Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 8, 1845, Page 2

January 8, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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years la iti ?ulf to the prevention and puaiihmen' of oritur tk ? heavy hurdeu upon the public treasury, and the removal ol that burden, by making the labor of the convicts pay the expenses ot their punish iuent.wis the object most anxiously sought. It waa dually reached through radical changes in the con struction of our prions und the improvement in prison discipline which those changes rendered practicable. I entertain the impression that our State was tiie first to bring about the accomplishment ot these greet improvement* in the construction and police of prisoiK, and wnh them the equally important result of making the u support themselves Various accidents since that desirable point was first re tched such as the construc tion of new buildings, additions to, und improvements of, the old, and a necessity lor changing the labor ol the convicts from employment to which they had become accustomed, to that wnich they were to learn, bavecreat ed calls upon the treasury for aid to support the Slate prisons ; but, a< so ordtua y rule, when the labor ot the convicts has been directed to support aloue, it is believed that It has fully met that charge, and, for some years, if has yielded a very considerable surplus. The reports made to me hy the inspectors of the prison* at Auburn and Mouat Pleasant, present both these institutions at present in a sound and prosperous state, the health of the prisoners ordina rily good, the discipline carefully preserved, and the avails ol the labor of the convicts for the cur rent year, promising to meet the expenses of the prison. The number of male prisoners in the Meunl Pleasant Prison has increased one hundred,compa ring the year 1844, with 1843, but more than hail that increase is accounted lor by the transfer ot thirty prisoners Irom Auburn, and the addition ol eight counties to that prison dis'rict. The whole number there confined on the 30.h Sept. last, was eignt hundred and sixty-three. The number of female convicts at Mount Pleasant, at the same pe riod, was seventy-two, four less than the number at the olose of the preceding year. The whole ex penses of the prison, for the last fiscal year,amount ed to $61,215 03, which the inspectors say is leas, hy from two to tourteen thousand dollars per year, than the expenses of the three preceding years,und they anticipate that the avails of the labor ol the convicts, for the current year, will be equal to the support of the prison. This report makes several important suggestions for diminishing the expense and improving the condition ot this prison, and es pecially as to a sufficient supply of pure water; but as the aunuul report ot the inspectors to the Legis la ure will doubtless present these subjects,together with all the statistics in reference to the prison, more fully than I could do iu this communication, 1 respectfully refer you to that document, when it shall be laid before you, and invite your attention to its statements and recommendations. The number of prisoners confined at Auburn on the 30:h ot November last, was seven hundred and fifty-five, being but twelve more than at tl.e close of the previous year, but it should be borne in mind that the transfer to the Mount Pleasaut Pri son, of thirty of the Auburn convicts, probably di minished the number remaining in the latter prison to about the same extent, while the change of the prison districts would have diminished the number of commitments for the latter portion of the year The whole expenses of this prison for the last fiscal year, were #63,107 40. but this included some five thousand dollars ot debts standing over from pre vious years, which were paid during the last year, from a special appropriation made from the treasu ry for that purpose The earnings of the prisoners employed upon csntracts, during the last year, amounted to #32,389 10, and the stine earnings, for the current year, are estimated at #60,000. while the expenses of the prison for the year, tor jjyneral support and repairs, are estimated at the same sum The report from this prison contaius many interesting facts, relating to the discipline and moral and intellectual condition of the con victs, but which, a3 they will probably be repeated ia the annual report of the inspectors to the Legis lature, and as they call for no action on your part, I omit to notice. for several years previous to the last, extensive complaints were made on the part of the mecha nics ot the State against the manner of employing the couvict labor in the State Prisons, as ptriicu larly unjust and oppressive upon them as a class of j our ci'izms. The ordinary branches of mechaaicil and manufacturing labor chosen for the occupa tions of the prisoners, and the manner of employ ing them in the branches selected, by hiring their" labor to mechnnics and manufacturers in those trades, it was urged, raised up an unequal und un fair competition, in favor of those employers against their fellow-citizens of the same trades, but without that facility to procure cheap labor; that the State could affoid to hire out these con victs at a rate of wages merely equal to their sup port, to the economical way in which that support is provided in the prisons, because the services of the laborer were to cost it nothing more ; that such !at?or could be made ts supply the market at a lees price, with a better article and greater profit, than ?he mechanic Jor manutacturer can do, who has not the benefit of this artificial standard to govern the wages of his laborers. A further ground of complaint was that this mode of employing the convicts, thus constituting them mechanics confined to a tew trades, and those to a great extent of the most common, and necessa rily followed in all parts of the State, was throw ing the whole body of these State criminals, after their discharge from prison, upon that particular clars of society, and making them the associates ot the apprentices and journeymen in those trades The last legislature considered these complaints worthy ol an effort to change the policy, and au thorized the erection of a new State prison, in the iron region of the State, with a view to the employ ment of the convicts in mining, making iron, and such branches of the manufacture of iron as are not commonly practised by the mechanics of the State. A site har ?een selected tor the proposed prison, by the pe ons and in the manner pointed out in the law, lo .ated in the county of Clinton. 200 acres of land ha /e been purchased, including what is believed to be a very extensive bed of iron ore, of | excellent quality; and the location, with reler ence to coal, water, and other requisites for the proposed business, is considered very favorable.? The annual report of the agent ot the proposed prison, will place you in possession of all the tacts important for your action in f urtherance of this ex periment to change the labor of the convicts in our prisous Your predecessors adopted and es tablished the policy of the measure, and $17,500 have been paid lor this site for a prison, as one im portant step towards the execution of tneir law.? A plan for the uew prison will accompany the re port of the agent, and further appropriations will doubtless be wanted to euable him to proceed with the erection of it, and the necessary buildings for the p'oposed manufacture of iron. Of the amount of appropriations which will be necessary, 1 am not advised, but you will be informed by that offi cer, and presented by him with the facts and views upon which his estimate is based. The course having been deliberately resolved upon, it should be prosecuted with energy and good faith, and the work should be hastened as rapidly as the means at your command applicable to it, and true economy of expenditure, will permit.? Still