Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 27, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 27, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. SUUWliol* No. 3088 NEW YORK. MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 27, 1845. Prleo Two ConUt THE NEW YORK HERALD. AGGREGATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD. To the Public. THIS NEW YORK HERAL 0?Daily Newspaper?pub lished every day oi the year except New Year'a Day and Youth ?f July. Price t cents per copy?or $7 36 per annum?postages paid?caah in advance. THE WEEKLY HERALD?published every Saturday morning?price SX cent* per eopy, or SI IS per annam?poet age* liaid, culi in advance. ADVERTISERS are informed that the circulation of the Herald ii over THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, and increuinf fart It has the largest circulation of any paper in this city, or the u>orldl and, it, therefore, the best channel for business nun ihthe city or country. Prion moderate?caah in advance. PRINTING of all kinds executed at the moat moderate price, and in the most elegant style. JAMK8 GORDON BENNETT. PmoraiEToa or thi Hchild Establishment, Northwest corner of Yulion and Naasaa streets. DALLY'S TOBACCO MANUFACTORY, H5 Klver St. Troy. THE Subscriber avail, himself of this method of communi cating to tliajiublic the fact that he is now manufacturing line cut and smoking Tibacoo aud Sunff, at 28) Hirer street, Troy, next door ro the Fulton market, The followiug may be found at all limes at his storeaud factory:? Tobacco?The celebrated Fancy Virginia. This Tobacco took the premium at the late Fair. Extra Chewing Tobacco, sweet Virginia; American Smoking Tobacco, manufactured from the leaf: Spanish do, Turkish do. Snuffs?Rose scented, No. 1; Maccaboy, American Gentle man. Lundyfoot, French Rapee, and Irish Blackguard. The above articles are all warranted to be made of the finest qualities of leaf tobacco, and by the most experienced work men. The subscriber would also warrant bit tobacco to be bet ter manufactured than any other in the State of New York or elsew here. Orders directed as above will meet with prompt attention,ami customers may rely on having the same paint taken aa if they were personally present. E. Savage, 254 Fulton street, end A. A. Samanos, Broadway, Agents for (he city of New York. Trnv, Jrn. II, t*4V jW lm^ec iTbLN lL.?,MJbN'a BUFEKFLUOUSGLUTHiNG fjENTLEMEN OR FAMILIES dee irons of converting into va cash their snpertiuons or cast off Clothing, will obtain from the Snbteriber (ha HIGHEST CASH PRICES. To families oi Gentlemen quitting the city or chancing ro sideline, having effect* of the kind to dispose of, will And it much to their advantage to send for the Subscriber, who will attend them at their residence by arnointment. H. LEV ETT, Office No. 3 Wall street, and at 470 Hudson at. O-A lure through the Poet Office, or otherwise, will be pnnctually attended to. jat lss*rc _ BRUN LA ROS1ERE k COURT. U? William fstreet, have just received by the Louia Philippe, a large fassortment of Wreaths, Polka, Rachel, Taglionia^Al ?geriou Heed Dresses; olove Trimmings and Hair Pint a la Polka; Camelias, Roses, and a large assortment of Fancy Flowers for Balls. 1'hey are all or the latest styles, and for richness are surpassed by none in the United 8tates. jl4 lm*?c TEETH! TEETH!! TEETH!!! QUE AT REDUCTION IN DENTISTRY. CHEAPEST OPERATING OFFICE IN THE CITY.? A single Tooth set for 75 cents, only! Teeth filled with fine Gold Foil 75 Tin Foil, of a superior quality 50 Tootache cured or ulcerated stumps extracted..25 N. TAYLOR, Surgeon Dentist, tall lm*ec 03 East Broadway. CHEAP SPECTACLES. A T 03 DUANE *TREET. New York, first door from A Broadway.^?HENRt D. BLACKWOOD, Working Optician, as proof of the above, advertises the following cheap prices :? Best doable jointed Gold Spectacles $8 35 Beat single jointed Gold Spectacles 7 50 Best doable jointed Silver Srectecles... 3 30 Beet single joiuted Silver Spectacles 2 40 Finest double jointed elastic blue Steel Spectacles, 18s. Finest Bingle jointed elastic blue Steel Spectacles, l it. Finest double jointed Tortoise-shell Spectacles.... 15s. Finest single jointed Tortoise-shell Spectacles.... 13s. STILL CHEAPER Good elastic bine steel Npectaelei, act with the best glasses, and with every cam and attention paid to them in the manufacture, or one duller. Good elastic blue Steel Spectacles 6s. Good elastic bine Steel Spectacles 4s. Id. Good elastic blue Steel Spectacles 3s. Good German Silver Spectacles 3a. Best Tortoise-shall Eye Glasses 5a. 6d. Best blue Steal Ere Glasses 5s. Cd. Best Horn Eye Glasses 3s. Best Horn Spectacles 4t. 6d. Beat Convex Glaaaas aet into yonr own frames.. 3s. Best Concave Glasaes set into yonr own frames, 3s. Best Convex Pebbles set into your own Dames, ,10s. Best Concave Pebbles aet into yonr own frames, 12s. Remits executed at the same rate of cheapness. Ladies and GeaClemen attended at their own residences. jalt lm*ec SOMETHING NEW. QPALDINU It CO. are manufaciarieg, under Letters Patent D g i an ted by the United Stales an Improved Friction Match, TO BURN WITHOUT BRIMSTONE. They now offer for safe, on vary reasonable terms. TWENTY THOUSAND GROSS neatly put up in tin, wood and paper, in any sized packages, and in lota to suit purchasers. THK8E MATCHES are highly approved of and recommended for family use by physicians and chemists, in consequence of the absent e of s al pha r in . heir manufacture, the femes of which am so disagree able aad deleterious to all, and particularly injurious to persona having weak lungs or delicate constitutions They are particularly recommended to the attention of ship pers, aa they have frequently been takqn on long voyaget aad ex posed to the action or all climates, without 'he sligbeet injury. For sale by the principal Druggist* and Grocers in the city. Ord*-s left at Shepard'a Bookstore, ltl Broadway, or at thou office, 161 Bleecker street. jalt lm*m 8PALD1NG It CO. CIGARS! CIGARS! CIGARS! NEZEKIEL, 93 Nassau street, opposite the Herald Build ? ings, respectfully invites the atteutioe of hie friends and the public generally, to the following choice Cigar*, just re ceived by late arrivals from Havana re Regal las of various breads, Pan etc I as of various brands, Norma*, Principe*, Yng-nuidad, Rionda, Esperanea, Napnleones, La India, Noriegas, Lord Byrons. The above Segare are guaranteed as genuine aad imported, aad the trade are invited to call and examine them. N. B.?Orders from abroad will be strictly attended to. j!5 lm*rrc LEECHES! LEECHES! TUST RECEIVED?Per ship Franklin, from Hamburg, a J very fresh supply of Swedish Leeches; for tale wholesale aad regsil, at the most moderate prices, by C. J. FERDINAND k CO.. jal )m*ee Importer of Leeches, No. 149 Nassau street WATCHES i-WATCHES AND JEWELRY.?Those ?v who wish to purchase Gold or 8ilver Watches, Gold Chains, Gold Pencils, Keys, Ike., skill find it greatly to their advantage to call on the snbteriber, who is selling all descriji tions of.the above at retail much lower than any othe.r house in ths city. Gold Watches at low as $30 aad 125 each. Watch** aad Jewelry exchanged or bought. All Watches war ranted to keep good time or the money refunded. Watches, and Jewelry repaired in the beat manner and warranted, at much less then the usual price*. G. C. ALLEN, Importer of Watches amd Jewelry, jl51m*ec Wholesale aad raudl, tt Wall St., up stair*. BALL8, PARTIEB. NEW YEAR'S FESTIVI TIES. See. fHOSE gentlemen who intend enjoying the festivities of the A season, are requested to examine a veryrich and nun assort ment of fashionable Bcaars, Cuavats, Daxai Gloves, he., received by late arrivals from Paris and London The present assortment of the shore articles hare bean selected with gnat attention, and are well calculated to (ire satisfaction to gentle men of taste and fashion. The snbecribers would call the atten tion of and wel Muslin Shirts, {sut ? . the form of iiw vVearer,) Bilk, Merino, Lamb's Wool, Klsnnel and Buckskin Shirts and Drawers; Velvet. Cashmere, and other Drcssiag Robes: Hosiery, Linen sad Bilk Pocket Kerchiefs; Cravat and Scarf Stocks. Riding Bells, Patsnt Elastic Shoulder Braces, Suspenders, Buchskia, Merino, Cashmere, Cloth, Bea rer, and (ioat Skin Gloves, Ike., he. Gentlemen desiring any Or the above articles will be certain to find them to suit their taste, at the old rstaMishuMnt of PARSKLL8 It AGATE, da im'ec 137 Broadway, corner of Park Place. 