Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 23, 1844, Page 1

December 23, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. I., 33?.WlMto !?. S9M. NEW YORK, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 23, 1844 Frtc? Two OmU. Per Adams & Co.'a Kxpresa arrival of the ACADIA AT BOSTON. FIFTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. EXCITEMENT IN ENGLAND AND FRANCE ON H&aAING or THX Election of Polk over Olay. O'CONNELL AGAIN INTHE FIELD Depression In lk? Cotton Market; TROUBLES IN SPAIN AND RUSSIA, &c. &c. The Acadia arrived at Boston, Saturday morning at 8 o'clock, in seventeen days from Liverpool.? The news by her is of little interest. We received our papers by Adams & Co.'s Ex press, at half past six o'clock yesterday morning. We make a part of our summary of news from Wilmer fc Smith's European Times. The Acadia had a very rough passage. On the 12th she was struck by a heavy sea which carried away one of her quarter boats, broke an iron Btancheon, and did other damage. Our advises from London are to the 3d, Liver pool to the 4th, and Paris to the 2d instant. The election of Mr. Polk, as President'of the United States, caused much surprise in England and elsewhere. 1 lie cottoa market was in a very depressed state, and the prices were literally fixed by the purchaser. This was owing to the anxious desire manifested to effect sales. The colonial and general produce markets had been steady, and were likely to be favorably influ enced by the comparatively easy state of the money market. I Trade at Manchester continued brisk, and there I were no stocks either of goods on'yarns; notwith- I standing this was what was termed the dull sea- I boh. I The American Provision trade continued to form I an important branch of commerce, though the U. I States and Canadian flour has hardly supported pre- I vious rates. I The Great Western arrived out on the 23d in 13& I days, and the Hibernia on the 28th, in 12^ days. I The late crop of potatoes in Ireland is foundjto I exceed the produce of any year on record. I *1 he weekly meeting of the Repeal Association, I on the 26th ult., was more than usually animated, I owing to the presence of Mr. O'Connell. I Mr. Richard Leyland, the great Liverpool banker, died on Sunday last at Walton. He died I childless, and his large fortune will be divided I amongst his nephews. I It was said that M. de Logan, recently Consul- I General of France at Tunis, was to go to China as Consul General. I The splendid new steamship Cambria is adver- I tieed lor Boston on the 4th of Jan., 1846. I Tiie uttentiou of the daily press is fixed upon the I termination of the treaty with Brazil, the retalia- I tory process of that country and the consequences I involved in it. I The iron trade is most animated, and even at I this, usually the dullest season of the year. I Freights are much in the same ;tate as at the I sailing of the last packet, somewhat dull, and in the I rates no alteration. I Thorwalden's statue of Bvron, excluded from the I sacred precincts of Westminster, is about to be I erected in the Cemetry of Kensal Green. I The total number of letters dispatched through I the Post Office, London, in 1838, was 75 millions: I in 1843, upwards of 230 millions. I The Rev. Sydney Smith, who has been seriously I ill for some time, is thought to be slowly recover- I ing. I ihe reports that have for some time past prevail- I cd relative to & contemplated change of the minis- I try, have been contradicted from authority. I It is said that the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland has I Renv 1> ^ vacani deanery of Limerick on the Rev. Dr. Wilson, who is a whig, and a decided I supporter of the system of national education Hie grand banquet to Sir Henry Pottingerbvthe I nihC/nstant Llverpool? WM to take I,lac* on the I Tiie parish of Tottenham, London, is in a fer ment, on account of a dispute relative to the restor- I ed observance of the Rubric. w I ^heFrench minister of the interior has just ap pouued a special commission to report on the ad- I , ?y*tern of electrical telegraphs, and I the possibility of their application. ' ,Briti'"h Cabinel. ?? Mid, contemplates a I complete change in the government of India which I Xa directors 'he P0'1"0*1 P?w?: of the ^ast In- I The trench Chambers were to meet on the Mih I s?nir ihe B,i,uh .. accounts from Spain inform us that Martin I h r guer,1'a chicf. had placed himself at tne head ol an insurrectionary movement in Cas- I l and .have arrived from the I United States, as representatives of parties in Ame CdMaLntere"ted in thC comi''etIon ?' 'he Illinois I Airanitation is in progress for the repeal of the malt duties, but it is considered not af all likely to I be successlul. I A v. ry calamitous and destiuctive flood occurred at !? lure nee, in the early nart of the present month. I fTi? ,heriArno r0tteB0 nigh, on Sunday, the 3d, from the hravy rains which fell on that and th^ days, as to inundate two- I thirds of the whole town to many feet in depth. ^sr*n? ttCt ,of piracy was committed in the very 3lta&,hep"n ??? Letters from Alexandria of the 20th state that the Pacha is likely to prove refactory in regard to the proposed railroad across the Desert. I .tI&?5S occasioned by the late inundation " fSPJNBnSKS" wa8at first supposed. ^ veral of the lies* quays were partially undermin Ikhat* state that Abdel Ka derhas taken re luge near Miliana, in that portion I of the country where the authority of the Sultan is I not very firmly established. *, / ????"? ? i Several lns-enions frauds in the importation of I ?larm lo* ikS,'iaHor'nJJSS!h STd ila??ei I A Paris paper alleges that the Progressists con spiracy originated in that city, amongst a bodv of gentlemen who had been instrumental in the ex pulsion of Lsp>irtero from Spain. . The iron trade of Stourbridge is now very flou. rishing, and uli who are inclined to work have full employment. Fat*l Coal-pit Acoibbnt?Loss or Firrv Livks.?-On the 27th ult. there was a loss of fifty lives, by the terrible agency of fire-damp, at ihe SiltT.r-Tl" ,Col!le'7? Neaih. On account of the shattered state oi the works, consequent on the ex plosion, and the noxious effluvia, only four bodies had on that day been taken oui. ol K?frVUUC Y0*"*. ,N UANADA-The Lords ol the 1 reasuryhave given notice of their intention to dispose o^Canada debentures or bonds LVrrr::4 T**0* ?