Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 21, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 21, 1845 Page 1
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========== =====1 = - ' THE NEW Y OR K HERAL D. Vol. XI?| No. ll^Wholc No. 41013. NEW YORK. FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 21, 1845. Price Two Cent*. FURTHER EXTRACTS FROM ENGLISH AND FRENCH PAPERS. The Belgian Minister of Finance has resolved to impose a tax on the gross receipts of railroads. The Vigit del'Ouett announces, that, on the 15th instant, a shock of an earthquake was felt at St. Malo. The Spanish government has transmitted funds to Paris and Loudon for the payment of the foreign legions of the respective countries. The navigation of the Elbe is not expected to be open for the next three weeks. It is covered with thick ice for eight miles below Hamburgh. It is rumored that Sir Bulwer Lytton, Bart., is again to be a candidate fpr the borough of Lincoln at the next election. The Marquis of Waferford, lately appointed one of the Oder of St. Patrick, like a true knight, has given ?100 towards the repairs oi the Cathedral. It is calculated that a new comet, discovered by M. D'Arrest, will be seen in England on the 17tn February with the naked eye, or at least with a common telesoepe. The number of persons who passed between France and England, in 1844, was 75,790, of which number 60,658 were English, and 9,314 French men. Sir Fowell Buxton has been seriously ill at his seat, North Repps Hall, Norfolk, but is considera bly improved, and sanguine hopes are now enter tained of his eventual recovery. . An extraordinary Federal Diet will, it is posi tively said, be convoked for the end of February, for the Jesuit question, which keeps Switzerland in such a state of ferment. Letters from St. Petersburgh contain positive in formation that Dr. Wolff, who had arrived at Te heran from Bakhara, will return home by way of Ruesia and St. Petersburgh. Letters from Stockholm, announce, that the King of Sweden has publicly announced his inten tion to visit Norway at the end of the present month. The Monittur Paritun mentions a report that the Arab Colonel Youssouf, is about to marry one of the nieces of the widow of Lieut. General Guil leminot. r We have learned, from a source of the very best authority, that the Queen and her illustrious Con sort have determined upon visiting Ireland early next summer.?Dublin Mercantile Adv. Positive information has been received, that Dr. Woolfl, who has arrived at Teheran from Bokhara, will return home by way of Russia and Petersburg. We hope to see him here very shortly. Mr. J. Daley, formerly M. P. for Galway, is about to be elevated to the peerage, by the style and title ofDunsandle. Mr. Daley is brother to the Bishop of Caahel. Thk American Embassy.?His Excellency Mr. Everett, the American Minister, entertained Sir Robert Peel and a distinguished party at dinner on Friday evening, at his mansion in Grosvenor-place. The Rev. Sydney Smith's Last.?This clerical wag says there's a parson on Clapham-common who has such a dread of Puseyism, that he has discharged his gardener for croeting the cabbage stalks. Shipping entered the port of London with cargoes from foreign ports:?In 1843. 6188 ships; burtnen, 1,3116,738 tons. In 1844, 6,852 ships, burthen, 1,356.614 tons. Inorease in 1844, 714 ships; bur then, 49,876 tons. The steam navigation of Bremen is to be increas ed to a great extent next spring. Two new steam ers constructed with propelling screws, will ply be tween Hull aud that port, and a new service will be established between Bremen and Oldenburg. It instated Lord John Russell is about to join the Ministry,and to take the leadership of the House ot Commons, whilst Sir Robert Peel makes way for him by going to the House of Lords. This is rumor only. The consumption last season of Peruvian and African guano was 60.000 tons. The stock on hand at the beginning of the present year was 39, 000 tons. The demand, it is expected, will this year exceed 160,000 or 200,000 tons. Prices are rising. The Bank of England has given the firm oi Rogers 5c Co., value for the notesstolen from their premises, on the latter giving a guarantee to meet them if ever they should be presented for payment. It is generally believed that none of the notes will ever make their appearance in circulation. On the 26th ult . a Are broke out in the old Grey fri us Church, Edinburgh, whereby it and the new Greyfriars Church (both of which were under the same roof) were destroyed. The old Greyfriars Church was an ancient edifice, having been built in 1612; the new Church was erected in 1721. Alluding to the false report about the death of the Emperor Nicholas, the Journal de la Haye, ot the 18th instant, says?" We learn from a good source, that all the accounts which have been re cently published respecting the state of health ol the Emperor of Russia are mere fabrications. That monarch has not even been indisposed." Protestant Church in France.?According to the yioniteur, the Protestant Church in France poeerioed in 1815, 464 pastors; in 1843, 677; and in 1845, upwards of 700. The budget of the Pro tea ant Cburch amounted, under the Empire, to 306 OOOf.; under the Restoration, to 676,0001 ; and in 1845,1,219,OOOf. The|numher of temples had likewise increased, but there are atill 111 locali ties without any places of worship There is in France a Protestant population of about 4.000,000. The News from Ireland, in reference to Church matters, elsewhere reported, is important. The Repeal feeling is cooling down. The Roman Ca tholic Bishops, it seems, are pledged against agita tion; the respectable clergy will go with the Bish ops; but there is a class of priests who will doubt less still pursue old courses, for various reasons, and with that class O'Connell will act. At any rate, there is now a division in the repeal camp, which mast take from O'Connell a large portion of his power. English and Continental Railways.?Great Britain counts at present 1,984 miles of railway at work, and nearly 1 240 in course of construction. Germanv possesses 1,320 miles decreed ard in pro gress. Belgium has finished 162 miles of railway, and is now making 86 more. Taken in reference to ihe population of each country, the lengths of railway, finished or in progress, give?In Eogland 11-78 miles to 100 inhabitants; in Belgium 10 74 miles to 100 inhabitants; in Germany 9 61 miles to 100 inhabitants; in France 9 00 miles to 100 inha bit \nt??France, therefore, holds the laat rank, and, of all the great nations of the continent, makes individually the least exertion in favor of railways. The City of London Mercantile Committee on Postage h tve transmitted to Mr. Rowland Hill a check for ?10,000, as part of ihe money subscribed to