Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 11, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 11, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Tutxlny, Ftbruaiyll, IMS, Reform In lh' Foil (l/Hi't Lawi, By refrrring lligencc from Washing ton, full partic ..i I - learned ol the recent enactment ol the Senate, securing a system of cheap p >atage to this nation, whose benefits wilt be felt, iu a short time, universally. It can hardly be doubted that, when submitted to the House of Representatives, it will meet with their approba tion ; for, nuthiug short of a blind and criminal in sensibility to the real interests of the country could prompt them to reject it. The principal provisions of this bill may be enumerated aflfollows:? I. All tingle let'em, without regard to dutanos, shall pay the uniform rate of pottaga ot five cents 2 Kvery letter weighing not more than halt an ounce shall be deemed a single letter, no matter how many j>uce? it may cootain. and if weighing one ounoe ahaU i deemed double, and to on. 3 Membera of Congruta to receive and tend letters, netv-p p-ra, package!, Sen, not exceeding two ouucea in weigh', free, .luring the aetaion. and for thirty daya before and nfo r. Ti? exceaa of postage en packages, he , weighing more than two ounces to be paid out of the con tingent fund Members to tend letters from themaelvei free all (he year. 4 No one elae to frank, except ex Presidents and their widows 3 All It ttera and packets, ho., which psaa free through tha mail, and all Government postage, to be paid for out of the Treasury. 8 Nswepapsrt to go outof the mail, without subjecting the aender? or carriers to any penalty. 7 PrivR'e i .oats, for carrying newspapers, to be allowed 8. All defied -notes between the revenue ol the D -pait maut and the expenses, (limited to feur and a half mil lions ) to be paid out of the public Treasury. It may be a necessary evil to retain the franking privilege in those few cases in which it is reserved, and so it must be tolerated; but it is satisfactory in a great degree that the numberless abuses aris ing out of the extension of this privilege to post masters and swarms of official subs, is effectually pat down. For the future, they will have to ac count to the public for the transmission of letters; the public, through their officers, accounting to them in return, for whatever moneys they expended on bus ness, and not on their "own hook." Indeed, it may be fairly calculated that a termination being thus pat to the frauds of the franking privilege, as practised under the old rtgimt, it will put an im portant sum into the treasury of the department. Although the vote of thirty-seven to twelve, by which the Bill passed in the Senate, indicates that this branch ot the Legislature are wide awake to the importance of this enactment, and like men vf common sense, are sensible of the urgent wants for post office reform which have too long existed, it is still curious that twelve men could be found in that respectable body so benighted as to cast their votes against one of the most valuable ameliorations which has yet taken place in the affairs of this pro gressive nation, and worth all the rest of their le gislation put together, in the present session. But what completely puzzles one, is the speech of Mr MoDuffi-, in which he opposes, with the utmost hostility,the whole measure. Some men, it seems, have very little notiou of even-handed jus tice?very little capacity to see more than one side of a question. All this is mere ly innoxious silliness in itinerant spouters and stump orators, and pot-house politicians; but it assumes another hue inside the halls of le gislation. The man who goes there tor the pur pose of special pleading, and indulging in ex parte tirades, is totally incompetent and unworthy of the station What, then, shall we say of Mi McDut tie's war to the Knife against cheap postage1. What I can we say but that he either cannot or would no ' see the question in its true light?as a great nation al one, in which every man, from north to south, From east to west, is alike concerned! Very likely Mr. McDuffie was carried away by his ultra Southern predilections, to fire the broad side of his wrath, not against the thing itself, but against the North ; which, unhappily for the orator, is in existence to enjoy its share of the benefit. And should it participate even to a greater extent than the sunny South in this excellent boon, is that a good reason for Mr. McDuSie's spleen 1 Does that take away the sel fishness of his desire to sit down in a corner, aud eat a solitary crust, rather than be seated at a bountiful board with an imaginary rival 1 It is not true, although Mr. McDuffie says so, that ot all taxes upon the people, that of postage was the least felt. The direct reverse is the fact. It was a clog in the wheels of business. It was a special visitation upon the industry, activity, and intelligence of this great country. It was an em bargo upon information, and that, like the air Wf breathe, ia transfused for the use of all?not mono polized by those who took the trouble to procute it As to his cry out on account of the assumed d? licit in the revenue, by the.operation of the new law, it is deserving of little regard. The same was urged when Rowland Hill first agitated the same question in England, but experience has shown it was totally unfounded ; for such an enormous increase in the number of letters ensued, that in a short time after the introduc tion of the penny postage law, there was a consi derable surplus revenue, after paying ail the charge of the department?just as will be the case here in a short period, or all experience is at fault. As to the other sad consequences, which, accord ing to Mr.McDuffie, are to follow this measure,they will be found to exist only in his own imagination ?with one exception?and that is the revolution that will follow, as he says, in the department. In this we entirely coincide with him; tor a revolu tion, indeed, will be the result, which, instead ol deploring, as he does, we regard as a most auspi cious event; it will be one of those rare, peaceful, revolutions in which the good ia certain, and the evil problematical, and of which every individual will in common participate. Niw York Pilot .Law?War or thr Nrw York Pilots.?We have been very much astonish ed in observing the virulence and perseverance with which the Wall street journals are following up the attack first made in an Albany paper on the New York Pilots. These attacks upon these hard working, meritorious and valuable clars of men, a*e malignant in ihe extreme. The Pilots oi New York only want t? be placed in the same position that other pilots on ihe coast are under the laws of C.egress The alterstion in the law suggested under the sanction of Governor Wright is no more than what they have a right to expect from sn honorable and intelligent legislature. But how singular i' is to see the journals which affect to re present those interests who are under incalculable obligations to this noble class oi men thus assailing th'-m and attempting to run them down for mere political reason*, and the gratification el the malig nant passions of a miserable clique.' We shall fol low up th s subject in a day or two, and expose it to the execration of all honorable men. Packst Ship* for Eurofk ?The Paul Jones, Captain Watson, is to take the place of the United Slates, and the Oxford, Captain Rathbone, that ot the England?the U. S. and E. still remaining un heard from. Tne Paul Jones, is a very fine and fast ship, but makes the trip to Liverpool only ; thsnce slie pro oeeds to Canton?that being Captain Watson's sourse. The Oxford and her commander are favorites with the ocean travellers. She will sail next Mon day, and