Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 13, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 13, 1845 Page 2
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NK^ VUKU HEKALJi. Irw York. Mouctnjr, January 13, IM3, The Texas ()aeitlaii In Congress General Jackson In the Field. The ex'rtorain try diftieuliies which have beset the proj-ct for the annexation of Tex is in Con gress, during the present session, have begun to at tract the attention of all politicians in different parts of the country. At first it was supposed that the last election would have determined the an nexation question, and that no difficulty would be encountered in carrying the measure into execu tion as soon as the present Congress assembled. The election ot Polli was considered as synony mous with the annexation of Texas. But the dif ficulties in the democratic ptrty?the jealousies of different factions and cliques?the rivalries ol dis tinguished men?have all thrown obstacles in the way of the accomplishment of that measure, to such a degree as to endanger it seriously, and to all appearance rendering it almost improbable at the present session. And if defeated at this ses sion we do not hope fur it in the succeeding Con gress, for the opposition to annexation seems to be gathering strength in those parta ot the country where the teeling m its lavor was supposed to be popular and overwhelming. In jview ol these difficulties, tha leading men in Congress and the friends of annexation have en deavored to put forth every influence which might be supposed to favor this project. Amongst other evidences of this disposition,we have seen nothing no striking as that of a very important and curious letter, written by General Jackson, on the first ol this month, addressed to " my dear Mr. Blair" in Washington, and which is published in the laat Gfo6< of that city. Here it is:? Hcrmitaok, January 1,1843. Mr dvah Mb. Bi.aih :?I cannot forbear, on this first day ol th? year 1846, to tat you know that I am still in the laud of the living, although greatly afflicted and debili tated My whole family join me in kind salutations to you and yours, wishing you the joys of the season. May you all live to see many happy new years. I observe that you have before Congress too many Joint resolutions for the re annexation ot Texts. This argues want of unanimity in the democracy upon this great national and moat important subject. I have just received from Major Donelion, a letter dated at Washing ton. in Texas, from which I would infer, that if Congrea i expect to annex Texas to the United States, they must ant speedily, or it will bo found to be beyond our grasp Tha rejection of the advances of Texet has given offence to some, and a h ndle to others to presa the liberal propo sitions of England upon the Texians, together with the splendid view of Texas independent, growing into a vast rep iblic, in tirao to embrace not only the limits of Texas, but all the domain once Montezuma's. This view, to ambi'ious aspirants, ad ed to the guaranties of England of hsr independence, and the loan ot Urge sums for ten years, baaed upon a treaty that English manufactures shall be free ol duty, is gaining a party in Texas. Gene ral H xiston is still the leading star; and his influenoe alone can he counted upon to resist the present influence of England and its increasing power. How long this in fluenceof England can be successfully withstood in Texas, is becoming a very questionable matter. I have tuken a vi w of the whole ground, giviDg to all informa tion Its due weight, and I say to you that, unless ( ongress acts upon this subject promptly. Texas will bs beyond our grasp, and lost to the United State* forever, unlets regained l<y the sword. What will be the situation of our country, wi'h British manufactures introduced duty free into Texas 7 Comment W unnecessary. I bszard nothing in saying that, if the present Con grK-H do not act promptly upon this subject, the next will not have the power. The consent of Texas cannot then be obtained. Great Britain will have laid the iion's paw upon her, and bound her bv treaty. I am exhausted; but. from Major Donelson's letter, and other sources of information, the danger of losing Texas seemed to imminent, that, although feeble, 1 ceuld not f rbear to say this much to you. tnat you might commu nicate it to my friends. May God bless you nnd yours ANDREW JACKSON. This is a most remarkable epistle from one of the most rematkable men of ?he age. General Jackson may be said to be the founder?the father ?the grandfather?the great-grandfather?the conservator?the builder-up?the Alpha and Ome ga of the modern democracy of the United States. His voice heretofore has "called spirits from the vasty deep," and what is more singular, they have answered to his call, and come to do his bidding General Jackson thra?hed the British at New Or leans?that made him President of the United States,and in that position he put an extinguisher on the United btates Bank, demolished Mr. Clav and Mr. Calhoun at a blow, and made Mr. Van B-tren President, because he wished it Since then, he has been the principal instrument in elect ing Mr. Polk to the Presidency now. He has been in favor of the annexation of Texas from the commencement, and his letter on the squabbles and difficulties amongst the members of Congress, may, perhaps, be expected to reconcile some of the differences which exist, and to produce some approach to a settlement of the question. Yet we doubt whether even this .letter will heal the divisions in the democracy, or annex Texas to the Union. Every day seems to bring forth new difficulties?to widen the breach between the Northern and Southern democracy, and to give a keener edge to the disappointment of the friends of Mr. Van Buren. It is very evident, from the opinions and the position assumed by General Jackson in this letter, that he considers Mr. Ben ton and Mr. Van Buren, aa having made very se rious blunders and mistakes in regard to Texas. On the whole, we think that the Texas ques tion?the difficulties between the Northern and Southern democracy?the indications shown of a coalition between the North and West, in opposi tion to the South, and all the other phenomena de veloped daily in Congress, bid fair to make the Presidency of Mr. Polk a very difficult, trouble some, and trying concern. How he is to manage matters without a rupture of some kind or other between the different sections of the democracy, we cannot clearly see. We shall wait and watch, however. Plainfixld Bank?Circulation Illxoal.?The circulation of the bills of this and every other bank located in other States, under five dollars, in this, is especially prohibited by our laws, particulars of which will be iound in the money article of this day's paper, to which we relet those interested.? We have in the revised statutes many laws, which are a dead letter, but the enforcement of thiB should be revived and the penalties it inflicts exacted. It is time something was done to prevent the circu* latiou of paper issues, as worthless as they are ille gal. Every citizen is deeply interested in this movement, and we trust those whose duty it is to act in the premises will do so at once. We are in the midst of good times, every branch of business is prosperous, our paper currency generally is good, and it is highly important that it should be kept so. The poorer classes have lost thousands upon thou sands, by the explosions of these muskroon banks, and to long as there are laws ia existence, prohibit ing the circulation of their issues, they, at least, should be enforced. Another Nxwspapk* uonk !?The American Advocate, recently started by a person calling him. self "Cheap Jimmy,"?and cheap enough, we sup pose, he now feele himself to be?disappeared one morning, bright and early, last week, and has been added to the number of the defunct swallowed up by the Plebeian. Such ia the end of another ol those fruitless and bootless attempts, by persons unacquainted with the business, to start newspapers " Cheap Jimmy" announcea that he