1)R. LARDNER, CONSULTING ENGINEER. A CARD.?The Pnblic it informed, that Dr. LARDNER continues the practice of business an a Consulting Engi gineer, wnichhe followed on an extensive scale for many years in Engiaud and Kranee. Inventors, patentees, manulactnrers, merchants, and others engaged in the arts and manufactures, may consult him on matters requiring the application of the principles ol practical science. Certificates and opinions on the validity and usefulness of new inventions and processes in the arts. Hrporti on disputed questions and doubtful points, ex perimental investigations, with a view to the discovery or tast ing of improved processes, will be sapplMU or undertaken whaa seoaired. Offioe Noll Spruce street, New V or* All Business Letters must be post-paid, and to prevent time being Ioat by frivolous applications, all applicants will be ex pected to pay a retaining lee of f 10 before consultation, nil 3 in re WYKOFF'8 DINING SALOON, Corner of Pint and Nattaw street*, in the Betement. 'pills is one of the best pieces in ths city at which to obtain 1 s meal, especially s Diouer, at once cheap and luxurious. Tlw articles of food are alweys fresh and good, well cooked and well secv-d, and the prices as lo v as those ol' any establish ment in the city. Geo tie mm who are disgusted with the filth, neglect and disorder so Co union among the eating houses, will her- find substantial solace. N.B? I he Codi ngs sod Apple Dumplings served bv Wykoff are very superior, as is also the Poultry. j23 3t*rc MINERVA ASSEMBLY ROOMS f n modioas <*1 PBR8p?Rfc&3U Vf'.N t A R WALTER, rptlh. I KUi ltlh,rORB of pie above suite of rooms have, at _r "_'!nnwo*e "P"*"' completed the moet elegant and com BALL OR CONCERT ROOM for it me at in the c*ty, and nspeetfollyiivimfor it Dm attention of the paliltc. Its loc .lion being the central part of Broadway, pecu liarly adapts it for the fuvpoaea iatended, and the iutarior ar rangements have bean made wstitaly with the view of promoting by three costly chandeliers, presents t coup d'ail unequalled by any ether estaMiahmaat in the city. A spacious Hopper Koom, Dressing Rooms, he. Re. havs been provided, thus rendering ths Minerva Rooms the moat de sirable in the city for Concerts, Assemblies, Re. Knl I particulars may be had by application to Mr. Hntehiaga on the premises. N. B.?Military and other companies desirous of giving din ners. Ac., will fisd at these Room every convenience for getting ap the same in Dm most elegant and commodious style. dW lm*rc A/IU HENRI' PHILLIPS?The smallest Grand Pianoforte ITI ever made; brought tow England by thiscelebrated vo oalist. ia new to be sold. and may be man at the Pianoft Wareeooma of Btodart.1 Wareeetst R Dunham, M0 Broadw elltfre orte way. SALT?10011 sicks Ash ton'a Bait, of very superior quality, landing ex ship Sheridan, from Liverpool, sod for sale by E. K. COLLINS R CO.. ' HI M South street. fivTAfO*.?-t,tWbn?hela English Potatoes, jmtmeeived ??? ?pfi ^ PINE'S HOTEL, No. 19 NASSAU, BETWEEN CEDAR AND PINE. BILL OF FARE. New Yoee, Jareuaav 1st. 1845. PRICES REDUCED SOUPS, i.d Chicken 1 Beef 1 Mock Turtle.. 1 6 Green " ...8 FISH. Boiled Salmon 2 ' Halibut 1 1 Baei ... 1 6 ROAST. Beef. 1 Lamb 1 Veal I Pork 1 A La Mode Beef I Chicken 1 6 Turkey 16 Duck 1 6 Goose 1 6 Pig ...16 Venieon with currant jelly. 2 6 Stuffed Ham. .1 Corned " ..1 OYSTERS, ed Fried, half dor 1 Stewed 1 Pickled.."... .1 Pork and Brans 1 VEGETABLES. Green Peas.... ? Asparagus .... 6 Lima Beans... 6 Apple Sance... 6 Cranberry " .. 6 Tomato " .. 6 Currant Jelly . 6 PUDDINGS. Bread 6 Rica 6 Plum 6 Suet 6 Indian 6 Cherry 6 Custard 6 Apple Dump'is 6 " Frittea.. 6 WINES, 4c. i.d. Madeira 2 Port t Sherry 2 Claret 1 Champagne,qt 16 " pint 2 London Porter half pint... .2 Philad'a " " 6 Cider " " 6 BREAKFAST AND TEA. Ham it Eggs. .1 6 Beefsteak.... 2 Fish Balls ...I Fried Fish.... 1 Omelet 1 Boiled Eggs. ..1 Fried 1 Milk Toast... 1 Dry " ... 6 Tea 6 Coffee....... 6 Vens'n Steaks.2 6 And erery deli cacy the mar ket affords. BOILED. Berrim of all Ham 1 kinds in their Corned Beef... 1 season. ...... 1 Mutton 1 Domestic Pies, Chicken 16 Terta it Cus Turkey. with lards..,. .... oyatfr muc#. 1 6 Muthi Rice and Calves Head. ..1 6 Simp, with Milk 1 I Gontli-m'ii ere requested to pay at the desk; and to prevent mistakes mention each article obtained. J20 Iwm GU&IOM HOUSE. NEW YORK. COLLECTOR'S OFFICE,} January 21st, 1245. i QEALED PROPOSALS will be received at this office until O Monday, the 27lh January iustant, for such supplies of ship chandlery, 4c., iu such quantities, and at such times, as may be required for the ice of the United Sutea Revenue Boats, which mav be employed iu this District during the current year?as per schedule, following:? Patent tarred hemp cordage lb Black lead lb " Manilla " lb tarceling yd 1 bolt rope, hemp, Deck bucket* each tarred, lb Cedar bucket! each Chain cablet lb Scrubbing brushes doi Anchors and kedgee lb Clamp bruthes dox Hawsers, Manilla lb Hickory broom* doi " hemp lb Corn brooms doi Houseline lb Signal lanterns each Hambroline lb Scrape's, iron handle each Junk lb Patent deck lights each Rigging leather, (aide) side Oakum b Whipping twine lb Snike, lb Seme twine b Naile. 4d, 6d, 2d, l?d. 12d, Sheet copper lb 20d, 24d end 30d lb Copper nails lb Cut nails, 3d to 20d lb Hooks and thimbles lb Sheiting carer ream Open thimbles lb Pump tacks, copper lb Handspikes each Screws doi Serving mallets each Hammers each Boat hooks each Pump hammers each Mailine spikes each Adiea each Tallow lb Tar bbl Pump leather, (aids) tide Pitch . . ., bbl Leg lines lb White lead ground in oil lb Turpentine bbl Red lead. lb Hand<aw Ales each Black psi.nt Jb Wood rasps each Green, paint lb Jointer plane* each Vermillion lb Fore planes each Bright varnish gal Jack planes 6ioh Bl-ick varnish # fi^j Smoothing planes eech Spirits turpentine gal Single padlocks, brass each Paiut oil K* Chalk lb Copal varnlah gal Chalk line* dueh Putty lb Chisels each Paint brushea, assorted doi Guuges each Tar brushea each Hteelplat* haudsawi each Varnish brushes esch Compass saws each Painters' tools, assorted doi Screwdriver* each Litherage Rules each B rase compasses each Spoke share# each Pendant halyard* lb Iron squares each 14 and28 second glasses each Beef kids, copper heoped each Bunting, all colors piece Srerm oil, winter gal Ruilla. Sperm oil, summer gal Hand lines each Candles, aperm b Deep sea lines, 122 Soan, brown lb fsihoms each Cola chisels eech Deep sea leads lb Chain puuehee each Hand leads lb Open thimbles lb Ladles aed worms each Welded thimblea lb Rammers and aponges each Sail needles dos Shod handspikes each Marline needlea doi fheep skiu. each Copper measures each Lehigh coal, delivered ton Olive oil ??l Buahed blocks, each . CotOn cauvau bolt iheav? No. 2 bolt do friction rollers do inch " j bolt Holy stones, handled each ?' 