Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 5, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 5, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HEKALD. New Yurk, WcdiKi'l"' < Hurcli 3, l*-?3. Highly Important from Washington. The Inauguration of James K. Polk, THE NEW PRESIDENT. FORMATION OF TUB NEW CABINET. THE MUOVRAL ADDRESS. Yesterday, at noon, James K Polk, the newly elected President of the Uniied States, was inau gurated and took the oath of otiice tuthe presence of congregated thousands. All the party leader*? all the officers of State?all the representatives o( the people?multitudes of the fairest womer. in the land?aud crowds npon crowds of the citizens of the United States, were there, and the whole scene presented one of the most imposing displays of re publican pomp, splendor, enthusiasm and triumph, ever witnessed in the Capital. The day opened with the uoise of cannon?;he ringing of bells?the display of the American fljg from the Capitol, the Navy Yard, the public edi fices, hotels, and many of the private dwellings of the citizens of Washington. About eight o'clock, early as was the hour, the eutire avenue from tht President's House to the Capitol, wua thronged with men, women, aud children, from all sections of the country. It was rumored in the morning, that Genera! Jackson had nirived, aud such a bursting forth of shouts from point to point, as this report caught and spread among the multitude, the ears ol mor tal man have seldom heard. It is scarcely neces sary, however, to say, that " Old Hickory" was present only in spirit. The " Inaugural Address" was sent on by a go vernment express, and reached us at eleven o'clock last night. To it we refer our readers without comment. It will be read with, perhaps, a greater degree of mterest thau that excited by any similar document since the time of Washington. We shall, this day, receive the fullest and earliest de tails of the tn.iuguratiou, and will issue the intelli gence immediately in an extra. Our correspondence from the Capital is of the greatest possible interest and importuuce. The in telligence relative to the formatiou of the new cabinet, will produce great excitement in this re gion. Washington is in a state of unprecedented ferment. But we refer our readers to the letter from our correspondents at the Capital, for the de tails oi the extraordinary state of parties and ol popular feeling there. Discontent?doubt?aston ishment?indignation?hope?fear?rejoicing?all the varied and strong passions of the political arens appear to be let loose in Washington, and no on< knows what the next hour may bring forth. We have at this moment the best possible rneant of obtaining from Washington the fullest, earliest, and most aathentic intelligence. Place co reli ance upou the rumors, stories, and falsehoods ol the party journals, but look out for ths Herald cor respondence from the Capitol. The Inaugural Address. Fellow Citizens :? Without solicitation on my part, 1 have been chosen by the free and voluntary suffrages of my countryman ti tha most honorable and most responsible office on earth 1 am deeply impressed with gratitude for the confidence reposed in me. Honored with this distinguished consi deration at au earlier period of lile than any of my prede cessors, I cannot disguise the diffidence with which I an. about to euter on the discharge oi my official duties. If the more uged and experienced men who have filled the offioeof President of the United States, even in tin infancy of the republic, distrusted their ability to di? charge the d?ti? ?i that malted station, what ought u*< to betne apprehensions ol one so much younger and let. endowed, now that our domain wxtands from ocean t<> ocean, that our people have so greatly increased in num bers, and at a time when so great diversity ol opinion prevails in regard to the nrincipies und policy which should characterize the administration ol our govt ri. mentl Well may the boldeat fear, and the wisest trem ble, when incuriing responsibilities on which may de pend our country'* peace and prosperity, and in some de gree , the hopes and happiness ot the whole human Ic mUy. In aesumiug responsibilities so vast, I fervently in voke the aid ot that Almighty Ru'er of the Universe, in whose hands are the destinies of nations and of men, to guard this heaven-fsvored land against the miichiela which, without His guidance, might arise from an unwise public policy. With a firm reliance upon the wisdom 01 Omnipotence ti sustain and direct me in the path of dut) which I am appointed to pursue, I stand id the present of this assembled multitude of my countrymen, to take upon myaelt the solemn obligation, " to the best ot m> ability, to preserve, protect, and defend the constitution of the United States " A concise enumeration of the principles which will guide me in the administrative policy ol the government, is not only in accordance with the examples set me by all my predecessors, but is eminontly befitting the occasion. The constitution itself, plainly written as it ia, the sat. guard of our federative compact, the offspring of conces sion and compromise, bindiDg together in the bonds c.l peace and union this great and increaiing family o( Irel and independent States, will be the chart hy which I shall be dire; ted. It will be my first care to administer the gorernmeot in the true spirit oi that instrument, and to assume m powers not expressly granted or clearly implied in it terms The government of the United S ates is one ot delegated and limited powers ; an 1 it is bv a strict adhei ence to the clearly granted powers, and by abstaining trom the exercise of doubtful or unauthorized impliro l-owcrs, that we have the on'y sure gumPaiity against tie recurrence ol those uulortunate collisions between th< Federal an ' State authorities, which have occasionally aa much disturbed the harmony ot our system, and ev-i, threaten'd thep rpetuity ol our glorious Uniou "To the States respectively, or to the ]>eople,"havr been reserved " the powers not debated to tbe Unite.l States by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States." Kach State is a complete sovereignty within th< sphere of its reserved powers. The government of the UuiOD, acting within the sphere of its delegated autho rity, is also a complete sovereignty. While the general government should abstain from <he exercise of authority nut clearly delegated to it, the States should be equally careful that, in the maintenance of their righli, they do not overstep the limits of powe rs reserved to tbem. One of the most distinguished of my predecessors attached de served impoitance to " the support of the State govern intuits in all their rights, as the moat cumpet nt adminis tration fur our domestic concerns, and the surest bulwark against anti-republican tendencies and to the " preser vation ol the general government in its whole constitu lioual vigor, as the sheet anchor of our peace at home, and safety abroad " To the government of the United States has been in trusted the exclusive management of our foreign affaits. Beyond thst, it wields a law general enumerated power*. It does not force rsform on the States. It leaves individu als, over whom it easts its protecting Influence, entirely Iree to improve their own condition by the legitimate ex ercisoof all their mental and physical powers. It is a common protector of each and all tbe States; of every man who lives upon our soil, whether of native orloreign birth; of every teligious sect, in their worship of the Almighty according to the dictates of their own cunsei enoe; of every sha le ot opinion, and the most free inqui ry; of every art, trade, and occupation, consistent with the laws ol the States And we rejoice in tbe general hap pineis, prosperity,and advancement of eur country,which nave been tbe offspring of freedom, and not of power. This most admirable and wisest system ol well-regu lated sell-go-ernment among men, ever deviled by hu man minds, has been tested h.v its successful operation for more than hall a