Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 1, 1845, Page 2

January 1, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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iNKVv iOliii HEliALi). New York, WedncttUy, January 1, IMS. New Year'* Ik jr. Thin is the first day of the new year. We have reason to be thankful for the good things we have been favored with during the past year. To our readers and subscribers, we tender the compli ments of the season, and wish them many -very many returns. No paper will be published from this office to-morrow, but at Id o'clock an Extka will be issued with the latest news of the day. Arrival of tb? Hon. Caleb Clashing from China and Mexico. The arrival of Mr. Cushing, the late and success ful American Minister, sent to China, was announ ced at noon yesterday, he having reached this port by the Eugenia from Vera Cruz. Mr. Cushing brings dateB twenty-three days later, from Canton, and ten days later from Mexico. The news is highly important, and will be found at length in our columns to-day*. Our private correspondence is particularly full. By this arrival we learn that the fortunes of Santa Anna are waning every day?and we should not be surprised if, before this time, he had been either executed as a rebel chief, or driven out of the country. The electiou of Mr. Polk had been announced in Mexico, but neither that nor the an nexation of Texas to the United States, created any particular attention. It is the opinion of Mr Cushing that the star of Santa Anna has set for ever. Such a state of things must aid the purposes of the United States in completing the annexation of Texas without any difficulty. In relation to China, Mr. Cushing brings home the original of the new treaty, with a vast amount of information, relative to our future diplomatic relations with that great country. He goes to Washington direct this afternoon, and no doubt his presence there will create a great sensation. The extraordinary diplomatic talent displayed byJMr. Cushing iu the Chinese negociatious, point, to him as the best minister to succeed the amiable, learned and imbecile Mr. Everett, now in London A new era ot diplomacy is dawning on Europe and America, and the United States Government will require new and original men to manage their pub lic affairs. Anti Rbnt Troubles.?These troubles, which are spreading in various parts of this State, are causing considerable inquiry as to how they origi nated, and how they have been raised to their pre sent extent. We perceive that the newspapers ot both factions are aharging each other with aiding in this matter, and each denying it for itself. IUiould be easily proved in any court ot law that the organs of both factions have been fanning the ffame of this insur rection for some time past. The Tribune justified the cause of the anti rent movement before the election, abd so did the Plebtian. In this city it is a well known fact that Ely Moore was nominated by the anti-rent party here to advocate the non-pay ment of rent; and to divide the public lands between those who had none. We know the movements that took place in Columbia and other counties full well. One of the principal advocates of these proceedings published a paper here, and travelled throughout the various counties in this State. Turning a Pbnny.?If any man can whip the devil round a stump, or turn a penny, it is David Hale, of the Broadway Tabernacle. He hires it out to saint and sinner?for God or the devil. One night it is used for preaching the gospel, and the next, for disgraceful eas exhibitions. But what of that I Satan pays a higher rent than any other. Satan is no anti-rent man. He is a true cdnservative and debt-payer. Fashion*bi.k Intelligence.?Since the election of Polk, the polka has benomo the supreme move ment iu all the most fashionablefctrcles Kurponay, the Hungarian genius who first introduced it in this country, is almost torn to pieces by those in quest of instruction, in this city alone he has up wards of 200 pupils and some 60 or 00 in Philadel phia, to whom he goes by railway every other day to give them lessons. Besides these he has been waited on by a deputation from Washington and Baltimore, requesting him to visit those places, to instruct the most fashionable ot the residents in the polka, previous to the inauguration Ball in the for mer city, which takes place on the 4th of March. In compliance with this request, after giving a few halls at one of the private hotels in this city, he willproceed to Washington and Baltimore for that purpose. Matoa'( Office, December 31. The Mayor will be happy to receive the viaita of hii friends and fellow-citizens generally, on the 1st ol January, between the hours ol 11 A. M. and 1 P. M , at room No. 6, in the City Hall The Mayor aval's himself of thia occasion to express briefly and inadequately, however?bia sincere gratitude for the unvarying kindness and good feeling of which he has been the recipient, both in public and in private, aince his elevation to the Chief Magistracy of the city ; and he very respectfully tenders to ill his fellow-citizens, young aad old, ladies aud gentlemen, hia moat cordiul good wiahea for the happiness of their New Year. This is canit&I. His Honor will have lots of visiters, and if he will tell them by what means the taxes have been so much reduced, and the streets kept so cleat., during the last six months, he would gratily many of hia constituents Italian Ofera ?The opera of Cenerentola will be produced this evening at Palmo's. The post ponement from yesterday was caused by the in disposition of Antognini for the last lew days, in consequence of the wound he received on Satur day evening so affecting his system, as to require medical assistance previous to his appearance. Vtnertntola is a most beautiful opera, and, as to be played here, Pico will shine as a most brilliant star. There is every reason to expect that the house will be a good one; particularly as it is New Year's Night, it will be crowded with nil the beau ty and fashion of the neighborhood ; the ladies re- I tiring there alter receiving the visits of their male | friends. The next opera announced to be produced is Semiramide, on Friday evening. A rehearsal ol it took place yesterday at the Opera House, and every thing went oft with the greatest success and approbation among the artitftt themselvea. lit it appears Borghese, Pico, Yaltellina, and Pero/.zi. There is every reason to believe that this beauti ful opera will become quite an popular as that of iMcrtxia Borgia. Election in Boston.?The third attempt to eleet a mayor, was made in Boston on Monday. It was like the others, a failure. The whole number ol votes cast was 9,999. This is 774 less than were given December 9, and 66 less than the number given December 23. Greene, the democrat, has an increase ol 136; Wetinore, wing, loses 319; Davis, native American, gains 102 over the Inst trial, but still wants 8 votes ul the number he ob tained at the first trial. Another trial will shortly take place. Fifteen Day's Later from Bra ail.?Commer cial accounts from Bio de Janeiro to the 9ih ol November, have been received at New Bedford ; and the brig Sam arrived here yesterday with papers to the 26ih of October. We can find no political news of consequence. Coffee was plenty and inactive. Freights were dull. There were no American men of war at Rio. The New Kitchen Cabinet.?The Evening Pott intimates that the visit ol Col. Wm. H Polk to this region, before ihe 4th of March, is to make arrangements for the selection