Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 7, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 7, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Iftrh, frlday, Itlnrtli 7, IMS. The " Inaugnration" Pictorial Herald. PROCE88ION TO THE CAPITOL, Return to the White Home. FILL LHMTH PORTRAIT OF NR. POLK. We will itoue lo Hit now morning, ai 0 o'clock, one c.l the mo** magnificent copies of the Witkly Herald ever published. It will contain the fullest and most graphic account ol the Inauguration ot J dines K. Polk, which lias been given, illustrated by three beautitul engravings, one of them a full length and most accurate portrait of the new Presi des!. Trie report of the entire ceremonials of the Inau guration?the Addresses of the President and Vice President?the account of the festivities on the evening ot the day, aud a variety ot other interest ing matter will be given in this splendid pictorial paper. Every person desirous ot possessing the best record of this interesting event, should procure a copy ot this Weekly Herald. Price only 64 cents. The Consolatory Kplstle or the " Central Clay Committee.'1 The " Central Clay Committee" ot litis city have just issued a taihrr singular manifesto, which is addressed to Henry Clay, and pur ports to he an expression ot their sentiments towards bim in view of his late defeat. The do cument has very visible traces of extremely caip ful and painful elaboration. But it is rather a piiitul atiair after all, and it may not be amiss to make it the subject ol a few well-intentioned re marks. Let us then look at tfits manifesto tor a moment or two, and examine its merits or de merits on the score ot style, patriotism, and politi cal morality. The writer ol this epistle appears to have been quite determined to "do it in King Catnbyse's vein," aud he has succeeded in "doing it" to a miracle. From beginning to end it is a tissue of commonplace sentiment, spun out in the mocl bombastic language, with a profuse embroidery of trausendental epithets and not very reverent scrip tural allusioBs,?the poverty of idea and glittering garniture being quite analagous to the six-|>enuy calico and tinsel which make up the resplendent drapery of a ballet-girl at one ot the cheap and nasty theatres. A few specimens of the style will suffice. "When the appalling result was first known here, many, 'unused to the melting mood,' shed bitter tears"?"country's dishonor"?"groaned in sad appreciation"?"woes impending"?"falling on the nation"?"grayhaired Age and strong Man hood"?"Beauty and youthful hope"? common feeling of the country's misfortune"?"same touch ing manilestations of Borrow"?"many a 'child's first grietfathers"?"children wept together"? "death ot patriotic hopes"?"mercenary libellers" "deceivers"?"torgot"?"base triumph"?"asha med"?"stood silent in the first full consciousness of the evil wrought by them, like the murderer over the weltering body of his victim, with the bloody weapon of death trembling in his grasp."?"To extenuate their own shame"?"their consciences meanwhile accusing or else excusing one another" ?"those in all ages whodevoledly labored for their country"?" departed without earthly reward"? " those ? of whom the world was not worthy"? ' " enshrine you"?" Solon"?" Demosthenes"? " Phocioa"?" Gracchi"?" Cicero"?" Barnvelt" "Dewitt"?" Hampden"?"Vane, Milton and Syd ney"?" with them atteating"?"glory of liberty"? " unworthiness of mankind"?"shining as stars"? " faithiul"?"freedom"?"good ol their race"? " other times"?" other lands"?" will remember you"?" blood-hounds"?" baying on our track" ?"wolves howling round the fold"?"rent the prey"?" vultures"?" screaming for the offal " Such is the manner in which, for two mortal columns and an half, the writer of this epistle rings the changes on the common places of the stump and ward election meetings, varied by the most fulaom adulation of the individual to whom it is addressed. As a piece at composition, then, this letter is puerile, twaddling and bombastic in the extreme. The spirit of the epistle it still more reprehensi ble than its style. It breathes, from beginning to end, that fierce and vindictive partizanebip which we are so often called on to denounce. It ascribes the defeat of Mr. Clay to great " agencies of fraud aud crime"?asserts that " fifteen thousand votes, which were deposited in the ballot-boxes of this city and State," were introduced "under deliber ate perjury"?and brands one half of the citizens ot the United States with the atrocious crime ol countenancing and exciting this stuj>endous iniqui ty. The letter also libel , in the grossest manner, the great mass of adopted citizens of the coun try, representing them as " aliens from our republi can institutions, notatnlyin birth, but in education, feeling and character"?abusing them, indeed, in terms of vituperation and calumny,quite equal in vul garity aud violence to those employed by the most narrow minded " native " orator when he pours out bis great soul in indignation against the "Pope," ihe"Irish" and the "Dutch." We regret very much that the " Central Clay Committee" could affix the seal of their approbation to such an outpouring ot violent party feeling. If patriotism and com mon sense had had due influence in the matter, the Committee never could have approved of such a foolish, undignified, and indiscreet exhibition of prejudice and vindictive party feeling. It is quite distressing to all men who wish well to the repub lie, to see any body of respectable citizens thus li belling great masses of their countrymen, accusing them of peijury, and fraud, and atrocious political crimes, and abusing others on account ol the place of their birth. We had, indeed, supposed that these hot headed whigs had been taught last fall, the salutary lesson of forbearance, moderation and discretion. But it seems they will never learn wisdom. The desperate fag end ol that party, which is represented by the Iribtme, and of the leading members of which the writer of this conso latory epistle is a fair specimen, appears to be daily waxing more and more violent, silly and ungovern able. We are confident that the great man of the in telligent and respectable whig party will frown upon this badly written and injudicious epistle. They must regard it as calculated to injure their cause. At the bands ot Mr. Clay himself, it will not meet great favor, its fulsome laudation will be too much tor his nostrils, and he cannot but condemn its intemperate and abusive allusions to the causes of his defeat. One thing is certain, the true patriot, to whatever political parly he may belong, will condemn it, and it has been for the purpose of exciting, as generally as possible, that virtuous and patriotic condemnation of this ill-con ceived address, and so rendering its influenee as harmless as may be, that we have thus s|ioken of it in the manner which we conceive commensu rate with its demerits. Thk Miasma Packets ?All hopes of ever again seeing the packet shtpsUmted States and England, seem now to be abandoned by the public. The United States has been 101 days at sea, and the England 96, periods of unparalleled length for packets to be absent. They may yet be afloat, and we may see them again, but we sincerely regret >o say that the chances are against them. We cling to hope to the last, knowing that the ahipe were among the strongest ever built, and the cap ons among the most skillful oi navigators. We, however, lake them from our list of "packetsto arrive." Steamers for Boston.?The Stonington line will leave on and after next Monday, at ft o'clock ? a the alternoon. The Pojtaoe Bru. ?This bill was signed by vlr Tyler on Monday night The New Yoke Historical Society?Our Country without a Name.?Quite a little fuss is made in some ul the papers with regard to an ap pointment at the last meeting ot the Historical So ciety of a Committee of three very learned men who