Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 23, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 23, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Sunday, February !13, 1S1A, The Texas Meeting Yesterday Afternoon? Troubles of the Densoeraey?Uiitteultles of the New Administration. We give in our papertlns morning, a report of the proceedings and speeches at the Texas meeting iu the Park. It was a very large meeting?remarkably so wheu we consider the season of the year?so un favorable for an out-door assemblage, and also the fact that the great men ot the democracy in this city have so often expressed their opinions on the subject for which the meeting was called. It shows that the popular feeling in this city, in favor ol an nexation, is quite overwhelming; and that the efforts of the clique who have all along opposed the measure, have been very unavailing. The fact, however, of the opposition made to this meeting? the active endeavors to postpone it or prevent it altogether?the sneers at those who were instru mental in getting it up?gives additional evidence ot the bitter hostility which exists between the two sections of the democratic party in this city. The Morning News and the clique which it represents, have been very busy in dealing out insinuations and bitter allusions relative to the motives of the parties concerned in this demonstration; but all this, how ever interesting and significant as illustrative of the troubles in the great democratic family,hasprecious little effect as regards the current of popular feeling here in favor of Texas. That feeling, amongst the masses of the people, seems to be more intense and ardent than ever. We have already noticed the difficulties among thfc cliques at Washington?the dozen, or, we be lieve, the score of plans for the annexation of Texas, originating with various cliques?the strug gle for the principal position in the cabinet?the slanders circulated by the cliques against each other?the annoyance to which Mr. Polk has al ready been subjected?the great influx of those barbarians called office-beggars?all these we have noticed as forming a combination of obstacles to the successful administration of public aflairs dur ing the presidency of Mr. Polk. We have now seen, in the circumstances attending this meeting in the Park, the same symptoms of trouble, dis union, and disaster. So it is all over the Union. Here we see in this city one clique, who pretend to be the warm friends of Mr. Polk, moving heaven and earth to prevent the custom-house, and other office-begging cliques, from holding a public meet ing in favor oi one of the principal measures for the achievement of which Mr. Polk was electee I The philosophers of the Morning News are in bit ter hostility to those of the Plebeian?and again, the poets of the Evening Post are increasing the difficulty as much as they can. The mercenary conduct?the rapacious feelings?the vindictive purposes?and all those symptoms which agitate the office-seekers?are already beginning to rend in pieces the bulk of that parly which elected Mr. Polk to office in Washington. The newspapers there present the same signs ol rapacity and ava rice, each struggling to possess the chief influence under the new administration. Such is u brief view oi the difficulties which are environing Mr. Polk. Such ib the threatening as pect of the political sky. Such are the contend ing elements amid which he is to make his advent j On all hands are portentious onions of disnr ter. We very much fear, therefore, that Mr. Polk's administration will only be a second and cheaper edition of thatoi Mr. Tyler. Not that Mr. Polk is not a wiser, more sagacious?we will not say a better?man than Mr. Tyler, but that tht elements which will overturn this administration, are those which, temporarily united, carried him into power. Mr. Polk is a shrewd man?he is a firm man?he is an energetic man?he is a well meaniog man?he is one who keeps his own coun sel. He has no private purposes to gratify. But lie is human. He is only a man. He seems about to be encompassed by difficulties too great for man to overcome. We have to wait for the issue. But at present it does appear that his administration is likely to be overwhelmed by the avarice, the rapa city, the corrupt and degrading and ruinous selfish ness of his own party, from the candidates for the Presidency to the lowest office in the Custom House. Whio Candidate for Mayor.?The whiga hate nominated Dudley Selden for Mayor?a very good selection. The Courier says that Mr. Selden is not popular. Why 1 We cannot imagine. We be lieve he is a very honest and industrious man, and very plain-spoken ; whenever he has anything on his stomach, it always comes off. Perhaps that'? the reason the Courier says he is unpopular. Ol one thing, at all events, we are very certain, and that is, that Mr. Seldon will make an infinitely better Mayor than Mr. Harper, who is now gad ding about the country, running off to Baltimore and Washington, cracking his old jokes, and de vouring gossip, instead ot minding his business in this filthy, over-taxed, badly governed, poor, dis tressed, unfortunate city, now so horribly oppres sed with a corrupt, lazy, inefficient, stupid set el old women in breeches. Ma you or Boston.?Thomas A. Davis, the na tive, or more properly speaking, the Presbyterian candidate, was elected Mayor oi boston. This was on the eighth trial. The vote stood thus:? Parker, whig 4.370 Davit, native 4,873 Scattering 336 Total 9.678 Davis'* majority 171 The democrats withdrew their candidate, leav ing the contest to the whigs and natives, or rather to the modern Unitarians and old Presbytennnt. It was a theological election, and had very little, if anything, to do with nativeism. These two leading religious sects of the East threw their whole influence, in prayers and money, into this contest, and the "Orthodox," or Presby terians, succeeded more by their stronger religious prejudices, and uncompromising spirit, in all church m litters, than by any particular demotion to the principles of the natives. The election was a re hash of the Harvard College religious contests, and the Unitarians entered into it to maintain their su premacy in the councils of Boston. Post Officii Proscription.?We understand, that the Postmaster of this city is discharging all the clerks in his employment, who refuse to sign his petition for re-appointment under Mr. Polk. Small business certainly. Taotrr Fishino on Lono Isj.anp.?This sport commences on the first of March. Sportsmen should recollect, at least those of thein who are improving this fine weather in that delightful re creation, that the law imposes a heavy fine for every fish taken in the couuiiesof Queens and Suf folk before the period named. A large patty thnt left Brooklyn iiy the Long Island railroad yester day may not he in pursuit of trout, though they are said to have been well appointed for that ob ject. Military Movements.