the Tea'imonial. Sir G. Larpent, the Chairman, iu his accompanying letter, says that the Commit tee reserve, till a future opportunity, the pleasure of making a public presentation of the fruits of their labors, as they hope to add considerably to the amount already subscribed. The match which was made by Powell, of Hamp ton, to wak six miles within one hour, came off on the 27th nit, at Vanxhall Gardens, Bittningham, in th? presence of a large assemblage of spectators. At the start he went away at a good lead, und com pleted the first mile in nine minutes and thirteen seconds; he continued at his work, and finally com pleted his undertaking, sad accomplished the six miles in fifty-nine minutes. At one of the late "receptiona" at the Chateau of (lis Tuileries an unusually large number of "Ame rican citizens" was presented. With hisusualtact and affability the King managed to s; ? ik with and captivate every one of the party. A fat Kentuckian laay, overpowed by the bonhommit of the adroit and wily Sovereign, exclaimed in the overflow of her feeling, "Law, King Philippe, how you do talk English!" Stats of England.?The present state of things (the increase in the revenue, See ) is a great tri umph for Sir Robert Peel, after all the difficulties that were thrown in the way of his ascending to the premiership, and affords manifeat evidence of the benefit a of a calm and steady government - He found the exchequer empty, and some thirty millions added to the national debt by his prede cessors; there were no apparent sources of im provement; trade languished ; the funds were low no confidence iu the money market; men of oapi tal shrunk from emploviuf it; and the people gene rally are dissatisfied; but in less than four years the whole scene is changed. We have now a large surplaa revenue; a diminished and diminishing debt; public credit and the national funda never stood so high ; trade flourishes; foreign wars have been successfully oonoluded ; home agitations have neatly ceased : moreover, these substantial advan tages may be fairly regarded as the harbingers of further and greater improvement*, political, finan cial and social. . Parliament was to open in London on the 9th instant. Annexed ia the way it is done:? Lobd Gbeat C'MAMBBsi.iin'i Orricc, Jan. 31. All Peeresses, on announcing their intention of being present on the occasion of the opening of Parliament on Tuesday, the 4th ot February, will hare places reserved for them in the House of Lords, if the announcement be made at this Ofhee before five o'clock on Monday the 3d February. No lady can be admitted into the body of the House, except in full dress. No strangers will be admitted, except by a ticket from the Lord Great Chamberlain. The doors will be opened at twelve o'clock. WILLOUGHBY DE ERESBY, G. C. Meeting of Parliament.?In some quarters it is confidently announced that the tariff will under go an extensive revision, the success of former re duction of duties on imports having been most de cided. The propriety of striking off a great num ber of articles upon which small duties are charge able, withoutprodueingany amount of consequence to the revenue, has for some time past and contin ues to be a subject ot very general discussion in the mercantile ciicles. The arguments adduced in favor of such a revision are, thnt whilst the tariff embraces upwards of 1000 different articles, the bulk of the customs revenue is raised from not more than 20 of these commodities, and that as much delay is interposed in obtaining clearances for those that are unproductive to the revenue as those that are, it is desirable to sweep the whole of the minor duties off. There is also an increasing opinion that the income tax will be made less onerous than it is at present, especially to parties in receipt of low salaries. But it is expected that the great question will be?will the duties upon foreign slave grown sugars be lowered?two cargoes from Venezuela (a slave republic) having been cleared for home consumption in this country; and whether there will be an alteration in ihe corn laws. From the current of public feeling?mercantilely speaking? the chances are held to be, that the duty upon for eign sugars will be reduced, and many think there will be a fixed duty of 5s. the quarter upon foreign wheat entered for home consumption. Ministerial Arrangements.?It is definitely ar ranged thalSir Thomas Freemantle goes to Ireland as Lord Elliot's successor in the important office ot Chief Secretary; that the Hon. Sydney Herbert takes Sir Thomas Freemantle's place as Secretary at War, with a seat in the Cabinet; and that the Right Hou. H. T. L. Corry succeeds to the First Secretaryship to the Admiral)v, vacated by Mr. Sidney Herbert. Mr. Thomas Baring, M. P., has been invited by Sir Robert Peel to take office in all respects suited to his talents and commercial knowledge, and we fully expect that we shall, in a day or two, have to announce his accession to the Ministry in a position in which he can be eminent ly useful. Lord Dalhousie quits the Vice-Presi dency of the Board of Trade, and will become the head of thnt department by reason of the retirement of the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone. We are disposed to think that Mr. Gladstone re tires on account of his disapproval of decided mea sures, to be taken either by the Archbishop of Can terbury, at the instigation of Government; or more likely by the Queen in Council, with or without the concurrence and assistance of Parliament, for the re-establishment ot uniformity ot worship within the church, according to the unexceptiona ble model which generally subsisted throughout the kingdom a dozen years ago.?Record. The following changes were spoken of in the Londoa papers:? Lord Chancellor, Mr. Pemberton Leigh (with a Peei age) vice Lord LyndhursL Sir Frederick Thesiger, Chief Justice of the Common Pleat, vice Sir N Tyndall, who retires. Mr. Filzroy Kelly, Attorney General, vice Sir W. Fol lett, whose impaired health forbids the hope oi his being able to resume hit official or professional avocations. The Hon. Mr. Wortley, Solicitor General, in the place of Sir F Theaiger, elevated to the Bench, as Chief of the Common Pleas. Religion and Politics in England and Scot land? The question of the rubric, which has for sotnu time been the prevailing topic in the Church of England, has been brought prominently before the public by a letter from the Archbishop ot Can terbury to the clergy and laity of his province.? Tbe Archbishop recommends the clergy to abstain from any further attempt to iutroduce changes in ihfc Church service, unless they are acceptable to th? laity, and to let matters generally remain as they are,until tbe "way shall be prepared for a final settlement." In consequence of this letter, the