Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 7, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 7, 1845 Page 1
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r.r?iwi?i ?? *-? ?*"? THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XX.. No. 6?Whole No. 39S8. NEW YORK. TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 7, 1845. THE NEW YORK HERALD. aggregate circulation THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THE QREATE8T IN THE WORLD. To tht Public. THE NEW YORK HERALD?Daily Newspaper-Pub lished every day ol the year except New Year1! Day and Fourth of July. Price 1 cente per copy?or V M per annam?postages paid?caeh in advance. THE WEEKLY HERALD?published every Saturday morning?price t% eeuta per copy, or $1 II pet anaam?poet age. paid, cash in advance. ADVERTISERS are informed that the circnlatioa of the Herald ia over THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, and increasing fait It An# the larxnt circulation of any paper in thii city, or the voorld^a/nd, it, therefore.'he oett channelfor business <?m in the ctly or country. Prion moderate?cash in advance. PRINTING of all kinds executed at the moat moderate price, tad in the moil elegant atyle. JAMES (JORDON BENNETT. PaoraiBTon or THE Herald Establishment, Ninth went comer of Fwlma and Nassau atrecte. NEW YORK AND HARLEM RAILROAD COMPANY. winter arrange?eNT^ On and after October 28, the can will ran at follows s? Leaving City H?ll for Harlem, (126th it,) Morriiiania, Ford ham. William's Bridge, Huut'a Bridge, Underbill's Road, Tackahoe, Hart's Corner* aud White Plaint, 7.30 A. M., 10.30 A. M., 1 P. M. and 3.S0 P. M. Leave* William*' Bridge for rCiry Hall 8.45 A. M., 11.45 A. M., 2 40 P. Mi. 4.45 P. M. Leave* Tuckaiioe for City Hall 8 25 A. M., 11.25 A. M . 1 55 P.M., 4 25 P M Leave* Whit* Plaina for City Hall 8 A. M., 11 A. \M., 1.30 P. M., 4 P. M. Freight train* will leave City Hall at tttl M, Leave White Plain* at 0 A. M. ^Q'he Weal cheater Train will atop only, after leaving the City 11KI1, at the corner of Broome it. and toe Gar den and 27th street. An Extra Car, will precede each Train ten minute* before the time of starting from the City Hell, and will t<,ke up paaienger* along the line. Extra I urlem and Merisiania Train*, for MorrUinnia and in Mwmedi ue pi ,oe?, Le iv- City Hall for Harlem and Morrisiama.7 A. M., 9 A. M , 2 P. M.. 4.30 P. M. Leave Morriaiama for City Hall, 8 A. Mb, 10 A M-, 3 P. M., 5.30 P. M. By order of tlie Board, nlB 3m*rrc W. 8. CARMAN, Secretary. LONG ISLAND RAIL-ROAD COMPANY. wwWliii wl.GLK. ARRANtiEMEN Train* rnu a* follows, commencing Dec. 14th, 1844 :? Leave Brooklyn, at half-past 7 A. M., (New York side 7 A. M.) Boston Train for Ureeuport, daily, Sun days eic-feii. stopping at Farmiugdale and St " " at 9j-a A M lor IJicksville and intermediate pla .es, daily*; and en Tuesdays, Thursday* aud Sstuidavs, through to Orreuport and in termediate places. " " at 3X P. M. for Hicksville and intermediate places, daily, Sundays excepted. Leave Green port for Brooklyn, Boston Train, ?t IP. M., or on the arrival of t .e steamers diily. Sundays ex cepted. stopping at St. George's Manor and Farii'ingdaM. " " at 9 A. M., Accommodation Train, for Brooklyn and intermediate places, on Mon days. Wednesdays and Fridays. From Hieksville for Brooklyn and intermediate places daily, Sunday*excepted, at 7 A. M. ana 1 P. M. ON SUNDAYS. Leave Brooklyn for Hicktville and intermediate placet, at 9X A. M. at 4R P. M for Jamaica. Leave Hickavilleat 2)4 P. M. for Brooklyn, at 8 A. " Leave Jamaica at 8 A. M for Brooklyn. atSXP.M Monday*, ) I Tnexdays, ) Wednesday*, > Via Norwich. I Thursdays, > Via StonYton Fridays, ) I Saturdays, J d 14 Itn* m tJTIN TEK AKJtAN GE Wi "JNt: On ii>(l .Jter u.e i?t of October the ew will Mart? Pirtnio. ur.roT. Niv Yoau. 6oi_ocxAM. I ? o'clock A.M. " P. M. | ?* " V? SUNDAYS. I o'clock A M. | I o'clock A. M. 18 d ec "= jr>NbtlCk.^ji MWC/i STATEN ISLAND teSaBC FERRY. On end after Sunday, Dee. lit, the Boats will leave aa fol lows, until further notice:? LtCAYJL HTATEN ISLAND : ?X, aaO ??. A. M.: I and 4?, P M. LEAVE NEW YORK I _ 9 and 12. A. M.; J.V, and 5K P.JR On Snndaya the Boat will leave at 11, A.R.,wThM of 13. n?Hrc (ALL AND VV INT tit A KKANGfcXia.? 1. NEWARK AND NEW YORK. FARE ONLY 1*1 CENTS. THE NEW AND SWIFT STEAMER RAINBOW. CAPTAIN JOHN OAFFY. aM ON and after September 10th will ran daily, SywimPaa follow. (Sundays included) h? Leave New ~i Ml i air n rk foot of Centre atreet, 8 o'clock A. M ? La* v a New York, foot of Barclay atreet, I o'clock P. M. apt rrc WINTER MAIL LINE FOR ALBANY, > DAILY, at 5 o'clock, P. M., landing at inter -msiliats places. , h Gij^u.uat c/di.OMiilA, Captain William H. Peck Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday Aftemooaa, at i o'clock The Steamboat UTICA, Captain E. Hyatt, on Tneaday, Thursday >nd Saturday Afternoons, at i o'clock. IE7~ J'aa.-engprs taking the above line will arrive in A1 bany tn ample uaie to lake' the Morning Train* of Gars foi the eaat or west. 'ITv boats are new ana substantial. are fur aiahed with new and alegant state rooms, and for speed and ac commodations, ere unrivalled on the Hudson. For pii?-age or freight, apply on board, or to P.O. Bchnlti at the Ofhce on the wharf. d!6 FORBATH,-GARDINER AND HALLOWELL. . ^mawt jgA The new steamer PENOBSCOT. Captais N. Kimball, leaves the end of T wharf, Boston, .SwaMSE-every Tneaday and Friday evening*, at S o'clock. StnfM will be in mdiowa on hcr amTal it the abore p)p"i?i, to poQTty iHnwnFcn to the B>khhofiM towns. OHANGE OF LOCATION. UNITED STATES MAIL LINE BETWEEN NEW YORK AND ALBANY. . Vis BKID'lEPt'KT?HOU jg* SATONIC AND WESTERN C- . ? flWUUs K a 11, HQ A PS?The steamboat* 3E^SEK.KURKKA, Capt. True,dell, and N I.villi lO.C pi Brooks, will leave the pier at the foot ol tmae valftreet, daily. Sundays excepted, at 6X A.M. Returning, the Line leaves Albany at 7 A. M. Aibauy paa-eugera, on arriving at Bridgeport, proceed imme diately on the Railroad; and, without chauge of Baggage or Cars, arrive in Albany the seme evening. A Freight Train daily at SK A.M. For fu.ther informal ion, both as to freight and baggage, apply to O >1. PERKY, Agent, at the office, Ro.*veTt strret, er Livingston, Well* and Pom troy's Express office 2 Wall street R. B. MASON, Snperintendant, d 10 lm*m 172 South street. OLD" ESTABLISHED EMIGRANT PASSAGE OFFICE JOHN HERDMAN, 81 South street, New York. The subscriber contiuuea to make arrangements to Dring ont passengers from Oreat Britain and Inland, (via Liverpool), who may lie engaged at this office, or with any of his agents in the I'll I ted Stales, on board the Packet ships vailing from Liver j too I eves y five days?and in order to afford every facility, he will Iwve dispatched superior American ships in New York and Boston/every week, during the year. Those sending for their friends may rely that the same due and diligent attention will ba shown them aa heretofore, and shonld any of those sent for not embark, the money will be refunded, as custoin..ry; and those remitting money to their friends, can have Drafts and Bills of Exchange for sums to suit, payable on de mand at the following banks, (without discount or any other C E$l1'lA N1)?Messrs. J. Bull, Son It Co., Bankers. London: J. Burned It. Co., Liverpool; the National Provincial Bank of England and Branches, throughout England mid Wales; York shim District Bonk and Branches; Birmingham Basking Co.; Lancaster Banking CO. . . ? IRELAND?National Bank of Ireland and Branches, and Provincial Bank of Ireland and Branches, in sll die principal towns ihrotighoat the Kingdom. SCOTLAND?Eastern Bank of Scotland and Branches Greenock Banking Co. in Glasgow anil < Ireesiock. Persons residing in the country and wiahing lo send money to their friends, may insure its being done satisfactorily, on their remitting the amount they wish sent, with the name andaddreaa of the person for whom it is intended; a draft for the amount will then lie forwardrd per first pucket or ateamer, and a receipt for the same returned by mail. For further particulars, apply (if by letter, post paid) to a!6 ec JOHN HERDMAN. 