-That elegant corps, the "3d Troop of Hussars" have elected Edmund Charles, Jr., Esq , as their Captain, and Arthur W. Jones First Lieutenant. Capt Charlesgave a very handsome entertainment to his friends and the troop after his election, at the " Mercer House," on Friday evening last. Nrw York Bacrrd Music Socirtv. -This In stitution have their annual concert to-morrow evening (the anniversary of Handel's birthday} in the Tabernacle, Broadway, where the Oratorio ot the "Messiah" will he performed. Among the hoso ol other talent engaged for the occasion, is Madam Pico who singa the contralto pieces in English, ind will no doubt form a very attractive feature in 'h? programme. There are p?everal otherfnrtiste '! great talent engaged for the occasion The Ureal Democratic meeting In Favor of the Annexation of Tex hi In the Park yester day afternoon. Although the season of the year ia not particu larly propitious for assemblages in the open air, yet the call for a mass meeting of the Democracy in favor of the annexation of Texas, in the Park yesterday afternoon, brought together an immense crowd of the "bone and sinew." There were be tween four and five thousand persons present?the centre of the extended area in front of the City Hall being filled with one dense mass of demo crats. The meeting was got up with very little parade or ceremony, but had all the appearance ol a downright, earnest, practical demonstration of popular feeling. It was indeed ons of the largest, most enthusiastic and harmonious meetings of the democratic party that we have witnessed in thit city, and showed that here the feeling in favor ol Texas is overwhelming. At five o'clock precisely, the meeting was or ganized by the appoiutment ol the following of ficers Prttidrnl PRESERVED FISH. Vick Presidents. Andrew H. Mickle, John 8. Gilbert, J tunc* C. Htonuall, Edward Cornell, Campbell P. White, George Douglass, John H Bowie, Daniel C Pentz, Edward M. HoiJmire, John Leconte, Joseph Heeler, Thomas S Henry, Samuel J. Willis, John J. Cisco, David Vandervoort, Gerardus Boyco, Andrew L. Ireland, J. S Brownell, Bernard J. Messcrslc, John W. Krtcham, Charles J. Dodge, Robert McOary, David 8. Jackson, Isaac Dyckman, Alexander Stewart, Stephen H. Fetks, Stephen Hasbrouck, Dennis Carolan, William P Hallet, John 8. Ellison. John A 8temmler, Benj F Sherman, Thomus >1. Jenkins, John Pettigrew, Mr. Charles Webb then nominated the follow ing persons tor Secketariks. John Scott, J. L Alhertson, Alexander Wells, Edmund Fitzgerald, EmanmlB Hart, Wm Denman, Bartlett Smith, John T. Bogert, H P. Waumaker, Thomas Chm lock, James Murphy, John Dodge, Elias L. Smith, Elwin Nichols, Joseph E. Ay res, Amos Leeds, James Walsh. Moles Udffi. | from KiDg'1 C0UDty Hichard Tyson, from Richmond County. These naminations having been put and carried unani mously? Mr. Fish stepped forward, and wag received with loud cheers. He said?Fellow republicans, I thank you for the honor done me in calling me to preside over your de liberations on the immediate annexation of Texas-a measure which every true American?every genuine le ver ol his country, desires to see at onee carried Into ef fect. (Tremendous cheering) Mr. Samuel Osgood then moved the adoption of the following resolutions, the reading of which was frequent ly interrupted by loud cheering : ? Whereas, The People of Texas, after achieving a glori ous independence on the plains of San Jacinto, and main taining for nine continued years as a nation " among the powers ol the earth that separate and equal station to which the laws of nature ana nature's God entitle them,'' exercising all the rights of sovereignty as fully and per fectly as any other nation in the world, are disposed it their sovereign capacity to form an alliance wi h the in dependent States ot this Union, to enter into and become oneol the " United Status of America And whereas, the right of the people of one free and independent nation to contract an alliance with anothei cannot be questioned by those who hold, with us, thai " (.11 governments derive their just power from the con stut of the governed j" And whereas, the right of any government to interferi with the amicable treaties and alliances which this nation may make with any other independent nation, ia denic a id scouted; And whereas, a majority of the people of the United States have, at the recent Presidential election, expressed i heir sover. ign and unconditional will that Texas should tie annexed to this Union : Therefore, Resolved, That the House of Representatives, in pag ing .he bill to annex Texas to the United S'ates, has acted in accordance with the wishes of a large majority of tbi people ol this Union. Resolved, That we rejoioe in the passage of the Annex ation Bill; we rejoice that the measure has been divested of ell collateral issues, and that the enemies:of Annexation have been prostrated in their efforts to embarrsss it with minor questions; we rejoice that, the north and the south, 'he eist and the west have united in favor of this great National measure. That the impertinent interference o! foreign governments, the clamor of sectonal prejudict have been deemed subordinate in importance to the glory of the nation, the advancement of liberal institutions, the welfare of the human race ; and above all, we rejoice tha' the majority of the House have evinced a judgment which knows, and a respect which obey* the will of the people, clearly and emphatically expressed in the election of James K. Polk to be in lavor of the immediate Annexa tion of Texas. Resolved, That we look for prompt action in the Senatt upon the annexation bill We appeal to the patriotic Be nators and ask them to expedite tnia great national m?a sure, pronounced emphatically by the people to be essen tialto the interest of the nation. We appeal to Senators (not partisans in the Senate) and ask that theenighty tor rent of public opinion shall not be thwarted or resisted. We demand the immediate annexation of Texas. Shall we appeal in vain ? Resolved, That we tender our heartfelt thanks to thorn members of the House who voted lor the bill, and thattb< unwavering and valuable support given to the measuo by Messrs. Maclay, Leonard, Murphy, Strong, Elli? Pratt, Hnbbeli, Russell and Clinton, Representatives oi tnis State, is deserving of eapeclal^commendation, and w< assure them that their faithful services will not be forgot ten. Resolved, That we view with indignation the insolent comments of the British newspapers?the supple organ* of the British ministry?which arrogantly threaten thi interfrrence of the European despots, to prevent the union of the United States and Texas, and claims to exercise an offensive supervision over the action of our government Rost. H. Morris was then loudly called for, and pro ceeded to address the meetingI come forward, sal" he. Tor the purpose of seconding the adoption of the*< resolutions. It has been suggested to me that it would be as well to make some remarks previous to their adop tion- I was of a different opinion, because I know that those who have congregated here for the purpose of ex pressing their opinions upon this subject, Itnow all know more than any speaker can advance in favor of th> resolutions presented to you (cheers) But I am told tha* it is usual for a man to rise and second the adoption of resolutions, and for the purpose of conforming to custom and usage, I now address you, not for the purpose of corn plying with any necessity in the cue. Fellow citizens ! It hu been said that it would be dishonest to annex Texi to this Union?that it would disgrace our national char acter?that it would be graspiug from the weak theii lands and territories If this objection were true?if it were just and sustained by facta, need I ask, would it be possible that the united voice of the people would call for