Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 18, 1845, Page 2

February 18, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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JVEW YORK HERALD. New York, Tuesday, February 18, 184ft. More IVrnri from Knrope. The Hibernia, the steam packet ol the 4th mat., is due at Boston to-day. She ought to make a tine passage, as Captains i-owber, of the Montezuma, atid Johnston, of the Zu.ick,reported lite ocean as smooth us the bay ot Neve York, Iromthe 25th ult. to th - closr ot last week. The V< ?v Cabinet? What will be done with. Mr. Calhoun 1 The selection of the new cabinet by Mr. Polk, and the destiny of Mr Calhoun, are the promi nent subjects ot discussion in all political circles here, tfciUflso, according to the best accounts, in Washington. The principles on which Mr. Polk intends to select his cabinet, are generally known ?that is, that every member must be aloof from the position ot being a candidate for the Presiden cy. It is supposed by many that the operation of these principles will exclude Mr. Calhoun from the cabinet and from his present position ; and a great deal ot controversy haB taken place among the po litical circles on these various pcinu?Whether Mr. Calhouu should be considered a candidate for the Presidency! Whether he considers himself so 1 Whether his friends consider him so!? Whether a declaration on his part that he is not to be regarded as a candidate, is sufficient to take him out ot the category excluded from eligibility to a place in the cabinet! It is very certain that there is a large pection of the democratic patty, that particularly connected by sympathy with Mr. Benton, which would, in any circumstances,represent Mr. Calhoun as a can didate for the Presidency, in spite of all his decla rations to the contrary. Should Mr. Calhoun ac cept the position of Secretary of State, neither he nor his friends could prevent those who are opposed to him from making these representations, and creating a very considerable amount of belief in such statements In this position of affairs, it be comes a question of policy, and also of common sense, on the part of Mr. Calhoun, to con sider whether it would not be better for him to decline any position in the new cabinet, but in preference to select the post of Minister to Paris or London. And viewing the whole circumstances of the case, without partiality towards any section of the democracy, or the party itself, and only re garding it in connection with the honor and repu tation, and tsuccess of the country in its present position, we are not sure but it would be advisable for Mr. Calhoun to decline any connection with the cabinet, and to prefer a foreign station. Mr Calhoun's short career as Secretary of State, has already given him a position and a power as a states man before the civilized world, which few indeed have been able to attain in so short a time. Mr. Webster's name stands in connection with this country in Europe as that of a great man und a dis tinguished statesman. Mr. Calhoun, however, occupies the antagonistic position in point of policy to Mr. Webster, and is equally distinguished in ihat aspect. We should suppose, in all the cir cumstances of the case, and looking forward to the great influence which this country is destined to exercise in European affairs, growing out of the Texas and Oregon questions, that Mr. Calhoun's best policy would be to select the post ot Minister at PartH lor his future elforts in reference to the general movements of this country. In Paris he would be aloof from all intrigues respecting the succession. He would be in a position calculated to give him a powerful influence in favor of the interests of this country, and his name, known as it is all over Europe, in hostility to the policy ol England, and the further aggrandizement ol thai power, would have a moral weight, as Minister ol the United States in France, such as no other man has ever yet possessed. Viewing this matter in all its aspects, it becomes exceedingly interesting,and the denouement will be looked for with a great deal of anxiety as soon as known in Washington. Political Morals at Washington?Sketches Marseilles. We give in our columns to-day a few extracts from a curious congressional document entitled, " Memorial to Congress Relative to the Affairs of Fitch, Brothers 6c Co.'s Recent Remo val from the Navy Agency at Marseilles." We also give a brief extract from a speech made by Mr. Hale of New Hampshire, disclosing some further particulars of the mode in which the public money was expended in Florida during the Presidency of Mr. Van Buren. These two extracts speak for themselves. The one discloses the strange intrigue and mean con duct of politicians and office beggars under the ad ministration of Mr. Tyler; the other, the waste fullness and thrifilessness which prevailed in the public expenditures under the administration of Mr. Van Buren, when Mr. Paulding was Secreta ry of the Navy. During the last few weeks nume rous disclosures have been made, exhibiting the melancholy deception which has been practised upon poor Captain Tyler during the last three or four years, in which scenes of intrigue, venality and corruption are brought to light, beyond paral lel. We allude particularly to the Zabriskie dis closures, and we have now to add to that the strange but culpable facts developed in the intrigue by which Fitch, Brothers <te Co. have been re moved from the Navy Agency at Marseilles. The meanness, falsehood, corruption, and folly of the office beggars and plunderers of the public, which prevailed during the tws last presidencies, both that of Van Buren, and that of Tyler, are probably without parallel in the history of administrations in this country. Both Mr. Tyler and Mr. Van Buren, with per- j sonal characters entitled, in point of intellect and morals to much respect, seem to have been govern ed and controlled by sets of the most despicable office beggars, and small cliquet of favorites, that ever had an influence over any government in this country. It was the favoritism shown to particu lar and exclusive cliquet of corrupt men which i re vailed during the presidency of Mr. Van Buren that caused his utter ruin and defeat in the contest of 1&40. Mr Tyler has been subject to the same evils in his administration, and