Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 7, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 7, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERA ED Vol. XI., Ho. 37?Whole Ho. 3099. NEW YORK. FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 7, 1845. Price Two Cental IMPORTANT STATI8TIC8. THE AGRICULTURE DP THE UNITED STATES. Extracts from th? Report or H. Kllawortb, the Commissioner of Patents Agricultural Produce of the United States. Tabular Eitimati or thk Caen roe IMS. Present esti Population mated po? No. bush- No. bush. State or Territory. in 1840. vitiation, els wheat, barley. Mai,,,, "... 401,971 541,145 705,414 273,554 Now Hampshire 201,574 200,170 534,782 111,043 Maniac h'isctts 737,099 786,015 190,726 134,655 Kho.lt* Island 100,830 113,483 3,376 51,959 Connecticut 309.970 314,902 94,622 26,495 Vermont 291,948 295,862 620, G95 46,250 New York 2,428,921 2,643,095 12,479,499 1,802,982 New Jeriey 373,306 394,298 971,727 9,731 Prinisylrania 1,721,033 1 874,353 12.215,230 150.398 Delaware 78,083 76,417 333,197 4,'.08 Maryland 470,019 479,197 3,391,535 3,246 Virguii 1,239,797 1,251,153 9.U04.359 89,317 North Carolina 751,419 759.591 2,237,661 3,808 South Carolina. 591,398 800,182 1,326,974 3.686 Georgia 691,392 841,580 2,463,771 12,316 Alabama 590,756 701,236 906,909 7,912 Miisiasippi 375,651 511,263 429,384 1,891 Luuiiiaua 351,411 407,723 ? ? Tennessee 8:9,210 683,136 6,317,254 4.567 K-utUcky 779.828 816,592 4,674,845 14,601 Ohio 1,519,467 1,756,091 18,786.705 181,833 lndiuna 685,866 822,598 7,225.566 28 862 Illinois 476,183 692,653 4,829,182 84,031 Miaaouri 383,103 481,598 1,089,777 9,583 Arkansas 97,574 124,446 2,986,705 878 Michigan 212,267 281,395 5,296,HI 143,757 Florida Ttrritorjr,.,, 54.477 62,373 686 50 Wisconsin Territory. 30,945 49,521 606,749 16,321 lowe Territory...... 43,112 69^478 495'.6I1 l',505 Dniricl of Columbia, 43,712 ? 50,244 11,583 312 17.068,453 19,183,583 100,310,856 3,220,721 No. bush. No. buth. No. bush. No. bush. State or Territory, of oats. of rye. buckwh't. Ind. corn. Maine 1,138,007 159,672 62,568 1,390,799 New Hampihire ... 1,470,663 378,209 140,188 330,925 Massachusetts 1,468.361 600,239 107,583 2,347,451 ithode Island 199,303 44,617 3,845 578,720 Connecticut 1,424,444 934,234 387,463 1,926,458 Vermont 2,721,374 278,709 229 053 1,252 853 New York 21,907,553 3,677,222 2,398,354 15,574,598 New Jersey 3,266,438 2,335,987 682,235 5,805,121 Penuaylrania 19,826,918 9,429 637 2,488,508 15,857.431 Delaware 862,819 42,488 11,560 2,739 982 Maryland 2.817,260 779,836 94 046 6,2651282 Virginia... 12,879.878 1.219,329 160.635 45.8J6.788 North Carolina.... 4,858,989 243.218 21,378 27 916 077 South Carolina..... 1,744,198 56,848 ? 18 iqn'qri Georgia 1,586,797 75,578 588 tfi!?>o!(>S7 Alabama.. 1,736,038 68,442 7J 24,817 089 Mississippi, 983,428 15,491 9t 91386 399 Louisiana 126,588 2,193 ? 8.937 192 Tenneaiaa 9,224,053 . 381,164 12,628 67,838*477 Keurucky 9,918,811 2,lu6,460 11,618 59,355.156 Ohio 16,313,403 934,440 859,695 38.65L128 Indiiiia 9,268 337 199,755 61,115 36,677 171 Illinois 8 639,231 124,237 79,326 32,7*0,434 Missouri 2,643,933 71,709 16,815 27.148.608 Arkansas 344 717 9,466 140 8,754,21-1 Michigan 3,210,716 64,195 167,212 3,592,482 Florida l erritory... 14,919 361 ? 8)8.667 Wiacunaiu Tenit'y, 833,247 3,689 20,455 750,775 Iowa Territory,... . 474,856 7,360 11,906 2,128,416 list, af Columbia.. 13,862 5,479 346 47,837 145,919,966 24,280,271 7,959,410 494 618,306 ws Way. 'Flax and Tobacco, State or Territory bushels. tons.A hemp, rfms. lbs I.lrine 10,253 531 1,000,923 3.874 * 78 N2w Hampshire.... 6,191,07 1 547,84 2 23,379 277 Massachusetts 4,175,251 820.987 832 93 89! Khoda Island 902.287 54,300 93U '431 Connecticut 2,822 295 602,906 4,24 3 601,282 Veinont 8,209,571 1,100,737 29 Id 7.1a New Y'ork 36,554,612 4,295,536 1,947 1,052 NewJataey 2,1M,457 359,452 1,235 2 841 PemisrlriUiia 9,161,409 1,899,128 8,527 41l)9i( Delaware 257 911 ' 20,338 * 65 381 Mt-ylind 903,330 106,270 615)$ 20,775,705 Virginia 3,132,243 466,482 31,728 41,918,04( North Carolina... 4,517,863 141,436 13,569 14,548 785 Souili Carolina ... 3,918,405 29,864 ? 50 254 Georgia 2,468.623 20,731 14 170.201 Alabama, 1,749,057 20,136 7U 248,177 Mississippi, 2,814.929 877 25V 140 855 Lnniaiana 1,311,700 82,390 ? 111 057 Teniiaaise 1,864,636 50,516 4,399 29,335,861 Kentucky 1,216.469 136.926 9,508 52,322,543 Ohio 6,461,248 1,407,510 12,664 5,991,29* Irdiua 2,851 746 1,621,606 12,150 2,199,844 Illinois 3,887,661 890 38] 2,879 965,MC Miaaturi 1,213.984 74,966 80.308 14,7011.OIK Arkansas..., 514,860 889 1,977 218/01 Michigan 4,465,871 223,827 7,210 3 487 Florida Tairitory,.. 373.806 1 561 3 155,585 Wisconsin Ter,... 710,607 61,965 4 475 Iowa Territory.... 390,765 28,599 154 13,271 Diac.of Columbia.. 52,435 1,733 ? 01,715 105,750,133 15,419,807 161.007X185,73 C554 State Cotton, Rtee, Silk, Sugar, fPine, or Territory, lbs. lbs. cocoons lbs. lbs. galls Maine ? ? 680 151,458 2,892 New Ha'iipah., ? ? 880 101,497 101 Massachusetts,. ? ? 19,153 282,64 8 2nn Rhode wDpd,.. ? ? 912 30 783 Coaseeticut... ? ? 140,971 31,220 1,92! Vermont ? ? 7,t94 7,075 447 109 New York ? ? 5,138 6,934,616 5,554 New Jersey ... ? ? 4,166 39 9,394 Pasniylrauia,.. ? ? 28,48} 878,730 18,911 Delaerats ? ? 3,586 ? 273 Man land 7,677 ? 6,829 ? 7,124 Virginia 3,353,756 3,084 6,180 931,457 13,645 N. Carolina... 46,934,276 3 374,066 6,443 5,376 37,317 8. Carolina,... 55.219 697 0'-,891,807 5,546 18,962 671 Georgia 185 754,178 14,019,250 6,134 221 395 1,961 Algboma 112,020,112 166.581 5,743 7, LSI 355 Mimiasippi,... 162 664 3,11 933,654 223 87 Louisiana 128,912,253 3,920,490 1,055 97,173,590 2,6 Tennessee 32,938,410 8,700 20,072 368,203 on Kentucky 737,684 17,062 4,783 1,957,858 1,83 Ohio ? ? 25,202 5,850,558 14,59 Indiana 168 ? 840 5,892.465 11,43 Illinois, 214,007 732 3.4CO 412.363 79 Miasoari 149,889 ? 210 317,376 3 Arkansas 11,520.467 6,612 217 2,111 Michigan...... ? ? 1,395 1,307,689 Florida Territ.. 7,289,206 600,107 415 249,322 Wiiconain T.. ? ? 28 162,034 Iowa T ? ? ? 55,289 Djf.of Col... ? ? 1,038 ? - 747,660,090 80,179,145 815,909 120,400,310 139,240 Prtstnl Population estimated Ns. bush. No. bush. State or Territory, in 1840. PopuWn. Wheat. Barley Maine *.. 901.973 555,525 628 000 260,OOO New H.mpehira... 284,574 280.360 500,000 117.000 Maisnchnietts 737,690 803,187 210,000 141,000 Rhode Ialand 108,830 116,033 4,000 49,000 Connecticut 300,978 316,543 101,000 25,0<K) Vermont 291,948 297,186 776,008 49,000 New York 3,428.981 2,714,486 14,975,000 2,164,000 New Je'iey 373,306 401.205 875,000 I0,00tl Pennsylvania 1,727,683 1,924,460 10,413.000 157,000 Delaware 78,805 78.527 367,000 5,000 Maryland 470,0 9 482,256 4,070,000 3,600 Virginia 1,239,97 1,264.938 10,816,004 04,000 North Carolina.... 753.419 761,640 8,401,600 4,000 South Carolina... . 594,396 606,305 1,460,600 4,0t)0 Georgia C9I.392 891 648 1,148,000 13,000 Alabama 690,756 657,000 1 Oat,000 1,400 Missisainpi 375 651 5*6.467 344,0*0 2,000 L Minima 351,411 426,180 ? _ Tennessee 029,210 907,710 0.950,000 5,000 K-utucky 779,810 828,646 3,974,800 14,000 Ohio 1,519,467 1,134,965 15,969,090 101.00O Indiana 685,866 868,175 5,419,806 331(40 Illinois 476,183 764,109 3,3tu,0N 92,000 Miatnn 1 383,11-2 514,000 1,144,000 10,000 Arkai.sis 97,574 133,403 8,111,000 1,000 Miehigm 212.267 708,437 4,237.600 158,000 Florida 54,477 65,005 1,000 - Wisconsin 30,945 52,979 728,080 17,000 Iowa 43,112 90,000 595,000 2,000 Diat. of Colombia.. 43,712 52,411 13,000 ? 17,069,452 19,562,106 95,607,000 3,627,000 Slate or Territory. No. bush. No. bush. No. bush. No. bush. Oats. Rat. Buckwht. Ind. Corn Maina 1,122,600 176.000 66,000 1,738,000 New Hampshire... 1.765,000 405,000 147,060 1,663,000 Massachusetts 1,687,086 660,080 114,000 1,'t 16,000 Rhode Island 181,600 49,000 4,000 036 00n Conueeucnt 404,0410 2,401,000 Vermont. 