ot the new Kitchen Cabinet, which must always precede the upper Ca binet. Quite droll, this is. (&? li the Texna question be allowed to resolt itself into a slavery question, it is all oyer wii annexation. HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM CHINA AND MEXICO, ARRIVAL OF THE HOW. OAXJB UUBHUItt. Probable Defeat of Santa Anna and hia Party in Mexico. Very Short Puiage Aroui Vera Cruz. The fast sailing barque Eugenia, Captain James Biacoe, arrived yesterday morning in 18 days pas sage from Vera Cruz. She sailed thence on the 12th ult. She brings very important intelligence. Among the passengers in the Eugenia is the Hon. Caleb Cushing, who comes home with the treaty he had negociated with the Celestials. He left Macao on the 27th ?f August?a date twenty-three days later than belore received. Mr. Cushing was attacked and robbed by a6et of banditti, at El Pinal, near Puebla. He lost many private papers ol great value. They had received the account of the election ol Mr. Polk in Mexico, but they were so much en gaged with their own affairs that they paid no at tention to the tact. There were at the Island of Sacriiicio, the Bri tish frigate Spartan, just arrived from New Orleans; British frigate Inconstant, and two French brigs of War, but no Americans. The principal towns, and indeed, all the country have pronounced against Santa Anna, who with a small force has fled to Queretaro. The revolution passed off very quietly, no blood having been shed. The former revolutions being carried on by one party ol military against another, resulted in much bloodshed?but this movement coming lrom the people,as well as from the soldiers, made it general, and hence the little commotion of a disagreeable nature. Santa Anna had but little chance ol overcoming this movement, and it was a matter of conjecture whether he would attempt to escape or deliver him self u ?he very probably will endeavor to gain over the opposite General, by bribery or similar means, bat in this it is thought he will not succeed. In case that he is taken prisoner, the people will probable demand bis execution, as they seem to think his liberty will be dangerous to the Repub lic. The markets were in a very bad state, with lit tie hope of improvement. The Departments ol Sonora, Sinalva, Jalisco, Zacatecas, and Aquescalientea were in a state of revolution, and in the military possession of Gene yf Paredes. General Santa Anna (with Gortazar,) had mili tary possession of the departments of Queretaro and Guanajuato. Caaalizo, Santa Anna's Preiident interim, and his ministers, were prisoners in Mexico Con gress had re-assembled, after its forcible dissolu tion by Canalizo, and a temporary constitutional government was installed, composed ol? General Jose Joaquin de Herrera, President of the Council of government, charged officially with the func tion of Executive. D. Luis Gonzaga Cucvas, Minister of Exterior Rela tions, St.->te and Police. D. Mariano Riva Palairos, Minister of Justice, Public Instruction and Industry. D. Pedro J. Echeverria, Minister of Finance. D. Pedro Garcia Conde, Minister of War. It was already known that the three depart ments oi Mexico, Puebla, and Vera Cru/., had de clared their adhesion to the provisional Govern ment; and there is no doubt that most of the other departments will also support the Congress, and new provisional Government. The American squadron in the East Indies, con' sistiug of the Brandywine, St. Louis, and Perry, had been particularly fortunate thus far, in having br?n noflhvocvly iauolwd by any ot tlie fatal clisettsea, which have occurred heretofore in aome instances, on board other U. S. ships on the East India sta tion. The Perry, Commander Payne, left Hong-Kong on the 29th August, and arrived at Mazatlaa.* She was to proceed on a cruise in the neighboring seas, and rejoin Commodore Parker at the Sand wich Islands in February. The U. S. Frigate Brandywine was at Bocca Ti gris on the 27th of August; the ship St. Louis in Macao Koads on the same date; and the brig Per ry at San Bias on the 9th ult. We annex lists oi tneir officers:? Orriccm ok thk U. 8. Fenian Brandywinf. Com modore Foxhall A. Patker; First Lieutenant, Timothy A. Hunt; Second Lieut, John B. Marc haul; Third Lieut., William T. Muse ; Fourth Lieut, A. Ludlow Case; Filth (Flag) Lieut, Robert B. Pegram ; Sixth (Acting) Lieut., C.Ap Roger Jones; Seventh (Acting)'Lieut., Wm. E. Boudinot: Turser, D. McF. Thornten ; Fleet Surgeon, Robert Blacknall; Acting Master, R Harris Wyman; Lieut. Com'g Marines, Archibald II Gillespie; Chaplain, George Jonea; Secretary, Archibald R Bogardus ; Asst Surgeons, Augustus F. Sawyer, Itichard M. Jeffry ; Cap tain's] Clerk, Le Roy Parker; Purser's Clerk, Pollard Webb; Midshipmen?Augustus McLaughlin, Allan Mc Lane, William Dekover, James H. Somerville, James Herron, T. R. Young, J. Pembroke Jones, William L Powell, William H Murdaugh, Charlea M. Mitchell. D C. Hugunin, John Laurens, William Wever. Boatswain, Thomas Beii ; Gunner, Joseph Pennington ; Carpenter, Lee ; Sail-maker, Parker ; Master's Mate, Cha's B. Oliver; Acting Master's Mate, John 8 Davis Cffickhs or thc U 8. Shis St. Louis.?Capt Isaac Me Keevcr, Lieutenants L G Keith, J R Tucker, B M Dorr; Acting Lieut's G H Preble, Mont'y Hunt; Purser, J C Douglass; Surgeon, Saml C Lawrason; Acting Master, A J Wier: Asat Surgeon, Wm 8 Bishop; Midshipmen, W Hammond, N T West, 8 D Spence, J L Johnson, C H Oakley, M J Smith; Captain's Clerk, J O Mod Talant; Acting Boatswain, J D Petty; Gunner, J D Bentkall; Act ing Carpenter, Alden Bass; Sail Maker, Charles Harvey. Officcrs of thk U. 8. Bala Pcaav.?Commander John S. Paine ; First Lieutenant, II. N. Harrison; Acting Lieu I\ M. Crossan, J. C. Howell; Acting Master, J. tenants, T. , Hogan Brown ; Acting Surgeon, J. D Miller; Acting Purser, J. Tilton: Midshipmen?E. D Denny, W. W. Queen, and E E. Stone ; Captain's Cleik, H.|R. Weight man ; Master's Mate, J Lown; Acting Boatswain, W. Bergen; Acting Gunner, W. Collins ; Carpenter, J S'orer. Abstract ol the Note* of Hon. Caleb Cash ing Relative to Mexico. Santa Anna had assumed the (unctions rf military chief or the revolution. The (our departments oi Xscatecas, Aquescalientes, Sinalva and Sonora concurrtd at once in the pronuncia mento of Jalisco, and thus the Ave North-western depart ments were iu arms at once against Santa Anna. Be tween these and Mexico there intervene the two depart ments ot Guanajuato and Queretaro. Paredes advanced to Lagos, on the frontier of Jalisco, and there established his head quartets, with an army of I4U0 men, to await the progress of events. In the conti guous department ol Guanajuato was General Cortaxar with 'JOOOmen, on whom Paredes depended (or support ; but the rapid movements of Santa Anna himaelt pt event ait CurtaciT from joining PitwUt (if he had the inten tion) nnd compelled him (tor the present at least) to de clare for Bantu Anna. For, instantly on hearing what had taken place in Gua dalajara, Santa Anna, who was then at Manga da Clam,in the Department of Vera Cruz, and in whose neighbor hood was n large body of troops, professedly collected lor an expedition against Texas?set out for Mexico, being invested by the Prniftrnt in/erim with the conduct of the war against Paredes. He set out for Juan Jalapa on the 7th of November at the head of 8600 men, crossed rapidly the Department of Puebla, where be received some addi tional troops, and on (lie 18th arrived at Guadaloupe, a town near Mexico, where lie fixed his head quarters He might have left the Departments ol Vera