century, and, if preserved from the usur pations of the federal government on the one hand and the exercise by the States ol powers not reserved to them on the other, will, 1 fervently hope and believe, endure for ages to come, and dispense the blessings of civil anu religious liberty to distant generations. To effect objects so dear to every patriot, I shall devote myself with anxious solicitude. It will he my desire to guard against that mist fruitful source of danger to the harmonious ac tion ol our system, which consists in substituting the mere discretion and caprice of the executive, or of majoi ities in the legislative department of the government, Cor powers which have been withheld Irom the federal go vernment by the constitution. By the theory ef our go vernment, majorities rule, but this right is not an arbi trary or unlimited one. It is a right to be exercised in subordination to the constitution, and in conlormity to it. One great abject of the constitution was to restrain majorities from oppressing minorities, or encroaching upon iheirj-ist rights Minorities have ? right io appeal to tbe constitution, as a shield against such oppression That the blessings of liberty which our constitution secures may IA enjoyed alike by minorities and majori ties, the executive has bean wisely invested with a quali fied veto upon the acts oi the Legislature. Itissnega tive power, and in conservative in its character It ar rests fit the time hasty, inconsiderate, or unconstttution ul legi'la-ion; invites reconsideration, and transfers ques nons at issue between the legislstive and executive -It ,> ir uiuuts t > the tr.hin.l ot ihe people. Like all other powers, it is subject to be abused When Judiciously and propsrly exercised, the constitution itself may he saved from infraction, and tbe rights of ell preserved and pro. ti I I he inestimable value of our federal Union is fait and acknowledged hy all By this system of united andcon i-derate 1 States, our people are permntid, collective!) nn I individually, to seek their own happiness in their own way; ami 'he consequences have been most auspicious ? Since the Union was formed, the number of the Slates ha? ?creased from thirteen to twenty-eight; two of these have ken their position as memhers of the confederacy within be last week. Our population has increased from Ihie. .twenty millions. .New communities and States are seek ,ng protection under its agia, and mui nudes from the Ol I Vorld are flocking to our shores to participate in its sing' Bene oh iis benign away, peace and proaperi oi evail Freed from the burdens and miseriea of war i trade and intercourse have extended throughout the . n? longer nuked in devising ^.n. to ac noplish or ri'iiil fCQiint!! ol inbition u*ui nation or conquer i* devoting itself to nun's true interest) hi'do veioping hi* faculties and p.,wers, and the cawSlr of a ?<&?? nil t'qU]h11 ?ik? 1 8?Pi?ced u,on teim, ol pre protection v"^ ^re ^Wto equal light* and (qua) and perfect frerdoi of ^tw< .-n church and mate aad creed*. of opinion i? guarantied to all sects lan^hTour IM^rVlVrn6 *?"?'?! to our haPP, "t,r,H?ww? w"o w1h"ow*?! hand ui Eoy wisdom wfurh mi n1?.h'est atructure of human would >'ton th him?eli and hi* fellow-man. II? hi* country ( itif'r'TrT'.n tn'* KCVPrDmtut> anil involve extinguish the ilrn <!f VI* y ?r despotism He would the"mrtsof?.??,? i n ber,y whioh WB,ms ?nJ animate* t ie earth to imlt ? ""ilions, and nivitea all the nation* ol Ml ?{w si* ?. fxample. If he *0V that error government l?i m Ln lhe 8,1 ministration ol the he pet feet ai > t'h, IPrn?niheithut nothing human c.tn ment reveal.,I h . w "n r other system ol govern h 'en allowed ???*? i1', or devis# J b> mar. has reaiei Ha* 'lie >yi?r/i f * hroad a scope to combat error i. ree i?.? rd ?f ,l,;tP0,< Pr?T'J to h i J safer n, lightened l"meat 'tforni in government than e> ruins of tn^ir- Dne",he e*P?ct to liud among tl ' i?? miliinn. ,L Um?n a b*PPi?r abode for our swarm lnfJI^Vi.1 n tnu> now h8V0 under it 7 Every PossTbm voCni'.n?y ,hudd/r "t the thought Ol the fees ssr &SssS^^^srsuss stesassaa'sr lv oit? dC ZTUr-mr 5* "orodiy endSrC: con sequence*. n ,he mo"t ruinous and disnstroui country 'miim i?f '!eep re*"t that, in some section* of our that if it wera^maiihn *nd protccted by U. All must ing their nbiert JV. d- i 5mt0 ""ccesstul iu attain *"quent deairunt? on of" ? n ?'?!? Union, and the con mu*t speedily follow. ? PPy form of K0verument I am happy to believe that at everv nerinH ?r on. ffiSs??9H? -r"" ?? mu?n0t onWh??l.!,C!?Ps.^OB,l,', of "?? constitution heart bu?in?r?m?^Tn n "ctisnal jealousies and renlh,? n?. .? be discountenanced; and all should fmnUv harJrwr i are ??mber. of the same psolitica) family, having a common destiny. To increase the nt -a^sriKs^ "with H^r'" nB10n| tr ' "lety *f ,he Union. " fWSl to the wil??f iti .ufhn? v ,t"n?th?? it in opposition ==aStSSS iiiHSSSSSH in the expe^ditur^oi^h. ^f^^e^?the ,tricte,t 'conomy compatible with the pnbliS"^CresT,e,', WhiCh may |,p Eu^annmo^hie,.lTue "lmc5,t an institution ol large amounts irJm t^e lator^'ln Periodio.aUy transfer* ol the few Such o " tha ?"ny to tha coffer,, lor which onr ??m' incompatible with the ends Under a wise rKdtcv thsfa Jfova???>t wa. instituted tlon andduHfflhl'w^^flS,^00^":^'" aiii?sSSS7?? aS?SSr'; many ef which iAe7_;- ^ ,Wlft tnelr "?nimie? practical pcri<Jd That they w?ll do^ #t ihe e?ri,cs, be done without iloo citit^:. ^ouii sassaaSw-k?sa ? in?" p?l?SSiJy h,;i ">""???? (ration shall rrauire economical sdminis doe. there seem ,o'bSLPv m.te^.md^ aC(",iMrc" No, as to the absence of ri*(T? difference of opinion section of countrv L '? ,h" *overn?nent to tax ou< ?fourcommon country." I hiTo hZntn.rf.110^1rPol^jon my fellow cifj7erifl that in ?? H ? ''?rotofore declared to Of the government to extend ?yiudgm?t' '*'? ">? duty cable to do ? b?H* ??.' L far V ??* ^ P?ctl within it* oow'.r r - f . *? ,nd all other means interert*^fU?e whoU iTnn Juat P">*ect,on to all the great nufacture* the meehiini oln' Mriculture* mo ti*n." lhave *l?^nij -5 r"?mrree, and n.viga Of^a tariff fw S0.^ ?y?Pini,on '? " in l*vm of such a tariff" I have sanctinnrd"1 alJ',,,,'thedetni's mmatiDg duties a* wuuM nSlf.! moderate di*cri needed and at tHn aamA produce the amount of revenue j~j .. JSLzfsrxszn The power " to lay end collect taxes, dutiea, Impost v and excise!," wa* an indispensable one to be conferred on the federal government which, without it, would possess no means of providing for its own support. In executing this power by levying a tariff of dnties for the support ol government, the raising of revenue should be the object, and pro'.ectinu the incident. To reverse this principle, and make protection the object, and revenue the incident. would be to inflict manifest injustice upon all other than the protected interests. In levying duties for revenne.it is doubtless proper to make such discriminations within the revenue principle, as will afford incidental protection to our home interests. Within the revenue limit, there i* a discretion to discriminate : beyond that limit, the rightful exercise of the power is not conceded. The in cidental protection afforded to our heme interests by dis criminations within the revenue range, it is believed will be ample. In making discriminations, nil our home inter ests should, as far as practicable, he equally protected ? The largest portion of our people fare agriculturists, Others are employed in manufactures, commerce, navigation, and the mechanics erts, engaged in their respective pursuits, and their joint labors constitute the national or heme industry. To tax one branch of this home indn?try for the benefit ofanother would be unjust. No one of th<'?e interests can rightful ly claim an advantage over the othrrs, or to be enriched by impoverishing the others. All are equally entitled to the fostering caie and protection of the government. In exercising a sound discretion in levying discriminating duties within 'he limit prescribed, care should betaken that it be done in a manner not to benefit the