Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 19, 1844, Page 1

December 19, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. ?ol. X., Mo. 350?Whole Ho. 3950. NEW YORK, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 19, 1844. Frlot Two Cwu, Highly Important from Washington. ROBERT OWEN IN THE FIELD. A Revolution Ihroughont the whole World! Tho Millennium come at last. We received yesterday morning, by Railroad from Washington, a very important document, just issued by Robert Owen, the great philosopher, philanthropise and modem regenerator of the hu man race ; a document which comprehends in its operations, and intends in its motives, results to the whole human family, much more interesting than all that Tyler, Calhoun, Benton, or Duff Green ever did, or can imagine. This document is an address of Robert Owen to the American people in particular, ani all nations, kindreds and tongues throughout the earth, in general. He pro poses in it first, to demolish the fallacies of all the present systems of society, morals, religion, cus toms and everything, but above all a complete de molition of Horace Greeley and the Fouiierites. He proposes to show the sure way of reaching the highest degree of human happiness and comfort, without the annexation of Texas, without a tariff, without the necessity of eating brown bread alone, by the establishment of a modern system of civili zation that will be the commencement of a new earth, and tht immediate precursor of the millennia um, and nothing less. Mr. Owen?this venerable Prophet, Priest and King, is now in Washington, busily engaged in the conversion of John Quincy Adams, and is likewise bent on reforming Benton and the Se nate. No doubt he will also produce some reform in the "White House," but whether he will be able to reach the heart of President Tyler, seems to be a very doubtful question?almost as uncer tain and impracticable as the quadrature of the circle; and for this a sufficient reason can be given in the fact that old Mr. Tyler, having married a blooming youthful wife, his heart has been reach ed in another quarter, and is impenetrable to the approach of Mr. Owen. We issue this important information to this restless, busy, religious, philosophical, almighty, money making community of New York, because they delight in a new state of things, and disbe lieve, entirely, the doctrine of Salomon that there is nothing new under the sun. The fight will now come on between Owen on the one side, with his new ideas, and Horace Greeley and Brisbane, with all his recently imported French notions on the other. Manifesto of Robert Owen, on Public Pa pers \ofl. 1, ? and 3, addressed to all Go vernments and People who desire to be come Civilized, to aid In the adoption of measures to lay a solid foundation for the permanent peace of the world?the pro gressive Intelligence, morality and happi ness or all Individuals to give a right direc tion to the illimitable, mechanical, chemi cal and other scientific productive power, thnt It may become the slave and servant of humanity, Instead of being, as It has been made to be, through the errors of the present system of Society, the tyrant-mas ^ ter and cruel oppressor of the Industrious classes. It ii evident from the signs of the time*, especially from the illimitable rrogren aud power of new scientific pro ductive ilower, and the rapid increase o' ^owledge among tho hitherto neglected muici of s?cj?y.that a l.sw era in human existence ?s shout to commend", and that the ignorance, division, poverty, wars, crimes and muery which the system of society, hitherto alone in practice, ha* inflicted upon nations and people, is now, vn the one order of nature about to terminate, and to be su^Sd by another based on undenting principle, ol nature which wiU ever leal to knowledge, goodness and 'fortunately for the human race, it has been discovered, that the baie of all passed society, under every variety of form and name, has been a tew unchanging error* which have ever destroyed tho rational tacuities ot men, and ma le the attainment of virtue and happiness by any por tion of the human race impossible. Vo enable mankind to become civilized, permanently prosperous, virtuous, rational and progrersively hap. L errors of imagination must be at once liii fjr evar abandoned. They must be abandon ed, because they oan never produce, under any ching.ol form or men, aught, except hood, division, wars, contentions, criine, and misery. It is. then, the immediate aad highest interest of one aivl nil ovurthe ea.ih, that these errors should be made meatiest, and their lamentable, unchanging evil tflacts, laid bare to all nations and people. .... .. This course ot action is mcassary to accomplish th - ?well beinir aud happiness of roan; for these errors are from the beginning or time, unsupported by a 'lnglefact and am directly opposed by everykno wnfac^ ^helr unchanging influence on humanity is uptuate falsehood, deceit, moral cowardice, contentions, wa rsOTlmss and misery ; and to make men, through every succeeding generation, probably the moKt irra ti^nai animal upon the i arth ; a being possessed of all the hii?h i-hy sical,mental, and moral attainment, and nrogres'ive rational enjoyments around him, yet who s, through dtmmstrable fundamental 'rrors, hsnnf a:.nlyuy< these means of permanentand general happl nLL to inflict minery on himielt and hit race. To thojo wh?reflect, it Is now evident ^ contrary to the inexperienced imagination of our ancestors, indi vidua! man does not possess the power to create, at hi, birth the smalleit part of hit physical, mental, or moral or afterwards, of hU ?entimenU or opiniona, or fee!fngor of h' s conduct, except through his orlgi n a lorg an!i at ion, and the ni pv Pinal circumstances; both ot which power# hav been formed lor him, by a' power and myteriou. mean. KffSSS. .< u,..??b.. b,? ro^enwd under institutions based on the very opposite fmoressions early made on the Inexperienced imaginations impressions w?i r knew how to observe and ac inveitiiratc facti They imagined that all in di vUu ?*s ba ve been created with an internal independent di\ i mils nave D physical, mental and moral ca power to form thelrswn pn^sics ^ ^ creBt|ng, to ISSSBH like Banner lorra =ce ol rrrnneeus Impres and conduct. In cons^uene^ in ajn Uon,of mHSa vszzzsi, i ,u;. npnUer nortion responsible ts them, the far what Ihey shonlrt fWl. think and do, and stroi-ger, endeavored to force them to laws- while the adoption of the latter would ensure the rational and pwrmam? nt happiness of man through all sue n^h^ftSsT*arsAs fundamental errors on ^hlchalone, to tht" period, the characters of sll men have been formed, ?nd tl?H various governments have been instituted, and the universality of the Irrational conduct ol the ^Thenco" Tho present hoterogeneous mass of "tors, by which the human character is now formed, and the na iinns of the earth are now governed. Thence the irrationnl division, contests and wars .? all nations, and the strange, incongruous and im ^?1 institutions which have b.en established through S?t ths werid InstiTutions founded often by well mean in* men With the protessed view to produce knowledge, heaUh riches, unity, justice, charity aad kindness among which institutions, varied in form and namo, have never^ucceeded to produce, In a single instance, thtse blessings to any population. nermanentlv To civilize the human rsce, to make all permanently nroHneious trnly virtuous, rational and happy, these Fundamental errors must be now opmly ?handoied by all governments and people, society i^st b^ro nased on demonstrable, true, and unchangicg lswsof natiire_ lt ?r ,wi ?