Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 13, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 13, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD" Prfte* Tw? Cutt. THE NEW YORK HERALD. AGGREGATE CIKCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THt2 GREATEST IN THE WORLD. To ill* Public. THE NtW YOUK HERALD?Daily Nm[?pc^Mk' lulled every day ot the year eactpt New Ymi'i Day and Fourth of July. Price 2 cents per copy?or $7 M per annum?postages paid?cash in advance. THK WEEKLY HKRALD?published every Saturday morning?price <X eeuts per copy, or $) It per annum poslr KM paid, rub in advance. . ADVERTISERS are uifonned that the circulation ?JJJ Hernid is over THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, and increasing nut It hat the Urge it circulation of and pap**"1 V" or the world, and, it, therefore. Hit oeit channel Jar ounntit tint fti the city or country, Prioee moderate -cash in advance. PHI NTI NO of all kind* executed at the moat moderate j nee, and in the moat elegant atyle. JAMES OORDON BENNETT, PaSPHIETOK OP TNI HaBALO EtTABLISHMEirr, Northwest corner of Fnlum and Nassau streets. NIBUm GRAND SALOON, FOR CONCERTS AND BALLS. TS NOW FITTKD UP KOR THE WINTER AMUSE 1 MENTS IN MAGNIFICENT STYLE. For CONCERTS it hat many advantages, having an ched ceiling, favorable for sound; and being removed from arcu .... -g~? v . the street, (here m no annoyance from the unite of carriage*?it has raised seat* with caiucious galleries, and will accommodate 1500 persons. For Ball* it has a soring tloor and raised aeaU ou the aide*, and is. magnificently lignted with splendid cut glass chandelier*. Attached to the Saloon and on tlie aame floor, th-re are private parlor*, dressing room*, manager*' and hat rooms, anu a supper-room 200 feet long, which will accommo date lino |?r>iina. I treat pain* will be taken to give satisfaction, and on moderate term*. n27tfrc GHAND OPENING BALL, Given at the Alhamra, 950 Broadway. PUOP1UETOR & MON8BVOABRIEL DE KORPONAY. For THK BENEFIT OF THE DEAF AND DUMB AND THE BLIND ASYLUMS.?Kamar. Dec. 27, 1S44 The proprietor of tlie Alhainra ha* the honor to announce to th? public tout, being about rebuilding and decorating hu eit'bluh ment in a novel and extensive manuer, for the purpose of Balls, Concert*, Ike., in winter?he will, with tlie assistance.of Mon* Gabriel de K irponay, (who ha* kindly voluntee'ed his services for that pur|M>.?e,) ifive a Grand Opening 11 '11 on the 27th inst., as above. announced. On this occasion will be introduced the fi>|k.t Dances, Quadrilles, Valse de Deux Pas, O illopades, kc., under tlie dir-ction of Mons. de Korpouay, and the best and Mueit vtusicnow in voi<iie in the most fashionable circles in Europt, under .he direction of Mr. Wigers. Price of Tiekets, including Supoer and Refreshments, $5,00, admitting a Gentleman and two Ladies?to be had at the Al li itnr i and of Mous. Korpoaay, and at the principal Hotel* and Music Store*. dA jgb KASH1UNABLE DANCING. MONS. GABRIEL DE KORPONAY, XJAS the honorof informing tlie Ladieaand Gentlemen of New JUL Vurk, and vicinity, that he ha* arrived for the purpose of giving instruction in the principal fashionable Dances prevailing lu the highest circles of Hlbopeaii and American society. Mons. K. ha* lately arrived from Boston, Saratoga and New port, where his style met the warmest admiration of the public, and the marked approval of tlie fashionable community.? Among others, Mons. K. propose# to teach that well known danceLA POLKA?the new Quadrille* with original music? the Valse de Denx Pas?tlie Mazourka?new Cotilliona?new Galoppe, and all American Dances. Mons. K. will be assisted by MADAME KORPONAY at Musician. The instruction will be given in the r ranch, Oer man and English languages. ... , Koome are engaged at 26 Park Place,?strictly private, cool and airy?for the accommodation of Ladies and Gentlemen. . The Polka, and the new Quadrilles, as at present danced it the fashionable circles of London and Paris, can be taught in su or twelve, lessons, except the Mazourka. All others in twenty four leRiom. For further particulars, inquire of MONB. KORPONAY, at his residence, 25 Park Place. ...... a . Tkhms:?Class Lessons from It toll, A. M., 12 to 1, and 1 to 2, P. M., and from 6 to 7 in the evening. St* towns, $6?twelve lessons, $10, and quarter, $15. Private Lessons?six lessons, $8: twelve lessons, $12; quai r hours will be devoted to Public Institutes, Acad einies, Itc., Ike. P< FASHIONABLE SUBSCRIPTION BALLS AT THE ALHAMRA, 569 BROADWAY. rriHE proprietor of the Alhamra has the honor to announce 1 to the fashionable society of New York, that having en tirely rebuilt and fitted up his establishment in a style of much greater taste and e'egance, he proposes, Tin connection with Mons. Gabriel and DeKorponay, to give a'aerie* of Balls the en suing winter, of the very firstclass, on which occasions wilUie introduced some of the newest dauces and music now in vofue iu the most fashionable circles in Europe. 1 he set will com prise six balls, to be given in the following order: In hall, Wednesday, Jan. J: 2a ball, Friday, Jan. 17; 3d ball. Iridav, Jan. 24; 4th ba'l, Tuesday, Feb. 4; 5th ball, Wednesday, Feb. 12; 6th ball, Friday, Feb 21. Price of subscription to the whole set, including supper and refreshments, $12; to three h ills S7.50; to a single ball $S; admitting a gentleman and lady. Tickets may be obtained at the Alhamra. and of Mons. De Korponay; also, at the principal hotels and music stores. d> FANCY BALL DRESSES, rpo LET, or for sa'e. at I. PINTEUX, Cafe rfes mille ?a Colonnes Saloon, 307 iiioadway. To be seen from 9 o clock A. M. until 4 ./clock P. M. d4 Im'rc TO THE LADIES. BALL C O STUME. rnHK subscriber, having completed his arrangement* for the 1 fall trade, is nreplied to offer exirsordinary inducemenU for the purohase ot rich fancy E.vl BllOl UERE D DRESSES, a largn (|uautity of which have beeu received by recent arrivals, and are u.isu passed in eleganee atd norelty of design, llitf M owing will give an idea of the low pricea at which they are O<COKONAT10N ROBES from $3 .'0?osnal price $5. Evira ''ich do 6 00 ' ' 8. New patterns fancy Needle Work, from $5. Rich Organdie and Tarletan Murlin, worked in colors (In grain), warranted faai, $6. 8-4 l'arletau Muslins, from 3s per yard. 8 4 O'gandie do. lis?uiual price 10s. b-4 Hwi<s Muslins, of beat.tilul leature, from Ss 6d. Or;anilie Muslins, in all prevailing shades. Attention IE also iiivued to the stock of Infants' Waists anu itahes. EMBROIDERED WAISTS frnm 3s. do Robes with waists, from $3 50. do very rich, " 6 C1 do ana Rivierie, 7 00. A succession of new goods in Capes, under Handkerchiefs, Collar*, b-c , will beoflered very cheap. Cain uric Handkerchiefs. Chi!dn-u's Tat? Borders, from 6d. Revierie and Kmbmideri d do. LAnlErt TAPE BORDERS, from Is. do Revierie, fr?ro 8*. do Embroi .ere.l, from 3s to $50. do do and Muslqne ..... , IN THE LACK DEPARTMENT wtllbefoand? Rich black Brussels aud Thread Laces. French Point, Mechlin. Valenciennes. Biusnels at d English Thread Laces. Imitation Regency, French Point Alencon. . Persian Thread, Canton and feline Laces and Edging', of every width. ... . 1000 d'z Lisle Edgings, at 6d per dox. , ,, Pirate-and denii Veils ol every style and quuity, from$l upward;. WINTER HOSIERY. . , ? Ladiei' and Children's Patent Merino Vests. do do Silk. do. d> do M-rinoHoss. do do Cashmere do. do Black AI pacha do. do Rich Silk. . j do. do Open work and Embroidered do. Gentlemen's Merino, Lamb's Wool, Silk and othar Vests, Drawers, kc.,&.c. BARGAINS. 500 dozen Trimmed Cape at 4s?usual price 8*. Kemnantsof Inseriings aud Edging* at half price. 50 d ten best Kid Gloves, aliiihtly soiled, 3s per pair. 5C01 \ ard . Black and Colored Fringes at half price. dia tJl?m PETER ROBERTS. No. 373 Broadway. JOHN J. MAAS, WILLI AM STREET, near John street, offers for sale at the lowest pric^Sj?Fancy Ladies Boxes, 'I ea, J obne dll 3t*ec IRON SAH ES ?It is no longer s riuest ion what safe u_ the A bf"?t protection against ^re, aa all admit WILUKK S aala mander t > be the only really fire defier-dsmpness is tlie only obje t.or, ever raised against theni which has now l?<en on tirely overco'i e, and the subscriber clial'entes any. one to prove an instil ce when any nfe mid* b* him (haviug his nam- U|>on a gilt plate) ill ft has ?ver injured books, papers or jewelry, bir dampness. He ) I dgrs himself to the public that all safes made by him shall I e hreproof, thief and damp proof, well knowing tint should one fail in eitli-r resect that his loss in reputatiou would Ih. greater than tl* ownerofany safe that should so prove imperl'e. t All < Safes are an imitation and an iniriugemant upon Wilder's Patent, he having purcrased the excluiive right (forthe St#,te of New York) to manufacture aud furnish the genuine SaUnnnder. Ordera received at hia Iron bafe warehouse and Tactory, No ?98Y?C,HERRINO. N. B.?Second-hand Safes for sal* at leu llian hall price. _dl1_lm NEW GOOD? TOR CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEAR PRESENTS. WA. SMET8. 