wealthy few, at the expense of the toiling millions, by taxing low est the luxuries of life, or articles of superior quality and high price, which can only be consumed by the wealthy, and highest the necessaries ot life, or articles of coarse quality and low price, which the poor and great mass of our people mnst consume. The burdens of government sbonld, as far as practicable, be distributed justly and equally among al classes of our population. These gen eral views, long entertained on this subject. I have deemed it proper to reiterate- It ^s a subject upon which conflicting interests of sections and occupations are supposed to exist, and a spirit of mutnal concession and compromise in adjusting its details should be cherished *y every part of our wide-spread country, as the only means of preserving harmony and a cheerful ac quiescence of all in the operation or our revenue laws. Our patriotic citizens in every part of the Union will readily submit to the payment of such taxes as shall be needed for the support of their government, whether in peace or in war, if they are sa levied as to distribute the burdens as equally as possible among them The republic of Texas has made known her desire to come into our Union, to form a part of our confederacy, and enjav with us the blessings of liberty secured and guarantied by our constitution. Texas was once a part of our country?was unwisely ceded away to a foreign power?is now independent, and possesses sn undoubted light to dispose of a part or the whole of her territory, and to merge her sovereignty, as a separate and indepen dent Hta'e, in aurs I congratulate my country that, by anactct the late Congress of the United pistes, the as sent of this Oaveroment has been givan to the re-union; and it only remains for the two countries toagrreupon the teims, to consummate an object so Important to both. I regard the question of annexation as belonging exclu sively^ the United States and Texas. They are Inde pendent powers, competent to contract; and foreign na tions have no right to interfere withthim, or to take ex ceptions to their re union Foreign powers do not seem to appreciate the true character of oui government Out Union is a confederation of independent States, whose policy is peace with each other and all the world To en 1 l .rge iti limits, is to extend the dominion of peace over a l<f tional territories and increasing millions. The world has nothing to f- ?r from military ambition in our govern moiit While the cbiif m; ?l-trate and the populai branch nt I'lmgieas are eiic'e.i for short terms by the suf frages of those millions who must, in their own persons, bear all the burdens and miseries ot war, our government csnnot lie otherwise than poriflc Foreign powers ? ' onld, therefore, look on the annexation of T" xas to the 1 'nitcd States, not as the conquest of a nation seeking to extend her dominions by arms and violence, but as the peaceful acquisition of a territory once her own. by add ing another member to our confederation, with the con eent oi that member?thereby diminishing 1 ho chanci a of war, and opening tothtm ne-v and trer-iucrotuiing mar ket* for their product*. To Trxaa the reunion it important, because the strong protecting a m ofottr government would be extended ove; her, and <he vaat resources of het fertile soil and genial climate would be ipeediiy developed; while the safety oi New Orleans and of our whole southwestern frontier, against hostile aggression, as well eg the interests of thi who!' Union, would be promoted by it lu the earlier'tages ol our national existence, the opi nion prevailed with some, that our system of confedera ted States could not opei ate successfully over an extended territory , end s rious objection* have, ut d If- rent tiait*, been made to the enlargement of our boundaries. Then objections were earnestly urged when we acquired Lou isi ota Experience has shown thst they weio not well lounr'rd The title of numerous Indian tribes to vast tract- of country has been extinguished. New State* have been adunitte I into the Union; new territories havi been created, and our jurisdiction and laws extended over thtm. As our population has expanded, the Union ha been cemented ami strengthened; a* our boundaries havi been enlarged, and our agricultural population has beer spread over a large cur:ace, our federative system has ac quired additional strength rind security. It may well In doubted whether It would not bo in greater danger ol ovet ? throw if our present population were confined to the comparatively narrow limits of the rriginal thirteen -tates, than it is, now that tney are sparsely settled over a more i xpar..!<-d territory It is corfidently believed that '?ur syst. m m y n? safely extended to the utmoat hounds t ur territorial limits; and that, as it shall be extended -lie nondsof our Uuion, so far from being weakened, will become stronger. Noue can f.ul to see the danger to our safety and future peace, if Texas remains an independent State, or become* an ally or dependency of some foreign nation more pow - erlul than herself. Is there one among our citizens who wonll not profer perpetual peace with Texaa.to occa sioual wars, which so often occur between bordering in dependent nations I Is there one who would not prefer free intercourse with her, to high duties on all our pro ducts and manufactures which rnter her ports or croi her frontiers 1 Is there one who would not prefer an un restricted communication with her citizens, to the fron tier obstructions which must occur if she remains out ot the Union 1 Whatever is good or evil in the local Insti tutions of Texas, will remain her own, whether annexed to .the United States er not. None of the present State* will be resposible lorthem, any more than they are for tbr local institutions of each other. They have confederated together fur certain crecified objects. Vpon the same principle that they would refuse to form a perpetual union with Texas, because of her local institutions, our fore lathers would have been prevented from forming our present Union. Perceiving no valid objection to the mea-ure, and many roasons lor its adoption, vitally affecting the peace, the safety, and the prosperity oi both countries, I shall, on the broad principle which lormed the basis and produced the adoption of our eonstitution, and not in any narrow spirit oi sec tional policy, endeavor, by all constitutional, honorabl -, and appropriate means, to consummate the expressed will ol the people and government of the United 8tates, by the re-snuexation of Texas to our Union at the earliest practicable period. Nor will it become in a less degree my duty to assert and maintain, by all constitutional means, the righi ul the United States to that portion of our ter ritory which lies beyond the Rocky Mountains. Our title to the country of the Oregon is "cleai and unquestionableand already are our people preparing to perfect that title by occupying it with thei wives and children But eighty years ago, our populn lion was confined on the west by the ridge of the Alio glianies Within that period?within the life time, I might ?ay, ol some of my hearers?our people, increasing to many millions, have filled the eastern valley oi the Mis ?issippi; adventurously ascended the Missouri to Us head springs ; and are already engaged in establishing tbi blessings o( self-government in valleys, af which tne ri vers flow to the Pacific. The world beholds the peaceful triumphs of the industry of our emigrants. To us be longs the duty ot protecting them adequately, wherevt r they may be upon our soil. The jurisdiction of oar laws and the benefits of our republican institutions, should he extended over them in the distant regions which tbey hnre selected for their homes. The increasing facilities of intercourse will easily bring the States, of which the formation in that part of our territory cannot be long de layed, within the sphere ot our lederativo Union. In the meantime, every obligation impoaed by treaty or oonven tional stipulations should be