are to find a suitable name tor this country. The movement is spoken of in terms of the highest laudation, and a great deal of pathetic declamation 10 the effect that the republic is really without a name, or little better off, is spun out on the occa sion Some of thest small paragraphists appear to have just awoke in horror to the heart-rending conviction that we are a nation without a name, and every possible stimulus which the powerB of eloquent supplication can afford, is brought to bear upon the members of this immortal committee, for the purpose of inducing them to expedite their la bors to find a name for the country, and deliver us citizens from the sad calamity under which they have so long labsred. All this fuss is quite according to "the use and wont" of the small potato literati who scribble for some ot the newspapers. According to them what ever these societies do is inevitably right.? Every resolution which they adopt is of unspeaka ble importance. Every paper read is of inestima ble value. Every discovery is astounding. Every act is the quintessence of wisdom. Now the simple truth is, that those learned societies are very much injured, and their usefulness very much impaired by this ridiculous puffery. This very " Historical Society" has /alien considerably short of what i' might be, to some extent in consequence of the lidiscriminate and thoughtless laudation ot he newspaper paragraphists, and also by reason ' of an excess of pedantry, humbug, and vagary in some of us leading members. This very project ol inventing a new name for the country is conclu sive evidence that an additional infusion of prac tical common sense into this body of learned sa vuns would not be absolutely ruinous to its reputa tion and usefulness. The whole thing is ridicu lousand absurd?got up by a few pedantic aspirant* to a great literary character, in order to gratify their own vanity, and afford them an opportuni ty of showing off the prodigious extent of their acquirements. The country has got a name?dig nified, characteristic and appropriate?which will, we trust, endure to the end of time. These very learned men of the " Historical Society" had bet terseek some other mode of maEing for themselves a name, than by attempting to invent one for the " United States of America." And as for the newspaper toadies, if they are really much dis. tressed about the matter, they had better follow the great poet's advice?"purge and let blood when the moon's at full!" An American Comedy.?An American Comedy ?a real, undoubted, genuine American comedy, has just been finished by Mrs. Anne Cora Maria Mowatt?we hope we have got the fair lady's name correctly?and is to be produced at the Park, soon after General Welch's magnificent troupe of classic performers have vacated the stage of " old Drury." Mrs. Mowatt is very young, and very pretty. She has written some of the sweetest pieces of poetry in the magazines, and is shrewdly suspected, in some quarters, of being the authores. of " Helen Berkley, or the Fortune Hunter"?a novel actually attributed by many to the pen of Mr. Epes Sargeant, and which has, of course, circu lated extensively throughout the United States, Great Britain, and Nova Scotia. Mrs. Mowatt'r comedy is entitled " Fashion," and is designed to show off the morals and manners of the cod-fish aristocracy, or upper cruBt forma tion of New York fashionable society. A French Count figures conspicuously, and al most all of the characters will be recognised ub faithful portraitures of leaders of " fashion," well known in Broadway and the brilliant reunion* up-town. In a day or two we will be able to speak more in detail ot this comedy, and of the success with which it is likely to meet. Naval Intelligence.?We announce with great pleasure that Mr. Tyler at the moment he was retiring from office, restored to the naval service the gallant and accomplished John Thomas New ton, who had been suspended by a recent decision of a Court Martial tor two years. President Tyler approved the sentence ot the Court, believing no doubt, that an example was necessary, and that ii was important that every commander of a ship in the Navy should feel that he was held responsible for her safety under all circumstances. This desirable lesson being impressed, as it undoubtedly has been, by the sentence of Captain Newton, Mr. Tyler has, while he had the power, exercised an act of clemency towards a much esteemed and intelligent officer, which cannot but redound to his credit. It should be recollected that Captain Newton distin guished himself as a Lieutenant in the action be tween the Hornet and Peacock, Hornet and Pen guin, and was the First Lieutenant with Commo dore Biddle, in the same ship, when Bhe made so extraordinary an escape,from a line of battle ship, after a long and most exciting chase. The Industrial Female Classes.?We recom mend to the attention of our readers?the female portion particularly?the report of a meeting of this body, which was held yesterday in the City Hall? It will be found well worthy of their perusal and consideration. At some future time we may go into the subject more at length; but at the present we can only recommend those more immediately interested to act on the advice of some of their able speakers, and beware of " foreign influence." Let them manage their own affairs as they have begun, and their chance of success will be much greater than by allowing the male sex to use up their offices for them. The Gbbman Charitable Society of this city will give to-morrow their first annual concert in aid of the funds of this highly meritorious body. We do not entertain the least doubt that the Ta bernacle will be filled to overflowing, not alone for charity's sake, but likewise to hear " the concord of sweet sounds," and we can boldly assert that there never has been given a concert in New York, whose programme could stand a comparison with that offered on this occasion. It is universally ad mitted, that the' Germans are not alone the best composers, but likewise tbe best performers of in strumental music, and in the symphony in C minor by Beethoven, the overtures to Weber's Freyschutz j and Mendelssohn's Fingalshochle, confided as they | are to the orchestra of the Philharmonic Society, they will undoubtedly prove it. Signora Fico, Messrs. Scharfenberg, and Gronevett, contribute the aid of their superior ttlents; but the most inter esting feature will be the first and only appearance of the German Song-Union or Liederkrang (wreath of song) who hdve most generously volunteered their services. Every city in Germany possesses a similar society, and here in New York, with a po pulation of nearly thirty thousand Germans, the want of such an institution has been very much felt. We are indebted for its introduction in Ame rica to Mr. Charles Perabian, a distinguished mu sician and disciple of the school of Sponr and Men delssohn. The Last Nioht the National Cibcus.? Mr. Welch, the enterprising proprietor, takes his rk The* benefit this evening at the Park Theatre. If there was ever a man that deserved patronage from the public for his labor in their behalf, the General is the man; and it is almost certain he wiil obtain it accord IN* The novelties thatlwill be produced are such as have commanded the notice and pa tronage of thousands; and it ia greatly regretted that they cannot be given for a few more nights. Those who do not procure thsir tickets previously, aad go early, will have but a poor chance of wit nessing the performances Palmo'b Theatre.?The Female Industrial A sociation, take a benefit at this Theatre this ev< ning, for the purpose of tiding their funds in thi their present struggle. Those possessing the lea spark of gallantry or philanthrophy, will not fs of being present on such au interesting occasioi Tne entertainments will be well worth their wi nesting, independent of higher and nobler mi lives. Fire in PbeksetLL.