NEW YORK HERALD. York, TliumUny, K?bniary l,'(. Ocy For S luthern M ;il see fourth page. Nr. Polk and hla Policy?Action o? CongrtH. The very important ai d authentic information which we are now daily receiving by an oveiland express across the Alleghany Mountains, relative to the position?the policy?and the purposes oi the President elect, will' very naturally create a great deal el speculation, and u great deal of anxious a trmise in the minds of many persona in the AN ltnttc ciues, and particularly amongst the political circles at Washugton. Until our last accounts were received, we were without any authentic in telligence relative to the intentions and purposes of Mr. Polk. A thick and dense tog enveloped the policy of the in-coming administration. Fortu nately, now the haze begins to disappear. The elements at work are exhibiting themselves in all directions, and the purposes of Mr. Polk, both as to men and measures, will soon be known throughout the whole country. We have already indicated from the facts within our knowledge some of the general ideas which seem to have brought Mr. Polk to make certain selections and certain arrangements for the forma tion of his administration. Our correspondent from the Ohio river continues to give further light on that important subject. At preseut it is very evi dent from all these disclosures that Mr. Polk, in the seleotion of his cabinet, and of the principal officers, both foreign and domestic, connected with his government, will re-organise the two great divi sions of the democratic party as being entitled to equal position and equal power in his counsels and in the reception of office. This is a most important priiictple with which to set out on his political jour ney through the ensuing four years. The quarrels wnich have been recently developed amongst the va rious organs of the various c/iywes in Washington, N. Yoik.and elsewhere, will receive a signal rebuke on the simp'e announcement of such a principle oi action by the new President. The miserable attacks, ra phes, and rejoinders, which have appeared in the Washington Qtobe, the Washington Muditonian, the New York Newt, the Evening Pott and the Plebeian, some tor one side and some for another, will be properly estimated by all those who enter tain the elevated and enlightened principle that seems now to be adopted by Mr. Polk, in the regu lation of his conduct. The adoption of this prin ciple of having equal consideration for all the various cliquet and fragments of the party which elevated him to power, is, indeed, the only means left for Mr. Polk to ensure the suc cess of the principles on which he was elected and to preserve the dignity and energy and facility of action in his administration. Thisprinciple blends impartiality, justice and equal consideration to all the various cliques It destroys the prominence of one by recosnizi g them all. It also furnishes ihe best policy by which the predominance of the de mocratic party in the Union may be preserved, that could have been devised bv any person in any pan of the country. It springs from a dignified union of wisdom and moderation, which augurs well for the fuure course of Mr. Polk, and gives us an earnest ot probable fuecesB ;n carrying out the mea sures to which he wan pledged in the election. If he can accomplish hi* views and successfully cam out these principles in the selection i f his principal officers and agents, there id n* doubt that lie will more ? ft ctuilly keep the whig party in the mino rity throughout this country, ihan by any other po licy that he conld have adopted, and seeing that he is not himself to be a candidate for re-election, also more readily determine who may be his suc cessor, than by any other mode ol action which he could have adopted. With this authentic view of one of the known principles that are to regulate the course and con duct of Mr. Polk in the selection of his cabinet and other agents, it becomes a very important in quiry, what efleet will such a policy have on the present action of Congress in relation to Oregon and Texas as soon as Mr. Polk reaches Washing ton ; and also, what general inferences may be drawn from the operation of such a principle of action as to the permanence in office of those ap-' pointed by Mr. Tyler, after Mr. Polk shall have passed his inauguration 1 We are very much disposed to think that the present contentions in the democratic party in both Houses of Congress?the present difficulties and divisions amongst them on the subject of an nexation and probably also on Oregon, will in a great measure be composed and settled soon after the arrival of Mr. Polk at Washington. His pre sence there must and will exercise a soothing ef fect on the contending factions, and disturbing elements in the party which elected him to power. We are prepared therefore to see both the question of annexation in some reasonable shape, and also the occupation of the Oregon territory pass the Senate and House of Representatives. The influ ence of Mr. Tyler on the action of Congress was never very great, and it is now less than ever. But the influence of a new President, and particu larly of such a man as Mr. Polk, on coming to Washington to assume the reins of power, must of necessity be very considerable, and when we con eider the augmentation of that influence in conse quence of the highly independent position which he has assumed, we think it is quite rational to anticipate through that agency a settlement at the present session ot these important questions. Such are the views which occur to us in the pre sent position of affairs?the developments made thus far of the intended policy of Mr. Polk?and the probable effects of his presence in Washington at this juncture. As to the succession and the distribution of the offices there has been a great deal of idle rhodomontade published, and also a great deal of vague generalities. But it will be very difficult to prevent individuals from naming distinguished men in connection with the succes sion, and thus a great deal ot the generalities put forth by the newspapers pass for nothing. So far as the distribution of office is concerned, we are prepared to see a good many removals, particularly of those that have been the special pets of Mr. Tyler, or who have procured office by imptoper intrigues and misrepresentations The influence necessary to retain or receive office under the ad ministration of Mr. Polk will be altogether of a different quality and character to that which has bean omnipotent under the adrutuistration of Mr. Tyler. That's certain. Trr* Main* ?Five mails from the west came in yesterday. We also received