Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 3, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 3, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. X* No. 304.WlMto No. N64. NEW YOKE. FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 3, 1845. Prteo Two Con to. [From the True Ion ] Air. Cashing, our Minister to Chinn?? Sketch of His Personal Adventures daring his Absence from this Country. Tfie narrative of Mr. Cushing's personal adven tures, from tirst to last, is one ol the most interest ing, and will, we hope, be one day presented to his countrymen by his own nble hand. Some of the moat pleasing contributions to science, history and narrative, are the descriptions oi the English Mis sions to China, of Lord Macartney and Lord Am herst. The communications already sent home by him to the Institute at Washington, are conclusive evidence of his profound observation, his scientific attainments, ana his untiring industry. It will be remembered that previous accounts in formed us of the disaster of the Missouri, with its train of inconveniences to the mission, the kind attentions paid the Americans at Gibraltar by the Governor and others, the departure of Mr. Gushing in the Oriental steamer, his arrival at Alexandria, his passage up the Nile, his journey across the Isthmus, and his reaching Suez in safe ty. Indeed his voyage down the Red Sea. the ac Iy. xuuccu uw *vjuuwu iiiv ibou mc at/ cident to the Cleopatra war steamer on the way, ? ? " rly and subsequent arrival at Macao, were also early known But there were other occurrences previous to his arrival in China, as well as subsequently, which have not before been made public. From Adert he went< in the Cleopatra to Bom bay, and on his arrival there in the evening he found a Grand Ball about to take place on board the Brandy wine, tho rigging and spurs of which vessel were most splendidly illuminated with.lamia. It was one of the most beautiful sights ever wit nessed, and Mr.Cushing's safe arrival was a source of high gratification to his naval friends, particu larly at so opportune a moment, and added greatly to thep'.eH8nre of the fSre.1 At Bombay, Mr Cushing was the guest of Sir George Arthur, a former Governor of Upper Cana da. Curing the period of his brief stay, he found time, in company with Mr. Fletcher Webs?er and Mr. O'Donnell, an attache of the Legation, to make an interesting excursion into the Mahratta countty, one which pleased them far more than they could possibly have untfeipated. Tue journey was if.tide paftly in coaches, and partly in palan kins. They went ac far aaPoonah, situated in the south western part of theDeccan, in Central India, and formerly the capital of the Mahrattas. It is somewhat celebrated for having been captured in 1803 by Sir Arthur Wellesley and the "Iron Duke." Here the travellers saw the largest cantonments of .English troops in India, and attended a grand re view, where the American minister received the highest.military honors. They also visited a cele brated Brahmin terhple, being carried there on the backs of the sacred elephants, ana escofted by the English political resident, Mr. Warden, who is fa vorably known to many of our countrymen, alter whom he enquired with great interest. The away of the English over this part of India appeared to be of a permanent character. All the Curiosities of thia region were fully explored, and will one day, we trusty be fully described. At Bombay. Mr. Cushing received the most un remitting attention from the civii and military au thorities. Sir, George Arthur was particularly obliging, and did the honors of his splendid resi dence with a kindness and hospitality never to be forgotten.. We may imagine something of the splendor, power, and luxury of the English in In dia by instancing the position of Sir George, who enjoys a salary twice as great as that of our Pre sident, lives in the style of a Prince, and rules more than twenty millions of people. From Bombay Mr. Cashing proceeded in the Brandywine down the southern coast el India to Ceylon. Ac this island he passed a week, and vi sited the old native capital, Kandy, the principal site of the Buvddists. The island is called bv the natives "the celestial paradise;" and since the Eng lish have obtained an undisputed-title, by cession, from, the native chiefs, it has become more than ever flourishing and populous. The greatest atten tion was paid the American Envoy by the principal authorities, and particularly by the GovernQr, Sir Colin Campbell. A ball was given by the English residents in honor of their American guests, at the Hall of the Consulate. Prom Ceylon the frigate proceeded by a mute called the eaatern passage, south of the island of Java, by the way of Timor and Ainboyna, and so into the Pacific Ocean, thence up to the eastward of the island of Luzanto Macao. It was the first time this passage was ever made by an American man of war. At the season of the year when it wan accomplished, it in the only way to reach China in consequence of the N. ?. monsoon. The passage was made very sue cesafully under the judicious and prudent direc tions ol the gallant Commodore Parker, who cheer fully encountered all the hazards of the route in or der that the mission might arrive as early as possi ble in China Mr. Cuahingresided in that country exactly nix months to a day, and during the whole period was constantly engaged in promoting the objects jectsol his mission. By tne non arrival of the St. Louis sloop of war, which lay, very siogularly, a longtime at the Cape, and through the continued obstacle of the northern monsoon, be was under the necessity of remaining at Macao until the im perial Government actually anticipated his move ments by dispatching a commission to him. It consisted of Tsi Yeng, an imperial delegate and plenipotentiary; Wang, treasurer of the provinces of the two Awangs, and Pwan Pwan, another high dignitary of state. The Yang U a Tartar of the imperial blood, and tho same person who negotiated with Sir Henry Poitinger.? His name, we might as well state Lore, has been errone ously spelled Kyiuf in the English newspapers. This per se nage seemed to here the fall ooi.fldet.ee ot his sovereign, as he was appointed, with all the power* of a plenipoteu tiary, to negotiate with the French and American Lega tions, as soon as thay arrived. One very interesting taci is worthy of notice. No obstacles wete placed in the way of Mr. Cashing* proceeding to Pckia, one groat ob ject of iormer embassies fiom England. Ho waa told there would be noae, but floding tho imperial commission had power fally to treat with him, he yielded his personal curiotity and pride, it ho entertained any snoh leelings, to the consideration of his country's interests. Hs there fore eutoitd st once upon the negotiation so promptly and conveniently offered him, and was an immense gainer by this con-idorete course. Tho Chinese commissioners were intelligent and gentlemanly men; they had a teiinu* of civil and military attendants, and a* large was it that it was with ateat diffioulty they oould find quarters foi them all Tsi Tang very unceremoniously took posses aion of an immense temple dedicated " to our Lady ol Mercy," in the village of Wang Hiya, where he kept hi* state. The difficulties of the languages were obviated by tba frankness and tact ot Mr. Cashing in declaring at