take out the passengers up to that day. The O. is one of the best winter packets in the service. She is not only beautiful but powerful In strength, and Captain Rathbone haa been a com mander for upwards of a quarter of a century. The United States and England will take thrir plane* in their respective lines in a week or two after their nrriva). Nxw York Lkoislatdrk*?Tne proceedings in our l-gislature a?e barren of interest. Dsath or an Artisi- ?Mr. S. W. Newcombe, a member of the National Academy of Design, died y suddenly on Sunday last. He was a very worthy man, and muoh eateemed. This Rklioioo,j World?Theological Contro vehby?Sympjows or a Revival in the Church.? We give 10 this day's paper a report of a lecture de livered in one of ihe Protestant Churches of this cuy last Sunday evening, in reply to the llev. Mr. Ryder's delence of the Catholic dogma of prayiag 10 the "Virgin" and the "Saints." It is a tolera bly able and satisfactory exposition of the Protect ant views on this interesting topic ol religious dis cussion . We admire particularly the calm and temperate spirit which characterizes it. It is dis tinguished by a tone altogether different from that which marked the violent and unchristian ha rangues of Dr. Brownlee and Mr. Cheever on the same side, and furnishes, we would fain believe, evideuce of the IreBh infusion of a spirit of libe rality and charity into theological controversy. This is but the commencement of a new era in polemical discussions in this country. Hitherto the rival sects have only railed against each other, ap pealing to prejudices and passion, instead of to rea son and scripture. A better spirit is now mani fested. Dr. Pise has the credit of being amoDgat the first to conduct religious controversy in this en lightened and rational mode, and it is indeed very gratifying to find ihat he is met in the same man ner. It is interesting, however, to observe the very opposite line of argument pursued by the Caiholic and Protestant divines, whose lectures we have given. The former appeal to the fathers and the church, the latter to the scripture itself, discarding the mere human authorities. Dr. Pise is, however, quite right in his assertions respecting the doctrines held by the followers of Christ in the early centu nes. The dogmas for which he contends were certainly held by the church during these pri mitive periods of Christianity, and do not ap pear to have been disputed until long atltr wards. The great subject of controversy now comes to be, were these dogmas received from the Apostles, or were they errors, which gra dually crept into the teachings of their successors 1 Mr. Stilwell proposes in this lecture to go back to the original and authenticated writings of the Apostles, for the purpose of solving this important inquiry, and with what effect, the candid and im partial reader will judge. He appears, indeed, to reply to Dr. Pise on the principle of the witty con troversalist, who answered the question of his Ca tholic opponent, " Where was your church before ihe Reformation 1" by asking another, " Where was your face before it was washed 1" This, how ever, appears to be a very fair way of settling the points in dispute; and it is worthy of notice, ihit amongst CatholicB themselves, there is evidently, ? >f late, a willingness to go to the scriptures them selves for the evidences of their peculiar tenets; thus rejecting the false assertion that to the mem bers of that sect the Bible is a sealed Book. It is not so. Altogether the arpect of the religious world is ui present encouraging. There are symptoms of a return to nncient Christianity. Bigotry and preju dice are giving way in many qaarters. Amongti ihe Baptists and Independents, the most numerous ?ect in this country, there is a great deal of peace and quiet. The Methodists have lately had a lit tie disturbance in consequence of the controversy about the slave question. The Presbyterians ap pear to be becoming soqyrwhat more liberal; ana he only sect in serious trouble seems to be the Epis copal church, which has been shaken a good deal t?y the recent developments with regard to .?ome of their BiBhops. The Catholic Church, wn.ch had been rapidly, though quietly increasing and spreading itself, suffered something of a blow by Bisttop Hughes' injudicious conduct in Carroll Hill. But even that prelate is now making some attonement for his misguided zeal in that melan choly business,by betaking himself to a vindication of the doctrines of his Church. On the whole, iht appearances in the churches are, as we have said, lavorable. Controversy, conducted in a better spirit than formerly, will lead to good results. People will be led to investigate the grounds ol difference between the sects. They will find that, after all, the churches are not so widely separated in matters of belief; and the truth, aided by an independent press, will ultimately extend its tri umphs more widely than ever, and charity will fol low it, removing sectarian animosities and parti zan bigotries, which have their origin in ignorance and misrepresentations. N. P. Willis' Reply to the Assault of One or the " Courier ' Reporters.?Mr. Willis came out with a long article, last evening, in which he repels the assault made upon his oral character a tew days since in the columns of the Cowritr and Enquirer, by one ot the attachh of that journal. This defence is rather amusing. It does not consist of certificates from tailors, bootmakers and wash erwomen, as his former defence did, and Mr. Wil lis gives a satisfactory reason for this?the former attacK being made against his common honesty, required the certificates of common people; but the present assault being directed against him as a literateur, a man of honor and morality, and a gen tleman, requires the certificates of people of a dif ferent class. Accordingly, we have a considerable aumber of extracts from letters, and invitations, and notes, written by lords, and dukes, and mar quises, and barons, and knights, and governors general, and viceroys, and others of high degree, with their names struck out and dashes inserted. The whole evidence furnished appears to be quite conclusive in establishing the fact, that both in Europe and in this country, Mr. Willis occupies a perfectly unexceptionable position as a man and a gentleman. The only drawback, that we can per ceive, is a little innocent vanity and foppishness in the presentation of the evidence, but which are,per haps, quite pardonable under all the circumstances. We have now no hesitation in declaring that the gross, violent, and apparently vindictive charges preferred against Mr. Willis in the Cou rier, under the authority of "Colonel Webb of tbe regular army" and his assistants, all fill to the ground, ani Willis rises a much better and stron ger man than we really su >, osed him to be. There can be no doubt that he has the ben of the controversy, and that the position of his antagonist is any thing but enviable. U less Colonel Webb and his assistants, through the Courier, can estab lish the charges made against Mr. Willis with something better tnan mere assertion, they must stand before tbe world as base and malignant ca lumniators. Now we know Colonel Webb very well, and all h s personal characteristics, and we are perlectly satisfied that he will do no injustice to Mr. Willis, hut that as soon as it is manifest that he has been made use of to assail that gentle man, he will repair the injury thus inflicted, as he has just done in the case of the Barings of Londsn, whom he slandered, as he himself confesses at the instigation of some knavish speculator, and to whom he has made the amende honorable. Mr. Willis has, indeed, his weak points. He has discovered great vanity and foppishness in a variety of