3,286,000 306,000 206,600 1114(00 Naw York 31,135.060 4.011,060 3,007,060 19 168 000 N w Jersey 4,271,000 2,569,0*0 111.000 6l9t>?ioM Penusvlvania 24,783.060 10,373,608 1,880 000 19 010 000 Delaware 1,035,000 46,000 18,0(0 3*0u'000 Maryland 2.251,080 858.000 M/MO 4 058 00* Virgiuia 11,812,60* 1,310.006 ? jg %o 0-0 North Carolina.... 5,J16,0v0 255,060 ? 22 330*01)0 South Carolina.... 1,160,000 60,000 ? 17 614 000 Getttgtn 1,190,000 80,04X1 ? 2L2N*M0 Alabama v. I 909,100 72,000 ? 22,280.660 Mississippi 1,081.00* 20 000 ? 2,769 000 Luis,sua 131,000 8.000 ? 7,600*600 Tennessee 7,811,100 366,000 25.ON 61,100,006 heotucky 11,901 0M 9,316.600 18.000 17,500, ON Chto ..jR to, J91,0-0 840,00* 702,000 48.000.800 ludi ma 11 585,000 810,000 66,000 24,5011,040 Illinois 10,79*.040 136 / 0* 86,060 19,680,-00 Mia* tin 4 556 000 77,*00 17,000 12.500,0*0 Arkansas 396,01)0 11,000 ? 7,566,806 JMchy a 4,013,6*8 70,ON 300,000 l.SiO.OOO r,Vir"a 16,ON ? ? 1,100,606 Wise >oain 1,000,ON 4,ON 23.400 5*1,666 !u".* XA'f IV '* 5o8.400 7,000 13,000 1,690 01X1 D|.t. uf ColeinMa.. I5.N0 6,M0 ? 41600 173,317,NO 26,150,ON 9,871,000 421,953,1 Potatoes, Hay, flax and Toharco, State or Terriiory. bushels tons hemp, tons. lbs. M.ine. 11,304,000 1,251,000 ? New Hampshire.... 1,643 ON 657, t-N ? Mamiclniaeiia 1,050,M0 714,000 ? 103,010 Uliodr island 818,600 41,ON yVinnecticut 2,117,000 573,ON ? Ml 000 Ve-ra-int "CM,ON 1,2(4,ON _ * . New York 17,703,ON 1,938,000 New Jeriey 2,0t>7,0*0 376.006 _ Pennsylvania 6,871,000 2,182 000 ? 1M 000 Delaware 191,000 23,ON Mirylaud 801,(6)0 Bit,ON ? 512 ooo yttgiuia.., 2,371,(40 441,ON - 33.574*000 North Carolina 3,615,060 134,000 ? ^iLVlwn Still til Carolina 3,360,ON 31,ON ? 51 roe Georgia 2,048,ON 23.0N ? i?*00o Alabama, I 923,ON 21,800 ? Slo'uM Missis, ippi 3,378.NO 1,000 ? 176*060 Louisiana 1,143, ON 33,ON ? _ Teniissae" 2,851,0*0 52.000 ? 33,73* 4M Kentucky 1,371,000 101,ON 12,000 57 555,000 Ohm 1,817, ON 1,876,ON 1,0N 0,8N,8N Indiana 3,573,M0 1,027,ON 5M 3,101,000 Illinois I.695.0M 350,M0 3M 1,0*2,ON .Missouri 078,M0 90,(4* I.OM 12,195, M* A1I1 naaa 611,ON I,ON ? ? M.clli?sii 5,19,(IN 208.800 ? ? Kidtids.. JUOOUO 2,ufl0 ? 195,000 Wise main 853,ON 67,NO ? ? Iowa ? 11,ON ? ? Dial, of Colombia,.. 51,IN 2 0n0 ? ? 99.193,000 17,715,OM 12.804 151,745,060 _ Cstton, Rice, Silk, Sugar, State or Territory. Us. lbs. lbs ton Mistne ? ? 8,4 2bn,oan New i on.Wlure.... ? ? 1,|00 1,921 OCP M ? ? 37,6N 425,Mil Hlitde Island ? ? 1,110 < 'iiniiecio.it ? ? 176,210 47.600 Vermont ?... ? ? , 10,9N 1,383,6' 0 New Y oik ? ? 6,510 12,135,066 New Jersey ? ? 5,204 ? IVimayWania,. ... ? ? 33,IM* 1,313,ON Delaware ? 4,568 ? Maryland t,8N - 8,586, - Xorthn{?i; :: '.sMS.SSS 3 IKs tt?.*f?,.if*::v.??39:M "VX ??#? AUbam* 140 000 000 9nn iww! 7,660 291,000 Mi?i?.iPI,i.. :;;.Vwo.?JS;SgS i.M 7-"? ?.??? Trnwm'.'.! ^'soo'oflo 4,'?nnIlU 1.310 160.000.000 KfntnckV . ."" 'ESSfi ,5"' *\090 160,ooo Ohio 0,000 ly.??? 5,BIO 2,417 000 Indiana ~ ~ 31 500 4,380,000 iiiinoi?:..v..'::::. 250wt, - Mi0 7,365,000 MUaoori.. . mm, ~ 4,o250 542,000 Arkanaa* II muou 7 ,Z, 3u5-00<1 Michigan \ ".iud.ooo 7.000 270 3,000 Florida 9130000 700 nnn 'Z?? 2|?.' >000 Wiiconiiii... 3.^0,000 700,000 510 373.000 Iowa 216,000 Diat. of Coiuinbiv* *. ? _ | 74,000 872.107,000 111 759,000 396,790 201,107,000 llcmarki on the Tabular Kstlraates. The results of an extended examination into n great vane ty of sources of information are imho ? j '".the'abular estimate of crops now presen ted. The elements from which the data are compounded, are the same as those mentioned in the report of the Commissioner of Patent* tub muted to Congress, February 1, 1843. Among these are? 6 1 Thi averags annual increase of population ? To this increase additions have been made in the case of States or Territories, where there is'reason to suppose the amount of immigration has exceed ed that of former years, as in iowa, Wisconsin Missouri, and Michigan; while from some others' which have sent out a larger portion of their popu! I&tion than usual, a deduction has been thought necessary. IUUB?ai *-?e.newl?d?br?ght under cultivation, new meant of communication, markets, and revival of\ famneas.--These causes have had an important in fluence the past year, probably greater than in th tormer years, home new markets have bren opened lor particular articles, as well as the appli cation of products in manufacture, of which notice will hereafter be taken. The number o persons who have thus been turned from ihe di rjszssasF*?to other"u?uit-. modifying the results of the year. Some of the crops are so much later in coming to maturity than others, ar.d do not require to be planted as early by several weeks or months, that the farmer has an opportunity to learn the probabilit.e?ol success in time to supply ,he loss of one prod?c by sowmg or planting another. This annlies ner hip?, more especially to certain crops, as the'rom crops, which are not enumerated in the tabuh estimate; but it is, to some degree applicable to the winter grains, compared with maize or lad an corn, and potatoes. xuutan 4. The peculiarities of the season have this vear been most decisive on the results of the crops. In deed the uniformity in this respect, the past year has been more striking than usual A comparison' of the agricultural journals and tables of the wea (her urn.shes a very extensive exhibition of this result It is true that the difference of situation as regards the climate, |aCe of the country soil vicinity to the ocean, rivers, or lakes, contributes to modify this element, and to prevent that uni rersal similarity whtch would be otherwise seen But the approximation of the extremes of the seve ral parts of our country, as regards climnie ;? ? fact which will scarcely be denied by any one who | is in the habit of reflecting on this subject. Th? richness of a soil often exercises no little influ ence in making it warmer, which often tends V,. counteract the effect of the weather. Thus the rich soil in the West will yield a fine crop of grain even though the sky may have been cloudy and the weather comparattvely unfavorable ; when the *ame season, in the harder and leaner soil of New England, would have been destructive to the crop 5 The improvement of modes and instruments, ndtures, seeds, and manures, has been so steadily idvanc.ng, that it would be improper to disregard rhe influence of such an element in forming "e -st.maie of agricultural production in our country These are not merely anorded by original inven tions and discoveries, but former ones are also fur ther extended, by means of the increased disposition m become acquainted with them, which seems year y to be manifested aniong thefarmers of our country It cannot be expected that all new varities of seed, presented to the public should be equally succlLfu' when brought to the test; but enough ?re proved ?o tender this subject one of great interest to the agricultural community. The trial of new imple ments ^becoming more thorough; and however adventitious causes may operate to give a temnora ry success to some that are less deserving,\?t tl? .?tactical test soon places them in their true posi (ion. Any attempts at imposition will, sooner or public exposed before a discerning In addition to the remarks made in the report of last year, on the causes which operate to promote he improvement of asriculiure in the United States, the highly beneficial effects of agricultural conventions, for ihe discussion of subjects connect ed with the agriculture of our country, deserve par ticular notice. These, sometimes existing also un der the name of Farmers'Clubs, are doing much to disseminate useful information Thsy are an advance on the agricultural societies, as they al low a more full examination of the subjects propos ed, and elicit much valuable information The number of them, as well as of agricultural papers and books, is greatly increasing. Nearly every State in the Union has now its agricultural