258 Broadway, opposite the Park, has Just ? received by the latest arrivals from France, . 2 Cases of'oideries, among which are some very rich embroidered inusli very rich, Pocket f I'liiibrie Dresses. Handlifrchiefs. For Wedding and Evenmi Dresses, Heal Brussels Thread Lace Dresses, Thiead Flounces, Berthes and Sleeve TrlVitniiiiits of Brussels (mint, Rich Muslin and Tarlstan Dresses, Satins, Milks, Imperial, silk Muslins and other new materials .... , . z ( a-es Cats and rich head dresses. 2 Ca*es of Fancy Articles of every description, too numerons to mention; to which the attention of th? lad.ea is particularly invited, as they cannot lie surpassed in beauty sad lowness of price. dll 3t*je n') uiuerii,9| Bmuni which ?**- J. 'i, din Pele'iae*. Canezous, Chemisettes, Collars. I Handkerchiefs, Infants ricliemb. Muslin and s. Also, Caps and Children's 4 ollars snd P THE BE-^r POTATOES IN MARKET AI'E FOR SALE at the dock, Washington Market, from brig Leader, fiom Nova Scotis. Also, barrelsand half bar rel.No. 1 Shad. Apply on hoarder !?||am d6 lw?m 114 Broad street. iACKET SHIP CTICA FROM HAVltE. is discha.ging - at I'ier No. 4 Notf . River. Consignees are requested to send their permits on boaid. All geods not jiennitteu by ihe 13th inst. will be sent to the public store under a general order. d7 6trtc T) ARQUE GENESEE. FROM NEW ORLEANS, isdii I) charging at Jones' wharf, foot of Jones' Lane. Con signees w ill please attend to the receipt of their goods imme dinuly. "PNOLHH POTATOES ?The packet shin Yorkshire has u onboard a quantity ol the celebrated "Lancashire' and "Isl* of Man" Prt?toes, in excellent order, having been hut a abort time on ship boarn, which will be sold in lots for f.imily l)dl lvve'.'V ' C. II. MARSHALL, 38 Burling slip. FOR THE FACE AND SKIN. ? best Co in-tic far eradicating pimples,, frerk'es and worm from the skin is Church's Vege table 1 <>r. on. Its u .e for a short tins * will establish n clear aud h'illi lit complexion. Pold, in bottle^at 75 rente each. Kiim-mitism. *tc ?Dr.Chtrch's ( hemical Essencool Mns tard, a liigi.l >' valuable ein'urocation for the care of Rheaina tirni and i'hilhlaius. Sold, in bottles, at 50 rents egch CciniMs aiso r.oi.DS.?Dr. Church's Cough Drops, a valu able rem 'dy for Conghs, lotlurnzi and Pain in the Breast.? So'd, in bottles, at 50 rente each. 1'l.e above v tluable medicines sold at wholesale or retail at 111 Bowery, comer of bprineKieet, dll Im*e? THE I fee DOARD WANTED?By a gentleman, with wife and two -U children, in a small gemee! private family, where tlierv are bat lew or to private boirdiug houw where there are but few boarders.? Two unfurnished rooms required Lo cafou above IKhstveet, between 2d and 1th Aieuues A note addressed to K. M-, Park I oat Office, with real uame, stating terms, which muat be moderate, will meet with prompt atten tion. lUfttilMi exchanged. jH jw?rrc 3 POST OKKICJ0, T" T1MI1I I<1U MAII I .. UW ?or',tD?<;emberl#ili. Illlt J K, m[: > MAIL?LetterBags |?r steamer CALKDONIA. /V mT . j Sti U.l'P*r "-'"J Lower Post Offices in thi* city, oni Saturday. the Mth inst . ?t ii minutes twm 3 o'clock, P- M'jTlie ov.-riaud po?t k" of I8J$ eeuta on each single letter, must be pud. JOHN LU RIMER OH All AM, J" ltrc Foal Master. .^^ENTV-FIVE dollars REWARD STOLEN FROM THE WASHINGTON HOUSE, rpu,! _ PHKiAUKLHHIAi apinst triding for any lurh d>scrib?d I'm. Description?The rin is made m tlie form of a star, hating >ix points, two dia monds in earh point, a d a larue diamond in the ce itm, miking in all ilnr een diamonds, all se'. in silver, with snull gold Chain and Guard-rill attached, valued a? ?250 00. Jewellera and others are desired, if any auch described I in, alnuld he ottered B.r ?? the same and return it to VIr. K. i .anlield. at the Franklin House, New Voik, who will pav the above reward. .,, ? . GEORGE W. De NT. dH 3t*ec Philadelphia, Stli Dec , I8<?. lyfR JONES, VOCALIST, late of tke Park Theatre, ai d I the successful compeser of t lis New Opera of the Eu chanted Horse, respectfully inform i his former pupils and the musical community, that he intends devoting the principal part or his time to the cultivation of vocal music. Mr. Jones's well kuown system of improving the tone and quality of the voice, and also of curiug it? defec.s, entitle him to ilie consideration of all who wish to sing in a finished style. Terms live dollars for four lessons; jnyable in advance. 14 Beekman street d9 2w,rc F'li' IWICft%rJJKSLBY* SILVER WARK.fcc.? n ? v iiW j removed from No. 9 Astor House to No. 41J Broadway, a few doors south of Canal street, have just received from the hand of the robber some very tine gold and silver DupLx. Detached, Lever and Lepine Watches juperlfCt goodorder, whlfh they are determined to sell much below the uaual prices. Watches of every description carefully __ dH 3t*rtc THE 1LLUSTKATMU LONDON ALMANAC', AlfO PICTURESQUE CALENDAR, For 1845. N_{.VP.y.Vi'f.'iC40,0'!0 copies alreadr sold in England.) OW llr.AUV, making 48 pages, handiome quarto, with a r rontrapiece and U Allegorical Illustrations of the Months; 1J Sporting Scenes of tlie Mouths; Natural History of the Months, 12 engravings; Illustrations of the Astronomical Phe nomena of each Month of the coming year. The Time Ball at Cjreeoiwich of 8 Illustrations Domestic Inventions, Lists, lables, foreign Ambassadors at the Court of St. Janes; May Sports; Jack 111 the Green, and a great variety of seasonable eu teriaiument and infoimation. The artistical execution of theeii Cable ailaC entitles it to a place upon every drawiug room . .MP" forward their orders immediately. Office 111 Nassau street, New Yoik. d't 3t*?ie VTOTIC J?.-^qnsvgiie?** per Packet ship Li VERPOOL, from ?i LiverP00'?l.w"? pl?**e send their permiu ou hoard, at west side fiurliug ?lip. or to the office of the subscribers without de lay, as all goods not permitted in five days will be v>ui to the public store. WOODHULL fc M1NTU11N, nllmm tt Sonrl, GRAHAM'S Magazine. or LITERATURE AND ART. For January, 1845. Glorious Engraving$ Jor January ! .all competition defied, A Magnificent Menotint by Sartain?Child and Lute. Wreath of Roses, e'egantly Coloied. American Battle-Grounds, No. IV.?Monmouth Ground. N.J. _ Splendid Indian an4 Prairie Scenes. Horse Racing and Mandan Chief. A list of Illustrations iu a single number of a magazine unpar alleled fir number, originality and elegance in the history of American literature. These Nation-.1 pictnres must take prece dence of all the namby-pambyum of the day. Contributors to the January Number. J_ Kenimore Cooper, author of "The Spy," "Pioneers," "The Red Rover "etc. Hon. J. K. Paulding, author of "The Dutchman's Fireside," edt. Honry W. Longfellow, author of "Voices of the Night," "Out e Mer,"etc. James Hussell Lowell, author of "A Year's Life, and Other Poems," ect. Alfred B. Street, author of "The Burning of Schenectady and other Pcems." Ernest Helfenstcin,author of "The German Decameron," etc. C. J. Peterson. Mrs. Ann S. Stephens, author of "Mary Derwent."etc. Mrs. E. F, Ellet, author of "Characteristics of Schiller," "Joanna of Sicily," etc. Fanny Forester. Mrs. M. K. Hewitt. Mrs B. F. Thomas. Catharine Allan. John H. Bryant. E. P. Whipple. Rev. J. T. Brame. George R. Graham. Original Papert. Monologues Among the Mountains, by a Cosmopolite. To the.Dandelion, hy James R. Lowell. A Simile, by Mrs. B. F. Thomas. The Foreit Road, by Alfred B. Street. The Child and Lute, by Cath&riue Allan. George Moyner, by Mm. Ellet. The Storm, by Rev. John T. Brame. Book of Songs, bv Henry W. Longfellow. Liues on a Fountain, by John H. Bryant. Sketchea of Naval Men, Melancthon Taylor Woolsey, by J. Feuimore Cooper. Hope, by Rev. J. T. Brame. A Peep Within Doors, by Fanny Forester. To Mary of Kentucky, by Mrs. M. E. Hewitt.' The Blind Fiddler of New Amsterdam, by J K. Paulding. Hallowe'en, or The Fountain, hy Ernest Helfensteia. The Battle-Grounds of America, No. IV.?Monmouth, by Charles J. Peterson. The Nuu of Leicester, by Mr?. Ann 8. Stephens. Maud in Chief. Review of New Bookt. A Drama of Exile: and Otn*r Poems, by Elizabeth B. Barrett. Nature and Art. a Poem, by William W. Story. American Wild lilowers in Thrir Native Haunts, by Emma C. Embury. . History of the Puritans, or Protestant Nonconformists, by D.ttiel Neal. W.H.GRAHAM. d!2 3trc Tribune Building, New York. H'HE COURTJOURNAL ANDLIFE IN NEW VORK. A containing an account oft re Awful Mnrdeas committed by the Seven Brother; ; 1 he Might of the Old Hunkers from P - yerty Corner, Memoir ofC. V. And-rson, Chief Kngineer of the Fire n^partmeut; The Tax Collector; Intelligence Office Swindlers ; Doath of the Libertine ; Sports of the King, Drama, and other nutters conuected with Life in New York, will be out on Saturday morning, and for jale at 102 Nassau street, 332 Broadway, Axford's, Bowery News Office, The Glass House, Centie street, and of all the newsboys. Price 3 cenU. dia 2t*rc ULiKAlhInG OF LACK AND bbO-tUiS BY A NKW ^UPERIOrt. PROCESS. M ADAME DKITZ, late from Paris, has tlie honor to inferm the ladies that she e'eans ?I1 kinds of Lacei, Blonde, and Black Silk Lac, Veils, Bill Dresses, so asto look as good as new, without injury. Ma-'ame iieitz b gi to inform the ladi'a that she is the only person in t e city that understands cleaning Laces and Blonde by ths above pr cess. N. B.? Henairinf. be. Charges moderate. 