Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 25, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 25, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. lew lurk, Tuesday, February 49, IMS, Parlies In Ibe City?Spasms of the " !Va tlves." The din and tumult of preparation for the Spring election are beginning to be heard on all hands in this city. We have, indeed, every reason to anti cipate one of the hottest and most amusing con tests for the city government that we have seen for some years past. The wings arc reniatkubly ac tive. They have made a very capital nomination lor the Mayoralty, and they are preparing to present their very best men in the various wards lor the of fices of Alderman and Assistant. Their determi nation, zeal, harmony and energy are unbounded. Very sagaciously mingling with their old rallying cries, these of "city reform"?"reduction ot tax es "?and "an improvement of the naturalization laws," they have really excellent prospectB of making a successful fight. The democrats have also commenced the work of preparation. They have not yet began to organize their nominating convention, but in a short time we may expect to see them come out with their candidates. The most prominent locofoco candidate for the Mayor alty is Mr. Havemeyer, one ot the Presidential electors. However, we shall have this party with its men fairly in the field in a lew days. As for the Natives,they have commenced the work of an organized system ot attack on the Pope of Rome, in the form of a series of lectures under the j auspices of the " Shiffler club," and this evening I their Mayorality Convention mfeets at Military j Hall, for the purpose of nominating Mr. Harper for I re-election. The election of Mr. Davis in Boston ! has thrown them into quite a paroxysm of extacy, j that event being regarded by them as a most over- | whelming proof of the predominence of "Native- ! tsm." The transports of the poor " Natives," on account of the result of the Boston election, are amusing enough, when we look at the facts in the case In Boston, the naturalized vote is small. " Nativeism," indeed, as it is understood here, can hardly be said to have entered at all into ' the recent contest in that city. The struggle in ; Boston, which was so protracted, and finally de- ! cided by such a slim majority, was purely one be- j tween two religious cliquti of the Whigs?the old, orthodox puritanical Presbyterians, and the | modern, liberal and " newlight" Unitarians Popery, corderoy breeches, and " the Dutch"? the potent elements which created the " Native" , party in New York, had nothing to do with the eight , ornine drawn battles in Boston. Sectar ian difleren- , ces, the growth of the same intolerance, asperity, , and religio-political feelings which, two hundred years ago, drove Edwards and the Quakers into Rhode Island, were the influences which entered j into and produced the contest for the municipal go vernment of Boston. Our"natives" may, therefore, fire their "thousand guns" for Mr. Davis' triumph, but, after all, it is clear that the Pope and the Irish have not been very much affected .by that event. But whilst the "natives' are thus rejoicing, let us briefly review their conduct during the past year, and thus discover the extent of their claims to continuance in power. There never was a par- j ty which assumed the municipal goverument of thiacity with fairer prospects of a long and suc cessful reign than that party now in power. Their professed principles were excellent. They pro mised us city reform. They promised us reduc tion ot taxes. They promised us a good police. They promised us clean streets. They promised us an economical expenditure of the public money. They promised us complete eradication of the cor ruption of the old parties. Every honest and in telligent man in the city hailed the advent of such a party. The ridiculous and childish rigmarole about the Pope and the Irish, with which the "na tives" started,was partially cast aside, and charita bly overlooked. Honeat whiga voted for the "na tives." Honest locofocoB voted for the "natives." Honest Irishmen voted lor the "natives." Honest Dutchmen voted for the "natives." It is a fact that great numbers of adopted citizens voted for this party, because they believed that the pledges which this pqgty gave would be adhered to, and that the city would be blessed with a just, righteous, honest, economical and efficient municipal government. The consequence was, that the " native" party obtained a victory at the polls last spring which was unprecedented. They elected their Mayor by an overwhelming majority, and swept both boards of the Common Council Thus was the new party borne with triumph into power, and assumed the reins of government, with the best wishes ot the best men of all parties. A few weeks passed away, and the community awoke to the melancholy conviction that they had been most grossly duped. Not one movement was made towards any of the reforms which had been so solemnly promised. Scenes of scrambling for office, more disgracefal than any which had ever been witnessed, took place?the gates of the City Hall, and the residences of the Aldermen, were literally besieged by applicants for office, and for the first few months the government of the city was entirely neglected. Aroused at length by the com plaints of the public, the Corporation, by way of redeeming their pledges of reform, drove the ap ple-women from the Park?the booths on the Fourth of July were abolished?and, in a fit of des perate and unexampled zeal for reformation, the Mayor actually procured a dozen or two of tin-pans, tied them to sticks aronnd the Park Fountain, and invited the citizens to quaff ad libitum, from thst magnificent puddle, draughts as weak and mud dy as the administration which devised this unparalleled demonstration of civic munifi cence. Then came the memorable three nights' war of the watchmen on the unfor tunate women in the streets Next in the order of city reforms was the attempt to prosecute the re spectable hotels in Broadway for selling liquor on Sunday. Then, byway ot tealizing the hopes of economy and retrenchment, the taxes were in creased to the amount of two hundred and fifty thoutand dollars, and, to complete the work, a re velation was made of conttacts in "oil"?of con tracts in beef?of contracts in shoes?of contracts in sugar?ol contracts in pototoes?of contracts in Bnufl?of contracts in lard?ot contracts in pork? of contracts in Hour?of contracts in Cavendish to bacco?of contracts in every thing, such as abso lutely astonished the most successful jobbers and pilferers that had ever fattened on the corruption of any of the old parties. Such was the manoer in which the pledges of the natives were fulfilled? such has been the realization of the innocent dreams of the honest masses which elected the present reforming, purifying, economizing party in power! This, then, is a brief but truthful statement of the claims of the " native" party to the suff rages of the people of this city. With streets in a state of filth never known, till now, in a Christian city ?with taxes enormously increased -with contracts in " oil" unparalleled in the annals of corruption? with a most miserable and bungling attempt at po lice organisation ? with every pledge violated, every promise broken, e very just principle trod den tinder toot, these reformers again come forward and ask this community to re elect them. But let us be just. The " na tives" do still assure us that they will save us from the l'opc?they do still most solemnly assure us that they will secure