once the real object* of hi* mission, disclaiming any re sort to finesse or foroe, and appealing at oaoe to the good sense, and high character of th* Chiuase An bassador* ? These, with equal frankness and oonfidencs, proposed to employ the American interpreters exclusively, and by so doing i eid onr national character, and our national repre sentative, the very highest compliment in their power. For two weeks the two commissions were employed day and night, with the exception of their meal times and a few noara given to repose, in discussing and ar tanging the various questions in controversy between the two governments, and in negotiating the treaty now to fore the Senate ef the Un.ted state*. It was at last agre ed upon and drawn up in Chinese and English, but finally prepared in the Tartar dialect, which is the language of the Emperor. It was signed at ten o'clock at night on the third of July last, in the sanctuary of the temple we have already men tioned; and from which, us we have stated in part, the priests and their idols had been previously displaced with out the slightest hesitation, to make room for the Com missio.er and his suite This circumstance confirm* the opinion entertained by many residents in China, that at the imperial court there is no particular regard paid te any ruligion. When the treaty waa signed, a splendid repast was given in the temple to the American Minister, indeed, during the fortnight of negociation at Macao, the respec tive legations were constantly giving and receiving en tertainment*. At one given by Mr. Gushing, all the Amarictn Isdiee at Macao were present; and the Chinese dignitaries, for the first time in their lives, performed the extraordinary duty of ha: diog in foreign ladies to the dinner table, and of paying them th* uanai attentions there. Many of the officer* of the squadron were also pr?sent. The next day Tsi Teng waa taken so ill that he was obliged to be removed to Canton; and there various other minor questions, were afterwards settled by oorrespsn donee, and the personal attention of some members of our legation, acting for the Minister at Macao. indeed. from the 4th of July for tw > months following, an official coiraspondenfce waa kept up unceasingly, in j relation to matters connected with the negotiation? ' among those especially was that of the personal aafety oi , Americana in China, arising out of the circnmatanee of a /Chinese, one of a mob, having been shot bv an American in the streets of Canton, while engaged in the popular ; work of intuiting foreigners. Mr. Cashing'* account ef these various ditncultiea, is in tha highest degree graphic ' au'l entertaining. ; After closing his arduous labors, and as w* believe, achieving more for hi* country by far than Sir Henry Potiinger ha* done for his, he left China on tht asth of August last, in the U 8. brig Perry. A successful voyage of sixty-live day* brought him to San Bias, touching at Mar.atfan by the way. From this place he proceeded on horseback to Ouadei Jara, a town |>osaeaeiog about 60,000 inhabitants, scoomoanied for a part of th* way by a par. j of Mexican officers On hi* arrival he found himself in the midst of ? serious revolution. From thence to the capital he travelled in a diligence, paasing the whole way through detachment* of tha hostile arm lea of Parade* and Santa Anna. Not the allghteat obstacle was placed in their way, nor the smallest insult given by any of the*# troops. At Mexico, the event* occurred which found their way into tha papers. From that eity Mr. Cashing travel led by tha diligence to Von Crtu, but in consequence j of the civil war, all the troop* had been withdrawn from the country between Vera Cruz and the capital. At va rious points on the route, thereto re, strong bands oi arm. ea robbers had stationed themselves, and tne travelling became unsafe. One of the parties robbed our Minister of his travelling trunk, containing among other things some private pipers and letters ol value. At ruebla and Vera Cruz,he was an eye-witness of the " pronunciamenlat" against Santa Anna, made by the civil and military authorities. At the latter place, there was much ceremony displayed on theocoaslon, and great decorum ; while at the former there wore great disorder and confhsion. A mob paraded the streets during the night, crying " death to the foreigners11 The hotel at which Mr. Gushing lodged was attacked in the night, but;without success. From Vera Cruz, Mr. C. being disappointed in a paasage by an earlier vessel bound to New Orleans, embarked in the Eugenia for this city. After a floe run be ariived off Sandy Hoook in eighteen day*, but not without a further adventure. The Eugenia, while close hauled, was run into by a schooner sailing before the wind, and some damage was dona by the collision. We must not forget to mention that while Mr. Cush ion was residing at Macao, his house was attacked by robber* five times, and entered by them on one occasion The Legation were obliged to do constantly aimed for sell defence. Mr. Webster and Mr. O'Donnell are on their way home by the way of England, aad may be very soon expected by their friends. Thus has Mr. Cushlng in a few months passed round the globe, effecting during his short absence a moat im portant treaty, placing the commerce of his country in the China teas, on an extended looting, protecting it by a well-timed find able negotiation, gaining the good will Ond esteem of the Chinese Government, and adding to the honors be already has won in public' life, the respect and gratitude of his countrymen. Albany. [Correspondence of the Herald} Albany, Dec. 30,1844. Dkab Sib :? According to engagements entered into previous to my departure from the Empire City, I take the liberty oi scribbling a few lines for the benefit and edification of your readers. What a blessing to the travelling public would a railroad be, leading directly from New York to this city, without pot ting people to the trouble of gerrymandering the New England States'! Or, if Townaend's iceboat could be made available, and the Hudson by this means kept in a navigable condition throughout the winter, you may be assuied that many curses would remain unvented, and much vexation of spirit thereby prevented. Any one overnice and particular, will be apt to find some little difficulty in procuring accommo dations at this particular time. We find several comfortable establishments here, kept by widow and maiden ladies, where all the good things ot life are dispensed at a moderate and reasonable rate, and from whence, it is but a step to the Capi tol and the state departments. Albany has ever been celebrated for its excellence in the way of edibles and drinkables. Next Monday is inaugu ration day, and if there ia no mistake in the pre mises. the a&y will hereafter prove to be second in ;mn/>rtan<>e onlV to the fourth of March. .The r^nvarnor of New York occupies no mean position, Unoortance to the Executive station. He was no FS^SSlTBMffWSS sssSt??-?5 ?? -vs ins of his attachment to democratic principles and ssttfs STwsif&i'Sv *' fhfsproposition is makingitself wore^"mfrom the evcnta of every day happening But as the business is accomplished, and Mr. Wngb frovernor vou may rest assured he will be vsover S^'Sa-J tLr K? A" ' .... .,j?v ** he won t be notbin else. . Probtbly the most interesting ness of the Legislature, immediately alter ?ga?