month ly or weekly paper, and in some of the States there ire as many as three or four. Volumes of great merit on the subjects of agricultural industry, also, have been published during the past year; and the results of the experiments of foreign agriculturists ire now becoming more easily accessible to the farmers of our country. Science has already con ferred immense benefits on this portion of our peo pie. Many are unaware of the great things which may be expected from the advance of knoWledge in these respects among us A tact or two mav therefore, be suitably mentioned. By the aid oi chemistry, it is asserted that the wheat growers ol wheaCtei^he?Bk?C^ded m <joubliD8 ,be product of wheat in that kingdom, and now annually harvest ai.tl?an 10a<rrown ln Great Britain and the United Stater Science, too, has enabled the agriculturists of England not only to cut twice as much hey from an acre of land now, ai they did tweniy-five years ago, but to keep twice as many cattle, sheep, and swine, on the same amount ol toed as they did; and, of course, to make twice as cheeee tror^Ut,0D' and ,allow? w?ol, butter, and C ThT'eiuM *TIVen amo^nt of ratable food. / ? Lavoisier i? said to have culti vated 240 Acres of land in La Vendee on chemical ? thfrJtf' Waa "? that he obtained a third of a crop more than by the usual method and in nine years his produce was double. This* too, w., many years since, when the researches which, have beea recently made, and the vast amount of results furnished by accurate investiga tions, were unknown. The effect of science in its molea o'n0 wh*- "iPIk"1 V*"?' ,b ,ofurn'?h correct prin ciples on which the farmer may proceed in the XTm.tnL?f h,g farnV and "> remove difficulties which may be more or leas expected from the sea 801?Vr ' ai variety ?f adverse causes. Soils are so differently composed, that general rulea cannot 1?? weir id?rn?e0H?d ,0 '?r ,,MSir miBi*Pme?i what ts well adapted to one crop, manure, or mode ot culture, is not equally so to another. Let the far mer understand (as he may easily do) the elements tT?,Cmenterin,?u' ? ccmpoBttion of ihe soils and the manures which he employs; and how often ?nay he savehimsell from disappointment, to which be ?P?d The same remark kuowledm l. ?? alao.to tbe ^ration of scientific knowledge la preventing the diseases to which va rious products are liable; and the means ol culture (Ifhh miliarBtn'i'r0'<riat<i.**r Particular circumstances, with substitutes for the usual food, and the amount for consumption needed. The diffusion of such 'and'1??!' of "ricultural societies and journals, with the encouragement given to im provement, has very greatly aff-cted the appearance of the farms, stocks, and dairies of those by whom (he suggestions made have been most practised A decisive example of this is the following, Un'd-r the immediate influence of the Highland Agricul tural Society in Scotland, wheat has avrraaeri fil bushels to the acre, where but little was formerly grown. "iicriy The pablication of such results, together with the success of similar experiments in our own country, must have a powerful influence in dissi pating the prejudice which has been so great against "hat'? ca"ed " hook farming." It is a mafter of a?a?ra,u'ation tbat l^e different State governments rf,0lie aeusible of the claim which the ?efl?nai??lia ^ aaaL have "P?n them; *nd that ,and ??h#r investigations ordered by ?MherdirVfMlu'n^kWfu' a-'he bouni.es held out, moieties arc hrlnm aid *'ven to agricultural fThe sclendfir ?ir M*kFnore ^neral The talent , J j?forma,i?n ' th-. encour???ed to contribute sasws .rovement, with the beat means Tnnui them VIoney, thus generously expended, always aFves s quick and abundant return. aiways gives a It may not be improper to mention here the visit to Europe of one of the most distingu?hed scienn hH?"d Pract|cal agriculturists ofthi.ooantV-Kev' Henry Colman, formerly employed by the State ?f Massachusetts to conduct thd/yaariy'firiJilSrS survey of the Commonwealth. Much benefit is anticipated Ironi the valuable information he will be able to lay before the public, gathered from his personal inspection of the modes of tillage ?ud im provements in Great Britain and the various coun tries of the continent. In compiling the present s'atistics of the crops, some advantages have been enjoyed for a nearer approach to accuracy, with respect to particular crops, than was the case in the former reports.? Together with a minute and extended examination of ttie agricultural papers and other sources of in formation, the aid ot the members of Co.-gross has usually been afforded to assist in est.mating the crops in their particular districts. These opinions, compared with the intelligence otherwise obtained, furnish means for a more particular estimate than j might be practicable without them In the former i year, (1842,) it will he recollected that, owing to the protracted sessional Congress, reaching to Sep leinber, the members of the National Legislature were absent from their homos during the season of the harvest and the gathering of the products, so that they could hardly bs expected to have as lull and accurate knowledge on these subjects os if they had seeu the growing crop?, and heard the daily reports of their progress and success. The ample information now furnished from this source, tor which both the Commissioner ot Patents and the public in general are so highly indebted, is de rived lrotn those who are able to speak more deci sively respecting the amount of prouueta and causes of variations which have been observed the past year; for they who have imparted this knowledge ire generally fresh from the midst ot the farming and planting communities. Electro Magnetism.?In the paper marked 1, will be tound a description of the electro-msgnetic telegraph, illustrated by plateB in language so fami liar as to enable any person to understand one ol the great improvements of the age?one that is destined to exercise a great and it is believed happy .'fleet, in the transmission of intelligence Irom one section of the country to another. Experiments ilreudy made, in England and on the continent, l-ave no doubt of its practicability ; and this will, -re long, be furiher tested on the railroad route be tween Washington and Baltimore. The choice as o the mode ot communication, by wires placed within leaden pipes under ground, or through simi lar wires suspended in the air, has occasioned much perplexity to the scientific; but the latter will probably be found much the most economical in its first structure, as well as in the facility ol re >air. The rapidity of communication is truly mtonishing; it is instantaneous. The rate nt which the electro-magnetic fluid posses, according to Mr. Wheatstone, is 288,000 miles, equal to eleven ind a half times around the globe, in one second. JVe sec " the streak" of lightning in the heavens, nut it leaves no trace ; the stream of electricity has passed in less than the twinkling of an eye, and is ? one far beyond our sight. In the same manner, with equal swiftness, the. electro-magnetic fluid inerringly conveys the intelligence intrusted to its ^Foreigners are now claiming the merit of the in vention to reduce this discovery to practice ; yet nistory; it is believed, will hereafter accredit the highest and most deserved commendation to one of our countrymen. A new field is thus laid open for the researches of science, and new discoveries may yet be ex pected; experiments have already been made in this country, with wires of 160 intles in length, ib 'ulated in coils, with perfect success A small battery of 100 pairs of plates was sufficient for the operation of the whole distance. In effecting the transmission of intelligence by the telegraph, the artificial magnet (see the paper 1, above mentioned) created by electricity sets in motion an apparatus vhich gives on paper certain characters