%. 1 ' t* ? 1 LajU'# Vurk, swiirt.ty, Ktbru?ijr U. Ib-iS. Opinions of ttae Pmm on tlx* 0< dtrdonk (-lia,? ilmnum of tlie Cleigy-loflkl Con illllon of ilie M'tny of the new.-p 'pet* t?re now busy diHcutfng th- guilt or innocence of Bishop Onderdonk, but we ha"e been rather turpris d to ii U that the rel nous pipers known as uie "organs" ot the Presbyterian aud Dutch Reformed churches do not touch the case nt nil. This iscertainly|rather singular, for the avidity with which the rival sects ure accustomed to seize upan any thing to the disadvantage ol each other is tolerably well Known, or at all events has been pretty well illustrated on various occasions. The paper in this city which is generally regarded as the org tu of Bishop Hughes, however, takes up tha matter and handles it -ithout much ceremony It has a long article on the subject?in which we think we c m discern the traces oi an.ecclesiastical hand?abusing the book, the Court, the Bishop, the witnesses and every body. The book it charade, mesas "most disgusting and most disreputable to all the pirues involved." The writer then proceeds to speak ot the case itself:? That the conduct of Bishop Onderdonk?if tho o-jtnessi* tell tis iruth w 18 indi-fmsiMy cnlt"?ble :? not to bo de met But whctiei- those w Pousse* t >ld the truh or not, tnev are. h tit m <le and tun ile. > quaily <b-*ei *irg ot cot - deaniiuion. li the charge* were iiuo. hv what dastardl: hypicrrcy havuthey uhgiaiiied so lone trom m ikirg'hotn pu 'In-. >tn t bringing the ciinoniil to scri not i U> unit il apu'ible h pucrflcy have they pu' a id -the auhoaece ot'he ??nct tn miou* chaiacter winch they ?w Pur o* and reated tii..t criminal, with alt the outward martin i f oourtssy and good fueling, as if he bad mver dsn" any tiling to lot ten their re<pect and r. v-rence 7 How have they lie n uh'e iu keep 'hi? mam ot vilenem and insult,? of tiiulcom lousness lock -d up within 'heir breasts, whilst they alti.w. d 'he high'at dgtnitary tf that church, which they pretend to love, to continue to tx-rr.me i'a mo*' s.icreil midistrat ions, whilst, if they statethe t'U'h now, they inu t have known liim to ho, during all these three, and live, and s? v -n years past, a wolf in sheen's cloth ing I Oi the other hand it would be liigh t-ea sou to doubt the tru'h of their statements. They are ladies, lorsocth, and the mawWi-h sentiment m tyol the land is more ? atravngaut than i ny thing that cm he found in Urn Quixote in its chivalry toward, wh itcver is calhd a lady If the na'ure ol the caa had allawed similar tes'imoiiv of guilt to have b en presented by witness. 8 of the o'her rex, it wculd have been scouted on the trial?it would have been tidiculed in the public press?i' would have been met with execration hy all men. cxnep*, perhapa 'he personal and theol. gical ene mies ot' he accustd N >w, without m-anmg to cast one word ? 1 suspicion on ih* testimony, we beg leave to re ms'k thai Iain's are women, and th't all history, of wh'C i this ia but a new le ,f testify th it they are as deepl) involved in ill-consequences of original sin as men ate. That 'hey have no more right to a bliDd credulity in fa vor i f'heir testimony than men hnve, and that,so far as regard* the present case, their test mony at this time con verts their si'ence for so long a p?ood into an imputa tion which will have its proper infltt-nce on the Mien' ju Igmei t i-t l*ast. of the public at large In looking at tin- proceedings of the court so cnlled, there is nothing calculated to diminish the disgu>t excited by ih" chnrges fmch is iht* manner in which the Freeman's Jour nal spf/Ua of the case, and certainly the remarks rela'ive to the l>ng silence of the Bishop's accu sers are not altogether uncalled for. We had nl lud-d to that point more than once And nothing, in our opinion, gives more painful evidence ot the 8'ranse laxity of morula and manners nmougjt th*' so-called strictly religiouscircles, than this f act, that a Bishop of the church wns accustomed, in his iiiter coutse wiih the females of his flock, to take such questionable liberties wi'h iheir persons, and yet not a murmur of disapprobation in any quarter, un til iIip circumstances were sei^d upon by the agents of ? clique to < fT-ci the destruction of the Bihoi. Tnis view of the matter cannot be too frequently or loo forcibly presented to the public. Bishop Onderdonk is not the only clergyman who has offended against the laws "t moral and virtuous society, by indulging in latnt liaiities wi'h the females whom he met. T'ten must he something wrong in the social condition of the religious community, or such conduct could not b" tolerated in a single instance. And this is, indeed, the sad reality. We have seen ut " cam| meetings" and"'revival meetiugs," till over the country, how lamentably pure nod undefiled lelt gion has been disgraced by the indecent and im mord conduct not only of the "disciples" but ol those who call themselves Christian ministers. It was *u pes d in moat quarters that all this laxity ol morals and manners was confined to those itineraui hypocrites and impostors, and to the indiscriminate gatherings which they were accustomed to address; but the development in the case before us, show that '.he judgment of charity was in this instance entirely at fault. Mrs. Beare stated that theBbhop k ssed her in the presence of h<r mother, in such u manner as to leave the impression that it was a custcinary mode ol salutation. Such literal and practical adherence to the precept of Paul to Timo thy, is by no means, we have every reason to be lieve, a rare virtue amongst the clergy of all de nominations. The social condition of the churches may thus be easily guessed at, and it is this view ?I the a-e liiat we wish to keep before the public, tor wh trust yet to see salutary influence exerted in th a direction, by the developments ofThis extra ct -j nary trial. It is as if the light of day had been let in upon the community of "the saints," and that is the first step to a thorough cleansing. Not the least inguUr and instructive of the de velopni'-nts made by the " Book of the Trial, i that given to the public in the " opinions" of th< Bi-hopt. We do not know which most to con demn?the canting slang, or the party teeling S m? ?d these holy men of God utter in the same breath the most s inging expressions of personal hatrt d to the accused, and the most pious prayers to Heaven for tne good of the ( hurch ! Tiie Bishop i in lavor of the accused have certainly less of the slang than the others, but they are al evidently partial judges. But we are most struck and most pained by the elaborate efforts of the fa thers who condemned the Bishop, not merely to justify their sentence, but to cover htm with infamy and shame, and to close the door ngauist any public sympathy for him. Oh how unlike the meek and lowly Jesus! How un like the fishermen of Gallilee ! How unlike the early fathers of the church, who loved not then lives unto the death, and whose conduct towards each other was such tha' even the enemies of th' f iith w-re constrained to call out?"B- hold 1 how these Cnns'ians love one another !" Als* ! hie? 1 when trie Bishops and fathers of the church act to such a m toner, ia it any wonder that the lovely frttt's "f peace and chtrtty have well nigh ntttrly perished in th*- church- s 1 Csrrsix RrixDbKS?'