437 Broadway, bttween Canal and Howard its <112 ni*rc POTATOES?SO# bushels Lancashire Cup Potatoes, of v?ry J- extra quality, lauding ex ship Siddons, from Liverpool, and for sale iu lota to suit purchasers, by E.K. COLLINS It CO., d I2rc 56 South street. A MOST BLESSED. STRANGE. A8TOUNDINO AND SUPERNATURAL INVENTION, TO CLRE CUTANEOUS ERUPTIONS AND CLEAR DARK, SUN-BURNT, YELLOW, DISCOLORED OR FRECKLED SKlN. MANY?At. there are many who have been cheated with iu trash, and therefore think tlie powers of the genuine Joues's Soap are exaggerated; let such five it a fair trial. It is indeed the most singularly wonderful curative iirepartiou ever made, in til skin diseases. In fact, it seldom or never Hails in curing Pimples, Blotches, Freckles, Tan, Morphew, Salt Kheum, Scurvy, Erysipelas. Barber's Itch, Ringworm, Old Sores, and Sore Heads. Bat mind, it is Jones' Soap has done, and still effects these eures. Get it no where else in this city?or you will be swindled with a counterfeit?but at the sign of the Ameri can Kagle, tt Chatham street, and 323 Broadway, N. Y.; in Boston, at Bedding's, 8 State street; Zeiber, 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia; 139 t>ulton street, Brooklyn, and Pease, Broadway, Albany. n!3 lm*ec MEDICAL ADVICE "nOCTOH LAM&RT is still confidentially consulted, at his old office. 63 Gold street, between Fulton and Beekman, on all diseases of a delicate nature; his treatment being mild and jndicions. requires neither merciry, restraint in diet, or hin drance from business pursuits. Recent eases cured ia I or 4 Debility, NERVOUS OR CONSTITUTIONAL, arisiuK from a too frequent indulgence of the passions of indis creet yonth, and thereby causing nightly emissions, and event ually confirmed impotency. engage the Dr.'s strictest attention, his object being to re.tore the lystem, mentally aud bodily, to that stale of visor nature originally designed. STRICTURES, a disease frequently existing without the patient being the least aware, sometime* caused by mal-treat ment of uninitiated medical pretenders, and sometime* by the neglect of the parties tltemselvea, are, by the Dr. effectually cured, without pain or inconveniesiee. The Doctor being one of the few qualified advertising Stir Ems in -he city, guarantees a perfect cure, or no charge made, iters, post-paid, enclosing a lee, immediately at'ended to, and medicine, with advice, sent to any part of the United Stales. Office, (I Gold street. Open from ? A.M. to ? P.M. oMIm'rre Medical Card. DOCTOR MORRISON, MOUTH RIVER DISPENSARY, MX fsltan street. *?" Doctor Mormon continues to be consulted confidentially, on all private disease*, which he cures without mercury, or r? strniot in diet or pursuit Recent case*, particularly ''Goaor rhe/' he cure* in 1 to I day*. STRICTURES OK 11IE URETHRA arc cured by Dt M. on improved principle*, without .pain or inconvenience tc tlie patieut. Aa the symptoms of Stricture are analogoss witfc those of othsr affections of the urinary apparatus, none bat et (Ctoenced Surgeons should be allowed to make tn* necessary em. anrination, as those affected with enlarged prostata glands, aay suffer much injury from awkward practitioners. ATerveu* ami Cunttitutional Debility.?This aOrctiou, and the train of evils resultiug from a secret, destructive haUt ia yeath. inducing nocturual emissions and ultimate impoiency, are radically cured by Dr. M.. on pathological principle., by restoring the system to a healthy tone and reinstating iu origr nal vigor. A perfect cure guaranteed, or no rkarga, N B.?Dr. M. holds no commnuion witli smIku pretea^sts, who claim to b* surgeons, as he is, perhaw, the only oaaltAed !?7wrtJ,,.n? Surgeon in the city. See his diplomas in his offee. WJt Fulton street. Letters post-paid and containing a fee Will ?*ii?jac aad advice to any part of tke IJaioa. * ? ? 1 ""KTaJton, nsar Greenwich, Naw tors, u^s froa T A. M. w UP, M..daily. ntt irn're GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICE. T?_ vmx,^ents per BorrLE. HE CHIKT V1RTUK8 of the TR1COPHEROUS, or Patent Medicated Compound, are 1?Its bracing, strengthening and clarifying qualities. r|J fitly stimulating the action of the skin. I?Its producing and encouraging a reaction in the bulb oi root, and particularly in the pulp whieh receives the vessels ?no nerve, giving lire and vigor to the hair. 4? ts equalising the circulation ofthe tlnida. 4?Its freeing tlie skin from the effects of perspirstion, scurf and djiidrnff,. and disposiug the hair to curl. ..(.tn,uiV>nJ"lTiic*'? ? d'r*?? rx^Meted with the hfit. M.the Hair Catting Horns, l?( Brosdw^Vap stairs, cornet ot! Ubesty sum v>jo la*rc | ^ IN T i? it Ait RANG E M tiNT ? APK niltxv SHILLING* KKOM PATERS">* TO JERSEY U1TV. i u 11 ' after tli* lit o( October Cne cut vill leave? riini.?n< Ukfor. I Nkw Yon* A .A. I ? o'clock A.M. ii? " ia>S " p.m. i ?? r. m I , ? O.I flCM AVS. I o clock A V.. I 9 o'clock A. M. T " i y. I i " P.M. ?a u ?o FOR HALIFAX AND UVfclRPOOL. ? Tlx Hoyil Mail BRITANNIA kind (. aLEDGNI A, will leave Boitou, lor the above poru, as follow* ? Britannia, J. Ilcwi't, Kiq., Commander, on Friday, Dec. 1st. Caleduuii, K. O. L'itt, | , Commander, Monday, " 16tli. Passage to L.terpuul $124. Pmww to lh>iU> . 20. For freight or passage apply In D. BHIOHA.M, Jr.. Acent, *l Ow ottice of Haruden Ik Co., nJ6rc No. 1 Wall street. KALI. AND WINTER ARRANGEMENT. XJC WA UK i Ni> NEW YORK. f AUK ONI.V 141 CENTS. rHK NKW AND .SWIFT STEAMKK RAINBOW, CAPTaIN JOHN OAK!*'V. ON' and afler Mentemlier 10th will ran d.iily, ? as follows (Sundays mcluded)Leave New .ark, loot or Centre itreet, H o'clock A. M.? ?ve NeW York, foot of Barclay street, J o'clock P. M. ap4 rrc CI1ANGK OF LOCATION. UNITED STATKh MAIL LINK BETWEEN NKW VOUK AND ALBANY, Vi, BHllXJKIVRT-HOU a*\ BATON IC AND WKS'IKKN^lJ-JLI ft^JML?^HMLHOAI>S-The?ieamhiMi?JBWBB X=JCZ.>':ijj:KKA, Capt. Tiueulell, ninl > l.viHuD, C-pt Bronki, will leave the pier ?t lie foot ol lio?e veltatreet, daily, Mui day i excepted, at 6>i A.M. Returuiug, the Line leave* y at 7 A. M. Albauy pasieugers. on arriving at Bridgeport, proceed imme diately oil the Riilroad; and, without cliauge of Bagg age or Carl, arrive in Albany the snuie ere.iiug. A Freight Train daily at 6X A. M. For fuither information, bolh as to freight slid ba^nsge, apily to O. M. PKRilY, Aveut, at the office, IlmsvtTt s'reet, nr Livingston, Weill and Pom.-roy'i Express office 2 Wall street A. B. MASON, Su|ierinteinluit, dlO lm*tn 172 South street. PfOP/.E'S LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY, >DAft.\ , at 5 o'clock, P. M., lamliac at iuter ~ diate placet. ?n? 3t._4m.ont t-.ui.IJ iVlttlA, Captain William H. Peck, Monday, WeJneaJa*. and K?mUt Afternoons. at 4 o'clock The Steamboat ROCHESTER, Captain A. Houihtoa, oa Tueadav, Thurnlay ?nd Saturday Afternoons, at 5 o'clock. E7" Passengers taking the above line will arrive in A1 bany in ainple um to take' the Morning Train* of Curs loi he eaat or weat. The boats are new ana substantial, arc far iislie4 with new and sb-Kant a late rooins, and for and ac -.otniuodalioni, me uuti-valled on (he Hcraaon. Forpaxaige or freixht, apply on board, or to P.O. Schnlti, xt the Office on the whnrf. dl NKW YORK. Al.KANV AND TROY LINK. J FOR ALBANY AND 'I ROY-or as far ?aa the ice will permit?frixn the pier at (lie -foot of Courtlandt street. No freight taken after i o'clock, P. M. The low presaare steamboat SWALLOW, Captain A. Me- I Lean, This Evening, at i o'clock, Thursday, Dec. 12th, IB44. For paasage or freight, apply on board, or to C. CLARK, on the wharf. Freight taken on the most reasonable terms Fnight mnat j he put in charge of the Freight Agent, or the Company will not be responsible for losae*. d '2 PASSAOK FOR LONDON-Packet of the 20th I ^December. The splendid, fast sailing packet ship -W K Vl'M INS'i'KR. Capt. Hovey, will sail positively aa above, her regular day. The accommodations of this ship for cabin, second cabin and i tee rage passeugers cannot be sur|*ssed Those wishing to se cure berths should not fail to make early application on board, or to W. h J. T. TAP8COTT, dllrc 76 South street, corner Maiden Lane. FOR LONDON.?Packet of the 10th December - ] MM^WThe packet ship TORONTO. Captain E.O. Tinker, JJMfawill vail as above, her revular day '1 hi splendid ship has' unequalled accommodations in cabin and ? tee rage. For passage, wnich will be at a moderate rate, apply ou board, or to JOHN HKUDMAN, d& rc 61 South st. "lakp- FOR LONDON?I'acket ofTl? "?ih Dec"-The ?ocM^superior packet ship WKSTMINSTKR, kCaptaiu MbMKaHovsy, will positively sail aa above. rorpaaasg", haviug aplendid accommodationa in cabin ar.d iteerage, apply to JOHN HERDMAN, dltrc 61 Smith atreet. FOR LONDON?Regular Packet of 20th Dec ? ?The splendid tirst-clasa, fast-sailing packet ship -WESTMINSTER. Capt. H. R. Hovey. will pos> tively sail as above, her regular day. Having v-ry su|>enor accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steer<ge paseugers, persons wishing to embark, should make immediate apilicatiou on board, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, dlOrc 100 Pine street comer of South. MP- KOR~LWKRPO"OL?