to us the privilege of eating fresh meat in L?nt, now so seriously endangered? they do still guarantee to us the right to read the Bible, without note or comment?they do mill-pro mts ? to save the republic from the Irish and the Dutch. They do not assure us, however?but the "signs of the times" do?that th?y will be swept out of existence in the nex* spring election, by their ancient friends and allies, the wings. Mayor of Brooklyn ?The Native party ol trooklyn, last evening, nominated William Hook ?', ||. fjsg , for Mayor Beach's Financiering ? We'give ia to-day's pa per letters from Allentown, in Pennsylvania, con taining a portion at the evidence taken by the Commissioners, by direction of the Committee on Banks of the Legislature of that State, relative to certain passages in the history of the Lehigh Coun ty Bank. This is a most interesting and graphic disclosure of the system by which many country banks are s.arted into existence, and of the pur poses tor which many banks possessing a good uaine are used. It seems that in endeavoring to start the Lehigh County Bank, Beach used the cir culation and credit ol two other banks which have been supposed to be, to a certain extent, under his control. We allude to the Plainfield Bank ot New Jersey and the Farmers' Bank ot Malone in New York. One ot the most atartling facts in this develop ment is the statement that over #80,000 in Plain field notes were offered in payment of the stock of the Lehigh County Bank, besides a check repre senting depositee in the Plainfield Bank of #36,000. Now, on turning to the statement published by the Plainfield Bank, and presented to the Legislature about the same time, we find that the whole circu lation of the Plainfield Bank, at that time, was only #81,000, and the deposits about #19,000 It is evident, therefore, from this discrepancy, either that the statement put forth by the Plaiufield Bank was erroneous and untrue, or that the bank notes and checks on that concern, presented by Beach in Allentown, were not included in the statement ol the Plainfield Bank to the Legislature, and were so much waste paper. This extraordinary tact and discrepancy ought at once to cause the New Jersey Legislature to investigate the affairs of the Plainfield Bank, and to ascertain whether any of the directors of that institution were aware of the extraordinary amount of their notes in circulation, and of checks on their deposits, which were thus used by Beach in endeavoring to start the Lehigh County Bank. There is some de ception somewhere in these matters, as is apparent from these discrepancies. So also we may state in relation to the Farmers' Bank of Malone. Here is a check ot $20,000 on that bank, when wc will ventuie to Bay that they have not $1,000 in de posit trom any quarter, for its whole existence is only in name, and not in reality. It will be perceived from these extraordinary disclosures, that every thing which we have here tofore asserted in relation to the critical position of the Plainfield Bank, and of all the banks with which Beach has any connection, has not been in the slightest degree exaggerated. The manage ment of all these institutions displays qualifications not calculated to cteate confidence in the public in receiving these notes, and although many of the directors of the Plainfield Bank may believe and mean right, it is very evident that some of these transactions must have taken place without their knowledge, and contrary to the interests of that institution. But these extraordinary facts are quite in keep ing with the character which Moses Y. Beach has always maintained in his banking experiments du ring the last four years. Who has forgotten the experiment he made in ttie case of the Jackson ville Bank J That was a country institution, bro ken to pieces, but bought, like cracked crockery, and attempted to be revived in this vicinity. The ? attempt was made for a few months, when the confederates quarrelled?the Bank broke a second time?Beach repudiated the notes he had issued? and the public lost a great deal of money. The operations now disclosed in connection with the Malone Bank, the Plainfield Bank, and the at tempt to put the Lehigh Co. Bank in action, con trary to the provisions of its charter, must, we think, quite convince the public of the financial capabilities and financial morals of Bsach. We presume, therefore, that the Pennsylvania Legisla ture will repeal the charter of the Lehigh Co. Bank?that the New York Legislature will make an investigation into the uses to which the Malone Bank has been applied?and that the New Jersey Legislature will not forget to search into the cha racter and management of the Plainfield Bank. Something is wrong?all wrong?and, so far as the public is concerned, we advise all to be careful not to touch any paper connected with any of these banks, or any bank with which Moses Y. Beach has any connexion. Post Office?A Bright Thought.?Our worthy Postmaster, at length awakened by the repeated complaints in regard to his administration of the concerns of the post office in this city, has resolved to make a move in the matter. It is said that the ?umber of clerks employed are insufficient to per form their duties, therefore the Postmaster has re solved to make them wear a sort of livery, by way, it is supposed, of increasing their efficiency. Now, whatever may be the Postmaster's views about a uniform dress promoting uniformity in actions, it would be far better for him to clarify his own skull than decorate those of the clerks in his department with blue caps, even with brass eagles on them There is brass enough used by him already, in the gross neglect of public convenience witnessed in the irregularities of his office ; and instead oi get ting new saps for his clerks, he had better put a feather in his own, by making such regulations as will ensure the sale and speedy transmission of the mails from one place to another, and their quick and punctual delivery on arriving at their destina tion. Very little faith in the utility of liveries, or uni form dress?or blue caps more than other caps? in brass eagles over pewter, or other eagles?is in existence in these enlightened times, and particu larly in this country ; and any eflert to increase it comes most unseasonably from the Postmaster be fore he acts in good faith to the public, and does his duty well. Faith, without works, is dead, Mr. Postmaster, and we have neither faith in, nor hope for, real reform, whilst such puerile and con temptible changes occupy the attention of public servants. Mayor Harper and His Organs.?It seems that His Honor the Mayor was not cracking his old jokes at Baltimore alter all, at least so his organs ! say. If he be really at home, we think he should curb the insolence and indecency of these organs. ; It is really very inconsistent in the head of a party that claims parexccllente, to be the " Bible party"? to bethequintescence of all that is pure and lovely, ' and of good report?and who himselt bears a repu ' table private character for morality and decency, i to psrrnit his organs to pour lorth daily long tirades ! of filthy and scurrilous abuse. His Honor the 1 Mayor must look to this. He cannot endow hit organs with brains or common sense any more than he can make a black nan white,but he raiglu at least try to make them decent and fit to be read j out of the limits of the " Five Points." Do try, Mr. Mayor, it is surely not necessary that your | organs should be as filthy as the sheets. Tiib Tftas Exoitrmlnt Increasing.?Another ' great Texas meeting is to be held in Tammany Hall this evening. In