>.? rH-or>unized on a knowledge of those tsws, anu in a spirit of universal charity, which can alone emanate irom u knowledge ol those laws. It must be reclassified, aci'or.lisg to age. In accordance with those laws. J'must iH. r,..constructed m all its parts, to be in unison with the Xipli upon Which this new order of society I.[based thnt it mnv ?orm one consistent whole, and at all times, and under all circumstances, work harmoniously from centre, wbl.h will bs svery where, to the clrcumf.r whlch will, In every case, extend from each centra to the uttermost parts of the earth ; ultimately forming, among all men, oue language, one co lr ol simplified laws, one Interest, one spirit, one mind, and one conduct over the glvm*. But thus to re-base, re-organlze, reclassify and re-con atruot society, It Is ul-io necessary that 'hecbaracUr of pvltv one. m >oon an practicabla. ?hould be from birth n created, and a new aplrH breathed within it ol ohatltT, kindness, andlsve, th rough / 5?*32liLtha^vhols nT ctarssl laws sf ksuanlty,MteIs paiMi IM Jin ing in all hit reeling*, thought* and conduct, not only to all hi* fellow men, bat a* far u compatible with the happiness of the human race to all sensitive life upon the earth. And thua, gradually, without violence or injustice, or misery cf any kind, a contention of every kind may be made to cease among men and nation*, and *ound practical wiadoin, united with activity of nindand body, may be made to pervade the human race, and thua ensure permanent, high rational rnjoy oient to every aon of man. The material* to effect thia change over the earth, wherever men need to live, now superabouod, and it is the interest of all, without one exception, that thia change should now be made The mean* by which it ?hall be accomplished, in peace end order, although the greatest of all change* which have yet been experienced by the human race, ahall be explained in extended prin ciple* and practice, in public papers So. 3 and 3, und in subsequent publications ROBKUT OWEN. Washington Citv, D. C., Dec. 16,1844 P. 8.?These paper* are for publio documenta, intended for the immediate and future benefit of all, without ex ception. They have no reference to party of any de scription, but are now, at thia eventful pieriod, published for the general, permanent, and substantial advantage ot every individual; it is therefore requested that the editors of all newspaper* and periodicals will give circulation to them at their earliest convenience. Important from the Insurrectionary Coun ties.?It appears by the northern papers that the Anti-Rent outrages are beginning again. Indeed, they have hardly ever stopped; there seems to have been no efforts made to put them down. Is there no moral courage in Gov. Bouck to carry out the law in cases of this kindl If he is too weak and timid to act as the Governor of a State con taining three millions of people, he had better re tire, and devote his future life in feeding his old white horse. Krom Albany Argui, Dec. 17.] g account of a recent outrage in Colum bia County comes from a responsible source. We can only aay, that such proceedings cannot be looked upon, by any lover of law and order, without deep concern, nor with less than unqualified reprobation Hudson, Dec. 14,1844. Dear Sis,?I presume you have heard of the anti rent rebellion in the county ot Columbia and ita progress, 'i he idea has prevailed among many, if not all of onr popula tion, that the anti rent movements in Albany and Reusse laer, were based on the alleged injustice of quarter sale* and a large collection of back rents, -and that a little le niency on the part of landlords might quell and remove the whole opposition. But the farts which have taken place in this county, present the question iu another and certainly not leas alarming and objectionable aspect. The guardian of some infant children, last spring, rent ed several farms for one year, and the tenants entered into written contract* to pay the rent semi-annually. The rents were light, about one dollar per acre. On the first of October the first rent becamo due, and about that time sitveral emissaries came lrom Rensselaer to preach rebel lion among the people of this county. This alarmed no one, as it was supposed that the condition of thing* hero was too satii factory on ail hands to be disturbed. There was no question of title, no back ront*, and no quarter talus to quarrel about. About thirty days passed on, and no rents being paid, distress warrants were issued by the guardian and put in the hanfls of the sheriff. The sheriff made the distress without any opposition, and subsequent ly the appraisal, but he was then informed that the rent* would not be paid, and that the sale would be prevented The sheriff probebly did not believe these threats, as he made no provision to repel any opposition, but went with a single attendant to make the sale. He was met by a body of Indians before he reached the place, escorte! to the place of sale, and there, under a threat of personal violence, gave up all his papers, and they were burned in his presence. The sheriff reports that there were on the ground over 200 men in Indian dress, and 1400citizen spectators, called there bv the novelty of the occasion. When the papers were burned the whele assemblage gave three cheers, and the sheriff left the ground without any adjournment of sale, and there ends the distress. The Indian* and many without any disguise, are hold ing meetings in all directions. A general meeting is called foyiuxt week at Claverack, and rumor says that the weenfter one is to he held at Hudson. Every one is now alaruied. The prinoiple involved in the resistance offered on a simple contract for a year, tells too plainly, I faar, what the landlords in our cities, and our holder* of notes, bonds and all other evidences of debt, have to ex pect if the movement is not met with the promptitude the occasion demands. " Delhi, Dec. 10,1844 Dear Sib?The anti-rent excitement has been on the increase since the election. Under various pretexts it lias been started in more than half the towns in this county, and in many of the adjoining towns in Scobarie, Oreen* and Ulster. The organization is must effective for mischief of all kinds. A part of their plan is to in??nt and industriously circulate ail sorts of falsehood to keep ?ilive the agitation. Among these are bold statements that the land* were never owned by those who claim them, that the Indian* were never paid for them, kc And there are men hitherto pottessing some character, who encourago their delusion* to obtain political in fluence Men Root has lately become one of this sort of agitators. Oreat preparations are making by them to ob tain important alterations of the laws relating to landlord and tenant, and in the tenure of bond* ThH should be attended to by proprietor*, not for the purpose of pre venting any just legislation-but to give such direction to the action el the legislature, that all may have the peaceable enjoyment of their rights. His highly important that our new executive should be oorrvctly informed as to the real nature and extent of the evil. If he should shrink from the duty cf acting energe