6 bolt Bath bricks doi ?? io bolt Pump leather lb Paper, letter ream Holland duck, AA bolt Paper, foolscap . , ream Writing ink quart Uak firewood, sawed and IVw ug thread lb delivaiau, cord Cylinder llannel yard Beeswax lb Cotion twine lb Black lead lb Gimlets, assorted doi Rotten stone lb Rail needles, assorted doi pdlms doi Steel marline spikes each Palm irons do* Whiting lb Wrought nails ? lb Tar oil gal Boat oars foot Lamp black lb Torm-uters each Cooks'ladles esch Sance pans each j22 lwre C. P^vIR'NESS. Collector.0^ Ort'ct opjE?EKsoit ii.sunai.cE coMraisv,? THIS COMPAN^L , "???? by Firs, as Goods, Went, and Merchandise, sad, cwJ2u"t ?" dTrect^b0' Thomas W. Thome, Eliaha Riggs, Thomas T. Woodruff Anson Baker, bTR. Robson, M. D., Joseph Drake. Thompson Pnee, Joseph Allen, Mowk Tucker. James E. Holmes, John R. Dnvidsox, John P. Moore, John it. Las, James H. Whiting. Caleb C. Tnnis, Wm. K. Thorn. Francis P. Sags, Thomas Morrell, , , ? VHOMJVB <4en T TToee. Secretary mf n n?: DIXON at tends exclusively to General Surgery, end in TV the morning to that of the Eye, Squinting, Cataract, Clo sure of the Tear Duets, Deformities of the Lids, he. The ope ration for SquiRiing it invariably euccesaful. Personal re ference is given to several hundred cases in this city. All reducible cases, of rapture are permanently cored, so that the truss may be dispensed with. 5 Mercer street. iall lm"rc VALENTINES. puPID HOLDS HIS GRAND LEVEE at TURNER 4 , .FISHER 8, 74 Chatham street, daily "nd nightly, where he unpen see to his votaries the most splendid Valentines in the city, at prices to suit all person*. Valentine Writers,Envelope*, w. Nprr. The trade suppled on the most liberal terms. _ N. B ?Valentines of all kieds made to order, at Cnpid's Quarters?his agents, TURNER It FISHER, in attendance. j81 lw*rc TIMS' PATENT BOXES. fHB PROPRIETORS OK TIMS' PATENT CAR J- BOXES, would respectfully call the attention of Rail Road Coinpmies, anil all otheri interested with the building of Kait Road Can, that they hare appointed CORNELIUS K ANOUSE, of Jersey City, their agent for the manufacturing of aaid boxes. Also, ag*ut for transacting all business counseled w itli said patent-right. All communications directed to him at 1,'rsey City Iron Foundry, will be punctually attended to. T1MMB, HILL It BuODY, Proprietors. Jersey City, January Tth. IMS. j? lm*tc FRENCH CHINA. REMOVE!) TO MO 06 LIBERTY STREET, (UP STAIRS.) A DALF.SME, Importer and Agent for Manufacturers, hag '?-? always on hand a Urge assortment of dinner and tea sets, c plain white and gilt French Porcelain, as well as Dinner and Dessev! fines, of all sigee, assorted Dishes, Soup Tureens, ?Joremd Dishes, Salad Bowb, Fruit Basket*, Custards and 'aIso, Fancy Ten Sets, and Rich Decorated Dinner Sett. _ Also, Ten and Chocolate Ware. Greek, French and American a the article* am warranted of the beat gnality, and w be in liberal terms, and in lots to snittnnrehasern. ?(? CAST OFF CLOTHING AND FURNITURE WANTED. ?<ENTLEMEN OR LADIES having any superfluous Clothing or Furniture to dispose of, can obtain die highest cash prices for the same, by sending for the subecriber, at hia residence, Duane street, No. W, in the basement. M. S. COHEN. P. 8.?A line through the Poet Office, or otherwise, will be promptly attended to. dlS lm*rc THERE IB HOPE for the Consumptive, for those who sre afflicted with Jltlhma, however much and long they may have suffered, for those who are laboring under long continued and tedious Coughi, "Skortneei or DtfflaUty of Breathing, Pain in the Breait or Side, Bleeding or the Lungs and other precursors of Fatal Pulmonary Diseases.?Dr. bolger's OLOSAONIAN, ,o . OR ALL-HEALINO BALSAM, ISA SPEBDV AND EFFECTUAL REMEDY.?It has 1 been tested in hundreds of cases and by more than twenty Cars'esperience. It has been submitted to the faculty, and ha* m used and approved by them?nod it ia offered with the gieatest confidence to all who may be afflicted, and who need Its healing properlte*. David vHeivdcmor. M Laight street was reduced very low by a tedious Cough and raising of Blood. He had tried various remedies offered without benefit, sod deemed himself beyond ihehopeof relief. Although he had a hectie fever and night sweats, one bottle of this (smut Remedy restored him entirely to health. Gnomic W. Hays was relieved by two bottles of the Olosa onian, although so weak at the rime he commenoed using it that he could scarcely walk. H* coughed incessantly. His diffi culty of breathing was such that he could walk only a few steps at a time, and hia night sweats were dreadfol. In two weeks from the commencement ol his using the medicine he walked with ease dnwn to the office, and in six week* he was so fhr re stored at to ba able to at lead to hii busises* again. F. La sax. Esq., St Piks street was cured of Asthma by half a bottle. He had not laid down in bed for more than ten months. He hat never had s recurrence of the diets** now move than four months. ... . Mrs. Abchibald, tS West street, was cured of Asthma, of n' standing, by half a bottle, and declares it to be the cms in the world She had used various other reme T-i .?" ?osm might be given to prove it* efficacy.? >ut to flight the dit assau street, one door jail re prop's or thsir business Tor the current holders whose slock is registered in the lor this Company, will receive payment of New York, in die City of New York ia registered in the Books of the Com pan Company kept at Cawusdaigua. ill lecfive payment at this offlee. " WT'" JSniHttBWsaB Opinions of the English Press on Mr. Calhoun's Diplomacy?The Moral War Commenced. [From tho Morning Chronicle of Jan. 3 ] ed and'mana^o?"^ ,reat hi? successive Miniate? ?Klnfof'he French and ver certainly was Fran?L . worthy of attention. Ne bera. treate/with more iii?. a'T?'0' and 1U Cham and by Mr. Livingston in th ?Jry- n. the Americana French aaid thev did nn. ot the indemnity. The Ammc^a swore-and .hn^' W0U"1 not P-/ The the French ahould pay and the'if " "t',tronf-tbat the susceptibility ofthe fiwt Veuchdld P*T. Talk cf -it waa Mt on^thowandS nart nf iiW WJ dld 10 1840 of the Americanr rough contumely A'S's K.iire,'"" v.? and it was allowed {0 subside irritation, Livingston in Taria and the o?n^ i * succeeded Mr. lavor at the Tuiilenea as if ?th waa soon in as much p. ned. uuieriea as if nothing oi the kind had hap Miniatry?ha(VbeeifSu}iiedhbyKt,wo0ftlie French and hil Ministers, who by .0 bXin. ISLSnfT1*1- American really startled tn a mi *1 i ? Ba*ned their points, we are ?am7game with pr?cU '?,.rl SUCCessor ?',0W j'uat the the ever peVmanentpLJoaeoi SStZ0^ ^eiDK,or rivalry and hostility to England * rench m And that the"ub"ectffon"which tbe Amer* ?urP,ri?in? ,0 aZ;:ru,ioaa iu tu? ???* cuHajfp?Lf.n4?.?reaJ philauthropic end, but to secure a pe-' ^ * V?**?''o' hers iiTh^S^y wis olthe t'X concfu. at. _ A ^ fm8eu CI Spanish freedom. For on Mr Kinir js-g^s^^^Sffsstss siaas^js; '"OO.O.I.Jlh.tad4Mdn.HtlS?n"s 3hSf aoarCc0hnihfar "5 topilot? th^^hTg oTthe't^ll?we^re1 amazed .TedS0,ffi rr.^I ii T Bnd humane, not to say iiberaf in pranee. Ws h&vo hc&rd, indcnii thnt funan ,?u , ? BnESfiRffS If there h#? nno ??.? ? 