instances, but all these foibles are venial when compared with the gross and atrocious charges alleged against him, as is now seen, with out foundation. Willis has, therefore, defended himself triumphantly, and unless Raymond justify his conduct in some way or other, he must be driven from society as a malignant and contempti ble slanderer?utterly unworthy of the companion ship of men. Nkw York Historical Society.?The stated meeting of this body having been prevented last week by the snow storm, will be held this evening. A memoir is expected to be read by the President upon The Language of Mexico, and an essay by the late Col. Stone, giving biographical sketches of the writers upon New York The Mother or the <?ka i mi?Old Virginia is generally called by the patriots in their frolics, the. " mother of Gracchi." We rather think she n also, by a second marriage, the " mother of the office beggars " According to recent data, more than one half of ihe oTice holders at Washington are Virginians. The Musical Drama in Niw York ?A num ber of gentlemen holding conspicuous positions in what is modestly termed by its members the ton of Vew Yoru society, have held a long talked-of meeting at the New York Hotel, and passed reso lutions that a new Opera House shall be built, on a large and magnificent scale, on the corner of Broadway and Second street. The shares are set at $500 each, and the subscription has been opened with something ot a flourish. There is no ukelihood, however, that the house will be built, unless the committee who have taken it in hand can engage the services of Aladdin, with his won deriul lamp, as the architect of the contemplated structure. Even were it to be erected, the site chosen is too far up town. A faubourg, however, "exclusively" inhabited, is not thepropor location for an Opera House?whi ah, like all other theatri cal establishments, must depend upon the general patronage of the people for its success. A clique, whatever may be its pretensions, can never sustaiu the Italian Opera in this city, any more than it can manage and direct political affairs. It is the gene ral sentiment of the public alone, whose voice is potential in all matters of this kind. But these gentlemen have gone entirely the wrong way to work to get up the Opera here. It is not more Opera houses that we want,but more har mony and ?fficiency among the artists. With al| the feeling that has been manifested in favor of the Opera, we have never been able to get a company together who would go on without quarrelling and righting amongst themselves, and exploding at the -ud ef a few weeks?just as people began to go to hear them sing; and as long as this continues, we need have no hopes of seeing the Opera permanent ly established. The neat and central Opera-house in Chambers street is sufficient for all present pur poses; and if the moneyed committee who have undertaken to build a new house will follow the clan we will lay down, they may expect that their labor and money will be productive of some good. Let a fund be raised by subscription, and a proper person in Italy employed to select a good company tnd engage them on the following terms: The members all binding themselves to remain together tor three years, and to receive, from their salaries, i weekly sum sufficient for their necessary expen ditures?the remainder to be deposited in bank to their credit, upon condition that it cannot be drawn out until the expiration of the three years. Any member leaving the company, meanwhile, or re ? using to fulfil his contract, will lose all interest in his reserved fund, his portion of which being dis tributed among the remaining members. Then let a series of the best operas be produced, under a ?roper and able manager, and in the most effective manner, at Palmo's. If this were to be done, we iave scarcely a doubt that, at the end of the three years, we might congratulate ourselves on having tirmly planted the Italian Opera in the great metro polis of the United States. But, in the mean time, to what a sad and dm '.-ouraging level has sunk the musical drama! At he Bowery, which once resounded with the voice of Malibran, a screaming, fighting, shirt-sleeved, roaring, tobacco-chewing, peanut-eating, crowd, gather in pit, boxes ana gallery, to witness hp equally screaming, fighting and roaring melo-dra ?na, called "the operatic drama of the Bohemian Girl "?while at toe Opera House, instead ot the sweet voices ot Pico and Borghese, revelling in the glorious riches of the Semiramide and the Lucrtzia, we have?a nigger burlesque! What a falling oil' is here! What an humiliating commentary on the state of the musical drama in New York! What a living satire on the public taste of our people. We looked in at both these performances lest flight, and we profess that it was extremely diffi cult to decide which was the greater burlesque. If either was more respectable than the other, the ??reference must certainly be given to the niggers. They pretended nothing but fun and ridicule; while the bellowing, the screeching, the ranting, the wagging of jointless ballet-legs,and the general tout ensemble in the Bowery Bohemian Girl, were r-veral degrees below the lowest species ot bur lesque. So goes the Opera in New York. News from Europe.?It is very probable that the following packets will bring the next news from Europe. rheHeadrick Hudson, from London, to sail... .Jan. in " Prince Albert, " " " Jan. '.iO " Sully, " Havre, " Jan. h " Hottinguer, " Liverpool," .....Jan. 6 " Rosciua, " " " Jan. II " Europe, " " " ....Jan. 16 The Zurich which was to leave Havre on the 1st ult. may have later intelligence en board. If all these ships don't fetch later advices many of them will, and our fleet of news boats will, therefore, keep a bright look out off Sandy Hork till after the Hibernia arrives. She left Liverpool on the 4th instant, and may be expected on the 18th. Yxstkroat.?The snow, copious and closely packed as it is, begins to show unmistakeable symptoms of exhaustion, and the real " native" mud which covers the pavements was very per ceptible yesterday in Broadway. The travel, how ever, has rather increased than slacked. It i? really wonderful where such incredible crowds of men and women, as are heaped upon every omni bus, and stowed away in all sorts of vehicles on runners^ can come from. The " Napoleon stage" was out yesterday in full feather, and "Albany Bill" handled the reins of his twelve horses with e much ease and grace as a gennine Waterfoid whip would " put through" a tandem. It is alto gether a slap-up affair, and attracted a great deal of notice. To-day "Albany Bill" takes the flelu Atith fourteen horses. If the weather continues to moderate, however, his rein will be short. Ship Building on the Ohio.?A barque, a single decker of 260 tons, called the Maskingnm, has been launched at Marietta, on the Ohio. She is fully rigged, and will take freight at Cincinnati, for Liverpool. She is owned by a few business men of Marietta, and will be commanded by a yankee, from Maine. This is decidedly a new movement in ship building. The Affair of M. Grousset and M Emeric. ?The following card in reply to M. Groussef* statement should have appeared on Saturday last, but, by some oversight, was mislaid. We now publish it in obedience to a rule to let both sides be heardi? A Card. The Herald of yesterday contained an article headed "Mr. Orousaet's Address." The indictment againit me far an saeault upon Mr. Orouuet, had several days before oeen assigned by the District Attorney for trial on that day. This Mr. Orouaset well knew, and the motive ami design of the publication on the morning of the trial are therefore apparent, and will be properly estimated by ho norable and candid men. My object at present 1* merelj to state