tically iu thia matter, it will be impossible to foretell the end oi the armed and organized rebellion that is now com mtting outrages and setting the law* at dcfiance in mSny parts of the State His information on the subject mum as yet be very impeilect, as nothing can be learned from the newspapers, nor can any *alutary influence ha ex pected from them. They all take it for granted that some great grievance must exist a* theca'ise ol so much ? xcite mtnt Nothing can be further from the truth, so far a* respects this part of the country. The ignorance and cu pidity of thousands who are indebted on lease* or con tracts relating to land, have been practised on to such a degree, that they have armed and keep under pay hordes of the most reckless men they can find, disguised at In dians, to despoil the owners of lands of their property by force. me excitement will not pass away at some others have done, by merely letting it alone, for it will be sustained by the strong and lasting motive of cupidity. Nothing but the same vigorous determination with which nullification was put down by Jackson will answer any puipose. The Government has its choice, either to affect not to see or kuow anything about the matter, at Gov. Bouck hat done, and let the State link to a condition of snatchy worse than that of Central America, or make some sfTort to restore to the citizens of the empire State the rights of property and personal safety. The Indians are called out whenever it is understood that any proprietor of lands has come into the county. Mr. Kiersted narrowly escaped them a few Jays ago I have been civilly treated as yet, but whenever I visit any is immediately reported on other tracts that I have been assaulted, ko A hundred absurd reports about landlords, sheriffs, lie., are constantly sent through the country to fan the excitement. Tarring and feathering, and other kindred outrages, are frequently committed by the snti-rentert on their neighbors, who will not come into their measure*. I could give the particular! ot many, the accounts of which have been tent to me." To strengthea the anti-rent agitation by including other interests, it is ssid that the league is made to extona to the refusal ol pavment?either of principal or interest?on mortgages and notes given to banks Aroostook.?This county is yet but partially settled, and perhaps no part ot our State lias been ?o rapidly settled tlnce the roads have been opened into it. Men may here purchase good farming land at a price not exceeding one djllaran acre ; three-! urths of which may be paid in labor on the road by, or through the land. Tnialandi* productive with wheat, rye, barley, oats.flix, pctatoes, corn, kc. Good opportunities m?y l>d found to employ teams at high prices for lumbering, or conveying goods, or at work about the millt. All sur plus productions of the firm find a good market among those engaged in lumbering. At Masardi* there are two sets of mills At Salmon Brook, about fifty mile* from the bouutlsry, following the river, there is a good saw mill, a patent grist mill, and a clap.board machine. This plsce promises to be one of much business and lumber it eatily conveyed down to the city of St. John. Fourteen miles further down the river, at Pretque Itle stream, a good taw and gritt mill are in operation. At this plsce are two itorea, a post office, a blacksmith's and a >ho? maker'* shop, and a tavern ; a physician alto ret idee here. On the Carriboo stream, ten mile* further down the river, there it a mill, constructed the present season This mill is on the road from Fairbanks, at Tretque Isle; to Madawaska, and is of great convenience A clan board machine It in operation at Hardwood Brook, in Letter H. Near Fort Fairfield, Mr. Patthe has a saw mill, and 'ntendt, In the spring, to erect a gritt mill, about a mite below the fort. At the Fort may now be teen thirty houses. There are here a custom house, a post office, n store, a deputy sheriff, an attorney at law, a blacksmith's thop and a tavern. Thus it will be seen that thit portion ol onr State, which a few years since wat an unbroken wilderness, and untravelled, except by lumbermen, by meant of the river, it now filling up with thriviag set tiers, roads made, larmt cleared, an) toon will be raised tchool houtea and churchrt. A thriving and industrious population is pouring Into that region, and it will by and by prove to be the garden ol the State - Banfor Whig Snow Storm South.?The mail agrnt, who ar rived with what there was of the southern mail this evening- there was nothing from beyond Richmond, Virginia-informs us thst there were eight in'hrs of snow in Richmond this morning, which came from the south; and that the snow storm retched within one mile of Predarlcksbarf, Virginia. Here the wind has been frnsh from the northwest for several days past, and we have no snow.- Row will Profetaor K.spy account for this 7? IVathington Olnht, Dee. 10. S Racks.?The great Post Stake was rtjn for on e 8th inst. over the Eclipse course, Carrollton. [?'our horses were expected to contend, vr/.: Moth, Sally Shannon, Rufltn and Pat Galway. Three only suited, the )towld Pat having been withdrawn. ^Iter a keen contest, Moth wou, coming nlo the winning posts in gallant style, closely followed by Sally Shannon and Ruffin, in the order of their name* here recorded. Time, eight minute* and a few seconds. I "antfewto of Mr. CI?y?Position oftht Whl| Party. I PrTi!^n,Oll<i9''u0ft?lec!.or" of P^sident and Vice ? ?,ho Un,l<d S'ateH tor tl>? State of Kentucky, after outing their votes unaniinooely at rrauktort.on the 5:h of this month, for Ciay and rri liDRhuysen, proceeded in a b.idy, on the day following, to pay their respects to Mr. Clay in per boo, at hu residence, near LexuiRtou, Ktniitirky. Oa reaching the door ol Mr. Cla>'* dwelling, Mr, L nderwood, surrounded bv the other electors, by r ?? :rOVernor.a',d the Ex Governors Metcalfe and L.tcher, and the people who intended, read the following addresH to Mr. Clay: Flu-Tor Vr^if 1,a!e b,:e" sul?i:ted by the member.' of the hili / College to my to you for each om: of us that we irf .TB,Ur0"'V0 >0U th0 ourpeisonal re fLun? pr0t0w? this work of the heart, Suh .. rf n,iJ*heors have likewise come to unite C,n7?,'5d?y. ? Fr-nktort,ue pwforour S'1 ;,u y ,n ?b?lience to the wiU ol the pi ople of Ken X?>j!y v?iin% unanimously tor yeurseil and Theodore p i? ,*t" lo 1 of President and Vice President of the Lulled State*. ""a Vlce ?k J?fu1?" 01 Jourwiea. their frauds upon in . nrau? ,.8nd ,hch (Julllisity w'(h the people ha?Tg !"* ?t><>01s|t? principle* ill different sections, have dtleaied your eltction. ' 1? Prifernr>ent at your hands which can tempt us to flatter; uur can the pen of proscription iatimidaie ns in speaking the truth Under existing cir cumstauco* it gratifies us to toko you hy thu hand, unj to unito, as we do most coidialiy, m expressing the seuti- I ments ot our heaits dud of those we represent in regaid to your personal character and political principles. _r ,?^r P??t services aro so interwoven with the history of the country lor the last forty years, that malice ai d onVinnrnn0i rreV'ut"?CC*'0din!J (^""rations dwelling on your name with admiration and gratitude, Vour I example will illum.nate the path ol Imure statesmen when those who hato and revile you are forgotten, or VL ?in\ rB?cn>beied, like thu incendiary whotuintthe temple, for the evilihey have done .J.0^^v8l#CH0nh" without persons! !nl.i'? ki "atlon. '? 