Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 31, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 31, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORE HERAL Vol. XI., JVo.30?Wholo Ho. 3009. NEW YORK. FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 81. 1845. Prleo Two ContM Governor's Mesa age of Pennsylvania* To Ike Seriate and lleuee of ReprtietUalivte OrirLtvc.i s?In accordance with a promise made to you in my Inaugural Address, I now r.ubmit to you such tacts, having a bearing on the financial condition ot the Commonweulth, as the time has permitted me to collect The near approach ot the day on which the semi-annual interest again talis due, and the anxiety which we all feul to return as soon as possible to a state ot public sol vency, has hastened the preparation of this statement and will account lor the want ot fullness, and perhaps of mi nute accuracy in details. It is believed, however, that it may be regarded, for all practical purposes, aa adequate ly correct. Tne 8'ate debt of Pennsylvania, as appears by the an nual report of the State Treasurer, consists of the follow ing items Permanent loans, at ft par cent int., $32,681 682 01 Do 4i do 300,000 00 Do 6 do 1,730,063 37 Certificates of loan for interest on funded debt. August 1,1842, and February and August, 1R48, at 0 per cent, 3,000,333 03 Certificates for interest on 1st February and 1st August, 1944, ot 0 percent, 1,847,040 48 Loan per act of 4th May, 1841, (Relief Notes,) 1,438,178 00 Making an aggregate of, $40,703,868 89 The interest upon the State Debt has not been paid aince the first ol February, 1842, but certificatea have been issued lor the same as it accrued : thus funding it,and making it a part of the principal Tue Interest so funded amounts to $4,463,873 ftl ; and upon this there has accrued for interest a sum, also in part funded and included in the above, omounting to nearly $400 000 The annual inter eat payable by the State has thus gone on increasing For the year 1844, it has been stated at $1,984,187 14 ?, for 1844, it will amount, including the intereat accruing on Relief Notes, and on cert'fieatea issued to Domestic Creditor*, to the sum of $3 038,013 66 , The annual receipts into the Treasury, and the annual claims upon it may be arranged in two general classes. One oi these may properly embrace the ordinary reve nues nat derived lrora the public works and from the tax on real and personal property, and the ordinary disburse ments unconnected with the public work* and the public debt. The other may embrace the item* of receipt and disbursement not included in the formor class. The ri ceipts of the former class Into the Treasury, for the year ending on the 1st December, 1844, may be thua stated:? Loans $13,027 37 Aac'ion commissions 34,330 00 Auction duties 68.146 41 Tax on Bank dividends 46 708 66 Tsx on Cofporation stocks 63.379 68 Tavern licenses, 40 160 94 Retailers' licenses 64.847 76 Pedlars' licenses, Brokers'liconses, M?" ? Pamphlet laws, 338 34 Tax on writs ^ aoi m Tax on certain offices ?.?3a m Collateral inheritance tax 31,631 9? Enrolment of charters l.NJO "J Tax on salaries 336 70 Militia and exempt fine *?* Escheats 00 Fees ol Audltqr General's office 44 87 Miscellaneous '. 3.463 <>i $378 046 08 The disbursements of the same olass, for the year end ngon the lat of Dec 1844, may be stated thus Expenses ol Government ? .$364 463 11 Militia expenses 19.'M Pensions and gratuities. 38,869 00 Common schools .$360,771 30 Arrears 60,771 30 300,000 00 Institution lor the Blind ?? Do Deaf and Dumb 11,000 00 Interest on loans, Penitentiary ? 5? Penitentiaries ?? House of Refuge 4,000 00 Public giounds, buildings and water 1,133 66 8iate Library. 2?"2? Miscellaneous 7,670 71 $867,483 79 From a comparison ol these two tables, it appears that the disbursements for the year ending lat Dec. 1844, on all accounts except those connected with the publlo woiks and State debts exceeded the rrcelpta for the same period fiom all sums except the income of the works, anil the tax on real and personal property, by $183,780 71, or iu other words, the ordinary revenuea wore lesa by $188,780 71 than ihe ordinary cxpenaea. Tin- receipts in o the Treasury lor the year ending 1st Dec. 1844, of th3 class which may bo denominated extra ordinary, were as follows :? Profits from Canals and Railroads $629,669 82 Proceeds of tax on real and personal estate... 760,310 Ql Miking an aggregate of. . .$1,860,868 83 The interest on the public debt, as given in the late Treasuret's Report, amounts lor the same period 1.864.187 14 Showing a deficiency of ... ?73,318 si Th* excess oi over income, for the fiscal year 1844 may be summed up thus (If the oidinury cl?a* $188?" Of the extraordinary class 673.316 31 Making an aggregate deficit for 1844, of $763,099 03 In fact, however, no interest was paid in 1844 The mooey* which would have been otherwise applicable to such payment, toar?ther with ? bilsnco of $178,471 60, which was in the Treasury on the 1st of December, 1643, were required to a considerable extent for other purpose*, eu ;h as p ly ment to check roll and domestic oreditors, the cancellation ol Relief notes, the repair* of the Hunting don breach, fco., and in the result, the balance in the Treasury on the 1st Dec. 1841 was reduced to $603,861 86. The calls on the Treasury, for the year ending 1st Dec. 1848. may bj e.tima'ed thus: 1st. Ordinary permanent expenses not con nected with the public works, thesamo as in 1844, , . . 600 00 ?31 cancellation of Relief notes deferred from 81st Dec 1844 by former Treasurer, 60,000 00 34. Cancellation of Relief notes for 1846, *c cording t* act of Assembly, 300,000 00 4th. Payments to domestic creditor* on scrip issued by the Auditor General, amount appropriated 31st May, 1844, 101,169 Mb. in:?r?st piyaM" in 1846, according to report of late Treo?uri'r, via : On Fund- ? o)deb\ $1,768 611 86 Oft Funded certificate, for Icier***, 248,783 (H) On 4th May i.iued. 31,600 00 fi(. $3,048,432 06 Of these It may ba remembered that the first item sup poses ua increase to be made to the ordinary appropria tions beyond those of the last Tear. I have assumed that the nroxressive cancellation of the relief notes provided for in the second and third itrms will not be interlerred with We can never hope for a sound system ot curren cy or finance. until these are all of tbem withdrawn from circulation. The payment of the Domestic Creditors scrip which forms the fourth item, I also return bee-use iuitice seems to require that we should not make excep tion! smang creditors i quallv meritorious ; and this item has moreover been appropriated for, and the money s are actually claimable at the Treasury. The remaining item five, is for interest on our landed debt, an t corres ponds with the estimate reported by the late Treasurer. I have not included the balances of appropriations now in the Treasury and liable to be c illed tor, because it may b) assumed that similar balances will be in the Treasury a'the closo of the fiscal year. The income for the year ending 1st Dacember, 1846, 1 estimate a* follows: lit, Receipts from ordinary sources of income, exclud ioe public works and taxes, vir : Amount