Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 11, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 11, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. X., Mo. 3*"4?WlM?I? No. 3044. NEW YORK. WEDNESDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 11. 1844. Mm I'wo Cento. THE NEW YORK HERALD. AGGREGATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, THE GREATEST IX THE IVORIJ.) 'fo the Public. THE NEW YOKK HERALD?Daily Newspapei^oob liabed svery day ot '.ho year encept New Vear's Day and Fourth of July. Price a cents per copy??r $7 * per annnm?postages paid?cwh id advance. THJC WEEKLY HERALD?published every Saturday morning?price cents per copy, or S3 U per annum?post ages paid, cull 10 advance. _ ADVERTISER!* Hie informed that the circulation of the Herald it over THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, and increasing last it hat the targeit circulation of any paver in this city, or the world, and, it, therefor*. the be it channel Jar butineit men fti the city or country. Pnoee moderate cash in advance. PRINTING ofall kinds ex seated at the moat moderate price, and in the moat elegant style. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PumiToa or thc Huud Establishment, Northwest corner of Fallen and Nassau streets. BEACON COUR8E?FOOT RACE. rjNE THOU8AND DOLLARS will be given for a Foot Vy Knee of Twelve Milet, to come off o?er the Beacon Course ou Monday, the 16th December, weather permitting. $300 to the second in the lace. Entrance ten dollars, ana to be made with the proprietor, or at R. Smith's, Park Row, on or before the7th inst. C. 8 BROWNINU. Proprietor. The following persons have entered for the 12 mile race:? John Gildersleeve, Thomsa Greenhalgh, Thomas McCabe, John Navils, and J. P. Tavl?r. Same day, a purse of $IJ0 for a race of four miles. Entrance $4. to be made with*the prt.priitor, or at R Smith's, Psrk Row, ou or before Thursday evening, the 12th inst. d8 4t*ec M H K s T A tt,? <4 Lisfen4Rd Htskkt, mean Baosnwsv. T^HE Subscriber returns his aiucere acknowledgments to his J- friends and the public, for the kind manner in which they have patronized the above establishment since his accession thereto, and trusts that a continuance of his esertions to give universal satisfaction will ensure him the plearure of their calls on their way " up town." Private rooms tor clubs, or references. Also, Dinners and Suppers for private parties served up at the shurtest notice and in the most elegant style. d5 1w? re JOHN H. WOODOATE. ST. GEORGE'S SOCIETY CONCERT. A GRAND Vocal and Instrumental Concert will be given at the'i'abera cle, Broadway, on THURSDAY EVENING, the 19th instant, in aid of the CHARITABLE FUND of St. George's Society of New York Full particulars will be stated in fu'ure advertisements. Tickets One Dollar each, can be had ou application to either of tHe following Cumin tie-:? W. D. CUTHBERTSON, Presideut ot St. George's S'y J. T VYLOH, Jr., 1st Vice President, do 1IENRY JESSOtj 2d Vice President do A. Barclay, II. B. !vi. Consul. Thos. Dixou, Charles Edwards, Edw. F. Suuderson, Robert Bage, Joseph Rhodes, A. D. Paterioo, Alfred Wallet, dlO 3t TuTh&St jgb Henry 6wen, William Jackson, Johu Spa* forth, John Warrin, J. K. Bradbury, B. H. Downing, Jas. R, Walters, Charles Cox, Edward Baldwin. SIBLO'U GRAND SALOON, FOR CONCERTS AND BALLS. UP KOR THE WINTER AMUSE MENTS IV MAGNIFICENT STYLE. 1 I8 IT?" For CONCERTS it has many advantages, having an arched ceiling, favorable for sonnd; and b <ng removed Irom the street, there is no annoyance from the none of carriages?it has raised seatswithcapacious galleries, and will accommodate 1500 persons. For Balls it has a spring tloor and raised seats on the sides, and is magnificently lignted with spleudid cut glass chandeliers. _ Attached to the Saloon and ou the same noor, there are private parlors, dressing rooms, managers' and hat rooms, and a supper-room 200 feet long, which will accommo date 600 persons, (treat pains will be taken to give satisfaction, an'I on modera'e terms. n27tfrc GRAND OPENING BALL, lven At the Alhstmra, 559 Broadway, Given PROPRIETOR & MONs'VaBRIEL DE KORPONAY. "PUR THE BENEFIT OF THE DEAF AND DUMB T AND THE BLIND ASVLUMS.-Fhidav. Dec. 27, 1844 The proprietor of the Alhsmra has the honor to announce lo th* public that, being about rebuilding and decorating his establish ment in a novel and expensive manner, for tlip purpose of Balls, Coucerts, &c., in winter?he will, with the assistance of Mons Gabriel de Korponay, (who hu kindly volunteered his services for that parpo3c,) give a Grand Opening B ill ou the 27th inst., as above annoum-ed. On this occasion will be introduced the Polka Dances, (Quadrilles, Valse de Deux Pas, Gallopades, Sic., under the direction of Mons. de Korpouay, and the best and nswe.'t Vlusicnow in vogue in the most fashiouable circles in Enrop*, under .lie direction of Mr. Wigers. Price of Tickets, including Supuer and Refreshments, $5,00, admitting a Gentleman and two Ladies?to be had at the Al hsmra and of Mous. Korpouay, and at the principal Hotels and Music Stores. dti jgb FASHIONABLE SUBSCRIPTION BALLS AT THE ALHAMRA, 559 BftOADWAY. " proprietor of the Alhamn has the honor to announce the fashtollable society of New York, that having en tirely rebuilt aud fitted up his establishment in a style of much greater taste and e'egance, he proposes,'in connection with Mont. Gabriel anil give a series of Balls the en suing winter, of the very first class, on which occasions will he introduced some of theueweit dauces aud mnsic now in vogne in the most fashionable circles in Europe. The set will com prise iix balls, to be given in the following order: l*t hall, Wednesday, Jan. 8: 2d ball Friday, Jan. 17; 3d ball, Friday, Jan. 2l; 4tli ba'l, '1 uesday, Feb. 4; itli ball, Wednesday, Feb. 12; 6th ball, Friday, Feb 21. Price of subscription to the whole set, including supper and refreshments, $12; to three balls $7.50; to a single ball $3; admitting a gentleman and lady. Tickets may be or,tamed at the Alhamra, and of Mons. De Korponay; also, at the principal hotels and music stores. d4 ixj LH u<il I \V ARDL E and E B E N E / E It" k7HIN< K ?' LEY, hereby agree that the partnership heretofore exist ing between ui, under the name, style and firm of WARDLE Ik 111 NCKLKY, for I lie manufactory of Chemicals, should be aud is t ereby dissolved by mutual consent. HUGH WARDLE. EBE.NEZER K. HiNCKLEY. lu presence of Lot C. Ci.aRk. l'ort Richmond, Nov. tlst, 1844. dlO 3t*m ?T?HE m A iodic NEW YOKK GALLERY OF FINE ARTS. PERSONS holding Scrip Certificates of this Gallery are in formed thev cm obtain tickets of Life Membership at tlw do.)' of ihe <iallery, which is now open in the lirge room of the National Academy of Design, overthe Society Library. d8 I wis* in THE BEST POTATOES IN MARKET ARE FOR SALE at the dock, Washington Market, from brig Leader, fiom Nova Scotia. Also, barrels and half bar rels No. 1 Shad. Apply on board, or to J. W. BURN HAM, Consignee, dfi lw*m IH Broad street OlD BRANDY, WHISKEY, kc from the London Dock. ?5 half pipes superior Otard, Dupuy k Co. Brandy; also, I puucli ou (sebcted) of very choice old Isla Whiskey, for sale 111 dt-mij it <s of oue gallon and upwards, by dlO 3t*m STEWART Si COFFIN, 74 South st. PACKET SHIP UTICA FROM HAVRE, is dischaiging at Pier No. 4 Nortn River. Consignees are requested to send their permit* on board. All geuds not permitted by the 13th inst. will be sent to the public store under a general order. d7 6. rrc BARQUE GENE?EE. FROM NEW ORLEANS, is dis charging at Jones' Whirf, foot of Jones' l-ane. Con signees will please attend to the receipt of their goods imme diately. dlO EN(iTT\H