this measure I If it were so, there is not one mat in this multitude who would uk for it. "Dishonest" to a* k for tha annexation of Texas because it belongs to Mexieo ! Texas never belonged to Mexico ("That's it," and cheers.) Texas never belonged to the present government of Mex - co Iftherehad been any seceding of one government from another, it hu been Mexico;that has seceded from Texas, and not Texas from Mexico. (Cheers ) As eaily as 1803 the present territory of Texas was ceded to the Units<1 States in her treaty for Louislania. Numbers of Ameii can citizens then went and settled in Texas?tkey wet t there filled with all the principles and education of Demo eratic Americans?believing thnt our Constitution and laws were still to protect them, and not for one moment suspecting that they wero ever to be handed over as the subjects of a foreign power. They still continued in al legiance to the United States, and in the full conviction that in return they had the full protec tion of her laws and Constitution, they purcba* ed property and settled vilages and towns. In 1819, tlx Government of the United States entered into a treat) with Spain who ceded to us Florida, and in that arrange ment our officers cut off Texu and bended her over to Spam. The American eitizens who had moved into that territory did not assent to that arrangement. They object ed to it. They believed that our rulers bad no Constltu tional right or power to band them over to the tendei mercies of the Kirg of Spain. And there were tbos amongst us then, who held, as there are now, who hi Id that by our Constitution and laws, our rulers had n ? right, power, or au<hority to make that transfer. Abou tois period the whole territory, embracing the different provinces of Mexico, revolted against the King of Spain, and the people of Texas, finding that they had Wen thrown off hy the United States, took advantage of the revolt and united in the formation of the republics oi South America The people of thoae provinces thus aid ed hy the gallant Texians, threw off thn yoke of Spain and declared themselves free and independent. Thon several provinces, and Texas amongst the rest, then enter ed into a compact similar to the confederation of the Uni ted 8tntes .and adopted a constitution almost word for word identical with ntira, for the purpose of protecting t'ieni salves against the encroachments of foreign powers, and of negncisting with other nations. Then Texas was free from Spain. Texas was only a part of Mexico under that confederation; but sepaiate, distinct and independent ot the other republics, as any one of our States is oftheoth era in the Union. They thus proceeded until the prede cesssra ot Bants Anna, imposingupon the ignorance of thf populace, usurped the government, and concentrated thai which was previously only a federal compact. By force of arms they trampled upon the spirit and letter of tha1 democratic constitution and government which the peo pie had obtained at the point ol the bayonet. Tha tyrant n'dhls followers separated from Texas, and they with drew from the compact into whloh that State had in good faith entered. Tex is was willing to adhere tothet com p ict; they re used to secede to its violation She said, "I am iree? f will continue so " And so she did continue. That amall but gallant band of American-Saxoni?we won't talk any longer about Ang!o-8axona-(loud cheers) ?maintained inviolate the freedom and independence of that home, that hearth-stone, that private dwelling which the King of Spain had recognized as theira?which th whole, human family, the whole civilized world had ur kao sledged to be their*, (t beers) The tyrantcsme? he <vse flogged - he promised to be good, (laughter,) am' in was nllowed ?o go But Texas was still free, and as w tree, sovereign and independent State,she came and sough' to hu recslvud into .ur confednrscy. (Cheers.) Who dare say thnt it is dishonest to annex Texas 1 (Ores' cheering ) Who dare ssy thnt this is wresting their i*Dd. and territory from the weak and unwilling? (Renewe* cheering.) The consent of Mexico la talked about ? The consent of Mexico! fou might as well talk of ask ing the consent of the robber who had tried to strip th? coat from off an honest man's hack that that honest mat , might dispose ot hi* coat (Lend cheers )? But It is said "J?1*""1?-" Now, I know that there other name for dUh?ue,u nl?.0^"7 im,^14cy i< ?? the democracy, (rh^r. \ ?r? ?*? n?*creed of question with them /i*k f 18 first great politic The extension1**? Bu,J^y that il ? >"> ?tren?then? n?? I of republican government raSSMt.iW? 1U (Ur88t cheer?. ) ?ateniion oTom t^^7 ^ f"?"???? Why. the ta? t*caw. it ..Si'ilr.Idlll^tod^'vRiriKf? demolished them at New Orfeans (Te"iflc chewTn^f No. w* never can permit any power to tell n^!!..ID|r ) shall," or to say?" vou shall *J?\7 ,, " us?" y0u and more apparent eveTy day ? U l?ore r' "?E'"? F^a^SSr^SSr8 X'EtV'SS"il ? es,c"tial to the^rmMenceand hi* audience on that sabiect ?r m,b. iLl enl,fhten (cheers,) and it was a oulstlnn ?? i?}*v been 'Iwlad. the country d pLded lt i?. Tn ?h,ch ,b? welfare o 1 all miner pointSWfference .houM^ ?VC""r7 ,ha, and their aoleaim be thefts in inl ir 1 di"Pensed w'?h, ject. (Hear hi?> i - , !g of the one grand ob sas?rs aSSSS ? fare oi the Union ?n.,id v ? .e ,n'el"e,t and wei ssnjj'.k ?h'"uP^'^':^:u%zr; i .if.. ?' . 0184 to? w,u? united energies TheneoDle for 1 ly eafeeoiad1 h**Ure h K1 ,acriflc?d a man whom they high The? tU'Ahe WM DOt eXaCtlr decided upoS fhe suoject. i here had been many things said on ? him >..v 1 hiK^^e^r^Thif delay ?i0U?r P^ouldhe that governed all our endeavw"duringfhe'rec^lec' *' an(* no *rl?e Lem?crtt could now falter in giving his support to this measure ; if anv such atiemnt nn ? "5 a Hm,t be rePudiated ; and it was only by theu united endeavors they could secure that measure thev hfa ? * nobly fought for ?(Cheers.) The House bad come up to the question the people wished for and Mr til*" ,h8t W?- P?S8ible <? settle this great measure rrh'o? ?i speech iu the Senate was sufficient to show where the constitutional power lay for such, matter J,tl Congress alone had the power of sayin/wheth. , ?ipSiissS psssig'gsl riod^sat '? annesatlon-it was at some future pt *?y 8 twelvemonth or more ; but if this delav was rh. -n d' . -1 wa'1 every likelihood of cur never bavTne ject ariM? ^iihon|Cemr)1UhiDff thl,mo,t desirable ob dreadfulV??ai?.? ?t consequences most alarming and #^|SSS= ?T ex a 8*8 ifd O re g*o n"" *The^ w ofo'm D' " P?ulk8nd Dal" ^ and the other two we mSst have Ve^w?7VeC""Nl' isifprsiips fOrle *2 J h,Te 80 lonK ?nd so arduo usly fought far rHSre th^-l', "*d.which thegentleman sat down ) [Here there were loud cries of11 Walsh Walsh Wnlah > ziwre4ia|S4=?S4Sto hide in ih?? ? 0ne 8,nfl8 Tiew of that question?I al fat ?perations on the democratic oartv at thp r?r? of ?n #? That *'le,tion- ???! the?rin# eyand wficv t??n.nn^i,,#n WrM ,ettled I'eyond doubt inthelastcon to ?i,m? t 08 in,tead of quarrelling about details to settle the question at once; let us I say get Texas dr.?' and settle the details afterwards fCheersi Thai i. 11 1 .WZ Th\' n0t the 'me ^qu^re.Lh"o whaf ?haiiht Pecu'|8.1, ??nner of anntxing Texas?what shall be its immediate results-by whom it should b, done from what quarter it should come all these mat ten umount to nothin. when "...T5:.U8IA ,be*e SSsSSSSSSS^&S'S SrS^'?a:S with wPiI5om i,; I?"" C8n' 8nd ,haU be ours if we art usinr evarv' ?