received trom those sources in 1844, $379,646 06 To which I add a probable increase for 1846 of 10 pur cent, 37,864 60 3d. Proll's of canals and railway* for 1846, ea ti < ated at , M0.?0? <*> 3d. Proceeds of tax on real and personal estate, 1,000.000 00 $3,066,616 68 No certain estimate can be made of the receipts from this tax. The amount derived from it in 1844, was $781, 310 01. The aggregate of the assessment ol that year is not known, ond it is, therefore, impossible to calculate what will be that of 1848. The act requiring an additional mill to bo levied on the more important subject! of taxa tion, may be rolled on lor a considerable Increase ; but, assuming the amonnt of tax levied for 1846 lo be 60 per cent greater than that lor 1644, there appears to ma no reason to believe, from a comparison ot the amounts levied with the amounts collected in put yeors, that the collections ol 1846 will exceed those of 1644 more than 33} per cent This would give us one million of dollars as the nett proceeds of the tax on reel and personal estate. I do not feel myself justified in making a more liberal sati mntonf this item, nor in making a separate allowance for arrearages of foxes to be collected within the year. The sum ot $781,310 11. received Into the Treasury in 1944, and which lorms the beaia of the est mate of $1,000. OSK) for the present year, was, four A ths of It the proceeds of the taxes of former years ?. and the estimated million for 1846 must be regarded in like manner as including a very large amount of the more recent arrearages. The aggregate of receipts for 1846, thua estimated is $3 066 610 66 Comparing our estimated receipts end liabilities for the year ending Deoember, 1816, they stand thus Estimated receipts $3,066 610 68 Estimated liabilities 3,948,482 66 And they show that the mm of $661 931 3T will be wanting to complete the payment* of the year Were the entire balance in the Treasury on 'st Decim her, 1844, to be applied in reluctiorrof this deficiency, there wonld still remain $338,069 49 of deficiency unpro vided fur. It is obvious from this, that if even all the resources ot the fiscal year could be made available for the psvment ot the inVroet In February and August of the year 1846, they would mill be insufficient, though aided by the applies tlon ot $663,861 88, from the accumulated income of for mer yours But it is plain that a large part of the raeourcee of the year cannot be made a vallsfblo to this object. The second semi-annual interest becomes payable four month* beforr the close of the Ureal year, when a large proportion of tht r ceipts, rqual, probably, lo more then one third of the | whole, have not yet oome in. The income of theae four months, from 1st August to 1st December, in fact, belongs to the fund destined to pay the interest on the following February, and to anticipate it for the August payment would be to misapply it. The most careful estimates which I have been able to prepare, satisfy me that there will be a deficiency of means to meet the interest payment of August next, supposing the February interest to be paid in full, of about $900,000 The ability of the treaaury, at the present time, with reference to the approaching February payment, may bo judged of from the following facts From causes connected with the times at which the ar rears of interest were funded, there is a difference in the amounts payable for interest on 1st February and August respectively, the amount payable in Febiuary being $971,395 90, that in August being $1,003,617 60. Tomeet the February int :reat, now payable in a few days, the amount in the treasury may bo thua stated un the 36th January, 1945, the apparent balance in the treasury was $901,703 31 Of the balance there was in Relief Notes, lrgally can celled on 31st Dec., 1844, $50 000 00 In unavailable funds, 6,176 00 Advance on account ffar the use of the Government, 11,391 33 67 567 23 Making the real balance, $934,135 10 The receipta into the Trea sury, between 26th Janua ry snd 1st of February,are cat mated, 16,000 00 Showing aa the available ba lance in the Treaaury for the intereit day, $949,135 10 Which turns consist of par funda, 419,684 91 Currency equal to R. Notes, 399,450 19 $949,135 10 It will be seen from this, that on the 1st of next month the bslanoe in the Treasury will not be adequate to the full payment of the interest falling due that day, but will be deficient in the sum ot $133 360 80, to which must be added such additional sums as may be necessary to con vert the relief fund into specie. The deicit on the 1st February, thus ascertained, fur nishea another means of testifying the correctness of the estimstes presented above, of the condition of the Trea aury on the lat of August next. The receipts between] the 1st of February and the lit August, have been esti mated as follows From sources other than direct taxes and public works, r $167,633 67 From tax on real and personal property, 300,000 00 This estimate is lower than the average of the yeat, but it is to be observed that these six months have always been a mong the least 'productive, and that the additional mill tax of the last session will not be available before the 1st of August. From public works, net receipts, as esti mated by the Commissioners, 334,680 45 Making.an aggregate of $803,230 12 Deduct from this aggiegate the deficit on the 1st of February above mentioned, 133,360 80 And the net receipts are $679,969 33 Deduct from this the esti mated expenditure* for the period Irom lat Feb to 1st August, vix Expenses of Government, $170,000 00 Education, loo.ooo 00 Pensions, il.DOO 00 Penitentiary, 4000 00 Miscellaneous, 3 000 00 299,000 00 Balance, $391,959 33 This balance, under exiiting law*, is np Slied, in part, to the payment of the am't ue domestic creditors, $103,169 66 And to cancellation of relief notes, 100 000 00 303,169 66 Estimated balance applicable t> the pay ment of the interest on 1st of August, provided the Legislature shall make no special or extraordinary appropriations, to be paid prior to the first or August, $189,799 76 I have thus frankly presented to you, gentlemen, what appears to me to be the iacti in reference to the present and prospective condition of the Treasury. The conclu sions to which 1 have come differ in tome dfgree from those which were sanctioned bv the estimable gentle man who recently filled the office of State Treasurer The difference arises principally from the fact that f have included among the charges upon the Treasury, the can c .llation of relief notes and the payment of domestic ere (liters and that he has estimated the profits of the public works, and the revenue from the State taxes, fee , more highly than those whose opinions I have adopted. Should hit views prove to be more correct than mine, the (fleet upon the finances will not be important before the first ot August next, however hapnily they may influence the atate of the Treasury after that period. I cheerfully submit to the wisdom of the Legislature to determine what course should he pursued under the cir cumstances. If I am correct in the views which I have taken, it is apparent that we are not yet prepared to re aume the payment of