_ ration, will be action in relation to the U. 8 sen a (or* Extensive efforts are on loot here f?* friends of ^easranDfckens^n Ynd^ost^profess to ST.'-'SIrk t???r ?cc.pt ?l "^r.?V?nor.bbi cumstances, a high and^ h e Senat0IB he can and wiH be.chosen as ^ gathered> and in Congress. From all elements has not been seems to be the present opinion cf .th** *f??J^ave ?h. renutation of being "wise in their own conceit a8 for Messrs. Dickenson, Foster and Bouckj they r*>litv a verv Rood " show." An n5?r not exactly of nationality^ but of faction, of ctioue hanM about their polItWl garments, not veryVeaddy to be driven out. They are supposed m he ihe head and front of a clan, some of the numhuri he inn in your city, which would have S?fte and the country, and the demp SSSE&s^titers: feeU'ni 5 concerned, these are facts andconstde rations difficult ?o towiMUd. ;Se temporary Senators have been damaged by 4UThe*officfofAdj utant"Genera 1, in consequence nf the present and the anticipated troubles, grow rI. oul o "he toll-rent rebellion i. ?n.. IW "r laCdh- rssssrnsstsrt ?mne ffie cares and reaponsibilitiea of the station. L^t. solely with the Governor, who by law can m.ki hir own selection without the advice, con sent or interference of the Sena'e. Every aopli fi. iIim noBt icemB to have attained nigh ZtJZSZrtt! heard General V.ele, General Harmon, General Temple, General Genet, ?nd one or two other general, mentioned lor the office You will, perhaps, remember that Mr. Van Buren once said of the Governor elect, l ;r.r^te.^ur;.ct^'rir? Bss&jSS&S cious or proper in the judgment of to choofe both the Attorney General and the ao ,utant General from the city of Albany and hi fact from the same family. John van Dureii will be Attorney General; this may be said to be ??e affaire fifri General Temple married , lad, nthi* citv oosaessed o? great wealth, and is now I Elvhr-r'.'.d f.rl of Adiutant General is only one thousand Hollars - and what can a rich man see wor.hy of .?? zi be well laden with recommen MASSES' Cotton and Suga*-The Cotton crop of the United States, recently gathered, it is generally admitted In the South, will nsch 8,800 COC balsa. The n Eussr crop of Louisiana will amount to abom ?S,IMI0 &?hesA. At New Orleans. thogroat:martfet mass ?tepPo?, cotton rengee in price from >| to 7 cants, end iugar Irom S to *i cent* p?r Id. Total Loss of the Canebeake.?We learn from ,l. Mobile Advertiser, that the steamboat Cane bmklfilth 700 batoi coU.nhjjrd.wn .aacgod sad sunk In tho Bigbss rim on tha ISth.slt. Intkllioknck from Jamaica.?The Jamaica Tinua and Kingston Journal to the 13th ult. in clusive, have reached us. They came via Savan nah. The Jamaica markets were very inactive. Some American goods have recently been seized by the officers of the customs, in consequence of being marked with English names. [From Kingston Journal, Dec. 1-J.] The House is to meet to day at 2 o'clock, and it is ex pected the Import Duty Bill, which, with the exception of the schedule, has been ugretd to in committee will be gone through and reported. An attempt was made yesterday, whne in committee, to increase the duty on cattle to 30s per head. This led to a proposition to re duce the tax to JOs., which was carried by a majority of one; but on the House resuming, it was sgrecd that the sum should remain as it is at present, at 34s A proposi tion was also made to reduce the duty on Fork, but the feeling of the Committee being adverse to it, it was not presse I. It is not expected that any alterations in tho duties taken under this bill will be made. (From the Jamaica Journal, December 9.] There is little in the proceedings of the last fortnight in this island to which we need call the attention .of our distaot readers. The Legislature continues in sessions, but the Council Chamber and Assembly Iloom (now that the Scrutiny Committees have concluded their labors) partake oi the general dullness?of the quiet which chara terizes the colony. In the rural districts all appear to progress quietly and satisfactorily. Not only are there no complaints, but the planters are looking forward to a comparatively abundant harvest, and fair return* f.r thsir trouble and outlay - Labor, we are informed, is wanted, and will be, to lake off the canea now on the grounu, as well as to enable those who desire to do so to extend their cultivation. In the Assembly the question oi Immigration ha* en gaged attention, and although the bill has not yet passed, we may mention what ita provisions are likely to be 1st Twenty thousand pounds, the balance of thirty thousand voted last session*, are to be applied to the gen eral purposes of immigration during the present year 3nd. Thirty thousand pounds are to be placed at the disposal of the Governor to defray the expenses of im porting two thousand Coolies, authorized by the Gov ernment to be sent on from India 81. Forty.five thousand pounds at the disposal of the Governor to meet the cost of importation of the alditional three thousand Coolies, applied for by the Weat Indian body in England, should the resolution of the house not have reached the Government in time to enable it to coun termand the order for their embarkation No person is to be permitted to employ a Coolie laborer unless he first enters into a bond to the Queen to comply with all the rules and regulations respecting the employ, ment and services of these people, which bond will be impressed with a 30*. stamp for each Coolie. In other respeots, the immigration act will remain as it is. The public and parochial taxes have been considerably reduced within the last three years, and it is found muc i easier to complain of lavish expenditure than to reduce it. By a return made to the Assembly, it appears that the public direct taxes, received during the years 1843, M, snd '4, are as follows : ?63 934 8 11 1843, 7,906 17 7 1844 6.713 17 9 The parishes have no power to impose indirect taxes ? One reason why those imposed by them have been so much complained of, is bscausethey ere direct, and more immediately ielt. They are, nevertheless, considerably lower than they were. The teutons of the legislature are expected to termi nate in the course of a fortnight If this is not done, an adjournment orer the holidays will be necessary. There arc few important measures before the assembly, which may not be permitted to lie over. Fever is prevalent in this city and Spanish Town, and in Falmouth, on the Northside. The mortality, however, is not great. Trade is very dull, and business at as low tin ebb, generally speakiDg, as it can well be. The Banks complain of the want of discount business, and capital for mercantile purposes is said to be more abun dant now than at any previous period, since the estab lishments in question commenced business. An inquiry is being instituted by the Assembly into the condition of the rural classes of the community, affected by the want oi medical advice. Thesstrlcssls, As, Mr. Booth terminated his engagement at the Charleston Thcatie on the 28ih ult. The Hughes' Family are giving concerts at Kings, ton, Jamaica. The Albany Amphi-theatre closed for the season ed Wednesday evening. Mr. Bailey, a vocalist of some talent, is giving oon. certs in Baltimore. The new drama of " Putnam ? was very succeasfbl at ths National, Boston, on Tuesdaynight, and elicited great