Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 17, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 17, 1845 Page 2
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t.1, ?mwujewmft - NEW YORK HERALD. a.-; i.iv "in', 'i -CLOt* 3iew York.. Jluml*jr, Mufch 17, l*48i The tpilug Kltdlun?liulUuiciit la the Whig ( utly, We have already aluided to the very remarkable contest going on amongst the masses and elements of the wltig patty, in relation to the spriug election in this city, and also to "nattveism," abolition and all the futuie movements ot the party. An article | on this subject, published in the Courier and En quirer on Saturday last, has created such a tremen dous excitement iu the ranks of the whig party, and throughout the city, that we deem it proper to give the material passages of that curious article, in order to put before our readers and the commu nity at large, the whole facte relative to the present extraordinary movement and excitement in the whig party relative to " nativeism" and abolition. It will be recollected that a few days ago the regularly organized committee of the whig party published a call upon their troops to asaeiuble at National Hall, to-morrow evt uing, for the purpose of responding to the nomination ol Dudley ifelden, Esq , as their candidate for the chief magistracy of this city, at the ensuing election, and also for the purpose of expressing their opiuion on Texat? Henry Clay?the tariff?and various other political topicsof the day, and articles of the old whig creed. It appears that this movement proceeded principally f rom the Fourier, or Tribune section ot the whigs, i and has given great offence to the Wall street clique I ot the same party, whose organ is the Courier ant/ Enijuirer with its two Colonels, the one at the head and the other at the tail.? Accordingly, the latter or gan, no doubt fronr motives and purposrs which may be readily divined by a retrospect of its general course ot uction, has come forth with cue of its furiously inflammatory appeals, the principal por tions ol which we give in this day's paper, and which indicate that the meeting to-morrow even ing will be one ol the most curious and inihnima tory that has ever taken place in the'whig party in this city, since that pariy was brought into existence, had a name, and went through the operation of baptism, a few years ago. The Courier charges upon the Ttibune and the clique which support that print, and also upon the constituted authorities of the whig (party, a desire to tuke up the question of abolition and to make it one of the articles of the whig creed. Thtre is, certainly, some reason for believing that some such purpose has been engendered in the minds ot many of the whigs in the interior of this State, judging alone from the character and tendency ot the arti cles winch have recently appealed in their journals The motives for entertaining such n purpose may be found in the fact that a party in the interior of the State calling itself abolition or "liberty." pos sesses fifteen thousand votes, and that it may be absolutely necessaty for the whig party to conci liate that taction in order to maintain its own as cendancy. In addition to this new movement, the Courier attributes to those who participate in it, the intention of disunion and separation its being thtir ultimate purpose. Probably that idea may not at present be entertained by them ; but ihere cau be no question that any party which arises in the free States, adopting thelprinciples of the abolition ists, must have a tendency to endanger the in tegrity of the Union, if the purpose of the meeting to be held in National Ilall to-mor row night, be to adopt the principles of tlje abolitionists as a part of the whig creed?if that be the purpose?then we mos^ readily unite in the denunciations of the Courier, and join with all sin cerity iu the eflort to put a stop to such a move ment, that can lead to nothing but disaster, con tusion, and the ultimate disunion and degradation ot the country. Without imputing any want cf ! morality or patriotism to the " liberty" im-n or abo litionists, and granting that many of them may be sincere in their convictions, yet we are most de cidedly convinced, and always have been, that their doctrines and their movements must, if carried out, iaeviiably lead to disaster, disunion, and ruin. Believing so, we are therefore glad to unite with the Courier, or any other journal, in an effort to put a stop to such a movement, in whatever quar ter it may be manifested. But while we thus speak of the motives and pur poses and efforts ot the Courier, and of the clique which it represents, we can hardly believe their sincerity. We doubt whether they have put forth the true motives for the movement which they have announced their determination to cany out to-morrow night, at N.tional Hall. We do not believe that there is any danger to be apprehended from abolitionism in New York?that there is any reason to fear that any portion of any party, demo crats or whig?, will adopt the principles of ihe abo litionists as a part of its creed. At no time in this city have the abolitionists been able as a party to muster more than a few hundred votes, and during recent years they have been