Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 17, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 17, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York. Friday, January 17, IMS PICTORIAL HERALD. ftrOTJ&RY^ THE ZOU1UDXIRE&. THE COMPOSITORS' ROOM. The tlluatrated Weekly Herald, to be issused to morrow, will contain a portrait of M'Curry, the person charged with the late horrible murder at Baltimore. Also, an engraving ol the Compositors' Room in the Herald Buildings Price f>4 cents. Next News from Europe. The new steam ship Cambria, papt. Judkius, is now due at Boston, with sixteen days later intel ligence from Europe The C. is said to move through the water with great rapidity, and we may, therefore, expect fter ts make a short winter passage. The whigs of Boston, probably giving up all hopes of a chance, have withdrawn their candidate for Mayor?thus leaving the field to the democrats and native*. Xh? People Mavlng on the Texas Question? the Meeting at St. John's Hall La?t Night. It will be perceived from a report in another column, that the Texas question is stirring up the popular elements to their very bottom, and that the agitation of thai great issue which had for a brief period partially subsided after its supposed final decision in the last election, has re-commea ced in such a form as promises to shake tha de mocracy to its uttermost extremities. First, in this fresh development, we see the Don Giovanni of the modern democracy, Captain Rynders, and his indomitable "Empire Club," now, fairly rested after their heroic labors in electing Mr. Polk to the Presidency, with their armor buckled on, and fully determined to annex Texas to the Union. This meeting presented a different aspect from that which many anticipated. There was a degree of cool resolution?of quiet determination, and an absence of noise and bragadocia which were not to be looked for with absolute certainty in an as semblage composed of such stormy elements It will be seen, however, that this was quite a busi ness meeting?the speeches, resolutions, and the entire proceedings being those of men really in earnest and prepared to act out, to the fullest ex tent, every declaration which they uttered. There was no mincing of the matter?no dodging of the great issue at this meeting?and there is a brevity in the annunciation of the "opinions" and determi nation of the club, which is quite significant, and presents a very expressive contrast to the wordy no thingness of other and more imposing assemblages, ft is, indeed, perfectly apparent that the masses of the democracy, who, in voting for Mr. Polk, wish ed to be understood as declaring their resolute ap probation of the immediate annexation of Texas, and their determination to keep the democratic can didate for the Presidency tothatpledge received by him at the hands of the Baltimore Convention, are now again moving on this question, with greater zeal than ever, and that the crisis is rapidly ap proaching when every member of the democratic party will be obliged to show his hands on this matter, without any equivocation or skulking. The contrast which the bold, manly, and resolute action of this meeting presents to the conduct of the democratic House of Representatives, as re gards this great issue, cannot fail to strike every In telligent observer with great force. There can be but on^-opinion with respect to the debates in Con gress o^tnis Texas question, and that is, that they only give a melancholy exhibition of the folly, ig norance, and selfish partizanship of the great mass of those who are presumed to represent the intelli gent people of this country. We have already had eight or nine plans for the annexation of Texas, but the only practical fruit of all these projects, and the protracted debates, discussions, speeches, and loss of time accompanying them, has been thst dis graceful expedition into Maryland, in which two American legislators have borne such a conspicu ous and infamous part. In this case we have seen the discussion of a great question of nation al concern?one in which, of all others, the inter est, and weHure of the Republic are at present in volved?suffered to degenerate into a personal equabble, and fiaally ending in a scene which would be farcical enough, were it not unfortunate ly for some of the circumstances connected wiih it, and making it rather too humiliating and pain ful to every intelligent and respectable citizen for a subject ol ridicule. We do not recollect indeed a case for some time past, in which we have had a more forcible illustration of the utter wantof a pro per sense of dignity and duty on the part of a member of Congress, than that presented in the speech of Mr. Clingman of North Carolina. Instead of stick ing to his subject and discussing it in a calm, dig nified and sensible manner, such as became a man elected to the respectable office of a representative of his fellow-citizens, this gentleman flies off at every point, his only aim apparently being to find objects ol abuse. He runs all over the country, from one end of the Union to the other, and every where he pours out the grossest personalities. The chief vials of his wrath, however, appear to have fallen on the Empire Club, of which he speaks in the following terms: But the principal fraud* were practiced by what i* called ?loubla voting. The city of New Yoik wa* the great the atre where thi* wai confummated. A* the Empire Club bore such a prominent part in these t ansaction*. I must devote a remark or two to It. It was orgaoized in July ia?t and it contifted of gambleri, pick-pocket?, droppers, burner* .thimble-riggers, and the like, and it, association seema to have been then mainly for the purpoae of carry - in* on ?uccesalully those and similar trades. Most of its members had bean repeatedly indicted for crimes Its seneral character, however, may be sufficiently inferred from that of *ome of it* offioer*. It* president wa* liaUh Rynders, often arrested for thimble-rigging and ?i?nilar offence*. He and Joseph Jewell, being indicted for mur der fled from New York to New Orleans. By the by, I may hare mention that thia Jewell, who haa indictments for murder, in two different case*, hanging up againat him wa* the atandard bearer of the Club, and figured a* tha bearer of the Texaa banner in the proceaaion*. Theie worthies had not been long in New Orleans before they found it convenient to leave, being charged with stealing Treasury notes. They came to this city, and were ar retted and sent back in irons by order ot Captain Tyler. I mention this circumstance (o ahow the mutationi of the time* ; for. since the election, this man, Rynders, having become a great man among the Democracy, bas not only dined with Benj F. Butler, when the electoral vote was given to Mr. Polk at Albany; not only haa he received a complimentary ball Irom the chairman of the Democratic General Committee of the city of New York, but, h-ving com" on with his irlend Jewell to thi* place for an office, ?a I am told, if the papers are te be relied on, he haa been cordially received at the White Houae Whether Presi dent Tyler or President Ryndera than remembered the Ironing, is not, however, chronicled. But I am digressing. John J- Austin, vice-president of the club, haa likewise pending against him an indictment for murder,^nd was penning vgauuoi **???