Newspaper of The New York Herald, 11 Şubat 1845, Page 1

11 Şubat 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD Vol. XX., No. 11?Whole So. 4003. NEW YORK. TUESDAY MORNING. FEBRUARY 11, 1845. Prlee Two CeuU. Tike Absurdity of Praying to ?Ue Virgin" and the " Malnta"?Jeiua llhrUt tike only Intereeaeor for Sinners. A LECTURE DELIVERED BV REV. MR. ETILLWELL, IB THE CHRTSriB STREET METHODIST CHURCH, SUN DAT EVENING, FEBRUARY 9, 1845. '? Jlnd the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Batt ler : and the mother of Jesus was there, and both Jesus was called and his disciples to the marriage : and when they wani-d ivive, the mother of Jesus saith unto him ?Thru have no wine. Jesus saith unto her?Wo man t what have I to do with thee ? mine hour is not yet come. His mother saith unto the servants?Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it. -And there was set there six water-pots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins a-piece, Jesus saith unto them?Fill the water-pots with water. Jlnd they filled them up to the brim. Jlnd he saith unto them? Draw but now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. Jlnd they bear it. Ifhen the ruhr of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it wasAbut the servants which drew the water knew,) the go vernor of the feast called the bridegroom, and saith unto him ?Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine, and, when men have well drunk, then that which is worse ; but thou hast kept the good wine until now. This beginning of mira cles diil Jesus in Cana of Galilee,-and manifested forth his glory?and his disciples Believed on him."?St. John, Chap. II. Vcries 1 to 11. The marriage at which this miracle of the con version of water into wine occurred, is supposed to have been that of John, the brother of Jesus. We have already considered the object of Christ in performing the miracle?to show forth his own glory, and establish the truth of his divine mission to the earth. Without much preface, therefore, I desire on this occasion to direct your attention to a few considerations conuected with subjects that have, until recently, been lying dormant and not much conversed about or thought of amongst those who are not Roman Catholics, but which have lately been spread abroad and attained more than ordinary publicity, so as to give the fullest possible intimation to all that are^willing to hear,that these dogmas which have been so often protested against are still retained in all their length and breadth, by the Romish Church. And as there is at the present time considerable excitement in relation to this subject, and &b the sophistries and mis representations of the sacred writings pnt forth, are of such a nature as to deceive some, leading them into what isfelsely called the spirit of chari ty, which is misinterpreted as meaning that *e ought not to condemn any, and also that all may be saved according to their own belief, provided they are sincere; and that, therefore, all sects are to be regarded with approbation. This kind of charity that covers up error, and supposes that er ror may be the salvation of sinners, is altogether at variance with the scriptures of divine truth. It is necessary for us, therefore, to examine particu larly, by the light of revelation, all the doctrines and dogmas which areset foith in any quarter as of decisive authority. In a sermon preached at St. Peter's Church, and published to the world, the preacher declared, that according to the Pro testant doctrine he had a perfect right to give his own interpretation of the sacred scriptures, and then he goes on to bring forward the opinions of men called saints, who had recived them, as he contends, from the apostles themselves. Now, that is all assumption. That is not proof. There is no evidence given that those "fathers" received their opinions from the apostles. The only sure and safe guide to the truth that the "fathers" had, we now have. We have the writings of the apostles. W? have the scriptures of truth. That is given to us to be a light to our feet and a lamp to our path I can teach nothing that is not in that work. To that nlone I must appeal. And it is amply sufficient to lead me to a knowledge of the truth as it is in Jesus. We need not go to the "fathers"?to any of those that have preceded us?the word of God is an open book, and it is profitable for instruction in righteousness and in all the doctrines of the Christian faith. And thanks be to God that his blessed word is now within the reach of all, be cause from it men can judge for themselves, and with that sacred volume in my hand, I make the same appeal to you that the apostle did?" I speak ns unto wise men, judge ye what I say." That there were sucn persons as Joseph, and Mary, and Jesus, is allowed even by deistical writers, and I need not, there fore, go into any further proof of that than that the scriptures declare it. Joseph was of the royal line o( David, although sunk to a state of compa rative poverty. But one of the evangelists hat taken the pains to prove Joseph's descent in a regular line from David. It is evident, therefore, when we come to the itenealoity of Mary?tome sceptical writer* have disputed because two genealogies are given, but it was intended to prove that both of them belonged to the lineage of David?bat ae it relates onto Mary herself, we have no reason to suppose that she was any thing so very remarkable as a holy per son ,auy more than any other person that had nn existence upon the earth. The declaration ia made that after she bad bean betrothed to this Joseph, that the angel of the Lord appeared and addressed her in terms now used in the form of prayer by the Romish ohurch?" Hail Mary, highly favoted ol God!"?end we are informed that when he made this address uato her, it was for the purpose ol proclaiming that she had been chosen as the one proinis ed??' A virgin shall conceive and bear n son" Now. what was the purport oi that addreaa of the angel 7 Sim ply to eall her attention to the consideration of that which was to be done, and when he proclaimed that ahe was "highly favored," she merely replied with the declaration, " Be it unto me aa the Lord will." Some writers have re gardnd this miraculous conception as only a anbject of ridicule.and object that it was improper to be spoken of? that it was obscene?bnt the reply of Bishop Watson to one ot them (Tom Paine) applies to all?that great divine said thift " He might n? woll conceive the impurity to be in his own mind as in the declaration?that he might as reasonably have considered it obscene when it is said thit the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters at the creation." Jesus Christ, therefore, as the son of Mary,Is represented unto us as one not peculiarly endow ed with any power from on high; but he grew up, it is said, in wisdom and atature, and was in favor with God and man. When he was 19 years old, he went up with his parents to a feast at Jerusalem, and when hia parents returned, he remained behind. When they (ought him three days and found him not, they returned to Jerusalem sorrowing,and found him amongst the doctors of the law, putting and answering questions, and there was wonder at his wisdom. When his mother oame to him, she asked. " Why is this T' Jesus answered, " wist thou not that I should be about my lather's business 7" Then, at the age of twelve years, he hears a remonstrance from his mother, whan it was to have been expeoted that he would have shown perfect obedience to her will, and \< hen no excuse could ne given for his refusal to sub mit implicitly to her direction and guidance. There was no influence, therefore, exerted upon him by his mother; and she, it ia said, only pondered these things in her hemt. When this, the first of his miracles, was perfor med, Jesus was about thirty years of age Hia mother on that occasion came to him, and said '* They have no wine " He replied, " Woman, what have 1 to do with thee 7" or as it Is more properly rendered, " What hast thou and I to do with this 7" Now, it does not appear here as if Mary had much inflnmice with bar son. With respect to Joseph, we hear no mare of him after the time wbeu Jesus was twelve years of age. Bnt as it relates unto Mary, he does not appear to have conoedad to her