has lost 92000 If that be all, he has reason to congratulate him selt as having made a very good bargain. Some of the pipers that have recently exploded have lost from 910,000 to 920.000 each; and others now in existence will probably lose as much before they learn sense, and clear out of the way of those who know how to manage newspapers. Noiyino Likk Opposition.?The Native Ameri can party appear to be determined that the Empire Club shall not have the whole field of faahion to itself, with their balls and They have en Wed the Ilka with bold, glaring odors, in the shape of circulars, with borders of gold, announcing the "Second Annual Grand American Republican Ball, at the Park Theatre, on the 27ih inst." Thit is as it should be,? " When Oresk mec?? QwIr th.n wwri the tag of wsr." A Gband Musical Festival is to take place at he Tabernacle thia evening, it promises to be a ry attractive and agreeable entertainment Thk UNX)KKX>uNK|txcirKMSHT.?We publiah to day a number of extracts from the most remarkable publication which has yet appeared on the Onder donk affair. It presents, certainly, one of the most extraordinary developments of the private manners and morals of the clergy that we have yet seen in this age This '* Richmond," as he calls himselt, pur exctllenct, at once withdraws the curtain, and places betoie ua his clerical associates at the din ner tables, in their coteries, in their private retiie ment, in their unveiled and real every dsy charac ter. And is not the spectacle painful in the ex treme 1 Who that has the least regard for rure religion?who that venerates charity and respects the best affections of our nature can look on this revelation, and not be mortified and indignant 1 And yet these are the men who are accustomed to rail at the independent newspaper press?to declaim aguins; the immoralities and wickedness of i's conductors! We fearlessly challenge a comparison of the private lives of many of the men whom they thus assail,with theirs, as painted by their own bro ther " Richmond. The excitement in this extraordinary case is, we perceive, spreading rapidly over the country. The newspapers are taking the matter up, and be gin to give full expression to public opinion. We perceive, in a recent number of the Richmond En quirer, the following article:? BitHcr Ondkrdo-.?'i Case ?It is a strange coincidence that two brotners. two Bishops, in two coterminous dio ceses, the two largest in the United States (vis , ol Penn ? yivanis and New York), should, at the same moment, have lalltn under the censure of the Episcopal Chutch. The Bishop of Pennsylvania has been effectually stripped of his office No one seems to complain ol the dec aran. He was suspended by the verdict of the General Conven tion, and has resigned bis office. His Chair may be now supplied by a new appointment of tbe Episcopal Conven tioo of Pennsylvania. The Bishop of New York haa been indefinitely suspended from his vocation. (He haa not yet resigned; and there is an interregnum in the largest ain^ ceseol the Union ) But the verdict has not obtained such general acquiescence. The vote was 0 to 8, (exolusive of the three presenting or prosecuting Bishops.) The friends of Bishop Ooderdonk do not, however, seem dis posed to submit to the sentence of the venerable tribune? before which he was arraigned. The last Iftw York He rild says that, ''Not only in this city and throughout this diocese, but in the surrounding cities, and aa lar, indaed, as the intelligence has gone, the exoitement Is spreading with the greatest rapidity, and attaining the higheet in t iosity. Dr. Coleman, of Philadelphia, a highly respect able and esteemed c lergyman of the Episcopal Church, came out publicly, last Sunday, in his pulpit with a pro t station against the decision of the Court of Bishops,and a declaration of his confidence in the innocence of Bishop Onderdonk In this city and diocese the Bishop s fiiends are numerous, and determined to sustain hi n at all has ards. The ' Stindir.g Commit ee' of the diocese had a meeting yesterday, and el-cted the Honorable Ch.ef Justice Jones ta fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of T. L. Ogden, Eiq. The Committee now consist of the Rev. Drs. Berrlan, MeVieker, Lyle and Wainwright j Judge Jones, Floyd Sm til, Murray Huff man and Gulian C. Verplanck, Eiqrs. I he Committee is known to he decidedly and warmly in favor of the Bishop Eminent Jurists have declared that the finring and sen tence of th-- Bishops were illegal, and alt >gether the case i < likely to laad to very curious resuiti and develop ments" Tbe HeriiId adds, thst the Appletons have pui chased the Notes ui the Evidence, which will be imme diately published It would be somewhat premature, and perhaps unjust, to the suspended Bishop, to pronounce positively against him until the official evidence has been seen. But if one half of the charge* and proofs, which have been bruit.'d in the newspapers, be true, Bishop Onderdonk has no real cause to complain of tbe sentence of the Ecoleaiasti eel Court. The liberties which he is said to have taken with ladies, in one case perhaps of intemperance, but in othors not, should have ooudemned him to deposition from his high office for ver. Such sets would be a dis grace to any Miniater ; but aa tbe poet tells us, " A saint in crape is twice a saint in lawn." If these facts have been stated even with tolerable cor rectness, it is inconceivable how Bishop Oodeidoi k could have put in the plea nf purity or innocence of pur pose. Who can brlirve the man innoctnt, tcho jruti hit hand into ladies bosoms! In ordinary lite, the vengeance of the insulted hu bind would have be n satisfied with nothing but persoi al chastisement. In his case, the plea of inno cence cf intention would only aid to the immoiatity of ihetransgre4i.or But the evideuce must soon appear. Tbe question ii likely to give rise to much discussion in the papers. Already the Rev. Mr Trapier of South Carolina ha* published a pamphlet of 33 pages, to clear himsell and the Rev. Mr Gillaher and others, who were originally concerned in tbe prosecution, ot all design to persecute the Bishop forhi* religious (Puaeyisin) opit ? ion'. They had heaid of the alleged licentiousness?and they were willing to drop the investigation, if they were sathfisd that the Bishop had reformed and if these chat ges had not been circulated to tie scandal oi the Church.? They had. however, taken wind; and hence tbe meatures for his trial worn taken ot the' Episcopal Convention, which met some weeks since in Philadelphia It will be seen that ihe'Richmond Enquirer enters somewhat into the merits of the case. When this is gone into fully, we may expect a great deal of interesting discussion. And it is proper that it should be gone into. The public mind is now ful ly ripe for the discussion. The whole case must be dispassionately reviewed from the authentic data, and all parties be obliged to submit to the righteous judgment of the great mass of the public who have no interest io shielding the guilty or condemning the innocent. And this calm and dispassionate review we have to enter upon imme diately. Thk Irish Emigrant Society or New Yoxx to hie People of Ireland ?We have just recei ved a copy of the annual address of this Society dated Dec. 1. It affords to the emigrant much va luable information, but unfortunately it is only in one case out of ten that it is of any use to him, for he does not receive it until he has undergone all the misfortunes, hardships and impositions, he is liable to on each side of the Atlantic. If this Society wish to make their?objects effectual, let them cause copies to be placed in the hands of the Grimshaws, the Byrnes, and others of Liverpool, and other ports, before the emigrant takes his passage, and then they will do him ten times more benefit. More Ornamental than Useful.?A prospec tus in the shape of a petition to the Corporation of this city has been issued for the purpose of procur ing a site of ground for the purpose of establishing a market for the sale ot Fruits and Flowers, in which an attempt