Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 29, 1845, Page 1

January 29, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., No. 4H?Whole No. 3900. NEW YORK. WEDNESDAY MORNING. JANUARY 29. 1845. Price Two Ceutat ?0 PER TON PICACH OHCHAUD COAL Broken, Egg, Range and Stove sitae, fine quality, screened from yard at lite above low price, for eale by ROBER'T BAIL*, 64H Wall, 60 Cherry, in Water atreeta. j27 Jt'ec Riviugton and Norfolk. "KANC1NO ACADEMY-MR. J. PARKER haa the honor A-e to announce to hia friends and the nubile, that his Second Quarter will commence the EIRST WEEK IN FEBRUARY, at National Hall, Canal street, and at the Northern Exchange, Bleecker street. Tne Public will lake place on TUESDAY EVENING NEXT, at Nattonal Hall, Canal street, j27 3t?rc MR. GOUGH'S LAST ADDRESS. TV/f K. GUlItlH, having finished hia present engagements here, will deliver his last address on Temperance in this city, at the Broadway Tabernacle, on Wednesday Evening, the 29th instant, at 7 o'clock. Tickets of Admission 23 cents each, to be had at US Nassau st; M?rk Newman's, lr9 Broadway; J. W. Leavitt's. 106 Pearl st; Thomas Denny's, 37 Beaver st, and at the door. j27 3t*ec British barque ada.w carr.from Glasgow! Consignees i>er this vessel, will please taka notice that she is dischtrging under general order, at foot Beekman street. Goods not permitted must be sent to public store. j26 5tec BIRTH DAY OF THOMAS PAINE. rPHH lOBth Anniversay of the Birthday of this distinguished A advocate of political and mental freedom, will be celebrated with a Ball and Supper, at the Minerva Rooms, 406 Broadway, on Wednesday Evening, January 29th Tiekets can be had of Mr. Windt, 99 Read street, and at the office of the Beacou. 94 Ri sevelt st. ji7 3t*ec T?OR SALE?A Haw and (irist Mill, with a large work-shop A ?attached to which is applied about ten horse power, from the mill?together with a dwelling house, barn, blaclumith shop, and eight acres of laud The above property is situated in Eastchester, 18 inilea from New York, ana one from the Harlem Railrnid. For particular* and terms, apply to JAMES W. TOMPKINS, 103 Eldridge at.. New York, or on the premises of ja!2 lm?ec PETER J. BHEANWOOD. FOR 8ALKr-A valuable Fatm, forming a part of the |tract known as Monisania, situa'ed on the Harlem river. _t.iu the county ol Westchester, consisting of one hundred J ten acres of land, prope-ly fenced and in good order. Upon Lire Farm there is a commodious modern built-Mansion House, with a garden, stable and all necessary appendages, suitable for a gentleman's country' residence. There are also upon the Farm two Farm Houses, and all necessary out buildings Also, a valuable mill site and water power, and an orchard. The said Farm is very accessible from the city, being with<n nine miles of the City Hall, with the privilege of a free bridge across the Harlem river. The cars of the Harlan Railroad run within half a mile of the house. For terms ami further particulars in quire b-tweeu 12 and 3 P. M. of H. M. MORRIS, j 18 lm*rc 11 Pine street, secoud story. VERY DESIRABLE LOTS FOR SALE.?Five ' Lots on the southerly side of 13th Street, near 3th avenue. _?Hix Lots on the northerly side of lJth street, between 6th 7th avenues, with court yards in front, and in the midst of elegant improvements. Three Lots on the southerly side of 14th street, between the 6!h and ?ih aveuurs, in an improving neighborhood. Two Lots on the southerly side of 14th street, near the 8th avenue. Four Lots on the easterly side of 7th avenue, between 12th and 13th streets, with cellars portly dug out. . t> Five Lots on the northerly side of 39th street, between the 1st land 2nd avenues, overlooking the city and East River. The whole ornonnt may remain on mortgage, if unproved, aud 70 rer cent if not improved. G. H. WINTER, jitfi !m*?c 16 Wall street. TO LET OK LEASE.?A large two story brick ' Haute, on the southwesterly corner of the Bloomingdale - rosil and 40th street, with sufficient ground whereon to ehci a manufactory, which willbe built if required. lAlso, x two story frame Cottage, House, and five Lota, on the brthwesterly corner of the Bloomingdale road and 40th st'eet, .thlli a workshop, stable, bam, Ac. The house will be painted add put in good fence and repair, with a court yard in front, on "Tie Bloomingdale road. jAIso, 8 Dots adjoining on the Bloomingdale road, running through to the7tli avenue and 41st street, suitable for a florist or manufacturer. Buildings will be erected if required. Also, a Lot in 30th street, between the 7th and 8th avenues, to lease. G. H. WINTER, j26 lm*ec 16 Wall street. FOR SALE?The House and Lot No. 3 Wall street, ' being 40 feet front on Wall street. The building five sto Lriea high, evclnsiveof the basement and sub-cellars. The p.eimses contain abont thirty apartments, all well and commo oiously arranged for offices, stores, and other purposes. The whole is in excellent order. Also, the two three-story brick Stores, Nos. 14 and 16 Maiden lane, aud the three story brick building on the west side of Greene street, one door south of Maiden lane, and in the rear adjoins the property on Maiden lane. These premises are in good order and well situated for business. All lite above meutioned property is now well tenanted, and for a permanent investment peculiarly desirable. J23 2w*rc f. R. TILLOU. 38 Wall street FOR SALE?A Farm, of 170 aeres, onths east bank f of Hudson River, near the village of Rhtnebeck, with an ^adequate stock of cattle, horses, farming utensila, Ac. Jii it are a farm house, barn, coach house, dairy houses, hay press, hovels, Ac. all in good order. A*so, a piece of land, being 3 acres, in the village of Fort Lee, on the west b ink of the river, known as the UrcharJ, with several homes and improvements thereon. Also, the piece of land in the same village, known as Loug Dock, consisting of about 31 acres, exclusive of the dock and watar point. This i prrqwrty is much improved and moat of it in excellent fence, 'v Also, the following property in the city of New York, vixt? tre houses and lots Nos 77,70,79X and 81 Varick street, being all brick houses in good condition aud repair: No. 81 being SO feet wide, aud (lie honse, containing numerous and well arrang er) apartmeuta and accommodations. All this property is near kCaual street. Also, a plot of land on 38th street, including about 18 lots near ghe Thinl Avenue, in the 16th Ward. Also, 16 lots in the 12th ward, vix;? four lots nu the west tide -X 3d avenue, corner of 5l?t street; ooe lot on the tomb tide of 30th street; one lot on the north side of <9th street; three lota on the south side of 49th stieet?all west of aod near the 3d avenue; three lots on the west side of 2d avenue, between 16th and 67th streets; two lots on the north side of 37th street; and two lots *n the south side of 38th street?the last mentioned four lots be tween the 2d aud 3d avenues. The terms of sale will be made easy. * F. R. TILLOU, 2w*rc No. 38 Wall street. 5I25 : BILLIARDS. TH18 must be seen to b? believed?the \ ',Vj| ball 1 i* played at fig. 8, runa to 3, to 4, to 5, to 8, to 7, to 8, to 8, to to. and by play on to 11 and 13. The above angles can be made in one blow. The Tables are up /or playing or tale at 149 Fulton. or Ijg Ann street. The maker will bank for true iikIm Table for Tab le, against any person living, j 25 Stood* rc SOMETHING NEW. JPALDING St CO. are manufacturing, under Letters Patent gtauted by the Uuited States, an Improved briction Match, TO BURN WITHOUT BRIMSTONE. They now offer for safe, on very reasonable terms, STWENTfr THOUSAND GROSS neatly put np in tin, wood and paper, in any sixed packages, and [in lota to suit purchasers. | THESE MATCHES ! 