--The office of the Highli Democrat, Peekskill, was desttoyed by fire Thursdty night last Meeting off the Vernal* Industry Association In the City Hall, testerday. | Seldom or never did the Superior Court of the J City Hall contain sacta an array of beauty under I sufferings, together with common secee and good j order, as it did yesterday, on the occasion ot the meeting of the Female Industrial classes, is their endeavors to temedy the wrongs and oppressions under which they labor, and for some time past, have labored. At the hour appointed for the adjourned meeting, four o'clock, about 700 females, generally of the most interesting age and appear ance, were assembled; and, alter a triflmg delay, a voung lady stepped forward, and in rather a low, dilftdent tone, moved that Miss Gray take he Chair, which, haviug been put and carried in the usual business-like way? . . , , Miss Grky, (a young woman, neatly dressed, ot ?mm 22 m 24 years of uge, fair complexion, interest ing thoughtful and intelligent cast of countenance,) came forward, irom the back part ol the room.? She proceeded to make a few observations on the nature and objects of their movements and intentions, and stated that, Audio* the class she belonged to were unable to sup port themselves, honestly and respectably, bv their^in dustry, under the preterit prices tnejr receivedi for their woik. lied, theretorr, come to the dete miuation oi en deavoring to obtain something better, by appealing to the public at Urge, and showing the amount of sufieriug? under which they at present labored. She then went oil to give instances oi what wages they were in the habit ol receiving in different branches ol the business in which ?h- was engaged, and mentioned several employt-rs by name who "nly paid them from 10 to 18 cents per day; others, who were proficient in the business, after 13 or 14 hours kard labor,could only get about 39 cents a day; on*' imolo/er oflVr. ffthem 30 centa pvr day, and said that if they did not take it, he woulil obtain girls from Connecti cut who would work for leu even tnan what he ottered The ouly employer who had done them justice was Mr Beck, ol Fourteenth street, who only allowed his girls to be out about two hours, when he complied with their rea sonable demands He was a man who was worthy olih* thrinks oi every girl present, and they wished hini health, wealth nnd happiness How was it that on such an income they could support themselves dt - cently and honeit'y, let alone supporting widowed mothers, and some no, three, or four, helpless nrothrr*. and sisters, which many of them had. PleCe* of j?| which hey last year got seven shillings for, this yeai they could only get thiee shillings A female stopped forward (in the course of her(?|ddr?' * which was listened to with the greatest attention sh. recommended their "never giving up the ship "or being intimidated by foreign influence) and enquired if the asso ciation was confined to any one branch ot business, or was ft open m alt who were iuftering under Uke privations ""The^CHsiawoMsn observed that it waa openi to all who were alike oppressed, and it was only by a firmc<M>pera lion they could accomplish what they were laboring lor. Another female of equally intonating ^ came forward and a id that, it waa necessary the natuit and objects of the party should be distinctly understood, particularly by those who were immediately interested; their own position should be lully known. Ifdhe supp y of labor in the market waa greater than the demand, it followed as a matter of course that they c0"'d the prices: and, therefore, it would be well for those pre sent to look around them and see into what ot^?r ch*nhne's they cauld turn their industry with advantage. There were meny branches ef buaineaa in which men were em ployed that they could as well fill. Let them memorialize the merchants in the dry goods department for iMtanc, and show them this atoo. That there were hundreds*?f fe males in this city who were able to keep the books as well as any man in it. There were various??^?branch ea of business in which men were employed for which !< - males alone were suitable end intended. Let these men go to the fields nd seek thair livelihood aa men ought to do, and leave th ? females their legitimate were the drapera also, and a number ot other branches ol trade in which females could be as well if not better and properly employed in. By these mean., tome thounsad. would be afforded employment in branches much more valuable to themselves and the community She then proceeded to recommend those present *o be:mo derate in their demands, and not to ask for more than the circumstances of trade would warrant, for ifthey acted otherwise, it would tend to their more rapid Uu Jer present circumstances, a very few yeata; broke down their constitutions, and they had oAerresourcc than the alma houae, and what could bring this abou sooner than the bread and water diet and rough shr 1 ter, which many of them at present were obliged to put U*X*e proceedings of the previous meeting were then read "a numbwofdelegates from the following trades enter ed their names to act aa a Committee to regulatei fudure proceedings : - tailoresset, plain and coaraeacwing, shirt makers, book-folders and stitchers. cap makere^straw worker*, dress makers, crimpers, fringe and lace makers, *l<The following preamble and resolution! were agreed i *?wh#reis The young woman attached to the different trades in the city of New York, having toiled to a long time lor a remuneration totally inadequate nance ot life, and feeling the truth of the Gospel assertion that" the laborer ia worthy ol his hire, have determine* to Uke upon themselves thaUsk ot assarting thefr fifht? against the unjust and mercenary conduct of their enr ployers. It mnst be remembered by those to whom we address ourselves, that our object !? *>ot desire, not to reap ?dvantagea wluch will be danW to our employers. The boon wo ask is founded upon right, alone! The high prices demanded by tradesmen for then goods renders tbem amply able to advance wagea to i. atondsrd, which, while it obviatea the preBtnt cause o complaint, will render laborers only the more fearful at thai: work, and still more earnest and w?ltogtowrv* their employers. The scarcity of employment.and tin low rates of pav which have so long prf^siled^hava^un doubtedly driven many vlrtuou. tomslee to courew whfch might, otherwiae, have been avoided. Manv of the 'emale operatives of this city have families dependent upon then exertions ; aged fathers and mothers?young brothers ; helpless sisters, who but for their lahly storve, or betake themselves to that ictrcely ft horrible alternaUve-the poor house ! Suchapctureu enough to bestir the most inert to active exertion ; the love oi life is ? passion inherent in us ail, and P?rn suaded that we need no batter extmae for the which the glaring injutticc of our employers has driven us! Therefore, . .. . ? Resolved, That in order to carry out ttoflwwpw* ed in the preamble, and to raise the requisite funds iortoe assistance oi those whose situations render such necessary, that we thankfnlly accept the Und offer of Rignor Palmo, of hia Opera Houae tor a benefit, to take place on (this) Friday, March 7th, and R U hoped thatall those who may tool an interest in ??r show their approval ot our measures by attending the "Resolved, That an addreaa be prepared by a committee nrientingour wrong, to the public in their true and pro par light, and advising auch measure* as may be beat cal CUReaolved/Tbat"we now adjourn, to meet again on Fri day the 14th inst. at 4 P. M-, at thla place, to hear the above mentioned address, and to listen to other matters, which may in any w^fe^^'^ident. Mm Gbshsm, Secretary. Lats from Cafi Town, C. G. H?We have re ceived by the Eliza Warwick, at Boston, the Cape Town Gazette to the 12th January. It contailh some interesting