>??? ? ? likewise implicated in the charge of stealing Treasury notes. Woolridge, it* secretary, but recently came out of the penitentiary William Ford, one of its directors, in the short interval of time which elapsed between the pub lication of a notica ol ene of It, precessions and the arrival of the day of parade,was indicted bythe grand juryin seven oases, rape and burglary being among the offences. Being put in the Tomb*, be unfortunately lost the opportu nity of figuring on that occasion. Soon after tried and oo'iricled of the first named crime, he was sent to the penitentiary, but. bis services being valuable to the party, he wa* immediately pardoned and turned out by hi. Democratic excellancy, Governor Bouck. I may remark, too, that thi* offioial dignitiry, a short time before the election, restored to their poHtlcal rights, all the criminals In the State, and pardoned a great number who were in the penitentiary. Such violent invective, of course, aroueed the passions ot many of the members in return, and Mr. Yancey, apparently not at all disinclined for ? be respectable work, nndertakea to pay back Mr. Glingman in his own coin. Then comes a chal lenge?and these legislators, with their gentle manly fr.ends, start off for Baltimore with the po lice at their heels?then back again to Washing ton?then away into the wilds of Maryland, still pursued by the police?a terrible race, to get a ahot at each other! And thia is the way in which the Texaa question is discussed in Congress' Such is the manner in which the representatives of the people treat the manifestation of the popular will, with respect to ibis great issue, at the last election. All, however, are not Clingmana or Yatt ceys. There are some such men in Congress as Mr ? Holmes, ot South Ca rolina, who has taken a jiHt and comprehensive view of the Texas question it' a" it* bearings. His speech is by far the most statesmanlike that we have yet seen, it gives us an earnest of the en larged and elevated policy which we may hereafter expect from the South Carolina dynasty?a policy which, it is daily becoming more apparent, the popular masses are determined to insist upon with reference to the gTeat question of the day?Texas annexation. The meeting of last night is, as we mentioned yesterday,-to be followed up in this city by auother great mass meeting of the democracy, on the 24th instant, at Tammanr.v Hall. The move ment will spread rapidly over th e country, and in a few weeks the agitation will ha ve reached a cri sis which may lead to singular reuults, both in and out of Congress The Spoils.?There is a great deal of fermenta tion just now at Albany in relation to a number of very nice appointments iu the hands of the new Governor. We have heard much anxious inquiry respecting the applicants, and we have procured lists from Albany which may be useful to the de mocracy here and elsewhere. The following list contains the names of applicants for offices in the gift of the Governor. Judge Circuit Court?John W. Edmonds, Peter A. Cow di*y, Clinton De Witt, Joaeph 8. Boaworth, Joseph C. Ha<t JohnMcKeon. Marine Court Justice?R. 8. Gleason, Thomaa N Carr, A. M. SoiftVn, Nelson J. Waterbury. Edmund J. Porter, Lorenzo II Shepherd. Alexander Walls. Innector rot and Pearl A,bt,-Wm. Osgs, E. Driggs, John Emmana, Jease West, Nuthaniel Jaivis, lasiah Ryn dera, James F. Secor, Win. G. Boggs, James Connor. Harbor Matter-Francis Secor, A. "W. Welden, Wm. G. Hall. _ _ , Flour Intpector^Htnry C 8perry, Mr. Douglass. Hut this is not all. The approaching advent of Mr. Polk at Washington generates even a greater number of office seekers for the spoils in this city connected with the general government than those struggling for the state offices. According to the best accounts which can be collected from demo cratic circles here, we have been able to compile the following list of the applicants for the various government offices Collector?E F. Purdy, Wm. F. Havsmeyer, John B Smelzel, C. W. Lawrence. District Attorney?R. H. Morris, James T. Brady, John McKeon, J W. Tucker, Abijah Mann, Charles.McVean, Theo Sedgwick Xa Jahn Paulding, Sam Xavy Agent-Levi D. Slaram, Prosper M. Wetmore, ihn H. Livingiten, Hon Henry C. Murphy, Hon. J. K. . aulding, Sanfl. J. Willis, Joseph C- Sprague, Judge Ham room), and any person who will promise to divide the piokings with Mr. Charles A. Secor, contractor ia ge neral. , Surveyor? Ely Moore, Geo. Davis, Jno. Secor, A. M. SniflVn, and Jona'han D. Stevenson, if he aucceedi in get ting Gov. Marcy into the cabinet. Xaval Officer?Umc L. Varlan, Edward Sandiord, Wm. S. Coe. Poetmaeter?J. I. Coddington, Moses G. Leonard, John B. 8 ott. Marshal?K. J. Bleecker, Wm. Shaler, Samuel Osgood, A. J Pentz. Contractu, Picking*% $c ?Charlci A. Seeor, A. J. k C. 8. Bergen, Chas. A. Watrous, Samuel P. Robinson, E. Stiles. These lists are as accurate as possible at the pre sent time. If any change should take place or ad ditional applicants start up, we shall publish the lists hereafter, with the necessary corrections. In the meantime, we shall at-our leisure go into an investigation of the respective claims of these gen tlemen, measure their merits and their chances, and endeavor to calculate with as much accuracy as we calculated the election of Mr. Polk last sum mer. We have recently received a great deal of data and correct numbers in logarithems which will enable us to indicate with some degree of pre cision the chances of these distinguished office seekers, particularly those who desire the favor of the general government. The Manhattan Peerage.?We have the inex pressible delight ot informing our readers that Mr. Moses Y. Beach published yesterday his celebrated brochure, containing an account of the " Wealthy Citizens of New York otherwise the Peerage of Manhattan Island?price 25 cents. This is the sixth edition, and is said to have a number of improve ments, of which we are somewhat suspicious. We shall, however, examine it, and if he has purged it ol the masy libels whioh it formerly contained, ws shall endeavor to give iL#t-full length to our read era. At present it is sufficient to give the follow ing little item which we find on the cover Banks?M. Y. Beach, Aoent. Manufacturers'.. . .