is made to enlist the press in its behalf. This may be very well for an interested few, but we think it would be better to support Night Asylums, Juvenile Reformation Societies, | Prison Reformation Societies, Improvement of the condition of the Poor, &c., See., than these mere ephemeral objects, which can only be gratifying to the more effluent portion oi the community. Thk Distinguished Texans ?We understand that Gen. Lamar and Com. Moore, of Texas, and the leading military officers of this city will vjsit the arsenal at 12 o'clock to-day, on invitation from Gen. Storms. Theatricals. Mr. Anderson make* hi* Appearance st the National Theatre, Washiogton, this evening. Miss Clarendon had s complimentary benefit given to her on 8aturday evening, at the Baltimore Museum. Mrs. G. Barrett, E. S. Connor, W. Chapman, Mr. and Mrs. Burke, and Miss Kirby, are among a long Hit of the a'riCHl taUnt engaged at the National Theatre, Washing ton, which op-n* ihis evening under the management ot Mr. W. E Burton. Mr Hy. Phillip* gave a grand cancsrt in Savannah on the tf h inst. which wa* well attended, and ha waa most enthusiastically received. Herr Clineia engaged for a short period at the Charles ton Theatre. Mr. James George Bsrnett, a composer and teacher, has arrived in Boston, with the intention of making it his residence, for the purpose of following hit profession. He is a brot rer of the English composer, whose works are well known in this country. Person ail Movements. The Rev. Henry Giles has bean most successful in Pro videnre, witi his lectures on " Religious Toleration."so much so thst a call Is made upon him lor their repetition. K I ward L. Trenholm has been rrcogniitd byihePi* s dent as Vice Cons 1 of Sardinia, for tbe State cf Bontli Carolina, to reside at Charleston. A'out 800 German emigrants arrived at SLLouia, in tho steamer Missouri on the 3d inst. A Mr. Crotchett has proposed to the people of St. Louis, a plan for lighting house* with a trifling expense, and without tho establishment ot any public works. Appointments bt the Governor?January 10. ?Tompeins?Arthur L. Johnson, judge, vice Hen ry S WaMridge, term expired. William K Fitch, judge, vice J Bo>uton, term expired Henry Fish, Judge, vic< J >hn Sayler, term expirea A'h May next. John O. Hen ning, notary, vice Wm. H. Hall, term expire* 34th March next. Di'tchkss ? Fred. W. Barnard, examiner, vice Gilbeii Dean resigned C*TTAB*racs ? Rensselaer Lamb, judge, vice Fred. L. Martin,term txpires 14th instant. Fi'ltoh ? Mwcelltia Weston, first judge, vice Donald Mclntyie, term txpirrs 17th instant. Abolitionum ?Dr Hudson, the abolition lee Hirer, waa recently ao grossly personal nt Wil mingtnn, Delaware, that the audience were with difficui ty rmtrained from violence upon him Why will the public endure those itinerant zselots7 The Doctrine of Pergatory end Preying for the Dead Vindicated?Ike Testimony of the early Father*, and the Practice of the Universal Church, Defended; and the Ca vils of modern Reformers Answered. A Lcctube Delivered by Rev D* Pin, in St. Peiee'i Church, Sunday, Jar 13, IMS. Flee what that I they <1 > ui I# are bavtized for the J tel. if the Head not not at all: WAy are they then baptized for the dead.'- lat Corinthians, 16ih chap. 30.0 verse. It was my intention this evening to have entered upon the scriptural arguments vindicating and con firming the doctrine of praying for the dead; but on investigating the subject, I find that there still re mains so much traditionary proof, that it would not be doing justice to the Importance of the sub ject, were I to pass it over in silence.\But what do I say I Have I notjbeen arguing in all my preceding lectures, especially from the authority of ihe sacred Scriptures 1 1 contend that the whole form of my preceding arguments have been established ano founded upon the authority of the sacred Scriptures; tor when I quoted, the second book of Maccabees, where it is distinctly slated, thai " 11 is a good aud wholesome thought to pray for the dead, thai they may be loosed from their sins"?I contend ihat I quoted canonical Scripture Fori quoted a mass of evidence, it aopears to ine, suffi cient to satisfy the most incredulous, that we hav> ample testimony on which to found the canonicity of the books of the Maccabees; and that all tin arguments that I have udduc-d in vindication o| the books ot the Macc tbees, are p-ecisely the same that any Christian must use in vindication of any portion of iuspired -Scripture For if 1 a-k any Christian why he believes in|ihe|oook of Gent-si-, or E&odus, or uoy other, as of divine in spirauon, he certainly muBt have recourse to the same mode of argument as I have used iu teldtion to the books of the Maccabees?in or der to establish their canonicity?they must have recourse to tradition, and enquire whether their predecessors believed so?whether the fathers ol the church in primitive ages admitted them, and whether the universal church in the present sges of Christianity said they were of divine inspira tion; and if we find this evidence to corroborate the canonicity of the books of the Maccabees, 1 contend then I have every right to argue fioin them as oanoaical and inspired, and no individual ol any ether religious denomination has a just right to dispute my claim, and my arguments founded upon them as divinely inspired books. But ii is said that there are insuperable objections to the canonicity of these books. Jn like manner the infi del raises his voice and proclaims that there are in auperable objections against the other books ot the holy Scripture*. Not, therefore, because objections can bs offered, are we to reject -much lesi repudiate theii authority. Yet Ihe objeotiona of the infidel ag tinst those book* recognized a* canonical by all, are much stiougei than those advanced against the divine inspiration ol the books of the Maccabees. What though they are no: found iu the Canon of Esdras, and are rejected by the authority of the Synagogue 7 How could they be foun>> in the Canon of Eidras. when they were not brought to light befors that Cauon was written 7 And P they were rejected by the Synagogue, it wa< becaust they us not iu that canon. I con-end, therefore, thai It is nwre piulent and more consistent with the prin ciples ot Christianity to admit tbe*e book* on the au thority of the church, than to reject them on the authority of the Synagogue. And < have proved from the testimony of St. Augustioe, from the testimony of th< third Council of Carthage, and others of unquestioned veracity, tt^at these books were admitted, that they were read and taught, as of Divine authority, by the whole primitive Church; and therefore, in following the exam ple ot the early Churoh, I am adhering to a doctrine and a usage to which I am entitled to adhere at the present day. But let us pass over their canonicity, and let us take them again, as I said betois, as more bonks of historic evidence, and I believe I can produce sufficient argument to satisfy any one (hat. as historic evidence, they were, and are to be account-xi as of most exalted authority, urn) that they were held in the highest veneration from the earliest times; that they ar? now ot authority?to use th* language of the ar icles of Elisabeth upon the Canonical Books? uith regard to Mf* and manners, and so respected by Protestants of every denomina tion. But if I can show that they were re spect?d by St. Paul himself?nay more, by the Son ot Ood, Jesus Chi 1st?then thure is no Christian who will hesitate to agree with me that their anthority is of thr most venerable kind, and should not be rejected, at least m high historic evidence. St Paul, in the 1 Ith chapter of the epistle to th? Hebrews, commencing with the 36,b verse, mat-a mention of ceitain maityrs, and enters into the particulars of the tortures these martyrs endured, and' in so doing, makea use of the very term in (he Greek which refers to tie narra'lve only to be found in the books ot (he Maccabees. "Others were toitured," he says ' not accepting deliverance; that they niisUS obtain *' better resurrection," ho.; "these