tht sympathy *nd gocd w,'?e* 01 ? v.iry friend of libs ty Irom the Equator to the Pol ? fl?ui Cieeriog ) Ha was proud that auch a letter a* Mr O'Coun r'* had beau received by that aaaoci tion?hr was proud t'tat it hid fallen to hi" lot to announce tho re. ceipt of such a letter, for it proved that the malignityof their enemies la America wa* impotent of evil, and that although in one locality (Philadelphia) an uttack had been mad* upon the Iri.h residing there, the hostility wsa confined to that one spot, and that the general lotl ing throughout A marina was one of kindnes* and good will towards Ireland. There was no cause, however rare and admirable in itself, that had not to encounter hostility from some quarter or another. At homo the enmity to the Repeal cauie was manifested in nn occa sional attempt to revive the execrable system of Ribbon ism, and in more remote regions the same feeling ot hos tility declared itself in other forms. At Montreal, when the newsof O'Cotipell's liberation arrived, a party of men, calling themselves repealers, paraded the streets ia a most uproarious manner, and committed many acta of violence A meeting of the Repealers of Montreal was called the ue*t da v. and it waa then lound that i. et a single Repealer ha I tsken part in the procesaion of the night b fore (Hear, he >r and cheers ) A disclaimer of such conduct 'hen verv properly drawn upon the put of the K* peelers of vfonreal, who had pledged ihemselvei to usM ?**ry ? If irt possible to bring the perpetra tors ot ac'S >o vile and outrageous t* jus Ire (Hear, he.-r). H.-pealera, both at home and abroad, ?ho .Id ii,ii h solemn warning from the couduo' of their en?mi> a, the rioter* vi Montreal, a-id should see in oil this a new a'trument in favor ol heii-g guarded and circumspect in htir conduct (hear, hear) Ti ey should siu ty >o th>-ir ouduet warthyof their came?they rhou'e m ike any aacri ce sooner than disohnv the law an>i il. so to (???uk, their righ' hand nffended them they should cut i' nff rather than inff r it to l.jnre the can?e which in their hearts thev I >nged to serve ( eir, and cheerf.) Mr M O'Oo'.nell announced the Repeal Rent for fir wo* k ns ??'*V hundred and thirty eight pounds, tirltm shil Ungt and three pence. Franrr, The Due d'A male left Part-, with the Prince de Joinville, on Tuesday, for Naples; "J" '8 expected to arrive on flie 20ih or 21-u. On the 25rn, he is to he married to the Princess Carohue Au <ssta, daughter of the Prince ot Salerno, und cousin of the King of the Two Sicilies. Ppaln. ? Th? Spanish papers ar<' filled with details of the conspiracies allegtd to have been discovered a| M idrid aod Barcelona, to murder Narvaez an? other*, and to overthrow (he government Many persons have been arrested, and will probablv b-^ shot. Among them are several officers and noble men ol distinction General Prim, Count of Reuss. w one of them. He waa the leader of that revolu 'ion in Catalonia which resulted in the exile ol Eapartero, and the elevation ol Narvaez. The Parit Prate represents him as a young man, tn Hited with the eclat of his recent career, involved in pecuniary embarras ments, and disgusted with not receiving more aid frojn government Frnm the turn which the debate in the Chamber ot De puties at Madrid has taken, it is tolerably clear that the new constitution, which has been propounded by ministers, will n?t receive even the semblance of a modification. One of the ministers, indeed, has unbhtshingljr declared that the crown is supe rior to any constitution! "The crown," exclaimed he, "overruled every thing,and that was the form the government of Spain atwayB had." Italy. An unsuccessful attempt has been made to assas sinate the Grand Duke ol Tuscany. This country tias beeu visited by destructive inundations. The Adiee had been, and the streets of Trent were overflowed. The whole lower parts of Florence were flooded. A suspension bridge above the gate of St. Nicholas, without the city, has been carried away. The road between Leghorn and Pisa was stopped. Agricultural implements, cattle and fur niture, strew- d on the waters, attested the ruin in flicted in the country districts. Poland. The 8iletian.G<izette states; that in I he course ol August last a secret association for political pur poses was discovered in the kingdom ef Poland, and many arrests were made at Warsaw and at other places. A committee appointed to inquire into the matter have liberated twenty persons, and have condemned three lawyers to hard labor for life in Siberia, and eighteen others to the like punishment for ten years; all the property of the condemned to be confiscated. China. Kehung, ihe Governor of Canton, died of old age. He is said to have been the only Governor of that ptovince who lias been removed by death,and thus avoided disgrace; and even he has been slightly fined by the paternal Government. There had been no more rioting at Canton. The fact of a treaty having been made between the United Slates and the Celestial Empire is placed beyond all doubt, by the intelligence which na* come to nand by this mail. The correspondence of the French papers, and the last arrival of the Indiau mail, announce that Mr. Cuahing had effected h s purpose,and concluded a commercial treaty with the Chinese Govern ment, which was signed on the 4<h of July. The Cmrtof Pekin appears to have acceded ?ithout difficulty to the wishes of ihe American Envoy, and Kry-ing, an Imperial Commissioner, was at once appointed, with a numerous suit ol Manda rins, to treat at Macao. Tne American mer chants at Canton and the adjoining stations, dis couraged the notion of attempt ing to proceed to Pi-nin, and Mr Cashing prudently yielded to then suggestions. It was said, however, that he would proceed with the American squadron, consisting ol the St. Louis, the Brandywine, and a brig, to visit a part ot the coast. India. The Bombay mail of the first of October, arri ved in London on the 4th instant , and brings ac counts of some disturbance in Southern Mahratte country, which has been