'are highly approved of and recommended for family use by physicians and chemists, in consequence of, the absence of sul phur in their manufacture, the fumes of which are so disagree able and deleterious to all, and particularly injurious to persons having weak lungs or delicate constitutions They are particularly recommended to the attention of ship, pert, as they have frvouenlly been taken on long voyages and ex posed to the action of all climates, without the slighest injury. For sale by the principal Druggists and Grocers in the city. Ortlcs left at Shepard's Bookstore, 181 Broadway, or at their office, IS1 Bleecker street. , jail lm*m 8PALDING fc CO. C1GAR8! CIGARS! CIGARS! KZEK1E1., 93 Nassau street, opposite the Herald Bnild inga, respectfully invites the attention of his friends and the public ttruerally, to the following choice Cigars, jnst re ceived by late arrivals from Havana Regalias of various brands, Psuetelas of various brands, Norton, Principes, Yng-nuidod, Kionda, Espr.ranza, Napoleones, La India, Noriegas, Lord Byrons. The above Srtara are guaranteed as genuine and imported, and the trade are invited to call aud examine them. N. B.?Orders from abroad will be strictly attended to. j 15 lin*rtc N. POST OFFICE. I New York. January 33d, 1845. J rpHK rOST MARTI1 R GENERAL having ajuwoved the ?- recommendation for the establishment ofa PERMANENT BRANCH POST Ok K1CE, and sanctioned the selection made by the Post Mastte for its location on CHATHAM SQUARE, corner of East Broadway; has directed that the removal from the present Park office to the new Post Office in Nassau street, and to the Branch Office at Chatham Square, be made simul taneously. 1 he two offices will be ready for occupation during the ensuing week, when the present Post Office in the Park wifi be vacated. 1 lie Post Master congratulates his fellow citixeat upon the completion of arrangements so well calculated to pro mote the convenience of nil classes of the community. JOHN LORIMER GRAHAM, J?3rcl# Post Master. TAXES OF 1844 OF RECEIVER __ Oi.d Ai.ms House, Pang OFFICE OF RECEIVER OF TAXES, j PURSUANT to the Act "for the Collection of Taxes in the City of New York, pasted Ap.il 18th, 1843." public notice is hereny given, that unless the Taxes now remaining nnpaM, shall be paid to me at my office, on or before the fifteenth day of February next, an addition of one per cent will be charged; and a furlh r addition of one per cent will be charged on all such Taxes remaining unpaid on the fifteenth day of March nest. ? ' I he pii-i-m law requiring the Taxes to he paid to the Re in iter only, (the office <4 Ward Collectors having been anolish ? ail those who can make it convenient to pav their Taxes ?nlr, will dud it xrrntly to their advantage to do so, thereby avoiding the crowd and delay which will neceaearilv occnr for several days previous to the percentage being charged. The To Bills may be obtained on application at the office. O'tlee houn from 8 o'clock, A. M. until 3 o'clock P. M. H. T. KIERRTED, ja^toMrl * rc Receiver of Taxes. THE PICTORIAL NKWS RuOM, No. 23 CATHERINE STREET. BETWEEN EAST H? HRUADVVAY AND HEPiRY STREET. HAWKES. having fitted up a Parlor as a Oeteral News ? Room, under the above title, will F.e happy to see his trie, ds, and ncpea by attention to business to merit a con t in us nee of th? lavors so liberally bestowed since he has been in be public lure. The room furnished with New York and Old Country Pa pers regulaily I he Bar supplied with choice Wines and Spirits, fine flavor ed l?c**rs,jahd fine Pale Ale, Sc. jas lm*e? GitNTLKMEN'S SUPERFLUOUS CLOTHING i JJB * AM1L1ES desirous of converting ,ato ft families or < iontlouien quitting the eity or changing W ?ide*oe, having effects of the kind to dispose of. will And it noefc to their advantage to send for the Sabacriber, who v?ill ettanu them at their reticence by appointment. T H. LEVVrT. Office Nm 3 Wall atreat, o-la . _ _ and at 478 Hudaoa at '[JtA lice through the Post Office, or otherwise, will be punctually attended to. ja4 lm*ru OFFICE OF "JEFFERSON INSURANCE COMPACT? A ?, Lr, N#w York, January llrh, 1845 A jFLECTIOIf for Directors of this Institution, for the ?iwnlr,n* PM| f'" he held at the office of the Company, No. 1 *tr*fti on Monday, the 3d of February next. Poll ?pen from 13 o'clock M. to 1 o'clock P. M. J?'toF?rc GEO. T. HOPE. Secretory. OFFICE OFTHE AUBURN It ROCHESTER 11. R. CO. > arnrluv i i v <r ?l?A"pAiaij?, 14th January, 1145. j N 'k 5*"ft H1*1 * Directors of thislfom ???LWjMw'pmwmnuai dividend of i per ' 1,JT;?Y 1" ,l?7 ?f February next, out of the aett proti > < t their business for the eurrent six months Stock holders phoao stock i? registered in the City Transfer Books iVii. 1 yAW '}? .reteirrJ,,*vS"n.f " 'he Bank of th- Slat* of Ne w V ork. in the City of New York, and thoea whose stock S? ?' l:?2lSS wauriafRffifteusr Purgatory, and the Custom of Praying for the Dead, Proved from Scripture?Martin Luther and John Calvin and other Ora cles of the Reformation made to Bat their own Words, and Wash them Down by a Draught from the Barly Fathers. A Lectuee Delivered in St. Petke's Church on Sun day Kykninu, Januaet 20th, 1845, by the Revebend Db. Piie. " Therefore, it it a good and wholesome thought to pray for the Ilead that they may he looted from their nm.'"?Se cond Book of the Maccabees Those who have followed me in the course of my two preceding lectures on purgatory must see manifestly, from all the proofs I adduced on the subject, that the dogma of purgatory reaches up to the apostolic times; that the custom of praying for the dead has prevailed throughout the whole Chris tian Church, as well in the East as in the West; that this custom was not merely a venerable or melancholy commemoration of departed friends, but a custom of recommending the souls of the departed to the mercy of God, in order that they might obtain, in the language of the fathers, rest, refuge, relief, and consolation. What now re mains, after having brought down this chain of evi dence from the days of Christ himself to the 16th century 1 What now remains to be accomplished 1 I may be told that, having arrived at this memora ble epoch, it becomes me to question those extraor. dinary men who were raised up, it is said, by Divine Providence for the purpose of purifying the Church, and that I should have recourse to those oracles of pure Christianity, as they are entitled. Well, in order to satisfy all parties, and do ample justice to the theme of my discourse, the dogma of purgatory, I shall briefly, before entering upon the scriptural arguments in its favor, this evening, ques oracles of the reformation; and if I tion the great , find, after questioning them, that their testimony will avail them nothing, their testimony will pass for nothing; and every sensible man will agree with me in saying, that where there are contradic tory testimonies on the same subject, they must be considered null and void; and, therefore, that if these great oracles of the sixteenth century direct ly contradict themselves on this very subject which* I am vindicating, it will no longer be required of me, by men of reason, to stop the career of my ar gument in order to question those men who Wish to change that great Church which has existed since the apostolic times. Which, then, shall I consult 1 Any of them I am ready to question. I will consult the great oracle of Germany, Martin Luther; then I will consult the great oracle of Geneva, John Calvin ; and then, to leave nothing undone, I will consult the Church of England at the period of the reformation. Ift then, in consult ing Luther, I find that in his testimony he contra dicts himself, he is no authority for mc or any sen sible man. If I find, likewise, the testimony of John Calvin contradictory in itself, it must like wise be put aside?it can have no weight with any sincere inquirer after truth. And the same I as sert of the homilies of the Church of England, pnt r J ~ a-fr* fyth in the earliest days of the reformation?u T find them contradictory on this, as well as al most every other subject connected with "the history of Christianity, then I put it aside, aB of no weight with any intelligent and sensi ble man. I have only to show they are contra dictory?that Martin Luther contradicts himsdrf? that,JohnCalvincontradi?ts'himself?and, likewise, that the homilies of the Church of England don tradict themselves on the doctrine of purgatory-1-in order to put aside, and that forever, the testimony of these vaunted, reputed and wondrous oracles of the sixteenth century. First, then, let the oracla ol Geneva