Cruz and Puebla lull of professions ol loyalty to his government, and he found the same professions in that of Mexico : and similar prolesiions r.oine to him there from Queretaro and Guanajuato; anil he prepared to march from Gua daloupe, and to assemble ai Queretaro a force ol 18,000, with which to overwhelm the little army of Paredes. But, even at this moment, all powerful as he con ceived, at the head of a great attny, and with all the De piitinents behind him loyal, symptoms began to apimar of the uncertainty of his cause. For though the Con gress ilid not professt illy support Paredes, yet it insisted that Santa Anna should proceed constitutionally, which the latter was unable or indisposed to do. The Mexican Constitution declares expressly that the President cannot command In person the military force either by land oi sea without the previous permission of ongress. Santa Anna would have taken the command without even pretending to ask the consent of Congress; and in so doing had himsell performed a revolutionary ict quite as positive and serious as that of Paredes. O.i arriving at Qoeretnro, Santa Anna found that ilthough the military authorities were professedly in ,iower, yet the /unla drjiartanenl had pronounced lor the institution ol Jnlatco. Therefore, he made known to he members that il they did not repronounce in hi* favor, ir would send them prisoners to Perote. They refused; and three of them were immediately ar rested hy his order, and sent ofl'under a r.trong guard in he direction ot Mexico and Perote. When the report ol hese proceedings reached Mexico, the Congress imme listely summoned before it the Minister oi War and ol iovcrninent, to know whether they had authorized Ge teral Santa Anna to imprison the members of the junta ? enuitmint of Hi cretiny. The position is now an extremely critical one, there ore, every thing depends on whether his troops adhere o him against tne Congress and the constitutional gov ernment. If they do, he becomes the military Dictator ol the country This subject occupied the Chambers on the 30th apd Vtth of November) bil l th<lr attltu'ia had now become ?u menacing, that the Hrtrident? inlrrm Cunatiio (after con sultation with aaiita Anna,) took the high handed step of deciding to close the aeaaion of Congreaa by force, and declariug Santa Anna Di tator of the Republic. Accordingly, en repairing to the Palace on the 1st of December, the member* iound the doora (hut against them,and guarded by soldiers ; and on the 3d appeared the proclamation of t'analizo, Prttideitio iuttrm, declar ing the Chamber dissolved indefinitely, and conferring all the powers of govemment.legislativeas well as executive, on Santa Anna, as PrctiJmta pmiHciatorio, the same to be exercised by Canali/o as Prendento interm until otherwise ordered by Santa Anna For some days this forcible demolition of the constitu tional government by the creatures of Santa Anna, re mained without producing any apparent etttctin Mexico. But on the very day when the news leached PueMa, General luclau, commandante.general of that department, in concert with the civil authority, pronounced against Santa Anna, and in a few daya (on the 6th) the garrison and people of Mrxico rose against the government, im prisoned Cenalizo and his ministers?Congress re-as sembled?the President of the Council of Government, General Herrera, assumed the exercise cf the functions of President according to the constitution, and new minis ter* were appointed the next day, whoae authority was immediately acknowledged in Vera Cruz. Meanwhile Santa Anna is constitutional President of the Republic, but unconstitutionally in command of the troops employed against Pair dev. The new Minister ot War has ordered him to give up this command. If he refuses, he becomes undoubtedly a rebel and a traitor; because the new provisional government in Max! co ii constitutionally conatitutcd. If he consents, he ceases to have any troops for his support; he is placed at the mercy of hia enemies. Reports were current at Vera Cruz that a part of his troops had already proclaimed him Dictator; and that another part hail declared againat him: but, upon this point, no information in authentic form had reached the public ear. If any siWticienl portion ot troops adheres to him, to enable him to continue the war, still he is surround ed with difficulties, being in the very heart of the Re public, with Jalisco end its concurrent depaitnunt to the Pacific against him on the one hand, and Mexico, with its concurrent department* to the Gulf, against him on the other band. He may recover himself by some new turn in the i of fortune, and resume his placo as the constitutis President propiciatorio of the Republic; but This is " probable, as the public sentiment is almost unai against him in nearly all the Departments. * ' It seems more likely that he will have to yield to the storm ; and if not deprived of hia life, h* may escape to the United States by a sudden march on Tampico, or to 8outh America by way of the Pacific . Notes on China Affairs. The French Minister lo China, M.de Lagueree, with hia lady and family, arrived at Macoa, the 13th August, in the frigate La Syrene. M. de L is accompanied by a very numerous suite, tar exceeding that ot any previous embitssy to Chi na. He is also attended with a strong squadron, under the commahd of Vice Admiral Cecille, consisting of the frigates Cleopatra and Syrene, the corvettes Atemeine and Victorieuse and the war steamer Archimede; to which were to be added the corvette Sabine, ex peeled up Boon from Singapore. The French Mini ster had taken a house at Macao, and it was proba ble he would there enter into negociations with the Imperial Commissioner Tsiyeng, jr., the con clusion of a treaty between France ana China. Intelligence was received (ttflBMo on the 27th August, from Msnilla, that the bark Convoy, which sailed from Hong Kong for the U. States in July, was ashore on the island of Lazoni, one ol the Philippian Islands. Vera Cruz, Dec. 9, 1844. Sir:?There is nothing talked ot here but the Revolution that is going forward, and it seems to be the opinion of the best informed persons, that Santa Anna's time of destruction has arrived. A) this moment he is, with his army of about six thousand men, at Queretaro, about sixty or eighty leagesfrom Mexico, where he went to meet the Revolutionary General,Paredes, who,with a strong force,was watching Santa Anna's movements, and was ready at a moment to take advantage of the President's mistakes. Puebla, the capital of the State of that mme, and a place celebrated for its manufactures, with a population of about 15,000 or 20,000, had pronounced againat Santa Anna, and it was daily expected that the City of Mexico would follow. Santa Anna having be-' come annoyed at the interference of Congress, had put that body down, the news of which was pro claimed with great pomp and show in Vera Cruz. However, all this showing off was got Hp by the military and it was very evident that the people did not participate in the " glorious news." The Mexican people are very curious in their feelings, and generally speaking, look on things with indifference. This has been their failing for some time, but now they are up in arms against the government. When you touch a man's pocket, you generally make him teal, "and this has been truly verified', the late contributions which Santa A is ix A Itan fftimflH to MP J(lt;in0 W WcM - as on foreigners, has created a feeling against him which I am confident he will find irresistible ; and his giving