sacredly respected. In the management of our foreign relations, it will b> my aim to observe a careful respect lor the rights of oth er nations, while our own will be the subject of constant watchfulness. Equal and exact justice should charac terizeall our intercourse with foreign countries. All al liances having a tendency to jeopard the welfare and ho nor of our country, or aacrifice any one of the natienn! interests, will be studiously avoided; and yet no epportu nity will be lost to cultivate a favorable understands p with foreign governments, by which our navigation an t commerce may be extended, and the ample products oI our fertile soil, as well as the manufactures of our skilful artisans, find a ready market and remunerating prices in foreign countries. In taking "care that the laws be faithfully executed," f strict performance ef duty will be exacted lrom all public officers. From those officers, especially,who are charged with the collection and disbursement of the public re venue, will prompt and rigid accountability be required Any culpable failure or delay on their part to account for tan moneys intrusted to them, at the timeaxnd in the man uiredby law, will, in e ?er rr quired by law, will, In every instance, terminalr the official connection of such defaulting officer with th< government. Although, in onr country, the chief magistrate mu*' almost of necessity be chosen by a party, ana stand pledg ed to its principles and measures, yet, in his official ac tion, he should not he the President of a part only, bat ol the whole i eopleofthe United States. While he execute* the laws with an impartial hand, shrinks from no proprr responsibility, and faithfully carries out in the executive department of the government the principles and poller ol those who have chosen him, he should not be unmind ful that our fellow-citizens who have differed with hire in opinion are entitled to the (till and free exercise of their opinions and judgments, and that the rights of all are an titled to respect and regard Confidently relying upon the aid and assistance of the co-ordinate departments of the government in conducting our public affairs, 1 enter upon the discharge of the high duties which have been assigned me by the people, agan htitnblv sunnlicatinr that Divina Rain* vhn hai v&trha1 humbly supplicating that Divine Being who has watche-' over and protected our beloved country from it? infancy to the present hour, to continue His gracious benediction upon us, that we may continue to be a prosperous and happy people. The Atlantic Stkam Shits ?We find the fol lowing capital hit at the Bostonians in the Port land Argut of the 3d ioat. We have one of the engravings spoken of in our office. It speaks ir the strongest language in favor of making New York the western terminus of all Atlantic steamers This harbor is never closed by ice. A splendid lithograph lias been got up, oi the steam abip Oiiiauuia, in the harbor ot Boston, hs she was freer trom uo ice embargo, the Sd of February, 1844 This en graving was ma<ie in honor of the princely liberality o1 the Boston merchants, who expended $10,000 in this sue cessiul effort to free the noble ship, and send her on her way to England. We learn trom the lithograph that it was necessary to cut a channel one hun dred feet wide, and seven miles long, before the Britannia could be freed from this embargo. Seve ral copies have been sent to Montreal, we learn, e> an illustration of the munificence ol the Bostonians I' also illustrates another point very clearly, (which those who sent them never thought of) and which has been covered up by our Boston friends, as much as possible? that the harbor of B is occasionally frozen a diatanco oi seven milea ! Considering the alatements that have been made, this lithograph is a very unloriunate witness?and it was s cruel joke to send them to Montreal. We learn they are very scarce in Boston," just at this moment" Fast Sailing.?The new barque Alert, built for a propeller, while fitting out here in the early pan of Jan. last, upon her first or trial voyage wilhou> a propeller, having excited a good deal of observa tion and conjecture as to her probable sailing qua lities, we have much pleasure in publishing an extract from Capt. Farnham's letter to the agents here, dated Kingston, Jamaica, 8th Feb., by which it will be seen that she is perhaps one of the fastest sailing vessels ever built. I will now give you sn account of the barque She delivered everything here in prime order, the deck load of horses, live stock, fruit, he., iucluded, in ten deys Irom New York, four and a hall of which the wind wee almost directly shea-*. We had one hesvy gale in the Gulf, in which aho performed a* well as any vessel could do She runs 10 to lOj knote on the wind, with ease. The brig Jo seph Howe, wbich sailed the same day from New York, had 18 deys passage, and, in fact, every thing thai has ar rived here from the States, has had a much longer pas sage than we, except the brig Ann Barney, who, the Cap tain saya, had the wind fair all the wnyj with such a wind I could make the passage in seven day*. She is ao tight that we have to let wsor into her in port, to keep her sweet. She took in a cargo of orange* at Kingston for New Or leans, and made the passage up to the city in seven day*. The dimensions of this vessel are ISA feet long, 94 feet beam, 10 feet hold, and she was built at Bath, Maine, in Oct. IM4. "Dibd at Ska."?We learn that Mr. D. D. De guradon, a passenger on board the brig Mohican, died on the 3d of February, when that vessel was three days out from Balize, Hon. It is supposed that he was a native of Paris. His friends can ob tain hia effects, and any further information rela tive to him, upon application to Mr. S. W. Lewis, No. 26 Coenties Slip. Wc hope that the French papers will copy this notice. St. David's Society?The pressure of newt from Washington, obliges us to postpone till to morrow our repon of the highly interesting pro ceedtnga at thg anniversary of the St. David's So ciety Inst evening. Grand Timtbilanck Cii.fbration ? One of the most interesting celebrations ot the season takes place this evening at the Tabernacle. There is to be an oration by the eloquent Mr. Chapin, of Bos ton?singing by the '? Melodeons," and the "Musi cal Society"?music by a full orchestra?hundred* of benutilul women?and if that be not attraction enough for one night, we do not know what would be ?uffieient ftj- Hon Isaac Livermore has bten chosen Pre Hideni of the Vermont and Masstchnsett Railrouc Preparations for the Spring Election.?The three partita in the field are very busily engaged in making preparations tor the coming contest in the siring. The prise of the city government is a inaguifin ut one?well worth lighting tor, aud the approaching conflict promises to be one of the closest and most intense, we have witnessed in many years. Tne Whigs are very active. They are re-organ izirg and brushing up in all directions The old ?clubs" are to lesume their operations, and every precaution is tuken to ensure the bringing out ot the lull Whig force. Mr. Selden, the Whig candi date for the Mayoralty, will make a very excellent M iyor. He is an honest, straight forward, in dustrious and business man?not a violent parti zin, and hence, with some, not very popular, but to the intelligent and respectable citizens, this is one of his best recommendations. Mr. Selden will in deed run well. The locofocos elect their delegates to the nomi nating convention to-morrow evening. They have been unusually quiet in their movements thus far with regard to the municipal election. Some imagine that in their squabblings and feuds about the spoils to be dispensed si head-quarters, they have conqiaratively lost sight of matters nearei home, but that is a very silly conjecture. The lo cofocos were never more determined, and more wide awake, with respect to the election in this city than at this moment. They will be out soon with their candidate for the Mayoralty, and will make a very united and vigorous fight. They will concentrate their s?reng'h in ihe doubtful wards, aud will leave nothing undone to obtain victory. As for (he poor "Natives," their prospects are gloomy in the extreme. Their conduct has disgust ed every body. Their violation of their pledges? thtir corrupt contracts?their neglect of duty? their miserable and farcial efforts at reform?their increase of the taxes, and their general imbecility, stupidity aud wortblessness, have rendered them ihe objects of general execration and ridicule.? They will, however, make great efforts to retain office, and as the great struggle will be between them and the Whigs, the scene will be amusing in the extreme. Licentiousness of the Party Press.?It is real

