Newspaper of The New York Herald, 1 Şubat 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 1 Şubat 1845 Page 2
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r? 1L.JU. YorL Sniiirr.n]', K Itruury 1, mm, WEEKLY PICTORIAL HERALD. Members of Congress Settling a Debate. PROMENADE RS IN BROADV/AY. liie lUuUrattd 11 nitty Herald lo be ieturd this morning will contain a spirited and excellent en graving, representing the late highly lntereBling duel, in which two honorable members ot Congress were concerned ; also, a view of an ingenious mode of enabling pedestrians to encounter success fully the horrors and difficulties ol the mud in Broadway, and other streets of the city. Price 6^ cents. more News for Europe, Three packet ships?the Cambridge, for Liver, pool, Mediator, lor London, and St. Nicholas, for H ivre?will suii to-day. Their letter bags close at the uju iI hours this morning. 'l.iey will carry one day later news from Ame rica to Europe. The Wkkkly Hkkald, contain ing ull that has transpired in the last week, relative to ifxas, Oregon, Cotton, Money, isc. dec., is the best compendium to send. It will be ready at the desk at nine o'clock this morning, in or out of wrappers, at sixpence a copy. With a fair, fresh wind, these packets will sross the Atlantic in nearly as short a time as the steam er. Massachusetts Anti-Texas Convention.?We call the attention of our readers to the proceedings of this extraordinary convention, a full report of which will be found on our first page. Texas and Oregon (Questions?New Era In the Foreign Policy of the United States. Our late accounts from Washington, both public and private, are of the most interesting and as tounding character, as regards the new direction which the present government has given to the fo reign policy of this country. The re-annexation of Texas and the occupation of Oregon, are the great questions on which this new policy is indicated, and the feeling in Congress on this subject is rising every day, and probably will end in the accom plishment of both these measures, if not at this session, certainly within the compass of a year, should not the new President call an extra session to dispose of these questions at once. The war feeling which has prevailed on the subject of Texas has become very strong upou that of Oregon also, and there is u determination existing among th? leading members of government, and of parties iu both housi s, to carry out both in the present ses sion. The only obstacle that exists, as we have aheady said, is in the Senate ; but if the Senate continues to obstruct the passage of these vital measures, the feeling of the country will become aroused, and urge upon the new President to call an extra session to settle them at once, when the expressed will of an overwhelming majority wi>l supersede minor differences of opinion?difficulties will vanish and these important questions be put at rest at once, by their adoption. The extraordinary mental supremacy of Mr Calhoun, ihe Secretary of State, is clearlv seen in this new direction the foreign policy ot the coun try has received. He has combined ihe measures of Oregon and Texas in such a way as to create a spirit of hostility to British supremacy and progress in thiscountry, that will in a short time lead to a serious collision between the United States and England. It is believed, however, that in the event of a collision, running into a war with England, the result would be, not only the complete triunioh of these principles in this country and over the whole continent, but to Isy the foundation of n re volution in England, which would influence the whole of Western Europe. What would be the consequence of the interrup tion of the commercial relations between this country and England now T In this country we are so characterised by versatility of enterprize and facility of change, that, even in the present condition of our manufactures, we should soon ac commodate ourselves to the new circumstances of the country, and become totally independent of foreign commerce. We have resources inexhausti ble, and every element of wealth, power snd hap piness within ourselves, sufficient to make us fully secure and beyond the influence of mere foreign trade, as such. But the case is altogether different with England, and in some degree different with France also. Any interruption of commerce be tween the United States and England, by stopping the supply of cotton lor her manufactures, would not only curtail her resources, but throw the whole ol her immense trade into our hands, perhaps produce lasting revolution in her industrial pursuits. She might annoy the sea-board of this country, but Ireland, and hei over-populated manufacturing dis tiicts, contain explosive materials that would burst forih with lury in case of a collision with this country; and, in case of a partial success at revolu tion in England, the flames would soon be com municated to France, whose masses only await the signal for a general uprising. Thus 4i will be Been that the new direction which the foreign policy of this country has taken, under the guidance of the powerful intellect of Mr. Calhoun, may change, in some respects, the history and aspect of the world for the next cen tury. Vvhtle the United States is asserting its rights to its territorial dominions in this country, and taking possession of them according to law and justice, the British government had need to he particularly careful in her policy towards this country, and all her acts in reference thereto, which might lead to internal revolution within her own borders The interest on these questions increases every d.ty. I he war spirit in Congr ss is extending it self beyond its limits, and spreading to the remotest boundanes of the country The com mercial interests of those communities borderirg on the sea shore, may endeavor to delay, or put a stop to thia spirit; hut the conduct of British diplo m <tisi?, of their public writers, in reference to the ?outhern States, that with the wesiern States, Whose natural sympathy is with the South, they w.ll certainly proceed in ihe direction they have take; , ?;nd tarry the whole manses of the country wi h ihem in vindicating the forrign jnilicy of this Country. Every thing from Washington will now be more than over interesting; became we firmly believe that on ihe two questions of Texas and Oregon, fimg, not only ihe peaceful relations between the United Stales and Eoslsnd, but ihe breaking out of a fpah and disastrous revolution in the uld world iiaelf. ^ Last Evenino ? A very interesting so cial dancing party t??k place at the Apollo last evening, for the bem fit tf a deserving professions! gentleman who has been visited with a severe cala mity. I he company was nunc rous and select, and enj .yment ruled ihe spirit of ihe hour. The Highland Guard gave a grand military ball at Mi bio's, last night, which went. fl with all the brilliancy and Mat for which those affairs are dio tinfuished. The Operative Mason, also gave their annual hall at Fn nmsny Hall-an occasion of great and unalloy-d pie, at.r. to those who were so lortnnsle ?.? to participate in it. The p?*?ioa for dancing ne vr was mare profusely and splendidly indulged in our gay metropolis than during the present aes tod "Wibdiied and polite tope of manners and conversation pervades these festival < cessions, which is very gratifying to notice. Election in Boston ?The sixth attempt to elect Mayor of Boston was made n? Thursday. It Tas unsuccessful The whiffs polled 3WI votes; ot democrat* I6uh, and (ha natives 4414 Tim Exthaokdinahy Expbec? unwutN New Your a*u Nc.w Oki.kans in Advance cf the United Status Maid.?Notwithstanding the op po..iiion which we encounter from the i lfictals ?