Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 16, 1845, Page 2

March 16, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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JNBW YORK HKHALI). JVtW York, Sunday. Wart h 10. 1S1J, The Next Foreign Nrwt-An Ki< ruortllnni y KlprtM from ll ieton We hive, us u.=uul, made our arrangement lo run a special end extraordinary expresB from But ton, on the arriv?l c I the Cariibrid?say on Tues day or Wednesday next, provided that sieomtr reaches Bostou at an hour that will make an ex press necessary. The news that this steamer will bring iniy bp ol considerable importance to the politician, philoso pher, ship owner, uud cotton speculator of this country. We shallfreceive the Queen's Speech OS the opening ot the British Parliament, the tenor of which may have an important bearing on the affairs of America; we ore in hopes of hearing tlitit the aluent packets England and United States have put into Lisbon?the only chnuce now left ; we shall kuow the fate of many cotton speculators whose ?xistenct, almost, seems to hang on a rise or fall ot the price in the European market; and tve shall learn enough else to he of use to us, end to this part ot the world. We shall, at we have already stated, get this news by a special express from Boston, it the steamer arrives there at the right time, and in twenty minutf s after it reaches New Y'ork, we shall despatch it in Extra Heralds, also by express, through to New Orleans, to touch at the principal cities en rou/e. We mean to do this to try the mettle ol Cave Johtisou, the new Postmaster-Gen eral. We ran expresses against Mr. Wickliffe, and found it efisy enough, too easy, in fact, to beat him. We frequently distanced lus expresses twenty-four hours in going to New Orleans, mid are now determined to it st the speed and bottom ol Cave Johnson. We are 111 hopes of having in linn one worth contending against, for lie has long legs, andean run pretty last. We sliull see whe ther or not he can heat us Wo shall give him a year's trial. In the meantime, to t>.e arrival of the Cambria, we are on the look out for the packets. One or two may drop in before next Wednesday. The Spring Klectlon?The Kxcltruu lit Kiting. The ensuing spring election in this city promised to be one of the most interesting which has occurred ior many years past, i'rom the peculiar character which it has assumed within the last tew weeks, in reference not aione to the municipal affairs of the city, but with un eye also to the future operations of the whig party, and the progress both of "na tiveism"and abolitionism in the free Shales. We have already noticed a very important meeting to be held by the whigs? the old aud original whigs ?at National Hall, on Tuesday evening next, on which occasion it is supposed that Mr. Selden, the nominee of the whigs, will mike an Important speech on municipal ufluirs aud the great political questions ol the duy. This movement of the whigs hns acquired addi tional importance Iront a very extraordinary article put forth by the Courier and Enquirer of yester day, charging upon the party which has nomi nated Mr. Selden, and the movements in his sup port, a design and purpose to organize the whig party on the principles of the abolition of slavery in the South and the emancipation of the slaves forthwith. The Courier assails, in two columns of declamation acd vituperation, that section of the whigs represented by the Tribune, and charges them with "treason to the Union and the whig party"?as interfering with lite Constitutional rights of the South, and seeking, under the standard of ab olition to destroy the whig organization. This is a most singular movement on the parted the old Wall street section of the whigs, which comprises the most bigotted prejudices nnd most intolerant feel ings of any portion of that party. It is very true that the Tribune section has a variety of ridiculous vagaries, which apjtear to be sinking into oblivion, ?such ae Fourierism and others,?but the vagaries of the other section?the Wall street section?are much more injurious to society and political affairs, and have a tendency to nourish and foster the vio lent religious autmosities nnd passions which dis tinguish the "native" party. The article in the Courier haB a very evident meaning and intention to create a row?an excitement?a "break-up" in the whig meeting on Tuesday night next. No doubt there will be a conflict of the elements on that occasion. Previous to the Ia6t election, when we saw the signs of the times, we predicted such a position of afltira, and such a conflict of contending elements in the whig party?a contest between abolitionism on the one side, and " nativeiam" on the other, for the supremacy in that portion of the American masses. It lias begun earlier than we supposed The Courier, however, makes a false issue. There can be no doubt that there is but little abolitionism in the city ol New York, and that there will be less at any charter election. The abolitionists never could raise a greater vote than five hundred at the polls in this city. Both political parties? the great masses of both?are hostile to any interference with the Southern institution ol slavery, and are quite willing to abide by the Constitution of the United States on that point as on all others. The attempt, therefore, on the part of the Courier, to raise such an issue now, is to all appearance a ru?e, having tor its object the support of the " native" party, and the advance ment of the proscriptive principles and sectarian passions of that "rump," as it isnowleftiinjthis city, since they became faithless to all their pledges of city reform. The Courier wants Harper to receive a larger number of votes than Mr. Selden, and it s very probable that some of the atl<uh(t of the Courier are pensioners of that bookselling house of which Mr. Harper is the head, and are therefore engaged in this business, not from the most liberal and independent motives. But we are very well satisfied that neither the attempt of the Tribune clique on one aide to engraf t abolition on the new movement ol the whigs, nor of the Courier clique on the other, to build up by default the "native" taction, with all its violent and evil passions and prejudices, will succeed on this occasion. Mr. Selden, who will probably make his appearance in the meeting on Tuesday, is a man of bold and fearless character, and judging from his past public life, we have every reason to believe lie is just as hostile to the formation of an abolition party, and to any movement furthering the purposes of a disunion or abolition party, as he is to the admission of sectarian and religious elements into political contests in this country. The only saie course for the whigs in the free States unci throughout this coun try is to take high and independent ground against both factions?the abolitionists and the nativer? factions urganiz-d on principle's alike repugnant to the interests of the country, and the dictates of common sense. The meeting, therefore, on Tuesday night pro mises to he exciting and interesting in the highest degn e. It will have a wider and more enduring mfluence than any meeting lieid for Here Premden t al