represent mg letters of the alphabet. Communications are hus recorded, either by day or night, on a revolv ing cylinder, without even superintendence, and nay be transcribed at leisure. The medium employed is simply a copper wire, ?nsulated and extended on posts, at an expense not exceeding #150 per mile. It is confidently be lieved that proprietors will thus connect their fwellings with the places of their mechanical ope rations How easily, for instance, could Boston uid Lowell be thus connected. The same posts, ioo would answer for many lines of communica tion. Each wire, however, must be insulated; and, urange as it may seem, if two wires are placed horizontally, at some distance apart, and one is charged, a similar effect will be produced on the 11 Among the most curious effects attending this liscovery is the transmission of intelligence through i tingle wire at the same time from opposite points. Tbu?. on a wire reaching from Washington to rfaltimore, a message by electricity will pass ano her traversing in the contrary direction (turning >ut as it were) without any detention. Like the -ayB of light, electricity, too, is extremely subtle. Nor is the fact lessastouishing, that the ground it ?elf is a good conductor, and supplies the place ol mother wire, which is necessary in ordinary cases P >elore any effect is produced. . The advantages of this mode of communication nuat be obvious, both in war and peace. The ?ast and the west, the north and the south, can enjoy the earliest intelligence of the narkets, and thus be prepared against specu ators.' Criminals will be deterred from the commission of crimes, under a hope of escape tpon the "iron horse for the mandate ol justice, outrunning their flight, will greet their arrival at ? he first stopping place. The numerous inquiries respecting the telegraph have led me to notice it vith this particularity. . ... . . I may further add, that the plates illustrating the 'lectro-magnetic telegraph exhibit another impor Mt invention?that of preparing maps and plates by the process called cerography. This is anew irt. It is now more than nine years since a gentle nan ot New York city conceived the idea of this new mode ot engraving, which combines, in a rood degree, the peculiar advantages ot the old methods, viz: the facility ot lithography ,n , jaring the plate for the press, the clear, fine, flow ing lines of copperplate engraving, and the dura bility under the press and rapidity in printing ot ?wood engraving. The value of cerography in fur nishing the community with cheap maps may oe inferred from the fact that the eight quarto maps lurnishedgratuiiously to the 17,000 subscribers of the New York Obierver, published by the inventor, if charged at the rates usually allowed tor maps of the same size in England and the Untied States, would have cost 8125,000. ... . r Intimately connected with this br"^n0//^?n.Cu' employed in effecting the results obtained by the telegraph, are the medicinal applications bv the magnetic battery, mentioned in the report of one of the examiners. This same wonderful agent the electro-magnetic fluid?wh).cb ?1>? gilas the metals and separates the beautiful ores, dissolves he calculus (stone in the bladder) without p&m, rescuing thus many victims otherwise doomed to . lingering death, or the sad alternative of a most excruciating operation. The facility with which medicines are infused into the system by the aid of this battery, leads us to hail the approach of a mitcker alleviation of human woes, and thefature sucoess of experiments fraught with the brightest "-The experiment of illuminating the streets of Pa ris bv means of the electric spark has, as commu nicated in the late scientific journals, been also most successtulf and further developments> of th a hindication of electricity may be expected. This is indeed, as it were, chinning the lightning lo subserve ifie purposes ot human improvement. CossrrnmoitAL AwEwniEEirra.-In the Senate, yesterday, all the constitutional amendments p&?- | ed upon by the last Legislature, we.re_rePorted la vnrabte upon by Mr. Bockee.trom the finance com-. mittee, and by Lott.from the judiciary committee. Ihrlt mo mlun. ud , OKI. ? a third reading without debate. They will, we have no doubt, as we confidently bope.passthat body by the constitutional two third vote. In the j House, the same amendments are pending in com mittee of the whole.-j4/6awy Ar^?, Fib. 4. Canal Commissioners ?The new BoardI of Canal Commissioners, pursuant to the act und _ which that wars elecud, mat yesterday In ths Ca?al Rooms for the purpose ol classifying themselves, bj let ^W^Vesrn thai Messrs. Clark end B.aril Irsw tar tw* WMPg Jod#? ind BltMlit of court*, tor iour years. Bubseguantly the two this year, draw to determine the order in which ?ey shonld be acting ?ommtssioners, and that Mr. Jones are f?T?*MNiolfwtU be, therefore, ander the ^ amended scls. that Messrs. Earll nnd Clark wil ?? Commissioners, dnring the two years Mr. Ion_ set with them this year-Mr B-ssall next ym. lu 1847, vtessrs. Jones and Btssell will be octing Commisslonere until 1948, and those elected for four years from that tune, will be ictiDg Commission, ra alternately during tvo thoir lour years.?-dtteny jtrgM*. Fth 4. Uobbkry OF THE Illinois AwENTS.?There was a report yeaterdav, that the agents ot the ritate ol Il linois Oakley ami Leavltt, were robbed of their papers Slid securities, on tho National road, on their retern horns I sw Uvs l ince The trunk was cut from the stag. SoST Such a loss must prove exceedingly vexsti.us to (he mrties as the pspets cannot be renewed without [SJOSiJZ?lort w,th th#p" Jers.-PMlitf ??????r,h i MR. GROCSSBT'S ADDRESS. The Affair between Mr. Urouwet and Mr. Kmerle. TO MY FRIENDS AND THK PUBLIC. | Numerous statements, all more or less errone ? ous, having appeared in the newspapers relative to j my rencontre with Mr. Joseph Emeric abost noon

I on the 20;h ot December last, at the corner of | Broadway and Wall street, I believe it my duty to nive an explicit expos? of all the circumstances ? connected with that unfortunate event, in order ! that the public may be qualified to appreciate justly the conduct of Mr. Emeric and mine. About two years Hgo I h-td some business transactions with Mr Emeric, some ot which, untitles! spring, wero coiiii-liralde. Duiiig this period Mr Emeric whs in volved iu several vexatiocs affairs, some ol' which, dated trom h p 'tiod interior to our connection, and in which 1 used uii sny sll'.uts to bo useful to him Thoso 1 will not narrate, es they arc disconnected with the event wh.ch 1 propose to explain. I will merely stale that, in a quarrel ue hid w ith M M , Mr. emeric havii g had recourse to my sei vices, I omitted nothing in order to bring the matter to an honorable arrangement; but, finding Mr. Emeric impracticable, I rent unced all connection with a man who had neither the magna: iouty t? make repara tion for an insult, nor the courage to sustain it. From that moment we ceased to meet; this was in May, 1844 Some days afterwards, proposing to go to Europe, 1 set out tor Button, them to embark en board the steamer of June 1st, on which veaaal Mr.Emeric had secuifd a cabin for him and me. On arriving at the steamer, which was starting for Boston, I lounil Mr Emerio in the custody ol the sheriff, who IiaJ arrested him on the suit of M M??. \t the request < f a mutual fri.