-Ve insert in this day'spn (??r, a very curious and interesting sketch of ifu lii- <f iherenovnd Caput in Rynd-rs?the celc br t'ed Don ttinvanni of the modern democracy ? In our ncxi IVtck'y Herald, pn b'bly, we shall h< able io give a likeness ol this irtinous Captain,with a vi'-w of his clun grouped atound the s'ove ol their dab room, and deliberating on the annexa tion ot Texas Tne Captain, hmts-lf, departed very-ud ieitly yesterday morning for Albany. On Friday evening h<- unexpectedly called for his bib at the Exchange H del, in B trclay street, and or dered ths waiter to call htm precisely at 5 o'clock n?xt morning, as he had to proceed to Albany on a sort of pilgrimage to Mecca Probtbly tl e C?i[? tarn will regulate things to the capitol and put the barn-burn ra and old nunkers in their prop?r p> s - tion before he return-, jus as he has frequ. ntly here set Tammany Hall in order. Apropos ? The sk tch of the Captain's Life, wbicti we give to-cf*v, embraces only the even s down to the organization of the "Cluh " The or gaiiiz itioa of that celebrated body, wlih its impor tant movements during the late election---the corn ufimenta recetv? <l by it from :h" democratic mag nates, including Van Buren-?nd the recent cxplo siont'of ingratitude, ot some of the leader-, will be nil noticed in due time Wivter Wksth-i?Yesterday was stinringl; coi f. In the morning at eonrise the m? rrcy wa ? I own to 6 deg.e' , and it S o'clock to 12 degrees On tf'e sa ne day t&st y? a the thermometer mark ed 10 degrees at 7 in the morning. hin."Tgl" wi" pr ? i<I* ttthnsxlr '??sian of the > mi ('v ui'i t> bo il o' tl?* ti *. tfouday in ~oru?ry tt Hudson, to try tha Anti-renters - wuRTAvr Abolition Movements?'Thi Re cent Convention in Fanbuo, Hall.?We have given our road era u lull itnd graphic report of the saytugt ,.nd doings at the recent remarkable Anti Slavery and Anti-Texas Convention in Faneutl Hall, Roaton. It appears to have been a congrega tion oi "black spirits and white," ofali sorts and siz -, actuated by various impulses and strange ideas, but all uniting in one universal sentiment ol bitter and unrelenting hostility to the Southern in stitution, and the existing social condition of that portion of the confederacy. There is a great deal of talk and bluster, and bravado and abuse, in the Norther*' prints, respecting the conduct of the nul lihers of South Caroliua? the chivalry of Quattle bum?and the disunionists of that part of the coun try. No doubt under the bright sun of the South, men in Carolina, who are sulu ring from the ini quities of uuequal taxation, and unequal laws, will occasionally express their feelings wiih some exag geration and violence, but thise expressions ate not by any means to be taken literally. There is no quarter of the Union, in which a more devoted spirit ol loyalty to the republic exists than itt the Sooth?now here else would the hostile attempts of a foe be more promptly and energetically met Th's every *>ne must acknowledge Such is 'he passing sentiment of disunion or nul lific.ition as developed in the South; but what is it in Faui uil Hull? There it assumes a much dark er hu?*, and a far more dangerous character. We see in the recent convention there the. develop ment of sentiments and principles, in the first birth, which, in process ol time, if not checked by the pood sense of the Union, will destroy^ our whole social fabric. Look at the resolution pro posed by Garrison?a resolution rqu.valent to a dissolution of that fair fabric, which we call the glorious Union' Look at every sentiment and every principle and every purpose developed by those speakers, breathing throughout a degree of fierceness and hostility to the social institutions * I the South, increased by the very iguorance which they discover regarding the naiure and character of these institutions, which leaves all the mere vaporing about disunion in the South, irntneasu r-aKlu IiaKi ml Hut the moat dangerous feature of the whole of that Convention, is developed in the declaration made by Mr. O F. Adams, the son of John Quiocy A lams, who is represented as having recommend ed that the fquestion of Slavery should be intro duced into ail future political contests, and particu larly in the free States, so as to divide them on that is.-me and destroy the present organization of par ties. Such a purpose, if carried out, would as cer tainly lend to the destruction of the Union as the laws of nature produce their invariable results. For some singular movement of this kind?the destruc tion of the present arrangements of parties and their reconstruction on the principles of the Abolition ists?we have indeed been prepared, as well by the speeches of Mr. Webster and John Q. Adams as by the proceedings and declarations ol the. present Convention. The Abolition party, numbering at he last election in the free States over 62 000 voters, will form the nucleus, no doubt, of a new organi z t'ion of the Whig forces in the North, with thi* broud principle of action?the destruction of Shive ry at the South by the legislation of Congress. W. will s^e how this movement will be followed up boih by the Whig party and the Abolitioniets in the tree States?we will see what mav be the tutnre course of John Quincy Adainsand Daniel Webster in Congress, for it is very evident that there is some general attempt now in contemplation to form u union between the Abolitionists and the Whigs, for the purpose of regulating the policy of the Union and deleating the Democracy in all future contests Danger Ahead.?Even the National Intelli gencer of Washington, appears to be alarmed at the present aspect of our foreign relations, now menaced by the progress of the Oregon and Texas questions in both Houses of Con gress. This alarm is beginning to pervade ntan> other minds, besides tliose of the editors of the Intelligencer. But we do not apprehend any im mediate war either with Mexico or England,should both these measures pass the present Congrest. Mexico has enough to do within her own limits, torn aft she is by contending factions, which de stroy her energy and power. In regard to Engiand, we have a bond of indemnity on her good beha vior in the shape of annnal imports and exports to the amount of nearly sixty millions of dollars A. suddl-n interruption of the commercial relation? between the United States and England, or the stopp ige of the cotton supplies furnished by us to the British manufactories would most seriously en danger the domestic peace of that kingdom, ren tiering it still more difficult to manage than Ireland. We thus possets in the cotton trade a power over England that keeps her in peaceful relations whether she will or not. Anxiety for the Absent Packets ?There is a great deal of anxiety now felt for the safety ol the packet ships United Slates and England. They have been at sea over two months, and sailed from England tn time to be in the terrible gale of the 11th and 12 h of December, which caused so much devastation from one extremity of the Atlamic to the other. In this gale, it will be recollected, the packet ship Dorchester was totally lost. The United States and England have valuable cargoes on hoard. They had not, we are glad to learn, many passengers. The England, we believe, had none in hercabins. In the United States, if we mistake not, the Rev. Weir Tulloch, a Scotch clergyman, was a pafsenger. This person com muted forgery at Perth and fled, intending to reach America, by taking pasaage in the United States This is the only passenger on board of her to our Knowledge. These two packets were very streng ships. They were built here, and commanded by good and ex perienced men. C,plain Brittoo, ot the United - fates, is a brother of ihe comnnnder of the Gla fiator, and alsoV the cap.ai,, ?f ,he R((th.BIer who saved .he lives of those on board the Dorchei' -er, which, singularly enough, w?. wrecked in .he h V j'u" f-Uher destroyed or badly disables he United states. The E, g'and was command* bv Capt Bartlett, who ha had charge of her since ' r' <?