Intercession, because the answer seems to imply a re proof that she had been In haste?as If she had proposed wb.it was uot then necessary to be done. In the firs* place, then, any person el common understanding must pnrci.ive, on rending this Hrripture, that Jesus was not at all under the Influence of Mary, his mother. She might have supposed that perhaps he would have given money to procure trine, as the and he were related to the persons in honor of whose marriage the feast was given, which hnd now lasted three days?and they usually lasted seven; but there is nothing whatever to indicate that she sup posed lie would be induaed, or was about to perform a mi acta. Let me now, then, proceed to lay before you the remarks made on this point, in the lecture given nt Ht Pfttirs. The lecturer said?" Because the Catholic religion alone has always held matrimony as of divine origin, has mad* it one of the sacraments of religion, lookj upon it as no longer a thing of earth, but of hea ven ; by which we are benefitted, oonsoled, and united here, and prepared for the family of heaven." This surely Is a misstatement. What sect of Christians denies that marriage is of divine origin 7 We Christians hold this. Why then does he arrogate to the Reman Ca tholic church the aole merit of regarding matrimony as ol divine origin 1 They alone, indeed, make marriage a sacrament. Bnt the lecturer goes on to say? " Bnt Inte resting as this topic would be as a subject for my dis courses, time docs not p< rmit my entering fully into it ? yet there ire one or two others In the text, which I fee! contain morn spiritual instruction lor you : and, there fore, I would wish to call your attention this morning, and this even ng, to them in an especial manner. T mean,' in the first place, the patronage and influence of Mary, the mother ot our Lord ; and, secondly, that the grand miracle, presented by Jesus at the intercession of Mary, la a prototype or emblem of that miraoie of divine love, that Ineffable charity, that spiritual sustenance, by wbioh the God man transubstan tiated himself into the elements of bread and wine, in the eucharistic institution."?(Ran. Mr. Ryder's Lec ture, Hrparted in tha Htrald, Jan. 90.) Here is a doc trine altogether abhorrent to our views and sentiments, and the comparison instituted strikes us as ridiculous in the extreme. Perhaps soma of my hearers need to bo informed that the doctrine of the Rotrish Church is that the bread and wine administered in the Lord's supper era so transubstantiated that is, so clungeil, that tlicy no longer remain bread and wine, butrro the actual body and blood of Jeaua Christ; and here it is stated ?Lat this very miraoie which Christ per formed in turning water into wine, la only a prototype of that which is maintained in one of their dogmas. Ol course, according to this, these persona were altogether deceived-they ware not drinking wine, they ware drink ing water .because,according ta this application,it was not really wine any more than the wine used in the incre ment. It wai only water alter all! Now the abiurdity of this i* alio evident,became Jeius Christ took particular occasion to have the contrary substantiated. For he di rected the servants to bear the wine to the governor of the feast, and he, when he had tasted it, declared " thou has kept tho good wine until now." Here, we observe, that this governor ot the feast expressed his approbation of the superior excellence of the wine. But all this, if the interpretation of the gentleman were correct, must have been deception, and Jesus Christ must have acted the part of an imposte: ? he must have led thum to ima gine that they were drinking wine when it was only water. But there is no deception in Christ. But the lecturer goes on?"At present, my Catholic brethren, I wish to address you on a subject dear to all, and one intimately connect ed with the practice of our holy religion ; and, unfortu nately, so little understood out of the communion of the Catholic Church?the respect we pay to the Virgin Mary To the patronage, then, of the Virgin Mary, I wish to call your attention, lor the holy gospel for this morning, which 1 have read, does so, and shows the character, the living love, the patronage, the powerful influence of Mary, which caused our Saviour to perform this miracle; and if it be neceasary that omnipotence should be again exerted in our behalf, that will cost him nothing ; believ ing, as we do, that tha intercesaion of his mother will still avail us much." Here he says, Christ Is asked by hia mother, the Virgin Mary, to do for mankind that whieh " costs him nothing." This is the expression. This he says is the argument addressed to Christ in order to in duce him to convert the water into wine, and that is now addressed to him by her in order to induce him to exert his omnipotence in our behalf! " Costs him nothing !" What 1 Was the shedding of Christ's blood nothing 7 Were all his sufferings nothing 7 Was the sacrifice made for the atonement of the sins of all the world nothing 7 It is aald, that for the Joy set before him, he endured the cross and despised the shame?and that by his stripes we are healed ; but yet despite of all this, the gentleman says it " cost him nothing " It is farther stated " as our Saviour, on a common social oc casion, was pleased to grant the request of his blessed mother?why sbonld we net repose confidence in the efficacy of her advocacy, for those divine blessings and spiritual gift whieh our blessed Lord came to accomplish for us 7 Mary was not disheartened by the refusal of her son " Here he acknowledges the refusal, and yet he in sists on intercession being made through her! Even al towing that by her influence, or interest, or representa tion or mere ruggestion that they wanted wine, that Jasui Chrii't did perform thia miracle, does that offnpd any proof whatever that Jesus now heart Mary pleading in heaven 7 It is no proof at all. Whatever is done on earth is no proof that the same is done in heaven Tlse state of things in this world, I need not say, is widely dif ferent from what it is in that invisible world. The scrip tures do not afford any ground for believing that those in heaven are cognizant of the sfT-iirs of earth?on the con trary they lead u* to believe the very opposite. But the 'ecturer proceeded?" And thus wo see the power and in flurnce of the patronage of the Virgin Mary, and the power of her divine son, in the great miracle by whi-Mt water is transubstantiated into the element of wine, for 'he use of the guests at the marriage, when our blessed Lord performed his first miracle. Now, my beloved frisnds, I ask you, dispassionately, both Catholics and my dissenting brethren, if there are any present?do you not ice the power and influence of Mary, and the f fflcaoy of her intercession with her son, our blessed Saviour 7 There is the Catholic doctrine on miracles and Mary's intercession. We do net say that Mary Has any power, of herself, to do aa we ask her; we do not think that it is a power of her own. We only say that the character of Mary, and that of her divine son, are so similar?that there is such a conformity between them?that her power and advocacy are such, that when she intercedes and supplicates for onr spiritual wants, she obtains the favor; that,because of the relative position of our re deemrr and the redeemed, we wi 1, for our own interest and advantage, in charity for ourselves, invoke the aid of the Virgin Mary to intercede for us and obtain for us those blessings which, on account of our own wicked ness and depravity, we could not otherwise obtaip. There is the Catholic doctrine. If you hear any other, It is not Catholic doctrine?we renounce and despise it." Here,then,we have It from their own lips that the Intereas sion of Mary has such an influence on the Son of Ood, that he will grant the favor that may be asked by har, and that therefore she is to be prayed to as an intercessor between us and Christ. A few more extracts?" We con sider that Mary is, in connexion with her divine Son. the only souroe of blessing ior us?and aa such, is beyond all other creatures; and we then consider that Mary has, as the mother of Jesus, and in this connection with him, an authority and influence. We know, for instance, that Mary is the most perfect creature that ever was