di minished to a miserable fraction of a few scores. The political intelligence, of the masses of the citi zens ot New York cannot be betrayed into any movement affiliated with the mad and ruinous schemes of abolitionism. Believing, therefore, as we are jus'.ilied by fuels in believing, that the Cow ricr has ru'.dvU a luUt* alarm and made a lalse issue, we are very much disposed to attribute tlirir con duct to a secret and interested motive, and that their purpose is to give, by n side-wind, an ad vantage to a taction that has arisen during the last two or three years, with principles even more wicked, more detestable, and more dangerous, than hose held by the abolitionists. We allude to Mayor Harper and his (action, who would bring bank the bloody atrocities?the burnings and ton. Migrations?the tortures and murders?that char acterised the religious wars and religious persecu tions of Europe two er three centuries ago. The C'oiwtsr, with that cunning which is, after all, una ble to conceal its purpose, has gone too far, and shown its cloven foot to too great a length, to make any reasonable man believe that its dread of abolition prevailing in the whig party in this city is the real motive of the present movement. What renders it still more unlikely that the Court is sin cere in its expressions of dread and alar.n about disunion and treason against the States, is the fact that one of its principal editors?Charles King?has been out and out an abolitionist, from top to bot tom, from the first moment of his connection with the press to the present. So he has been, and so he will remain, whilst lie is connected with any press. It may be the purpose of certain leading whigs in the interior of this State to affect to be aboli tionists for the purpose of getting the votes of the "liberty" men. But we do not believe that there is any intention in this city to give an abolition as pect to the whig party or to any party. But there is a plain and palpable rflr.rt, both publicly and se cretly?in the open day and clandestinely?to cre ate religious fuctions and parties in this communi ty?to throw into all political conflictsthe elements of sectarianism?and to lay the foundation of a train of events similar to that which disgraced Phi ladelphia about a year ago. This purpose we at tribute to the Courier in the present movement, and we will see w hether our interpretation of this sin gular and inexplicable movement on the part of the Wall street r/tV/ue b' not correct to the letter. In the meantim ?, it would be well not only for the whigs?the old and respectable whigs?to wake up, but for nicu of all parties to come forth to morrow night, and to see that the destructive and dangerous elements, both of abt lilion on the one side and of "nativeisrn" on the other, or rel.gious persecution, be driv? n from the field of politics and out of existence. The success of ihe futu.e move rnents?the very existence of the whig party de pend on the eradication of those elements, and on this election, whicn i? specially important not an between the democra's and the other parties, but as between the "natives" and the whigs. Let un see what the issue will be We should not be sur prised it Col. Webb go to the meeting, to witness a repetition ofceriain memorable .-ceuea in the histo ry of Tammany Hall. If he carry his jokes too f ir, the wings may take a leal out of Tammany Hall and eject turn in a similar way. PtioMiiU vy?a uj im WtMMhsHhf t "unrt i/ti V*U bfteM Uie kallit! *U||tklit;B a? we did relative to out relations with Mexico? that as soon as the intelligence of the passage of the Texas resolutions in Congress reaches Mexico, that government will issue a decree confiscating all American vessels in the Mexicau waters, and all property of American citiz-na in Mexico, on land and water This must, of course, at once lead to w/r. Our government must do something immedi ately or the difficulties will increase step by step ? Well, there is spirit enough in this country to jump into such a belligerent movement. Our govern ment could not resist the impulee of the national mind in resistance to any attempt 011 the part of Mexico to despoil any of our citizens. In the event of such a war, France and England would ultimate ly be brought into it, and the final result would be the complete annihilation of every vtsiige of Eu ropean power on this continent. Canada would be overrun in less than six months We have a popu. latum, it should be recollected, of twenty millions ot people?as fearless, brave and as passionately fond of glory as ever were the ancient lioinatis, or the modern French under .Napoleon. Nothing could stop our course. Nkw York Appointments.?The appointments recently made by President Polk for this ciiy?B F. Butler?Elijah F. Purdy?and Prosper M. Wet more?appear to satisfy all reasonable men. If he make as good a selection for Postmaster and Mar. shal, to supply the places of Mr. Graham and Silas M. Stillwell, when their terms expire, he will do very well. Mr Butler will make nn excellent Pis. trict Attorney, and the appointment gratifies him perronally, as it enables him to remain here and attend to his private business. Mr. Purdy will do very well for Surveyor, and Mr. Wetmore will make an excellent, attentive