~New~Lini?Itegulnrl'ackH ?V9Wto sail the 26th of Dec.?The regular <ut s.nliug S0ELPacket Ship S1DDONS, Captain E. B. Cobb,of 1,100 tons, will sail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage having accommodations unequalled 'or splendor or comfort,"apply oa board at Orleans wharf, fool >f Wall street, or to E. K. COLLINS k CO, 56 South street Price of Passage, Cioo. The packet ship Sheriilau Captain A. F. De Peysler, will tucceed the Siddona, and sail 26th January, 1815, her retrnlar Jay. n27ec fcCT- FOR LIVERPOOL.?The New Line?Regular Packet 2lat December.?Theauperior fast sailing New HHUaYork built packet ship LIVERPOOL, CapUin John E'drulce, 1130 tons burthern^ will s For Ireti' For freight or passage, having very superior accommodations, innurpassed by any ship in port, apply to the Captain on board, sest aide Baxfing Slip, or to 1150 tons burriiernt will sail aa above, her regular day. jht or pasi in in r passed by any VOODHULL ft MINTURNS, 17 South street. Price of Fungi $10#. The fin? packet ship Queen of the West, Capt. Philip Wood house, 1150 tons burthen, will succeed the Liverpool and sail ou lier tegular day, 21st Jan. n22 "fjffi- ST. OEOROE'8 Ll?K OF PACKETS FOR HjH^LlVKRPOUL?The splendid new bucket ship *T. {???^PATRICK, will be despatched on Wednesday, Dec. iDili. This superior ship his been Alt'd up in the most eleuant man ner for the acrnmmodtlion of cabio,second cabin anil steersKe PHSssngcrs. Those about to embark for Liverpool, are request ed to exaaine her accotnmoda'inns. Hor pi<ssag.<, apiily to dltrc JOHN HEftDM AN, 61 South street. BLACK BALL. OR OLD LINK OF LIVERPOOL PACKKTS-FOR LIVKRPOOL-Only Regular -^Packet of the 16th F>ec. ?'J'he i.ew, maguifceiit and HfcCuvorite packet shin NKW YORK, burthen 1010 tons, ? nua 11. Cropper, commaniler, will tail poiitiiely on Monday, 16th of December, her regular day. It is *c?rc-ly neceaaary to aay. aa it is well known to the travelling puhiic that the accommodations of the New York, aud all the eight ships of this line, are Ikied out in a most costl) style with every modern improvrmeiit and convenience, tlmt caunot but add to the com'ort of cabin, 2d cabin and steerage passengers. '1 hose visiting the old country will at all times find it to their interest to select these desirable conveyances, in preference to any other. For terms of paaaage, and to secure the beat bertha, early application should be mada ou board foot of : Ueekman atreet, or to the suhacribers. HOisHK, BROTHKHH h CO., 35 Fulton atreet. next door to the Fulton Bank. P. S.?The New York aaila from Li>eipool ou tha lat of j Febrnary, IBI5. Peraons aending for their friends can have them brounlit out in her, or in any of the Packets comprising th.s magnificent and unequalled Line, sailing frtm that port punctu ally on the 1st and 16th of each mouth, tor trims of passage ap iily aa above. The packet ship Columbus, will succeed the New York, snd sail for Liverpool ou the 1st of January 1815, her regular day. | Qdiirp ?T. OKORUK'.S LINK FOR LIVERPOOL? dWkTn sail on the 18th instant?1 lie splendid new packet JBfilb<hiii ST. PATH It. K, B Seymour, master, 896 tons rrgiater, will sail on the 18th iust, having a large proportion of her cargo engaged. For freight or paaaage, having auperior accommodations, ap ply on board, at pier 11 eaat river, or to DAVID OODEN, 56 Wall street. Pasaagct75. dll tolSee XdU- FOR OLASOOW?The fine new British ship iM^ANN HARLEY, Duncan Smith, tnast-r, now on JSNEa'T way to tins port, aial ou arrival will liars imme diata despatch. She is intended npresaly as a regular trader be tweeu tills and Olaagow. For frejirht or |>aasige, apply to WOODftULL It MINTURNS, >7 South s'rest. Th* packet ship ADAM CARR will succccd the Ann liar* ey. nl? re FOR NEW ORLEANS.?Louisiana and New ?York Line.?Positively first Regular packet?To sail on Mouday, 16th Dec. The elegant fast sailing packet .... _ (EVA, Capt. Ooodhue, will positively sail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having elegant furnished acr.ommo dations, Spply on Board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, or to E. K. c6lLIN8 It CO. 56 South street. Positively no goods received on board after Saturday evening, llth Dec. Shippers may rely upon having their goods correctly measur ed, and that the slops of tliis line will sail punctually as adver tised. Agents iu New Orleans, Measrs. Hnllin and Woodruff, wh will promptly forward all irosnli to their address. [C7~ The packet ship OENESE*', Capt. Minot will succeed the (ieneva, and sail 26th Dec. her regular day. dltec TaSSAOE FOR NEW ORLEANS^-Packet of the 16th Dec ? '1 he splendid, fast sailing packet ship ?PEN KVA, Captain Ooodhue, will sail positively as Jove, her regular day. The accommodations of this ship for cabin, second eabin, ami st erage pass'iigera. are very superior; and persons about pro ceeding to New Orleans may rely ou the ships of thii line sail iuit punctually aa advertised. To secure berths early application should be made on board, foot ol Maiden Lane, or to W. It J. T. I A/'oCOTT. dllrc 7S South sireet, corner Maiden Lane. FOR NKW ORLKANft?Union Line?Regular Packet of 2ilth Dec.?'1 helirat-claas.faataailing lacket ,ihip JOHN MINTI'R.N, Capt D. Stark,will lively sail as above, her tegular day. Having very suiwrior accommodations fur csbin, second ca' bin aurl steeraie patseugers, |iersons wishing to embark, should make immediate application on board, foot of Wall strret, or to JOSEPH McMURhAY, d Ore 100 Pine street comer of South. JERSEY CITY FLOATING DOCK.-This new ?and improved Dock has commenced opeiatiou. Ca|i WHa^'Uns and owners of vsssels are invited to call and ex amine it, and they will at once see that it ia as well adapted for raising and repairing vessels as any Dock now in operation. There ia also ailaclied to this Dock, Blscksmiihs. Ship-carpen tars, Caulkers and Painters. All work done ia the most expe ditious manner and at reaaonable ratea. nH i ni e rrc HI I.I, h Me I. At M1H I.I N. Ple.Nt.)H POTATOES, of a very auperior quality, for ?ale iu lots to suit purchaaera, ou board the ahip Ulica, from Havre. Apply to Capt. Hewitt, on board, at Pitr No. 1, North River, .17 rr WHEAT?2,000 bushels prime III is Wlieit, landing ex shi* Oeneaee, frutn New Oilesss, and for sale in Iota to ?uit purchasers, by E. K. COLLINS Ik CO. dlA 56 Soath street. SUOAR-H hi di Prime New Orienee?for lalebr ,K. K COLLINS k CO. 1 ?*s* M m ?hii^jENK Correspondence between Blr. Shannon and (he Mexican milliliter of State. To Ait Exctllrury, I niton Shannon Knvoy Extraoi dt ? nary mil Minuter I'ltnipotenliary of On Umltd Statu of America. Nationii. Palagk, Mrxico, ) Oct 31, 1U44. ) The undersigned Minister of foreign relations anil Go vernment, has had the hunor to receire the note of the 14th instant, addressed to him by hi* Excellency, the Knvoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United State*. proton*ius? solemnity, by order ol hu go vernment, ae well against the invasion of the terrritory of Texan, which tho Government of the Mexican Ilopub lie has determined t j make, as against the manner in which it it proposed to be carried out. As the object of the not*, which thoroughly reveal* the deceit with which Mexico has l>ern ?o long treated? 