< Captain Wane, and a better man never walked a deck. Notwithstanding th.t appearances are against < .e.n, fheteis yet a hop.-, H?d not a v?ry of seeing these p?ck, u flg(tin. Thfy 1 vj. come diamasied, and in thai case could hardly be expected to make a very rapid pae.aa, from longitude 29, while strong westerly winds nave been bloving IhcAtticaU, dec. A kignor Martinez i,gmu| Concert, in Detroit Mr. Strong of.hi. city, was h.fllly eliecPt<fuI (| ,h -oncert of the Philadelphia 8acred Mtuic Boci-t.', Z !Z?n Fri"By PTPn,nr #odnauuUt ica,'y Madame Hammer,kold, a lady of gre.t talent, a. a ' HUtlin^ P'.ni.t, has arrived in New Orleans The ..per. ,.y her execution upon the piano i, .nrp..,|ngiy i nan c have heard tho moil renjwnedpiani.t, .hoh.vevi.ited the U?,..d 8t,ti, and w. donct^D Jnt,a;;.u.Tu;e^r8;^?poH1, ,n ineducaod tar can appr.cnt, n, chVr y*I V ''** ni0l't o, -tint that we b.vJ W moatVJBt " ''" ? Uf mmerik"ld. H r voice i* iin? .?i w"h Alarf. t-HMve compaaa She Minx? the t ??i ?w,,et and of ex .'H .fdw.Xn wilh a faelfng and Uute*1 n"ri* *n\htU l*? .aion, which are irr??i*tibto. ?od p wer of ex Dr. ffollirfe l.m b??n hi*hlv inee..,/.! .. . fihi V* A vrvslt nnmh } . ^ 1?C -ended them. * * mimt>,'r of ?*?!?? h.vn at ?Mr Drouvh is about to appear in Richmond, buckTentlTi?^ounting tV'$4l60 r'oiirt Calendar?Monday. f ohmox plk*.-.o,.6,s. 13, Mokk Anti-Rent Trouble.?The Albany Argus of Friday gtv< s the following particulars ol anti reiu ouirages m Olstgo and C. ttaraugus counties: K*it WoacvsTkB, Olapgo county, Jen 38. Thomis Wluitiker, deputy-In riff, of CLciry Valley, (lthcijii county, started from this place cn Monday, thi 37: h instant, lor the puip >e of serving ueoiarati nia on Ahiuhum 11 innigton an-l Jacob H Harrington, of Woi cester, iu favor ol Murray U OgJen, on contract -liny having rt fused or lr glected to |.?y the demand then dm . The contract was n fair business tran .action Shi rill Whittaki r having served a declaration on Abraham H.ir nigton, li lt far the purpose o! servi g th? remaining cne on Jsteub H. Hat rington, thocld man. After arriving at hid hou-e, nearly half a mile distant from the house of hie son, he di.icevereil hiinfeit followed by the young man Abraham. Mr. WhilUkgr was there, iniormed that he had gone lrom home, and would probably bo found at the house nf liia soi'-in-law, residing in Summit, Schoharie county, abaut two milts distant. Mr. Whittaker thinks it was preconcerted But the demand being nowise con nect ld with " imti-rent," ke did not suppocethat hn would be resisted in the service ef | spurs? and wishing to get n personal tervioe, betook himself thither; but had not reached his place of destination when he was oucount ured by a party of men disguised as Indians, to the nun ber of twenty live or thirty?who, having stopped his horse, proceeded to .earch for papers, winch Mr Whittu ki-rre'used to give up In the mean time, discovering the old man, Jacob H Harr ngton, in council with the Indians, he attempted to serve his papeis. but was hin dored by their floi k ng around him, stopping the service, demanding papers, fca. Young Hirungton repeatedly presented him-clf'o the sheriff, with the d.clu.item th t it Intd hern prt viou*Iy served en him, reipiesting ihat tlit sheriff ahnulJ receive it again: but on tieing repulsed threatened a coat ol tar un.i troth rs. The Indians seeing that th?y were off sting nothing, became enr.iged ; an.' pren Dting a i islol at me head of Mr Whittaker. threat ened hie lif.i >h-uld he refute to oocommodate himrelt to n < ir defiant- at 'he same time sajin^ that "dead niei told no tile*" Mr. Whittaker, determining to do hit duty as bee. m ? his station, was, alter being provoked ant insulted to the last degree, rode on a rail, his head tarred, and bis hoots tilled and d awn on, and finally aent nwnj , with the injunction that he must never again appear within " their dominions,'' under pain of death. Ei.licottvillb, January 37, 1845 We are in th? midst ot an anti rent war. On F'iday cv-ning last the shetiff despatched time deputies to Dtiich rlill. tor the purpose of arresting some of the rinc leaders, who attached the sheriti and his deputies tut June, who were then for the p rpoae of executing a writ of possession Some eight or ten were in dicted at the Juno court for the offence, but no uttemp' was made to arrest them until Kr day night last ? In the mean time, liom certain indie tions a d threat thrown out, the sheriff' thought best to order nut a strong force to protect 'he jail from attack, should any of than he captured. Th? urrang. m-nt wns that they shout-' make a quick trip nnd return by 0 o'clock on Saturdai mornintr. The wholeday p?.>?rd, however, without their returning, and hearing no ti lings from them, fears wer entertsined that they had been captured themselves An.' as the orders of the sheriff" were promptly obeyed by the rit!7.ens of adjoining towns, in flocking to his standard, i email detachment of six men. under Cel. ElMdge, war tent out to ascertain the difficulty; but before they re turned, the deputies first sent out came back with one prisoner, having ca; tured him alter a d, sperule encoun ter with some 150 of the gang. Col E. however went through the settlement a short time af er, and found n large collection at the school house, and being ordered t halt, which orders he disobeyed, was fired upon w.ti eight rifles. He returned the fire, and came on his way home Whether axiv were injured we are unable to say Last evening 'here were probably 600 people in the vil lage, 300 or 400 with arms, ready ti act tin ter the sheriff at 13 o'clock last nigh', about 350. under th - command ol Gen Htintly, proceeded with the sheriff to the scene ci disturbance, leaving about 300, wi'h three pieces of can non, to protect the jail and land-cftlces The report oi e cannon was heard this morning at six, in the direction ?' Dutch Hill, probably one the anti-renters have obtained from Cuba. They are strong in numbers on the Hill,an-' what the result will be I am unable to say. I am of opin ion, however, that the sheriff will march through with out any ilifli nilty, and that he will ft id the men smonii ?he'mistiiig v hen he gets there. Our village his thi app aranc of b military post. Yesterday (Sunday) th 11flops were out ui der arms, and nothing was going o but preparation for war. Our citizens have turne I nu with a p'omp'ness and zeal creditable to the.m,and w' jcb assures us that the laws will ha enforced. "The I-w? niuvt and shall be enforced " floats on a banner from tin front of the court house thereby evincing a disi ositiori on the part of our people to obey the demandsaof the she* riff, and see that our wholesome laws are enforced. Quarrels among* the Forty Thieves.