rise before me. Shall I consult Luther 1 Luther, what was thy opinion regarding purgatory icient Church r after thou didst abandon the ancient Church 1 I ask not thy testimony before thou didstforsake that religion, but after thy departure from the ancient He answers me, in the first instance, in tne fold. He answers me, in the first instance, in i following language:?" As for me, who believes strongly, 1 might even sav, who knows that pur gatory exists, I can readily be persuaded thus it exists in the sacred Scriptures. All I know is, that souls are there in a state of suffering, and may be relieved by our works and prayers. ' This is the first testimony of Luther?testimony quite in con formity with all 1 brought forward from the ancient fathers; and if he broke asunder the bonds of hi# union with that ancient church, still, as the docJ trine of purgatory was found in scripture so mani festly by him, he could not but believe it. But then, again, a very short time after, in writing to another ol the reformers, he says:?"I applaud you; because when you condemn purgatory, you condemn all these cloisters, monasteries. See." Here is Luther in direct contradiction to himself; first asserting that he believed in purgatory, and again saying, as clearly, that those who denied purgatory were right. Now, I appeal to any sensible man if, on any subject connected with his interests, he would take the tes timony of an individual who palpably and directly contradicts himself, as Luther has done. Therefore, he must be put aside, and all he ever asserted on the subject must go for no thing ; for where there iB contradiction in the tes timony every tyro in equity knows it is not worth a straw. So much for Martin Luther. Let us now have recourse to the testimony of John Calvin, and see whether he was more consistent with him telf than the first reformer was on this subject Calvin, as in one of my former lectures I observed to you?asserted that the fourth century, tne age of St. Augustine, of the Council of Nice, and of Chalcydon?that this was " the golden age of Christianity." This is one of his declarations Calvin declares again, in his 3d hook of Institutes, chapter the 5th, that " for over 1300 years the doc trine of nurgatory had been believed and preached in the Christian Church"?that is to say, 1300 years before his day. Now Calvin uttered this in the 16th century. Go back 1300 years before the 16th century, and you go into what he styled the golden age of the church, and consequently, according even to htm, purgatory was taught in the days he styles " the golden age." "All the ancients," he says, " were led into error on this subject." Here is his contradiction?the fathers who lived in the 4th century, in "the golden age"?must have taught the truth, otherwise it could not be the golden age ; but he asserts it was the golden pe riod, and yet that in that golden period purgatory was believed, thus contradicting himself. At the same time he leaves the reluctant testimony that, lor 1300 years before his day, purgatory was be lieved and taught by all the Christian world Therefore, I find the testimony of Calvin on this subject no better?no more valuable?no more con sistent, than that of the arch reformer to whom I fimt referred. But perhaps there is more consistency in the homilies ot the Church of England. I attack no creed. I meun not to utter a single sentiment that would give the slightest offence to any indivi dual. But it becomes my duty to show, firmly, when we are misrepresented, the grounds on which we establish the truth of this doctrine ; and if it.is done openly and frankly, it is not meant certainly unkindly or uncharitably Take then the second homily of the Church of England, entitled "the peril of destruction," and listen attentively to what Usaya?"The laity and clergy, learned and un learned, all ages aud sexes and degrees of men, women and children,of all Christendom have been at once turned into abominable and damnable ido latry for the space of 800 years and more." Thus they declare that for 800 years before the promul gation of the rubric, not one ol their ancestors, however learned, however^pious, however sincere, there was not one but was a victim of an abomi nable and damnable idolatry; that all the great men who flourished?all the Bedes?the Anseins? all the venerable and illustrious names that spar kle on the rolls of ancient England, were plunged in damnable idolatry without one single, solitary exception?that there were " none found to do good, no, not one." Now is there a single indivi dual here prepared to assert that such a state of things prevailed, not only in England?but in all parts of the Christian World, that all those great men who flourished in tnat period?the Benedicts, the Thomas Aquilas, Thomas a Ken> pis, were buried in idolatry. Those great men who are brought forward before you and the admiration of tne world by their discoveries?Ga lileo, Copernicus and even Columbus, himself, who navigated an unknown ocean and first planted the cross of Christ on these wild shores?only came to briug the abominations of idolatry Are you prepared to admit this 1 But tlir genius of the Church of England required it, and ' she immediately recants and contradicts herscll; for, by recurring to the lfl h homily, " On the title ol the gtlts ot the Holy Ghost,*' we find these words, that "the Holy Ghost, the Spirit ot Truth, has been and always will be present with the Church, counselling and directing her; that she never wants and never will want the pure and i sncred{doctrine, and the holy sacraments,according to Christ's institution and catholic discipline."? Here, in the first homily I quoted, the Ehurch, it is said, was pluuged into abominable and damnable idolatry; in the second, that she has and always will have pure doctrine ana sacraments administered. Now 1 appeal again to all sensible men if these homilies of the Church of England*can have any weight whatever, in the investigation of any sub ject connected with the deep interests of the hu man race 1 1 pass, therefore, these reformers?I pass by Luther, I pass by Calvin, and I pass by even the Church ot England?because I find the testimony of one and all directly and palpably con tradictory. And 1 go at once, as I promised, to the sucred scriptures, and there I refresh myself by drinking of the pure waters of truth, which I trust will flow not only unto me, but spread themselves abroad and lead many to conviction and lile eter nal. Let us examine, then, whether our doctrine ol Purgatory is anti-scriptural?that is, whether it is opposed to the sacred scriptures, or they to it; and let us see whether er not our doctrine is net founded on the Authority of these scriptures?or if i cannot quote a iexi suiticiently plain, satisfactory and to the point, to satisly me that my doctrine is inculcated and taught by the sacred volume. Here let it not be imagined for a moment that I will yield my privilege of having recourse to the sacred scriptures, or yield my right of interpretation for myself as well as other Christians who claim that right, particularly when I interpret them in a man ner not altogether mv own, but consistent with the highest authority .of the Christian fathers. The first text I shall submit to you is one 1 hud occasion to cite before, but which 1 cannot omit among those proving our doctrine. It is taken from St. Paul's Epistle to the Corinthians, 15th chapter and 29th verse : " What shall they do who ate baptised for the dead, if the dead rise not at all 1 Why are they then baptised for the dead 1" St. Paul here makes mention of certain practices, or usages, performed in honor of the dead, und for the benefit ol the dead, in view of a future resur rection. What theie usages were we cannot perfect ly ascertain at the pieseut day ; but we believe there is an analogy between this text and that in the Macca bees, where it is said that Judas Maccabeus ordered sacri . flee to be made on account of the dead?on account of? whilatinthis text it speaks also of these usages on ac count. Therefore, we suppose St. Paul alludes to the sacrifice of the ancient Jews, and thut