in a disturbed state. The malcontents consist chiefly of Arab troops, who placed themselves under some bold leaders, aud bade defiance to the Rajan and his allies They seized two of the strong hill forts, where they h"ie ted the standard of revolt against the Rajah ol Kholapore. A force was Bent by the au thorities to disperse t'lem. Ii consisted ot fiftv ar. ullerymen and troops, amounting to about 1 20o men, uoder the com nand of Colonel Wallace id he Madras Army. An attack issaid to have taken place atoue ot tne forrs, in wmcii the rebels de f-nded themselves stoutly with their long guns.? Some s Idiers on the side of the British wer< wounded ; for the hill forts from iheir position are difficult ot act-ess. Tne Bri isti were subsequent ly tiring and throwing snells into the first fort, which is about twenty-five miles irom Belgaum ? The mher is eighteen miles lurther off". Tne Bom bay Government waa on the alert in making ar raiigemeuta for having its disposable regimenu ready tor any emergency that might arise. Lieut. Col. Wythe, of the 2lst Bombay Native Infantiy, who had taken his passage by the mail-steamer, was ordered to stop and join his regiment. Steam ers were in Bombay harbor uuder orders to br ready to remove troops at a moment's notice. Serious riotJ took place ai Siirat on the 29th ol August, in consequence ot popular dissatistaciioi at the increase ot the salt tax from half a rupee to one rupee, (2v)per maund of 80 nounda Troop* were promptly sent there by the Government, auu the disturoance ceased Tne Supreme Court sub seqtienuy ordered, by virtue ol instructions front the Court of Directors, mat the increased duty should be in the Bombay Presidencyonly one quar ter of a rupee per maund. This arrangement ap parently pacified the people, although there were petition* made against the tax. A real nuvauce seems at length to have been made in the pacification of Buudelcund?two of the fomenters of disturbance had surrendered, and itie chief had expressed a desire to do so, it his lile could be spared. Scind* was tranquil, and upon the whole healthy. Capt. M'Kenzte is charged in these accounts with having committed a sad blunder, having attacked with his lrtegularssome agricultural Ryols, taking thsm tor Beloochees. ...... The Punjaub was in a state of undimmibhed con fusion; and the journals renew with confidence the discussion about the unavoidable necessity ol British inrervention. Sir George Pollock arrived at Calcutta on the 18ih September, and took his sent at the Council, in the place of the Hon. W. W. Bird. Mr Frederick Hntclunson had been made a jus ttee of Bombay; and the appointment is hailed at tne first of tlie kind conferred on an " Indo-Bnt ton " . . . rM. The crop of Indigo is now estimated ai 140,000 maund*. _ . marksU. Lo*d*w Mowsr Master, Nov. lS-Th? Govsramen Securities have undergoes lit'le alteration recently, nor has much business been transacted in them Moaey 1? becoming scarcer, and the rate for discounting flrst rate Commercial Bills is now to ? per oent. A proof ef the increased value of money is the decline in Eaoh?quer Bills?not from any temporary pres ure on the part rf | seller*, but from the numerous other channels in whic* the funds of capitalists sre now flawing .... I The amount of the new French loan is one-third les* | than was expected: the Finance Minister, although au thorised by the L gislature to contract for 800,0o0.0(*i francs, only availing himself of his power to the eaten ofaooww ono The biddings will be received, by seale. tenders, on the 9th December The contractors to pa; an immediate deport ot 10 OOO.iMO, being A per cent upoi the whole; an 1 to agree to the payment ol a lik" monthlt deposit uutil the whole loan is paid up, which Will no be 'ill August, 1840. The Stock market oloses Arm, though quiet. Consoti for Money and the Aeoount left cfl' at 100$ to f; Three per <'ents , Reduced, W| to || Three snd a quarter pei rents, 101 to I/?ng Annuitlsi, fl l-l?. Bank fttock, j ?)? to J06 ; and India Rtock, DM to 'MH In the K??ig? Market ?pauUI? toads tie fewer, owing to the again unfavorable aspact of affair*in the Penlnanla: Portuguese is alto depressed; Mexican* are steady. The New Half ian Scrip, altar receding somewhat, baa raj Had, and cloaaa at } prem. The final pricei were?Spanish Jive per Cento. -j?J to 34; the Three per Cent*, 36} to 1. Poitugueee, 631 to 631; Run tan, Ih to 119; Mexican, 364 to Kit the D tarred, 16j to {; Dutch Two-ami a-Hall per Cent*, 6Jj to j; the Five per I'ei.ts, 09 to j; Danitb 8? io *>' i olumblaa, n, if I to 103; Bat not Ay re*, 36 to 37; ui.J Brazilian, K7j to 8t?J. The follow in# prices are the U'oat obtained for the lowuig United State* stocks Jit Jennoble. New York Five# i?66i " IcttaS 98 94 " " 1860) Pennsvlvatua Fives 66 60 Ohio Sixes 1866) " 1660} 81 w Indiana 6's (sterling Bonds,).... 34 se Louisiaua Fives 1844 47 60-63 _ Alabama Fives (8tg. Buds ) 1868-9-66 80 83 Kentucky Sixes 1868 93 94 City Stocke, New York Fives 93 98 Incorporated Banks. United States, 8 per ct ,26s 28s " " 6 " debentures, 1841-2, ? ? I.iTEftrnoL Cotton Markkt-Report for the Week end ing Nov 8.?The market has been flat throughout the week, and somewhat irregular in price, but that irregu lanty has been in qualities ot American at and above 4d lu adapting our quotations to the currency of to-day we hsvehadto reduce ihem in some instances jd per lb.? Surats alto have been a little eaxier to buy. Eg) ptians auJ Brazil* barely support last rates Sea Islands without ohai'gK. There was u.ore doing by the trade during the two last days. The sales of Urn w-ek are 86.130 and the only imports during the same period are 1 016 Irum Egypt Taken ou speculation?3.000 American ai d 3.0 X) Sural; and for exportation. 