its operation will be re membered for the same amount ol folly and cor ruption. Wc give these statements, otlicial and authentic, in relation to these matters, tor the purpose of < x hibiung to the incoming administration the neces sity of avoiding the dangers which assailed their predecessors. If Mr Pi Ik has a mind compre hensive, and resolution firm enough, and know ledge of the world acute enough, to steer clear of ?ill these difficulties, and to take care that his poli cy in relation to official appointments be not put in the hands of particular cliquet?then he may have a chance of clothing his prehidency with us much vpiause as was given to those of Jefferson, Mon roe and Jackson. Posr Office Reform - Cheat Postage. ? A meeting is to be held to-day,on the Kxchnnge, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, for the purpose of giving aa expression to the popular feeling in this city in favor of Post Offics reform. We trust the meet ing will be as large as possible Some fears are enterfain"d that the bill, which passed the Senate, may be defeated in the House, if so, the measure may be indefinitely postponed. Het all the friends of the proposed and so much needed reform in this city unite, then, in the remonstrance to the House of Representatives in favor of this bill. The Rott/nda.?It will be seen that the Hoatd of iVssis'auls have very wisely non-concurred in the esolution ot the Hoard 01 Aldermen, in relation to he niakinp over of this building to the Oallrry o! j Arts and Sciences. Tiie "checks and balances" of the constitution were never so, wisely applied as m this instance ; and we feel assured that the com mittee to whom the matter has been referred will Meat the project altogether. Extraordinary Bank Development?'Thk Le high Bank Investigation?Moses Y. Beach in his Glory.?The Wall street "Bank Note Repor ter," (Thompson's,) issued an extra last evening, containing a put of the evidence given before a committee of the Pennsylvania Legislature, dis closing the secret history of Moses Y. Beach's fi" nanctal operations at Allentown last December ? It embraces the affidavit of Samuel Marx, of Al lentown, taken on the 18th of December, which gives a history Bvrpassiug any development we have ever yet seen in financial affairs. By this evi dence it appears that large amounts of the Plain field Bank notes and of the Maloue Bank, were both used in the attempt to start the Lehigh Bank, but the Commissioners refused to approve the method of thus starting a new bank. We shall endeavor to find room to-morrow for the exposition. It is the richest thing we have seen in many a day. By this statement it appears that there was in Allentown a batch of jgf82,640 in Plain field Bank notes offered as money to pay for stock of the Lehigh Bank,in the latter end of December, besides a check of $'35,000 on the same bank. We think it is lull time for the Legislature of New Jersey to examine the affairs of the Plainfield Bank. Bishop Ondkfdon* Again !?We understand that preparations are making to get up another pre sentment against Bishop Onderdonk, and to try hiin ou a number ot fresh charges, similar to those on which he wus lately convicted. This move ment has been originated, we believe, in conse quence of the position assumed by the " Standing Committer" of the Diocese, who maintan that, al though the Bishop cannot any longer lay hands on heads?we did'nt mean bosoms?he is still in a state of suspended animation?that his place can not be supplied for the present, and that they are a sort of locum tcncits, and have all the privileges in cidental to the office of Bishop of this Diocese. They do not mention, however, whether they have all the privileges that the Bishop was in the habit of taking. Ia opposition to this position, and in ?rder to get rid of the Bishop atfonce, his ene mies are now brooding over the necessity of get ting up another presentment against him. "lhe in timation of this, and a general allusion to the spe cifications, is given in another pamphlet, by the Rev Mr. Richmond, which is quite a curiosity, almost equal to the first one in wildness, enthu siasm, and episcopal romance. We do not know how far pecuniary speculation enters into this new movement; but as the Appletons are said to have cleared at the first brush over $10,000 by the late trial, the greatest portion of whose profits thus went into their pockets, instead of falling into the hands of the church, it is not all unlikely that the desire to clear another $10,000 or $15,000, may have something to do with the movement for an other trial. Success to enterprise ! Licentiousness of thk Press.?John Tyler, Jr., the son of the President, through the Madisonian, pronounces a story, which was first published in the New York Sun, and probably written by its principal penny-a-liner, M M. Noah?about the President having saved $200,000 out of his salary, to be a base and infamous falsehood in all its bearings. This is a specimen of the licentiousness of the press. Another is presented in the story jus circulated by Blair te Rives, of the Washington Globe, to the effect,that Mr. Webster had been pur chased and retained by the manufacturers of Boston, with a fee of $100,000, to plead their cause in the United States Senate. We have no doubt this is another base and malignant lie, and perfect ly characteristic of the partizan press of both par ties. It would, indeed, seem that the party newspaper press, during the last political campaign, had been so sunk in depravity and licentiousness, folly and absurdity, forgery and fraud, and every thing that is vile, that it is now almost impossible for it ever to recover any decent regard for truth, consistency, or liberality. Look for instance, at the gross and outrageous assaults upon the private character of poor Mr. Willis by the Courier and Enquirer. - .u .l ?.aiseuooas so persevertngiy put forth by the Albany Evening Journal. And now look upon these recent falsehoods and slan ders issued by the party prints on both sides, is there to be no end to this gross licentiousness of the party press 1 Anxiety for the Missing Ships.?No tidings of the United States and England having been re ceived by the Roecius, the alarm for their safety has become very much increased. The former has now been eighty-three days out, and the England but