this text therefore bears strongly on the point, and may be adduced on the doctrine of purgatory. The second text is taken from the 1st Corinthians, 3d chapter, commencing at the Ulh verse?" For other foundation no man can lay than what is laid, which is Jesus Christ. Now if any man build up on the foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay and stubble; every man's work shall be made manifest, for the day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and tbe fire shall try . ^ - .... every man's work of what sort it is. If any man's work abide which he hath built thereon, he shall receive a reward If any man's work shall be burnt, he shall suffer loss, but ha himself shall be saved;; et so as by fire " Let us now analyze the meaning of the Apos tle. He here presents to ns two Christians, both having he same foundation, Christ Jesus?that is, the ssme foun dation of faith and nuthoiity. One Christian builds on that foundation, precious stones, gold, silver?pure and perfect woiks. Another Christian, although having the same perfect foundation, still, unfortunately, strews over it "wood, hay, stubble"?that is to say.imperffctions and frailties. The Apostle says, "that both one and the other shall bo tried by fire in that day." In what day 1 In the lay of each one's particular judgment. If, then, the Chris tain who has all good and perfect works appears befote nis judge, he is saved; but if tho Christian, with the same foundatio foundation, but with wood, hay and stubble??' s. veniel sins?comes before his judge, is he to be expiated by fire? and that is to take place after the judgment. Consequently :u the other world, consequently through these imper fections?wood, hay and stubble shall be destroyed by fire. Yet this Christian, wholhas still a perfect lotinda tion, shall be saved " yet so as by fire," that is, he shall be obliged to soffer expiation, where then shall it be suf fered? Not in heaven. Not in bell. Consequently it .mast be suffered in some middle state or place; conse quently there is a middle place; call it bv what name you please, there must be a plnce of purgation, where the hay ind itubble will be consumed, and these imperfections and frailties expiated, and this place we style purgatory. Vet that I may not be suspected of being too ingenious or {iven to imagination in Rearing out these expositions >f the doctrine of St. Faul, and in their application to purgatory, I appeal to the same ancient fathers of the Christian Church, who'give tho same explication ifit; and therefore it is nothing new but the meaning that was given to the text sinee the day it was first writ ten down to those we live in. Consult SL Augustine on the 37th Psalm, and you will hear him asserting that "We do not give ourselves much trouble about this fire, because it is said he who passeth through this fire will ultimately be saved; but we should know that the pain of this fire will be greater than .any man can suffer in this life? and hen he ci irs out, " pnrify me, O Lord, in this lffe, that it may not be necessary for me to pass through fire so as to purify my soul." This is the doctrine in the text exactly. This text talks of a fire; I believe this fire is destined to ex plate certain venial sins or imperfections. This is the meaning attached to it by St Ambrose on the 108th Psalm. by St. Jerome on Isaiah, by Gregory the Great on the 4th book of (name not hoard) chapter 39. We have therefore, the testimony of the most ancieut fathers cor roborating the meaning I hare given to the text of St Paul, and vindicating with mo this dogma. It is not true, therefore, that there is no text of scripture which proves ibis doctrine; much less is it true that the scriptures raise their voice against it, as against some absurd and miserable superstition. The next portion of the sacred scriptures we shall take, is found in 13th chapter of Mat thew, 33d verse. " And whosoever speaketh against the Son of man it shall be forgiven him ; but whosoever jpeakeih against the Holv Ghost, it shall not bo forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come." Hence, we argue lhat if this peculiar sin cannot be for given in this world, nor In the world to come, there are others which can be forgiven in this world and in the world to oomo. If the sin of blasphemy can be forgiven, every other sin can be forgiven in this world: if it can not, there arc some which can be forgiven. This is the natural meaning of the text, and it appears to me that it is impossible to find any other for it. 1 know that St. Mark, in the 3d chapter 39th verse of his Gospel, asserts ?hat this sin shall never be forgiven. This is true ; but this is not doing away with the force af the text. Certainly we must perceive that a sin which cannot be forgiven never will be; but it dees not follow ?hat St Mark meant to contradict the other Evan gelist. Take the expression of Christ to St. Peter at the last supper?"thou shalt not wash ay feet for aver"?that is, my feet shall never be waahea by thee?a very ratural expression. But suppose he should have said, "thau shalt not wash my leet forever, either in this worid nor in the world to come," would it not be some thing ridiculous to talk of teet being washed beyond the tomb? Yet the Evangelist says it cannot be forgiven in .his world nor in the world to come. The next argument is taken from Luke, 13th chap , 68th and 60th verses ? " Whan thou goest with thine adveraary to the magis trate, as thou ait on the way, give diligence that thou mayest be delivered from him ; lest he hanl thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into prision. I tell thoe thou shalt not depgft thence till thou halt paid the very last mite." Here our Saviour declares that if a debtor bo con demned to this pi ison he shall remain there until the last mite is paid. Consequently be is not to remain there for ever, because the la.-t mite will bo paid. Now of what prison does our Saviour here speak T Of an earthly one ? By no means. The whole context proves that he was speaking of a spiritual subject. He was tailing his Apos ties to be on their guard, lor unless they were perfectly prepared they would fall into the hand of the judge, and that judge would sentence them ; and if they were not perfectly free from debt they should bo cast into prison.? Now is this the natural course ol those condemned to punishment ? By no means. Is it such as ia undergone from eternal fire I Certainly net, because lrom that there is no emancipation. Where then, is that prison ?? That prison must be that middle place or state called pur gatory, which I have been explaining and enforcing, as taught by the scriptures. Another proof may be derived from Paul's 3d Epistle to Timothy, 1st chapter, 16th, 17th and 18th verses. " The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus, for lie olt refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain. But when he was in Rome he sought me out very c'iligently and found n e The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day ; and in how many things he ministered unto me st Ephesus thou knowest very well." Here, then, are ?wo diatiuct prayers of the Apostle ; one, in the first in stanoe, for the household ef Onesiphorua, in the next, for Onesiphorus himself. Now it is very certain that the household of Onesiphorus was living, but as|probable that Onesiphorus himself was dead, when Paul thus prayed tor him ; and until you can prove he wai alive 1 am free to say he was dead, and that Paul prayed for the Lord to have mercy upon him And what ground! havawc to be lieve he was dead? Turn to the 4th chapter and 19th verse of Second Timothy : " Salute Prisoa and Aquila and the household of Onesiphorus." Here St. Paul wish as to be remembered to the house of Onesiphorus, but ? entions not Onesiphorus himself; therefore there is eve ry reason to believe he had departed this lift?other wise St. Paul would have remembered him ; lor there is no probability that he would aelute his household and not say one word about Onesiphorus, had he not ?>een dead. Consequently, I have every reaaon to sustain no in my position that Onesiphorus nad gone into the vorld ol spirits, that ha had departed from this life when Paul prayed for tbs Lord to have mercy on him "In that day." Whatday? In the day of Judgment?the great and terrible day of retribution. If thia be true ? that Onesiphorus was dead?there is a direct, indis putable, incontrovertible evidence from the sacred scrip tures in favor of praying for the dead. 8t Paul has given us the example, and it would be folly, ridiculous, and a work of supererogation to pray for the dead if they could ?ot be benefitted: and they could not be benefitted unless there was a middle state?and, therefore, a purgatory. And, therefore, there ia renson to believe that we can aub dantiate, and derive great consolation from the venerable doctrine of purgatory. One more scriptural argument or thia evening and I conclude. By referring to the 31 sf hapter of the Apocalypse, and 37tn verse, we find it ex pressly declared that "there shall in no wise enter Inte it iny thing that deftleth.fcc." Now, I argue, that aa we ?annot pretend to he without defilement naturally, we are