or electioneering puiposes. It will be a meet ing to decide upon great and leading principles 01 liberty and civilization. The fate of the whig rurty and of the interests of progressive hbeity and civilization are involved in it. Two Days Later from Hayti.?The Hayti, * sptain Cntls, arrived yesterday, with advicts irom Port au Prince to the 3d instant, inclu sive. The country wrs then perfectly quiet, and the President had taken up his residence at St. Marks. The American Consul at Port nu Prince, J. C. Luther, came passenger in the Hayti. Africa?Accounts from the Coast to the 1st of I unitary stale that the war betw een the Portuguese and natives on the river Biss iu had terminated, and .they were then at peace. ? M i, IUlatioT wiih Mz*h?o - W? ltive.se hi i long letter published to some nf thft i '< n by Caleb Cashing, probably with a view to its publication,giving hia viewa on the present position of the United States and Mexico, glowing out ol the anueXkiionqucBtiou. According to this gen tleman's opinio*, it is improbable that any difficul ties will spring front the resolutions passed by the last Congress. He thinks that Mexico is in no po sition to make war against the United States, when she was unable to carry on an offensive wai w ith Texas alone. This is quite probable. He al so states that there is no probability ef Mexico is suing letters of marque and reprisal, because such a movement would be condemned by the European governments as an act of piracy. He is probably right also in this opinion. But we have some reason to think that Mexico will not let the present opportunity pass without indicating, in some tangible and positive manner, her extreme bitterness ol hostility to the measure of annexation. We understand from vurious quar tern that the Mexican government will avail itseP of the opportunity to confiscate all property within her bounds belonging to American citizens If this be done, what will then become the policy of the United States'? Our government cannot permit such an attempt to despoil the citizens of the 1 nited State?, of their property that may happeuj to be in Mexico, to pass without reprehension and retribution. Retaliatory measures on our part will be only the commencement of a series of movements that may end very disastrous ly for the present Mexican government. People may talk as much as they please of the law of na tions, and of the tobbery of Texas by the United Slates, hut what was Mexico herself, originally 1 Did not Cortes and a handful of Spanish adven turers conquer that country, and lay it under Span ish rule *? During the last two centuries, the de scendants of these predatory adventurers have shown themselves incapable of advancing civiliza tion and improving civil government in any degree This great work has been reserved for the Anglo Saxon race, and it is probable that out ol this an nexation question may spring the first step which will be taken by this race to inflict a new civiliza tion and a better order of things upon the southern division of this hemisphere,'beginning with Mex ico herself. In the event of any collision between this country and Mexico, thirty, forty, fifty thou sand men could be mustered in a few weeks, ready to start on an expedition to Mexico, and compel that republic to re-organize its civil institutions on a better basis than they have ever been yet. We do not see so clearly, then, as many affect to do, that all this is about to pass off so easily aud quietly. Nor are we afraid to meet the crisis when it comes. Let a war with Mexico come as soon Jus it may?the elements are ready in this country to meet it, and that in a proper way, not can any combination of European power prevent such an issue or such a course ot policy. Polly Bodink?The trial of this woman is fixed for Thursday. Though the facts in her case have already beeu twice or three times published, the interest created in the public* mind docs not seem to have at all abated?as we are assured the Court will be crowded to excess during her trial, from an anxiety to see this unfortunate woman. Numbers of the softer sex have expressed their determination to be present during the trial. The Court of Oyer and Terminer will open on Monday. Toe trial of Polly Bodine will take place in the Circuit Court, befoie Judge Edmonds, and not, as had been anticipated, in the Court of Oyer. We shall give aa accurate report of the entire proceed ings. ' Messrs. Cooley and Gliddon?The difficulty | between these gentlemen has again been before the Courts. What a j ity that such scenes should have been produced between those gentlemen by the intrigues of petty people and small littrMeurt! Mr. Gliddon was United States Consul in Egypt Mr. Cooley was an American traveller there, when they met. It appeared that they were very friendly together, and treated each other like gentlemen. But Mr. Cooley writes a book on Egypt, and Mr. Gliddon, instigated by some small literateurs, who ure envious of Cooley's reputation, writes a savage review of it, which excited Mr. Cooley's iudigna tion. Hence oil the difficulty. The origin of the whole has been in the efforts of a few would-be travellers in the East, who were anxious to in dulge their personal hostility to Mr. Cooley, be cause he happened to publish a better book than they! Morality or thk Shakers.?The Legislature recently passed a resolution authorising a commit tee to make an investigation into the morality of the Shakers at Watervliet. This resolution has been re-considered and set aside, and thus we shall not have an opportunity of investigating the pecu liar social condition of that interesting sect oi Christians. A great deal of noise was raised against the passage of the resolutions, and strong denials made of any immoral practices amongst the fraternity in question, and on these grounds the resolution was set aside. If the moralists of the Legislature want to start on a voyage of moral dis covery, we recommend them to offer a resolution for the purpose oi investigating the private morals and social manners of the Episcopal clergy. From the developments made on the trial ot Bishop On derdonk, there can be little doubt that in that di rection there is a mine which would richly reward the labors of any exploring expedition. Daguerreotypes.?Oui Washington correspon dent in his letter of yesterday makes a long notice ot the daguerreotype establishment oi Anthony, Edwards, & Co. We dissent, in a great measure, Irom the enconiums uttered by our correspondent on those artists. No doubt they are very good in their way, but we believe that Mr Piumbe is without a rival in this department of art. The talents and success of that gentleman in taking likenesses by this extraordinary and interesting process, are well known to ub. We have been no inattentive observers of the progress of this novel art, aud we are free to say, from what we have seen and personally examined, that Mr. Piumbe, who is now in Washington, and has an establish ment in this city, has succeeded in this art so as to surpass all others in the line in this country. We do not speak at random. Our Washington corres pondent is unjust in his eulogies of Anthony, Ed wards & Co., at the expense o( Mr. Piumbe, and we request liiin to step into Mr. Plutnbe's gallery, at Washington, and give a full and correct account ot the admirable likenesses and successful hits which ore to be seen there. {jCJ- We learn from Washington that Senator Bates is in a dying condition. His physicians con sider his case hopeless. New Hampshire Election.?We have received returns liom 15b towns. In these towns the de crease in Mr. Steele's vote since 1844is 1763 ; increase for Colby, 800 ; loss for Heit and scattering. 