our interest in lull,and to continue the payment punctually after. This state of things, how ever, will not continue long The payment of our do mestic creditor* in full, and the cancellation of a large amount of relief notes, for which I have estimated, are In their valua temporary disbursements, which will essen tially relieve the Treasury, and the operations of the in crease tax law of the last legislature must yield, after a time, a large increase of revenue But for tho present the question may bo regarded as a simple alternative. Whether all the moneys which will he in the treasury on the 1st of February next eholl be converted into par funds and paid out as far as they will go in discharge of the interest then due, or whether such a rate of intereat shall he paid on the 1st of February as can, with rcasonahlecertainty, he egaln paid on the 1st of Auguat, looking to a gradual increase in the amount of our future interest payments as our improving citcmr. stances shall warrant and holding the State fully bound to make payment of the arrears at the earliest time. It can hardly be expected, even in the moat prosperous condition of the Treasury, that our financial operations can be so regulated as that there shall be neither a defi ciency nor an excess in the Treasury on the days for the payment of our semi annual iuterest. Hence the necrs. sity will at once he perceived of providing, as soon as practicable, a contingent fund to meet any deficit that may occur on an interest day. The mode in which such a fund should be constituted will properlv he ihn suhject for future consideration, but it cannot fait to impress it self u;?ou the mind ef'ho Legist iture as an important part ol a well regulated evatem of State finance. Th* whole subject refers itself properly to you, and whatever may he your decision, I shall held myself rea dy cordially t1 co-onerate with you in the great work ol vindicating the integrity and renovating the pride of our Commorfwealth. FRR. 8HUNK. Executive Chsmbeb, January 29,1846. Swindler Arrested?An Irishman, calling himself Captain Mason, of the English Navy, ap peared fa this city a little more than two years since, and succeeded in getting into tho company ef gentlemon oi standing and character He showed letters and docu ments to prove that he was Captain of the steam ship , Clyde, hut now on half pay, and that he had a credit of | ?600 in London. By showing these documents, and bv other artifices, he succeeded in raising eight or ten hun dred dollars, of Groesheck k Co., and also the endorse ment of a very worthy citiaen for $600. which was cash ed by the same Bankers, with all of which he suddenly disipneared " to parts unknown ." A day or two rinse, he came down from Pittsburgh on the Valley Forge, under the name of Oimsby, in very different guise trom that in which he appeared before; nis Jress being shabby, his whiskers shaved off. and a formidable pair of green goggles mounted. Notwith standing this i.isguise, one of his creditors happened to catch a glance at him aa he was entering the theatre, and had him arretted forthwith on a capias He was taken before Mr Singer, whero hn was identified by many per son*, and finally made no denial that he waa the " Capt Mason, R. N." who so effectually raised the wind from Groesheck k Co. and others. He was committed for trial for obtaining money by false pretences. He says he is now associated with the famous fid Her, Olo Bull, and that hn had oome to this city to make ar rangement* for the latter, at the Cincinnati Theatre. He had the cool impudence, under the name of Orm*by, to give a person a letter ol introduction a few months since, to the very gentleman whom he had defrauded ol $400 by endorsement The latter, although he could re collect no friend of the name of " Ormshy," recognized the hand-writing, and was saved from imposition.? Cin cinnati Het aid. Eldale P. Cohen, we. The Mttthal Insurance Company op New York?In Baltimore County Court, Jan. 10 ?The facts of the rase were these :-The htig T. Street was Injured in the Office of the defendant lor one year for $10,000. She left New Orleans In October 1843, for Kingston, and after she had lett the Btlize she was beset with heavy storms, which did her very great damage. She was afterwards taken to Key West by the wreckers, whose aid was called in ny the Captain, and by them libeled for salvage; subsequently to which the Captain filed hi* petition in the Court of Admiralty, asking for a sale of the vessel for tho benefit ot all con cerned The vessel was sold on the 19th Ootober, 1843, under the decree oi the Court. It appeared by the testi mony of the Captain that he ceuld not procure the nece*. aary materials for the repairing of the vessel; and this opinion waa fortified by that efe board of surveyor*, who examined the vessel at Key West, and who reported that the vessel was totally unworthy of repair because of tha extent of the damage which she had sustained. It did nst appear from tho record whether or not the surveyor* act?d under oath. There was other testimony In the case, showing that >the purchaser of tha vessel did refit her, and that she afterwards made several voyages. On the ?Jgth of October,on the strength of a letter dated Key West, whioh had appeared in tha newspapers, the plain tiff abandoned the vessel to tho underwriter*. The Jury returned a verdict in favor of the riaintiff foi $10,334 34. Tiik Chippkwab.?Theeei Indians fornnrlj reckoned as the extent cf their territory, all the country whose waters run into Lake Superior Their language his been called the Greek ot the American Indiana. All tha northern tribe* of Indian* can under stand the common word* of tha Chippewa, with the ex ception of the Sioux, Winnebago* and lowes. The language of tho termer ia drstitu'e of gutnral sounds, those of the Utter tribes ia not.?GsUna CUmmu. Boston. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Boston, Jan. 29, 1845 Massachusetts Great Abolition Anti-Texas Conven tion?Abbey Folsom? Organization ? Garrison? Abolition Union?Speeches of Judge Williams and Stephen C. Phillips. This is the appointed day for the assembling of the Convention at Faneuil Ilall to take measures against the annexation of Texas. The day is dull and stormy; the streets beneath, and the sky above, of the same dirty hue, and the same wa tery consist *ncy. It would seem as though the soil of Massachusetts sweats with apprehension, and the clouds shed tenrs at the iniquity of the act, the consummation of which is so fearfully threat ened by the recent intelligence from Washington. So argue the friends of the Convention; but the friends of annexation contend that the clouds lower about "old Faneuil," and the streets are dragging with filth, because of the iniquitous busi ness of "old Federalism," "Hartford Convention ism," and "British subserviency," for which the hall is appropriated, and the day set apart. Yet, so it is; upoa every question there will be opposing opinions, and rain and mud will ever be one man's meat and another man's poison. The Convention is culled under the auspices of Hon. Stephen C. Phi lips of Salem, Hon. Le verett Saltonstall of Salem, Hon. Daniel Webster of Marshfield, and