not out of debt. But there may be some exceptions: there lore, we do not say all will go to purgatory. But we ?merely assert that If persona depart who have not atoned lufiictently lor their uns.Ood, instead of condemning them >.o eternal punishment, will condemn them to a temporary .mnishment where their sins will be ultimately expiated Now, with rrgard to venial sins, all imperfections and imperfections of our nature are accounted to ns aa debt, and either kthe victims shall be forgiven am be considered as pure, or they shall be condemned to eternal punishment without destruction, or there will be a place of purgation- Now, can you prove from scripture?nave you aDy valid evidence that Ood forgives every venial transgression?every venial defilement?every impure thought or unholy desire to which you may cling and cherish In your hearts at your dying day. Where is your procf ef this 7 Because on this subject you require proof of me, and I will require proof of you?not assertion, nor theory, nor imagination?tut proofs. All the preefs 1 have given go to show the contrary. Therefore, It 1* im possible that Ood should forgive all these minor imper fections of his own goodness, no matter what might be the disposition of our hearts at the hour of death. Now, will you tell me that God condemns to everlastiog punishment for these sins 7 You cannot uphold this theory. It is repugnant even to all sense of human justice?contrary to everything we see around us of equity, law, justice and government. When, before the bench of human jus tic? is brought up some poor wretch, whose hands are yet recking with the blood oi'his iellow man?whan every evidence ic against bim?when it is manifest that he is guilty ot his brother's blood?what sentence is pronounced against him f The sentence of death?an eternal sen tence, because he eternally sent out of existence, and cut oil from all enjoyment of this beautiful earth, his hapless fellow being ; so it is at the tribunal of Ood. The sia ner reeking in kis crimes, not repentant, but en the coutraiy persisting to the last hour in his sins, will have passed upon him the irrevocable sentence of punishment. But if some youth, carried forward by the intensity of his feeling, is convicted of a fault incidental to his imma ture years?of some fragment of shadow upon the native sunshine of his heart?is he to be condemned to death too? Is there no gradation between crime and crime 7 Is the wayward youth to be regarded in thn same light as yon der wrotch'emitten by the arm of the law 7 Certainly not. But what is human justice but an emanation from divine justice, and as there is in this, so must there be in divine justice, a gradation of crime. Therefore it is not pos sible that these minor sins should be visited by the vindictive pun shment of an avengiDg Ood. and there fore there must be a purgatory. Because there are very few Christians who do not commit in thought, word, or action, what is impure in the sight of Almighty God. Are we not told that the just man falls seven times a day. If then we go before the judgment seat of Ood not being guilty of heinous crime, in a repen tant state, or merely with some human imperfections on our souls?is it possible he will damn us to all eternity 7 Certainly not. Vet we cannot enter those blissful man sions?those purer, gions where the divinity is enthroned in all his immaculate perfection. What then is to become ot us I Must there not be a place of purgation?a middle place? and that place is purgatory. These few argu ments, my friends, will stitfica for this evening, in vindi cation of purgatory. But still the subject is not finished It seems to extend before me more copiously the more I cast my eyes on it. I hava yet to adduce authority of another kind?the authority of those great and distin guish) d divines of the Church of England who disagreed with this system, and were driven to the necessity of ad mitting the doctrine of Purgatory. And then I will spread before you extracts from the liturgies of the an cient church, Latin and Oriental. Then my argument wilt be concluded. You will then see all the testimony vindi cating it?all professing it-and you will I trust see this doctrine so brightening under the pages of the sacred scriptures, that it will be impossible not to assent to it, at least, if you are determined not to be convinced Common Council. Boabd of Aldkrmen?Last evening.?Alderman Schi effklin in the Chair. The minutes of the last meeting were read and ap proved Several petitions were presented and referred. Resignation.?The resignation of Thomas H. Oakley, collector of the City Revenue, was received, accepted, and referred to the Committee on Finance. Assessments.?Several reports in relation to assessments of no interest whatever, were presented and adopted Extension of a Bulkhead ? Tlie Committee on Wharves, Sic., reported in favor of extending the bulkhead in South street, in the Esst River. Adopted. Repairing a Pier.?The Street Commissioner presented and recommended the adoption of an ordinance appropria ting the sum of $330 for the repair of pier 19 East River. Adopted. Sewer and Drain.?A communication was received from the assessor in relation to constructing a sewer and drain in Cedar street between Trinity Place and Hudson River. Referred to the Committee on Assessments. A Novel Petition.?A petition was received from an In spector of Wood, informing the Common Council that he could not get employment in that capacity. The petition wound up as follows:? " If, therefore, your honorable body has no other eligi ble office to offer or bestow on your memorialist, in lieu of the one alluded to, he most respectfully asks the liberty to resign the said office, and to request the favor of having the said fee of $3 returned to him. Signed, Jno. J. Staples." On motion of Alderman Bunting, the request was com plied with. The Bible Qtc id'on Again,?A report was received from the counsel of the Board, which contained the opinion that the County Superintendent was justified under the charter in taking the action he hau ; and that the schools were not entitled to any of the public mcneys where the Bible hW been excluded. Adopted. Widening Bloomingdale Road?The Committee on Roads and Calais reported in favor of widening the Blooming dale road, between Twenty-fifth street and 7<h Avenue; agreeable to an enactment. This report met with a warm opposition from Aid. Schleflelin, and was finally laid upon the table till the next meeting. Police Appointment!?A communication was received from the Mayor, nominating W. R. Ban! s, Win. Wendell, jr., and Abraham Pitcher, as officers of the Municipal Po lice?Confirmed Papertfrom the Board of Assistants.?The Board of Al dermen non-concurred with the other Board on the reio lotion in favorrof paving Broadway, between Warren and Chambers, and between Barclay and Murray, with round stone. In favor of confirming the nominations of H. L. King and T. H. Kuhen as members of the Municipal Police. All the other documents were concurred In. Lighting Centre Market with Gas ? On motion