all, haviegobtained e good report through laith, received not the pro mise; G>d having provided some belter thing fo> us, that they without us should not be msde perfect " Now, if you refer to the second book of Meccabees, 6 chapter, 37 verse, yon will find St. Paul refers to the inartrydomof the venerable Eleizar, which is mentioned by the author ol the Maccabees.'and in the S chapter, 30 verse of 3d Maccabees. You will find from the prayer of Eteazar this doctrine established. And that this is no fat fetched attempt at an argument, you may be satbfled foi evao the editora of the ancient Genoese edition of thi Bible admit the reference of St. Paul to the pas-age in Maccabees, and pi cu them togtther, acknowledging that St. Paul did here really refer to the event and circumstsn cea of the martrydom ot Eleazar on the authority of th< book of the Maccabees. Consequently we And 8t quoting niatorically the books ot the Maccabti a If this is ,o, if we find St Paul quoting them, and applauding fie conduct ot Eleaz sr. what will prevent me from quoting the hooks of the Maccabees, applauding the conduct ol Indaa Maccabeus; and be, I am informed in thit book diil cause sacrifice to be off ,red for the repose of the dead who had fought valimtly in'the cause of their country. And the author of these books, after narrating that im portant and memorable circumstance, declares " that it is a gool and wholesome thought to pray for the dead, tba' they may he looted from their sins;" and therefore, on 'his authority, merely as an historic reference alone, I urge the argument that " it is a good and wholesome thought to pray for the deed," Jte. And if it be ao, it I'.anuot he for the dead in hvaven we pray, nor it cinnot be for the deid in hell we pray, but for the deed in a middle state?consequently there must be u middle state?or what we style by the name of Pur gatory. But 1 sail that net only Saint Paul made a reference to these book*, bat that our divine Sa vior himself established their authority, and vindicated by his own example, the propriety of complying with certain institution* or ordinance* which were prescribed only in the book* of the Maccabees. I refer you to the first book of th* Maccabees, to different portions of the 4th Chapter, commenting with the 44th verse. It re* fer?, first, to the profanation of the altar by the Gentile*. Secondly, to the purification of that altar by the rites and ceremonies of religion. Thirdly, by anew dedication ot that|alt?r. And lastly, by establishing an anniversary festival in honor of that event, aud then 1 will ahow you from tho New Testament that Mr divine Savior, Jeans Christ, went in person to the temple, and celebrated thai anniversary, established bv no authority bnt that ol the book* of th* Maccabees. (Dr. Pise here read several text* from the Maccabees, as above quoted and then proceeded.) Here, then, there la a festival established to hecelehrateu fur ever by the Jewish people, and nowhere do we find an account of the establishment of this festival but In the books of the Maccabees. Now, if we find that fhe Jews, eveu before the subveraion of the synagogue, observed this celebration, and that our Divine Saviour was present, must it not follow that these hooks were respeated by them, and even our Lord himself thought proper to com ply with the injunction nowhere prescribed bnt by theae books, which are now denied by all other denominations aa of no anthori'y. Turn to the 10th chapter of St. John's gospel, 311 and 33d verves (where the Evangelist stys ' And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, aud it was winter. And Jeius walked in the temple, in Solo mon's potchT" This feast of the.dedication was the f sti val enacted, and recorded, ea I have read, and perpetuated upon no authority other than that of the Maccabees. Th' festival, then, continued to be observed, and here we have our divine Saviour himself condescending to cele brate it; and where do we leern it was established 7 Net in any of those books sold to he inspired, by those who differ frem us ; but in the Meccabees ; and therefore the conclusion must strike every cand.d min i, and con vin 'e every true enquirer that the hooka of tho Maoca be es were of the highest respecUbil ty, of the highest authority, and referred lo by St Paul, r,nd our Bavioui himself. Now these books which established the dedira tiou of the Altar, and made this f. stivnl ?0 sacred and ohli g?tory aa to be perp -tutted? tl aae b, ok*. I tay, inform aa that Judas Maccabeus, the brave m.d enlightened General of the Jewish people, who knew well that his religion would disdain superstition; hi vas true to his country and to his Ood ; he went to the temple and had sacrifices offered for the spirits of those warriors who had fallen in battle aronnd him ; for "it it a good anu wholesome thought to pray for the deed, that tiey may be loosed from their tins " Therefore, we con tend upon a".l these authorities, that this practice of th< Catholic Church stands upon most firm?if you will not admit-inspired authority. And no matter who thinks he cannot do it, he haa no right to lay that I canvo' pray for the souls of those in Purgatory ; for "it It a good and wholesome thought,*' according to the hook* of the Maccabees " to pray for the dead, that they may be loosed from their sins" I know that a great many learned philosophers, and distinguished theologian* o' other denominations, have traced, or attempted tn trace up this doctrine or uauage to another and very different source lam aware that^losheim in hi* rcc'aaiastical history, aiaert* that it derive* it* origin from the impure iotiicu of the Platonic philosophy. But I take the autho rity o* Judas Maccabi ua before that ol M< ah' lm: and who will Maine me ? I take the decision of the Council of Car th*ge before him; I take the whole primitive Church be fore htm; and certainly I cannot be charged with super stitton for following the pr actice of the primitive Cburcb instead of the inventlan of the great Masheim Bnt the text with which I commenced my remarks this evening, now riaei again beforo ma ; and af-er I have perused the hooka of the Maccabees, and satisfied mysolf sufficiently that theytought?and I have the right fo follow what thay taught?in reference to purgatory or praying for the dead then c iming down immediately to H: Paul, who was di-' vinsly instructed, I hear that Apostle exclaiming, "What shall they do who aro baptized for the dead?" Ac. Now i produce this text, and 1 stand by this text, and I contend ihat from it I can prove that during the life time of St Paul, there were some ceremonies, some rites, that then wore some ntsg' a performed for the dead. The passage is extremely ohacure, to be sure?and where is tie Bible reader who can exple n it to me, especially without note or comment, and show that my meaning is not the proper one St. Paul say* they were baptized for thi dead, and that the dead should rise again. Now unt 1 you can prove to me that St. Paul meant something else, % on have no right to s ty St. Paul doe* not teach ti e doc nine of proving tor tho dead. I take it In its uhscurity, and apply it to my doctrine. Can you rin me a more satisfactory meaning, or show that St. Paul condemned the doctrine. Thit con cMtion, at least, must be made?that neither St. Paul noi the lather cf the ancient Church, nor ?he Synagogue,art against us. but thst they are for us; and we hold aud con tend that they are lor u<, until you can prove they are againit us; aud I think that will be a very, very difficult matter. It U, theo, no ruperstition to pray for the dead We repudi.t; and reject every spurious and snperilititu practice. Much leas is it?although the great Tillottsou will so have it?an invention (or mere -nary purposes, and intends! to carry out the superstitious and intere- t ;d views of the clergy I wouid ask him wh-re tbi mveution was first introduced 7 In what country 7 Was it in England, among his own Anglo-9axun ancestors, that it was first introduced 7 Certain)) not; for we trace it up to the daya of Beds