200 American and 300 Suut I'ue prices declared by the committee of brokers tins w.ekto- fair cotton, are?Bowed, 4| ; Mobile, 4ld; Or leans, 4(1. ? ' Rtjrnrt for the Week ending Nov. 16?In oonsequence ol a t*iuaiueieoie iucreaae iu the demand in the eaily part of the week, holders w? re enabled, in manv instan ces, to Obtain an adv-.iice ol ^ J per lb on American des criptions; but ?iuoe tho arrival of the Boston steam puck ec, ?nere has been more di>p>sition to sell, and the market close* wi'hout chance from the quotations of Friday Jant I hesaut ol the we. k are 41 840 biles Speculator* have taken 6..JO0 American and 3,20o Surat, ai.d 200 American uii'* 60 Peruambuco are sold lor exportation. N >v. 18 ? The transac'ions in Cotton since the close of Fiiday's business have b-ta on a moderate scale only. ?0'K) bales have met with buyers, of which 3000 were sold to-day, vix:-8<)0 surat at 2Jd to 3j i, 100 Egyptian 61.1 to 7d; 60 Peru am at 6| 1, and tn e remainder American 8j I to 5) I In prices them is no variation whatever to notice. Statu or Tbabe?In Manchester there is a good busi ness doing in loth, especially in Printing Cloths, though still th> re is an active demand for Shir'ings and Loig Cloths, fir China and India Shirtings are 1?1 a piece lower >n prico ; Twist is in ready sale. In Leeds and Hudders fl <id tha mild weather prevents an activa sale of winter goods. Yarns are much depressed, and the prospect be Nre spinners is very gloomy. In Nottingham every nranch ot hosiery trade is becoming worse ; cotton gloves 'eal the general depression, aud the bobbiunet trade is also extre nrly dull) the silk warp trade is also very slack. At Leicester, the wool trade is in ctive. as also goods, both plain and fancy ; manufacturers talk of re ducing wages. In Rochdale piece market there is some little unprovament Hsvaa. Nov. 16,1844-C t ons?Ourflmarket which at ? ha close ol our preceding circular exhib ted a very heavy appearance, became still mora d?| reused immediately afrfer mo receipt oi the advices from tae United States 'Tought by the packet ship Burgundy, which were one dsy subsequent to ihose that had previously reached u?; a considerable degree ot pressure to run off stock, and par ticularly that portion recently imported from New York was evinced on the part ot holders, which produced a far ther decline of 1.3 in prices of American ( ottons geaer ally speaking, and up to the end of last week, business bad rdapsed into an exceedingly dull condition. Since the opening ol the present one, however, buyers have c< me more freely It rvard, in consequenoe of the induce ment held out by the reduced rates; a goo 1 dtm.nd has neen manifested, fnd the transactions have been daily to a fair amount ' This revival has had the effect of checking the decline, and imparting regularity to the operations, although there is no other amelioration apparent than acharactei ol steadiness in th? buj ing, which is not marked by any very spirited feature, notwithatanding the low st ale oi pnees. The accounts from Liverpool are destitute oi any peculiar interest, and those from our manufacturing de pariments are also divtstedoi any new complexion, but considering the season oi the year, they may upon the whole be considered satisfactory. The packet shin Iowa bringing New York dates to the 36th ult has just arrived' and the contents of which do not seem likely to be pro ductive of any change in the p esent state of things. The sale* of the week are 8 647 bales, of which 4038 N Orleans at 49f 60 a 73f; 2439 Mobile at 68 a 061; 3116 Upi land at 66 a 6flf, and 06 Sea Island at 166 a 3101. The im ports (or the same period were 6113 bales. Stock, Nov. tj. A IH,2- 1813. 1844.* American.. 113,1100 84.WI0 eo.MP Other amds 7,yo a uno j^o Ua^ao 91,000 tt.MO Wnsntiesi I _ Ihintrdin. a f'uurant a v?? nrl-?. I. * "rA" '***" I'Ue march. il a ?l 69 ? 71 II 1 91 Mobile 61 s 62 k| ? *1 - Upland . nd Florida,... 11 1 (,1 bi ? is _ ? _ ;!T".VV ? 60 bl ? ? - a - Altbams It lenneuee,. Jl s 6> t6 a ? ?*? 'sland 160 a 200 26?a300 Jithei.?The demand has been to a limited extent, and prices of American Potash have again receded. The ?a'e* consist of 116 bbla. 1st brand* at #7f. and 30 bbl* at 86f.pi per 60 kil. duty (8c.36) paid. In Pearlssh we have no'hmg to notice, and quote it us belore at 891.76, for con sumption. The Burgundy. Iowa, and Sarah Arsilia brought in 473 bbls- Pots and 637 bbl* Pearl*. Stock. 1100 Pot* and 300 Pearl*. Rice?Thi* artiole continue* little in request, but price* huvo undergone no alteration, and remain quoted at 311. a 36, accor .tig to quality. Only 49 tierce* t arolina found **JMf60? pcr 60 kil du'y (' 87i) P'id A .upplt of 110 tc* ha* come in this week. Our stock in all hand* may b? computed ai 3600 tc* Whalebone Scarcely any thing ha* been done sine* our iaat report, onlv a small lot of Northwestern fishery having been run off at 3f76 per half kil duty paid. South ern fishery i* worth 31 76 a 3f 90, for home use\ We have not had toy acceaaion to our stock, which amounts to 36 tO 08 Coffee.?Since the roceipt of 'he d'laatrous accounts from Havana, as well as the unfavorable news >rom Java, concerning the new crop, a speculative Ueling ha* been awakened ; and a go'd demand hts been manifested. The 'otlowin( are the sales that have been effected, viz: 1786 ^?H* St. D mlngo. partly to atrive. at 39J a 88; 114 baat i'* " 49t' 01 hhd' 8t JaB? at 86>1,88 b8f? Brs. /.il st 39, and |im? bags Pjr'o Cat ello. at 63, in bond; ano J,ivf *nl 3" casks Gnadaloupe at U.J7j per half kil., duty paid. Stock?18,000 bagx St. Do mingo, 33 bbls aud 3000 bag* Brazil, 60 c-ska and 2901' fiags Havana, Porto Itico aud Lagtisy ra, 9800 bars Ees India 176 bale- Mocha, and 160 casks from oar West In dia plantation*. Lead -Some amendment has taken place in the a*pcc ot tni? arti le, and pric< * 8r? a shade higher 3,387 pi*. vin?ouri were ruo off at 23f&6$ p. r 60 kil duty (31.76) Au*terii z, from New Orleans had on board 0 owl pigs. Tallow, 4-c ?More inquiry ho* taken place thi* week. in<! piiccs wear a rather improved appearance The aaler 1:1 tallow were400 cask* Russia, in loco, at 68f 76 a 641 81J, and 160 cask", to arrive, at 64f. a 64f 76; also 300 -.aaks Odessa, at 63i 50, and InO bbls. New York, at Mf r 641 36 per 60 kil duty paid. A lot of 18 bbla. American