^t J P^ewnt moment we see Eugland using every endeavor to coerce Texaa to resent her SSlSSxl American aS^ahSSbrf#th wTVn'no Bo?her,hv0iew iiTfl SS?4?t?'= :S* SiS?s" r,k" SiSt'ssifSr. sH4Ss?rr- - jps.ji/ yet we utand ftill, quarreJiinsr about ??no. th?.^r.Tor t?LT 9LZ?J**? and if'we'fsUt'b* T " nfW P'-^,^ thto me^r grace, tbat the^ne^V'wM a^nwsTof men'so demented a* we, to let inch ? valuable occasion be lout. But there h another consideration. What ii the reaaon England in torlerea in thii question I la it that ahe carea one single ruab about the prosperity of Texas 7 No , ahe wiihea tr appropriate her vaat territory aa the vaat field for toe out lay of Britieh capital, and increaae her influence in thr aouth. At preaent the trade of China ia carried on acroaa the Atlantic, but the time ia coming when it will take thr ahorter route acroaa the Pacific. Look, then, at the vaat importance of thia. The poaaeaaion of Texaa and Oregon do idea in whoae hand* the trade of China aball remain and it England gate poaaeaaionol thoaecountriea lying or the aea hoard of the Pacific, it will he hut to aupplant na ii our growingChineae Britiah capital aeconded with evary facility can do it. Fellow citicena, ahal. we peimi thia 1 (criea of "no, never.") Shall we allow the stars an. atripea to be superseded by the Britiah union jack? ( Ne, no,'' and leud cheera ) Be true then to the Renae of free dom that animate* the Dreaal of American citixena ; am1 if any man atka you what you want, tell him you want Texas, (' Texaa forever," and tremendous cheering.)? Let that he the ground at Iraat in which we shall bury our political hiaa, our dominion about detaila?tne greet neceaaity ot the republic to have Texaa Do tlmt, fellow citizens. and we aball have Taxaa ; and when we get it. there ore numhere ol thoae who are now Littering an<' quarrelling about details, who will consider it the hap pieat occurrence of his life that he waa in favor of th< annexation oi Ttxaa <Loud cheering ) Here the criea ol "Walsh," " Walsh," were renewed, anr" Mike, yielding aomewhat unwillingly to tha call, thur addressed the assemblage Fellow citizens '.?I did intend to say something on this coeaaion, but *s the evening ia now far advanced, and i rains, I shall h? very brief. I waa the first man to advoeatr the annexaiion of Texas-my paper was the first that came out on the subject, and to the articles then publish ed by me, not a solitary idea haa boon added by the noisy and very patriotic apottteri and scribblers who havi muched upon it. (Loud laughter and eheering.) When I proposed the first Texas meetirg. ths idea waa laughed at by many men, who are now very convcraiyit with the annexation catechism, but to whon the subject waa then as impenetrable aa Hebrew. (Cbeeri and laughter ) Tbey did not want annexation?they could not aav what they thought aboutit?they dared no' utter a syllable about it?until the Saohema of Tammaut Hall had pronounced it right. When that meeting was called, my frieudM. I wu too poor to hear theexpensi of erecting such a stand aa thin, or of hiring a splendir' band of rnnalc and a few men came forward to pay thr expenses, trn thousand of whom could not produce a re volution in a barber's ahop?(Laughter.)-and they drop ped into fat and comfortable o(Hce?--oniy one illustration out of ten thousand of the manner in which great public questi ons are made to aerva the base us?a o ?elfish and unprincipled demagogues (Tremendou cheering.) But my devotion to the cause ol Texaajsraa not to be affected by any such circumstance* While Hilaa Wright was addressing a meeting in Caatlr tiardeu, 1 asked him a|sui(le question?I had a right to do to, for bo wm my representative in the Senate? I asked him why ho did not vote for Texas, and that waa re garded an act of treason on my part?a* a moat unwar rantable and outrageous proceeding. But mark the changes produced by a few short months! How long since IS n ta?t that very 8llM Wright was hissed in Tammany Hall, and the very mention of his name not tolerated by persons whose character and motives-[Here an iDdividu Ptotlonn, "M to be a a;ember of the "Empire Club shouted out "you lie-you lie ! Mike Walsh and * irK* ^6w,?e w"*' however, in an iustani collared by some of Mike's iriends, and alter a few friend !Sr7k,,.w.?lch w*0" ?topped his shouting, be was kicked ,tp Mn' Bnd MJk" Proceeded]-why is it, 1 ask that this great measure has been so delayed! Why, be 'he0m'T< le P<,1,t^iciau, b?v* ">*?<! upon this Z* "Vt11 merely tor their ow^selfish ends. (Loud cheeis) Hence it is that you now find ^MB.,o, y decltu.miDg about Texas and going over the ?" /aT0.r of ?nnexation, when the dis , r ended and the voice of the people has settled it forever, but who not longsmce stoodaloofor ofJ1"k J toose who wore bearing the burden f? i? flu to" day. (Loud cheers, and cries of "That's it!"-;'that's the truth!") The opwnenU of Texas an nexation talk about the perpetuation of slavery but let Z ^cr.UflnWdh8ih',,he ,d,fferetce betweln the .Uvery ^ inLk ss a ^n 7ki ?'?very at the North I (Cheers ) I 1 re,er r*cei*ed one cental public money. I may therefore not be able perhaps to declaim so violently about patriotism and liberty and equalUv as those who have their hands deeD in tL K??; "SV "S?' ?&?VlSuta?."S ?hi. V (Cheers.) These men come here and talk to you f^oedom0and*?^l ^h0^ql{!a!tie, and "b#ut ,he blessing^ ol ai1 toat, but we have to go to our garrets aud collars, when we may not perhaps have a single of bread 7o?^fv? "r ?Ur "h'yoring bodies, nor a morsel of Dread to give our a'arviog children. And vet thev talk about slavery at the South (Cheeri) "/he only difierence is, that the black is the alave of one EK" ofrethlheK,1(ITeJ ?J * c1"" Ours is Z and mrw hJu. mT body ?"> ride, fCheers V V>s or not* M tb?y please? about slav?y? ml i, n men tolk very poetically mahteenZL"ho haye.white men working ifor them at hmwV?'? KV, ,y' ?Oica-" Ves, for eighteen the South i /.v" " m0T,f degrading slavery than that ol creasing 1w*a i y**' and cheers.) The rain is in nublic m'nn mh 7nu,t1/toP: Let me, however, caution attach ma . T6 the dispensation oi office, how they "I'? 10 tb?*> oyster bo* chV?'.; 7rd? FntVftf k . meetings for us to attend and then for h .^ Lr? o?ces they can obtain. (Cheers.) A? Mnll ,hpk? ? kf I*1"'" hM h?*11 too work of the ?on*?,1' h,rd working democracy (Cheers ) sho .Hn- .^'i '^l w y,ter bo3c politicians, who are now tooy only atriying to turn feat rani2??7 .Pmp ' . ?nJoylnent ol 'heir own heart MuSSS &J^h-n!5?nWlt W.5,ch ,hey had neither the in ?heme) h#ne,t>r'nortl>ecourage to create. (Loud tion<h!vinV'^L0f " adJ0,!rB" w" general, and the ques dispersed 5avW ??k"k'!