61 South st. EXCHANGE ON ENGLAND, IRELAND, SCOTLAND AND WALES.?The Subecriber has at all the pi At all timea for ?ale Drafts from El to ElOOO, pavabb at all the principal Banking Institutions throughout the Unites Kingdom. JOHN HERDMAN, 81 South St. N. U. Passage to and from Liverpool can be secured si the est rates by any of the line of packet If-1- ? 94 i lowest rates by any of thr line of packet* sailing on the 1st. Sth lithLl8th, 21st and 28th of each month, on application aa above E? FOH GLASGOW?The fine new British ship IttJrgVANN HAkI.EY, Duncan Smith, man-r, now on jMBMuhw way to this port, end on arrival will have imme dyne despatch. She is intended espreealy aa a regular trader be tween this eud Glasgow. LL^Si*Jvff lif? H 87 South i reel. The packet ship ADAM CARR will succeed the Ann llar ev a 19 ie FOR LIVERPOOL?New Line?Rentier Packet tHwhlo sail the 26th of Jan.?The regular fast sailing JHKl'scket Ship SHERIDAN, Captari A. F. De Payster of l,lii<i tons, will rail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having accommodations unequalled for splendor or comfort, apply on board at Orleans wh an, loot of Wall street, or to E. K. COLLINS fc-CO, 56 South toast. Price of Passage, $180. The packet ship Oirrick, Captain B. J. H. Traik, will sucreed the Sheridan, and sail 28th Fabruary, her regnlar day. dITeo FOR NEW ORLKANB-Hegular Packet of KUf. , Jan,?The splendid, first-class, fa-ttailing | eckst ship sl'MON, LapUin Rettoons, will itositively sail as above, nrr regular day. II iring very superior accommodations far cabin, second ca bin and sieera.e ps-s*tigers, persons wishing to embark, sho-'ld make immediate application on boaid, foot of W ill street, or to JOSEPH McMURtsAY, j4rc 108 Pine stieet, corner of South. ~ A S3 AGE FOR NEW ORLEANS-Packet o >thf llth Isnnaiy.?The splendid, fast railing packe j.h p ARK ANiA", Captain Bnnkar, will sail posj .. . .j above, her reanlai day. The accommodations of this ship for cabin, second rebin, and steerage pass ng*re, cannot be surpassed. Those wiahing to se cure lierths should not fail to make early application onboard, foot of Maiden i.ane, or to WT It J. T. 1'APSCOTT, RjnSvo p MR ?*78 South street, corner Maiden Lake f Tlu Abolition Crista In the United States? Their Opinions and Purposes. James G. Bennett, Esq. Sib : ? As a neutral, your prophetic views, tor some months past, in relation to the effect the liberty party abolitionists would have on the drama of the late presidential election, have been fulfilled in a truly astonishing degree. You, S:r, was the first person in this nation, acting as an editor of an anti-abolition press, who had the can dor and good sense fairly to estimate our strength and numbers, by which means you was enabled to compute the amount of disturbing force involved, and to what extent the one or the other of the great parties might: be aided, or injured by the force of repulsion, or attraction, absorption, or ex tinction, or by sustaining our onward movement of integrity and integrality, without intending to aid, but meaning, by all lawlul means, to overthrow both parties, and alienate as great a number as possible Irom either. As there has been much said against us in your paper in past times, would it be trespassing on the interests of your paper?now the great neutral, and mouth-piece of this country?to publish a brief view of what the liberty party believe, and intend to do, and why the whigs, or democrats, in the late struggle, could not receive their aid, nor can ever expect it in any tuture conflict lor politi cal supremacy. The press of the two great parties of the United States supposed it could serve the interests intrust ed to their care best by misrepresenting our senti ments. by concocting for us a creed which we ne ver believed, a formula of action which we never adopted, and objects of accomplishment never en tertained ; and the same press hoped to preserve the integrity of the great confederacy by placing the abolition intellect in a state of per petual imbecility, and when it sent up a lurid blaze for a moment, it was never to I be regarded as the ebullition of genius which startles: but a sort of mysterious fanaticism which alarms, springing from the wild-fires of mo- i ral insanity. For the salvation of the nation, it was deemed necessary by our .enemies to impugn our power of further progress. The press deemed it tne most elevated love of country to write obitu aries of our decease, and pretend to have witness ed the last solemnities, in our death and burial; and this last thing of interment was so often re peated. that it at last excited a doubt among the more thoughtful, whether it was not a patriotic at tempt, on the part of political undertakers, to pro fess to have buried what might injure the public, whether they had or not; to quiet clamor and si lence debate. To do a man justice, we must allow him to tell his own story, vindicate his own position, and choose his own tee-ttand. But we believe the American press, that great chandelier with its thousand lights, reflecting every image of thought, supposed the best interests of mankind were to be advanced by refusing to publish any of the follow ing dogmas of modern political abolitionists. That an innocent man has a better right to him self, his wife and children, than any other man had That the Constitution of the United States when truly (as it never has been) administered, is an anti-slavery document. An instrument, as the word Constitution imports, made for the protection and defence of our natural rights, of life, liberty, and property, and was not made to destroy and strip a person of his natural rights, to life, liberty, ana property; but the Constitution's a covenant of the whole people, with each person, and each per son with the whole people, for the protection and defence of their natural rights from invasion. There are eight millions south of Mason and Dixon's line, three millions of colored* and five millions of whites?in 250,000 persons, or one eightieth part of the American people, in whom re sides the fancied title to near three millions ol slaves; 1,250,000 in the shape of wives, children, relatives and dependents, in addition to the 250,000 of title-holders, making one and a half millions,oi about one-thirteenth of the American people, are fed directly from unpaid slave labor. There are about half a million ol persons, such as ministers, lawyers, physicians, agents, merchants, not land holders, nor slave owners, who hire slaves at the south for menial offices Then there are three millions of poor, mean and wretched whites, in the slave states, without edu cation, having no capital except their labor. The unpaid labor of the slave is their competition, and the slaveholder, who owns the land and slaves, and creates as the superior class, the law of public opinion, which is that no white man or woman can work for 'wages bv the side of the slave without being disgraced, andjooaing caste; (which is the case generally, except in western Virginia and eastern Tennessee, where free labor ts in the ascendant, in this Swit zerland of America, where the awful forms of the eternal Alleghanies prop the clouds.) These poor whites fish, hunt, and live on the unclean drippings of the great unpaid. These men are the Lynch jury men, and do the bidding of slave-holders, and are the slave hunters, ana companions of the man hunting hound. These poor men are our President makers, and do the bidding of a highly educated oligarchy oi some 20,000, who claim the great offices of the Republic. The common school house as a sys tem, like New England or New York, is not found in the