-?We have been very much amused during the past weei. with the qnanels between the Plebeian and th Morning Newt, otherwise better known under th? soubriquet of Slamm, Bang & Co., and Patrick O'Sullivan 5c Co. These quarrels are only thi commencement of a long fight between the con tending factions of the New York Democracy. 1 has come down from the days of " lang syne," and will undoubtedly exercise a considerable in fluence on the division of the spoils in this quartet under Mr. Polk's regime. The history ot then quarrels?theirorigin?their literary, philosophical, political, and financial phenomena?would be in tensely amusing, nnd will furnish material for fu ture paragraph#!or the edification of our readers The recent amusing outburst, in which they cal1 each other liars and vagabonds, is but the first brush in a desperate encounter for " tile spoils " Theatres.?There was a good attendance at the Park amphitheatre laat evening, notwithstanding the cold weather, which was a very powerful in ducement tor every body who could to stay at home. The performances were, as usual, classical and elegant. At the Olympic a pretty full house attended to see the new piece of "The Devil in Paris"?plainly a very old story, by the way?in which a man who' had painted a tremendous likeness of a black eye, and was costumed in the received habiliments of the citi, was rapturously applauded by thediscrimi natiog audience. The Bowery is playing up its stock of old melo dramas, to tolerable houses, and the Chatham hat got up the "Chimes," of Boz?a sort of Chatham street edition of the " Christmas Carol." On the whole, our city theatricals, with the exception tf Welch's company of splendid equestrians, are rather small business. The Streets Aqain!?For the last ten days the streets have been in even a worse condition than when pedestrians were up to their ankles in mm! The clouds of dust, palpable and penetrating, hav< been most disagreeable to all who were obliged to!traverse the streets. The truth is, no one who values comfort or cleanliness, and can possibly avoid doing so, dares to venture into Broadway, either in wet weather or dry. In wet weather it is all mud, slush and dust?in dry weather, when the wind blows, the dust is so thick that one cannoi see across the street. This is one oi the reform* of the present reforming corporation. To Louisa t n. I love you ; yes, ah me, sueb fl me D nerves a much more heavenly name; 80 email n word don ill <ii fine Such m idnea* 01 ihe heait us mine, And wilder atill, yet all alone, I burn* unpitied and unknown ; 1 lov ? 10 well, I fear to sua, Since, if denied, hope, h-aven, adieu. For life weleh?II. and it I died W uid heaven receive 'he suicide ? Wh n nest we meet, If in my eye You look, you need nor woid nor sigh, For wh> n heaide y ou Louis 1 lair, L ve, malnea* ml arc picuied there. T ten ll you with my hi pea 10 aoar, Oh pray hut amile. ai d I'l1 adore ; Then it n t. may the fital t u'h Conn Aialuig in air. 10 of rut 1, And should 1 but ihe halm de ?y, Whereon my -pints fi a>t all day. The hmohed hea t the' nnr?e ihe apelL May hre,.k at once, and all ia well. LOS. Personal Movements. Did, on the 38th ult at hi* residence in Madlaon coun ty, Judge Jacob Garrard, Judge Garrard was about 60 yeara of age, aud one ol the earliest pioneers to the Wcat. Toe Boott Mill* Co at Lowell have declared a dividend of eight per cent for 6 months; the Siliahury Manufac turing Co a divid> nd of A per cent, and the Great Falls Co. a dividend ol 90 dollars on each share. Circuit Court. Before Judge Kent. Jan. 81.? San ford S Broad and Jikhford Heath. ea. fVm L")venworlh.? this waa on action to recover the mm ol $1A<I, being commissions to which pl'intifls consider themselvt a entitled, In conaequci.oe of tff. c'nga sale ol certain property delivered to 'hem hy definaant. For defence It was contended that def-ndant never employed plaintiffs, but a per.-on of the name of Jonee, who was pud. Another Most Atrocious and Deliberate Murder ?A gentleman who arrived in this city last evening, from t nmden, N. J , inform d lis of the per petration ot one ol the most deliberate murders that w? have he'iid of for uomn timo it happened nn Thurs day night, between nine and ten o'clock, nt about two miles liom Haddon field. It appear, th at two colored men had been quarreling aliont something which we could n t uncertain, and hovmg ft pnrated, one of them, Hamu 11 Thomas, who is employed on the, turm belonging to Mr. R chord L. Lloyd of thia city, shortly ufter returned with n loaded gnu, and taking de.lihrate aim, through the window, et the man with whom ho had boon fighting, fired and killed him on iiie spot The alarm soon upr ? id, in! as many perrons as ceuld be col-acted at the tint , went hi pan suit of 'he murderer, ?n l sue reeded in arresting him, yt aterday moruing, at about a mile distant from where thn scene ol the bloody tragedy waa enacted. Yesterday afternoon. ju?t before annuel, the murderer waa tiken to Camden, and waa undergoing a he irincf when our informmt was r.ompi lie I to leave, a* I) mi wat about to start to cross the river.?PhilaM phi a /Sun, Feb. l. Albany. [Correspondence of lb** Henilrl.) Albany, Jan. 30, 1845 The Effect of Bishop Ihiderdonk's Vindication in the Ilerabl Appltton's Ti ial of the Bishop? Inter* ft and Curiosity caused thereby?Interest rj the Ixidies therein?Mr Seymour, of Oneida? His Conduct and Mental C'a'ibre ?Whigs, Demo crats, and Natives, in the Assembly ?Senator Porter's Move fur the Reduction of Solas its? Candidates for the " Pots and Pearls," Flour, Tobacco Spc?A New York Editor Preset- Vie Texas Question in the Assembly. Dear Sin:? It seems that the son of the Bishop has "pro ceeded" against you for publishing the statement of the Bishop. Is this not very much like the act of a man cutting his own throat! In the Herald, the statement of the Kt. Rev. Prelate will spread itself to the uttermost parts of the earth, will bt read by everybody, and be spen by thousands, who will never have an opportunity to rend th? other side of the question as contained in the vo luminous book ol theJ.Appletons'. it will be e wise thing for the Bishop's son to drop all "pro cerdniRa" against the Herald, for this supposed viola ion ol copyright. Instead of harboring an> anger, It* ought to !