w&y before it is no longer a matter of doubt, but merely aquestion of time. The princi pal mercantile houses have refused to pay the lust contiibution, and answered the authority of the collector by saying," He might seize or steal their goods, but that they refused to pay any money, or acknowledge the demand." This was replied to in s very summary manner by the collector bring ing with him the second time he called, a guard ol soldiers, and when the same answer was given, they levied on the goods in the store, which were sola at public auctioa. The foreign ministers have protested against this robbery, but the merchants have little nope of recovering their loss. Business is very dull, and as long as government continues to grant special licences to import goods under the old duties, no one can compete with the " favored few," as they were enabled, from having this advantage, to sell their goods twenty or thirty per cent cheaper than others The custom house authorities in Vera Cruz are particularly strict, and they will take from a person anything he may have contrary to law. however small and valueless it may be, and yet these veiy same wor thies go from ship to ship, purchasing every de scription of merchandize, and on their return to the shore, there is no notice t&kenof them; every thing is corrupt here, and money carries the day in every case. Mr. Gushing has been robbed of all his books and Chinese papers ; the robbers have taken ad vantage of the unsettled state of the coun try, and have become insupportable. The people here think the United States will not go to war on account of Texas, as they say by granting licenses to privateers, that the U. S. will loose more than she can possible gain. The news of Mr. folk's having the Presidential election, was received here some four days ago, via New Orleans, but it did not seem to make any impression, the people are so engrossed with their own immediate affairs that they have no time to consider.the difference between the election of Polk or Clay. Mr. Tuquenos.formerly Minister of Finance,was under arrest, and was not permitted to leave Mex ico. It would seem (from what the Mexicans and ihe press say, that this gentleman has swindled the Government out of some millions of dollars; he had been openly called a thief in the House of Con gress; all the. negociations made by, or with him, had been stopped, and many merchants are now shaking in their shoes for tne result. There was very little money in Vera Cruz, and a " conducts" was not expected for some time. Bad as this place is for the merchant, yet, for the idle man 1 know of no country more interest ing, and would recommend those who have ? little money to spend, to " pack up their knapsacks and walk;" and if possible, they should sail in the regu lar packet Eugenia, a vessel noted for makiug short passages, and what is better, in having one of the finest captains out of the port of New York; indeed. Captain James Biscoe, of the bark Euge nia, is one. of the (inert specimens of a sailor that 1 have ever met with ; and as tor his kindness and liberality, words cannot express the obligations that his passengers find themselves under. I can assure you, I envythose who sail with him. If the Eugenia does not sail on her appoiuted day, 1 will give you the progress of the revolution, f Mexican Correspondence of tha New York Herald.] Vera Cktrz, 11th December, 1844. Siri Since writing you on the flth, in which I described the rejoicings hefts on account of Santa Anna having put down the Congress, we have had a total change in the appearance ol things Only three days after the guns had been fired in honorof ihe above disgraceful proceeding, news arrived that Mexico, and nearly all the country, had pro nounced against Santa Anna. This information was received at Vera Cruz when a norther was blowing, consequently there was no communica tion with the castle of St. Juan d'Ullna, und when the rejoicings commenced for the downfall of the ? Great Chief," which consisted of fireworks and in firing salutes from the forts. The castle under tond this to be a further declaration in favor of Santa Anna, and they immediately proceeded to elect him " Supreme Dictator;" but guess their as tonishment when the storm cleared away, and they found the great man no longerexisted in the minds ?f the good people of Vera Cruz Well, what do foil suppose they did T Why, immediately after receiving the intelligence, they pronounced agHinat 'be very man for whom but a day belore they had roted the Dictatorship. Beautiful consistency, certainly. The feeling against Santa Anna is uni /eraal, and I think it would lie difficult to find a ,>erson who would speak in favor of him. His portrait, which was once bo much respect ?d, has in en thrown from the balcony of the palace, and the mob tare it immediately into pieces. The in dividual who threw it exclaimed, at the some time, ?? here goes the aon of a w??!" Even the famous leg, ouce belonging to Santa Anna, und which was buried in the city of Mexico with so much pomp, has again been restored to the atmosphere, and insulted in every way imaginable. His bust, which had a conspicuous place in the new and beautiful " Theatre of Santa Anna," (El Tea tro dt Santa Anna,) was broken into a thousand pieces. Another large statue of his at " Puebla," was demolished in rather a curious manner?first they hung him by the ntck, then they cut oil his head, and afterwards spat in his face ; and at last left poor Santa AnnWin the hands of a charitable Mexican mob. I am very much surprised that (fit's once great man should have attempted to put down the. present feeling against him, by the sword; but what shows his confidence in his fancied power, is in marching to "Queretaro," leaving Mexico, Pue bla, Vera Cruz, and so many other towns in his rear?this he must now regret, as they have all unanimously pronounced against him.' What will be the end of this movement, I cannot positively say, although I am inclined to believe, that if he cannot bribe over some of the other generals, and their soldiers, that he will endeavor to escape, and [ think, in the event of his being taken prisoner, that he will most assuredly sufTer death. The im mense property that he has will certainly be con fiscated, which, if he escapes, will not affect him much, as he muBt have considerable funds in Eu rope. The character of Santa Anna both political and moral, is so black, that his present situation iB lost to view when his crimes are considered His friend, General Canalizo, late Vice President, is now a prisoner in his own palace. Mr. Tuquenos, formerly Minister of Finance,still canuot leave the bounds ol the city, and when his trial comes on, he undoubtedly will be very severely punished, as he, and his friends, have plundered the people to