1a tu cau?? a iinnension of the projee'ed hostilities against the colonist* and revolters of that province, while the win It of annexing it to the United rt'ute* is biting con Hiiniina'ed, the uudetkilned, in repeating thii protest, find* himself under the neceamty of examining the jus tice on which it is founded. Kor llna pur,'0?c, he must bo peimittcd to establish certain facta, which it is pronet to bear constantly in mind, in oider to be able tii dccidc with accuracy upon the right by which the American Government has re solved to interfere in this business. Admittiug that the flrst colmiit* of Texa* established themselves in that territory under urants from the Span ish Government, confirmed by Mi .tico after ln.r iudepea dence, and at a latin period by the Sta e of ('ohiula and Tixi*. the undersigned must call lotcibiy for the atten tion of hit excellency, Mr. Shannon, lo the very essen tial circumstances lha't. iu the declaration tnd act of In dependence of Texas, those who figured as the leaders were almost nil from tin United State* ; as were also the gen? ntid other* who coiii|ioet'd the army that fought undur the standard ol Texas In the battle of Sun Jtlcinto : and that in in iny parts of the United States, meetings were held publicly to provide, and they did actually pro vide men, urmv Miiinunition, and other warlike stores, to aid tho 30 call'd Texan* in sustaining their cause. If at that tune it could have been believed that it was in tended only to obtain its independence of Mexico, It has sinctj clearly appeared that the point aimed at, was to se pirate that rich and extensive territory from the power of its legitimate sovereign in order to annex it to the United Suites ; a me.iMite of pulley, which, as is express ly said i;i the note of his excellency, Mr. Stianuon, " has been long oheiished, and believed indispensabla for the safety and welfare of the Uni'ed States, an ! which for these rta?ons hr.s been ii.varia! ly pursued by nil parties ol that republic, ?.td by all administration* for th? last twenty jears." Does not this open cohf<ssi?n, in con nexion with tli? public and notorious fo. ts which the un dersigned has britfly refered to, show that the declara tion of independence by Texas, and the demand of its an nexation to the United States.are tho work of the govern ment, and citizens of the latter being interested in mak ing this acquisition which they have considered for the last twenty years indispensable for the aatety and welfare of their Republic f And such being the case, can it be considered just, the right by which they pretend to interfere in this matter and prevent the Mexioan Oovernment from re-conquering an important part of its territory, while the question ol ita annexation to their Republic is pending ? in order to justify an interference of this kind, it would bo nroessory to recognize solemnly in every country of the earth, the right to take possession of the lands of their neighbors, first peopling them with their own citizens, then making them refuso obedience to the territorial authorities and proclaim their independence, aiding them eflectively to sustain it; and finally as king the incoriioration of the oc ru pi til territory with that of the country to which the citizens belong. Such is the position in which the Uni ted States stand with regard to Texas The North Ame i can (Jovernmcnt may deceive Itself in this matter with its fictions, but it cannot deceive the world, whi h, ac quainted with the circumatances adduced by the under signed ; and having before them the note of His Excel leHcy Mr. Shannon, which is very important to make more, clearly apparent the justice which Mexico has on this point, will see, that the declaration of independence bv Texas, made and sustained almost entirely by citizens of North America, not repressed by their own govern ment,but rather aided by it, and by the Southern States of that Republic, had no other object than that of aggrandiz ingthe United States by the annexation of the territory of Texas, endeavoring to give an appearance of honesty to the siioliation which it has attempted to commit upon this nation, by pretended rights which they seek to ground on antecedent circumstances, originated on purpose by tho Southtrn people and the government of the United States. Who doe* not see that this independence has been effected and that it is sustained now with so much warmth arid energy in the note of His Excellency Mr Shannon, only because it was wanted to make oT the Texas an independent an 1 eovereign nation in order to give them the right of making treaties and by this means of annexing themselves to the Republic, which the so called President of that Mexican province, and the other authorities which govern there, cume from I The artifice, as w?ll as the argument* on which it is grounded, might surprise those who are not acquainted with the fact*, or with the content* ol tho note which the undersigned has the honor to answer; but all who are acquainted with the beforo mentioned circumstances can but agree that by those means only It lias endeavored to give an Hp pearaace of justice to what the laws of nation* and the relations of good neighborhood highly reprobate. Was not President Jackson, one of the partizan* most in favor of annexation, and who ha* been gravely charged with having ordered Gen Houston to Tex** in order to carry out hi* design*, conatruined, by truth and justice, to codes*, in a message addressed to the House rl Represen tative* in Deo. 1836, and this when only the recognition of the independence was agitated, that an act like (his now contemplated, would be regarded as a grave injustice to ward* Mexico, aud that of the United State* would be subjected to the severest censure, inasmuch a* the Tex an* bad emigrated from them, and were, procuring their recognition with the manifest intention ot obtaining their incorporation with the United States ? This concession, heing no less than that ol the government of that Kepuh lie, whilst it corroborate* what hu* been said, as to the independence of Texa* having been effected by emigrants from North America, with the oblictof annexing it??. country, serves to place in a clear light the assertion of the undersigned, that it was intended to give to the oc cupntion of Texas by the United State*, n turn which might take from it in seme measure the odium ol a bare faced usurpation ; giving it the appearance ol having ob tainod it by the express consent of a people, which bad succeeded in emancipating itselffrom its mother country, and attained ita independence by its sword and valor Thus the Texans who proclaimed the independence ot Texas being emigrant* from the United States; there bi ing no doubt that they were optniy protected by tho United States in their rebellion against the authorities of a coun try which received them with so much generosity; it be ing public and notoriou* that the same government which feigned a re*pect far the opinion of the world, fearing that a recognition of Texa* by the United State* would be cen sured as a grave injustice toward* Mexico, was the first to acknowledge its independence, knowing that it had been proclaimed only lor the purpose of annexing that Mexi can province to the Republic of the North; and it ap pearing atterwards that this same government of the United States, and a considerable portion of their people, openly and without any veil, were working zealously for the annexation of Texa* to the United State*, to the ex treme point or having aolicited a renewal of the pro|?si tion for incorporation, when there was no necessity lor such a request, because the Texans and the North Ame rican* being the *ame people all had the tame interest* and sympathies; and, in fine, furnishing the history of the question between the countries a* many data as could he desired to prove that the independence of Texa* i* the work of the government and the *outhern people, and effected only in orderthat they might poisess themselves of it* rich *nd extensive lsnd*. How have they the cou rago to present it as a thing in which they have had no part, and to aacribe to the stranger* who procloimed the same title* which the Mexican* had, owners, as they were, by every right of the terrritory in which they were born 1 t But it will be said, that having been invited to establish thems' Ives in that province, they settled in it under the federal system which then governed the Mexican Repub lic, and that this being dissolved by force of arm*,th?