several of the wards, meetings ol the same character are called, and we perceive that in Jersey City a similar demonstration is to be made this evening. Nothing more clearly betokens the strength of this question and its ultimate triumph, than the avidity with which |the various cliqitet of of office-beggars and office-holders are seizing on the popular movements in its favor. The Miming Nnn we see, endeavors to depreciate the numbert andeffect of ihe Park Meeting, on Saturday after noon. Still kicking Hgninst the goads. A BiSHor, or not a Bishop T?The controver sy about the position of poor Bishop Onderdonk has assumed a verv interesting form, as on its de cision rests the payment of the salary. This, after all, is the greet point. One of the members of the Standing committer protests, it is said, against the payment of the salary,on the old principle,"nosong no supper " It is probable that the matter may yet come before the civil tribunals, lor it appears thus far, that the Church is unable to deride whether ths Bishop is uufrocked or not Meeting of the Schelffler Club. A meeting of the Scheiffltr Club was held last night in their room, corner of Hudson and Canal streets. The gathering was composed of about fifteen hard featured and tarish looking old matrons, halt a dozen of soft and Billy looking girls, and a sprinkling of the other sex to match?more nume rous, but apparently as much out of their element. Prom half-past 7, the hour named for commencing, until eight, half a dozen of mischievous boys kept up a performance of juvenile pranks, inuch to the edification of the ladies; and, although there was far more noise than method in their procedure, for want of something helped to relieve the ?cene of a vacancy and tedium which would other, wise huve been intolerable. At last, as the little room was occupied gradually by a stray bird now and then dropping in, having become passably garnished, according to the old proverb?" little ina little makes a mickle." Among the rest, the Chairman dropped in, too, and the Secretary also. The iormer called the meeting to order, and the iatter read the call of the meeting, which apprized ill the inhabitants of this terrestial globe who heard it, that a grand oration would then and there be delivered to the audience on " The love of country?its nature, origin, &c." prudently adding in anticipation of the tumult ot applause which would ensue, that it would be prudent to do the rough part ot the plaudits with their hands instead of teet, as the latter would inevitably overpower the gravitation of cohesion, aad tear down the ceiling in flakes whose length and breadth would make fears for the safety of the tenants of the tower floor. The Chabman then introduced to the meeting, a gentle man whom he styled the Hon. Mr. Woodsufv, who com. nenced "light off," by saying he would be perfectly con teni with a patient hearing, and wait tor their applause, if 'hey chose to give him aoy, when he waa done speaking After some preliminary flourishes, the speaker said that '.he phrase ''Leve ot Country" was replete with meaning; tad a powerful influence on the masses, on mechanism, ind the arts, and was very glorious indeed and made a terson wish (hat he had lived in those days that tried nun's souls, just to have the pleasure of showing it. It was consoling te knew that the people of this country wore so free trom despotism, t* at it was inhabited by a acr so fond of truth, that nothing more than an illusion was necessary to arouse them to noble actions. In illus nation of tbe love ot country, he said it might be compar ed to love of any object surrounding us; like that of a fa ker, mother, suter or brother; that it r?quired peril and laager to developed in all its strength, as would be seen if this country was assailed by hostile fleets, and fierce warriors armed with swords and bayonets to transfix jidJ age? when the angel ot hope was retreating, and he horizon lured with the glare ot blazing cities; nay, even the attempts of pliant tools in obedience to <.he designing schemes of bad leaders to make Ameri can serts and slaves through the ballot-box, would irouse them. The next thing dwelt upon was in answer ing the question, ?' What is a country 7" Upon this he was of opinion that it meant something more than land ind water; for if it did not,then the Turks, Mandarins, ind heathen in general, had as much as them?seeing that it is generally admitted that there is both land and water in all those countries inhabited by them. Hannibal and .he Carthagenians wire noticed; and Cesar was spoken if as he who "made all Italy depnndencies of Rime." In connexion with his subject, the speaker proceeded to give i curious and long disquisition on the several kinds of Uw, the constitution oi the United States, the power ot the Supreme Couit, which doubtless he thought were ail legitimate topics; although he was any thing but success. :'ul in making this apparent, to at least,one of his hearers. .At one time he spoke of the people of this country as ho megeneous?at another, as heterogeneous. Several origi nal observations might be given, a* used by the speaker, particularly upon law, if it were worth the trouble How ever, feeling that at least the speaker is interested, we ?aroestly recommend him to study tho pronunciation of Kuglish before he next makes an oration, ami ing him that neither nuclut, nor nunipithal, nor adaption are found in his mother tongue. Alter a few songs, the meet ing adjourned. Fanaticism and Madness.?The annual report of the State Lunatic Asylum has just been publish ed. It exhibits the most satisfactory proof of the necessity and propriety of establishing this munifi cent charity, and its eminently intelligent and suc cessful management. Since the opening of the Asylum,five hundred and filtyone patients have been admitted, of whom two hundred and ninety-one have been discharged. Of those discharged, one hundred and eighty-five were recovered; sixty-one improved ; twenty-two unimproved ; and twenty three have died?leaving two hundred and sixty in the institute at the date of the report. A great number of the patients are represented as having become insane from fanatical excitement. The victims ol " religious anxiety" number seven ty seven?of " Millerism," thirteen; of " Fourier ism," (which is Tegularly set down as one of the causes of insanity,) one. These are the sad records to which we are to look for the effects ot the labors of the fools, madmen, and designing knaves, who pervert and prostitute religion and devotion. Supposid Suicide at Hoboken, Yesterday.? Between twelve and one o'clock yesterday, there was discovered in the water about 100 yards from the Sybil's Cave, the body of a female, which was immediately taken up and conveyed' to an empty building almost opposite to the "Otto Cottage." About three o'clock, the Coroner, C. T. Perry, Esq , summoned a jury to inquire into the cause of the death of the deceased. The first witness called was Wm. Lattebet, who deposed that he was in his host near the spot mentioned above, when be observed some thing like a portion of a female's dress floating on the wa ter, and upon approaching it found it to be the end of a shawl ana the skirts of a dress. He immediately oaught hold of it, and dragged it towards his boat, upon which the body arose to the surface of the water. He took the body into his boat, and conveyed it to where it then lay. The body was about twelve yards from the shore in about four leet oi water; it was just ebb tide when he discov ered it. Dr. R. F. Cooke said he had examined the body, and had not found