a very ,great extent, and which plunder will have to be restored. All the acts of this per son for some time/ past, are to be enquired into, and 1 suspect that many negotiations that he has had with sonie particular merchants, will be de clared null and void. The house of Mr. Tuque nos, just now alluded to, was pulled to the ground by the mob. The late Minister of War has been sentenced to some fifteen years imprisonihent for hispartiality to SautaAnna.particularlyfor creating' him the "Commander in Chief of the Forces.' The Congress seem determined to punish the different. supporters of Santa Anna, and he must now regret interfering with that body. The present ministry is composed of the most influen tial persons in Mexico, and as long as it remains under their direction, every thing is likely to pros per. Those whose names follow hold the principal situations in the present government:? Jote 1. de Herrara, President. D. Monano Kiva Palaccoa, Minister of Justice. D Pedro Eoiieverica, Minister of Finance. Sr. General Don Pedro G. Conde, Minister of War and Marin'e. Mr. Cdshing sails in the "Eugenia " As yet he has not recovered his box and papers, which 1 bus pect are of considerable value, it I may judge from his feelings on the subject. The British frigate Spartan arrived the day the Eugenia sailed, from New Orleans, but she had not sent her letter beg on shore. The merchants here consider the downfall of Santa Anna as a God-send, for the reason that the aforeBaid individual, having placed bo many impo sitions on them that their buainess was hardly worth attending to, and in many instances was a losing affair: but now, they expect a change in the present tariff, and consequently a reaction in busi ness The tariff averages about 150 per cent, the efleet of which has been that the goods are so dear that t he proportion of the people can hard lypurchase necessary artieles of clothing. I remember seeing one of Mr. Philosopher Greeley's (of the N. Y Tribune) essays on protection to manufactures, in which ne attempted to show "the greater the amount of duties levied, the lower the price of the materials on which they were paid;" and to illus trate this, he brought forth a chamber candlestick and a screw. I thought at the time he must have been little acquainted with proper political econo my, and only regretted that 1 was not the editor ot a profitable (if any) paper, and he the victim of a high, obnoxious and prohibitory tariff. Pubhla, Mexico, Nov. 25, 1844. Now that I have closed my business concern, a small sketch relative to the state of matters und things,at this time, in this country, may not be un welcome. Never has there been a time, since the expulsion of the Spaniards, that this country got to such a pitch of revolution as at the present The whole country is in opposition to Santa Anna?the interior is all under arms against him?he is on the march from Jalapa, with about 8.COO troops, to meet the opposition party at Gaua&lajara, with General Paredes at their head; they are about 16,0C9 strong, including 6000 Indians, that came on Irom the South, to join Paredes. If Santa Anna keeps on the march, as he has done, for the last ten days, the two parties must meet in a very 1tew~T*ujrw| rr?,<n i? i- tjjerc Will be U bloody time ; who ever loses the day wilt t/r m?r< to lose his head. The Congress is yet in session, and acting all to gether in opposition to Santa Anna. They have de clared that if he, Santa Anna, goeb on at the head of the troops, now against Paredezs, he isno longer President of the republic, but a revolutionary gene ral! but he has answered them, to say that he cares not tor the Presidency, and that he will go on with (he war. There are six millions of dollars short in the Treasury of the Government since Santa Anna has been President,which is the cause of the ?resent disturbance; he will not give any satisfac tion where thiB money is gone to. Not knowing but you may receive these accounts from some othei -ource, I will close, ai.d send to you, in company with this, the manifesto of General Paredes to ihe nation, which will give you some idea )f the intention of him and his party. At present there is nothing of the Texas question; Santa Anna has got plenty to do at home. Thk Theatres.? It is surprising to drop in a the various theatres, now all in full operation, and observe at what a trifling outlay of brains, both on he part of authors and actors, several thousand people contrive nightly to be amused. A thread bare melo-druma, with an extra quantity of terrific combats and American flags, tricked off with a ew common place appeals to " patriotism" and 'freedom;" and a succession of improbable scenes and incidents, are sufficient to fill one house, night after night, with " an intelligent and appreciative audience;" while another delights its regular customers with the " astonishing feats" of a rope-dancer, followed by a thing in the broadest license of the Charles Second school, winding up with the never-failing " Christmas Carol"? uud Mill another temple dedicated to the drama, ?;ai hit upon nothing more attractive than London hurlerques, all the points of which are of course lost in losing their locality, and in which the only wit seemB to be in giving the leading female parts to men, and the males to women. In proportion as the dress, voice, language, ike. of these princi pal characters are unnatural and unmeaning, the audience is amused and delighted. Puns, whose poverty is beyond patience, and a style of acting in which coarseness is made to take the place of sense and expression, form the staple of these de lectable entertainments. At the Park, matters in this'respect are not quite so bad ; but that is no fault of the public, for it is, especial occasions aside, the worst patronized the atre in the city. Laat evening being ticket night, brought a pretty full house to this establishment? probably five hundred and filly dollars. The night before, however, with the same sort of attraction, it scarcely reached one-fourth this sum. The Chat ham had last evening about three hundred dollars, and the Bowery a lulle more. The Olympic was lull, and netted over two hundred dollars to the treasury. From these general statistics, which are a fair sample of a week's or a month's business, if we consider the expenses of the different estab lishments we shall find that the Park and the Bow ery arefsiuking money, or running in deht, while (he Chatham and the Olympic are sources of hand tome profit to the proprietors. But the whole system of theatrical business is in i sad state of confusion, and requires a thorough ind radical revolution. We have few actors of even fair mediocrity, and those who might, with care and study, rise to eminence, are constantly thrust into all sorts of business for wtrch they are not calculated, and obliged to destroy their posi tion and their capacity at the same time; while of jiirres we have literally none that deserve even "the damnation of faint praise." A few worthy-and iinbitious members of the profession still struggle to make the drama what it ought to be?a school . f ennobling sentiments, refined manners and po lished scholarship : but their single efforts can avail miiru oviioiuioiii|' . uuv un u r.iiunn i ail ll*ni| ittle in rescuing this noble institution from the de nudation to which a lack ot public spirit and ois riminatton has let it sink, and leading it back to ihepath of its lofty destiny. Circus.?There are to be three performances at ? he liowety ^Jircus this day. Morning at 10; af tfrnoon At Q; Evening ot flj. The features of the enter linments are, Harlequin's Jubilee; Taaaimer, the French Drum Major; St. Oesrge and the Dragon; Splendid Ca . aleadu, horsemanship, tic tcc. fltj- One of the most interesting holiday exhibi ions in this city, is to'he found at 140 Fulton street ind 11 Ann street It consists in part of the rarest col o.ii.m of Beasts and Birds ever pluced in one building, >g> iher with the best poney and riding monkey in the vorld. The price of admission is Axed at one shilling, u.J we trust our readers will not fail to patronise its ownsr. Prourksa or Bibhop Oxdxrdomk'i TkuL.?Thii trial ia now rapidly approaching; a close. The counsel commenced their argument yesterday. Mr. Graham, on the part of the Bishop, occupied