^*r^Bd'lhe immenae multitude imitr ?ut i?m exhibited a degree of enthusiasm, unan itsncea oi lUwumh?' UDder <he uncomfortable circa? stances el the weather, which waa perhaps unexampled. Mendelssohn's Loboksano?Mr. Lodkr's Con cert.?The question, which of the leading fine arte oi poetry, painting and music?is entitled to the palm of superiority-which of them is pervaded by a greater degree of the atmosphere of divinity?their breath, their vivifying principle?has been agitated over and over again. Strange as the fact does ap pear, that an object of so much importance never had received a definitive solution?that the upshot of e very controversy had been a mere ad hue sub /udice lis est, it proves, that, individually and col lectively, they have a right to claim to be placed on the same degree in the scale of universal esti mation?'till the contrary is sufficiently demon strated, and not as it is frequently done at the ex Pense of music. It is, at all events, an elevating spectacle to see the sister-arts continually trying to storm the "fortress of Heaven," the seat of the di ;;JaSttKB titude (not as last night.) But these effects are n?i produced by that kind of music whose ultimat< '? to construe from existing tonefan arohi ? R conformable to established rule., which raises itself on the variegated wings ofth< biitterfly; but bv that music which employs harmo m thenar ?h' many wonderful colors to paim to the ear the grand and the sublime, which beai i.?i? .7",h?.iiiS'-?' *?"' h"""1 oiX eagles ot that kind of music, is Mendelssohn' Lobgesang, (Hymn of Praise.) Now it walkn !? it rohi ? aHd 8,0W tone? ot the choral?now' it rolls, hery and imposing, in the mightv chorus Bofwew^e8t,CthUnder 00 the toouutain'a top HO!t%L. not ?"entP1 to describe, to criticis the Lobgesang; Goeihe alone, had he been a mr. sician, would have been iqual to the task h Ot aer oomrnernacht's traum, WalnunriHna^h Fingdshoehle, of the L.eder' ohne Worte, am' gone of SonfmVita8?f' ?, the .ch?ru8ses to the Ami V m,ke "0 oncomro. rtuTSSJSS'^S b",lw"" b?? ooo-H" ; It is only justice to say that Mr. Loder has i claim on the grstitude of every true lover of music for having introduced the German Lobgesang "i,: advance of the mail," we mean in advanc^'f th! 8 ?prn\an musicians of New York am (or having introduced it in such a worthy manner which has surpassed ever? ^pect,, D^ winC&k?fxC,?Uree' can and will be foPSnd; SSfct ^ t0k? 8,ow' and Roe the mi j' Scmeof the movements, as for it stance, the adagio religioso in the overture wen really mistaken, the? chorusses were ifiewie wa?.Meamach,t.?hV 7h?,e ?he?holeperformance rM ?nH ? .k i -or to Locier as Loder is to hit art, and we think it his duty to repeat it at the ear teat: opportunity, as the audience could not gra/, ffie grandeur of the woik after one hearing ami wcond Much c?h ttodoubtedly anxious for , ?e,0?', Much credit is due to Mrs. Loder for he: No ItahIn7hmPi?0n 9 th? VTy d,fficult music. .? ?ku . ' ?' I8V.a 8in?er of mere Italian music 8 able to sing Mendelssohn; Antognini not t< IT'T' uw" ll>?r?lore on thV aloni ? lini? k f road. His routine helped hit. along a little, but after all we prefer hearing hi The second0 ?at "s.kinain?" of the Lobgesang wrt whfch wp ?COn8,8ted ??a miscellaneous con space m!If timp "t0"01 part'culari2e for want oi overture (oThrV Iif P""cipal features were th. Vicuxtem? Th8Uberfl0,e- and an offertorium by the severe Btiilp^^i8 com(>1081t,on is an imitation oi cciveH r/i* ?' Wi? k e" e*ecuted, and well re effect if if inTwU .taVe Produced much mor. the T h?i. Dnot have come immediately afte td dehcfcvangTh Rape,U playB in il wi,h h,B won. a oci'cacy. The room was very lull. Photographic Likeness op Mr. Polk.?W< were shown yesterday, a most capital miniature ol the President elect, recently taken in Washington, by Mr. Plumbe, of this city. It is certainly a most beautiful specimen of art; of faithfulness undoubt ed, and does infinite credit to the artist. Palmo's Theatre.?Mr. Kneass and troupe ol musicians, have been highly successful at this es tablishment during the past week. During the ensu ing week there is to be an entirechange of perform ance. A new burlesque piece, taken from the opera of "La Somnambula," is to be brought for ward to-morrow evening, in which all the talent of the company is to be engaged, with new dresses, decorations, and full choruases.? There is little doubt but that it will prove as suc cessful as the "Virginia Girl," and create quite at much laughter. In addition to which, various new pieces of music are to ne introduced in the firsi part. Welch's National Circus.?The Park Theatre was yesterday crowded to excess, both in the al ternoon and evening. Really the General muBi enlarge, or prolong his stay. This is his last week of performing in this city for some time to come. Chewino Tobacco.?It is idle to attempt stay ing our national habit of using the treed, and ex pectorating the juice in volumes, as to set no bounds to the extravagance of the corporate bod) politic; but we should caution the public againsi using the article compounded with deleterious sub stances. Daily's article, (See advertisement,) manufactured at Troy, is said to be the purest in market by good judges; is finer cut, longer thrend, and sweeter naturally, than an) yet made. (It received the premium at the State Fair ) His reputation in Troy promises to out shine that of old Homer of ancient Trojan fame, of wham the poets sung? "Seven wealthy towns contend for Hosier dead, Through which the living Horner begged hie bread." New York Post Office Again?Phillips dr. Co furnished us with New York papers this afternson in advance ot the mail Thli is a relief at thia time, wher the miserable management of the New York Poet 0?ci renders it very uncertain whether we ars to have our regular papers at the proper time.?Marr/erd Timti, Fib rtuiry Jl. Naval ?The U. H. frigate Cumberland, and sloop of Wsr rtymouth, sailed from rilbraltar. December 14th, for Port Mahon Vkry Uti and Intirxstinq from Texas.? have received by the way of Nashville and New Orleans, advices front Texas to the 10;h inst. 1 hey will be found interesting, particularly the in telligence taken from the Nashville Union. [From the New Orleana Picayune ol Feb. 14.1 By the arrival yesterday oi the John 8. McKun, we have received Oalveeton dates to up the Oth inst. The McKim took over no less than 330 passengers on her last trip to Texas, 306 of whom were emigrants for Mr. Cas tro's colony. The sews from the interior of the country represents every thing as quiet Not an Indian disturbance do we hear of in aanauaiter . The Texan Congress adjourned en the8d inst. Frevil ous to the adjournment, the nominations of Gen Terral. r.s Charge d'Attaires to England and France, and of Col Heily, as Charge to the United States, were rejected by the Senate U is said that the chief cause of opposition to these gentlemen was owing to their hostility to annexa tion. Congress refused to receive the petition of a meeting of the citizens of Rusk county against annexation, fromt which it may be inferred how strongly the members ye are in faver of that measure. The Houston Telegraph ofthe 6th inst. says :-"Itis estimated that there are about 7,000 bales of cotton now stored in the warehouses of this city." The trade between San Antonio and the Rio Grande baa been much affected of late through the efforts of that arch traitor, Seguin. Several companies oi Americans have endeavoted to capture him the past winter, but so far he has been on the look out for them and escaped their snares in season The Telegraph says, that since the day a of Agaton, Seguin has been the worst scourge of Texas. Although he fought on Houston's side at the battle of San Jacinto, and was afterwards a Senator in the Texan Con gress, he will fare but badly should he fall into the hands oi the western men. ? Cooke, the same who ttru upon the first u *? e*pedltioD, haa been appointed Secretary ol War by President Jones. Con(freM has passed a resolution granting Mr. Castro two year* further time to complete his coloni zation contract. Mr. C. la now at Galveston, r kI^WU0 iT1 thst Co1- Kauf man would be appointed r.iJ?roifc YU-l. t8,atf8' ""bough the editor oi the Telegraph thinks to the eontrary. Joae Antonio Navarro, the last of the Texan Santa Fe treated with escal>ed from Mexioo, has been Las sppem-ed in Texa^#n?r* * atlentiona wherever he va^oVf^hSh"00? lt relited of ,he <8?ntly of Mr. Na ?w.ere previously unacquainted. The ..J IS..