1374. Steele's nett loss, 1339 s s the town* to he heard from last vear gave more than 3000 democratic majority,tliere cannot be a douht that Steele ia elected by a majority offiom 1000 to 1600 votes : Vers ion Governor. ? 1315 , , 1R-H Tovnt Sirrlr. Co I hi/. HmtfSr'z Strrle. Colhy, HoUi-Se'e 156 11.763 13.565 5.259 20,-Hi 12,635 6,633 13, <05 12,635 Daai.Msj. 5,258 7.861 5,258 Dem. Lois 3,603 With the slip I'rtim the office of the tfrw Hampthire Pa triot we received a letter from the tditora of that papet, ?rem which he following ii an extract : " Herewith we send you a slip containing return* 'rom 143 towns, in which the whole vote for Governor!* 36,011- for Steele I7,7l9, Colby and others 18 8BJ ? St ele'a loss in them aince last March is 3341. In the iame ratio (or tie- tow n* to be heard Irom. hit lost in the Whole state will ba about 2UJ8. We have hourd the worst, and wo are of the opinion that Steele Is elected by the people by about 600 votes. Woodhuty run* thus ftr CMifi lei ably behind Steele, and it is extremely doubtful whether he is elected " < ?.rio It ivkk.?There was 24 feet of water in <h channel ot the Ohio Kiver at Wheeling on Wrdner dtj, and 16 leet of wa'cr at Pittsburgh the same day. Aurii> a* Qciak Strawim. We *rt happy lo hear that ihefe are Ultely to he !w? AmeHean strain ship lines established in this city in the course of u few montha. The " W to provide for the transportation of the mail between the United States and foreign,countries,"whichpassedCoogrts at the close of the last a ssion, has stimulated two companies into action. We may, therefore, shortly expect to see b> veral splendid American mail steam ers beginning their regular trips across the Atlantic One of these new lines will be started into ex istence by the "American Atlantic Steam Naviga tion Company," which, some time ago, obtained a charter lrom our legislature. The leading spirit ot this company is Junius Smith, Esq., who, it may be recollected, sent the Sirius, the pioneer of ocean steamers, to this city in 1838. He will, undoubted ly, obtain considerable English capital for the en tarprise. The other company will be established by one of the existing Liverpool packet linis, and will be managed by all the skill and energy that have characterized the movements of our packet ships. These two lines will be in operation in the course of eighteen months, and will give an im pulse to the trade of the whole country. They would have been in operation ere this had Congres. taken hold of the matter as it now has and parsed salutary laws concerning the mails. It is now so nearly certain that these lines will be organized, it is as well to ask?How will they be constructed 1?with the old ponderous wheel houses, or with the compact submerged screw"!? We are led to believe from what we know of the pnsthistory of Mr. Smith, and his connection with the steam navigation project, that the steamers be longing to his line will be of the order of the old regime, while those to be built by the Liverpool packet owners will be propelled by the submerged screw. The latter is compact, gives more cargo room in a ship, offers no res stance to wave or wind, and is beyond the {reach of canncn shot; and, accord ing to the experiments made with the Great Bri tain and Princeton, the power of propulsion in the screw is most extraordinary. A line of steamer* with the screw will therefore take the lead of all others. When these steamers are established, and also those belonging to France, we shall have five lines in brisk competition with each other, namely, the Cunard, the Great Western, the two American, and the French, making in all probably fourteen large steamers,which number will soon after be in creased to twenty. These will give us almost a tri weekly mail from Europe, and the Atlantic will be regularly crossed in ten days and less. Such is the progress of oeean steam navigation. Thk Drama.?A new era is dawning on theatri cals in this city, which promises to throw greater lustre over the drnma, than lias for some time past prevailed. 1 he Park Theatre opened last week, with Buckstone's new comedy of "Green Bushes, or a Hundred Yeats Ago," which has been so highly successful in Eugland, and promises, from the style in which it is brought out at this establish ment, to be equally so here. During the past week the house has been respectably filled, and, under the judicious arrangements at present adopted, will continue so, (and, (.doubtless, the legitimate drama wilt be as well supported us ever it was. A new comedy, from the pen of Mrs. Mov att, entitled "Fashion," is about to be brought out at this esta blishment. The announcement has (created con siderable sensation throughout the dramatic, liter ary, and fashionable circles of this city. The lat ter portiou, particularly, are very curious and anx ious to know and see how their traits end foibles will look when represented to the life. The | author is well known to the. public as a poetess of ] considerable merit, and her maiden dramatic pro duction is said, by those who are in the secret, not to tall short ot the talent and genius necessary for its success. The managers ot the Park are sparing neither pains nor expense in Retting up the piece with crrdit to themselves ana justice to the writer, and doubtless it will be placed in the hands of such pt rlormeis as will be able to carry out trie objects of those most immediately interested. A success ful five act comedy, by an American author, will certainly he one of the greatest novelties of the age, ard will throw a new light on the literature ol tne country. | The shilling theatres continue displayipg their cheap and nasty productions, but there is an evi dent falling off in the attendance of respectable per sons at their representations. Those who pretend to the slightest ia-te or admiration for the drama have become disgusted, and no female having the slight est pretension to respectability will now be seen within their walls; so that their piesont patronage and! support emanates from the most depraved youths, gAmblers and the rtdshirted fraternity that abound in the city and its neighborhood. This speaks volumes for the improved taste ot the p-o pie, and if the enterprising managers ot the Park persevere in the course they have beguu, there is every prospect of "Old Drury" once agaiu bring adorned by beauty, intelligence and talent, to the pecuniary advantage of the proprietors, and the ad vancement of a refined taste among the residents. Sio.nor Salomonski's Concert ?Signor J. Salo monski intends to give a grand vocal and instru mental concert at Brooklyn on Thursday next.? This gentleman is a Polish refugee, and has distin guished himselt in several concerts