any marks whatever of external violence ; it could not have been in the water mote than three or four hours, as all the jaints and fingers were quite flexi ble The deceased was evidently a mother nursing en infant of some Ave or six months old. A boy of the name of Edwasd Wileinsoiv, aged 14 years, was then called, and was about to be sworn, but in answer to the Coroner and jury, said that he did not understand the nature of an oath ; knew nothing of the consequences of telling a lie: never said his prayers, or went to church. He then voluntarily stated that he saw the deceased about ten o'clock going towards the cave Another youth named Wright gave similar testimony. Several other persons came forward to see if they were able to identify the body, but were not able to do so satis factorily. All the spectators then withdrew and the jury consider ed on the verdict, and in a short time returned with a ver dict of ''found drowned." The Coroner then stated, that the body should remain in its present state until two o'clock this day, for identifi cation, and if not claimed in the meanwhile it would be then interred. We had written a full description of the person and dress of the deceased, with the hope of leading to identi fication, but at a late hour last evening, it was found that this was unnecessary, as the body having been discover ed to be that of Mrs. Auld, wife of Mr. Auld, machinist, Broome street, who left her home about nine o'clock ia the morning, in a state of mental excitement, and crossed to Hoboken by the Canal street terry. The deceased has left two young children to deplore her loss. Steamboat Launch.?The steamer Niagara will be launched from the yard of Wm. Jc Thos. Col yer, foot of Twelfth street. East River, this morn ing at 11 o'clock. Capt. Albert De Oroot is to command her. This is a very fine steamer. The " Annus" Bat.t..?This ball canie off t Niblo'slast night and was a splendid affair. Aequa of the "Scottish Guard" under the command t Serg't. Haig, which was stationed as a guard i honor at the entrance to the supper-room, altracte great attention, on account of the elegant unifon and soldiery appearance ol the men. The Storm ?Snow fell last night to the depi of four or five inches, and somewhat drilled in e; posed situations, accompanied by a high wind. It mil nave been a dreadful night on the coast, and some lo mutt have been sustained The trains (rem Provideni and New Bedford came through this morning with te dem engines about an hour behind time. Both roads a now free. The storm of New Bedford, as we learn fro Colonel Hatch, was the moat severe of the season, but 1 reports no disasters. No steamboat mail by Long Islai Sound from New York, had arrived when our paper we: to preas It must have been impossible for a boot to hai come through owing to the snow, thick weather, at high wind of last night.? Bur on Tr ante rift, Fth. '43 Nauvoo.? A gentleman from Nauvoo, informs us, says the Warsaw Signal, that the great mass of the population of the city is in a itate bordering on star vation. There is no business going on, and no means ol obtaining subsistence but by charitable donations from richer classes. Krtort Direct?One John McCuen, of Pat tucket, waving posted his better halt, she replies the. " Oasette" as follows : My husbsnd has posted me as having left his bod ai board. I wiih simply to say that he nover had any. A the beds to which he lays claim were given to me by it ather. ROBANNA McCUEN. A violent thunder sioim visited Philadelphia on Sunday during which the lightning atnirk several bnilding, da ing considerable darasge. Court Calendar?'This Daw. Common Pi eas?Part I at-29, 44, 4A, 47,40 50 AI 31,1,7,31,43,16 Pert 3d?2, 94 Six Weeks Later from China. I Two fast bailing ships, the Oneida, Capt. Tripp, and AnnMcKim, Capt. Vaamer, arrived yesterday with advices from Canton to the20th of November They have thus made the passage in less than one hundred days. The Celestials oppose the progress of the Eng lish in their empire in every conceivable way.? They appear really to hate them. The negotiations between the French and Chi nese continued. We annex a paragraph relative to them. There don't appear to be any news of particular importance. It is stated that the market for green teas opened at a much higher point this season than last. The American frigate Brandy wine was to leave for home on the 20th of D?c. via the Pacific Islands and Valparaiso. The sloop of war St. LouiB sailed on the 7th Nov. also for home. The ship Paragon, Capt. Curtis, of New York, from Manilla for Canton, with rice, was lost be tween the former place and Amoy. Capt C , wife, and crew, took to their boats, and were picked up in three days after by a Chinese fishing boat. They were compelled to pay $600 before the rascals would relieve them. When on board the fishing bout, they had to protect what little property they had saved with drawn knives. They suffered much by the shipwreck, but sufiered still more while in the hands of those who rescued them. We regret to learn that Captain Eagle of the Val paraiso, died soon after his arrival at Macoa. The V. is in charge of the mate. Tne ship Howqua, Captain Palmer, of this port, was attacked by pirates in the Chinese sea- They were driven off by a few shot. Pirates seem to abound in that part of the world. An opium schoon er, commanded by an Englishman with a Lascar crew, was captured by a Chinese rover and the Englishman tossed into the sea. The clipper Eagle, Captain Sherman, has been aold t" Ruaaell & Co. lor #20,600. [From the Hong Kong Register, 1?oy-,8.] The American .hip Paragon, From Manilla to Amoy, Buffered ?o much in the etorm ot Sunday .the ^thOctober, that her crew were obliged to abandon her inthe On approaching the coa?t they were Beltedi by theCbinese fishermen, who plundered them, threatening ^ber vio lence. The mate and fourteen of the crew managed to aeize their own boat and eacape, following the coast to Hons Kong. On learning that the Captain, hie wife, and a pan ol S?e crew, were .till in the hiidsof the Chinese the ownera ef the Gazelle ordered that the cargo ?hewoa reee.ringon boa d ahould be discharged. intend.ngto aend her to bring them off. In the mean time they b.< bar gained with theircaptora to bring tat '"' *???. arrived in a fishing boat on Thuraday, before the Gazelle haThe"Natchez, which arrived here on Saturday,has com pleted a voy uge round the globe in nine month* and eigh teen dava having left this on the Uth January last. She proceedwi by the Cape of Good Hep* to New York ?n ninetv five days, where ?he discharged, took in a ne , cargo, and Bailed 20 th May , returning by1Cape II Valparaiso in aeventy-one daya, the ,h0""t paaaage <sver ) The run from Lima waa accomplished in nity nve day ian Jalialf Her previous voyage by the,w? route occupied nine montha and twenty-two daya, or four day '"a*long Chinese document haa been ported on the wall, about the town daring the past few daya, aetU g | the injustice of the New Regiatry act.afteraomany per aona irem far and near have come to the 1 I merely the peaceable intention! of honest trade | It at that in flrat coming they never dreamed ol ?uch a custoa being thought of by English outhoritiea, and ,jr8?" . necessity of all the inhabitanta combining and aenioiing i a joint petition to the authoritiea praying fcr[heabroga tion of the said act, and in caae their P?tlUon be noi granted, it strenuously urges upon all classes of Chi ( ?o break up their eatabliahmenta at Hong kong, and re turn to their homes under the more aatiafactory rule thWe?undertBtaudrthat a memorial haa been gcnt'jVl? *hl, Colonial Government by thp Chtneae, but we have no j airouato make ao muoh, waa a alight 1 on the moment, by aome Coolies who had struck work on seeing aome oi 'heir number in the emplM of goveramen The attempt to connect thia movement with the Lngiisn Community, by referring it in the first place to of Comnradora held fiur hours alter wards "d that meet ing in the aecond place to the matigaUon of'heMercant,U body, because one of their number had the "hw* ?