-5 -?His lather waa a Coraican of good birth, rnnf w!?h IS ^ 0 r*mark, was born under the same n a parte " pro "*y of the buman race?Napoleon Bo tn^hi debnite in elation to the navy had transpired , Congress. The committee on Commodore tion tS SmSr had reP?rtad. recommending his restora ie.V. apftpCr^?ad?ton,Wmeat0f ^ rataot tho ,Mt that ,he difficulty between Gen Green and President Jones has been adjusted. General ' ,'u,aid. b?d signified his determination to be come a citizen oi Texas, and had written to the United States Secretary of State to that effect, and alao desiring his appointment aa Consul to Galveston to be annulled before the misunderstanding occurred [From the Nashville Union, Feb. 161 D-S?li,on ',our, ?^ar?rt0 Texas. ?reived at Nash V "e f'? us a very favorable account ol the state of public ieeling in Ttxas on the measure of annexation. Although a i arty exists in the t?erJeit0 "" '"corporation into our Union, it is stancM Vr. ?h2 V?1 .il1 ,Dduenc?. under present circum stance*, in shaping the policy af the government, and can If0.>,e^,0U, jroprewon on the opinion* of the great ^?^ i. ,KPOfU "'0n- ?AU that forei?n influence can yf'.d? ia ,he keeping alive the spirit of disappointment, such as the rejection of the late treaty produced. This ' t0 0UrTarty dissensions as the means oi defeating the measure oi annexation, and it continues, therefore, its exertions to induce the government of Tex hiV? be?in?*ence the system of measures which would be best lor it, considering union with us as impossible, i , ^ ere gratified to learn ftom a conversation with Ma jor Donelson, that the present Executive of Texas, sc far from encouraging the party in Texas adverse to annex ation, as has been stated in msny of our public journals, srttnlt ,e?r t0 CTy ?"'fai'h(ully the wishes of the !?n L ?K 7,T ftSp?opIe The result of the recent elect tion in the United States wag highly acceptable to Presi lent Jones; and as an indication ol the opinion of the United States, met with a hearty response in all tho branches of the Texan government. ,h a .*? p'vwed to learn from the same source that the difficulties ascribed to General Green, in his inter course, as consul, with the President of Texas, have been satisfactorily settled, and that tney were never in realiti ^a?hara?le,r t0 'o'errupt the friendly relations existing between the two countries. No certain intelligence has been received in T.xas, be fore the departure oi Major D., of the fate of Santa Anna contradictory opinions prevailed respecting the abilities of those leading the revolution to maintain their autbori IXr?8n? ?but Santa Anna, if not at once cap hi ea,.h' would still find means to re-instate himself and obtain the recognition of hii power aa Die tator. But whatever the result ol such conjectures, it was conceded by a" that the revolution would rendei Mexico unable to maintain an offensive atUtude toward). Texas, and bad dissipa'ed forever ail doubts about thr we" ?? 'be /it facto independence and national ity of tho latter power. We are diaposed to cononr with Major D., when h expreaaea the opinion, that if the dt jure claim still set ur by some of our statesmen in hehalt oi Mexico, as a barrio' tothe consummation of the measure ol not speedily abandoned, a s ate of things may ba pro duced which will Involve interests of tar great R?.?magu I u.10 h Mexico ?>d the United ????-p. ?f0U^n ' ,hould Mexico a8nd another arm; into Texas, it will meet the fale of that led bv Santi Anna, and that then Texas would become the invader ?' iP?rr * pcnetratr '? 'be Pacific and new model tb< J*{.,^Sa?T"rnmten'a-,'j,?'cbing between the Rio Grand, and that ocean. In such an event It might be anticinate. that the spirit of adventure would not stop until it ^po? th^iih?iCi,y .,h? Mon'?umaa, and attempted tfere m. /J a government on the principles ol wielded by those exclusively who had sprung from the Anglo-Saxon race. Whoever looks into thV actual condition of Mexico, and reflects upon the igno niece and weakness of her population, mMtp!re!fv, how easy would be her subjection by a daring spirit having the means to attract to his standard those wh? IZ i?1?. U1". W ,ke Princ'Plra o' free government of what ,0 draW here the Pic'u? J .wuai might be tne consequence of the defeut dav fe ET'rr- ?'?ann*xa"on- "Sufficient unto the (lay is thfi evil thereof:" wo but glanco at it no tKa n[iA, does at the different projections which show him hi course and tell him where danger lili Among the erell advantages ol annexation, in our judgment is ita tpmior 'I to check the spirit of such an advent^ a. we hav J '?> kna the valid assurance it wiil give tin world, that, ?o far at least as the United States are con ^n0?"rtMmp,t WiU beJnade in'?frre with the jI5 fjl?'1,f..Mexico over her legitimate territory, or ex tract from the revolutionary material with which ahe tnh0?Wn?eU?r,'.KeiU1, de,tr?y b8r nationality or disturv tho peace of other nations. President Houston, we understand, has retired to bis farm oni the Trinity river, and possesses in a remarkabb r'l1vensration and love of the people he han so ZYreL':iZdi "epropo,ea ^ ro'a"8? '? r.ast Tennessee in the course of the spring, and will spend a few days at the Hermitage in the society of bis pktron, Gen. Jackson. He will be gladly ^?|c??8dby ,be P^pfr of this State, and particularly o thii district, who hivetikeo & deep interest in his for tunes, and rejoice in the success which has attended his tiorfrho? ro W k" id8ntified bis name with a revolu tion that can never be forgotten. . [From the New Orleans Picsyune.l ? 'be'upture between President Jones and the late U. \S, ^Vi?!0?'. ha" exci'8d considerable public win?noydoubt b"l1X"',,Pl',1't0,y ?f the qUarre'' [From the Galveston New*. Feb. 7 ] Washington, January, 1846. I see from the newspapers, that there is much specula, tion, as to the difficulty between the President and Gen Duff Green. I was one of those, with whom the lattei consulted, and to whom he explained most fully his plans. When in Mexico he obtaino.i a copy of the mortgage, given by the Government oi Mexico to the bond holders, for one hundred and seventy five millions of acres ol land in Texas, Chihuhua, New Mexico, Hnnora, an<' the California ; ktweiity-five millions of which, are tc> be located near the Atlantic. From all that he could learn, he was of opinion, that Senta Anna, sustained by the British influence in Mexico, would prevail ? He was apprehensive that Mr Benton's influence in the U 8 Senate, would defeat any measure lor annexation during the present session of Congress, and balieved thai it was advisa' le for Texas to put the western frontier in a position that would enable us, if necessary, to transfei the war beyound the Rio Grande He was of opinion, thai such was the opposition to Santa Anna in the northern provinces, that a counter revolution there would imme diately follow his success in the interior And that in that case, the country west of the Rio Grande, would