ly painful to observe the scurrilous aud abusive mauuer in which the Courier, Tribune and kin dred party journals are assailing Mr. Tyler, on hit retirement from the Presidency. Every vitupera live epithet, which malice and vulgarity can sug gest, is applied to the late Chief Magistrate of this country. And these arc the newspapers which, affect to be respectable?to be patriotic?to be tin representatives of American public opinion! 1 would not be easy to exaggerate the degradation and contempt with which such reckless, violen and rabid party journalism has loaded the Ameri can character and American institutions. The New York Post Office.?The Poatmastei of this city is very busily engaged in hawking abou' petitions in favor of his re-appointment, but we need hardly say that he meets with but small buc cees in obtaining signatures. We believe almot" every respectable man in the eity has petitioned id the appointment of Mr. Coddington. It is nearli time that we had a capable and efficient poatmar ter in this city. The Rotunda in the Park.?The Board of As sistants have concurred with the Board ot Alder mesv, and not "non-concurred" in relation to th< disposal of this building. The Committee of Arn and Sciences will, therefore, get possession of this part of the city property, which will add to tin large catalogue of the claims of the "natives" ei the spring election, as it takes away some 95000 per year of the city property. OpuNTY GOURT.?TUIb Couil met last ovening, aud concluded the case for the prosecution on tb* trial of Justice Haskell. Mr. Brady opened for tin defence. The Court will meet again this evening, aud will continue its sitttings, it is expected, unti the trial shall have concluded. American Consul to Vera Cruz.?F. M. D mond, Eeq., U. S. Consul to Vera Cruz, sailed ot Monday from Boston ia the Jerome. Mr. Dimonc will long be remembered by the Texan prisoner for his kindness and attention to them while m Pqrote. Last Night but two of the National Circu. The enterprising and indefatigable assistant of Gen Wjlch, takes a benefit at the Park Theatre thn evening. Those who have witnessed the arrange ments during the brief season of this Company must admire the facilities afloided them for view ing the peiformances, all owing to the capital ar rangements sf Mr. Delavan, and will appreciate i accordingly. Crowded house?go early. Serious Railroad Accident.?We understanr that the train ot cars for Baltimore, which left thir city on Saturday afternoon, met with quite an alarming disaster about 8 o'clock in the evening, when a short di tance this side of Elkton, (Md.) The night was daik and tht train progres>ing at the rate of about eighteei miles an hour, when the locomotive run over a bull thn: had lain itself across the rails. The locomotive clean r the obstruction with a bound, and fell in its proper plac? upon the rails on the other side, hut thn violence of thi jerk parted the coupling chaina, and threw the foreme i car over and down thn embankment at the side of th< road, with such force as completely to crush the top an<> sides, depositing it Anally bottom uppermost. The cat was crowded, every seat being full, aud the passenger! were only saved from being crushed by tha superincum bent weight of running gear, by the sustaining power 01 the backs ol the mats, the frames of which were, fortu nately, of iron. The second car contained sixty passen gers, and the violent concussion extinguished th? lights, upset the stove and filled the car with eahea, t< which in a few moments was added an almost stifling ga> from the overthrow stove. The windows were harre.' in, and the car rtaelf so twisted, that it was impossible to open the doors. Thn car i self was lifted from its loui wheels, and lay partially down the embankment. Tht Hon. John M. Clayton, who was a passenger, with a pro per presence of mind induced such oonflJence, thst proper measures being taken, n release was soon safely effected. The third car remained upon the track, but, like the two before it, wa* badly shattered. The paasen get? instantly set about rescuing those who were con fined among the fragments, and after a genvral rescue, it was found that although there were many bruizes and ?cratches there were no material injuries?the worst mii fortunes falling upon Mr. Drayton of this city, whom we regret to know was somewhat hurt In the side, and Mr. Sewall, of Baltimore, one of whose feet was badly bruised Mr. Drayton walked to Elkton after the accident. Help and additional cart were obtained after some delay, and the pasaengem carried through to Baltimore, thankful for their narrow and very providential ?scape.?Phila. Gazette, March 8. Hot for the Inauguration.?The Empire Club ?The neighborhood of the Rail-road depot ha? been all alive for the last 48 hours, by the arrival and departure for Washington ot large nttmbara ot the deai people, to witness the inauguration of President Polk ? Among the number are about twenty members of the re doubtable Empire Club, who bore auch a conspicuous part in the late Presidential campaign in New York ? They arrived in the train from Philadelphia on Saturda) night, and will leave this city this morning, in the 8 o'clock train of cara, for the Metropolis. They have with them a small brnrs piece, (a lour pounder) which they have attached to the outside of one of the cars, in tending, we understand, to discoarse Texas Thunder as they pass along the road between this city and Wash ington. The cara from the Weat on Saturday night were eight in number, and were all full; those of last night were also crowded to excess. The Philadelphia rail-road company have been running extra trains for the last three days. Great numbers have arrived by the cart from York, and the steamboat* plying to this city are ar riving full. The steamboat Columbia left on Satuiday afternoon for Washington, with many passengers. The Boston left yesterday afternoon with a largo number ol persons, by way of the Potomac, to Washington?Be/ timori, March 8. Change of Fortune ?St. George Randolph, the full nephew ol John Randolph, of H oaooke, nnd who by the recent compromise of the claims under hit will, comes In for two fifths of $138,000, wet fer a number of years, and perhaps now la, a resident of Fayettr county, Kentuckv. end in very moderate if not needy circumstances. He always, however, bore the cheractei of an honest sod highly honorable man, end all who know him will be grittified by this turn of fortune in his favor, He is a printer, and has worked at his trade, in many of the printing office* of Kentucky. CONORRSSIONAL DISTRICTS IN MISSOURI ?The Legislature ol the State of Miesouri has passed an act, in con ormity to the law of the trotted States, for divi ding the State Into districts for the choice of Represen ti'ivee in Congress. Amusements. Palmo'h Opera House ?This evening will be performed for the second time, the humorous farce, of the " Loan of a Lover after which the laughable ano excellent burlesque Polka Dance, from the "Vlrglnler Girl"- -the entertainments to conclude, lor the first time, with the Ethiopean burlesque opera of "Cinderella," en titled, "La Hhin-De-Hela," accompanied by an efficient orchestra, Th"?? pieces ptomlse an evening's entsrtain ment of no ordinary charaoter, and when borne in mind, iho reduction ol prices which have taken place, must command a full attendance See