in this city . although quite young in the profession, he ranks already with the first ar.d the best. He will be as sisted by several distinguished artists, and among the pieces announced to be performed, is Rossini's celebrated Stabat Mater. ThiB alone is a great treat; and it is hoped that this young artist will be patronized as his talents merit. More of the Anti Rent War.?The Annexed letter (rives the latest particulars of the fresh move ments ol the Anti-Renters near Kingston: Kingston, March 14,1845. James Gordon Bennett, Etq.:? Since Monday last our village has been all ex citement, tumult and commotion. The two offi cers which were sent out to Woodstock and Shan dnkeu.ou Friday last, having returned on Saturday la'e in the afternoon, and communicated to the Sheriff, Mr. Sc uiver, the fact of their being resist ed by a body of forty or fifty nrmed men disguised as usual, immediate measures were taken to collect a posse. On Monday the sheriff and his officers were buty all day in summoning his troops, and be fore sundown he had a body of one hundred men from this place and fifty from Snugerties, ready to proceed at once. The same night Gen. Smith re turned from Albany with 250 stand of arms, and early the following day the sheriff with his little army, "armed ana equipped as the law direcit," proceeded by slow marches und through difficult passes to the infected district. Tiie description of the country around Little Sfyindaken and Olive would r< quire at least a full column of the Herald As I am about to go to those parts with the posse rh:s sveuing 1 shall reserve it for a future letter.? For the pretent I will nit rely add that there is but one road to get mio 8liandaken from this direc tion, end that runs along the centre of a nar row valley several miles in length The hills on each s.de being very high and within nth shot of each othet, ten good resolute anti-retuers w? 11 acquainted with the route could stop the pas suge oflSOOfmsa. When the sheriff aid hisposse arrived at this valley on Tuesday Isst, four shots were fired by some " Indians" lying in ambush None of the shots, however, done asy injury, although the imagination of each one of the posse pictured to himself a hullet pasting very near nit*. A general rush was made iu the direction Irom whence the guns were lired, hut no one was to be lound but h young lad, from whom the sheriff ob tained the names of those who fired. The posse are now stationed in the heart of the infected dis trict, uuder command ol the deputy, Mr. Schoou m iker, an active aud resolute fellow, and who will, without doubt, in a short time succeed in quelling the disturbance, famuli fq iads of men are continually on ? the march trom the deputy's head quarters hi search of offenders. Borne halt a dozen of the posse returned tin Thursday evening with a Mr Cooper, one of the princip.il anti-tenters, who is now sufeiy lodged ia jail. A box contain ing six dieguiS's, with the sword of the celebrated " Black hawk" was found near Cooper's. The Bhi riff is now busily engaged collecting t body of fifty men to go out this evening. Our littlr village presents the appearance of a camp. Tin court houat |.a file I with arms and ammunition. One might easily anticipate some bloodshed; but, as is usual in this excite meat, there will be more brandy wasted than claret. 1 will keep you advised ol matters going on here. Yourr. Who did it 1?Who changed the name ol thenon revenue cuticr t It wn* long ago announce' that her nnme was to he "John Tyler.'' It was so stated in the report ot the Treasury Department. Sjsob of het furniture was also mmk.-d "Tyler." On Filday last,bow evr it wbs annou iced that her name was ''George M Bibb." Who changed it 1?Pniitur$/i Jtf. hit* Know Avrw ?By ih# Argentina tifit-fc Mt*M, r?apt. fttotftfeht AWt?*d At PIBIa delpiiia yesterday, we have received our regular files of the Biitiih Packet and the La tiaccta Alercantit, to the 11th January, inclusive. We learn that the Decree from the Buenos Ay rean Government, under date ot the 11th ot Janu ary, announcing the determination ot un imme diate and strict blockade ot Montevideo, had been made public on the day the Sirens sailed, but had not then been published otlicially. The following, however, is a true translation:? Live the Jiremtine Confederation ! ?Death to the ruthlen Unitariuni ! The Minister of Foreigu Affairs, to the Commander in t'hiel'ofthe Squadron of the Argentine Confederation, Brigadier William Brown The undersigned, by order of his Exoellency the Gov ernor and Captain General oi the Province, addresses bimselt to you, to inlorin you that, in consequence of the doubts which have been ruised with regard to the prohi bition ot the uilicles included in the notification of the Blockade of the port of Montevideo, under date 19tb March, 1948, as also the Declaration made on th> 3d h ol the stune month, in consequence ol the memoranda of their Excellencies thte Ministers of H B. M. ami ol H M. the Ku.g ot the French, dated 28th, end in order to avmd difficulties which in some respects might disturb the re lations ot perfect understanding with the friendly govern ments winch the Argentine government binCerelj desires to preserve, has determined that from the date of the inti mation of this order the ports of Montevideo, and that ol Meldonado, shouid the savage Unitarians occupy it, be rigorously blockaded by the squadron ol the Argentine Confederation. This blockade being strictly enforced uatil the besieging army, under the orders of his Excel lency the legal President of the Oriental Republic of the Uruguay, Brigadier Manuel Oribe, shall enter into the city -, and that you adopt, for that purpose, all the mea sures authorised by the laws of nations, against the ves sels who should attempt to enter into the expressed ports of Montevideo and Maldonado alter having received the notification of the blockade by one of the Argentine ves sels oi war; and permitting the merchant vessels which ate now in the port oi Montevideo to sail from thence tin til the 20th ol February ol the pieseut year, after which dAy the interdiction will be general, and will include equally the vessels which enter andtboie which leave. . And that, in order to its iulfilme.nt there be no diifi~ul ty, you will make it known to the foreign Naval bom uiaiideisolf Montevideo, accompanying them with a co py of this order, as has been done here by the govern ment with respect to his Excellency the Minister of H. B v.and other public Agents and Consuls ot friendly na tions residing in this city. God preserve you many years. (Signed) FELIPE ARANA. The following is an pxtract ot a letter from an officer in President Oribe's army, dated Cvrrito, December 31, 1944. Since writing you on the 23d, little or nothing has oc curred to communicate, excipting the heavy weather that has been experienced here since the 24!h On that day Admiral Greufell arrived with the corvette and brig from Bttetios Ayrea. The Union also returned on the 27th. No stops have been taken, except in a diplomatic way, by the Admiral, in order to enfoice the fulfilment of the engagements contracted by the Riverista Govern