$60,000 Plainfield, N. J.. . .100,000 Farmers'. MsloneCo. Lehigh Co., Pa.,.. .100,000 N.York 80,000 These are, it Beems, the." four banks" alluded to in the biographical sketch of Beach himself. He forgets, however, to put in the Jacksonville Bank, which burst up under his agency one day. Oi three of them, the "Manufacturers'," "Farmers','" and " Lehigh," we believe there are very few notes in circulation; the only one having anycircula tion being the "Plainfield," and we need hardly say that the sooner they are returned on the agent the better for the holders. No doubt the proceeds of the sale of this pamphlet will be very honestly Bp plied to the redemption of Plainfield notes, and in deed this does promise better than the real estate of Beach himself, which is mortgaged for more than its value. Extraordinary Rumors.?The papeis are full of ] extraordinary rumors, statements and insinuations, relative to Mr. McNulty, the Clerk of the House of Representatives, Levi D. Slocum, or Slamm as some call him, and other parties, in relation to the supply of CongTess with letter paper, wafers, quills aad other articles of stationery. It is said that the most extraordinarydisclosuresmaybe expected soon from the result of the labors of a committee of in vestigation of the House, now busy in conducting the inquiry. We are really tony for this. We have a sympathy for our old, highly valued and re spectable contemporaries, Messrs. Slamm, Bang Be Co., who have been doing so large a business in politics and humbug in this city, during the last few years. But it is the fate of large houses, whether ia the tobacco, or sugar, or political line, who trade beyond their capital, to burst up one day. See under our postscript head for further particu lars. The Underdone Case.?We are obliged to post pone till to-morrow the charge and testimony of | Mrs. Bears, of Long Island, in this case, which we have procured and prepared in the same way as in the case of Mrs. Butler and Miss Rudderow. The evidence of this lady is extremely interesting.? Meanwhile we perceive that the excitement on this I remarkable affair still continues to increase. It is said that some additional testimony has been dis covered since (he trial calculated to cast some new light on the conduct of the Bishop, and which it is | hinted will soon be presented to the public in some form or other. There are also numerons indica tions tending to show that the Puseyite controversy in this country will be soon precipitated into a very j decided crisis. Altogether the Episcopal church appears to be in an extraordinary state of confusion and excitement, and some very carious develop ments may be expected. Wkbster in the Field Again ?The Massachu setts Legislature on Wednesday, at 12 o'clock M., agreeably to special assignment, elected the Hon Dioiel Webster, United States Senator for the term ot six years, from the fourth of March next, in place of Hon. Rufus Choate, who declined a re-election. The vote stood aafollows:? Whole number of votos 96J Daniel Webeter IM Mercui Moitoa 64 Leveritt Salljnitall 1 Terkina Robinaon 1 963 So, the great Daniel is again in his aatural ele ment. Good! More Affidavits?The "native" organs are out again with a dozen different affidavits and statements, and we don't know what, all about that oil ipot in the character of their municipal doings. It won't do. They may cry out with Lady Macbeth?" out damned tpotbut it will be impossible for them to wash out that stain, until they are themselves washed out of existence by the indignant voice of the people Murder or Paul Hour, ?n Odd Fellow, In Bui IImore? Arrest of Mlohuel MeCerry? tlie Murderer, In title city? Attempt to Com mit Suicide. We give above an accurate likeness ol Miciiael MdCurry, who was arrested in this city yesterday on a charge of having murdered Paul Roux, of Macon, Georgia, at the house of Francis Nolan, in Charles street, Baltimore-and below a full account of the particulars of the bloody transaction, thear rent of the murderer, and his attempt to commit suicide in the Tombs. The papers of yesterday merning oontained ac counts of a murder which was committed on Sun day night at the house oi Francis Nolan, in Charles street, Baltimore, Md. A person named PaulRoux, of Macon, Georgia, a member of the I O of OF of Ocmulgee, Encampment No. 2, being on his w*y to the South, put up at the house ol Nolan on Sunday night about 8 o'clock, and was placed in a double-bedded room, one bed being occupied by a man named Michael McCurry, a permanent boar der in the house. On Monday morning, when the chambermaid went to make the beds, she found the room door locked, bat supposing that the lodg ers had locked it mat they might not be disturbed, ?he said nothing about it. McCurry was seen in the course of the day about the house, but left in the Philadelphia train in the afternoon. In the evening the chambermaid again went to the room to make the beds and clean the room, but found the door still locked, and on looking through the key-hole observed that there was no key in the lock, and deeming this rather singular, she in formed Mr. Nolan of the tact. He immedi ately repaired to the room and forced the door, apd to his consternation discovered the body of Mr. Roux lying in bed and weltering in blood. His throat was cut in a dreadful manner, the carotid artery being nearly severed, and, in addition to thie, the skull beaten in just above the torehead, as if with an axe. On looking under the b??d, an axe with blood and hair upon the head was found. From the appearance of the body it was presumed that the throat had been cut first, by some person, with the intention of making it ap pear that the unfortunate man had committed sui uide, but that through fear that the man might not die, and would be able to tell the tale, the blow with the axe had been administered. A valuable gold watch which had been seen upon the person ?