Conutoek'l Advertisement on Uc out. ?id* of this i*|?r, of urtkln vmat have obtained suck uu bounded iHipoWily. All should a ? tli m. The Imllstii VcytUble Kllxtr und Liniment, from 11 unit audi ?t trr is v? xrr anted to euro any case of uu.?... (, tiv!? imini-diite relief, aueuglhei a w?ak limb*, uk-? do wo swell i gt, mil cxtruih cuiitracied cord*. band'*, lit Intol'a ami C'oinatoeh'e Uitract of Hartaparillu, aold at 21 Courtlaudt street. Uinglty'* Wrttrui Indian Panacea la the be:t faroil) medic ins in the world. It it a positive aod wai ran ted cure for Dyspepsia, Atthma, Liver Com^laiou, In dilation, Cosiivrness, Ike. No re;r -rson can possibly use lh? any (I i*f Ihe Piln ue wanon'rd lo he cured bv the Ueunire Hay's Liniment, and Liu's Balm of China or the money returned ? Who will now suffer with this d stressing complaint I Bold at 21 C jurilaudt street. Kuat India Hair Oye.?Thla chemical pre paration will ei lor the liair any shade, from a I'ght hiowu to a j-t .lack, and uot injurs the hair or stain the skin iu the Preserve and brantify the hair by nsing Oldridge's Balm of Columbia, which immediately stoiw the hair from falling t ut, and rot ores it when bald. Bold only at 21 Courtlaudt aiteet The Month of March, so latal to all con. suuipiivet. requires the greatest care ou the part of those who are suff.-ring under pulmonary disease. The weilher is so changeable that the least eiposure ofteu produce*a cold, at first slight, bat which iu the end terminates fatally. Bsw?rr, you cannot be too carelul. If yon have already coutr*cttd s cold, mid Sir now sufferiuit from cough; if your lungs are af frr ted; if your bre at> iug is difficult, and yon waul an effectual remedy, resort to Folger's Otosaonian, or AII-HeOiug Balsam. Bat few medicines have ever been introduced which have met with such success. It cures speedily, and its effects are p-r inment. For sale at 10G Nassau itrect. on# door above Ann, ant! at Mr*. Hays', 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. Influence of Isl^ht on Anluiiale? A late number of Chamber's hdiuburg Journal says?The effect of light npon animal tissues is remarkable, In man, for example, i ts well kuown that his complexion change* from fair to brown, and from brown to au almost sootv color, by simple re moval from a temperate lo a tropical legion. Indeed there is every leasou to believe that the same pigmental apparatus which give* the dark hue to the ski., of the negro, it also present tind?r the skin of the white roan, anil that it only requires un excess of solar ligh" to bring it into full excreting operations Kven un der the comparatively feeble light of our own latitude, the sum mer's sun will, in a few hours, convert the pale fact of Ihe deli cate lady or the sedentary student into a tawuy brown. How highly useful a | reparation nrcrsstrtly becomes, which has the chemical properties of neutralizing this iffetof the sun's rays, and this desideratum has been supplied by Or. F. F. G u raud, an ingenious chemist, of New York, wno prepares a Soap which possesses this singular qualification It is only necessary for Or. h. F. Cour.tud to add to the above high recommendation, that his Italian Medicsted Fosp is equal'y efficacious for the cure of pimples, blotches, and all im Suriiies of the skin. Sold genuine only at b7 Walker street, rat stem from Broadway. OalltT'i Pain Kxtractor, ait '41 Courtlaudt street, sold at half price; warranted geuuiue. Wonderful Kffects of Conn el's Pain Kx tractor.?Captain Brooks, of steamer Nimrod. repot Is as fol lows : He crashed his hand, aud it swelled and pained him so excessively, thxt he was laid np five days. He was told he would be laid up for months. He kept it poulticed, bat coald not reduce the swelling or pain, till a friend told him to take oil tbe poultice and put eu Connel's Magical Pain Kxtractor. Capt. B. had the salve and used it, and the swelling was removed auil the hand cared. Capt. B. has seen it used in cases of burns, and says iu effecu are marvellous. He took a dozen, aud de clared he would as soon be without bread as this salve. He ha* sunt d?zeus to get it, and will verify all we say, and at much more. 1 his salve will cure any of the following complaints:? Bums, Old Sores, Krysipelas, Scalds, Bruises, Pimples on the face, Sprains, Scrofula, White Swelling. K.Millions, Sore Kyes, Piles, either blind or Chilblains, _ _ Sore Nipples, bleeding, .Pemeinber, i; is Conuell's, aud ao uot ronfouua it with any other name. Sold genuine only et 21 Cou'tlandt street, and 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. DUlcy*! Magical Pain Kxtractor, at bla only agency, 67 Walktr street, first store from Broadway. kll Pblladalplila Subscription* to tlks Hkbzld must be paid to the agents, Zieber A Co., 2 Ledgei Buildings, Third street, near Chestnut, where single copter may also be obtained daily at 1 o'clock. \L/~ All the new and cheap Publications for tale at their es tblishmeut. wholesale and retail. IC7" With the exception of one paper, the "Herald" is read as much, perlians, in Philadelphia, as any paper published in that city, affording n valuable medium to advertisers. Advre tirements haoded to the agents at half past 4 o'clock, will ap pear in the Herald next day. n4 ly AON ICY NAHKKT. Tuesday, March 4?6 P. M. There ?u a very moderate improvement to-Jay in the Stock Market. Operatieni commenced at an advance el from one-halt to one per cent., but before the board ad journed fell off to a quarter and a half advance, and aince the adjournment a mrther decline has been experi enced The transaction* were not very extensive?Sto ninxton went up J per cent; Norwich and Worcester, lj. Farmers' Loan, ] ; Pennsylvania A"s, J ; Ohio 6's, j ; Can ton, ^ ; Long Island, J ; Morris Canal, J ; Reading Rail road, j ; Delaware fc Hudson, 3), since last sale ; Erie Railroad closed firm at j esterday 'a prices. The Texas excitement has passed away, it has not even been a nine days wonder, ana the effect produce ! upon the stock market is rapidly disappearing. The adjourn ment of Congress cannot hut have a very favorable it.flu ence upon commerci '1 affairs generally, and stock opera Uom particularly The inaugural message ot President Polk will, we ar< informed, be very moderate in its tono and mild in its doctrines. His policy is to keep h s administration ac distinct from party feelmg as possible, and in his sugges tions will adhere a* closely as possible to s median course in relation to our internal and external affairs. Ii relation to the Texas question, he will undoubtedly in the negociations authoriaed, endeavor to conciliate th> government of Mexico, and if possible bring about th< Annexation of Texas upon constitutional ground", an upon terms perfectly satisfactory to the three govern meats interested. We do not believe the new administra tion will be in any degre-j marko ' by any great change in our foreign relations, but on the contrary reel cc nftden that all laws relating to commercial affairs will rotnait without much alteration, and that the country wil advance in prosperity as rapidly as the laws now enforce will admit. For the past three years there has been t steady improvement to all department* of business; tin der existing laws, commercial affairs have wonderful!} prospered, and must continue to so long a* the mercantile classes are not trammelled with restrictive laws, or sub ject to continual changes in the policy ol the govern ment. All they want is permanenoy. The administration of Mr. Polk, we are it duced to believe, will not be an ex perimenting one, and should the inaugural confirm thi* belief, there must be an increased confidence in the pre sent condition and permanency of our public aflairs. There is very little doing in th s market in foreign ex change. We still quote sterling bills at 9] a 10 p?r cent premium. Our quotations for domestic exchango cannot be cou sidered otherwise than nominal. Tbeie is very little doing. Domkstic Kit HAFiur., March 4, 1045. Boston para ^dis Ap*l-i?hiaela 3 a 2Mdf* PhiUde'pbia par a M " Mobile, specie,... Ma ? " Baltimore, par a M " Mobile, St Bk nts, 6>ja 7 " Virginia, >ia w" Montgomery,.... ty 7 " North Carolina,.. 