Bishop of Exeter has withdrawn from the contest with the laity of his diocese, and has declared that he thankfully accepts the prospect of an adjustment oi their present diversities by some general mea sure which shall have the sanction of the whole Church. Whether such a measure will be introdu cod to Parliament in the ensuing session is doubt ful, but the contemplated resignation of Mr. W. E. Gladstone, the President of the Board ot Trade, whose opinions on Church matters are known t*> be strong, is said by many to give some color to such an expectation. Others think that his seces sion has arisen Irom some contemplated arrange ments of the cabinet on commercial affairs. Whilst a third party state that the currency af fecting Scotland, in which some ot his family are deeply interested, is more probably the actuating cause of his retirement. Sir Robert Peel, we un derstand, is determined to provide a security for the paper money in that country; he is supported in his views by the other members of the cabinet; and Mr. Gladstone is opposed to any change. The latter partv contends that the tariff and the sugar duties, by Sir Robert Peel's own admissions, can not be legislated upon in the ensuing session of Par liament. Horribt.s Shipwreck and Loss op Lifb.?The American brig Gazelle, Captain Phtlbrook, from Bangor, United States, bound to Port-au-Prince, was capar/ed in lat. 30, Ion. 6J, on the morning ol December 12, while lying to in a gale of wind ? She immediately filled with water, turned bottom up, but soon righted again, with the loss of three men. The decks were swept of every thing move able, and the bulwarks were gone. The remain der of the crew stuck to the wreck, on which they remained twenty-four days, during which time their sufferings, from the absence of water, were in tense. No less than nine vessels passed them dur ing ths period, without affording the least relief Two men were stationed on the rigging, constantly making signals of distress. On the eleventh day a piece of canvass was affixed to the mainmast, which was intended to serve as a bucket to catch what rain water might run down the mast. The only provi sion. were a few beet bones and pork rinds. On the 6ih of the preaeut month, the American ship Tamerlane, Captain Theobald, from Savan nah, bound to Liverpool, hove in sight, bore down, and took off the famished wretches and brought them to thisport. At the time of their res cue almost every inch of clothing had disappeared from their backs?their socks being the only cover ing. Tlieir bodies resembled in color and appearance marble statues rather than those of living men. No thing, according to the statement of the survivors, could exceed the kindness ot the good Capt Theo bald. He caused their bodies to be rubbed with camphorated spirits; he fed them sparingly at first, and allowed them onlya pint of water dailyuntil they began to improve under his hands, when he gave them a more generous diet. Our excellent towns man, Charles Ware,who has always a hand open as melting charity for merit, in whatever shape he finds it, has opened a subscription at his office, Waterloo-roaa, for the relief of the unfortunate Contain Pnilbrook. The amount already exceeds ?25, and it promises to be more substantial. It ought to be bo.?Liverpool Chronicle, Jan 25. QThi Storm.?The port cf Liverpool and neigh borhood was visited, on the night of Saturday and morning of Sunday last, with a terrific storm, which did little damage on land, but has been pro ductive ot great disaaters at sea. On the coasts adjacentto Liverpool several small craft foundered, and a fine vessel, called the Manchester, bound fir the East Indies, was totally wrecked on the West Hoyle. Thalberg, the celebrated pianist, and a oarty of vocalists, lelt here on Saturday night for Belfast, but. after enduring the "pelting ol the piti less s'otm" for nearly twenty-four hours, they re turned to Liverpool in the same steamer thnt took them out. On the west coast of England the dis asters have been even more numerous. A vessel, called the William Pitt, was totally lost, and ten ot hercrew were drowned Another vessel, (he name of which is unknown, struck on the same coast; i and a yawl, which went to her assistance, was sank by striking against the sinking ship The poor fallows in the yawl seized on the rigging of the vessel, to which the crew were also clinging at the time. A wave struck the rigging, and precipi tated them into the foaming waters, where they were speedily engulphed in destruction. The life boat was put out, and succeded in rescuing some half dozen of the half-dying men on board, hut nearly all the crew belonging to the ahip, ana the greater portion of those belonging to the yawl, per ished. On the north coast the storm raged furi ously, but did not prove quite so pregnant withfde atruction. The Recounts from Ireland are also un favorable.? Wilmer't Timet, Feb. 4. Ambrican Hofs.?Another result of the opera tion of the new tariff has J?een seen, the last few days, in the importation or hops from the United States. The samples have been pronounced, by competent judges, as quite equal in flavor and qual ity to any produced in this country. Texas and Orison in England.?In the "Lon don Times" of January 31,we find the following re marks on American affairs:?The gentlemen of the United States are about enlarging their boundaries, and they are evidently resolved that the world shall know what it is for people to be engaged in so pleasing s task. But there seems to be a hitch two still, as indeed might probably have been ahticipa tcd, as to the way in which, and the means by whiah, the prey is to be secured The politicians of the United States have "resolved," that Texas and the Oregon ought to be, and therefore are, standing ready to be killed and eaten; but they seem now to be very considerably at a loss to know, as the boy says, "where to have them." The predicament is a pleasing one. Anticipation is always more pleasant than enjoyment With or without slavery?whether by cajoling Mexico or by bullying her?these are the practical alternatives now before the American Congress, and to be deci ded by it in its course towards the annexation of Texas. So many phases and variations of degluti tion seem to have presented themselves, that actual delay, if not danger, seems threatened to the pros pective capture itself. With worse fortune than the monkey in the proverb, brother Jonathan appears to be distracted from his anticipated meal, by not two, but several distinct bundles of hay. " It seems by no means certain," writes our correspondent, that the annexation of Texas measure will pass even the Lower House this session. There seems to be such a variety of opinions as to the </uo modo of admission, that no plan may be agreed on to