>>? grateful for the favor to hie latlo rand familv. Too trial of the Bishop, from the press of Appleton cte Co , was received her> I isr night in any quminy, through the excelled Express of Livingston, Wells and Pomeroy ??Hivevou seen the book 1" is the universal tn qniry In the windows of the book stores, w< see placards, "the Bishop's Trial." Now wc hav the btaiemeiit of the Bishop in the Herald, ns a: offset to this mass of evidence, and the opinion of several members of the House of Bishops Thus we are enabled to compare, ex?miiie, au< conclude upon facts Without the Herald, w? should have had only one side of the question and that making directly against the Bishop. Then are three to one that prefer reudiugth'- rich and ex travigsnt details of the evidence, rather thun th? " round, unvarnished tale " ol "thsmano? muni sorrows" It is therefore apprehended that greh benefit, insteaa of injury, has been the reault o. your judgment and good feeling. In casting my eyes around 1 see in the hands ol Senators arid Assembly men, riot legislative docn meats, but the Bishop's trial Strange, indeed, tna so much curiosity and interest should be excitei by such a book It is human nuture however; Sen ttors and women are not exempt from the usum traihies of humanity. It would be interesting t< have the power ot Asmodeus just at the presen time, in order to discover how many ladies an even at this moment intent upon the peiusal of th' Bishop's trial. This book will create a taste i<> "light reading;" it is precisely such a book as tl" progress of society demanded. What Bsc hasbeei made of the eight hundred dollars paid by Apple 'on <Sc Co. for the manuscript! Surely this sup should be given to the Bishop, for had he not bee: marie the victim,thousands all over the land woul< have been deprived of some,hours of exciting am pleasant reamng. Af.er all the opposition to Mr. Seymour, m Oneida, the Speaker of the House, he fills th place well. No one finds fault with his manner o conducting his business in the House In Corn mittee ot the Whole House he frequently callsMi Grain, of Herkimer, to the chair, thereby evide. ctng u gentlemanly courtesy towards an unsuccei* fill competitor for the Speatter's chair. The men tal calibre ol the members is* multitudinous." O. the whig bide, Mr. Young, of Livingston, 6eems t be considered by every body as the strong man Mr. Lee, of Erie, has much to say oa every sub ject presented tc the House; but he is not equ* in any way to Mr. Young. Mr. Bloss, front Mot roe, is the Crockett of the Assembly. He speak often, nud with evident ?fleet upon the risibh s * the members He contends (hat all movements < 'he opposition cannot "affect our righ's a hooter.' Bloss is a great man, after a fashion. It is said 1 can preach an orthodox sermon quite rb creditahh ->s he can make a political or statesmanlike speech Versatility is said to be characteristic of Blost He ought to go to Congress. This place is ulu gether too circumscribed for his soaring intellect If you look at the legislative reports, Bloss will b shown up as a genius and a man of parts. Of the democrats, Mr. T. R. Lee, ot Weetchei ter, may be considered, hi the words ot the flm dealers, from "lair to middling." Mr. Lee, it wj be remembered, was President of the Board of A sistaut Aldermen some two or three years ago. H is considered here as somewhat favorable to th extreme droit of the party, or the " bsrn-hurnina interest. Occasionally he has " a sly dab" at tl Speaker, but the Speaker is as mucn in half o hour, as Mr. Lee. In u well contested and lou. winded discussion, it would be difficult to ss which of the two possessed the best bottom. Oi of the " natives"?Oakley, who heretofore hi acted with the democratic party, seems to posse. tolerably correct notions on some points, and if 1 could get over his prejudice against " the co> founded foreigners"?his chance of irfiuem would be thereby much increased. Mr Wheelej another "native," is generally liked. He seen to be a clever man, but his associations are d cidedly out of order. Among the "native" meni bers, there is one of a peculiarly striking, not t say prepossessing appearance. He has an unrip look, albeit to see his easy and confident air in hi perambulations among the men b? rj, any close oh s rver of human nature wtmld think liim a ve Solon. Several ineffectual efforts have been mac IO nou UUl IX18 IlrtHIV*. Ia the Senate, to-day, a warm and somewhi pergonal discussion took place upon various prop; sitions submitted by Senator Porter, to cut clow in various wavs, the salaries and perquisites ol tli Canal Commissioners. It seems that, in thee hard times, two thousand dollars, clerk hire am other little arrangements, amount to over-muc pay for gentlemen, who, in the most favorub! view of the c^fe, are iucumbents, almost, of sim < ure offices. Such seems to be the opinion < Senator Porter, who is thought to be the leader < ? he extreme droit, or the Barn-burners, in tl> Senate It is doubtful whether any thing will com from this discussion, having a tendency to bent fi the people. In onlrr to defeat any substantia good that might, hy any possibility, be derive < from the consideration ol the subject in gooi faith. Senators introduced all Boris of proposition! <i mend meets and substitutes. Cue proposed to re duce the salary of the Comptroller and S-'cretar of Slate. Another introduced a proposition to r> dure all salaries according to a fixed proportion. They cannot touch the salary of the Governor ? One thing should be done. Let them give the A torney General more than a thousand dollars p? annum. The salary now paid to that officer is b no means commensurate to the responsibility am labor of the station. The honor may be somt thing, and is in fact sufficient to animate some hah dozen bosoms with an ambition to hold the office or at least to exertion to obtain it. The " pot and pearls,'* from every indication,ap pears to rest bftween Messrs. Gage, Emmum Uriggs, and the present incumbent, Stevens. Tin is about the moat important office in the way o "hire and salary" in the gilt of the Governor b> way of nomination ; for it is presumable that hi nominee will b?* confi tned by the Senate Thre <>f the above named candidates for twenty thou sand a year, art- daily in the lobby Emmons h?> ocen here, bur lii-t interests hove been left in th care of his friends, who are understood to h urging his claims wuh great fervor. By Tuesdaj next wo shall know inr h surety not only who wu be Inspector of " pots and pearls," bui also the for lunate men in the way <>f II me, tobacco, See. One of the editors of the Morning Ami is hen In Asaernbiy a most patriotic ??u'i>urst took p'ac on ihe subject ol Texas, wherein Bines, Schoi hnven and others took pait. As you have remark ed not long since, the ".real gulph of abnlllio ia yawning for some t f these men But wi- mus have Texas. Tins question is settled. " The eai liest practicable period," to use the latiiudinaiiai language of the Baliimore resolution on the sub ject, has arrived, in the estimation ot ninny stater men and paliiots. Shall it be done I Tbxas in Maine ?The Ma>ne House of Repre sentatives have indefinitely postponed the join' resolutions introduced ir.titie Legislature, instrutinp th?ir Senators, and requeuing their Representative* to vote in favor of the admission u( Tt xas. The rt solution were called up on Tuesday, and, afier various attempts It amend, they were indefinitely postponed, 04 to 07, when Mr. Kessendan, ot Portl-nd, said that, in rrJer to test whether the Hoiha wne desirous of getting rid of the sub ject, he moved a reconsideration ol the vote indefinitely postponing the rt solves This motion to reconsider was lost?