1V " Tuscaloosa 6Mx 7 " Charleston '?t I); " New Orleans,.... M* Mpm Savannah Ma M " Nashville 2 a 2jgdis Augnsta '?a " Lonisville I'4a IS " Colnmbns 1 a 1J? " St. L-uii 2 a 2M " Macou, IMa 1M " Cincinnati, I a IS " Union, Florida.. ..79 a75 " Safety Fond notes Ma V " South n I-.ltT.Co.7i a80 " Eastern notes,... Ma M " Operations in aper.ie are very limited. The imports lions ofapecleand bullion in Fetirua-ywere larger than the exportation! lor the same period. This with the decrease In our importations of foreign merchandise, will have ? very great and good effect upon business; relieve the money market, and Increase the prosperity of all classes. We snnex the current quotations lor specie in this mar ket. Quotations roa SrKCia. Per Cent. Value. Am. Hold, old, 106 alMM Carolns dollars, SI 06 a I Of Do. new, 100 alOOM Five francs, 0 MMa 94k Hall dollars, lOOMatOOM Doubloons 16 35 al6 50 Do. Patriot, 15 90 a!6 00 Sovereigns, 4 85 a 4 07 Do. light, 4 82 a 4 ?f Mexican JoiUrs lOlMalOlM Heavy guineas, 5 00 a ? Do. uuariais 90 *100 Napoleons, 3 S3 a ? There has lately been a movement made in the Legislature of this State, to compel the banks to make their issue* par in this city, or in Albany The Comptroller, in bis annual report has several times ad vocated the passage of some bill to this effect. Petitions have been presented year after year to the Assembly, bnt they there been so far of no svi.il. We have examine! the subject thoroughly in all its hearings, snd cannot re sist the conviction that the existing system is the best un der all the ciicumstances. Any attempt at reform in this business would assuredly lead to great akntes. We annex the quotations lor uncurrent snd brokvn bank mo ney in this market: Quotations poa Uncuaap.NT Monxv. Uncurrent Money. Broken bank Money. Eastern, bnk'ble in BotloiiMaM Bank of Oswego *. Jit Albany,Troy,Sche. Ike... M Commercial, Oswego li Jersey M Clinton County 25 Philadelphia M Watwliet. 25 Baltimore....,...,.,. * United Hint**, i ?,ia It HafetvFnndlt Red Back.SaM tiirard Bank, Phila I Virginia I Phenis, Charlestown 45 Ohio IMal Newooryport Bank ? Indiana Ij|a2 Bank of Lyons 26 Portnguess cold Spanish dollars Michigan 2*3 Illinois Stat* Bank 35 North Carolina 1M Hk of I Hi. at Bhawuetown. 41 Heath Carolina 1M Commercial, Buffalo 10 The export* of Domestics from Boston for the we<k ending March 1st, were larger than for any previous week within the past two years. The shipments were as follows To South America 1683 balsa West Indies. "7 " Alrica 11 " Smyrna 219 " Total bales Nearly two thousand balen shipped to foreign porta in one week. The F.aitern Manufactories must be in very active operation to supply the foreign and domestic de mand lor their fabrics. .... 'I he tevenne or taxation bill of Illinois was still under discussion in the House, in the course of which, a great diversity of opinion was expressed and on all hands it was admitted to bo douhtlul whether any bill on that sub ject would pes* during the present session. The bill us posing a tax upon stamp* was rejected in the lower house of the Legislature of Maryland by s vote of 17 to 88 The cansl hill introduced since the rejection of the other, differs from thst in exacting another mort gage upon the cansl from the Company, and in requiring g guarantee from the mining companies to deliver annual ly |?0.009 tons of freight at the basin in Cumberland. It authorise* the issue by the company ot 91 709,000 in stock. The annual report of th* Secretary of the Stat# of th? several railroad companies for 1844 has been made to the Legislature. We annex extracts from the report showing the receipts of the Mohawk It Hudson, and the Troy and Scber.ectady Railroad* for 1844. Nr.w Yoaa Rah-boad*. Receipt? Mohawk 4" llud. TroySrRch. Ihfftr're 1144, I'ssaenaers $66,204 31,047 35,227 1144, Freight, fcc 25 S7H 1.795 21,0(1 | $92,172 32 162 50,310 Number of passengers...... 111,615 64,0S*> 66,599] This statement ahtwi ? Tory greet excees in the re ctsipti o( ihti Mobiwk CoaiL'WT uvw those of the Troy an4 SclieofWir Co , particularly from freight. The receipts of the Mohawk ItHuJtoii Railroad hare been in creased n ry much by the tianspertation of freight, since the closing of the cunal, while the fr-ight reaching l'toy by railroad is eery small The Railroad C< mraitt.e cf the lower house of the Le gislature of tb a btkta, to is hioh was recommit'.<-<1 the hill 10 incoiporute the Tioy It Oretn.buah Railroad Associa tion, have reportn! thai mry titvt^aiHuily and delibe lately examined the wbolo ? ubpdT"In alt its bearings. The report states tbat this lis nubs ol road was originally undertaken as a continuation 01 the New Yoik end Alba ny Railroad, end in tlu> txpeciation that that company would proceed under their charter to cnnatiurt the road between this city nod New York ; that nothing having been done under this charter since 1832, the committee ha l r> pot ted a bill grouting the franchise to the New York and Hai lent Railroad Company-tbat the Troy andOrem bus'n Railroad Association ha t obtained title, by agree, moot to the track ol tie roa I thiough individuals in trust for the association, being unable to obtain title with safe ty to themselves under the New Yoik and Albany charter ?tbat company being largely in debt?that there were six lots which the association had rot been able to pur chase at what they thought a reasonable price?and that >i ohaiter was necessary to enable them to ai'tnl them s Ives of the advantages of a road which they had nearly completed. The committee saw no good reason why they should net have a charter, and bad accordingly re ported back the bill without amendment. A movement has recently hern made by a new compa ny,'to putchase the charter, surveys, Sic. of the Albany and New Yoik Railroad Company, and to commence con. structiug the roed between tbut c ty and thia at once. Should this new company succtd iu its contemplated opeintiens, it will do aw ay with the uecessi'y of obtain ing a charter lor the Troy an t Orcenbush Railroad As sociation, as the conditions required in the charter of the Albany and New York Railroad Company will then be conformed to. The Troy and Oreenbush Railroud is nearly fitiRhrd, and but lor the rivalry and competition between the citizens of Troy and Albany, the road would now be in active operation A citizen of Albany owns the six l?ts spoken of by the c mmittee, and he neks lor them about fifty timer their value; and not only dimands this exorbitant price, but purchased them expressly to obstruct the line of the railroad, or compel the association to pay the price demnnd'd The Harlem Railroad Company has apple. J to the Legislature for the privilege of continuing tbtir road to Albany, either under a new charier or under the ohaiter of the Albany and New York Railroad Company. The Harlem Company are without doubt best entitled to the piiyilege, and we have no doubt, it it was granted, the Company would carry tliu road rapidly through. They have twen ty five miles already completed and in running order. Ia its direction are men of huge capitals and great energy? all they want is a charter, and we ate assured the neces sary umount ol funds would be soon toitlicomu.g. Old Stock Kichangr. tiooo IT 8 5's, '51, cpn 103% 25slias Canton Co bnw 53% 5500 Ohio 6's, *60 98% 40 do 53% 14000 do fc60 98% 340 do b60 51% 4000 do 98% 50 L Island RR 80% 2208 do ICO 97% 50 do slO 80% 7000 Kentucky 6's 101 40 do 80% 1000 Illinois spcl bds 10% 50 do b'JO 80% 4000 do 40% 100 do 80 5000 Indians Bds, 40 yrs 34 140 do 79% 4000 Priin'a5's 74 140 do b60 81 50 shas U K Bank 5% 140 Nor and Wore 73% 100 Manhattan Bk 93 340 do 73% 30 Mech's Bank 106% 50 do >30 73 10 Bk Com. full 96% 100 do b30 73% 23 i)rl and Hud. Cal 130 50 do b30 73% 50 Farmers' Tr 10 200 do b60 74 250 do 40% 50 do b30 73% 450 do 40% 100 do (10 73 100 do l>30 40% 350 do 73 400 do h50 4 1 50 do bnw 73 50 do l>30 4 0% 150 Reading KR 48 200 do 830 40 425 Stoning ton RR 43 100 Morris Canal 33 50 do >60 43 350 do b30 33% 50 do 1)20 43% 325 do 32% 50 Harlem RR 71% 100 Erie Kll 38 50 do b30 72 Second Board. $1500 Ohio 6's 98% 50 shas Morris Caual 32% 5000 Illinois spcl bds 40% 50 Farmers' Trust 40 125 shas Reading KR 47% 50 do h30 40% 50 Nor It Wore s30 72% 40 N Am Trust b60 14% 50 do slO 72% 25 Bowery Ins Co 140 100 L Island RR 79% 25 Canton Co 53% 25 Morris Canal 32% 25 do 53% New Stock Bichangc, $1000 Ohio 6's, '60 c 98% 50 slias Cast Boston *3 12% 1000 Illinois 6's, 70 35 150 Harlam RR s60 70% 1000 do 34% 100 L Island MR bnw 80% 25 shaa Vicksliurg Bk 6% 100 do anw 80% 25 Canton Co anw 53% 100 do s3 80 25 do 53% 25 do s3 80% 125 do buw 54 25 do slO 80 J 50 Farm's Trust suw 40% 175 do t30 80 50 do c 80 125 do b3 80 25 Stoniugton KR slO 42% 50 do *30 42% 25 Nor and Wore s3U 73% 150 do 73% 50 do bwafn 73% 50 do b30 73% 124 do tw 73 25 do *3 72% 25 do s3 72% 25 do 73 b30 33 Balks or Stocks ? Boston, March 3. 