command a majority of the dominant party Al most each one is ready to submit a plan, which almost every other one is ready to denounce." No less than half a dozen separate and conflicting plans for "admitting," "annexing," or appropriating the Texan territory into the American Union are now before the House of Representatatives. * # * * ? * All these various proposals proceed upon the com fortable assumption that the prey is secure. Texas is considered to be already "caught," and the ques tion is, how to cut it ur>. Nor is the squabbling about Texas either one degree more or one degree less imposing or edifying than the cool quietness which hangs over the despatching of the Oregon affair. Resolutions in favor of the immediate "oc cupation" of the Oregon territory have long since passed both Houses. There was no difference of opinion here. Slavery, Mexico, or the necessity of throwing the seizure into some form of interna tional law, interposed no difficulties here. A bill was introduced on the resolutions, and is now pend tug in tha Senate of the United States, for appro priating and occupying the whole line of sea coast on the Pacific, fram between the 54'h and 55thde jress of north latitude (more than 300 miles north of the most northerly settled part of Canada) down ward, and as far inland as the Rocky Mountains. This valuable acquisition (supposing it acquired) is to be connected with the Missouri river by a line of stockade forte, "not exceeding five in number." A.nd various enactments are furiher in contempla tion lor encouraging settlers, and consolidating 'hem when settled. This quiet proposal ia now before the Seoate. It is probable that the wiser and more practised portion of American statesmen of all parties, and especially thoee of them who have the practical management of public af fairs, and are conversant with the popular modrs of thinking, speaking of, and transacting busi ness, know what all this means, and what it really imountsto, better than we do. Public men in America probably know better how to give their countrymen rope, and how to rely on the usual and ultimate, though not at first apparent, result of *uch a proceeding, than we do on thiB side of the water. Debates in ttie Senate, and quarrels about the mode and manner of any given project, are useful in more ways than one; and in American politics it is premature to jump to a conclusion un til all these hitches are settled. It is not to be de nied, however, that brother Jonathan has already, to his own perfect satisfaction, "cast up his ac counts" lor Texas and the Oregon, however it may be certain that "he has been reckoning with out his host." Thtrc are two parties to the occupa tion of the Oregon, and more than two to the appro priation of Texas, as our friends in the Lnited States will probably learn before very long, if they have not learnt it already. Mere unprincipled, pro Jigate self-aggrandizement is all that the United States have to allege in support ot the monstrous breach of all natural justice and positive treaty which would be involved in either of the measures in which they seem so deeply engaged. In neith er one ncr the other could the States reasonably expect this conntry to acquieae; and the annexa lion ol Texas would involve a disturbance of the settled relations of the American continent, in which all the chief European powers would be more or less interested; yet there seems to be no pause on the part of the States in a headlong adop tion ol them; and though it would be premature until the measures have passed the Legislature to speculate on them as accomplished, yet they cer tainly appear to have been already pushed to a point that demands the moat serious attention to them. France and Texas.?The John Bull of the 25th alt., has the following We hope the French Government will be able to vindicate its good faith and sincerity in the affair of Texas, by proving that it has not held one lan guage to us, and another to the United States, as ?teems to have been the case, according to the let ter of Mr. Calhoun to the American Minister at Paris. We abstain from saying more till M. Guizot has had the opportunity of answering questions which will doubtless be addressed to him upon the subject, in the Chamber of Deputies. The nature of these questions, and their bearings, will be at once understood from the following observations of the Conuitutionntl of Monday;? We have already asked a question which we im agine the Cabinet does not wish to answer. Has it, yes or no, entered into an engagement with Eng land on the subject of Texas 1 Is it true,moreover, that it has entered into engagements of a contrary nature with the United States on the same subjectl Has it promised the British Cabinet to join it in a protest against the annexation of Texas to the Uni ted States I Has it promised the United States to remain neutral and indifferent, or has it made any >ther promise 1 It is probable that the Ministry will be obliged to explain itself on this question before the Chambers. It is their interest to do so quick ly, and not to allow their honor to be suspected, as the truth is beginning to be known. Whether M. Guizot has played a double part or not would inte rest us but little; but what France wishes to know is, why our Cabinet should have engaged itself in a matter which does not concern us, and without any chance ot success. The Duty on Cotton.?The merchants of Li verpool are following the example of the brokers, who have already memorialized for a repeal of the duty on cotton. A memorial lo Sir Roberr Peel, as First Lord of the Treasury, for a repeal of the duty, from the merchants of Liverpool, lay for sig nature in the Exchange rooms, and m a tew hours here were attached to it the names of nearly all the respectable firms in the town. The memorial says:? That the most formidable rival of the British manufac turers in the trade ia found in the rapidly increasing and improved manufactures ot the United States of America, A'hich may now not oMy supply a great ponioit of their home demand*, hut export very largely to foreign conn tries. As a proof of the progress or the manufactures it the United States, it may be stated that the value of the exports of cotton piece goods from that conn try to China, which, in 1947, amounted only to $P,OHO, amounted, in three quarters ot the last year, to $P00 (XHI; and the value exported from the United States to all other countries, (including China ) during ibe nine months ending 30.h June, 1943 according to an olficUl return Hid before Confess, was $1,443,660, being upwards of $4, OdO 000 per annum That the American manufacturer has not only the ad vantage of being near the place of production of the cotton forming thn staple of his manufacture, and being thus ex empt from the charges af transport to this country, but