created." [ wish you particularly to notice thia as contrary to scrip ture. " We know that Mary was the most perfect crea ture ever created " We know no such thing?where is the evidence of it 7 Her father and mother were of the same depraved, corrupt nature as ourselves. There is not a syllable in the scriptures to justify us in believing that Mary was in any respect different from any other be ing on the face of the earth. If she had been " perfect "?if the had been different from the rest of humanity, the Saviour could not have partaken of our nature or atoned for our line. But hear a few additional passages?" Hii greatness required it she wns the chosen vessel, from eternity, for the incar nation of the God-man, and His Omnipotence fitted her to be the temple of His own adoration, and selected her te he the ground-work, the instrument, the very materials ?if I may use the expression?upon which to build up that holy tabernacle to the honor of God and the salva tion of mankind. Mary, then, was prepared by the Al mighty to be hit mother, and consequently the first an nouncement we receive of her in holy scripture, is the address of the angelic messenger to her, in these werdr? ' Hail Mary, full of grace !' She is represented with every blessing. God having, as it were, emptied his di vine fhllness into her sacred heart. The right to be the propitiator for the sins of humanity belorgs to the son of God ; to affeet his mission, he was m?dn the son et man.? Mary was the source of all that is earthly of God ; and as he was said to he frem all eternity the substance and figure of the Godhead bedily, so we arc to regard Mary ?a the link which connects him with hnmanity. What hen must be the perfection of hor character ? How pire ?how excellent and how worthy of that veneration and respect we pay her, must she be, who is'made the dwell ing of the divinity?the temple of the humanity of the Son of God-the source of the existence of a mediatorial nature. She must, my friends, be a perfect creature ; the must,as such,be in intimate connection with God ; and it the Grd-man is pleased to gather all her friends and bre thren here upon earth into his favor and (elicity what must he the intimate union of those two hearts?that of Mary and of Jesus Christ 7" Such is the light in which the Virgin Mary is regarded by the Roman Catholics, and such is the character in which she is addressed by them in prayer. And here let me recite a prayer, that is regularly used by Roman Catho lics?" Oh ! Sacred Virgin, Mother of God, I offer up thisprayor to the throne of peace, through your hinds, in honor of thy immaculate purity and unbounded cha ritv; and in anion with it I offer up my heart, eyes and tohgno to thy protection this day and for ever, most ear nestly beseeching thee to look upon me as your child, and by your powerful intercession with your boioVed Son, to obtain lor me the grace ot his holy r?irit,"<(0 8cc Then say the " Hail Mary" three times in nbnor of her immaculate purity " Here, then, is a prayer offered to a mere creature: and, perhaps, more frequently than to lesus Christ himself. Do we find any warrant for that in the scriptures of truth 7 Where is there any declaration of the need of any other intercessor than Jesus Chrbt 7 Is it not declared expressly that there is bat one God. and one Mediator between God and man, the man Christ leius 7 Are we not told in explicit terms, that there is no other name given under heaven by which we can be saved hut Jesus Christ t Are we not then quite justified in regarding all these assertions, relative to the intercession of the Virgin Mary, at contrary to the word ot truth! The doctrine of praying to the Virgin in order tbat she may ask for the intercession of Christ in our behalf, im plies that Jesus is unwilling to intercede for us, and (hat we must therefore seek some other intercourse-that our prayer and tears of penitence are not sufficient?that Jesus Christ is unwilling to hear us- that we must get someone to induce bim to hear us. But Is this the Scripture view of his character! No, no He is ever ready to hear- the sinner Ho snys, " Come unto me all ye that labor, and are heavy la-ten, and 1 will give you rest." He expressly warns us against seeking any other intercessor. We are again and again expressly exhorted to come to Christ himself?to come to him directly He alone is represent ed as the means of access to the Father. When he was shout to leave his disciples, he told them tbat they were hereafter to "ask in his name" of his Hea venly Father. He points out to them the way of ac cess to the Father. He calls himself the " way " He an nounces to them that he is going to heaven, there to be continually employed in making Intercession for them " No man," says he, "cometh to the Father hnt by me." " I am the way, the truth and the life " And again, " No man can come to me except the Father draw him What's thd use then of the m'eroeasion of Mary 7 This, 'hen, my brethren, is the doctrine of the Holy flcrip'ures. I care not whet was the belief of the " Fathers " I sppeal to the scriptures, and to it alone. I appeal to that full and perfect revelation of the will of God, and which contains all that is necessary for salvation But. again, the Rbaur dity and tolly of addressing prayer* to finite craatnree is evident from the fact that those thus addressed are inca pable of knowing the hearts of those who pray to them ? God is the only hearer of prayer. The Virgin Msry Is not omnipresent and omniscient; it is, therefore, impos sihle for ner to hear the prayers addressed to her, aven supposing that those in heaven are cognizant of what is said and done on earth. But granting that ahe did henr the prayers addressed to her, she could only be a local deity?she could hear the prayer only of one individual at a time. But why need I dwell on this absurd and fool i?h dogma! The lecturer goes on U? say?" Without Mary we should not have been saved, and I will show vou that in the Holy Gospel. Why did the Angel Ga briel descend from heaven to the lowly habitation of Mary and Joseph 7 What was the object of his mis sion 7 Ha is sent to ask her, will sho consent to be the mother of the Messiah ; because Mary had made a vow of virginity, and dedicated her purity as a testlmo nfal of her God, and would not nave exchanged the tiliea of her virginity even for the maternity oi Oed."? A vow of virginity. And yet,she was betrothed to Joseph at the time! What an absurdity! " She would not have exchanged the llliea of her virginity even lor the materni ty of God." Who evor heard before such language from a minister of Jesus Christ 7 And this, when he hlmsMt, goes on, in the next sentence, to express the readiness with which she assented to the declaration of the angfl; ' But, convinced of the heavenly mission, behold the I humility of her answer, ' Let it he ur.to me according to thy word.' So, Mary's capacity to he the mother of God,?her co-operation in our redemption, gave us the Redeemer ; consequently, without her, Jesus Christ would not have become man. I do not aay that almighty wisdom could not have devised another way to effect our salvation ; but I do aay. that, without Mary, tha actu al inoarnatlon of tha Bon of God?tho praasnt mysterious mode of oar redemption could not have taken place ? He was to become a man, like UDto us, but a man born of a virgin. So that, as a woman interfered in producing the fall of man, another was instrumental in his re demption ; so Mary wan chosen to be the mother of God ; and, from the moment she became so, she had an inti mate connection with our salvation Do you see the wisdom of Ood in this ? He never ceases to operate,?in the work of our salvation he is continally dyi g for us. Mary is constantly standing by his aid ?, pleading lor our salvation; so that the great work, which, if youplese, was achieved on Calvary, is still, and ever will be per. formed until the great work of man's salvation is con summated-" 1 do uot recollect ever to have met, in so short a space, with so mnuy absurdities. The scriptures are so plain and explicit in all these points, that I need have no hesitancy in declaring those statements to be en tirely misrepresentations. It is said that "Christ is ever dying for us " This we know is represented in the mats as if he died every day, and it is asserted that Mary is constantly standing by his side pleading for us. Did she plead at the cross I We know that he cried out, " Father, forgive them, they know not what they do" But we do not know that Mary inteipo sed in any way. But do not the Scriptures declare that Christ ever " lives to make intercession for us7 Is there any such doctrine as that of his constantly dying for us in the Scriptures ; No, it is contrary alike to com mon sanse and Christianity. The suffer ngs of the Son of God are thus represented as without end, whereas the Scriptures declare that there remaineth no more sacrifice for sin, in that Christ has made one offering for sin. That was enough. There is no need of Christ's " dying every day." Sach a representation imputes a degree ol cruelty to God utterly at variance with his character. 