thtt 1 have hitherto, by the advica of my friends, abstained from all notice ol several publications made to my prejudiceaincothe occurrence in December last; and nave beme in silence the injurious and unjust rontr quances which those statements were calculated and in ended to produce. The efforts that continue to be made to prr judice the public mind by statements evidently de. signed to create impression* disparaging to me, ond'flst. to Mr- (Jroiiswt, have at length decided i tenng to Mr- Oroutset, have at length decided me to pub lish at an early day a true history ot the occurrences be* Iween us. Tnls shall censist of letters and correspon denoe which will apeak for themselves, end it will then be for a candid and impartial public to decide whether I am not right when I pronounce the statements in Mr. Orouaset's pablicsti ni to be unfounded sod salumnious. JOSEPH EMERIC, 60 Exchange Place reb. 7, IMA. Snow-Peiceft?Example.?Mr. Bennett?As practice ie better than precept, I this morning weui " ;cl the anc to work, and shovelled the snow, on the bank o;? posite nty atore, (corner of Roaevelt and Chatham,) into the middle of the street, thereby levelling it, fearing that my recommendation in your A'tsnday Herald, would not be attended to, and thereby setting a good example to the autho rities. citizens, carmen, &c. If the " many car men" would tarn out in squads, and level the snow, instead of standing idle or writing commu nications, calling on" Herculea" for help, they would help themselves, and save their poor horses much Buffering. J. Morrison. Theatricals, die. The Philadelphia papers state, that Korponay'shall will take place on Wednesday evening next, at the Assembly Buildings, and there is no doubt that the great saloon ot the Assembly Buildings will not only bo crowded, bnt there will be s gathering together of beauty and fashion, which will eclipse any of the numerous fetes given thh winter. Mr. Dempster gives concerts this weak In Providence R. I. During the past wet k the. Swiss Bell Ringers have h-eti amusing the people of Colambui with tbeir sweet sounds. Mrs. Shew made her first appearance at the Cheaent street theatre, Philadelphia, last evening. The savannah theatre under the management of Mr. j H Potter, was announced to I* opened cn the 10th Inst Miss Mary Ann Lee, the dansmise, has arrived at Part* an J is taking lessons at the Royal Academy. I Meeting of tne lutriwn Agricultural As sociation. There was a large and spirited meeting of this association?the fourth that has been held since its fotmatien for the despatch of business?last night, in the Library of the Historical Society. Seven o'clock was the hour named for commencing the proceedings; but as at that hour the greater number of those who attended had not arrived, a delay ot more than half an hour took place. At length, The Hon. Luther Bkadish called the meeting to order, und, after inviting all those gentlemen who had accepted their nomination to offices to be seated at the table, said s? Gentlemen : On entering upon the discharge of the du ties you have been planned to assign me. I caunot refrain from offering you, and the friends of agriculture general ly, my cordial congratulations, as well upon the numbers, as the character of those who compote this meeting.? This indicates a concern of the right kind which exists for the great interest of onr country?that of agriculture As the cultivation of the earth was the origiual, so it was, and is still, the most general, the most important, and thr noblest occupation olman. To improve this great interest ?to introduce into its practical operation all the discove ries and improvements in science-thereby improving and beautilying this earth of ours, and increasing all the ne cess tries, the comferts, the embellishments ot life; these are objects worthy of the attention and efforts ot every friend ot bis oountry and his kind ; these are the ohlect* el the American Agricultural Association ; these aivub jects this society propose to pursue, with reference to the piesent state ef scientific knowledge and actual condition of the world. Among the remarkable charac teristic* of the age in which we live, there are two prom - ncnt ones i first, the great develonmen s iu natural sci ence?and, secondly, the application o( these new dis coveries to the practical business of lile, and the great in terests of socitty. Scientific knowledge is not now whi t itoncewos. It is no longer confined within the magic and mystic circle within which it was deemed forblddi i lor all but the initiated to enter. It no longer dwel t withiu the colleges or the schools, but it nos conn forth among the people, mingles in the affairs of th> world, and directs its practical operations. Principle* are no longer valued merely because they are ingenious or adapted to lend brilliancy to some theory, but tbey are valued as of practical utility, and aa they subserve the great interests of mankind. Ours is eminently a utilitari an age Now, what the American Agricultural Society proposes, is, to follow this manifest spirit of the age, ann introduce into agriculture, as lar as is practicable and may be usetul, the discoveries and improvements o> modern science. Indeed, we bold the opinion that no system of agriculture ran ba considered as enlighten* t) but iu proportion as it may prove useful. What, for ex ample, would you think of a physician?I do not no>* speak of those geniuses who accomplish wonders by tin tores of instinct, who are not only equal with, but in ad vance of science?but I speak of those learned gentlemen who really cure disease. What would you think of thm learned doctor who would prescribe for a disease with ent any knowledge of its character, ita sygiptoms?or, without any acquaintance with the materia medica, from which he professes to derive his remedy 7 80 it is with agriculture; without a knowledge of the elements or active agents in production?the qualities of the soil?and whether that soil contained all the properties necessar* for that production ; if not, what manure* and composts are suitable for invigorating it, or restoring the different agents?without this knowledge no system of ajrricn' ture can bo enlightened or perfectly successful In illustration, let me suppose a cose:?A practical far. mer wishes to produce a certain crop from a par. ticular field unaer cultivation. Now, if be knov.^ what agents are necessary for the ptoduction of sucb n crop, and also that his fluid is deficient in any of tbo-c agents, he ought to supply them and thus render tin power of hit soil complete. But without this knowledy the usual eiror ia to manure generally, by which, if tn<* the farmer has supplied the deficient agency he mny bave added others in which the soil abounded. Inthu case he will obtain his crop, but it generally happri * that those necessary agents are not supplied?in whi< '> case, he will not only have failed in his crop but besub jected to additional expense Now the great object of the improved system of agriculture, ia not merely to enable the farmer to produce more, for that he may leain from the fancy cultivator, with his expenses, appliance < and carelessness of economy?but to enable him to