entire South. There is not a district school house in Kentucky. These three millions of poor whites are the Lax aroniiot this continent,and worse off than the poorly rewarded laboring classes in Europe, from the Mediterranean to Polar ice. These American Laztroni are the victims of position?they have no capital but their labor, and if they attempt to labor for wages by the side of the slave, they sink to the slave's grade, doing slave's work Labor is degraded. Three millions are mined by being compelled to the labor of a country un rewarded. Three millions more are mined for want of the reward of that labor, which sla very has so degraded, the whites cannot perform. Or, in another form, it is as though hea ven had said, if you wrest liberty from three mil lions of colored men, and make them work tor no thing, three millions of whites, of your own blood, shall be ruined and undone, tor being prevented from performing that very labor for a reasonable reward. Thus, six millions, or one third of my countryman, are undone, hopelessly so, unless sla very is abolished, and all for the accommodation of one thirteenth of the population. This is de structive of the peace and prosperity of one half of the republic, and acta in a thousand ways to mar the peace,(rights aud prosperity of the north. We of the north are always brought in contact with the wrong doing class, who, out of this mountain of|injustice,make Presidents, Secretaries. Speak ers, Foreign Ministers, and a majority of ineJudg es ol the republic, and use the government to sup ply places to themselves and sons; and the North ern States are but paying provinces The abolition enterprise ia for the delivery of six millions of men from ruin. The abolition under taking means to give every man the benefit of ma king the most of the energies of his body and mind, and make labor honorable: so that men need not fear to perform it, from disgrace, or fear that when ihey ao do they shall lose their reward ; by Riving freedom to all, we shall treble the labor Eroaucing power of thi* land, and infinitely en ance the happiners of the people. We believe it wrong to count three-filths of the slaves as the basis of a law making power, by which twenty-one members from the South hold their seats; a sufficient number to control most questions of legislation. We believe that 10,000 leading slaveholders, of the south, rule the Ration, and nave given, out of fifty-six years, slaveholdiug Presidents for forty four. The Speakers of the House ef Represents tives, Vice Presidents of the United States, Chair men of law-making Committees, the Secretaries and heads and subordinates of the Governmental Itureaux, the principal officers in the Army and Navy, have been about in the same proportion, and a majority of the national judiciary are south ern men. Northern postage is almost doubled to pay lor carrying the mails to the different localities in the South, where none wrote, or need a letter, lor miles around, except three or four slavehold ing families Aa a part of the confederacy, we protest against thelmaking of reclamation of innocent individuals, fleeing tor life and liberty to the north, and agaiaai our citizens in the tree States being made, in the shape of magistracy, kidnappers, by law, of help less men and women, fleeing to us for succor. We protest, whatever interpretation might have been Riven to the Constitution, that, by no just in terpretation, could seven slave States have been admitted with their unjust privileges, with out a violation of the lundamental compact ol the Constitution. We protest against Florida coming in single, or aa a pair of twins, aa Slave States, with no recommendation, except ihe fertility of her sands and the abundance of hei historical ever-glades, replete with the buried and ? leaching bones, of our brave countrymen, whosr lives, with forty millions ot dollars, were thrown away, to destroy the last Southern Asylum, of the fleeing fugitive. We protest against the admission of: Texas into the family of Statea, who hat i her hand on the knocker, beating for admission, with unknown quantities of slaveholding States in her train. We protest 'against slavery's drain from the North, in the shape oi more than #200,000,000 of credit, in the Iflstjtwemy years, to be paid in bank ruptcy and outlawed promises. We protested against the violation of the Consti tution of Uuited States, by which the right of petition, the elementary right, from which all remedial justice flows, was struck down, in the face of the na ion, at noonday, by the forms of law; at first by the 21 ?t and afterwards by the 25th rule of the House Representatives of the United States. We sought to exercise the right of petition, in behalf of thousands of American per sons claimed as the victims of Slavety, in the District of Columbia, and as aflected by the inter nal Slave Trade, prosecuted and carried on with a barbarity, from this home of our National Sover eignty, which threw into the shade, the horrors of that of the (Guinea Coast, and distanced the bloody and heartrending abductions of the Senegal and Gambia. Mure than two millions dt the signatures of some of the best men and women of this great country, have been signed to petitions, between 1834 and 1840, praying in the most dignified and respectful language, the Congress of the United States to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, and the internal slave trade between the States. They claimed that Congress had, by the Constitution, power " to legislate in all cases whatever," over the District of Columbia, and by the same instru mon f '' hart nnu/nv (a rnam I a fa fAVoian onm. merce between the States and Indian tribes," which would authorize that body to destroy the commerce in slaves between different States, by restricting the slave to the State in which the law found him. These petitions, including some other Erepositions, unread, unprinted, unreferred, unde nted, and unconsidered, were sent by arms-lull, to repose in a room, some fourteen feet square, in an angle of the Capitol, and as the entombed hu manity of the nation?the great unperused memo rial of the deeply wronged. The Abolitionists, during the years 1836, '37, '88 and '39, interrogated the candidates tor Governors, State Legislation and Congress, on the subject of Slavery in the District, the Territories, inter nal Slave Tra^e, and the act of Congress of 12th February, 1793; And whether said candidates, if elected, would ao all in their power, constitution ally, to overthrow this system of vileness aud op pression. But the candidates showed whatever might be their abstract opinions, that they had much more to fear from the searching vigor of pro-slavery power,than from the aexiouB humanity of the Abolitionists; the answers, therefore, of the candidates, vyhen given, were framed with that casuistry which should have marked the Jesuit, from its metaphysical finese, rather than the sim plicity of asturdy republican ; in which the power of concealment was studied rather than the simpli city of a candid exposition. Again, those answers almost universally came too late for a wide spread distribution therefore the object of the interroga tors was defeated in more ways than one ; and in many cases what seemed to be " the word of promise to the ear, was broken to the hope." Il the candidate was a Whig, and answered fa vorably, the Whig Abolitionist oecame angy if the Democraiic Abolitionist did not vote for him, while the Democraiic Abolition voter would say " I fear the candidate is more of a Whig than an Abolitionist, therefore I shall vote my old ticket." The same occurred when the de mocratic candidate answered favorably. The questioning system was as great a failure in the voter as in the candidate, because the voter and candidate were yet in one or the other of the great pro-slavery parties. Each of the parties refused to nominate