>*0f not ^ than each, ataung the sums proposed to he paid for each AlOO, to be received prior to Friday 1 here are now in the course of erection in Manchester, no fe wer ihan thirteen warehouses a d?7.ea of which may be called first olass build ing* worth on the average ?800 per annum?each n 1S41 2 'whin'thT^' ,h" !? MMe ?' thing. tils hind going on' n?' ' M,,Urjr ,hi"? Tire Indian Mail-?A letter from Marseilles, da ted Nov. 28, says:?"Yesterday the French steam er C&ire entered this port, from Alexandria, which place she quitted on the 20'h. By her we learn (hat on the 20th a telegraphic despatch was receiv ed, annouiyjioe the arrival of the Bombay mail, at Suez, on the 19:h. The steamer Liverpool enter ed the port of Alexandria, to fetch the Indian mail, on the morning of the 20th "Advices from Malta to the 24th Nov. state, that in all probability, 'he.Sydenham, and not the Alec to, will bring the Indian mail to Marseilles." Dr. Wolff is still at Meshed, from which place he was unwilling to proceed till he had received an escort from Col. Shiel, at Teheran. The British Parliament is to meet "for the de spatch of business1' on divers urgent and important affairs, on the 4th of February next, and various speculations are afloat as to the course likely to be pursued by ministers; seeing that they will have an available surplus?a thing unkitowa of late years? in the hands of the Chancellor of the Exchequer. There is still a dearth of political news on this side the Atlantic?and in the absence of any actu al occurrence to excite the public interest, we are driven to surmise and speculation. All seems either at a stand, still, or working so easily that the movement is scarcely perceptible. Even the royal preparations are suspended, and the Queen is either entertaining her distinguished relatives, and attending personally to the duties ol maternity at Windsor Castle, or making prepara tions for the enjoyment of the rapidly approaching festive season of Christmas. Great Banking?House Robbbry.?One of the greatest robberies ever perpetrated, occurred on the night of Sunday last, at the London Banking house of Messrs. Rogers Jc Co. Whether con sidered with reference to the amount of property? ?40,000 - or to the manner in which its abstraction was accomplished, this even stands foremost in the transactions of daring villainy. We beg to direct the especial attention of our readers on the American Continent to this affair, says Wilmer and Smith's Timet. As the facilities of steam navigation render the robber's craft comparatively aasy in distant parts of the world, it is the duty ol every man in business?of every honest man, to intercept the purloined booty, and bring if possible the perpetrators to justice. It is customary for a clerk to watch over the safe on Sun day, and another during the night. One of the partners being at home on the day of the robbery, the clerk in attendance asked permission to gef out for a few hours, which was granted. The partners of whom there are four, have each a key of the safe, and it is supposed that one of them in the hurry of business left it in ih* lock, for when the safe was opened on the Mon day morning, there appeared to have been no vio lence used, although the robbers had taken some pains to get at a box in the safe containing valua ble securities. A reward of ?3000 has been offer ed for the discovery of the perpetrators, and the Queen's pardon is secured to any of the robbers mving sftch evidence as may convict the offenders. The notes were stopped at the Bank of England, and measures were taken to prevent the notes from passing on the Continent. Expatriated Canadians.?The packet ship Switzerland, which sailed on Friday last for New York, t^ok out upwards of thirty persons concern ed in the Canadian riots of four years past, who had been transposed to New South Wales, they having, after undergoing a portion of the punish ment, received an amnesty from the Crown. Commercial Summary.?The colonial and gene ral produce markets have been steady, and are likely tb be favoratly influenced by ihe compara tively easy state of the money market. Consider ing the time of the year, the business doing has, however, been extensive, though a fair amount of outness has been transacted, at previous prices, for the most part all for home consumption, and by public Bale. Our imports have been light, and chiefly trom the Baltic; exi>oits very slender. The stocks of produce in first hands is generally very large, and there is not much business advertised onward Charge of Mutiny on Board an American Vessel ?On Tuesday. Wm, Whittakerand Jamec Elliott (were brought before Mr. Rushton, at the Police?court on a charge of mutinous conduct on board a vessel iu the American trade, ? l?d , the Jersey Tar. The testimony of John M'Kane, the captain, and EliasLessueur, the mate, supported by that ol Captains Alexander and Bailey, the commanders of English vessels, who were present at the time, showed that while the ship wat lying at Trieste, the two prisoners fell upou the mate and beat him seriously, and upon Captain I M'Kaoe interfering they also struck him. The men were afterwards taken before the civil authority of the port, and sent home in irons on board their own vessel. Mr. Rushton hignly complimented the captain for his temperate and forbearing con duct; the evidence scarcely established the charge of mutinous intention, but tor the assault he ordered that the prisoners should forfeit all their wages, and each pay a fine of ?5, or, in default, to be im prisoned two months. A letter from Naples, of November 5, in Oalig nam, says?"The famous volcano of the Valley of Solfatara, near Pazzoli, in the kingdom of Naples, of which the last eruption took place in 1198, bui which sent up in 1807 quantities of boiling water, has been for some days exhibiting the last men tioned phenomenon. The water which it now emits is strongly charged with sulphur. It issues from the eastern crater in jets of about fifteen to twenty feet high." Attempt to Poison.?A wonderful account ap Etars in one of the Paris journals of an attempt aving been made to poison the Earl of Pembroke by a pretty dantttue with whom his Lordship was on somewhat intimate terms, nnd to whom he had pronlised a legacy on his death. The young lady, it is said, mixed poison with some drinks that she prepared for his Lordship, in order that by his txtl from this wicked world, she might come into the enjoyment of the promised legacy. The Noble Lord being taken ill, had his suspicions aroused, and accordingly caused an examination to be made of one of the draughts which the young damsel had prepared for his noble throat, and there, sure enough, were found some grains of deadly poison. Accounts from St. Petersburg speak of a com mercial treaty for which negociations are on foot between Russia and England. These negotiations are jaid to be in a very advanced state, so that the conclusion of the treaty may be shortly expected There are only some differences on a few points, which, it is thought, will be soon adjusted. The comparative merits of canal and railway communication across the Isthmus of Suez are warmly canvassed by the French and English I journals. The French are unanimous in favor ol a ship-canal; the English (or at least such of them as have taken up the subject) appear to be equally unanimous in favor of a railway. Which would be the best we cannot undertake to say without further information?we should think however the canal would be preferable, though if the sends are likely to cover the rails and obftruct the engines