|y allow the meeting to be held on ita pretniaei.ispitifulen't groundless. That our domestic servants and Comprador attending constantly at table, and hearing at every mea discussions respecting the rights and hg? residing under British sway, and how groaalv thw been violated by the recent ordinance, ahould have pick ed up these words. U not much to be wondered at-tha they ahould use them in reprobating a meaaurethey tel so oppressive upo. them as their master, will scarcely "we'leeM^by" letter from Maceo ef the 24th that Key ing end bis suite had taken his departure that lor Canton. Nothing seems to have 'I^P^lnisier terms agreed on with M. Lagrenee, the Various reports of disagreements, principally on the ?u jectoftheimbaasy proceeding to Peking, were in clrcu let ion through the week, but the circumstance olI th Imperial Commissioner taking a passage m the Frencb Sterner seems to give the quietus to any such opm I# "t is understood that the Emperor had agreed that.Ma ceo should be free to all nations, which we understand t> mean that vessels of all nations should have the privilg ot entering the inner harboi for the purpose ofjlischarg ing and taking in cargo, upon paying theeatabliaht. due*. The Jnriadiction over the Type ha* also bet-i j S*^telatterhprivilege seems to us of a very doubtiuUio ture, as the extension of power will naturally J* by the extension of port dues, and claiming theae at a anchorage where vea.el. formerly ley lree fromall charges, will scarcely ect as an inducement t?> them ? visit the settlement. Had the former right Mong wi the present modified Tariff been conceded a to* J?*"; la probable Hongkong would never ??**? JE"' heard of as a place of any consequence. As it is we feni the concession comes too late to be of much advan'*8 unless the enactment of such measures as we had occa a ion to comment on laat week, shall make ns g Uito> es cape from the advantages ot British rule, and induce'ii to ask lor "tickets of leave" to reside under a foreign gov ernment to escape the tyranny of our own. Fiom Canton we learn that the new wall round th. factories was in process and meeting no interrnptlon. A soon as it is finished the other buildings will be proceeded with. All the sites had been taken up except three. [From Peking Gazette ] Shantung has recently been in a very unsettled state This is the tatherland ol China's greatest 'swgiver, but the people have always been remarkable for their reck less disposition, the eagerness with which they form themselves into associations, and prey *P?p ^ei* nelgb bora. Such -is also at present the case, and the Lienten ant Governor has recommended very strong measures to suppress these illegal combinations. , , ,h On account oi the rapidity of the cuivent, ouring to th heavy rains, part of the dykes ot Ningbae, inCbekeang, have been carried away, and great injury bwn d??? * the crops To obviate greater calamity, a amallimmol money, for reitoring the Taeentang banks, haa been vo teThe native, of the Eaatarn part of KwangtunRprevinc, haveauffered moat severely from .t^atiou, . .d died of hunger, without utteringBaingleayUaWeo content, or accusing the Government of neglecting ^ dutv towards the people. In a former number it waa sta ted that a clan, thinking themaelvea unjustly treated by the district magistrate, and appealing in vain for redrew, slew him and hia people. The Provincial Judge, who want down armed with powers over life and death, order ed twenty of the ringleaders to be executed. Toindero nify himself, however, for his great exertions, many inno cent people were implicated, and these had to pay heavy pubis to be again liberated from prison, so that the whoi has proved a very advantageous concern- , , Since the troubles in Turkestan, Taoukwang ordered that convicts shall be transported to some peatltantiaire gion in K weichoo. They very soon scinmulaWd to 8000 but decreased subsequently to only 6000. The Lieuten"1 Governor, being appr.hen.ivo *hM the unbiddji gur ?? might occasion disturbances, has he|g^ 'ha Lmperor to send them to the original deserts. ?u*\he Supreme Go vernmeut justly remarks, that they must live there among Mahommclans, and lie exposed, not only to these harha riHns but likely to get Into strile with them A new code ol regulations is, therefore, to be drawn up to prevent all collision and difficulties upon this point. *he places se Ldi d lor the abode ol criminals are generally auch where un epidemic sooner or later make* an end ol their |iyca. and removes from the State the burthen ol maintaining ,hAs it haa been conaidered of tha highest importance that all maritime China ahould he Council have given direction* that to all the military station* of Chihla, toward* the sea, able men be appoint ed to defend their country, and keep up the proper diacl P,'l"he crop* aland well and promiae an abundant herveat. Already haa the price of rlc# fallen, in expectation ol their ingathering, and the poorer classes have shown more contentment than a few months ago. Narksti. Hono-Koiso Mannar, Nov. l.-lsironTs.-Camlets con tinue dull at Amoy and in thia province; at Shanghai they can be moved off in barter, though with aom* difficulty, and at low prices Chintzes?Are in no demand any where; we are told a large quantity has been returned to this quarter by one of the late ships from the Yangtsze keatig. Cotton- The business ol the past week has been on a verv limited scale; the few sales made have been con I fined to Bengal and Bombay itaples For Madraa there is no enquiry. Cotton Yarn i* a degree firmer than last week, and a few parcels of high numbers have been moved off at Canton at a slight advance: at Amoy, the market is overdone. Lead ?The stock is too much too heavy. Leug Cloths Sales of both whites and greys to a moderate extent arc repotted at about previous rates; at Shanghai the prices of both descriptions are nearlv the same Long Kits are not much enquired after, and few sales sre consequently mentioned, here or to the north ward. Opium is dull, und rates are gradually giving way; the app-- isnce of the Mor, just announced, will no doubt hasten the decline Rice is still giving way in the neigh borhood, the appearance of the crop on thn ground ru ing very favorable: at Amoy a decline has also taken place, i Rattans?The market is dull, though a few sales have been made at rates lower thsn those laat quoted. Wool len* are (till dull; transaction* are confined to Spanish .trine, and hahit cloth, of which a few aalea have been ""VieoaTi.?Alum?Considerable quantities still conli nu? to arrive, and Urge purchase* have been made for In dia; price* remain much a* before ? Aniseed?There have been aome arrival* in Canton Purchaser* have been found for considerable quantities. Cania doe* not come treely to market; some ?mall parcels have, however, ar rived, and have been picked up at our quotation* Silk? The merchant* still continue to drmand high rates, but no puiehase* are reported. Sugar?Although the market has been quiet outhe whole, price* are fully maintained at our quotations Teas, Black?The tea men are again disposed to ask high prices, but little business has conse quently been done; a few chops have beeD secured at prices within our quotations; a few chops of Caper and flue Pekoe Tea* have been purchased during the week Oreen Teas?The quarter portion of the Teas that have as yet come have touud putchaters at high rates, both for the English and American matkets; we hear ot no trans action* in Canton made Tea* ExroRTs of Teas to Great Britain iinck Oct. 1, 1144. Twankay, lbs... 129,726 Congo, lbs... .3,572,114 Hyson 16 152 Souchou,.... 