other, signers to the public call promulgated in the papers for a week or two past. The hour of meeting was ten o'clock, and at hall past ten, some two hundred and fifty delegates were collected on the floor of the Hall, and while they wfre waiting patiently for the waters to move, the celebrated Mrp. Abigail Folsom arose in the Bouth gallery, devoted to the use of ladies, and commenced an harangue about the persecu tions of her confrere in " come-out-ismSilat Lawson. This interlude, or rather preluae to the great overture of Texas, was suddenly interrupted by two police officers, who seized Abby around the shoulders and legs, and commenced her remo val from the gallery. Abby, with her usual philo sophy, became as comatose as a sowbug, and re posed her whole weight upon the minions of the law. While this operation was going on. "shame," "shame,"was cried bysome, "good," "go it," "put her out," "throw her over," by others, and Abby at length disappeared amid the dark crowd of spectators hovering around the door, like a pearl amid the black waves of the troubled ocean. Abby, by the way, is a great abolitionist, and in the same gallery with her we noticpd Mrs Maria Chapman, somewhat known to fame in that line, and several others. On the floor we noticed many abolitionists cf the most fanatical class among the delegates, such as Wm. L. Garrison, Francis Jackson, Rev. Samuel J. May, J. G. Whittier. Ebenezer Hussey, and others. Soon after the incident of ejecting Mrs Folsom, the Hon. Stephen C. Phillips of Salem, called the Convention to order, and unon motion of Charles Francis Adams, a son of John Q. Adams, a com mittee was appointed to report a list of candidates for officers oi the Convention. The committee retired, and soon after brought in the following nominations, which were cordially adopted, and the Convention organised accordingly. President, Hon. John M Williams; Vice-presidents, John Davis of Boston, Daniel A. White of Salem, Eli sha Huntington of Lowell, David Wilder of Leo minster. Ira M. Barton of Worcester, George Grin ned of Greenfield, Ashael Foote of Williamstown, William Jackson of Newton, Artemas Hale of Bridgwaier, John Reed of Barnstable; Secretaries, George T. Curtis of Boston, J. B. Congdon of New Bedford, J Milton Earle of Worcester, John G. W hittier ol Haverhill. The venerable Judge Williams was then con ducted to the chair, and upon hie invitation, the Rev. Dr Parkman took the stand and opened the anti-Texas argument in a fervent prayer against that measure. At this period there were about three hundred and fifty persons on the floor, as de gates 0 Judge Williams then requested the other officers to come forward and take the seats assigned ihent, and made a speech in return for the honor con ferred upon htm. fie paid he distrusted his ability, (hat the office was above his deserts and aspirings, and he had rather, from choice, sit at the feet of the wise and good gathered here and listen in humble silence to the language of truth and sober ness. Butthe Convention had willed itotherwise, and he must humbly submit. He then alluded to the Convention us a deliberative assembly, called together without distinction of party, and com posed of people opposed to the Annexation of Texas. This single subject should occupy the at tention of the Convention, and he considered it one of momentous importance to (he present and future generations of this country. He said it was in sub stance a question, whether a large portion of the people of this country should be transferred and ceded to a foreign State. Unlike most legislative acts, this, it accomplished, yvould be irrevocable? and the union thus consummated could only be dissolved by civil war. Under these circumstances he thought it important that Massachusetts, one ol the oldest StalfBof the Union, should enquire what was to be done, whether rulers could not be in duced to pause and reflect before consumma ting a measure of such flagrant violation of the spirit and principle of the Constitution. He called upon the whig, the democrat and the abolitionist to come forward in this emergency. He called upon the Native Republicans particularly, to come forward end resist the act which would constitute citizens of thin country a whole nation of aliens. (Oren: applause.) Yes, said the old gentleman, let the people ol Massachusetts speak ; let the people of other States, who do not tolerate slavery, apeak ; let not the voices of our people be stifled ; let them be beard above the roiirof the cannon which the friends of this measure may discharge in their exultation. (Alluding to a salute ot one hundred guns fired on the Common the day previous by th< "young democracit" of Boston.) He cautioned the Con - mittee not to introduce destructive principles into their body to disturb harmonious action; and, finally, will, sandor and zeal, but with calmness and sobriety?witn singleness of hwart, but with lull purpose of action?to accomplish the mission upon which thoy have been dele gated, and let their voice go forth. If it waa not obeyed by the government, it would be heard and respected by their fellow citizens of other States. If that voice could not save us from the threatened calamity, it would save us from co-operation in the foul deed!*? Irom the distress of conscience?save us irom cold and silent acquies cence in the perpetration of an enomous wrong, a great national tin. (Tokens of applause were manifested at thu conclusion of this speech ) The Hon. Stephen C. Phillips, at the call of the Presi dent, came forward on behalf of the Committee of Ar rangements, to develope their views as to the proper met sures to be pursued under the circumstances before the country. The gentleman made a speech of some two hours and a hall in duration,very declamatory in its char acter,nnd strongly marked by that tautology and verbose nasa lor which the speaker is distinguished The sub stance oi his remarks was, that the people had seen, and with astonishment, in the proceedings of Congress, the inception, the progress, and almost the accomplishment of a design most extramdinary in reference to tlie means proposed by which to accomplish the end. Theae means and this object aimed destruction at the object* for which ?overnment was established,were irreconcilable with the institution, and involved a design anti-republican, anti human, and anti christian. (Applause.) He then went on to give a brief description of the project for the annex ation of Texas He stated that the question as to posses*, ing Texas was decided by this count'y at once and for ever by the negotiations with Spain; that the boandary was settled at that time, and that the beat interest- of th> country, civil end military, wero considered by ali concerned, as being secured by that settlement He alledged tbat Jomes Munroe, John Quincy Adama and Andrew Jackson concurred at tha< time, (hat the question was properly settled, and tbat leoking to thu future, it could never become important to