produce, and by that production to make money That system of agriculture, therefore, ia best which enables the farmer, on a given amount of capital, to pro duce the greatest amount of profit Profit, then, in agri culture, is the grand test of perfection ; and these objer the American Agricultural Sooiety propose, not onl< most fully, but only to obtain by the union of scien tific knowledge with good productive husbandry. 1 o ensure this union, and ita legitimate results, ia the grei t object of this association. But I may here be asked, per. hapa, where ia the necessity of a new Agricultural Association 7 Have we not already sufficient num ber of institutions for the promotion of th'? object 7 Have we not, even in our midst, tie American Institute with its agricultural department 7 In answer to this I would remsrk here, iu the first pltc. that, as regards the American Institute, I never can, hei e or elsewhere, speak of that noble and patriotic institution but in terms of the warmest respect and regard ; and at " citizen of the United States, 1 am happy to avail mysi )i of this occasion to express my acknowledgments for tli great good they have already accomplished, and, I tru ', the greater good they are yet destined to achieve. B .1 with objects so numerous and extended the American I stitute cannot give agriculture that attention it demand Mr. Bradish concluded in a few words,illustrative of tl.o wide field there was lor the co operation of their new 1* (?elation to promote the end proposed. Mr. Mates returned thanks for tho complimentary 1 ? luiion of the President, to the American Institute, at expressed himself delighted to see the formation of tl new Association in a cause dear to him and all true friend of the country ; alter which, BThe Secretary read the minutes of the last meet in held on January 33d, which were adopted. A report from the Viaiting Committee having be> read, another of a more important character, from the E<. ecutiveCommittee, was introduced by the Secretary. Accompanying the report, was a draft of the conatitntin and by-law* of the Association, which the Executh Committee submitted for the approval of the meeting. They were unanimously adopted, after a few alteratfoi suggested by Professor Mason and Dr. Stevens, one whioh made the President and Secretaries ex-offleio mer - hers of the Executive Committee, te which the constitu tion assigned the power of disposing of the unappropn ated funds of the Society. W. A. Beblv, Esq. read an admirable and elabora paper to the Society upon Organic and Agricultural Ch mistry, in which the importance of science to agrict ture was shown in a masterly manner?it elicited wan-. mark* of approval. The meeting was then addressed by Dr. Stevens, D . Underhill.and Professor Mason,when the thanka of theA sociation were vote 1 to the Historical Society for the gr tuitous use of their rooms; and the meeting adjourned til) the first Monday cl next month. Personal Movements. The Hon. L. C. Levin, of Philadelphia, is now in th:? city at the Croton Hotel. Ex President Vaa Buren has declined being Regent the University of this State. Oen. Jones, of the Amy, for ?ome months absent o? the Western irontier, has retained to his station in tl. war otHce. Hon. Isaac Hill, of New Hampshire, waa at Clncinna on the Slat ult. The St. Lout's Republican states that Lewis Rogers, soi of the old Chief of the Cherokee Nation, was murdered, a short time ago, by several of the Ross tribe. He was a' tacked with Dowie knives, and literally butchered. Thirty U. 8 Dragoons, under the charge of Lieut. 8. T Bicknell, from Fort Wacaita, were brought up fror Cairo, on the 38th ult., to Jefferson Barracks, New Or leans, on the steamer Mountaineer. A richly chased silver pitcher, of the Rebecca patter, neartwo feet in height, and a massive silver waiter, sigh teen inches in diameter, are to be presented by some of the Charleston Jews to O C. G- Mimminger, their counsel h the great Hebrew cause now pending in the South Cam Una Courts. Mr. Memminger nas declined taking a fee, whereupon this present is to be made to him. A Chronological Introduction to thi His tort or thk Church ; being a new inquiry into the true dates of the birth and death of our Savi our, and containing an original harmony of th* four gospels. By the Rev. >amuel Parmai Jarvis D. D., L. L. D. Harper A: Brothers, 82 Cliff atreec This is a book of which every page bears maritr of the most leaned and laborious research. 1 whs prepared by Dr. Jnrvis. in his capacity nt Historiographer of the Church, and as a necessart introduction to the full and perfect Ecclesiastica History, which he haH been directed by the gene ral convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church to prepare. lie specific purno-e is to fix, with pre cision, the exact dates of the birth and death o' Christ?the points aronud which all scol?isstlcs history revolves In order to enter upon this in quiry, Dr. Jarvis has prefixed to it an examinatioi of the ancient method of computing time, in which he has made most thorough investigation ot all ancient learning, and reached conclusions of great importance in historical, and especially theo logical inquiries. The work forms a large and elegantly printed octavo, and cannot tail to be i most valuable contribution to this department of our higher literature. Superior Court. Before Judge Vauderposl. Jar. 11.? Wttkt. vt King/land.-The jury in this case, aire inly notioed, rendered u verdict for defendant. Thnmat W. Slur get, el alt vt. Richard Wood, el alt - An action to recover a note for ?780, dated Dec. 34.1843, signed by R and G. 8. Wood, and endorsed by E. Littl and G. W. Dunham It Son The defence contended there was no consideration. Adjourned ever. Before a fall Bench. Decisions.? Wm. Bagtltr vs. Thomat Vermilyta?Mo tion denied with $7 costs. Charlet Dtllingtr, tl alt. vs. Eleater Crablrtt.- Motior for s discovery. Motion granted The proceedings to bo stayed until the plaintiff nave reasonable time to maki the diacove'y. Francit A. Williami va. Abraham Crott ? The picas tc be reoeived as issuable within the messing ol the orders of the Court?cost* to abide the event. Martin A Howell, et tl vt. Mariue W. Warne? Motion denied- CO*fs to abide the ?uit. Wm. F.mtrton, Executor, <f r vs. Sutan Parktr?Motion denied with ?19 rests, Charlet A. Ptahody vs. Maria S Cummingt?Judgment S (firmed. Jamet Ford vs Nicholtt 11 Rahcock ?Judgment elftrmed Thomat Brant vt. Mchoht Small-Judgment affirmed. Court Calender?This Day. ScrsaiOR CnttsT ?Not. 71. 70,7i, 77, 79, 3, 34, 30, 09,83. 84, 86. 7. 8 ft, .11, 31, 87, 88 89 I oMsin.v I'm.as, part iat.?Nos.7, 93,99,101, 108,133,31 49. 11, It, 67, 75. Part 3d?67, 90, 6, 71, 74, 78, 80. 83, 183, 84, 86, 80, 90, 9J, 94. Common Council. Bosbd or Aldkbmbfi, Feb. 10.?AM. ScHicrrELiN in the chair.?Petition* of rarioua description! were presented and referred A remonstrance of about forty persona, against granting the use of the Rotunda in thp Park to the New York Gallery of Fine Arts, was received, read, anu laid upon the table. Mayor's Message.?His Honor presented a message to the Common Council, asking for an appropriation of $000 lor the purpose of haying the snow removed from the streets, so as to render them passable. Laid upon the ta ble (Till the snow goes off 0 Ntw Regulations -More Police Re firm.?The Commit tee on Poiice, Watch and Prisons, presented a report, ac companled by a resolution directing the Mayor and 8pe cial Justices of the Police Oilice at the Halls ol Justice to select six Marshals, to be in attendance lrom the time of the discharge of the watch till the hour of closing the ottice, to take charge of all parsons brought in, and do such other business as the magistiates may dirict; but do such other business as the magistiates may i prohibiting them from serving any other process, except in cases of emergency. The police office in the Bowery to have three officers or marshals?the compensation to be $1 AO per day, payable monthly. The resolution also Ero vines that all fees paid into the office shall be paid over > the treasury. Adopted, altar amending the resolution, by increasing the compensation to $J per day. Fire Department.?The committee on the Fire Depart ment reported in favor of expelling Robert Wright from Hose Company No. 23, because of his being a minor Adopted. Also in favor