on a railway, they are just as likely to fill a canal and obstruct the navigation. A Delinquent Caught in America.?John For rester arrived in London oa Friday, with Burgess, the Bank defrauder, whom the keen-scented offi cer had hunted down and captured near Boston. They came over in the Hiberma. On Saturday morning John Forrester, by the di rection of Mr. Charles Freshfield, waited upou the Governor of the Bank of England, and put into his hands the sum of ?6500, part of the ?8000 of which the establishment had been plundered by Elder and Burgess. It is expected that upwards ol ?1000 more, the produce of some stock which El der had purchased, will be brought over in the next packet from Boston This case in a remarkable manner shows the efficacy of the Ashbnrton Treaty. There i? no instance of such wholesale restitution in a case wbich the thieves managed to reach another country as this. Tiib First Bishop or New Brunswick.?The Rev. Prebendary Medley, Vicar of St. Thomas's, in the diocese of Eyde, has received the sppoini ment to the bishopric about to be conatituted in the province of New Brunswick, in North Ameri ca. This appointment, while it reflects honor up on the reverend prebendary, will ensure to th* church in this important colony the vigilant and efficient superintendence of one eminently calcu lated, by his zeal, ability, and learning, to dia charge the exalted function to whieh he has been called. American and other Foreign Lead?The Lords of the Treasury having had under consider Hon a memorial, have granted leave to take litharge of lead out of bond for the purpose of extracting silver therefrom, under the following regulations, that an equal quantity of lead be required to be re turned, without allowance for waste, and that the re-ware housed lead be held to be foreign lead, *nd treated as such, as fully if it were lead which had remained in the warehouse from the time ol its being landed from the importing vessel, until die time of its shipment for exportation. American ?The late importation ol American candles by the New York packet-ship England, at Liverpool, said to be a novelty at that port, is not so at the port of London. For a const derable time past the Loudon and New York line of packet ships have been in the habit of bringing large quantities of American composition candles, which, on being landed, are immediately placed in bond tor exportation. A merchant has informed us that several ships which lately sailed lrom the docks lor India, China, and oiher ports, were sup plied with this descriptipn of candles, and that the importers, alter paying freight, &c. realised a pro fit of 2J per lb. The American Coniui. in Liverpool?The new ! American consul, the Hon. Mr. White wa>?, on Friday week, presented to the Chamber of Com I merce, at the Adelphi Hotel, and ulterwards par I took ot a splendid luncheon wilh the genilemeu assembled. Kiigll^i Opinion of Polh'i Election. The following are the remarks of the Tendon Timet in announcing the intelligence:?This nom ination ol the Presidential electors has just been completed, und it appears to leave no doubt as to the triumph ol the Democratic party, and ot their candidate Mr. Polk. The surprise, and we must add, the apprehensions and regret,which this event will produce in Europe, are increased by the tact that it is the great States of New York, Pennsyl vania, a lid Virginia, which have turned the scale. Far from exercisiug that moderating power, and, it we may so speak, cf anything in America, that Conservative influence which might seem to be long to their position, their wealth, their mercan tile interests, and their exemption lrom slavery, Pennsylvania has in this insiance obeyed the same influences, which have already connected her name with bankruptcy and auarchy, and New York has ^ followed her example. P Of Mr. Polk we know nothing, except that he has achieved atriumoh over the most able and re spected man in the Union, although he was scarce ly more known iu thit Union a lew months ugo, 1 tnan he now is in Europe. He has not been cho sen for his past services, or hispoliticalexpenence, or for civil eloquence, or for military tame ; tor these qualities would doubtless long ngo have brought him wi hin our notice, it he had possessed them or any of them. But the less of personal ' greatness or influence he could boast of, the better was he fitted to answer the expectations ot his ad herents. Whatever he may turn out to be heresl ter, we can only judge ot him at present as the de I legate or instiument of ihe passions by which he haB been thus strangely raised into this conspicu ous position. As such, then, we must remark with no ordinary concern, that with the single ex ception ot the tarifl question, on which he is pledged to a more Ubeial commercial policy than his opponent, bis election to this important olftce is the triumph ol everything that io worst over eve rv thing that is best in the United States ol Amen oa It is a victory gained by the south over the north,?by the slave States over the free?by the repudiating StateB over the honest ones?by the partisans of the annexation ol Texas over its op ponents?but the adventurous and unscrupulous de mocracy of the new States, and the loreign popu lation in those States, over the more austere and , dignified Republicanism ol New England. No one inEurope has failed to observe the rapid decline ot the United States in public morality and in nublic estimation, in their policy and their prin cipies as a nation, and in all that renders a people permanently strong and prosperous, during the last ew vears, and more especially during the aociden al administration of Mr. Tyler. The deaths General Harrison was, indeed, in more ways than one a national, and more than a national, calami. iy. but we had not ceased to entertain the hop. that the party whifh brought him into office tour vears ago would now be strong enough to carr> Mr. Clay's election. It appears that the evil hat ilready gone too far. By pandering to the passion ol the populace, Mr. Tyler has not only let loot*, but instigated the worst tendencies of democracy To his treaty with Texas, which drove Mr. Van Buren from the field, Ml Polk may be said toowe nis election. Until that question was brought ior ward, the name of Polk was unknown except ai Almack's. The Whig candidate has peruhed n the attempt to stem this fierce current of miscre dited popular excitement. The Whig party have been beaten, when everything depended on the possibility of restoring moderation and probity to the Government of the country by their influence; and,it is scarcely too much to say,that Texas has Hl- ( I ready given aPresidt ntto the Union. If Mr.Poik ad here to the piedgea uuder which his electors are likely to raise him to the chair, he is pledged to a loreign war. The grounds on which Gen. Jackson and his friends have given their support to Mr Polk ure belore the world ; and we have already combated their arguments and their assumptions