7 hope to find a calumnly. sS?? issssj of hitdfiheufti^ h7nhteu ? led t0 cnt the ?ordia^ knot 1 rom thilfin? vJ~obtaining at once a categorical reply KjnF- We must aay that the comparison b? tween the envoys and the Governments is not all to th*? fi ttUr 0WD ; and Jittla d^eSTt Prove the wh, domortbeelhcacy with which our diplomacy it ? n. Ihlfrhr!n^?ericaf ?^ave;inte^e?t, have been aiicceaaful at f/J?n?h c??rt, they have been equally successful we are sorry to aay, with the French press. The Kinw nf tho htical b<ed-fellows, and snch corrupt and inhuman ^ i1 * j Constitutional King and a Liberal Ministpr j^s^wssssg ' Mr. Calhoun's letter to Mr. King cannot fail to attrsnf rnn aU iatt5"Von in the French capita). It cannot be I MT?dVtt,tl0 despstch for the in.tSn of ^l^to^J*lw' ?Per,0n*se 001,1,1 have M well ap-1 ?M,r^ ? Magazine as a source of information nnhoa o^?U? ,Bu^ tl,e ,8Ct ?? ?be Secretary ot the i.i . States had written a sequel to Oeaeral Cass's nam uorM add*e,,*d to the Paiisians, and he gives this to the world in the shape of a dipiomatio letter to h" envoy in fr^Th^n *n?ifTE.di,Kracef"1 document never came ' PF1 the p.n of a statesman. But at least it has the merit n!,* ^offlrank, and it puts the question of Texas on tho ?P?' P ' av?wrd ground of sluvery or no slavery The plea for annexation is not an unsettled frontier Mexican 1 provocation, sympathy for American emigrants the ut?l tty or glory ol territorial aggrandizement No Th, .J' orUfbrkiddingr's?a^r?vn 'I" ? ru*ion' w"bout sieve. | finitla 2rifg lavery> on the eouthetn frontier ? H?,lt*d 8,?te?, cannot exist, for either it must ov?. and banish slavery even from the States, or be overcow and overran by their slave system. This] argument is I J0 "P-110: conquering Mexico, as for annexing Tex m. it declares, leudly and boldly, that slavery must can tinue and must pervade the whole south of North Ameri is n!I?n rf M01^?^11016 of 9ou,b America too / There I the wwld^and*dictate>to>it."aaeJcationI statesman, laid before the FreSch Vblic it's cSd? accompanied by base calumnies against England wafl d?wnup. But let the French judge. We do not think that they would conaentto combat England by means u vile as the extension of slaverv ThS?!?'.!! want other arms, nor the manliness to use them If the two nations are to continue rivalry and dispute fields art ?nmWa5tKD8, dePendent ?f the great questions oi free bX*ssx"r Th~ """" >?wssa Ss, [From the Times.] S^^?"esi.y?tr!'=3EHE u.: ?*"aFe> and communicated to Congress Our analv.u find, before we conclude, that the interMta and hnnnr^Ji our own country, and one of our mist i^rtwt Euran!' an relations, are mixed up in this importanUi?^ The preparation for farther hoetilitiee an the part of Mexico gave a further pretext for continuing this extraor dinary demonstration; and President Houston, who was still iu office in Texas, hastened to claim (August 6,1644) the direct assistance of military forces from the Union This, however, was held to be too great a stretch of con stitutional powers even for Mr. Tyler; and in declining to accede to the demand, the Cabinet of Washington ac knowledged that the treaty was not in reality any longer pending. A month later, however, Mr. Calhoun wrote to Mr. shannon, at Mexico, directing him to remonstrate against the renewal of hostilities in stronger language than had been used before. " There can be bat one object (said he) In renewing the war at this time, and that is, to defeat the annexation of Texas to the Union. Mexico knows full well that the re jection of the treaty has bat postponed the question of an nexation. She knows that Congress adjourned without finally disposing of it; that it is now pending before both houses (!), and actively canvassed throughout the wide ex tent of the Union; and that it will in all probability be deoided in its favor, unless it should be demoted by same movement exterior to the country." ? ? ? " No measure of policy has been more steadily or longer pursued, and that by both of the great parties into which the Union is divided. Many believed that Texas was em braced in the cession of Louisiana, and was improperly, if not unconstitutionally, surrendered by the treaty of Florida in I6T9. Under that impression, and the general conviction ot its impoitsnce to the safety and welfare of the Union, its annexation has been an object of constant pursuit ever since."

We have no space to comment on the shamelees ef frontery ot this avowal, which ia mada aa if the declara tion oi " thia long cherished and established policy" suf liced to justify it. and to cancel all the intermediate de clarations and treaties of the Amerloaa Government, by whioh they have denied and renounced all auch claims. As well might Russia boast that her long ohetished poli o.y has been to possess herself of Constantinople, or France declare that she has for more than a cantury established her views on the Rhine, and then proceed to act on such a declaration. Meanwhile, and this is not the least important part oi the case, the American agents were not inactive in Eu rope. It appears from a despatch, which we print in another column, addressed (Wth of August, 1844) to Mr. King, the American minister at the court of France, that on the arrival of that gentleman at Pari* he at once re ceived a personal declaration from the king, " thnt in no event would any steps be taken by hia government in the slightest degree hostile, or which would give the United States Just cause of complaint." In a subsequent conversation between Mr. King and M. Ouir.ot, that Minister is reported to kava declared, that France had not agreed to unite with England in a protest igainat annexation; and the American Government in ferred that France was not disposed, in any event, to take a hostile altitude with reference to annexation. France was, therefore, understood by the Cabinet at Washington to abandon the principle of Texan independence as com pletely as if she had never recognised it, or bad recognlz od it only for the purpose of abutting the United States in the plunder of the Mexican territory. Mr. King waa, therefore, to inform Louia Philippe that the object of an nexation would be pursued with unabated vigor, and to give hia opinion that a decided majority ei the American people were in its favor, and that it would certainly be annexed at no distant day. Such a transaction aa this at Taria afforded the most powerful encouragement which the scheme could receive from Europe, since it left Great Britain to maintain the independence ef Texas single handed ; and wemuat add, that it places the good faith ot the French Government in a very equivocal light. We require to be informed, categorically, whi ther or not the French Government waa not at the same timeaffeating to join in our endeavor* to maintain the status qu* in Texas, whilst it waa in reality giving these assuranoaa to Mr. King 1 The charge is a serious one, and we await the aaiwer. Mr. Calhoun, however, hastened to avail himaelf of thia ? By ths returns for IM3, the esports and imports of Fiance with|Texaa am aboutithnvalue of *4,<X>0. opening. He at once placed the question on ita true basis?the existence ana intereaU ot alavery ; and he ap pealia to France with a confidence which we would lain believe to bo mi?pmce<i, to combine with him in defeating a policy which tendw to the abolition of alavery on the American continent Admitting that one of the main ob jects of Britinli policy in this queation ia to check the progreaa and ascendancy ot alave inatitutiona, he con tends that " France can have mo interest in the consum mation of this grand scheme, but that her interests, and tboso of all the continental