.nid was disposed of at 49;. per 60 kil, for home use Im ports-337 ca.ks tallow, and I 430 bbls lard, perBurgun ly and Iowa, from New York. 96 ca<ks tallow, and 3hP nbis lar l.ex -.usterlitz, trom New Orleans, and lOOcask* ta low from London. WV?f- No change has taken place in the price ofthh article, which wo, therefore, quote a* before at 45f. per <ack, ol 200 kil., for home produce. rood, -Tau *ame want of activity continue* to pre lominate that we previouily noticed, but price* have not '?ndergono any variation. The only sales to record are ?0 tons 8t Domingo Fmtic, at 9f 26 a ?f 60, and 13 tons Hapan wood, at I9t per 60 kil, duty pai I We still quote Oampeachy logwood. Spanish cut. at 13f. a I3f 36, and . omlngo logwood at 8r a 81.16 for consumption Hambusg, Nov. 8.-Price* of Coffee have been very flrmiy snpp-.rted during the Inst eight days The trans iciionsm Haw Sugar have been chiefly enflned fo 160 jh?_st? white Bahia at to Aj 360 do brown do at 41 to 6. and about loOcKott* yellow Hav.innahat about tho |.rice? "I la?t week Cotton has maintained its former value iVl n consinted of 36 pack-ge* New Orleans. D n M n .nrf 7 n n a 41 l0ur,0' whl h w?'" C, 17 t ilk, Another parcel of 77 bales,principally 4I?JPernambucoat6i, 64 bales middling de at6j,ond by public sale 30 NOrleansnfil to#? 16,and 30 it 3 16 16 to 4J Of Rice, about 840 tons Carolina hav^ changed hands at 13 4 to 13-8: Th-t following tr ansae -ions h >.ve taken place in Hides3300 Rio Orande, 600 St aoV ,^uen?* Alr, ?. aw <lry aalted Bahia; about 6000 ICips, and 200 salted Rio. Tar is without alteration \t the moment the demand for W< ol is slow, and as the stocks in the interior are large, prices may perhaps give way a trifle. Zinc neglected, 131' is the price a ked Amitkkosm, Nov. 6 -Onr Coffee mirket, though al most without anything doing, has, nrverthalo**, during the last eight days, maintained previou* currencies.? Hurinnm sold at 80 to39\ Unnfliod Sugar underwent *.nt' ^ hhd* Surinam found buyers at ? , 1? ?? ??'?fobna Rice, oieaned here, was pai I with a r , ,mCr'ca? cleaned 114, cleaned table 11, and clean r 11 India with 8| to 9j| fl. Cotton In little request, but r.iHy maintaining its value; United States b?ing now 31 ' "V9 ,0. 'U0 ? 8'", '?'?"d 3? ?o 87. Our stock this j con*!*'*of about 9000 bales American, 1100 Surinam nd Nickerle, 400 East India. 600 Brazilian, 1600 pack .'5 a'M!" 190 b*,'# L*tu>r? Tho transaction* in jiary land tobacco since our Iaat were again ol little im portance, consisting only of 130 hhds disposed of by first ^and sale. Imported from J iva, via Rotterdam, 716 pbas S-ockonthe M instant. 1193 hhds Maryland, 3?03 Vir <inia and S?S hh Is Ken-ucky. Holders of Hides re main nrm in their demand*. Tho last arrival* of Wer India are soon expected in the market. Java Cow Hides, with the exception of light weights, generally apoeking are, on account of tho advanced seaaon, les* Inquired af Bobdeaui, Oot. 31?foffr? which in the first day* of orerm?n "*W V*,ry ba* *ince been neglected r.^^! .Ta *?'d !hl* wl.*k 71 bile* Loalilans, 26 dn Carolina, 41 do Surat, 100 Ellas, and 200 package* de, and our preMotstock is compose I af ioo? bales Louisiana, att, Cavanne, SS7 Carolina, IS86 Pi*co, 1634 Cnmana. 248 Cen tral American, and 4793 bale* from tha South Sta RoTT?.DAM,Nov.7._Tobscco-Of87caaka Maryland ?r. *??re sold at 14 cents ; and 21 casks at I6J to 17] cents. At the auction thi* morning, New Orleans Cotton, of first quality, brought 16 to 18i and ordinary aorta 8} tn II ct*. ?" mi4-V'.4 A2F* iLj"0,0' ?dTlcc" from hence are by nr. meau* favorable,either for Import ore* port articles. Th. j-rop of Coffee Is reported to he not only short In quantity, ^ ,'k"ww;?r lnfri*r Rice remained scarce snd dear. Sugar had coma slowly to market and the protracted rains had interfered with tha manufacture ol I NEW YORK HERALD. WWW tork, Xnn?l?y, Pec ember IP, IW. ^TfLENDID"P1CT011AL ANNUAL!!! We shill publish in a fow days one o( the moat mignill ceil Pictorial Annusls-to be caUed the " Ansual Picto rial H?aam>"?that ever ha* been issued in thi? city. It will contain a republication of all the beautiful engrav tag* i??uad in thu Weekly and Daily Utrild during the last four year', and will thu? comprias nearly two hun dred cut*?from graphic and elegant design*, illustrative of exciting evonla?remarkable characters?inteiei ling ?c*nery?historical incident*?social manners?and poll ileal porionages, both in Europe and this country, and particularly in New Yoik. The moat interesting en gravings will be those published during last summer in the Weekly Herald. This will 1* decidedly the most splendid thing of the kind erer published In this country, end the cheapest too?the whole going for only 61 oents. Orders from agents and others must bo sent in imme diately. The KII(lull Hews, Our columns to-day contain a full ritumi of the news from Europe, brought by the laat steamer at Boston. At first sight it might be supposed that the intelligence was not of much importance, but a close examination of some particular points,give a | different character to the events recorded. There are not, it is true, any political occur rencesof magnitude?no royal journeyinga of im poitance, but there is one little spick, no bigger than a man's hand, beginning to manifest itself in the horizon at Manchester, the centre of the manu facturing districtsof Great Britain, which indicates an hereaf ter in the history of the relations between England and the United States, that will usher in one of the most brilliant eras in the annals of the world. We allude to an important meeting held in Manchester, in relation to the cotton trade and cotton im ports into England; on which occasion, in the face of the whole world, and in the very heart of British manufactures, the palm was awarded to the United States in the manufacture of a certain description of cotton goods, and in competing with England in the markets of the world. It is very evident from this movement, and others, that the success of the American