ment. The Brazilian Charge d'Atfaires still remains on board, awaiting instructions from Rio Janeiro. Admiral Brown returned oft' Montevideo on the 29th having relinquished the pursuit of the' piratical boats to the small crait understood to have been dispatched from your port. You are probably better acquainted than 1 am with the never ceasing ministerial changes in Montevideo. Flores haafboen dismissed by Vazques from th? command of the garrison, and Heniique Martinez once more brought to act on the political etage, though not without a great deal of op|iosition fr. m a certain class of the mili tary. Pacheco y Obes's successor has dwindled down into Commander of the Cerro fortress, and it is said that he has asked for his passport in order to proceed to Rio Grande. Gabriel Perey rn appears to have been on a visit to him, with a flew to reconcile bint to hie di grace, but with what eft",ct I know not." The Britith Packet 8 tys that in consequence of the late piiutical acts of the Corriento rebels, o( an arrangement subsequently entered into between them nnd the Paraguayans, by which the latter, in consideration of being allowed exclusively to enjoy the carrying trade, have agreed to submit to the right of search on the part of the former, the go vernment of Buenos Ayrea has issued a decree, da ted the 8th inst., intetdicling all intercourse w ith those provinces, until the re-establishment ol le gal order in Corrientes. Henrique Martinez, after having held (he com mand of the garrison for tour or five days, has yielded to the " pressure from without," ana re signed. Old Bauza, the Minister of war, has sue ceeded him in that post This Rauza was, on the breaking out of Lavalle's revolution in this coun try, Captain of the port of Las Conchas, and af fords in his person a rather curious exemplification of the eporuvencss of lortune. Several command ers and officers of the French Legioniats have at last abandoned the forlorn cause of the Riveristas, and taken refuge on board the French squadron. A decree dated 26th ult., states that from the 1st inst , national vessels trading to foreign ports shall pay three dollars per ton, and foreign vessels four dollars, excepting those who by treaty are placed upon the same footing as national vessels. Foreigu vessels shall pay for the health visit twenty-five dollars, and for ihe certificate an equal enm. Fo reign vesse.ls which have no Consul shall pay forty dollars. These dues shall be paid one half at the entry ol the vessel and one half at her departure ? National and foreign vessels which do not receive cargo, shall nay one half oi the dues in question. Piratical boats have made their appearance in the Parana We have already news of the cap ture of one, and are in hourly expectation of the intelligence ol the taking of the rest, as every mea sure had been taken in order to ensure this re sult. From Campeachy ? By the schooner Ventura, we received, night before last, papers from Meri da to the 23>1 ult They contain no intelligence which could interest our readers, being occupied with merely local matters and the details of the late revolution in Mexico. The Courier of last evening, in publishing the news from Campeachy, has the following : The U. 8. sloop of war Falmouth had arrived at Sisal In two dayslrom Vera Cruz, bringing intelligence that Santa Anna was taken out of the prison of Perote, uad transported to the city of Mexico, in order to he tried for his various crimes and misdemeanors.?N. O. Picayune, March 7. From Canada.?We are indebted to Virgil & Co.'s Express for a copy ot the Montreal Gazelle, of the Sth instant. The Canada press is very indignant at the passogc ol the annexation bill, copying largely from the whig papers, and adding an equal propoil on ol their own abuse ol our government and institutions. The parliament of Canada is engaged in the discussion of the establishment of the University ot Upper Canada, at Toronto One of the provisions of the act is that the members of the faculty and the officers of the college shall subscribe a declaration of their belief "in the authenticity and divine inspiration of the old and,'new Testaments and in the doctrine of the Trinity." It exempts the students of the university from any such test, and in this degree of liberality, according to the Cazeite, the framer* of the bill have gone beyond the average intelligence ol the pro vince?which proves the neoesiity for educational insti tutions of some kind. The St Lawrence and Atlantic Railread bill is tinder discussion. The road ia intended to unite with the Port land or Boston r ute. Personal movements, &c. The Hon. H. Williams, of Me. was st Howard's Hotel, yesterday ; the Hon. Henry A. Foster arrived in thiacity on Friday evening, and ia alopping at the American Hotel. Mr. Samuel Appleton is the name of the munificent do nor of $.10,000 to the Boston Athenaeum, lor the purchase of books. ? It is rumored that Caleb Cushing, since his recent visit to China, makes frequent visits to Baltimore, to seenre moio celestial happiness in the person ol an attractive young lady there. A meeting of the citizen* of Charleston and of Charlea ton Neck, was called by the Mayor, to make the neces sary arrangements for a proper reception of the Hon. J C Calhoun, expected to strive in that city in a tew days. Theatricals, Ac* Rockwell and Stone's equestrian company have been doing a good businesa in Boston for some time past ? Their houae is nightly crowded. A very valuable and beautifully embellished gold watch is about to be presented to the undermtniioned. On the hack of the case the following inscription is handsomely engravedPresented to Ttomas McFarland, by the members of Welsh, Mann and Jlelavan's National Circus, Philadelphia, together with a few seltct friends, in testi mony ot his 'kill and grace as a vaultcr, and for the un precedented feat of throwing 00 somersets in succession, on the night ot the 11th of January, 1816." On the other side of the watch is a beautifully engraved spread eagle, beneath which are the words, "Reword of Merit to Thomas McFarland ot Virginia." On the face of the watoh ia an engraving of a horse and rider. A new drama, called the " Irish Rebellion af 118, or the Rebel Chief," has been produced at the Front street the atre, Baltimore. It is founded on an occurrence which took place dnriog the hriei but bloody atruggle for liberty in the year 1708, and is spoken of as one ol surpassing interest. The Orphean Family are nbout to give concert* during the ensuing week in Fredericksburg, Va. Females In Stores. New Yokx, March 12. J. floRDiN Bennett, Erq. : Dear Sirs ? In reply to your correaponden *? Yardstick," of this day, I would reler him lo th< retail dry goods Htores of Philadelphia, which ari nearly exclusively attended by young ladies, whi are lound by the proprietors to be cleanlier, mori tasty in the arrai.getnent, and more attentive thai young men gener illy. It also strikes me that Mr. Yardstick must hav? b<?ii rather behind hand in some of his love affair (if lie have sufficient manly feeling ever to havt had any) to be so harsh on the weaker sex. Yours, fee No Counter Jumper The License Law in MicrttOAN.?AbiII to mr <li(y the license law, providing for submitting tbsquo Hon ol license or no license to