Charleston, S. C. papers of Jan. 31 and Feb 8. St. Louts dates ot the 25 h ult. and 2.i inat also arrived. The mail Wotn Mew Orleans now daily lads It mmttimes gets here at night and sometimes not at all. Our litest paper from there is of the 21 tnst., yet we yesterday received one ot the 2fi h ult. So we go. VAi*tts of ms Expresses ?In ihe severity of the winter when the mail ron were blook-d up with snow, the value of ArinmB <fe Co.'s express lines were plainly to be Been When the mails failed day after day, thi# enterprising line run from city to city with great regularity. Map-me Ptco.?This celecrated artiste returned to th'.H city from Boston in company with Fig. Sap. qu rico on Tuesday evening. She has cleared up wards of one thousand dollars by h< r two concerts in that city. She wili give a concert here during the ensuing week; and is engaged *f ihe. New York Mu-icil Society's Concert on the 24ili mat. Irai.tav Opera ?Some endeavor has been mat'e to f?in; the '? .' an Opera in this city, but u?ti< ing d? finite is yet decided upon. ?>Mr. Chambers, die celebrated performer on the accordion, has arrived in this city, from Eng land, and will give a series of concerts in a sh'ort t me. EXPRE88 ACKOMM TIIK AliLKGHAHY MOrSTAINH, PROGRESS OF THE PRESIDENT ELECT. Descriptions and Developments. Last evening we received further highly import ant details (rem our correspondents, of the progress of Mr. Polk towards Washington. He had reach ed Wheeling, and will soon be in Washington. The further development of the policy and cha racter of his administration is continued, and will be found highly interesting and instructive. Ov Board thi Stiimioit Mail, Bonnd for Wheeling (root Cincinnati, Feb 7, 184ft. j The President and suite came on board of this boat last evening, about 8 P.M. I should have re marked that the President was addressed at the hotel, yesterday, in presence of a large crowd of people, welcoming him on behalt of his fellow citizens, by Judge Read, ot the Supreme Court of Ohio In the course n*- his rrmarkp, the Judge alluded to the questions ot a L'oited States Bank, the distribution ol the proceeds oi the public lands, the modification of the tariff, the annexation of Texas, and our right to Oregon, us settled by an appeal to the highest tribunal known to our consti tution and laws. He congratulated him upon the fact, that he was called, by the free suffrages of the people, to administer the Government upon the broadest basis of public good. That, under our Iree and happy institutions, where the people are aovereign, and where offices are created tor their safety and convenience, for the good of the whole, and not for the s.tke of men who may hap pen to fill th<*m, or to rule, in Divine, or any other right, he felt sure it would be both the pleasure and aim of the man they had sought, to carry out their wishes, which, doubtless, so well accorded with his own,?to which course, the purity of his private life, and the fidelity of his past public ser vices, gave the fullest assurance. To these remarks, the President, in a general way, replied, that Judge Read had done his mo tives and desires no more than justice, in ascri bing to him an anxious wish to administer the Government for the public good, to promote the union, liberty and harmony of our people at home, and, to maintain all our just rights in our inter course with foreign nations. With the principles and patriotic sentiments expressed by Judge Read, he fully concurred. He then proceeded to pay some very handsome compliments to the public-spirited citizens of Cin cinnati, and theirgrowingand beautiful city. Con cluding, by returning hts sincere thanks for the kind and friendly manner in which they had re ceived him. Both speakers were enthusiastically cheered. 'I he President was presented to a large con course of people, both whiss and democrats. After dinner, which was at 3, P. M., the Mayor and Common Council called upon him. There was a little bve-play, got up by the aboli tionists, both male and female. During the after noon, they were busy enquiring if Col Polk har! any slaves with himl so that they might persuade them to leave him, or run them off. in order to kick up quite a notorious " muss." This fact coming to Col. P.ilk's ears?and having only two negro 6er vants with him, his coachman and Wis wife?he au thorized the abolitionists to be told, if they could persuade John and hts wife to leave httn, the> might do so. He was willing the servants should either remain in, or leave his pervice, just as thej liked They, however, chose to remain with him A deputation of aholttion ladies called on Mrs Polk, and delivered to Iter a printed address or abolition, with the contents of which I am notac ! quainted. ?' The Mail" did not leave till about ten, or ha'l past ten o'clock, last night. During this delay, crowds ot working people gathered on board, to be presented to him. Farmers, wagoners, car men, mechanics and day-laborers of every kind.? They marched tip on one side of the cabin, were presented to the President, and then marched down on the opposite side. Among them, I remarked a "Patlander," who approached the President,saying. "God hlessycur honor, I am glad to see you. 1 done all I could to get you elected. I am only a poor laboring bit <>i an Irishman, but a true patriot. If your honor will serve the country right, y?u will plaze all yout friends." The President thanked "Pat" for his good wishes, assuring him that he would "try to Ho ihe thinj that was right." During an interval, a rough, coarsely dressed man, with honest country features, stepped up to the President, who was sitting down, with hie back to the man, with his hat on. Says the cour> tryman, "Can I have the liberty of seeing the President!" "Certainly,"aays the President, rising and taking his hat off to the man, and offering hie hand. Expressing his pleasure at seeing him, the countryman said, " he did not come to seek any favors, but came as the friend of his country, and *f republican principles, and as a western man, he would undertake to say, that the west contained a plenty of stout arms, brave and honest hearts, not only ready to sustain the union and liberty of the country, at home, but to defend our rights against all creation besides." The countryman here dis covering that ms own head remained covered, while that of the President's was uncovered, sud denly recollected himself, and jerked off his hat? The President thanked htm for his visit, and stated it would at all times afford him great pleasure to receive the approbation of the people in the faith ful discharge of his public duties, and he was hap py to know