the entire session before dinner, and Mr. Clarke in reply, consumed the evening session from 7 till 10 o'clock. The court sits to-day, and Messrs. Ketchum and Ogden will close the argument.? The Bishops will tben decide, and it is thought ihey will come to a decision very expeditiously.? It is understood that the court is very nearly divi ded, eight being set down against the Bishop, seven in his favor, and two doubtful. A few days will, however, tell the whole story. In the mean lime both parties are busy in their efforts to catch the public attention by revelations of the secret proceedings. The following letter, dated in this city, we find |in a paper in Philadel phia, called the " Flag Nsw York, Dec. 38,1844. Knowing the anxiety naturally exeited in the minds of your readers to learn what is the principal topic of con versation in this place, 1 will give it you. The trial of Bishop Onderdonk now supersedes everything else ? Even dgndies stop en Broadway to lisp out, " anything new from St. John's to-doy 1" and among our fashionable ladies, " how ia the dear man ooming on r' or, " what will be done with the old sinner V as theTeelinga of either may prepondeiate, is the first question. Aayou or I, however, have nothing to do with this, I will proceed at once to tho case. Tho trial U held in the Vestry of 8t John's Church.? None are admitted but those immediately interested in tneir official capacity with tho proceedings. _ It resembles in its mode of conduct the uiual form of en impeachment. Charges of a serious nature were preferred to the House of Biobops, when in session during the lata Oeneral Con vention in Philadelphia. A committee of three was ap pointed to investigate those charges, and if it ahould be thought proper or necessary either for the honer of the church or o( the accused, to present him before his peers for trial. Tbis committee consisted of the venerable and venerated Mead, of Virginia, a man,the atainless purity of whose life the breath ofsiander has never dared to breathe upon?the astute, learned, able and pious Elliott, ond the upright and indefatigable Otey, af Tennessee, and all oi the other members of the House of Bishops, with the ex ception oi five, are present, and a nobler, abler, or mora diguified council never sat in our country. Over it pre sides the venerable Chase, the western apostle of the Episcopal Church?its pioneer Bishop beyond the moun tains, who has devoted his untiring energies to tho fur therance of the truths of the Gospel in the great north western regions ef our country. As the proceedings ere in secret session, of course nothing official is known, and therefore the confident say ?oof some of our city papers is mere idle talk. I have however a little bird who has for a long time been in the habit of flying in and out among such bodies, and I am therefore enabled to give you something which you may depend upon. I do this with the less reluctance, as al most every paper hero is now dabbling in the matter. The firat charge is in relation to an indignity commit ted to a young lady in a stage coach, of so gross a char ?eter as to compel ner to leave the coach before urriving at her place of destination. This was when Bishop On derdonk was on his way to meet the Convention at Utica, which divided the dioceae. This was first communicated by a young clergyman of Western New York to Dr. Hawkes ot St Thomas's, and by him to Dr. Taylor of Grace Church They had an interview on the subject with the Bishop, and it was determined, after a scene of Ereat excitement,in which the Bishop threw himself upon ia character, tint it would be best lor the Church to re main quiet about it. Another charge is of an insult of tha moat atrocious character offered by him to the wife of a clergyman, who had been officiating in Syracuse, New York. He had gone in a private conveyance, with his wife to bring i be Bishop, who was to ordain him to Priest's orders on the following day, from a neighboring village to bia ov. i pariah. He rode in the front seat to drive, whilst his wife was seated in the back seat with the Bishop. Here the Bishop offered to her indignities of the grossest kind.? Her appeals to him in an under tone were oi the most powerful character, but at length she waa compelled to make some excuse, leave the place where she waa, and take a aeat in her husband's lap, whilst he was driving, to whom she then trade the excuse, that the Bishop had been drinking, as was tho case, end that hii breath was in consequence most offensive to her ? On arriving at home, she revealed all, and so outra ged waa her husband that nothing but the most earnest supplications of his wife, snd the urgent solicita tion of his friends induced him to consent to receive ordi nation at the Bishop's honds the next day. The fkther of this yonng lady had been a clergyman, and one of the Bishop's early friends. The next case waa of a lady, the wife of a clergyman on Long Island, who had charge of two parishes, and who resided about equally distant between the two. The Bishop went down there for the purpose of confirmation in the two, and in riding to church both times, he most grossly insulted this lady. The fact was communicated (O her husband, who laid his case before Dr. Muhlenberg, at Flushing. He took Dr Milnor, of St. George's Church into council with him, and the three called on the Biahop. He mBde every apology that he could make to the hus hand, and submitted in silence to a moat scathing rebuke, delivered in (the most impressive manner by the venera ble Dr. Milnor. Another case was of an insult offered to a young lady residing in the upper pai t of this city. In returning from officiating at Bloomingdale, ho offered her such indigni ties, which he repeated aUerwards on her arriving at her slater's house, that she rciused to sit down at table with him, and afterwards declined an Invltutkm to meet him in society. These are all substantiated by (he affidavits of the im mediate parties, and also by collateral ones. I give them to you more in sorrow than in anger. 1 regret deeply, sincerely regret, that such things are, but as the Episco pal Church has, in this instance, set a noble.example by not permitting official dignity to secure a man, no matter how high his station, from atrial, in which he may be en. sbled to prove his innocence, if he can, I have thought no confidence violated in placing these matters before your readers. Youra, &c. , J. M. C. it will be seen that this statement comes from >ne bitterly opposed to the Bishop. The evidence letailed is quite incomplete. What sort oi " in lignities" and "gross insults" were offered 1 The public would like to know the exact facts, in their length and breadth?in the language of these wit nesses, before they come to a decision. It is as serted by the Bishop's friends that these " insults" were only aiterthoughts. Oul|with their evidence. The Collector or the Port receives visitors to-day at his rooms in Tammany Hall. Call and taste with him. Mr Fowler lectures on Phrenology, as applied to the discernment of character, at Clinton Hail, on Thursday evening next. For particulars, see advertisement. Beauty Developed. Ladies' lips ihould if nipt love's kiss's; Ladies' Drows should gleam like tuow; But alas! for bearded Misses, And for foreheads daik and low, I.ips and brows with hair encumbered, Still have'beauty to reveal; Twill burst from shadows where it slumbers, Touched hy Oouraud's Poudre Subtile. Found in New York only at 67 Walker street, first store from B'oadway. The Pictorial New World tor ehr cents Being the first number of a new volume, will be published on Saturday next, containing TwErty Hfi.kndid ErroKAvirrr.s, and such an array of other attractions as will create a s.