>l tiie PosiCfiice Department, we have been enabled, during the last. tew days, to give our readers most important intelligence Irom Mexico and Texas, brought by cur special express, one day ahead ol th regular mails. We allude particularly to the first intelligence relative to the movements ol S<m la Anna, and recently to the lurlher confirmation of his defeat, received by the way of Texas. How long our express will be able to get through, in op position to the obstructions of the Post Office De partment, we do not know. At all events, although the Department has been driven into the necessity of establishing a similar exprets, Bt the instigation of the editors of this city and other places, they have not yet been able to surpass our efforts, or even to cope with tnem, in the transmission of im portant intelligence in this direction. In the mean time, we announce to our readers that we are ef fecting arrangements on the route between New York and New Orleans, which will probable en able us yet to beat the United States mails, let them adopt any mode of transmission that they choose. If they should, by the proposed arrange ments which were announced a tew days ago, hasten public intelligence one day over the old time, we shall be prepared immediately to increase the speed of our extraordinary express from two to three days iu advance of any arrangements ihey can effect. Thus it will be seen that the present regime of the Poat Office Department, nothing they can do can compete with the expedition of the express which we have established after it shall have gone properly into operation. We propose to continue this express at least till President Polk comes into power, and when bis firm and iron hand shall be laid upon thv Post Office Department in such a way as to produce some system ol regularity, order and expedition in that now dilapidated institution. The (irst thing lie will have to do is to change the head ol that department and all his principal depu ties, in the large States, and to put in their places able, in elhgent and efficient men, and we have no doubt that tbe necessity of our express will be ob viated in less than one month after the nccession to power of the new President. Bishop Huohxs a Litte* Unruly ?In the press of public and important matter, we forgot all about Bishop Hughes' lecture on last Thursday evening, and so did not send a reporter. We understand, however, that he has taken umbrage at our report of the preceding one, and declared on this occasion that he would prosecute all who should hereafter re port his lectures We shall take good care to give him an opportunity of trying his hand at this inexplica ble attempt to interfere with the liberty of the press. We have tried this question over and over again, and in the case of Dr. Molt it will be recollected that the Chancellor decided in our favor. Our de sign in reporting the Bishop is affectionate ami lau dable. Wewish to make him better?to makehim n worthy prelate ol the holy Catholic church, and encourage him in his present praiseworthy imita tion of Or. Pise's good example, by giving him a chance ol pelting a little of the popular applause which is now showered upon the eloquent pastor of St Peter's. To-morrow evening, by the way, Dr Pise delivers another el his lectures, which will be reported as usual. Next Thursday we shall also take care to report the Bishop and thus throw right in his leetn his defiance and threats. The Bkrkan Institute.?This society give the first lecture of their winter course on Tuesday evening next, in the Society Library, Broadway.? The subject, "The Life of the celebrated Harmon Bl nnerha^set, aud his connexion with Aaron Burr." As this lecture will be entirely founded i>n original documents, us yet unpublished, and which documents will alone be used in the discourse, great curiosity is excited and considerable interest felt, as it is generally expected that much light will be thtown on the intrigues ot Burr by them Canada.?Advices from Montreal of the 25;h, Quebec of the 23d, aud Kingston of the 24th inst. are received. They tell ur nothing new. We cannot find an item worth n button in the proceed ings of the Provincial Parliament. New Brunswick.?It is rumored that the Execu tive Council of New Brunswick have sent in their resignation to Sir William ^olebrooke, in conse quence of the appointment of Mr. Keade as Pro vincial Sectetary. Comfortable Situation ?Lately, the Eureka steamer, from Bridgeport, lost her way in the fog, and wae compelled to anchor for the night. Nei ther captain or pilot knew where they were. A heavy sea was on, and not a boat on board The passengers were in consternation Nearly all had prepared themselves with lile preservers. A few had clubbed together and prepared a raft, and in tense anxiety prevailed. In the morning they found thefnselves near where the Lexington was lost. Fire.?A fire broke out yesterday at 12 o'clock, in a house occupied by Wm. H. Jacobs, as a clothing store, No. 3 Maiden lane, which it is said originated in an over heated flue of Howard's Ho tel, which is adjoining. The next house No. 5, occupied by F. C. Faxon, as a trimming ware house, was likewise damaged in the roof, but in neither case was the damage very great. Both are insured. The Ocean Stkamfhs ?It is said that the mail steamers will hereafter come direct to Boston, and not stop at Halifax. This will shorten their trips at least a day. The Weather.?Yesterday was a very cold, windy, dusty, snowy day.' The sky was filled with snow clouds. Personal Movements. It is announced in the " Nashville Ui ion,"that Presi dent Polk intends to leave that city lor Washington, on 8atuidiy n xt. Gen Leslie Coombs having been spoken of so a candi date for Congress from the district in Kentucky, now re presented by Hon. Garret Davis, has withdrawn his name in consrqtience of domestic sflli tion. It it said thai John M. Kt'fd, Esq. of Albany, will be nomina'ed to tin; senate in thu vaciot seat upon the b- nch of <he United 8 ate* Supreme Court, that oi Judge King having been rejected. Gan Clark, a member ol the Arkansas Legislature, died very suddenly la*t week He was in biaseatou Tun day.und on Thursday was no mot a! The late Mrs. Eunice Averill of Hartiord, Conn., has lelt htquests to several benevolent ai d religious astocia tions n that city smouotirg to $18 ( On. Wm. Miller was hung at Albany on Tuesday afternoon, under seutenoo for the murder of Geo West, in May, IU4J. H was executed within deora It is not kuoa'n that he ever confessed his guilt, which nevertheless was well tttablished. Francis Bluer, convicted of murder, and under sen tence of death in Wyoming county, has broken the Jail and m-'de h s escape An Historical Society ia about to be established at Trenton N. J Nearly ail the members r 1 the L"gLlature of New Jar sey hsve signed a memorial, recommending P. ter U Vrootn (late G tvernoi) aa a auit ble person to All the va cancy on the bench ol the Supreme Court ot the United Mst-a. The President has sanctioned the appointment of Sul* I'vsn 8 fl.wnon, as Vice Consul of Belgium for the poit of F. tat port, in the Stiie of Maine. Notice has heen given that in consgquence of the fund appropriated hy gov rnmn.t fortestinet e practicability ot Prtf -saor Morse's Electric Magnetic Telegraph having h -en t'vhauste1, the operation* of the line will he discon tinned on and after the fint day of February, until a fur ther ; ppiopristion i* made for its support by Congress. A ilurl betw< cn two wotkmen, eirployed upon enrw Church nt Jersey City, was arranged for Saturday last, but wns | rey-nled by the tlimly interference ol tb? mtrter huil.ter according to n stub msnt in the " Jhrsey City Advertiser" We supposed b? tore that the working men of the country had too much sense to be guilty ol such filly. (fcJ-The Lord Mayor of London hits written to our excellent Chief Magistrate, announcing the ar rival of the chair presented by the booksellers of N-w York, and its reception oy the lady, who ex " ?