those who feel an interest in the accomplish ment ot the change should constantly bear in mind that time is required ; that the work to be perioral ed, and the expense to be incurred, must be very great, before the revolution proposed can *e per fected, even if the experiment should be attended with complete success. The enterprise is one ol deep interest, but one which impatient haste may endanger, and cannot serve. The public charities of the State form another elass of objects for your paternal care. Among them no one stands more prominent than the pro vision made (or the insane, and especially for the insane poor. The State Lunattc Asylum, lately established at Unca, is particularly designed for the relief of this most unfortunate class of our fellow beings, and the munificence of preceding legislatures towards it, and the promptness with which the counties and towns ot the State availed themselves'ol lis benefits, affi?rd4the highest evi dence of the strength of that charily in the aflec lions of our people. There is not- perhaps, an in stance upon record where a public institution of that description and extent has been so promptly filled with patients, and certainly few where the happy result of entire restoration to rea-on, con sidering the conditiou of the patients when re cei7ed and the duration of the malady before that time, have borne a greater proportion to the whole number of cases treated. There were in the asylum, at the commencement of the last year, 196 pitienis, received into it during the'year275, mak in? the wnole number of cises within the year 471 Oi this number 132 were discharged cured, 47 im proved, 16 not improved, and 16 died, leaving 260 patients in the lus'itution at the close-of the year. Of this number 131 were rna'es and r29 females, and patients were included from forty-nine oi the hltv-mne organized counties of the State. Tne patients remaining, at the close of the year, tilled the asylum and indeed crowded it; but all poor patients chargeable to the towns and counties had been received, and there were a number in ad dition supported by iheir friends, or from their own means. Tne price of board during the y?ar was reduced from $2 50 to $2 per wees, and yet the income of the lustitution was expected to equal;the expenses, so as to call for no new appropriation for general support. Under the appropriation already made for enlarging the asylum, additional accom modation tor 200 patients are commenced This appropriation was$60,000, of which bui$6,000 have been drawn from the treasury, so that, although no farther appropriation maybe required, meaas to enable the treasury to m-et the existing one ere to be provided As the managers of this institution are required to make an annual report to the legis lature, 1 forbear to go further into its particular con dition, except to say that the presentation furnished to me is a most encouraging and gratifying one, both with reference to the liberality of the State to wards the insane, ana the faithful and successful application of ita means by the managers and offi cers of the asylum Th-re were in the lunatic asylum at Blooming at the commencement of the last year, one , hundred patients; received up to the 6th day of December one hundred and two, nnd discharged ninety-nine, leaving in the institution, on the laat natned day, one hundred and three. As the fiscal and calendar year are the same at this institution, it has not been in the power of its officers to lay before me the condition of its pecu niary uffaiis tor the last year, but a communica tion from the resident physician informs me that it will not vary materially from that of the year 1843, as reported to the legislature during its last session. A reference to that report will show that the finan cial atlairs of the asylum appeared then to be in a fairly healthful state. The resident physician gives a favorable and encouraging account of the condi tion and treatment of the patients in the institution, and thinks it will bear a comparison with any simi lar institution in the world, and he seems to speak from a very extensive experience and examination. The annual report to the legislature, of the go vernors of the New York Hospital, ol which this asylum is a branch, will put you in possession of all the necessary information in relation to both in stitutions. The State pays an annual annuity to the hospital of $12,500. and to the asylum of $10,000. The principal of the institution for the education of the deal and dumb in the city of New York has laid be I.ire ine an interesting statement of the con dition ot that school, but as the fiscal closes with the calendar year, the state of its fiaancea for the last year could not be given The number of deaf mutes resident in the insti tution on the second of December last, was one hundred and eighty-five, of whom three were con nected with the department of instruciion, seven wi'h the mechanical department, seven were em ployed in domestic household du ies, and one hun dred und sixty-five were pupils ofthe school The sums received, and to be received, from the staie, from the various appropriations to this insti tution, were estimated io amount, for the year, to something more than twenty-two thousand dollars, and it was stated that some of the laws making these appropriations are about to expite- An inti mation was also given that additional uid'wss de sirable and might be asked. Many other interest ing facts were stated in relation to the institution, and the advancement of education, and improve ment in the modes of instruction, but as all will be more fully placed before you in an annual report from the managers, to be laid before you early in your session, I omit a reference to them here. Next to the deprivation of reason, the subjects of thischarity make the strongest appeals to the public sympathies, and will doubtless command your guardian care. In the present embarrassed condi tion of the general fund and the deficient state ot its revenues, I cannot feel authorized to recommend an increase of the already very liberal patronage extended to this institution. It will doubtless be your pleasure to continue that already extended, so far as the revenues relied upon to meet the pre sent appropriations, and the state of the public trea sury will warrant. The New York Institution for the Blind is ano ther public charity only aecond to the two which have been mentioned. A statement from the cor responding secretary of the incorporation gives the present number of pupils at one hundred and ten, of whom eighty-eight are supported by the State at the annual expense of one hundred nnd thirty dollars each. This will amount to $11,440 per an num, paid trom the public treasury for the educa tion of pupils in this school for the blind. The ac count given of the advancement; of these unfortu nate children in the various branches of education, in the science of music, and in mechanical and ma nufacturing industry is one of deep interest, and it i i a matter of profound regret that, with this liberal oatronage from the Siate, the funds of the institu tion are not such as to preserve it from embarrass ments, which limit its usefulness. The managers suppose they can derive a benefit from certain al terations and extension of their charter, w:iieh will aid in relieving these embarrassments, among which is the permission to constitute this inatitn t.on an asylum, as well a? a school, for the bSid" My acquaintance wnh the subiect doe* nop JULm me to judge of the propriety "ffiex?e?8io^f the charter; but I invite your careful attention t? the reques-, convinced that it wXeceive vour fl u?"" ?*?"?? It is a most gratifying reflection, that durine al> expenditures for education, for the SaiatenaSee of lnished, but have been increased and extended at tton have been pressed upon me with an 3 neatness since the close If ,heIa7eelmionJsthe' necessity of some additional legal provision's m ?e f"?'to independent and unbiasedexerctToltl.; elective franchise, and the purity of the ballot h?