nn out-spoken, talented Abolitionist, who 1 had the power to make himself felt, or his positions | respected. Each of the great parties, bowed down to the little end of both parties, or the one-third, being the slave-holders, who ruled the abject north of two-thirds; and if either party at the north nomi nated an abolitionist, of the Liberty party stamp, the craven spirit of the democrats at the north would say to southern slave-holding whigs?"Ah ! did we not always tell you the whigs were the abo lition party?see their abolition candidate " And so of the whigs, if the democrats were to nominate an abolitionist, the land would ring with?"Ah! did ! we not always tell you the democrats were the , abolition party?see their candidate " Etch party hoped, at the North, by ringing the alarm bells of abolition, that the party who nominated an abo iitionist would lose its entire strength at the South, and It Northern Whig* nominated the abolitionist, the entire >outhTn Whigs would go over to the Democratic party, and if the Northern Democrats so acted,the slave-holding Democracy would flee to the Whigs for shelter. Thus the South, by permitting slavery to govern her politico, at theererlaatiog paramount, the North acted with a moat deplorable conformity, and suffered herseli to be govein e by the most snrly and selflxh despotism the world had ever seen, by which the Northern abolitionists were ground te powder between the upper and nether mill stones of the two great parties of tho North, who had had our votes, and paid us in mobs, misrepresentation, the vilest opprobrium, and by the burning our hells, out churches (and murder ol our people. The North encou raged the South in its lynchings, violence and blood, by which the Sou h have, at this moment, eight martyrs, and some of the best of the North in their dungeon. and penitentiaries, whose offence was the showing the slave how he might etcape ; a right the slave always hat by the law* of God and Nature , and what is the perfect right of another, which is witnheld from him, I may law fully aid him by information t> recover. Three young gentlemen, two of them studeits of Quincy Instituto U linois, by tne names of Thompson, Burt and Works, three years ago, in the morning of life, were sentenced for t-velve year* to the tvlisaouri penitentiary, without toy statute affixing the punishment, it being a matter of du cretienary barbarity in tba court. Theae young men, one afternoon, for amusement, passed over the Mississippi into the State of Missouri, and were eeked by a slave boss be might escape from slavery, and was answered simply, "cross the river into Illinois and go North." A per son behind a hedge heard this answer from one of the ?hree, and awore to it, and the terrible desolation of twelve years in Missouri's dungeon was their punish ment. There was no pretence that the slave escaped. One oi these three men had a wife and a (daughter; the imprisonment of the father was the cause of the daneh tar's death. Mr. L?ne is In Virginia's penitentiary for twelve years, and was placed there some two or thrrt rears ago for the same off-ace The Rev C. F. Toney is about to go to Maryland* dungeon for the same offence for six years. Ca, t. Walker is in a Penaacola dungeon. ontheGulphol Mexico, and theBev. Mr Fairbanks is in ir >ns j ana Miss Webster, e pious and accomplished yonng lady from Vermont, is in the lame public tail at Lexington, Kentucky, with Mr Fairbanks, cbargtd with the aame offence. South Carolina and several of the Slave State*, in violation of the letter and spirit ot the Constitution of the Uoltad States, by unconstitutional State laws, arrest fraa colored men the moment tbey touch their shores, and keap than imprisoned until the ?hip in which they cum sails These piratical authori ties then demand pay Jar board and jail feee of their vic tims, which, if they canaot pay, they aiesold|for a term of years a* slaves, and Anally never regain their liberty. Ves! free born men of Musachusetts and Rhode Ieland Besi'ej which, if tha tree colored men, < under the guarantees of the Constitution, enter eeveral of | the slave states by land, they are taken, imprisoned and prosecuted, for certain penalties, for coming into th* Siate, and are sold to meet this amonnt a? slave*. B. hold tho Governor, and Legislature, sheriff, and mob cf I Charleston, South Catoltea, within the last month, dri ving, by mob law, (rom thst State, the Hon. Mr Hoar, one ofthe most worthy and distinguished mm of Massa chusetts, formerly in Congrrest who was sent as these, credited ogent oi MaatacbUMtta, to protect thoee free co lored citizens of Massachusetts from being kidnapped, in tending to te?t the constitutionality of South Caioiina law on this subject before the highest tribunal ot the country. But South Carolina drives the venerable old man from her shores, rather relying on the brute force argument, enforced by a mob, than on legal adjudications, on any point in which slavery is concerned, or where humanity Is to be outraged, and the common sense ol mankind to be defied. It was a matter of great reluctance, when we formed a distinct liberty part* on tho part of man v of our friend*. But we were constrained either to form a liberty party or abandon the agitation of tha question of slavery. We oould not carry forward a great moral and politioai en terprise lor the overthrow of the triumphant interest ol the country, without roaorttng to that political power, which slavery had so successfully wielded for its own advancement. Wa further found, while one portion of | our friends was in one party, and the rest in another, we were in danger af being annihilated by adverse influences flowing from theso p irtiea, and the utter absurdity ol our condemning slavery and voting for slaveholders lor the highest offices. On the 1st April. 1340, we formed the liberty psrty, and nominated oandidates far President and Vice President. Tha year *40, vrahad about 70ch> libertj Srty vote*?in '41,14,000?In '45,97,WO ?in '48, 50 000 '44,00,000. An elemootary proposition asserted thon sands ot times in our speeches, reewutiona, snd addresses, was, that we would never cast a vote for a slaveholder, or pro slavery man, and would cast our votes for those and those only, who would employ all lawful means for the overthrow of slavery on the aea and on the land. We utterly repudiate, aa a political theorem, the choice between the leaat of two evils, as If one candidate lor President went for slavery in the entire slave portion o> ?he United States, bnt war opyosod t> It In Ttxaa, and th? other went for it In the United statse, Texas, and every where else. We will not select between these men. Bin we will select and ohoose the ssan who is faultless, snd vho represents onr sentiments, and bring tha rest o< mankind to our opinion, as fast as ws can. "Thechooalny 'he least between two evils" leave* the in- ividnal, oi oarty, who adopt* that oonrae, to be eternally in that con tition, of choosing between thirgs. both of which it dis iites; on this principle the world would make no prosress if slaveholders arc nominated f r tba Prasldantial office, '.ha candidates mit slaveholders on the great point (while tho real choice of the northern man u to M displeased with both), but he i* called on to vote for the leaat slave holder|of the' two; If one of these grant democratic ro publicans has one hundred, and the other but ninety, it la ' a question of mathematics which you should vote for. They reason, choose the least of two evils: the stave holder who is the clalmsnt of one hundred human beings is a greater criminal than the man who has ninety unpaid human bings, whose happiness ii merged in that of the master's ; oi that master who sells three or four children ol that poor, hard wor king and unpaid lather and mo.her, into a distant 8iate, where they will never see them more; or the master may