the union, liberty, and defences of the country, rested in the safest of all possible hands, and that was in the hands of the people themselves, whose servant he was. This presentation of the working classes to the Chief Magistrate of a great nation, was a grand sight, and one Colonel Polk or any other Ameri can President might justly feel proud of, while kings, nobles and princes might look on wiui envy and dismay. Two or three military companies were then pre sented to him. A large number of committee men took leave - Such was the constant press of the working people to see the President on the boat, who had evidently had no good opportunity to see him during the day, either from inability to leave their work, or to gain admittance through the office seekers and fashionable idlers at the hotel, that the captain had great difficulty in clearing the boat when getting ready to leave. At 10, or a little after, we pushed out amidst the sound of music, the roar of cannon, and the cheers of the people. We have reduced our company, but still h&va a considerable crowd. Colonel Butler,John Brongh, and Mr. Brouah, of the Cincinnati Enquirer, are with the President. The two tatter, with a mili tary company?the City Grays, under Captain Churchill, and a band of music, leaves us at Ports mouth. with the Cincinnati Committee.. Colonel Butler, with delegations from Kentucky, Ohio and Louisiana, will cross the mountains with us. It is still a matter of great doubt whether we will be able to reach Wheeling on account of the ice, which gets harder and thicker the farther we *?? It is the intention of the President to go as far as Guyandot, Ta , if he can get no farther, then cross the mountains by the way of the Virginia Springs in bis own private carnage, which he ha* on the boat; leaving all delegations, committees and attaches, and office seekers to take eare of themselves. In that event, "bad luck take the hindmost." Sandy Hook. 1 P. M.?We passed Maysville, Kentucky, last night just before day. We gave them a gun or two, but as the President is at least two or three days in advance ot his expected arrival, of course no demonstrations ot consequence were made in Maysville. He is the same way took all the people by surprise in Portsmouth Hearing ourgun,seeing our soldiers, and our fligs fl.ins, est them all to running towards the river; a short distance below the town we ovrtook and passed the steamboat " Adiland." On landing, a large number ot people rushed on board to be presented to the President So great was the rush that the first plank put out for them to walk on gavt way, broke in twain, letting a lot of people f ill into the water. Another plank was run out, when all recovered, both wet and dry, came on board*, and were presented by a member of the Wheeling committee, into whose charge the Cincinnati committee, now about to leave, had handed over the President. The City Grays formed and marched on shore. Salutes and cheets wer*- ext hanged and we were again on our way. While at Portsmouth, an Irishman came up to the President, saying, "God bless your honor, will your Honor he so kind as to look after Texas ttid poor old Ireland, when yon get to Washing ton." The President always ready and easy, repli ed, "they shall not tecape my just regard and ob servation, Hir." The President's Cincinnati friends here, toolt leave. T he City Grays drew up on the beach, am with the people, gavt three cheeia as we left the wharf on our w.'y up the river. Dr. E.-terman, Mr. E. R. .Stevenson, Mr. Tho mas, Mr Harris, with many other friends ot the President, continue with him, and expect to do so till they reach Washington. The President well deserves the name of Younf Hickory. The. more fat.gue and labor he under goes, 'he hotter he aeemtto get. He hapcciiainly Improved iiuee he commenc- d his journey. H reur< ? P .rly, risen - trly, eats tempeia'ely, and I have seen hun dr.uk nothing more tltau water tu< whole way, thus far. He pushes forward with a promptness and energy that leaves no time for any one to be idle who aim to keep up with kirn. They have to jump about quick, or be left. The boat flounders about at such a terrible rate amidst heavy floating misses o( ice, as to make one write a terrible scroll, and I much fear your ?harp sighted compositors will have trouble with my chirography. But 1 must write as 1 go, what 1 have to communicate, or "Young Hickory," or " Young America," as the President id soim-wmes called, will give me no time to write at all. Yours, respectfully, Ace., Sassy Hock. .1 On Board " The Man." Steamer, Near Pomeroy's Lan'tirgtO. River, Feb 8 1846.' We reached Guyandot, in Virginia, yesterday evening about 7 o'clock, Irom whence a line ot stages diverge across the mountains to the Vir ginia Springs, and by way of Staunton, &c., to Fredericksburg. If the ice embargo had| become comrlete, it was, as stated, the intention of the President to have landed at this point, and to have proceeded by land through Virginia to Washing ton. But just before getting to Guyandot, the " Cincinnati," a large boat Irom Wheeling, passed us going clown. At Guyandot the "John Ross" came along side?she had just come down from Wheeling. Her passengers, officers, <Scc , seemed to concur in the opinion that we might get up These favorable reports decided the President in remaining on the boat, and await the result ot her effort? to get to Wheeling. As our wheels had re ceived some damage by striking the ice, the cap tain lay too till morning, in part to make repairs, and in part to avoid danger by running up stream against sveh heavy masses of ice. During the evening the President received the culls of many people from the village, of both sexes, from small boys aud girls, up to limping and de crepid age; among the latter was seen an old, plain, warmly dressed old man, who made h's way up to the President saying, " .^ir, I am happy to see you ?I have been 26 veara Post master at this place? 