011'' judgment, the injury is incalculable. God grunt the Confederacy n>ay not here fJu"1,0!1 0Ver ,ho dismembered fragments ' Whilst your enemies have not attempted to detract from your intellectual character, they have with uutir * rk"1 ,C?r 1mVral,r,Putut'?n ?ud endeavoied to destroy it. f he % eiba] flanders and printed libels em* ployed as means to accomplish political object* have ' mnra^hin8^ K .0,i 0U^C0Untl'y' 8nJ ,U institutions more than they hate injured yours. Jn ??ur h,?h personal character, in your political principles and unrivalled leal and ability to carry them out may be found the strong motives fir our .m1o? r?n l1f^r,6,?Ure.y0,lr,election- Th,! protection of Ameri ?, '? national currency connected wttk a fiscal agent for the Government, the distribution among the ? he 52cff(U ?' tUo public lands, further con stnutional restrictions upon Executive power and pa tronage, und a limitation upon the eligibility of the Pre indent for a second term, were measures which, under ?^ministration, we hoped to mature and bring into practical operation. By your defeat they have been endangered, it not for ever lost. But we will not speculate on comiog evesits. If things work well, we shall find consolation in the general pros perity- If apprehended evils come, wo are not respon K.i8 J ? ' 5? aln?* our principles, we shall enjoy the happy reflection of having done our duty. i In the uhades of Ashland may you long continue to en joy peace, quiet, and the possession of those great facul ih'h ren,<,"efl y?u th? admiration ot your und the benefactor cf your country And when j at last death shall demand its victim, while Kentucky will contain your ashes, rest assured that old and faithful -tiLS T ' knowin* youjong^t, loved you I-est will cherish y our memory and defend your reputation ?en ll?T*tD< , John Kincaid, J. R Underwood, L. W. Andrews, P'l!e"?n' Green Adams, w \? !t . B' Mil1* Crenshaw, W. W Southgate, Leslie Combs, W. R- Grigsby, W. J. Graves, To this address, Mr. Clay replied I am greatly obliged, gentlemen, by the kindness to wards me which has prompted this visit from the (Jover nor. the Presidential Electors ot Kentucky, and someot fa'lojy Citizens in private life. And I thank yeu, sir, (Mr. Underwood,) their organ, on this occasion, for the 8ddrrwhich >?u have Ju<t du?? me the honor to deliver. 1 am under the greatest obliita tiocs to the people of Kentucky. During more than for ty yeaiaoi my lite they have demonstrated their confi dence and oflectlon towards me, in every variety of iorm. Jh,j last and crowning evideuce of thoir lonir and faith. ful attachment, exhibited in the vote which, in their be y?r\Verbr'}?7'? the seat of the State Govern ment. as the Electoral College of Kentucky, fills mo with overflowing gratitude^ But I should fail to express the fe hugs of my heart, if I did not alio uQm my nrofoard and grateful acknowledgments to the other Stntes,which h" FLU KeKlucljy i>> the endeavor to elect me to the Chief Magistracy of the Union, sud to the million und aquanerot freemen, embracing so much virtue in .telligence, und patriotism, who, wherever residing, have directed strenuous and enthusiastic exeitions to the same orject. Their efrort has been unavailing, and the issue of the election has not corresponded with their anxious hopes and confident expectations. You have, sir, assigned some of the causes which you suppose have occasioned the re. ""it.' * I* *!ot 11 u" 01 J"1"1' to speak of them. My duty is that of perfect submission to an event which is iiow >r revosable. I will not affect indifference to the personal concern which I h.d in the political contejt just termina ted } but, unless I am greatly self-deceivel, the prir.oipal attraction to me of the office ol President of the United States arose out ol the cherished hope that I raiaht be an humble instrument in the hands ot Providence to accom plish public good. I desirtdtosen t e former punty of the General Government restored and to see daniers anl evils, which I sincerely believed encompjssed it, averted and remedied. I wm anxious that the policy of the coun try, especially in the great department of its domestic la bor and industry, *hould be fixed and stable, that all might know how to regulate and accommodate their con duct. And fully convinced of the wiadoin of the public measures which yon have enumerated, I hoped to live to meat." oon,nhute to their adoption and establish oo far as respects any official agency of mine, it has been otherwise decreed, tind I bow respectfully to the decree The future course of the Government is altogether un known, and wrapt in painlul uncertainty. I sh.iil not do ihu now Administration the injustice ol condemuinr it in advance On the contrary. I earnestly desire that en lightened by its own reflections, and by a deliberate re view of all the great intei est. ol the country, er proofed by public opinion, the benefit may be yet secured ol the practical execution of those principles and measures for which we have honestly contended, that peace and honor mavbe preserved, and that this young but great nation may be rendered harmonious, prosperous, and powerful We are not without consolations under the event which has happened The whig party has fully an I fairly ex habited to the country the principles and measures which it believed beat adapted to secureour liberties and promote the common welfare. It has made, in their *upi>ort, con stant nnd urgent appeals to the reason and judgment of the people, tor niysel.', I have the high satislaction to know tuat I have e.caped a great and tearful ie?ponsi bility; and that, during Uie w hole canvass, I have done nothing inconsistent with the dictates of the pureat honor. No mortal mnn is authorized to say that I held out to him the promise of any office or appointment whatever. What now is the duty of the whig party ? I venture to express any opinion with the greatest diffidence. The fu ture is envel .ped in a veil impenetrable by human eyes I cannot contemplate it without feelings of great discoar apement. Bu| I knaw of only one safe rule, in all the vi cissitudes of human life, public and privatu: and that is conscientiously to satisfy ourselves ol what is right and firmly and unduviatingly to pursue it under all trials and circumstances, confiding in the great Ruler of the Uni verse for ultimate success. The whigs are deliberately convinced of the truth and wisdom ot the principles and measures which Ihey have espoused. It seems, therefore to me that th?y should persevere in contending for them ?' and that, adhering to their separate und distinct orgsnir a lion, they should treat alt who have the good of the coun try in view with respect and sympathy, and invite their co-operation tn securing the patiiotlc objects which it has been their aim and purpose to accompliih. I heartily thank you, sir, for your friendly wishes for my happiness in the retirement which henceforward best becomes me Here i hope to enjoy peace and tranquillity seeking faithfully to perform, iu the walks of private life whatever duties msy yet appertain tome. And I shall' never cease, whil?t life remains,to look with lively inter est and deep solicitude upon the movement and operations of our free system of government, and to hope that under the smiles of an nil-wise Providence, the Republic may be ever just, honorable, prosperous and great Mr. Clsy has emancipated his personal servant Charles The deed of emancipation is as lollowa : " Know all men by these presents, that I, Henry Clay or Ashland, for and in consideration of the Adelitv attachment and services of Charlea Dupey, (the sou of Aaron, commonly called Charles, and Charlotte.) and ot my estaem and regard for him, do hereby liberate and emancipate the said Charles Dupey, from this day, from all obligation of service to me, or iny representatives investing him, as far as any act of mine can invest him' with ail the rights and privileges of a freeman. 