one week less. It was hoped that by the 12th ult., the last date from England, some intelligence of them would be received?that they would have been enabled to reach Borne port on the English, Irish or French coast, in case of their having been disabled in the dreadful gale of the 11th and 12th of December No intelligence of this nature having reached us, and particulars of the wide and terrible extent of that gale having poured :into England down to the 12ih ult., many of those who before had a hope have ceased to cling to it, and now give them up as lost?forever. There is yet hope, however, and we really be lieve that the Hibernia, due at Boston this week, will bring us accounts of the long and anxiously looked for packets. If the steamer does not dis sipate the gloom that now hangs over the friends of those on board, we shall be constrained to be lieve that they are lost. The gale that has undoubtedly disabled them, was so severe and so wide-spread, as to swallow up many ships now on the missing list. The new packet ship John R. Skiddy passed through it, and Captain Skiddy writes that he never experienced a more terrible hurricane. It blew with tremendous violence, and ceased all at once, nearly engulfing his ship. His cabins were filled with water, and his passengers barely escaped being drowned. The packet ships Toronto and Baltimore, went through the same gale, and the former was strip ped of: pars, railing, Arc. Arc. That hurricane has probably destroyed property to the value of one or two millionsof dollars. The United States and England, with their cargoes, were alone worth #700,000. Belligerent ?We understand that a very belli gerent and diplomatic correspondence has taken place between De Begnis?the famous Pe Begnis? and General Morris, the Brigadier-poet. It seems that some insulting allusion was published in the Brigadier's evening paper, which fired up the an cient feelings of De Begnis for his reputation, and he accordingly dispatched a mission to theGcneral, demanding an apology, retraction, or the usual al ternative of coffee and something else for two. It seems to be very strange that the Brigadier should ever have said any thing harsh of De Begnis, who, wllhoul any reason, voluuleered his services in the complimentary benefit given to the former, and which netted him a very handsome penny. But this seems to be the characteristic of certain par ties in complimentary affairs. The Evminn Mir ror has been more severe, first and last, on Bor ghege than on any other vocalist, and yet the pro prietor of that paper, begged and entreated, and re ceived her assistance in the aforesaid " benefit." What ingratitude there is in this world! News and Reading Rooms in New Orleans.? Mr. Bravo has ope ed a fine BUite of Rooms in New Orleans, alter the manner of Lloyd in Lon don, and Oallignani in Paris. They are supplied with all the papers and periodicals of this country, as well a* the principal publications of England, France, and oth -r parts of Europe. This Iihb long been warned in our Southern Metropolis, and will be found of great utility, not only to the residents, but to all those whom business or pleasure may cause to visit the Crescent City. The spirited pro prietor's well known character, guarantees that all other matters will be in uniformity. Another Call upon Greeley's Endorser.? "H. Dewey" of the "Pacific Hotel," has not yet gi ven us the names of the "responsible men" in Wilkesbarre who informed him that James Gor don Bennett had said in that village that his paper was in the hands of a locofoco committee. Gree ley Ac Co. Beera to abandon the charge entirely to their endorser. We therefore call on this endor ser?this"H. Dewey" of the "Pacific Hotel," to come forward like a man of honor and state ex plicitly who these "responsible men" in Wilkes barre are, and to fulfil the pledge that he made be fore the public in the card which he published in the Tribune. It was thete stated that they had the names ot the "responsible men" in Wilkesbarre, and that to any person having a right to call for them, they would be given. We think in all the circumstances of the case, as it was a chatge against our personal honor and integrity in relation to great public events, that we have a right to call upon this "H. Dewey" ot the "Pacific Hotel," to give the "responsible men" ot Wilkesbarre, who made these declarations. We again call, then, upon this "H. Dewey" of the "Pacific Hotel," to come forth, and to give the names, and we shall continue to call for them until they are given, or the charge retracted, so that we may put this mat ter at rest one way or another. And now to the main question to which Greeley Ac Co. ask our attention. They charge us with being "thorough hard money?sub-Treasury?an ti-protective?anti-land distribution." \^e deny this. We are in favor of the banking system, pro perly regulated and properly conducted;the country knows this, and Greeley Ac Co. know it. We have considered the Sub-Treasury scheme a ridiculous humbug, and so we still regard it from all that we have seen of it, although it originated in the head of Silas Wright We deny that we are anti-protec tive. We are in favor of a moderate protection to all the interests of the country; and this Greeley Ac Co. also know. We deny that we are a locofoco or a whig, or any thing else than an independant man, conducting an enterprising and independent journal, that examines every thing and every sub ject on its own merits, without reference to this faction or that taction?this individual or that in dividual. We belong to no faction. We acknow ledge connection with no cause but that of intellect and truth. NorcanGreeley Ac Co.say asmuch 1 Art they not the mean, prevaricating, submissive, truckling advocates of a faction?a faction that denies any merit,or honesty,or virtue in the opposite side, and considers one half of the American peo ple as corrupt, ignorant, and utterly devoid of pa triotism 1 These are the men who have the impu dence to talk of their knowledge of American af fairs, in the face of their ridiculous, and gross, and egregious blunders in political statistics during every election, and who are consistantand steadfast only in their patronage and advocacy of any ridiculous, wild, visionary, and often demoralizing system of society or morals, whose crazy or selfish authors nickname the newest philosophy! These are the men who prate about their knowledge of journal ism, when they are imposed upon by fabricated news, which the greatest tyro about a newspaper office would be able at one glance to detect! Hanging an Innocent Irishman in Rhode Island?The recent execution of John Gordon?'