* especially from .he corrupting influence of moSeJ' .SKftsuasfez ss? isss ,o^7 gsr remarks to establish a position which w^lf<beW!n stantly conceded and fullv ai>nrsri??.!t i .. n ceed directly to the2,'Wl11 pr? confine my ingestions Wh'ch 1 prop?8e t0 One of the prominent complaints is that effort* are made, and successfully made. " defeat th? no Iicy of our present law intending toScure to the I a.n*. of ,h, -k. rSSSS-i ^^astesssgf withm"'** 'l16- P?'',lca' complexion of the vote ? ? u Plainly, to those who understand th* h? fully and forcibly exerted, as if the latteV we're" I p?j?KSSSSfifiSSw circumvented and defeated. choice, are label upon the ballot, may as the h*, *" ?u" x?r.^xith.rodf^rjzlr,irv' tsmm find it practicable, vou will rf?l;( r,A ik V ^ ahall ment enforced in any lenl ??I j'l0' W* itao.;vrA!:"i^;0* rvb,i? co?d?;l'?n:,s.,ic,>h"f?y ? z:r.z? 'x sssw b*K s& ~/r ^ ssr tta 1 rh? s. Ac " s'l'nuh" "'T'S* K?1prole''?C' eWrioM. JS?S?5i*?Zl 5SS& Vsr -to.. unirerulcompttmt. iR, Se wager, they are all controlliiir. Hi! ?rfJ2 k. mind, from the moment his money closed against argument or rlJ.ll waked, are hon eXras to the questions involved"or*'the* candidates presented for his suffrsr*U 3TJ3M a&wr? :"rb'?' te?-x'ss for its more effectual suppression. It operates as a positive coercion#pon mauy who are really unwil ling to make bets, because it is made a test by tne members of the contending patties, of the confi dence oi each other in the strength of their cause and their candidates, and their final party success The offer of the bet is often the consequence of heated discussion and strong partizan feeling,mad* by one who, without excitement, would nei herot fer nor accept a bet upon an election, and yet once made and reluctantly uccepted, the same coercion prevents either party from receding; the wager re mains, and they become parties to a bet upon lb* pending election, and subject to all the selfish and corrupting influences which have been de*cribed, though both feeling a repugnance to the practice To avert these evil influencesfrom such parties,and save them from the coercion of ao artificial and imaginary a test of political sincerity andconfi dunce, if it can be done without a violation ol principle, ia certainly most desirable, and would be a valuable improvement in our legislation. Many have suggested disfranchisement as the penalty of becoming a party to a bet, upon the very rational ground that he should not be permitted to vote at all, whose vote is to be governed by his pri vate interests, and not with reference to tne public good. This suggestion, however plausibly urged, we have not the constitutional power to adopt The constitution of our Slate declares the qualifi cations and disqualifications of the voter, and does not give to the legislature the right to subtract from the one or add to the other. Its whole power in the matter is to pass laws for ascertaining the con stitutional qualifications. The suggestion which strikes me with most force, and as most likely to arrest the practice of betting, is to make it punish able criminally; to subject the parties to every bet made upon the result ol an election, to indictment, and upon conviction, to pumahment by a fine, to be graduated by the amount of the wager, and to all the costs of the prosecution. If the tine be given entirely to th" complainant, the probabi lity of prosecution, and consequently of arresting the evil, will be strengthened No valid objection in principle against auch a law ? -j.^, ? - 1 has occurred to me. The deleterious influence ol this species of gambling upon the public morals alone, would, it appears to tne, justify the passage of a law which should make it criminal. And when its corrupt and corrupting tendencies upon our elections, upon the free and proper exercise o< the elective franchise ; when its influence to bring the improper expenditure of money into u political canvass, and to apply it under the desper ate impulse of a gambling spirit, are considered, I cannot doubt that the moral and political aspect ol the evil will fully justify its classification aa n crime, and its punishment as such. I submit the suggestion, however, with great de ference, and in the full conviction that it will not receive your sanction, unless you deem it sound in principle, and likely to prove salutary in practice. Such a law cannot do less than relieve from coer eion those who do not make bets from voluntary choice ;|as no state of public opinion will be like ly to require of the citizen, that he should violate tne law, and subject himself to indictmeut, to mau ifeat his confidence in the correctness of his politi cal opinions, or the success of his political party ; and if any should be reckless enough to challenge Itim to do it, hia refusal, placed upon this ground, will admit of none of the inferences, which con stitute the coercion at present felt. The use of money at our elections, not connected wi-h wagers, has become a subject of universal complaint The provisions of our law are very rigid, and expressly confine the lawful use of mo ney upon thoBe occasions to ''defraying the expen ses of printing and the circulation of voteF, hand bills, and other papers, previous to any sucn elec tion, or for conveying sick, poor, or infirm electors to the polls," and any candidate for any elective office, or any other person, who shall, with intent to promote the election of any particular candidate or ticket, contribute money tor any other purpose, is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by fine not exceeding two hundred and fifty dollars, or bv im prisonment not exceeding six months. It is difficult to see how provisions of kw can be more rigid, and aot restrict tne free publication and circulation ol political matter, or prohibit offices of kindness to 'he sick, poor or infirm j and yet it is maniiest that the evils and mischiets {intended to be prevented by the present law, yet exist, and, are rapidly and alarmingly augmenting. It is impossible to pre some that the coatributors expect, or intend to keep within their own control, or even to retain a personal knowledge of the uses to which their mo ney is applied, as vast purses are frequently madt up for the avowed purpobs of wide distribution throughout the counties of the state, and not to meet thefllawful expenses of the election in the county where the coatributors reside, and are vo ters. The forma of the law may be observed it. the subscription papers, but the spirit of the law u disregarded, if not expreasly departed from, when the application and use of the money is placed be yond the power and knowledge of him who gives it. It is worthy of consideration whether contribu tions in money, for any purpose of expenditure, even within the terms of tne present law, may not be safely < onfined to the county. If the object it publication, let the contributions be in publications, and not in money,.and the expenditure is brought within the terms and provisions of the law, by the act of him who contributes the money. It wif scarcely be contended that the sick, or poor, or infirm, of any one of our counties, will be kept from the poll, if money is not contributed from another county to defray the expense of conveying them to it. Every county has citizens enough, able and willing to perform that service lor their sick and poor and infirm neighbors. It has been suggested that this corrupting influ ence upon our elections may be 'restrained, by limiting the amount, beyond which no candidate and no citizen shall contribute for nny purpose. I< such a limitation can be imposed and enforced, ii will doubtless go far to restrain the evil, as it i. apparent that very large amounta'ara paid by com paratively few subscribers. Large contributions cannot be made with any regard to the provisions of the existing