*"d herself deeply sensible o( the ktnd feeling w hich induced the transmission of the gift. One L>ay l.uter friim mobile and New Oilcan* l>y Rxpivll, Our express from Mobile a..d New Orleans urii ved ye3terddy at lite regular hour, with papers irofti the former city of the 24 h, and from the latter oi the231ult., twenty-lour hours tu anticipation ol the mail. There is no news except of a commercial nature, of the slightest importance. Cotton advanced in Mobile on the 23d ult., alter the receipt of foreign advices, brought by the liocht ster. We give a fuller market report from Kingston, Jam., of the 6di ult. than we have before pub lished. Markets. Mohilk, Jan 24.?Cot'on?The market was quite ani maid yesterday, and trom 3.00 lo 4000 bale* charged hand*. Priors have advanced } to 1c, since the arrival ot foreign accounts per packet mhi'd. The market closed linn. Rvceiptr t< - lay about 11,000 bales. In exchange we have no alteration to make in our quo ta'ijna of yesterday. The operations te-day have lieen heavy. Freights?An engagement has been m de for Liverpool it 19 34 I., and four v .otels have been taken up lor Bos ton ai |c. Niw Orli.ass, Jin 23 ? Owing to the very ?mill amount of Coitiu offering, only a limited business wn transacted yesterday and the sales did not exend 25(10 bales Prices however, cou'Ir.ue very firm, aud the 1st* alvance is fully sustained. We bun ri raained without any communication with the Noith for several days past, and parties ore anxiously looking for the arrival of th? missing malls, us tiny contain, m aii probabili y, latti iccnunts from Europe. There was a m >der.ite demand yestftdoy for Sugar, ni prices ranging trom 2{ to 6c per pound for extreme quali ties. Molasses is dull at 16 tn I5jc. for oak, and 16 to ltijc per gallon lor oypress barrets The Flour market is it (changed; we quote Ohio ?4 per barrel; favoriie brands of Missouri and Illinois cou nt >n<t 44 26 to $4 60 for baker's use. There is ne change in the Provision maiket. Exchange is in good d< mind at former rates; we quote Sterling 8J ?o 9| percent premium; Francs 61 26 to 61 27$. New York 60 days IJ to 1} percent discouut; Sight Checks par to J per cent discount Kikgston Mabkkt, Jan. 6.?The recent importations of flour have been extremely heavy, amounting to 6600 brla. aud there is little activity. 8 ties 26s a 28t. Coromeul sales have been made at 17s a 18s. Butter, importers are firm at lid a Is, hut small sales are made at 10$ a lid; 150 kvgs American have been taken at S.l Lard, 6$ a 7d.? American lard being usually expected in largo qtt nti ties at this season, causes some hesitation; sales ol Ame ricRn 4} a 6d. Pork is more abundant; sales have been mide at 62s; Irish 66s per bbl. B"et, American family, 36 a 331 per half bbl. Cheese, dull, in consequence ol Urge importations ol American. Experts?Hum, as Id per gallon. Sugar 21s. Sterling Exchange, 90 days, 1 percent; f0 days. I}; 30 days, 2 per cent. The P.ovisioo Business of tho year 1846, as compared with that of the year 1844. has manifested a most decided improvement. An immense quantity of goods was im ported into Kingston during the last year, as will be seen on reference to the tible of imports above la the urticlr of Flour, the difference in the import* in tavor < f 1844,wn? upwards of 33,000 barrels. Meal shows a difference ii favor of 1844. of shout 12,000 barrel . Rice, about 7000 bags in favor ol 1844. and about 630 tcs. in favor of 1843 Fish, 1510 hhds in favor of 1843, and 1630 tcs and 3000 boxes in favor of 1844. Tho importation of Mackerel in 1844 is beloiv that in 1843, by 14.710 brls , and the canst of this drficiency it U difficult to deteimine; that it ha; not arisen from a slack demand is certain, for the artich was ex'remely scarce during the latter portion of last vest and such parcels as arrived commanded vety high rvtas. Alewives show an increase in 1844 ol 1770 obis.; this article nis also very scaicc in the 1 tier part of 1844, and r m'.ize 1 high prices which mat in some measure be sc. counted for by the scarcity of oiher descriptions of pick led fish. The same remark applies to herrings, which were also scarce though the importation of 1844 wis su perior to that of 1343 by 950 bbls. The quantity of sal mon in 1843 exceeded the importation of 1844 by 127 tcs and 370 hbls Salmon, in common with the other des criptions of pickled fish, was scarce at the latter end ? 1844. There was an increase in 1844 of 3800 bhls. in tin importa'ion of b-ead while butter shows a trifling in orrase of about 606 firkins 9600 boxes candles were im ported in 1843 over aud above the quantity imported li 1844; tut a very large stock was turned over to last Janu ary, und a great quantity of old s'ill remain* on hand In potk there was an increase of 11,7.0 barrels in the import* of 1844, and in beef of 1160 barrels, while the surplus In the article ef tongue* is in fivor of 1843 by 490 half barrels Moie brandy Wine and Tobacco were imported in 1844 than in 1843 but 1-s* Corn and Salt. The general opinion appears to hi that better prices were obtained in 1844 than for seve pi previous yean, and this is not to be wondered at whm the very dry seasons which have lately prevailed through out the Island are taken m'o consideration. During, we may aay, the greater portion of last year, an extreme scarcity of ground provisions, such as yams, plantains and tho like, together with an increased population, caus ed hy an ingress ol immigrants from Hnytl and o'bei places, brought fliur, meal, rice, and all trend stuff'-i greatly Into demand ; hence the heavy importations urn! the improved prices to which we have referred. As (hit cause will be removed iu 1946 by the late heavy rain; with which nil p-Tis of the island have been favored, wi must not i xpect that the imports of 1843 will ?qu ii thorn of 1844 ; this, however, is a speculative opinion, and un connected in n great mea'ure with tho subject before u-. It is also n-ciusary to state that business nas been con du tied with a due regard to safety, Inasmuch as a degrei of caution has marked transa-tioos generally. We will conclude our remarks on this head by repotting that thi provision business of 1944 was superior tn that of 1843, ? much Inrger quantity of provisions having been imported aud better prices having been obtained The prospect fo> 1*46, as regards the crops, are extremely favorable, owirg in the late continued rains. It is expected that this will throw a good supply of money into the maik t, but the planters entertain great lears of their being able to dis pose of the produce in England, after the late reduction in the duty of foreign produce, on term* that will repay them. SHIPPING I.VTELLIGENCK. Mobile, J?n 33? Arc Prima, [8p] MilUt. Cld John k Hob*ri, [ Rr] MeKeehnie. snd Superb, [Br] Mitchell, Liver pool; A'ceous, Skofi-ld, NYork. Nrw