applause. - v Mr. Clark, a celebrated vocalist, is giving concerts at the Assembly Building, Philadelphia. The Complimentary Benefit to Mr. Whitney is to take place this evening, in Philadelphia. Yankee Hill assists j him. Signor Antognini. first tenor at the Italian Opera House, New York, will mske his debut before a Boston audience, at the fourth concert of the Philhatmonio Society, to morrow evening. Miss Stork's farewell concert took place on Tuesday evenir g, and was respectably attended. The Philadel phia papers say. that the lady has natural abilities of some power, but her voice lacks cultivation to a singular extent She certainly is not as poor as many that we have listened to, but we have heard much better, in pri vate circles. Ole Bull is announced te give anather cencert in New ark, th.s evening. Dr. Hollick is announced to commence his lectnres in Baltimore, on Tuesday nasi. A new singer, only 33 years of age, named Oardonf, bss appeared in Paris. Her voiue is said te be the most angelic ever heard at tha Opera House. The Richmond Star is now offered for sale. Personal Movements. The Hon. Abel Smith, lata Texiau Minister to the governments of England and Fianee, 11 in this city on hit way to Texas. Hen. D. W. Dickinson, is confined at home, in Ruther ford county, witb s severe attack of plenrisy, and is not yet able to leave for Washington. The Cincinnati papers announce the death of (he Hon. W. W. South gate, which took place at his residence in Covington, Ky., on Thursday week. A nnmber of the citizens of Charleston, S C., assem bled on the 37th ult., aad adopted resolutions tendering their congratulations to Mr. Polk on his election to the Presidency, and requesting the City Council to invite him to visit Charleston, on his way to Washington Mr. John J. Saltswedel, an old resident of Baltimore, died on Sunday afternoon, at the Washington Gardens, from apoplexy. James N. Hunter, E?q? member elect to the Pennsylva nia Legislature, from Bmka county, died on Thursday week,at the residence of his father In Rockland townahip Mr. Andrew Scott has retired from the Dtilv Chronicle, of Philadelphia, and Mr. John B. Bratton has, in like man ner, abdicated from the Hmniebueg Union. The City Solicitor of Boston, In reply to an inquiry from the Mayor, ha* given the opinion that the eity gov ernment cannot be organised unless a majority el the the Board of Aldermen are elected. Peter Spader, Esq, of New Brunswick, has declined the Presidency of the Mechanics' aad Manufacturers' Bank of Trenton, which was tendered him some time ago. Alexander Everett delivered an addreaa in Washington, on Monday, upon the subject of the French Revolution. Gov. Seward remains quite ill near Hudson. He was visited yesterday by Mr. Van Buren.?3Y?y Whit "f \ Tuteday. Mr. Benadict I. Sanders, one of our moat respectable merchants, died suddenly yesterday afternoon, at his ?tore, a* la supposed from a disease ol the heart. Mr. S. had been in delicate health for a long time.?BaltimorUPa triol, Tuetdtty, A new whig two sent paper, entitled The Morning Pott, ha* made its appaumce in Philadelphia, by Bela Badger, Esq. The publication of The Forum is dis continued. Common Plena. Beloru Judge lograbam. Btnjamin jSudtlty vs. Robert and Wm. Davit ?This SO tion was- brought to recover damages lor a trespass al legtd to have taken place under the following circum atances. It appears in evidenoe that the plaintiff 1* a ma chinist, doing business at USEaat Broadway, end had frequently bee i employed by defendants i that on the 1st July last, deiendanu, without any Just cause, broke open plaintiff's shop, and carried away several articles belong ing to plaintiffs consisting of lead, iron, and hard wood. For defence, it was contended that the defendants were owneraof said premises, aad the gooda belonged to tham ; and alio that they had a lease of the premiiet. Sealed verdict this forenoon. Thorns and Mills for plaintiff*. R. M. Tyson fo#defendant. V. a. Circuit Court. Before Jndgu Betta. Jar. 3 ? F.rrirttn va. Haggand Delamatre?Briceonpret ptllere.?This case, already noticed, was concluded, when his Honor charged. It appeared that in tha year 1834. plaintiff took otit tha patent for what la called the spiral propelling wheel, and In 1837 oeaetrnoted a model which he exhibited at New| Orleans,|never having, however, constructed machinery under the potent. The ehief question at issue waa whether or net he had relinquished uia patent right, and therefore waa a aen-user in law? not until May, 1841, and he sent to tha patent office ler the usual attestation ; and the chief points to be deci ded were, whether under these circumstances, he had re linquished his patent right j and next, if the model* pro duced in evidence could justify the opinion that the pa ent was infringed ; and if the Jury believed anch, they were bonnd to eward fair damages to the plaintiff. ?The Jury will rendar a sealed vertlatthM forenoon. Court Calendar? I Ida Day. CiaeuiT Coukt.?Noa. 40,30, 81, S3, 83, Ml, 333, 383, M6om*sois fi.SAS.-33, 90, ?, 83, 1,13, 40, 37,33, M. Interesting from Texas.?By the arrival of the New York, Capt. Wright, we have (aaya the New Orleans Pie. of the 14th Dec.,) Galveston datea up to the Slit Dec. The Hon A.J. Doneiaon, Charge d'Aifaires to Tt-xas, reached here laat evening on the ateamer New York. We nnderatand that he haa important diapatchee for our government, which haa been aent by a apecial measenger to Washington City. We also underatand that Mr. Doneiaon brings favorable accounts of the attach ment oi the people of Texas to the cause of annexation, and haa no duubt that the measure, now beiore Congress, if passer, will be hailed, with great unanimity by the people of Texas : and thut the attempts of European pow ers to thwart the policy of the United States will be abor tive. The citizens of Matagorda county held a meeting en the 7th Dec in favor ot annexation. TheU. 8 sloop of war Falmouth waa ofT Oalveaton on the illh, made signals to the revenue cutter Woodbury, then leaving lor this port, and again proceeded to sea. The Lagrange Intelligencer states that Coleman and Neil, supposed to have been murdered by tbe Indians soo e time sinco, have ariived safely at San Antonio. The Galveston Civilian of the 14th says the question will soon belaid before the people of Texas in a tangible and authentic shape, whether they will take an acknow ledgment of the independence from Mexico, coupled with the condition of declining annexation to the United States, or await thechancus of union with this country. Since our last news, four vesauls had arrived at Galves ton from Bremen?the Johan Deihard, Herscbell, Fer dinand and Apollo?with no less than 376 emigrants, all bound for Fishei'a colony. The Galveston News, speaking of the growing of sugar in Texas, says that thus far its success has been signal, and that the day is not far distant when sugar and molas ses will be numbered among the articles ol exportation from the country. l)r Charles Tait, the man who killed young WUtmill W. Rives, in Alabama, last summer, was at Matagorda in October. He went from this city in a small schoener. Tbe new settlement o( Caatroville, on the Medina, west of San Antonio, is said to contain upwarda of 140 inhabi tants already. Among the members of the new Texan Congress is Oen. McLeod, who comtnandsd the Santa Fe expedition.