Powers of Europe, are di rectly opposed to it." In other woida. he argues ex plicitly that the interest of the European Powers demands that they should not only tolerate, but encourage and pro mote slavery in America, and therefore assist America in unparalleled acts of spoliation and bad faith, on which the permanence of slavery on that continent avowedly depend* Thus ia the queation stripped by its own advo cate of all disguise ; and the odious motives in which this abominable scheme has originated?namely, the ag grandizement of the United Mates, for the express pur. puse of perpetuating tho servile condition of the negro iac?areiBid bare to the and execration of man kind. On theeo groanJs Mr. Calhoun appeals to civilized France and civilized Europe for encouragement and sup port 1 he principal interest (though it is r.ot the only one) we have in deprecating the annexation of Tsxiis, is our hatred and resistance to that violation of human rights and divine justice, which we have eradicated from . the colonies ol Britain j and it is by a labored defence of alavery and slave-interests that Mr. Calhoun courts the sympathy of the French Government. We leave unnoticed his sarcasms on our philanthiopy and fanaticism ; we smile at the motives ridiculously im puted to ua of acquiring by free labor a monopoly of tro pical productions, and the command of the commerce, na vigution, and manufactures of the world. The policy of | England is sacred in the eyes of the pnople of England, because it is the policy ot freedom, justice, and civiliza tion. To measure it by the mere rules ol temporary in terest iN a lolly and a deceit ; although, if we do si and nlone in the defence of these great principles, we it ind nrmid with the most terrible power ever placed by Pro vidence in the hands of u great nation. We know not what part may be assigned to us by the course of events in this contention ; nor do we forget that the maiutenauce of peace is the highest duty of enlightened statesmen, aud that the crimes and frauds of tho western hemisphere do not rest on the conscience of Britain. But there never was an instance in which our policy was more unjustifia bly impugned than in this despatch of an American Min ister, written forthe express purpose of being used against us at the Court of one of our nearest allies ; and we are I persuaded that this mention of it will suffice to reuse the just indignation of this country, and to show tho real na ture of these scandalous proceedings to the whole world. Tlie Commercial Bank of Albany?Morals of I _ Bankers. f Information having been given to the Bank on Wednesday, for the first time, that the ha bits of the man were not good, and that a cer-1 tain immoral connection subsisted between hiwi and a woman of equivocal reputation, the Di-1 rectors forthwith instituted an examination of the cash, and condition of the Bank. Finding that the hour of accountability had arrived, the Teller ask ed the CaBhier to allow him to speak with him in private; and then conleesed to the Cashier that he had robbed the Bank of about forty thousand dol lars. He sniH he was a defaulter for four thousand dollars in 1835, at the time of Bartow's delinquen cy; that he had continued his peculations and em bezzlement of the funds of the Bank from that time to the present day; and that he had for some time been aware that his guilt must soon be detected, on which account he had forthe last three weeks I carried a loaded pistol about his person, with which he intended to destroy himself, in the last j resort. On being questioned as to the manner in which he contrived to elude the vigilance of the D.rcctors and officers of the Bank, particularly on the occa sions of the frequent examinations of the cash on hand, he stated that his daily statements in the | "Teller's Book" were all forged, so as to conform with the memoranda of his deficiency, which he kept before him, and made to equal the amount ab stracted; nnd, as the examinations of cash were periodical, he had been able to ascertain the day appointed, and then borrowed from different parties such amounts as he needed to make up the sum re quired; and, at times, had applied the contents ol certain packages of money in his charge, not then the property of the Bank, inasmuch as not yet cre dited to the owners, so that the cash, as examined aud counted by the Board of Directors, on ull oc casions of examination, actually conformed with the balance of Cash and Ledger, within a small and unimportant amount. lie said it was impossible for any one, however auspicious or vigilant, to detect his delinquency,un less by an unexpected and thorough examination of | the whole of the funds in his charge; and that he took care to manage his disbursements in so cau tious and secret a way, as to elude suspicion. Al so, that he had for a long time been a speculator in the Lottery; although he thought his gains in that baleful and ruinous enterprise had, ?n the whole, equalled his tcssrs. He could nor tell what had become of the im mense sums tmbi zzled, and said that for a longpe-1 riod he had been most wretched and unhappy; that he had frequently determined to confess his guilt to J the Cashi< r, and then commit suicide; but his cou rage had tailed him. At this point of his confes sion he made a desperate attempt to shoot himself | through the head with a pistol which he drew from his pocket; and was with great difficulty dis armed. After the cash had been thoroughly examined, the amount of loss ascertained, and an assignment voluntarily made by the Teller of all hia property and effects 'o the Bank, he was duly committed by (he Recorder of the city, and given in charge of the Sheriff, to be proceeded against according to law. In this committal the Board ol Directors unanimously concurred; performing their duties strictly and sternly, without regard to private sym pathies, or the painful affliction of his highly res pected and much pitied family. And with this | committal the control and responsibility of the Di rectors ceased in the premises. It is now under stood that the culprit was yesterday bailed out, on the responsibility of his brother, on the petty con sideration of twenty-five thousand dollars; and what the result will be time only can tell. It may here be observed, that Mr. Lovett was appointed a clerk in the Bank in 1831; that the r greatest confidence had ever been reposed in him; 'hat his capacity for business was ol the first order; and his character and conduct, as far as known to the Directors and officers ot ihe Bank, had ever been correct and exemplary. No one in the Bunk had the slightest suspicion of his dishonesty, al though he was continually under their notice and supervision. And this melancholy result must' show, in a conclusive and flagrant manner, that periodical examinations ot the cash in the hands of the Tellers of Banks is a poor safeguard against dishonesty and peculation. The right course is, as far as examinations are concerned, to act, as is done iu some of the Banks in the city ot New York, without regard to stated times, und with out notice.?Albany Evening Journal, Jan. 24. Rensselaer Disturbances ? We regret to learn that the Manor difficulties are still agitated in some portions of this county, particularly in the western part oi the town of Sand Lake. On Wed nesday resistance was made to Constable Coons, of Greenbush, in the service of a bench warrant against Seth Leonard, a noted leader of the anti rent party at West Sand Lake, by six men, armed and disguised