matter?a few extracts of which we annex i? Oar arrivals are now greatly on the increase, and hold out a cheering prospect T, e benefits arising from the removal of the port dues are being more and more devel oped A comparison of the number of the arrivals during the years 1643 and 1344, is very satisfactoiy. During the former year the arrivals at this port, exclusive of coasters, amounted to 406. The same during 1844, amounted to 630, leaving a surplus ol in favor of 1644 of 184. A few of the above arrivals during the past year were vessels in search of guano, but the greater pert of these brought cargo tor this place, the remainder calling for re freshment and repairs. Oar continued increase of exports, and general pros perity are discernible in the present rate of exchange on the mother country. At present bills at 80 days sight on H M. Treasury, are procurable at par, and private bills are of course at a discount. Under the present state of matters there need not be any apprehension of speoie leaving the colony as a remittance to Europe. We cannot calculate on the exchange remaining long in the present favorable state, unless indeed the discovery of Suano. as an article ot colonial export, will tend to in uenee it. The fortunate discovery of guano at Malagas Island, is now attracting that notice it so mnoh merits ; thisjs principally owing to the guano at lekaboe being nearly exhausted. We understand that the Secretary of government and collector of customs, have started this morning, Jan 10th, to visit Malagas Island, (Saldanha Bay.) and we have no doubt that every facility will he afforded to the ships load ing gnano. 1 .teresnno from Cttracoa.?We learn by the Warren at Philadelphia, from Curacoa, that the American Consul Ht that port had succeeded in having the tonnage duty taken off the whale ships that may touch at that place. We also learn that the whalenmay ship their oils direct to the United States free of duty. Should sales, however, be made at Curacoa, a duty oi ten per ceut will be re quired. Canada.?We have Montreal papers of the 27lh ult. In one of them we find the following para graph:? "On Tuesday night tho Government brought in a pro position, tho precise nature of which we will stete in our next, tor appropriating the ram of ?40,090 to the compen sation of toss as by tht late rebellion, in Upper Canada. After a long debate,which, by adjournment, extended into last night, it was carried by a vote o: 43 to 31. Amend ments, severally moved by Mr Lafontaine, and Mr. Macdonnld, wen negatived by similar majorities." Pirates near the Straits of Gibraltar.? Cap;. Thomas, at Boston from Gibraltar .lan. 25, the latest date received in this country .states that several vetw Is of war, including H B. M s'.eanier, had sailed in permit of seine pirates, spoken of in the subjoin ed extract from tho Gibraltar Chronicle ol Jan. W. " We have bean favored with an extract from a Cadir letter of January JO, which states that a Spanish brig had just re entered that port, from which she sailed a few days Ereviously for Lagnayrs 5 the '?ap'ain of which reports aving fallen in with, off* Cape Ht. Vincent, throe pirati col vessels, a bark, brig. and schooner, by one of wbtoh, the brig, he was chased some days, but succeeded in effecting his escape." Naval.?U. 3. frigate Constitution, Cgpt. Perci \ vol, wm at Madagascar, Nov. 4 Rev. Mr. BtUlwell's r.ecture In Reply to tin CathollM. Our reporter weut to the Chrystie street Chapel, on Sunduy evening, lor the purpose of repoitiug Mr. Stillwell's discourse, which had been advertised and which was expected to be, in poiut of ability at least, in some degree worthy of a comparison with, and intone and temper by all means equal to, those to which it purported to be a reply. It were but lair to give publicity to Mr. Stillwell's discourse as well as those " on the other side," and as it is not our intention to do so, some ex planation may be useful. The reverend gentleman, in the first place, is n mo t infelicitous speaker. Whether praying, preaching, or reading divine songs?where piety, poetry and prrsuasion all unite to produee the con trary?his utterance is rapid, hurried, and altogeth er toollippant for any serious subject; above all for the weighty truths of religion. Where an exube ranee of ideas, a rare prolificacy ot thoughts, impels into more than common activity the organs ol speech, it is not accompanied by any unpleasant impressions on persons of good t&Bte, for they per ceive the caUBe of it, and that is sufficient to redeem faults twice as grave; but the loquacity of him who talks and talks without method, design, or regard lor the time and understandings of his hearers, is intolerable. Mr. Stillwell's discourse was com posed principally of extracts Irom the lectures ol Bishop Hughes and Dr. Ryder, as published iu th. Herald; the remainder consisting of a running com mentary of his own thereupon; but the extract! ivereso frequently made use of, so glibly comment ed upon?so mixed up with each other and re mixed with a random shot from himself?and ah this was done with such haste and flippancy, that it is not going too far to Bay that few could under stand it and none could write it. It appeared to the reporter, who gave his undivi ded attention to the lecture, that Mr. Stillwell did not exactly adopt the best plan ot directly replying to the discourses he referred to. After the plain ness of his language in his other discourse as to the Virgiu Mary, there was no use in him taking up tlie topic last night, when he admitted sh< might be as holy as other women?as Elizabeth for instance?but that her case was quite siraila* to that of other married women, and as to her li ving more abstinent, it was not to be presumed Christ, therefore, was, by his incarnation,'clotheo with a body veritably human; the scriptures did not teach it was more spiritual than those of hit 8areata; nay. it was not to follow that even were lary as perfect as the Catholics would have he) to be, that her sonr should be bo, for it was oftei. the case that the offspring of virtuous and holy pa rents were the reverse. From all this Mr. S. ar gued that no latitude of reasoning should pre vat on the actions, the nature, and sufferings ol Christ, from any assumption of a difference in his human nature from that of mankind at large, and conse quently the cognizance of ours nsea must scout tht idea of his giving his own body to his disciples just tor this reason : no other person could do it. In the course of his discourse, Mr. Stillwell. ii reply to a passage from the discourse of Biaho| Hughes, said that it was not scriptural to enforce the authority of "the Church"?to hear her?to b taught by her?for Christ never delegated his an thority to "the Church," but still retains it; indeed we understood Mr. Stillwell to say that there wu no such ffiing as the Church of Christ in ex , Bbt that every person was to takt his own course, and regard himself as with out any obligation to be a member of ih<. church so long as he kept, aB it were, one eye upon the Bible, ana the other upon the Lord and Savior of the world. Ia this, then, the doc trine ol Protestants 7 It is not; and Mr. Stillwell did well to preface his lecture with an admonition to his hearer, te hold him alone accountable for his views and allegu tion*. How Mr. S. could gloss over, as he did, the conse quences of his admission in the following instance, is al together unaccountable. In reading that text from 8 John, the other Evangelists, a ; well as trom Corinthians: " Unless ye eat the flesh of this son of man, and drink hi. blood," be. he admitted that the Catholics had as good i right to use the conjunction or as he had to use the word and in the text; and therefore he made no attemptL. Krove who was right in this all-important distinction. Ir. S. proteased to read from the Catholic Bible, an.J therefore should have been consistent