of hiring two rooms oi Mr. Geo. Ives In Nassau street for the use of the members of Hose Company No 8, at an annual rent of $100 Adopted. Paying a Watchman.?The Com mittee on Finance re ported in favor of paying Myer B. Myers, a city watch man, the sum of $100, to remunerate him for injuries re ceived on the 38tb Nov. last, while he was endeavoring to arrest a burglar in a yard in 16th street. Thescoun drel, after he was collared by the watchman, drew a pis tol, which he snapped at him, but was disarmed by a blow from the watchman's club Another person then cstm up, and witn a heavy club felled the watchman to the earth, and beat him so severely as to disable him for some time. Report adopted, and Comptroller directed to pay the money. Repairing a Pitr ?The Committee en Wharves, fc presented a report and resolution appropriating the sunt of $1000 for the repair of the pier at the foot of Maidei Lane The owners of one half of the pier to pay one hal' of the expense of repairing.?Adopted. Also, in favor of granting the exclusive use of the bee of pier No. 16. Fast River, to the Union Line of New York and New Orleans packets. Also, in favor ol allowing O Mauran and C Vanderbil the use of the slip, adjoining the fourth ferry slip, for tb< Staten Island ferryboats. Also, adverse to the petition of Wm- H. Pillou in relo tion to mooring the Seaman's Bethel at the loot of Alba ny street All of which were adopted. The Bloomingdale Road. ? On motion, the report in rela tion to opening the Bloomingdale Road was taken up and immediately laid upon the table. Corporation Manual.?The Committee on Finance re ported in favor of paying David T. Valentine, Esq., assis tant clerk oi he Board of Aldermen, $200, for expense* occurred by him in compiling the valuable Corporatioi Manual ?Adopted. Abolishing the Meat Shops?'The Committee on Market* presented a very voluminous report abolishing all mra shops. The report was laid on the table and ordered to bejpiiuted. Report on Resolution?The Commissioners of the Alm> House presented a report upon a resolution of enquiry which on motion was laid on the table and ordered to b< printed. City Inspector's Report?The annual report of the City Inspector was presented and laid on the table, and order ed to be printed. Croton Aqueduct Department?The quarterly repor from this Department was presented and ordered to b< printed. Papers from the other Board?All the papers acted upoi in the other Board at their last meeting weie reeeived and received a concurrent action, except onfhe matter ir. relation to confirming the assessments for the Stautoi street sewer, which was referred. On the Report in relation to leas'ng the northerly sid< of Castle Garden Bridge to Elias Thomas for hia baths which was first referred to the Committee of Finance of the Board, who immediately reported back recommend ing its adoption in concurrence. It was finally laid upo: the table. The Report changing the name of the Bowery from fl'.l street to 14th street, from the Bowery to Fourth Avenrn ?was laid upon the table. The Minority Member:?AM. Cozzens being in the chair Aid. Schieffelin offered a resolution adding AM. Seaman Jackson, and Emmons to several committees. The Pre sident said, that the reason he did not add them at tbi time of selecting the committees, was, that he was ur willing to tax them too hard, and another reason was thai he knew they were opposed to most of the matters the' would be brought up for action, and he did not wish *< embarrass them by making them study into them. Tlx resolution was adopted. Appointments ?George H Bussing was appointed Cap tain of the 8econd District Watch, vice Capt. Thome, at - minted an M. F.; Henry L King was appointed Assistant Captain, vice Benjamin Blount appointed an M P. Oreat Expose?The Paupers' Right of Franchise?Re to lution of Enquiry.?Aid. Hasbrouck offered a resolutioi tailing upon the Commissioners oi the Alms House t report whether any convicts have been allowed to escap >om Blackwell's Island to vote at elections, and whs means have been used to influence their votes Aid. Millre said that the report of the Commission! ' of the Alms House that had been laid upon the table t nw minutes previous, would answer that, and he move< -hat it be taken up and read. The report, which was quite voluminous, and a grn> number of affidavits accompanying it, was then read b-. Mr. Nixon. and soma of Ike most startling development ?wonderful disclosures?manner of managing the pan ?ers? controlling elections?turning out paupers for vr ting the wroDg ticket, and many other wonderful mat ters were presented, and will be soon presented in i printed fetm to the Board. The report set lorth that during one year of whig am' two of democratic rule, abuses of the most gross and infe mous character had been practised in the Alms House de partment ; that for ten days or a fortnight previous t< any election, the paupers had been regularly put in train ing; furnished with additional food and clothing; tlx tailors' shops put in requisition ; new clothes for the pan pers made ; the clothes of dead men brought to light, atx'. clothes taken from pawnbrokers'shops, to disguise tlx paupers, as it were, to go out to vote. The morning r I an election was a busy one. The officers of the depart ment were seen running to and fro, furnishing pauperr with rations, giving tnem poll tickets, tickets for ruir. and depositing in their hands nice 1 ttle pieces of silvei and giving them advice and directions how to act. Tlx paupers were then passed out suid put into omnibusse* chartered for the pa pose, and driven to the polls, tlx keepers standing upon the steps?not to see that non escaped, but to see that they all voted the right ticke' Many of these men did not return for several days, an when they did, it was with clothes torn, nud drunk, or 1 from the offsets of drink. That nil sorts of furniture h<< been made by the inmates out of the public property f<> the officers, for which tkey were paid, the only chargt that could be discovered being ode of $3 40. The Com missioner wound up by saying that all these evil* they had corrected, and invited investigation. Akdbs.w HtisDBicason. who has been employed in tb Alms House tor about seven years, made affidavit to th? facta as stated in the report, nnd further stated that pan >era had been taken from sick beds to the omnibus, six' carried to the poll*; that Mr. Vedder. at one time one of the oflcera, wai conspicuous in the electioneering line, md that there had been all torts of cabinet furniture madt, carpets, harness, tec , fco., nnd that when the steward* would be removed after an election, they would take al the spoils with them, together with a good stock of pro visions and groceries, quarter chests of tea, andauc! other little articles. Cnam.es Davis, formerly a merchant and ship owner o! great respectability, who has been an inmate ol the Ainu House for the last fire years, at various times, test if d that be was turned out last spring for voting the Nativi American ticket by Mr. Moss; that in the fall 01 1943, money was given him to vote the locofocc ticket in presence of Mr. Moss, the Superintendent but he refused to vote the ticket, and when taken to th< polls voted the whig ticket On that occasion he receii ed 10 cents, a pair of socks, (the latter oi which he stil1 has,) to vote the locof.ico ticket. He swears that extr. provisions were always given the paupers, and lots at butter. That American paupers were almost alwayi shamefully abused. The foreign paupers, and that one, Patrick Morris, a pauper, who acted as an orderly on on> occasion, averred, that the ancestois of the present gene ration of Americans were formally transported to thii country in irons, and that Americans were all bastards That American