POTATOES.?Die packet ship Yorkshire hu on board a quantity of the celebrated "Lancashire" and "lsl* of Man" Potitoes, in escellent order, having been but a short time on ship boarn, which will be sold in lots for family use. Apply to odl Iweu C. H. MARSHALL, 38 Burling slip. PUBLISHED THIS DAY" THE HISTORY AND REMARKABLE LIFE OP THIC TRULY HONORABLE COLONEL JACK, WAS Born a Gentleman, put Prentice to a Pick Pocket, was six and twenty years a 1'hief, and then kidnap Virginia; csme back a Merchant; was fiva times married Harlots; went into the wars, behaved bravely, got pre ptd to to fo?r prietor will ahow wood ctuse for its aajf Addreta (with V*a1 Dim an J HddnrtB) Ktcitl<ipi ? foot of Kose WM. M. CHRISTY, dl0 2t*rc No. 2 Astor House. ~DItlTrTSTORK AND MEDICAL OFFICE. ]?OR HALE?Near Br isdwavj a good situation for business, " established 1832; 13,580 prescriptions compounded since 1839. A neat inriiished office adjotiis store, with bed-room attached', offering facilit es to a young physician seldom equalled. The cash income of office averages $60 per month, and may be large ly incfeast d To save trouble, ?rms cash. The p-esenf P'O tse for its sale Address (with res' us, at this office. d 0 3l*m CHAN<iE C)F L^CATIOnT UNITED STATES MAIL LINE BETWEEN NEW YORK AND ALBANY. Vis Bh I DMEPOHT-tlOU SATONIC AND WESTERN: ?> R AILROA DS?The steamboatsj .EIJREKA, Capt. Tmendell. , NlAlKOU, C |>t Brooks, will leava the pier at thc foot of Hose valt'treer daily, Sundays excepted, at ?X A. M. Returning, thr I .in*- I^ ivm All?wy?t7 A. M. Albany pjsieuaers, on arriving at Bridgeport, proceed imme diately on the Railroad; and, without change of Baggage or Cars. ?rnv* in Albany lh? same evening. A Freight Train daily at 6)$ A. M. For fmtlier information, both as to freight and baggage, apply to G. M. PEHKV, Aeent, at the office, Hoisvelt street, or Livingstoa, Wells and Pom Toy's Express office 2 Wall street R. B. MASON, Superintendanr, dlO Im*m 172 South street. ~ i>~LINE nF STK * MBOATS~ FOR ALBANY, DALY, at i o'clock, P. M., landing at inter jnediate places. - h< st^uiiemi t.UL.HiyittlA, Capuin William H. Peck, M'nday. w*,lB??d?T and Afternoons ?t S o'clock 1>e Stmmboat ROCHESTER, Captain A. Houghton, on Tuesdav, Thursday 'nd Saturday Afternoons, at 4 o'clock (T7~ Passengers taking *he above line will arrive in Al biny in ample osae to take* the Morninn Trains of Cars for the cast or west, 'ilw boats are new and substantial, are far ?is!i?d with new and elegant state rooms, and lor speed and ac commodations, are nnriiralled on the Htrasnn. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to P. C. Schnltt, at the OC-ee on the weaef d2 NEW VORK, AI.MANV AND TROV LINE. FOR ALBANY AND I ROY-from the i,K*r i*1 T , ^^urtlaodt atrr*>t. No ?BMMaCSLrr?*iKht taken after 4 o'clock, P. M. The low pressure ataarnhimt 8WALlsOVV, CapUin A. Mc L^.ui, Thi? tveninif, at 5 o'clock, Tuesday, Dec. lOfh, 1844. h Of paaMfe or fremht, apply on board, or to C. CLARK. on the wharf. Freight taken on th? mo?t rcatonabla term? Kraifht muat W |?m m fhaiM of tha Freight Aicaiit, or the Company will not be ifspoiuibla for loataa. d:t CJIJUAH?If hhda Pntna Niw Orleaaa^for aala by K. COLLIE ?r r.O. Ml M gpe RELIGION OF THE FINE ARTS. IMAGE WORSHIP! ancient iconoclasm and MODERN CHURCH-BURNING. A LECTURE, Delivered In Mt. Peter's CUurt U, New lork, ifuaday ICveiilng, Dec. 8, 1M4. By the Rev. C. Pile, D.D. [CONTIHVKD I'EOM MOKDlT'l H til ALU J Exodus, 30 chapter, 1, a, 3, 4, and part of the bth vtrtu. And God spake all these words, and laid, I am the Lord thy Ojd, who brought thee out or the land of Egypt, out of the houie of bondage. Thou (halt not have any strange Gods before me. Thou (halt not make to thyself any graven things, nor the likeness of any thing in the heaventt above, nor in the earth beneath, nor of any thing in the water* under the earth. Thou ihalt not adore them nor serve them. This commandment forbid* the Jews, and forbid* u?, to make any "graven thing, or the likened oi any thing, in the heaven* above or in the earth beneath.or in the water* under the earth." Why? Because, " thou shalt not adore them or nerve them." They were lorbidden to make them not a* representation*, not to recall to their memorie* great achievement*, memorable deed*, noble character*, if yon pleaie; but they were forbidden to make them for the purpoie of adoring them. Now, do we not act in conformity with this precept? We have itatue*?*o ha* the iculptor ; we have picture*?*o have you, of your lather*, mother*, friend*, and ancestor* I* thi* forbidden to you ? No?you do not adore them. We have image* of Christ, oi the Virgin Mary, of laint* ; and i* it forbidden to us any more than to you to have them ? No - but it i* forbidden to adore them ; and thi* is the pith and force of the commandment. Now, that I may make no anertion without recourse to the solid truth, remem ber that thi* i* in the 30th chapter of Exodus ; and in the 25th chapter of the *ame book, 10th ver*e, wa thu* read?" Aud they shall make an ark of shittim wood ; two cubit* aud a half shall be the length thereol, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof." Again, in the eighteenth vor*e?" And thou ?halt make two cheru bim* of gold, of beaten work (halt thou make them, in the two ends of the mcrcy *eut " Now it the com mandment?" Thou *halt not mske any graven image," kc., literally meina that we are not to make any great or ?acred image?then the Almighty ha* contradicted him self; for we find by the text I have read, that he ha* given direction* to make the cherubim for the a.k; consequent ly it never was intended that the likenes* of anything should not be made, but that they should not he adored. These image* were set before the eye* of the people Vet the people knew and adored the true God, and never would transfer their worship from him. And again in chap. 31, v. I* of Exodu*, we read?"And the Lotdspake. unto Mo*e?, saying, See, I have called by name Btzaleel. the son of Uri, the *on of Hur, of the tribe of Judah: And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom and in understanding, in knowledge, and in all manner oi workmanship, to devise cunning works, to work in lilver, in gold, and in bra**, and in cutting of stone*, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all man ner of workmanship. And behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahi*4mach, of the tribe of Dan : and in the heart* of all that are wi*e-hearteJ I have put wisdom, that they may make all I have commanded thee " Consequently, the decree of the Council of the Isonoclait*, who declared the art of painting to be dia bolical, i* in direct oppo*ition to the word ol God, who put hi* spirit into Bezileel to devi*e those images of the Cherubim, and the art is therefore not a dia bolical art, but one ordered by the Almighty himself. In Number*, 3l*t chapter, 6th verse, we read, "And the Lord sent among the people fiery serpent*, and they hit the people; and much people of Israel died. And the Lord said unto Nlo*e*, make thee a fiery serpent and set it upon a pole; and it shall come to pass that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it shall live." Here, then, again we have the positive command of the Almighty, given to Mo*e* after the fir*t idolatry of Israel, to m ike and raise upon a pole a brr.zen itrpent, and that it should have, through the power of God, an extra ordinary virtue and worth, and that the people were to pay to it an external veneration. Consequently, this pre cept of ourchurch to venerate sacred image* stand* con firmed by the approbation, :>nd, I may *ay, the vesitive command of the Almighty himself. In Joshua, 