They amount to the strongest expressions of hosti lity against the supposed influence and designs el Great Britain on the North American continent; ind either the means they have used to gain the popular suffrages are as insincere ?sthey are false, or they hold that the acquisition ofTexas, l>y arms if necessary, is the first duty of a President o the Uuited States. They can hardly escape lrom he (iilemma in which they stand between ex cessive rashness and excessive deceit; but wr cannot expect that they will have the enejgy or the power, any more than Mr. Tyler hot had them, to resist or control the popular excite ment which has brought them into office It has been observed by the most judicious c* server of the^natitutions of the United States, M. de Tocqueville, that poiuical parties in America rally round an individual as the symbol of their own theories; and that parties are strongly interested in the election, not so much with a view to the ttiumph of their principles under the auspices of the Presi dent elect, astoshow by the majority which return ed him, the strength ol the supporters ol those prin ciples II must not be presumed that the success ol the democratic party on this occasion is so complete ? at once to have decided in their favor all th great questions of domestic and foreign policy. 11 the election of a President irrevocably decided the polioy ot a United States Government lor the nrxi four years, the country would be not only agitated but convulsed by such a content. But the strict li mitations imposed by the constitution on the power of the chief magistrate, and more especially the control exercised by the Senate of the United Staie? over his relations with loreign powers, render the triumph let* signal and the danger less imminent Be the indiscretion of a President what it may, he ran scarcely plunge the country into war or confu aion as long as the Senate remains faithful to iU trust What,therefore,we chiefly deplore on the pre sent occasion is, the defeat of those men who were most able and mostwilling to have labored to re | store the financial and political credit of their country; who, if they were unable to shake oil the curae ol slaver/, would at least have Btriven to prevent the consequenceB of slavery from becom ing the guiding and general law ol the public po licy of the Union; who would have abstained from rapine, maintained peace, and adhered to the doc trines which once shed honor on the characters ol American statesmen. Clay and Webster are still entitled to that name; but the time is past when they could guide the destinies of their country, and by casting them ofl in the hour of trial, the people of the United States have only rendered the vices of their present condition more conspicuous, and prepared the way for the increasing evils and ex cesses ol their future career. The contest for the Presidency,esteemed so doubt ful, is decided?we may almost say unexpectedly; in taror ct Polk, foremost in whose policy are the annexation of Texas to the United States, the sup port of the institntion of slavery, and, to use his own words, "such a tarifl for revenue us w;II vield a sufficient amount to the Treasury as will defray the expenses of Government, economically administered." Other questions are likewise in volved in this decision given by the citizens ol the Uhited States?the bank question, the distribution of the surplus revenue, affecting the repudiating States, Native Americanism, and other minor mat tors. According to the TV#to York Htrald, the tanft may be somewhat modified at next session, though i it never can be essentially altered; no dis tribution can take place for the present; new nog nations mav be opened for the annexation ot Texas, oat as the Senate will be whig for two years at least, nothing can be done effectually as regards hat matter for ome time to come This journal rewards the whig party as utterly and lor ever dis banded, and conceives that on their ruins will ?wins up the American Republicans. In another Article it reviews the effect of the election upon the | repudiating States in respect of the settlement id he negative of the question ot distributing the sur plus revenue among the States?a measure of great I importance both to this coustry and to the United States; and considers it a result most fortunate for the character of the country and the prospects ol i the stockholders, as compelling them to depend I solely upon themselves in order to redeem then 1 character. It conceives that a moral feeling will 1 flow be awakened throughout the Unioa, which will operate so powerlully us to lead to the adoption ?f an honest and upright course. Why this rsfor mutton in moral leeling is to be, we are not in lormed. We wish it were true. . The total number of electoral votes is 27o : an?i the number necessary to elect 189 If Polk but requires to carry one State of not less than seven 1 votes, and there are four such, ke is elected The frhig organs, generally, treehr acknowledge the dafsat of thai* party, tad satk for its oausesia what is designated ** the naturalization of tor eignersfor the occasion." The Herald explains it? " Thus at la.? have the demociacy baa a mighty triumph?but their victory arises as much (rom the folly of their opponents, as from their own merits andexertions. The leading Whigs in Congress, out of spite to the south, agitated uu abstract ques tion for years past?a question which has resulted tn the organization of the abolition party in the free States ; and this party, assisted by Mr. Clay's own friends, have destroyed all his chance of suc cess. The American Republicans, recently organ ized here and elsewhere, came to his rescue at the eleventh hour, but it was too late to save him." [From the London Morning Chronicle.] The abolition tendencies of the Whigs alarmed them more thau the anti-tarifi leanings of their opponents ; and ihe re?ult was, the preference ol Polk by a majority of 6,000. '1 his was a terrible damper, and had its effect upon the all-important election of New York, which state returns nearly one-seventh of the number of delegates, lu vain did tidings arrive that the state of Ohio, which is the third in importance, had triumphantly returned Whig delegates, with a threat increase of voteB. lu New York city Clay had iudeed a respectable