this country to alter the arraDgcments A consideration not then thought of-aud which no man, had It occurred to him, would then have dared to uige against the nettle m nt then mode, was now brought forward as the reason why Texas should be n part of this country. He then went into the hirtory of the rupture between Texts snd Mexico at considerable length, for the purpose ef shew ing that the existence of slavery in Texas was the cause of that rupture, and of the consequent attempts to annex Texas to this country. The a lution to the abolition oi slavery by Mexico in 1899, was received with unbounded Hpplaus*. and the warm encomiums of the speaker upon thut |iower were cordially responded to He asserted that the attempt was madefby slaveholders at the Sooth, to ir duce the United States Government to acknowledge the independence of Texas, and at the same time te admit her into the Union-hut that attempt failed, and Congre* could only be brought to recognise her independence snd appoint a Charge d* ^Ijfatret to the new republic Proceeding in his narrative, the speaker next alluded to the proposals made to Mr. Van Buren's Oovernmei t for her admission to tha Union, and nought to trace this as one of tha oonsequent steps to the first attempt to sept - rate Texas from Mexico, and unite her te the United States, on account of slavery. Hd applauded Mr. Va.i Buren highly fir rejecting this proposition; seidthetif General Harrison had lived, no man would now have heard of annexation; that John Tyler got it up to give glory ?o his administration, and to give him'elf Influence. He next viewed the proceedings in making the late treat) , ind a??eited that the rejection of that treaty by the K nate cloned the question for ever, that it was audacious for the President to assume that the question wns open hi the commencement oi the present session of Congreer, and that the attempt to annex, by resolution, as It had passed the House, was a high handed attempt to evade the cnnatitutiosal power lodged with the Senate He then alluded to the charge that this Convention fought te die solve the Union, and denied it emphatically, itating that the purpose wu? to prevent others lrom dissolving it Try en larging it, and. in couclualou, proposed that this Conven tion adopt meusurea to confer with the people of the other free States to oppose this measure. A motion was then adopted to appiint a committee of three to repoit an addn sh to the people of the-United States; and .Messrs. Charles Alien, cf Worcester, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, Stephen C. Phillips, oi Salen, and IVm. B. I alhoun, ol Springfield, were ap pointed. W L. Osamsrif took part in the proceedings of the Convention, and we shall probably hear more from him. The Convention adjourned to 3 o'clock P.M. . Our reporter does not embrace in hiB report the latest proceedings. We find in the Boston Advcr tiser of yesterday the following: ? Mr Garrison of Boston, then took the floor, and said that he rose to second the motion of Mr. Love joy to recommit the address, but with this amend ment, that they be directed to add to it the follow ing clause, or one to the same effect:? ?' Tnat in view of the fact that two branches of the Go vernment have already declared their wish and concur rence in the project cf annexation, we deem it our duty distinctly to dr.ciare what ought to he, and what we have faith to believe will t.e, the course of Massachusetts, sh iutd the infamous plan be consummated Deeming the act utterly unconstitutional and void, we declare that the peoele oi this Commonwealth will never submit to it, as the law of the land, but look upon the Uni in as dissolved, and proceed to lorm a new government for herself, and such of the free States as will aid her in carrying out the greut purposes of our father* in behalf of civil liberty.? And we call upon the several towns of the Commonwealth, whenever the proclamation of the President shall an uounce that Texas is annexed to this Union, immediately to assemble and choose delegates for a second session of this Convention which shall take measurer for the forma tion oi a New Union with such States a* do not tolerate lomertie slavery?the Union of 17S9 having then ceased to exist." The reading of this proposal by Mr. Garrison was received by mingled hisses and cheers, and one or two solitary cries of " treason." He went on to advocate it in a strain which can be very easily imagined, but which we have not space to report. There were for a time some hisses and som- cheere, and he then went on to a silent, al though doubtless an anxious audience. His con clusion. an eloquent appeal to Massachusetts, to be not only free herself, but "foremost to make free," was received with hearty sympathy and ap plause. Albany, [Correspondence of the Herald ] . Albany, Jan. 27, 1846. Opinions on the Annexation Movement Meeting ?Position of Silas Wright?The next Caucus? Attorney General? Other Appointments ? The So. I preme Court. My Dear Sir:_ The proceeding?, as reported in the Herald, of ' the large, but disorderly," meeting of Friday evening, the 2-llh instant, as you mny readily ima gine, hav<jgiven rise to "multitudinous andmulti fanous" sentiments in this city, as doubtless they will wherever they may be proc[aimed. The an nexatton, or re-annexation of Texas, is a question of vital importance to the people of the United States; but of greater importance to the inhabitants of Texas. And no man of any judgment or wis dom can, or does deny, that in the general election through which the country has recently passed, the opinion of the people in favor of annexation was most distinctly and forcibly expressed. It is to be borne in mind, at the same time, that the opinion was one of a general character, having no reference to ciicumstances or details. Equally true it is, that the high and lasting importance of this question should command an unusual degree of calm and deliberate consideration from those men that have been chosen from among the people to decide for the people. Texas is not to become a portion of our country, because impulsive gem tlemen choose to assemble themselves together and shout at the top of their voices, all about the lone star, enlarging the boundaries of free snrTnf ?hi?TnnT,r?,al adva<:,se"9" and all thai sort ol thing. This is not the way to accomplish great national measures, wherein all ourpopulation the cool and dispassionate, as well as the fiery and tmpulsive, have equal interest and concern May it not be regarded as a novel feature, to sav ihe least, wh-n a gentleman holding high and re sponsible trusts under the goverment, a?sume iTthe Vl?h "f Cf r V*I7 citizen 10 take l,art n the deliberations of a ,f primary" meeting o< the people; but actually takes upon himself the unusual responsibility of directing through him self and his subordinates the current and course of Ha5 th,B ?P?ctacle been at any time hitherto presented to " he lion-hearted demo cracy, the masses, the bone and sinew" of our people in town or country I It is presumed that none will question the right of any free and en lightened citizen to act just us he pleases, provided his acts do not inlringe upon the rights of his fel iows; no one disputes this proposition. But while this right is admitted what shall be said of the de licacy or propriety of the case supposed 1 Cam out the proposition in all its t.ioodsand tenses,whai becomes of the poverty-stricken citizens who are not in the receirt of the honor, emoluments, and patronage of official station, and who are conse quently unable to raise up a party to support and countenance th?