gladly av 11 themselves of our aid in resisting Santa Anna Connected with this, and as a means ot giving protection, as wall to the Mexican frontier, in rase they took part with us, he proposed arrange meets for the Indian tribes, which arrangements were of a character, f belitve, to com mand success, and obtain the ohjrct in view. Upon all these measures he consulted with the President in advance, as did also, Col Kinney, the chairman of the Senate's commiltt e on military affairs, and both of them believed they were acting in accordance with his wishes. At 'he request of the chairman of the committee, General Green prepered j|rrport explanatory of his views, and it was upon the occasion of submitting it to the Piesident, that the misunderstanding which led to the President's proclamation took place. On the evening previous, in a casual conv? nation at his room, he expresaed the opi niou, that independence, without annexation, would ne cessarily lead to the abolition of slavery in thie country A gentleman present remarked, that he had been the first to put in motion the bell of revolution in Texae, and that rather than submit to auch a state of things be would be willing to go Into another revolniion. General Green enquired, how 7 one of thoee replied by e conven tion of the people, to which the first speaker assented 0 On the next nay, in the conversation with the|President, Gen Green, incidentally refer ing to this converaetlon, expressed a beliel that it would not be difficult to get un a revolution, to change that pert of the constitution which admits emigrant! to vote after six montha' reaidence. Thit remark,it seeme.the President afterwerde supposed whs made to induce him to approve of that report, and the measure which it contemplated. I have learned tc-day that the Secretary of fltata, Mr Allen, In a letter to Major Donelion, received on the morning he left this place, hrs withdrawn the persona) imputations rgainst Gen. Green, and the President admits that he misapprehended his remarks. Gen Green, upon nls arrivnl at Galveston,? wrote, h? says, to the Secretary of State ol the United States, that his name should not be presented to the Senate for confir mation aa Consul, as he had made up his mind to settle in the weetern part of this Rapiblio, and could not. there fore, perform its duties. The part which he has taken In this matter has not been in his official character. He has indeed done no official set. I am told, except the appoint ment of a Vice Consul, and hit oonrersations with the President were held in his character of a citixen of Taxas. As this matter has craated much excitement, I have written you this brief statement of facts, which you may rely on In haste, your's rcry truly, H. McLEOD. VhMtrtaaU, Ac. Madame Hanmerskold, the celebrated pianist, i? about to fire concert* in Mobile. The Congo Melodiata are at the Front itroet theatre, Baltimore. Madame Borgbese, and other artistes of the Italian opei a in thU city, have reached New Orleana, where an attempt ia about to be made to eatabliah the Italian opera. Personal Movement*. Hon. Francia Granger, of Ganaudaigua, ia in the city, at th j Aator Home. Gov Baldwin, of the State of Connecticut, haa appoint ed the 21 at day ol March as a day oi humiliation, laatiog, and prayer. Got. Pratt and W. T. Wootton, Esq., Secretary of State, arrived at Baltimore on Thursday. The Hon. James Harper, Mayor of this city, and lady, arrived at the same place on Wednesday night, and are sojourning at the Exchange Hotel. Certain Rynders, of the Empire Club, has proceeded to Washington, to be present at the inauguration of Mr. Polk as President. Mr. Dihon, elected director at the last meeting of the Morris Canal Board, has declined to serve the otiice, lor reasons unexplained. Mr Donelson, Charge d'Affairs of the United States to Texas, arrived at N <shville on the 13th inst. Gen Almonte, the Mexican Minister, is dangerously ill at the seat of government. Died, in Marlborough, on the 11th inst., Capt. Theodore Cord, in the 99th year of his age. He was the oldest per son in the town, and, until within about a year, was re markably active for one ot his y ears. Cltjr Intelligence. Avpucation to ihs Lmiiiutuii.?In the Hrrald of yesturday we noticed the tact of an application having been made to the Legislature lor leave to extend the term of the Court of Sessions for one week longer, in order to finish the great potk case of Adams. The application was to have been ma,to yesterday morning, but both branches adjourned over lrom Friday till Monday, so that it was impossible to have the proposed bill passed. As will be seen by reference to the report of the Court of Sessions, it ia a inattei of no consequence, a* the case as been otherwise disposed of, and no necessity exists for passing the law. As the hill was drafted in a hurry, it is not ex - actty the thing required, and the application will not pro bably be made at present. IsirOHTAMT Arrest.?M P. No. ? brought in a bare headed gentleman in a brown coat, ford?ning the Mayor and standing on the corner ot the street. The excuse of the igeutleman was that he was in favor of annexation of Texas and street sweeping machines, and an advocate of clean streets, and that having lost his hat in endeavor ing to ford Broadway at noonday, he conceived he had a perfect right as one of the people to d?n the Mayor, the streets, suid the M. P.'s into the bargain. The gentle man was considered out of the jurisdiction of the State because he was " half seas over," notwithstanding which he was oommitted. Mysterious.?M. P. 7, was this morning observed lean* ing up against a lamp post on the corner of Chambers st' and Broadway, with his eyes intently fixed upon a large pool of muddy water at the edge of the curb stone. His melancholy appearance caused a large crowd te assemble around him with great anxiety, in momentary expecta tion ot seeing him plunge into the unfathomable depth be fore him, ana thus put an end to his miserable existence. Some humane individual led him away by the arm, and directed bis ideas from the gloomy channel in which tbey had been grovelling, and thus saved a fellow creature's life. Mayor Harper intends offering a reward for the dis covery ot the humane individual, and contemplates pre senting him with several copies of the Wandering Jew, together with a dissertation upon the advantages oi "con crete" over paving stones. Native Porkers.?After several desperate attempts, a band of valorous M. P 'a have achieved a victory that heats Mayor Harper's sortie upon the apple women all hollow. A few fearless men belonging to Station House ?, having for several days past observed an object gro velling in the gutter immediately in front of their quar ters, determined to rout him from the spot, even if they soiled their uniforms in the effort; and, accordingly, turning up the collars ol their coats, and d splaying, in all their refulgence, the several letters, S P. and M. P., and settling their ha's firmly upon their heads, started reselutely forward. The object seeing such a formidable array of intelligence before him, turned tail and run. The M P.'s followed close upon his heels, aud after a long chase succeeded in capturing him, with a elr ii loca on their tide of two hooks and eyes, and on his of * few bristles. He is to be held amcng his companion* et the Station House, till his owner pays the