majority ; but in the western districts the Loco Foeo interest prevailed, and carried every tiling before it. It is said, that whilst the anti-abolition isis ot Pennsylvania opposed Clay us a foe to slavery, the abolitionists of New York opposed him also as but lukewarm in the cause. Certain letters ot his, indeed, betrayed a wavering on the subjcct of Texas. The election of Virginia, and of curse of all the southern states, went in favour of Polk, and the result is his certain election. Throughout the struggle it is to be. remaiked how much more uuited and able the men and the interests of the south have shown themselves than the men and interests of the north. In the slave holding states there is no hesitation, no division, no splitting of hairs and dispersion into parties. All vote as one man for the principle which is by them cherished above all others. In the middle state, the support ers at once of Democracy and slavery showed more addreEs,if the Whigs displayed better oratory ThepartizanB of Mr. Polk fully succeeded in per suading the manufacturers ot Pennsylvania that he was a sufficiently btaunch prohibitionist. In New York, on the contrary, where lay the true strength of the Whigs, we see that strength frittered away and noutraiisrd. The native Americans had dis gusted the Irish narty, whilst the loo prudent de nunciation ot Texas annexation offended the sticklers for national spirit and national glory, who in the north cry out for conquests, even although that conquest should but increase the slave-holding states ol the south. Althongh the election of Polk cannot but be tavourable to the resuscitation ol principles of tree trade in America, nevertheless ihis is counterbalanced liy other and great disad vantages He has succeeded, in a great measure, by the cry ot Texas annexation. Mow ti.nt he has succeeded, he cannot play Peel?he cannot prove inconsistent and ungrateful; and he will liud in Mr. Calhoun a ready and an able ministerial instrument. Bui at the same time,the movements of Mr. Polk, unlets neshould turn out a very superior man,will be very much hampered by the divergent viewsof the different fractions of the party which has elected him; and he may prove little able to effect either of the measures expected of him?the annexation or the repesl ot the tariff. Should this be the case, it will not be the first time that a President of the Ifnited States has turned out the very contrary ot what those who voted for him expected. [From the London Spectator ] There is nothing surprising in the result of the Presidential election in the United States. It ii i erely n repetition of what haB happened at every election since 1H00 The democratic mass has ob 'ained another victory over theDoctnnairesof Ame rica Since the recognition of American indepen dence in Great Britain, there has alwayr i leen a Doctrinurie party in the union; it i lias been almost a hereditary party. Ham ilton was in a manner its founder; the tw< Adamses have been its principal ornaments It has enrolled under its banners a decided msjori- i ty of the public men of the union, who, born to i> competency, have enjoyed a systematic education 1 and opportunities of cultivating re fined tastes, li | Uas been an intelligent and on the whole an honor able party?rather sceptical, the nitnral tendenc) of men of the world, us to the perfectibility ot mai. or the wisdom and virtue of the masses?with n good deal ot knowledge, a great deal ot fastidious nets, and not a little pedantry. This patty has from its character been more powerful in coteries than with the public. It has had too much faith in ab ^tractions and precedents to know and control ac tual circumstances; its little airs of superior refine ment and learning have alienated and disgusted the great body of electors. It has called itself fed eralists at one time and whig at another; but it fine still been the same unchanged and unchangeable party, the counterpart of the Gironde or the Doc trtnairesol France?of the "Liberal Whigs" oi "ihe Educated Radicals" of England. Opposed to this party of men made by schools and colleges, has always been the great democra tic mass, which feels rather than thinks?which needs men?leaders us the exponents and visibW -?ymbols ot principles. When the Union has hac a statesman ot commanding character, this sen tient body has been guided bv bit* wilt. So wnnii in the times of Jefferson, ot Madison, of Monroe. When such a master-mind was not to be had, the democracy has been split into sectarian worship pers of a number of local leaden?provincial great men. But even when the mass has been thus taken at a disadvantage, the Doctrinaires have rare I) if ever been able to make good use of it.? Somehow or other the bellwethers of the flock have agreed to cede their claims in favor ot one j of their number; or their follower* have been in duced to desert them for a time in favor ot some man of straw, till that moment unheard of. The democratic maes is the field,which yields a har vest to experienced political traders?the Doctri naires are too sensihle to be used by them, and too supercillious to nse thenr; and the political traders, by appealing to the public sentiment of the mo ment, carry the day. * * * * The moral of these events seems to be, that tha most carelul education and best opportunities ot telf.tuition cannot compensate for the want of the vivida vit, which enables men to command their ir-llows; that this inbetn force is of comparatively little value without education: and that where men born and bred to command are not to be had, people will put up with any b'ock rather than take an artificial imitation of them. Jefferson, Madi son, and Monroe, and even Washington, were by circumstances and education ef the same class as the Doctrinaires; but they had a natural power within them, wanting which all the accomplish ments of the latter have not be.-n sufficient to en able them to take the lead. Jackson was ot the million; he had ihe native energy, but wanted th? nrental cultivation, so that his public career has been neither useful nor ornamental And the histories of Van Buren and Tyler afford nothing more than exemplifications ot the kind of blocks that the million will fall down ttnd worship rather than desert uu idolatry of its own will. [From the London Esasnlner ] It is made a reproach in freedom, that it states where it is developed, and where sovereignty or ministerial power is elective, mediocrity is as much enabled to dominate and prevail over real talent as in states of monarchic and aristocratic institu tions. There are other modes, however, of ac counting for the examples from which the conclu sion is drawn, than by supposing that the people themselves always prefer the mediocre to the supe rior, or the empty to the tull head. In all great liberal parties or opinions there are necessarily frac tions and divergent interests. If, in order to the success of the liberal party in general, all are ob liged to unite, and unite by a compromise, it be comes impossible or difficult that the leading men of any one taction can be accepted as the represen tative by the other. All that is letl, therefore, is to select a man of small eminence and no prece dents, to whom, none ot the fractious can have a I decided otyection. Such is the history of the choice of Mr. Polk as their candidate for the Pre ? -tidency by the Convention ot all the members ot the democratic party of America which met a< Baltimore. The more eminent leaders of the more liberal party in America had some taint, or disad vantage, which would have jeopardised theirselec tion. Van Buren had too o|>enly affronted the popular ardor f?