'j ,XL, whereof 1 have hitherto set my hand nndaffixrd my seal, this Oth day of December, in the >earol our Lord, 1844 " Wealed and delivered in the presence of' ^Skai"'' ^Thomas |l Clay ." Five years since, Charles travelled through Canads with Mr. Clay, and declined all solicitations to leave him. Mr. Clsy has waited until the election was over, to avoid as far as possible, the Imputations of base-minded men. ' Distressing Railroad Accintrr.?An aged white woman wus run over Saturday evening bv the freight train of the Frederickiburgh Road. She was approaching the road, from the north side, a short dis. tance b< fore the engine, unobserved by the engineer A voice warned her tetum b;ck, which directed the ongi naar's attention to her, and he immediately did all in his power to stop the train Instead of turning back from the road, the poor old woman, perhaps confaaed by her alarm, attempted to cross the track, in doing which she stumbled and fell. The fore wheels of the eugine passed ov:^er-/?Trin*<"",of hcr ?b?ve the knee, and splitting the foot and fracturing the ancle of the ether - The unfortunate poor woman excited much svmpathy, and all was done for her that her cue required Her

name was Scott, and she lived an the Bisfn She died on Saturday night. Literature, dee. The American Poulterer's Companion; by C. N. Bement; Saxton <5c Miles, New York ?One of the moat valuable practical treatises on domestic poultry extant; based on true philosophical princi* pies; U work that ought to be in the hands of every turner throughout the land; and if only studied and its directions followed, would prove oi extreme value to them,both pecuniarily and other wise. The author deserves every credit for the able manner in which he has treated the subject; the work is well got up, beautifully illustrated, and at a reasonable cost. Drscriptivk Catalogitr of the Botanic Gar den, (late Prince's,) Flushing, L. 1.?A very Ujf iji work to the horticulturulist, gardener and |tinner; containing a considerable amount oi va luable information. h owan'h History of thf. Frk.nch Revolution: Apple ton Ac Co , New York.?A very interesting work, two volumes in one, forming a portion of the series t>l the "Library for My Young Country men. " Keble's Christian Year; Lea He Blanchard, Philadelphia.?A haudsome pocket volume of sa cred poetry, with pieces lor every day in the year, and will doubtless be very acceptable to the more religious portion of the community. TtttRHWALL'f History ok Greece, No. 2?Har per, Brothers, New Yoik?The second number of Jhisvj-ry valuable history hasjust been published. It is more interesting lliun ihe first, and presents, in tact, a more instructive and elegant picture of At tica to the age ol Pericles, than we have seen in any other history. The work is one which must command a place in everv library, and the atten tion of every scholar. The numbers are sold at twenty-five cents each. Hunt's Merchants' Magazine, for December Hunt, New York?This is a capital number ot this mwt useful work, which completes the eleventh volume of the work. Knickerbocker Magazine, for December?Al len^ New York?An excellent number, containing various papers ol great interest from me pens of some its most able contributors. Revue Franchise des Familles, for December ?.JI5 Hroadway?A work both amusing and in structive, and extremely valuable to the student of the trench language. The Metropolitan Magazine, for December? Burgess & Stringer, New York?There is one or two prettv good papers in it, but as for the others, there is plenty of room for improvement in them, as well as in the work generally. The National Protestant, for December?Rev U Sparry, New York?The admirers of the hor rific, the terrible, and the lalse, may obtain some thing Irom this work to satisfy fheir vitiated taste It is truly surprising that a person having Rev. be lore his name, should put forward such repeatedly exploded falsehoods as this work contains. Di/nniqan's Illustrated Doway Bible.No. 10 Uunnigan, New Y*rk?Some ot the earlier num bers were?better got up than the present?better | printed und better illustrated. Hbwet's Illustrated Shakspeare, No. 30? He wet, New York?As excellent and beautiful as ever. Arthur Arundel; Harder Brothers, N. York.? I his somewhat interesting tale of the English Re-1 volution, by the author of "Brambletye House," . c ? '?JTm8 No. 43 ef these publishers' Library of Select Novels. History ok tiie Reformation in Germany; By Leopold Kanke; Burgess & Stringer. New York ? A valuable aud interesting work. The translation of Sarah Auain. Lt. Wilkb's Narrative ok the Exploring Ex pedition: Lee <te Blanchard, Philadelphia.?This work will be published in five large volumes, com prising about twenty-five hundred pages of letter preBs, and the price to subscribers will be twenty live dollars It is to contain sixty-eight steel en gravings, forty-six steel vignettes, worked among the letter press, and over throe hundred wood-cuts, With,an appropriate number of maps, Arc. If the work at all comes up to tne specimen now before us, it will be one of the most splendid oi the age. Esuays on the Nature and Principles of Iaste, by Archibald Alison, L. L. B.; with Cor rections and Improvements, by Abraham Mills Harper und Brothers : New York -This work has long been known as one of the most elegant and instructive treatises upon the subject ever oflered to the public. The sources of pleasure and su blimity are indicated in u very clear and instruc tive manner, and the work is one whose study is eminently calculated to improve the taste, and cul tivate the intellect. The edition now published has been tor tome time before the public, and i? generally regarded as very well adapted for use in schools, nod for popular reading. The work is published in a very neat volume. A Treatise on the Forces which Produce the Organization ok Plants, with an Appendix, Arc ; Or J w. Draper M D Prolensor ol Cnemisiry iii ;he University of New York; Harper & Biothers.