7 chap. 6 verse, we read "And Joshua rent his clothe* and fell to the earth upon h.s face before the ark of the Lord, until eventide, he and the elders of Israel, and put dust upon their heads." Here we find the prophet filling prostrate before the work of the artificer's hand*, before the ark. Was thi* idolatry? When, then, in a moment of devotion we fall on our knees before the crucifix, we are no more guilty ol Idolatry than Joshua, for we know that it cannot hear nor help u*, but that the prayer will uscend to heaven and be.ceme more lively by the repre*entation presented before us. In the second book of Kings, 6'.h chap, and Hth ver*e, it i* written? "And David daucid before the Lord with all hi* might:, and David was girded with a linen ephod. So David, and all the House of Israel brought up the Ark of the Lord with shouting and with the sound of the trumpet And aa the Ark of the Lord came into the city of David, Ml ohal, Saul'* daughter, looked through a window and *aw King David leaping and dancing before the Lord, and she demised him in her heart." Wss David guilty of idolatry because ho was despised by a curious woman looking through a window? And bejauso lilce people feel a contempt for me f r kneeling before a crucifix, a* David lid before the Ark, am I guilty of idolatry? It i* not because they may leel a contempt for me, that I am therefore guilty of idolatry, in doing that which thfcy would regard far differently If they were rightly affected by th" spirit and character of our religion I will not enter farther into thi* subject thi* evening But i* it not on racord as the command ol Quern Elisabeth, and i* it not the practice of I'roteitant worshippers ol the present day, that when they hear the name of Jesus Christ prenounced, they bend their head*. To what do they bend it ? To the sound. If, then, they be so su perstition* as to bend to what strikes the ear, why not, a* wo do, bend before that which itrikes the sight 7 I am actuated by the same aspiration* in the case?veneration for the name of Jesus. In fact, whenever you pray there i* a representation in the imagination ; but do you com mit idolatry in that ? When you pray, G>d i* imagined iu your mind, and you cannot help it. Daniel describes the Eternal as vested with a human fnrin. Certainly it c*n be no superstition to believe the Scripture given by Daniel; and if so, where is the superstition of embodying them on the canvass I do not adore the object of the fan cy cr the imagination, but the reality. I do not kneel to the " picture," much less venerate the picture, much less adore it?but the being it represent* ; ju*t a* that being i* worihipped in my imagination ; and the one is no great er act of *uper*tition than the other Thu* far I have merely opened to you the subject which it i* my inten tion to pur*ue next Sunday. But let me leave you with the impre**ion-that the cry of idolatry a* to the usage* of the ancient Catholic Church, is at once unjust, un courteous and unkind. It is unfair to involve u* in one ?weeping charge of idolatry. Wo know what wa are do ing. W? know we cannot worship picture*?that we do not?yet still we hear the outcry against u*. We hear it *aid. " poor deluded creature* ! they will not let them *ee the Bible, nor the second commandment; thev are deluded by their prie*t??crafty men, who, leading people by the nose, will not let them think ; and, perhsps, engaged in plotting the detraction of the republic." And i* it not time to raise our voice* manfully and boldly; to let the public know what we believe ; and in order to carry thi* out I will resume the luhject next Sunday. Suprkmb Court, Dec. 7.?Present, Justice Bron son?Austin ads Van Patten; motion to change venue, denied, with cost*. Wooden ads Seymour; mo tion to change venue, granted, by default. Bailsman and wife ad* Spire* ; motion for judgment a* in case of non ?uit, granted, with costs, by default. Knight ad* Well* ; motion for judgment a* in case of non-suir, granted, by default. Jones ads Bradford ; motion to change venue, granted, by default. McColltim vs Avarill ; mo tion to refer, granted. Colwill ads Moore; motion lor judgment as in case of non-??it, granted by default.'T ad* Hnlse ; motion to substitute other defi( grant ed, by conaent. Wheeler ad* Ihgraham ; motion to quash wiit of error, Ike. granted, with cost*, by dufault Brett and al ads Swan ; motion for Judgment as Id case of non suit, granted with cost*, by default. Hine ad* Koss, do dodo;Hinead* rot*, do do do. Lockwood ad* Bough ton . motion tor Judgment a* in csie of non *uit, denied, with costs, without prejudice. Wooster and al v* Jen kin* and al ; motion directing referee* to report specially, grnnti d, by default. Jinning* vs McCoun ; motion fur judg'nt a* in caae of non *uit, gramed, by del It,with co>ts. Cooper v* Noith and al?motion lor ra-taxatlen of cost*, kc.. denied, with costs. In the matter of Cowenhoven vs Onderdonk?motion that delt tiantfer judgt. lie , denied with costs. Middltton ads Goodwin- motion for judgt. as in aase of non-suit, granted, by default. lUldiker and al nd* Waugh?motion for judgt as in case of non.suit, granted, ttnlei* plff. itipulate and pay co*t*. Luyster and al vs Hoag?motion for re-taxation of costs, granted. Walli* ad* Tallmadge?motion to change venue, denied. Wolcott sd? The Commercial B?nk of Oswego; motion put over to next special term Ibbotton ad* The Dutchess County Bank; motion for leave to delendant to make and serve a case or bill of exceptions; granted, on term*. Ca nal Bank Albany v* Fitah and al and one other cause; motion put over to next special term. In the matter ol Wm Walsworth; motion to set (tide at tachment, ko denied, with costs, without prejudice. Gould and al. v*. Hecox?motion to refer, granted, by de fault. Wsrdell ad*. Mather?motion for judgt as in case of nontuit, denied, with cost*, without prejudice. Can field v* Barnard?motion to tet aside judgment, granted. Warren and al. v?. Campbell?motion lor leave to plff to amend hi* declaration, granted, on term*. Suprrmr Court of thk Unitko Statics, Fri day, Dec. 6th, 1K14.?Willis Hall and George ft. I)svis, r ?qrs. of New York; Wm L. Dayton and John C Ten Eyck, Esqrs., of New Jersey; T. P Atticui Bibb, Esq .01 Kentucky; Thorn a* J Johnston, E?q , of Missis sippi; and F. C. Tread well, Esg , of Maine, were admitted attorneys and counsellors of this Court. No 9. John McDonough vs. Lourent Millsudon et si. The motion ef Mr. Coxa to diimm the writ of er'or in thi* caae wa* ar Sied by Messrs. Coxe and W. Co?t fonnion In aupport ereol, and by Me??rs Meredith and Jones in opposition i to the same. Adjourned till Mouday morning,11 o'clock. Threatened Dissolution of the Union?Very KxrlUng New* from South Carolliu Where Will It ICnd t These are stirring times. War?rumors of war? ot negro revolutions?and of the dissolution of the Union, seem to surround and pervade this blessed country. We received by the mails yesterday afternoon some very important intelligence from South Caro lina, the gist ol which is contained in the uiii.fXfd letters from our correspondents in Charleston and Columbia. They breathe null.tication and disso lotion of the Union, which will probably throw the whole country into a slate of the greatest excite ment. The whole trouble has been caused by the aiTfc val in Charleston of the Hon Samuel Hoar, as the agent of Massachusetts, to test, in the Supreme Court of the United States, the question whether or nut South Carolina has a right to regulate her own affairs. According to the advices, ihe Governor was di rected, by a vote of 117 to 1, to forthwith eject him from the State. What will be the treatment of the Hon. Mr. Hubbard