> bad the right to separate from Mexico ; especially as the constitution of l(W4 had authorised them to become an independent State when they should have the necessary elements. , To snswer this, it must be borne in mind, that the citi zen* el the United Bute* who proclaimed the indepen dence of Texa*, with the exception perhaps, of the fir*t colonist* who went there,not to remain subject to theMexi can Republic, but to annex it to their country ; strength ening by these means, the peculiar in*titutioo* ol the southern State*, and opening a new field for the execra hie system of negro slavery That they never submitted to the Mexican laws, but lived a* they pleaiad?and when they thought that they were all to erect them selves into a state of the confederation, in order to regit late their affairs in their own way ; they f irmed their own constitution, which was not approved by the gene ral administration of the republic, because the act want ed the requisitei prescribed by the fundamental law. Thl?, addert to the decree for the stippreision ol slavery, and the measure* adopted lo make them suhmit to laws which they disdained, initiated them, and prepared them to raise the standard of rebellion against the national authority. An insurrection, in fact, took plsce, ami finding afterward* a pretext in the change of the federal constitution, the provisions of which they never ob served, except when it suited them, tney took advantage of this, to push ahead their revolutionary moment, per verscly regardless ot the right of the nation to change it* institutions, when it suits it* convenience, proclaim*! their independence and hence come* their annexation to the United States ; which last has been the true object of their owning to T< vas and as appeared by the note ol his Excellency Mr. Shannon, the mark at which all partie* and all administration* of that Hepublic have ain td for the last twenty year*. Does not this plainly manifest a ?ystem ot deceit constantly practiced toward* Mexico, and de troy every appearance of right bv which la *ought to color the rebellion of the colonist* ol Texas I On the other hand, the independence promised to that province, by the federal constitution, wa*, if perchance, that it might separate itaell Irom the Republic, when it had thn nnceasary population, and annu itself to a foreign nation ? By examining tha' cade, it will bo seen that it only promised to make It an independent State, in it* inte rior administration, not lo emancipate it fiom the national sovereignty, which all the States are bound to r< cognize and resitect Besides, what ha* a nation to da with instl tution* of its neighbor, or by what right can it take to itself forever the lands of others, in which it* cit'Xens have established themselves, merely because the consti tutional forms of the country which received them have been changed 1 It may be said that they have established their indepen dence, and they having sufficient means to suslain it, they ought to be recognised as an independent nation, with the right to make treaties, and by mean* of these, to annex themselves to the power which suit* them bint, and which is willing to udmit them into iti union.? But the undersigned will repeat here what he has before laid of the artifice by which the Govern ment and people of the South of the Uuited States have brought about the preaent condition of Texas, in order to form a plausible argument by which to support the acquisition of that territory, which, "for the last 20 years, has been! considered indispt nsable by all paitiea and administration* ot that Itepublic." It is not tue so calle I Texan* who have been able to effect the indepen dence of that province, nor ii it them who are able to can duct it to the end It ii the Southern people cl the Uni ted State* who have done the whole; not fjr the pur|>ose of making Texas an independent nation, but in order to annex it with none appearance uf justice to their own territory. The note which the undenigned ia answering is prool of the iwabllity of the Texan*; lor il their re source* were sutliciant to sustain them against the power of the Mexican H< public, tlieie would have been no oc casion for the Government of his Excellency Mr. Shan non to plHCe itself t>o openly on their side; tearing away at once the veil with which, for a long time, it has sought tocover its intrigue* and dtugns. 1'assing now to the matter of that belief, which it is said generally prevails in the United States, that Texas was embraced in the cesrion of Luuisianat by France, to that republic in 1803, the undesigned would ask, can that be sufficient to invalidate later treaties confirmed with the requisite solemnit es 7 By the one which wa* con cluded and signed at Washington. 22d February, 1819, be tween the plenipotentiaries of the United State* uud Spain, the province of Texas was recognized as an integral part of the Spanish possessions ; and if it is now said that it wa>: improperly surrender!d, and if it is pretended to found on such a belief, a right superior to that given by the treaty referred to. what security can public conven tions havel hereafter I since it is easy to allege against all some pre existing right improperly surrendered or tranrferred. Could not Spain avail herself of the same reus?n and with better claim, to dispute with the United States the posset-iion of Louisiana. When Spain gave up that country to France, which latter sold it lor eighty millions to the American Government, did not Spain, by by th* treaty of the 1st October, 1800, reserve the right of preference in case France should undertake to alienate it I And had the United the previous content of Spain in making this important acquisition I Far from this the; matter was negotiated without giving Spain any notice, and when it catne to her knowledge, she complain ed bitterly, and for the space of a year refused to approve the treaty for the cession of Louisiana. What then would the United States say, if iti spite of a solemn approval; tho cabinet of Madrid should now come forward to claim that the cession hod been improperly made, that the territory which had been clandestinely transfer red ought to be restored to her 7 Would they fail to allege the conventional right re sulting Irom the treaty of approval a* a peremptory rea son lor opposing the pretensions ot Spain 7 Mexico does the same now, resting not only on the treaty of Wash ington. 22d of February, 1819, but on that of 12'.h o( Jauu ary, 1828, belwern the plenipotentiaries of this Repub.ic and the Vnited States: afterwards solemnly ratified by the high contracting power*. In both, itwa* agreed to mark the line ol division, so that Texas should not be long to the United States, but first to Spain, and after wards to Mexico?nssucceeding tho former in her right. In nrither aru found any reser vations which might give the American government the title* which it appears she pretends to found on a belief contrary to solemn conven tions ; on the contrary, in both are tuun-l express and po sitive renunciations of that territory in favor of Spain and this Republic, as appears by Article 31 ot the treaty ol Washington, and -id of fhut of Mexico. Considering this belief, that the territory of Texas be longs to them, has been entertained, as has been said, by all parties and governments ol the United States for the last 'JO years, is it not surprising that in the year '2b, they rhould have agreed by the ratification of the treaty ol boundaries with Spain, to recognise that province as isn integral part of the Mexican Republic ? Why, if they had good reasons then, did they not amend the de ft ct of the first treaty, and, at least, make some slight re servation by which to support the right, which they now assume, and which they pretend to enforce 7 It is equally surprising that an attempt is also nude to found on the safety ol the United States the right to take up a fertile and extensive province belonging to a neigh boring ration and recognixed as an integral part of It by solemn treaties. II this argument can prevail,few peoplo can be ssfd and tranquil in the possession of their respective territories, for theitrong might swallow up the weak, by alleging the right of their own safety. The United States ufter taking possession or Tt xas might under the same title ap propriate to themselves the other frontier departments of the Mexican Itepublic, if they did not take at once the whole territory embraced between the rivers Bravo del Norto and Collorado, which empties into the sea of Cali fornia. Mexico, threatened with th?*e new and transcendent misfortunes, especially having a powerful r*-aton to fear them in the not over faithful conduct which the Government and Southern people of the United Sfstes have observed towards her in the matter of Texas, how can she disregard on this point her own right of safety, lonnded on belter titles than those which the Republic uf his Excellency Mr.Shannon may ulltdge to guard against the influence which she believed to he sinister, of Great Britain, upon the wellare and prosper i'y ot their people ? Fori! the government of Mr. Tyler wishes to consult the safety of its country, by taking to itself a foreign ter eitory, the Mexican nation claims to provide for its own, by sustaining a province which, by every right belongs to it. If the fjrmer ireks to rid itself ol a troublesome neighbor, the latter, while it contributes to the views ol the former, endeavors to save various other departments which are threatened, and even the nationality of its country, the one aspire* to find more land to ?tain it with the slavery ol an unhappy branch of the hu man family, the other strives, by preserving what is its own, to diminish the aliment which the former desires for so detestable a Iridic. Let the world say which of the two has justice find reason on its side. In coming to the charge which is made against the go vernment lor the manner in which it propose* to conduct the war against the so called Texans, the undersigned will say that this harshness has been originated by the policy ?