? Rhode Island for the murder of Amasa Spragu is now the topic of a great deal of exciting discussion and conversation. We have received a number of documents bearing on the case, which are of great interest, and appear ta show beyond the shadow of a doubt?that the poor man who has been hung, was entirely innocent of the awful crime alleged against him. It will be recollected by many of our readers that the evidence on the trial against the prisoner was of the most flimsy character. It was altogether circumstantial, but the facts proved as tending to criminate the accused were few, isolated, aud not at all conclusive. Unfortunately, however, at the time of the trial, the "native" excitement was at its acme, and the awful occurrences in Philadel phia, had stimulated almost to a degree of frenzy, r--, cAtsuug hi many ininas throt-K..,,, the country against the Irish. The Gordons were natives of Ireland, and John and his brother Wil liam had arrived in this country only a year or so before the date of the murder. There is now every reason to believe that the wicked prejudices against the countrymen of the ill-starred prisoner found their way into the Court room and into the jury box, and produced his conviction contrary to the facts. This opinion is quite confirmed, in our mind, by the evi dence furnished in the documents now before us, and which formed the substance of the petition for a reprieve, which Governor Fenner denied. The principal circumstance, as developed on the trial, which operated against the prisoner, was the own ership of the gun, with which the deed was dose, which was traced to Nicholas Gordon, who told a Dr. Cleaveland thathe had a gun which he bought at an auction, and a negro swore that the gun pro duced in court was the one which Nicholas had admitted having purchased. Now, from the affida vits of William Gordon, of Mr. Matthewson, one of the jurors, and of Mr. Chapman, a friend of the latter, it is established beyond the possibility of a doubt, that Nicholas' gun was not the one found and produced in Court?that Nicholas' gun was in his house at the time when the murder was com mitted, and that it was unfortunately secreted by William Gordon, under the impression that it found, it might somehow or other operate against his brothers, he recollecting that in Ireland, the possession ol fire-arms by the peasantry, was al ways turned to their disadvantage. Thus the prin cipal circumstance against the ill-fated man, John Gordon, is entirely explained away, and the evi dence against him now stands so flimsy?so utterly inconclusive, that no jury free from prejudice, could possibly on it return a verdict of guilty. William unfortunately concealed the all-important fact of the secretion of the gun, under the impres sion that the discovery might operate against his broihet's acquittal, and only communicated the fact before the termination of the trial to John, whose full perception of the importance of the fact, was evident enough from his exclamation, " It is you William, who have hung me!" Such are the important affidavits which were presented in the petition to the Governor. It is in deed moat astonishing, that Governor Fenner, of Rhode Island, did not at once grant a reprieve. His refusal is utterly unjustifiable. We have no hesitation in declaring, that John Gordon, hss, ac cording to the evidence now before us, fallen an innocent victim to prejudice, excited feeling, and a want of just lenity in the highest executive officer of the State of Rhode Island. Shaksfkarian Confectionary.?An industrious ly collected lot of samples of all the fine and spark ling things that have ever been said about 3haks peare, done up in tissue paper, bon-bon fashion, was disposed of Inst night at the Society Library, by a gentleman with a villainous Cape Cod twang, and a manner of delivery peculiarly his own? which is more than can be said of the lecture it self. The style of the composition was a weari some succession of antitheses, apparently clipped and pasted together, like a column of "items" in a country newspaper. There was evidently no pur pose, aim, sincerity, or earnestness, in the speaker, from whom the lecture seemed to trickle, like wa ter from a pump. Sio Pico's Concert To-Mobrow Ev?wno.? This highly esteemed artiftr gives a concert to morrow evening in the Broadway Tabernacle, wnich promises to be one t,f the mo?t fashionable of the season. The programme is both rich and rare, in which ihe whole of the principal musician* at present, and for some time past in the city, will aid in the performance, which, doubtless will coin mand a very numeroua attendance. I Stbamsoat Eur*ka.?This steamer ia supplied I with life boats and common boats Mr. Levin'* Lecture Last night. If the audieuce last night at the Tabernacle was not wonderfully large, it was passably attentive, and if Mr. Levin did not surprise and "astonish the natives," that must be attributed to the vast elevation of their expectations?and certainly, so far as words were fit substitutes for things, they were not disappointed. The Pope was proved the devil, as far as was consistent with human nature, and Dan O'Coanell a second edition of Dr. Faus tus, who sold himself towl and body to the ould chap for love of money. Our reporter went to report Mj. Levin's lecture, listened most attentively, and wrote with all des patch through an interminable extent of foolscap ; but lie regrets that on coming to write it out, after giving the whole the most assiduous attention, he was unable to perceive the intent of the speaker could not, for the life of him, perceive what he proposed to prove by his excessively discursive treatise. Several long passages were dedicated to the descriptien of liberty?its echoes, its shrieks, its triumphs?how little some folks understood it, how very ancient it was, and how wonderfully im proved by being transplanted to American soil.? Ireland he discovered to be the land of genius, but the nurse of superstition; Irishmen were pretty well cut out by the great artificer, but wofullv mar red by Jesuits, repeal, the Pope and Dan O'Cou nell. Father Moriarty, not to be a nigger, was as black a villain as was among the 40,000 desperadoes whom he has slily confederated in this country, and all ripe for civil war and treason. He was really of opinion, that the repeal societies were nothing but portions of a system devised to make popery and arbitrary power supreme, to which "brass money and wooden shoes" would in due time be added. Popery was a nightmare?n upas tree?popish countries ignorant, besotted, su perstitious, and all the rest, whether in cloudier? Italy, or fertile Spain, in the Irish cabin, or in the