of Alder man Tucker, a resolution to light Centre Market with gas was adopted. Change of Title? On motion oi Alderman Drake, the name and style of the Committee on Fire and Water, to the " Committer en the Fire Department" Account of Sales?On motion of Alderman Cozzens, a resolution requiring the Superintendent of the Alms House to furnish a statement of all the articles sold, the ?amea of purchasers, pricrs, Ac., from the 15th of May to 31st December, 1543, and trom 15th May to 31st December, 1844. Appointment.?On a resolution by Alderman Devoe, Thomas Hogan was appointed Collector of the City Reve nue vice Thomas H. Oakley, resigned Resolution of Enquiry.?Alderman Hasbrouck offered a resolution, directing ail joint, standing or special com mittees who have been authorized to audit the expendi ture of public moneys, or any other matters except such as have been referred to them for the action of the Com mon Council, to report thereon. Laid on the table. Reward ? Alderman Scheiffelin offered a resolution, d1 recting the Mayor to offer a reward of (100 to any person who shall procure the arrest and conviction of any per son or persons who shall by bribery, menace or any other unlawful menus, either directly or indirectly, procure any vote or irtlui nee any elector's vote. Resolution of .Enquiry ? Alderman Hasbrouck offered another resolution requesting the Commissioners of the Alms House, to turnish and report the names of all the superintendents of the Alms House who have allowed paupers to go out of the estnblist ment to vote, nnd to se. cure their votes for their favorite party, have provided them with extra provisions, and allowed them unusual privileges, together with all facts in relation to the sub ject Adopted. Appointment Confirmed.?On motion of Aid. Williams, the resolution appointing Waiter Howell an M. P. was taken from the table and adopted. An Ordinance in Relation to Streets.? On motion, an or dinance " prescribing a system for rep; iring the pave ment ot the carriage ways of the streeta and avenues in this city," presented by Aid Dram, nod laid upon the table to be printed, was taken up. The ordinance pro vides for the division of the city, south of 40th street into sixteen contract districts, according to the boundaries of the wards, the contractors to furnish all materials lor re paving, mending, ke., and to he liable far all damage arising from any negligence caused by the non removal of rubbish, neglect to place proper lights and guar Is near unfinished work, lie.,and any amount the roij> at ioii may be liable to from such neglect to be deducteu from the amounts due to tho contractors ; if any contractor neglects, after two days' notice, to perform any required duty, the Street Commissioner is empowered to have such dmy performed ; ami should he continue to neglect to comply with any of the provisions of his contract, his contract shall be forfeited and all the moneys due at the time. On motion of Aid. Gale, after some little debate, the matter was relerred to the Committee on Streets. Flagging Sidewalk around Union Patk.?Aid. Boivtino offered a resolution authorising the flagging of the side walk around Union square. Ad' nted. At a quarter before 10 o'clock, the Board adjourned till next Monday week. Board or Assistants?This Board also held a special meeting last evening. IV. Rvf.rdell, Esq., in the Chair. The minutes of the last meeting were read and appro ved. Communication irom the President, relative to the most ? tfectual mode of preserving order during debate in the Board, and particularly wth due regard to the interests of the, minority; and acknowledging an error on the part of the President in relation to his action during debate at a late meeting of the Boardjn peremptorily putting down s Board,which in future was debate,without reference to the 1 to be decided by a two-third vote. Ordered to be entered on the minutes. Reports Adoptsd? In favor of building a wooden bridge over Benson's creek. Firing of Cannon.?In faver of passing an ordinance to regulate the firing of cannon in this city. Mr. Tappar moved an amendment, which provided that the Mayor should have power to order the tiring ol can non on particular occasions Lost. The ordinance was then passed. Petition o( James Gill?spie to place a pump in 9th Ave nun, between 40th and 11th street?referred. Papers from the ttoaxd ? Reports concurred in?Mill Tar' ?In favor ot applying to thp Legislatuie to pass a law to make certain amendments in the mill tax. In tavor of adopting ordinance to fill in rartain sunken lots in 6th and 7th avenues, :19th and 80 h streets, with a view to carry oft'pools of stagnant water in that virjnity. In favor or raising a sum, not to exceed (900,900, to erect certain buildings on Kendal's Island; In favor of railing in with iron ffteyvesant Square. Police Appointsnente.?The appointments notiood in our report of Monday'* proceedings before the Board were concurred in. The Bible Again.?Resolution J in-favor of directing the Comptroller not to make any payment for the uae or ben efit of any of the Common Schools from which the Bible waa excluded. Mr. Henry was of opinion that they ought to see what they were'about in concurring with the Board, and to ascertain whether or not they were acting according to Mr. Ward?We have the opinion ot the counsel ol the Board on the subject. Mr Hkbwt ?That may be ; but, without meaning any thing disrespectful, I should like to have better authority. Mr. Tartan considered the mutter ought be referred te the counsel of the Board. Mr. SroFKOHD conceived that there was a very grievous error in stating that the Scriptures were excluded trom the Common Schools. The Superintendent was in error on this subjeat. , u . Mr. Henry moved nn amendment, that the resolution be referred to the Committee on Laws, as well as Counsel of the Board. Lost?yeas 6; noes 10. Mr. Hknry called the attention of the Chair to the iact, that in the event of the Board passing the resolution, it would be illegal, according to the 13th section of the Act, to pass it?such section prohibits the passage of any reso lution or ordinance on the same day on which it is re ceived. Mr Hoax?I move to suspend the rules. Mr. Henhy?I wish the gentleman may suspend him self. (Laughter) The resolution emanated in bigotry, and as the object of the 13th section was to prohibit party legislation, he hoped the minority would be treated with that comtesy that was due to them. Mr. Dittkk considered they had no right to hastily pass such a resolution President?Provided two thirds of the Board concur, the resolution must pass. The question on its final passage was carried?ayes 10, nocsd. St. Peter's Church Clock ?Report in favor of placing the clock of St. Peter's Church in the care of tho regula tor of publlcclocks. Mr. Henhv wished to inlorm the Board that this clock did not belong to a Catholic Church. Chairman?Question. The question was then taken and concurred in?ayes 11, nays 4. In favor of paying S Hawkhurst $50, in consideration at injuries received while on duty at public works?con curred in. In favor of paying Albert Barmore $197 56, paid by him as indemnity for certain property purchased at an asiess mvnt sale in December last, receipts for which were handed in?concurred in. Inctndtaries. ? Hesoluiion in favor of directing His Honor the Mayor to offer a reward of $100 for the appre hension of the person or persons that set fire to the barn of Hamilton Wilkes, in 104th street?concurred in. Appointment.?W. Sutton, City Weigher. Alms House.?Communication from the Commissioner of the Alms, in answer to the resolution of the Board, with accompanying report, in relation to purchase and sale of articles lor the use of the Alms Housr. Tho com munication stated that the purchases were made in the best manner for the public interest, and challenged com parison with former incumbents in office. It also charged the late city government with having left a large quan tity otbad flour on hand, after they had vncated ; which nut the presout city government to considerable expanse. The communication stated they had nothing to conceal from the public