>f the deceased was missing, and no money could be found in the pockets. From the circumstance of McCurry, who was a permanent boarder, hav ing left so suddenly, suspicion immediately fasten ed upon him,and a description of his person was im mediately transmitted to this city,and officersRidge ly, of Baltimore, and McGrath, of this city, were on the look out for him on Wednesday night. Yes terday morning the officers encountered a man in South street whom they supposed to be McCurry, ^Bd on accosting him by that name he answered and said that he had just come on from Baltimore They at once arrested him and conducted him to the police office, where, on searching him, they found a valuable gold watch and a purse containing some money. It was ascertained that he had come on in the night train, and had taken passage in the York shire, which sailed yesterday at 12 o'clock for Li verpool, and had taken a stroll for the purpose of getting a drink and some tobacco. On searching his trunk on board the ship, a couple of shirts be longing to Roux, and a breast-pin, supposed to be long to him, were found ; also u large knife, with which it is supposed he committed the murder. A few minutes before the officers arrived, one of the clerks in the employ of Messrs. Gelston and Treadwell, jewellers, Astor House, came to the police office, and stated that ne had seen the ac count of the Baltimore murder, and having sold Mr. Roux a watch a few days previous, he thought it might aid the cause of justice by giving a des ?cription of the watch. He accordingly wrote a description upon the "Loss Book." On comparing the description with the watch found on McCurry, it was found to correspond exactly. McCurry was i placed in the same cell with Tom Hadden, a fel low accused of grand larceny, but was soon after placed in a cell by himself. About three o'clock in the afternoon, As sistant Alderman Bayles chanced to call at the I prison and was' asked by Mr. Cox if he should | like to see the man accused of murder,* and on his expressing a desire to do so, Mr. Cox accom panied him, and unlocked the cell door. The Alderman proceeded to enter, but abruptly stop ped on seeing a man stretched npon his back and bleeding profusely from the throat, and his shirt and the floor deluged wilh blood. He was appa rently dead, but on being taken out of the cell he breathed again. His throat was cut in several places upon the right side, under the ear, and slightly in front. An attempt had evidently been made to severtho caroled artery. The knife with which the attempt was made, was found under the bed, and was open?the little blade having been used. The knife was recognized as Tom Had den's. The latter person acknowledged that he saw McCurry take it, and supposed that he intend ed to commit suicide when he took it. It was with the greatest difficulty that the wounds could be dressed, in consequence of the tre mendous struggles that McCurry made to pre vent the physicians from affording him re lief. Several persons had to hold him, and even then, he succeeded in getting his finger into his lacerated throat, and endeavored to tear it open When frustrated in that, he seized up his vest and crammed it into his mouth, endeavoring to choke himself with it, so that it had to be cut from his mouth. Finding it impossible to destroy himself, he seized hold, with his teeth, of the iron bars of the railing, and his hold could scarcely be broken It was at last found necessary to strap his hands together, and confine them to his body. A prisoner named Bennett, confined for some petit offence, made himself very useful during the excitement, and exhibited a great deal of coolness. McCurry is now, however, doing well, and will be carefully watchedito prevent him from doing himself any farther injury. He is an Irishman, ot about 80 years of age, dark complexion, high forehead, black eyes, high cheek bones, pug nose, and large thick lips He is about 5 feet 9 inches in height, and very stout. Affairs is Hatti.?Advices from Gonaives to the 2d inst. are received. In the Spanish pirt of Hayti there is a great deal of trouble. The utmost animosity exists between the blacks and mulattoes. Thirty thousand troops were constantly under arms. It seems that the blacks are determined to exterminate the mulat toes if possible. Trade was dull?there were no American vei I sels at Gonaives Important Trial in thi Sessions?Wikoff in the Field!?We understand that Wikoff?Fanny Elaaler's WikofT, will be tried to-day in the Court af Sessions, on an indictment found against him for some libel published in his journal, the Republic now defunct. As it is eipected that this trial will be very interesting, if it comes on to-day, we shall have it fully reported in to-morrow's Herald No doubt Fanny Elssler will read it with great interest, and we shall take care to transmit to her a special copy. Two 1>a*s Later from England ?The packet ship Quebec, Hebard, arrived yesterday morning from London and Portsmouth with advices from the former place to the 13th ult. She brings no news of consequence; nothing later of the cotton market. The packet ship Wellington arrived at Graves end on the 18th. The monster steamer Great Britain, three hun dred and thirty-feet long, has been safely floated into deep water. The Archbishop of Canterbury has announced his intention to summon a meeting of the Bench of Bishcps, in consequence of the unhappy agitation pervading the Church of England, in order to de terinine upon the observance of the rubrics. It appears that Puseyism is not yet very strong in England. According to the papers a Court of Com mon Council was held in London, on the 12th of December, chiefly to consider a petition for aid in the endowment of a free church in St. Giles's in the Fields. The grant was opposed on the ground that the new church was got up under Puseyite auspices, and defeated, only five voting in its favor, when about a hundred and fifty were present. France. The French press are active in their animadver sion on the English for the capture of a supposed slaver. Lt National says ^ The Bhameful letter of excuse addressed by the Count de St. Aulaire to Lord Aberdeen, and the recital of the capture and condemnation of the Cu rieuse, a vessel employed in the service of the state, demonstrate that