sent on a late itiiobiou to Louisiana 7 Mr. Hoar has left Charleston for the noith. Colwmbia, S. C. Dec. fi, 18-14. L)kak Sir :?A? the Herald appears lo be the grand reservoir of intelligence lf>m all quarters ol the world; and as it appear* you have no corres pondent in Columbia, to make your leaders ac quainted with the acts and doings of our General Assembly now in session, I lake the liberty of fur nishing lor your valuable and widely t xiend? d journal a brief account of a piece of legation en acted this day, under the greatest excitement 1 have ever witnessed, by our Houso of Represent atives You will remember that the Legislature of Mas sachusetts passed a serips of resolutions in re?urd to the laws enacted by the Slates of South Caroli na and Louisiana, arresting free colored mariners coming into the ports of these States and imprison ing them during the time the vessels remained in which they came, for the purpose of keeping them from tampering with the slave population. Well the Gov. of Mass appointed Sam'lHoar, formerly a member of Congress from that State, as the agent under these resolutions, to reside in Charleston, and instructed him to ascertain how many of the citizens of that State {fret negroes) were oppressed or imprisoned under the laws in South Carolina; and also to test the validity of our statute in tke Supreme Court of the United States. The Hon Samuel Hoar arrived in Charleston a short time ago, and officially made known to His Excellency the Governor, his agency, and the purport of his mission. The Governor, three days ago, commu nicated his letter to the Legislature, and the sub ject was referred to the Committee on Federal Relations. That committee reported this morn ing a preamble and resolution-, the subject of which is, to authorize and require the Governor of the State, to eject tlu wid agent of Mauachuiettt from the territory of South Carolina forthwith ! while the subject was before the house, the ex citement was so great that the majority would scarcely tolerate any discussion. Two or three members asked for a postponement of its consideration for one day, that they might reflect upon it, but the motion was voted down by an overwhelming majority. Mr. Memminger, a mem ber from Charleston, addressed the House with much force in favor of postponement,?although unprepared, having been engaged in committee business when the resolutions were brought before the House, but it was of no avail, and he was the only person who gave a negative voice when the hnal vote was taken '?Yeas 117; Noes 1 Many of the members avowed that they had been wailing impatiently for an opportunity ol coming into colli sion with the abolitionists, and now that Massa chusetts had made ihe issue,they were glad 10 take it up. What will be the result of this hnsty action I am almost afraid to conjecture. The conduct ol Mas sachusetts has certainly been highly leprehensible, and her agent has been guilty ot a very foolish piece ot temerity in accepting and attempting to carry out his mission. Massachusetts ought to be made to feel the indignity she has attempted to put upon us,in some way or other. How she best can be made to feel, I am not prepared to say. She has caused ?in, heretofore, do little annoyance by protecting our runaway slaves, directly against the provisions of the constitution. But will her conduct justify us in violating that instrument! 1 am afraid we shall throw ourselves in the wrong. I have no doubt we have now acted imprudently, and with undignified haste, under 'he impulse of passion, suppose the Governor attempts to expel the agent cRn he not apply for the benefit of the habeat corpus act. Will not a Judge be obliged to grant ill and is not the poue comitattu of the Judge as much bound to enforce his cotnmnnds, as the persons j-mployed by the Governor to enforce his 1 Here, then, the authority of the Governor >ind the judicial officer will come in con flict! The Judge, if he does his duty, will be bound to release lum uoon proper bail; and if the case be carried before ihe Supreme Court, the au thority delegated to the Governor will be declared unconstitutional! What a position will this be to place the State of South Carolina in ! What makes the matter worse, if anything, this very law which the agent of Massachusetts proposes to test, the House of Representatives of this State, at the ses sion before last, agreed, to repeal by a vote of two to one, as ot doubtful constitutionality, and us in jurious to the commercial interests ot Charleston: Out it was killed in ihe Senate. I learn that there has been great excitement in Charleston on the subject, and fears were enter ?a:ned at one time that Mr Hoar would bt lynched; hut upon the interference of some respectable citi zens, the excitement was quelled. jjpThe Senate have yet to act on these resolutions. Perhaps more moderate counsel mav prevail in that body. Yours, South Carolina. We see by the papers that the Senate concurred in the resolution of the House ? [Ed. Herald. Charleston, Dec. 7th, 1844. Jambs Gordon Bennett, Esq :? You will perceive by the reports from our legis lature, which appear in the papers of this morning, that the final contest between the North and the Sou'.h has commenced; a contest which will result in the formation of a Southern Confederacy, and necessarily in the dissolution of the Union of these United States. This is no wild conjecture, nor is it the vague and nonsensical blustering which sometimes characterizes the ebullitior s from the South. Could you have witnessed the deep, in dignant, almost uncontrolled feeling which the visit of the Hon. Samuel Hoar, the emissary from abolition Massachusetts, raised in this com munity?among all clas-es, and in every bosom you would be convinced, as 1 am, that the time has almost come when our safety, our lives our homes, our all, will demand a separation from ?hose, who. in their mistaken philanthropy towards two and a half millions of blacks, are blindly or perversely jeopardizing the welfare of seven mil lions of whites. Mr. Hoar's mission was in accord ance with a resolution of the Legislature of Massa chusetts passed some years since, the purport of which is, to test, in the Supreme Court, the con stitutionality of a law of South Carolina, by which free blacks from other States, arriving in vessels as cooks or seamen, are imprisoned until the vessel is ready to leave our waters In the operation of this law, black citizens from Mas sachusetts have often been put into confinement and alwavs will be, so long asthepccple of Massa chusetts choose to send them out in their ships The constitutionality of this law, South Carolina will never condescend to argue. It was passed and is defended under reasons higher than the mere technicalities of a written constitution. The great first law of nature called for its passage, telf nreur vntion, and to this inevitable and all powerful or dinance, the people of the South owe their first al legiance. The act of our State in sending Mr. Hoar out of her limits, will no daub' call down upon us the se verest reproaches of all the combined powers of abolitionism in the land, and our indignant treat ment of the Ambassador from Massachusetts mav