the people of the seven towns, and similar to one now pending in our Legisli turo has pasted the Michigan llouae of Repreaentaflvs by the vary strong vote of 69 eyes to 7 nays. iNUHl af Hswlil Boston, March 18, liMft. The Appointment of Mr. Bancroft? The Way tl woi Effected?Ixtcturet and Leeturcrt phono graphy?initancet of it? L'te and Value?Pvlili* cat Changes?Pott Matter Greene?Merchantt Exchange?Organization of a Sen' Marine 'lele graph? Theatricalt, 4~c. The question, I see by several of the New York and other papers, is nskrd, " By what influence has Mr. Bancroft been recommended to the notice oi Mr. Polk 1" I think I can answer this question almost satisfactorily. You will remember that the (all previous to the lirst election of Marcus Morton as Governor of thisState, a small weekly democra tic paper called the Bay State Democrat was start ed. A Custom Houaeoflieer, named Major Harris, who had previously been the horrid murder and suicide editor of the Boiton Daily Advocate, was announced ss its editor, but all the leading editorials were written by Mr. Bancroft. The ability display- | ed in these articles attracted notice at Washington, and when the. Bay Stale Democrat was dtscon tiuued, having been started only a- an electioneer- | inK paper, the editor, that is, Major Harris, was re quested to call at Washington, where he would . hear of something to his advantage Thatpome thing was a very handsome offer to take the charge of a Nashville paper To make a long story short, he went to Nashville and commenced editiiig a paper there, and in the course of his career, one day in a grog shop, some sort of a fuss was kicked up about the fame, ol the old hero at the Hermitage, for defending which Major Harris got shot, hut not killed This act of course secured him n place in the affections of the General, who, to testuy his es teem of the gallant editor, recommenced him to Mr. Tyler, who sent him abroad as an asrent, lor which he received a handsome bonus. The next we see ot Major Harris, is is the train of President Polk, one of his bosom friends, no doubt,| through the influence of General Jacksou. Now, here is the point: Bancroft was Collector when Harris was an officer under him. Bancroft recommended Harris to the great folks at Wcshing'on ss an edi tor; and nowj Harris, in his turn, no doubt, re commends Mr. Bancroft to a seat in Mr. Polk s Cabinet. . This genuine Yankee village is universally dull at present?no concerts, no lectures, no musical, theatrical, or clerical stars enliven our down east horizon. Private parties, Polk balls, Inauguration balls, Texas balls, and Annexation halls, are the only things that tend to lessen the gloom ol our dreary winter. Lectures this season have been s very unprofitable speculation. Never in the memo ry of the oldest inhabitants have they been at so iow an ebb. Lectures and lecturers are at a dis count in Breton, and a great pressure is evidently requisite to restore them to their former popularity. Our citizens are satiated with science and humbug, and for some time to come seem determined to sa tiate themselves on rumination The lectures be fore the Lowell Institute, an institution which does honor to the city, have been very thinly attended, and no lecturer has made any money or excite ment in Boston this winter, if I except Mr. Hud son. Even concerts, the. talisman of aBostontan a existence, seem to have lost their power to fasci nate and please. The idea entertained by some of your Italian Opera Company, that a dollar-a ticket audience could be obtained in Roston, was visionary in the extreme ; and the manner in which they made their exit from Boston, is somewhat reprehensible. It is impos sible for any musician, unless a star of the first magnitude, to collect an audience here at a dollar a ticket. The idea is absurd and impracticable Theory is here?" music for the million, not for the few." Mnemonics, phonography, and the philological lectures of Dr. Kraitsir, are the only subjects that are in any degree occupying public attention. Professor Gouraud has a class of three hundred pupils; but the Prof, and his science are far from being so absorbing here as they were in New York. Phonography, a new science, worthy of investigation, is engaging the notice of our school teachers, literati, and others interested tn letters, and at facile means of communication. Messrs. Andrews and Boyle are teaching classes of both sexee, of all ages, in this useful art. It is eminently practicable; and from the ranid advances ithaamadein England, and the incalculable ad vantages which it possesses over every other mode of communication, make the friends of the sci ence sanguine as to its universal triumph and adoption I have often remarked that the leading articles of the Herald pre-eminent ly possess a flowing unity, and connec tion above those of all other journals. Your readers will ask, "How is it sol" Now, if my information be correct, Mr. Bennett employs a reporter who takes down in short-hand all the articleswhich he dictates, and at leisure transcribes them into long hand for the compositors Hence their lorce, their life like unison and naturalness. By phonography every person could write with facility, and consequently some of our brightest thoughts, which are now lost before we can give them a mechanical form on paper, would he pre served. . ? j In this quarter but few changes are anticipated under Mr. Polk's administration, but whatever changes may take place, we are perfectly satisfied that none other will hold the office of Post-master for Boston than Mr. Green, an office for which few are better atfapted, and in which none can be more popular. Our Post-Office arrangements are admi rable; and, by the employment of printers as clerks, than whom none can read superscriptions more readily or sort letters more quickly, our Post office exceeds in despatch any other in the Union Mr. Green has disconnected himself with the Merchants' Exchange Reading Room, and Mr. E. P. Whipple, somewhat known as an occasional contributor to the North American Review, is now I the superintendent. This splendid room is a great place of resort for our merchants; but being entirely wanting in benches or settees, it is by no means a place of comfort. A few of the leading magazines of the day would be a dctidiratum amongst the ead less files of political and commercial papers, which this reading room contains The politeness and , obliging manners of Mr- Robert E. Hudson (the swiitest penman in the lotted States) and Mr. John T. Smith, to subscribers, visitors and those connected with the press,makes this establishment extremely popular. I perceive, by a priuted circu lar, that these gentlemen have entered into ar rangements with Mr. Brown to organize the tele graph and erect an extra station on Long Island Head,which, together with the one on Nantucket, Lewis's Wharf, and the Merchant's Exchange, will require an annual amount of $3000 to maintain. The subscription list is now open, and I am happy to learn is likely to receive the cordial co-operation and support of our merchants. The steamers tare telegraphed when 40 miles from Boston, but by this arrangement they andj other vessels could be sig nalized at