government in negotia ting a new treaty with the Chinese empire, has struck with astonishment the whole English mind, political, commercial, and manufacturing. This event commences a new era in the history of both csuntries; and coupling it with the question of Texas in this country, and ] the movements of republican government on this subject, it will force on the minds of all the conviction, that we are on the eve of a most important era in our foreign re lations, the result of which no one can yet see. So much on that point. With lespect to Irish affairs, O'Conoell, it appears, after vibrating and balancing like a rnountebink between "federal ism" and " repealiam,"' Iihs at last settled down again into the latter. He has attempted a new agi tation, which by no means promises to be aB profit able and successful as liis previous efforts. Agita tion in Ireland mav continue for a few years lon ger, but it will diminish gradually, until that period arrives when the relations of the United Slates and England will assume such a character, and the in fluence of the progress of Republican government in this country shall have created such a spirit amongst the gTeat body of the European people, that a radical revolution in the Bocial institutions institutions of Great Britain will be no longer postponed. Then all these isolated and ridiculous sectional movements now conducted only with base and personal motives, will be merged in the great strutgle. of the whole people for free govern ment. CVConnell is now cUnug his career, and is rapidly reaching the level of a narrow-minded agi lator, with the narrowest conceptions of human liberty and human rights. The rest of the news, literary, theatrical, fash ionable and otherwise, will be found under the proper heads, fuller, and arranged with more care and judgmeut than in any other journal of the day. Chevalier Wikoff's Trial Postponed. ?The case of Chevalier Wikoff and one of his coadju tors, was called up yesterday in the Court of Ses sions, but postponed on account of want of evi dence. A proposition was made on his part to send for some witnesses to Washington, and an in timation also made of a design to send over to Ire land for some others. This is merely to create de lay. We suppose the next motion will be to send 10 China,and all over the world,for witnesses. In deed Fanny Elssler herself may be sent for to tes tify in this important case. But as Taglioni, the *reat danseute, is expected by the next steamer, they may, perhaps, see if she won't do in this case. This delay indeed, will only give additional in terest to the trial, and we have ro doubt that all the beautiful dancers in Europe, and all the great politicians, Lady Blessington and Count D'Orsay, and a variety of other characters, are all standing on tiptoe, anxiously awaiting the next intelligence irom America, bringing an account of Chevaliei Wikofl's trial! The Poetry of Flowers?Magnificent Boqitet. ?We received yesterday from Grant Thorburn dr Co's. Conservatory, at Niblo's, by far the most beautiful boquet that we have seen this seaswn.? It was composed of the rarest and most fra grant llowers ; and the elegant and artistical style in which they were arranged was beyond all praise. We learn, however, that the artist?Mr. John Robinson?hus been long celebrated in this city, for his superior taste and skill in this department There never has been a solitary instance in which the ladies have found fault with his boqwtt, and on a recent occasion, in which he supplied the boquet* and floral wreaths for a bridal party, the fair mem bers of the family presented Mr. Robinson with a handsome souvenir in token of their admiration ol his talent in this department of ihe fine art, for such it may indeed be designated. Now the beau mondt will know where to get boquet* for the belles of th* balls and parties, and the charming prima donne at ihe opera. Apprentices' Library.? A series of highly inte resting and valuable lectures commences this evening, at the Stuyvesant Institute. The subject is "Modern discoveries in Astronomical and Phy sical Science." The course will consist of font lectures, and admission to the whole is only one dollar. When we add that the proceeds are to be applied to the relief of the "Apprentices' Library," of this city, we are confident that the full number of tickeis will be disposed of. Fire.?-At 11 o'clock yesterday morning, a fire broke out in the warehouse of Glen, Rogers & Co., 152 Fnltun street, which consumed the interior i'f that buildiuf, find was near ex tending to the adjoining one, in part occu pied aa the office of the ProteUant Churchman, Rtchabite Recorder, <5cc. The warehouse con tained goods to the amount of about $15,000 ? The extent of the damage is not yet ascertained, but it is not thought to be very large. Inouranct only to the extent of 04000, iseflecled on the hous< and property. The origin of the fire is unknown. The London Clubs.?Mr. Hurst, M. P. foi Horsham, England, has suddenly discharged h?s servants, given up housekeeping, and departed, with his family, for the continent. His debts exceer* ?150,000. This is one of the leading men of the Carleton Club in London?the repudiators of Ame rican citizens, because the Skates of America art a litle in debt t U. S Senator from Ohio ?Thomas Corwir has been elected to the Senate of the United Stall?