law, and the contributor doubtless contents himself by the reflection that he but givet the money,while, taking no part in its expenditure, he is not responsible for any violations of the law to which his act may lead. Such contributions ol money, for such a purpose, cannot fail to lead to abuses, and are therefore themselves abuses, and any provision which should effectually restrain ihem, without a violation of principle, would be a most important step towards exempting our elec tions from the poisoaousinfluence of money. Two proposed amendments of the Constitution will call for your action, farther to extend our judi ciary system. One providesfor the addition of three associate chancellors to the court of chancery ? This court' haaalwaya hitherto consisted of a single tudge, but years of experience have proved that the labors of no one man are equal to the discharge of the duties and the despatch of the business of that court. The other amendment adds two justices to the bench of the supreme court. Pormerly this court was composed of five judges, and they performed all the duties of the bench and ol the circuits for the whole State. At the revision of the Constitu tion, eight circuit judges were provided for, and the judges in bench were reduced to three. As with the court of chancery, the experience of se veral years last past has conclusively shown thai the three justices cannot do the business falling upon this court, and, in both the supreme court and court of chancery, delays of Justice are suffered deeply injurious to panies, ana laying the founda tion for just complaints. A conviction of the necemity of adding to our judiciary in some safe and proper way has long since been produced upon the minda of our people, and difference of opinion as to the expedient mode of accomplishing the object has prevented amend ments of the Constitution until inis period.. With a full view of all the facia, and a full knowledge ot the necessity of some farther provision upon this subject, your immediate predecessors matured the amendments now under cons deration, and madt the preliminary submission of them to our common constituents. Most of you have been elected at the election when these amendments were before tha people, and of course with reference to their farther disposition, and I submit them to your action, conscious (hat nothing which I could sad to the communications of my predecesgap upon this ly flid interesting subject, almost annually flPkde for the laat eight or ten years, would increase your sense of ths neceasity of some provision to reach and cure the evil complained of; and I do not feel competent to enlighten you by any attempt to discuss the me rits of theae particular amendments as compared with other proportions which have been, upon various occasions, submitted to the Legislature and the public. All the ground of discussion presented has been so frequently and ao ably occupied, as to plaoe within yt ur reach all the views of which the topic is susceptible. If it shall appear to you that these amendments will accomplish the object deaired, and in as safe and practicable a mode as any other, I am sure they will not fail to command your assent in a way which will place them before the people for their final action ? A farther proposed amendment to the Constitu lion, securing to persona subject to removal from office by the joint resolution of the twoHouaea of the Legislature, or bv the Senate on the recom mendation of the Governor, the right to informa tion as to the grounds upon which it is proposed to remove them, and to be heard in their defence, will alao demand your action. The principle in volved in this proposition, as one of general appli cation, is certainly sound, and in strict conformity with the policy and spirit of out law; and no rea son occurs to me againat its application to this clam of cases, while, without some special and strong ground lor the exception, there would aeem to be abundant reasons why it should be so applied. Still another amendment is proposed and will al as come before you. Its object is to abolish the pro|>erty qualification required in the Constitution to hold a seat in the Senate, or the office ot Go vernor. I am not aware that the provision applies to any other offices. The qualification is doubtless in conflict with the preseu* policy of our lawa and feeling of our people, as the day has pneed by when the title to a freehold is supposedI to be s necessary qualification either to entitle a citizen to vote, or, to be voted tor. I cannot doubt that the amendment will meet with your approbation. The transactions of the State Agricultural So ciety,'annually communicated to you,will afford in formation, in relation to that great interest, ao much more full aud authentic than any it ia in my power to lay before you, that I consider tny duty best discharged by commending to your notice that forthcoming communication, without any attempt to anticipate its contents. The command ing position which that society has taken, within the last few years, has roused the energies of our agriculturists beyond any former example; and those energies have been wisely directed to practi cal and substantial and valuable improvements, in an unusual aegree. Societies have been or ganized in about fifty counties, aud each year presents the proceedings of annual fairs in some of them, of which any agricultural population may well be proud. The fairs of the State Society already rival the best in the Union, and, in many respects, bear a favorable comparison with any in the wprid. The apppropriation of eight thousand dollars per annum, tor a short term of years, by the Legisla ture ot 1811, for the encouragement of agriculture, seems to have added impetus to these movements; and the more rigid system ot accountability for the expenditure of the money, and its more wise appli cation to real aud practical improvements in agri culture, appear to have given to the appropriation more extended utility than has always been vistbU from like expenditures. This law 19 to expire during the present year, and certainly no body of men can be better quali fied to determine whether it should be extended than the representatives of the counties where these societies exist, where the membets of the State society are found, and the influence of their instruction and example is felt, and where the be nelitsol these organizations are experienced, if be

nt ft is proceed trom them. The interest iuvolved is not merely the mosi important committed to our charge, but more im portant than all others, and the only question we nave to solve is, whether it will receive that en couragrment, from a continuance ot the approptia tion, which ought to be derived from the expendi ture of that amount of the money of the people, and not whether the interest is worthy of that amount of encouragement. The decision of tli?' Question is referred to you, with the assurance that shall cheerfully concur in any reasonable mea sure, designed and calculated to afford substantial encouragement to the Agriculture of the State. I regret that my duty to communicate to you the con dition ot the State cannot be discharged without bring ing to your attention a subject of a very different character, but one of deep and pervading interest. I refer to the difficulties existing between the proprietors 01 certain leasehold estates, in several of our counties, anii the tenants upon those estates. For several years pan these difficulties have been accumulating, and have, frem time to time, .been the cause of local disquit-t more or leas extensive, and more or less seri ously threatening the preservation of social ordci and the public peace. Still, with one or two excep tions, ;the authorities of the counties have been relied upon to maintain the law, preseive the peace, ai.d protect the rights, property and persona of the citizens, against any attempt of the ill advised to violate either - Resistance was made during the period referred to, and sometimes too successfully made, against the officers o' justice in the discharge of their official duties, but undei circumstances leaving the hope that misapprehension, acting !