and faithful Navy Agent Some of the paperssay that Levi D. Slamm is likely to be made Marshal. We hope not. That is an office, trustworthy and responsible, and Slamm's associations have not been exactly of the character to create a great deal of confidence. Caution to the Public ?The residents of this and other cities should be on their guard against certain stores recently established here and in ad joinirg towns, with high sounding titles which profess to supply the public with superior articles^ "direct from the manufacturers," "pure and una dulterated," or "neat as imported," at a "much less price" than other r long-established and well known and respectable dealers. These firms are generally got up ^ by the Lord knows who," for there are no names set forth; they last but for a short time, in the meanwhile take in the public with inferior articles, obtain goods to a considera ble extent from merchants and others, on account ol the respectable show they make, and then be come non est inventus, and proceed to other parts "to do likewise." This was a common practice in London and Paris a few years since, and to such an extent was it carried, that the authorities and corporate bodies were obliged to interfere for their suppression, and sonve of them having been driven from these places, may be found in this nnd ad joining towns, carrying on their nefarious proceed ings with impunity. Hut the remedy lies in the hands of the public. Let them not patronize any establishment which have not the names of the bona fide proprietors, and at the same time let dealers beware, even when nameB are given, that they are not those of " men of straw," who are the willing tools of still greater knaves in the back ground; by these means the public will protect themselves from imposition, support honest and fair tradesmen in their business, and do a great service to themselves and the community gene rally. Movements of Travellers.?The principal ho tels of the city are rapidly filling up with Senators and members or Congress returning to their respec tive homes, as well as merchants availing them selves cf the early intercourse with New York to form their spring arrangements. At the Astor, amongst others, are Major Armstrong, brother, and Francis Armstrong, Esq , nephew to the newly ap pointed CoueuI at Liverpool. At the Howard, are the Honorables D. Russell and J. H. Wriaht ol Massachusetts, Hon. R. McClelland of New York, Hon. D Parmentter, the newly appointed Naval Officer at Boston. At the City Hotel, Hon. R D. Owen of Indiana, J. H. Cheney, W. Wilson and Thomas Jones, Esq?, of Mass. At the Globe, J. Fennimore Cooper, H Suydain, Esqs of N.York, J. C. Monigomery, late Postmaster at Philadel phia, Mr. Glass of Hartford, and ? Dexter, of Bos ton. There appears at all the hotels a bustle un usual at this season of the year, and a more nu merous influx cf travellers Pennsylvania Senatorial Election.?The re sult of the recent election in Pennsylvania for an United States Senator, seems to have astonished all parlies. In the choice ol Simon Cameron, all the political factions ol that State have been demo lished, and the seat vacated by Mr Buchanan will be occupied till 1849, by an independent democrat? one who will go for the interests of Pennsylvania without any reference to the wishes of the different cliques. By his superior generalship he was chosen by the whigs, democrats and naiiveB. We know General Cameron very well, and look upon his election to the Senate as a capital one, for he is a shrewd, sensible man. He is in favor of Polk, but will probably go for the tariff of 1842 Trial, of Bio Thundsr.?This curious and im portant trial comes on to-day in Hudson, before a Court of Oyer and Terminer, having been post poned from a former term. Many important de velopments in regard to the late anti-rent troubles will be made in the course of the legal investiga tion, and the proceedings will be looked for with anxiety by the public. We have, therefore, sent a special reporter to furnish a complete history of the trial, and all the incidents and information that may transpiie, which will be published with al| despatch on arrival. Our readers then, may look out for the best account of the trial ol Dr. Bough ton, alias Big Thunder, that is practicable. Theatricals.?A great struggle is now going on amongst the theatres of this city?the cheap and nasty drama on the one hand, and the respectable and decent drama ou the other. The Park has re-opened under favorable auspices, and during the last week had excellent houses. A great deal Oj talk and excitement have been produced in the lile rary and fashionable circles relative to Mrs Mow. att's new comedy, which is to he brought out in a style of great elegance at the Park. It it succeed, the foundation will be laid ot a new and origina movement in American theatrical affairs. We have the elements of genius, originality, and humor, in greater abundance here than they are to be found in any of the countri's of Europe, and we do not see why we cannot have as many new plays, de scriptive of life and manners, as arc produced in London and Paris. If theatrical managers would only be a little liberal and take a proper course, the cheap and nasty drama would soon be driven out of existence. Improved Lamps.?Some of the papers speak in high terms of an improved lamp lately iutroductd to this city by Worarn & Haughwout, 561 Broad way, who are agents for the inventor, Mr. Corne lius, of Philadelphia. It is adapted to the combus tion of lard, and that to admirably, as to produce, from this cheap material, a light incomparably more brilliant than that obtained from oil, &c , besidi s a degree of heat, which obviates the necessity of fire in the same apartment. Many persons who have tested this lamp, pronounce it a real luxury, and the demand for it is increasing ra pidly. "Fit tic HOLT Soot of St. Patrick."