if the ambition of the English Government has not become more moderate, the complaisance of our rulers towards it is equally without bounds. It is not only at Tahiti that M Guizot blames and disavows the officers who main tain the honor of France. He acts in the same manner on the coast of Afri ca, and we find there a French vessel Beized and condemned by the English under pretence that she had been engaged in the slave trade, which could not even with justice be suspected or that offence as she was employed by the Governor of Senegal, and ought to have been considered as belonging to the royal navy. The owners of the Curieuse have determined to exhaust all possible means in order to obtain jus tice. All France will aid them with their good wishes, because the question is connected with the liberty of the seas ana with our national hsnor. But what can they effect against the English, aid ed by M. Guizot 1 What justice can they expect when the owners of the Marabout, captured four years since, but discharged by the tribunals, have not vet been able to recover the indemnity awarded to them 1 Markets. London Money Market, Dec 13.?This morning, at the TreasuT, ?80,000, the portion undisposed of oi thepend ing Canada contract, was taken by Hammond, Scott It Co. at ill J, that being the minimum price of the Chancellor of the Exchequer. To this firm, therefore, the whole sum of ?300,000 has been assigned, and it is understood tbat, wiilr the exception of a very small portion of it, the principals in the transaction are the Mutual Indemnity In surance Company The only other bidding which has transpired, is that ei Mr. Maubert, presumed to act for a leading bankinr house, who offered 111} lor the whole amount, and he would, no doubt, have readily given the reserved price, or 11 lg, for the ?80,000 tskon thii morniofF by Moiiiv Hammond, Scott It Co., had they declined availing them lelvecof their option. Thus there appears to have been a singular coincidence in the estimate of the yalae of the security between the leading men in the money market end the Chancellor ol the Exchequer, especially when it is borne In mind, that, since the last negotiation of the kind took place, when Iht reserved price was nearly the same, a rise of 3 per cen< had taken place in Consols. But all seem to have taker into their consideration the effect of the new bankinc law, which, by imposing greater caution upon banks gen erally, in locking up their resource*, has partly shut then out ot the competition on the present occasion. As a pi oof of this, it may be mentioned that the Bank of Engl an<i wholly aostained this time from making anj tender, and has had nothing to do with the affair, out u. the keepers of the sealed paper in which the reserved price of the Treasury was contained. What sort of arrangement subsists in this affair be W8*n the Canadian and the home Governments cannot ol course be known : but it is assumed that protective term; against possible default have been agreed to, and that, u ultimately paid by the colony, this oountry will be a larst gainer by the transaction. . * n}a of,6 per cent for ?*ample, should be charged to Canada, who could not on her own security raise mo SS .8.E?r oen!''h" c,n no ground of com plaint ; yet this would lesve the home treasury with thi profit from the premium of 11} or 13 per cent, and of on. percent in the annual interest for the whole term of 90 yean, which the contract has to run. The English innda were again flat to day, in conse queue* of sftlM, but the amount of business* transacted was net large. Consols for the account left off 100} to 1 : Three per Cent* Reduced 100} to f ; Three end a Quarit-i Pei?latl 1(!3r,; Annuities, 13} ; Bank Block, 3071 to 300}; and Exchequer Bills 60s. to 68s. premium. FoUEIERITES IN A FURY?The PhiLOSOPHXEs' Losing their Senses !?In reference to a state ment recently made by ub exhibiting the condi tion of a certain phase of Fourierism in the "com munity " at Skeneatales, we find the following de lectable paragraph in the Fourier organ?The Tri bune?of yesterday :? The Herald of yesterday contains a letter from Skene atelas which professes to make certain disclosurea whrther true or false we know not-respecting Mr John A. Collins and the community established at that place under his auspices. In an editorial not ice-of this htter the Hrrnld speaks of thi Community in question as 41 an Association of Fourierites,"and of the disclosures as " af lording the beat possible illustration of the woiking ol this new social system-the first fruits of the planting ol such philosophers as Brisbane and Greeley." Now all intelligent readers of the Trihme knew perfectly wall but not better than the editor oi the Herald, that the Com munity at Bkeneatolaa was established on principles not only entirely diflerent from those of Fourier, but in utter hostility_ to them, and by individuals inveterately oppesed .a. w iS 5? ""S" we hare exposed this same lie of the Herald a dozen times, but it is persisted in with a bra zen impudence, and a reckless malignity which, though perfectly characteristic ef it i source, would put any common libeller to the blush. 7 It is very amusing to see the philosophers when the truth is told and common sense is brought to bear upon their ridiculous theories, how they lose all their suavity and discretion, descending at once to a level with the lowest loafers of the Five Points. We have not uttered a syllable that was not perfectly true with regard to their ridiculous, atrocious and infidel principles. The Skeneatelas Community may not be founded with such large houses and grounde, and magnificent appurtenan ces as are sketched out with such grandiloquent absurdity in the THbtms. But the principles of its organization are strictly in accordance with those of f ourier. We shall not cease the exposure of the absurdities and wiekednAn of this infidel system of philosophy. * Thk Spring Election?The Whigs.?We un derstand that the whig leaders are deliberating what course to pursus in the approaching spring election, and that there is same probability of their coming out in full and ancient force in favor of city reform, and of all thoaa general reform mea sures which have been talked of by the "natives " but without the fanaticism and intolerance of that decaying (action. If the whigs throughout the city should organize on such principles, we think there is a fair prospect of their success It will be recollected, that when in office in 1842, the whigs reduced the expenses end taxation of the city nearly $100,000 With that fact, the lavish ex peuditure of the locolocas in 1843, and the folly and imbecility of the "natives" in 1844,before their eyes, we do think the people of this city would be willing to give the whigs a chance. It is lull time to do justice to the whigs so far as they deseive, and they certainly did try to give us economical and good government. As to the "natives," there can be but one opinion, that they are the most miserable, faithless set of imbeciles, that ever had the management of the municipal affairs of this city. i "" Massachusetts and Louisiana.