1 have thus shown, my brethren, fiom the Scriptures, that there is no authority whatever for the in vocation of the Virgin Mary. I care not what St. Ambrose or any other "Saint," or " Father" says in the matter. We have the word of God, and we want not thowordof man. But we are also told that we are to pray to the saints. Who has made them "saints?" Many of them are more likely to be in hell thou in heaven. Who are th?y ? St. Christopher is one. Why ? Because he carried Christ in his arms across an arm of the sea. Where is th-> proof of that ? and if true, what evilence does that afford of his being a saint 1 Another saint is the Roman soldier who thrust hisspaar into the side of the Saviour expiring upon tne cross, aad who it is said, was afterwards converted. What's the evidence of that 1 "St Ursula and her 11,000 virgin martyrs" are also among the saints, although no truces of their existence can be found in history '. St. Francis is another "saint " Ho ran utmost naked and preached to beasts and birds,and stocks and stones. He was certainly a much fitter sub ject for a lunatic asylnm than for canonization. Pius IV. declares that images of Christ and of the mother of God .are to be worshipped. Alas! what a sad transfer of the adoration of the true God ! But it is said that the worship of saints was practised by the primitive fathers, who received the dogma from the apostles ! This is one of those assertions that are not, by any means, to be taken for granted. The dogma was first promulgated by the Bishop of Antioch, 470 years after Christ, and began to be acted over oue hundred years sfior. But such in tima came to be the anxiety to hive other mediators and intercessors, that when councils have been convened, they have done such acts as clearly evinced that cupidity and covetoussess had not a little to do with the zeal for this dogma. Thus we find that in 1637, an edict was passed, commanding the bones of one | Tracy to badug up and burned, because he had, in his | will,left his soul to thi intercession of Christ alODe, with out the help of masses to be paid for. I mention this only for the purpose of showing you the profitable uses to which this dogma is converted. But now, by brethren, to conclude, let me exhort you to flee to Jesus Christ, the only intercessor. Waste not your time and yonr prayers in tnvuking saints, who cannot hear you, and aould not aid yon if they did. Why seek any other source of bles sing when the blessed Redeemer himself invites you with every possible derree of tender solicitude to come to himself and be saved 7 He ever lives to make inter cession for you. His ear is ever open to the cry of the penitent. In him alene repose your confidenoe?to him alone address your prayer. Ho will hear and deliver.? Come to him now He is sparing von in his infinite mercy. He is giving yon time to repent. Despise not his merciful visitation. Now is the accepted tima?now is the day of salvation. If an earthly sovereign offered you pardon for your offencea, and invited you to come into hit own presence, and obtain it, by asking for it. would you foolishly waste yourtime in soliciting the aid of his officials 7 surely that were madness. Why, then,de lay coming to Christ himself 7 Why call upon the Vir gin, or upon tho saints, when the Omnipotent Redeemer him- ell calls upon you to eome to him? May hts grace be given to you, ao that you may be inclined to seek Him who alone can hear and save you. Amen. Registration or Births,&c.?We are in receipt of the Secretary of State's report and tables on the registration of births, marriages and deaths in Massachu setts for the past year. It appears that, as in former years, much difficulty has been found in procuring correct re turns, mat tne tables are very incomplete, though, in some instances, close approximations to the truth have been obtained, and that there has been a great neglect in the clergymen, cextons and school oommiitees. in various parts ef the Commonwealth, in forwarding full and cor rect returns to the town clerks. The Secretary expressas strongly his approbation of the efforts of this last class of officers, in most instances, that they have personally in terested themselves in the subject of registrations, anj have themselves visited families in their several towns lor the purpose of obtaining information, when the proper persons have neglected to furnish it It appears, finally, that the registration tables will be of little practical use until the laws on the subject are thoroughly remodelled, made to meet the necessities of the case, and are strictly enforced. All kinds of difficulties and discrepancies exist in the returns. Twenty towns have made ne returns of births, nineteen of marriages, and twenty-seven of deaths, h-sides the two districts ot Boston Corner and Marshpee. In some towns oi two or three thousand inhabitants, die the tables give but a dozen marriages or so. in the course ot the year? in others, the returns are probably exactly correct; but the same general incompleteness exists with regard to the births and deal lis, united with every variety of perplexity to the cempiling officers. It will be seen that very little reliance can be placed upon the tables, ss a whole, more especially when it is remembered that no returns have been received from Boston, Beverly, Lynn, West Cambridge, Roxbury, Lowell, Cambridge, Medlord, Walt ham, and other principal towns, with regard to some ?r all of the subjects required. We give, however, tome of the most prominent results of the tables. The whole number of living children born in 968 towns was 14,767? of whom 7399 were males, 7043 females, and 316 whose sex is not stated. The proportion ot females to mules (100 to 106 07) agrees with the proportion oi the sexes in other countries. In 35# towns, with a population in 1540 of 600 , 660, the number of marriages was 4304,or 1 in 138 persons. This proportion is undoubtedly below the truth. In England, the average number per annum from 1839 to 1841, was 1 in 137, and in the metropolis. 1 in 101. The whole number of deaths recorded is 8338,a number doubt lessltoo small for the population. The proportion is pro bablyjabout I in 66, instead of 1 In 70, as recorded. The average of the ages of the deaths was 331 years. In Eng land, the average for four years ending Jun?,1841.was 18. 