228 056 Hyiou 1-kin,... 10,110 Pekoe, 100 625 Young Hyson,.. 251,845 Oiange Pfkoe, 196,512 I inprrial 27,759 Caper 150 626 Gunpowder,... 54,914 -4,254,004 490,806 940,806 Sorts 3,709 Total lbs 4.748.519 Freights to Calcutta and Madras, very scarce; to Bom bay cargoes are scarce, and shippers unwilling to submit to the old rates. Rate* of Exchange and Price* oi Bullion?On London, at six months sight 4s 3d a 4s 4d per dollar; Government Bills at 80 day* sight, 4s Id, in little request; on Calcutta, private bills at 30 days sight?Company'* accepted bills, Co/B*. 225 for $100; 8ycee Silver, large, 3 per cent premium*; small 1 a 2 do do; Carolas Dollars, old head, 8 do do; Ferdinand do at par, Republican do 3 perct. dis. Important from St Dominoo.?Advices irom St Domingo to the 6th are received. It is reported that Herard considers the Constitu tion of 1843 suspended, in consequence of the in surrection in the Eastern part of the island, and in stead ot a Legislature, establishes a Council ot State, the members of which are to be appointed and revoked at his call. It was cunently reported that the President intended to be crowned King' taking Christophe for his model, under whom he was formerly an officer. Coffee was higher one-fourth than at this time last year. Affairs in Ckntral America?We have intel ligence from Guatamala to the 14th of December. On the 21st of November, treaties of peace be tween Honduras, Salvador and Guatemala were ratified. On the 8ih December the Constituent Council ot Guatemala was solemnly installed. Naval ?The U. S. brig Porpoise, Lieut. Com manding Wm. E. Hunt, sailed yesterday for Nor folk. The Porpoise is to join the steamer Prince ton, at that port, whence both vessels are to proceed to England. Annexed is a list of the officers at tached to the P. Lieut. Commanding, Wm. E Hunt; First Lieutenant, Wm. E La R?y ; Second Lieutenant, Chas E Fleming ; Acting Master, D. Mc N. Fairfax ; Acting Purser, Jo seph Gideon; Midshipmen, Samuel Magaw, Watson Smith, Benjamin L Henderson ; Boatswain, A. F. Thomp son. We believe that the Porpoise is to act as tender to the Princeton, or as a protector to that steam frigate. Theatrical*, Ae, Mr. Booth terminated his engagement at the Cincinnati Theatre, on the 10lh inst Mr. Anderson is carrying all before him at the St. Charles, New Orleans. The house is nightly crowded to see him. Mr. Ouflield it giving Concerts in Columbus, Ohio. "Jim Crow Rice," has returned to this city after playing two auccesaiul engagements at Boston. Mr. Barton, the celebrated flutist, is in New Orleans. The Kthiopien Serenadera are in New Orleans, draw ing good houses. There are now no less than three theatres, three cir cuses, and a menagerie open every night in New Orleans, besides exhibitions of giants and paintings, and concerts, soirees, and balls in any number. Truly that city lacks not for amusemept. The Swiss Bellringers are engaged for the second time, at the American Theatre, New Orleans. Miss Clifton made her first appearance before a Saran nah audience on the 20th last. City Intelligence. Esc ask from PaiaoR.?Attached to the Upper Police otfica is a miserable, tumble-down, insecure rat-hole of a place, used as a prison, or rather called a prison, for it is none in reality, lrom whictj. for the last six years, prison ?rs charged with felonies often escape. The magistratei of the upper office have been endeavoring lor years to in duce the Common Council to attend to it, but they have not thought proper to take any measures to remedy the l evil. On Sunday night, Michael Mulligan,who waa con fined there on a charge of burglary, succeeded in making nis escape, by forcing the lock of his cell door, and then unscrewing the bars of a window in tl.e hall, and wrench ing them away, so that he could escape. On Saturday afternoon, Mulligan asked leave of deputy keeper Law rence Van Busktrk to walk in the corridor, and permis sion was granted him. Instead of returning to his own cell, he took his clothes and blankets into the next coll saying that the bunk waa wider in that cell than in bis. and he waa permitted to remain there by Van Buskirk Justice Taylor investigated the matter yesterday, and found that Mulligan effected his exit with a broken case knife, and that he must have been entirely unassisted. There is no keeper on duty at night, and of course no ont 'o prevent any escape, attend to the wants of prisoners, in case of sickness, or render assistance in case of fire The following persons have escaped since October last? lohn Williams, charged with burglary ; J. D Shay, same offence ; Nicholas Pertain, for bigamy ; and Mike Mulli gen, for burglary Now the mischief has been committed the sapient Committee on Police, Wetch and Prisons, are going to close the stable door, and intend making an al teration, by removing the watch house stairs, busing se veral cheap locks, straightening the bent bars, and screw ing them down again. Police Office.?Ft a 34.?Catchiro Gbvrtebs ?A man, calling himaelf Bob Sturgea, was arrested for dri ring four hogs, worth $30, in the public streets, intend ing to convert them to his own use. They belonged to Thomas McOowan, of No. is Elizabeth street, whe made a complaint against Bob for larceny. He contended that he had a right to take the hogs, and drove them wherever he pleased on the ground that they were Mayor Harper's, is no others are suffered to come in the lower part of the city. Upper Police?Monday.?Cask or Gamblirg.?Ben geant Upham of the M. P , assisted by some of the privates arrested eight black men, mostly barbers, whe wcrr tound gambling about two o'clock ou Sunday night. They were held to bail. A Bad Bor.?Samuel Mortimer, a lad, waa arretted for stealing from George hice, uf 130 Essex street, some gold coin and jewelry, worth $30. He admitted the fact, and waa fully committed. Stealiro Buttra fbom a Plate.?John Stanwich had the audacity to take a firkin of butter worth $5 from one Plate at No. 130 Wooster street. Coroner'* Office.?Monday?Irflammatior of th* Bowels.?Abraham Stevens, a black man, a native ol Virginia, 30 years of age, died at No. 339 Mtdison (treat, a bo it 3 o'clock this morning, of inflimation ol the bowels produced by intemperance. The Coroner held an inquest, and the juryfotind a verdict in accordance with the facts. Amusement*. Palmo's Theatre ?There waa n goodly number present lest evening at this establishment to witness i he ? rst representation of the burierque Opera of'' La Som Am De Beauties," taken from the Opera of "La Somnam bula;" also to hear several new piece* of Music by Mr Kneass ana hii talented company Every thing went off with the greatest trial, amid roars of laughter The new niece bids fair to be quite as popular as the "Virginia Girl," and equally well worth seeing. The Discussion Continued?On the Original Unity of the White and Dark Faces of Men.?The discussion or this interesting qnesti in, between Mr. Robert Grant and Dr. McUune Smith, will he continued in th? Society Librarv Kpoms, on Wednesday evening next, die 26th inst. Ths chsir Will be tikeu and the discussion opened st 7)4 o'clock, pre cisely. Onnraud's