-nd, I became his buil in a conslJeiatde sum?thus proving that if our preceding relations had inspired me with a contempt for him, they had engendered neither hatred nor malice. On going on board the steamer at Boston, he thought proper, in spite of the service I had rendered him,to quit the cabin which he had taken conjointly with me, thus putting an end to our familiarity during the voyage. At Liverpool I lost sigVt of him; but on arrival at Paris, live or si* days at tarwards,! received two insulting letters from him?then i challenge. My astonishment was great on receiving 'his challenge, having in no manner provoked it 1 ac cept! d it however, without hesitation?one of my friends undertaking to make arrangements with the parson ap pointed by Mr. Emeric as his second; but this person de tlared liimselt incomne.tent farther than to re reive, on the part of Mr. Emeric, proposals from my friend. An interview was fixed for 10 o'clock text day, but when my friend repaired to the place of meeting, no person appealed. But. learning from the inn Keeper that the individual sought, was with Mr Emeric ind two oth is in a neighboring restaurant, my friend mnt his cird, upon which my adversary's representative appeared soon after, Jiid stated that Mr. Emeric had been engaged in various ways, which prevented his attention 'o this affair. In answer to this excuse my friand said, hat when i ne allowed h mself to fiivo insolent provoca tions, he should aver hold himself prepared to sustain thorn My friend then went to the restaurant, brought j Mr Emeric outside and told him lie would no longer sub 1 mitto he mystified by false pretex's Mr Emeric, how ever, atkod for a farther delay, promising to my friend that at 4 o'clock in the evening be would receive the visit of a pers.n instructed to make all the arrangements ; but it 6 o'clock that person was still looked for, and my friend left home. On returning that night he found a lat ter containing the grossest insolence from Mr. Emeric and next day he came to inform me that lie could no longer act as my second, as he was himself obliged to de mind satisfaction Irom Mr Emeric, to whom he s?nt, in fleet, a challenge; but the lat'er through bight, with all despatch took back his insolent letter, and made all the apologies axactcd from him. My Irieml's sicond then ipoko to Mr. Emeric of his affair with rao, and told him it was requisite to bring it to en end, offering at ?he same time to become my second, in the plsoe of our mutual friend. Mr. Emeric adhersd to my fii>tfiierid,nnd next day sent to him iin individual whose services he had purchased. This man first proposed the piRtol, then the word, which was accepted in my name because I had left him free to act for me, in order to leave my adversary no pretext lor drawing back. After this arrangement the same Individual wrote to mv friend next day a letter out rsgeous to r.iy f> eliugs, although unknown to me. "b'1 miserable duellist, whom Mr Emeric had directed hi* tai lor to transform into a gentleman, was instructed, no doubt, to provok > me, end so end the other affair between me and Mr Emeric. This man was so audacious as to present himself at my dwelling, at 8 o'clock iu the morn, ing.but met with a reception which tempered his borrow I ?dbravery, and avowed before he lelt that he was not the author of the insulting letter I had received, and that it had been written by a public writer and dictated by Mr Emeric. Our meeting being fixed for five o'clock next lay, I wishad to know bom Mr. Emeric's ckampion whether he bad decided to be on the ground, as I was un williug that my friends should undergo the early proceed ings uselessly Immediately alter, I received from this man, who hr.d consulted with Mr. Emeric, the assurance that I should find liiro on the ground at the hour fixed ; but he added 'hat u?y adversary desired to fight with pistols instead of the sword, which he at first chose. At this point of the interview,my second arrived and accepted the proposal for exchange of weapons in my name, adding that he would hold Mr. Emeric at liberty to choose cau n?At four o'clock next morning, I repaired tothn plaoe appointed, with my friends and my doctor. On arriving, ?ve perceived three carriages. In one of these was Mr Emeric with one of his friends and a lady; in the second, another friend and a doctor, and is the third, the two witnesses. In all, the escort of my adversary consisted of nine persons, including the coachman. Our four wit nesses had a long conference, in presence of the two dec tors, and a friend of Mr F.meric, from Marseilles. The opposite party convinced that their principcl was not in clined to fight, proposed an aec-mmodatlon, at which my witne-srs were not satisfied, and who agreeably with my instructions insisted upon a wrtten and deliberate ipology, without which Mr. Emeric was hound to take his ground. But as he was not even in a fit condition to descend from the carriage, as is attested by certificates! de livared to mo afterwards, his witnesses persisted forthrre Hours in the most pressing solicitations, that my friends at last consented to soften the terms ot the apology. A note was in consequence drawn up and signed by tke four witnesses. . ..... Believing that I was at last disencumbered of this n diculous affair? only two days alter, I learned from two persons, credible and worthy of confidence, that Mr. Eoseric ha! boasted of having made ma offer an apology on the graund. He set out for Marseilles, whither my affair* called m# also some few days after, and tbora I learned with certainty that he had, reversing our eon luct, attributed to me all the cowardice which he had ex hibited himself I would have immediately chastized hese cowardly boastings, had I not been prevented by my brother and my friends, who induced me to promise on mv honor to attach no weight to the vain insults of tuoh an individual, to which I assented on condition that he shonldnot re new his falsehoods. But on returning to New York, where he had preceded me, I learned that he had again commenced, sfwoif puhlicly, his calumnious boastings, and that on board the steamer in which ha returned from Europe, he had spoken out aloud of hi* own courage an" Bf my cowardice. In addition to this, he wrote, before my return,a most insulting letter, and left it at my house. Similar conduct eould not remain longer unpunished, ind 1 declared to my friends, that if Mr Emerie did not retract hia injurious falaahooda, I ahonld publioly spit in hi* face, seeing that It was the only chastisement which could reach one so insensible as he to every honorable faeltaf. Mr. Emetic was then at Charles ton. On hia return, I addreaaed a letter to him, in which 1 cautioned him to osase hi* lying apprizing him of my intention, of which he had been already warned by my friend*. This letter remained un answered, as well as those others which 1 afterwards wrote, insisting on my demands. It was after this long series of provocations, that on the 90th of December, hav ing accidentally met him at the corner of Wall afreet and Broadway, I advanced towards him, my two hands in the pockets of my coat, and executed the threat 1 had used fie then drew from his coat one of Colt'a revolving five barrelled pistols, and aimed at my breast I could hare sprung upon him, wrested his wesmin from him, and flung him to tko esrth, but I confined my self to turning aside the pistol with my hand; but this I only half sccom plished,sud instead of receiving the batl full in my breast, it entered my right side 1 fell on my knees, but arose Bfftin Tery quickly, wh*n iMing he wu PrfJi{?*}] another dfs&arge. 1 seized him with my two hands-but reeling the weapon at my breast, I relaxed one hand, and atruuk the pistol In order to turn it aside. The discharge took plaaa; I fell a second time, believing myself a second time struck by the ball-so eccute and fpo?