<r annexing Texas: Mr. Calhoun,as 4 slave holder, waa odious to the abolitionists; General Cass and Mr. Tyler had striven for popu larity, but so recklessly that they lost the counte nance of rational and substantial men. And it is b very good sign in the United States to see how easily mere tools and talkers sre shelved and set 4side. Another thing to be admired in the United States is the discipline of party. Had the Liberal of England or ? f France to fight such an electors battle as the Liberals of America have just won, they would have been beaten and dispersed to th? winds tor want of discipline and common under standing Let us not, therefore, be loo ready to cast contumely on the Americans ior having elect ed " one Mr. Polk." There is more tor us to envy or to imitate than to dispise, in the party manoeuvre* Md nunifi*"' of ths Americans. [From the London Economist ] Mr. Polk has secured the support of all ?J*o* whose intercourse with this country is render d possible by the State of our laws Mr. P0'*" y his advocacy ot a free commercial policy, tially reprt sents the feelings of the great southern States?the producers ot cotton, rice, and tobacco. He has also secured large majorities in the States ot Pennsylvania and New York, by which it is evident that the great mercantile interests ot those States are superior to the manufacturing and agri cultural'iniertsis, which combined in support of Mr. Clay. U was with regard to these two States that the grwatest doubt urevailed, and on the result of which the election chiefly depended. We weie much struck by the strong appeal which Mr. Web ster made at a recent meeting at Philadelphia, to the vaned interests of manufacturers, miners and others suppo^d to be deeply interested in the high taritl in favor ot protection to home industry; and yet, when the latest intelligence left, this Slate t-howed a majority tor the tri e trade ot 4W>8, and the State of New York of 9021. . The most striking rtsult, however, is that ot the State of Ohio Tins is the great wheat-growing ritate of the Union. It is the State which, above all oilieis, tins the deepest direct interest in re ceiving the cheap nidiiuliicturea of England. Hut the iieoplH ol Ohio have long held this language to Enulaud, " Your cheap manufactures would no doubt be a great advaot.ige to us, it we had the meaus to purchase them, but us long as you refuse a market tor our corn, 111 exchange for your cloth and ironware, their cheapness and superiority are mutter ot no object to us. You invite us to buy, but are unwilling to take the only means we have ot payment. You exclude us trom supplying the artizans in England with ourpioduce, who would be employed in what we require; and we have, therefore, no choice but to support that policy which will induce those nrtizans to remove to this country?that that exchange, which is at present impossible, may become possible, though on terms less profitable to either party." Such has been the language of Ohio, and with such feelings the great wheat-growers ol America support by a large ma jority the candidate who is pledged to the policy which will exclude the goods of England. [From Charles "Wilmer'i News Letter, Dec. 4.] The probable election of Mr. Polk, as President of the United Statqs, has been a fruitful theme ot discussion for the British and French prints, all of which express much surprise that Mr. Clay should be shelved for a person compnratively unknown to lame. Some laughingly observe that the Polk a m'inia which has been running through Germany, Suain, France and England, has at length got to the United States. Generally they indulge a hope that he will be favorable to 4lie modification of the i, but they seem to know very little about him to be unable to predict his probable policy.? result of the election is regarded as of more rtunce to foreign countries, but especially and, than any that has taken place for some j on the other aide ot the Atlantic. [From the Liverpool Mail, Nov. 30 ] citizen of the name ot Polk?a man unknown me?hnsbeen virtually elected President of Jnited States of America, thereby defeating ire tensions of Mr. Henry Clay. Mr. Polk,who 1 on the loco-foco or rabble interest, has de id himself favorable to the annexation ot Texas e federal union, to tlavery, and a modified [. Mr. Clay is what the Americans call a ig," ail anti-slavite, a man of peace, favorable stiff'tariff, heavy customs, and unbounded pro on to American manutectures. How he came i beaten is lather curioua. . le not fraudulent, principle upon which American constitution is tounded, is year by sinking the republic deeper in the mire. For mce, it is the luw there that every foreigner i comeB has it in his power, by means of a de ution, to become a free citizen, and vote in the tiona. The Americans thought this wise po at the commencement of their independence, he principle that having stolen the property ol r king, they had an equal right to steal his or other king's subjects, ft is an adage that ?n property never thrives?never, in the end, efits the thief; and the Americans have a ;th discovered this to be a fuct. For many is, tenB of thousands of Irishmen, Germans, es, and other foreigners, have landed on then res, a vast proportion ot them in rugs, hungry, homeless, ready, ot course, t#? work, beg,fight, lo any thing for a dish of potatoes, a slice ot ipkin pie, and a draught of sour cider. Thes. (i have become electors; and they are not onl; nidahle in point of nurf>bers, but, what is mon he purpose, every man's vote is worth trom ten ifteen votes in all the laige towns. They con nently carry all the elections, Dy force and 'be native Americans, of the more reputable 88, complain of this, and lament it. It ib lament e indeed?it is disgraceful?it isdemoralizing they have no right *.o comnlain, for they or their lers framed the code of laws under which this ainy, in the first place, and canker vvorm now 8 introduced into the republic They deeply ferl evil, but we are afraid they have not the cour s, if they have the power, to provide a remedy le only effectual cure would be to pass a law thai ne shall be allowed to exercise the political fran ise who cannot prove that they are natural born izens ol the United States. This,of course,would use a commotion?a *on ol Jrijtii rebellion?per pa some burning and bloodshed. But until some ?h law is passed, the renublic will coutinue to k in the estimation of all intelligent men, and pome more and more odious in the eyes of the , ,rld. Mr. Clay was universally respected by the better rtion ot the Americans, ss a man of moderate inions,excellent business habits, and conciliato manners. Besides, he was well knewn in Eu pe, has long been before the public, an active lisla'or, and chastened by years and experience, ho Mr. Polk is we may gue s Irom his supporters e evidently belongs to the Jackson and slave lac >n oi the south, whose unconcealed designs upon -xasuie for the purpose of manulacfuring