>ood minds suddenly excited, htd occasioned th? resistant-and that time, calm reflection upon the mag nltude of the effVnce committed, and more patient and dispassionate inquiry into the grounda of complaint, and the wise and proper mode of redressing the grievances, i ?oy, which should prove to have real existence, would cure the disturbances, and relieve oar ordinarily peaceful and prosperous communities from the dangers which threatened them. This reasonable hope baa not been realized. An excit ing (tate election wus made the occasion for an earnest attempt to intermix these questions with tit general politics af the State, and make them tea's ofelec lion to the Legislature. It wea but reasonable to expect, after the appeals made in this farm had been patiently lis tened to, maturely eoaaidered. and deliberately decided by the freemen or the counties beforei whom the ques tiors were raised, that further efforts, in any othei manner, to accomplish the objects sought, would bi at'least Idelayed until | the relief ? expected |coul bare been asked at the hands of the Legislature. Lrer this delay has not been suffered, but resistance to the law and its officers has been renewed, in forms and under cii cumstancea of the deepest aggravation. Organized band of men.assuming thedisguise of savages, with aims 11 their hands, hare already hid defiance totheUw, its nr< cess and its officers, and in ropes ed wrtUM, ???' more than one county, put the hfaot the jheriffor hisd nuties in imminent peril, torcibly taken from them then ittcial papers, and burned them in open day. compelhni the officer to desist from further attempts to discharge hi d<These misguided violators of the law, and disturbers o the public |?ace, hare not confined their outrages within erenthis limit. Already thelive* of twopeaceablean' unoffending cit zens have been taken, and in both in stances, when neither the sheriff nor his officers were pro sent, and when no attempt mas made to serve legal pro C*Mtoor outrages upon the rights and V individuals, and the peace of: to awaken attention to the daoger of passionate proceedings; but these wanton . human life, in a manner so unprovoked and csuselesf, have given to the whole public mind a 'bock, which nothing but the prompt and effectual restoration of ician of law anu order can calm. ..... &hileths queatlon between the propria orsand the ten ants was whether the leasehold tenures should be perpe' oated, or the rents should be commuted upen fair and^roa sonable terms, and fee simple titles should beg'venupor the navment of a capital in money, which, invested at a stipulated rate would reproduce the rents to the landlord tha controversy was one in which the feelings and sym pathlaa of our people were deeply enlisted, and strong I) inclinioc in favor of the tenants. Than the question wss, not whether the rights of pro perty are to be trampled upon, the obligations of con tracts violently resisted, the laws of the State set at d? 11 ance, tha peace of society disturbed, ?nd hnmMllfasacri deed?but in what way contrac s, onerous in their exec tioni and tenurua, in their nature and character uncon genial with the habit i and opinions of our P??P^; Be peaceably and justly and constitutionally modified! meet tha changed circumstance! of the times. And thei I might have invited your careful attention to the consi derations (rowing out of these issues. . But I feel preeludad from discussions of this character by the extravagant and indefensible position given to tb< controveray by the unlawful and violent proceedings o those who uaaume to take the charge of the righto and in terests o( the tenants Involved in this litigition. lsaj those who mas to take tne charge of tha righto and in terestf of tbo tenants of the natter, because I cannot be lieva that Um groat body of farmers, who are theoccu ptnto of thee*leasehold estates, sra either partis, or eon scious and willing accessories, to these violations of the laws of the State, and to high crimes, subjecting the par petrstora to punishment in the Stat# prisons. I do not believe that thoy, as a body of men. are prepared to tram pie upon tho righto ot any claas of their fellow citizens, to break up the peso# and order of society; to paralyze the arm of the law, and make might the saeeawof right; to disgu m their persons that they may avoid the rnspon aibilities of their osro ucts; and least of all, vsniOBli- to thersfaro ^oaa%^ culated to bring them unon ns. the facta which have been adverted to conclnslv^prove. The W^ationcom mnnkceted to me. howovor, authorizes the belief that this whether of deliberate driemination, or af thonghtlaaa passion, has be-n b? tively few, and that many of those are^.,i!? them. I tenants, but parsons who have, for hire, enlisted them selves into thesorvioo of the anti rent associations. I can not be responsible tor the truth of this Information, as 1 havtdno personal knowledge whatavar. in tha but it has raachad me fram sources which I conaidei ""lMuc^ba thsTfsc'.and there are those engaged in these transactions,'who have no other and deeper perianal ia terest, any appeal to them I fear woul 1 be in *l'n_ If any individual, who enjoys tha blessings, sndseeks, for him self and his, the protection of our free institutions, Is pre pared, upon calm reflection, to serve for hire in such a cause; Is reedy to make himself the instrument of visit log thsse wrongs upon his fellow citixras and these evil* upon society, for the peltry consideration of the wages of the day laborer; to him 1 should address myself with ?"to the tenant* themselves, who are the teal parties to this controversv, and whose deepest Interests are at stakjv I cm ar peal with tone coufldence. Htae they been tblr to convince themselvesJor con they convince themselves, that violent wrong to other* is the rule by which right is to he secured to them ? That open and criminal reels tanee to th* laws* authorities of tho State is the way in which they are to And peace and security for themselves and their familieslfThat a|oourse tending to difgrsoe.il not to subvert, onr rtpnbUoao Institutions, can lesd to wealth prosperity or happiness, for them and their*if Have they reflected thet the very theory upon which our govern ment is instituted, is equal protection to all. ?nJ that th* strong arm of our constitution and laws is the security o' ihe feeble and dependent against the wealthy and power full It ia for man, net money, for the tenant, not the landlord, for the laborer, not the employer, that tha pro lection of the law, and its faithful execution, are mast required ;and when tha former shall take weep- is in their hands to break down and destroy that protection end se curity, they but Invite the Invasion of the latter upon their righto and privileges and liberties, by a removal oi the only obstacle against a successful assault. Under thie view of their rights end interests, to say nothing of their duties to society end their oountnr, can they believe it wiee to persist in the course they hare ta ken? To countenance and sustain those who open lv set the lews at defiance, and who pursue a course calculated to subvert the government of our country itself, sod this without proposing to take any atop towards the final ad Justmsnt of the disputed righto and questions involved in th* controversy, other than that which is taken by the criminal exertion of physical force 1 Are not the associa ted tenants conscious that many of those who apparently act with tham, are influenced by the coercion of fear? And do they not know that threats have been used te force Individunls into the associations and to deter them from seceding? Is it not true also that one of thaisvoweo object* of the combination is to prevent tDdivfausits nsnts from making voluntary payment of rent, or' trom purchasing a title from their landtofda, opoe hewover fair and liberal, and for any eoMMerotlnn bow sver reasonable end just, unless the association shell ore yield Its assent to the compromise? Hero, then, Is reus (snce not only sgslnst the leases as they are, but suo re sistance agaln*t inch a change of the leases as shall re irtrve their ground of complaint. Ii it aot moreover true that a ayatem of rent n*?