Pond re Subtile, the only article in etistence for the safe, <iuick and rermaneut eradication of superfluous hair from low foreheads, female.'upper lips he. Found only in this city at 67 W*|ke, ltreet, first store from Bro ulw sv, wl ere may be had Gouraud'i Italian Mtliralril Snap, for coring pimp as, freckles,, old sores, and all injuries and d ?coloration of the human skill. CionrauH' i V rgelailt lAtjmd Routt elicits a drlicate blush he ti"g* to th* complexion?immoveable. Gouraud't Spaniih IaIu frhitr, for ihe complexion, 26 rents n box. Gouiaud's llur Vat will change red or grey hair to a jet black or beautiful brown Agentx?7# ( heunutstreet, Philadelphia ;Jordan, Milksrreet, Boston ; Carleton h Uo., Lowell ; Bliss k Co., Springfield ; Uretn h Jo , Wotcrster ; Bull, Hartford iKerre Middletown ; I Myers, New Hsveii ; Dyer, Priiridrnce ; Tousey. Rochester; Bar lens A Bull, Troy ; P-arce, I Btanwix Hall, Albany ; fe'h S Hauce, Baltimore ; D. Moore, Lynchburg, Va.; Ander son, {Nashville, Tenn. Her voice ia'like the melody of angel-lyres in tuuc. And her lips and cheeks are tinted like the Blushing rote of June. Dr. Kellx Oouraud't Liquid Vegetable Roiig*, is the most splendid article es ant for tinting a pale ch-efc or lin with the hue of health. Unlike ihe various prepa rations of Rouge which tr? told elsewhere. and which rub off almost at soon is applied, Dr. G.'s Vegetable Konge is so nexrly inde itile that it cannot p ttilily be removed from the skin by rmbing. In a heated room, therefore, where the perspiration it continu'lly exuding from the pores, ihr superiority and im> p-.r'ance of Dr. G.'s prcnsrstion is at once teen. Purchase only atDr G.'s Perfumery Depot, 67 Walker street, 1st stote from Broadway. W cents a bottle. u How my aid* poln* me?It ho* been the case ever since last spring when I had that attack of Dyspepsia; at that t me my food dis'res.ed me very much?I took medi cine bat it did not relieve it, and I now find great trouble with my tide, cough agrea'deal; and fear this complaint will kill me." This it a common result of the iinpro|?r treatment o! Dyap*|>tia o? Indigett on, in its early stage?it is suffered to go ou until the liver is affec ed?the lungs suffer, and deaih closet the scene. How easy it would be to get relief, if the proper means were only made use of. Resort to Dr. Folgus Olosao nian, or All-ll iling ItaUain; it has cured a great many cases jnat like your own, anil it w ill cure von; but your disease must no* be left too long, for it may rexrh that point soon when rem edies will lie of little or nnava.l If you would escape disease in its worst form a take ho'd of it at once?follow the diree. lions, and you will not reg-et it?th* remedy is al hand, and it will he your own fault if veil le11he o|'P->''??''V f<?' ? ?>"? " * by. For .ale at the principal office. No. 106 Nassau street, at Mrs. Haya', 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. Th* Chinese Hair Brndlcntor wnrrantad to remove tapeifliioiit hsir from the fare, neck or arms, and will not in jof?!lhn moit d*licat? ikin. Hold only nt 9.\ Court,* j landt st u??')1 tin t bath suck'd the honey of the breath, ruth had oo power yet upon thy beauty," ? ? ? ? ? ? e , . "Beauty's snsign yet Is crimson on your cheek an J on your lips." The glory of our House hu departed, yet haw beautiful it th.n fai - angel's form even in her shroud? is it poenble that thit scourge, ,he yellow feyer, could leave her thus I eiutiful, exclaimed Kdw.rd D-n, a. he K'zed on the oui?. heaven 1* form ofElleu his betrothed. Ves, re ider, [he fever might have defaced he-, di>color'd h-r skiu. or buru'tl her hair, o- c >vei d her lace with hi trhes. lever spots, or any ether dufiguremrut let by[espsniding 8S cenU. .he or any one [lie (livn for dead) might have beeu rendered thus fair and lovely: this, doubtless, may soeia to the matter of fact, leader, puffi.,*?allow it, yet us arov n by huod eds iu this ci.y thst a cake of th* tenures Jones' Ch*mtcti t-oap will make disu 1 r'd. blotcli'd, or freckled skiu bright, e'er and d? liciim, removing every eruption And[also, that a J shilling bottle of J ones' Coral Hair Re storative will make and ke-p the hair clean soft, silky and ' nr, thrice ss 1 >uu as any other article intde, beside foiciug?mind, lorciuK the hair to crow, atop it falling off cure it ol' dandruff, he. Header, both these are really axcelleut-uiiud and get the genuine at the sign of the Am-ricnn Eagle, b2 Chatham st. or S21 11 roadway, N V ;<.r 139 Fultjn st., Brooklyn; S Stalest, Bost in; 3 Ledger Building., Philada. Comatock'a Kstruct of Sariaparllla-A certain cure for the following cnmplaints Scrofula Tetter, Mercurial Disesses. Chronic T'henmatism. Bilrsfr nian impure state of Oenersl Debility, the Bod* Cutueou* I'iseaaes, I 'lceration of the Thraat, Scaly b motion* ol the Sk'n, I'ains of the Bones, And all ar'sicg from an impure stats of the blood, exposures and imprudences in life, and excessive use of mrr cury 1 his celebreted medic;lie is rrenared in the most approved manner, from th* puieit iucr dients, and it sold at inch an ex tremely low price hat all can afT.rd to use it-vix : 50 cents per bottle,or$4 per d. as laric bottles as others that sell at th* enormous price of one d?llai per bottle It can be found only at 2i Conrtlandt str-e'; ID Tremmt Row, Boston ; 69 Beeond street, St. Louis: and 59 Poydr. s street, New Orleans. Ually'a Pain Extractor, uolil at '41 Court landt stre-t. Warranted genuine?price 25 cents. lleafiieaa?Ur, AlcNalr'i Accountie Oil, for all complaints of the Ear. This is an art c'.e as good as it is celebrated. It Has he*n known to cure esses of lung standing, even where the palient has not b'en able to hear perfectly for years, and for the cure of humming in the head, pain iu the head, pain in ilia head andears. it it unrivallei. How Lumei rui are ihs caiea of persons suffer ing as it were aloo.tcoi stant ly fron buzzing noises in iheir eau, sounds like the falling of water, Ike , which are sure symptoms of approaching deafness. To all such we confidently recommend hi. McNair's Oil as sure relief. Sold only at 21 Courtlandt street; 139 b utton St. Brooklyn. To Rheumatic Mufferereri -Who will suf fer with Rheumatism in any form, or contracted cords and muscles, wheu there is a sure cud poaitive remedy, which n warranted in all c??e. to cure, or the mo?*y w II be refunded. This re "edy is called the Nerveand Bane Linimuir aud th Indian Vegetable Elixir, and h is cured hundreds, to some of wh m tersoual re'ermce is made, and we do not piiy aiy who will suffer with the above complain's because they are so pre jud e d that tliey will not use this article, notwithstanding it will not cost thsm anything unless it cures. Use trii article and be cured, or go without it and suffer, as yon plevte. In case this r. medy tails to cure, the urine w.ll be refunded Hold onlv a'21 uourtlandt s ree , 139 Fu'ton s\ Brooklyn; 19 Tre mont BoyHf Boston, and 59 Poydrass st. New Orleans. Dalley'a magical Pain Extractor, at hi* only agency, 67 Walker street, first door from Broadway. To those whoM Oceupatlona tend to pro dace or aggravate diseases. This class of individuals is vetv nu merous. They are those who work in an unhealthy atmosphere. Printers, workmen in feather stores, 'stone cutters, bakers, white lead manufactures, are all more or less subject to disease according to their strength of constitution. The only method to prevent disease is the occasional use of a medicine which abstracts from the circulation all deleterious humors, and ex |iel them by th* bowels. Tonics in any form are injurious, as thev only put off the evil day to make it more fatal. The use of Brandreth's Pills will ensure health, bee 'use they take all impure matters out of the blood, and the body is not weakened but strengthened by their operation, for these valuable Pills do not force, but they assist nature, aud are not opposed, but har monize with VsV. Sold at Dr. Brandieth's office, 241 Broadway, at 25 cents per box. 274 Bowery, 241 Hudson, and Mrs. Booth, 5 Market stnet, Brooklyn. All Plilladcljphla Subscription* to the Hehalo must be paid to th# agents, Zieber 8c Co., I Ledger Buildings, Third street, near Chestnut, where single copies may also be obtained daily at 1 o'clock. 