We have little doubt that he will prove a brilliant and eloquent speaker. Everything appears to be quiet upon the frentier?in fee,all over Texas?and our files contain little local in telligence ol importai.ee. Tne gallant band ot apies, under Major Haye, has been disbanded, so says the La Grange Intelligencer, and depre dat.ons have already commenced about San Antonio us a conscience. The editor ol the Intelligencer strongly recommends Congress to reorganize the company imme mediately. The paper*; contain President Houston's valedictory upon leaving office, on the Oth inst., and President Jones' imugu' al upon taking the chair of State vacated thatday. Pre si lent Houston congratulates the country upon the success of the Government, and thanks the people for the support by whLh ho haa been sustained in trying Oir cumituncea. After some remarks upon the satisfactory state of the foreign relations of the Republic, Gen. Hous ton holds,the following pregnant language in relation to annexation !? The attitude of Texas new, to my apprehension, is one of peculiar interest. The United Slates have spurned her twice aireody. Let her, therefore, maintain her position firmly, as it is, and work out her own political salvation. Let her legislation proceed upon the supposition that we are to be and remain an independent people. If Texas goes begging again for admission into tbe United States, she will only degrade herself?they will spurn her again fiom their threshold, and other nations will look on her with unmingled pity ; let Texas, therefore, maintain her position. It the United States ehall open the door, and ask her to come into her great family of States, you will j then have other conductor!, better then myself, to lead you into a union with the beloved land from which we have (prune?the land of the broad atripea and bright atara. But let ua be aa we are until an opportunity ia pre aented, an* then let ua go in, if at all, united in one pha lanx and auaiained by the opinion of the world. The valedictory cloaea by recoaomendirg the eatah liabment of public aohoeJe, he. The Cl.ilrenton papers of the 31at contain the Inaugural Mesiage of Pre*(dent Jones Thia ia a brief document, and contain* no illusion to the aubjact of annexation.? We copy the following extract, in which the Preaident *eta forth the objects which he deema of importance to the weltare of the Republic: It belongs not to the present occasion to discuss the va rious subject* connected with the present or future policy ot the country. Other occasions will occur for the appro priate performance of this duty. It is however duo to that frankness which f intend shall ever attach to my con duct of the executive functions to state briefly in ad vaooe, the objects which I conceive of importance to the welfare of the country, rcspectiuily to ask your atten tion to the eaaae, end vou r legislative aid, so far aa they may meet your approbation, in carrying tnem into effect. Promising thai f shall hold it my special duty to pre serve the Constitution sacred and inviolate, I deem of scarcely las* importance u rigid and impartial execution of the laws, civil and criminal; giving consequent secu rity to persoos and property, and a strict accountability in all the officers of tho government; thus securing, to > he greatest extent, the public interests. The other ob jects to which I have alluded, are the following The maintenance of the public credit and preservation of the national faith, ho;h as it regards individuals and nationi. A reduction of the expense* ef the government to as small an amount as is consistent with the efficient admin istration of its different department*. The entire nboliahment of paper money issue* by Gov ernment, corporations or individuals, and the consequent introduction of an exclusive hard monev currency. A tariff sufficient to piovide with certainty for the cur rent expenses of the Government, and for leaving a oon veuient amount of surplus in the treasury at all times to meet any unexpected emergency, with incidental protec tion and encouragement to our agricultural and manu facturing interests. The establishment of a system of common schools and institutions for the moral and religious culture of the rising generation. The attainment of a speedy peace with Mexico, and the eneouragement of a desirable immigration to the country, and the introduction of capital to develop# its vast resources. Friendly and Just relations with our red brethren, a course not only according with the dictate* of humanity, but the principles ot knowledge and sound policy, as af fording the le?at expensive protection, and greatest safety to our extended frontier. The introduction of a penitentiary systemjinto the cri minal jurisprudence ol the country. Encouragement to internal improvements, snch as the construction of bridges, tho improvement of roads, and the navigation of our rivers An extension of our friendly and commercial relations with foreign powers, and a favorable consideration for our great staple productions, cotton, sugar, and tobacco ?exempt, however,from inconvenient and entangling al liance*. An early settlement of the claims oi our citizens to their head rights and bounty lands. The Houston Vindicator has a long article on "An nexation." After apeaklog of the rejection of tho Treaty by the U. 8. Senate as "un act ef madness," the article concludes with the following paragraph, which will give someidei as to the manner in which further proposals for annexation will be entertained. In thts instance Jonathan did not evince bis wonted practical sense; usually, no gentleman can see the advan tage of ? good bargain quicker than he. Ha blundered this time. The next we will try and have something to say inithe bargain. We shall net resist annexation. If the people will have it, be it so Bnt such a treaty as was negotiated last winter, we will resist to the bitter end A reasonable treaty that secure* t* our citizens a share of tne public domain, for literary purposes?a guaranty for our slave property and (divi sion mto the Union as a State, on the same condition as other States have been ad mitted, without qualifications, save the establishment of a constitution in accordance with that of the general gov ernment, will meet with on r concurrence. More of this anon. The Galrrtton Civilian of the Mth instant, (seven days after the arrival of Captain Elliott, the British Charge d'Affairee,) contains the following significant para graph Tho political elements, were never more tranquil in Texas than at present. We apprehend, however, that they will not long remain in this state. Unless we are greatly deceived in the sign* of the times, a new and highly important question will be proposed for the deci sion of our citixenq, and we atyure them in advance to give to it that o?lm and rational consideration which its importance demands. The question, we think, will be put in ? tangible and authenuo shape, whe: her w* will take en acknowledgment of our indrpenrice from Mexico, coupled with the condition that we will decline the over tore of annexation from the United State*, or await the chances of a union with that nation. MAjirrACTrrmis is Cmarlkston.?A number of our most enterprietng townsmen are engaged in procuring subscriptions for the erection in our city of a ?teem mill fur the manufacture of