<1 to ti.?Norton Courier, Jon 81. Thi N?w Sloops of War ?The pilots whr took the Jamestown and Portsmouth to sea, report well of the railing qualities of both, as far as then ob ?ervation extruded. As may he snpjtosed, tney had but littla opportunity of detecting any superiority, if their be any, on the part of either, in any particular?but it was obeerved that the Jamestown'* gun deck was perfectly dry, while the Portsmouth's was wet forward. The pilots fouud a heavy sea out, and agreed that the former *hl| was much dryer than the latter. They lift both ships nix miles at sea, going at ten knots an hour. -Norfolk lltralit, Jan. 29 _ "Three Thousand Hollars Reward?Thr "Cherokee Advocate" of the 0th says?The Nit tionsd Council t> i yesterday passed a bill, which we have no doubt will receive the Approbation of die \ rinct pal cbii f, authorising him to offer a reward of $8000 for the oap'nrsof Thomas Ritrr and Ellis Starr, who. wph the late Bean Starr, perpetrated the Vore tragedy, in 1HJH Five hundred dollars ea?h, are also offered for thesp prehension and delivery to the proper authorities of this nation, of Rsmuel MUantel and Ellis West, who, a short tint# since, murdered two Lherokees at Kvantville, At i, in a most atrocious manner. Nuples. I [Correvponiience of the Herald.] | Naplks, Nov. 22, 1844. Naples?III Promt nadet and People?Monnt' s and Macearani?Theatriea't?Nobility and llotpitali ty at Palermo?Madame Sutton't Dtbut ut the Royal Theatre. t J. G. Hknnbtt, Esq ;? After a terribly rough voyage, we arrived safe ly at Naples. Head winds ami head aches almost constantly, rough ehort seas, but by no means short ness of sea stores?noise, confusion and oaths in stead of appetites. Not a bottle of champagne was touched for the first fortnight. We arrived at Gibraltar in time to hear the bombardment o! Tangier by the Prince de Joinville's rquadron. A' Marseilles I saw nothing to admire more than the line French beds we found there. There are no beds like French beds, no dinner like a good Eng lish dinner, no chair to compare with an Americat rocking chair, and as for a blazing coal fire, what can surpass it. From Marseilles I travelled her? by steamboat along the Mediterranean, touching at Leghorn, Genoa, Ctvita Vecchia. Naples h densely populated, even to inconvenience. Thi Via Toledo, at Nuptes, presents one continued throng of persons aud carriages from morning ti! night, equal to what is seen in Broadway on tie Fourth of July; and, go into whatever afreet yoi1 will it is almost alike in this respect. It is no easy matter to relraia from getting in a passion atit swearing at every one that runs against you, ot vou run against?from grumbling at every thinj. vou get and cannot get, end wishing to God y<< bad never come. Getting nut of bed in tin morning, aud putting your feet on the ston. Honrs, reminds mo of the New York carpets: tnd the dinners we get at the restaurauis are com posed principally of rnaccaroni. soup, vegetables, iud sour wine. There are no ovsiers here, am lor that reason I wish for them the more; bui, instead ot them, fowls, like so mnoy thread. .tasted together; meat, like a blue-bag after han ervice, and bread as close, as a miser's pocket - And yet living is dearer here than in New York which perhaps can hardly excite surprise when the v st population i? considered. Apartments, too, art extremely high. The climate here nnd at Palernu (of which I shall afterwards speak,) is mu:h abnu' "of Ne he same in variableness as that of New York, vei less cold, but damper, as it rains every other day during the three winter months incessantly. 1 nave had an eternal head-ache from the first mo m-nt ot my landing, with the din and noise whicl beset my ears Every one strives to make mon noise than any other body; there is no such thing is ?peaking in the ordinary way ; instead of that. ieop|e prefer roaring out at the top of their voicer whether in th' ir houses, the street, or theatre. About three weeks ago f returned from a visit t? Palermo, which is about seventeen hours sail fron Saples. The same winter weather, the same bae c inking, noise, extortionate prices for apartments, md general discomfort is found there as at Naples When at Palermo, a suit of three rooms in a Pa lazzo, furnished servants,room, kitchen, wiiltstlvei kitchen and table services, cost sixty dollars i month?the price of a whole house in New York. A good part of my time at Palermo, as here, wat occupied in grumbling at every thing, and partieu larly at sot being able to get what I wished of Eft -tlish and American luxuries; and often I have sak I would fain be hack in New York, for in thes ?arts they have nothing fit for christians. A piec. ?>f roast beef would be as great a miracle as raie ing one from the dead The nobility there all nne on donkeys?a fact, 1 assure you?and livt principally in large Palazzos, and eat mac carom, salads, figs, and rice. Of this clas. there is no scarci'y here Countesses, Dutch esses, Marchtonessep, Baronesses, &c , are ar 'hick as hail When at Palermo I started a tandem, which was truly a novelty, the peoplt "n-re having not the slightest notion of English Iriviog?and a terror to all sober pedestrians in thi via Toledo, the grand thoroughfare. The Secret ar> of Police wrote me a polite letter the other day. -mying he wished to have a discourse with me oi a driving affair?but the whole business turned out a very slow affair indeed, and although the Police have power, foreigners who have seen the world are always an over match for them. I paid a visit t< the Duke of Como, a fine young fellow, who was Inrked up at the Prefet'slor fighting a duello?for bidden things here?which they said was his fifth. [ took him the pistol you gave me, and he fright ened the Prefet and police out of their wits by die charging successively all five barrels. It wan re garded as a regular infernal machine, and had I not heen a foreigner I would not have got it back; ? best it whs a great favor to be permitted to k*epit I had also great satisfaction in meeting with oir friends Madame and Mr. Sutton, with whom I li- d t.ie pleasure of several interviews I learnt fron rhem, that upon their arrival at Naples, Mudanv Sutton, on account of indisposition and fatigue oi 'luvelling, resolved to defer any engagement unti s-ring, and so declined the overtures of Signc Flanto, manager of the San Carlo Theatre, whr herefore completed his engagements. Shortly at ter, the directors of the "Teatro Reaie Carolini,'' it Palermo, seeing in the papers the announcemen of their arrival in the Naples papers, name an< lorced her to accept an engagement at that est! I ishmeut. I' is the Royal Theatre, and lias an er dowmeutof 20,000 dollars every season, besides al 'he subscribers who can be procured. Madam' Sutton receives for herservices 600 ducat an month besides a free benefit. She made her debut u "Norma," and fully realized all you said in you. paper for her. I he following notice of that performance i token front "L'Otchionn Italian paper, whicl tppears to speak in a tone of great candor and inn partiality. CARTELLE. Teat ho Reach, Oarolino, is Palermo. son MA La Signora Sutton?Fsntoni, (Notma.) Mifesi?(Pol lione.) Tizzoni, (Adnljisa) Ciitalsno. (Orovmo) F'.snrdi, uidomtmlo lit parte dells protagoniata In Big oora Emeiiina Sutton-- Fantoni Ella a conaiti. rartinoil r^ctt n?