93-100 years, in the Prussian States, it was 38 86 100 years, l'he returns indicate that August and September are the most fatal to numan life, and that April, May, June and fuiy are the most favorable. The deaths in Massachusetts, under 10 years, hear a leas proportion than in England and the Prusaian Statea- More than one fifth of all the deaths are marked "consumption," and of theae the number of females exceeds that of the males by one third. The greatest number of deaths occurred in the mild months of May and September, and the smalleat in the col I months of November and January. Diseases of the respiratory organs constitute more than one fonrtk of the whole?or the digestive organs one eighteenth?and of epidemic and contagious diseases one filth ? Botton Port, Ftb. 7. Departure of President Poi,k ?The Columbia (Tennessee) Obttrvtr, of the 10th ult., states that the Pre>ident elect, accompanied by his suite, latthis residence at that place on Tuesday last, for Washington The observer adds that it is understood that Col. J. K. Walker, uepliew of the President, will be hit Private Secretary. The same paper congratulates the citizens ot Columbia upon one circumstance nt'endant upon this event,?thst it the riddance of that place oi the immense horde ol offioe-seckert who have besieged Mr. Polk for ? share of " the spoils" lor some weeks pnst. It has been a source of amusement to us for some time past to run over the list of arrivals at the Nashville hotels, published in the papers of that city. We doubt whether the dally arrivals of strangers in our own city would present a longer array of names. To the credit of oar oity be it spoken, we have not seen the name of n single Clncia natian among the crowd. We observe that 8 Penn, Jr-, of the Si Lota's Rrpsrfrr, was amonj the last to report himself at the President's head-quarters. " Old Shad" could not certainly have gone to solicit a "share of the loaves and fishes " So far as this rsge for office-seeking goes, we believe both the prominent political parties are equally culpable. It ii well known to our citizens that a perfect horde'of Officeseeking latzaroni, dogged the footitepa of " Old Tip," (Heaven bless his memory.) whenever ne ventured into otir city after his election, and that even " Tyler too" had his train of sycophantic sol citorsi'or place. We hope that the new President will act independently in the distribution of his official tavcrs. H* is exported to stay a day or two at Louisville on his way tip the river, and will be here it is expected, about ?Friday next, the 7th inst ___________ Supreme Court of the United Statfs?Fri day, Feb 7 ?On motion of Mr. Reverdy Johnson, Philip Williams, Jr Esq , of Virginia, was admitted an at torney and counsellor of this court. No. 166 Harriet L. Catchings vs the United States et al.?Appeal from the Circuit C 'Urt United Statea for the southern district of

Mississippi- On motion of Mr. Attorney General, this anpeal was docketed and dismissed. No. 68. The State of Maryland, use of Washington county, plaintiff in error, vs the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Comnanr. Tha ar gnment of this causa was continued by Mr Spencer for the plaintiff in error, and by Mr. Nelson, Attorney Gene ral U. States, for the defendant in error. One Hundred Mormons Shot ?'1 he western Illionois and iowa papers of the 14th Jan., bring reports that the party of Mormons who recently left Nanvoo for th ? purport of settling in the" Pinery," (high up the Mississippi River) have nil been murdered. Hav ing got into a dispute at a French trading establishment I about the price ot seme provisions, which they thought exorbitant, they unceremoniously helped themselves to whatever they wanted; which so exasperated the French men that they called in the aid of the Indians, and mas aaorcd 100 of the Mormon party, amounting in all to 8 or 400. The Orean Bay Republican gives the same report. Albany. [Correspondence of the Herald ] Albany, Feb. 5,1845. IV'hu is to be Health Officer, and Pot and Pearlath Inspector? Ebitor of the Hkkai.d :? Albany ia overstocked with office aeekers en# their friends?men who have either axes to grind, or who are payed to grind them for others; and it is amusing for a looker-on to mix with the several cliques, hear their remarks of each other, and ob serve the various means resorted to in order to ac complish their ends. Among the most prominent from New York are the candidates for the Health office, and Pot and Pearlashes. It is alleged by the friends of the present incumbent, Dr Van Ho venbergh, that he has fulfilled the duties of" the office in the most satisfactory manner?given libe rally to the party, and that precedence has estab lished the holding of so perilous an office for lour years. By others it is said, that he was not enti tled to the place originally, to the exclusion of se veral whose claims and competency were of n much stronger character that he has already Tot alized 825,600, a sum sufficient to satisfy the maw of any ordinary partisan?that he has beencngaged in the washing and emigrant business, and that he violated the law of the State in allowing the Bchot ner to go up the North river, dealing death and destruction around her, injuring commerce exten sively, and putting the city and county of New York to several thousand dollars unnecessary ex pense, in consequence of his ignorance and folly Of Mr. Stevens, general grannyship is asserted; it is said he is penurious, and refuses to fork up like a man irom his overflowing hoard to the party; that he never had any in fluence or any claims, and would never have received the office but for the intrigue of Senator Varian, his brother-in-law, who log-rolled with Se ator Scott, the one for the Health officer, the other for the Pots and Pearls. One thing, how ever, is positive, that no one here can correctly ascertain the wishes of the "democrucie" of the city of New York, for all are either office seekers, or in their employ, and as no appointment can be made without a vacancy, the fight is fierce between the parties. What Governor Wright will do defies conjecture. He will not, however, re-nominate a man derelict in his duty. More anon. Boston. (Correspondence of the Herald.] Boston, Feb. 7, 1845. Harvard College to be Dug Up?Die Philistines Upon Her?Preparations for a Grand Set Too? Rev. Theo. Parker?Great Excitement in the Unitarian Church?Sleighing in Boston?Cleopa tra's Barge, fyc., tj-c. J. G. Bennett, Esq.:? This community is all alive this morning with reference to a movement made yesterday to dig up the foundations of old Harvard College, in the Board of Overseers. This Board is composed of thirty permanent lay and clerical members, chosen for the most part by the Board, and also the Gover nor, Lieu*enant Governor, nine Executive Coun cillors, and the forty Senators of the State, for the time being. Thus eomposed, the Board has the general supervision of the affairs of the College, and a concurrent action with the President and Fellows of the College, in the direction of its ma nagement. At a meeting of the overseers yester day, the Hon. George Bancroft, a permanent lay member, offered a report upon the cost of educa tion and management of the institution, and con cluding with some recommendations for reducing the expensep of education and other reforms These propositions were like so many bomb shells thrown among the grave and reverend seniors, and the way they skipped about and squirmed was a caution to sinners. To add to the excitement, a proposition was offered by the Hon. Mr. Walley, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and ex officio, a9 well as by election, a member of the Board, that measures he taken to disconnect the College entirely with alt religious sectarianism. This proposition is another phase of the "Native ism" of which 1 wrote yon the othpr day, Harvard College being the seat ol Unitarianism, and send ing forth yearly the black-gowned champions of that sect. Walley is a rigid Presbyterian, or as we call them,Orthodox, and this dig at Old Harvard is designed to overthrow Unitarian supremacy there There is some foundation in reason for the change proposed, as the College is largely endowed bv tne funds of the State, but it will give rise to a fierce contest among the clerical and lay polemical war riors. Together, the two movements above men tioned are iraught with most serious consequences to the aristocratic and sectarian features of the College, and already are our good cits, ever ready for a wordy spree, enlisting them under the ban ners of Bancroft and Walley, or the venerable draptau blanc of Alma Mater. At the adjourned meeting this forenoon, the Se veral propositions submitted by Mr Bancroft were referred to separate Committees, and also the anti sectarian proposition of Mr. Walley ; and the Board will meet again on the 25th instant, to heer reports upon the subject. There will be fun, I tell you, and you shall have an account of it, so it please vou. The Rev. Theodore Parker is just at this pre sent, one of the greatest lions of Boston, by reason of certain bold views which he promulgates as to the verity of the miracles recorded in the New Testament, and the divine character of the Sa viour. He considers the miracles as the mere poetical exaggerations of an enthusiastic people, and Jesus Christ as only a brother of clay like the rest of us. He further maintains that the Almigh ty has other and more perfect Chnsts in