>f the government and the Southern population ot tho United States, which has not conformed with the rela tions of a good neighborhood, or the consideration due to the right* of a friendly people. For, if instead of having fomented in the citizens from the United States, establish ed in Texas, a spirit of rebellion against the territorial go vernment, they had made the latter understand, decisive ly and cllicaciorrsly, that they could not count in any Hvent, upon aid from their country to sustain their under taking. If the neutrality which President Jackson incul cated in the Message of 8th December, 1*34, us u duty of the Uui ed States, in the civil coutest between Mexico and T??f, had not been an empty formality, and the United States had then rtfuied what wero called strong temptations and powerful incentives to piotect the Texans it Is almost certain that they would not have dared to re *>el, much less to hnve d< clxred their independence. The war would not have,taken place, and if it hud broken out the noble and faithful conduct of thft Unitrd States if *nch a* it ought to have hern, would have inspired confidence, and the conteit would not have been carried on with inch passion, nor would it have reached the height to which it was carried by the open tan-operation of the administration of Messrs. Jackson and Tyler, and the Southern people of the United States. It is Irom this cause that the Mexican government seen, and still sees, a fire, whose flumes it had sought, and is still seeking, to smother, by *11 the means in its power, those who have provoked it by conducting themselves in an unfaithful manner, being answerable for all the evil* which huveoriginate) fiom that source."1 Beside*, can the mean* which a government uses to compel a rebellion* province to its duty, give a right to a neighboring nation to prevent, with arms In hand, the reconqueit of it; and, under thl* pretext to appropriate to itsell the diiputed territory 7 The undersigned ha* said, that the Colonut* of Texu*, without the aaslstance of the government and the Southern people of the United State*, would not have rebelled, or have had means sufficient to sustain their independence. Nevertheless, supposing the fact to be that the inhabitants ol the reliellfoti* province hod snccecded in withdrawing themselves from the do minion of the Mexican Republic, and that they had sufficient resonrcrs to protect themselves against her at tack*, ought not the United Stales to confine themselves to recognizing the independence of Texas, and if it was contemplated to canyon tho war in a manner not con formable to the usage* generally adopted, to interpose their goo 1 offices in regulate it In accordance with the law* of humanity, which are little respected in the United stater, and to prevent the occui reuce ol tho*e evils which President Tyler art* ot* to fear? Why not act In Ibis mat ter the same as the other power* which have recognized the independence of Texas, without attempted to hinder the Mexican government in u*ing it* right* over the re bellion* territory 7 I* it because the Government of the United State* has compromised itself with the Texan* by asking anew their annexation, and been use under thi* virw its honor cannot permit another to suffer in it* stead 7 It is hardly credit able that one very grave fault should serve as n reason for committing a greater ; and still less that there should not be somn disguise in mentioning it in a public document which is to tie known to the civilized world If honor does not permit the American Government to let another suffer in its stead, no more has honor permitted it to ie cognize the independence of Texas, a* was decltred in the message of <W, and still less did honor Hermit it to in vite theTexans to renew their proposition lor annexation, betraying so openly tho faith which it owes to a neighbor ing and friendly people, and the repeated protestation* ol good faith wiih which it has endeavored to traquili/.e them. But inasmuch a* fhe conduct of the United States has been impioper, why. instead of consummating a work reprobated ny universal morality, do th*y not recede, giving a lull aatisfactioa to the friendly power whose rights they have outraged, using their influence with her in a friendly manner fo calm her Just indignation against the rebels whom they have entangled ; and to na gotiate *o that by the latter acknowledging their lawful sovereign, they may obtain his indulgence ard exclusive legislation which may satisfy their want*. Mexico ha* manifeated the best disposition for thii, but aa the object in view ia to annex to the United States tho province ol Texas, the acquisition of which has been considered as indispensable and necessary for the last twenty years, by all parties anil administrations of that RepuhlK This is all that they care far, having brought about a situation that may give some appearance of Justice to an *ct which can in no manner na Justified. Now, if this arrangement ha* been made in good ftiti: ? if the conduct of the two admir titrations and the south ern people of the United State*, who have proposed te lismemb. t the territory of the Mexican Republic, ha? been conformable or not to the law* of n*tion* and tbi relations of IViendakip, which the government of the tin derrigt.ed ha* endeavored to preserve with them, the ci viliii d world will decide. And the nor'hern part of th? ?ansa United whose good faith Mexico relies, will alio decide?Mcxico giving it the Justice to which it ii entitled, and which iU actual government strives to wreat from it, prerenting it, aa an accomplice in a policy which ia repugnant to the not'leneaa of ita Sentiment*. It results then from what haa been ssid, that what the American Government allege* to hinder Mexico from re covering ilie province ol Tessa, is, when thoroughly analyzed, a manliest violation of the right* of nation*, be come it reduce* itsell to thi* ; that the American govern ment chould be allowtd to consummate the usurpation ot u gnat part ot the territory ot a friendly power, for which it has been working twenty years, reserving the (ipediciit in order to get possession el it, if in the mean I time it was not obtaintd by iriecdly nego'iation ; and on tht other baud the right ol the Republic to lands referred ? to bring unquestionable, it* own< rship and dominion having been tolen.nly rtcogmztd by the Government of the United States, the Government of Mr xico cannot and ought not to cease laboring to re-incorporate Texas with their o?vn territory Kor these reason* the undersigned is ordered to repel the protest, which is now made to his government, und to mamlest to hi* Excellency, Mr. Shan nou, tb?t the President ol the United States ia much mis taken if he supposes that Mexico can yield to the threat addreased to her, exceeding aa it doe* the power* given him by the fundamental code of hia nation. The government ol the undetaigned haa not sought, nor doe* it *etk to interrupt the relationa ot friendahip, which it desire* in good faith to cultivate with that Re public notwithstanding its having failed so gravely in the point under diicumou, to the extent of declaring al most bpenly that I'jr the lAit 30 > ear* it ha* bten dt ceiv ing them with proteaiatlcn* ot good laith, but afterwards it ha* (ought with the consent of Mexico or by force, to get potaesaiou of one of it* uiott exten*ive and fertile de partment*. Mi xico then lay* all thi* aaide lor the pre sent,! ut she does not lay aside nor will she ever lay aaide the subjecting to the national union ol a teuitoiy which belong? to her by every title ; and if in the exercise of ? right which no one can take offence at, the government of the United States should undertake to carry into ?fleet the threat which it has made, changing the relations , which exists between the two countries, the responsibili ty of the conn<iuences which may grew out of it will be theirs, and not mat of the Mi xicsn government, which will conflne itsell to repelling unju?t aggre*aiona. Tho undersigned reiterates to his Excellency,'Mr. Shannon, SHiurui.cca of highest consideration. MANUEL CREeCENClO IlEJON. Agency at the Bay of Islands.?We have re ceived iroiu Jutues Busby, formerly H. B. M agent at New Zealand, and now resident