ha is also free from any tax upon thu raw material to which his British competitor is subject. That tho duty of five sixteenths ot a penny per lb., imposed on foreign cotton wool imported into the United KingJosn alone, amounts to upwards of 9 per cent, on the average cost of American cottons at the ports of ship ment, during the last two voars; and when it is consider ed that nearly six sevenths of the cotton on which this duty ia paid is exported iu the shopo of manufactured goods to foreign markets, without any allowance of draw back, it ia manifest that this tax on the raw material is a direct burdsn upon the British, and in favor of the Ameri can manufacturer. That although the competition which your memorial ists have hitherto experienced h?a chiefly been met with, in tha coarser description of cotton goods, it must h* borne in mind that those qualities form the chief weight ot tha experts, end also that the msnulscturee of America ire yet in their infaucy.and that, in their natural pro yrees, they will improve (as in fact they are improvine rapidly) until they rival us in the finer kind* ot good* vlso This result will be materially hastened ny the ope ration of the recent act of Parliament, permitting the free exportation of machinery, the effects of which are now only beginning to be felt. That not only the Amerioan manufacturer, but our other principal rivals are alao exempt from duty on the .aw material. In Switzerland, Prussia, and all the states comprised in the (Jermaaic Confederation, cotton is frae ; and in Kranee, though there is a tax on its Importation, there is an equivalent drawback, or bounty, on tho ex port ot cotton manufactures: while in the Haneoatic , cities the duty is almost nominal. Your memorialists are confident that, whatever other I claims may ba made upon bar Majesty's Government for | relief from taxation, there i? none which, at so compara tively trifling a cost, would be so extensive in Its benefi cial effects as the repeal of the dutv on cotton wool?a meaiore which, by removing an oppressive and unequal burthen upon the manufactures supplying more than one half of the whole exports of the United Kingdom, would give renewed vigor to our commercial and manufacturing interests, in the benefits of which the immense body of the laboring classes dependent on them would largely parti cipate. Royal Visits ?The Queen and Prince Albert have visited the Duke of Buckingham, at the mag nificent mansion of Stowe, and the Duke of Wel lington, at Strathfieldsaye. The Royal progresses, as usual, were marked with the strongest demon strations of loyalty and attachment to the persons of Her Majesty and her distinguished husband.? The first namrd visit was one of state; the second was more of a private character Since their re turn from Strathfieldsaye, Her Majesty and the Prince have been enjoying their usual riding and walking exercise at Windsor, as the weather has permitted. Daring the past week, Sir Robert and Lady Peel have been on a visit to Her Majesty.? The Court will leave the Castle for Buckingham Palace, on Monday, to be in readiness for the opening of Parliament by Her Majesty. Ori Satur day, according to present arrangements. Her Ma jesty and the Prince will leave town for the Pa vilion at Brighton, where the Court iB expected to remain for a fortnight or three weeks. The infant Royal family will likewise be at Brighton. The Grand Duchess of Mecklenburgli Strelitz, (daugh ter of the Duke of Cambridge,) lately gave birth to a sob, but the child lived only a few minutes.? The royal mother's life was never in danger. British American Land Company.?A special meeting of this corporation was held on Wednes day, at the offices in Barge-yard, Bucklersbury, London, for the directors to submit a proposition to the proprietors respecting a railroad intended to pass from Boston to Montreal, through the eastern townships. G. R. Robinson, the governor, having taken the chair, Mr. Cummins, the deputy governor, pro ceeded to read the letter which had been received from Mr. Gait, the company's commissioner in Canada, detailing at great length the advantages which were likely to accrue to the company from the projected railway, and rtqnesting the authority of the directors to subscribe lor ?20,000 sterling ot railway stock. The directors, in answer, au thorized the subscription, but made it contingent on a charter being obtained?on ?30 000 being raised?and on the line being approved of by the court of proprietors. The Chairman stated that this letter had been re ceived immediately before the departure of the last packet,and the directors had returned their answer betore the packet sailed, there not being time to call a meeting; but they reserved to the proprietors the right of determining whether they would sanc tion the authority which they had given to the commissioner. He called upon the proprietors to exprers their opinions upon the subject. A proprietor as! '.d whether it was quite clear that the company were competent to hold stock of another corporation 1 The chairman replied, that the matter had been submitted to the legal advisers of the company, and they were clearly of opinion that it was within the powers given by the act of parliament. N. Gould expressed his opinion that the com pany ought to authorize a subscription of this ?20,OOt1, and moved a resolution to that effect. A long conversation ensued, several proprietors intimating a fear that Mr. Gait had been over san guine as to the benefits to be derived from the scheme. The resolution was ultimately unanimously adop ted. A remarkable correspondence between the Rev. Canon Wodehouse and the Bishop of Norwich has just been published. Mr. Wodehouse tender ed the risignatiou of his living, on ihe ground that he objects to certain parts of the ritual in their lit eral acceptation. The bishop refuses either to ac cept or encourage the resignation,urging that'Mati tude in subscription" to the Articles, Homilies,and Prayer book, is "unavoidable." The teBt which was to be proposed at Oxford, to prevent "latitude in subscription" has been withdrawn, as also has the contemplated resolution of censure on the Rev. Mr. Ward, for the opinions expressed in his book ofl the "Ideal Church." Imports of Wooi,?The total import of foreign wool into London during the year 1844 amounts to 118 647 baits, against 109 318 bales in 1843; show ing an increase, during the last year, over the quan tity imported in 1843, ot 8J per cent, or 9.329bales from all quartern. The to'al import into Liverpool during 1844 amounts to 48,700 bales, against 35,319 bales in the year preceding, showing an increase during the former period, as compared with the latter, of 38 per cent., or 13,441 bales. The in crease for the whole kingdom is 40,063 bales, or 21 3 16.hs per cent, on 1813. Annual Meeting of the Anti-Corn Law League ?The annual meeting ot this body was held in Manchester, the bead quarters of the body, last week. The report extended over a period of fifteen months, from September, 1843, to Decem ber, la44. The following is a condensation of the leading points touched upon in the reportAl luding to the electoral movement, for which afund of ?100,000 was demanded, the report stated, that England and Wales had been divided into thirteen electoral districts; to each of which an agent was appointed, to promote effectual registration, flee , and to report on the stats of the district in such respects. Under this arrangement, 160 boroughs in England and Wales were visited during the past year; the League having secured a gain in 112. More than two hundred meetings, attended by a deputation from the Council, have been held in England and Scotland since October. 