palace of the Escuriel, it was a bad weed. Repeal and slavery were antipodes to, and had nothing to do with each other, and the lormer was but a pre text for violating the integrity of this republic. But one comfort it was they had not won yet; hi was strongly of opinion that|,Father Moriarty and his forty thousand could not?aye, if they did their very best, and giving them credit for bein# tough chaps?thay could not effect their purpose* by physical strength here. They were pretty wel' aware of that themselves, and were now trying it at the ballot box; therefore, every genuine Ameri can was bound to open his eyes, see (he danger, and avert the audacity, the ferocity, of this nefari ous plot. It was only a part of their system here ti attack the Bible; for the Bible being the source o' religious liberty, and religious liberty the precursor of political liberty, it was obnoxious to popery ; but, lhat Bible they would support. Dan O'Con nell, he maintained, was not as great a man a* George Washington, nor as good a man as Wm Penn, simply because he was a bit of a scoundrel, considerable of a beggarman, and a mighty greoi Irishman?and that was bad enough. But the) would yet get in a fix, both Dan and the Pope, for whom a terrible catastrophe was yet in store?al most as great as that of Jack and Jill, who climbed the hill, For a pitcher ol water : When Jack fell down ana cracked his crown, And Jill came tumbling after. A multitude more of pithy sayings were inter spersed through the lecture ; but the reporter bfg; leave to again say, that no design was perceptibl> in the discourse; and, therefore, he c^not give i connected synopsis of it. N. B ?After concluding, Mr. Levin candidly stated that it was only a prefatory lecture to ami ther, and the principal one he intended to deliver This accounts tor the difficulty of seeing what h meant to prove. What could be expected from t> preface 1 New York Pilots.?We stated yesterday thM the article in the Journal of Commerce of Saturday relative to the pilots, contained many gross ur, truths. We pronounced them f alsehoods, and no v\ give proof that they are so. In the first place we will overthrow the assertior that the Sheffield went ashore by the negligence <>' her pilot. The refutation is contained in the fol lowing letter from the Captain of the S. te th. Journal. New Yoke, Feb., 17,1846. To the Editori of the Journal of Commerce? Gkntlemsw?Having observed in your valuable journn' of Saturday, Feb 16th iuat., a statement respecting tl ship Sheffield, which 1 beg to correct. You say that son. time before she struck, the Captain intimated to the Pil<" thatit .wa1 t'met0,ach?this was not the case. At8li SO m , when the men were reefiog the fere-top sail, the;, told the Pilot they saw a light on the weather-how ,whic. bore about N- W., this being the direction the lights weir expected to be seen in; the Pilot took it for granted that it was the Highland Light, and acted accordingly. He beini rjuch fatigued, and judging the ship in safety .came belov and requested me to tack ship to the South""*"* wli?' ,u, hore W -- > u, a. i una Deeu on deck about 10 or 16 minutes, when the ship struck. As it is likely the) will be an investigation it is unnecessary for me to set more at present I am, gentlemen, your very humble servt, JOHN R GILLESPIE, Master of Ship Sheffield. We will now add a reply of "an old pilot" to ai. " old merchant." 1st There was an opposition in 1704 and 'SO. 3d. The statement concerning the pilot boat Champlaii is false ad. The pilot boat said to be run into was four mile* south of Sandy Hook bar, and Captain Ames stated thai he did not see the boat, let alone hailing her. The watel was on the look-out, and the boat laying " dead too' The undersigned and one other pilot went in the yawl t the pilot boat Hornet, laying ashore in the cove cleaning her bottom. As for a gale of wind, it must have been ? severe one, when they pulled in the Hook against an ebb tide with two oars, the distance oi 10 miles As for hi rigging being carried away, that would not hinder hin. from heaving too, as it was on the starboard side, it baini the sea side with a moon-light night and moderate weather. 4th. The pilot boats do not makes harbor in the Horn Shoe with the wind at north-west. 6th. That Mr. Miobael Bloomer died in New York son) time after the death of his wife. So he could not hav jnmped overboard, nor the " old merchant" could not hav< offered to help his widow. AN OLD PILOT. These facts ought to be enough for any reasons ble man. They can be relied upon, and we hope that, hereafter, the few who are opposed to the pilots, will drop assertion and drop the pilots also, unless they can find something a little more suscep tible of proof than what they have already pub lished. City Intelligence. Coroner's Offlce?Monday.?Melancholy Suicide ?A youDg man named Oonsalo A Ida ma, a student of me dicii.e, just entering into life, possessing wealth, influ ence, and with brilliant prospects before him, committed this rash act this morning, while laboring under tempo rary insanity, by what cause produced is unknown. H< was about 28 years of age, ana boarded at No 68 Barclay street. On Saturday last he became insane, and ever) care was taken of him, although no medical aid was pro cured Last night he was very violent, and, about 4 o'clock this morning, he seixed a razor and endeavored to cut kis throat, bat was prevented from doing sa by Mr Oaspar de Belanoourt, a boarder in the house, who was with him nearly all night. About 7 o'clock he ran from his room in the garret, and, notwithstanding an attempt to stay him was made by Mrs. Elizabeth Fanon, he brok* away