aud from that to St Augustine?the first missionary from Rime who preached Christianity, and gave lignt and li berty to England. We can from that trace it to Rome 10 the Seven Hills-the centre and source of light and life, but once the centre of Pagan superstition Certainly fit Aueustine would huve found out, it this had been a superstitious practice and condemned it?St. Augustine would have marked the inventor of it, if such an in dividual could have been lound ; for there ia no doul t that ihe praf -ce can ba traced up ti St Augustine, in the mind ef any Chriatian whatever Now, in fit. Augus tine's thn ty-second sermon?" dr. Vtrbit Jip ?stolid*" he says, (and recollect he flourished in the louith century, in what was styled the Qolden Age of Christianiti by Calvin, and is respected by all the reformers, anil every Chriatian, even in thia day.) that ''tha Church uuiversa'lv practice! that which she haa learned from tradi ion, which is, to make sacr flee iocontaoemr ration of those who have departed in the body and blood of Jesus Christ, and declares in rxpress terms, that for tltem she offers these sacra flees fit Augustine, aa I re marked b fore, does not here give his own individual opinion?does not speak as a theologian?does net sav it is a good pi .ictice Which may or may not be abserved; bit' he explicitly says ?'it ia the universal practice of th< whole church to pray for the dead." Thm the whole Christian church, in It* brighter t era, must huve been tainted and carried away bv universal superstition, it to prav for the dead be regarded aa among the super stitions I stated in my last lecture?and it is necessary that 1 should give refercucea for every authority to which I refer?that the individual who first raited his voice against praying tor the dead?and so against purgatory, lived contempo raneously with St. Augustine in the 4th century ; that he was a priest called Aerius, who St. Augustine says, became d raff, cted, and began to preach, among other heresies this one?that it was unlawful to pray for the dead St. Epiphanius aays. that this proposition of Aerius is a heresy, and he ranks it aa the 85th in his " Book of Her-aies.'' St-Augustine also raiks it in the Md place, ?a a heresy, and so does St. John Damascene, in page 81 of his work, entitled (we were unable to hear distinctly the name of the work here referred to) Here then wt have St. Augustine, St. Epiphanius, St. John Damascene, all contemporaries with Aerius, and among the brightest ornaments of the church, setting their faces against this heresy, and branding its author as a heretic for preach ing thia novelty. Consequently it must have been regar d-d aa a heresy by the whole church; consequently th doctrine must have existed before Aerius, else he could not have denied it. We thus traco it np beyond Aerius? to the days of T-rtullian, and he touched very nesrl) upon the Apostolic times. Now, what conclusion mutt we arrive at? not that I mean to indulge in any sentiment of uncbaritableness?far be it Irom me; 1 have too great n respect for the convictions of all. I am only pleading my own ease, and I only claim for myself in tbi> free land a perfect liberty of belief, and we can give the most conclusive and brilliant authority for every aiticli of our faith. Now who are the followers of Aerins, and who are the followers of St. Augustine and the rest it our day 7 All those who deny praying for the dead nut be followers of Aerius, and all those who believe in that dootrine must be followers of the fathers ot the Church : we who believe in purgatory are connected and in com munion with the primitive church, and thia point of doe. trine alone is quite sufficient to prove our claim to Catho licity. If this had been superstition in the dayt of St. Augustine, he would have condemned it: the Council of Caithege would have condemns it, becauae it did condemn certa'n usurpations it that time, hut defended and vindicated the doc trine of praying for the dead. There were aup?rsti tiona then prevalent in Africa, by which persons wer< baptized not for the dead, but baptized the read, and o' burying with the dead certain portions of the Eucha-ist; and the Council of Carthage raised its voice agaitts them, and denounced them, but in doing so declare I that ? it was useinl and proper to pray for the dead. One grea' objection which ia urged by men of great learning against this doctrine, Is this:?that the Fathers ot tht Church mention that prayers were offered up for tht dead during sacrifice, but that it was not their meauinr to pray in such a way that their aouls could be bentfitted but merely In commemoration, and In sympathetic re mrmbrance of the departed. In order to aicertain this fact / whether the fathers meant merely to commemorate th dead, or to pray for them, as we do, in order to benefi their aoula in a middle State, we must ask the fathers themselves what they believed; we must quote thai own words, and then we can arrive at a proper conclu ?ion. Now there are none who can object to the authorit) of Tertullian, who flourished in the third century: anr Tertnllian in his book?" De Monsgamia," has thia ex presaion?he recommends the widow to pray for the sou - of her departed husband in order that he might obtain ' refuge?solace?comfort; therefor" he meant something beyond making mere commemoration for the dead. (Conclusion to morrow.) City Intelligence. Common Council ?Both branch** of the Comiooi Council meet thU evening at 6 o'clock, and In the Boan of Aldermen any amount of fighting about hi* Hon.Mayoi Harper'*, nomination* tor officers of Police, will be don> op. A speech may be expeated from Aid. Qale, and it >> thought that Dr. Hssbrnuck will also be heard upon tbi subject. Door* open at a quarter before 6 o'c'ock- pei ? formance to commence at 6 o'clock preciie y. Thosegcr 'lemen who ere desirous of obtaining appointments wii be kind enough to stay away, a* something unplaasan will undoubtedly bo eaid. The remonstrance of the Am' - rican Repub lean Executive Committee of the 3.1 and 3 War la against the course of hia Honor, in not nominatin any one from the 3d or 3d Wards, will be read by Mr Nixon for Iho special edification of those members win have not heard it before, and of the spectator* Mayoi Harper will not be present, but intends to employ sotr mesmerised subject to tell him all that is going on as far as it tranapiraa. Bu solar v.?Yesterday morning about 8 o'clock, thi dry gooda store of Cornell It Amerman, 617 Greenwich street, was burglariously entered by prying off the sbti' ter from the door, cutting out the glass to admit the hand, and turning the key which was left in the lock as usua The noise awoke two youog men sleeping in the stor< who gave an alarm, but the burglars escaped. Police Office, Jan, 1)1.?The business at the Po lice office to-day was aa dull as it should be on the Sab bath. A great number of rogues aud naughty peoph were taken on 8 iturday night, but nothing of importune was ascertained in relation to them. Three fellows wen arrested at difT-.ront place* for passing, or attempting tr. pass, counterfeit money, bnt they were discharged thi morning for wantoi evidence to establish the tcitnla. Henry 8'ielden snd Kate Denny were arrested on chat - ges of grand laroony, and committed for examination. Sarah Wilson, a young lady of easy virtue, was arret1 - ed for stealing $84, and was committed for examination j Mary Ann Talbot was arrested and commi.ted for (tab bing a man named H. B. Thompson, at 61 Anthony street, Watch Ramans ?The written returns of the prison ers in the watch-house for thi* morning contained soon particular* that should awaken the Mayor and hit Coir mon Council to some action upon the Municial Police bill The two item* below show the absolute necessity of re form. " Barney McCabe Stealing a lady* coat an old defcndei the oner would not appear. Smalley k. Sarah Jones Con earned in Stabbing man that Was taken to the hospittle oi Tuia Day night officer Litter watchman Henley." Priori Current^-Emerson's spelling books havofkllei and become a complete drug in the market, and can b obtained at almost any of tao book stores for twonty-flvi cents. Walker's Dictionary is still sheleed and can be had as low as six shillings. Dealers in the article seem to b holding back, but tno general impression is that thereV nothing in it. Coroner's Office?Jan. 13.?Fatal Accident ?A black child, named Amine Gar net t, 8 years of age, died a: No. 8 Mulberry street this morning, in consequence of i burn received from its clothes catching fire about two o'clock on Saturday, during the absence of the mothei from the room. Verdict of Coroner's jury in accordance with facts. Drkadeul Death.?Watchman J. D. Leach, on Satur day night, about 13 o'olook, In going his rounds, near thi corner of Second street and Avenue B, heard groans proceeding from the opposite side of the way, and oi crossing over to ?h? lime kilns, he saw two boys named Robert Kelly and John Collihan, Iving on their hacks oi the top of tb* kiln and groaning. On examining Kelly, hi found that be was dead, the back of his head and clothe being considerably burned ; the other lad waa not dead, though his clothes were smoking. The lire waa in thi kilna, and the gas nroae in considerable quantities. ?