# trom Ohio, fcr ?ix ve?r? from lh? 4th ol March IT Report* or th* Herald ? It will be seen by reference to our re|>ort of proceedings in the Court of Sessions yesterday, that the motion of an indi vidual, who had enteral a complaint against our reporter for an unfaithful veraloa of a case of as tault and battery upon afemale,in which the com olainant waa the defendant, was set aside. The court waa perfectly right in its decision as to tht accuracy of that report; and with respect to what were termed "f >ers"nal allusions," the couit ww just aamuch at liberty to express its opinion as any one was. It ja a matter of taste merely, and for which the jouj nal itself is rwponsible. We make this reference to this decision of the Court of Sesl ions, because, on a former occasion and under otkier auspices, the two persons occupy ing places on that bench made a gteat effort to impugn the i iccuracy of a report in the Herald, of proceedings in that court. We allude to Noah and one of hi* associates. In consequence of that mis erable attempt, and iu the absence of proper legal management, we were fined some two or three hundred dollars for publishing a report, which was substantially cotrect from beginning to end. The occasion now referred to, also furnished certain newspapers with an opportunity to make a great luss about the Herald, and also a certain Judge to make an empty rhetorical flourish about the lion\> mouth in Venice, and other humbugs of that kind. Tne truth is that ?ver since the establishment of the Herald, it has been our chief aim to improve the condition of the press, at any expense, by the establishment of a a^tem of full and skilful report ing in every department of human life?legal, commercial, judicial, ecclesiastical, theatrical, po litical, and every thing else. And we have suc ceeded in giving a tone to the daily press, and have raised it to a point of dignity and importance beyond that of any other paper. We have, in fact, created the profession of reporter in this country; and secured to the eminently useful claw, who pursue it, that respectable position which they de serve. Our labors in this important department of newspaper business are indeed universally acknow ledged, and the Herald reports maintain a promi nent superiority over all others. But in creating this revolution, we have been under the necessity of curtailing the improper in fluence of miserable ana corrupt politicians, of all parties. We have, in a brief period, by the exer cise of unwearied industry, energy and judgment, regardless of expense, created a species of intel lectual statesmanship, and given to the aid of vernment in the municipal, state and national con cerns a right arm, without which they could now hardly get along at all. How eould the city of New York, for instance, be governed in its police and various departments, without tfae existence of an independent press 1 It could not be done at all. Musical. Italian Opera.?There was a glorious '.louse last night. The array of fashion and elergance was quite dazzling. So brilliant was the seme present ed by the house, that we were almost led to forget the stage altogether. But that w?.s impossible. Even if the eye, fascinated and bewildered, did turn aside for a moment, by the co ngregated love liness of the dress circle, the ever-fjushing burets of melody that fell upon the ear, soon recalled atten tion to the opera. It was Ceneremtola, and admira bly was it given. Pico was everything that could be desired. Antognini was in excellent voice and spirits. TomaBi was superb, and the inimitable Sanquirico was, as he alwavs is, magnificent, li was sne of the most delightful nights of the season. The plaudits were frequent and enthusiastic. Thie delicious opera will be a great iavorite. The Park.?Mr. Seguin ha d his benefit, and it was a bumper. He is quite a favorite with thr patrons of the English drama, and deservedly so On the whole, however, the production of the " Bohemian Girl" has not fully answered^the ex pectation of the troupe. Conccrt UY THR Missks Sloman?We were glad to see so good an audience last evening at the Apollo, to enjoy the vocal and instrumental Con cert of these young ladies, and not leu gratified to perceive that ah were well satisfied. Asa Pi-! aniste, Miss Anne Sloman is deservedly'very popu lar, and as vocalists they are both pleasing. Bui the principal feature of the performance was the performance on the harp by Miss Elizabeth Slo man. In Baacha'a grand duet, she exhibited a complete command of her instrument, a delicacy of touch, and facility of execution to be acquired only by assiduous and discriminating study. Mr John Sloman's song, "Blue Beard," was warmly received and encored. We have seldom seen an audieace as well pleased, and cannot help wishing them the pleasure of again listening to the Misset Sloman. Th* Grand Military Ball at Niblo's lasi Niobt.?The ball given at Niblo's last uight by the "New York Scottish Guard" far exceeded I any thing we have yet seen of that description iii this city. It went off indeed with the greatest pos sible eclat. The magnificence of the saloon itself? the tasteful decorations?the picturesque costume of the "Guard"?the showy and diversified uni forms of the numerous guests?the loveliness of thc women?the liveliness of theScottish reels? the gai ety and brilliancy of the whole scene, may be better imagined than described. Captaiu Castle and hit brother officers, deserve great credit for the taste ful and truly elegant manner in which they got up thia ball, and it is to be hoped that they will give another as soon as possible/ City Intelligence. Police Ofllce? Burolart ?On Saturday night the ?tore of Davis Pollock, coiner of Columbia and Broonu atnete, wa* burglariously entered by the cellar door, and a firkin of butter stolen by the burglar. Watchman , William C. Thompaon arrested a nan nam ame> ' Wood, with the butter in hia possesion. Rktakiwo A Convict.?An ofllcer happen' I to sea Mr. Samuel Brown in the street on Sunday nig) I, an 1 being aware that he had escaped from Black well -? lilaml, he arrested him and took him to the T mbs, lrom whence he waa yesterday tent back to the laland. Escapeo from the Watch HotTtc ?Ofllcer Cochrane arrested on Sunday night a man named Dick Miller, to at eating sixteen kerchiela from Measrf. S ith k Gold.o J00 Chatham street. He was committed to the watch houae, but auceeeded in escaping by wrenching off the bars from one of the windows. Coroner's Ofllce? Fatal. Accident.?Yesterday morning about 9 o'clock, Mr. Asa W. Hall, of No. 143 Sprkg ktreet, waa engaged in tinning the roof of a new houae on the corner ol Prince and Laureni street*, with two others, and while ao engaged ho lifted np a board which cover, d the shuttle and stepped forward, not being aware 'hat thero waa an opening, when be tell to the cellar, cruahing himaelf in a terrible manner. He lived but at>out fifteen minutei after. He waa a native ol a city snd 44 year* of sge. Verdict of Coroner's Jury accordance with Iscts. The Coroner was alao summoned to hold an inquest cn the body of a woman, who died suddenly, ss was sup posed, from intemperance. Common Council. Board or Alderjieh.?Last evening?Special Meeting ?The Board met at 7 o'clock. The minutes ol the last meeting were read and sdopted, and aeveral petition! were r?