1 sinned once, and wus turned out by Arnos Ken dall?I repented, aud gained my place. I voted against you, and done all I could to prevent your election, and am ready to yield up my appointment whenever required " To which the President re plied, " he had no doubt the Post Office at "Guyan dot" was in very safe hands, and that he was clear for every man being free to form his own opinions, and to vote as he conscientiously believed was best for the country. You know," continued he, " the people created offices for their own convenience, and to promote the general welfare, and not loi the benefit of those whom they select to fill them; and it is to the people, both Post masters and Prt - sidents, under the constitution, are responsible." Ttiis speech seemed to make a strong impression on the mind of the old man, who, again seizing the hand of the President, exclaimed?"Governor, you have expressed my sentiments precisely, and I would had I seen you before the election I would have given you my vote." As the old man was leaving, he seemed much pleased with his interview, de claring the President was a better looking, and more clever man than he expected to see. A whole string of rough mountaineer-looking men, dressed in heavy home spun pants and cover ed with wooi hats, entered and were presented, except a few who seemed too timid to venture up One or two of them were so much embarrassed as to keep their hats on while the President approach ed them bare headed. This unintentional polite ness on their part produced quite a giggle among their more polished companions, who cried out to them to " null off their hais " Some girls came en board with their friends and expressed a great de sire to see Mrs. Polk, who received them in tin ladies' saloon. A brace ol fat, chubby, red faced boys came on board asking to see the President; who seeing them some steps eff walked over t< them, commenced a kind and lively chat with them. They told him they wanted to see the Pr< - sident, when Governor Polk answered and said. "I presume I am the man you want to see." Here the boys walked round him, scrutinizing him with enlarged eves from head to foot. " Umph," sayr one, " he is no bigger nor uncle George." The\ seemed at a loss whether to believe the Governor the President, not sure but they had not been im posed upon, as they seemed to think he ought to be something quite extraordinary, and difleren' from all mankind besides. niV^Jhro1,!hnPfeS,?,eilt\first receP''?n in Virgi SSF Con?idU??KI ?V'ng ,he blue anH cu? Considerable ice was made during thenisht S*?h a Prospect of ,u further formSX' ucceeding night, seemed to lesson our prospecIs o geonCthengr^^r th gHbmthe nv" Tl" briber w, go, tht greater the difficulty. The officers of th. boat deserve great credit, for the persevering mLt Z\ LZh'cl lhey httVe ^utinued to XSJl. ^ands oPice^Th'irfi T"* ^Urrent and hiVl! A . h:\rSia" boaf>18 owned principal!, by the eaptatn and Engineers on board, who hav nJ i.n Cnw!il ? Uir l?"rd earnings,gained by boar operations aTonm "T' h.aTlr,R commenced CTboam ThU^0" h^"d' on flV bottom a".i aeei Doats. This is a large, comfortable wei: found craft, new and in good order. She has tw< excellent engines. The bow and sides of her hull from kY" *sheet iron to prevent her hul' from being injured by the ice. It is possible w. KT Kfcftr?sas | On leaving Cincinnati, the President had ?r ranged the programme ofltia journey to Washing day' ffief8 ?hW8rT? h/ve ??hed VheeSg t5 chu'rch if ? rpeDd the Sabba,h and at'cnd cnurcn in that place, on to-morrow the Qih ? to receive the calls of iiis fellow citizens in thl,' place, on Monday the 10th, till 12 o'clock" the, proceed to Washington, Pennsylvania there tn Rrngw Iihc nllgbt. 5 "**' day. ?ne 11th, to dine in Town Pa 'on thiD12fhC fol,owi?g night ? Union Un the 12th proceed to Cumberland daJ te.?5tbkcre'hatn,ght. Proceed on thenex? and'Washinai?n p i' V'3 ,he Baltimore and Ohio, ana Washington Railroad to the seat of Govern cening of the sam.' ?y- ine ice has so far impeded our progress as to render it certain we cannot reach Wheeling' if at all, till Sunday evening Which however' i, we accomplish, the plan of the journey will 'rr main otherwwe, as I have stated.J If nmhing bin" dc'a7 ibe President may certainly be fif io k arrive at the c&pitol, either on Fridav the 18-h or Saturday, the 14th iost. rem-7:-5 k' on ?ccount of slight indisposition has remained very closa in the ladies' cVb n Th I president was a little unwell this morning s^d HesndT/dl^110 delay b^aklsston h"s !ccrnt table The Pre ^fVC.r* Were both at ">e dinner If wired nearly *11 Ihe inhnnitnnu in thu l5.iS Th? Wkl0"0 ?' ""Jwlli* W. Pe,iiT r> M m er couo<ry west, goes in for Polk, Dallas, Tsxaa and Oregon, and no mistake. Sunday, the 9th February, 1845 M?HL?d ,b?" ' en'enrth.8'A?'we' nenr TSr" " ^ lofty hills, coated with derp whue sne?nTat'' ? their bases to their summits. The small cfiannei every8s!age'"til| ?olid'and'fi "!} "*emat na?rower at very stage, till solid and fixed ice, of great thick ness, almost tmpinges .he wheel houses^ on Sther ml 51ad j a" effort this morning to be up before I ?! ri e"'',n te,ore ,hr bad darted the first rsjr of pure light arhwprt the eastern hills 1 jimped from my benh, rushed into th^mlemen.' ::ih ffmm. n?ibTii? ,h" SrMidem nnd mweft wn I Jimmy O Neil, who was stnmpinr aboat thr rakin ready to do something for the Prf.X" , if n^' . sary. Da you know who "Jimmy O'Ne.l" i beg pardon for not introducing h.m to Va. before ' iryK" ar rry *orlhy' h,m^ a?d faihful Dish r^nr^STfnSaT^ I wf WMLSs S:rf hV"d "3 H ckoH'i k?ade up bla miod ?o follow Young dog,, and he'd hearn fellfow' .he ^pYe^mno? ! upon (ren Harrison fill they had kiHeS him ii had stack by Old Hinkory all ibe way tb.o .Th , now h-? mtsnt to d.e by Yum t lii-i ?? cf him aale j? tt1f. White Hou^, , g !.IlC<ory' or ??? At a landing on ihe river Ji. r.. u~ boar,, ??d bttntr introduce to tf^pS?ufT aaid-" May it please your honor, next after M?' O Connell, I am better pissed to see g?!ieb.X; doCSi a7wed.,:aa.nidw':,rur hODO " intimated that he would try to do what is right. To-day is Huuday ; all is quiet and orderly on board, and if we h.td a clergyman on board, we should have divine service in our cabin saloon. The captain and sailora aav, however, that it they had had a clergyman and a white horse on board, they never would have reached Wheeling in creation, through the ice. They any they never on earth carried two such crittura, without getting into Iota of trouble before their voyage was over. The President sets an excellent example. No wine, no travelling, or receiving ol company en route on the Sabbath, if it can he avoided. AH right. At the suggestion of Mr. Harris, a fine, noble hearted young man from Nashville, in the suite of the President, a complimentary card was got up in honor of the captain and officers of our steamer,