from her and tan up the scuttle stairs, and got ont upon the roof- Mrs. F. then ran down stairs to get asais tanoe, but when she obtained it, he was gone from th? roof. He was seen by a person in an opposite house to get upon the top of the dormant window and lay down upon hit back upon the ridge of the roof, then sat up, an> threw his aims about in a wild manner He then eithet fell or sprang into the street, and was picked up a corpse. He was a native of Havana. The coroner held an inquest and found that he died from the t fleets of the injuries caused from jumping or falling from the roof while in s state of temporary insanity. Upper Police.?Rowdyism?At* Octbahe Pritent ed.?About nine o'clock on Bunds) evening, a respects hie young woman was returning home through Woostet street, from a visit to a female friend, when she was seized by two fellows, whe endeavored to drag her along with them, intending doubtless to commit some gross outrage upon her. Het sci?-?ms brought Captain Hendrickson, ol the City Watch, to her assistance, who attacked the rowdies, and endeavored to get the female awsy trom them During the mtlte two other fellows came up and enduevored to rescue one ot their cronies from tha dutches ofCapt H., and knocked him down. He calle-J for asais tance and Dr. M. S- Osborne of 641 Broome street, and o hers came up, and they succeeded in arresting the ruf fians, who gave their names as Joseph Brown,Win. John son, and Dunham and Jenkins. They were fully com milted at the Upper Police. If all the members of the City Watch were as ready to come to the assistance of citizen* aa Capt. H has proved himself, there would be a great deal less rowdyism. Bubolarv.?A man named Edward Finch was seen to enter the stove store of Fred. S. Cortilyou, No. 708 Broad way, Isst night by faliekeya. After he bad got in, an apprentice boy whe observod the proceeding, immediate ly ran far a watchman, and having miraculously found one, they returned to the store and nabbed the burglar on the premises. bower Police ?Ai* IwwcmaV Fatheb?A wretch, who disgraces the name of man, named John Fraser, wa* arrested and enmmited for throwing live coals upon hi* wife and children, who were lying In bed. Such a mon ster ought to receive the severest punishment tho law will allow, and it is to be regretted that it is so limited. Several cases of petit larceny comprised the residue of the day's business. DrscntsioT?Mr. Ilob'i. Grant and Pr. MrCnne Smith commence a discussion this evening in the Lecture Room of the Society Library, Broadway, on the mental constitution of the negro, and ofhet colored races of men. Dr. Smith takes the affir mative. Tn* Fifth Ward Dimocratic Cmjb had aplendid ball at old Tammany last night. Rio do Janeiro. [Correspondence of the Herald ] Rio de Jankiko, Dec. 5,1844. The Baiubridge has beeu lying here for six days last from Montevideo?left there the flag ship Rari tan, and frigate Congreso, to sail for this port about the 8th or 10th. The sloop Boston sailed fot Montevideo on the 3d inst Nothing new or important. Orncaat or the U 8. Bsio Bainbrwoc ? Lswrenc< Penington, K?q , Lieut. Commanding ; Henry Walke, first lieut ; W. K. McKenny, acting master ; J. J. Brownlee. paired assistant aurgeon ; Oeorge H. White, punier ; Wm H. Hudson, paaird midshipman; J ? Dp Haven, midship man; R.J D. Price, do.; Oeorge H.Btir, do ; Thoa. H Stonaatl, captain'! clerk ; J. T. Powers, master's mate; Charles Danreiter, do. do ; John Young, boatswain . Francis Dawson, gunner; Charles W. Babbitt, car penter. Rio Janeiro. Dec. 5,1844. Interetting Race between the U. S. brig Bain bridge, Commander Law Pennington and H. B M brigantine Dolphin. Ab your paper is the great source from which we derive information and amusement on this sta tion, I shall give you a short account of a race be tween the U. S. brig Bainbridge and H. B. M. bri gantine Dolphin, hoping it may not be uninteresting to some of your many readers. On the 22d November,H. B. M. brigantine Dol phin sailed from Montevideo for this port. On the 24tlt the Bainbridge sailed?On the 27th the Dol phin was discovered on the lee quarter. The Bainbridge showed her colors and took in top-gal lant sails and foresail, in order to allow her to come up. When within a short distance oi the Bainbridge, and not showing her colors, sail wa* made, the wind being abaft the beam, the Bain bridge's worst point of sailing. By the morninp watch of the 27th, (sea time) she was hul down astern. On the afternoon of the 28th, the wind becoming light, she appeared tq, bo gaining on the Bainbridge, with a cloud of sails set, she carrying a square mainsail as a lower studding sail (a sail which this class of vessels carry to over haul slavers). On t^he night of the 28th the wind freshened, and by the morning v atch, she was tc leeward, and nearly hull down astern. On th< 29th she was kept in the same position nntil th* first watch, when the wind became cloudy and rainy, with a light breeze?she then came up and passed ahead. During the third watch, the breez* having freshened a little, the Bainbridge overhaul ed herfast. At 3 30, A. M. the light at the en trance of Rio Harbor was made. The Bainbridg* being 4 davs, 19 hours and 30 minutes from her an chorage of! Montevideo to the above li;ht, a dis tance of near eleven hundred miles, which I be lieve is the shortest passage on record. In oi> hours after wards,both vessels anchored in this har bor, the Bainbridge having beaten her two days oi the passage. The Dolphin has been considered th* fastest vessel, not only on this station, but likewise on the coast of Africa. She has been the terroi of all slavers, and has taken quite a number - There is no doubt, but that close hauled on i wind the Bainbridge would run her hull down t* leeward, in twelve hours, as this is the Bainbridge'*. best point of sailing. All our National vessel* here are a credit to ihe United States, not only regards swiftness, but efficiency. The Raritan although an old ship, (having been some twent; years on the stocks! is a very fast vessel?she mad* the passage from tnis port to Montevideo, in five davs, six hours. The Congress is unrivalled in every respect?she is decidedly the most splendid modelled and equip ped vessel in the world. Old CommodoreB on thi station have concurred in this opinion. She i> indeed a floating