eye, and challenged comparison with for mer administrations on the question of economy, and dis tribution of the public, moneys. Mr. Henry moved that the report be laid on the table, to enable Mr. Charlick, who was absent, to inspect the items at the next meeting, as Mr. C. was absent this eve ning. Lost. Trie report was then concurred in. Police.?The appointments referred to in our report of the proceedings before the Board, were cor.iurred in. Resolution in favor of appointing a Clerk for the Super intendent of Police, at a salary of $500, to act under the Superintendent. Adopted?Ayes 9, noes 5. Report in favor of granting a lease to Elias Thomas, proprietor of the Baths at Castle Garden. Adopted. The Board adjourned over to Monday eveniDg next. The Comet.?The comet, before spoken of as having been seen at the South, has since become visible in the North. The New Haven Herald, of the 27th instant, gives the tallowing relative to it The Comet, of which a notice was obligingly commu nicated to Professor Olmsted, by W. H. Clark, ol 8t. Mary's, Geo. (as mentioned in onr paper ol the 23d.) has already risen so far in the South as to become visible in our sky. It was first seen last evening by Hamilton L. Smith, and the following observations were made by him at Yale College Observatory. It is easily seen by the naked eye from 7 to 9 o'clock in the South-West. Above this planet Jupiter, (which is now very bright in that part of 'he heavens,) andsome distance to the left, may be ohserved a group of stars, forming an irregular quadrila ?eral figure, directly under which, about naif way to the horizon, the cornet may be seen, presenting a dim, misty ispect, resembling a spec of fog. It is a little Si " I South of the IVhale, in the confciellbtion Sculptor, (in the same field with tho ?tar Tau Apparatus Siulptoris,) although enve loped in the vapors of the horizon, it presented a fine ap pearance in the forge achromatic The nucleus was very bright, though not well defined, being surrounded with s dense coma,' and the tail was about 30 deg. in length ; and alter proceeding in a straight line, a little distance from the nucleus, it seemed suddenly to branch out like a fan. The Right Ascension, ns well as could be determined, Tas (at 9 o'clock, mean time.) 1 h. 33 m., and Declination 30 deg. 40 m. It mutt, therefore, have been very near a nebula, (H. 1 291, or Dunlop's 497,) the appearance ef which is described by Sir John Htrschel as " very faint, a little brigh in the middle, 20 seconds of space in diame er." It is impossible to have confounded the comet with this nebula, since tho neucleus of the comet, alone, ap peared as large at Jupiter, while the tail was easily seen with the unassist d eye. The low position of the comet prevented the most accu rate observations, and the above determination of its right ascensiop and declination, is to be considered as merely an approximation. O. Yale Coi.lf.re, Jan. 27,1843. High School Observatory, i Philadelphia, Jan. 26, 1843.) To JosErn R Chaxpler, Esq. :? Dear Sir This being the first clear evening since the announcement of the new comet, seen in the Guli of Mexico, Professor Kendall and his assistants succeeded in observing it, together with the second Mauvais comet, the latter of which was found in the place given in Pro fessor Perry's Ephemeris. The new comet reported by several masters of vessels recently arrived from the Guli of Mexico, and by Mr. W. H. Clark, an intelligent gentleman of St. Mary's, Georgia, was readily seen in a position a few degrees South of the constellation of the Whale. It is visible to the naked eve as a dim white cloud, with a faint tail extending in a di rection from the comet opposite that of the sun. Its brightness is about that ol a star of the fifth magnitude. In the equa oiial, ro trace of n nucleus is to be found ; but the head appears as a nebulosity condensed in the centre. This singular comet n(lords another example of the pe culiarity noticed1 by Olbers in January, 1924, respecting he comet of December, 18-13. It has two tails, visible in the comet searcher; the ordinary tail extends about five degrees in the direction from the comet opposite that of .he sun The extraordinary tail is inclined about twenty degree* to the South of the line from the comet towards the sun, atid extends about one degree, being narrower ind better defined; resembling rays streaming outwards towards the sun. The new comet's places on the 11th ind 26th of the month, at 20 minutes past 7, P. M , are as follows:? R. A. Dec. Ian. 11 348 deg 0 inin. south 48deg. 0 min. By Mr Clark, Jan 26 29 " 11 " 81 " 34 " U.S. Obs. Daily increase in Right Ascension 2 deg. 17 rain. Daily motion in Declination North 1 " 4 " These two visiters from the southern skies, are at pre sent about 23 degrees apart; but their apparent paths in tersect each other at 44} degrees of right ascension, and twenty-one and one-tenth degrees of south declination. Phis will be the position of the Mauvais Com. t on the evening of the 3th of February. It is also worthy of re mark, tfiftt should the present direction and rate of motion of tie new comet continue, it would, on that evening, be within a degree of the same point?a singular ^conjunc tion ol two comets unexampled in the history ol Asttonc my, if, indeed, such an event has ever occurred. Yours respectfully, 8K.AR8C. WALKER. Indian Council.?We learn from the Fronfirr IVhiff that the Cherokee Council had convened at ihu old Chirokca agency: the United States' Commis -loners were present with one company of infantry and part of a company of dragoons. About 900 names ha 1 been enrolled at the latest date*, but many were unable to :ttend. The press ofthc crowd was so great, that they intended adjourning to Fort Gibson until more com fortable quarters could be obtained. Some weeks are cx pectrd to be consumed in the transaction of their business. Great excitement was produced by the arrival of two I irge delegations ol Ross's Irion.is on horseback, amount ing to 200, and all were anxious to know what will finally he done. It appears impossible for them to unite 'ho Ross and the other party. Tnat ail may understand the nature of their claims upon the Government, we extract the following from the same paper 1. The Old Settlers and Ttaaty Party, in conjunction, want a part ol the Cherokee country, proportioned to their numbers set apart ior their exclusive occupancy, up -n which they may live in peace and under their own laws, free from the oppressions which they now ondurc. 2. The Old Settlers, considering one-third of the old inuuitles secured to them under the treaty of 1819, and the entire country west ceded to them by the treaties of 1828 and 1833, in txchmigc for the lands given them by 'he treaties ol 1917 and 1819, as their exclusive property, ?vant the restoration of these annuities, aud a lair con -idaration for that portion ol their country of which they have been, or may be wrongfully deprived. 3 The Treaty Party want the per capita meney pro mised them ander the treaty of 1933. new upward of -ight y< are withheld They also want the'r proportion of ti e old annuities, and those arising out of the treaty ol 1883. set apart (or tin ir separate use, with the view of investing it with the annuitlas ot the Old Settlers, to .'rente a fund lor their common benrflt V. 8. Commissioner's Offlre. Before Commissioner Rapelje C. llarlin, mats oi the brig " Eratta," latelv at this port, was arrested on a charge ef smuggling 4,onn cigars, by evading the duties It the custom house, and stands com mitted (or the offence. Burns' Anniversary* The friends and admirers of the immortal bard commemorated the day which gave him birth, at Tammany Hall, on the 25thinst. Mr. Wm Cujt presided ; Messrs James Dunlop and Robt. Sinclair, Vice Presidents; JohnMorrison,Secretary. After partakiBg of an eacellent dinner, the President in troduced the prominent object for which we had met, by a brief address on the character, and the practical tendency and influence the poems, songs, and prose writings of Burns are calculated to pro-* duce. This was followed by toasts, sentiments, and songs,until 12 o'clock, (being Saturday) when the company broke up, resolving to meet some ither nicht, "for nuld lung syne." It would be inexcu sable to omit to notice the two excellent songs which follow, which were written for the occa sion, and sung after the toasts. The com pany were also delighted with an eloquent but brief and pithy introduction of a toast to Burns, by A. McArthur, Esq , a young Scotsman, and a member of the bar of this city. Standino Toasts. 