as Indians?headed by a person as chief, under the cognomen of Red Jacket, but whose real name is Kale?who threatened the life of the officer if he attempted to take Leonard. In consequence of this resistance the process was not served; but our iuformant states that Constable Coons succeeded in arresting Red Jacket, and Bafely lodging him in the jail at Troy, on Thursday last.? Albany Adv., Jan 25. K eported Epidemic at Palmyra ?The Palmy ra (Wayne) Sentinel corrects toe exaggerated]statements in relation to a disease somewhat prevalent at that place. It states that there is no epidemic at Palmyra that is not common to the whole region of country at the present time; of several deaths, only one had occurred from ery sipelas alone. There were few cases of sickness at the date of the Sentinel, and only three claimed as malignant erysipelas, all convalescent. Ntw York Legislature.?January 24.?In the House, petitions were presented for a change in the naturalization laws; a resort was presented in fa vor of incorporating the N. Y. State Insurance Co in the city of New York ; bills were introduced, to abolish the office of weigh-master general in the city of New York, to prohibit any other but Police Justices to receive fees in criminal cases, to pro vide a seal for the Court of Oyer and Terminer and the General Sessions for 'he city of New York, and in relation to costs before Special Sessions: the bill to prevent persons appearing disguised and armed was taken up, debated, and ordered to be engrossed. The House having decided that Mr, Dayton, of Suffolk County, was entitled to a seat, that gentleman appeared and was sworn in. Who has lost a Private Mail Bag ?A carpet bag was laund at the Depot in this town laat week, con taining near a bushel of letters apparently on their way from New York to Boston The owner, we presume, can have the same by proving property, paying charge*, and settling with Uncle 8am?Springfield, (ftfati.,) Pott, IVednetday. Cherokee Nation.?The United States Com missioners are now at this place, prosecuting their investigation. The authorities ot the nation are reply ing to the complaints alleged against their public acts, by private Individuals, professing to represent the "Old Settlers" and "Ticaty Party," among [the Cherokee*.? Cherokee Advocate, 'ia trwl Abstract of tbe Chinese Treaty. ri^han!ir.haJn^ie-i-eU {??h th#t United S,8,M nf Ame iirtifS ? 3*" 1,1DK Empire, desiring to establish firm, if8'1"*'and8'nc?? friendship between the two nation? m?n rT1Trdto ,ix'ina manner Clear aad positive, by means of a treaty or general convention of peace, amity erc.t',th5 Iuie? which shall in future be routu! jUlyobiarvedin the intercourse ol their respective couu. itUnli *or.wbich desirable object, the President ol the fioner Caleb rH'if? ?ed full powers on their commis te? pun?f?f Cashing .Envoy Extraordinary and Minis lhfc United States to China, and the nnH en Jm*erie gn 0 I Ta Tslnf? Empire on his minister end commissioner extraordinary, Tsiy eng. of the Imperial House, a vice guardian ol the heir apparent, Governor ?? 'iW? Kwao83. and the Superintendent Ports foreign intercourse of the Five Art. 1. Provides that there shall be a perfect and uni versal peace and a rincere and cordial amity between the United States of Anurica and the Ta Tsiug Empire. Art. 3. Provides that citizens of the United States re fuP j ?.t0 China .frr the purposes of commerce, will pay the duties of import and export prescribed iu the tariff annexed to the Treaty, and no other duties or charges whatever ; and that the United States shall participate China 6 concessien granted to any other nations by ir^.rt .3o.P.roviJe" f?r the admission of citizens of the United States at the five ports of Kwang-chow,, ?a chow Nuig po, and Shang-hai. Art. 4 Provides for citizens of the United States to im port and sell or buy and export, all manner ol merchan dise at the Five Porta. 0 ? L'""t3.'hts tonnage duty on American ships to -tmace per ton, if over 160 tons registered burden, and 1 such vessels hn''' ?f 16?,tons or les8' Also, provides thut .?'m having paid tonnoge atone of the Five Ports ;sru,^.stos;.? "o,",J io?"s*dn"u ?v??LeI' ??at,a for fho conveyance of passengers, Sic., a?! a o' th'' payment of tonnage <!uty. iri^H'i ?. Provides for authorizing citizens of the emits 1 iJJ m C ina to cmPloy pilots, servants, lin fary service11"' Seamen? a,ld Pollers for whatever ucces Provides foi the employment and duties of cus States in China' merchant vessels of the United th^'cK? Provideg that securities of vessels shall deposite their ship s papers with the consul, and make a report forhi?i ill a Uhours after their arrival in pfrt j forbids tbe du charge of goods without a permit; and au ir?!?"* 'be vessel to diseharge the whole or a part only bulk 8r'? Cretl0n'0f 10 dePart wi(hout breaking ' Al- Prescribes the mode of examining goods in order to the estimation ol the duty chargeable thereon. r?Ii iT.12' Provides for regularity and uniformity of weights and measures at the Five Ports. t AfC 13- Provides for the time and mode of paying duties; A? lo- Abolishes the hong and other monopolies and restrictions on trade in China. An.13 Provides for the collection of debts due from ^ Americans or from Americans to Chinese, Art it n b'inalsof the respective countries. store{l Sta,e? i tb? con it r u c t io n* 'by? 1 hem 'of* dlv e Uin glf rf"-=25S3a?MS^- u? ^mP?wera Citizens of the United States freelv P?u?oC#UCshMa!,lher literary 8,,ilstant,? ?nd ,0 1 . "rovdes that citizens of tlio United States having paid duties on goods at either of the said ports may withnnS?Uno ''xpor,t the SBIno 10 eu7 ether of the five Ports A rtM2,pV,n*, j,u,Jr on tho 80me a second time, eh. >7l?.V?v,de' that subjects of China and citizens of the United States in China, charged with crimes shall he th? J'wstaaive Jurisdiction, ^Mck, of the Art oj ?^ccr1of 'beif respective governments. .Art. 31. Provides thut tbe merchant vessels may freelv carry between the Five Ports and any country with which China may happen to be at war. y n A".,23 Provides for reports to be made by the consuls China Statea of 'be commerce of their country in petitions nf/v Vhdeg 7 ,!he m0tle m which complaints or !he 1 h?nJT * y cit|zens oi the United States to the Chinese'government, and by subjects of China to the 2S3&S. u?"*' "?* *?i*~si2S?? wh^tl'e2,3' fr0Tide* tha' aU questions in regard to rights whether of perscn or ol property, a/isinu between citi furisd&tt? L"u.ted 8t?'fisin China, shoil be subject to the ?foverrnnentf re?ulated by the authorities of their own Provides for the police and security of mer " e*f *J?e ^ cited matte in the waters of China uiSKSto or p""="? ? portsOf ch'na" 01 Weuther or otherwise into any of the Art 38. Provides that citizens of the United States their Property, shall not be subject to any embar 3'?. detention, or other molestation in China I Provided (or the apprehension in China of mu . neers or deserters from the vessels of the United 8tates ? ?h? ^ 'Ver,Dg up ?(Ubbiese criminals taking reiuge in the houses or vessels af the Americans : and the mutual ?Zh ta #Ct 01 d,80rder "rod violence; and that the ^f,Sen j11*1 ?'ber citizens of the United States .riate niil lJe.