penalty for allowing him to root below 14th street. Police Office.?Feb. 23.?Nothing of any interest at the Police office to day. The dearth of business was occasion, nd from the officers being too much terrified by the appear' ance of two ponderous volumes about twelve inohes' thick, labelled "Records of Losses, and receipts for lost property," to look alter thieves. If crime increases at the rate ot forty per cent, ten years from this time the books will be filled up. It required two strong men to carry them in. Coroner's Office.?Feb. 32 - Suicide?The Coroner held an inquest thii afternoon at No. 91 Bayard it, upon the body of Catherine Green, 31 year* of age, who commit ted suicide by taking a quantity of laudanum. She was sitting up when the inmates of the establishment went to bed last night, and about 7 o'slock this merniDg she was found lying upon the floor of an upper bed room in a state of insensibility with an empty phial labelled lauda num. lying by her side. A physician was called, but his exertions were of no avail, for she expired about 9 o'clock. Verdict, suicide. Destii fbom IdTiMrsBARCE.?The Coroner, also,held an inquest upon the body of Martin Teker, 30 years of age, who died at No. 3 Fulton street, last night, from dis ease of the lungs produced by intemperance. Sandwich Islands.?The following is an extract from a letter received in this city, dated Sandwich Islands, Sept. 36, 1844. This government has requested of the United States fovernmcnt the recall of Mr. Brown, our Commissioner. 'lis former has refused to citizens of the Uni'ed States i he same privileges granted by treaty to the English and French?taking the ground that since the independence was acknowledged, the United States have formed no new treaty with them, all former treaties being annulled ny that act. This ridiculous view of national law Mr. Brown has resisted. Hence the difficulty. The acknowl edgment of the "independence" of this people has made some of the rulers almost crazy. They know n ot what they are about. > The U 8. frigate Savannah arrived here yesterday, and refused to exchange salutes with th* forts. The Brig O. C. Raymond.?Our readers will doubilees remember certain reports in relation to this vessel, under the command of Capt. Dennison, os hav ing been concerned in the embezzlement of specie, amounting to $70 000, which had been shipped at Can ton for Macao, some time in the year 1848. It appears that instead of proceeding to Macao, Dennison took a course forTalcshuana, where he atrived early in 1844 ana dis posed of his vessel, exchanged the silver committed to his charge for gold, and took passage on board the whale ship Archer, Capt. Ricketson, of this port, then at that Elace, lor Payta. Upon his arrival at Payta, he took with im the whole amount of specia except about $18 000, and proceeded across land via Panama, to New Orleans, where he ariived in April or May last, and during the last summer spent some time in this towD. Recently, in formation has been received from China, by our Govern, ment at Washington, of tho embezzlement of the lunds by Dennison, and of the shipment onboard the Archer, and orders were accordingly transmitted to the | roper officers lor their seizure at this place, upon the arrival of the vessel. 7 he Archer arrived here on Monday, when Col. Baylies boarded her below the pott and seized the specie remaining on board, which is now deposited in bank. We understand that Mr. Davis, of Now York, an agent or partner of the house in China, arrived in town yesterday for the purpose of claiming the specie ; and that a similar claim has been instituted by the owners of the brig O C. Raymond at Sag Harbor. Dennison has net been heard of for some time past, and has probably taken his departure for Texas. Illinois Bonds.?We find the following para graph in the Springfield correspondent of the St. Lmit Republican Mr. Prentiss has arrived here and has examined the spurious scrip in the Fund Commis sioner's Office. He gives it as his opinion thst the plite is tne genuine one, but asset ts unhesitatingly that all the signatures, including bis own, are forgeries The pla:e, he says, never was delivered to the Board of Public Works, nor under their custody while they were in exist ence, but that it remained with the engravers at Cincin nati. Our engravers will be disposed to look into this matter. Millkr Excitement in Maine.?Some of the ci tizens of Orriagton have become bo much excited wiih the advent theories of "Father Miller," na to neglect all business and to live upon their substance by selling stock from their farms and the furniture from their dwellings They have set the twenty-third of next month as the day when the world will be caught up in the sir to meet the Lord The Selectmen of O have given notice, that several persons named, are to be placed under guar dianship and all persona are cautioned against purchasing tny property, as all contract* or deeds will be void on ac count ot their incompetency to manage their affairs. Interesting to Widows?In the Sup*emo Court of Pennsylvania u decision r.f importance has been made. Thn application waa *n tho part of a widow, who has married again, to compel trom the exe cutor of her late htuband the payment of an annuity of two hundred dollara, lift her until her son should be of age, " provided, however, that she remained his widow until that lime: otherwise the annuity to cease." Tho Court ordered the payment of thn annuity, notwithstand ing the re-mnrrlage. It was held that the provision lor the payment of an annuity so long as the widow should continue unmarried would be good, the provision opera ting only as a limitation upon the devise: but in the case before the Court there was a limitation aiseady provided, to wit, the coming of sge of th* aen, and th* other clause, directing the annuity to oeass on the marriage of the widow, cottld be regarded only as a condition subsequent, and a restriction upon marriage, which the law disfavors as opposed tothe fl'st law of our nature and to the interests of society. Deaths in Lowell.? We Hrs indebted to Dr Wella, the City Phyaictan, for a atatement of tho deaths in this city during the yssr 1644 The whole number is 863 ; last year, 8*8 ; in 1643 478 ; in 1841 4A6 i in 1840, 436 i ho population of the city has increased from 30,961 in 1840 to 36,168 in 1844. Dr. Wells remaiks. in relutien to the causes of this diminution of mortality, ai follows:?"The enlightened policy of tho City Govern ment, in directing the construction of common sewers, and the enterprise *f individuals, in multiplying comfor tabl# habitations, hsvn doubtless contributed in no small degree to this desirable result. The eaiabliahment of a Hospital supported by the liberality of tho corporations, for the accommodation ot the sick in their employ, is be lieved to be another important agency. The more general diffusion if a knowledge of the laws of health, la also conducive tothe same, end And m*y we not hope, that a more ration 1 ro"' ? ai froi.tmrnt, corresponding with other improvemi r* t"- ,? ?? ?? rot hoen without it* inltumcef" The mortality anting children has boon un usually greet this year- 300 om ot the 862 having been under ten years of sge The number of death* by eon sumption is 77. Th<-numbsr of mali a whs have died t* 168 ; females, 166.- Lows/1 Courier, 16.

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