wish to soil that grey-haired man from the wife of bis atlioied pilgrimage. He must go ; hearts may break, trade must go on, and the plantation discipline of the slave-whip must still extort the unrewarded toil In the baleful cotton-field and in the forlorn rice ewamps; while the initials oi the new proprietor, with nutkng iron, are burnt into the quivering flesh as the poor slave takes his post in the coppte gang, to march the Jong re turniees Journey to a distant land -his wife, children, pa reiiti and friends he shall behold no mote forever. But this immortal being, this moral ahipwreck, passes his days of griei and nights of sorrow to gratify the avarice ef one who despises him; to bo crushed by the insolence of his power, with no eye to pity, no arm to save ; bis cries for mercy are unavailing ; his lamentations are his crimes. Cut off Vy law from learning to read, the conso lations of religion from the bible are denied to him ; the cruelty of slavery preferring that a man should lose his soul rather than the master should the body. Individuals of these great parties have Insisted we individual repi should not nominate an individual representing our ex act sentiments, but should study the history of the two slaveholders by tbesn nominated ; if we could extract one point, either abstractor actual, in one hundred which made one, a single foet behind tha other, in this great race of < ppreasion, then vote fir him, the least ol two evils We hold that we never lose our votes, when given in pursuance of an enlightened censci-nce Each vote ia a thread in that great cable of power we intend to wind around the mon iter's neck and hang him therewith until dead, if we had not given the votes ot '40 we ehoukl have had none in '41, and if we had not given the filty-six thousand o< '43, we should not have given the sixty-one thousand six hundred in '44 We have no choice between either of the two parties on the subject of slavery. Tbe anathemas which have been poured, in such unmeasured quantities open us by the Whigs, since their reeenj defeat, originate in a profound contempt for 'be great doctrines and objects of the Liberty Party.? The loader* of the Whigs affect to think, if they go for >llo Slavery, in every ipot where it exists, en the soilor sea, in a statute book, or on a plantation, in the United States, that when they raise their voice against annexing a new territory, in which Slavery exists, that we Abolitionists should turn round and vote down the labors of ten years, aad vote affirmatively for all the Slavery there la in the nation, ny| voting for a slaveholder, who tis opposed to touching w hat exists, aad is not opposed to annexation on that ground; and thus we Abolitionists, by a ballot box title, give the most solemn of all guarantees tor the perpetuity of this very peculiar institution. The Aboli tionists would be glad to see Texas annexed, if it ooulfl be done, as a free state, with Slavery abolished. Now, if theWhigs had been strong enough by eleoting|Mr Clay,to have kept Texas out, the same power might have brought Texas in with Slavery abolished. But nothing was more remote. It we had 'Un with our 40 OflO originally Whigs, now liberty men, to the support of Mr. City, and the 31 600 formerly democrats to Mr. Polk, the liberty party would have been extinct, and we should have been remembered only to be despised, as a body of men. who of capacity or integrity, had allowed our for wool __ _ _ enemies to take our arms out of our hands, under the pies that they could use them better for us than we could for ourselves, and thst we, the Abolitionists, had agreed to forego the splendors of the rising sun of liberty, for the hest and light of a Texas glow-worm. May I add a aynopsi; ef our sentiments 1 1st.?We believe each man is entitled to himself, and the benefit of equal law. 3d.?That colored people, by emancipation, would create, a* freemen, for themselves, double the wealth, by the stimulus of oath, they now do, for their masters, by the stimulus loth. 3d ?That men are elwaya ready for emancipation, and oan never learn lessons ot liberty with chains on them. 4th.?We believe emancipation would be tbe means of setting three milUons.oi whites to work, as labor would then he honorable; and that tbey would earn as much in a few year* aa tbe alavee now do. Ath ?We boliove that the increased value of southern labor would be one hundred and twenty millions of dol lars per annum. 8th -We believe it would double the value of every acre ef the soil south of Mason and Dixon's line, and that the land would then be worth more than slaves and land both are now. 7th ?W? believe Congress has power to abolish the in ternal slave trade between the State*, which would des ?troy slavery in Virginia, Maryland and Kentucky, the ?lave breeding States for the extreme south; it t - e mas ters could not sell them oat of those three States, the slaves, not having profitable labor to pursue there, would oblige those gutes to manumit them on the soil, or the slave* would consume and eat their masters out oi house and home 8th.?Wgbelieve the Itatds of Mississippi, Louisiana. Alabama, and Georgia, wotgd be uncultivated for want . 1 of laborers from Virginia, Kentucky and Maryland, if he internal si ?ve trade was abolished, and that the aboli 'ion of'his dreadful trade thoroughly enforced would de stroy slavery in those seven States by the su^erabun I dunce in the latter three, and by their want of them in 'he four loraer States. 9th - We believe,Congress can abolish slavery in the Dis trict ofColtimbla. prevent the admission ol Florida or an} tlave State, and bre?k up its commeioe on the American sea*, from S'ate to flta e. 10th.?We believe that war from abrosd. insurrection or secession, of tbe slave States or nullification, would give Congrats jurisdiction for ths salvation ot the coun try, to abolish slavery in all the States as a means "to provide for th ? common defence," and if we do not say 'his. then we say slavery is a right more Important to be ustained than the Integrity of the Union or "salvation of the country- or in other words sixteen millions of free whltefmen had better be conquered and becomejslavet to a foreign nation, rather than three million* oi our own slavea ahould be sot iree, which is absurd. 11th.?We believe the act of Congress of 13th February, I79J, by which slavehold-rs pit sue and kiduap colore.; men at the north, la unconstitutional, and should be abo lished. 11th?We believe the Constitution of the United States when properly interpreted, 1* an anti slavery document, which, by means of slaveholding Presidents, Vice Fresi den's, Speakers, House of Representatives, the majority ot the Judges being southern, and a majority of the high officers abroad, on the sea and land, b- ing slaveholders the apirit and letter of that great and glorious palladium of our righ's, has been employed most unjustly, a* an in strument for the destruction of the human rights of mil lion*, when it wss intended for the protection ot *11. There are other important powers conferred by this in strument, which strike* slavery mortal blows, when em ployed by true liberty-loving men, but those I have enu merated when exercised, would oonvince slavery it had no'hing left to do but to expire amidst the universal con gratulations of the civilized world. Yours, rsspectftiliy, ALVAN 8TEWART. New Yore, Dec. 1844 Copt. Tyler, Read and Lstrn. Mr. Editor,? Why is it that for several months past, nearly all our men-of-war returning from their cruisee, have been ordered to the Norfolk station! The following vessels have recently in succession ar rived, and were paid off at that place, viz Fri gate Constellation; sloops Vincennes, Cyane, Sara toga, and Decatur; frigate Columbia, and schooner Flirt. The only exception was the frigate United States, at Boston, but not a single man-of-war comes to New York. The only shipe