-usalion among all classes. Now is the time to subscribe. Tchms?Three dollars a year; two copies for five dollars; five copies for twel re dollars-to mail snbscr hers. Persons re dding in thia city will be punctually served at their residences by paying to the office or to the earners, by baring their uamea. Letter* should be postpaid or free. K. WINCHESTER, 21 Ann street. Ho many article* are advertised, that It I* nearly impossible to discriminate between the good and bad, nd of the bad there are ao many, that the good, when fonnd, should not be neglected. 1 declare solemnly that I have no earthly object for the following statement, but the sood of man kind and the alleviation of humau suffering, and I heg I may be fully believed in thia statement; but if any should donbt I feel it my dnty to pssnrn them, if they will call on me, I will giv them sa urn proof, which will convince them ofmysiu rerity. 1 had the piles several years, and so badly mnch of the lime, that I could not attend to business, and could acarcely enat at all, in the excruciating pains that racked my frame. All reme dies were useless, until I fonnd asalve that cured me effectually. I had a pan of boiling watrr upset in my fate, and was most twfully scalded. I put on thia aalve, and in fire minutes the pain was gone, and my face is healed without a scar. A fact most reman able, as I expected to be disfigured for life. A domestic of mine burned her hand and arm vary badly; the islve was applied, and all pain taken out nearly iustantly, and the w<uud* healed rapidly without scar. Now, 1 have not this salve for sale, and no internet therain; but I feel that interest in my fellow beings that I want them to know the moat wonderful effect* of this preparation, and those who will call on me ahall hare th* particulars, and be told where and what it is I do not here name it, least some may diabeliev*. In fact, no evidence of others could ever hare made me believe what I now know, of thi< application, and I cannot blame others for incredulity, which I assure them must vsnish when they witness its powrrs. I can refer to several of my neighbors, who will c infirm these facts, and tell them I am not -nly a sane man, but one very unlikely io be drawn away hy f.lse lights. HENKYC. HOFFMAN, Proprietor of the Keetorant. Corner of Whitehall and Front streets. New York, Dec. 3lnt, 1044. The above Salve can lie had in this city only sc Comatock'a, No. 21 f'ourtlandt street Those who are anfTerlng from Hemming or Intermitting BilljousC omplaints, should read the following, and lie guided therebl Carac or Pair.?Pain is the cjnsequence of the evertion of ilie oigan or part where it is present, to throw off morbid or corrupt humors, for no pain can exist but from the presence of 'hose matters w Inch am of an unhealthy character. When we have pain in the head, in tha bowels, or in any other part of the body, it only prove* th-presence of matter* which the blood is t ying to remove, and it is this struggle which is the occasion <>l pain. To lie bled only relieves the anguish in proportion ss lie amount of life is reduced, and the same may be aaid of all lulling er soothing remedies. Not so with Brandreth's Pills; liev at once go to the assistance of the blood, in aiding it to liachn'ge the bad hnmors, to conquer the Death Principle.? Co relieve pain in this way does not leaveany bad effects. The Life Principle is not rednced, nor are the teeth destroyed; but ill the organs are cleansed, and their beallh insured. The Brandreth Pills are sold at 25 cents tier hot, with full lirections in all languages, at Dr. B. Brindreth's Principil Of fice, 241 Broadway; and at his retail offices, 241 Hudson street, ii(i 274 Bowery, New York; and Mrs. Booth's, No.JS Market i reet, Brooklyn. Beware of the Deitrwer.-UN the proper medicine and von will lie safe. Mr. Hamburger, whose child vas nearly killed by worms, heard of Dr. Sherman's Worm oatopnt lie used one box. T'lie lirst dose the child took >rough! away ten leet of the una worm, and two or three dotes ettored the child to perfect health. He has since then recom uended them to many families in Beaver Meadow, Pa., the place of his residence, and never knew them to fail in a single isUnce in producing the ihaired effect. Many physicians had ?ttruded his child, and could not benefit it, nor could they tell what ailed liitn. lln to Dr. Sherman's, IAS Nassau street, where von will get the genuine article, or t# his agents, 227 Hudson street; IRA Bowery; 77 East Broadway; 2 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia; and I Bute street, Boston. 9 igrnrntiismBBamssammtmasm Old k?=r Hill" glvca four grand f?r> ornuncM tiiia day?at 1, at Lst 6, and again at 8 o'clock P M< )1m prrsenti a treaaadou bill too?Dan Rica, the very mriut ssaaee of comicality; Mr. Samuels, the ventriloquist aud ma rician, aud the Ola Bull Band of Berenadera, who it seem < hava :halleuged the world, aud who. we believe, are amply able to ustaiu that challenge, too. The day time will be much Ilia >est to get good seals. Datlejr'a Magical Pain Kxtractor Salve 'or instantly curing bums, scalds, piles, blind or bleeding, brui >'s. cuts, rheumatism, and all inflammatory complaints, at Data lev ? aneucv. 67 Walker street, first store Irom Broadway. B* ley's agency, 67 Walker street, first store Irom Broadway., lure and ask for Dalley's, and see that his name is written in the coyer of every box. Gourand'i Pondrc ?nbtlle la warsanted to eradicate su|ierflnous hair from females' upper lips, low ?reli-adi, moles, arms, Ike.. Always tested before Proof positive this, and no mistake. (lonrsud's Liquid Vegetable Ronge imparts a delicate b inn tinge to elieek or lip. .. . ' Uouraud's Spauith Lilly Whit* for the complexion. Uouraud's Hair I)ye, warranted. At 67 Walker street, first store most Broadway. Chilblains, Chafe*, Chaps and Crock* ? This is the season of the year when roughness and injury liap Kto drlicate skins. Ladies, pray do try a cake of Oousauo s ?Liarc Boar: we warrant it not only to can all blemishes which yonr skins may be afflicted with, but positively by its ase, preserving the thinnest snd clearest skins in their original uid ntmost purity and velvet softness. We pledgs our reputa tion to the truth of this, or take no pay.. But get it genuine only of the proprietor, 67 Walker street, first store fhom Broadway. 50 ceuts a cake la Bos'on, of Jordan,2 Milk street; Pearce, 4 Stanwix Hall, Albany; Backus It Bull, River street, Troy; Storrs, Hudson; Gray, rooghkeep lie; Cross, Catskill; Myers, New Haven; Green, Worcester. Beal'a Hair Rcatoratlxrc, warranted to naake hair to grow on bsld places, and prevent hair from fall ing out Found at Beal's agency, 67 Walker street, first store vrom Broadway. Caution.?I ant Informed that In aide Trunk Locks have been imported and sold hhre, infringing on my Patent, dated the 5th of October, 1839. Now. thia, ta to caution Importers, Dealers, Truukmakers,, aud the American public in general, from, buying, selling, usivg, or importing the above Locks, as 1 shall deal with inem according to law. My Loeks are stamped thus on the outside plate : lAtbrick't Patent, No. 1?1 3, with the American Eagle. CONRAD L1KBKICH, 3t No. 46 South Eighth St., Philadelphia. Medical Notice.?The Adwcrllaementc of the New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the Suppression of Quackery, in the cum of all diseases, will hereafter appear <m the fourth page and last column of mis paper. W. S. RICHARDSON, M. D., Agent. Office and Consulting Rooms of the College,95 Nassau street . All PhllauleJphla Mtshacrlptlona to tko Herald must be paid to the agents, Eieber It Co., I Ledger buildings. 