15 shares old Colony KR, 100; 50 Reading RR, 23%; 166 Fast Boston stock, 12%; 100 do, solOd, 12%; 5 Last Boston scrip, 5; 25 Norwich and Worcester KR, 71%; 5 do 72; 13 do, bolOd, 72; 12 do. bolOd, 71%; 25 do. bol0d,71%; 25 do 71%. State or Trade Ashes?Pota are in moderate demand, and we quote old at $3 93 ]. new at $4 Pearl* are steady at $4 18] a 4 36. Beeswax? Primn yellow, of all description* sell*, as wanted, at 39] a 39]c. The demand is very moderate. Cotton?Tne sales to day amount to about 1,000 bale*. Prices are without alteration, but the tendency is still in faror of the buyer. Hat?Common qualities of North River bale are held at 51 a Uc; prime at 68 a 60c. The receipts are daily in creasing. Whissev?Drudge cask* art in very limited demand at 33c. We quote western and prison barrels at 3*3] a 38c. Reel E*tate- Jil Auction -The two houses and lota northeast corner ot Houston street and Broadway, 61] U trout, 41] ft rear, by 100 ft deep, $31,600) the store south west corner of Greenwich and Murray streets, lot on a perpetual lease from Columbia College at $30 per annum, 14 feet front, 40 leet centre, 34 rear, by 80 deep, $14,800; two story brick front house 40 Lirpennrd street, lot 36 by 93], $6 300; bouse and lot 48 Dey street, 19] by 78 leet, $4,660; Ave story granite front store 34 Beaver street, 31] leet front, 33] feet rear on Maiketfield street, 66] ft deep one side, 68] the ether, $13,100; lot on north side of Janu street, next to the corn*rot Washington ctreet, 31 leet front, 37 rear, by 87] ft deep, $1,300; lot adjoining, 30 by 87] leet, $1,060; lot on West street, next to the corner of Horatio, 31 feat by 76] deep on one side, 78 on the other, $3,100; lot adjoining, 33 by 78, and 79] feet deep, $3,000; lot adjoining, 31 by 79], and 81 feet deep, $3,100; lot on Horatio street, adjoining the rear of tbe above, 30 by 87] leet, $1,360; tinee. adjoining lota, same size, at $1 176? $3,636; lot adjoining, same size, $l,lu0; lot north aide of 6tli street, 136 feet west of 3d avenue, 36 by 97 ft, $3,300; lot on the north side of 13th street, 360 It west of avenue B, 36 by 103] ft, $796; lot rear of tbe above,on 14th street, same size, $960; two story attic brick house 313 Sixteenth street, 360 leet i-est of 9:h aveuau, lot 36 by 91] ft, $3 660; house and lot 40 Troy street, near 4th street, lot 16] by 93] It, $3,600; lot west side 1st avenue, between 4th and 6tn streets, 34] by 100 feet, $1,000; three story attic house 334 7th street, south side, between avenues C and D, lot 33] by 97] feet, house 43 feet deep, its tront of brown cut ?tone, $6,160; two story attic brick hcti.e, with two stoiy frame house in the rear, 33 Cornelia street, let 36 by US It, $4,460; three story brick house 778 Broadway, tot 36 leet Iront and rear, HO] leet deep on one side. 98] the other, on a lease (rom SjiIots' Snug Hatbor, at $170 per annum, $9,(00. Married, On Sunday, 3d instant, by the Rev. Dr. Wainwright, Chas. W. Jacobv, to Miss Rachel E., daughter of Wm. GoioaxD, Esq. of London. On Tuesday, 4th inst by Bishop Hedding, Chahles C. Coloate, of tbe Arm of William Colgate *Co. to Misa Frances E., eldest daughter ot Ira Pcrego, Esq. allot this city. Ou Monday. 3d inst. at 8t. Stephen's Church, by the Rev. J. H. Price, John W Button, to Frances M , daughter ol the late Jnmesoo Cox, Jr., ot this city. Died* On Tuesday morning, 4th inst. John Monaohan, aged 10 yeaia. His relatives and friends, and those of / ndrew Harri son, are respectfully invited to attend his funeral, from 104 Barclay street, this afternoon at 4] o'clock. PaMangers Arrived. Livcsrooi.?Paciet ship John R Skiddy?Mr MrKeuny. of New York; Mr Budden, Mr Torrance, Canada?and 60 in the "^avVnnah?Brig Savannah -J W Williams, and R W New Forelgu Importations. Livraeooi.?Ship Adirondack ? III crate* W Chauucry Aco ?I caw Merrill, Ely A CO?79 do 16 hkls 39 hags C 8 Itubhard ?16casks 35 aevils 40 b.gs 12 bills L Benedict A co?36 pkgs E Cauldwell?31 J C Jackson?0 W I'awson?43 W M Smith?3 Pyrne Wilson A Vosburg?53 R M Foster?1 ff HkEC Mc loth?6 E Hart?6 Hvslop A Brother-15 Garner k co-20 Thompson A co?23 W Hay-dock?'17 bars iron "Eggteaton A Hut-lie?1*12 do G W Shield* A co?60 Lin* coil SOU aarkt salt O T Trim! le?li pkss Wolfe A Hithnp? I Kos-velt A Pavton ?3 Wood, Kolger A Mester?130 Bird, GilliUn A eo?I Chit tenden A BUss?16 L Atterburv A co?19 11 A G Crook?5 E W Pemberton?32 Wolfe A Gillespie?3 Lockhart, Oib-on A co ?tl J A J Swart A eo?117 Henry Winkley?3 W B Bend-* E Robbies?5 Tracy, Allen A co?5 A IV Spies A co?32 Smith, Tnnigar A ro?19 Cameron A Brand-5 A Gray?10 Burritt A Johnson?II Rirhatdsoii A Walton?t* Gadfrey, Pattiaon A co 4 Binni A Halited?14 Wm Whuewright A co?22 J Gib n A co?14 Sheldon, I'helpa A c,i?S do 26 anvil* Tnwniend, Say re A Clark?17 pkga Wal*h A Matin v?16 Van Ant ?erp A Hobbell ?I J C Hart A Broth-r?9 uo 13 chain cablet L L Squire-3* pkga Denniatonn A Diabrow?3 E P Heyer?14 H T Chat man? 9 Hei*a Brothers A eo?14 C Knaevek?4 Roger*, Ketcnnm A Groarenor?3 Kreeland, Htnart A ? o?14 W Watt?14 8 T Jonea A eo ?II Joa Connah?2 llughet, Ward A cc?II Paton A Blew art?2 E J Thomsa?20 Geo Mever A bob?1226 bxa tin I'helpa, Dodge A co?II I'errin. Hrackeiil A co?* Wight, Stnrgr* A Shaw?13 E I'auldwrll A co?41 J W Hup"-12 (chain cable* Tucker. Cooper A CO?157 pkga 60 aiivilt P order. Aox Cava*? Brig AuguaU-^42 hag* coffee 19 200 Iba log wood 8 W Lew IB?661 hag* coffee T Marien?12| A C R?t?iere A co?51 Aymar Aco?7/ C W Hmith?100 Harris A cj-21 J M Smith. LtVEsrooL?Ship Joliu R Skiddy?12* tout salt 80 do coal Griunell, Minium A co?*01 billa iron J Congdon A co?543 D M Wilton A co?2*1 bdla ateel Naylor A co?7 pkga J CJiCB tou?89 Wm C Chiuncey A co?1 Whitaker, Foater A co?1?9 J H Hairia?626 Hendricks Bros? II Hall Brother?I E (Junda ?2 Hatluek A co?30 Wm Wheelwright jr?6 Mackie A Leve lit?I A Hunter?I D Mormon?II K Patrick A eo?I bellow* A Hchell?4 Freeland A Stuart?I Thoa Proatet?1 T Lowndi-3 T Heym Ids?I Wm Smith?2 J C A It S L'lqneer? I Fellowa. Wadawnrth A 0.1?I CH hheelian?I Leonard A Hnre? I C II Kellogg A eo?I A A H S Thorp?1 D A 8 W Panl A co-l H Forbes A co-l Garner A co-14 Wnlrntt A Slide- 3 Warien A Steele?3 W B Beid-ll A A 8 Wi leta-2* Htone A ro?? Hyt lop A co-Ik 1 em'* A (on-l J AT Woodhead-I T J Wood ?9 Sand*, Puller A eo?1 Mortimer A Gawtry?I L Adam.-I bellow*. Van Andale A co-l Folger A Mruer-I Traev, Al ''"?foo?I J 8l'*wfnrth-2 Meier A Le-n?6 Hatting* A co? 2 R H Manning?I C'eve'anil Mason?6 T llnnt?1 J Falconer A eo?9 Dram'i b Ik Bern thy-2'H L.Jnomi*?I Manning A lonrneay-2,'. \ M ell- J IIi I, r.l, u A Walton?3 David Hidden A Sou- . J . , I I i (ill?2 R'Crotlier-2 Tooker, Mead A co?13 J < u lung?25 Godfrey, Palter?on A co?9 Wight, Sturgir A ro?15 J icholaon Aco?57 J Gihon A eo?2 Paton A Slew art?2!XI J M Broee-227 W k'ead? litlt J Ahal A co?4 J Wliit'emore A co?34 I'eabody, llgg* A co?I Crippt A eo?? Tracy, Maver A Irwin?23 Craper and Devlin?II Kent, Kendal Aco?I ( heater, Clark A co-l Mc Ken A co?17 Wright, Nturges A Shaw?2 J R Wianetl A Son ?I Wm F Evans? lg M L. Hallowell A eo?1 J Tacit Aco

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