a greater distance. Kimball, of the Museum, is coining money by his popular establishment, which isthe resort of all classes?ministers and de-acons, young ladies and saintly matrons; all classes?every class visit the Museum. The Circus is having an almost unpre cedented carter of overflowing audiences, and is as popular to day as the first day it opened No abatement in its equestrian novelties is perceptible. The National is always full, although the season has presented lew starring attractions Yours, respectfully, Dick Tkottkr. Boston, March 14,1845. Matters and Things in General?A Little of Every Thing. J. G. Bennett, Escj. i There is hardly any topic at present liatened to here save that of the distribution of the offices un der the present administration. Most of the ap plicants, who have been promenading Pennsylva nia avenue from this city, are again lounging about the different offices here?they have come home, many of them, with a flea in the ear - There is one tiling pretty generally conceded here, and that is, that it will require the burning of con siderable brimstone to purify the atmosphere of the Boston Custom House. It's a regular hospital of invalids just at this time - but a few days must set tle all this struggling for office. Dr. Jones keeps up his eternal lectures on the "reproductive system, use and abuse," first to "la dies only," then to "gentlemen only," and is doing a good bus;ness at it Professor (touraud has met .with so much opposition here as to almost discour age him. '1 he little "Transcript" is actually un n erciful upon hiin, and gives him a thrust every duy. The democrats nre. getting up another ball, to come off at Faneuil Hall to-night, in commemora tion of Gen Jackson's birth-day, this being the eve of that occasion, as the day comes on Saturday.-? The Inst ball, on the 4th, (inauguration day,) waa so crowded as to render it extremely uncomforta ble. On this occasion the tickets will be limited: a wise precaution. The proprietors of the circus have got up a most magnificent pageant here lately, entitled ihe"Bull Figuts of Spain," in which one of their horses is so tHiight as to enact the animal to the life, and falls when struck at the given point in the neck, laying as stiff as though he were actually dead. The crea ture does the business most wonderfully, and al lows hirnselt to be dragged off without evincing the least signs of life ! At the National Theatre they have got up a most excellent pantomime entitled " Baron Munchau sen," and have got Sig. Paulo, from Drury-lane, London, to do the clown. The piece draws won derfully. At the Museum they are playing a ro mantic little drama entitled "Fleur de Marie," lounded on Hue's novel?also a new farce, written by one of Mr. Kimball's company, entitled " Dodg ill tor a Wi(t'M a moat humorou* ?n?> |l?u|litbl? tltlt, Our new "Btlivp" Mayof? Utvi?,(tH? watch ??a< h*r.) gcta along very well in hie new capacity ? Hc> drath on the Paddies, and wanta to go in for Yunkrp laborers altogether, but you aee he can't get them to do the kindct work that tato be done, undfao is obliged to put up with imported laborer. I really wish you could eee the rush tor the Hf raid at Redding A: Co'a, after the arrival ot ihe evening train from vour city, as it has the lateat Congress news und Washington correspondence ; every one is on the <jui vive to obtain it nrst, and it any one has read the New York Herald, why, he may "speak as one having authority." I may have some interesting matter to send you as soon as the gitiloitue is set in motion here, but at preeent we look for news trom the South, and consequently thatlcomes through you. We had a fresh fall ot snow a few days back, but it has all disappeared, and the trees have gone on budding again aa though nature had not scowled then*. Yours, Guy Faux. City Intelligence. Mavoh Harper's Last Joss.?The Mayor meeting an ?lit citizen in Broa<lwuy, neur the Fttry, fell into conver ?atior. with him while navigating that dacgeroui channel, aud. among other topics that wt re introduced, the police aysunn came up tor discussion. The Mayor said that he thought, by the new system, crime would be entirely prevented?court , oljusi ice turned into cheap publication shops, and houses ot refuge for superannuated and decre pit oldf apple women ; in short, he thought that all rogues, belonging either to the in? or the outi, would be made moral and religious personages, because be had given them uLetter in the municipal police. The vonerable citi zen did not understand the joke,not being aware that ono Mr. Letter had been appointed an M. P., and consequently it became necrssaiy lor his honor to explain. This was a groat piece olfijcssitig on the part of the worthy Mayor, ua, by relating hiJjas k, ho diverted ihe old gentleman's attention from the dirty state of the streets. Police Office?Saturday?Arrest or a Burglar.? John Kent, alias red headed Jack, was arrestrd to-day by officers Joseph and Jackson on a charge of having, 111 company with two men named Pierce and Dusenbury (now in prison), committed a burglary in Brooklyn. He will be transferred to the mercies of the Brooklyn jailor. A Heavy Larceny ?Abraham Cropper stole a Jacket worth $A from John Kean.oi 165 South street, and sold it for eighteen pence to Robert Cuthbert, of the corner of Duono and Dover streets. He waa arretted and |com mittsd. Coroner's Office?Saturday?The New Mods ok Holding an Inquest.?Coroner Rawson to-day adopted a most singular und unprecedented course in holding an inquest, which calls loudly lor public condemnati n He held au inquest at the dead house upon a black woman named Aim Martin, who died on Tuesday, but did not ex amine belote the Jury one single witness to ahow who thu deceased was, where she lived, or where or when she died, so that none of these facts appeared before the Jury. Thuonly witness that waa examined waa Dr. Millett, who testified that he had made a post mortem examination, and that it was his opinion that sho died from tuberculous disease of the lungs. Upon this evidence the Jurv iound that Ann Martin died from the causestatad by the Doctor. Upou the outside of the sealed inquest the name ol the deceased was endorsed, aud the age 17 years, and the in lonuatitn that she was found in 61st street, near the Kast River. How any Jury could make up a verdict upon the alight evidence adduced in thia inquest, or bow any Coro ner should so far lorget hia public duty as to submit a case to them upon the bare evidence of the physician who examined the body, it is impossible to conceive. It waa impossible to ascrrtain from the Coroner thia af. ternoon the why or wherefore, as the Reporter waa una ble to see him, although he remained in the office during the greater pottion ol the afternoon. The Coroner's Clerk, Mr.