Ohlesrs, Jan 23? Ait Sweden, Shaw, Havre; Kalama *00. McOrran, NYork; Lady Constable, [Brl Oarbutt, Liver |?ioi; Magnolia, Ward, St Vi cut L<nt overV ard on the 16th mat from the Kalamazoo, 1 ff Hole in the Wall, a pa?a?ng 1 named J>hn C Plot, * Germ n by birth. Cld 80'dao. Shaw, and May Flower, Sawyer, Liverpool; Colnmhia, Hal'y, Havre: Hope Howea. hhaw, Havana; Gulden Rule [Br] Warlinjrton. Bermuda; Uaceola, Davis, New York; Oceanna, Smith, Balti more. Spoken. Evening Star, [Br] 30 days from Liverpool for New Orleans. Jan t, la' 10 3, Ion II 36 S?t, [Bi ] 13 days from Liverpool for Mobile, Jan 13, off St Domingo Vicrorin. [Rr] 43 days from Liverpool for New Orleans, Jan 16, off Little Caymans. Circuit Court. Before fudge K*nt. Jan. 31?Daniel B Taylor r? Francin Pinto? Curious Case of Cries C?w.?The following jury were sworn : - Heuiy K. SkeMing, M. W. Hamilton. Apullos Johnson. Thomas Ward, Nathaniel Currier Jnmea Dominick, B.S Horner. Samuel Reeve. Patrick G. Malony, Francis A. Kip, James Li'tle und Wm Jones Thur was an action brought by the plaintiff, who is a Custom house sfffo- r, to recover damages ngainst defendant who weara a moot tarht and lives by " his ways and his means," for crimi nal conversation with his wife- There is also a collate ral suit lor divorce landing in the Court of Chancery?lor the offence charged by plaintiff?which recently came up. It appeared that the plaintiff was married in May, 18S6 when, in 1843, an intimacy commenced between his wile and the deh-r.daut, which led to the commission of the of fence charged. Samutf .Smirk, the only witness produced forth* plain tiff, clearly proved the commission of theoff-nceon the evening ef the 9 h January?the detailed particulars of which we omit, b ing too gross for publicaton. There being no witntu tor the defence. the Court charged in fa enrol the plaintiff The jury, however, rendered a ver dict for defendant, and also otind that the plaintiff had not made out his as-e. Crookt ? Fovktt vi. Hmry XV. Dtrmt and oiktri.?Ac tion brought to rr cover the amount of a promissory note for fflPO For defence it was off'.-red that the note war given lor a special pnrnose, and tlmt it had been mlsap. plied They alto pleaded want el consideration Verdict for plaintitt $104 00 Common Plena Before Judge Ulfhm ffer. Jsn. 31.?Swan and firokt to fees and dlsai?This was an action brought to reoover the at m ot $194 60 betngtbe amount ot a hi I of boots ant shoes It npiiearec in evidence that defendants hsd been formerly in copart nery, hut thn Arm hsd bean aulntqiunttv diseolvid. While in business they had become indebted to plaintiff, in the above amount, which having been p e'ented tc Ives, be scklio wledgej i's correctni sr. and M.CO into' me 1 p au.tiflV emisrary where the oth r ?telend.'ut Could he found, Oti calling at plaintiffs' pi ire of business, the per son answering to nit name slso ackncwlcdged its c ir rectnesr. but pleaded be ha I no Itinds D"len tan's mivedf r a non.uit on 'he ground tba* Adams'iden tity had not been sufficiently prov- n, " hlch having he< 1 overt tiled, the Jury loiiuJ lor plaintiffs the full i-miunt claimed John XVnoiviarivo Rohtrt -.fumlt and Fallny ? It appeared that defi ndsnt had bn n C?i tun of ths vu sel I wanowna, und the plaintiff mate That the former, without any provocation, came out tf the cabin, snd in flicted some very sevt te ht?ws tp in the head ef plsi ?? B with an iron wrench, to the great iffusion of hia blood A* no defendant appeared, com quer'lr no di fence was g ven, and the |urv found for plmnt'ff $lf0 damagi ?. /ferny flf. IVrt tern va Palritk Rafferiy ?This wn* an action of arautnpait hron lit to recover the sum of $813, being s year's rent ol crtaln premises sitnste at 83 O ? lnmtiia street. For defence it was contended that deh-nd ant did lease said premises of plaintiff hut did not himself occupy the premises hot rented the en to tenants j subse quently a mortgage having been ? fleeted on the premises in favor of the Eagle Insurance Co , they foreclosed, end obliged defendant to pay his rent to the-m fot the purpose cf reducing thn mortgage nud paying the interest thereon, lor which he received receipts Verdict tor the plaintiff, subject to the opinion of the Court on a caae to be made AntiAnnfxation.?The following resolution was adopted by the Legislature of New Jersey on Wedneadnv?in the Assembly by a vote ot 33 to 13, in the Senate unanimously. Resolved, by the Legislature of the State of New Jer. soy, tlmt the S natom ol thn State of New Jersey in the senate of fhn United Stales be n quested fo use their in fluence find exertion* tn prevent thn passage of the reso lutions for the annexation of T?xa? to the United State* recently passed by the Hou-e of Representatives ; and the Gnver) or of 'hts State ba rt qui .ted to transmit 0 copy of this resolution to each of our Hennlots in Coti fftess. Rkd Rivbr.?The Caddo Qazeltt of the 15th inst states that the river opposite that place had risen three or four feet within the last few days, and was still rl<mg The river at Fulton, it was reported, h?d nsen seven feet, and wa*iyet swelling. City Intelligence lucutic or HoMBr:Bir> in the i it* ? Considerable alarm un 1 etciti'iimiit prevail* among the iuhabiuint? ui l hels.-a, purti'Milarly those residing iu the ht igubor nood Itoni Fourteenth to Twenty-first street*. Foi many day* and nights past some thre? or four lObberies, or attempt* Ht robbcri -s have taken place, and to iiaiing hive 'Le .'epreJators became in couteq'ience of the warn ot police, that iu 0|>?u day robberies havo been porp. [ erst J This haa been the case at the ol Dr. Hughtmuh, Hev. K Smith. W. ( ockertll, Etq , Mis ieviey and ctveral others. The piincipui 01 tides stolen are pieces ol plate, such as spoons, & ? , and, in some in stances, weaiing apparel. 1 ho robberies ure generally off cled by the logues descending the aiea, and torciug the basement windows To su:h an extent Una this b - come, that many of the inhabitants are obliged to sleep iu the lower npaitmonta to protect their own dwellings; others furii'Shing themselves wi'h firearms to cecum themselves against tbeso depredators. The inh lldtunts ot this neighborhood justly complain of the inefficiency ol the police, and ore very anxious to know wncther this is what the native authorities have been so long cracking about, and for which they have increased the taxes. Mohk of M*. Jostrii Gulicb ? On Sunday last, a no ticu was made in the Herald, of the proceedings ot the abov -named personage, concerning his action in relation to Mr. William Brown, of Chatham street,against whom he held a militia finu At that time he snatched the key ot Mr. Brown's loom from the hands of his wife, nod when he was eject A from (he premises, took it with him This morning no came to the house of Mr. Brown, and brought a city Marshal, and a couple of cartmen with him, ami buict in the door of Mr. B '* bedroom, and car ried nfl'a bed, pillows, and a soft Perhaps Mr Gulick h >s put his foci in it, for the goods were not the properly of Mr. Brown. Police Office?Friday ? Oitainino Money by false Pketknccs?A young nun named John H Collins wbs rre-ted on Thursday night by office' Low, on a charge ol ob'atning money 1 y false pretences Reuben C Bull if No. 11 Park Row, 'and trom John C 8m t'l.ol No.l!9 Fulton street He calb-d upou Mr. Ball on the 26th inst