monument of American talent ii marine architecture. The U. S sloop of war Boston sailed on the 3 instant tor the River to relieve the Congress anr1 Raritan. No news either here or at the RiveMmt what you have already in your possession. The Bos ton, J. Mason, "cargo ice," has just arrived.? We are about establishing an Ice Company here t* supply the Brazilians with that article, on the New York principle. Weather excessively warm. The Buenos Ayrean schooner taken by Captain Voorhies,has beea restored. Captain Fendletoi and crew have been Bent from the U. S. sloop ot war Boston, on board the Bainbridge. Wanderer. New Orleans. [Correspondence of the Herald.] New Orleans, Feb. 7, 1845. Texas and its Destiny. James Gordon Bennett. Esq.? We are all, in this region, anxious about Texas and annexation, and begin to apprehend that part; feeling will not yield in time to insure its success The friends of the measure may rely upon it, it no carried before the 4th of March,it is lost forever? We have the means here of knowing that ne gociations are in progress, both with Franct and England, by the government of Texas by which treaties of an alliance, *' offen sive and defensive," will be entered into im mediately by both countries, in failure of annexa tion, and the ports of Texas thrown open to foreigi merchandise and commerce, to the nearly total ex clusion of those of the United States. In additior to the commerce, France and England are looking to her forests of live oak in Texas to supply theii navies, while Holland and Belgium are also suiton tor her trade. How long think you, after the porb of Galveston and Matagorda are opened to the fret trade of Europe, will the spindlesot Lowell be kep< in motion, and how many years before two-thirdi of the Yankee ships will be rotting at the wharves! The people and the government of Texas have re solved upon the matter, and this opportunity once lost, she will forever withdraw herself from the "friendly alliance" of this country, who have thrict rejected her, and like a woman scorned, she wil' soon become our rival in the trade of Europe, Mexi co and China, and ultimately be the cause of the separation of the Southern States. There is one view of this case which the wise acres at Washington have never entertained. Mr. Calhoun himself seems not to have dreamt of it - It is this: The introduction into Texas of slaves and "indented apprentices" from the West India Islands, and the rival production of sugar, cotton, tobacco, See.?whether the abolition of slavery takes place or not. The abolitionists themselves have not considered it. Texas has a treaty existing with France already, which places her upon the footing of the most favored nation, and of course the United States; and like us, she can at any moment, and without hindrance, introduce slaves from the French W. Indies. Her citizens emigrating to this country can take them along, and none can say, why do ye so 1 In fact, this clause was introduced by Guizot, who framed the treaty, for this very pur pose, looking forward to the changes in the Islands, and the time when her planters would seek an asy lum in New Estramadura, and the "happy land." Again, English emigrants from the W. Indies, can take their"indented apprentices"?the new-fangled term for slavery?into Texas, and in this way the crop of cotton, eugar and rice, may noon be made to rival that of the Southern States. Slavery may or may not be abolished in Texas the next year by the foreign vote. But done or not done, Texas is to become our formidable rival in commerce anu trade, (n either event, what security has ana or Mississippi for her slave population, and what will be the value of Southern staples half a dozen years hence I Why the rich and beautiful country of Texas, larger than Frauce and Spain together,should have been voluntarily relinquished by the treaty of '19, has ever remained a public mystety. Some yean ago we were told by Judge Smith, the distinguish ed Senator from Alabama, who was in Washing ton at the time, and au fait to the whole matter, that the treaty was at one time completed, and ready to be signed at Madrid, including thewhoU country to the Rio del Norte, when Mr. Adams recalled Mr Kwmg, at the especial desire and advice of Rufus King, who told him it would not do to accept so large a territory, aa it would destroy the balance of political power, and place it altogether in the hands of the south. Some letters probably passed be tween Adams and King upon the subject, and if they could be fouud, the secret of the whole mat ter would no doubt be forever revealed. Tina " Texas queation" ia a momentoas affair; and which ever way w? >may please to regard it, and however it shall terminate, H will assuredly de cide the destiny, for weal or for wo, of this "bless ed Union " My poor opinion is, that if annexed now, as a free will offering, it will make us the greatest and richest, and most powerful nation up on earth; and if not annexed, Texas will become the most flourishing republic, and hereafter a pow erful rival in all the great staples which are the sole basis of the mnntifactures, trade, commerce and navigation of the United States. Yours, See. O. P. Theatricals, Ac. Ole Bull arrived in New Orleans on the 6th inst. A' his concert in Louisville, Ky., on tho Alst ult, tho hal' was crowded to suffocation. Mr Templcton was in Dublin at latest accounts, giving concerts. Amongst the Christmas amusements st Astley's Amphi thestre, London, is ? real fox chase, on the stage and in the circle, by a living fox and oomplete pack sT hounds Cerito, the celebrated daaseuse, has espoused St. Leon the violinist and dancer, who has forsaken Judaism foi Christianity. Albany [Correspondence of the H?aM.] Albany, Feb. 12,1846. 'hi Editor of thi Herald? The nominations of Driggs for Pots,and Everson or Flour, went to the Senate ihia morning, and robably will be confirmed, with the health com niBsionerand tobacco inspector, on Wednesday ,ext In nosing about, I find the murmurs of that uiet description whch forbodes the storm- Mr. KT:flf^?t7r?r^rr. ;JdMwill F08Sably consign ,ayS snd of h>a termtu.