*>l was the pain caused by the first wound. I s'lll had, however, strength enough to rise again, and fasten upon him, In order to prevent a third discharge. In this posture we crossed Broadway, he making efforts to get the pistol free, to fire upon me. He was on the point of succeeding, when tome paaaers-hy pounced upon, and disarmed htm; whilst I. taable from the loss of blood, the pain and strug gle, advanced a few stapa, and fell opposite Trinity Chunk. ^ ia conclusion, that it it falae that Mr Mner.o had warned me, as he pretends to say, that he was armed with a pistol of which he would make uae if 1 insulted him. Borne of my friends Had warned me that he was capable of committing such an action, but I thought so little of it, that, as 1 have said I approached him with my hands in mv pockets. Had I expected a murderous assault, it would have been easy to prevent it, by seizing Mr Emeric beforo ha could lay hold of his pistol and arm himself. Such are the origin, the details and denouement or my relations with Mr. Emeric. I owed it to the public, to my friends?I owed it to myself, to five these explana tions, to which 1 will add nothing, leaving to each the right of appreciating the facta I have Just narrated, whose truth can be aliened by numerous and honorable wit nesses. These facts may he summed up in few words For the proofa of friendship and devotion which I gave him, Mr Emeric has returned insult and calumny, and after having, like a poltroon rclused the satisfaction I or fered, ho has provoked, but when compelled to stand face I io face with me, he was able to do nothing else hut add ridiculous cowarJice to all his other actions; and per I cetving himself incapable ot conducting himself, in rela tion to his adversaries as a men of honor, be has had re course against me, to lies and calumny. At "4rl". Mtr*?i!l**. at New York, and every place he hss been juiltv of the most cowardly attar ka not only against m> honor as a man, hot also srstnst my honor as a merchant \t isft, wb?n I forced to rubHHy chMtiae loi g chain ol indignities, he has only finished the proceeding oy an attempt at assassination Courti'alenilaiwThls Day. Common Pubas, 1st part.?Nos. 48, M, 73, 10, 77, 7#, 01, it. 19T, 1. 2d part?04, 49, 19, 44, 48, 00 70 0, 99, 90 Suraaioa Court?Nos. 10, 90, 44,40,40, ?0, 01, M, 04 to M, 100,07,40, 00 to 04,00 The New Municipal Police Ma Bennett:? Noticing in your paper lately some severe stric tures in relation to the new police, and believing, 3ir, that the tacts have been misrepresented by in terested parties, I take the liberty ot correcting a tew of the charges against theiM. P-'s..To begin ihen with the charge that a.I the P'('l ,Aomult, iroin thieves bv the new police is not forthcoming When called for-the owners ot such property ?hot/ld be advised ihat all such property can be found Rt the Station Houae ol tbe new^ohce under care never u> ?? the ownerB would rogues were permitted to keep ? tu:ev,,s which has so far been recovered troin thu; ^ y the new police, as I said beiore. ? the Station House, under the A nts Houw, m tne Park Again, aa to the imbecility ot the Muuici Pol1 will t-ay Iter l>?? .nd /,? ! inHrt of aiifiovfanc^P from the old officer., ana die Just ices on the Bench w ho seem to bt, oppo ed m >he new *vhtcrn. I will instance a tact, whicn will not onlv prove the truth of what Iffiave J|j8t 8t? ied bin will also show the manner in which meat officiaUtconnive at and assist in delraudingrthe pub he Whenever one of the new police makes an arrest, and takes the oflVnder to the Totnbs, the committing magistrate rings a bell ,?^1 J[u^ irom one ot the private rooms ot the Tombs a lent ing officer, who Wads the nrieoner below, f" which he gets titty cents, which he is not entitled to, be cause the officer who arrests the person ahoffidper lortn the duty without pay. Another fact, andII will finish The new police are required, by the ,o arres. nil p-roons f??d inoncv : and, accordingly, one ot the JYi r. s ois covered a party in the act, and after arresting the whole of t ie gamblers, and bringing them, imple ments stakes" and all, to the police, the sating magistrate dismissed the whole party, and told the W to go about his business ; also a policy^ vend cr with his books, tickets, acc., was suffered to -scape in the same way. I strongly suspect that i he police reporters of the city papersare some what in the interest ot the old loafing police, which iccounta for their never noticing the many arrests made bv the M Pexcept where they may be ible to throw ridicule by some accidental faux jhi$ of a new beginner. Fair play, if ON Common Plems. Betore Judge Ingraham. Im 6 ? TV People, 4*c vs. James G. Utter??This ac tion was brought to recover compensation tor necessari f requited by the wife of a person of the name of Stanzeu tiacch.for whose maintenance defendant had become se "TK&S SSSU." ??***? ? tore situate in the 8th avenue: that sometime in.July, 1343, she was taken to the r?Hce office at the express command of her husband, on a charge of being {???"?'? it being satisfactorily proved that this was not thocas . she was subsequently released. A charge was then pre ferred against him for an assault aud battery, alleged to have been committed by Stanzenbach upon the of his wife, about three months previous to the transactions above alluded to . This having b ? n .roved, a nominsl fine was imposed upon him, and he was bound in recognizances to keep the peace for six months. Sometime after tbis.from Moiuued ill treatme.it, the wife was obliged to seek protection un Ur the roef of ber father, and although o^erturcs were hv the wifeoffered for a reconciliation, and that (or that on'pose she called to sen her child, when she was again turned out ot doors. That previous lo this latter affau he had entered into n bond for her support, (or which, as before, said defendant is security. For delenee.it was put in that Stanzenbach* wife was subject to epileptic fits; that during the continuation nt ? hege fits, from the noise she created, and the cri? -he uttered, she would incline a person to helievc that some person was maltreating her. In support ol this ?eitimony a physician was produced, who coroborated the former allegation, and also that both betore and after these fits she was not right in her head. Farther that 3tanzenb3ck's wile hadlelt his house voluntarily; that he had made several applications lor har return,on a count of his being put to serious Inconvenience on ac count ot her absence And moreover, he made it a point ?o?eave his doors cpen, so that she might have access on ,ny occasion. And, in conclusion, thai thero was no ex penditure on the part ot the Commissioning ot the Alms House, nor any liability incurred by them. Verdict this lorenvon. Before Judge Vlshocffer. Tucv Cosirnt vs. Jinn Prnndfaat -This action was brought to recover compensation for service* rendered as servant When tho case was opened by tho plaintiff, certain objections were cite, ed by d< fendant's counsel to h* deposition ot on absent witness. The cause was jotirned over until tomorrow, John If Woodward vs Robert Shinn.-This action was brought by tbe loriner mate ol tha harque ' Iwanowwa, ?o recover compensation for an alleged malicious prosr utioa It appeared that wbiie the barque was ly ing ?t Ue port of Bordeaux in August last, the t1"1"*1* l* ? Mi?tnrinn vome tow pounds of conVe ana a nucK .h to be reuirned when the vessels should meet again a. New York?and *uch favors were shown to be ol frequent Ufinrrpnpe On their arrival at this port the articles in qSnwawretuXd with the knowledge of the Cant subsequently the plaintiff instituted action OaDtain for assault Hnd battery, and a d-puty sheriff wa. despatched ta the Captain, ? hen the latter told the deputy that Woodward was a bad man, and he would arrest him or stealing. This threat ho put into execution by hav n'aintift" arrested and examined betore a U. 8 Com mlsemner on the charge ol stealing tha goods in ques tion, and was subsequ.ntly discharged. No <!*"?