and rt-pre-ented himself as the authorised agent ot Measr* Sheldon k Co.. to collect subscriptions lor u " Mississippi Valley Business Directory,"at $10 per annum payable in advance. Mr. Bull subscribed and paid the $10. Collins also called upon Mr. Smith, and made the same repre sentations to nim, acd agreed w ith him to put in his busi ness card io: $160, which he paid, it afterwards appear id turd Collins was not the agent of the firm, Asa Hinck ley , of No. 0 Courtland street, ona of the firm, making utti ?lavil to that i ff.-ct- On his examination, Collins said he belonged to Boston, and affirmed that ka was the agent for th? firm. He was committed. Another Case or Milling tub Glaie ?Three young reprobates, one of whom is named James Welsh, con. monly known among the newsboys as Roddy, fiom bi very red hair, last evening smashed a pane of glass iu the window of the jewelry shop of Seymour Hoyt, No. 108 I'.-arl stieet, and Reddy thron ing his hand through, snatched six gold chains worth $76, aud ran. Mr. Hoyt Sursued, a d ciied -'Stop thief," and a citisen caught him, ut nothing was found upon his person, and he etatail that ha had taken nothing, but was merely to come in for a share of the spoils. In contradiction of tni* state ment, his hand was cut and bleeding. To-day, about 11 o'clock, a servant in one of the house* near Mr. Hoyt's shop, on eroing into the coal vault to get some coal, di* covered five gold chatna. directly under the grating, where they had unquestionably been thrown by Reddy when he was pursued. Abrkst of Fuoitivej?Officer Dunsbne, today, ar rested two men. named Henry and Joseph Drtiminond charged with having conspired, in Philadelphia, to dc 'raud their creditors there, aod then flying from justice. They were committed to await the requisition of the Go vernor. There was also a Dumber of cases of petit larceny. Upper Po Ice?F.i lay--AcquinriVENKSs Fully DuveLOFED.?Many and different causes lead to the con' mission ot crime; some people commit crime from * Jov 0' gain, acd ' ecause they are tun indolent to obtain means honestly. O hers are compelled from biting poverty am an inability to obtain money honestly, to steal; other, steal merely for the sake of stealing. Of this litter class, \lrs. Ann Lator is a striking example; at least from tin quantity of articles found iu her possession, and the va riety, one would suppose so 8h? was arrested yesterday hv officer Strong, of the Upper Police office, on a charg'i ot larceny, and on searching her muff and four pockets which she wore the following articles were found:?Tw< caps, one hat fmther, a hood, two prir of mitts, one dozer spools of cotton, one gentleman's glove, two glass turn hiets lour bn?in ss cards, one boiled crab, three larg. oysters, one lu'-ge slice of fresh end fi-h, two rutnbage turnips, one apple and one orange, halt a dozen potatoes, two muffins, two hearts of pound cake, two doughnuts, and aevtral other Lltle articles. Coroner's Office?Jan 31.?Death from Apt flaxy?The Coroner held an inquest to day, at No. A t Madison street, on the body of an Irishwoman, named Ann English, who died at that place last night, at the age of 34 years, in a fit, produced by intemperance He was also summoned to hold a couple of inquests upon children who died suddenly irom croup, or other natural causes. Hailne Court. Before Judge Randall. Jan. 31 ? IPm Oldner vs. D. Landers <f- Win. Bt/l?Tbi was an action of t espass, to recover damages lor an a auult and bsttery, alleged to have been committed upoi. t e person ot plaintiff by dt fendants. The defendants ii this suit filled tbe respective situations of captain and fir mute Bell, the latter having ubsconlcd, present acini, is brought against the 'firmer In appeared that in tin last passage of the brig Helen McLeod ironi Baltimore tt Peruambuco, and th. nee to Rio. Landers, the captain, gave express orders to the mate, that on toe least sign ol dissatisfaction among the crew It - was immediately u> in diet such punishment as he thought the action r? quired In the course of the voyage, while sailing from Pernan huco to Rio, the mate, in consequence of some trivial ot fence, hastened into the cabin, and after having soan conversation with the captain, soon alter, bavin gone up to plaintiff', he ordered him aft, and while plaintifl was going aft the mate fired a pistol at him, which only missed taking effect in consrquence of plaintiff's stum bling. A nonsuit was moved for and granted, on the ground that the tessimony adduced was not sufficient ti implicate the captain. Mr. Biby, for plaintiff; Mr. Chase, for defendants. Hon. John C. Spencer?A Correction. Mr. Bennett;? One of your Washington correspondents seemi. to have some old grudge against me, which In takes or makes opportunity to indulge in a letter dkted on Thursday last, published in the Hera'd 01 the 25th instant, in which he says:-1-"Further in telligence proved that the same course had beet, pursued by the Surveyors of Philadelphia and Bal timore, and that Col. John H. Wattnough, while Surveyor of the former port, had been Becretly in structed by John C Spencer, late Secretary of tin Treasury, to allow Brazilian Sugars under the value of nine cents per lb , to be admitted duty "brown," even when such ins'ructions had no, been given to the Surveyor of the port of New York " Not having access to the hies of the department. I am obliged to speak front recollection, which, however, ts very distinct, that the question whethei the sniar usually imported from Brazil, v as " ad vanced beyond its raw state, by claying, boiling, clarifying, or other process," was pending when 1 left the department, undetermined and awaiting certain proofs which the Brazilian Minister wue to furnish; and as instructions on such subjects nl ways emanated from the First Comptroller of the Treasury, 1 am very confident that none whatever were given by me to the Surveyor of the port ol Philadelphia. And I pronounce the assertion ol your correspondent, that "secret instructions" were given by me to Col. Watmough, a calumny as false and wicked as it is stupid ; lor it is impos sible from the very nature of instructions for the collection of customs, that they could be secret. Had this been a matter likely to be at all under s ood by the largt r portion of your readers, 1 sh u d not have troubled you with this note. I ask ol your justice a correction of the statement of youi correspondent. Your ob'l servant, J. C. Spencer. Albany, January 27,1845. French Dramatical. Statistics ?There are in France, soys one ot th? journals, 3 500 actors, 2,000 actresses, and 16,000 individuals attached ii> ? n one way or other to theatres, making a total ot 22 000 persons living upon the badge t of Thalia and Melpomene, which is estimated at 30.000.000f. It these 80 000 OOOf. were divided equally, each per son wotilit not have 1 fiOttf a year; hut ns some ol the privileged have 10,0001,20 0001 and <10 000 . it is ea-y to conceive how email must be the in come of a large portion, and the intsety that musi exist in the dramatic career. Disturbances in Cattaraugus Count* ?A se riou^ dietorbxtice, we understand; has occurred in Cattaraugus t' consequence of the serving ot gjectmeut wri'a hy the Rher>f! ol that coun'y Against in nviduals resiling on land formerly belonging to the Hulloid I, Bd C impany The land, it seems, has passed t trough several hinds, and forecl sores have been mad., and writs ol ejectment served upon several of the occu pant* Ths ianil! while in th" act of serving a writ in *ie vicini y of Fllicottville, on Saturday last, was taken into custody, and several of his neighbor* who becoming alarmed at his absence, started lo look . fler him, were al to retained. Our intormant statis that a mob of from three to four I aodred individual* collected at ville on Saturday, threatening o tear down the Jail f i the purpose of relieving some frund* confined 'here, and m.hing demonstrations to hum the land office. Col Cooke, of Springville, was called upon on Saturdu night betwem ten and eleven o'clock, by svveial Cititena of Cattaraugus county, who r? quested hi? cooperation in suppressing the dis'uibtnce. Colonel C. immediately warned several of his regiment who col ?