cripples had been turned out from on. room to another to make room for able-bodied foreigi. paupers. Jam*sColeman testified to the same facta-to 100 down pots having been made and painted for superintended Moss, and various other matters. At half past 9 o'clock the reading was stopped, and 5#0 copies ordered to he printed. Aid. Hashsouce's resolution was then put and carriet The Rotunda in (As Park ?On motion of Aid Gale. tb. papers in reference to g; anting the Rotunda in the Parli ?o the New York Gallery of Fine Arts, the return strance and veto of his Honor tho Mayor, ware takei from the table and read. Aid. Jackson moved that the resolution be adopted, notwithstanding the objections of the Major. Aid. Dickinson seconded the notion Aid. Bunting olF-red a resolution directing the Comp troller to advertise for and receive i roposals for the leas ingot the Rotunda, and to report what snm could be nu liar d for it nt the next meeting ol the Board. The Alder man said that he ofTered it to show that the Mayor was wrong in some of his ronrlusians. lor that no such rant cotil 1 b had tor it as $4000 per nnnum Alderman PcNtvrrELiN sreonded the motion. Alderman Diceinson ?Well now, Mr. President, the Sintleraan that offered that resolution knows very well at its no n?e and that nobody will give any sort of rem for it, and that ft will cost several thousand dollars to put if In rfpnir. The gentleman knows very well that thi Mayor himself hai off red a thousand dollars a year fin it, and what for 7 W. 11. I don* know. Well, sir! I've been offered $1600 a-yeor it I could get it for a certain person, and I asked him what for, Rnd he said we shall want a billiard room, and an eating houao, he 1 said to him, my dear sir, you e.ould not have It if you offered five thousand. I understand that there Is a certain lady thai lives in town here wanta it? (laughter)?and rffors $80iHi for it. Well sir, she wants il for a queer sort of a huai nets that I never heard of before ?(Roars of laughter.) Alderman Seaman (In the chair.) Order, order! Alderman Jaceson thought the resolution was out of order, and the chair decided that It was. Alderman SoHiarrELiN appealed from the decision ol tho chair, hut the Board sustained it Aid Millkb spoke in support of tho resolution of the committee. All Dbakr supported the resolution. Aid. ScHirvrsi vn rosp and expressed himself in favoi of Hie resolution, hut had desired to see whether the idea, of his Honor, the Mayor, wore correct first He lnt? ndm! to vofe fur ihe resolution, hut net lor the reasons co tained in the re|iort of the crmmitfen. He then went or to criticise the ro.iort with considerable severity, contra dieting many of the assertions of the committee, and cm, tendn g tha' julntlsgs had not in all ages conduced to thi cultivation of the mora' _ morals of the age Aid CoivrNS rose and said that he could say a great deal upon the subject, and he maintained the aaaertion b) sperikh g In a ntrain ol eloquence at which almost everj one wa? at once surprised .nd pleased?he sjioko too feel irgly Hi outthe art of painting, and said that from hoy hood up he had looked upon paintings with a feeling ol awe and reverence. Ha was a little surprised to see the f Mayor vauntingly ?ay, "I am a member ot that inatitu tioD," when the Alderman had discovered that he bad oniy paid oris dollar. Alderman Dickinson?Three do lare, air T Alderman Cozzens?No, sir, one for himself? and, air, I am surprised that he should boast of that, when there are men who subscribed for other purposes than the mere becoming a member?they did so to build up an in stitution worth* of New York, and there ate men that have given $3000 $1000. $000, and so on, for this purpose. He thought that the exhibition of fine paintings would exercise a salutary and benign influence upon the youths of the pres nt age, and if but a few were saved, he thought that those gentlemen who had remonstrated against the resolution would yet he sorry for it. After a great deal more debate by Aldermen Gale, Has hrouck. Bunting and Drake, the resolution was passed by a vote of 14. At 11 o'clock the Board adjourned till next Monday evening at 7 o'clock. City Intelligence. Feb. 10?Murder at PeksskillOn Saturday last, in the alternoon, a man named Crandall, who reaidea at Peekskill, war murdered, about half a mile thia side of Peekskill, by a man nitned Hugh Lynch. Crandall was crossing the bridge, when Lynch waa seen to join him. and in a few aaconda atrike him over the head with an axe, knocking him upon the ice below. He immediately after walked off. The valiant inhabitants ol that region who witnessed the assault, were afraid to arrest the man themselves, but flew to Mr. Crandall, and lound him in sensible, with his brains knocked out They then rushed to the Sheriff of the county, who set out in pursuit of Lynch, whom he heard of frrm tme ta time on the road to Sing Sing. When he reaehed Sing Sing, he learned descriptor that a man, answering to the description ot Lynch, had passed through the town some hours before The Sheriff, not caring to come to New York,directed two of the Sing Sing officer* t> start after him. They immediately chatt ered a sleigh and started for the city. They arrived at Manhattanvill* on Sunday night, about nine o'clock, and learned that Lynsh had passed through on foot about half an hour before their arrival. The officers desired to push on after him, but the boy who was driving tha sleigh refused to drive any farther that night?so the offi cers, instead of compelling him to do so or chartering another vehicle, itaid all night at Manhattanvilla and came to the city yesterday morning'. It i* useless to add that they did not find Lynch waiting for them. The re porter was given the atove account by a person whose statements are invariably correct. If they are so in thia instance, the conduct of the two offlcera is reprehensible in the highest degree, as perhaps through their dillatori ness the criminal has escaped justice. Police Offilce.?.Feb. 10 ? Robbing an Eiiplsteb. ? A young men, named Thomas Dohan, who has been in the employ of Mr. McCaffrey, Exchange Broker, of the corner of Rose and Cherry (treats, was this morning ar rested on a charge of embezzling, at different times, the sum of $600 in gold and silver coin. He confessed .the case, and waa fully committed. Fovnd ( onaealed.?A man, named John Johnson, waa last night found secreted in the house of Andrew John son, No. 43 Cherry street. He wa* committed. Roaaine a Monet Dbawcr.?A man, named George Dougla s, was arrested this afternoon for robbing the money drawer, in the store of William Wiffenhouse, ra the corner of Goerick and Delancy streets, of $16. Com mitted. Coroner's Office.?Melancholy Affair?A Ger man, named John Harker, about 40 year* of age, residing at No. 363 Pearl street, waa found last night, lying upon the side-walk, immediately under the window of his bed room, which was in the fourth story. The deoeased was an iatemperate man. aad it is supposed that while labor ing unoer the effects of delirium tremens, he must have leaped from the window. The Coroner will hold an in quest to-morrow. Death from Ar: flixt?George W. Newcombe, of No. 146 Broadway, a native of England, 46 years o' age, fell down at his residence, yesterday afternoon, in a At of Hpoplexy, about 6 o'clock. The Coroner held an Inquest this morning. Verdict as abovo. Board of Supervisors. This Board met last evening -His Honor the Mayor in the chair The minutes of the last meeting were read and ap proved. Petitions were received for correction of erroneous tax ation and referred. A communication was received from the Comptroller, asking that bills for the payment of Police Officers be re ferred to the Special Committee?Referred Also, the Coroner's account for Quarter ending 31st December, amounting to $907 6-y?Referred Reports from Commit'ee on Taxes were received, in favor ot releasing from personal tax Alexander Gardener, 16th Ward ; James Weatherspoon and Viotor B. Waldron, 9>h Ward ; Haines Lorad, 16th Ward ; G. G and S How land, 16th Ward ; Wellington N. Carter, 3d Ward ; Sam uel Broome, 3d Ward ; Anson Livingston, estate of James Thompson, Timothy Kissam. 