applauding them for their kind attention and per severing skill, in oveicoming the dangers and difficulties of icy navigation, in order to put us down safe and dry shod in Wheeling, without the exposure and fatigue of land travel, we would oth erwise have had to encounter. It was unanimous ly signed hy all on board?names appearing from nearly all the States of the Union. If I get time, I will send you a copy. Wheeling is near nt hand, and I must close. Bon jour. Sandy Iioox. 8 P. M.?We landed in Wheeling thia evening about dark. A few discharges from our gun brought nearly the whole population to the wharf, where a carriage with four white horses waited to receive the President and lady. He Was driven to the Virginia House, which was crowded to excess with people, anxious to see him A large crowd a'ao gathered in front of the house. He authorized his friends to announce to the people that he could not receive them to-day, but would do ao to-mor row (Monday) till 12 o'clock, after which he de parts, as indicated, for Washington, and will doubt lesa arrive there on Friday evening, the 14th insi. Gen. Armstrong, who was detained at home for the purpose of attending the trial of a clerk in the post office in Nashville, accused of embezzlement, it ia rumpred will join the President to-morrow morning in this place, reaching here by stage from Cincinnati. The General will go with the Presi dent to Washington. Enclosed I send yon a list of psrsons who have met the President on the way, returned home, ot who will accompany him to Washington. Sandy Hook. List of the President's friends who aocompanied him from Tennessee, going to Washington, oi met him in his progress up the Ohio, and accom panied him a part of the way, or intend going to Washington:? From Tenneuee?Colonel J. Knox Walker, Private 8e cretary; Mr. V. K Stevenson, Dr. J. L Epleman, Col 8. H Laugblin, Mr. J. R. Campbell, Mr. W. Voorhie* Mr. J. Branch, Col. J. O Harris, Mr. J. H. Thomas, Capt. J. Campbell?Qoing to Washington From Kentucky?Col. W. O. Butler, Col. S. Churchill, Mr. Levi Tyler, Mr.D. McAlister?To Washington. From Louisiana?Hon. F. Boswortb, Dr. J.G. Dashiels To Washington From Jlahama?Hon. D. Hubbard?Washington. From Piuthurgh ? Hon W. Porter-Goes home from Wheeling?met the President at Louisville. From M heeling, Va ?Mr J. A. McCleane. Mr. J. Knott ?Met the President *t Louisville?stop at home. Committee from Ohio, who come from Cincinnati to Portemouth, and returned?General John McMakin, Gei E. 3. Hdiues, Dr. W Mount, Mr. J. 8. Buckingham, Mi A. Slieak, Mr. C. H. Brough, Dr. Miller, of Butler conr ty, Hon. John Brough, of Columbus. Wheeling, 10th Feb., 1845. J. G. Bennett, Esq. Colonel Polk, the President elpct, Is now on hi> wav to Washington, and, no doubt, your vnriou and intelligent correspondents will give you graph! accounts of his movements towards the Capital of the route he will take, and of the various inte resting incidents that may happen here and else where on his journey. My design is altogether of a different nature. I shall endeavor to give you t general sketch of his policy, as regards measures and men, as it is now generally believed he will pursue as soon as he reaches the White House it Washington City. Rrtween the period when it was known in Ten nessee that Mr. Polk was elected President, anr that of his departure from Nashville, he had seve ral interviews with General Jackson at the Hermi cage. During these interviews, as might naturalh be expected, much conversation took place be tween them relative to the course deemed mos prudent for the new President on his arrival t< power. General Jackson's loug experience, hi practical good sense, and the friendly relations and ieeling he always entertained towards Colonel Polk, together with the great influence which h< had exerted in procuring his nomination and elec tion, all concurred to induce the President to ael thp counsel aud advice of the General above a! others Such conversations frequently took plac The last we believe occurred on the day befor. hia departure, when the Colonel visited the Her mitage by himself. Of course these interview were in some measure confidential, vet there at certain matters agreed upon and understood by a I parties acquainted with the new President, a state ment of which involves no breach of confidence Whatever purpose the President may have taken, whatever line of policy he may have agreed upon it may be considered with regard to time or per sons. It is very clear that he cannot be long a Washington before his conduct will demonstratr what they were. To indicate them now is there fore no breach of propriety, but beneflcial to th> public, and have a beneficial tendency on evenu at Washington and elsewhere. One of the principal difficulties encountered bv all the com Mr. Polk in all the consultations with bis friendr his own mind, and particularly with General Jack son, were the principles upon which the members <? his cabinet should be selected so as to furnish tb> greatest hopes of carrying out the policy expects r of him by the nation, of giving dignity and energt to the actions of the government under his cor trol. It could not be concealed, but was notation to all that tne nomination ef Col. Polk was pro duced by the voluntary coalition of the two grea - sections of the democratic party, one of which was more particularly represented ny Mr Calhoun it the South, the other by Mr Van Buren in thf North. The quarrel and bickering between th adherents of these two gentlemen, was suppresses and destroyed at the last Baltimore Convention ; and in order to bring the clashing sections of tht democratic forces to a temporary compromise, tht nomination of Mr. Polk whs agreed upon, wh> was supposed to be an able, independent, fair minded statesman, and one who would conduc the aflairs of the nation with dignity anf good sense. Immediately after the election of Mr. Polk, the same quarrels brokf qut in the party who had elected him, and it wa seen in Tennessee and other places, that very se rious bickerings took place in Washington an. some of the Atlantic cities, and which were caused by those ancient feuds and enmities between th? two sections who were endeavoring to checkmau each other. Such was the position of thtngs which caused the nomination of Col. Polk by the Baltimore Conven tion; and such is the position of things now on his approach to Washington to assume the reins of power; for Mr. Polk as President, and Mr. Pelk as candidate, the same difficulty exists. It is abso lutely necessary, therefore, tor the President to lay down some rules of action which will produce th? united and combined action of the now conflicting sections of the democratic party, and secure th< unanimity of his friends in Congress and through out the country, and give dignity and power to his administration during his four years of office. Ir> these views 1 have every reason to believe Genera' Jackson entirely concurred, and who may, indeed, be considered in some measure their author. 