1843. Ot these meetings, more than one hundred and fifty have been held in Parliamentary boroughs. The lecturers of the League have pursued their voca tion in thirty-six out of forty English counties, and in nearly all the Welsh counties. More than 2,000,000 stamped and other publications have been distributed; besides 15,000 copies weekly of the League newspaper i.-sued for subscribers to the League fund- The letters received during the year, in London and Manchester, were 25.000; despatched, 300,000. Alluding to the electoral pro ceedings, the report says?"The government ol this country is in the nands of a class, solely through the instrumentality of the Chandos clause, which places the county representation at the mercy of the landlords, through the votes of less than 200.000 tenauts-at-will in England and Wales. From calculations carefully made, the Gouucil are convinced that it will be practicable, in a short time, to induce such a number of the friends of free, trade to purchase freehold qualifications as will neutralize those dependent voters at the poll, and give to the intelligent middle and industrious classes their due influence in the government of this commercial country." A separate financial report stated ihe receipts on account of the ?100, 000fund at ?86,009; the expenditure, ?59,383; ba lance in hand, ?26,676. In addition, the chair man explained, that when the League first launch ed the uddreas, in which thev asked from thecoun try a contribution of ?100.000, they had it in con templation to raise a large portion ot that amount by a baxaar, to be held to Covem Garden Theatre; but the bazaar had not yet been held The amount received, therefore, was quite as much ss they had anticipated. Speeches were delivered by Mr. Milner Gibson, and Mr Bright, who triumphantly referred to the report for disprocf of the msinu.i tions that the League has retrograded. Obituary ?The Ducde Montmorency, Grandee of Spain of the first class, Knight of the French Legion of Honor, died at Munich, on the 21st Dec., at the age ot 75.? He was a faithful adherent of the exiled royal family of France, and had re sided for more than ten years at Munich. He was father of Prince Montmorency Robeck, who was condemed a few weeks ago by the Gorrectional Tribunal of Paris, for having sold busts of the Duke ot Bourdeaux. On the 30th Dec., at Brighton, Lady Wilmot, relict of the late Sir Robert Wilmot, Bart., of Ghaddesden, Derbyshire, aged 70. On the 5th ult., at Osnabtirgh-trrrace, Regent's-park, Robert Smirke, E-q , R. A. in the 93d year of his age. On the 5th ult., at High Elms, the Dowager Lady Lubbock. In his 80th year, at his house, Hertford street, Mavfatr, Gen Sir Henry Grev ? On the 10th ult ,in New Ormond str?et, wm. Tay lor, E?q., R A. At Ghilltngton Park, on the lith ult., aged 65, the Lady Sophia Foy. relict of the la'e Colonel Fov, and sister of the late Earl of Devon. On the 16ih ult, at Hill Court,near B*rke, ley, Gloucestershire, Sir John Duttoa Colt, Bart., in his 731 year. Sir Colin Mackenzie, of Kilcoy, Bart., expired at Ilia seat in Rosa-shire, (Belma ifuthv House,) on the 16th ult At Blackrock, in her 82d year, Margaret, the mother ot Sir John Oonroy, Bart On the 16.h ult., at Bognor, Sussex. Rear-Admiral Samuel Jackeon, C. B , in the 73d year of hia age. On the 17ih ult., at Richmond Hill, the Dowager Ltdy Morahed, in her87th vear. At Tarnebigg, on the 21st ult., aged 75, the Righi Hon. and Rev. Lord Aston. The Rev. John Chan ning Abdy, Rector of St John's, Southwark, in Ins 53d year. On 26th ult , the Rev. R. H. Chapman expired suddenly, at his residence, in Marylehone. Same day,at his seat in Herefordshire,aged 88, Sir J. G. CottereU. Prince Frederick, ot Nassau, uncle ot the reigning Duke, and a General of the Austrian urmy, died lately at VleMna, t a of the heart, at the age of 46. The Earl oiw. German's died on the 19th ult;, ~?,l* '_ d Eliot,St. German's, Cornwall, in his<8.hyeair. an is succeeded in the peerage by'bis elded.son, Lard Eliot, Secretary for Ireland, *hose elevation cau^s a vacancy in the representation of East Cornwall. On the 18th ult., Sir C. F. Williams expired at his residence in Hyde Park-square, ot an affection ot the heart. Captain J Gaicoyne, R. N. expired on Thursday last, at Carlton Lodge,Clifton, at the sge nt 79 vears Mrs Martin, mother of the Rev. G Martin chancellor of the diocese ot Exeter, and f l the Right Hon W. Sturges Bourne, died ?t Toroaav on Sunday, the 19th alt. The Marquis still-born, ana ear y i" attack of spasms Highness "piredundera severe attg The Great Britain Steam SHiF.?Thts stupen Kxiii fitted out to London, in oracr as wen trv still further the capabilities of the vessel by as hze. 'kZTo* oVhi!.r8isL'f\? S2 VhS.'ioSedSlt Uth. next When'the Wind chopped round to the N. and W Th#? vessel was Tepeatedly struck by very ^ u and in consequence ot having no cargo, se?i?'rt most awfully. At this time, she| progressed ?1 hJ rate of six and a half kno.s per| hour, with in tied to the ship, M'e'e forced in, which nVeti/ the water to flow into the forward assa1 b>. ouuse her to labor heavily establish the I i scwi?%->??? ??" "'v: sa,*g I could be. ??ber C'.cu? lr? gobjMj JiVhtt ?..?,.?? fh; asfin Itou. E.Th'c Ml't, .KuouSuuduv 5fi? epiung uu w t pritain entered the Thomes the wind was blowing most furious Thames, tne wiu crowded with vessel* ly. Though the nver was crowoeu ^ ^ a 'p an' I ECSHsftssssESffi that vessel. ^ than an8Wtred, the ex ,B?wercd,ajid designers. During her passage jiectat'ons of her ^ ^ ^ lthstood the most Tleadful gales ? tor i't was remarked by Capt. Hos S?f t 23? ?rsrf. T11^" doubtUs?IM^Ctangrear"?ct of at tractton fo^eome ^m^ twi^e1 statu^'mule?^ speed, on Saturday, hours and 55 minutes ?