3d Ward ; Alfred Willard, 6th ward; Sands McConnelly, William Nelson, 16th Ward ; Charles Parker, 11th Ward : Cornelias C. Colgate, 3d Ward ; Samuel Coddington, 7th Ward ; Nicholas B. Ackerlyn, 16th Ward j John Beekman, 7th Ward ; T. G. Ackerman, 16th Ward ; Rev. Dr. Spring, 16th Ward ; Oerardus Clark, 16th Ward. Petitions Denied?Of 8. Sarles. 16th Ward ; of Henry Higgin*. 3d Ward ; ol James Martin, 7th Ward ; ol B. Dr. lapier, 13'h Ward. Resolution by Mr. Drake, remitting personal tax of Jamos Hugging? Accepted. Resolution by Mr. Schis ffelin In favor of reducing tho lets allowed to the Coroner frrm *6 to $3?Carried Riffs.-From the District Attorney, for reut expenses. Ice? Referred. Mr. Editor:? The reason why the steam cutter Spencer was not at sea during the late, was, that her compass*-* would not travpisp, and she was unavoidably de tained to adjust them,and has nowgone out wholly unprepared on this point. During her late crimo she encountered very heavy weather ar.d came near beiag wrecked, in consequence of her compass being thrown out, by the attraction of iron about it. They were obliged to run by guess and judg ment. The activity of Captain Hunter and his officer* in the Ewing, last winter, is prdty good evidence that the Spencer would have " taken it," as the sailors say, in the recent tempest, hut for the ob stacle above named. Your knowledge of going to sea must have convinced you tnat a good and true compass is a necessary article in the dark and thick weather. A Subscriber Hale's New* Room, NnvYoas, Jnlv IT, 1141. Mr. H. Dalley?Sir?My son is now nine yrars of ag', and has ever since infancy been troubled with a bud tore at one cor ner of hia mouth. Nothing heretofore ueed haa ever been bene ficial; but I made only two application! of the Pain F.xtrarior ?in all not more than the ait* of a bean?and the neat day after the fir-t application, the tore was entirely healed. Youra, truly, JA8. W. HALK. Buy only at Dal ley'a agencv, ST Walter atreet, first atorv rnoM Broadway, if you want the genuine. "alley'i Magical Pain Kxtrnetar, for Sara ICrr.a and NirrLKt, Pine Knr>iri:L*a. Rheumatism, kc.. at the only agency, 21 Courtland STREET, at half price. To permanently cure all Krwptlon*, Ch?p I>ed Flesh. Salt Rheum, Ringworm, ke. There never (anrely never) waa diacnvered a remedy of auch lingular heali-g pow ers aa that poiseaaed by the Jones' (formerly Veaprini'a) Italian Chemical Soap. The e are now aeventeeu phyaieian* who ure it daily iu their practice?it it to soothing? ?o liea'ing?so 01111 lient -ud ai.fieuing to the alno; yet, for disease, so powerful and certain in pimp'es, blotches, freckles scurvy, salt rheum, erysi pelas, barber's itch, tore beard, chilblains, chafes and chaps in infanta; in fact, any eruption or disfigurement 01 the akin, even to making dark or yellow akin while,clear and beautiful; t! ere f re, if you want the genuine, he particular aud aak for Jouta' Suap; buy it ro wherein the city but at the aigucf the Ameri can Cagle, 82 Chatham street, or 323 Broadway. Acenta?139 Fulton >tr et, Br oklyn; 8 S ate I'teet, Botton; 3 Ledger Buil dings, Philadelphia; and 6T State atrert, Albany; where it can be had grnnine. The Knat India Dye, for coloring the hair without injuring the skin. This preparetiou. llie celebrity of which has extended over the whole country, warranted to color the hair perfectly black or brown, acconlirg to thetaat- or fan cy of the user. This article ii presented to the public with the firm conviction on the part nl the proprietor, that whosoever nies it will not regret the co*t of it. Hold only at 21 Courtlandt atreet. Conner* Magical Pain Kxtractor.?Tha moat extraordinary article ever naed for the following com plaints :?Burns and bcalda, h mated Parts, Chilblains, Ch-fe, Krvsipelaa, Brniss, Ringworms, Scrofula, Halt HIleum, Ulcers, Krnptioiis, Fever Mores, Ba-hei's Itch, Sore Nipples, Tic Dolo reut, Biles Piles, Inflamed Shin, Cuts, Mtahs, fcc N. B?Any person Irving the Magical Pain Lxtractor for any of the above name l complain a, and is not perfectly satis "on with it, shall have the money refunded. Mold only at 21 Courtlandt street. Caution?Buy only as above. he Qreat Remedy for Aithma, Cough*. difficulty of bratlhi'.g, pains in the chest a< il side, bleeding of the lungs, hoareenass, iutlueur.i, and incipient cuiouinpiiou, Is Fnlgrr's l'losIonian, or All-Healing Bals.m There it nothing lik. it. It has been product ve of more hei.efir than all ihe re medies which have been offered to the woild. D.vid Hinder a. n, (iOI eight street; Mr* Archibald. 31 White stee1; Mrs. McOtnn, 20 Walker street; (Jemge \v. Burnett. of Newatkt v,rt. Bell.of Moriistown. N. J., anil IoiihI.kL of names could he given who have found ihis Balsam all lie-In g in its proper ti*s. It h 'S been used for many years ill private prac ice, has haen subinitted to th' fscnliy, used and approved of by i hem, and esjierien-e shows that ,t it woithy of all confidence. Try it, and do not delay. It hts saved many lives?it may save yo-rt. For sale at 101 Nassau t'reet, one door above Ann, and at Mrs . Haya, 139 Knltou itreet, Brooklyn. Worth their weight In gold?Jon**' Ita lian Chemical Soap, for curing chapped fl?sh pimples, kc.,and c.le ring the skin Price 10 cents. Jones'Coral Hair Restora tive, for beautifully dressing and causing the growth of the hair. Price 3 shillings. Jours'Spanish Lily White, an elegant sub stitute for prepared chalk givi-g the skin a life-I ke whirevis. All 01 these nniivnll.il preparalious are told only in ihit city at 'he sign of the Ame-ican F.agle, 82 Chatham street, and 323 Broadway, or 139 Fulton itreet, Bn oklyn. flewrs' Liniment and Kllxlr, for the cure of Rheumatism. This old and staunch remedy is slill in tha field earning all before it, and throwing all other remedies that have been built npon the reputation of this, in the shade. It cannot h- applied to any rheumatism wilhnnt rel.eving it. Its unterrified success has rndured numbers to imitate it, but with out snrceis. as the user soon finds that he Pas got hold of a worthies! article. Ptraoni confined for years to their beds, have in many instances been entirely cured aud able to attend to their business afier using one bottle. Persons alter try i. g pvery other article, are obliged at la?l to resort to this certain remedy to be cured. Hold only at 21 Courtlandt street. Hay'* Mnlmviit, far tha file*?Pile* fffrrt nally cured bv this certain remedy. The sale of this ariirleia st-adily increasing, not withstanding the many got up imitations of it. Perrons tr. iibl-il with this distressing complaint, de clare that they would not be without this preparation in their homes foi the price of leu boxes. 'Ihe public wi I recollect, tha ibis is ih? only remedy offered them that in reality is of any value whntevtr. Hold only at 21 Courtlandt street. Balm of ' o'ltdililn f.ir I'm Restoration of ihe Hair, an article v,hii has stood the lest of y.ars, and whore points itv increases with e < h year. An improvement lately made m the prepantion of this article, males it now, aa T y*."'1* lh? very best in use, for the purpose to which it is applied, that of restoring lha hair on bald heads, keepngit from tailing cut, and keeping it perfectly free from dandruff, making the hair toft, smooth and glossy. Hold only ?t 21 Courtlsudl street

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