two oi ore states out ot that envied territory, and turn g the balance in favor ol the Blave-ownera, both the House of Representatives and in the Senate, he and his party are bent upon wresting Texas r such a purpose, it can only be done at the ex ?nse. ot a doubtlul war, for which we suspect.the public can ill spare the means. Belore any dol rs are expended upon an invasion and robbery ol lis kind, we would suggest the propriety of first tying their European creditors. [From the Dublin Freeman'* Journal, Nov. 30.] The Great Western, which arrived in Liverpool bout midday on Saturday, brings intelligence ot te utmost importance to those who teel interested i the concerns of America. The election of th? emocratic candidate, Mr. Polk, wan secured at le date of the advices brought by this packet.? o many of the atate retains had gone in tavorol ihi gentleman's party, that even should nil thos. rhicn remained vote lor Mr. Clay, they could noi hange the final result. Intact, before this time, ?oik has been named the future President ot th? Jnited States, and Clay, the. ablest man ainongsi ne whig party, defeated under circumstance* tie most extraordinary which have ever ac ompnnied any previous Presidential election ? t will not be forgotten that the last election for 'resident passed in favor of a Whig, General llar ison. Many causes combined to make his pariy iold the preponderance they then acquired. There cas the patronage of the government, which al ways secures friends. There was the aversion if the northern Stales to a modification of the ariff to which it was supposed the Democratic ?irty stood pledged, and this seemed to the tVhigs the whole influence those slates could wield There was the weight of the anti-slavery party, vhich, with singular infelicity, opposed the can lidate for President who was most favorable to he Irish residents in the Union, while they laimed the support of every Irishman in ths move nent by wbioh they seek to give effect to their irinciples. These men supported Clay, though hi ? as much an advocate ot the " ins ttutiou" which lerpetuates slavery as Polk. Again, all thost tvhoee sentiments were, oppoied to the " annexe non" ot Texas joined the whigs; ai d worst ant! mot of all the whigs themselvespropos'd and effect i?d a junction with the "native American' part) wherever those assassinators oi Irishmen ano church wreckers had existence. The Americai whigs in this election have identified themselves with those who cry out " no Popery who deem it a work of merit to shoot the " Papists." and art convulsed with rage that any man of Irish birth should presume to exercise the franchise in those nates whose liberties wonld never have been con nuered or perpetuated but for the Irishmen win bled for America trom Bunker's Hill to New Or k We cannot but look upon this election, there fore, aa fortunate, if not providential The "nn tiv* Americana" hnvf bern ngnally diwortinitfo md the Whigs, who not alone accepted, but wh? courted a participation in ih? ir deep and inde iblt .fi^race, nave received a defeat the most disas trous that ever betel a party. But what makes thi> result more acceptable to the feelings ot the friendt ot Ireland is, that the deleat is owing tothe hWW which the combination of Whigs and Natives Inspirsd is Psn*sylYani?? when thair atrocitiss, as their principles, were best known, and where the Whig candidate has been defeated on thin occasioa by a much larger majority man that which sup ported the preteusions of General Harrison in the election ot 1840. [From Wilmerli Hmith'i Time*,Dee. 4] The "Great Western," last week, brought the intelligence of the election ot Mr rolk, aa Presi dent of the Uniied States. A different remit bad been anticipated. A struggle so momentous must have important conseque nces, and accordingly,the subject lias been viewed and analysed in every pOMlble {igbt and shape by the English press. Re publicanism in eveiy phase, democratic influence** with all their advantages and drawbacks, the suc cess and otherwise of the great North American family experiment, since it cut all connection witb John Bull, and set up house-keeping on us own ac count?all these topics have passed in review, and have been treated at great length, with much abi lity, and, generally speaking, with candor during the last tew days. No country in the world puz zles the political economists and the speculators in abstract theories, so much as the United States.? It is an enigma; people here see the Union daily going ahead, increasing in all the elements of na tional prosperity, abounding in all that constitutes wealth and greatness, and yet hardly a day passes that its speedy ruin is not predicted. "It cannot possibly liang together," exclaims one?and the slavery of the south is referred to. "it contains within its bosom the elements of dissolution," cries another? aud the array of races and sects against each othrr in the great cities of the north is pointed out. "A people that are too dishonest to pay their debts, can never command r< pect, or become permanently happy and prosperous," shouts a city usurer, as he buttons up his greasy breeches pockets, and snaps the finger of scorn at Pennsyl vania, and her half score repudiating siaters.? Reasons are as plentiful as blackberries why Ame rica cannot llourish or endure; but, there stand* the undeniable fact, staring the logicians and po litical economists in the (ace, that she does thrive, and that every move hitherto taken by her people has been onward ; that every man in the towns is an independent citizen, and every man in the country, an independent farmer; that tqualid mis ery ana death from starvation?unhappily no novel ties in England?are unknown on the other side of of the Atlantic, where destitution, unless produc ed by intemperance or by idleness, has no exis tence. Mr. Polk's success has not been favorably re ceived in England. He is a new man?bw name is strange to our ears, as, until recently, it was to those of his own countrymen?and ine English love not new names nor new men. His success has been mainly secured by the annexation cry? an unpopular cry on this side of the Atlantic, as it is associated with slavery and its evils. He owe* it to the combined support of the repudiators of the north, and the planters of the south?an omi nous alliance. Finally, as the distribution of the proceeds from the public lands is not within the compass cf his policy, the holders of the tainted bond* sec no chance of touching their dollars.? Nevertheless, a large party?the free trade party ?rejoice at Polk's election, because they believe he will popularize the tariff, and place the com merce ef the two countries on a more liberal aad satisfactory basis?if he can. French Opinions of Polk's Election. The Paris papers are full of remarkson the newly elected President of the United States. The Jottr nal dei Dtbuti is by no means satisfied with tbe turn the election has taken. "It the definitive re sult," says the Debati, "should confirm our present impression, and it is not easy to doubt it, the elec tion of Mr. Polk is certain, and we thus see the di rection of public affairs, at a moment when it re quires the most consummate experience, pass from the most capable hands into those of an itnprovim candidate, ot whom the bfBt that Ian be said is, that he is 'a remarkable mediocrity."' It then goes os to show the state of the votes in favor of the two candidates, and having shown that the re .