-TIic Hon. Henry Hubbaid, the agent of Massachusetts, he. left New Orleans. Fearing an outbreak, he used discretion. What farces the missions of Messrs. Hoar and Hubbard have been! The Sowtmrn Mail.?It appears by the Charles ton papers thai the southern mail hsa not been changed back to the "lower route " I Saint Patrick's Cathedral? Bishop Hughes 1 Lecture. A very numerous assemblage, composing a mixed auditory, were in attendance last evening to hear Bishop Hughes' Lecture. In the immediate vici nity of the altar were collected* vast crowd of ladies and gentlemen of different persuasions, who paid marked attention as the Bishop proceeded in his discourse. There being no galleries, and the aisles of the cathedral being literally jammed up long before the appointed hour, our reporter could not procure a place of accommodation, so as to be able to take his notes, or hear distinctly either the text or the discourse. Bishop Hughes, after ad verting briefly to the objects and designs of Provi dence, in establishing Christianity, went on to say, that its professors were bound to carry out its pre cepts, according to the divine injunction " with the mouih confession is made unto salvation," and not profess, unless they acknowledged the Savior of man. Whoever consulted the sacred Scriptures would perceive the obedience that was due to the Church?its power?and that in it rested their only hope of salvation God established his holy Church, which was to last throughout all ages and nations, and promised that the gates of hell should not pre vail against it. He founded it under one head, and one common bond of union, and it wnuldlast until all were gathered into the one fold. After taking a brief view of the law, as delivered by Moses,and ad verting to the early difficulties in establishing his I Church, and its subsequent progress, Bishop Hughes concluded, when the audience separated. Sbmiramide?The Musical Drama.?Again the Stmiramide drew a large and attentive audience at the Opera House, last eveniug, although the weather was wet and disagreeable, and the night any thing but promising. ThiB noble opera is evidently better and better appreciated at every | succeeding representation ; and as we become more familiar with it, and are able to detect the several excellencies and defects in detail of its exe cution by the present company, the preponderance of the former is strikingly apparent. Indeed, the imperfections are too few and slight to destrve the remark of any but carping critics, while the general spirit and skill of the performers afford the true lover of music abundant means of gratification. The fortunes of the Italian Opera in this country are evidently in the ascendant. A remarkable revolution in public taste has been going on in this city, since the introduction of the 1 Italian Opera?which, however, was for a time re tarded by the difficulties and quarrels between the artists, which repulsed the growing interest ef the wealthy and educated classes in the musical drama. These things, however, having been happily set tied; the excellent and well-balanced troupe ol Italian artists have rapidly made their way into public favor, and the Opera has begun the accom plishment of its oiiginal purpose?that of refining and elevating public taste, and restoring purity and morality to the. stage. The city of New York probably contains a greater amount of wealth, in telligence and refinement than any other city of its size in the world. Five hundred millions of dollars would not cover the value of the property owned by the leading families of New York society; and it will readily be seen that the taste for a refined species of amusement and the means of liberally patronizing it, exist in abundance among this fa vored class. So utterly low, profligate and licen tious, however, have the English drama and the EngliBh theatres in this country become, that it is no wonder they have been deserted by the virtuous and pure-minded mothers, wives ana daughters of America. Nay, it would be matter of astonish ment if any head of a family, having a just regard for his own reputation, should dare to be known as an habitue of our old city theatres. There is not one of them?not the very best?in which the pure and virtuous, if they visit it, are separated by any thing but an open flight of stairs and a ceiling, from a brothel and doggery combined, where are enacted all the drunken and licen tious orgies which are repeated, later in the night, in the dark holes and caverns of the Five Points and the Hook. The unfortunate and aban 1 doned beings who frequent these infamous resorts, and spread pollution wherever they appear, enter the same vestibule, mingle in the same crowd at the box office, pass through the same door and up the same stair case,with the modest and respectable woman who never had a thought unworthy of her, and who shrinks, scarce knowing why, from the rude contact of the painted harlot, as she sweeps brusquely past her, and bounds up the stairs with a loud laugh and a lascivious gesture. The performances on the stage have gradually sunk to a point quite as low as the morality of the I arrangements and of a portion of the audience in front of the foot lights. Not to go out of our way for examples, look at the Chatham theatre, where night after night, the minds of our youthful popula tion of both sexes of the middle and laboring clas ses are for a shilling or two per head tainted and corrupted by being made familiar with the coarsest and most revolting scenes of a brothel, described and dwelt upon by the actors with a minuteness and an unction perfectly shocking to every feeling of moJesty, or even decency. Is it any wonder that respectable people have deserted the theatres I and abandoned the drama to its