awake the ire of that sovereign State. But let the battle come?it is not now a ques tion ot abstract right, where the mere >rm ciple of moral guilt, in holdtn* a man in bondage is concerned; but it is a question of life and death* a question between independent States, on the right of one State to govern in her own way, within her own borders, and for her own safety We claim this right for the State of South Carolina, and will maintain it against the reckless and ruin ous policy of all the abolitionists in the Union. It comes with a very ill grace from Massachusetts to lead in thin crusade against ub: for she ia eaaen tially a ulaveholding and a slave-wlling Slate, aod (hat, too, under the mntl shocking cir cumstances. Go into her villages?attend their yearly town meetings, and you shall see the old? the sick?the infirm?the blind?the bed-ridden and decrepid old womua?aold! You shall see thoae upon whom the hand of God lies heavily, who have been smitten in this world by Provi dence, and who look to their friends and neigh bors, for aid and kindness?you shall see these poor unfortunates?sold ! The " towns poor" and the "parson's word," kuoeked down by the "se lect men" at the "lowest bid," to that hard grind ing harpy who can keep the breath of lile within the worn out frame, at the least cost. He who can starve and freeze, so nicely ns to touch the grave with his victim's toot, and uot plunge him in. He is the one who buys the mi serable objects of the town's abhorrence, the paupers ; and this is the Si ate, who leads off in aa attuok on another State, whose institutions are in none of its features, so abhorrent to humanity as tho e staled. Mr. Hoar has gained for himself an unenviable notoriety. He accepted an office which had been refused by several South Caroli nians; he came to a city noted for its hospitality, and among people fumed for their atteution to strangers; he lias been bent from among us with contempt, and returns iin he came, so lar as his mission is concerned?bin with the consciousness, that he has arouBed a spirit, which will remit in the dissolution of a Union which is fast becoming worthless to the south. Yours, dec. Ashlxy. n f .. General Sessions. fftbc Kscord..,, and Aldermen Seaman ami Drake Maithbw c P?ttKr.o?, K?q , District Attorney Novmm 10 Trial far jit.uult and Bat try ?John Quimq was tried on an indictment lor an <fesault and bat tery upon Mr. B. A \lott on the day ot the lsst election at he ut District |m?11 ot the Uth Ward. wectl0n. i ue evidence lor the prosecution wan, that Mr. Mott was a challenger at the poll, and insisted upon person* beim j.worn upon the cross upon the close, BiSCTlte^ Jl the open Bible. ,he inspector declined, und Mr Mott closed the book, whereupon s rush was made at him bv th.*.e,? " ?"U ima!1 c""?ht hlm hy thu collar. Quinn bv th? iI?.ll?JP ?.ch,1-K over the man that hsd Mott 1 Tim,i?fl * ,truc." hl'n ?sveral blows in the 1 he defence pioduced evidence tosUowtha' in conse quenceof Mott's attempt to inteifcro with the duties of the inspectors induced the chairman ol the board of S7.V0.0".)<,r .h,m ,0 bu P??". and thtM m'vra made a rush at him to obey the order, when, in coa*t uuence of his resistance, he probiblj g?t njnied iutnceoi oi witnesses npjn both sides were m SntiTneartJ SftwKlhu aUent'?n ?f *0 Court a,t'" 811 B,?ence of about live minutes Friday. ln * V" 'Ct 01 ?ua'y- Sentence deferred tili 7Yiaf of Peter V. IVulkrr an ex Police Officer, for corn P^tTi-V * tit0"*' and [?r b"nt ac""?ry "tier the fact.? ar; indictment lor c^pound^a felon1wfd'toing'an a " MfiiflN, A L Jordan. Ii, H. Morris Iami>a m c ??ut% and .J. Munson, Ksqrs for the dufence.' ' At - . Afternoon Session. ' ?,uar,tef five o'clock the Cenrt came in,and the accused took his seat at the bar with his Counsel. mlf v?* ?; P,H"-LI"opened lor the prosecution by statinr that Mr. McKee, ot Albany, had stolen from him a cS ed a lewardo?#^?0, ?',h1 ?' wUich ,ie 0*'?T of pier V Wsik!!' knowledge came to the possession i ?a,ltt,r, ,he accused, who was formerly an Jj0?01.P? .Cu'that John Daley,alias Cortney, was the thiel, and that having become aware of his whereabouts he made an agreement that be should not be punished ii suJ0^ K'Te hlimt3WK)' and that he did receive that um, and sgreed that hn should go Iree The second SMrSSKS* 'CM"" " ?"2ST5SS !fu T l"X!Me acquainted with John Daly on the 30th ^srch MJ on boardMhe brig Confldeiicefon . voy age ii Boston J ' arrived thero about the 10 ? or 13th ol April, where I staid about a week ? from ther* 1 SUMo hrt1?^. ^here I msrried James Henry Cortoey1 to i uy ' hL- ban8 wen' Published according wasTrr Jt^dVefrom pW V? ??tho nam,'of Da-'ey until he iT.r? ? i . .: 'rom Portl?nd I went to St. Louis, where he Ifif ?? J? t0 come to York. I joined him hen street" an,l n !i'8nd " W hJm 011 the r of Leonard "Iff' ' an'1 Broadway on the 7th-from there 1 went to In the rooms where he was afterwardi. arrested and met him on Saturday, and he was arrested the luuidsy aiterwards nrar the Battery Hotel When I n7vttM^ur00rn8Wi,h,him- 'aiJ no I h ing ahoud mo i Kk. V mK"U ,Bt ,hr ^ourtland fr.reot Hotel urJl ieD "tay'n(f. The first time I saw Mr Walker was on the 10lb of June, in the aiternoon. about ten minutes before 4 o'clock?inv husband hmnffhi v i. StS^natlVf",'iD*t0" ItrH<,t' Bni1 'ntroduced hirn as a friend. He told me te go to my hotel and g't 13000 oftbe money he had given me. of the oldest bifis on Mr,cha"ic?' Bank. I asked htm what it wat for, and he would not tell me?I a^k?d airain and aaid F ? rlnA f? ttlllC,a 1 knew what il was tor' VVaiker in ? m? >'0.u' y?" hl"l better go unless you wish to sell your husband " My husband then told him nor tn *? ,,0, for '4,1(1 nr,t know what it was about. He said ?damn you, your $60 bill has done for you - They then' told me to go to the Northern Hotel and come bsck L five mi.mtes. I then took a cab and went to the hotel and rot ViJ, our packages of money which he had given me on Monday: to put in my trunk. One of the rackage? was m Mm ?Ce" "" *k?* thousand dollar, counfed^ out to him by my husband Walker then drew up h, chair to me and counted it in my lap Walker riT'JPi . m ,* .cout poeket, and stood in the room a few minutaft and deaired ua to leave by the Boston l>oatn <nd promised to go down to the Battery and see me off' ba brttw to he hy?? * h.''P1!>Cn,''i to n,v husband, it woul.l no hotter to be here : and he said, " D?n it von aiiaii never want while I hsve a loaf of bread in my house '' and l.ifhLWo^'tii hn'/ 1 i*ht! 't,H,n 'ook a cab. and got the car f>et bag of tny huaband at th?? rooms in Washington nt nr.H then went to the Northern Hotel and got tny ,h,? ,nmki sod went towards the Battery. On my way there I f.y hu^ndinacub, and he said, "V^.iUsto! ufe f r the boat I said, ? never mind; I will go to thu Bar tery Hotel." I drove to the beat.^nd thefe ,aV a m!n whom I aiterwards iound io be Swnet, the officer lie in iT161! " ? ho,9,,hl^ g?uc. and that it was then about iO minutes past A o clock. 1 then went to the Battt-ri II.. fcl^y^hew^ 'f lhe^ C??ld y' ^he waiter said they were lull, but I could <et accommodated at the corner, Just as I wa driv ng off. Sweet cam. up and told me to remain n fi!id StSia1 Mm6!!what Mrl he ,niJ 1 ,hould ")n V J l"'d h,m be would be very sorry fordeta nirir ^ne and he then went away, I told the driver to go on but he said he could ,,ot. as tho carriage wa. under n?' n at, I then told him to hand me in the small trunk that was m front; he did so, and I took out the key, unlock# d the trunk, and took out the msney J then got out of the carnage, and walked towards the corner, where Swee ai vertook me, and Walker came after bim; th?T took me ?n the Battery Hotel, and spoke together; Waiker winked at ma; they decided to have me searched; I vvm taken Into a parlor, and left alone two or three minutes; Walked henceme into search me; I asked Walker what was to bedone^and he aaked me whore was the money and that it wou dlbe all right; he told mo to giveffihemonef and I set down upon the settee, and lilted up my dress a,fd' i?Y^ki the money, and ,-ave it to him; hewasputtina It in his coat, when the door opened, and Sweet came in find ^??hinhr hh*?'WM,,Brched 'bey would not !rhi~J f*' un 8wMt c#?? in, Walker got up to speak 0 him. and a package of the mouey fell upon the floor 1 put my loot on it and nulled my dress "C ? Ahlr Walker spoke to Hweet f left. he returned and twk thereat of the money; 8 asked if f had been searched ' #ki' noj" they asked me if 1 was willing to have In^t tk'ng* 'etched there or brought to the police office ? 