of our navy now getting ready for aea are the Jamsatown, Saint Mary's, and Portsmouth, at Norfolk, and the first frigate to be launched lathe St Lawrence, at that yard. The only use that seems necessary for ihe Navy Yard at flew Yorkjis to fit oat store ships; and the the plain reason is, that many stores ihat are re quired to be sent abroad, cannot be obtained else where without the expense of freight to Norfolk or Boston. There are many persons, mechanics, &c., in every sea port or naval station, that depend in a great measure on the business arising from their connection with the naval service, and partiality should not exist as to any one station. The ves sels, as they arrive, should be fairly distributed. When Mr. Henahaw was Secretary of the Naw, he " went his death for Boston." As ihe present Secretary in a Virginian, I presume he meana to " make nay while the sun shines." Trunnion. Bwllcal- lore Throat. Mr. Bfnnrtt? Dsar Siri?It is a well known fact to all mothers and physicians, that there are but a very lew things more difficult to manage than the many diseases which young children are afflicted with, and more particulai ly so, when it becomes necessary to make local applications to the month and fauces. 'Tib a very easy matter for an adult to make use of gargles when he has a sore throat, hut with the infant, and child, it cannot he done. Powdered alum ia one of the beat remedies that can be used. It should be burned on a shovel, then powdered and blown through a quill, directly upon the inflamed parts. It will be found in most cases (after every thing else has tailed) to act like a charm. The practitioner will find, oa trial, this article and thir mode of using it, of great value^and ahould never be nealected in those terrible affections of the throat which almost always follow scarlet fever. When the inflammation ia rapidly extending down into the oseephagus and larynx, and sometimes into the nose, producing n most lormidable and alarming disease?it is in all such cases that powdered alum will be lound invaluable. Very respectfully, H. Bostwich, M. D. Court for trr Correction or Errors, Jsn 4 - Present- the Lieut Governor,presiding, the Chan cellor si (I 90 Senators. J. Siblt-y vi D Cops. Set down for argument for Man day next. Eight causes, from 44 to SI, were then regu laily called and passed. Court Catender?This Day. Common Pleas ? Nos. 94, 1,9, 91, 98, 41, 11, 14, 10, 16, 60, >7. Cisct'lT COURT?Noa. II, 06,07, 6' 69,60, 01, 69 Sorssio* Court.?No Calendar. Port Pray a. [Correspondenca Of the Herald ] U. S. Ship Yoiktown, ^ Post Praya, Nov. 80. 1844 Naval Newt. Dkar Sir?Alter a boisterous and tedious pas sage of twenty-eight days, we arrived at Madeira. Here we remained eight days, and were entertain ed with the usual hoepitality of our Consul, Mr. Marsh, andlYice Consul, Mr. Bayman. It would be gratifying to us had we a few more such Consuls as he to represent us in torcign ports. From Fun chal we sailed lor this place, touching lor forty eight hours atTenerifle. We arrived here on the 27th, and found the Macedonian and Decatur in port. The Preble came in yesterday from Bissao, where she had been to protect some property from the natives. Some of her officers and crew .have the fever, but I am happy to say that all are recov ering. She sails to-day for the island of St. Vin cent to recruit her crew. The Truxton is at Mon rovia. The Decatur sails on Monday for Norfolk. We leave this evening on a four months' cruise along the coast frsm Monrovia to the Bight of Benin. Our ship has been, and still is, very healthy. Provisions are scarce here, and I think if a vessel would come out here, or on the coast, with stores for the officer's messes,they would find a ready sale. Albany. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Albany, Jan. 3,1845. Political Movements?Speakerthip?Senatort -Can didates?Cliques ? IVho't the Dupe ? The various cliques and interests are already at work in this city to control the Governor in his appointments, and to secure the two United States Senators. Poor Bouck has been forced out of the way by these very men, for the great fault that he couldn't please all parties; and Silas Wright iB put in his place only to get similar treatment if. he, in the end, should prove himself incompetent to their thousand demands. Strange world, this, my dear Bennett, and of the many millions who inha bit it, I know of but very few who give it a proper estimation, by looking on man as he really is, and setting him down at a just valuation. Office, like religion, too often glosses over acts which, could they be brought to light, the possessor and professor would alike be the objects of scorn and contempt. Bouck is the victim, in part, of certain office hold ers in this city?men fillingprominent and elevated stations, but who, in this instance, have descended to the meanest level, with the worthless and aban doned, to effect his ruin. And although this is a well known fact, yet they are shielded from expo sure by the mantle of high office and past reputa tion, while their victim is made to suffer a re proach and injury inflicted by their own hands, and not understood by the world. in relation to this matter, in a future letter, I will lay all things bare, regardless of consequences, and by which 1 will expose about as heartless a conspiracy on the part of these "distinguished men," as has seldom been made public. The truth alone shall be spoken, and I know no paper better than the Herald through which to give it to the public. I am no " Bouck man," and have bui a poor opinion of his capacity to govern a State so large ana important in every respect as this; a con fession which will perhaps give greater considera tion to my developments when presented to your readers. The cliques in this city, which are hard at work to obtain influence, is the Croswell clique and the Atlas factiou, the latter headed and tailed by Irish destructives. Their trial of skill and strength will come off first in the election of Speaker. Sey mour, from Oneida, being the Croswell candidate, and a man by the name of Crane, from Herkimer, the destructive embodiment and favorite. Thes? same office-holders are linked in to secure the seat for Crane, a very inferior person iu talents, when compared with Seymour, who is a man of decided abilities and strong conservative faith. The Atlas faction are at work upon Gov. Wright, thinking tc get him committed in support of their candidate; but the reply is, "it is a matter, gentlemen, it which I have no right or wish to interfere, en-, must, therefore, decline takiug any part"? Seymour will be elected Speaker beyond doubt, ana Rose, conservative, Clerk of the House; this I think you may depend upon. The fight wil then come upon the candidates for United State t Senators. Those named are Dickinson and Fob ter, Croswellians, and at present representing the State at Washington in the Senate, and who are the only candidates presented by that faction In point of talent, Dickinson is about third rate, or so so ; of good common sense, great honesty ol character, and by nature much of the wag. 1 an. not aware whether the latter is a quality essential for the office; but if it is, Dickinson is just the man. Foster is nearly a first-rate man. As i debater he is ever ready, at times thowy, ant generally sound and correct in his arguments. H? is not Wrights equal, hut I should think farsuperior to Dix, or Young. The Atlas Clique present th< 1 names of Young, Dix, Barker and Hoffman. Young is the ablest of the party just named, bu in the opinion of the writer, unfitted for the office in many particulars. To a stubborn, headstrong disposition, he adds a temperament of mine which cannot allow him to look on men and thingt impartially. His likes and dislikes are of the mo ment, more likely to be made without reason than with reason, and never Ito be reversed. Violent