*ct -d at Npriugvtlle on Sunday morning and started for ElitcottvlUa snout hal'-past two yesterday afternoon. A person arrived in this city yesterday from the scene ol the disturbance, for ths purpose of procuring powder and ball. ? A Barbarous Murder.?Three men, two of whom were overseers, tmd the other the keeper of * grog-shop near Cnbohatcbe, Ala , flagged n negro man to death about two weeks ago, for no other cause than r? rasing iht m admittance into a house in which he slept.? Ths negro was. ihe property of Mr John Hhackletord, who offers a reward for f be arrest of the murderers Attn killing the negro, the wretches set their dogs upon hie wile, who iu alarm had run off The dogs overtook the poor woman and tore her dreadfully. It U supposed the rascal* are making tracks towards Texas. Amusements, Tryon's Circus, Bowery ?Walter Aymsr, the Ben tie Roaciui ot tho Ring, mails a great sensation evening, in hla beautiful scene of horsemanship, called the ' bailor Boy." Thern it to b* so aitarnooo perioi manes this day at thro* o 'olook. Albany, [C'ornispornU-ucf; 0f the Herald.] Albany, Jan. 29th, 1845. Bishop Onderdonk? Great Demand far the Herald ic ndency of the Prosecution of the Bishop? Tricks upon OJfict Seekers?Gov. Wright and Office Seekers?Silly Report relative to the former ? The Senate and Chancellor Walworth Dear Sib, ??ur paper containing the detailed statement ol the Right Reverend Benjamin T. Onderdonk, wae received last night, and by this time it is presumed that no copy could be purchased from the news depot of Geo. Jones. It would appear from this narrative ol the Bishop, that he has been really and truly an ill-used man; and this consideration may have a tendency to dutrftct anddistreesthe Church, not only in the diocese over which the Bishop has for so many years presided, but also in the dio cese.i particularly of the Right Rev. Bishops Chase, Meade, !? H'ott, and Otey. Upon these four bro 'u r? Bishops statement is caustic; and il ?he facts as set forth are true, it certainly shows in the that the rule of right and ol Christian charity, which teaches us first to go ori vately to an erring brother, and the,, to the Church, has not been ol owed. However, let the seculeJ world have all the facts, and the evidence of the tacts, and let every man form his own opinion. Perhaps the gentlemen from your city, desiring appointments froin the Governor, are not fully aware of all the qualifications necessary to suc cess A jolly, good natured and talented mem ber oj the third house, and two years since an As semblyman from New York, one J. T (as rumor says), has been perpetrating a practical joke upon a verdant, but ambitious individual, who wus desi rous of securing his potent influence lor an appoint ment to some subordinate inspectorship in yon, city. He waited upon Mr. T. soon after his ar rival, and made known his mission, So far as his personal and political qualifications were in question, everything was pronounced to be all right. But, saidT., "how do you stand af fected towards the Bishop!" ? Towards what!" said the applicant. " Towards the BishoP!-do you belong to, or favor the Pusey or the Anti-Pusev inter8, r ",iD~n Lhe Bieh?p and thtt Pusey interest ; I don t ktiow anything about the matter; I dqn t belong to that church; and never read any thing about the controversy ! But what trie devil has the Bishop or Pusey to do with thi* appointment 1" "Let me remark one thing," said r., it is very evident that you are wholly un acquainted with the ropes as they are now ar ranged. I have, therefore, to inform you that the Governor is the firm and fast friend of the Buhop; and is, moreover, strongly inclined to favor Pusey ism; and no man who expresses himself in cpposi tjon to either of these, or who is suspected of opposi tion, will stand any very brilliaut chance of obtain ing ap appointment; that's all I have to aay, and 1 say it to you privately in the way of friendrhip, foi I wish you to get the appointment." In the eager fk ? i ?kpp,lca?t 10 Becure h'? place, he c'on eaaed that although he was totally ignorant on the Hcclesiastical point set forth by T , he was in du.J S *o agree with the appointing power in ail ihings; whereupon, he obtained (rom T. a full certificate of his orthodox principles, his adhesion iy rsx &d&%l0'd h" On Saturday the 1st February, the Governor pro uaner???iH h fP ,0r con.8,deurat,o?, the mountain of iiapers laid before him by the several applicants for the lucrative offices in New York. The nominH. lions to these, in all probability, and as is hoped by the bangerson, will be sent to the Senate on Mon day or Tuesday of next week. A snug place i> i 'U8pect,,r-I,ip of Pots and Pearls, if we may udge trom out door rumor-and consequently there are enough first rate men who stand ready ? nd waiting to receive the honors, and particularly ?he emoluments thereof. The report called for by ?e.uejate not yet bern P^wnted, but as out of the deputies of the present incumbent is among tie applicants for the principal office, and is com petent from experience to judge in the premises, we may suppose that he is fully aware of its value Somebody m the ",hird house" has had the silliness to set on foot a rumor,that Mr. Wright would appuim ^n?d? m 0<Sce? Ehl' ,,lid be<>n known aaaa ?'PP" known i!^ih Jaia etl! Tb,s "port was mad. ^overii2r. and we shall hereafter wi ness its effect upon his movements in these per sonahmatter. The .ruth is, ihe Governor has a. to t me and in no way gnren to any applicant, or t'?'bfir>JtrKOn?> anV aort of indication as to what m?iu li? ?7U Ua^ -A-ny judge of human nature mom.?. Silas Wright is not a man to make wn f !f a^,fV|eV? conveY Itvorabl* impressions with a settled determination to disappoint ihi umirm.l08 '"T k He makeB 1,0 promises to the ?' the thirH kr who are members ol ne third house He tells every one that when eeiJLInTi e C0!PeB' each man's claims shall re h? ii consideration they deserve, and whicl? nu7? ?nT " ^?Pe l" the ancbor Of the ?n r.Jtr^eV"yeman from New York must hold on, regardless of consequences, until by and wiih he advice and consent of the Senate, hia fate fot not aTittl^Hr* n settled, ft is expensive and oot a little tiresome, but cui bono ? for .k-any ^0nd and substantlui reason be given rom^.f, PiT/0' non'acUon, adopted by the Committee of the United States Senate, touching Bench1, /Sa,l?n ot Chanc?l'or Walworth to the wm.hf hi '^Bupreme Court 1 Such confirmation would be highly gratifying to the Chancellor hm ^mtcularly so to. the Solicitor aad Sisellorr occasion to appear before him. The lancellor must be ntgh upon sixty years of age* To reTie" l&ffT1 he * be "mpelfed !k ; Lbeit ?18 '"tellect and erudition may even then be at the ten of maturity It win i very pleasant, therefore, on all hanis, if. wtih all vorYhle1 e-t,de8patChJ.,he Senate Proceeds to fa vorable action in the premises. We hope the commute will attend to it. p Court Calendar?Tills D?y. Circuit Court.?No* 836 176 338 341 to 348 337,949 to 963 366 to 366 367 to 371. 