enough to meet thi argument as it arose upon the text as written there; i and be the right won), Mr. Stillwell is right; if or be the right word, he is palpably wrong: and yet, in the lace ol this truth, not a single argument did he use to determir> this question, all-important as it is. Is it that Mr. Still well's education ii not equal to the task 7 That can't b.. for he assured his congregation that he knew Latin enoug! to know that dogma meant a decree, whatever the critic in the Catholic Review might aver ar hint to the coi. trary, wbo had lately alluded to him and his lormar do course. The next time Mr S. preaches, it would be bettei for him to dwell on the essential point* at iatue, and th. ii he can afford to apeak more diatinctly, argue more lopi cally, and think more clearly. Alter reading an extract from Ryder's sermon, fault was found with the strength of his language when be saie that Chriat stated a falsehood if he uttered words intend ed to convey another meaning than the obvious and literal one. Dr. Ryder aaid so it is quite true: yet those wt-? heard the magnificent discourse of that divine were net ii the least degree shocked with the strength of his lsu guage, because they saw ita relevancy, its connection and the intention of tha speaker. The writer of Un heard him, and that not as a believer in bia doctrine; bit as a lover r>f truth, and an admirer of intellectual gian deur, he is forced to derisre that Dr. Ryder's discourn was far better calculated to ohakf. than Mr. Stillwall'. was to confirm, his Protestant notions ; and it would hi far more ingenuous in the latter to argue the points et is sue fairly and direcUy, than take up bis time in squeam l?h objections to the language of the Catholics, or quoti isolated extracts te show their contradictory nature, when it was evident that he either did not, or could not, correctly construe them The whole of Mr. Stillwell's remarks last night wen made on the assumption of the competency of the sens. ? to decide In doctrinal matters ; but he ought to have r< collected that he thus assumes the vary thing at issue b, - tween Catholics and Protestants. The former deny thai the senses have any thing to do with those mysterious doctrines of the Christian religion which are the abject, of fsith end iaith alone. Admit that test, they say, and you destroy faith altogether. Now we do not say who i. wrong or who right; but Mr. 8tillwell ought to hav. met this question directly, and showed that there was a perfect right to appeal to the senses in order to regulat. our belief ae to the doctrines in dispute?the real pro sence, for instance; and he would have very much pleased some of his hearers, by showing what they had to do in the doctrine ol the incarnation too, as also that of th< Trinity. But whilst Mr. 8. was somewhat seandaliaad at the strong language of Dr. Ryder, is it not strange that be would, or could use such a phrase as this?" the blood o' Chiist sprinkled on this congregation conld not save them from hell"?intending te show thereby that the ileih pro fiteth nothing, and ail the fusa the Catholic* make abem the real body and blood of Christ is in no way important ?that the doctrine, even if true, is of secondary moment Be that as it may, the above phrase did indeed sound harshly on the ears of some persons present, who bap pened te think that religion, good a? It ia, cannot af ford to be spoken of in language more extravagant, wild and nnbridled than is used in relation to ordinary oli jects. We could add several other observations on the ou rious reply of Mr Stillwell to the Catholic divines, but having no desire to go into religious subjects fsrthei than may te ol practical benefit, we will merely recom mend the Rev. Mr. 8tiltwell to study these controverted points yet a little longer, to improve his elocutionary power*, to learn to think more and say lass, befo-e h. next volunteers a defence ot Protestantism, or Stillwell ism, or whatever it is he dee* defend : and it wonld no' be amis* to write in whatever pert of his hymn book h. thought most convenient to refer to, this couplet Learn to speak slow ; all other graces Will follow in their proper plaoes. Theatrical*, Ac. The Dramatic Company at the American, in New Or lean*, have made an export of the delinquencies, in money matter*, of Place, the junior manager, and have closed th< seaion, aa they cannot get their pay. The Italians sing there, however, four nights a week for two month*. Mr. and Mr*.;8Ionian made their first appearance at thr Front street Theatre, Baltimore, on Monday eveninf, and were well received by a crowded bonse. Randall, the Scotch giant, recently exhibited himself in New Orleans, for the benefit of the Total Abstinence So ciety Atthecloseof the exhibition, Mr. R handed to the Treasurer of tbe Society about $'JOO -some sixteen dollar* remaining in his possession, which he afterwards paid to another officer. As Mr. R. was ahont to leave the city for Mobile, one of the Deputy Marshal* arreetad him by virtue of a writ, for this same sum of sixteen dollar*. Immediately after tbe arrest, the officer led him to Judge Walker's court room, where the Judge then was, who on ascertaining the facts and seeing the receipts produced by Mr. Randall, ordered his release, and he was accotdiagly set at liberty. Booth ha* been playing a most brilliant engagement at the National Theatre, Cincinnati, closing on tbe 96:h uk. The Cincinnati Enquirer remarks that " there werr vithin twice as manypeople within the theatre for the five night* during the engagement of Mr. Booth, than ever beiore for the aame number of night*, and more money than du ring tbe engagement of Mr. Mac ready, when the prices were doubte." On one evening, Booth played Richard for the first piece, and tor the afterpiece Mr. O. ?. Duri vsge, the comedian, who is new winning laurels at th< West, " Richard No 8," in hla own burlesque of that The Mliaea Bramaon are about to give concerts in Baltimore. a Amusements. Palmo'o Ornu House?The Ladies Industry Association have engaged this establishment for this evening,.for the purpose of having a benefit to aid them in their present struggle for justice and a proper re muneration for their labor. All tme opponent* of oppres sion and starvation, possessing the least spirit oigsllsntry, will cortslnly lend their assistance in such a cauro. Toe amusements are both novel and eotertaining, which will commence with the humorous farce of the "Loan of a Lover a grand tolo on the accordion by Mr. Huntley; the eon* of the. "Fireman'. Call," by the American Melo dlata?the whale to conclude with the humoroua bur lesque opera from " t inderella," entitled " Lo Shin De Hela, or the Gum Klastic Slipper." A good evening'* en tattainment at the reduced prica* of admitting a lady and gentlemen to the front seats and parquatto for M cents,? Go ono?go ill City Intelligence. Loit Bo*.?Yesteiday m irning, a colored boy came to the police office, nod stated that be was in match of hi* mother nod utter, au I otep !a:lier, whom he supposed were in thia city, au i n >t ha?i >g any mean*, and t eiug entirely without friend*, he w*? desirous ol having some asylum provided tor him He was on hi* way to Alba ny Irom sooiu place in company with hi* itrp lather, Wn H illauil, and his d*other and staler, and when the car* arrived at Rocheater, the boy got out to get hts mo ther a tumbler of water, but before he got back to the cara, they atarted, and he was lelt behind. When the next train of cars passed, the hoy atarted lor Albany, but when he got there he was informed that hia fiend* had felt for this city, and he lollowed after, hut hHa been una ble_to obtain any intelligence respecting them Thk Dud Booita?The Coroner held an inquest yes afternoon upon the tour dead bodies found in hoxts terday afternoon upon the tour dead bodies found in boxts on board the steamer South America, on Wednesday