2 ^weet decided to have them brought to the police of' the'Ulicr8WwPiVr lr,Ka;ri,"ea,r"1waK to fw(Srivaato police, Sweet got off the bos and we drove on- on the corner of Oieenwich street a little man on th? si'dewilk pointed to my husband, who was coming down the M ,!Jiw*et ?ot ofr'll? bo* and took him and brought ! a7,"*ei he't0- in an(1 Walker too; my hus band appeared very sorry, and I wanted Walker to lot him out; he reluse.l and said Sweet was on the outside I told my husband Walker had sll the money, and hr so'id it would be all right; I said I had given the money to Walker, as I was sfruid Sweet would >.eareh me; he said he would luriilsh him money to employ lawyers he ? ^r,uU!d- " n 001 that you are married; let it appear that you are some girl that he has picked out InH you will be let out to-night, as no money will be found upon you He said that he would swear that he got the money from my husband, and that would clear me Com iag up the stairs, somebody sa.d, ?? Here, P*?e, ,0u fiTe hlm^wn"err*' , ?n. Iook'n* ro,,nd> ?ome one hsnded him a hill On going Into the hack room, I told mv hm ii v W 'r dropped a bill; and U^alker ' i. i *f' ?~I d n 't i it's all up now ?" and my husband asked what was to be done, when he said In ^onsequence of his dropping tho note he should have' to fiidp w S'iAiTir1:110 ,earch "t?oL? jecteo. w. came in and did not search me. but when I opened the door he said he had searched me. J waa go#n after taken into the prison. He came down with me J! visited me the next day forenoon and several t'imp? anythinr" T\t0 ,k,ecp m>' mouth closed.-not to say h ? r should get out of the trouble He told ? Mstsell and not let bim know any of my secrets or tell him a word. The day I was moved ,M\?n i ml,r,Tk S'v?n me, ha liantled me a #6 irold piece. My husband gave his name aa John Dailv in ih<> magistrate's worn at tie Policed do"-? knowtow much (he amount of money was that I gave Wslker QcaiTiorr?Did Mr. Walker ever say to you or intimate Mr. Moasis obJecte<l to the question on the ground that be?6re0th^d,Bto ^,r#T0 th" ' fe,0"JrWa' comn?"^, The proiecution contended thst ft was not necetssrv ?to effcet ttot it^,i0n, ,h,d hwn n ln 0,,r Courts to MUM, at M. ?? neC""ry t0 Pruv# th?' aIthou?h^t'wnntS'l!f^ that ,h" ''""t'on was sfterwards u, ^tJhnT^'try '? Prov'',h,! e0rPu* J"*", ' to establish the guilt of the accused. The 'el for de1fence excepted to the decision. Ik-iirir ? . * 10?? srgntrenl, the Court re-considersd about 40 J tart of age ; I came lroni QMhs*^ of mine about twelve year* ago : we lived i?^u*dfr abort time, and the. went to i.ow.11, wtaw 'we UWd tor one year; we theu vreut to Boston and lived twoj< ray aacle's name if Thomw Murphy ?, waXh u Amo.keag id Massachusetts, where we Uved two years, and then returned to Boaton ; I left my ^ncle Uved with a family ; 1 left there about s.* went to Philadelphia with the family 1 had been living with ; I don't recollect what their name was; 1 there got married to Daniel Murphy, on the HOth of April, ? years ago ; I had seen him in Boaton sometime before . I Uvea there i wo years and then came to New York ; my husban dlrd iu Philadelphia ; 1 liv? d out Uikstiom.? Who did you live with 7 Witness -nm I obliged to answer all theae queatlona I ^Mukiii ? We are obliged, madam, to ask tiona to find out who ye are, and what ye are, and all '"dV.'tb'ct ATToawav.?Anawer the queatlona, Mrs. (:W^:.-? lived at New RoOhelle for about .l.mon.h. and then wont to Mobile I tbere lived with capt. Ua? and then went to Boaton, having charge of a child. I wm married a* Mary KHnnnn. my maiden name; I waa marri ed In 184J. I afterward! went to England and Scotland, and then returned to New Orleans, a r?r ?o l4 t'^ We then went to 8t. Loula; he left me thereand I staid there a month, and left in May lor here, ?t0PP?n*?" l way in Philadelphia. After I came here, on Sa urday , took lodging* at the Northern Hotel, and the.n went to Julia Brown'*, [lalteilng] a brothel in Leonard street, where I utaid for aeveral day* Not having any monev and not expecting to neat my husband, 1 got scab and told the driver to take me to any houae of that character an I he tooa me to Julia Brown'*. I waa in despair I wen to her house on the i uesday after I arilived here, a,. iiaye (till the Saturday lollowintf, the 7th of June. I did not exoect to meet my husband here in New Jurk 1 * a. here from Tuesday, the 10:h ot June, till Sunday, and then went to Albany, Tom whence I returned here, and went to Mr*. Eustis' apartment in this build. <g 1 m iJ? this statement before Mr Osborne and several other gen tleraen I had not made anv statement to ?nyhody "Q ? alter 1 came back from Albany, except my lawyer, to whom I stated the factfl. , . . , Qur.? ? Have you ever told anybody that yeur huibsnd waa obliged to run away from Cincinnati for theft, and that he gave $3000 to be let off in Kngland, wheie he wa? arrested for felony. . The prosecution objected on the ground that it wa* an irrelevant matter. . The defence contend?! that It was necessary to show thai Itba witness knew the character of the husband and to *how by her declaration that *he was not to be credited and to impeach her moral character. The witness exhi bited a very decided spirit and a great deal of shrewdness and intelligence, and on Mr. Jordan'* saying that she pre tended this manDaUey wa* her husband, she said in a spirited manner there Is no pietension about It, here* the certificate. The question was then ruled out. Examination rtsumrd- Have not been to Julia Brown s since I returned from Albany, or seen her; my husband was never at Julia Urown'* to ray knowledge, and he never stood on the stoop and talked to me; after 1 metmj hint' in.I, he gave me a $50 bill to change, and I got it changed under the American Museum. It was ten minute* of 4 o'clock, when Walker came in; I recollect the time becausc we were going to Boston that afternoon, and I was afraid we should be too late lor the boat; if my husbnnd got some money from Albany; after I was told to get the money I told my husband that if he had not come properly by the money he ought to give it up to iu*tice and let the law take its courae. and not give it to Walker; he demanded $4000, and my husband said he could not give him that, because there wa* another man concerned with him; they then spoke of the reward. Dirrct reaumrd?SiDce the death ol my husband, 1 have been under the protection ol Mrs. Ward, for about five months , . ,Bv a Juno*.?Who is this Captain Day of whom yeu speak? As I am acquainted there, and know him, 1 should like to ask. ... . Answer ?He is employed there in connection with the Government steamers, and has the command ol those that are stationed in the haibor. . At this stage of the proceeding*, the Court adjourned, (at 8 o'clock,) till 11 o'clock to day. t Montevideo. (Correspondence of the Herald ] U. S. Fkiqatk Conor ess,) Montevideo, Sept. 23, 1844 S | Speed of our Frigatet?Which it the Fattettf Dkak Sir As we have many friends, who long ere this ex pected us in the United Stales, it may perhaps be satisfactory to thern to learn, through your co lumns, that it is the intention of the Commodore to keep this ship out, (on his own