1> was agreed upon and understood that the princi pies on which the Cabinet wa^to be selected, werr to represent in that body all the leading interests ot the democratic parry throughout the Union?nil who had co-operated in the election of Mr. Polk. Accordingly, it is believed and understood that the Cabinet will be formed of Statesmen selected from the different sections of the democracy of the North and South, and that the friends ot Mr. C?l houn and those of Mr. Van Buren will be equally recognized as constituting the force that carried Mr. Polk into office, and who are equally expect ed to support him A preliminary step in all these movements, is, with regard to the position of Mr Calhoun in the administration, and a great deal ol speculation is indulged in as to what will be done with Mr. Cslhoun, under the new rrgimt. As fat as General Jackson is concerned, I have reason to hell, ve that he entertains no feelings towards Mr. Calhoun, other than those of kindnrss, which it in no way lessened by the remembrance of the cordial mannrr in which Mr. Calhoun apprized htm of the rscenractol Congress, remitting the fine in flicted on him after the battle of New Orleans It it i rnhahle that Mr.Calhoun will, therefore, receive s cart* blanrht from the President to be filled up as be pleasra, either with hia retention of hia preaem position until the Texas and Oregon questions art settled, or his appointment to any other office ot mission he may choose. These questtwns being settled in one way or Other, the President will proceed to the selection of his cabinet on the principles I have indicated If Mr. Calhoun, entertaining a design to claim th< succession to the Presidency, should consider him ?elf in a more favorable position oat of the cabinet than in it, he will ol coime respectfully declint the offer of the President, who will then proceed to .choose from among his friends front either ol the two sections of hia party, fo thete high offices in such a mstii-er as to reproent the Southern sec tion of the democracy completely jn ihe cabinet Mr. Van Buren is still spoken of by (ienorn Jackeon with a R'eat denl of regard di.d kindness; and, notwithstanding all that has been said in re lation to the position of Mr. Wright in the Stale oi New York, I have |every reason to believe that the northern section of the democracy, particularly devoted to Mr. Van Buren, will be fully represen ted in the Cabinet. It is improbable that any ol the Cabinet councillors wilp be taken'lfrom the western State?; because, Mr. Polk being from the West, thwneople of that region are sufficiently re presented through him in the executive branch of the government. 1 should not be at all surprised, however, if New England is represented in the re maining iportion of the Cabinet. With regard to Pennsylvania, it is understood that the Dallas in fluence will prevail there to the greatest extent; and I have every reason to believe that Vice-Pre sident Dallas himself will be in the position of an adviser to the President, and even more cordially united to him than ever has taken place before, in the administration of any previous President There will be a perfect union between Mr. Polk and Mr Dallas in all their movements. 1 might give you some information in relation to these and other matters, but it would be prema ture, at present particularly, just before the arrival of the President at Washington. It is sufficient to indicate the principles on which the selection to office will be made, and the plan the new Preai dent has in view, which is, to represent and con sult all sections of the democracy, to unite them into one firm and decided party, in order that the great measures of his administration may be carried out without dread from any quarter ol the opposition. Mr. Polk declares he will be the President of the whole nation, not of one n, and that the reasonable will and rights ie minority will receive his deferential re gard as well as those of the majority ; above all, that the movement that sarried him into power decided the loreign and domestic policy which meet the concurrence of his supporters, and which he is bound to carry out. On ihe Texas question, his views have frequently been given, and he will adhere to the principle of immediate annexation at all hazards. So with respect to Oregon. I be lieve, so far as I can understand his sentiments, ; that tie concurs fully in the measures of the pre- | sent administration, and particularly in the ener- ' getic policy of Mr. Calhoun, in relation to these j questions It would do your heart good to hear old j Gen Jackson, with one toot in the grave and the i other out of it?discoursing on the relative posi- \ tiou of this country as regards England, France, Russia, and the whole civilized world. He thinks that we have the whole British Government en tirely in our power, and that we can compel her to accede to all our views of policy, and so divide the European governments as to foil England, par ticularly in her design in the old as well as the new world. With respect to the actual removal of the pre sent public officers I cannot speak with any defini tiveness. I have good grounds to believe, how ever, that with regard to New York, your present Collector will retain his position some time longer; but that the District Attorney, the Marshal, and the Postmaster will be removed a few weeks after the Presidential tqguguration. You will soon hear from me again, and learn events as they are de veloped. Aksus. The Amende Honorable.?Colonel Webb, ol the regular army, has not yet permitted his man Friday to explain or justify his course in regard to Mr. Willis. We do not know what may be in the wind in relation lo this matter, but we do think that the Colonel is bound, by every principle o( justice and honor, to say something, after the very satisfactory statement of Mr. Willis. It is not at all in keeping with the character of a man of honor and integrity, and who wishes to conduct a respectable prees, to make naked charges of licentiousness and gross profligacy, and all sorts of wickedness, against a contemporary, without some show of evidence and some show of proof. We are quite certain that all reasonable and honorable men in the community expect the Courier to say some thing further in this matter, and not allow it to remain in the present disgraceful position, if it be possible to give it any other. While we are on this subject, we have also to request our amiable contemporary, Greeley, to take the matter into consideration which we men tioned to him. We again assure him?and we defy him to produce the slightest evidence to the con trary?that his charges in relation to this journal ever being bought by, or being under the supervi sion of, a locofoco