- "ed uiion the land* ia rijidly enforced, to meet the expenses of thia organization. more obnoxious to the principle an< spirit of freedom than the luaea themaelvea 7 And art tnere not involuntary contributors, fram whom payment ia coaiced by meana much leaa defensible than thoai which the landlords attempt to uae to collect the rents 7 Again, I ask, can it bo that the tenants, industrious and worthy farmers as they are, can either hope, or wish, to sustain a poai ion so unnatural, by means so wholly inde tensiblal Will they not reflect upon the dangers the) may incur aa accessories to the crimes committed b) their disguised agents, if ihey continue to pay their mone) to support and austain those agents in their illegal pro ceedings. Afier what has already transpired, can the) aay to their own consciences, much less to a Jury ol theii country, that they make these contributions in ignoranct of thausesto which their money ia to be applied, or that, with ouch Vn. wlodfti, ihey do not make themselves m""> ly at least,if n n legally, accessories to all the effen caato whichth ?? contributions may lead? i. uusi.u, there shall be those among thatenants >vhose pat'iom or prejudices are too atrong to be over come by these and like considerations, may I not Anally appeal to those who havebeccme reluctant members 01 these mistaken associations, and who have been made t? contribute of their mesas, or by their names, to sustaii such illegal and criminal prooeadinga, now th atep bold!) out and resume their duties to society and their country i To take the side of the Constitution and the law, against the violators of Jaeth, 'and to show that their intention aaJ,an<f were not criminal,and their objects not subversive of oai free and glorious institutions, by m mfhlly lending theii aid to prevent, or detect and punish crime, and to pre serve the order and peace oi the community 7 In any event, if these appeals to our fellow citizens shtl not be listened to, upon us rests the responsibility of iui Dishing the necessary aid to the ministers of the law, t< enable them to perform their duties and to arrest and bring to trial and punishment those who shall unlawfull) resist them. The power of the county is oonflded to th< Sheriff, and upon him rests the duty of calling it into ex urcise, as far as need may be, to enable him to enforce tin laws, and to protect the property and rights and lives ol the persons within his bailiwick This power is givai without qualification, other than the measure of then* e. salty, which calls it into exercise. It extends to every male inhabitant of the county of sufficient age to rende effective assistance, and to be able to comprehend the du ties and responsibilities of the citixen: and it ia upon thi peril of indictment and punishment that any such inhabi taut disregards, or disobeys, this summons of the Sheriff. Mr Jefferson, one of the ablest, as he was one of tin most sincere and ardent defenders of the liberties am rights of the people, whom any country has produced,con sidered this laature ol our syate 'stem as comprehending it' principal strength. He said "I believe this the stronges government on earth I believe it the only one, where every man,at the call oi the laws,would fly to the standard of the law, and would meet invasion of the public ordei as his own personal concern." This is the prop?: personal concern of every American citizen, end if th> time shall ever come, when the masa of our peeole abal refuse so to consider and so to treat,invasions of the pub lie order, or shall Join those who resist the low ana it# officers, then will our liberal institutions have been vol untarily surrendered by those they were deaigued t? protect and bless; then will the blood of our revolutions ry fathers have been shed in vain, and their descendant* will prove themselves unworthy of the rich inheritan<-< transmitted to them through so much toil and peril ax< suffering; and then will the cause of free government re. ceive a fatal blow, and monarchists every where will re ioice at the incapacity or indisposition, of man to goven himself. The present indications of the public mind and feeling in relation to tha outrages which have been referred to sufficiently prove to us that thia tatal period is not yei even approaching with our citizens, and that all those en ed by them with tha execution of the laws will mi trusted by them with the execution of the laws will mo*' lamentably misrepresent them if they pause in their ex ertlons to restore peace and security and order. It i> highly creditable to the fidelity and patriotism of onr citi zens, that,hitherto, in these recent distn bances, form! dable as has been the shape they have assumed, wherever the Sheriff has had an opportunity to call for the rcqui site aid, and baa proceeded with firmness and energy, thi body of the connty has proved adequate to the service o criminal process, and to the arrest and detention of some of the most forward of those engaged in the armed re sistance against him. The power of the county is first to he exerted by th* officers of the county, aided by the body ol the connty and only when representations made to the Governor shah satisfy him that this po we' is insufficient to maintain thi supremacy of the law, can he interpose and order a mil> tary force from other counties to aid the resisted Sheriff and his posse. Thia is in strict conformity with the theo ry of the system, and with ita healthful action. The in habitants of the vicinage are the most directly and deep i.i.rMtiid in iwimiixK violation! of the law, de Jcting and punishing crime, and 5e^tuen_ ?rder and security In their neighborhoods, ana to 1then, the law first looka for its maintenanM and execution^ in fAttaiinff tho Sheriff, tnd tuipoctcd M icceiionwi SSS^jSHiSrr. Hiaruised bands, calling th^niielve? Indiini, havinf I that avowed object. The Sheriff succeeded in organiilnr an armed pomo of one hundred men, and the citizen..and !inr!*vrate authorities of the city of Hudaon, alarmed b' 3S3?sssrsaarKi? ^?jas5srfftirj?ffgf33^ ^SSSssMJaiarJ?KmaK It appearing nnceaaarv to aecure the jail and tht prisoner. confined and who ?|fht.^"n?na^ir^nti Ihnt th? nresence of such 8 guard might be require? unti theca^eaofthepri?oner? should be fln.llydi.po.edoitn trial or otherwise ; that the set vice required the atrictne a and v.gUan^o' riiid military di.cipline and could no' . iMurelv performed by any organization which 1 ?aa in the no Je/of the Sheriff to give the p^aae com it a mmT* and believing. aa ha did, that the character aad pro bable duration of the service were ouch aa were not con ^plated by the law giving the power to the Shenff t, tuntnon his civil pooae, the request wao granted, yd i military force ordered and placed at the disposalolMb* Sheriff Inasmuch as no means bad been provided to aul ?lat this force, the Sheriff was required to make that pro vision but under the aaauranee tnat the matter would 1* laid before you, with a recommendationthaty on^houl, remunerate him for the expense from the State trea?ury The report ol the Adjutant General, herewith trane mitted will exhibit the amount and description of forc< thui calTed in t ot h e service of the State, with all the fact. nhece..a^to enable you to take the requisite action i. "In these atep? on the part of my immediate predeces ao^have been taken, in 5>y judgment, from .Jtmd vW rSErlst Kathoneht nacesaary to continue them in service, and to liirhnvr the fair and just accounts of the sheriff of th? countj^of Columbia^ for their .ub.iat.no. hitherto, mid "VL^r^rAm l Wt Eluded from dfacussiny whatVun^wtand to be the re? question. betwe.nth. proprietors and th. tenants, so >?"S ?