responsibility it is said) until next spring, and will return in her him I self. We arrived here on the evening of the 21st, in | six days' run from R io; found the brig Bainbridge here, and the Boston up the river to Buenos Ayres. There is no news ol any consequence; the place still holds out against the Buenos Ayreans, and is likely to do so as long as they merely carry on a conditional blockade ; that is, admitting every thing except Irish beef and munitions of var On the24th ot last month, we sailed from Kin I in company with the frigates Raritan and United Stales and brig Bainbridge, on a tailing match ; and as all these vessels are celebrated for then ?peed, U may not he uninteresting at least to youi naval readers, to learu the result. Early in the morning, the three frigates and brig were underway, moving out very slowly to veiy light land airs. The States and brig which lay much nearer the ha'bor's mouth, leading, lollowed b> the Congress ami Rant an. The two leading Ves sels got paat the Fort aud Sugar Loul and well out in the bay, before the sea breez* sei in- but the Congress was met by both cur rent and wind in the narrowest part, where we beat upwards of one hour without any visible advance; we bore up and made signal "to an chor " The reply from the flig ship?wi>s, " no ? and we again hauled our wind, losing what we had gained in the most difficult pari of the pas sage About 3 P. M. the Karitan began to over haul us I it id over fist, bringing the current oui with her 'intil she got into our wake upon th? same tack , when the Congress feeling the influ f nee of thr* lide, alto started on, and by halt four the Karitan was two miles to leeward. To wards night a signal was made to take up oursis ?mn on the starboard quarter ot the Commodore; ?re now had to bear up and run under his lee, in which position we remninedduring the nigh' Early next morning,25th, the squadron tacked b> signal'; the position ot the vessels Whs as follow>: The States and brig four or five miles to wind ward and ahead of us; the Raritan astern two mtles.sin to windward one. By 10 A. M. we had far-reaihe< the Stales, and crawled up to her within hall i mile, and the Raritan four miles astern, rather i? windward. At lli, tacked ship, crossed the bow j ot the Raritan, and lacked again immediately oi pissing, bringing her about two cablts length t< leeward, and the ships side by side. The supe riority of the Congress over both shu>e here mam I fested itself; by 3 P. M. we were four miles ahead of the Raritan again, within one mile of the States md to windward both ships! At this critical pe nod, the commodore, as if determined we should not paBs the States, though we did him, mad. signal to tack, which, of course,brought the Sfatet as far to windwitrd as she was ahead the Congrens By signal the brig bore up and stood for Montevideo Ttie States and ourselves running down to tin Commodore, when we signalized, received a boat from the flag ship, while the States stood on hei course for home. .... 26th. This day we sailed around the Raritan, crossing her bows, backing Hsteru, und coming U| fo windward, nnd could have p?s?ed her again, but the Captain forbid it. She now bent another sun ol sails, but it would not do, she wa. a beaten ship, I Hid we kept way with her, about two miles astern, during the whole night under reefed to^ails^ shr ! arrying whole loimails and to|>-g.illaiit sails. Karl) I in the morning, making sail to ovethi.ul her, wt iplit our fore-to|i?ail and carried awav our martin 4ale?we soon got another s:iil ah ft, hut were de prived of the important services of the |ib, not onl> making her steer wild, but making a difference in speed ot I knot fi fathoms, all th'- day the Raritan heing from two to tour miles ahead, when in the afternoon, seeing us Hgain getting ont the martin, irale, she tacked, signalized, and we separated, in tart, not carina to try us any more. The Commo dore went to Bahia, our ship returned lo Rio. Daring the whole time they took every i.dvan tage, bringing us too and makn g us tack onl) when flieir own vessel would be benefitted. Hai this not been the case, asd we allowed to sail oui vessel at will, we could have beat the U. States at much as we did the Raritan. With the wind Iref (our best point of sailing) they did not care to tr) us. We believe this ship can sail 5 knots to either of their 4, and that she is, at present, the fastest vessel in the American navv In haste, yours, ?c., C. u. S. Mau, Robmry.?'The mails tor New York Irom the Troy post office, ol Nov. 30th and Dec 1ft have never reached their destination A letter from the postmaster of Albany to the po*tm.<stei ot this city, informs the latler that the mails in question were received from here at Albany delivered to the. mail agent So the robbery ninsi have taken place between Albany and New York A letter from the P. M. of New York cltv, apprising 0> n Davis ot the robbery, ?ayi??' A l*lter Hearing the Tru> iiost mark of Nov -JO, addresaad to Mr. Hsmuel ('? Voting, 101 Cedar street, N V., which had been originally inaile?i at Rochester, was curried by two men having the appear . anceof sailor* to No. 101 ( eilar street and tne at at em ant i winch they gave leada to the 1*1 f? I that a robSery has baen committed "?Ttoy IVhtg, IMc ?. Baltimore. (corre*po;.Jeoct of the Ham Id j Haltimohk, Dec. 9, 1844 Tht Fathionublt Staton? M\uu ?Another Niagara Stock Salt. Djuk Sir:? Considering the season of the year, the display ot public amusements here is vciy meagre. Hitherto we had to be satisfied with the offering* of Feale's Museum, which was nightly crowded with generally respectable audiences, though the (lilt s*u!i is int urning in some retired quarters of Franklin, Calvert and Charles street, M for the Sage of Ashland." To-night is coming up the first great miscella neous concert ot H. Phillips, Esq. The attention ot the public has principally been excited by the reports of his success in Boston, New Yoik and Philadelphia. The artist is at present directing alt his productive powers to the comi>osition of a new scheme, " the Niagara Fall." We do not know whether he has borrowed the idea from "the great Norwegian," or he thinks the material inexhaustible, but as we huppen to be the firsi before whom he performed some pieces of this admirable production, in yielding this morning to our expressed desire we are enabled to assure your re.idrrs that the effect of this master piece will be a great and lasting one, whatever part ot this Union may firtt be favored 10 listeu to it. Mr. l'inlli|.B intends, afier having fulfilled his engHge meiit in I'liiUdelphia, and given o"ne or two eon eerie in Wellington, to proceed to New Orleans.'z Mater, h'sq , ot this city, the distinguith rd author of "Mexico as it is," Arc , will also commence this evening a series of interesting lec tures i "Travellers' tales." Those who had al ready opportnnity to Hppeciate his talents, promise something veryyiquant. Court Calendar.?-This Day. Common Plkss?No*. 8, i(S, ||. 16, 38, 7, Jli, 40, ft, U, !M. M. 41, 9, 44, 3. 1?, 34. 101. SurKBiOR CotJftT?No?. 04, 60, 70, 73, 8?, 88. 