-ss-iss u'm levolulioce, u'ith 163,41? revolu.jonu ol The ^SSdescSon o^sSrew'fo? her propH Ur is on all hands, acknowledged to have per uer passage, against the very trying circum formed ner paw ? . ?.pather far better than if she ftance. of wind and ??ther, UM*t ^ ^ was known to bean inferior one, and the inventor i fhP nrinciple had an objection to it on account of its having too many threads ; but the directors ?i- .If Western Steam Company have deter a rfn renlacing it by another, which they have mined on replacing y Wh(>n u jb BubiUtu. ^ for the impTtfect one, and the projected altera ted tor tn^ P , hows natnely, tbc filling up !&nhoUownew with suonsons, we confidently pre ^ f .ho not only will this extraordinary ship be nrlirpfi'perfectly sale and much easier in a heavy " hot that her velocity through the water will he | sea, but that ner , j ttr_e anj her continuous increased in a y ^ ^ ^ uniform as well as ''r0grrBnn?d than has ever been made by any other ves m?Te During the passage upChannel this day a very 3e ? J Px^rimVnt was tried with a new electro j interesting exp r registering the speed ol *",VX'C u3SB?t" JIS iSi??hfch1.?b. in the cabin cr any other convenient part ol fi .Kin Bv the agency ot an electric current the IS. h? xn-lj- - ?"?;? ?w?be^f 1 and, consequently, when the ^wei^n through a^given ?P^J connect the fan w.ih a 101??nip hatterv and clock movement in the vessel galvanic battery ana ured by lhe fani and the whenever contact i^Pe^] jorthe electtic curreni. circuit18 . \ Qf the clock movement are indices on the dia electro-magnets and regis acted upon by means ot eiemro m.g^ ^ )hr vf>(i ,P1' VhTinsUument is exceedingly simple and .he sel The i"81'"1" h water during a whole voy SSSSsrrjB=tt?? other. During the recent trip of the Great Britain steam ship, a dinner was given on board to upward? ot 110 visitors. The chairman said it must he a source of croa' satis'action to them all to be in a vessel which h? trusted was destined to promote the commercial intercourse between Great Britain and ihe United States ot America. He would give "The Health of the President of ihe United Stales," and he would only add his hop- that the ftiendlv relations which for some time existed between the United States and this country would, under his auspices, be preserved. The toast wasdrunk with much en thupiaam. Capt. Grose (an American,) in reply to the toast, said he was much obliged to them lor the honor they had ju:t paid his country. He was quite un prepared to address them at any length, and he would merely say that no one could more heartily wish that the hopes expressed by their chairman would be realized (cheers.) He hod great pleasure in proposing aa a toast, " Success to the Great Bri tain " Drunk with much applause. ? Butter, Etq , (from America,) rjo posed, '? In crease to the Commercial Intercourse between Great Britain and the United Siatea of America." (Cheers.) Another account says:?immediately upon start ing, a gale arose, which centinued till five the nexi morning, when the wind chopped round to the N and W. The vessel was repeatedly struck by very Heavy seas, and, in conatquence of having no car go, rolled most awfully. Shortly afterwards she was struck by a sea of such tremendous 'orce. th?t two ot the dead lights in the bow,with their tremor, which were rivetted to the ship, were forced in, which caused the water to flow into the forward compartment She proved as buoyant and easy as any ship under such circumstances, and steereo as well as the smallest. She arrived sale at London, having run 360 miles in 2S hours, the greatest rate of speed was 13$ knots the hour. Captain Hosken. late of the Great Western was on hoard,who stated that she might have made two passages across the Atlantic, without encountering so severe a gale. ! A Yankee Aristocrat in Paris.?The follow. iog is taken from the John Bull of the 15th ult. i? Do you think that, among vour very numerous I readers, you have any one sufficiently imaginative i in be able to picture to himself a Yankee aristocrat? I Pray don't laugh?upon my word I am serious? can a reader imagine what sort ot a "critter" one of the American aristocracy can be? I am aware that no such animal is to he found in any menage rie, nor is it mentioned in any work on natural history; but it existB nevertheless, and specimens of the species maybe found, occasionally, of all places in the world, in the Parisian talottt 1 my self, in the course of this present winter, have met several. They might, on a hasty glance, be taken tor ordinary men; but when one examines them with attention, it is easy to perceive that their Iooks are wilder, their manners ruder, their voices louder, their faces uglier, and their dress more grotesque, than those of civilized beings who re side in London and Paris. They excite great curi osity in the saluut dot it of the French capital, and their savings and pranks are much commented upon. An anecdote ol'one oi them, which ischar acteristic ot the whole species, may be worth re lating for the edification of such of your readers as take pleasure in the study oi natural history. This man? I call him a man, though I am not sure he isn't half horse and half aligator? ?this man is continually vaunting himself aa belonging to one of the most ancient, most wealthy, and most distinguished families of the United States of America. He has admission to the talon of a lady who belongs to a family of great antiquity, who occupies a distinguished position in the beau motule, and who ia the wife of a Baron, holding an eminent and important government office. It seems that he neglected to pay thia lady a visit, as Parisian custom enacts, on or immediately after Ic jour dt I an. On dining with the lady and her huebiiud the other day,some reference was made, to this bleach oi etiquette, and some allusion was laughingly ven tured to the absence of ctrennrs. " Oh. Madame la Baronnr," stammered out the New York anno crat, " I didn't know?raly?but if you will accept that !" and after iumbling in his pocket for a moment, he offered the lady?a tiapoleon. " Mon sieurl" she exclaimed in indignant astonishment. 