-l canto, ndlVtzioim. Im c.onfermato fa bttonn opi lione, che di i> i rccoroiio i giormili del Nuavs Mondo, ? qttelli di Napoii. Ella educato allu tcttola Itali mo, prosirqan i' diiticilt IramtM-itico eringo nei testri italiuni, e potra intuitu ? Acidar lictedel nome di egrrgia ar'iitn Mile?i, ncl pe-sonn-tgio del romatio procon'of', spitgi tin canto di fori), it ti?r?to ?li gratia jp^*nrsfi?iono tan-, cho vinso negli au;mi In non lmtc im/dflk.tni del Tt tap ? lario, v. mdfae ii pubolico a plan lido ?TeUa cavjtiua uj pubnlico a pfatid aortita Delia Signora Tizzoni (Adelgilns) lion vorremo ill' oieote, peto.be quasi non a'iuteae capture, i e ti vide agtre Dopilt fua prima comparan nella Teodonln, non aapc 'avast cotanta freddezza. Ci du'oln tnolti'simo, perch e altronde aappiamo eaaer ella dotato di nn bel talento e dtl tinnl atuiH mtnlcali Catalano aehbene noa aarehbe atat per lui III carattere di Oroveio, ai m atudlato aupplircolln' voce ai difetti dell'azione, ma ai reacto dtl tutto vani > stioi aforzi. CARTEL. Rotal Theatre, nt Palermo. NOR MA With La Signora Sutton, Fantoni (Norma) Mileai, [ (Polllene.) Tizzoni. (Adalgi a ) Oi.tilano, (Oroveao) The Sig'n Emmellini Sutton. Fantoni, appeared in the ?harac.ter of the protagonists. (Norma.) A" regard* het voire, her tinging, and her action, the hit* cot fi m J thn ?treat opinion that the j amnio of tl a New World, and lto*o of N tplea have ezpreaaed of her, E Incoted in the Itiiiinn school. ahe can follow with *'ir re*a. the difficult dramatical career of the th?atr<? of I * * I v, and claim, immediately, the name of renowned irti*t Milpfl, in the part of the Roman Proconsul, aarg with ?'irce, grace, and ezpre**lon; thu he dU hot ahow in the r mplario, and the public applauded him in hiafirat Ce* vat'iia. Signora Tizzoni. (Adalgtsn.) we can' any no'hing, iC "he na'ther Rang er acted At or her flrai nppesmnco in Ceodoeii wo did not expert inch coMui*u We er i nieved at it hiownae wc know tiiahe is endowed wb'i due nyecal telentF. ('-ttlaiio, (Oroveao.) ia net lit for (lie pari; and lie tri< d to' itpplt with bia voice the defect of hit action, fct.j but 11 hia effort! were in vain. Dunigetti, the great composer, saw her here, and *iiid there was not as fine a voire in Italy, and in* lend I found almokt every one at Palermo talking of hrr's na " una voce sublime." The Marques! Fantoni, bro'her ot Mrs. Fulton's stint, is there, and taken great intercut in her, as Ho all the no* bilify. The Prince Pigorgtelli, who has immense possessions in Mexico, offered her and Mr. Sutton his Palazzo, which Was declined only because ? hey were already nobly lodged?as fhey snv there?in the Pal?zzo Knffadalc. one room of which would contain one of ihe New York two story brick houses entire. Thip.'with its furniture, one of his carriages, and a regular retinue of srr "aiita, were placed at their disposal hy the uncle of Madame, the Marquesi Fantoni, who lias through* ? nit treated them mti" h indsornelv and kindly. I understand that after finishing her Palermo engage* meat, Madams Sutton goes to the "San Carlo** here at Nap'es, and then to the "Scaln"at Milan, or else to Bologna, where Rossini is now From all these places she has received offers, but fhe pre fers Bologna, as to he near Rossini is inspiration itself. I am doubtful whether iliey ,'<hnll fare so well, wherever they go, us they now do under the noble keeping of the iVlarqurn F-.rtoni. Their next engagement will likely be for a yt ar or two at one place. From nil I have said, you will rot be disposed to wi nder whe.r I tell yon thut 1 of'en think of home, with feeling -. r from being weakened by cootrnF inu America w.'h this land of paintings, oaupcrisi i and population : and t think that this will be a voy* age ol comparison which will estnhlnh toy ov country No. 1 in my estimation, so that you need not be surprised to see me back in a couple of years, before which period I hope to have the pleasure of either toeing you and Mrs. B. here, or else at lest^ of hearing from you often. ? mm i "hm Cliln?-Arti of the Cel< atlala, &r, Tne following are extracts of a letter from J. R. Peters, Jr., attache to the late embassy, and agent of the National und America., lusii'iites, Septem ber, 1844?? 1 was assisted by Mr Cushing's influence us min ister, aud Dr P-irket's knowledge ot the language and personal influence, an much as 1 could be. The education of the Chinese rend'rs them very cautious and auspicious, and, having been takes iu by foreigners at virions tinien, they have reuaon tube and are particularly suspicious of them, und appear unable to appreciate the motives of persons visiting the country for any other purposes than those of trade. The mand irtns are the only acces sible persons who cuu make or allow changes and improvemen's; and depending entirely upon the will of the Emperor, who promotes and degrades them et pleasure, and having little feeling iri com mon with the people whom they govern, ns they are never appointed to office in their native pro vinces, they enrich themselves us rapidly as possi ble, regardless of every thing hut their popularity with the Emperor, who appears to be quite easily and often imposed upon. Notwithstanding the bursting of their miserable cannon during their difficulties with the English, and the knowledge th y obtained of the superiority of European arms and mffitary skill, arid the effi ciency of -team frigates, th y still appear disposed to foliow their old policy of buying off, in case of dif ficulty, cod humbugging the people by bombastic placards anil edic and a great show of iHy ar ranged fortificationa, fi led with guns, more miwra bb, T am t?.l', (bee iose made by contract with a m tod irin,) th in those destroyed by the English j and to wl ich on account of their frtqueiuly burst n >, ffi" men had to be chained before they would fight ilc m. The leading men among the people at Canton complain because the mandarins v, ill rot do aoy liing themselves in 'he wnv of itnprovemcuts, or let an\body else; and in conversation with one of <he llong merchants, who takes considerable one rest in improvements in machinery, and particu! ir ly in the different applications of steam, upon ask iog liirn why he didn't apt a steamboat and run it on the coast of Canton River, he answered very ex pressively in the Canton English?" my likee too mich, but no can : that China law have tie hand, have tie foot; how can wslkeel" and this 1 am in clined to tlniik is too true for our interest ? Ignorance of the language is a great impediment 'o acquiring information; hut those who have a knowledge of it find it extremely difficult to get that which is correct respecting Chinese arts, owing to the ignorance of iheir artisans of the nnture of the materials they use and where they are produced, their suspicious dispositions, una the Chinese policy of excluding foreigners from the inferior of their chips and country. The machinery used by the Chinese is not only curious but instructive on account of its simplici ty ; and shows that by patient labor the fines fa brtC8 can be made with rude machines Their tools are evidently original, of simple construction and few in number. The carpenter's plane is ge nerally about 1 is inch wide by 14 thick, and from 6 to 10 inches long; the iron, about an inch wide, is confined by a small iton wedge which ia driven in between the iron nnd a piece of stout wire 1 hieh crosses the eye of the plane. A s'rotig wooden peg parses through the stock just behind the iron and protects on each side far enough for convenience in holding it firmly ; and in planing it ?s pushed along the surface of the wood wi'h both hands. The planing bench is similar to a cooper's horse without the head, and the workman sits astride ol the wood while phntntr it. The h>md saw as like our hack saw in form, and although it looks clnmsv with the bamboo Irame, it is light, and the workmen use it with one hand with facility. The <? 