* Um 'P?J SS??fSSiiw,-??-?i _?,T,' P*L 1H,i,r 0f recommendation. Indewl, not mere 1s^iitykr^saaagyg ^ .nd the^onitltutwl authoritie. of the State, exerting hesitate The law* muat be executed. The rights ot al muat be respected The public peace muat be fpre aerved. The lives of peaceful fellow citizens mua be protected; and crimes must be prevented or Pu?"'^'da So far as the law as it now is clothes me with P?*" *? aecure the accomplishment of ] it shall be your pleasure to confer additional authority, i hope to be able to exert It calmly and diapaMionatel^bu with viailance and firmness; and sided and sustained by the great body of our common constituents, aa I am sure 1 shall he I do not entertain a doubt of complete sue ceaa Indeed, I Indulge the earnest hope that already the ..1.1, i. pasti that the events which have transpired have opened tEe^eyea of these, who were looked to Tor .id anc ?iinnnrt hv the*e deeperate perpetrators of crime, and made it certain that no farther outregea wiil be commit ted through their countenance or co operation. If this rtmaonable hope .hall be dimppoi ted .tjll the l.w. must be executed, fall where they may, and affect whom they mPermitm. to suggest, in emlnkrn oMhl. wrY>mth?r the fictf h?r? pr??ent?d, and otn?r? ooDiwnuy annesring before the public, abould not induce you so to provide for the prevention and panishmentofcrime.asfo enable tho officer, of Justice to ^Wnwhs^hff hl? nerson for the purpose of committing crime wnniw expeeunTto detectfcn. xhst th-dtagu^ of t*? ir.edbnnda calling themwlve. Indians; are ???*??? purposes unlawful and highly criminal,-an M'' MI tance to tho execution of thelew,?'h T or other openly and publicly declare. After tU c J^js^fa. II and higher crime has been perpetrattd g laid aside, and even eye witnesses, upon the ?pot. may not be able to Ident.fy the guilty. Can thereiw any la,ion ot principle in sn offence, subjecting the party m nwUti to Mtuty ation ane identification, n? f' . _?are thatthepur the m-gi.tr.te c.?<**"???>UVnfawfXnd e^mnllT hfap^?^ 'hero is not : and that, pro criminal' 1 japp? properly guarded, would go far vision Mention of the crfmes, which have been *i 4i m daringly committed, under the protection of recently * g?*df,-uii8s. The suggestion is respoot rn^.^ltted for yo?" careful consideration. lia the authority of the Governor to deliver from the fu^te Arsenal, the urma and mnnitlonsol war for the use ffliTe oSuzsns of Hudson, as well as for the use of the militia nulled into *TTice, miy he matter of donbt and nuMtion? and as I am ..tisflcl th.t the necr.sttte. of the occasion required the exercise of (his dtacritiox- , mandthHt.by giving legal sanction *?1' ?ou pro lect him both from responsibility and ensure. I cannot consent to close this communication witho brief reference to the Interests of ?.u^. 8Ut" " n^,Uee of the Union. We have Just passed through ?PJ'"h tial election second to none, which has pracedwi it, ii the importance of the principle. inTolvedorthe^eep and universal Interest oftho whole people In ^ no time has the excitement of feeling b?in end no similar election has pasted swsv;jvith a mot. nni reraal oh.crvence of pnolic order, great partita of the country arrayed Itomsoivsa more J tlitkctly 11,0:1 the principles and measures of policy wh en divide them, or more unequivocally ?taktxi the remit of a national conteat, upon the strength of their reapective positions. Great nauea, which, hcretoioie, hare been but inperkctly join ed, or aectionaliy tried, hare now been univeraally recog iized uj presenting controiing queationa in the canvas*. The public lives,und the known and acknow 1 edged prin ciples, of the leading candidates ol the reapective partiea, ta clearly as these expressed iaauea, defined the giounda ipou which the battle waa to be fought. Those caudi latea were supported upon the principles and opini ns which, as statesmen, they had avowed and practised. Tb? whele mass of the people wne more universallT appeal id to and mere elaborately addressed, than at any prtced og election; and every freeman in the oountry enjoyed thoroughly to understand all pour** he fullest opportunity I _ in dispute. Deter- he cast his vote. The conclusion is ilmost unavoidabl that, at no time, lias ihe whole public nind more perfectly understood all the important quea tiona involved in an election, or more clearly compre hended the influences to be exerted by it* decision, upon he future policy and measures of the national govern ment It 1* reasonable to hope that, after so solemn a decision of the people, pronounced under such circumstances, the great interests ot the country, which have long been kept in a condition of uncertainty and agitation, will be allow ed to repose ; that the basis of the action of the federal government, on the subject of the currency, may now be considered settled ; that all further agitation on the ques tion of assigning one entire branch ot the permanent fed eral revenue ot the States may be at an end ; and that the principle, upon which the revenues of that government, to be delved from customs, are to be assessed, is intelli gibly defined. AU these are subject! which deeply aftVot cbe business interests of every portion of the country, but more especially, and most deeply, the commercial aj?d trading interests ; and at the most commercial State of 'he Union, we have felt, with great severity, the uncer tainty, the change, and the prospect ef change, which, for many year* paat, nave almost constantly lurroundsd all ibete questions. Next to a policy based upon sound, constitutional prin ciple, one wnich is stable, and which will realise tor the tuture what it promises for the present, is the most im iprtant for all the great interests, agricultural, commer cial and manufacturing. Tba issue of the late election items to promise these benefits, at least for a time, and un til the recurrence of another similar canvass shall deter mine whether these issues are to be re opened ; a result, in my opinion, greatly to be deprecated. No violent changes are requited to conform the existing state of hingt to such a settled system at has be? n thus indieat .'d. My entire conviction, that the hands into which ihe ?dministjation of the federal government la to pass, are hose which will most scrupulously respect these manl citations of the popular will, induces me to express this strong degree of confidence upon these po nts- That re l"d *? - ?pact will draw to the new administration the continued confilence of the people, and secure the results anticipat ed, at leaat during its continuance, Some apprehensions appear to be entertained of difficul ty in our foreign relations, and an interruption of the peece of the country. I confess I cannot partake strong ly of auch fears I am not aware of any good cause for such an interruption existing in the relations between us ind any other government; and I firmly believe that a a calm and statesmanlike course in the management of our i elation* with other powers, based upon broad nation >1 principles, and governed by the rule " to ask nothing which is not clearly right, and to submit to nothing which is wiong," will continue us In peace, or if it lead to a war, it will be such a war as every patiotic heart in the coun try will sustain and approve. That this rule will be the Cide of the new administration, in ita management of the sign relations of the country, I fully believe. Under these impressions in regard to our interests in volved in the administration of the national government, and in the strong assurance that the affair* of the 8tate to be affected by your deliberations and action will be wise ly disposed of; with the continued smiles of that gracious Providence, which has hitherto so signal/ poured its bleasings upon our country, I anticipate security and peace for our cjnatituents, and prosperity for the State. SILA8 WRIGHT. Albart, January 7,1846. Munificent Charities.?We learn that the pro petty of the late John Parker, who was one of our wealthiest citizens, is computed to amount to $760,000, and that by will he has provided amply for his relatives sod friends, besides a series ol munificent beq tests to our useful and charitabla societies. An incomplete and not wholly correct list of them has been published, but the ollowing, says the Advertiser, is believed to be accurate, rhe sum of $34,000 is leit for oharitable purposes, as fol lows : ?