>m, simply because th-y are unable to pay. Like Korah's host, they may be wholly swallowed up Some people are so credulous that ts * rf,adily believe in the doctrine, ox Pnjruli? Vox Iki but if matters go on swimmingly in the way they have latterly commenced, we may be called on to give in our adhesion to another and more obnoxious assertion?"ihe voice of money, of offtce, is the voice of the people." If the fact that a resolution complimentary to the good quali' ties cf Silas Wright, proposed in Tammany Hall, and hissed on to or under the table, has been pro ductive of any serious or disagreeable results^ or it such tact has given rise to any loss of appetite or nausea in the region of the mucus membrane, the most shrewd and astute observers have been alto gether unable to discover any signs or symptoms in the outward mau. Before the election, not onlv in the 'old wig warm, but in everv other place where the democracy, the lion-hearted democracy were accustomed to hold deliberation and council, no name among them all was received with so much enthusiasm, with such uproariousdemonstra Moos of political love and affection, as that ot Silas Wright! What public act of Mr Wright since the election has been powerful enough to create such a change in the hearts and voices of " the lion hearted," or that portion ot " the lion-hearted de mocracy" which took counsel ana deliberated ii Tammany Hall on Friday night I It jmsseth al' comprehension. But you may with safety depend upon the assurance that the end is not yet The people, and by this is not meant any body ot men who manutacture public opinion by getting up large meetings and parading their proceedings and names before the world in partizan papers? the people of this country are, generally speaking. an order-loving and a law abiding people." Ir, the country a spirit of coolness prevails, lending to cause men to think twice before they act or speak once. And again, alihough we are " a'greai peo pie, and the inhabitants of a great country, it may be truly said that a characteristic feature and a general feature is, we are not the creatures of im pulse When, therefore, the neople try a man and find him not wanting?when through a public life ot many years the ?>eople find a man uniformly dis playing great ccolners, judgment, consistency and integrity, it may be assumed that, in the ''long run, they will link themselves to his fortunes and his destinies " with hooks of steel." And they would be worse than foolish in the adoption oi any other course. It is to be hoped that the for going will not be lound unworthy of consideration On Saturday evening next, the first of February, another caucus ot the majority will take place, tor the choice ot State officers. The principal bone of contention from all that can he gathered, seems to be the office ot Attorney General Mr. Barker does not find a thousand dollars per annum a suffi ciently valuable consideration for the wear and tear of mental and physical energies consequent upon the station. He goes back to Buffalo and re sumes an extensive and lucrative practice, leaving a vacancy for which there are, I know not how many aspirants " Prince John" will he, "in our course and circumstance of thought" the succes sor of Gen. Barker Hissuccess -vill be attributa ble to a variety of influences, which you can hi predate. Those gentlemen who say that Mr. Vau Buren h*s not the capacity or learning for the place do not kuow him. Mr. Bradiah although a politi cal opponent ot Mr. Va.i Ri?ren, paid him a huh coPipliincnton account ol his manner of arguim causes in the Court for the Correction of Error., wuen he (Mr H ) had the good fortune to be Pr< sident of the Senate. Albeit Mr. Van Buren hes become identified with the extreme droit of th> "lion hearted democracy " owning the cognomen of "barnburners," which said division is in a amail minority on joint ballot? the force ol circumstai eta will draw a number Irom the ranks of the ex treme gauche, and thus Mr. V B. will be chosen Attorney General ''despite my Lord Cardinal." Present appearances would seem to warrant the assertion that Comptroller Flagg nnd Secretary of State Young, will be left iu the quiet enjoyment of their respective and respcetable positions. It may happen, however, that from some violent, yet smothered eruption of the political volcano, the " Huukerites" will feel called upon to put other and more congenial spirits in iiormnation against Flagg and Young. Should they do so, a fair field, and no favor, will be called for and granted. The Supreme Court is in session, and many of of the " first" lawyers in the State are daily at hand, watching the calendar. Among them are Geo Wood, Samuel Stevens, J. A. Spencer, J. C. Spencer, Millard Fillmore, 11. D. Noxon, Joseph L. Whue, N. Hill, jr., C De Witt, D. Cady, C. P. Kit bland, and others too numerous to mention. A.s every one comas into Court with massive files of papers tied up with red tape pro forma, we are bound to suppose that each man has plenty of nausea to argue, and consequently each lawyer is rapidly accumulating a fortune by his profession. Albany, Jan. 28,1845. Matters and Things in general-Silas Wright in particular. The effect produced in this city by your great Texas demonstration at Tammany Hail had scarce ly manifested itaeli before we received the news of the passage ot the Texas resolutions in the House of Representatives, at Washington. The impor tance of these movements gave the old hunkers great cause for rejoicings, as it was by the m regar ded a decisive victory, while on the other hand il was a source of uneasiness to the barn-burners, as it clearly indicated their complete overthrow.? You may rely upon it that the open expression made at Tammany Hall against Silas Wright is but the beginning of an opposition to this individual which is destined shortly to break out in every part of the State, and will be followed up without re serve in the South and South Western parts of the country. . The Young and Flagg interest here is the cause of all the mischief to Silas Wright, and has array ed against him a feeling of opposition which must be witnessed to be understood or appreciated.? The greatest boldness in language is now used by the leading men in this city from the various sec tions of the State against the Executive and his cabinet officer.