at the Bay of Islands, a copy ot a circular addressed to ship owner* and others engaged in the Whale Kuheiy, inviting their attention to some advantages that may rrsult from making the Bay of Islands a market lor their Brat y?ar*' catching* of oil for export to England. Mr. B. states hi* intention to make ample provision to lurnish supplies of all kinds to wha ling ship* calling at that port, and alio to purchaae *uch portion of their cargoes as they may be disposed to sell. Besides the reduction of duty in England on American catiglit Oil, Ihere are, he says, other cause* arising irom government restrictions upon Bntiah whale-ship* which must operate greatly in lavor ot the American whaler*, and produce an Incrtaied demand for American oil in the Briti*<i market We copy the following paragraphs lrom the circular :? Coniidering the great length of time which most of tho whaling shits have a part ot their oil on board, subject to waste Horn leakage and evaporation, to expense ot insu rance, and loss ot inteicuof i* certain that In most cases it wo'ild lie very advantageous for them to di* pose of a part of their oil at the Bay of liland*, at such prices as would make it a lucrative trade for the Brhith merchants to purchase it there for shipment to the Euro pean maikets. Assuming, lor instance, the voyage to be 43 months, a ship may be expected to arrive at the Bay ol Islands, after the most advantageous circuit she could make ot the v haling giounds d>ning the first twelve months after hor departure lrom America, with 600 barrels of oil; assu ming tbat this til. If in America, woald be worth 76 cents per gallon, the value ol bOO barrels would be $14,176 00 But as 2j years, on the average. would elapse before thi* oil could reach America, if carritd round in the whaler, the. simple inteteit up on it at 6 per cent would amount to $3,120 JO The avtrage loss by leakage and evaporation lor the whole voyage is considered to he at the rate of 10 percent.-, the oil ilrit taken being longest on board is, of course, sub ject to the greatest Ion* ; hut, a* it is probable thut a part ot thi* los* is occasioned by absorption into the catkf, it will be sate to tnke it at only 7i| per cent, winch is 1,27? 0.*> Insurance 2} per cent per annum 1.U66 12j Total amount of los* to be deducted 4,466 13J Remain an the present value of the oil $0,709 97J It thus appears, that it would be as profitable to sell tho oilol Uie tlrat year*' catch at the end ot that period lor $9,719 S7|, or ftl cents per gallon, as for $14,176 01 76 eta. at the termination of the voyage; and that by tha estab lishment ol an agancy nt the Bay ol Island* to make such purchas<s, there would he on absolute saving of nearly 60 per cent, upon the oil of the first year s Ashery. Sup posing this saving to be usually divided between tho whaler and the merchant, or, in other words, supposing ihe oil to be sold at 6:1 cents per gallon, the whaler owner would realise an absolute profit of Id cents |>er gallon, or 25 per cent, beside the couvenienco of a quick return ? Atw Brdfard Shi/tying Iait. StpiiKMK Court ?Thursday, Dec. 5, 1844.? Present?Mr. Justice Bonson. presiding.?Flanders and al. vs. Merritt Motion for leave to serve papers to move to set aside repoit ol referees, fee. granted on terms. Robinson ads. Cobb. Motion for judgment ol non pros, granted, unless plff. file and pcifcct security for costs in '.'0 days, and |wy costs of motion. Vaa Oort ads. Osbom Motion lor judgment ns in case of non *u.t, granted, miles* pill, stipulate sr.d psy cost* of circuit. No costs ol motion to either party. Heaman ad* Baxter. Motion for relaxation of costs, Itc. denied, with coita. Rogers and wilev*. Urimshaw. Motion ?x parte ior appointment of com'rs to admeastim dower, granted. Oatfleld ads. Wil martli Motion is set aside default, granted, on terms. Parsons und si, ad*. Jarvis. Motion that deft be allowed cost* ot circuit, denied, with coit* without prejudice. In the matter ol Collier nnd al v*. Supervisors of Broome county. Motion for alternative mandamus drnied. In the matter of Harlow v* Buncker. Motion to atand over to next special term, Schoolcrsft and al. v*. Maples and ?1 Motion to rrler, granted, by delault. Dsvia and al. ad*. Sheldon and ai Motion to ict aaide dalault, fc. granted, on term*. Kisk ads. lliiddkiton and al. Motion to cnange venue,denied. Carpenter ad*. Young. Motion (or leave to make a case to move to set aside report of re feree, granted, ou tern *. Bun.hum and at. vs Smith. Motion to set aside default, lie. gianted, on terms. Pike vs. Tower. Motion to set aside default, lie. denied, with cost* without prejudice. Gale v*. Hojsradt Motion put over to mxt special term, with leave to serve lurther papers. McCoimick vs. Buru ham. Motion tor a commission, granted, by default. Palnu r ads. Miller?motion to chango ventre, denied, with costs. Miller vs. Talmer? motion leracommisaion, grant ad, by default. Wills, Sheriff, ad* Blsnchard- motion for judgment a* in ca*e of noniuit, granted by default Tho mas ads. Hasen?motion to change venue, granted, by de fault. The Mayer, Itc. Brooklyn, ada. The People ex rel. Martin?motion to ?et stlde default, granted, on terms. Na?h and si. ads Miller, prnit fee.?motion for judgment is in case of nonsuit, granted, by default Gorse ada. Bromaghim-motion for judgment a* in ca*? ot nonsuit, granted, unless pill par coats, he. Coon snd al ads Rut gers?motion put over to next apeclsl term, with leava to lervs lurther pspers Wood ad*. Hame do do. do. West cott ad*. Howe-motion for judgment as ia caaa of non suit, granted, unles* plff. pay co*ta, ha Myers ada. Mann and al ?motion for judgment a* in case of nonsuit, grsnt ed, by delault Phillips, Imp'd, lie. sds. Tonnele and ale. ?motion to change ver.ue, denied Phillips, imp'd. he. ?li. Tonnalo and al.?do. do. do. Allen vs, Sherwood, on Itc snd one other cause?motion taken by default at this ?erm opened and argued, to correct a rule of 3d Sept. 1R44?granted, without coat*. Friday, Dec 6 - Mr. Justice Bronion preildlrg ?The Bank of Poulteny vs. Starr ami ai.?Motion ex parte to strike the name of one ol the defts Irom the judgment record, nunc pro tunc, gianted. Cock sds. Underbill.? Motion to set slide delault and subsequent proceedings, grsnted, with cost*. Ames sds. Miller.?Motion to change venue, denied, with coif*. Jones sds. V? Namee nnd si ?Motion to let aside default, lie. grant ed, on terms. Perry ail*. Ackert?Motion that deft. have leave to enter a suggestion upon the Judgment record, granted, by default Barker and al. ad*. Eltlrg. Motion for judgment as in case of nonsuit, granted, by default. Robertson sds Dunn. Motion for Judgment aa In rase ot non luit, granted, by defsult. Mum ford, imp'd. he ads. Spragne. Motion to let aside invest, denied, with costs. Kimber snd al ads. Crittenden. Mo tion for judgment s* In cue ol non suit, gran ted by default. Ilancox va. Bennett. Motion to strike out plea* and replications, and to insert them in the Demurrer tiook In their proper order, granted ? Chapmen ads Gilbert- motion to chaage venne ; granted. Teller aml,al maignee, he. va Budd and al?motion to re fer, granted, by default. '1 he Nashua Manufacturing Co. vi ( hemntnsn and si?motion for a commission, granted, by default Himp?on vs ssme? do do do. I'phsm and al V* same-do do do. Wynkoop, imp'd ads Wolf-motion for a perpetual stsy ot execution ?ordered that defendant he allowed to plead his discharge in bankruptcy, on terms Hsdden ada Travis?motion for leeve to defend ant to amend his plea, granted, on terms. Hull and al ads Starhuck and al?motion for commission, granted, on terms Douglaai and al adi Arte her-motion for leave to deft, to amend his plus, granted, on terms without pre judice.? Jllkmy Argut. Ctai.k on thr Lakes?The blow on Saturday night brought in eeveral ol the eipected veaaela; soma of which in obtsining berth* sustained in lories to light ipari and rigging, by running againit the Wiakon aan winch broke from her fastening!. The brigs St Louis, snd low*, and ichoonera Huron, Commodore, and J. E. Hunt, nil lull laden, are among thoae that en tered. The Burlington has not vet msde her appear ance. Itcpoit says, the schooner E. Jenny, Captain Da vison. w ** driven ashore ou Saturday night, aomefo'ir or live miles up the nfflug.near where the schooner Jefferson wai lout in '41, and that she had gone to piecee ; crew tared. The K. J. waa tound down from some of the neighboring ports.? bvffnloJlHt., Dec.t. Canada Maiu*.?The Hunker HiU Aurora saya that contracts are now tnalung at Waahtngton for the conveyance of the Knghsh mails by theateam shipa from Boston to Montreal and virt vtrta, and 'he minis hereafter will he brought to Boston, itv ?te&d ut being sent Irom tlahlax to Montrehl

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