committee, are utterly false. The political course of this journal is directed by its proprietor, and no committee of politicians or statesmen, of any party, or of all parties put togeth er, could in a single instance put their finger in the smallest portion of its politics. Come, Mr. Gree ley, out with an apology for this atrocious charge agaiast us, or out with the proof. We don't care which alternative you choose. Singular Newspaper Movement.?The New York American, which has been in existence twenty years,?latterly a very feeble, asthmatic ex istence,?announced, last evening, that it would be united with the Cornier and Enquirer on Monday next, an announcement which has taken every one by surprise. When pspers of long established standing are thus united, an impression is, somehow or other, 1 generally drawn, adverse to the strength of either. | Several indications have, of late, been given forth by the Courier and Enquirer and American that they were assimilating in certain respects; and one of these indications, of a very pertinent char acter, was that of the amende honorable made by the Courier to the house of Baring & Brothers, for some slanders published four years ago in itt | columns. It seems that Mr. Charles King is also to be connected, as associate editor, with Mr. Webb. This is the strangest part of the arrange ment, and we predict that this union ill not lasi long, for both of the gentlemen are too obstinate and head-strong, each in his own way. If one of the leading exchange houses in Wall street has not made this arrangement for the benefit of the editor of the American, it is just as likely that it is merely a decent way of dying?a process through which every body has known, tor months past, the Ameri can was doomed to pass. The truth is, Willis, is starting his evening paper, has more affected the position of the American, than any other thing which has taken place recently. The future course of the Courier, under its new management, will be a subject of amusement to us, and observation hereafter. Vert Late from New Grenada.?The packet brig Chaires, Captain Furber, arrived yesterday in twenty-five days passage from Carthagena. Among her passengers are the Hen. William M Blackford, U. S. Charge d'affaires to New Grena da, and Wm. W. Blackford his private secretary. We learn from Mr. Blackford that Mr. Totten, the American contractor to cut a canal at New Grenada, has gone on very succesfully, and much to the s-itifactienof the Government. It wassupposed that it would be finuihed in about three years. The first ground was broken on the 27th of December, which operation was witnessed by a great number of people. All the contractors employed on the canal are Americans. A good deal of dissatisfaction was felt at the re moval of Mr. Sanchez, jthe American Consul at New Grenada. It seems that he was much liked The election for President by electors resulted in no choice; the duty now falls on Congress. General Mosguera will probably be chosen. Advices from Nova Scotia.?We have received Halifax papers of the Sd inst. The Cambtia arrived there on that day, in thirty-six hours from Boston, and left in the after noon for Liverpool, with twenty-four additional passengers. On the morning of the 3d the mercury wse ten degrees below zero. '1 he Legislature of Nova Scotia opened on the gOih ult. Nothing of importance had transpired. The revenue of New Brunswick seems in a pros perous condition. The gross amount of rsvonus coll?cted at the Troasury and Customs Departments j oar 1844, amounted to ? f^rsaao ov? that collected in I84S ol upwards of AHW TbOto crease on the last quarter e< 1844 over the corresponding quart, r oflB4S iajis SAO Sa. 9tf. The weather has been very cold both at Frede ricton and Bt. John. At the former place the thermometer has been 27 degrees below zero. Antognini's "Album "?The musical album re cently published by Antognini contains the choicest gems of bis own compoaition, and is deservedly heromitg very popular. Valentin* Soiree.?There is to be a grand dis play of beauty at the Minerva Rooms, Broadway, on the night of St. Valentine. "The Young Cam bria 8ociety" are about to do the gallant on the 1 occasion. Spuing Klbction?Pkepakations foe a Warm Contest. ? We have already noticed the prepara tions made by different parties in this city for tke contest in April near, involving the city govern ment. Wj have enumerated three parties that will enter into this contest?the whigs, the demo crats, and the " natives " According to present appearances, it will be one of the most interesting and amusing contests that have taken place in a long time ; for all these parties' are preparing with all their forces to come into the field, and fight to the last gasp for the prize of the municipal govern ment of New York. In reference to the whigs, we have been watch ing with a good deal of interest their principal organs and journals during the lust few weeks, but hitherto they have been rather quiet on the subject with the exception of a few indications from the Tribune, which were decidedly hostile to any fur ther coalition or amalgamation between the whigs and " natives," for*any purpose whatever. Yes terday, however, another organ of the whigs same out in a bold and open front, calling upon the whigs to org inize at once, and to present their candidates as a party before the city; and declaring that the time has now come for putting an end to the coa lition of the whigs and "natives " We allude particularly to a very Important and pregnant arti cle, which appears in yesterday's Courier and En quirer. In this article, the Courier denounces in the most open and forcible manner, the narrow and proscriptive principles in which the "natives" started, and with great truth ascribes their success in the last municipal election, to the strong rein forcement which they received from the whig ranks on the ground of a reform in the naturalization laws was necessary. The Courier then goes on to argue that the thousands who thus secured a victory to the " native" party are still Whigs in feelidg and principles, and it expects them at once to " return to their first love," and re-organise on principles of friendship to all foreigners, without any of the horribly proscriptive and ridiculous no tions of the "natives," but still determined to effect a reform in the naturalization laws. All this is quite correct. The " natives" were organized the Courier says on " proscriptive principles." This is quite true. No party, the Courier adds, with a single principle of action, and that in itself unjust, can succeed. That is also quite true. The Whigs have adopted all