-ceiv*d end referred. A communication waa received from the Commiasior eraof the Alma Houae. announcing the melancholy intel ligence of the death of John H. Willis, chairmonof the Commissioners of the Alms House. Aid. BrwTiwo then offered the following resolution, which were unanimously adopted : This Board having heard with feelinga of aincere re gret, of the audden death of our esteemed fellow-citisen, John ft. Willis, chainnsn of the Commiaioner of the Aim* Home,are impressed withe dueaenae ofhia eminent mernl worth, atrict integrity, and chriatian philanthropy ; snd that th* decease of such a man ia the loaa not of nis fatni. ly alone, but the council ot this city are deprived ol an able adviser?the fatherless children whose home ia in tke aay luma an 1 Houae of Rrfoge of a kind protector, and the institutiona of benevolence, of a director and liberal bene factor. Therefore? Rraelvi d?That this Board deeply sympathtra with thc widow and family of the deceased, in this usexpec'.ed and afflicting bereevement. Rtsolved?That we will attend the funeral of the de ceesed in a body Reaolved?Tnat the proceedings snd reaolutiora br entered upon the minutea, and that the clerk be directed to transmit r copy thereof to Mrs. Willis. The BoarJ then adjourned till next Monday evening a* 7 o'clock. Tim Boaro or AtaiaTAivT Ai.naRMr.iv met laat evening, and after the minutea had been read, the Praaident ot the Board read a letter announcing.the deatK of John R. Wil i.ia, Chairman of the Commissioners of the Alma-House. Resolutions, (sympathizing with the bereaved widow and family, an.l testifying the deep loss sustained bv the elty by the death of th* dteeaud wera passed, and tti Board adjourned to meet on Wednesday owning nni | TIM Houie men adjaurned Very Late and Important from BMn<* Ayres?S?liure of the WkoU Argentine Fleet by tlw American Squadron?T re. mendous Kxcltemont. The barque Creole,Capt. Norria,arrived yesterday morning with advice* from Buenos Ayres to the 14th, and from Montevideo to the 18;h of last Octo ber. Our thanks are t'ue to Capt. N. for a liberal supply ot pa|>ers, icc. It seems that the United States are raiting a tre mendous excitement, if not a war, all over the world. Com. Voorhff, of the American Squadron, had teized the whole Argentine fleet, for an infringement of the neutral rights of the former. This extraordinary aft-air had produced a great sensation in that section of the world. In the account we give of it ther* is such a strong Buenos Ayrean bias, that no correct idea of ita causes can be lormod for the present. Verbally we learr , that the Argentine fleet had offered a gross iuatilt to the American brig of war Bainbridge, and the American barque Rosalva,be longing to Silas E. Burroughs, of this city. It is reported, that th<* first cause of the difficulty was in the tact, that the Rosalv* had been fired into, and seven men killed. We regret to st*'^ that Commander W. D. New man, of the U. s. brig Bainbridge, whs drowned on the 11th of October last. This officer is re ported to have commuted suicide in the harbor of Montevideo. It is said that his vessel, the Bmn bridijte^ was fired ?i:to off the port by a Buenos Ay rep, brig ; this insult Captain Newman did not return. The afl&ir exciting some conversation on shore, among the English and French naval effi cers, Captain N.'s fine sensibility was touched; aud on the night ot the 11th, he threw himself into the sea and was drowned. All who knew him esteemed him. He was one of the most promising otficem in the service. The U. S. ships Congress and Boston and brig Bainbridge were at Montevideo on the 18th of October. [From the B. Ayrea Packet. Oct. 13.] Sxuzurb of T1.K Abgbntine Flkkt'The foK> lowing may be relied on as the correct particulars of tUe scandalous outrage which we mentioned in our l'dfat,as having been perpetrated by Capt. Voor he?H,of the United S'ates Frigate Congress, against t,h? vessels of the Argentine Squadron off Monte video. Early in the morning of the 29 h ult. an armed pilot boat Bchooner, bearing the Oriental flag, was seen standing out from the shore; upon which, the Argentine vessels suspecting her to be one of ^Garibaldi's craft, placed themselves in readiness to act according to circumstances. This suspicion was, however, soon removed by the confidence with which she approached till within a short dis tance of the Argentine corvette "25th of May." when she anchored. A boat was immediately sent from the corvette to bring the commander on board, when it was ascertained that she was the Oriental schooner of war " Sancala," one of the small vessels lately armed by the legal President, for the purpose of protecting the commerce of the Buseo against the piratical depredation of Gari baldi. It was also learnt that on her way out she had taken Beveral fishing boats; and had pursued another so close, that it escaped only by taking refuge on board a merchant barque in the harbor. The Commander of the "San cala" having delivered some despatches from President Oribe, of which he was the bearer, re turned to his vessel, which immediately got under way to return to the Buseo. Shortly afterwards it was observed that the barque in the harbor which had given refuge to the tubing boat, and which it has subsequently been ascertained is the Rosalva, having on board the well known Silas Burroughs, owner of the ship "Herald," which was seized sometime ago