973 to 376, 378to390, 393 n 301. 303 to 330, 333 lo 336, 334, 337. February. Now. when the cutting wind or driving rain, Assail the lace and iriitaf the akin, Oatatuo'l I taliai* 8o*r removes all pain, And m*k*s e.aah feature adtnimtiou win. Should o'er the cheek a palli.1 influence ?|ireaa, Hia I.iut'to Vcgetaiile Rouge will ahow, To well J leased eyes, "celestial rosy red." And Health, in all her lovely tints, will glow. And if (snch things will happen) h<irs should spront Upon i lady's lip, Ooubai'D provides A I'oudhk BuBTii.r, which wilt take then out; And many an article liatn h- besides. Go to hia store for "all things new and sweet," At No. 07 iu Walker street. The beautifying preparations of Dr Gaurand, ?o celebrated thronghont the Union, are to be found iu New York only at tt.e original de|K)*, 67 Walker street, tint store rnoM Broadway; Boston, A.B.Jordan. 3 Milk street; Lowell, Carleton & Co.; Springfield, Bliss, Chatiin !t Co.; Worcester, Green (t Co.; Prov.dence, Dyer; Ha tfoid, Ball; Middlrtown, E. C. Ferre; New Haveu. Myers; Rochester, Sinclair Tousey; Albany, W. H. Pearce, 4 Siauwix Hall; Troy, Backs* It Bull; Hudson, Stoin, Sic. Doctor Child* ha* removed to Ho. 85 Cham. ben street, just west of Broadway. fl lw New York, Jan. 31,180. dir. Coraatocfc ? Dfar 8ik?My lady hat been a snfferer for ths laat fifteen J? an, from that most perplexing aid painful disorder, he tic 1 neug. There have been periods < f months during this time th t she has not I eeu free fr< in escrncianog pai s for >ix hours at a time. For the last year the letnrna have been mote . rvquent and tev re than at any previous time She has cm slant'y bad the advice of ihe best pnysiciaus of this city, hasu-ed'h- moai powerful medicines, and been cup|ied upon ihe trmples fre .in?nily, wih only rempon ry relief. Each return of the dism der was more severe thin the last, an I wi'h little or no ho|ia of perm-uie't re ief. Her spirits, her courage, her stre- g'h were n.arly exnana'ed, v hen she was induced to visit a lady in W est Washington Piace, refened to by yon, wh" had 1 een cured of a similar affection hy the use of Coiskkl's Pai* >? XTRsi.Ton.? ylady iminedi itel made a of t- it m do iue, and from the time of the t ird or fonrih appl,cation (in November la.ti to the resent time, aha fad no Muri of the pains, and is io all appearance entirely cured. Auy person auffe ing in a similar manner, may be satisfied of the correctness of the above by a i ersonal interv e?*. \i hieli will I e given with p'easure from a d-sire to afford relief, hy callii g st our-esiitence. >o. 238 Minth street. You are u ul l.b.riy to publish ihe ahove, withou' name which is not nece sa y. *? the place of r side'ce is sulfieient. Yuu m?y also show this staiemeiu to any per on yon choose. Ton signature of the above may be seen hy calling at 31 Unurrlandt street, where th a Salve may he had, which is war ranitd ;n please the u?er in all cat's, aid enra ihe following c mplaintt, i ix: Burnt, Scalds, Pilru, Sors Eyes, lie , or the money returned "While there Is life there Is hope "-The ravages of dj?e?Ne are dreadful indeed, but are rendered much more ?p by ihe unakilful treatment made u*e of oftentimea ia the early aragea of the com plant. And it it not un frequently tb-caae ihat the very trmfmrnt pn'tti d i? ?he raute of all the difficulty, even ihe sacrifice of human life. There are many who are to wedded to the plan of t.eaiment pursued. that they will not be persuaded to fort ke it, and (hue they sink into an untimely grave. Hut while there is life there is hope. J he Oloiaonian, or All-He I ng Balsam, for Consumption, Asthma, Spiltiugnf Blond, and other of the lungs, offeted by Doctor Folger, is rertairls deserving of high consideration in asmuch as it h ? per'nrmed wonder, in many cisei, which have actially luien given np hy ih attending physicians as hoielesn It al ays a cough, promotes exiector-lion. gives tone to the slo rn-ieh and d ge.tive orf -ns. exclms tliesecretlons. a> d raslo-vs til liealill in a m1 re effec ual manu't, and in a shorter apace of time, than any r. med we have t w r known. For sale at No. lfi6N*ss?n street, one d..or above Ann street, and hy Mrs. Hays, IU Fulton street Brooklyn. Dglley'i negtcnl Pain Extractor Salve, at the owlt agency, 31 Conrtlandt street. OrIrntal Water of Gold?A new and de lightful retfume. This superb and fashionable aiticle for the toil t is pre eminently a lienutifyieg lotion. The I canty of its appearance, fine fr grance, and u ility. are admitted by all who has used it. Hold only at 3, Court land; street. Who want* to hear well!?Dr. McNalr'a Acoustic (Ml, sold nt31 Conrtlandt street, is doing wonders in curing all complaints of the ear. All deaf persons ?h ul use it It has cure t complaints of the ear of years standing.? Price |l. The East India Dve, for coloring the hair a beauiifnl black, without injuring the skin or affecting it in the leaat, may tiehad at 31 Conrtlandt street. This ia the only article w hich can lie depended upon. The hair recaives a lustre and beauty from i s use before unknown. The color which tl e hair receives ia perfectly natural The i' Clilmci," Cor the Malll?Tli? Nei World of 2Ms <lav, cniiuint Di kena' New W> rk ei'tir- Co pies III WtaMS m fur the mailt. 6)4 cent*. Pontile only m 0 >1 to any i>" t of the I mted State*. J ha "1 rial Ml Bi hop HmJerdoiik,"an able editorial, will L rMd with inlcie?t; "The Philosophy of tl e Umuikut," au amul (ill adi" uuie from rt-al lib ?; alio, a CMtinBtliM 01 "The Mi' Mrrirt of Human Life," w nli two magnificent eogravii ??, il? hatttifliWlH U) periodical. forma?$3 a yaar; IM Mau >iug e. Complete sera of ilie Wandering Jew, No. 1 to 13, Herl liert'a translation. Office 31 Anu ttic t. KoinaaU' Beauty? S he Hair?Hour frequent J lv do lire r.ivogea of diseise lay ?a?te the delicate forma of tlnl fair it' ll beautiful; and though leator d again to health, yv] 'lies.- flowing lock* thai once adorned their Tie-dr. fall off ami neeer agaiu return to their origin I beauty. It ia inconceivai ble how auy peraou?more miwcially a lady?can manifest ?cf mucli i en lot.t on t!iia point, when a uever failing remedy can bd mI (lined in the genuine Olilridge'a Balm of Columbia, from 2ll Courilandt afreet, which will perfectly restore this only ueg.| lected p&it of female ornament. What ia a dollar to complati the crowning point of female beauty. lioiigley'i Weatern Indian Panacea will cute auy of the followiug complaint*, er no pay taken for it. ad 21 Courllnidt Htreel, Til. Asthma, Dyapepaia, Indigestion,| Coativenraa, and Liter Complaint. All Philadelphia Subscriptions to HimLP mnatbe paid to the agent*, Zieber k Co., J Buildings. Third street, near < heatnut, where tingle oopteel mar also be obtained daily at 1 o'clock fry All the new and cheap Publications for sale at their ai tabliabmeut. ly Medical Notice.?The. Advertisements of thel New York College of Medicine and I'haruiacr. eatabliahed fori [he Suppreaaion of Ouarhery, in the core of all diaeaaei, will! hereafter appear ou the fourth page and last column or tfual papS. W. S. RICHARDSON, M. D., Agent. I ? 'ffice end Cnnanl'ing Bonma of the College .95 \aj*?n *'re*l JIONICY MAHKKT. Friday, Jan. 31?? P. M. There was quite an improvement to day in tho stock I market. The sales were not large. Stonington advanced! 