af ternoon. A post mo-tern examination was made by physi cian*, and they ascertained that death was produced in each case from natural cause*. The Coroner did not puraue the investigation any fur ther, to asceriain from whence the bodies came, or whe ther they had been stolen, conceiving that it was none ol bis business, and that other authorities ought to - ake any further investigation, m hi* duties ended with hold ing the inqueat and finding that no foul play had caused death. Ot course, he kuows his own duties best, but it has generally been the custom of Coroner* to ascertain, if possible, from what source the bodies found under such circumstances, came, and to bring, if possible, the par ties who stole tbem to justice. Three^jf the bodies found were evidently those of males, having died from con sumption, but the (emale, a mulatto, probably died Irom a more loathsome disorder. In all probability, they have been taken from Potter's Field, and were probably inten ded for the Medical College at Castlcton, Vermont, as a course of lectures is about to be commenced there. The jury found a verdict in accordance with the facts before 'hem; that is, that the bodies found on board the steamer 8 )ii ii America, weru th-.- bodies of persons who came to their death from natural causes. jgPollce Office.?Breakind Ofcn a Visskl.?A man aimed Daniel June, was arrested on a charge of breaking open the cabin of the sloop Westerlo, on the night ol the ?J0th of December, and stealing a gun, and some bedding, and elothing worth about $'13. He was arrc?tsl in Brook lyn by officers Josephs and Jackson, and brought to this city, where he was committed. General Seas Ions. Before the Recorder and Aldermen Devoe and Drake. Matthew C. Patkksor, Esq., Diltrict Attorney. March 0 - Trial of Henry M. Ratge continued.?Upon the opening of the Court the trial or this cause was resu med Henry Saunders, jr., the boy who was in the em ploy of Austin, Wilmerding A Co., and was the principal in obtaining the money on the checks, and who after wards attempted to fly to England by the Great Western, but being foiled fled to Boston and took passage on board a packet ship bound for a foreign pot t, but was caught by constable Clapp, was brought ihto Court from the prison. It will he recollected that at the last trial Saunders plead guilty and was used as State's evidence against re, with t" the understanding that he should be sent to the fioiiss of Refuge, being but 17 years of age. Mrs. Raggr was in Court to day holding her infant in her arms, and accompanied by four respectable ladies dressed in black, who have interested themselves in hei behalf. Mr. Austin and Mr. Priest were recalled and examined as to some little circumstances connected with the ob taining the blank checks irom the house. Heihv Sal'Rosas, jr., called and aworu. Que*.?Where were you born 1 Witress.?I decline answering any question*. Court.?Why do you decline ? Witreis ?Because 1 do not wish to orimina'o myself. Quks.?(By Phillip*)?Have you had any c avi nation with Ragge 7 Ars ?1 refuse to answer any question. Quks ?Have you been examined in tbi? c iac before ? [Objected to by counsel for defence on rhe ground of irrelevancy, and objection sustained.] Que* ? Where were von born 7 Ars.?I was born in Hamburgh and lnv hrvn in this country lor about seven years. Que*.?Were you ever in the employ ol ,\ i-'in, Wil merding A Co 7 Ars.?t was. I went in May, 1841, and rem ok-J till the Slst of August 1843. Que*.?Where did you board 7 Aks ?In sevetal place*?at 33 and 40 Maiden Lane?at 64 Beekman street; 1 never boarded m- anal, but have in Duane, with a Mr. Brown. Quxs ?Do you know Henry M. it :<;ec 7 Ars.?I decline answering that question A great numb -r of questions were put by the prosecn tion and the mo-it cf them were not answered, on the ground that it would implicate him. At a qnartor pest 3 o'c ock, the Court adjourned till to morrow at 11 o'clock. Common Pleas. Before Judge Ulshoeffer. Mabch 6.?Walts vs. Erving.?In this ease, already no ticed, the Jury rendered a verdict for plaintiff c 1 $36 ami 6 cents costs James H. Ray vs. William Willis ?This was an action brought upon a promissory nete for $136 36, dated 33<1 August last It 1* brought by the plaintiff who is the ?hird endorser, against defendant, who is first endorser. Defendant moved lor a nonsuit on the ground that the nc tice of protest was sent to his place of nusiness, whereat, ?t ought to have been left at hia place of residence. Tht Court overruled; and defendant then showed that thi ante in suit was the last of two renewals of a note on which usury had been taken. 1'he Court charged that if the Jury considered that usury had been charged on th flr-t note, plaintiff's action was spurious, and they must find for defendant. The Jury rendered a verdict accord ingly. James H. Brewster vs. Thomas B Oliver.?Thi* was an action of assumpsit brought upon a guaranty. It appear ed that Jamea Oliver, a son of the defendant, entered into i guaranty with plaintiff by which he agreed to give a Rockaway, valued at SlOO, add $60 iu casn, in exenange tor a second hand wagon and sorrel horse, all of which was to be delivered five weeks after the completion of the bargain. The defendant exhibited his signaturo to this guaranty as surety for his ton, and the latter not ha ving complied with the terms thereof,suit ia now brought -gainst defendant. For defence it was contended that u Rockaway worth about $I0U. had been delivered to the plaintiff, which was more than equivalent to the value o! the wagon and horse, the latter having been shown to b> unsound, and subject to what is technically called the olind staggers, Ac., and also that as plaintiff had not fnl Silt d hia part of the agreement, defendant and his ion were discharged from all further responsibility under the guaranty. Adjourned over. Smpertor Court. Before Judge Vanderpoel. Mabch 8.? Owen vs. Bancroft.?The Jury in this case, already noticed, will render a sealed verdict this fore noon. John Cromer vs. W. S. Dutcher and Nathaniel Moore.? This waa an action on a note, which was made payable to the order oi parties named " York* and Munson, and endorsed by defendant*. The note got into plaintiff* possesion by endorsement?the amount $316 43. The defence put in waa that defendants, who were partners, had dissolved, and, therefore,could not lie sued conjointly. Plaintiff rejoined, that the dealing took place previous to the dissolution of partnership. Verdict for plaintiff, full amount, with interest from date May 8th, 1844. Before Judge Oakley. Hayes and Magrath vs. Rockwell et al.?The Jury iu thia case, already noticed, rendered a verdict for plaintiffs $103 86. Henrietta B. Kits vs. L. Pickering.?This waa an aotion to recover damages for breach of contract. It appeared on part of plaintiff, that on the lit November lest the defendant took room* in a boarding hause, kept by plain tiff at 366 Broadway, for himself and family, for wnich, together with board, be agreed to pay $33 | er week, and continue through the winter. Having left a month be lore the expiration of the term agreed upon, action la brought to recover. Verdict for d< fendant. Qtj- The trial calendar of thia Court has been disposed of for the term, which may be attributed to the active and business-like habita of the judge*, who held a double Court since the commencement ol the term. There are one hundred caaes on the argument calendar. The term commences on Monday. Tha law Court* are driving a heavy bnsineas Court Calendar?Tlals Day. C0MM0R Pi.ra* ?10, 38, 78, 83, 48, 30, 13, 1, 10, 84, The Town ?The Meet Popular Magazine of Satire and Oennine Wit, published in America. The Number for aeit Saturday contains an amusing Kngrav ing of a terrible storm in th? Broadway Channel, iu Fabiuary last. The principal characters brought out are our Honorable Mayor, Willis, Inman. Pot and our particular jovial friend