soarie cotton good* and yam. W* wish success to their patriotic attempt. It ie In tbie way only that the prosperity of Cherleeton admtu of revival. All clasaei of citizen* are interested in such an enterprise, for on its realization will arise other act* hlisbment*. Now avenues for c-pital will bo opened The unemployed whit# female, woo cannot now ecm even a scanty snbs.stence by the work of her vandt, will And a new lourco of employment and ed? ate remu neration for her labor. Large nnmbera ol our unem ployed slaves, now encumbering < ur households or throngiog in idleness our streets, will be tnined to * profl table account The landlord will find in the new demand lor sites lor manufacturing and residences for an in 0reeling population, his advantage in the increase ot rent* end diminution of taxe*. Tho removal of raetrictions to a certain extent against the erection ol steam mills with n tho city will introduce (Me by side with manufacturing establishments, * versl of tho mechanic arts, unfolding new sources of weelth and enlarging tho existing chan nel# of industry.? CharUtton Pat. Dtc. 18 Naval ?The U. S. ateamer Union, Lieut. H. H. Bell, from Pensanoln, arrived at the Naval an chorsg.t yesterday afternoon. The new sloop of war James Town, Commander Cun ningham, dropped down yesterday from (Jusport to the encnortge The Jemee Town is ready for sea ; and we regret to learn that tbere is a probability that the Port - mrtnth will not be ready In time to accompany her Aa the James Town, the Portsmouth, and the At Mary's are all here, and were construct*d at different yards, accord ing to the models of their different cc netrnctore, it would be worth something to compere their selling and other qualities. So fhvorabl* en oppertun.ty ie not likely t* | occur again.?Narfaik HaraU, Dee, 81. Indiana. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Indianapolis, (Indiana,) Dec. 26,1844. Law and Logic on the State Lebt?Socuty and Sausages. Editor New York Herald:? Indiana is certainly a great State, if one ware to judge from the number of aenatora and represe nta tives who are annually sent here as law-givera for people in modern times. Solon in his palmiest days would be thrown fai in the shade could be only put on this "mortal coil," which he "shuffled off" some time since, and re-appear in the legisla tive halia among the combined wisdom now con gregated at the capitol. For the want of some mote useful and interesting employment, I spent a few days as a " looker on at Vienna," at the doings of our sage and worthy, (or as Shakspeare has it,) "grave and reverend seignors," who are now enga ged in enacting laws lor the hoosier people. Such an assembly of "dolts" my eyes never before saw collected together; that is, of men who pretend to be the representatives of a free yeomanry. Verily and in truth, there is not over a half dozen intelli gent looking men in the whole assembly, which is composed of fifty senators and one hundred repre sentatives! Now to expect such a body to pass laws of a wholesome and salutary character would certainly require a more than ordinary scope of the fancy. And yet there are some men even in the city of Gotham who imagine that the hoosier Legislature will pass a bill this winter taxing the people to pay the interest due upon the State Bonds Vain hope! It will never be realized. True, as ^hylock would say, "it was so nominated in the bond," at the time the stock was issued, that the interest would be promptly paid; but, sir, in these days, when defalcations are so common in high places,and where States as well as individuals make a boast of their bankruptcy, it is idle to suppose the tax paying people will ever consent to be sad dled with the accumulated debts of a set of politicians and finan tiers whose career of bam boozling the natives would disgrace even a Hottentot! Such pious souls as Nathan Hale and Horace Greeley, and their Wall street allies, may attempt to pufl up the honesty of our peo ple, and call upon Hercules to wipe out the debts under which this and other States are now groaning, but it will be like calling " spir its from the vasty deep"?they will not come at their bidding. The truth requires it at once to be known, that the legislature of Indiana will make no provision during the present session of the General Assembly, (and I may add at no future time), to pay the interest now due upon her bonds State Bankruptcy is inevitable, and the holders of Indiana bonds had better sell at whatever prices they can obtain, tor ail hope of relief from this State during the next quarter of a century, if ever, is out of the question. For giving you this impor tant item of news, I expect the Wall Btreet gentle men, as well as pious David Hale and " Booby Brooks," will pounce on me as a maligner of State credit! Let them. 'Tis their vocation. I console myself with the reflection that " there is nothing beautiful but truth " Yours, White Dog and Blur Pup. New Year's Day m Hart-em.?Mr. Editor ? As Harlem is a part of the city and county of the Empire City, I would call your attention to the manner in which New Yearns day wbb spent in the old Sour Crout place by some of the fashionables as they style themselves. But, by-the-by, before 1 undertake to describe how they passed away the day, let me give you the initials of their names; also a sketch oi their honorable or less honorable ( descent, and their occupations. But in doing this I shall have to divide them in classes, Nos. 1, 2,3, 4, as they figured in appearance on this memorable event. No. 1 consisted of;a two horse splendid baroudh) driven by a hired man, in which sat the first lords J of Harlem, and from house to house they went giving calls?the former is an old bachelor, but s thriving manufacturer?the latter, one whose dad dy is very rich, and a direct descendant of the old Dutch settlers of thiB village. Class No. 2 appear ed in a two horse old fashioned wagon. Thisi chaise gave chase to the former, but Beiiigl so considerably inferior in make, appear- [ ance, horse-flesh and intelligence, 1 perceiv ed they could not outstrip No. 1, nor give so many calls during the day. No. 3 was an old rockaway with a black hoise before it, in whi< h sat one not as sober as a priest, nor yet tipsy, but so " oh be joyful," as respects the pleasures of this life, that one would have supposed he had been sucking laughing gas. Class No. 4 appeared in a one-horse rockaway, hired, in which was seated one from Randall's Island, and some one else, name not known. No. 5 was also a one-horse rockaway carriage, in which sat one ready to am putate or set any broken limb that might happen to be dislocated or broken on the way. And of sev eral other carriages and their inmates 1 might speak, all oi which gave calls at such houses as they supposed eatables and drinkables were pre pared?took a side glance at the ladies?whispered over such and such a one's beauty, and painted cheek ; but ho! ho!! ho!!! for a moment, for 1 like to nave forgot to enumerate in the list our late Justice of the Peace, J. D., who went about "not doing good nor evil," as he thinks, and being a widower too, quite fanciful, and strongly inclined for a second wife, he figured in his own horse and chaise, singing, " Hurrah for Mayor Harper, Amer ican Republicans, and the Ladies." Some of the carriages Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,1 