by the Argentine squadron, for sail ing without papers, and the perfect legality of which proceeding has been fully acknowledged by the government ot the U. S ?having hoisted the American flag and sent a boat on board the U. S. frigate "Congress," the latter had manned her boats and dispatched them in pursuit of the "San cala," which they boarded, and hauling down the Oriental flag, hoisted in i*s stead the Ameri can ensign and pennant; the Oriental com mander and crew being sent prisoners on board of the "Congress." About this time the Argentine schooner of war "9th of July," which had been cruizing dnring the morning, was returning to her anchorage ; and when within half gun ?hot of the American brig ?f war " Bainbridge," the "Sanca la," now transformed into an American vessel of war, and which had taken up a position near the latter,ordered the "9th of July" to send a boat on board, which demand being complied with, the of ficers and crew were made iTisoners, and American boats were manned and dispatched to take posses sion of the " 9th of July," which was easily effect ed, as no hostile intention was suspected. Simul taneously with this extraordinary transaction, the U. S. frigate Congress got under weigh, and coming close alongside the Argentine corvette *25ih ot May, tired a gun, and ordered Capt. Fitten to strike his flag, which, of course, the latter refused to do, re questing at the same time to be informed of tha cause of such an abrupt and singular proceeding. Capt. Voorhees, however, declined giving any ex planations; but leaving the "25ih of May" made sail towards the Argentine brigauiine of war "Re publicano," which happened to be under weigh, and coming up with her pent his boats on board to take possession, which was as easily accomplished as in the case of the "9ih of July "?the officers in both instunces being sent on board the frigate, after having been obliged to surrender the keys of the magazines and arm-chests. Whilst this was going on Capt. Fitton sent a boat with an officer on board tfie "Congress," again begging to be acquainted with Vie cause of these astounding acts of hostility, but the request was utterly disregarded, and the offi cer and crew of the boat made prisoners. After the " Republicano" had been secured, the " Con gress" returned alongside the "25th of May," when Captain Voorhees again summoned Captain Fitton to strike, which the latter agnin peremptori ly refused to do unless forcibly compelled ; where upon the " Coagrebs" fired a shot over the " 25th of May," and, Captain Fitton, regarding resistance as useless, from the immense disparity of force, fired anoih*-r shot and hauled down his colors. Upon this, Captain Voorhees dispatched his first I .ieutennnt, with two boats, to take poshession of the " 25th of May," which was done in the same manner ox in the case of the two other Argentine vessels. Captain Fitton was immediately sent on board of the " Congress," when Captain Voorhees d'-ignrd, for the first time, to explain the motive of his outrageous proceedings, which was the allegation that some of the musket Bhots fired by the Oriental armed schooner " Sancala," in pursuit of the fishing boat, had struck the American merchant barque "Rosalva." Cap tain Futon then informed him?what the fart ot the fhg ought sufficiently to have indi cated?that the "Sancala" did n?t belong to the Argentine naval forces accidentally un der his command, and that he had never seen her before that morning ; but that he understood she was one of the craft armed by the legal govern ment for the protection of neutral vessels trading to the port of the Buseo. After this declaration, Capt. Voorhees, perceiving that he had lietn a lit tle has.y, signified to Capt. Fitton and his officers that they were at liberty to return to their respec tive vessels and hoist their (lugs; but Capt Fitton, energetically protesting against the grots moult that had been ofler* d to the flag of the Republic, re fused to hoist it again, without ample reparation, or before receiving orders from his fJovernment.? The Argentine officers, however, returned to their vessels, when it was tound that six seamen, for eigners by birth, who had vo'untarily entered the service after receiving a large hounty, had been taken from the " Republicano," and that all the fiahermen prisoners had been set at liberty. Capt. Fitton then drew up in writing the protest he had verbally made, to which Captain Voorhees returned an answer no less curious than I iconic, alto in writing, stating that he was ready " to respect the Argentine forces and belligerent rights as long as they respected the American forces and neutral rights just as it they had ever disregarded them, and nad not, on the contrary, carried that retpuct to a degree unprecedented in the anna Is of maritime warfare ! Such was the state of things when Commodore. Toll, the new Commander of the Argentine Fquad ron off Montevideo, arrived ; and this officer, without wailing, we believe, for fresh instructions, ordered the vessels to resume their colours; Captain Pinedo succeeding Captain Fitton in the command of the "25ih of May " Commodore Toll imme diately notified to the neutral naval commanders the re-establishment cf the blockade, that had been momentarily suspended through an uhuse of force as ignoble as it is outrageous. At the date of the last advices, the Sancala, with her com mander and crew, was still dei?ried by the Con gress, under pretence that no papers were found on board of her?just ns if it were customary or n?ces Sttry for small armed craft to carry papers, when not going beyond the waters ot the counirv to which they belong ; or, as if there were any diffi cnlty in the way ot ascertaining the fact. whether her commander hears, as he sia'fs, a commission from President Oribe. Really, Captain Voorhees' inconsistency is only equalled by his overbeniig contempt of international rlRht, But, more of this anon. Amins with Uiaxiu ?W#- rr-?ret to learn by Ik# last wiviws from Br??il, that fresh dirtttrbtwM