?This is St. Patrick's day, and it is to be celebrated by the ?'Friendly Sons" of that excellent Saint, by a fes tival at the City Hotel this evening, which pro i raises to be ol more than ordinary interest. WWBMMMgB "it Tun Nbw AaMtficrt*?!"* Mr. fold noa mi; b<tW ?fcbiu?t. now thfl lh*> hsvi got into <h?R ectitfl, and made ?cma of their appointments, eeem to be scttliug down into quiet and respectability.? The excitement which attended the torinuliou o! the Cabinet?their first movements?the nomina tions first made to the Senate?seems to be rapidly subsiding into quiet and content.^ The general complexion ot a flairs, and of the policy of the new admiuisiration, Beema to corres pond very much with the intimations which a cor respondent of ours made before the arrival of Mr. Polk at Washington. It was then represented tha' Mr. Polk had made up his mind to represent ah the cliques in his administration, und accordingly he has dealt out his favors on that principle. We think that this general view has been curried out. It is true according to Mr. Polk's own view of it. Tin? most troublesome men and material of great cliques are the leaders. Now it Beems that Mr. Polk has got over that difficulty by overlooking them altogether. Wright, Benton, Calhoun, Cass, are all thrown overboard. It is true Mr. Po'k oh fered any scat in his cabinet to Mr. Wright, but he, like a wise man, threw himself overboard, and with hiin followed a number ot the iriends of Van Bu ren, so that the whole of the recent livals for the favor of the democracy at the Baltimore Conven tion are now ou the same boat. In dealing out the new appointments eo lar as they have gone, Mr. Polk and his advisers have followed the same principles ot recognising all the various cliques, whilst giving the offices to persons occupying a subordinate position in them. No doubt there will be a great deal of private grumbling, hut what is that in a party ol over a million 1 Every thing in the present aspect of affairs indicates peace, and quiet, and repose That whb what we wanted. The ambitious aspi rants for the succession cannot do much for two or three years, and in the meantime the adminie tration may be able to give attention to public affaire, and a practical direction to the govern ment. This is very desirable. We trust that the President will keep a sharp look out on Mr. Bu chanan, and m?ke him do his duty. Also ou Mr. Marcy. Marcy is rather a slippery fellow. Pat ticularly let him lock after Cave Johnson ; by no means forgetting Mr. Bancroft, Mr. Walker, and the rest ol them. Further from Akokntink .?We are indebted to Captain Goodrich, of the Sirena.for hies ol Bue nos Ayres papers, containing, among other things, the message ot Rosas to the Argentine Legislature We make the following extracts touching upon the aftatrsof the United States The government preserves peifect and fraternal har mony with the Aine ican States. Persevering In the prin ciples of peace and strict neutrality in their domestic at faus, has sincerely manitested its lrieiidly benevolence, and entire edbe-ion to the American system. The government has felt the most lively sorrow for the melancholy a cideut on hoard the United States war steamer Princeton, and for tbo.lamentable loss ol two Ml nesters of State, aud ot several distinguished pcrsons-lt has lot warded to the President a letter of condolence. The government has appointed Consuls in various ports of the United States. .... The government of that Republic baa replaced its spe cial ugmtito the confederation, by o Charge d\Affairc? who has been recognised, lie has loft amongst us the most honorable recollection?. ... . . . _ The government of the conlcderation does r.ot abandon its rigutainthe just claims ol the Republic pending against the government of the Uuitcd States. Captain Voorkeos, of the United States Navy, has vio lated the sover.ignty of the confederation by aggros nious excessively injurious against the Argentine squad ron. Instigated by a proceeding wliiah took place under a citstinct fltg, and wiihot* investigation or explanation, he opened die en the Argentine vessels arr sled their of fictis und violently interrupting the blockade, carrying oil' by force Koine North American individual* wao had voluntarily entered the naval service of the Republic.? The government asked lrom the Special agent ot the United States prompt explonation and complete satisfac tion lot such serious offerees. It is gratifying to mc to in form you that the c-fRciul assurances given by the Special Agent, reprehending as ra?h and deplorable the inirs of the aggressor, have