fate 1 On the other hand, the musical drama?which may be said to owe its origin to Italy?is in every respect pure tffid unblemished in thought, senti ment, situation and plot. The English Opera, al though fann advance of the monstrosities of the speaking stage, is frequently marred by objection able sentiments or impure tendencies; but it is a fact, no less true than remarkable, that the Italian Opera?which is the highest and most per tect form of the musical drama?contains, in its whole range and history, and in all the innumer able operas written and played in Italy during the last two hundred years, not an objectionable or immoral sentiment?not an equivoque? not a double entendre?not a word, a situation, or a character to uanle the repose of the virgin bosom, or call a blush to the cheek of the most sensitive and shrinking girl. This is the more wonderful, when we con aider that the home of the Opera is in Italy?in other respects the loosest, gayest, and most licen tious of modern nations. So powerful, however, are the refining, purifying, and elevating influ ences of the divine art of music, not only upon the individual, but upon the heart, habits ana man ners of a whole people, that the same meny maskers and mummers of the Carnival, who know no restraint to the indulgences of their pas sions, have, with their wonderful and exquisite love of the beautiful, created an entire world of harmonious thoughts and melodious inspirations, into which not an impure breath or shadow is per mitted to enter. It is this beautiful and virtue-inspiring institu tion of which a healthy, vigorous and promising shoot has been transplanted to the young soil of America, and which has rapidly taken root in our hearts and our affections, and is shedding its de lightful influences all around. The graceful and elegant temple dedicated to its rites, is free from every taint in its management and in all its acces sories. No improper character can on nny pre tence be admitted there ; and in view of these things it becomes as well a duty as a pleasure, on 'he part of the virtuous portion of our community, to extend their patronage and encouragement to this elevated species oi public amusement. The taste for theatricals is strong and eager in this country; and it depends upon the degree of patron age extended to the Italian Opera, whether there 9bal! be one permanent resort where this taste can be innocently indulged, or whether the whole of the drama, and every thing connected with it, is to be aoaudoned to licentiousness, and left to become a growing and eating moral leprosy, sparing neither age, sex, nor condition. Louisiana Legislature.?The body met on the I tftb inst. Felix Garcia was elected President of the Senate, and Antoine Bondousquie, Sp*aker of the House. The Governor's message occupies only a half a column in the New Orleans papers. There is merit in that. Naw U. S. Senators.?Albert C. Greene, has been elected for Rhode Island; also, John M. Clayton, from Delaware i and Reverdy Johnson will probably be the choice of Maryland. Tf are all whigs, and will hold office for six years. News from Boston.?The train over the L Island Railroad came through yesterday in ihan ten hours from Boston. There is excellent sleighing in that city, wl here we are in the enjoyment of summer weatl ' Returning Home.?Twenty-seven steerage | sengers sailed yesterday in the Yorkshire for Lit pool. They appeared to be well off, having ac mulated a small property in this country. Fibe ? About halt past 12 o'clock on Wednest "iglit a fire broke out in the coach factory of W Flandreau, 121 Elizabeth street. It was soon | out, but not before a workshop and goods tc considerable amount were consumed. Nrgligec in leaving fire in the stove is supposed to be I cause of the fire. The damage is covered by nuance. From Rio Janeiro.?We are indebted te Capte Young, of the Wallaoe, from Rio, for full files the " Jornal do Gommercio," to Nov. 2ftth. Th contain no news. Th* late Shooting Arrur in Broadway.? Mr. Grouinet, who was lately shot by Mr. Erne rick, in Broadway, haa quite recovered from the effects ot the wound he then received and i> at tending to busineaa. A auitia pending between the parties out of which the afTray aroae, and will shortly be brought into court,*which will throw considerable light on the subject as to the why and the wherefore, when some curious facta will be eli cited. Serious Illness of M. K?rponay.?This unri valled artist has been suddenly taken ill in Phila delphia, and is now laboring under a slight fever. Madame Korponay left this city yesterday for Phi ladelphia to attend upon her husband during his in disposition, which has been caused by his taking cold while travelling between this city and Phila delphia to attend his pupils; his classes,of course, are suspended for the present. ReadlnglRallroad. Philadelphia, Jan, 13, 1546. The Reading Railroad annual meeting ot stock holders took place yesterday, but the stock and loans being generally held abroad, theie were but thirteen persons present, and these lew were, for the most part, directors and officers. The result of the year's operations has not yet been published, but it may be summed up in few words The present aggregate investment was stated to be as follows: Capital stock, $3,010,000 Funded and floating debt, 7.447,000 Outstanding bills, &.C. about 600.000 Making a total of $10,067,000 Deduct aggregate investment at the close of the last fiscal year, 7,110,000 And there remains a balanoe of $3,036,000 ?lor the amount of the increase of the Com pany's liabilities since the date of the last report. If to this sum we add the receipts on the year's traffic, all which baa been dissipated, 607,000 Wc shall have the sum of $0,636,000 for the whole amount expended during the last year. . Of this sum about $1,000,000, was employed in the construction of a second track over a part ofjj the road, in obtaining some additional iron cars, and in adding to the capacity of the wharves on the Delaware. About four hundred thousand dol lars was consumed in interest on their vast debt; and the residue, amounting to more than $2000, 000 is supposed to belong to the transportation ac count. No specific explanation has been given of the appropriations which have consumed this enor mous balance The cause of the great losses which this compa ny has sastained is attributable to an effort which it has made to take the immense and increasing coal trade of