*?? offered, and he jury tound a verdict for plaintiff of $225 d images and 6 cents costs. The Shamrock Benevolent Society et.John jJ. Collins ? This was an action ol replevin, brought to recover cer ain banners and other property belonging to the above society, which was incorporated in Apnl, 1841 ltap neared that on St. Patrick's day, in the year 1844, the ol Seers ol the society were elected, Constantino Donohoe 'icing appointed treasurer, and defendant secretary. In June last, the treasurer asked ot the defendant the ban acrt Sic. Upon Collins refusing to give them up,this Sn i, brought, to compel the secretory to ob.y the regular demand of the treasurer, who, in accordance with the hve-laws was the proper officer to hold the property . as the tunds of the society. . he bye ISws were, as a matter of course, introduced as evidence ; ind the Court gave it as his opinion, that tuo are prima facie evidence, in a contest between a cor lis members. The bye-laws were then read, !ind set lorth, that the treasurer should hold ail,the fund, banners and other property, as above stabfd. It was then nrovod that Donohue was appointed to the officii of trea .mk HMrinr last vear. Witless being afterwards asked * hom ,property in question belonged, replied, that, ^orttog to Se coUtStion, they belonged to the tnsa ?uror to which decision ol law Mr. Brady requested the ? ?"?? ?? .7." 'S3 complied with ?he requisition, of the bye-laws, by ?flSg bind, for the faithful keeping of the property ^ The witness testified that a bond was exe in q?ertl ,f , hut it was not shown that the so ever accept.* any report of said committee with clety ever accep j request of Mr S.:;-'"*"'''',o""h" ? appears, that as Donohue was appointed in March i*44 and made the demand for the property in rt!S7uno following, and was lefused in consequence ot , W Defendant.1have not yet opened their cause Verdict this iorenoon Tm* Dbsttitictivk Fire in Newark?The f ap- ; tain ?.f the Watch about 4 o'clock 'hi* morning, . --j a ?re in No Ift'i Broa<i street, and with ditfi cuhy'aroused the sleeping inmates, who had only time to cuny st? whole building wa* in flames It cm mnmcated rapidly north ond ?onth, and alter destroying mnuit I ? . sir_ Tiittl** aud John II. 9'pphcnfi ,"? ir:eho7,rw..^y air^t.d'at the house ot (Wg. dwetliug-hous J, J injured The buildings werVvaTiously^c'up^ed, and we subjoin the particulars ,Tf the "se, insurance, fcc., as nesr a. we can ascertain thNoa. 180 and l4J-Two 4 story brick buildings owned ,n n York, occupied as follows : .. .. Nos IftO-tst and 2nd floors by Wm. C Eagles as a Mil Unery?and the remainder by another family?ftiiniture Xlfey? ia^ff Reeve as a chair facto rib opened Wil'h a new stock ol Dry Ooods ,o.s a..out $^. uaiiMiMso tVia uMMr storipf) <)T Mrs ivioon ihhi ini*. Shirm^(wWow.)X lost all their goods; the latter it f. Mld?Ju?pcd from the th.rd story into the snow, with ?UNosJT64 and 1??, both two story brick fronts, owned hv Wm Tuttlc,Insured $I3W in the Mutual Assurance ??? loss about $1800 No. 1*4 was occupied by Jamas Cairns Seedsman, who saved but a small portion of his furniture, andINo IMby Henry Dobbs.Tailor.who saved "VnTwUwra.8J0odbn?Hk8terhen.'* story frame dwelling hole whTch wo. insured $1400 in the'Newark Mutual gssurince f'o snd $600 in New York. The turn! nru w.. also insured in N, w York for $2000, ond was priaci pslly saved, aithougn in a damaged state. Tnr farther prosraM olthe flr?* wm arrcatM Ban . alter inhirtng the dwelling of Oeorge t res* to the amount ol about $700, which was covered by insurance. Trinity Chinch, standing by itaeli at the head of th Vxrk or Military Common, on the oppomt* .1 p ot tn ..?ree't was fireti ftverai limes, but through the watchlui ^s. ami activity ot .he fl-men ami crti.ena, WM pre served without mat. rial Injury. The gi< eery ?of JI. H. Stephens fc Ron, on- of the largest commercial hou.min the Slate, adjoins Mr. Croca's hu ding,. whereJhe Are 55f,? ssawrig.'SSOT to tha corner and along the north si le or ^Naw straat, H this store had boon fcrod.-Xeworh Aiv. Fob.? Mr. Editok,? The extraordinary situation of the "public streets," impassable to the engines, has created well founded alarm. Tueaday night's experience ought to teach us a lesson. The drag ropes of the rngin* broke in every direction, and ike department were, with all their exertions, unable to get their engines to the fire. In case of a tire, it is impos sible to i-tiy what might happen. 1 suggest that all the engines be immediately mounted on sledges?that an order be published immediately by the Mayor to clear the side walks, the onlv avenue left to the fires?and that the watch M. P. be d< aired to double their diligence to detect incendiaries. Yours, A 11 g a ola a Rxadir. Candidate for Govbknor of Tenwssx*.?The Observer., published at Columbia, Tenn., the resi dence ul r. Polk, in speaking of the approaching con test (or Governor i f thai State, promises that Gustavus A. Henry, of Montgomery county, will be the candidate ofthe Whigs, end the Hen. Aaron Vail Brown will be tha candidate of the Democracy. TAXES OF 1844. OFFICE OK RECEIVER OK TAXES, 1 Old Alh< House, Pars. > "PURSUANT to the Act "for the Collection of I airi in the * City of New York, inured Ap.il 18th, 1843 "public notice is hereny given, that unless llie Taxes now remaining unpaid, shall be paid to ine at my office, on or before the fifteenth day of February next, an addition if one per rent will be charged: sod a further addition of one per ceut w i 11 be charged on all uch Taxes remaining unpaid on the fifteenth day of March The present law requiring the Taxea to be paid to the Re ceiver only, (the office of Ward Collectors having been aDolish ed,) alI those who can make it couvenient to |>av their Taxes early, will liiid it greatly to their advantage to do so, thereby avoiding the crowd and delay which will ueceasarilv occur for several days previous to the percentage being charged. The Tax Bills may be obtained on application at the office. Office hour* from 8 o'clock, A. M. uotil 2 o'clock P. M. H. T. KIER8TED, jaTtoMrl* re Receiver of Taxes. BKUN LA ROSIERK 2t COURT, US William street, have just received bythe Louis Philippe, a large (assortment of Wreaths, Polka, Rachel, Taglionia, Al 'genon Head Dresses; (Move Trimmings and Hair ring i la Polka; Camel las, Roses, and a large assortment of Fancy ?-"lowers for Balls. They are all of the latest styles, and for richness are surpassed by none in the United States, j 14 lm?ec CIGARS! CIGARS! CIGARS! VT EZEKlEL, 92 Nassau street,, opposite the Herald Build ^ ' ? ings, respectfully invites the attention of his friends and 'he public generally, to the following choice Cigars, just re ceived by late arrivals from Havana :? Regalias of various brands, Panetelas of various brands, Normas, Principes, Yngenuidad, Riouda, Eaperauza, Napnleones, La India, Noriegas, Lord Byrons. The above Began are guaranteed as genuine and imported, and he trade are invited to call and examice them. N. B.?Orders from abroad will be strictly attended to. j 15 lm*rrc * CHEAP CASH TAILORING ESTABLISHMENT, :? l-J PEARL STREET PHE SUESCfUt'l.K, one of the pioneers of the cash system, f aeaires to zeepi Xore the public that he continues to maa ifacture every kins r I Civil and Military clothing, of the finest ?lateriiir, in the mo si superior style, at lower pricaa by tweaty ive per cent than a i y other house charge* for the same quality if garments. Wi.rp rs the following list of prices Best superfine wool black Dress Coat fit to S20 Pant* o! fancy -.r.d Plain black Cassiniere.. 5 to I Vests of all kitr'.s. Bilk, Satin, Caaximere.,. Sii to S Gentlemen who supply their own cloth cxa have tliem mads m the best ityle'at ihir foliowir.g prices Dress Coats from .-..97 to $1 Pints from,.. . 1 St to t Vests " ... 1 St to > d22 lro*ec TEETH ! TEETH !! TEETH lit GREAT REDUCTION IN DENTISTRY. CHEAPEST OPERATING OFFICE IN THE CITY.? A single Tooth set for 75 cents, only! Teeth filled with fine Gold Foil 75 Tin Foil, of a superior quality 50 Toolache cured or nice rated *turn|>s extracted. 