< that the lad hadlieen suffocated from it. The watchptm immediately obtained assistance^ and conveyed the bay to the watch honae. It Is supposed that the boys hm been out late, and were unable 10 let in'o tbeir bou?e> anil laid down upon the tops Of the kiln* fnr a warm Kelly was about Uyearsof age, and resided dirrctiy op posite the place where he met his death The Coronet held an inquest to day, and a verdict in accordance witl facia was rendered. Legislature or Nbw York? In Srnatk, Jan. 11 ? Petitions presented and nfeirtd?By Mr. C. Burnhim for an amendment of tbolaw relative to Justices' Courts; by Mr. Putnam, for anew county from parts of Rrie.Catts rangusend Chautnuqtio; by Mr. Johnson, forth#same. The annual report of the Butchers and Droveri Bank the National Bank, and the Bank of America, relative t unclaimed dividend* and depooites. was received. Mr. Potter laid on the table a concurrent resolution fot 'be appointment of two United State* Senator* in placi of M ssrs. Wright and Tallmadge, on Saturday, tbe 18tl inst., at noon. Mr Porter's resolution calling on the New York In spector of Pot and Pserl Ashes for a full and detailed rt port, to be made on oath, of all hi* work and the fees ri ? ceived, waa called up Mr. Lott offered an amend merit providing for suoh report from all the inspectors ol mer chandise. Mr. Lester gave notice of a bill to reduce the fees o: County Cieik*. A communication from the Secretary of State, givia* hi* reasons for a non-compliance with the law ol 1814 re*p?cting thodistribu.inn of ihe work on the Geoligical Survey, caused a long discusaion. The objection ol the Secretary waa on the ground of constitutionality. Thi matter waa referred to the Comi Ittee on the Judiciary. The bill authorising the holding a special Court of Oyei and Terminer in and for the County of Columbia, was reed a third time and passed Notice waa given by Mr N>en, of a bill reducing thi rate of lnte>ost to 6 per cent; by Mr. Bush, of a billrrquir inv the Receivers of the Commercial and City Banka oi Buffalo to sail the assets of said Banks in Buffalo. Mr. De Poy off-rod a resolution that the Adjutant Gen eral iurrith the House with the number ot adopted Citi i-us now on military duty at Hudaon. Adopted. VERMONT.?Returns trom seven town? In Cale donia county, on the last trial for Congrenrman, in Dillingham's district, give Chandler 1103, Dillinghsn u:>0. This is a losa for Chandler on tbe September elec tion Of ? lew votes. A plurality sleets w Cincinnati. [Correspondtacs of the Herald ] Cincinnati, 27 Dec., 1844. Governor Shannon't Diplomacy?New England Fettivitiet, Temperance, tfc. Friend Bennett:? The arrival of the Herald is looked for with great solicitude now a days, in this city ; in order to obtain the correct intelligence in relation to "men and manners, living aa they rise"?and net solely to get the news of the day, but to learn " Bennett's opinion." The Herald is invariably the first paper shouted for here, on opening the eastern mail, and its content! devoured with avidity. Its opinion in relation to our Governor Shannon's course, and its apology for his unique diplomatic correspondence with the Mexican Minister, elicited no trifling remark. The good idea that " Governor Shannon came trom a region of country where they call a spade a spade, and a scoundrel a scoundrel, and that therefore the Governor was justified in communi cating his ideas in plain English to the haughty Mexican, met with a hearty echo trom all quartet* among his friendB, and did more to quell the party rant and inimical rebuke that was spit out againsi him by his enemies, than his Excellency ceuld have done had he have been here in propria per tonce Yankee Stock, for a few days past, has been ai the very tip top ot the market among us; which was called into notice more particularly, in conse quence of a great turn out of the sons and daugh ters of New Cugland, resident in this city, to ce lebrate with appropriate ceremonies the anniversa ry of the landing of the Puritans on Plymouth Rock. A great proportion of the more pious, in* telligent, enterprising and worthy part of this com rnunityare New Englanders, and it was due to their father land, to erect a pilgrim Altar, (by forming a New England Society) here in the fat west: where the descendants of that exiled band, coula come up annually to offer their sacrifices; and worship at the shrine sacred to the memory of those pious martyrs, and unassuming patriots; where their deeds of noble daring could bi rehearsed, and their simple, unsophisticated christian virtues sung. It was not a lit tle amusing, in attending their primary meetings preparatory to the celebration, to hear them boast of their Puritan blood. All claim to be direct lineal descendants from the Mayflower Puritans?each had a " long yarn" committed to memory in regard to his genealogy, and in his pero ration was sure to show most conclusively thai " the blood had come down to him pure"?so thai on the whole all were Puritans, consequently among them was nought save liberty and equality. Bu there was a rock finally made its appearance amidst this ocean of discussion, which created something of a reeling and tossing of the fraternal bark of our modern Puritans, to wit?temperance. The primary meetings had appointed a committee of arrangements consisting of thirty-two persons, and at the same time passed a resolution to have no intoxicating drinks on the table at dinner This committee, in their wisdom, thought it advisable to nullify the decree of the meeting, and have wine at table, and pub lished an edict to that effect, to which the terape ranee department demurred, and immediately call ed a meeting of the temperance brethren, at thr head of which was the venerable and Rev Dr Beecher, Professor Slow, S. P. Ghase, Esq , and .-everal other gentlemen of distinction, among whom the Hon. Bellamy Storer officiated as chair man But they did not meet in peace?the said gi gantic committee made their appearance. The ob ject of the meeting being stated, for the purpose of prottsling against the usurpation of the committee and to pass resolutions against their conduct; ano likewise to resolve not to partake of the festtvitet of the table. Now began the war for independ ence?Puritan vs. Puritan. Shall the sons ot those who swore of old not to drink "tea" at tempted to be forced upon them, now be com pelted to partake of the inebriating bowl 1 Yea, have it forced down their necks, against thei> will, their wish, their conscience, their belief and their obligations to their brethren of thi "sacred pledge I" The blood of Lexingtoi and old Buuker was aroused?liberty of eor. science was in jeopardy?liberty or death was th< watch word?and at it they went. However, aftei marching and counter-marching?firing and coun ter-firing, amid smoke aud confusion for some time the battery ot the revolting, redoubtable commit tee, was stormed?Benjamin B. Fesaenden, thei torlorn hope, decapitated, and the remainder of thn rebel band fled pell raell trom the hall, declaring 'hat they would never again encounter with suci fearful odds, as they had that tright met in Genera. Beecher and his invincible abstemious cohorts The invincibles then passed their resolutions ant retired, allowing the committee to return am bury their dead. However, when the consecrate) day arrived, there was a universal attendance h hear the oration, by the Rev. Mr. Perkins, (Uni tarian ) Alter which the "hsrds"and the "softs" separated, these to partake of their beverage fron 'he old oaken bucket, and.those to their sparkling nectar, and thus closed the 224th anniversary of th? Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers, by their progenj in the far west. Yours, &e. D. V. B. Steam on Cannla. Philadelphia, Jan. 7,1845. The recent action of the Schuylkill Navigatioi Company in determining, forthwith, to commenct the enlargement of their improvement, for the pur pose of adapting it to the most advantageous appli cation of steam, has imparted a new and deeper in terest to the subject of the employment oi this power on canals. The success which has attended previous efforts for the effectual use of steam foi this purpose, has been so many triumphs of the conquering agent itself over the impediments pre sented, by arrangements intended for the employ ment ot animal force. There is not, in the whoh history of canals, a single instance of the construe lion of a work with an eye to the adoption of this motor. The canals, both of this country and Europe, have been uniformly prepared for the em ployment of horse power; ana the substitution ol steam has always been an after-thought, furcec upon men's minds by a conviction of the economy attendant upon its use. The Schuylkill Navigation Company have the honor?and a high honor it will be hereafter reck oned?of being the first to come forward with a consistent and comprehensive plan for preparing their work expressly for the use of steam, and ap ' plying steam to a work expressly prepared for in use. The Schuylkill Navigation extends ftom Phila delphia to Pottsville, the great centre of the anthra cite coal basin of Pennsylvania The present an nual trade ot the line amounts to nearly 600.000 tons, and the same region sends off from 400,000 to 500,000 tons by a rival work, the Reading rail road. A great competition is carried on between these two improvements, each aiming to monopo lize the whole trade, ana the<trsde itself annually increasing an amount much more than the aggre gate tonnage on any railroad in the country, The Canal Company are now making a new ana bolder and better move than any heretofore contemplated. They go, this time, openly for monopoly, and to effect the object they propose an immediate en largement ot their navigation, for the purpose ot permitting boats of 200 tons burthen, ana propelled hy steam, to pass freely upon it, and to convey th* coal, without transhipment, directly to New York, rnd all along the coast of New Eogland. The work has been carefully surveyed during the las: two years, and the cost of effecting this great ob )ect is estimated at 81,080,000 d/The great competition which is carried on for this trade creates little surprise with those who an familiar with its present magnitude aDd rapid in crease The trade on the Schuylkill navigation alone this year, is about eight times greater than 'hat on ihe Western road in Massachusetts, and the whole trade of the Schuylkill, now upward* of a million ot tons, is increasing at the rate ot 25 per cent per annum. The plan of the Navigatioi. Company is to take advantage ol the existing com petition to enlarge their work while the rail road is yet able to carry a share of the tonnnge; to keep theto'lslow while the enlargement isprogress ing, so as to encourage the growth ot tne trade, and, if possible, bring it up to twelve hundred and fifty thousand tons ihii year; to commence trans porting on the new work in 1846 with a trade of a million snd-s-half of tons to begio with, and phy sical advantages which will enable them to eon rol the pricea, and, if they choose, the quantities to be conveyed on alt oihet linea contending foi the coal trade. ? ,. The mere anticipation of this measure since u was first broached, has reduced the value of the bonds of the Rsil Road Company from 75 to 65, -ind has recently almost destroyed the demand fot them. , . , In short, nothing can now sustain that Company's credit but the exhibition ot such receipts and pro fits, from their last yeat's extensive, operations, at will justify the belief that they will be able tc cope with|ihe improvement which the Canal Com pany are preparing. While thir- strife is in progress, the public may be gratified with the evidence that it offers of a con tinuation of low rates, and a permanent establish ment of a price for coal below all previous expe rience and anticipation The locks of the enlarged navigation arc to be of the same length and width as those of the new 'ocks on the enlarged Erie canal, an arrangement which is intended to form a direct conntniion be tween the great anthracite basin of Pennsylvania, rnd all the principal cities ot New York It is dif ficult to anticipate the iuflucnce on the commerce of the t*ro Siates consequent on this water coby muuication, by means ot which an intercourse steam, without bieakingbulk, may be kept up for more than a thousand miles. Those who are en gaged in commercial affairs will be best able to appreciate the importance of a measure wf ioh in sures to the proprietor of the ateamer the certainty of obtaining always full cargoes in one direction, with ihe chance of return freights in the other. There is now a communication by steam, direct from Canada to North Carolina, and the enlarge inent of the locks of the Schuylkill navigation, and the application ot steam on inat work conuects it directly and indiasoluhly with this great inland route and all its ramifications The trade which it will furnish will pass through the Delaware and Raritan Canal. Fulton. Thx Murdkkers Cacoht.?We noticed a few davs since, the murder of auold man named Ktm uiick, and the burning of the house In which he was kill ed, near Valle'a Mines, Jtflurson county. A htt-r from that neighborhood, received by last night's msil, informs as ot theeporehension of the murderers, and the confes sion of one of the number. Five negroesiwere concerned, vix: Tom, tnlonging t* Mr. Perry; Abner, to Mr. F R. Couw y, of 6L Louis; Washington, to Mr. Taylor; snd.^ 9am, ti Mr. Applehury. The fifih also belonged Taylor. 8am made a confession, which implicated litem all. P. operty belonging to Kimmick, nnd sowg $80 in money, was found on dam. No tther evidede had been obtained against them. They ware coraT.ntad to Hills bero'jail.? St. Louis Republican. __ Lead Mines ?It is stated thai rich lead mines have recently been d",covered in Washington, J- (Tenon and Frunkl'T counties in this 8tate. All we have to do to insureIne onward march of Missouri, is to develops her qUFeral resources, encourage immigration and the cultivation of the soil, and make wise and whole some law* ^ # Amusemtnts. Circus.?The treasurer of this establishment, Mr. Amos R. Stellenwerf, is to take a benefit this even ing. Amos is the most promct and gentlemanly treasurer that ever kept a box book. We sincerely hope that only one half of his friends will call upon him this evening, for the house cannot contain all of them. Music ?An opportunity to hear the Orphean Fa mily will be afforded ourup-town friends, on Tues day evening, when they are to siDg at Rutgei's Institute. Their fame has been rapidly spreading in this vicinity, and they now stand among our inoit popular vocalist'. 'like Wandeilng Jew, No. 14, Is published this morning, at the office 24 Ann street. The most remarba die romanrs of the age. It has some verv seven strietu'ei unou the Jesuits, with ext-acts from Den's Theology, a la Sparry.? Price six cents. Office 34 Ann street. (From Rev. Henry Jones.) 