Borgeus. The scene is laid opposite Saint Pauls' Church, in Broadway. Kor three days BPiadway Channel was impassable, and bu' for the timely interference of friend Burgess, it is im possible tosay how manyfvaluahle lires would have been lost in this awful maelstrom?one glance at this picture is worth two shillings. The Correspondence of a Number of Office Seekers, from Col. Oraham down to Capt. Rynders of the Kmpire Club, are of a most amusing character. The entire Paper is full of truthful things well told. For sale by JTJDD It TAYLOR, No. i Astor Hon te. Dri Felix Gourautl?Dear Sir?You have liberty of reference as to the snceesa of Baals' Hair Restorative, to the undersigned, who hay* tested the same Fanning C. Tucker, President of the Leather Manufacturers' Bank. t?. W. Brown, Auction Hotel, Water street. Mr. Mallory, No. Ml Bowery. Henry Whitehead, No. 36? Ninth street. Kdward Bootay, Seventeenth street, near 7th avenue. Julia Manning, No. 366 Ninth street. Ssiah B., No. 231 hlizabeth street. .Kdward Cooper, Brooklyn, Carlton street, first d'K>f from Myrtle avenue. Kl tvlieih Mosely. No. Id Union Place. Many others conld be given from persons who have purchased and applied the article with success, but the above must be suffi cient to prove the Restorative an article of great merit, as in fact the terms on which it is sapplird at the office, "no charge natil successful," is enough to satisfy the most incredulous. N. B.?One jar is a tea, in any care. g # fc co Heals' Agency, d7 Walker street, first store from Bioadway. " Death, that hath sucked the honey of thy breath, Hath had no power over thy keanty. " Beauty's ensign yet Is crimson on your cheek and ooyvu The glory of our house ban departed ! yet a. .p.i ? .l.s f-: .^.11. form ??*n in I Mir ahrniiH ' !? how beautiful is that fair angel's ?*?? ?hn??d ! Is it possible thai that scourse. the yellow fever, could leave her thus beautiful 7 egclaimed Bdwatd D-?J, as he gaged on the quiet, heavenly form of"Cllen ???his betrothed. V es, reader, the fever might bare defaced her. discolored her akin, or burned her hair, or covered bar face with blotches, fever apot?, or any othar dtaflgnramaat- Yet by expending M cents, she or any ona else living or deed, might Hire been rendered thus fair and love ly this, doubtless, may seem to the matter of fact wader pair ing. Allow it?yet 'tis proven by hundreds in this city that a r Jie of the genuine' Jonea'Chemical Soap will make discolored, blotched, or freckled skia bright, clear and delicious, removing evary eruption. And, alio, that a three shilling bottle of Jones' Coral Hair Restorative will make and keep the hair clean, aoft, ailky and fine, thrice ?? long as any other article made, heaide forcing mind, forcing ih* hair to grow, atop it falling off, enre it of dandruff, *c. Header, both theaeare really eicallant?mind and get the genuine, at the sign of the American Krgle, II Chatham street, or >23 Broadway. New York: or l? Fttljnne*. Brooklya; I State street, Boston; I Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia Comatoek'a Art vert iMmcnt w ?*? *?*? pcge'of this paper, of article* that have obtalnad inch f"" houadedtpopuiaritr. All Mould uta tnsm. An?l?wa llnrm.-W? ?tcmited tli* Ant Concert riven by this company of roculiili at the T?ban?(l<. on Tuesday evening. and indeed we were much P'?'?ed with Ik? seiec'iou tud progr^mine 1 bey rw?>?bU the Hunianau Finger. (whom s ma of onr readers may remember were in this country five or ail year ago,) in their style and execution ofaome of their pieces, with this eife tfcut whrc they nre<*ut the full compass from bass to alio, wheh the Hunya ri as were kuo*n t ? pusssan, they sing with an ease and r.cility of combined tenlimost, to Jin found only in the u who have by untiring rfal p'aced thrmae \e* *n the front rank of the Gl*e hingers of the oiesent age Their dress, which we under stand is unique, is likewise br*utiful and very rich. We hope toon lo hear of a repetl'iou A Brl?f Plnlogue. '? Your brow is is white at the marble of Pari; Your tkiu like au infant'", la month, clear and thin, While beneath it the aiure v-im show?I declare, I Hive never, iu all my life teeu tuch a akin ! "Thanki, air, fur your T raiae of mv marvellous beauty; In leluro, I my conaciance iniut eate oT a load ; My charms arrall borrow "d, ai.J ihua 'tis mv duty To own that my lovel cess cornea from Oouraud. The virtue< of Oouiaud't Italian Met1 icated Soap, for the re moral ol tau, pimples, freckles. . unburns, or any other cuUne oua deformities are too wellkuowu to rvqune eulogy at this late day. Tha rapid ty of i?a action it almost miraculous; uurer its influence the dtrkest akin acquires a whiteness, clearness aud tranipareucv uuly astonishing Kor salt? genuine only at 6' Walker street, first store from Broadway. Price 50 cents a cake. Never buy it elsewhere in Agents?76Cbeauutatreet, Philadelphia; 4 Milk street, Bostou, Carletnu, Lowell; Oreru k Co-. Worcester; Ltupman k Co., Springfield; Dver^Providence, Bull, Hartford, kerr-, Mid Me town; Myers, New Haven; Touaey. Kochester; BackusItBull. Troy; Paarce, Albany; ?to>rs, Hudson; Uray, Pouuhkeepn Cross, Caukill; Haute, Baltimore. Who will doubt (ho effli acy of that great remedy, Kolger's Olosaouian or All-H'aling Balsam. It it uot pretended th?t it will raise the dead to life, but its sucee-s ui Asthma, lncipieut Consumpiiou. long coi-tinued Cougly, Bleediug of the Lungs. Ditliculiy cl Breading. und the vari ous diseases of the Lungs, ior which it u recommended, has breu unpara'Med, and justly eutilles it to the name of the great remedy. It has been iiitiodureil but a short time to public no tice. and iu large sale shows the estimation in which it is held by those afflicted with disease, inn requiring its fff-cts. During the presort month, those who are suffering under c ughs, those who fear a fatal termination of disease, and those who are at a loss for au effectual remedy, cannot do better lliin by making a trial of this. They may rest assured they will not be disap pointed. Kor sale at 116 Nassau street, one door above Auu, aud at Mrs. Hays', 139 Kultou st? Brooklyn. Dglley'i Magical Pain Kitractor, at hli only agency, 67 Walker street, first store from Broadway. The Kut I ml la Dye, for coloring the hair * beautiful black, without injuring the skin, or affecting it iu the least, miy beViad at 21 Ceurtlanilt street . This is the only article which can be depended upon. The hair aud beauty from its ua*? b*fore unknown. I he color which tno htirreeeivrs is perfectly natural. Oalley's Magical Pain Kxtractor, sold at 21 Court)audi stteM. at half rrii e. Warrauted genuine. Medical Notice?TUs AdrertUemeiiU oftha New York College of Mi^icine and Pharnmcy , earaMished for the Suppression of Quackery, in the cure of aU djrnrn. Will bjreafter app?r on tl- ?ough^^d^ast column^.. tfflice and Consul .in* Ko >ms of the Colleue.95!Nassau suae All Philadelphia riatjaorliitlona to the HiKAto must be paid to the agents, Zie.ber k Co., I I^og*t Buildings, Third street, near Chestnut, where single copiee m|pAl^bnei;<tfdK 'publication, for ode at thei, re ^If'^'w^rile0reeepriouof*one paper, the "Herald" iiread as much, perhapi, iu Philadelphia, as any paper published m that city, affording a valuable medium to advertisers. Af** tirementi handed to the agents at half past 4 o cloclf, will ap pear in the Herald neat day. "4 lv monky makkkt. Thurtday, March tt?6 P. M. Quotations fell off to-day a Iraction. The sales were not very large. Long Island diclined 1 percent;Canion, 1; Morris Canal, 1; Noraich and Worcester, I Railroad, 1: Karmeis' Loan, j; Onio fl's, i; United States Bonk, 1; Stoningtou, J. Illinois 6's improved J. The decline in prices to-day was the result of the rapid advance ol the past few days. A re-action of this kind usually takes place upon a rising market, but it is not a check to further improvement. We have published several tabular statements from the report of the Secretary of State in relation to the rail roads of New Yoik, as they have come to hand. The document will be printed by authority of the Legislature in a few days, when we shall be able to give a more de tailed statement in regard to theia works. The reporteg I hlbits a very flattering condition of tho roads or this 8t*te ? v Railroads or New Yore. No. miles Co it of Expijor Rec'tifm Exceit I of road con- repairing 4- fsngrs, of rcc ti Name in opera- stint- running fri. V-S.evtr of Road. Von. lion. road. "W*. Mohawk k Hud., 17 1.317,892 31.040 217,172 ?J,131 Utica k 8chen. 78 2,168,665 132,838 384,391 251,51)3 Syr?aud Utics, 43 I'.ISLSM 71,068 194,432 123,463 a |,i? nnd Svrn 26 766,656 44,193 96,737 52,544 Aubi and Koch. 7. 