1. The memory of Burns. THE SONUS OF CALEDONIA. Air?"Thou bonnie wood of Cranio lea." CHORUS. The songs of Caledonia? The songs of Caledonia? Thoughfur away, we'll blithely sing The songs of Caledonia. The songs that charm'd our early days? When merry hearts were void of care Shall cheer life's dim, declining rays, And make its burdens light to bear. The songs of Caledonia, Ac.) lmpell'd by destiny to 10am From Caledonia o'er the main? In dreams the Exile visits home, And hears his native songs again. The songs af Caledonia, lie. They bring his distant cot to view, T he sunny heather hills among? And long forgot'.en scenes renew, Where first bis native songs he snng. The songs of Caledonia, Ac. The broomy bower?the hawthorn tree? The bonnie fragrant moss rose wild? The gowans spangled o'er the lea He plucks again, 88 when a child. The songs of Caledonia. &c. The cherish'd friend of " Auld lang syne," By fancy's faithful mirror glasi'd, (Embalm'd in mem'ry's hallowU shrine,) In airy forms?are Hitting past. The songs of Caledonia, Ac. He hears the mavis in the grove? The burnie wimpling near bim flows? How much?the Exile's heart can prove? To Caledonia's Bards he owes. The Bards of Caledonia, The Bards of Caledonia, Whose msgic shell! has wrought such spell, The Bards of Caledonia. Of all the lyric stars that grace The sparkling crest of Scotia fair, 'Tie Burns commands the chiefest place The crowning gem's the Bard of Ayr. To Burns and Caledonia, To Burns and Caledonia? The minstrel and the land of song : To Burns and Caledonia. 3. Scotland?her music, poetry, literature, and stub: horn integrity, rank her high on the scroll of lama. Song.?" Ye Cantie Bards " 3. The United States.?In years infantile?in strength herculean. Song ?" The Star Spangled Banner." 4. Reciprocity?the ground wont of universal peaco and tranquility.? Song. 6. Sell-government?the acme of perfection. Song.?J' A man's a man for a' that." 6. Civil Toleration?the shrine of liberty and public safety.?Song. 1. The Lasses.?Though last not least, but first and best. Song ?" Oreen grows the rashes o." By the President.?The works of Sir Walter Scott bright stars in the constellation of genius, whose radiant rays are felt from pole to pole By James. Dunlor.?May the aons o' auld Scatland aye meet in harmony in loreigu lands. By Robert Sinclair ?Wives ! By John Morrison.?Annexation?II e go for the an nexation (not of Texas, but) of the Sexes, when accom panied with pure aed loving hearts?honest and honora ble desires ard purposes?kind and charitable feelings? some bonnie bairns, with plenty to support them|in com fort and happiness. ? By J. B. Earle.?The men of Scotland?whose integ rity is equalled enly by thair hospitality end bravery. By J L. Brown.- May the native scions (of those pre sent) surpass the original stock. By John Martin ? The Land o'Cakes?so productive of dough-heads. By Alex Murrat.?Our absent friends and com panions, who were wont to associate with us on previous festivals. By a Guest.?" May the kail brose o' auld Scotland ne'er be eteert by a foreign spurtie. By the Secretary.?Tne friends and admirers of Scot land's favorite Bard, who conceived, planned, and carried out the great and noble festival, which took place at " Bonnie Doon,"ln August, 1944 By a Ouest.?The memory ol bonnie Jean. a Quest.?Baith ends o' the Busk. By A. McAhthub.?Burns?His spirit of manly inde pendence, when placed amidst bis excellencies as a poet, is like a heart of steel embossed with jewels. Turn:?" Scott who hat." F.ver lives thy wondrous lyre. Whose rich strains to Heaven aspire, " Burnt"?the soul of bardie fire And nature's poesy. Ever lives, Ac. Caledonia's woods and hills, And her silver dimpling rills, Glens and torrents, meads yet thrills With Burns' poesy. Ever lives, Ac. Climes far distant from his birth Own fair nature's poet's worth, Soul ot wit, woe, love, and mirth, Is Burna' poesy. Ever lives, Ac. Long will mourning Caledon Weep to know the course he run, All neglected?" Burns," bright son Of Scotland's poesy. Ever lives, Ac. By Hugh Kerr.?Honest men and bonnie lasses. By Wm. Georoe.?The land we lett, and the land we live in By a Guest.?Breads day auld?beer a year suld? meat baith h-t and eaiild, and a wife that 'ill never scald. By John Haldank?May the rudiments of the educa tion and industry which wo learnt in braid Scotland never be put to a bad purpose in this, the land of our choice. By a Guest.?Burns and Scott, Scotland's brightest ?>oets?A bed of thistles to the doit who can read their works without appreciating and venerating them. After the Pretsidem had retned, a toast wag drank to his health, and thanks tor the able and satisfac tory manner with which he had conducted the ? estivities. The health and fireside of Major Sinclair was iikewiee drank, as well oh account of services on his occasion, as his being one of the originators >f the Hums anniversaries, and having presided at Previous ones. John Morrison, Sec'y. Sperlal Session h Jan. 9d ?Ji Peter Punk in the Penitentiary? Fun seems to lave closed the door upon the outside of the Special 8es ions Court rooto, and is airaid to enter in again. Misery uid crime, however, flourish as healthily or unhealthily ? ever, and the same old familiar faces often present themselves ot the bar to sett e up their account, or have i balance struck The only case that was of the slightest i tnrest was that ol a Peter Funk named Walter Lamb, ne bully of au establishment in Chatham street, kept by i man nsmed Pincher A person named John V\ ilton ??nut into tha store, snd|I,amn accused him of having bid ind on his denying it, knocked him down twice The Recorder, after some slashing remarks upon mock mctions and Peter Funks, concluded by sending him to the Penitentiary for three months. Common Plena. Before Judge Daly Jan. "J8.?Imtosition on Emigrants ?Thomas Doyle vs. Michuel Kennedy.?This was an action ol trespass, to reco tr a i|UHntity ot clothing and wearing spparil, detained orcibly by defendant, who, it appeared, keeps a hoarding louse in Washington street, from plaintiff, who arrived ierc in August last, and put up st defendant's house, with .is family, agreeing to pay f 17 ftO per week At the end il'the week plaintiff left, and offered $90 in payment, i hen defendant, it was alleged, kept his ttunks and cer in household articles and wearing apparel. Verdict tor plaintiff $W> 13. Before Judge L'lshoeft'er Jan 38 ? Dnriet et uxor es Bertinr and Vatulerhoof ? This c ise, already noticed, was resumed and continued Verdict this torcnoon. Court Calendar?'This Day, Circuit Court.-Non Oh, 99 101,103, 108 to 118, 118, 119,131,338, 133, te T39 >mmon Pleas.?No*. 38. 33, 37, 19, 14. 38, 40,8, 10, 38, 41. OR. l.ARDNEK, CONSULTING ENGINEER. A CARD.?'ITie Pnhlic is informed, thst Dr. L.ARDNKR t*. continues the praenre of business ss s Consulting K.nge ;ineer, which he followed on sn esreusive scsle for many years n England and Frani-. Inventors, liatenteas, mannfiicriirers, nerchvuis and others engaged in the arts and manufactures, nay consult him on matters requiring (he spplicatiou of the ?irinciplrs of practical science. ? ertiftcates sad opinions oil the ralidii v and usefulness of new in Tenuous and processes in the rts Rei urts on disputed questions and dnohsful points, et leniprn'm investigations, with a view to the discovery or test ng of unproved processes, will be supplied oi urdei taken when equireq. Office No 21 ftpruce hlreet, New tors All Business letters most he post-paid, audio prevent tuns being lost by frivolous applications, sit aptd'ee1"" will he et pected m pay a retaining fee of 810 before consult "Ion. an tare

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