-, and nightly meetings of a private nature are held, at which the question of time for an open demonstration is debated.. Nearly all the leading members of the last Legislature are now in this city, and it is to their hands that this busi ness is confided by the common consent of the fac tion they represent. Letters preparing the public mind for this denouement, are sent into every sec tion of the State, and already answers begin to come in, which show that the leaders are prepared lor action whenever it may be thought necesary or advisable to take open ground. That any feeling of opposition exists to the Governor I know is de nied by the Atlas clique, but it is only necessary for vou to observe the course of the Argus and other leading papers in the State, to be convinced ol how little reliance is to be placed upon the declara lions of these persons. It is very probable that the cause for this early demonstration is to be attributed to the action of Flagg and company,in their uncalled tor war upon the late Governor, who was unwilling that this interest should be the controlling feature of his administration. But this injury miRht have been suffered to pass if Mr. Wright had ^served an independent ground, and not allied himself to either of the factions. Certainty ordinary common tense would have dictated this course, but the idea of the State of New York being represented in the Senate of the United States by two annexation senators, so operated upon the feelings ot his ex cellency as to induce him to declare openly against Dickinson and Foster. . , ,, , The Texas question came up to-day in both branch es of the Legislature. In the Senate, Mr Hard, a whig called up the resolutions ol Mr Put nam,anoth er whig, who was absent at the time, declaring against the measure, but by a vtry decided vote ol thai body the motion d'd not succeed. IntheHousea vrtrv cxcitinc und vehement debate took place in which'Mr. Lee, of Weschester, took part egainsi the annexation of Texas He denounced the act in the most unmeasured terms; assured the House that its consummation would be the knell ot liber ty aud that a dissolution of the Uuion would o necessity follow. This gentleman was so excited upon the sabject that he could not confine himself at all to the question before the House, but woulo flv off in search of hidden matter upon which to vent his declamation and spleen The speech ol this distinguished and very able jurists, the leader of the democratic party in and cut of the House, afforded much mirih to the whigs, who seemihglj enjoyed their new auxiliary, though they should wo* take him for theirleader m the mailer. Thelurihet discus-ion of the subject wa-adjourned over till to morrow, when we shall in all piobability have Mr Young, whig, from Livingston, upon the floor Mr Young is a gentleman of superior talents, ant great amiability of maimer, and is by far th? strongest man in the bouse on either side. Ilutes W. Peckham of this city will likely be our nexi attorney general; as for your friend John Van iiu ren lie seems to be entirely out of the question for that office. It is rumored to day that Mr. Ed monds,,of your city, is appointed to the Urcui-. Court in place of Judge Kent, but his competitor? here deny that the Governor has given any intima lion whatever upon the subject. It is, however, more than probable that he will be the successful man alter all. Veritas. Spotting. The Foot Rack ovf.k the Metairir Cottrsk New Orleans ?We hear that quite a number o men have cone into training for the great foot rac. to come off on the Meiairie Course ubout the 23i of March next. Ol the several applications to tht Secretary of ihe Club to enter for the purse, one i of a nature to interest all A gentleman of higl character and ia a very honorable position in soci etv and who is much addicted to athletic amuse meats, h is written to the. Secretary to know it h. Iiiuv be allowed to run in a mask, as it might noi be thought quite comma d faut for one inihis cir cumstances to be running m public for public mo ney The Secretary desires us to say to the gen tleman that he is at liberty to run for the monej upon the condition proposed. It is obvious tha the mask can in uo manner aid the runner- quit, ihe reverse?while the disguise will rather increas< than detract from ihe interest ot the race, from tht air of mystery which it will throw over it. No should we be surprised were other gentlemen, wh< mav be. reluctant to appear belore a throng on . race course in a contest of physical strength^, enter tor the purse on the same conditions. W< team further, that the gentleman wuh whom thi proposition originates is a distinguished pedestriai Kg ran in private many races with succest lie is'confident ol his ability to go the ^ citied, in the time required to carry tjff the large. nur?e offered ; and what is yet a more graceiul tee ture in his proposition, he pledges himself to pa) ov. r auv money lie may win to the managers ot th Orphan Asylum, for -he' benefit ot that institution. Srlma Hacks.-The winning horses were i Monday G'h, Sweepstakes, mile heals, John Blf veil's c f Haywood, walked over the course, in othen Paying the toif.it. 7ih, mile heats Co Benj. Johnson's br. 1. Purity. 8th, two m.le heatj J uo. Clark's ch. m. Taglioni. 9th, three mil heats, Col J. Crowell's b . by Imp- ffiddleswortl lOih, best three in five, John Clark s Taglion Bivs Dick?An examination has been held b son.?Mobile Herald. .pri. The above statement is entirely lneorrect. i r. fesoor Riddell, of the Medical College, at the i< quest ot a number of distinguished turfmen, sub milled the stomach to a thorough chemical analy sis and no trace of poison was discovered.?New Orleans Bee. The Weather in Canada ?Yesterday the col was very severe, the tbermorneter, at sunrise, bein low as 12s below 7.ero. The temperature to-da considerably milder, withthew.nd.tillrom ?t westward. The ice opposite the Chaud.ere w learn, has rem 'lued stationary since Saturday nigi last ? Quebec Mercury, Jan 20 TnK Accident at Auburn.?The convict i Stratton, an account of whose dreadful accident ! sent you on Wednesday, died this morning troi the effect of his wounds. He was terribly mangle., and it is surprising to me lhat he lived so long afi. the latal occurrence He was an unmarried mai and was serving out his sentence for having bet engaged in making bogusmoney. His term sou have expired in ubout sixteen months.? Aubue. Letter to Liv., Jan 5 We understand that the church erected h the nee of ihe Rev Dr. Potts' congregation is ??> peeled to be ready lor use by the first of May next New Yoke Legislature, Jan 28 ?In thk As sembly.?Petitions ?01 the ladies of Saratoga county, to prevent licentiousness. Several peti tions for the Incorporation of the American Fo reign Bible Society. Remonstrance of the citi zens of Albany and New York against the fame. Mr. Oakley, of the members of the Fsrmers' (,lub of New York, for an Agricultural College, to be located in New York Of several citizens m New York to abolish Militia trainings. Mr T R Lf.k, adverse to the petition to abo lish commissioners of deeds Mr. Morrison, by bill to protect people keeping boarding houses in the city of New York. Mr. Van Valkemjukoh, to allow the New York and Erie railroad to extend their track into Pennsylvania. Laid over. Mr Bailky called up his resolution in relation to the security of stockholders in Banks, Insurances, ttec , directing the judieiaiy to report a bill in rela tion to the subject. Afier some debate the resolu tion passed. In Senate.?There wis a long talk about their Texas resolutions, which the Senate refused to take up. Mr. CoiubTocx, from the select commit'ee, to which were relerred the several propositions to amend the constitution, reported in part,* recom mending the adoption if thAnit-ndmems passed upon last tear, and referred to this Legislature for action. These were :? 