in passion, and unforgiving in disposition, witi. prejudices of long standing against certain sectiom of the country, it is questionable whether such h man. with all his abilities, would be fitted for th? dignified station of United States Senator. As foi Dix, he is a gentleman of the exclusive kind, sel dom seen and much talked of, of fair, and but fan talents; nodebator, but kind and gentlemanly in his deportment, qualities, other things being equal, that would be strong recommendations in his favor Gon. Barker is " a good fellow." and a very easy one, if the report be true, that his name was pu< to the "Secret Circular" without his knowledge, and yet out of delicacy refused to make the frauo public- Hoffman is the last of the candidates in the present list, and is good in any argument, from a "penny whistle" up to the Egyptian hieroglyph ics. His peculiar talents and disposition are sc well known, that it would be useless in me to at tempt to put them down here in writing. With Young and Hoffman in the Senate, the "Southern chivalry" and " Western lions" would find the at mosphere of the hall too hot to contain them, and it is to be feared that the just and righteous laws on duelling would soon be forced to yield to an imperative necessity. Now out of all these men, as you will see by my faithful history of characters, there is but little to choose from, but yet men have their preferences, and it is understood here, that Young and Dix are the favorites with the new Governor, while it if almost certain that Dickinson and Foster will be the chosen men after all. Veritas. Thi Police of St. Louis.?Yesterday, a dis graceful and brutal affair, in the shape of a pitched battle, came off between two Irishmen, just without the western limits of the citv. At the tenth or eleventh round, (more properly speaking, knock down,) one ol them had his shoulder dislocated. One ot the men, we learn, is connected with our city police.?St. Lout* Era, Dtt. 36. From thr West Indies.?By the steamer, we re ceived a large budget of West India prints. We hire seen very little, that calls tor particular notice Fever was prevalent at Kingston, Spanish Town, and Falmouth, Ja maica. The mortality, however, was not great. The Hon. C. It. Neabitt, Colonial Secretary of the Bahamas, has lost his election to the House of Assembly.?Hamilton Bermw dies, Dtt 91. General Hessians. Before the Recorder, and Aldermen Winship and Devoe. M. C. Psvvssort, Esq.. District Attorney. Jsn. 6.?T6t Calendar ?The usual number and diversi ty of cases compiiae the calendar for the present term. Murder, I; assault and battery with intent to kill, 3; for gery, 3; burglary, 14; giand larceny, II; breaking pri son, 9; petit larceny, second offence, 1; diaoiderly house, I. Whole number of new cases, 64 Old cases, 30.? Whole number of old and new oases, 64. The Or and Jury.?This body, em pannellrd for the pre sent term, is composed of the following gentlemen :? David Trimble, foreman, Joseph M. Bell, 8. 8 Barry, Job W. Cook, fcrter C. Coone, Thos. C. Chardovoyance, Geo. O. Campbell, James Campbell, W. DelaAeld, Abraham Fardon, Jr , Petar Gaasner. James Hsrriot. Robert H. Jones, Btewart C Marsh. Lewis R. Osborne, Otis Pol lard, Ram B. Rtursris, Ben. K. Theall, Jay Jarvis, Charles N. Talbot. J. Selby West. tffThe Recorder e.hargrd .the Jury with unusual elo quence, and celled their attention to the subject ol prison reform -to the taking of usury, and vailous other sub jects. Motion Denisd?The motion of the counsel for P. V Walker, for a commission to exsmioe witnesses, was de ned. Sworn off ?A great number of caaea were sworn cf upon explication of the prisoners'counsel. Acquitted ?Htephen Fadey, impleaded with Daniel Mc Caity. on an Indictment lor grand latceny, in staaling an ox worth $40, on the night ot the 4th ot December?thi property of Daniel Toppan?was tried and acquitted At 4 o'clock the Court adjourned till this morning Superior Court. Belor* u lull Bench. J a it. ???The January term of this court comMoood o-day, when both branches cf the court ware in mo lion, and took up fury cauaea. DsOSJicWi ?P. 8./liven, at a/, ads Jacob Deiffenbaek? ludaDie?< affirueu. JVaM Oerm TO. Stewart C Marth end others .?Appeal lisnused, and order at chamber* confirmed, with $7 coat a of opposing. AT A. F Herri ton vi. Calvin E Hull.?Bail reduced to 03<io, ko cost* allowed. M Jl.P Harrison va. Albert Spencer.?Bail reduced to 0300, I O roata allowed. Danii I E. Tyler VS Elizabeth Lyderoft.?Order that Plain:ill aupula e, unit at he ihail Utct a diacovery, and pay the costs at October term, and of tbia motion at $10. Hot ace Butler vn. the Mayor, ^c.?Motion for reference granted, with liberty to D .lendant to add to the pleading* any special notice he muy ehct, and to raiae any ques tiona under the pleading*. The amended decision oi the referee* therein to be subject to the opinion of the Court. Jacob Dtiffenbock V?. P. Schiven, andjothers ?New trial denied. John John-ton, impleaded, Sfc ad* Elizibeth Ripley.? Judgment lor Defendant, with liberty to the D- fenuant to a new trial on payment oi costs within ten daya after no tice of thia rule. The Mayor, 4-c va. John Herdman, and others.?New trial ordered?coata to abide the event. Both brunches of the Court then took up Jury cauaea. Before Judge Vanderpoel. Janet Low, ?*. Alexander H Brown?Thia waa an action of aaaumpait to recover $200 value of certain quantity of clothing furnished to the defendant by tha plaintiff'* agent. It appeared plaintiff ia a tailor and keep* nil eatabliahment in Ltndon, and also keep* a branch eatabliabment in Charleston, South Carolina, whore hi* brother ac ed as bis agant The defendant waa Sheriff of Chailitton, and purchased hie clothe* from the Agent in 1836, some being sent from England. The statute of limitation was pleaded in bar. It waa alio attempted to impeach the testimony of the witnesses for plaintiff. Adjotirned over. Before Chief Justice Jonea. Wm Adamt et al. vs. TAa Ocean Ineuranee Co?Thia action was brought on an open policy of insurance, to re cover the value of a large shipment of china and earthen ware shipped by plaintiffs. Tha plaintitfi are manufac turers and importers of the above articles, having an ex tensive manufactory at Stoke upon Trent, Staffordshire, Et g , and doiDg business at Livetpool, also in Eng. In March, 1841, the plaintiffs shipped about ?1633 value of goods on board the Wm. Brown, for Philadelphia, which ill fated veasel, it will be remembered, wa* lost by being ?tiuck by an iceberg. This action, therefore, is brought to recover the value of the good*. Adjourned over to this forenoon. U. 8. Circuit Court. Before Judge Betts. Jan. 6.? Thomat F. Evane et. al. vt Edward Curilt? This was an action to recover the amount et $123 20, paid by plaintiff as duties to the late Collector Curtis, under protest, claimed under the act of 1842, for a certain arti cle called " cudbear," imported for the purposes of dying. The article is a vegetable, and the act of 1842 exempts from duly berries, nuts, and vegetables used for dying. Since the protest of the plaintiff tha article has been ad mitted free of duty. Verdict tor plaintiff $136, damagaa and costs. Hawkt va. Richards and Richards ?The jury in thi* case, already noticed, rtndeieal a verdict for plain tiff. $407 69. Barnabas Osborne vs. The Mayor and Corporation.?This was an action to recover compensation for extra services rendered as CleiIt of Police on Sundays?duties which have been imposed by a resolution of the Board. Ver dict for plaintiff, $906 23, with interest, subject to the opinion of the Buperior Court. Common Pleas. Before Judge Daly. Jaw. 6.?Martha Dur an do, Executrix, and Caleb Bartlett and Francis Dubuar, Executors and ca of P. Huron do, de ceased, vs. Luther B Wyman.? In this cause action was brought to recover the sum of $187 60, alleged to hava been due under the following