-; there are two things which render this work worthy of particular notice and encouragement. I o mention the least important?it is one of the moat splendid issues of the American press: shows now Iar American hIciII oaa enter imo competition with the experience of Europe. The treatise moreover is purely original; it is the product of our own laboratories; the author for ten years has been amassing experimental knowledge to bring out this volume. So far as the subject will admit, it con tains an easy, popular explanation of those impor tant principles which should guide the ani mal and vegetable physiologist, and all those who ought to base tkeir practice on these sciences? the physician, larmer, druggist, Jrc ; whilst general students cannot fail to be interested and instruct ed by its contents. We are proud lo witness this effort to acclimate scicnce here. Asmachin isis, as naval artiBts, we can compete successfully with any nation in the world. In literature, in natural history, and the fine arts, our position is respectable, but in strictly scientific departments we have hitherto relied too much on Europe. Such works as thifc, by Professor Draper, cannot fail to elevate the American character in thiarespect, and lead the old world to look to us in matters of sci ence as well as machinery. Those who are inte rested in the professions and trades we have men tioned, will, as a matter of course, at once avail themselves of the knowledge contained in the treatise ; and all others who take a pleasure in sci ence and literature are ussured that in our opinion it is the most readable and interesting book of the same stamp which the press has given us for a long time. It is published in a splendid quarto, and in a style highly creditable to American typography. Ne-sbitt's Diamond Diary for 1846; Nesbitt New York.?A very useful and portable pocket memorandum book for the ensuing year, with al riiannc, tables, See. The Neville8 of Garrrtstown; Harper Broth ers, New York.?The first number of a very inte resting tale ot 17641, by the author of "Harry Lor requer," &c. , T" lU.TTHTRATED LONDON ALMANAC for 1845; III Nassau street.?A Ueautilul, useful, and a cheap work. The astronomical calculations do not suit our time exactly, but tfie astronomical remarks and illustrations, the tables of facts, and the beau tilul illustrations of the month, will suit almost every body. To the natives of the old country in particularit will be most interesting. Littlb'h Living Age, No. 29 and 30?Burgess & Stringer, New York ?The present numbercontains some interesting papers; the extracts from the "Life of a Radical," will aflord a good lesson to lazy meddling politicians. The Columbian Magazine, for January, 1845? Post, New York ?This is certainly one ol the best Monthlies extant?the present number is most beautifully illuatrated, with four engravings; one, Napoleon taking leave of bis child, a mezzotint ol considerable talent and interest,; an dngruving of still greater interest to a true American heart Washington's reception at the Bridge of Trenton in 1780, on his way to be inaugurated as first Pre sident of the United States; the third, one ot the most beautiful and chaste colored flower pieces we ever recollect seeing. Also, what will most inter est its lair readers, a colored plate of Fashions, for January, rather of a superior kind to those which are usually found in such works; together with a verv pleasing w?ng and piece ot music, entitled "The Lover's Farewell." This number evidences blood has been thrown into its veins, decidedly of a superior quality to many of its pre th^ P|fces are ail excellent, particularly ? The Little Fat Quakeress, or Match Making in Philadelphia," by John Neal The whole work does the publisher and all connected with it infinite credit. The present time is favorable for parties desirons of subscribing, as this number is the be ginning o| anew volume. New Mrmic.?"The Country Oirl," one of the choice compositions of Signor de Begins, may be had at Forth d(Co.'s, Broadway. " Jingle, jmgle. cle?r the Way," and " The Pequot Br?ve," two compositions of H S Saroni, may be had at Ueib'x Maiden lane. " Beauties of the Opera," Nob 6 and 7, containing some ot the best piece* in (he opera ot the 44 Bohemian Girl," and others equally beautiful, may be had at Jollie'a, Broadway. Th? Alicthia Walk, a very pretty production, arranged for the piauo by F. H. Brown. New Yobk Polka, No. 1, the most beautiful looking piece ot music we have seen of all the 44 Polkas" published. The title is a most finished representation of an elegan: lady and gentleman dancing, underneath which is full instructions tor dancing; the music is as usual by Mile. Det-jardins and Motis. de Korponay. 44 The Polka Explained" is a most humorous description in verse of the 44 Polka," as sung by the celebrated John Parry. This song is by faro ie of the most amusing produc tions ol the day. These may be had at Atwill's, Broadway. Evils of the Present Nodo of Supplying Uu. The price now charged is 70 cents per 100 cubic feet, instead of 20 cents per 100 cubic feet, which latter is what is paid in Loudou, and the companies make an ample dividend at that rate. Gas can be made as cheapin this city as in Lon don, because the freight from Newcastle to the metropolis (with the river duty to the corporation ol 3s New York per ton) is frequently more than the freight us ballast across the Atlantic, or troin Nova Scotia, or from any port in the United I Slates. The colliers rarely charge less than 22i. per ton New York, olten 24s. to 26s. I The meters here ure not in the best condition | generally, and companies take care they shall never register against themselves. The New York Gas Company's mains are not large enough to afford a full supply. They should I be at least three times their present diameter.? Whatever care may be taken to pump out the de posit of ammoniacal liquor, a sulHcient quantity must always remain in such small pipest to obstruct the passage of the gas, and render the lights fluctu ating. These small mains too, bring iron, oxidate very rapidly in the sandy soil of this city, which is con stantly saturated with water. They cannot, in I consequence, last above live years in a sufficiently | sound state to convey gas without a universal leak age through every pore. This leakage, is so general in this city, that the | whole soil is saturated with it. Dig but one foot below the surface and it is an insufferable nuisance everywhere, as the mains are all rotten with oxi dation. When the mains of theGroton become oxidated, the gas in which they are now enveloped will rea-! dily pass^through the pores into the water and con I taniinate* it from its strong affinity tor water.? When this happens in sandy localities in London, the gas companies are obliged to embed theirpipes in clay. It has long corrupted and spoiled tlie water in the public pumps. 1 Carbonated hydiogen being lighter than atmos I pheric air, an evaporation of this deleterious gas is | constantly rising into and poisoning the atmosphere in all parts ot the city. All breathe it day and night for ever. This is a gas similar to what exhales from mashy and stagnant waters, giving rise to agues, lntermit I tent fevers, inflammations of the lungs, thoraX, [ consumption, and a long list of other maladies, which yearly carry off so many hundred thousands prematurely. The gas of the company is, however much more actively poisonous than what is generated in|>ools, because it contains a much larger portion of car bon. Carburetted hydrogen is what is thrown off from the lungs at every expiration. If the blood were not constantly purified and freed from it through the lungB, the body would soon become one uni versal mass of putridity. This city, from the lo cality, would be infinitely more healthful, were it not that this gas saturates the atmosphere and pre disposes to consumption, inflammation of the throat and lungs, cancers, tec. Volumes ot this destructive gas are pouring forth j for ever from the manufactory in Centre street enough in Inct to poison the air of the largest city in the world. ? I This must greutly deteriorate the value of all | the buildings in the vicinity, uud thus affect the immediate interest of all house owners within the limits of its pestiferous influence. In