Schuylkill county away from the canal. To effect this object the Railroad Company have attemptea to convey freights at about one fif'tn the usual railroad charges, and have, accordingly, involved themselves in corresponding expenses. The upshot of the matter is, that the Railroad Company have expended three millions of dollars more than they have earned. The coal trade of Schuylkill county has been inceaeed some 200,000 tons, and the proprietors of the rival line, the Schuyl kill Nav. Company have been encouraged to go on with the enlargement of their improvement with a view to be prepared for conveying the whole trade so soon as the railroad company's credit and resources shall be exhausted. In the mean time the public and the owners of the coal lands will be the gainers, and ultimately the Ca nal will enjoy a trade unrivalled for its magnitude in this country or in Europe. E. New Yore Legislature, Jan. 16.?In the Se nate, a bill to increase the capital of the Common School Fund, by appropriating $84,000, (a part of the U. S. deposit with this state,) now on deposit in bank, was reported by the Committee on Fi nance. Mr. Jones introduced a bill to amend the laws relating to the assets oi a person dying intes tate. A lengthened debate occurred upon the subject of the contract under which the printing ot the Senate is now executed?and also upon the bill to prevent persons appearing disguised and armed ; after which the Senate went into Executive ses sion. In the House, petitions were presented and re ferred, against the annexation of Texas; for the new connty of Wright, from Otsego, Delaware, etc.; for a resumption of work on the Genesee Valley canal; for a new county, from Chenaayja Delaware and Broome; to incorporate the Ame'j* can and Foreign Bible Society ; relative to iR" Couits of Oneida co.; relative to the rights ot ma r. ried women ; relative to excise ; tor a law requK ring a return of fines, collected by justices, dec.; to. renew tiie charter of the Oswego and Syracuse^ Railroad; for a road through the highlands, to be made by convict labor; for a repeal or change of the militia laws; for a general RegiatryLaw ; to amend the charter of the New York and Erie Rail road Co.; lor a roed Irom Croton Brook to Fish kill, by convict labor; to extend to married wo men the rights of property ; ior a new county from parts ot Delaware, Otsego, Chenango and Broome; for a law to punish seduction and adultery : lor a law sqbmitting to the people of the several towns the question el License or No License. Bills were introduced, by Mr. Oakley, to amend the act requiring returns from the county agricultu ral societies to the State society, so far as relates to New York city and county; by Mr. Mather, to re duce the legal rate of interest, and to prevent usu ry ; by Mr. De Puy, to abolish the militia law, and in lieu thereof to provide for an enrollment; by Mr. De Puy, to disband such unitorm militia compa nies as may be composed in a greater proportion than one-third of adopted citizens. The Annual Report of the Superintendent of Common Schools was received and ordered to be printed. The question of Mr. Dayton's right to a seat in the House, as representative from the county of Suffolk, was debated at length, but without a de cision. The remainder of the day was consumed in de bate upon the subject of referring the Governor's Message. The following are the committees announced yesterday by the Speaker of the House: On Ways and Means?Messrs. train, Russell, Bailey, Niven, Wordcn On Canals?Messrs. Sears, Howard, Porter, Bavins, Coe. On the Judiciary?Messrs. T. R. Lee, Comstock, Rus sell, J. Young, Wneeler. ? On Railroads?Messrs. Van Velkenburgh, D. Gould, Thayre, Morrison, Spring. ? On Bunks and Insurance Companies?Messrs. A.H. Buel, Billings, Pierce, Edwards. E. Crosby. On Two-third Bills?Messrs. Van Schoonhoven, Harris, Baxg, Du Puy, Wynant. On Colleges, academies and Common Schools?Messrs. L. H . Brown, Jones, Hardin, 8. Miller, A. W. Young. On Grievances?Messrs. Boughtor, Dsnionh, Skelten, CarpenUr, Sherman. On Citie* and Villages?Messrs. Ross, McDonald, Oil lard, White, Wyckoft. On Manufacture of Salt? Messrs. McCaithy, Skelton, Bush, A. C Smith, Heermance. On Trade and Manufactures?Meaars Titus, Gregory, Barber, Blake, C. Johnson. On State Prisons.-Massrs. Bavins, Searing, Hall Hun tington, Brower On F.ngrcssed Bills?Messrs. Hannum,Carpenter, Bsgg, Bailey, Oakley. On Militia and Public Defence?Messrs. Fonda, Soger, Sweeney, Mather, McVean. On Roads and Bridges?Messrs. Pardee, Burdick, Tut hill, Fiisbee, Mouhon. On Public Lands?Mesars. Knapp, Hsicltinc, Danfortb, Long, h ield. On Indian Affairs?Messrs W. Smith, Mann, J. Steran ion, Preston, Wynant. On Charitable and Religious Societies?Meters. Har vey, Garreteon, O Ooold, Bloea, Thompson. On Agriculture? Meaars. D. Lee, Salisbury, K. L. 8t? vensnn. Bunker, Kinnee. On Expiring Laws -Meters. Sweeney, Tibbetts, Betts, Dewey, Merseresu. On Public Printing?Messrs. Wslrath, Soger, Cameron, P*rd0*t Kdwardi. On Expenditures in the Executive Department?Messrs M- Bruoks. Bacbman, Rice, Jarvis, Oakley. On Expenditures of the House?Messrs. Pierce, T. Buel, (lodgers, Culver, Hunt. Joint Library ?Meesra. Constant, Thayre, Thompson, Hammond. Fenn On Privileges and Eleotions?Messrs. Niven, Morris, C. B. Miller, Harris, Horton. On Petitions oi Aliens?Meears. Dtckaoo, McCarthy, C. K Crosby, Llchfi-Id, 8. A. Brown, On Erection and Division of Towns and Counties? Messrs. Hine, J. Brooks, Chase, CelMna, Raymond On Claims?Messrs. Teffr, McKey, Newklrk, Btro bridge, Casner. On Internal Affairs of Towns and Counties? Messrs. Chase, A. C. Smith, Fellows, Brewer, \Wlleex. On Medical Societies and Callow as .x tears. Whitney, Tetfl, Dickson, Wells, D. Lee. J His flock had charms too strong Hie pious bowels yaarn'd whet His error was but trifling, and ooi Merely in feeling of instead of Zippa Club.?This interesting association of handsome girls and fine young rften, give a military and fancy areas ball and ronvetftazione at the Apol lo Roome, on Wednesday j/vening, 22d instant, when the grand Carnival at Rome will be thrown completely in the shade by tme hiliarity ol the oc casion; the modern rnililni)' rf nobility catting their fantastic capers. As sfo one without a cos tume, (and that a proper onefi wiU be admitted, the affair promises a deal-of fun $nd excitement. See advertisement. /

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