'reenter saws his own hoards from the log, with a wide, thin, fine-toothed saw, worked like a pit saw, by one or two men, without a line being drawn on the under side o( the log. The black smith's apparatus is more simple even than the carpenter's, and there are many itinerant ones who carry their forges, tools, fuel, and materials in baskets siting on their backs, and trudge about the streets seeking employment. Their bellows are generally made of a piece of the trunk of a tree, about 2 or 2| feet long by 7 or 8 inches diameter, made hollow and cylindrical, and closed at both ends: in this a paper piston is worked forwards and backwards, by a ttnall wire rod, (sometimes two) which parses through one end, with a cross handle outside. The cylinder having valves open ingin and out at each end, the piston draws in the air at one end ; at the same time it forces it out at the other. I have not seen any arranged to make the blast continuous as represented in Davis' and other works on China. Thpir anvil has a round face, but they appear to work as handily as our t-miths do upon a nearly flat surface. They use clay in welding. The workmen ia brass end other composition metals are skilful, hut their general mode of fiuutuflg these by scraping (the same way the smiths finish their iron woik) gives it a coarse ap. pearanc. Thev understand polishing and finishing with the file, but seldom dt> it, 1 suppose; from mo tives of economy. I have seen the operation of welding ens' iron (as it is called) several times ; it is no'hiitg more than making a crack in a cast iron veesel wide enough, bv breaking out nieces, to admit of melted cast iron bring put in in dross,and pressed down on ?Melt side like rtvits, until the whole length of the crack is stopped ; it is then rub'-rd over with wet clay, which stops up any small holes remaining un til it h ?g in nut iu u-e, after which there is no dan ger of in leaking if the clay comes out, as the dirt iccumulates fast enough upon the inside to keen it I? Ul. i'kcre is one article extcnsive'y us-'d by the Chi nese which I arn surprised the Yankees have not applied before ?this is Chunnni. The seams of all Thinnae vessels, I urge and small, are caulked or fiiinl with this article?it becomes as hard es stone under water in it few days, and is tin excellent, du rable, and cheap material, especially ft r small veg. -els, but if not skillfully made and put in, the work ing of the timbers of larue vessels is said to throw it out in spots It is made here by thoroughly mix ing, with s rammer, the oil ol the Jstrcpha, (a species of proton) with slaked shell lime, (rh'-y ?lav* no limestone in this vicinity,) and adding buruhno scrapings to b'tid it together- When ex poped for sHle it is about the eoiisist? nee of gb.xier'a ?uttv, and looks like it. The Jalropha oil is used f ir the aame purposes that linseed ml is with us, und sells m retail for 10 cents a cady, or about 60 cents a ititllon, und ut this price would be cheaper to use than linseed oil, which, I suppose, would m>wer as good a purpose formakin; chunam from 'he fnct of us rendering the face of the plaster of ;>arin motrtds, used to i ust husti und figures in, of a stony hardness in a short iinie,and keeps the wet I lister from adhering Oakum wou'd probtbly rn s>\er a better purpose than bamboo shavings to bind it. It is cheaper and more expeditiously ap plied, and presents a smoother and more uniform surface to the water than pitch and otkum. The mode of dividing vessels bv water-tight bulkheads or partitions, for security ngains'sinking, which is comparatively new w th us, is an old plan with the Chinese. All their vessels, down to the "tanker," or small boat, sculled bv women, are fixed in that way, and made tight with chiinam ? I'hev also use the centrifugal bellows, the idea cf w hich was probably obtained by the European in ventor from the finning mill, which is likewise a Chinese invention. The flowers, fruits and vegetables of t hina, the same kinds as those pr >durv d in the Northern and middle parts < 1 the United S'ates, are quite inferior to ours. The impediments to introducing ma chinery or improvements in the aria aretuchat ?resent, that 1 have determined to leave China for New York early in December. Another Cojwlaoration? Mori Destri'ction of Cotton.?On Wirtmsday 1 at, we tiiiotiu<ed he hur'in* ol a building r-n one < f our wlisi vt a, which mvulved theile?tiu?iH)ii i.t ahou' in o bairj of Cotton, a;id it now becumi * oar p.iiutul duty to chronicle iPo i.-ss cf reme 4'.0 balee more by 'l>c same e!? men', ai d with it n tt'ie la- go three story brick store liO tc, on Vlij ond'a south whsrf The alarm was given ah n? h.lf pa t eight o'clock la?t evening, and wh n wo reached the ",(iot, a dense body cf nn oho was i-aiqhg from every in t rticeof thebu Iding showing that the uhole in'rrior was in (times. The fire ih pirtmutit, with on al >er.? y and promptness deset vii.g ol nl I pi nine, tvero at their 1 shors in ?m almort incredible .- hort period. It it hut jtt-tice to the Mayor, tin. to Hate that he wns smorg the fir tnt the flea and with the coolness, decision and judgment of an i xpi neuced fl. eman .g ivo such directions asco ilrihuted huge ly to the Mihduiug of tne fl.tme*. Wo learned Inst even ? ngthet t! ere wns an insurance on the building, in this f>.*otgi? ln?uranro aid Trust Company, to what amount wo could not ascertain, nor haTS we been able to learn what portion of the Cotton was insured. P 8 -llnlf past II P \1.--The southern m l th lalling somewhat injured the rcofol the tango of counting houses on K.xchange a hart; nnd a negro driijman, thejpmperty ot Mrs. Boyden,was,fhom thestun a cause,Instantfy killed. We can usceilain n<> particular# lis to the minner in which the fire origin?ted There is now no danger of the fire progressing, a* it I* completely under 'control.? Chnrltiton Courier, Jan. 3#. Father Mathew writes to a citizen of Phils phiu" The prospect of fulfilling my promis-, and ol taking by the hand my high-minded and self denying friends In your happy country, consoles and cheers me. \s j it I cannot name a tinsn, fnr the nnexpt cted ember rasoiients that fell upon me, have deisugoil all toy plum. List June I was resolved on crossing the Atlantic, but these painful though then concealed ciicumstnnees, pre vented pin They have, accidentally been mode public, and with the ainnifiasvce ot my friends I will toon lie fron to rtsumis my excitions in the sacred cutuo of tem perance " Rev. f.'iiAUt.i ? T. Tc- ?>y ?''Inag nth nun can write to hit ? . ? ?' ,!? d on business matters oftee ? i i . -v. H is r>ot j emit t?d to answer in ? corn , t M, luit tvlll ho permitted to receive their letters, provided? 1. That the postage is paid. 3. That they cortntn t o allusions to slarerv dero gatory to tho chnmeter ol the institution. 3. Thst lliey contain nu infoimaticr. ot whut is going on in tun world.