extensive conflagrations this inflammable gas furnishes an abundance of combustible matter, thus seriously affecting the interest of insurance offices, or the ruin of those who are not insured Theatres in particular must tufftr brfort the tujijjly can be cut off. Advantauks op Portaiilk Gas in Cylinders. ?It will not only be supplied cheaper, but not a particle of it can evaporate or escape into the atmosphere to corrupt it, and injure the general health. The Crotun water would be treed from its deleterious influence, and in case of tire ihe cylinder is detached in a moment, and removed I from the premises. Ulcsmerlsra. No. f> Warren Street, New York,) Dec. 17, 18-14. J To thk Editor op the New Yohk Herald Sir -.?My attentiou has been drawn to an article in your paper of thiB morning, in which a Dr Schmidt ta represented as having assisted at, and sanctioned certain mesmeric experiments at s ! lecture t>y Mi. litknomna (lf nn other Dr. Schmidt in this city but myself, you will oblige me by saying that I am not the person re I terred to, and was not present at the lecture men | tioned, nor have I been present at any other lec ture by the aforesaid Mr. /lodger*. Respectfully yours, Jon.i W. Schmidt, Jdn From Canada.?Our dates from Montreal are to I the 12th inst. Scarlet fever is racing in Toronto. Four <Ni>-rs have occurred in the hoarding house ot the Upper Canada College, of which one proved fatal, in con sequence the College has been shut lor a time We learn that a mandement was published in ihe Woman Catholic Cathedral, Quebec, allowing the use oi meat on feur days of the week in Lent, and also on Saturdays throughout the year, with some exceptions. The observance of the Holydavs, usual ly called fiti* de divotion, is also abolished after the first January next. We believe these changes have existed, tor a long time past, in most Catholic countries. There was a fall of snow on Friday night and Saturday forenoon at Quebec. It afterwards turn ed to ram and sleet, and yesterday and to-day the cold is again set in severely. This morning the thermometer was again down to zero It is proba ble that the travelling will be good for some time to come. Sandwich Islands?We are indebted to a Iriend lor a fi'e of Sandwich Island pajters to August ta, J from which we extract a number of articles of in | telligence. It has been already reported that a French ship of war had taken the Wall's and oiher islands, under the protection of the King of the I French. This information is confirmed by the of I ficial note from the French consul at the Sandwich Islands to the government. The Polynesian of July 20, contains an order in council of his Hawaiian Majesty, prescribing a Code of Etiquette It is worded, so far as regards representatives of foreign I governments, on the articles adopted by the Con giesa of Vienna, in regard to precedence of Am bassadors and Ministers, and by th'nrnle precedence | is accorded to the Diplomatic Commissioner ol the United States?the second rank to the Consul Ge I neral of Great Britain?and the third to the IocmI I Consul ol France. These take precedence next after the Queen, Premier, and members of the Privy Council, and after them the Governors of i Islands, Judges of the Supreme Court, Nobles, | Chiefs, Acc.? Bottom Atlat. Firk in Pkekskill.?Peekskill was last niglu the scene ot one ot the most destructive tirea thai ever hsa been witnessed in this vicinity. The dm ori ginated about II o'clock, in the building near the cornei of South and Division streets, and spread with great re pidity to tha adjoining building, damaging and destroy ing roper ly to the amonnt ot boon six to eight thousand dollars. The loss, ai near as we conld ascertain, tail* principally upon the following persona < lark Ik Lent ioss about >700, and noinsursnca. Noah Underbill?Iom <800; innursnce tor $400. Aaron Travis?loss .bout fHOO, and no insurance Jacob Denike--loss estimated at M7<i0, JUiOOof which wss covered hy insurance. North rop Halt?loss shout >lh0; no insurance J. Briggs and son?lots sbont JilOO; no insursnea. Mr. Betts, a poor msu, lost all his furnttur" ind clothing -value not ascer iaine>l; no Insurance Mis? Doty, milliner, lost a pert of iter goods; valuanot ascertained The Misaca Hart, wb< occupied a part of Nosh Underbill's luililing, we under >tsnd, lost nearly all their furniture; value not ascertain <>d. The hnilding occupied by J H Tennatt, and ownec hy the heirs of Jseob Lent, deceased, was a No slight!) injured. The entire loss, Including damages, hy rncring i*e., will probably be from Amnio nooo doilsrs. Insurance >nly <1000 Onr piloting materials woe mostly rs moveJ, csu-iing much damage and loss to us, In con?e qtience of which we shall bo coinpalled to send oui leaders but half s sheet, until we cm regulete our types, and get them in a suitable condition to use.? t'ulukUl Drmtcrrt, JDse. ]? Coba News ?The A'tw Or/tans Picayu*m ot the K<h mount, gives the tallowing budget of news from Havana:? Havana, Dec. 4, 1844. We continue here in the moit peaceable aud quiet Mill, and are likely long to be *o Notbit g U heard ofinaur rectioui, plots, or counterplot*. The cry now ia "Short crop*! short ciopx !" and every body la talking ef the poor prospect tir the comitg year Having, however, often Letem heard similar ahouta from these "beaia," or whatever you ple.ise, I put little ciedence in thtm, and will in m. review ol the market give you whet 1 an able to le.irn from competent judgi s in different parta ef the country. Homo time since we bad a grand gala day here, being th-i presentation ol new colors to several leglments ? About 8000 fetmed ou the parade ground, and the different liannrrs weteduly sprinkled with holy water by the hilltop, und after the oath to defend them to the last woa taken by the soldiers, be gave them a homily on their duty to the Qiiven, to themaeivs*. and to their God. We thought it lather strange that those two personages war* placed b? fare the Deity, but auppose it'a all right?sol diers, no doubt, are essentially different from useiTic cha|.a. Our Admiral ia driving on, endeavoring to finish a sloop ot war which he has on the stocks, in order to launch her and give a grand Christmas ball on boa-d. The ladies are all ou the tiptoe ol expectation thereat ; lor cocked hats, swords and gold epaulettes are as bewitching here as in any other part of the world, and the ladies esteem in Span ish as roucn as they do in English the poet's thought? " None but the brave deserve the fair." Talking of driving, reminds me of one of your drivinfit nimn - allow trie t j eoin a word?characteis that wa now have here? l>r. Kodgers, ot the Oas Works. A few days ?iitee he began his operations here for the Havsna Oas Company, and the way he astonlthes the ' natives" with bis go-ahead principles is a cantion. We wish him all success. The foundation of the new light house is laid, and on Snnday next great doinga are to lie done in the placing ot the " la fit insirijiliuniM," which is to be affected by the Captain-bcneral, with benefit ol clergy, tc. The tower doea not stand on the site of the old one, but a little mora inward, it having been considered unsafe to place it aa far out on the point of the rock as the former was, becanM ol the wearing away of the stone from the setion of tke aea. The light will be an excellent one the reflectors und apparatus were made in Paris, at a cost of $13,000. Our theatrical