89, 6, IftO,. aa, 30, 48, t>3, 46,39, H4, 9#, 97, 9,8, 9U, 100,101,10J, 10ft. 106 Minkk/l Resources of Alabama.?In speaking on the subject ot a geological survey of the State of Alabama, ihe Tuscaloosa Monitor has the fol lowing:?If the mineral resources of Alabama were developed by a scientific hand, from personal examination, the result would be truly astound ing. Fewpersons, comparatively, know any thing of them. The other day we saw a specimen of rich lead ore taken trom an extensive bed in an adjoin I lug county, and also fiue vorit Rated marble, equal | to that on the Potomac, of which the splendid co j lumns supporting the gallery of the Re| reerntative Hall at Washington are formed, and surpassed only by the best Egyptian. Of iron ore the quan tity is inexhaustible. There is enough, probably, to supply the entire southwest, if not the Union. Six iron foundries are already in operation in Ah bama?three in Bibb, one m Talladega, one ii Shelby, and one in Tuscaloosa. They manufacture good bar iron, which is preferred by carnagt makers and other artizans who use the best iron brought to market. They pronounce ihe home ar | dele, for toughness and malleability, equal to the Swedish. It is nfforded at our doors at cents, ?v here as, previous to the working of the native beds, iron of the same quality cost 8 to 10 cents ? Mr. Riddle, of Talladega, has been engaged in the manufacture of iron only two years, and employs ind sustains a hundred persons by his works, in a section of country previously uninhabited, and of no value to the iigricullunst. He can send to mark et one hundred tons annually. Axes and other im plements, of superior quality, have been made of the iron and steel from his forges. There are also two furnaces,one in Benton and the other in Tal ladega, that turn out excellent castings, at less ,?ric<? than thf northern arficlf*, und in <?vfiy iect as durable. Besides her minerals, of countless value, Alabama ih well sdnpted to manufactures generally Her water power and conveniem e of transportation are very great, and only require the investment of capital to make her the most flourish ing and independent State in the Union. R. DUNLOP <te SON'S ALBANY ALE A. Ss'w VAR HLXPI V lor shipping and cily UM, at No. 178 West, corner YVarn-n. h n i iu ? J9HN WTHKRLAND. Sol* Ag,ut. ^.K Dunlop at Son, from their etandir>K ?n the cilv, will guarantee to llowwho favor them with their custom, a krtiviine if i y to the u*. of private familiea, ilotela and i 10 b*n*le. N- B.?Malt on hand at ail tim**. ti2ft Tm'ia ARTIFICIALTEETH" VI' YI'liT' introducer or iiutrtinr lout ruptible 1 e*lh on the principle of aluiospherre inssurr, tl owed to be the icreaie*: improvement in dentiatry -ver intro '"Ceo, luvit** *traui(er? and the public iu geneial |o etamin* hu vmvu1*! v f'ul- ,w ? ** ??*"* "operior to ANY >l?w liN Cn*., embracing amon,(*t others the advantages of ireat mid |icriiuuirut comfort, cleanline**, durability, kc To tervon* patients it is particularly ivUpted, as it preclude* the I rceaiitv ofastractiag "tainija or root* of Welti, and retain* the uontn iu a healthy state. The numerous testiinouials from the .io?t di?tiugiii*htd III .ociety, with the highest dental and other .nthontna, will ensore to tiiow requiring artiricial teeth, or "HI** who hnve had Uiein unskilfully set, the happiest and moat iUi.Wtoryre.ults. -*L LEVETV/PeMi.t. nil Im'tn S60 Broadway, *ntnuice in Warren it JET AND FANCY BEAI) CfOODS rPIIE aubicribtr ha* recently received from one of the fra liDtiari in P?ri?, a i ew and velvet aiumuient of Lsdes' liad-oroaments, for ba'l* -nd I .,m'.*, Brraat Aitrt iu?, I>?cklaCf?, oriteelr** ol" vaiioot kmdv S^al and Velvet 1 Ai*o, n new ?tyU ol Katm button* aud Pin*, t ire (i irtfd hcre'ofore. oy- l'aKio*rrroi) pe Plate*, fcc , for *ale. ,i?: .. .? HBN, lmportrr, fc 18 and 20 Liberty at., Bp (tain. DENTAL SURGERY. TEETH SUPPLIED ON A NEW AN1) IMPROVED PRINCIPLE Tender and Decayed Teeth Reatored W'vt1< eineot, by Mr. WILLIAM HAR i J . 1 J,i 7FH, 'D "<*n!l?,j 211 Uroadway, rj.po.jU. ie I ab-macle. 1 liu in%alu.nn|e pre|Miration re ao ediieaive 44 10 become ?ii coition of th?* irtih, without in thw - iijhi?f*f deiir^e im|iairiii|r ti:** enemel. It eflV eta an immediate -IffWT-f7fC?;e hy:h*' er decay . IR 7 Ih TKK lit, o' turpaMinn beauty, fti?d Irom "112 a compl-ie ??t, arraiiR?d i n ajirmeipU lenderint it :in|H?*il l' t.i di*liiiKUi?h the arlilicial from llic Natural our?, |OidpreM(viD(, ai the ?m? time, irrfect a'tical.non. A nam rol r .tn, illustrative of t>?<- Bierliau'cal depotao-nt of Drn ' i,,r>' o'V I *" " y ,ho'* l*'ie,.t* reriuiriuK deoul a*?i*Unce, ? ho ?I ill tind II inucri to ttmir advauu?e by fatoriiii Mr Win. L'la neti H 11h a call. \" c 'U?altan?n* frw. 341 Broadway, opixiaiu the Taber tlf: d7 Im'n )"? '-OKBI'IT may b? coaaulted eonftdntially at hu Ol t>oro Chatham tkranaer* ii* re*|>ectfnlljr informed that Dr. Corbitt i* a member oI the aivcnuy ol the ol New York, and that he hasnelaaire ' coulined hi* Lirac'.iee fro in miok (Cental to the treatment. 1 rriain rlaaiea of di*ea*e*. (now over elevan r??r* in liie city ot iew Yorh.) which euar ?hu entire attention. The aanal* of nediciue do not record^ liter *mou tlian i* to be fonajTm hi* riauce. The Doctor caoiion* the Dufortnaate aaaiaat the n? ?I m?<?f a, ; kit* tt iKooaaa.l* of 'icuma. ReeMt e.axe* re in a f. w day* i?rn?ved entirely from the ?ym^etn He* that "tt^y. j.dlcuwatT.treated byi w?? Ufally .pulifled, a.^ f U?JK"1 "laack* a? there are teveral ol them in this ii' fj alOietad with protracted .tad inveterate caa<-* l".?1 reatored to heal:h, by apidyiaa to Dr. ''""J'TT of ?,ny v'*,, h,u "tabluhej the Doctort ?putatiOB lor (lull aud respectability. Strictures euvane th (octur i profonnd attention A medicine may >>e had to lire *>t a reriaia disease in any of its form* *11 tm"rr ?eU..S'.liK!?L WILLIAM M HKL'l. yOKDKLKS kMK VK.H. Importer .liave received by hst ar ' rival*, and oHer lor *afe at the lowest prices? 4.000 ii ios* John Myer's Ht. ?| psws. 5.000 dp Benson'* do i.M<i ili Kaale do },<M do Jahnson'sl do MM do American do i.iM do I,u?l,l/eni Silver Mtrel. oMtimvi Wfc|i arc ART IHCIAL fALA'I '^?ONWTRULTED *o as to remedv ilw loss of the natural oae* Incorraptibie I reth, of (irpnasiuc b-aaty, inserted ?oa^QU* to ? complete *ft?ana all operaurn* apuertaimna to '? DeattJ Hrieno. P?fartned nn?o tl? lau.t ?rniau principles, bv Mr HM. llAHNKTT, humou Uen WS22& naln?ou? compUinu of tlie ortan of (f-aeratioa. Of all remedie* yet diieovered for (h* abt es aonplaiau rh * ?the moat certain. It main Mpeedv aa< perieai.eal care, without the U;,,i r. .ricOM to diet, drtnk, ..leisure, or chance iu application to hu MU,iTir,k2i23l recommendations to-l-ceWe the iSi r.? ,t fK%vr".^a Bot ir Drnnrilrj-. '* "1 ?0ufy where it eau ke had, sad ouJhlTm^l^ Vm,|e.^ca?e>.-f t-rent Oonorrhoaa to be ior^itare of $?? *'ll a?l elfrct a rapid care under fh,M ?Jtowwrty I-rv.4.* all rank* of u> . f ***? ' r'?'! and poor, matrimonial aud single. They IvriBKJ'S 7 * remedy by which they can nun them J. .i Wast f?po*ur?, ia the ?horrett Mm* |?>**iblf. Farther, the diaeaae eauiiot fce contracted if a dote of the Mi*, ire u taken at nichr on roiiiic to bed when eipcted. It I* put ap la hot ilea will, lull direction* iccilmpanyina it *t la bottle. ()ne bottle l.i* u a week, winch nenerally enrv's? i*ny are cured in two day*. Kor sale oul> at VVm H. Milnor's, IM Br.ndway, corner of 'lin ft, oppoui.. hnirklin lliuie, New VSirk, Mr Barry* rot t of Chestnut aad Hevsoth .treets, Philad-lohJs: and at J M ?nita *. t?nt~i. u Canal itreet, New rlem?t nnd .Main etwet, Cincinnati. <|4 ri?w ] t .f iill I (*r sum.) imp.iiier . KU( ? sad llnr/lre }?flM?^* l.1 *ad ??"*]* b*'r'l ?OWt f.o alw.v. el iA I ?o ftuest mnlitirs .,i?'n -i?i . i ? i' J" ?'?'""T* "?*orlu?eDi .,f i rSTOLU , Poohle snd SiBfle Oarreli, eml raeiny I1? dilTeierl k ndv ? ,'j i* modem Kt, Bar.'-' K^olv,. all of ?h'eh w,|| Inn HmitlV 'fi?.*?!?'?,f.1'0?? '? the'tr^de and .1... .ill'. ? !?"'????**? i> "'?*te.! to call, previoa* n Mrehases, a* tti?y will emu ily Aad it r? their ?Wa?Rl .%<! a, .? JATENT DIIKATIIINU KELT.-i?eas*? PUen Hkmhwa llil' *1^ ""'cW ?hjH botr. in* and the -mX Korsakky K. K ? Oi.IJ.N-fc ct> Ik fcmihjNMI,