been reiterated Iif the J barge d'affaires, and by tha Commodore of the United States squadron on the Brazil and Rivr Plato stations. The blockade so arbnraiily and violently interrupted by this aggression has been rc-establi-hed The government to wuom they mado explicit declarations in a spirit ot ax preasive benevolence has viewed with esteem in tbu set o: justice and Iriendship an unequlvooal prool of an ho not able and neutral line of conduct. It has ordered the Aigentiue Minister at Washington to demand from the government of the United States complete satisfaction and ?e..,iration It coofi !?nt!y expects to OMam them both from theprriect friendship subsisting betweoD the two countries and by the spirit of justice with which that en lightened Cabinet is ac tuated. Late from Mexico -By the Leopold O'Donnd, Captain Davis, we have Vera Cruz dates up to the 1st instant. _ .c . _ .... ,u? Santa Anna was still in prison at Perotp, |?o that the news hy way ef Campeacby, that he had been tBken to the city of Mexico, turns out to be incorrect. Gomez Kanas left Vera Cruz on the J5 h tilt, for the capital. It is supposed that he will tako an active part in the new government. ..... Ueneiuis Bassedro and Canalize, Santa Anna ? principal iniuious, have been removed t? the foitiess ot Chapul Siglu Dirz y Nufve of the 20th ult, we sen it slated that many persons connected with the army have received orders to inarch to diflorent points of the Ho ^ The Texas question is still agitated in many of the Mexican papeis, the editors appearing to oppose the right of the United States to annex that country as strongly as ev.r It now remains to be seen what they will say when the final action of the United Statea Senate on the quea tion reach, stlum We cannot believe.that any other course than loud words and bravado will be resorted to, and to this species of warlare we havo long since brcome u*i4 If Mexico can consolidate and keep together her present confederacy, without looking this side of the Hio Grande, she will do well; lor we are inclined to believe that distfl'.-ctioii of a deep-i noted nature exists in some o the Northern departments against the rule of the central portion of the. Republic, and that influential men are anx iously looking (orword for an opportunity to cut loose and establish a separate government north ot San Luis. Kverything was quiet in Mexico, at least upon the sur face, the p?|ier? discussing little else thnn purely local subjects ot trifling ir.terets to our readera Tha leading edi tors appear to|be nnxiotia lor the interest! of the cotton ma nufacturers, and warmly recommend that the heavy du ties on the raw material may be lessened to a degree that will advance that branch of the national indua.ry In a single number of El Siglu we see a solid article ot eight long columns in favor of the liberty of the press, the editor handling the subject with great ability. He has always been a liberalist, and opposed to the tyranui cal censorship instituted by Santa Anna. We do not see a line is any ct our Mexican exchanges in rela'ion to the trial or Santa Anna It bas beeu stated that the Grand Jury for that purpose was to convene on thp 24th ult, but it any progress lias been made the pro ceeding* do not appear in any of the papers If the Mex icans allow the tyrant his lib rty, they will have more trouble with him than ever, or we are much mistaken.? If. O. Pie. March 8 News from Santa pk ?The "Independence bx l oaitor," of the Is. mat., nonces the arrival there of seven gentlemen from Souta Fe, at or a sale bi.t ardu. ous journey across the plains, via Dent's iort. They left Now Mexico early fn January. The news they bring is interesting to Ihe mercantile community. Up to thed-te of their departure every thing was quiet in New Mexico, the civil and military commandant of that province, Gen. Mariuno Martinrg, holding a oolliom any participation in the n volution, no doubt waiting to declare for which ever petty, (Santa Anna or the Congress) might obtain the uppm hand Dan Manual Armijo was superceded in his governor ship in the winter ol 1843 4, by Gen. Martini z, a protege of Santa Anna. Armijo, the former commandant of the Province, remains quietly in his retirement at Albuquer que The onlv internal disturbance feared in New Mexico, was the Yute Indians, in revenge for the ma-sacreot their head men at Santa Fe, in August last. The whole province was kent in constant alaim by their depreda tions andthey threatened an attajlr en Santa Fe itself ? Thpy have t'Uen tho fort of Antoine ltobidoux.on the Winter, and Icillrd Ihe traders and hands found Id it ; it is said that Antoinu Robidoux escaped to hi* fort on the Compagar*. Albert Speyre, who lock out twenty-fiva [wagons from this plaee i i September last, snfl' red from severe weather in November, between the Arkansas and the < imirone, during thn continuance > f which, he lost one hundred and HlF}'of his mnies He sent e n to Santa Fe, and oh tainrd a fiesh iot ol animals, and Anally arrived in Santa Fe ihe latter red of December. Wr urn told that .Vlr. Spev re bought up the go- ds cf irvrral of the American trndcrs who went out in August last to Santa Fe, and continued his journey to Chihuahua. Connelly, Glasgow rand Alguis