world is quite lively Just now. The St. Cecilia Society has been rejuvenated, and ia now call ed the "Liceo Artistico." i hey are now peiforming operas there, all the parts being taken by amateurs, and they are pcrloimed in a atyle that would put to the blush many professional attutet. The laat performance was "I Puritnniand Irom the /rim* donna to the choris ters, all waie admirable. With such a substitute wo are not in want of " the regular opera besides, it ia muck more pleasant to attend the " Liceo,"?no boxes-no par <|tiette--no envious distinctions; all is good society, and ail is good feeling and harmony. One, too, feels Car more delight hearing the fine air* of the Italian masters from the sweet lips of his own unpaid countrywomen. When will the Cre*cent City be able to get up an opera among its dilettanti ? We do not see in our streets the usual concourse of itrangers that formerly poured in upon us from the North. Have our antics frightened them I or are our skies lass buJmy 7 Our word for it they can come with aa much confidence a* ever no dangers now threaten our politi cal, physical, or moral existence. The steam propeller Marmora arrived here yeatenluy from New York?seven days' passage. She is said to be a fine boat, and intended lor the trade between this and your city. StipREMK CotntT ok tuk TTnitkd Statm.?Dec. 16.? No. 2 Ex parte : in the matter ol Wm. Chris ty vs. the City iittok ot New Orleans. The argu tiient ot the motion for a prohibition in thia cue was concluded by Mr. Henderson in support thereof. No 9. J. McDonough, et al., plaintiff in error, re. Laurent Millaudou, et al. 1 he argument of thia cause waa continued by Mr. Coze tor the defen dant in error. Adjourned till to-morrow morning, 11 o'clock. New Steamer. -The John S. McKim, under'the command oi Cupt. Moore, arrived here yesterday in tin days froai N. Yoik via Key West. She is a large Mjuare-rigged vessel, has line accommodations for passen gers, and uses Erricsscn's propellers instead ot the ordi nary paddle wheel*. She is intended for the Havana trade. Since writing the above, we have recoived a letter from ottr Havana correspondent, announcing the arrival thero oi the steamship Mai mora, in seven days from New York. It is said that the, too, is to run between this and the for mer city, and should the report prove true, we shall havo kteamers enough in the trade ?N O. Pic., Dtt. 8. NEW YORK AND HAllLEM RAILROAD COMPANY. WINTER AKIlAiNUEMENxL. On and after October all, jhe e*r* will run a* follows ? Lsavioa City 1 Ml for Harlem, (Ij4(h ?t,) Morrinania, Ford unl Bridge, Hunt * Bridge, llndrhill'a Road. I'acltahoe. il/tri's Conn ra and White 1'Uinm. 7.30 A. M., I0.N V. M., I P. M. ami P. M, Lr.oea Williama' Bridge lor f irv Hall s 4.', A Al.. 11.44 A. M.. 2 40 P. M. 4.45 P? M. Leavaa I nckahoa for City Hall 8 2j A. M., 11.24 A. M . 1 54 P.M., II IS P M l.ravi-v White I'laina for Cit, Hall ? A. M.. II A. Nl., 1.30 P.M., 4 P.M. Freight traiu* will leave City Hall at 12 4i M. Leave White Pinna at fl A. M. The WeatcUe*ter Tniu will atop only, after lea ring the City llall, at the corner of Brooirn- at. and the Bowery Y amhill (Jar len and 27th atreet. An Ettra Car, will precede each Tram ?tii uijjiulra liefure the tune of aUrting from the City Hall, md will ukr up iiaaaeugera along the line. ? ? ? ? ~ . IJ.. .1 ..( \ 1 ,...:_"i* . . r Estra Harlem and Ai?rin*uia"'l'raiu?, for Morriiiaaia and ia 'ennediate plnrea, Leave City Hall for Harlem and Morri?iania,7 A. M., # A. M . luA . M.j 2 P. M., 4.311 P. M Leave Morn* ania for City ILII, 8 A. M? 10 A M., U A. M.. 3 P. M., 5.30 P. M. liy order ol the* Board, nl8 3m*r*c W. H. CARMAN, Secretary.^ Nt)TIi E?On at,d after Wednesday, tf e Ilth inataut, tlv 'J run that Intvca City llill for Har km, at to oiliK'k, A.M., aud lie Tra n 'hat Jetvea llarlem at II o'clock, A. M., for City Hall, w?n tit? uiac ...tiiui'd. New Yo.k, December 12th, 1314. dU lwrc BRITISH AND NORTH ^NlEltl^C AN ROYAL MAIL I Of 1200 ton* and 440 Kara* power each.? Under contract with the Lords of the Ad| ?miralty. IHBERNI A. Capuin Ala.ander Ryrie. CALh.i^tlNIA CaiXain KSward O. Lou. At^AlllA. Captain William Harrison. BUITaNN IA (^jitHiu John Hewitt. CAMKKIA. ..... ..Captaiu C.H. K. Jadkins. Vill *ail Oom Liverpool a?d Boatoo, via. Hajlfai, a* follows! f rom Uoatoo. Krom Liverpool. ( tledona. Lot! Aagtiat 10th. ? Acadia. Htrnaoa. ..Mept. let. Aanst 4th. mhefais, Ryrw ISch. ^ Mtb. rw ?e*aet* carry eiperienced sorgeoai, sad an annilisd t,tL I,.fa MusU rot Ir-Ji*" peaaaf, apoly ?o If. nRIUHAM. Jaa., Anat, U.XS iW s WSI street winter arrajToem^nt: Ua i-ad .torr u e laiof October the cars wil; leavt? P?rrnso? wksot. I Nrw Yoak. In k.ocB A .VL I I o'clock A. M. H? ? ??* 1IH " P.M. t '? P. J I ? U.1 bl'MDATS. t ?adit I o'clock A Ai. | (o'clock A.M. "l M I * P.M. O^notick.^jj 8TATEN ISLAND FERRY. On and after Hunday, Dec. lat, the Boats will leave aa fol llWS, until further notire:? I.EAVk HTATKN ISLAND: l>?. and 10, A M.: I and i?, P M. LKAVK NKW ViiM : ?. and 12, A. M.; IV, and 4'?. P. M On Hunilay* the Boat will leave at II, A. M., is place of 12. n28rc ? Al.l. AND WINTKK ARHANOKMUNT. NEWARK siIVJ) NEW YORK. FAKE ONLY CENTS. fHE NEW ANIi KWIhT HTKAMKH RAINBOW. CAPTAIN JOHN OA*KY7 ON and af>er Heptemb?r 10th will ran daily, aa follow* (Sunday* inrlnded)Leave New ^*t?, ('jot in Centre ?tre?t, I o'clock A. M ? ork, foot of Barclay street, t o'clock P. M. WINTER MA II. LINE KOIl ALBANY, DAB.V, at 1 o'clock, P. M., landing at iater medi?te |d*ce? ah. M^ I.U1.H.MMIA, fapuiis William H. Peak, 'donday, Wedneedar. kriday, ind Bnaday Aftersooos, at S 1'clock The Hteamhoat t'TfCA, f'aptain E. Hyatt, oa Tneaday, 'l'hurwlay end fntnrda? Aftaraoons, at i o'clock. Paaarnger* tnkinr -Jie above line will arrive ia Al r<u>y ia ample tat te tskel the Moraloe Tiaias of Can for Jm eaat or wesc 'i"he boau am new aaa sabataatial. an fkr liahed with aew and elegant stste ronma, sad for spred sad ae ommo4atioas, are aarwrallad on the HtfQaoa Km pasaMia m freiaht. apply 4B board, or to P. C. Bchalta, ?t the Ofllesoa tlie wharf. d^l?_ Change of location. UNITED STATES MAIL LINE BETWEEN NEW fvi r.^ .nail, ni 'r- ?v* "' YORK AND ALBANY. ,, Via Bh I OOKP< ?RT?HOU BATONIC AND WESTERN sRAiLROADH?The .teamhoar*, .KL'REKA, Capt. Trassdeil, sod, NTMiiTnTT^ Broor*. will leave the nier St the foot of Hnae veltetreet, daily, Sunday* esaepted, at A. M. Raturaiug, the Line leavra Albany al 7 A. Al. Alhmy pa*irnjier*, no arriving at Bridgeport, proceed imme liattdy on the Railroad: and, without cliauge of Baggage or Car*, arrive in Albany the ?ame evening. . A Freight Train daily at6)i A. M. Knr luither inforieaiion, both aa to freight and baggage, apply ro a M. PEKKY, Agent, at the oflics, Roaavrlt itnet, or l.iviutiaton, Well* and Pom.-ro) '* Eiureaa office. I Wall atnet. R. B. MASON, Seiwrintendanr, dis lin'm 172 Soath itreet. rtm BATH, OAHDINEK AND IIALLOWKLL. ,M9 00k The new aleamer PENOBSCOT. Captaia ]mSR*|m3*N. Kimball, Intves the end of T wharK Boatoa, Ka3MUK.every Tneaday and Kriday evening*, at S 'elocli Huge* will be in readineaa oa her arrival at the above ? ?e*. to mnvev pvaaewren to the neighboring tnnn. M>R LONDON?Packer ef the HHh' Dec-The M^mprHnr packet *hip WESTMINSTER, iCaptaia 4Mfl?all<ii?y, will po*inve|v tail aa above. rorpaauige, having aplendid *reon*inodatioaa in eabia and atserage, apply to JOHN HEjLD^IAN,

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