$4000 each to the Farm School, Howard Benevo ent Society and Massachusetts Temperance Society ; $6000 each to the Widows'Society, the Eye and Ear in tirmary and the Blind Asylum; $'J000 each to the Boston Dispensary and the Natural History Society; and $9000 o the Seamen's Aid Society. In addition to these bequests, Mr. Parker leaves $00,000 to be devoted to public charitable purposes, after the death f hi* widow. Of this he gives $40,000 to Harvard Uni versity fbr the support and aid ot such scholars as shall exhibit peculiar natural capacities for any science taught m that institution, that their education nay be carried to hs highest desirable point. This b? quest ia not intend ed for the assistance of poor students merely, but to af ford facilities tor the highest cultivation of the most mark id talent wherever it may be found. Its aid is to be grac ed either to graduates or undergratuates, and to assist 'heir education either in this country or in Europe. The 3overnorofthe Commonwealth, and its Chief Justices vith the President of the American Academy, are named ?r a committee to supervise the application ot this fund ? The remaining $10,0110 of the sum above alluded to is de vised to the Mas?achuse'ts Hospital far the support eg ree beds in that institnti jn in addition to the number ex iting at the day of h/Meath If this additional number >e not kept up, this aum is to pass to the Farm School in iddition to the bequesta mentioned above Besides many rrivate bequest* he hat given to his paster in Roxbury, M0,000. The total amount of the bequests in the Will ia (1341,400.?Huston Tranecript, Jan. 0. Serious Charge against an Officer.?John J V. Douglass, captain of the night watch of the | district of Southwark, was held to bail before Alderman VtcClean,of Moyamenaigg, on Saturday, in the earn of $3000, on the charge of assault with intent te lull a young aan named John Smith, end to keep the peece. It ap peared from the testimony on the hearing of theoeae, that in Wedneaday last Douglas* went Into the grocery store it Nathan W. Rowley, corner of Third and Shippen itreeta, where Smith ie employed, and accosted him with, " You area Native?make a short prayer?I am going to ?hoot you." The young man, discovering that he waa terioua, ran into a small counting room, closing the door after him. Douglass at the aame instant discharged a pistol it him, the bail passing through the door and falling upon he floor in which he had taken refuge.?Phil. OaMltt, fan. 6. < Terrible Tragedy?A Son Murdered by a Father.?We learn from the Lynchburg Virgi iian, that a most horrid and aggravated murder was per petrated on Christmas day in the villaga of Madison, on 'he Amherst side of the river from Lynchburg, by a fa they imbruing hia hands in his own son's blood. It ap pear* that the son, Edmund Mahone, between 33 and 34 years of age, with the remainder of the family, were lifting at the dinner table, when some wry trivial dis pute areae between him and hie father, Blank* Mahone. The old man then stepped np behind hi* son with a large knife, (perhaps prepared*/br the purpose, ae it ie under stood he had often before threatened to commit the deed,) and stabbed the son through tba breastbone te the heart. A large stream of blood Immediately flowed out, and the unfortunate victim soon died. The father ia lodged in Amherst jail, awaiting his trial before the proper tri bunol. Outrages?Young Man Shot.?A number of persona have been eeeailted and beaten, and one orltwo flred at, within the last few nights, by a set of ruf fians who hang around the housea of the riotous Are com panies of Soutnwark, which are located in the vicinity of the Hall of that district. On Saturday evening, at the time of a sortie from the Wcccaoo engine house, in Queen street, to repel an attack that had been made upon the house with missiles, a young man named McFitti*. who waa on the opposite ot the way, going down toward Front atreet, waa fired at by some cowardly assassin irom Beck strset, and was seriously wounded. Three sluggs were lodged in one of hia legs.?Pkilad. Gazette, Jan 0. (treat Voyage.?The Magnolia arrived yester day, with thirty-niae hundred barrel* whale and sperm oil. She nee bean eut twenty.five months, and bring* s clear profit to her owners ef $13,000 or $14,000. Cept Simmons, and several of her crew, are Vcrmonters. It take* the Green Mountain boys to grapple with the leviathan* of the deep. The flret question put by the captain to the pilot, wea?" Who's Presidento( the United Stales 7" "Polk " " How's Vermont 7" "Clay all over." "All right, sir ."?AT. Bedford Bulletin. Fire ?About eleven o'clock on Friday night a fire broke out in the dry goods store of Meaara. Sa muel Dallam It Co., en the south aid* ef Baltimore, west .of Oay street The goods, between the Are and watrr were very much damaged. The whole stock, which had just been taken, was worth over $7000, on which there 1 is au insurance ol $4000 in the Fireman's Insurance Com pany ef this city.?Baltimore Jm'riean. Tobacco in Florida.?The St. Augustine News saya, that on account of the low price of cotton, mBny of the planters of Florida are about turning their attention totne cultivation of tobacco. "The planter* In Gadsden county did a good business during the past year, as the tobaceo crop has taken precedence of the cotton, and the amount raised in that county ia estimated at near ly lour hundred thousand ponnds. Moat of it ha* been shipped to New York?it will probably average iroaq | twenty-Ava to Afty cents per pound." Delia Webhter.?'The Frankfort (Ky.) Com monwealth states that Gov. Owsley has refused to pardon this woman ; the will, therefore, be tent to the penlten tiiry for the term speoiArd in her sentence. Goes to Europe.?The destination of the U. S. Steamer Princeton, now under sailing order* from this i station, ia England, where a contract hat keen made for the construction of a new big gun for hor in the piece of I the " Peace Maker."- PKiled. Timet, Jan 4. Ammiemente, The Bowery Amphitheatre will celebrate the anniversary of the Battle of Nevg Orleans this evening, in great style. Caesimer, the French Drum mer, and Carrol, the Doable Sommereut Men, ere both to appear. Tmk Orphran Family had another crowded house at the Society Library last evening?Their ' selection ol music was admirable? Song alter song was encored. Their style of singing is animated end pleasing, which, together with their vaij superior voices, form en ittraction of superior order. They are to sing again on Phursdsy. The announcement was received with a rennd of applensn The Month Baptist Chnrrh wee rniwilrd Inst evening, to h-nr the Concert given tli-r* by Mr. Millmsrth, to intrsduce to itie public the " N-w York Qturte'te Assoc* lino. It was A splcxliii aflftlr, nnd is lobe repented, thongli we hope it will not Ik* " free," like this one. for "collections," nn some of oun churches Ust evening, ire small Potatoes"? coppers were more plenty than silser??s nsnel. And if yon nsve tickets at chnrchsw, the good people will not attend, nn 'ets thouckcts sre furnished rratis. Wliat diignstir* mrnti nris. The f?ct is. the deril's church pays hest, and therefore h* devil has tht hsst aasie.

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