},n.dcr 'be superintendence of the appro >riate othcers ol their own government. jnce betwertf4th^'!f?ithe ??j? and 8'?le of correspond tfv%hTtwo7.UoCnSS#ndpnV",e 1DdiTidUaJ< regp?c A^'-Provides for the transmission of communir.a pw"al Court)egoveniment of'be United States to the Im md ?L3^#?rn)vidri !hat 8hiP? 0' war of the United Statfs md the officers of the same, shall be hospitablv received ?rod enferta.ned at eacl. of the Five Ports 7 received Provides that citizens of the United States en. fiirh 'n euutratand trade, or trading clandestinely with m rce shiftlPnelSi0f Ch'n# 8,1 arP not ?Pen 10 foreign com goveroment. countenanced or protected By their Art. 34. rrovidea that the treaty shall he in force for I n^n^eyear?'.?i.r ,on5er> 8t 'he option ol the two govern wfiSiin'?l jh? u ratifications shall be exchanged iTereof ??D!hs tnm the dale of the 8'8natures The treaty pur; orts to be signed and sealed bv the re. i^Mapr,,at Ww>g Hey#tjie3dof Th-fcH111' . T8IVENG linManchu) Art 01 ?Wvg are'bcJHst and 36th articles at length ? Art. 31. Subjects of China, who may be guiltv 01 snv artMrili "C,itsW8rd' citizens of the United 3ta,es *sbail be arrested and punished by tho Chinese authorities accard Statef !h S ? ' 1!,nB ; and citizens of the United frot toTe tflfd |C?T" anyar,ime lD Uhtna, shall be sub IihlJ be tried |and punished only by the Consul or P| . functionaries of the United States thereto luthonzed, according to the laws of the United States ? 'he prevention of all contioversy and dis 2.inii?oUXe?h8!:,aji,be ?1Uitablya"d imPT'ialli'd -.A*'- AH questions in regard to the rights whether Un ?te?rf m01"1 urin'ug between citizens of the un ited 8tates in China, shall be subject to the jurisdiction 4nVfff e 7 y the HU,borities of their own government And all controversies occurring in China between citi tens of tho United State, and the subject, of any othe r government shall be regulated by the treaties evi.iir.a lutween the United States and sue? governments resnec ? vely. without interference on the part of China Abdttotion?Clandestine Marriage.?We find >a the FYedonia Centor, and have been requested to copy the proceedings of a public meeting heUl at Forestville, in Chautauque county, on the 17th instant, for the purpose of giving an expression to public opinion'in relation to occurrences growing out of the recent clandestine marriage of John Stearns with a daughter of Edward ft. Kingsley, Esq., of the town of Arkwright. The Rev. James Bennett presided at the meeting, and a committee, composed ol some ef the most respectable citizens, reported a preamble and resolutions, from which we derive the following s'atement ol facta:? John Stearns had been for some time previous to (he marriage referred to, in the employment of Mr. Kingsley : during which time, by various artifices, he contrived to win the confidence of his daughter, i girl of twelve years, and also the confidence ol her parents so far as to gain their consent for her to tccompany him on a visit to his brother in Erie county, under the false pretence that they were to be accompanied by his sister While on their way, he for the hrst time proposed to marry her. under the assurance that they should not live together un til she should arrive at the age of sixteen years, during which time their marriage was to be kept a secret. His Haltering representations and fair pro mises won her consent, and on their arrival the nuptials were solemnized, by a magistrate in the l>ersonof John G. Dayton, Esq.,of Eden. On her return, she continued to live with -her parents, who were as vet entirely ignorant of the transactions, until about the last of November, when he told her that the marriage could no longer be kept a secret, and that when ner parents should become acquainted with it, they would spuru her from them, and turn her out of doors ; and that she must look to him for support and protection. With these representations, he prevailed on her to leave her home and go to his lather's, without the knowledge of her parents The parents wi re first apprised of the marriage by Stearns himself, who came soon after for her clothes. The parents then went with their friends and neighbors to the residence of Stearns' father, to see and converse with their daughter, who, on finding that her parents would not cast her off, bin vould joyfully receive her, cheerfully accompanied them home; and Stearns was soon after arresteo for a violation of the law in marrying a girt undei 14 years of age, without the consent of her parents soon after this, Stearns went to the house ol Mr. Kingsley in company with his friends, and de manded iue wile, declaring that he would have her at all haaarda. Theggirl refused to go with him, plainly telling him that if she ever had any, affection for him, his conduct and de ception had destroyed it all; and that she would suffer anything rather than live with him. On Friday, the 10th instant, Stearns, in com pany with some of his relatives, and a man by the name of Whitney, lrom Buffalo, who pretended to be a sheriff clothed with authority to take her, went to the schoolhouse where the girl was in attend ance, and made a forcible attempt to take her away ; but was repulsed by the girl, aided by the mistress and her scholars. After this repulse, Stearns went to Buffalo and employed a lawyer by the name of Eli Cook, by whose aid he succeeded in obtaining a precept from Judge Stevens, commanding the person of the girl to be brought before his honor, in Buffalo, (although there were in Chautauque county at the time several officers competent to issue such a precept.) This precept was placed in the hands of a Con stable, in the city, by the name of Patchin, who came with a fleet horse and armed, and demanded the girl, assuriug Mr. Kingsley that he would stop in Forestville and satiety him that he was clothed with the proper authority The father and mother prepared to accompany them, but as eaon as Patch in got the girl into his sleigh, he hurried on and left them behind, and instead of stoppiDg in Forest ville, run through the village at full speed. When Mr. Kingsley arrived in the village and found that Patchin had not stopped as he agreed, he gave the alarm, reasonably supposing that, like Whitney, he was an imposter, and acting without authority. Our citizens immediately turned out in pursuit un der the same impression, and alter a close chase with cries of "Murder" and "Stop Thief," in his rear, and the screams of the girl in the sleigh, Patchin was finally overtaken about lour miles be yond Lagrange, and the girl rescued from his hands and restored to her parents. We have stricken cut some words in the forego ing statement, which seems te have been drawn up under the influence of highly excited feelings, and accuses the officer, charged with the execu tion of the precept, of being guiliy of acts that we deem incredible. Washington. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Washington, Jan. 24,1846. Synopsis of Mr. Tappan's Bill for Establishing the SmithsonianJ Institution, as jtasud by the Se nate?Admirable Plan for the Diffusion of Know ledge among Men. Mr. Binnbtt:? As the subject is one of great interest to the whole country, and as the original abridgement which we gave you.of the bill when introduced in to the Senate for the establishment of the Smithso nian Institution, was but the mere skeleton of the measure as passed, we give you the following sy nopsis:? Title?A. bill to establish the Smithsonian Institution for the Increase and Dilfucion of Knowledge among Men. The preamble declares that as the late James Smithson, did, by hia last will anc. testament, leave the whole of his property to the United States, for the establishment of an increase and dilfueion of knowledge among men; and that as Congress has heretoiore accepted the trust, and recei ved the money, Therciore, Be it enacted, Sic. Sec. 1. Provides (hat the money received of said James Smithson, $658,313, be lent to the United States Treasu ry at S per cent (now invested in Arkansas bonds) from the 3d December, 1838, the time of the receipt of the lund; and that the interest thereon up to July next, $909,103, or as much as may be deemed necessary, appro pi iated to the building the main edifice and smaller build ings of the institution, and the purchase oflurniture, lie. Sec. 9. Provides for a Board of Managers, to consist of the Vice President and rhiei Justice of the United States, three members of each House of Congress to be chosen >y the presiding officers thereof, and seven other per sous, two of whom shall he members of the National In titule, but no two of the other five shall be citizens of the sjmc State. Board to be appointed annually, the mem bers ot the Board from Congress to form a joint commit tee on the subject on the part of the two Houses ol the Nstional Legislature. Five ol the Board a quorum. Tra velling expenses to be paid fiom the funds of the Institu tion. Provide:; also, lor the payment of debts, acd the performance of contracts?for rules; also, regulations and >>) -laws. Sec 3. Provides for the selection cl a site for the build ings and giound of the Institution, and authorises a sa nction from the mall of 140 acres of common, lying un der the west front of the capitol, and south ot Pennsylva. iia Avenue. Sec. 4. Provides for the erection of fire prooi buildings, ibo edifice of the library to be on a scale sufficient lor a -oilrction of books equal to any in the world ; also, di rects the reservation of com part meats lor a chemical la boratory, lor minerals and geological specimens, and of s room for public scientific lectures ; grounds to be laid off tor horticulture, arboriculture, agriculture, floricul ture, Sic. Cost of all not to exceed $.'( 9,103, the interest of the main fund up to July next, specifies the division of this expenditure in the purposes aforesaid. Board of managers to direct and control the expenditure as herein provided - Sec. 6. Provides, as soon as the buildings shall be erect ed for their reception, lor a cabinet ot specimens in natu ral history, botany, mineralogy, geology, Sic., and for exchanges of such specimens in cases of duplicates. Sec. 0. Provides lor a superintendent of the buildings and grounds of the Institution. Sec 7 Provides for a course of lectures on the " litera ture, science, and art" during the sessions of Congress ; mid for the publicaticn ol such lectures at the lowest cost. Sec 8. Directs an annual appropriation from the inte rest of the fund of $90,000 for the purchase of library, which shall be "worthy of the owner of the said lund, and of this nation, and ol the age." Sec 9 Authorizes a librarian and assistants. Pec 10 Discretionary power given to the Board in the -xpt-nditure lor the Institution of surplus moneys. Sec. 11. Appoints Jared P. Kirk land of Ohio, Richard Henry Wilde of Louisiana, George Tucker of Virginia, George Bancrolt of Massachusetts, Henry King of Mis souri, and Joseph G. Tottcn and Alexandtr Dallas Bache, members ol the National Institute, and resident in the city of Washington, as the seven managers, who, by the second section of this act, are to be appointed by Con gress. Sec. 19. Property to be under the laws respecting the >tner public property ot the United States, llight of mo dification or amendment of this act reserved to Congress. The Smithsonian Institution upon the forego ing plan, will, in the language ot Mr. Choate be worthy of the "liberal doner, and of this nation, tnd of the age." Meantime the fund is invested nr Arkansas bonds. W. A Whale on Oi-r Coast.?Our correspondent at Provincetown informs us, that on Friday, about noen, a right Whale showed his head in that harbor .mongst the shipping. Twenty whale boats put out alter it, and atter a chase of one hour, the endsmanofonaof them " hove in" his harpoon, and soon killed it, and took it on shore. She will yield Aft barrels ol oil, and her hone a three leet long. The captutc was made by a crew of -iix young whalemen. ENGLISH, FRENCH AND AMERICAN HJPPINC AGENCY AT LIVERPOOL. NOTICE. HAVING withdrawn our Agency entirely frtm Miuti. HARftDKia fc Co., of Bontou and New York, we herebyan ?ounce that Mum. Aran" fc Co., of No. 9 Court afreet, Bos on, and 7 Wall afreet, Now York, are our authorised Areata or the United Sutra and Canada, who are fully empowered 0 act for ua aa our Shipping and forwarding American Agents. To ensnre the reception of goods in Liverpool, and the for ? arding of the same to any part of England. France, fcc. fce. '. is necessary that they should paaa through the hands of nut ><d Agent' MESS 118. ADAMS k CO., t the.r several Offices, aa follows r'o. 9 Court street, Bos.on. 1 No. 7 Light stx?{, Bnltimors. ?io. 7 Wall street, New Ydrk. I Tana. Arsons, Washington. S'o. K Chesnot street, Thtlcd. 1 No. 16 Konrth at. Pittsburg. ?Jo. II Shetnrkrt at. Narwieh, | No. 1S4 Main at., Worcester WILLMKH k SMITH. Liverpool May 1,1M4 WILLMEU fc SMITH take this opportunity of stauag to iorchants, Brokers, Importers and othera, resident in every part f the Union, that their Liverpool hotnc is peculiarly aoapasd or the tnatant and rxpspn despatch of packages, parcels, specie, ic.. passing through Liverpool for Boston. New York, and all he other eitias in the United States and Canada, and that thai partmeut of their bnsinets has the corstaivt Aim ruaso ?41. attkntioi* ok THi I'RiactVALa, on all occasions. WlLLMER k SMITH have made arrangemenu with Messrs. LDAiti fc CO.. by which all Goods passing throwh their ,iverpool ho?w for Anmica, by the Steamships and other vae els.will hare the immediate and pnncinnl attention of their aid Agents, Messrs. Jhiomt ? Ce. at Boston and New York, -id will thereby be tree from delay and high charges. 1 hey deem it necessary here to state, -hat they have no ooa .?iinn whatever with Mr. K G. Tnckermaa. of Liverpool V1LLNER * SMITH'S KNQU8H EXPRESSES WlLLMER It SMITH, who nave for a series of yeara ran irate Expresses to and from London with important intelh vnee. frequentlyperforming the entire journey, 210 miles, ia IX HOURS. offer to the American Public and Government hair ?enriees' Tor the safe and rapid transmiaaion of important icumengs, despatches, speeis. ponda. billa, deed*, fc*., which rill, on all occasions, be moil faitlifnlly delivered by their own rirate messenger, and honrs generally in advance of the Eng >h inaiisto luondoc. Mr. EDWARD WlLLMER, who is ow in America, ia prepared to afford any information upon this ohjeet, and give security for the dne performances of all sneh lsinmi as may be entrusted to bis Liverpool establishment. ? aire iOj)A BISCUIT AND SUGAR CRACKERS. PHK Subscriber wishes to mak? knowa to the Public, that 1 much of the Biscuit and Cracker* which art sold m this ity by the shore names, are entirely different from the Soda lisetut and Sugar Crackers made at hie Bakery : which hays ecu used by inyalida, particularly those who soffer (ram indi cation, far mora than twenty years with the best results; vhile the imitation, which can be made for a leas priou, though crhaos good for a person in heallh are wholly onnt for the ich. The above Biacuit aud Cracliers, also Butter Biscuit, Vine Biacuit, Bolter Craek-rs, Water Crackers, Pilot and law Breed, all of 'he first ooalitr, are constantly tor sale n? pilUNK BOARDS?Boston Trunk Board' for asle by 1 4 PEHSEE fc bHOOKS. ditra No. M and 17 Raman si,