1 have used " Connel's Magical Pain ?Ex tractor'' from 21 Courtlaudt street, for severe eruptions on the skin, barns. Ac., and can most cordi lly amy that 1 hav* fonnd it, iu every instance, efficacious, and I he beat of all oinunento I have ever u ed durirg a life of over half a century. ("igned) HENRY JONES, 120 Eighth Avenue. December 10th, 1S44. The above named article will curs the following eomplainta, or no nay taken for it, viz: Burns, OldSorea, Eryiipelaa, Scalds, Bruises, Chaps, Salt Rheum, Scrofula, Wounds, Eruptions, Sort Eyes, Piles, Chilblains, Cold in wounds, Tender Feet, fee. The Indian Vegetable Kllxlr and Liniment, from 31 Courtlaudt street, is warrant-d to cure any case of Rheumatism It gives immediate relief, strengthens weak down swellings, and extends contracted cords. limbs, takes c "Oh, my Back.?1 can scarcely walk, It puts me in sueh pain." Such waa the expression of a gentle, men in Dr. Sherman's store, a day or two since. He had ta ken a severe cold, and could not stand erect. He purchased one of the Doctor's celebrated Poor Man's Plasters, applied it to the hack, and in twenty-four hours time was perfectly relieved from his suffering. Those who are -fflicted with pains in the chest, side, arms or back, or with weakness, will find this Plat ter a never failing remedy. Be sure aud get the genuine, with the Doctor's fac simile printed on the b-ck of the Plaster. Dr. Sherman's warehouse is 106 Nassau street. Agents, 227 Hudson St.; 108 Bowery; 77 East Broadway; 13t Fulton street, Brooklyn; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia, and 8 State street, Boston. Deafness.?The un rivalled success of Dr. McNair't Accoustic Oil, in relieving persons who suffer almost continual hamming, Ac., which are but symptoms of appro ch tng deafness, has gained for it a reputation never before equalled. Althouvh other articles have been advertised, yet the deaf are not sure of beingcured unless tt ey get the genuine article at 81 Courtlnndt at. Price $1 per flask. Longlcy's Great "Western Panacea, from At Courtla dt street, for llie cats of Asthma, Dysnep.ia, Indiges tion, Liver Complaint, loss of appetite, female obstructions, Ac. This reared., being of vegetable production, mvy be taken with pe feet safety for any term of time, by persons of ths most delicats constitutions. Purify the Blood, and drive Disease from the body. This will be done effectually by the nee of I'om vtock's Sarsaparilla, which for many years hai fully sustained its high popularity by its intrinsic virtues. It is prepared with the greatest care,of the very purest and best ingredients, and made on the most approved plan. It is sold at the unprecedented low price of 50 cents per bottle, or $4 per dozen, in aa large bottle* aa those that ?11 as owe dollar bottle. Sold at 21 Courll&nd street, and 139 Fulton st. Brooklyn. Gouraud's Pott tire Subtile for completely ind permanently eradicating superfluous hair, without in ury to the most delicate skin. Always tetted before buying.? Proof positive this, and no mi-take. G maud's Dalian Soap, for curing pimples, blotches, and dis coloration* and injuries to thesaiu. Never take any other than G urtud's Gourauh'sVegetable Hotter f?r the ch?ek. Goura-d's Spanish Li'y White for the Complexion, and lobe h<d no where else in New York but at the otigioal office 67 Walker alrect, fint store from Broadway. Grecian Hair Dye will change rest, grey or light htirtoa beautiful permanent brown or jet black Pom mode de Noir, bruit, et blonde, or black, brown and fair?all very beaut ful articles for the hair. Blanc d-IVtle. in pti; Rouge de Theatre, in pots. Jayre'a Hair Tonic, Urates' Hair Restoratives, Ac. Ac., at 67 Walker street, first atom most Broadway. Dalley'a Magical Pain Extractor Sal re w'll instantly core burin, icalds, piles blind urbleadiwr, rheu msiiMn, sna nil infltmmatory comjiUiuts, or no p*v ?li?n at Dal lay's agency, 67 Walker meet. fi it store prom Broadway. All Philadelphia Nubscrlptlone* to ths Heuald must be paid to the agents, Zieber h Co., 1 Ledger 'uildings, Id and Chesnut sts., when single corns may also ha obteiued'daily at.1 o'clock. Sm Medical Notice The Advert laementa of the New York College of Mrdieiae and Phartnacv, established for the Suppression of Quarkery, iu the curs of ail diseases, will hereafter appear on the fourth page and last column of fit is , W. 8. RICHARDSON, M. D., Agent. Office and Consulting Rooms of the College,96 Nassau street MONKY DIAKKEI', Sunday, Jan. 11-6 P. ft. We have not noticed the slightest movement in Well street daring the pest week indicating any change in the stock market tending towards en improvement. Fricea for all kinds of securities ere very much depressed, and we have no doubt will yet find e lower level. Transac tions have, for some time put, been rather limited, bat yesterday there was considerable business done at both Boards. Tho interest on the publie debt of Pennsylvania is still a very exciting question. The message ot Gover nor Porter strongly recommends the payment in fall, in Febraary, in cash, while those professing to be acquaint ed with the opinions of Governor Shunk, state that the interest due in February will not be paid in cash. The State6's of Pennsylvania, have within the pant few days, been steadily declining, end it is the opinion in Wall street, that in the event of the interest being paid in feh rnary, the market veine of tbe stock would tail belew present quotations. By exhausting the Treasury new, there would be a doubt in relation to the Angoet divi panel,which would not be removed or confirmed nntil the day of payment arrived, whereas, should pert el the divi dend due in February be paid at that time In oush, end tho balance in scrip, there would be a ba'ance in the Treasury'snfllcientiy large to meet the Angnstpey^ant, while the receipts would be accumulating for e complete reeumption on some future day. The inaugural of Oav. Shunk would be very acceptable to many speculatore who are existing in dreadfal suspense on this suhj-ct. The banks of this city are at preeent in a position af fording bnt little accommodation to the commercial classes. It is supposed the benkt have only about five millions of dollars on hand, with a very reduced line of discounts. The exports of specie from this port (or 1844, amounted to.... $6 197 |19 Specie exported in 1843 11,474 670 Excess of exports in 1844 over 1843 03,813 040 The amount of specie imported into the port of New Yrrk for 1844, was fit 461 648 Imported in 1843 7 004,443 Excess of impot tin 1843 over 1044 06,630,606 The tables are nearly reversed this year compared with Inst in the movements of specie. We annex e table show ing the difference between tbe import and expert for eseh year. Imfobt *wr? Exvort or firscie Tort of New Yorr. 1843 1841. t Imported 07.WW,443 fil 464,646 ( Exported, 0,474,670 6,387 631 ? Escsss of Import 06 617 864 Excess of Expott, 0M34 063 Here is a difference of more then ton millions ef dol lars in (he movements of specie in this port. In 18?l we imported upwards ol five millions oi dollars more than wo exported, while in 1844, the exports were nearly five millions more than the import. The reoeipls here, from other parts of the Union, hare no doubt been audio lent to make up part of this sum, as the high premium for Mexi can dollars has attracted remittances. Our Importations during 1844, were so very heavy, the balance against us on our foreign trade so large, and exchange so high, tbe1 shipments of specie to England have been made profita ble notwithstanding the ptrmium charged onMexicsn dol lars. Sterling exchange still keeps up to a specie point, which acts as a check up ti the banks, and compels ihtnrt to restrict their epilations, Exchange must come down; we cannot conceive how the present premiums can sustained; our importations are much smaller than foil the corresponding month last yetir, ond our esp irts mnad be tapidly reducing our indebtedness abroad. Even now| were not ootton bills in such bed repnte, exchange woxl

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