reserve, who will from time to time come out from among men, as occasion requires. Mr Parker is a regu larly ordained Unitarian preacher at West Rox bury, near by the city, and possesses in a high de gree the love and respect of his congregation. But his brethren, the ministry, cast him off and disclaim fellowship with him on account of these peculiar views. This proscription on the part of the ministers and elders has its usual effect upon the multitude, and enlists thousands in his favor, who throng the public halls when he preaches, and hang with delight upon the words that fall from his lips. He is a very impressive speaker, but by no means a clear thinker, and lacks that energy which is requisite to make him a powerful leader in the religious world. Therefore, he will never be a Mahomet, or, indeed, according to his o?n theory, another Christ, but will have his day, die and beforgotten. As I write you, my ears are filled with the mer ry gingling of sleigh bells, heralding the gay parties through the streets on their joyful way to Suburban retreats, where dancing, mulled wine, hot suppers, etc., will make the hours whiz by with railroad speed. The late fine sleighing has brought " all the world" out of doors, and they may be seen in parties of from two to a hundred, inhaling the pure bracing air as they dash through the city. The rosy cheeks of the belles and their bright eyes be speak the invigoraiing influence of the frosty air, and the inspiring bells, as they desh by in their splendid sleighs and wedged in with their favorite beaux. Boston, you know, is somewhat famous for its handsome " turn outs" for sleighing parties, but the most gorgeous vehicle of this kind that has yet ap peared in the city of notions, is Ntles' splendid craft called "Cleopatra's Barge." This sleigh it of sufficient capacity to jMf twenty-five people, and is fashioned like thftHges ?f antiquity. In front it presents the vM^jsppearance of a gi gantic swan, with curvingWck, swelling breast, and expanded wings, all brilliantly painted and f;ilded. In the rear, it rises to a high poop ike the Roman galleys, which is furnished with three banks of seats. This is also splendidly decorated on the outside with a massive eculptui ed cornucopia, and other handsome fixings The other seats are arranged along the sides of the sleigh, so that the occupants sit vis a vis, and can have a pleasant chat, without incommoding them selves. The interior, sides, bottom, and seats, are well stufled, and lined throughout with costly bear skins. The outer sides are beau'ifully painted, varnished, and gilded, to represent a barge, with imitation row-holes,potts, Arc. Figure to yourself this glorious team, with eight splendid black horses attached, clad in russet harness, and adorn ed with the prettiest bells you ever laid eyes on? imagine it filled with handsome lasers and good looking fellows, and a noble specimen of a Jehu to the fore, handling his russett ribbands over the swan's head?see it thus cutting up Washington itreet, at a cracking speed, and you have the very beau ideal of Boston Inn for a winter day. Tne coat of this gorgeous barge is two thousand dollars; and as it is in constant demand for sleigh ing parties, at some thirty dollars a trip, the enter prising proprietor will stand a (rood chance to get a large portion of his outlay back this season. But the mail closes* so, good bye.. Guy Faux. Bug Harbor, L. I. [Correspondence of the Herald.} Sao Harbor, L. I., Jan. 29,1845. Matters and Things?Political Manauvring? Office-holders and Office-seekers?Bull's Head Clique, &c. Ifc. James Gordon Bennett, Esq.: Dear Sir: Since the completion of the L. I. Rail road we receive yourvaluable journal daily. Being foremost in all matters of interest, I am induced to send you a short account ol matters and things in this place and vicinity. Never, perhaps, in the history of political manoeuvring, has such anxiety, management and skill been shown in bringing about the removal and appointments of office holders. The appointment of the present incum bent to the Post Office, G. (a milk and water subject) in place of the Duke, who fell lrom whiggery to Tyleriem a few months since, was indignantly received by both whigs- and locos, he having received the appointment through the in fluence of Mr Calhoun, Secretary of State, who fortunately for him was the Old Priest's Chum, while in College. But.by far the most Interest has been exhibited in watching the scrambling for Col lectorship. It being of greater importance than the Post Office, of course there were a host of aspi rants, amongst whom was Lawyer G , a brother of the Postmaster, who, atiev he had succeeded by his skill in defeating the General & Co., and ob taining possession of the Old Church, became as zealous an advocate for democracy as he was for whiggerv in the campaign of 1840, presuming that he would undoubtedly be rewarded by a share of the spoils. But, alas! he was doomed to be sadly disappointed. He was outwinded by the Doctor, just on the eve of receiving the appointment, and all his fond hopes and prospects blas.ed. Since the Doctor has taken possession, G. has in con templation a work setting forth in glaring colors the frau Is and villainies which have been practised by the democracy. We shall have more funere long, of which you shall receive due notice, in witnessing the scram blers for the Bridge Hampton Post Office, a place four miles distant from this. The present incum bent A. T., who is a whig, also ex-justice of tin peace, is very tenacious of his office, and title of Eeq , and should our friend Dr. M. succeed him, will probably retire to private life, with the appel lation of the " Mountain H. Squire." He is re markably particular since Mr. Polk's election to have a list of the letters remaining in the Pos' Office posted weekly on his bulletin, which was previously omitted. The knowing ones say that appearances denote a storm soon amongst the Bull's Head Clique, not withstanding the Judge keeps dark as usual. They have discovered lrom some source or other the faci of the intended removal of T . and the ^lbstitution of some prominent democrat, B. 8. or Dr. M. in his place. It is the opinion of both Whigs and Locos, that either of them in point of moral ho nesty, capability, dec , are at least his equal if not superior. The greater portion of the people desire a change. It is true that some of T.'s friends fret and foam, and are highly indignant in his presence in regard to his removal, but at heart they are un doubted ly in favor of some one who will conduct the busineesof the office with that propriety which in the present incumbent has previous to the elec tion of Mr. Polk been%und wanting. Dr. D., who, by the assistance of his accidency'e wife, succeeded in obtaining the appointment of collector, notwithstanding the influence of Mr. G. with Mr. Calhoun, was previously elected to the Legislature of this State from Suffolk. The Old Saws predicted that he would have to resign his legislative seat instanter on receipt ot the dncu ment in confirmation of his appointment to an office under the general government, but the Dr. was not to be easily intimidated, and therefore proceeded direct to Albany, in time for the. Session of the Legislature. I believe his right to a seat in that body has not as yet been decided. His friends flatter themselves that he will make a successful debut in his political career, but it is admitted on all sides that he is not as competent or as well qua lified for the office as Mr. D g, the gentleman removed to make room for the tool of a parly clique. Very truly, yours, Z. More of the Storm.?We have a few more facti concerning the storm. Snow fell in Philadelphia on Sunday evening. The U. -S. Gazette of yesterday, eays: ? Snow began to fall last evening about eight o'clock riot heavily?but in fine rparkting drops, that came down almost imperceptibly and robed every objict in a pure vesture, without the eye boiiig able to detect the down coming of the flaecy treasure, except now and then,when a stray particle rpaikleil in the light?while stranger then all, the stars shone on with almost undimmed lustre through the thin cloud?so thiD, indeed, that its form was notmaiked egamst the sky. It set m?d as if the descend ing snow had no supplying source. [From