3 percent, Norwich and Worcester 1, Erie Railroad 1,1 farmers' Trust J, Heading |, Canton J, Long Isla>d J jl Pennsylvania6's fell off 1} per cent, Illinois, J; while| Ohio and Morria Canal closed Arm at yoaterday's priceu The fancies are all np, and the Siate Stocks are all down. I Foreign Exchange closed firm at our quotations. The | demand was rather limited. The Leather Manufacturers' Bank has declared a semi annual dividend of three and a half per cent, payable on | demand The Boott Mills Company at Lowell have declared a I dividend of eight per cent for 6 months ; the Salisbury Manufacturing Company a dividend of 0 percent; a^'ij the Oreat Fall* Company a dividend of twenty dollars c each share. Subjoned is an account of the nnmber of vessels, and their tonnage, that entered the port of New York in the | month of January 1843, '48, '44, '46:? Commerce or the Port of New York. Panen ?American.?, r? Foreign.???-?Total.?? gers Yean. No. Tonnage. No. Tonnage No Tonnage, arr'd. 1818, Jin. 92 24.42S*< 31 5,439 113 29 S6sk 774 1843, Jan. 41 18 57S)J 33 5,501* 84 34,080)7 1,028 1844, Jan. 84 25,031 32 7,823 116 33,854 8110 1845, Jan. ? 29,912* ? 5,894 ? .45,803* 1,457 From the above table it i* seen that in January, 1841, the number of American vessels was more by one-half, and the excess ot tonnage waa one-third over the arrivals for January, 1843; while, on the other hand, there is a ?light increase in the number of foreign arrivals, and (?mount of tonnage, in January, 1843, over the correspond ing month in 1843. In January, 1844, the gross amount ef American tounoge entering New York from foreign ports had increased only to the standard of 1843; wbilethe gross amount of fo. r, ign tonnage was in excess nearly one-half over the corresponding months in 1343 and 1848. The analysis cf the arrivals during the last month (January 1846) is high ly gratifying In its results, as it proves satiifictorlly that our commerce is now in a more flourishing con dition than it has been for the same month during the last fiur years. The gross amount of American tonnage em ployed in commerce considerably exceeds that of 1843 and 1844 The annual report of the Comptroller to the Legislature presents a very concise statement of the Anaooes of the State. The various funds are distinctly separated, and a brief account of each is given. The general fund is made chargeable for the support of Government. In 1814 this fund had a capital of $4,897,943 97. This fund hae been exhausted, and its resources, until the mill tsx was added, were reduced to the income derived from auction and salt duties, amounting to less than half the sum ne cessary to defray the ordinary chargea on the Treasury. The anuual appropriations chargeable upon this fond have been made, until a debt his sccnmulated against the Treasury of $6,684 607 63. This fond has been compelled to obtain loans from other funds, and at the close cl the fttccii year, the loans were as annexed : Indebtedness or the General Fund to the Srsciric Funds. Tn the Common School Fund. $304,404 31 To the Literature Fund -20 63-1 OS ' o the Bank Ford 60,493 73 To the Mariner's Fund 41 68=1 73 To the United fates Opposite Fund 89,333 54 To Railroad Sinking Fund 564 28 To the Canal Fund, for loan in 1837 617,386 06 $1,136,173 66 Deduct amount due the General Fund from U. S. Deposite Fund, and balmce in Treasury 136,686 IS Total Treasury debt to Specifle Funds. . . 61 013,488 68 The Canal Funds consist cf the canals and the tolls da* rived from them. By taking the original cost of the canals as the principal of the fund, the capital end an nual revenues may he stated as annexed. Canal Funds?The Canals and their Hetenck. _ Cott. Tolls. Erie Canal $7,111,789 86 > ? Erie Enlargement 12.618.851 76 > ?.I64|*?1 '? 'himplaiii Canal 1,357 604 26 115,763 31 Onwejio Cabal 565,437 3.5 50,212 73 Cayusa md Seneca Canal 297,000 04 33.276 29 Crooked Lake Canal 1.56,776 90 1,314 81 Chemung Canal 6iB,M)0 5# 12,973 27 Chenango Canal...??. 3,420,000 00 20,085 53 Black River Canal 1,524,967 00 ... Geneae ? Valley Canal 3,739,000 (10 18,760 26 < li.eida Lake Canal 50,000 00 5SJ 67 Oneida ltiver Improvement 69.376 13 331 05 $50,161,303 >1 2,393,225 60 The annuel interest on $30,401,803 84, the cost pf all the S ate canali, and the enlargement of the Erie Canal, at 6} pT cent, which ia the average intereit on the pre ?ent Slate debt, is $1,076,371 71 The nelt revenue from all the State canals, tor the year ending 30 h Sept. 1844, after deducting the cost of collection of toils nd of the maintenance of the canals, it 1 803,703 61 Execs* of revenue over 6} per c< nt on the cost of canals $123 390 80 This result ia produced, principally, by the revenue of the Erie Canal. Our works of internal improvement c/st, according to the above statement, $30 461,303 84, to which add the loons of State stock to Railroad corpora tions, amounting to $3,616,700, which i* in fact lost, and we find the total outlay for our public work* amounts to $33,977,001 84. The annggl interest paid on account ot the loan* to in aelvent railroads is $191,9C0 60, and it ia suggested that a farther appropriation ?heuld be mode from the aurplns canal toll* equal to the aum paid annually from the gene ral fund on tbeae loana to railroads. The actual debt of the State, according to (he Comp troller'! report, amounts to twenty-eight millions three hundred and thirteen thousand four hundred thirteen dol lars and twenty-six cents, the particulars of which we annex : Pusi.rc Dxbt?Svarr ov Nrw Yoax. Principal. Jlnnual int. At 5 per $15 289,<l9 46 761.140 97 At 6 per cent 1,770,790 12 106,607 41 At 7 per cent 3,647,1* 00 255,199 53 6's of 1037, pays no internal 100 00 ... Total debtnf canals $10,713,905 51 1,120,197 90 Treasury debt 5,634,507 60 3)0,535 3 5 Can! ard Treasury debt $26,3t0,1l3 36 1 436.933 25 Hailroad debt 1,720,000 00 ... Due contractors 215,000 00 Total debt, 1045 $20,713 411 26 '.!! Total debt, 1813 2i,76t 51> 61 Increase in three rears. $2,548,021 63 The Comptroller says, that the difl>rence is owing to the imperfect kn fledge which was poaaeased, in 1842, c-f the amounts due contractor*, and for lond damage*. In March, 1349, the stop law was passed, and all labor on the public works ceased iu April following, aiucc which there has actually been puld to contractors, engineers, Itc , the sum of $9,6(0.606 60 At the time the suspension law passed there was an unliquidated debt agumit the public works of more than three millions of dollars, which his since been paid, and now forma a part of the fhnded debt of the State. The surplus of the canal and general fund* for the past year amounts t? $706 821 48, which ia about $160 000 more than the income from the mill tax, shosving that the in crease from canal tolls this year has been so great, that there would have been a surplus in these funds without the mill tax. The balaoee of these funds, $706 812 48, is over and above the necessary means to pay the interest on twenty five million* of debt, end all repair* on seven hundred miles of canals, and all the ordinary and- special charg a for the support of the Sta'e government. The annual statement shows a surplus ol canal revrn-, ties beyond the payments made, as provided in the law, for the Ureal yenr ending on the 80th September last, of $?572 016 35 The annual interrat on Iho canal de'-t re maining unpaid at the close of tho year, 1* $1 126 897 90; one-third of this urn ii $370 405 96 nnd the 12th section of the act of 1812 d vires that Mi" canal surplus ?'?hall, to nn amount at Joist < to one- bird of the Interest of the canal debt remaining unpaid, be sacredly dovoted and applied ao a sinking fund to the redemption of tho canal debt."