saw returning home about sun set, the inmates all so ber, I am proud to say, but yet merry as June bugs, singing " Row, row, the boatmen, row," and " Oh, poor Lucy Neal." But who is Lucy Neal, you may ask 1 Why, I will tell you her history as far as I know. She is a wench on some plantation down South, and from the song, which appeared to run thus:?. Oh, poor Lucy Neal, Oh, poor Lucy Neal, If I had you by my side. How happy I would feel, demonstrated to my mind that they must have got perfectly enamored with the ladies, and so strouglv inclined lor marriage that even poor "Lucy Neal" was desired to quench the rising flame in the bosoms of these old and young bachelois of Har lem. But how they spent their evening, I must make the subject of another article. At present I bid them adieu, and subscribe myself John Grrrn. Court of Oyer and Terminer. Before Judge Kent and Aldermen Bunting and Jackeon. Jan. ad.?Mcbdis Case.?The Jury panel were called over, thirty having answered. Mr. Bbadt applied for a postponement of the trial oi James F.agar, indicted for the murder of Philip Williems, in Koeeveit street, on 4:i Dec. lest, on tho ground of tha abience of aome material a itneaie*. Mr. Patkb*on, D. A., not resisting the application, the trial was act down tor this forenoon, when his Honor opened the | Circuit Court. Jtfery Waldron v. William H. Popham.? This wee an ac tion oi ejectment brought to recover a lot and certain property, aituated weetof Lafayette Place, in this city, claimed by the plaintiff from defendant, who holda as the tenant under the late Mr. John Mason, who held It in lee under the corporation, being let in virtue of tho lew of assessment, on the opening of Lafayette place. The suit was brought virtually against the coloration. It waa aet np lor plaintiff that this law has bean decided null and void by tha Supreme Court, and that aha had been coerced to make over the property, so far back at tha veer IB!#. It was put in for the detenoe that the plaintiff made over the property in question, receiving a remuneration at $##0. for which her icceipt was given, which waa put in lor the d? fence It being also contended for the plaintiff that tha proceedings before tho Common Council to rela tion to the sale were informal. It was put in for the do fence that tha plaintiff in receiving the amount of f##0 as oompaasatioa, and giving her receipt tbutofor, relinquish t bor right end title and r? cognised tho validity ot the >c*e<tingt before the Board oi Common Council, which ^barred her right to plead them in suit. The court Ohar ged accordingly, when a veroict was rendered for defong ant. The ee?e goes up to the Bupreme Court. Jt Votary of AforpAeui and Bocehv ?During tho do Uvery ol tne charge, a respectably dressed person in the gallery, who evidently had been enjoying the festivities Ot the preceding day?not anactly in acoordance with tha temperance principles?lay e*tanded on one ol th? seats in a regular hog slumber, and snored away at the rateol a full sixty horse power, resembling very much the snorting and neighing of a locomotive before the start. The eyes oi the court, were directed several times toward* this modern eteem boiler, and not being able to stand tho "wind of his bellows" any longer, directed to have him blown out, upon which two of the marshals proceeded to apply the stop volvo, and put down On ?team. On# of the marshal, seised him by the lelt oolltt of his coat?the other seised by the right?and puil pull?tug, tug?they went at it ; but still the iteam e* l>ended, and the bailer went ahead." At last they shook and shook at it, until the sleeper, " half seas over," cried out at the ttmof his voice, " 1 say what are yes uj o, old chap ?" (Roars of laughter.) The oonrt directed to teka the man quietly away, who at last, amid shouts of laughter, gradually awohe am; took hie seat, Imagining, no doubt, that he almost dropi from the clouds, when Judge Kent, who enjoyed the affair in common with all in the court, proceeded with his charge. Cruikshank ought to have been present, ae such an inoident would pey well by the rich touch of hit pencil. ?porting Intelligence. First Day, Dec. 21? Oglkthoipb Oovrsx, Geo.?The tall racing over this Course commenced to-day, with a two mile race, In which there weretbrao entries, vix: Mr McAlpin's b h Eutaw, Mr. Robertson's Mirabeau, and Mr. Cbisolm's John Watson. We did not attend theturf, bnt learn from those who did, that Eutaw had it all hie own way, and won both heata with ease time, 1st heat, 8,56; second, not kept. Hiconn Dar, 37th ult ?Notwithstanding the unpromis ing weather with which the day opened, about twelee o'clock it cleared oft, and there was a lair attendance at the course yesterday. The race was an exciting one? Crocket, the favorite, but the othera had their Friends, particularly Vincent Nolte, who made a beautiful con test of the first heat. The Sorrel Colt made play for the first heat, and in the recon!, took the running to himself ?and caused Crocket to st retch bimasIf in order to main tain bis position in the lead. Chatham, was distanced the first heat The following is the result: Mr. McAlpin's b. h. ( rocket, - - -11 Mr. Robertson's h. Vincent Nolte, - ? 3 die. F.W. Latin's;^ s, c. ? . .*8 3 Mr. Chisolm's b. h. Chatham, - . die. Time, 1st heat, 4m?3d, 4m. 8s. The Pineri'le, S. C. races commence on the 31st inst. The Qbeat Race over the Metaibie Covasx ? The New Orleans papers ot the 34th ult state, to-day the great sweepstakes, $3,0(10 each, four miles heats, cornea oft*over the Metairio Course. There are five entries; Peytona, Blue Dick, Midas, Ruffin, and Pat Oallwey. The event hat ixcited intense interest In the sporting world on account of the meeting of the two " cracks," Peytona and Blue Dick. The hones are all said to be in ftne con dition, and we may therefore expect a brilliant race. Al though the two champions have hosts oflriends alike con fi'entof winning, there are some who fancy neither of them is bound to win. The other thr ee horses are not to be "sneeted at." MonTooMERv Races ?We have seen a report of the first two days' races at Montgomery, Alb. Mr. Myers won a play or pay colt atake on the 16th inat., beating two others ; and the next day Judge Hunter's Stockholder filley, Mary Sherwood, won a two mile purse in 8:68? 3:67. The Oerat Feat?The feat of running one mile in a circle of 43 feet in diameter, in six minutes and fhalf, was run for a wager of $100 by Mr. John Smith, of the Amphitheatre, on Monday night, and won with great ease by that gentleman. FOK. SSALL; OR EXCHANGE, M| A FARM of 480 acres of lard, bonnded by a Railroad, pBSaud within seven mile* of the city of Nsw York, consist adding of meadow, uplauid and woodland. It may be di vided into two or more Forma. Will be aold very low or ex changed for other property, and on easy term*. Apply to JOHN W. RICHARDSON, d28 5t*re No. 59 West street. TO HOTEL OR TAVERN KEEPERS. a THE ADVERTI8ER having in hit possession an elegant" Bar-room and Refectory Saloon, wiahct to en gage an experienced and competent person to take charge thereof. The establishment ia splendidly furnished, sad finished in the best style, and doing a good business. 