the Pittsburg Chronicle, Feb. 7.] On Monday night we had quite a ''sprinkling" of snow ; and yesterday the merry sleigh-bells were jingling in every direction. We have every prospect, at present, ol mother fall of snow. We pity the fate of the horses ! [From the Richmond Compiler, Feb. 6 ] The weather has been very severe during the week tbus tar. First a mixture of snow, hail and rain, Bnd new we have "rude Boreas" singing about our ears, with a freezing accompaniment; and there is a fair prospect of our coming in for a share of the northern supply. The winter throughout the country has been exceedingly mild, and this sudden and severe spell will Oceanian much shivering We may expect, unless the weather speedily moderates, to see navigation impeded in our ri ver and canal, as well as in the northern stroams. (From Portland Argus, Feb. 6.) Most decidedly the severest storm of the season com menced here on Tuesday night, and raged with increased violence yesterday. Much snow fell, but the high wind which accompanied the snow piled much of it up at the sides ol the streets. The mails on our rail road were detained of course. The stages travelling east mutt have had a severe time. About noon the storm subsided. But at 4 P.M. we were in the midst of athicksnew storm. (From the Albany Evening Journal, Feb. 8.) The snow storm of Tuesday and Wednesday, which seems to have passed over a very large extent ol country, has thrown the mails into confusion. Those from the south, alter an interruption of three days, have again got right; but we are still without later dates from Bufful than those received on Tuesday afternoon last. We shall probably get later advices by the train from the West due at 4} P. M. to-day. (From the Newburypoit Herald. Feb. 6.) The storm of Tuesday was probably 'he most vialent snow storm we have had sinee January 18-20. From noon of Tuesdoy until daylight on W-xlnesday morning tne wind blew ti violent gale and the snow came down thick and fust. In the morning it became calm, and the wind lor about half an hour veered to the soua weat. It soon changed again to the noith, hut remained calm through the day, with a slight fall of snow in the lore noon, and in the a ternoon at intervals nearly clear. Th< snow has 'alien about eighteen inches on a level, and if Tery much drifted, lying in piles from four to eight feet higo. (From the Washington Globe, Feb. 7 ) The western mails have arrived ; hot none from the South, nor Irom the North, beyond Philadelphia Therr are now five mails due here from New York. We lesra that they are detained by the snow which has taken pos session of the railroad track?especially the deep cats?in New Jeraey. (From the Salem Register, Feb. 7.) The severest storm we liavo had for many years com menced nn Tuesday fortnoon and continued with in creased violence through 'he night. Tho snow fell fust and thick, and the wind drove it with blinding fury and piled it up in huge drifts wor'hy of the most noted of New England snow storms. The gale noon sPcr mid night was terrific, and take tho storm all in all we have had nothing equal to it sinne Saturday and Sun lay, .Inn lft and 16 1831, when the streets were bli eked up with snow drifts, many ol th> m ten footers, and some estlmat. ed as high a* twelve or fourteen feet in altitude. Our streets lire now in a similar predicament, the side walks being lined with rimpar's of snow, in many places seve ral feet high, and some indications ol more snow still yes larday afternoon AH travelling is of course maeh imp- ? dnd We had no communication with Boston from 41 P. M. Tuesdny atternoin until yesterday afternoon 7 be train which should have arrived from there at a quarter of 7 P. M? did not reach lu re until S[ P M. on Wednes day. The railroad is terribly blocked up. At th< end of the mill pond bridge is a drift ton feet high ?at the second ledge another at least flfn-en feet high and lor a mile or more above Castle Hill the road hod in said to be covered with snow to the depth of three, four and live feet. Eastward there is probably as mnch or mere. Attrmptrd Murdrb.?Retween ft and lfto'clock this morning, Samuel Gofl, a colored man in the employ of Mr Remond, of the Marble Pillar, made an at tempt to murder Robert Morgan, another colored man. also in Mr. R.'s employ. The parties have quarrelled re peatadly within the la-t month, and some angry woid having passed between them this morning, God drew n niatolfrom hia pocket and fired deliberately at Morgan The ball struck Morgan behind, and jmt below the ear and lodged in the lower part of his bead Ooff was immo dlately salved, and a double-barrelled pistol rone barrel still loaded) and bowie knile were lound upon his person. Being taken before Justice Comstock, he avowed that hi bnd intended to shoot Morgan, and that he was futty nware of the contpqur ncea of the a-t Morgan still nn vivea, nnd Dr. March, who examined and drained thi wound, is of opinion '.ha* he will recover Ooff has been committed for iurther examination ?Jilhany Jour., Fth 8 Winter in Wisconsin.? Green Ray and Mil waukie papers are loud in praiae of the weather in the Territory the preient winter. Capital sleighing and just ooId enough to sava the enow from liquidating. Common PIcm. Before Judge Ingrahuiii. Feb. 11.?Patrick Colline 1$. John Wcttfall ?This wil uu action of trespass to recover damages fur irauduiently removing certain goods, to evade a distress warrant. It appeared that a plrty, Darned Mr Corie, hired ol plaintiff piemises No. 360 Madisan afreet, lor a period of eeven months, fur a sum of $260, payable monthly in advance. I It wan also put in that on the 3ath Nov iaat, Corse and delenduit called together Bnd removed the gooda cf t on# in opposition to a notice to the defetidant. which stated that rent was due. The defendant, aotvcilhatanding, re moved the goods, contrary to the atatute. The defence put in w ta ( the defendant purehaaed the goods from Corae, and, titer, lore, he had a right to remove them. Corse, being indebted to defendant ana in order to secure U:s money purchased the goods, giving hia due bill for the balance It was also shown that defendant removed alarge part of the gooda beloie the plaintiff notified. Verdict lor plaiutiff, h-we. Solomon Heine, vs. William H Harnrd ? Thia was an action of trespass, for assault and battery, ariaing out of a dispute on the subject of professional services, mutually rendered by the parties, plaintiff' being an M. D., and de fendant being a lawyer. The alleged assault was com mitted by defendant on the steps of his office in Centre street, in retaliation for hia (plaintiff's) having called him a "liar." Verdict for plaintiff'. $20 damages. General Seaslons. Before theRecoider and Alderman Cozzens and Gale. Mathew C. Paterrun, District Attorney. Feb 9?Can of Samuel Jidoms?Thia case, ao often presented to thu court, and which has been so repeatedly postponed on motion of the Jelendanti, was thia morning postponed on motion of the District Attorney, in conse quence of the noH arrival of Mr Dorr, a material witness, who was expected daily from New Orleans. The Can of Mc Quadr on motion of Mr. Morris, went off for i he teim. A Novel Trial ?fn the case of BeDjamin H Ordway, the District Attorney on Saturday, took issue upon the piea of JlntrefoU acquit,by presenting a simple refutation. Thia morning the plea was presented to a jury for their decision to say whether the first indictment and the one now plead were not one and the same thing in effect. Robert H Morris,Esq ,counsel lor Ordway, contended that the two indictments were of the same nature, and that his client could not he tried upon it. He presented the record cf trial and acquittal in evidence, and cited the statute*) and various authorities to maintain his position. The District Attorney contended that under the pro vision of the statute, which sets forth that where testimo ny was at variance with the averment in the indictment, and tiie accused acqui'ted upon it, a new one can be framed. He also cited a number of authorities. The ar gument was conducted on both sides with great ability. Jonas B. Fhiilips replying to the opening of Mr. Morris, m the opening tor the people, and Mr. Paterson summing up The Recorder charged, that it the jury believed that the indictment upon which the defendant had previouaijr been acquitted defined any degree of arson, ana the pre sent one charged in point of tact any degree, that then it was the same indictment in effect, and the accused must be acquitted He charged that in the first indievmont tho offence was clearly arson in the second degree, and that the present indictment, which waa for firings certain store adjoining a dwelling house, was also in tho second degree. The jury, after a short absence, found a verdict for the defendant Mr. Morbis made an application to have Ordway bail ed upon the indictment lor perjury, offering ex-Alderman Smith for bail. Recorder?Mr. District Attorney, in the other caao against Ordway, the court fix the bail at five hundred dollars. District Attorret.?Five hundred dollar* ! Court?Yea, sir, Aid. Smith proposes to become hia bail?have you any objections ? District Attorney.?No, siri I have no objections to Aid. Smith's becoming bail, but J know that I should take no such bail as that, and I always require two sureties, but the Court can dispense with my rule if they choose. Ordway was then baited and lelt the Court. Grand Larceny.?Add Allison was tried and acquitted upon an indictment ior the above offence, charging her with having stolen about $14? 