^j0I ot thousands?the dictator, - -ssrjsr ie is -?; but . Albany, Feb. 15, 1846. Political Intrigue* and Appointment*-P"y "f*' Troops-Captain Rynders-Opposition Steam Boat? Theatricals, 4~c We have just come out of another mow , which has impeded the mail communications to ,ome extent, and they have been much deranged :or some time. The political temperature has of late been ex remely variable; within the past two weeks, iiowever, it has generally ranged at fever teat. Shall I give you some inkling of the dirty workings of politicians here! I will. In the first alace, there was the appointments of Messrs. boa ter and Dickinson, by Governor Bouck then, when the two houses met here, the Senators would Was ?ffsM well to the embarrassment and final overthrow c?f rov' Wright. This was old hunkensm And what was the other faction, the barnburners, about wictiz-atpd voung gentlemen; by far too amia bfel They were satiating themselves with secu JtL- Llaotion in making their count of voteB upon paper, and thus electing Col.. Crane Croswell lauihed?gave up running about from ? riroom and man to man-threw, himself Loo? his sofa 'took to reading the Wandering Jew; and the end was, the old hunkers or old Regency, elected their officers and took possession of the b?Next we had the caucus for Senators ? The members soon began to see that Fob ? influence at Washington would not come to ?.is pretensions. Gov. Polk's memory would neradventure travel back as far aa 1837, w^??n ? 5 uneasy, petulent and unstable, and that Gov Wright would give no Judgeships, surro 2?\es and other "old clothes?-to those who de i i,?n nnpn war upon him, and embarrassed, h miniBtration* consequently.Bouck and Foster wrre thrown over'and abandoned by those who, a few short weeks previously had fawned at their few short we?? i . declared themselves un willing to trust the ?ffi with any office for the irtnff npriod of six years. Hear we found the de mocratic oaUV in a bitter collision and open war n?r themselves sapping the foundations ot their ssrsSEErarShii n?ng to count upon a certain majority (and that a ? ?iL nn.v next fall, if not a controlling power in the present House. Two friends of Croswell were in deep humility groaning over this state of things, and the chance sthe whigs may have o ^ve C a boots as State printer; a third joining them, Is"^" j Uportilv at their follyj'why said he. it s just the fhinff for him for if the democrats elect a maion reffttoSmI t>e chances are, they w (be kornKumprs or radicals, & majority of ihc next St - iSfwiflXely K BO and then out he goes; but gbre us a whig house, and he holds over! How PaNe?xtCcame the election of State officers, they with the Canal Commissioners rom the> canal kwhich has the appointment of all tne otn board,wnth^ , radicals have the three touched?but the "gentleman from t"enJ.h"{'h *l'jJ lurried the bell, willed otherwisr?and although the Sec'v Col Young, whs beyond measure, a these men each a set ol the Geological Survey, valued at about 8100 a copy, and which they vo ted themselves, he declaring the law wholly in - lid and unconstitutional, and out he must go, and nut he went. There were 93 votes in the caucus Col Young recftved 46, Mr. Benton 47 since that caucus he h?d a letter addressed to him already signed by 49 men, who. declare they a i""SK '..IK/wu; were lame in not pressing a viva voce vote in cau CUYour troops who served at Hudson are vet kep out of their pay; the legislation on th'sbilUandi will finally pass) has cost the State over 87000 Why, said one member, "there men will get a murh nav as a member here; yes, repiieu < wag, "and one ot these men earned morewhU he was on duty one day, than you would, by "'clp.'Hy?5mKSn??j?om-d .? diewgM the Govenor gave it to Dnggs. The sppointmen for your city will all be out tn a few days; monds, Circuit Judge; Gleason, tor Judge ot Ma rine Court, laid on the table. The. theatricals at the Museum go off well, on draw good houses. Rice is an excellent manage the company good, and Mrs. Hunt a fav?rt *tig a pity her husband is not as much of a man i "^The idea of an opposition boat on the river, ne summer, is all gammon, the advertisements to t contrary notwithstanding?its an old game of "l7n?bs?hort,teime I. can furnish you with the hm of a political operation which will open the eyes the unsophisticated. You will see in two. ?M moaths the political parties as they now exist this State, in a most beautiful confusion. Nue vitas. [Correspondence of ths Herald.] Nuevitas, Jan. 25,18451 Value of flour?Symptoms of an Insurrection^ Tlit Copper Mines, fc. Flour is dull at 915, and but little demand rice at any price. Considerable excitement has been created he by the news that Gen. O'Donnell, in a late visit I St. Jago de Cuba, discovered, in some of the min j live thousand muskets, secreted there by the Eir lish tor purposes unknown. On the loth of next month our worthy Collect informs me the order to prohibit the eXMttttiaa f copper ore will be enforced What will, th< n, H come of the Cuba mines 1 It wasau act of Espial ro, and it is possible and probable that it will f countermanded, and the payment of a duty ol n percent, oiem Irom new mines not enforct *Buch would be the enlightened policy ot the Spl tsh government. Sardis| Welch's National Circus.?If a judgment be formed by the attendance last evening at Park Theatre, the General has acted very ji ciously in reducing the prices of admission, the house was very well filled indeed, with a : pectable audience. The entertainments went with the greatest satisfaction, atnid considers cheering. "Mad Antony Wayne," is well wc witnessing; it is the best National equestrian tnJ drams ever produced in this country. Indeed,] all the performance we can scarcely be too lav of praise. Palmo's Opera House ?There was a numer| and respectable attendance last evening at this tablishment, to witness the vocal performance Mr. Kneass and his troupe. Many of the sons the first part were encored, and the Burlesque rn of the "Virginian Girl," was received throii out with roars of laughter. The polka danc4 one ol the richest pieces of burlesque ever pr< i-l ed to the public, and was loudly encored. All [ sent ttrpeared highly gratified with the cntertj ment, which will he repeated this and each cecding evening of the week. Ship Normano!".?If the accounts of this be true, and ?? ? have im NltO'i to doubt thenal alarm need yet tie tell tor the safety of this We shall probably hear of her arltval by the barnia.

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