the practical views and purposes of the "natives," and thrown overboard their intole rance and folly. The Whigs have thus possessed themselves of all the elements of success which the ?'natives" ever had, and have.left them nothing but the old cry?" The Pope?the Pope !" " The Irish ?the Irish !" " The Dutch?the Dutch !" The Courier, however, omits to mention one of the principal arguments which will have an effeot in consigning the poor " natives" to utter defeat and oblivion in the approaching election, and that is their entire faithlessness and imbecility as contrast ed with the high-sounding promises and pledges upon their election. They promised to give us clean streets?to reduce the taxes?to set their faces against corruption?to give us, in a word, a righteous, efficient, and economical municipal go vernment. Every pledge has been broken?every promise has been violated. The streets are filthier than ever?the taxes are enormously increased? and the corruption of the present corporation stands utterly unparalleled in the annals of municipal pro fligacy. The corporations that we have had for years past may be classified under the general heads?bad, worse, worst. The "natives" stand in the last category. They are the Worst rulers the city has ever had, and heaven knows that is indeed the superlative degree of worthlesBness. With respect to the prospects of the whigs in the coming city election, we do not, by any means, agree with the estimate ot the Courier. They are much more encouraging than that journal repre sents them. They may not indeed get a Mayor, but they have a very fair chance of getting a ma jority in the Common Council. We will certainly give them our aid and assistance, if they take the right course?if they afford us satisfactory atsur ance that they will give us a reform of the city government, and a reform of the naturalization laws, of which we are decidedly in faver,?and of which the intelligent and just men of all partiesare in favor. Lecture on Blennkrh asset?Mr. Wallace de livered his lecture on the life and character of Blennerhassett, last evening, at the Society Libra* ryt It was an interesting exhibit of a very impor tant and not sufficiently understood portion of our history. The lecturer trusted principally to ihe in trinsic and his'orical interest of his subject, which he well maintained by a clear style of narration and the exhibition of various important lettcrsfrom Burr, Blennerhassett, Thomas Addis Emraett, Henry Clay, &c. dec. The object of the lecturer was to rescue the fame of Blennerhassett from the odium which has been thrown upon it by his sup posed implication in the designs of Col. Burr The conclusions to which he arrived, were? 1st. That Blennerhassett was only engaged in the projects of Burr so far as the settlement of the Bastrop tract on the Ouchita was concerned, and that the Marietta flotilla was designed exclusively for that object. 2d.?That Bur's expedition was aimed at Mexi co, and then only in case of a war with Spain which was at that time deemed inevitable. In that event, his design was to revolutionize Mexico, and probable to declare himself Dictator. 3d.?That it is preposterous to suppose that Bur contemplated a separation of the Western from the Atlantic States, as the people of the West were at that time perfectly contented with their posi tion, because Louisiana had been ceded ts the United States, and an outlet thus furnished for their surplus produce. Before that event, however, (as early as 1796,) a strong feeling in favor of a sepa ration had existed. These are the general features of the lecture, but many other points of great and original interest were discussed, which we have not room to allude to. The lecture was quite free from inflation of style, and even lacked somewhat in the requisite rhetorical polish to make it go off smoothly. Grand Concert at the Italian Opera House.? On Saturday evening the Orchestra of the Italian Opera, gives a grand concert at Palmo's. All the leading vocalists and instrumentalists of the city, have volunteered their services for this occasion. The orchestra, composed of sixty instruments, will perform the four grand overtures of Massni ello, Semiramide, Gazza de Ladra, and William Tell, as originally composed?performances only attempted in the great cities of Paris, Vienna and London. This alone should be enough to secure to them a full and brilliant house. New York Sacred Music Society.?This So ciety gives a grand concert on the 24th inst., the anniversary of Handel's birth-day, when the ora torio of the Messiah will be performed, in which Siga. Pico will take the principal part, assisted by all the other principal artietee in the city. There are to be upwards of 200 performers present on the occasion. (0- Capt. Rynders has returned to this city from Albany?having withdrawn his application for of fice?to recruit his forces for ihe Spring election. (0* Gen. Cass has been elected to the U. S. Se nate from Michigan, fsr six years frem the 4th of March next. St. Gioror's Society Ball ?Thia ball takes place at Niblo'a to-night. It will be very brilliant. When will Wonders Ceses I?Sear rely a day pum but wa bars to noiica something new from the inrra tire power of man ud in nine caaes out of ton, it teema that Yin (Ma win the palm. The lilt gipat benefit to mankind that wr ha t e to record ia the wondrrfalCemoot of Met; lellan A Co., froth Lorn thn State of Connecticut. Dime gentlemen hare boon .'t nibbing t ha (feat worth of their Oman l at the Kichangr, and oilier placw in this city, for the Inat fnw days, ai d all who Iwe witneaaed their doinpa hare been both delighted and aaton nhed. ( opt, aaucera, pitchera, gliaaea, lie . that l.are Ions been broken and thrown atidr aa uaeleas, haee b*oa made whole hr the Ceiaont. nod are now in art.re ??ri ite. When an artieia it oner mended by thia Cement, the.- no t-arina it aiander ? Wa her- eeet Ihit fully te.ed. Broken leenei, ( nt i get her hare been lilted with hailing w iter, end th-V lure nobly Wood thn ta t?eopt, |>iteheia Ike., lin e hid tluir liai dim r- n.ited to them and made to lifi thi ty p. unite?all which giwa to ?hnw that the iwrta ci mi-nted are at atriiii(, if not attoager, thin tie original ware itaalf The last greai rare brought about by tin* all i o eerlnl C ement it ihe mending of the f mona three gellnn punch bowl at the S-cond Waid I'olel. It waa mend d in fire minutaa. Tho eil airnua ofreeing it can do aoby calling at tha Hotel. Thoae da i.oui. f harii g raluable Chinamended, would d**' ement. To be had at Noa. 21 and U Bowery; ?hilling par atick. A grant deduction'to thiea who pur thaaa large quantitim.