25 worth of property , con sisting of shawls, wearing apparel, jewelry, and other hings from Mr. Wm, H. Taggart, of No. 212 9th street, about a year ago. The articles were found at the pawn brokers where they had been pledged by the accused for small sums cf money. The accused lived in the home of Mr. Teggard, as a do mestic, and had a cousin named Catherine Brennan, who also Jived there. After Ann was ariested, she said that her cousin got her to pledge the article* for her, and that iho did so. giving her the proceeds. Catherine was ar rested at the t me and held to bail, but sloped, and has not since been heard of. At three o'clock, the Court adjourned till to-morrow, at 11 o'clock. From thk Rivkr of Plate?The barque Merlin, arrived yesterday, Irom Buenos Ayres, sailed Dec. ?1, brought our titan of papers to Nov 3D, about a fortnight Inter than before received. The Packet, ot the 33d contains the official reeogniza -ion of Win. L. Brent, Esq , m Charge d'Affairea of the nited States. The same paper has the following The last accounts from Monttvidoo state that, the efforts if Pacheco J Obes, to regain his peats, by means of a military demonstration, having prov ,1 ineffectual, he had suled lor Rio Jfneno, in the F'tnch brig-ol-wur Dassaa, in corrp my with a number of his partisans. The resigna tion he originally *?nt in to the Riverista vice-regent ia abusive in the extreme. " Craven-heat ted " and "infa mous,'" arc among the choice epithets be bestows on his former colleagues. for having acceded to the demands of the Brazilian Admiral, without his consent. Extract of a Utter from an officer in the army of PretidetU On 6c. Ckr*ito*>k la Victoria, 17th oi Nov , 1844 We have a great expectation heieol the war concluding 'oon although, to appearances, it may last long, as the Kiveristaa are finishing another line ol fortifications from Outiemz's in the Aguada to the house of Falipe Espana, n the Cordon They have finished two forts, one in de Drique'd, ami the ether m the quinta of Telella. closing up he Calle Santa Carmen To many this may appear to nave the semblance of the war listing a long time, par ticularly as they avoid any encoun.or whatever with oar troops in guerrilla", their object being to retain Monte cideo as long as po'Rible. On the ether hand, the foreign meicenary troops that they hare ore discontented ? About three day* back, a communication passed between them and the foreign authorities of their country, beg ging to know whether, if they laid down their arms, their .> rsons and property would be respected by President Iribe. The communication has b.:en forwarded to head quarters, and the result is, that they will be respected as remised to Admiral Laine in fotmer times ; and some say in about eight days few foreigners will bo in the service of he Riverista*. Consequently, foreseeing this, ihey have nade a second line af intrenchmeu'4 to hold on with the nlack soldiers as long as passible. Fas- par t* are granted tor individuals, and troops ol caits tor every destination. Were there any fear of the Riveris a*, they would not, of course, he allowed lo cross the ?ountry. Rivera, and his horde, are in the Rio Grande 'crritory. We jutl learn that n marauding party of Riveristas vere overtaken near the Olimar, by Col. Barreto, and ompieti-ly cut to pieces, leaving thirty-seven killed in the field, including two of their officers, Alvarez and Escobar Both the pap-rs cf the 33d and 801b, are largely occu pied with an official document concerning the difficulty between Com Voorhee* and the government, and com bining that 8 E. Burroughs had placed several vessels in the employment of the Mrntevidean government, while bearing the United States flag, which waa the cause of be difficulty. The document is not concluded.?Boston Courier, Feb. 8. Later from thk Society Islands.?A letter has hern received in this city Irom Valparaiso, dated October 4, which states that a vessel had arrived there >rom Tahiti, brirging accounts of a battle between tba French and the natives, more sanguinary 'han any previ ous battle, which terminated in lavor of the French.? fno natives had two hundred killed, and the French one hundred. The battle took place at Matavsi Bay, Point Venus on the west coast of Tahiti, in the latter part of A'-'gnstor early in September. Our last previous advi ??e* <vrre of August 13th, lor soma weeks previous to which there had been no fighting, the native* having irobably been engaged in pr? paring fjr a powerful effort O rid themselves of their oppressor*. Qssaa Pomaro kdgo B' oBlMxls,U island about slaty mila* south >f Tahiti. The French had banished Irom the island* a yre.p many foreigner* who had taken up arm* en the aide of the natives, or otherwise assisted them in their war ,re with the French.?Barton Jtdvtrtiirr. K'Jlt LIVERPOOL?To sail on the 11th Feb.? ? The ti at class, !'.??? sailing ship Hh.RCtJLEB, Capt aMndi'in -n. will b? drs|wtrhad as shoes. Cnt.in nmlsterragr paaeengeis can be comfortably aecommo dsted. at a moderate rate. Apply Or,- JOHN HKRTTM AN. Ri 8oa?h st. FOR Ol.ASOO W?Regular Park?t?The fast sail ing picket British barque ADAM LARK. 360 tons phurthen, ('ai l. R b?rt Scott, i* now ready to reeeiTt cargo, and will succeed the Ann Harley. E'or freight or passage, ha in* eicellant accommodations, ap ply on board, foot of Bssskmaii ?r or ro WOOUHULL A MINTURN8. fel 87 death *t?eet. m I'AbbAUK l? OH liL .'.Mitlo,? I a, an ?-up , AOvM ' A I! It, l -plan Sroir ? 1 his foal sailing -u.ir-lrrt ship will -s-l for the ibovc port in a few days. .. .. uia e*? ells i ec-immoilslion toi tsuui, second csbin and iteeraue imasengers. eaily application shonld be made ?u board, (b"t isT Be km -n street, or to the subscribes. Persons wisiitn* ro send for their friends, can haee them brought dr, ct from Ol uncus in th" pack-1 ship Ann Harley, wliicli will leave Glasgow ahont tin- 12th vaich, or in ifie -1, ,se named pu-kel ship (Adam Can-,) which will leave Glasgow i dill the 6th April, on favorth e terms, if early appli cation he made to W. Ik J T. TAPwCOTT. At their General Passage Office, 76 Sooth street, Otrc eomet of Maiden lane. mfrjr* KOH LIVERPOOL?The New'|7| ne^MeguiiTf Packet 21st February?The superior lam sailing packet aBKRfcsbi). ROCHESTER, HOO tons burtheu, ( apt. John Britton, sarill sail as above her rrirnlar day For freight or passage, having elegant and inperior aeconame latA.ins apply to the Captair on board, at west sideof Barliag Slip,or to WOOUHULL Jt MINTURNS, *7 South string. Prioe of Paaaaa* ?iaO. The packet ship llottingner, 1IM tons, Captain Ira Bwslet will sneered the Rochester, and tail on her regnlar day, tint ? March. _j8Zrc ~FOR (if. AStlOW-Regular Packet?The A 1 new ? e-" i-ered British b?rqne ANN It A H LEV, ( aptain - 'I--. ?" Smth. i.o i s, ?? only delayed by the w. atbei -ran lake the bulk of I0? bales of cotton, if applied for this day, for wh.rh, c, t^MI^Tt'KNs!4r<1' pare in South street. gINDKRS' BO A US.?M-tons of Binders' hoarjSTfor^s^u by diara N? U aad (T Naaaaa

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