|Beeaman, waa not, of courae, able to give any information concerning the matter. General Seuloni. Before the Recorder and Aldermen Drake and Devoe. Mabch 16.?The Stupendous Libel Case.?The trial of Talk Benjamin and J w Judd, for a libel upon Janu s E. Cooley, author of the American in Egypt, was returned upon the opening of the court. John O. Sargeant, 6 tq , opened hie case for the .'efendanta He contended that there waa no libel upon the complainant, but he regreited to say that in one aspect it waa libellous?aa it reflected upon the court, but that even that wus not disrespectful. A moat extravagant expenditure ol soap was laid ou to the court with the intention oldimmiDg the sight of the court?as soap is not by any means a healthy or agreea ble compound for the eyes. The defence then offered in evidence a transcript of the indictment of Cooley for an assault and battery upon Mr. Oliddon, his conviction thereon, and sentence to pay a fine of $6, (objected to by piosecution, but ultimately admitted.) They then James Ewino Cooley, and sworn?I reside at Rossville, Staten Island; I never have been aa auctioneer in this city: I have been in the auct.on and commission business; 1 have sold goods at auction; I never had a regular auc lioneer's commission. q. Did you ever knock goods down yourself 7 A.?Yes, sir, 1 have. , ? .. Cross-examined.- Did you ever do kusinrss in Chatham afreet f A.?No. sir. Q._What is the gencial acceptation of the term "Chat ham street auctioneer! Objected to as irrelevant. Mr. Btouohton then summed up the case on behalf ol the defence. David Uhaham. Eiq. summed up for the prosecution, and ol course deemed it his duty to say precisely what the press ought to do, and what they ought not to do. nu 1 what the buasted "liberty of the press" was. All ot which, of course, had due weight with the jury. Alter the charge of the court, the jury retired, and at ter an tbicuce ol about an hour, returned with a verdict ol not guilty, but wished to state that the article waa ill judged and uncalled for. Mr. Benjamin informed the jury that he did not write the article ai all -that it was sent into the office several days before he assumed the control of the columns, but Oiut he did .tee it in type,and bad great doubts about admit ting it, but ss there happened to be a lark of matter on ttacdoy the article appeared, he admitted it, deeming it of too frivolous a nature to give off. nee. One of the jurors said that the jury should have that proven to them in evidence, bnt Mr. Benjamin replied that he was the only one that could prove it, snd of course could'nt testily in nis own favor. Jin Unfmtunate Case of Ji(filiation.?On* Jacob Stark, charged with being the lather ol a child by one Magdalen Rem, and ordered by the Commissioners ot the Alms House lo support ssid progeny, sppealsd to the Court ot Sessions, and contended that as the child was begotten iu Germany, and born in Pittsburg, it wes a great hard ship that he should be called upon here to pay lor the support ol the child. The ItxcoBDER lemarked that he didn't think the de fendant had any reason to complain of hardship at the present stage of the proceedings (the defendant being a German, did not appreciate the joke)~snd the Court affirmed the decision ol the Commissioners. The defend ant being unable to " post the poney," which, being in terpreted, meaneth fiind security lor the child's board, wuhiug. lodging, education, 8ic. kc. Ac. At 3 o'clock the Court adjourned till Monday at 11 o'clock. Common Plena. |Bctore the Bench. Mabch 16?Discharue from the Limits.?John N. Stewart petitioned the Court for a discharge upon t capias ai satisfaciendum, issued by one James Sharkey, lor costs in suit in Common Bless. The petition was opposed on the ground, first, that the statute did not apply to cases where (he defendant was committed for costs only: second, that the petitioner had not luliy set forth his estate : third, that Stewart had now I a judgment against Sharkey, in another Court, tin satis j fif'd. D. Masor Esq., for the petitioner, answered and admit ted that the statute did not apply where the judgmum was lor costs, alone; but in the case in question, the Jury gave a vet diet lordamag'S, and the judgment had been entered up for "six cents damages snd costs." Where the Judgment, therefore, was for damages and costs, the party had his remedy for a discharge under the statute ? In regard to the petitionei's not setting foith an aectt rate account of hie property, nothing appeared beiore the Court to sustain the allegation, and the petitioner ought to be discharged. The Court held that it would not examine into the rights of the parties at the present time. It was manif. st that the petitioner's proceedings were legal, and it saw no reason why he should not be discharged. The petitioner was discharged from imprisonment. D. Major for petitioner. T. 8 Henry lor respondent. marine Court. Mabch Xh.-GaUxer vs JTresmer.-ln this cose, alreedy noticed, the jury tendered a verdict lor plaintiff-$37 60. Court Cnlemlnr? Itlontlny. Common Plsas.-Nos. 1, "J S 4 6,0,7,8,9,10,11. I China Tradk.?A commercial correspondent gives us the following information, which is de serving of the attention of those who have the direction ot our i ublic affairs:?'' Advices received by the ship Hounua from Canton, Inform u? that the Swedish ship /mobis was loading for New Yoik So the rtciprociiy tientire woik , our own American built vessels have to oonteud not ouiy iu our Southern ports with the foreign built ships of Bremen, Denmark snd Sweden, but they ere also taking up the trade between the United States and Brsxil, and eventually deprive us of the advantage of bringing our own teas and silks from China." Mubdrroua Assault ?William Dividaon, a sea man, one ol the crew of the British ship Lord San don, made deposition on the 10th inst. at N. Orletne, be lore Recorder Genois, that on Tttesdey .light, between 8 end 9 o'clork, he was violently assaulted on hoard the ship without provocation, by Robert Arehbold, the cir ponter, who inflicted thirteen wounds upon him with a chisel, viz : five on the head, one on the shoulder, thro* on (lie face, three on the lsft arm, snd| one on the right hand. Davidson tuither stated bis beliel that Arehbold would have killed him but for the interference ol two of the crew who came to his rescue Arehbold has been ar rested, examined and committed for trial before the Cri minal Court. Kentucky Rivaa.?The Frankfort packet lo?t her regular trip in consequence ol the freshet in the Kentucky river on Wednesday snd Thursday. The drift wood upon that river was as thick as It well could be On Friday the waters had subsided a little: but they were eighteen feet | above! low water mark. The "lamps" over the dams, made by the Oliver Anderson, were somewhat exciting, not to say perilous, as there waa from one to three faet perpendicular fall. At the first dam from Frankfort, seme ol the passengers stood on the how to see the leap The dip of the s'eemer was a little deeper than was anticipated. The consequence was that tliev were most ihoroughlv drenched This satisfi-d their curiosity.?Cincfenufi Gazette, March 10. Munificent Donation ?We arc informed that the gentleman who haa been said to have present, d the litieral sum of $60,000 to the Boston Athenuium, is Samuel Appleton, Esq ,of this city. We learn that tlio funds are to be expended in Books, and that the Llbraiy will probably he arranged in the new building, which, out of respect to the endo wer, will receive the name of the " Appletpn Library."? Basiosx.Timas, March 14.

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