circnmatancea. It appeared that the premises situate at 68 Bowery had been let to a person oi the name of Joseph B. Flandrow, for a term of four years and three months, at the yearly rent of $760, payable quarterly. The said J. B. Flandrow entered into po-session upon the first of February, 1841, and afterwards sasigned over the premises to defendant. Present action is brought to recover the above sum of $187 60, being a quartern rent of srid premises. For defence it was con tended that defendant never had entered into possession of said premises?that he merely employed Flandrow to sell goods for him there?also, that defendant accepted a surrt-nder of the premise* i.ov aned for, and that aa they have at present sued Flandrow for said quarter's rent, and have levied upon property sufficient to satisfy the rent, thev cannot proceed in the present action. Verdict for plaintiff $100, subject to the opinion of thg Court, with liberty to either pasty to turn the same into a non?uit, bill of exertions, or verdict for defendant ffm Lynch vs. Wm H Mrrrill?This was an action of trespass to racover damages tor lraud alleged to have been committed in the disposal of property. It appeared that on the Slst July, 1844 plaintiff purchased frem defendant real estate situated in Brook yn, for the aum ef $7,000, $1000 of which waa paid in cash and the remainder sub ject to mortgage That it was a matter specially agreed on betweeu both parties that there was to be no incum brance. taxes, fcc., upon the property. That on said 11 lintifTe taking possession he found that the taxea for 1MI and 1843 ?ere still ur paid. That there was an an arssment on the property by the Corporation for 1840, and also that it hod been previously disposed to a third person fcr a term of 1000 years. It was ccntended for defence that sufficient evidence had not been adduced to support the alb ga'ions expressed in the declaration, and also that no deception was used in the transection. Sealed verdict this forenoon. C 8 Roe, for plaintiff. H H Bnrlock for defendant SALAMANDER. SAFES. rpHK Salamander Safe, which wss in the fire at the burning of J- the store No. 175 Wsier street, on the night of the 7th lost., was one inade in imitation of Wild r's Patent Salamander Sara, by tome of Wilder b former VOlksm, anil in trod need as Mich's Improved Salamander Safe, who makes use of the principal non conductor as patented by Wilder, who, after s ears ofeiieri mooting, and at great expense, succeeded in producing a uni versally acknowledged safeguard against fi e, t-? imia.rt rt to merchatns and others. Suits aie now pei in the United titates Court aga nst Rich. Marvin and othen, for an inftime mrnt upon Wilaer'a Patent, and it will be seen by the Patent Law that they h-ve not given a g< od and bona fide title to a single Salamander Safe thev ever sold. The subscriber pays the pa tentee for the privilege of furnishing to t e public ihe gei.ume article and uow offers them as low as a perfect article can be af forded, giving a good tit'e. wsrr nted DRV. and equally fireproof s any ever 'ea ed?knowing that tie haa more intereat in making afiie and damp proof safe than the purcha er, not one, as yet, ever having faded. SILAS C. HERRI NO, 139 Water St., J3i Iwdfcwy m Corner of Depeyster st. IRON SAFES?It is no longer a quest on what s^e is the best protection against tire, as all admit WILDER'S Sola mander so be the only really fire defier? dampness it ffe only objection ever raised against ihem which has n?w been en tirely overcome, and the subscriber chal engea any one to prove an initance when any aafe made by him (having hit name npon a gilt plate) that haa ever injured books, papers or jewelry, by dampness. He pledget himself to the public that allsafes made by him shall he fireproof, thief and damp proof, well knowing that should oue faif in either respect that nit lost in reputation would be greater than the owner of any safe that should to prove imjierfect. All other Salamander Safes are an imitation sad an infringement upon Wilder's Patent, he having purchased the exclusive right (forthe State of New York) to manufacture and furnish the genuine Salamander. Orders received at his Iron Safe warehouse and factory, No. 1(9 Water street. SILAS C. HERRING, N. B.?Second-hand Safes for tale at less than half price. dU lm DAOUEIIREOTYPIS GENERAL FURNISHING ESTABLISHMENT, EXCHANGE BUILDING, PHILADELPHIA. rIK SUBSCRIBERS beg leave to inform the Daguerreotype Artists, thit they have considerably enlarged their connec tions thronghout the Union, thn West Indies, South America rnd Europe They hare alto made arrangements to be supplied with every nrw article used in the Daguerreotyiw Art. They have lately received a large supply of Voigtlsender's celebrated Cameras, consisting of thtw different tries, for the sale of whieh thev are appointed Agents. Also, a supply of bast "late* and Chemicals, either lor Daguerreotype or Calotype, made to their especial order. Caaee of all sixes. ine beat Polishing Substances, and every other article used for the Daguerreotype, constantly on hand. Their long connection with the Daguer reotype Art and their success in taking pictures, may serve as a recommendation aad reliance. Daguerreotype Artists, by ordering article* Dona any part of the above named countiaet, ?nav depeud npon a prompt and satisfactory execution of thrir ftuari. Their juices err cosh. Pricee Current aad information may be obtained by addressing (post-paid) to H. fc F LANOENHE1M, jl lm*ec Exchange Bnilding. Philadelphia. TO TAILORS. THE Second Edition of Stinemet'r celebrated work on cnt 1 ting garments of every description in a style of elegance un equalled, is now published and ready for delivery. Those who desire to avail themselves of the great advantages to be derived from the use of the instructions it contains, would do well to obtain a copy without delay. The book it 11 by 17 inchsn squire, and contains 17 elegant diagrams of all the various styles of garments worn at the present day, with fisll a id ample iasiree tiona for cutting iu an easy and scientific manner. The follow ing are a few of the manv highly respectable name* who testify to the merits of the book :? The undersigned being practically acquainted with Mr. Stiae met'a Treaties on Cutting Garments, with pleasure recommend it a* a woib complete in its arrangements, and in its practical ap plication to cutting, superior to any heretofore published, either in Eorore or America. _ .... P Henry A Son, Daniel Cutter. Striata fc Banker, Charles Co*. E. W. Trv?n It Co., B. F. Horner, James Daily, John Raviland, J. H. Banker. The above can be obtained of the author. No. 11$ Broadway, New York nU lm**U m For fr PACKET FOR HAVniCr-SKond Line?The ship ST. MCHO AS, JohnB. Pall.MaaLr, will sail on the !?t of February, oi t night or passage apply to BOYD fc HINCKEN; No. t Tontine Bailding, cor W?l It ater sts, |Hh PAASAOE FOR LIVERPOOL?Seile on the 7th Jaime i y.?The magnificent and celebrated fast sailing flB^fafavo it? ahip SEA, ISM tons burthen, Capt Edwards, will sail positively on Tuesday, the 7th of Jauu ry. Sci oud cabin and rteerag* imorni-n can be handsomely ae; beta commodated in a new and substantial built house on deck, fitted np expressly for passergers, with every convenience, that cannot fail hut et?eentire satisfaction and comtnrt to those embarking ?who should call and inspect the accommodations of this splen did ship, before enraging elsewhe e, and tha terms of passage will he moderate F r which, apply on board foot of Peek-slip or to the sabtcribf rt, _ ROCHE. BROTHERS k CC? jtre $4 Fulton a-reet. neat door to tkn Fulton Bask, N.V. Positively no goods received on board after Wednesday avail ing. 13th mat. Agents in New Oi leans. Messrs Hull in aad Woodruff, who will promptly forward all goods to their ad Ansa Man

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