-uIt must be in favor <f Mr. Polk, it concludes? " 1'he result will he to give the ascendant to the ra dical pan y ; that is to Bay, to a party which its very essence renders unfit tor the re-establishment of order, and the consolidation of a society which is ? t <he present moment shaken to lis very founda tions. i ne Opposition popers, on the contrary, rejoice at the success of Mr Polk The Pttut declares, that although it does not usually mix itself np wi.h the domestic politics <>f foreign countries, it can not help congratulating France upon the failure of Mr. Clay, and the success of Mr. Polk. It says that Mr. Clay had worked hard to establish the American system of tariffs, which has been ex tremely injanous 10 several of the productions of France, and that if he had been elected, that tariff would no doubt have been maintained, and per itups aggravated; but that, under tbe presidency of \lr. hopes torn modification ot the system, which will be favorable to France, especially as Mr. Polk has shown a disposition to lower the ta riffs, and has even given promises to tnat effect to lis own party. The decision of both England and America on the two great questions of Texas and Oregon will be looked forward to, says the trtm, with great anxiety by the whole political world. Ireland. The usual weekly meeting ol the Repeat Asso ciation, wan held on Tuesday, at the Conciliation flail, Dublin. The chair was taken by Maurice O'Connel, M. P. The business of the day was very miacellaneoua, ind O'Connell made several speeches; having lirot donned a new crown-ahaped cap ol velvet ana /old. He alluded cxultuigly to the municipal flections, declaring that the Repealers had behaved " in the noblest way." He then read a letter Irom Dr. Blake, the Roman Catholic Bishop ol Dromore, to Mr. Rav congratulating hun on the resumption <?f hiM public labours; avowug the conviction ? hat every energy ought to be directed, in a con stitutional and legal manner, to attain the "one ?reat paramount object," a domestic legislature ; and increasing his annual subscription to the llepeal rent Iroin JCI to ?3, irrespectively of the shilling a week which he pays to the local collec tion of rent in Newry. Tho LiimiuToft beggod to band in jCI, which he bad tot from the Hev. J K. Moriarty, Super or ol the Augui tuiian Onler, in tha United States? (cbeera ) He could not hand In that mm without expreaiiag bis regret at ?*ing his Reverend nnd esteemed friend, Mr. Moriarty, in thif country. His regret was not occasioned by a ?ant of personsl regard for bim. quite the contrary; but he regretted the occurrence of the events that compelled aim to comitamongst them, to endeavor to raise a fond (or the purpeae of building a Catholio Church in Phila delphia? (Hear, hear ) The public were generally aware that atrocities unpsralleled in civilsed times?that hor rorithst made men sshamcd of belongisg to human na ?ur??hsd been perpetrated in Philadelphia by "the na lives"ngainit the Catholic inhabitants of Philadelphia, A-ithout provocation on any occasion, or withouttbepre ??nee of provocation. On the flrit occasion thev held a i meeting, sndenteied into resolutions against the Irish, ?nd as the Iriihmen allowed them to proceed peaceably, hey moved an adjournmvnt into the Iriih quarter?they went to look for a riot, arid whoever wrnt amongst Irish man to look for s riot wsi apt to find one- (laughter.)? \nd it he did not find one he would make one. They moat brutally, barbarously, and treachrrously obtained from ha lri?h their armii, and then destroyed two of tha Irish Catholic, churchei in that town On ths ik at occasion, on tha 4th of July, tha celebration of the independence of Amsrics, without Die lesit pretence, this brutal and bar barous mob attacked the Iriih, got the sutborities to ro quire of thn Irish to give up their sdnn, on receiving pro. wise* of protection . but the moment the arms were gives ip they wrecked the Catholic chnrch, though they did not burn it. (Mesr) Tha Americans v ere said to be a proud people?they were a base people, for not procaring ome kind of protection for th" peaceable portion of the Inhabitants, and check the horrible spirit ol religions and national bigotry and funst islam?the worst ? pec tea ol fa 'lBticmra-that prevailed there. Ma believed in the hlatory of religion there wss no insttneeofs Catholic people com mtting acts of cruelty sgslnst personsprofsssing a different jlth There were certainly unfortunate instances of Ca ?tiolic tovtreignu pesairg peisecubng Iswi. K.r gland al lorded an unhappy evidence of that. They could not for est wbst hsd hspnened in England in the reign of Wuaen Mary, but from his ('he LibaiatorV) knowledgeefhistory, there waa no insianco ot a Catholic popular outbreak ?g Inst the religion of any other party That was not ua lurtunately thecaao w?K some oi tliose who did not agree vlth them in religion, and the moil bese persecution that "Ver occurred in sny country was csriied into ?ffrrt by the mob in Philadelphia Thev bad the town under their commend until the militsry? the militia waa called out? they actually fought them, and killed two of theas, snd would hsvn perpetrated every horrsr thstthe iaasgination could think of, if they were not checked by a auperior military force (hear) He (tha Liberator) iaw tha other day in an American newipaper a ataUment, that they never would have tranquility eatabliahed until the Mor mom were extirpated. Toat waa an unhappy sect that Held aome wild teneta of their own ?, as long aa they be have i quietly they were entitled to protection, but what lid the m< eting think of s newipaper reoomsn ending their extermination ' (oh! eh!) Thut waa not all : the next paragraph said that sfter exterminating tha Morawas they <honld exte.minate the Catholics. (Oh! oh!) What ?nuat he the state of thtnjra when a newipaper incltea to ?nurder and maaiacief He (the Liberator) wished they i I die loan ol Vm<gar Ciuet Haiith to prosecute the o, but there waa no atturna) general to tsks up the causa of mmamty snd put down the miscissnt murderer who pro-, ?slslmed their doctrines ol saaaialnstion in ths pnbl.c pa ers, snd even in the noon day. (Hear, hear) It waa roni that ciuelty kia revtrend friend, Mr. Moriarty, had dad to hia native country, and be came to gat tha ateaaa of raisirg hi* church Hgsln His perianal eharaoter waa above aulogium-, he waa peraonally eatseaiad by evary parson who knew hia, and by nana Bars than

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