1. The addition of two justice* of the Supreme Court. 2. The creation of three associate chancellor!). 3. Abolishing the property qualification lor ofiice. 4. In reference to the removal of judicial ofileers. The majority of the committee also reported in tavor of the amendments :? 1. Helutive to State debt and liability. 2. The restrictions upon the future contraction of debt. Mr. Comstock stated that the committee deemed these amendments of too much importance to be delayed in order to accompany them with a writ ten report, and had, therefore, directed him to re port them this morning. In order to secure early action on them, he moved to refer the amend ments to the committee of the whole, to make 'Vm the special order for Friday next, at 12 o'clock. Mr. Worden then called up the Texas resolu tion, which led to a desultory debate. At the close, Mr. Wchdkn moved instructions to the com mittee, to report to-morrow morning in favor of the resolutions. Mr. Cahpentbr moved an adjournment?it being past two o'clock. Lost, ayes 37, noes 73. | Mr. T. R. Lee now took the floor in a vehement speech in favor ot the instructions. Mr. Baily moved to postpone the resolutions till the first day of May. Mr. T. R. Lee moved an adjournment. 1 30 20 10 Schuylkill Coal Rkqion. ? The increase ?f trade in the Schuylkill coal region, has been steadi ly and rapidly progressive, and facilities for extend ed operations have been multiplied and improved every year. We apprehend that few persons, out of the region, are acquainted with the necessity the CWM?er )pi^man^ l"atance9? for fining below the wattr level, and the consequently enormous outlay lor steam engines and machinery, and the heavy expenses constantly occurring for raising the coal and draining the mines. There are already 22 coilertes below the water level The following table shows the number of steam engines employed lor these purposes at the differ ent coilertes, with their rated power; r.. . ?"? ?/ Hortt Havwoo<J,Milnes & Co . Engln" Delaware Canal Co 'o ?> J?? A. B White ? $ '? Wa. Milnes&Co i . ?!! J C. Oliver .V..3 .] ?? Geo^eH. Potts a ? Miller k HVggertV: .* ." I! !i 9 A. Ronaldson. , } ? Jotn Rich \ ? O Spencer & Co 1 . w J. Wn*ley * 'j 1 J. U. Lawton .1 22 23 11 (w) Katrines engaged in breaking coal, 13 178 _^0tal 1371 -urJ a.CT 0< the8e,rn?in;8. P?mP8. and the neces J U,nery' W|" not *a" mucfl "hort of $260 - 000 and the consumption of coal in Uiese engines will amount to 40,000 tons per annum. The whole consumption of coal in this region, during the last IZl) 'Y8",ma'ed a< 100,000 tons.' A horee power kf If j j as equivalent to the strength ot eight able-bodied men?a man ordinarily labors but 10 H?em JtV 1* 1 aC en*Ines can, and some of do, run day and night; consequently they can perform, f?,r each horse power, an amount of work equal to the labor of 16 men, and au aggregate of work equal to the labor of 20.448 men everv 24 hours. Competition in the coal trade has been keen and eager; the spirit of enterprise has been ac tive, and improvements have been multiplied with (treat rapidity ; but it must be remarked, that most of the steam engines employed in ihe coal business '?Mile region are used for pumping ana draining ihe mines end hoisting coal, Purpose.- to which human labor cannot be successfully applied ; and it is only !? ?5a,?In? a"d screening, that the inanimate arm is substituted for the arm of flesh, and machinery, with lis soul of steam and frame of iron, is Going he work oMiving men ; and even here it inter ^8ub,U W1,h humuti labor, the demand for which is augmented with the introduction of every facility for extending the trade. 7 Seventeen of the engines included in the above estimate, were erected during the ypar 1844 and an aggregate power, rated at 338 horses, added to Hie oMsiuefs; but notwithstanding the rapid aug me to at ion of steam power in the trade during that year, no less than filteen engines intended lor the region, are now in progress of construction : six are being huilt at Minersville, and nine in this borough ; and from present indications, it is be lieved that many more will be erected during the presr nt year. 8 .All the engines employer, in the business of the re gion, excepting four, were built at establishments within the region, and three of these four have been thoroughly rebuilt and improved by our own machinists. During the year 1844, three engines, working an aggregate of 142 horee power, were con structed in the region for other places; making a total of 20 engines built by the machinists ol this re gion. during that year. Superadded to the large number of steam enginesemployed about the mines 111 ihe coal region, there are 15engines, rated at an ^ggiegate of 186 horse power, all of them built by Schuylkill county mechanics, employed in other bustuess in the county?making a total'ol 56 steam engines, with an aggregate 01 1,46* horse power employed in the county. The rich Anthracite coal fields of the Schuylkill county regien possesses advantages equal to any other coal fields in the world, and all the varieties ot red, grey and while ash coals found here, are, in quality in every respect, ol the most superior kind. the constantly multiplying facilities for extending and augmenting trade, the improve ments in preparing coal by the extensive intro duction and use ot machinery, our proximity to the Atlantic cities, and the improved and impro ving characters of our avenues to market the ca pacity of our coal fields, and the active and enter prising characters ot the operators, render it almost certain that the Schuylkill region will distance competition and eclipse all c< mpetitors in the mag nuude ol its operations.? Pottnville four , Jan. 26. Suhrkmk Court op the Unitkii Statks, Tues day, Jan. 28,1845.?Henry W.Rogers, Esq .of New York, was admitted an attorney and counsellor of iiiia Court. No. 70 The United State vs. A. Hodge et al. in error to the Circuit Court of the United States lor Louisiana. Mr. Chief Justice Taney delivered the opinion of this Court, dismissing this case, be cause the citation is not signed as duectcd by the act of Congrcs of 1789, ch 20 No 42 Philip Hickey et al., plaintiffs in error, vs. J. A Stewart et al The argument of this cause was concluded by Mr. Walker lor the plain tiffs in error. 00 Col. Janms llilev, appointed by President Houston, as Charge d'Afiairet to our Government, and whose arrival in Washington has been daily expected, has left Cincinnati lor Texas, and will not probably return to this country tor some time. Maqnktiu Tklioraph ? We understand that ap plication is about to be made to the Legislature of New Jersey, for the passage of a law authorizing the communication ot a Magnetic Telegraph across ihe State, between the cities ol Philadelphia and New York, capital $50,000 (Xr The Columbia, (8. C ) Chrnnic'e, referring to 1 He duel between Messrs Cliiigman ami Yancey, says?" Yancey is the same person who shot down his uncle in the streets n( Greenville, in this 8tate, n few years ago. He afterwards < ni grated to Ala bama, and is now a member ot Congitss '

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