1.796^ 84.660 237,667 142,007 Tnnawanda 43 727 331 38,311 114,177 75,865 Aid?* Buffalo, 31 336,211 25,215 73.248 48,0 <3 Sar. and Schiui. 22 303,648 26,209 (def'tOM Scheu k Trov. 20X 640,799 33,460 .12,862 (def.2698 Hens and Sara 24 474,80! 29,420 41,931 12,400 c2i'Uland 96 1,610,221 94.460 143,444 48,993 N V ImdKne. 43 LTM^I 06:944 126,020 49,074 PLY .'and Harlem,27 1,201,846 7 8,286 140,684 62,398 Albany and West Ls&a&u.SP' M 24low ?* 6M\ 19,606,737 799,752 1,883,658 1,100,016 The first seven roads In (hie table form the continuous line in theerder iu which they arc placed, fiom the Hud son River to Lake Erie. The average cost per mile of the whole number is $30,700. By deducting t ie co*t of construction of the Scheme tady and Troy and the Albany ond West Stockbridge loads, from which no revenue is derived, the total cort c>( the other roads will be $17,197 261, f. om which are deriv ed the aggregate income of $1,100 019. or six and four tenths per cant on the capital invested. This is an in crease of nearly one pur cant ovtr the results ol the year 18*3. The amount of dividends paid by the railroads of this State in 1944, was $410,880, ot which the Utica and Sche nectady paid $100,009, the Syracuse and Utica $80 000, Auburn and Syracuse $31,647, Auburn and Rochester $106 000, Tonawunda $23,333. Rensselaer and Saratoga $10,600. The Mohawk and Hudr on made no dividend ; the Schenectady and Troy none; Long laland, Erie, Har lem, Attica and Baflalo, aud the Saratoga und Schenecta dy, none. The number of mih srun by pa-senger train* in 1844, was 902,898; by freight and ofher tiaius,296.131. The total receipts from through passengers in 1844, amounted to $704,983; from way pss-engers, $-430,969? total income from passengers, $1 426 630. These companies own 80 locc motives, 147 passenger cats, 430 freight cars, 76 mail and other cars, 14 machine ?hops, 184 horses, and employ 1,808 men. The Mohawk and Hudson Company have an undivided interest with the Utica and Schenectady, Syracuse and Utica, Auburn and Syracuse, and Auburn and Rochester Railroad Com pany in 100 passenger cars, and 28 mail and baggage car*. We annex a comparative statement showing the cost of the construction of the railroads of this state in 1043 and '844tjr ia the nett income ol each for etch year Railsoads or Nr.w Yosi. ? Afeme, Cost. X. inr'tn. Colt. Xtt inc. Mohawk It Hudson, 1,053,811 *9,017 1,317,IW 113,131 1 tor aud Sehmect'y, 633,519 26,999 610,799 Saratoga and Schen. 312,095 12,213 303,658 9,538 Troy and Saratoga, 175,861 11,315 175,101 12,1(10 Utica and Schen. 2,200,815 218,517 2,168,665 241,553 Utica and Syracuse, 1,190,219 163,701 1,151,575 123,163 Aab. and Syracuse, 761,658 86,891 786.656 52,511 Anb. and Rochester. 1,728,361 189.693 1,796,413 152,007 Tonawanda, 600,100 76,227 7 27,331 75,166 Attica and Buffalo, 268.275 15.899 396,211 12,033 Albany and West Stockbridge, 1,753,511 ... 1,768,689 10,967,190 991,271 11,153,617 801,534 The Long laland, Harlem, Erie, aod Hudson, and Berk shire, are not included in this table, as they made no re port in 1843, aud we could not therefore give a compara tive statement of the cost. It appears by the above table, that these eleven roads, of three hundred and eighty-thrae mile* in length, cost, in 1844, $489,418 more than in 1843, while the nett incomes, according to the official report*, were, in 1644, $193,337 leas than in 1843 Thelongoet roadiu the State is the Long Island, run ning Irom Brooklyn to Orecnport, and for its length, ia the cheapes. road in the country. The Erie road, only A3 miles long cost $1,702,434 The Utica and Schenectady, and the Auburn and Rochester roads, are the same length, and the former cost nearly four hundred thousand dollars more than the latter. Next to the Erie railroad, the Mohawk and Hudson is the highest coat road in the State. The annual reports, for 1844, of the rail road companies of Massachusetts, have been made to the Legislature of thilt State The railroads of the New England State* ap pearto be as productive as those of any section. The Charleston n Branch reports its cost at $-480,259, and its capital paid in $260,000. The receipts of 1844 were $7, 787 from passengers, and $27,695 from freight, rent*, fcr..; less $799 discount on freight, makihi a total of $34,953? The expenditures were $2(1,983, and the net earnings $14, 370 The dividends ware A] per cent, or about the income It Is expected that materijl additions to the receipt* of this road will accrue from the West Cambridge aod Lex ington railroads and the proposed branch to Cambridge. Too Fitchhurg railroad report* it* capital paid in at $1. 009,115, and the expenditures so far at $99-4,433 The num ber of peseengers curried from 1st May to January 1st, 1845, Was 8-4,189, and the receipts therefrom, $-42,440; $90, 814 were received from freight, rent, tie,?total $44,769 The r xpenditU'es were $15 924, and the net earnings, $-49,834 There ia a proposition before th* Legislature to authoriee this road to build branches, and increase ita capital to three millions of dollars, when required. The Nashua aud Lowell road receipt* tor 1844, were $94,667, and the expenditures $59.943?net earnings >87, 944. or nine per cent on its capital ol $880,000. The divi dends were $38,000, or ten per cent. The Maine railroad company report a capital paid in of $1,340,441. andthecoat of construction, $1,485,490 of which $798,916 were expended in New Hampshire The receipts for year ending November 80th, were $154,944 from passengers. $70,970 from freight, and $7,469 miscel laneous?total $233,101 The expenditures were $39,pi I. paid to Lowell road as transit dues, and $13 055 to Itortlanu road for passeDgers on that line, and the aggregate, in eluding those items and repairs of road, engines and cars, lusl, Interest, kc., was $137,036. being a net balance of earning* to the amount of $05,076 or nearly eight per cent en the paid in capital. The regular trains traversed 198.099 milea, and the expenses being $99,019, the average expense per mile run was but little over forty cente. The Maine Extension Company report an expenditure to De cember 1st, cf $438,354, of which land pnrohaaed and land J images took $933,099. The Taunton Branch railroad receipts for year ending November 80th, were $99,986, and the expenditure*, in eluding $43,944 psid the Providence, and $8,767 to th* New Bedford road, ware $71,535, and a net balance wee left of $-46,191, or ten per cent upon ita capital of $350,0?>9. The dividends were $30 000, or 8 per cent. | The New Bedford sad Taunton railroad eompany re ceived lest year $94,997, and expended $1*4,190 leaving a balance of $40,807 of net earning! on ita capital paid In, $380 000. The dividend* paid were $34,000, and the kat mca applied to Improving the rood, lie Th* Hloughten Bianch road cos* $98,076, of which $38. 076 were subscribed, and $26,000 borrowed ofth* Provi dence road Its fe-g h li rx ir?'y 4 miles. The Pheni* P>- i d, ' \ hst declared adlvl. dendofSjprti nt lot th.ust six im-n hi,payable on de mand. A joint] oomsnittae of tho Massachusetts Legislature

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