0- All the new and cheap Publications for sale at their ea tabTishment, wholesale and retail. UT?" With the exception of one paper, the "Herald" is read as much, perhaps, in Philadelphia, as any paper published iu that city, affording a valuable medium to advertisers. Advr* tiremrnts handed to the agents at half past 4 o'clock, will ap pear iu the Herald ntxt day. u4 ly Medical Notice?The Advertisement* ofthe gs? ? ??Vsrteilo's; apif* Office >nd of MOSEY MARKKT. Monday, Feb. 514?8 P. M. The tendency of price* is ilili downward*. The mar ket to-day wh rather heavy and transaction* more limit ed than at the clo?e of the last week Btonington decli ned }; Farmer*' Loan, J; Erie Railroad, }; Morris Canal i ? Illinois, 1; Mohawk, J; Pennsylvania 6'*, J; Long Island advanced j, while Norwich and Worcester, Har lem, Canton, and Ohio 6'*, closed at yesterday * price*. The depreMion in the stock market has in a great met gore, been prednced by the rumor* current in relation to JSo annexation of Texas and the movement, of Great Britain in relation to Mexico and Califoraia. TheM; counts from Washington regarding these ecu hate had nearly as great an effect upon the minds ot operators as the actual passage of the bills in favor of an nexation and in relation to Oregon, could have bad The passage of the annexation bill through the Seriate, and the signature of the President to the bill, could not have a , more depressing tendency upon the market thin the hun dred rumora which have been afloat for the past week. Any little excitement, any turn in political affairs m?y make, is seized hold of by the bears who magnify and increase it in every way, and use it for the purpose of hammering down quotations lor stacks. In this they very often.succeed. , . . . The course the banks are pursuing cannot but have a very favorable effect upon atocka, and the facilities they afford slock operators, are sufficient to offset almost any influence the complexion of political question* may have. Vhe banks have, within the past three wetki, confined ?.heir operations almost exclusively to the brokers Stock loans are preiered to any other, as they are sup nosed to be safer and under better control. There exists in this city men of large capitals, whose bnainMS it iia to loan and invest their money. These private banker dis. count large amounts of business paper and must in a short time control this branch oi business leaving the banks to All up their lines ol discount, by loanston stock securities. The mercantile classes would much rather offer their bills receivable to a private banker for dis count, than to a board oi directors in any one of our banks, where prejudice, private spleen, or rivalry in tbi same line of business may create a disposition to embar rass, are brought to act against the passage of any indivi dual's note or notes, teethe discount drawer A private broker decides at once upon any note presented to him tor discount. The applicant is not held in suspense until ten or twelve can make up their minds upon tlie subject, and when the holder confidently expects re lief, to And his notes returned with a corner turn ed down and no farther satisfaction given. Any business operation between man and man ia settled at once and the thing i* understood, but not se between an individual and any corporation. One ha* ? soul and the other has not. The banks of this city, ai now conducted, are of no use to the commercial classca, but on the contrary are an injury. The merchants have, heretofore, depended upon the banks for discounts, when money was plenty, but in times of scarcity, the banks have found other use* for their money; but discounting business paper. Now the merchants cannot obtain discounts Irom the banks, although money if only worth from four to six per cent per annum. It is to be hoped that the commercial classes will cut themselves clear ot the corporated banks and confine their business to the private banking establishments. By so doing they will increase the capital ofthe private bank* now in operation and induce others to come into the street, to carry on tne same business It will furthermore weaken the banks, and eventually compel them to reduce their capitals, con tract their operations, and drive some of them into liqui dation. These institutions were chartered expressly tor the benefit of the mercantile classes; they were ir.corpu, rated solely to aid and extend the movements ef trade ami commerce, upon correct and legitimate principles, ifor tn concentration oi the capital lor the put pose of establish ing a system of credits, and for the advancement of every branch'of business, upon a solid basis. Instead of carry ing out the ends for which they were chartered, we And tbern devoting neatly the whole of their resources to en courage stock speculations, leaving these engaged in other pursuits to get along a* they best can. F?rt > the commercial Classes require very litt le aidI from these in'titutior.f, and we ore not ?ure but that the refaMl of tb b inks to discount business psp ir as freely as they former ly .lid, will prove ultimately more beneaciai to the com munitv than if they pursued an opposite course. The annual repori ofthe Secretary of the Treasury ol ,hl c.:r?a Hje-se. ?>rI ifc o?I been presented to both houies of Congress. We l.avt only been able to obtsln extracts. HTiTiMrsTOFTHi Vacvr. ov Doaissric Exposts ksom *?!??>? into, th. Us.t.d Ststvs, roa thz Ym? Enoino Junk *0, 1944 .... , Products of the sea- Fish, oil.whalebone.and sperm candles. ? ????????? ? . Of the forest-Skins, furs, lumber, pot and pearl ashes, naval stores, lie Of animals ?Meats, hides, butt, r, cheese, est ^ ^ ^ Vegetable' fj'od-grain,' fruits, biscuit, Ac Except flour,, Flour, a -j oji ? ? ? ? ? ? ' 44164 40 Manufactures-Cotton, piece gooJs, a.8"8 ,lo Soap and candies ?l?,6i do Snuff and tobacco ff?,,!? do Lead f"'" Total >99,716.1* Valna of rxports of foreign merchandise,.... 11 Toisl vslus of saportstion, >111,942,42 .iww.... Ad vslorem duties W ?M .Ml Specific duties JIM69 HM ,09,484.98 . Balance in favor of United States, >9.807,4? This statement showa a balance in our favor of nearl three millions of dollars. The exports of domestic w cbanli-o wcic valued at nearly one hundred millions < t,?Th< annexed tBble shows tha imports and exports ? esch State for the year ending Jinn :10,1814 with tb number of vessels engaged in the trade ol each State. Vacua or thk fMpnaTS isn Exports of ?*. ii Htati .OR IHt Y*aii f.noino JllN.: 30, 1811. Krpntlt. Import!, s met Maine >1,176,134 Mil,121 1,2 Massachusetts 9,096,286 20,206,007 2,3 Now York 82,961.640 66,070,516 6,7! Pennsylvania J 635,266 7.2I7.2S7 Mari laud . ...... 6,193. [M 3 917,760 Virginia ?? 2.!ll,.27!i South Carolina 7,ii'l2. >. , Georgia 4,283,80. 104,634 ?? Alabama 9,907,651 412,010 2 Lonimna... 30,400,307 7,826,790 1,0 The i State of New York ia the greatest exportit

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