3d and Chesnut sts., where tingle copies may also oe obtained dally at 1 o'clock. 3m MONEY MARKET. Tuesday, Dec. 31?A P, M. Th? stock market to-day was rather heavy and prices without much alteration. Btonington declined } per cent; Reading, |; Kentucky 6's, J ; Ohio 6's, J ; Morris Canal, 1) ; Fa: mere', Pennsylvania, Long Island, and North American Trust closed firm at yesterday's price*. Nor wich and Worcester advanced } percent; Illinois, J; Can ton }. Transactions were yery limited. The dosing prices for foreign exchange were Arm at our guotationt. The remittances by thia packet will" not be yery large. The packages of notes of the Lockport Banking and Trust Company, sent to Albany by the brokers of thie city, were returned, the agent of that institution refusing to redeem them. The last return from this bank was aa annexed. LocKFOHT BaNKINO AND T*l'ST COMPANY, Nov. 1,1144. Resources. Liabilities. Loans $175,160 Capital $300,000 Real esta'e 15,759 Profits, 4,861 Mortgages 247,376 Circulation, 97,583 Stocks and notes, 164,200 Due Bute Treasurer,.. 7,670 Specie. Cash iti 6,197 Due Canal fund 21,154 114 Drposites 18,985 Bank notes 1,702 Dae Banks, 107,275 Due from Banks, 5,010 Other items, 4,800 Other items, 6,801 $562,328 $562,328 It is stated that the circulation is at present much be low the rmount in the above report, and is supposed not to be over Ply thousand dollars. The securities in the hands of the Comptroller may be sufficient to eventually redeem the circulation. The brokers offer to purchase at 36 per oent discount. There are no lese than eight reilroada in contemplation to run through different sections of New Hampshire, and that State bids fair to be cht quertd over with these iron roads. The legislature of New Hampshire have adopted a course juit the extreme Irom that pursued heretofore? Until the lest session it was impossible to obtain a char ter, with privileges sufficient to induce capltaliate to un dertake the enterprise. The right oi way could not be enfoiced, and obetructions and difficulties arising irom that, were too numerous to surmount. It is cow contem plated to construct the Northern road, being a continua tion of the Concord road to Lebanon. The Keene?a con tinuation of the Fitehburgh road toBrattieboro'; the Can idi road from Poitamouth to Alton Bay, Ply mouth,Havt r hill, and on to Montreal; the Eaat Wilton and Merrimae; the Boat Wilton and Groton; the Naahna and Groton,and one in connection with the Fitohburg to run through Winchester. It will require an outlay of at least ten mil lions of dollars to complete these roads, and may require fifteen millions. There is a great field for the extt naion of railroads through Vermont and New Hampshire, and one which the capitalists of that section will not allow to remain long.unimproved. It will, of coarse, require several years to complete these lines and put them Into active operation, but thay must eventually be fintshed.? The people of New England generally accomplish what they undertake in this way. They do notoommence any pnblie work without going through with it at any sacri fice, and at any cost. They do not ellow their camea to be used to ndvanoe any speculative bubble, but go into every work with the determination to cany it through. So far as capital and perseverance will go, they are used to the utmost. We do not find so much stock-Jobbing in the railroad end other stocks oi New England; they are used for Investment by all classes able to lock up their funds in securities. We wish the capital ists of this and other sections of the country, would im bibe a little of the spirit of those who have completed such works as the Western, Worcester, and other railroads. . We annex a statement of the amount of merchandise kc., transported northwardly on the Susquehanna and Tide Water Canal, the number of boats cleared, andithe amount of tolls received at the Collector's office, Havre de Grace, in the year 1844:? SUS?UEHANNA AND T|DE-WaTEB C.ANAL?AscENDINO Trade. Dry goods, lbs 2,214,393 Lradan pipes and cop Groceries 1,478,43} per 17,453 Coffee 2,129,033 Cotton 20,630 Sneeusware 813,564 Machinery and steam ardware 759,515 engines 11,825 Furniture 214,511 Wstermellons 78,100 Tobacco 199.783 Sand 96,108 Hides ... 1,113,344 Cost 286,720 Drugs, paints and dye Ashes 533,500 staffs 355,286 Sundries 77,675 Bacon and pork 539,990 Nails, kegs 999 Tin and tinware 1(0,836 Liquor, bolt 761 4teel 41,707 Fish 13J30 German Clay 150,934 Tar, roain and pitch.. |770 Marble 225,094 Oil and turpentine,... 952 Grindstones, 92,934 Ale., 887 Bar blocks 75,176 Belt, bushels 188,214 Hemp and cordage,... 140,270 Potatoes, sweet 737 Leather 80.072 Wheat 0,837 Glass and glassware,. 51,496 Oysters 345 Clocks 18,429 Plaster 8,994 Castings 96,533 Emigrants 416 Bricks 2,005,972 Boau cleared, number 3,169 Iron, bar and rolled,.." 227,008 Amount tolls rec'd,.$S4,!13 99 This table shows the trade of the interior connected vith Havre de Graca. Merchandise transported by boat from Havre de Grace to the interior of Pennsylvania, doss -tot undergo any change*, bnt goes diroot to the point of testlnation. Merchandise transported from Philadelphia to Columbia by th* railroad, not only pays a larger freight, but requires re-shipment. The above table does not therefore give the total quantity of articles of this da scriptian, transported into the Interior of Pennsylvania, or through Pennsylvania to the Wast. The commissioners appointed to closo the affairs of tho Planters' and Merchants' Bank of Alabama, havo for tho past year progressed very rapidly in their business. They consider the available assets sufficient to liquidate th* ba lance of liabilities before th* lat of April, 1848, without celling any part of tho raal estate. If any liabilities re main unpaid on the 1st of April, 1848, the commissioners recommend that real eatata be then sold to pay them off, and the basin*** of the bank closed by a transfer of the balance of assets to trustees for the benefit of the stock' holders. The stockholders, judging from tho annexod exhibit,will probably divido Irom thirty to thirty-five per cent. Plants**' awd Mkrc hints' Bank, M?sile. Total amount of liabilities, Dec. 1843 $248,021 84 Total amount of liabilities, Dec. 1844 138,961 40 Extinguished in the year ending Dec 1844., $107,070 44 Liabilities Dae, 9th, 1844. 'Circulation outstanding $10,800 00 Individual Deposits* 17,074 80 Certificates o Deposit* bearing 8 per ct, int. 80,8*48 86 Unclaimed Div deads 0,498 76 Due other Banks 7,082 80 (.lability to United States Bank 9,711 11 Total liabilities $186,961,40 Assets Dec. 9th, 1844, Vmount considered good $618,831 88 \ mount doubtful and bad.... 846,629 60 1,264,880 80 $1,198,409 40 The surplus of goad assets over liabilities amounts to M82,879 00, leaving the assets doubtfpl and bad amonnt ug to $646,620 60 to be made a* mush ef as possible. The ommissioner* value the real estate belonging to the bank i $300,800, yielding an annual rent of $21,690. Tho col. luctions oa bill* receivable, rent, interest, kc , since Dec. 4th. 1848, amount to $161,319 96. The revenue of several ports in Canada for the past year, compared with 4h* present one, has Increased frost

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