'I he proprietor ia witling to handsomely remunerate a respectable person, pro ducing satisfactory reference?or, would hare no objection to make an arrangement with a responsible and competent person to share the piofiu of said establishm nt. The sboee offer ia an oppor.unity seldom met with, as the place is of 'High Order." and c*n be carried on extensively and ve- y profit-bly. For further information, enquire of A. D.t No. 34 S. Charles street, Baltimore. Baltimore, Dec. 28, 1841. dttttne Ms Brewery," ia Fittsfield, Mass., ons mils from fits Uveal a Railroad. It is ia good repair, most of tha uteaaiia qprly nsw, and capable of bmwi ag 2008 barrels a seasoa Madh ouse attached, capable of malting gOM bushels per few country bxrwenes possess the some advantages of Mtfp and propiatg.s business, situated in the centre of a ? _ taring district, where the consumption of tie ,ia rapidly Massing. The Firm consists of 78 acres. 88 of whiah is wail Hatband, the rest under cultivation, well fenced and good buildings. Will be sold separately or together. Terms easy. JAMES ROT. Went Troy, Albany County. July 10th, 1844. jUtfite iy ly nrmish HOTEL.. JOShi STREET, B LOOM IN GD ALE ROAD. Lil4** propriftor of the Abbey Hotel world make his bow of thanks for the liberal patronage given to lun house the poet nnmer. ^^Mfully prepared fur the fall business, aad would thlllfhl ^^^Mh parties or individuals with Breakfhsi, Diansn, or at short notice. ^^B?ck of w-irj, Liqnore, and Eatable* will be food a* ^ ?ia tfriu ^ HULL'S TB-USSKS. ^^MironcE to ruptured persons. PERSONS afflicted with Ruptures mar rely the best lattrnmntal aid the world affords, applicaDon at tin Office. No. 4 Veeey street, ^^^^^^Horto either of the Arents in the Drincipul in the United Stales. Be curefnl to sa aatiao the bank pad of Hull's Trusses, to see if they are endorsed by Dr. Hall, in writing. None ate genuine, or to be relied upon as good, without-b 11 signature. f May pemdareBW* fhu^rtakea to send imitations of Hall** I celebrated Trasses, cntrthousands are imposed upon in conee klwaAnt imitation cannot be relied upon; they are made mechanics, and are no better than the ordinary I Apoipehnre bean fitted pnVlMo.Vyjffp atreet, exclusively Pr ladiee. having a eepamta tBuUwTMn the busineaa depart meat, when a female is in constant attendance to wait apoa |?roale neiiente ? dll lmr? TO THE LADIES. Ida hulvb uteroabdominal supporters. THIS new Instrument for he radical care of Prolapsus Uteri or Falling of the Womb, by eutemal application, supersediire the use the objectioual Pessary, is confidently re com mended to the afflicted as the means of perfect restoration to health, it neves having Tailed of performing e cure, even under the aggravated circumstances. .-The-Supporter has attained a very high character in f.nrope as well as in this country. It is adopted te*the entire disease of Pessaries, and all other painful surgical expedients, in the Lying-in Hospitals of Lon don and Pass, and is universally recommended in Europe by medical men of the highea'rank. In this country it is sus tained by the leading members of die faculties of Colleges and Hosnitals, aad bv all the eminent private practitioners. Rooms have been furnished exclusively for ladiee at Nn. 4 | Veaey streey, having a separate entrance from the business da nHMt, where a lady it in constant attendance to apply and Supporters to female patients dll lmrm II III I Mill Mil. 37 D>y street, between Brocdway and Gvrenwieh. SANDS SCOTT returns his moat sinceie thanks to his friends and the public at large, for the liberal support received since he opened the above house, and hopes, by the same strict attention, to merit a continu.nee thsyeof. The qnalities of his Ales, Wines, Liqnois, and Began, are too well known to need tomment. The be<t Oysters the market ran afford served np every; style, likewise a large assortment ol'refreshments to be had at all hours, 12 at night, such ?a Beefsteaks, Welsh Rarebits, Mutton Chops, Sardines, Fried Kidney a, Cold Cats, Ham Eggs, Bnckwheat Cabas, Poached Eggs, Tea It Coffee, Ice. A good dinner of roast and boiled meats for one shilling, every day from 13 tot o'clock. Dublin Brown Stout on d-anght. Families supplied with the best Scotch and Irish Whis PNo hoam better supplied with English, Irish, Scotch, Welsh, and city papers?always the latest news by the steamers. Good Rooms for Private Parties, at all times ready?free gratia far nothing. d!9 lm*re ^k NOTICE TO THE LADIES?Dmb Velvet Ham, ^Efwith a good assortment of Winter Ham, at Mrs. MAX WELL'S Millinery Store, at 44 Canal street, near Bread way. " lm*rc GENTLEMEN AND LADIES TAKE CAK.E OF YOUR FEET ?. OLD BOSS RICHARDS has set up twenty? jByonng men in the Boot and Shoe business in lk"^^Vp^W| ? city, ne intended to have gone out of the business in Octo- I J0f ber, Dot his health is so much improved, that he has open- I ed a new Boot and Shoe Store at 325 llndaon, next to the corner I of Van dam street, whine all his old friends and the public gen- I erally, may rely on his genuine, fashionable, and elegant Boots, I Shoes, Gaiters, India Rubbers,Children's Shoee at pneea to suit I .?vei y one's pocket. Remember that only one trial it requisite I to prove the advantage of his establishment over any other in the I city, and that the "No. is 315 west side of Hudson, next to Van- I dam it. Just push the door and come in?bring in the children I too?Bleu the sweet chiTo, how like the mother. nW lm*ea I nartmeat Trusses ? dividual who may want any of the above named or any thing in the Boor, nod Shoe line, will find it to their advan tage to give oa a call, as we are determined to sell cheaper than the aame quality of goods are sold at any other eatabliaMmt in the eity. Oont't forget the name and nnmher. A. KNOX fc CO., IBfi Canal street, dl* lm*rc ? between Hndson and Vaneb streets. FINE FRENCH DRESS BOOTS ^ RETAILING for tt 50. made in the latest"French style, A with nfbir stitch, at MOtfLTON fc YOUNG'S 0aah jm ionable Boot and Shoe Store, 593 Broadway. Boots made to order for S3 34, equal to usually sold for $5, city made, and warranted to give satisfaction. Also manafuciureu every description, Roota and Shoea, Gaiters, Pumps, ke. ies, misses, and children's Boon, and Shoes, and Outers, with a general assortment of Orershoes constantly on hand. Ml. wholenaie and retail. IfoRf?,0"' d 19 lm*nc 303 Broadway, opposite Niblo's Garden. FREE LECTURES ON FHRENOLO OY, PHYSIOLOGY AND PHYSIOG NOMY. in Three Course., by O 8. Fow Lia, in Clinton H all, e?e y Thareday eve* me?et ihe Cheich, corner of Chnrwie and Ddancey streets erery Wednesday eren iav, and at St. Luke's Building, corner of ? Hndson and Grove streets, eveiy Monday, in January, February and March, com mencing at 7H o'elock, and closing with public esaminations. A eontiibntion taken. For particulars ree hills and daily advertise nents Professional examination daily at ^ 131 Nissan street. Also, works oa ths above enres for sale. m Bm JOSrTH, U Maiden Lane, <?r luh, French, and (iermaa double ng and bucking GUN8, from the I. \lso, always on hand, an axtassive :mth Double Single arlnding the modem Six re lower than nay other Fun Smiths are parti aakiag their ?XPHE88 PRICES REDUCED?'1 "he?UaNhiaiaas Di reduced their Exprem pneea on all small paekagm af iw dd other doeamea is, (W>r? ? O^as to ^ nmts yn mts par package flram this city m Chsnmps. and the infta'mii 1ST <h* fcmilBBTOB ^IMB k VOMRBOV,

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