'Oh, Madame, it is quite at your service?take it!" The self-satisfied smile of the Yankee aristocrat,and ihe insulted expression of the lady's face, threw the quests intoa fit of laughter; but it was not until the hostess with a very stern and unmistakable manner, cried. "Take up your money, Sir!" that the Yankee could comprehend that he had committed some gross gaucherie, and even then he exclaimed in an aside to a friend, "I wonder what on airth them | t liar infernal critters are larting at!" In case any incredulous reader should be inclined to think that i member evea ol the "aristocraey " of Yankee land could have been so ignorant of the commonest usages of society as to offer a lady a piece ot money, I beg to assure him that I have it on unquestiona ble authority that such was the undoubted fact; and in proof that the man is what he represents himself to bp, a person of distinction in his own country, I may mention that the American Ambas sador, Mr. King, having, as is usual on such occa sions, received permission frcm Louis Philippe to invite a certain number of his countrymen to the hall given by His Majesty las: evening, selected this very money?giving man as one oltneiquad? a thing, it is almost needless to say, he would not have done, had he not really been one of the aris ocracy of the United Slates. Citl! What a queer aristocracy that same must be! Ireland. The Secretaryship lor Ireland is also vacant. Lord Eliot having ascended to the peerage, by the death of his lather, the Earl St. German's. It is ienerally understood that Sir Thomas brcemarule, 'he present Secretary of War, will have that impor tant post. The London Standard says, that beyond Sir Thomas Freemantie's appointment nothing is set t'ed, though there is too much reason to tear that Mr. Gladstone may retire from the administration, tut certainly not trom the conservative party.? Should he retire, the step will be altogether from us own choice, and it will be an occasion of deep regret to all his colleagues. We have seen in some >1 the journals various motives assign* d for the right ion. gentleman's withdrawal from office, but not ?ne of them, we believe, even approaches to the truth. At the risk of passing for uninformed, we ihall be at present silent; because we will not let -to the hope that the able and eloquent President of he Board of Trade may be prevailed upon to con tnue to give bis services to the conntry. The repeal question in Ireland has been thrown nio ihe shade by an agitation of a very different ind unexpected character. The Bequests Act has created a difference ol opinion not only among ihe Catholic laitv but among the higher orders of the ?tlergy. The excitement occasioned by this mea sure had in no degree subsided, when it was ru nored that the Government had opened a negoua ion with the Pope for the purpose of connecting he Irish Catholic Church wiih the State, either by naking a provision tor the clergy, or by obtaining i concordat giving the crown the nomination of the ?relates. This rumor apparently took all parties by surprise; but before there had been much time lor the expression of public opinion on the subject. Archbishop Crolly, the Catholic Primate of Ireland, ?iibhshed a letter addressed to him by the Propa ganda, at the command of the Pope, charging him o admonish all ecclesiastics, and especially those if episcopal rank, to abstain from taking any pan in political meetings or dinners, and "studiously to ? void what may even lightly excite or agitate the lock committed to them."' O'Connell at once pro iounced this letter to be not a "canonical docu ment," and the Primate consequently thought it leceesary to publish a letter to Mr. O'ConnelT, ex ressing his "surprise and sorrow that he should uave ventured" to make such an assertion, and itating that the document had been submitted to all he prelates oi kis Church, who had agreed to abide by its injunctions. The Archbiship in a postscript -efeired to the concordat as an "insidious scheme" vhich he will join the prelacy of Ireland in oppo tng us destructive oi the independence and purity >f their religion. These facts will suffice to show <hat the rumored negotiations with the Pope had ibtained very general credit. The letter of Arch bishop Crolly however has had the eflectol produc ing an official communication from the Lord Lieu enant, which 6ets the whole question at rest. Lord Heytesbury addressed a letter to Archbishop vlurray, informing him "dial he has been instruct -d to give to him und to Archbishop Crolly the urongesi assurances,on thenar! of the Government, that there hits never existed the slightest intention ?f entering into uny negotiation with the Pupal See ipon the subject of a concordat.'" In the mealt ime the lett< r received by the Primate from the Propaganda is so obviously directed against the epeal agitation, that it has roused a gerv-ral Spirit if hostility to the Pope among all classes of Re wai? - >tt Ui'vMtH has apologised to Arch ?isfe?>f i * lor -tating that the rescript of the Pro, a ?ss not a canonical document. In a . t. r * ii n? has addressed to that Prelate he i-rtr*. i, ' ? one.* i'nd unequivocally," any asscr ? n of In* that may ?t>ply to the document ss ?eitig un< .?n<mc?l, and adds, that if his private i. noon were otherwise, he would at once how to lie authority with which the document is now dotheri. Ai the Repeal Association, O'Connell lenietl that the rercripf had any thing to do with he r< i>eal agit-ition. lie declared that its object van not to interfere with the laity or with repeal, tut wHssinvlv intended to keep up and promo'e he si irit of benevolence and charity- He admit ed, however, with expressions ol regret, that there was s une truth in the statement that the discus won produced by the B quests Act had tended to damp ihe agitation tor repeal. He uaid that though he concordat was denttd, something more hju rious was meditated ; and he proposed that Lord French and his son. John O'Connell, should be aeni to Rome as delegates from the Association, in order to lay their case before the Pope, and im dorc his Holtnesa not to thwart them in their exer tions to obtain a restoration ol their domestic legis lature. No Protestant speakers in the days of the "No Popery" agitation could have surpassed the leading Catholic members of the Association in the vehemence of their protestations against the Pope's right to interfere with the temporal affairs itf the people of Ireland. At the meeting on the (> h, Mr. Mullin, a barris ter. was in the chair. O'Connell sent .?51 for his hiihIv subscription, and stated that he has been so ?mployed on the previous Charitable Bequests Bill, hat he could not forward hisaddress to thelrish pco >le. He gave notice of a motion for arrangements luring the next session of Parhument, which may ire elude the necessity of repeal members attending n London A letter w as read trom Tom Steele, eating that he had pacified Leitnm. The tpeekers #ere Mr. M'Nevin, Mr. O'Brien, and Mr. O'Hea. The rent was announced to be ?249 At the moetiogon the 13 h. Mr. i avis, (a barris er and editor of the Nation,) was in the chair. A rtter was read trom Mr OConned. siHtirgthat he vould be in Dublin on the If h or 19th, and deny tig that the fervent anxiety of the Irish lor repeal iad cooled down. A letter was alao read from Tent Steele, describing his crusade against Ribandient ts most successful The principal speakers were vlr. J. Reilly, Mr. W. S. O'Brien, Mr. Dagle, Mr,

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