25 N. TAYLOR, Burgeon Dentist, ia!2 lm*ec 62 East Broadway. THE PICTORIAL NEWS RuOM, N'o. 22 CATHERINE STREET, BETWEEN EAST BROADWAY AND HENRY STREET. HHAWKKS. having fitted up a Parlor as a General News ? Room, uuder the sbive title, will be happy to see his rends, and hopes by attention to business to merit a con ?inuanceof the favors so liberally bestowed since he has been i the public line. The room furnished with New York and Old Country Pa i-ers regularly. The Bar supplied with choice Wines and Spirits, fine flavor ed Segars, and fine Pale Ale, 8tc, j23 lm*ec 'JENTLEMEN'S yU PLRFLUOUSCLOTHING , ' ENTLKMKN OR FAMILIES desirous of converting into * cash their anperflnonsor cast oi! Clothing, will obtain from le 3abseribei the HIGHEST CASH PRICES. To families or Genth'men qnuting the eiry or changing ro , ieuoe, bavisi ef!:rt? of tlse kind to dispose of, will find it ? r.cll to their advantage to soul for the Subscriber, who will ?ttecd them at their residence by appointment. H. LEV EXT, Office No. 2 Wall street, snd at 470 Hudson M. T7" A line through the Post Office, or otherwise, will ks punctually attended to. jai lm*rs "l/ATCHr.h WATCHES AND JEWEL HA -1'hote ' who wish to purcha-e Gold or Silver Watches, Gold kains, Gold Pencils, Keys, Ac., will find it greatly to their Ivant.'Be to call on the subscriber, who is selling all ilescrip ons of tlie above at retail much lower than any o.h?r bouse m .e city. Gold Watches as low at 920 and 925 each. Watches d Jewelry exchanged or bought. All Watches war imed to keep good time or tiie money refunded. Watches, d Jewelry repeired in the best raauner and warranted, ?t much less than the usual prion. G. C. ALLEN, I reporter of Watches and Jewelry, j 15 lm*ee Wholesale and retSil."0 Wall St., up stair* 1ALLS, PARTIES, NEW YEAR'S FESTIV1 TIES, &c. PHOSE gertlemen who intend enjoying the festivities of the "? season, are requested to rxamiue a very rich and rare assort ment of raehionabl Scarfs, Cravats, Drkss Guives, 8tc., ceived by late arrivals from Paris and London The present -sortreeLt of the above articles have been selected with great ttenrion and are well calculated to give satisfaction to gentle pen of taste and fashion. Tlte subscribers would call the atten iou of their patrons and strangers visiting this city to their large nd well selected assortment of the following goods; Linen and Austin Snirts,'cut after the most approved Freueh Method, to fit ?he form of or Wearer. ISiik, Merino, Lamb's Wool, Klsnnel md Buckskin Shirts and Drawers; Velvet. Cashmere, and other Dressing Robes; Hosiery. Linen and Silk Pocket Kerchiefs; 'revat and Scarf Stocks, Riding Belts, Patent Elastic Shoulder traces, Snspenders, Bnchskiu, Merino, Cashmere, Cloth, Bes et, ard Goat Skin Gloves, 8tc., lie. Gentlemen desiring any Oi he above articles will be certain to find them to suit their taste, i the old establishment of PARSELLS A AGATE, d22 Im'ec 237 Broadway, corner of Park Place. ("OK SALE?A raw and Grist Mill, with a large work-shop ?attached to which is a; pliml about ten horse power, from lie mill?together with a owetliug house, biro, blacksmith nop, and eight acres of land "1 lie above property is situated in istehesier, 1? miles from New kork,and one fiom the Harlem tailroad. For particulars and terms, anp!> to JAMES W. fOMPKlN'8, 183 Eldiidge it.. New 1 ork, or on ihe premises of jaU lm'w. PETER J. 8HEAN WOOD. () H R I N T M A S AND N EW YEAR'S EXTENSIVE ASSORTMENT OF GROCERIES, FRUiTP, WINES, Ac., WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, AT SCDTT'S, TO NASSAU STHJEKT. t'HE subscriber offers to public inspection the beat assortment of Groceries. Wines, Fruits, See., he., suitable to the ten. jn, of any establishment in the city. Superior Teas, Coffees, lugara, Otanl, ? hnmpagne and Cognise Brandy, Old Jamaica 'turn, Holland Gin. Scotch and Irian Whiskey. Brown Stout, 'Edinburgh Ale, and Fruits, fresh and rich, by the latest imports .ous. . JOHN 8. 8COTTT Wholesale and Retail btore, 78 Nassau street. N. B.?People from the county. Hotel and Boarding Hones keepers who buy for cash, wilr find it to their advantage to 'ive this establishment a call. Goods sent to any put of the ity, free of ripense. The Mcotch and Irish Whiskey is greet M M misr.ike d77 lm* rc (?HEAP DAGUERREOTYPE PORTRAITS. MRS. H. hhaNKLANU,Daguerreotype Artist,having taken since two year* more than 1(1,000 portraits, snd being well .uown ft taking tlie best styleof portraits, res [let l fully informs "r friends and customers and the public, that she gives a beau nl Daguerreotype likeness, including a fine morocco case or e rame, for only one dollar. Being si ways well patron i led. and her customers increasing every day. she has, for their consc ience, enlarged her establishment, by two Daguerreotype rooms n [lie I afayette Beiavr, 149 Broadway, and by a branch of her .tablisluiieut, 23i Broadway, third Hoiy, front room, No. 1, ".polite the ark Fountain Portraits taken from 8 in the morning to 5 in the evening, any weather, cloudy or stormy, ??member, ouly one dot sr, (best style) including case or mi- j.'8 lm*rrc ARCHITECTURE. ((?RED. SCHMIDT bete leave to inform hie friends and the public, that lie has removed hie office from 192 Broadway to 7 Will ?t, wlrere perso-A desirous of building are invited to ex inioe a serei tion of original and tasteful design* from the Cot ie* upwards to theextrnsiv-Ville or Mansion, in all the varioM ?\ lis of architecture; and where hr ie preiwreu to furnish Plan*! Inwings. Specifications, Estimates and Contracts for Build ?gs of every description, and superintends the erection thereof, j i30 Im* re COLORED PAPER AND FANCY PAPER BOXES. A K. BODKN wpctfallT inform* hi* friends and tha /V. pahHc, h^ foutmu** to manafartui* Colored Paper ? nd Kancv Pij^r Botn, in *11 vari^ti**, *t th# old *tand of tha .t? lirm of Bl.tuc h BimLd, 7? Folton corner of Oold ?tmet Ha ?? lull , drtermm-d to ma? ufartnia a ?npaiior articlt, and to itt the t rice* *o a* to his enstom^m. Ordrrs will ba , 'iinettia lj ?ttrnil(*d to. N. B ? A good assortment of Colored I apart and Kaacy Papar Jots* always ou hand ja30 2m*ac ^ 1NGVS V K R BE N A C R E A V!. H. HI NO, oriaiua! invant??r snd now *ola pr^pn^toT of this justly c^Mmted eoiopoand f*?r ?ha?ir?g, na* at langth roiiRht it to th.u p rfrct poi? t ?.f {Wirftction, beyond wli ch it \\imp issibta to tiantrend. Thare navar was a Sh*rini( ('raam Itat lias approAf had it iu rirtuas i*ac*uli rly it* own, nor has any r??par?tion a*c< ad tha niche of f*rna inat M King's Varbana ? r?*am " has, not ha* any Shaving Soap racaivad tha spontana n* auloaiaa fr<?m tha public grata in all paita ? f th? Unitad Stata*. H hag for yaart camad a^ay tha palm at tia Amarican ;i)*tiTO*a Fair?it ha* a? gulphad a huudrad a> d on* imitations nd c ?unti rfait*. Tha Varbana Ctaam is allowad by judgas vihoaranv?t that havaahaar^ to ha tha moit panafrating, most inatantanaoas craamv larhcrgiving, aitd tha mo*t df liooas y scantad 9oan known?lowing tha *km as soft a* d?>wn, and ?* smooth a* aladyN flat ir->n, so unlikatha most of othar kinds, svhichall know, laava a rafinass, ?martin* scabby ciun. L it vamatad to aiva anttia satisfaction, and to prasarva its rich Itialitiaii in any climrta, and not to shrink as formerly, when rst introduced, *incc which C. JB Hi rig has by evpanmanU in ad* a discovery that entirely prevents it. Manufactured and sold wholesale and re?ail by C harles H. Ring, 3^2 Brof.ma street, nearly opposite ( antra Market. It is I so told it ma ufjctnrar's | nca* Ilaviland, KactaACo..W laidan Lane ,.Jatna? S. Aspinwr II, W William straac, and at ft>il by most D.tg and Fancy sioies thr. ughout tha United Stata*. v Th" directions ou every jnit signed C. H. Ring, without vhich. it etnuot lw?* bulire. f 5 2w * rc LKgolTKS! LEEGHESt ft'Sf H f ('El V El>?l'?r ship Frenkliu. from Hsmhurg, ? ' very fresh supply of rtwulisn Lrechvs; for ssle wholsssls snd res.nl, *t the most modems prices, bjr C. J. FERDINAND A CO . jsl ]m*se. Imposter of Lssckss. No. 148 Nsasun etrssg. c