lost upward of one hundred ai d lorty head of s'ock in the storm before men tioned. and weie also under the necessity of sending on for animnla to Santa Fe. They proceeded on their jour ney to Chihuahua in company wbh Speyre. Colonel Owens also left Santa Fe with 'he above named gentlemen, alter having, it is said, sold bis remaining goods to Speyie. There have b; en disturbances in thn I'dso M Nolle and Chihuahm, but nothing drAnite is known with re gard to the result. It is said there will he a number of Spanish merchants hero this summer, far the purpose of buying goods. Another company ot Americans may be looked for in two or three weeks " hen we shall no doubt have fur ther intelligence of inteiost. Hint* Fe was extremely guy. The foreigners, as usual, were well trrut' d by the Mexicans. Don Manuel Sigenero, the husband of the famous P. nora Talis, is dead. There wis much sickness among the companies thet went nut laat summer Two oeuths occurred ? rnong the Americans at Santa F ; Jam s Pertly, rrsid"nc<- not known, who went out with Withered, and George Reef er, of Jackson county, who went out wi'.h Dr. Connelly. All the American* in Hants Fe were well. \V< have nothing ol intere?t from Fort William. Charli s Bent w as n? SantaK , S. 8'. Vram was at'he fort. Thiy ha I bn I a very open winter, and an active trade with the Indians. A trapping and trading ro i pa ly had gone n< t on the Rio Gila, a tikot ot (country n t much (requentid byj our trapper*. | mmrnmum Vrufreal ?# NMliif In thu W?H ?< h !frr??<l'? <3il|!*g* Every movement ol society in these moving times, m this age of activity, refinement, art, and -nterprize, are duly noted by the observant mora list, as the legitimate effects of the spirit ot tiie ue, no to inauy segments, however small, ot the <real circle ot human regeneration. Hubbies ot prodigious dimensions are blown, in symmetrical rotundity, by the expansive force of well rounded periodr;' and what though these bubbles burst, the genius who created them is still there. Schemes lor reforming the whole world, teem inf1'1 f'0"1 day to day with the most gratilying tertility, and what though they do not effect their object?that does not controvert the truth, that the world stands in need of purification, teathers show the way the wind blows; and the wind is not curtailed of any of its force by so frail an index. No mat ter about the sign-the thing signified is signiti eani; nnd if political economy be true, why should not public estimation put a market value upon those species ol commodities called movements and reforms, as well as upon ostrich feathers, gold dust, the dust of the schools, and we say it with reverence?heraldic escutcheons 1 Many have been the benevolent efforts to bless mankind at large by the multiplication ot law?the elevation of theology, the concentration of the potent resources of medicine; and no country under the sun is blessed with more ol these?of which a large proportion are " native, and to the manner born," than " the land we live in." But, to be just, she has in one respect been behind her des tiny; in one particular at least the old world has been in advance of her; she has, with reluctance it must be confessed, and with a due sense of hu miliation at being obliged to make the disparaging admission?hitherto?alack-a-day ! she has had no "Herald's College." An illustrious reformer has arisen to supply the deficiency. " In Manhattan there was a voice heard of lamentation nnd mourning?the Knicker bockers grieviug for their children, because iliey were not" enrolled in the heraldic register. With lively pleasure we announce that General Arlington Bennet has opened " The American Herald's College," in the Granite buildings, corner of Broadway and Chambers street, in the city ol New York, State of New York, United States of America. It is with well founded hope that this announce ment will affordsolidsatisfaction to that numerous and highly respectable class who believe that a rose by any other name would not smell as sweet?that a family without a coat of armsmight as well have its sons without dress coats and its daughters with out petticoats ; it is for the special benefit ot these excellent citizens that we are so particular in spe cifying the exact location of the American He rald's College. &c. dec. &c.. in order that they may, one and all of them, go forthwith and record their names, show their lineage, prove 10 a wicked, per verse and skeptical generation that they had grand lathers and grandmothers, that they come into the

world in the usual way, but on an improved princi ple, and that it is not true that ?"their blood Has crept through scoundrels ever since the flood " How many pearls of purest ray lie buried in the caves of the ocean?how many quarts ot patrician tolood course through the arterial systems ol our leather dealers, ship chandlers, stock jobbers, and so forth! How many sweet creatures, blessed with grace ol person and beauty of features, commanding ihe admiration ol?themselves?are utterly igno rant ot tnc ancestry from whom they inherit these advantages. Who knows but were there proper facilities for counting kindred, not a lew of those who have no way of shining oui ot the mortifying obscurity which pervades this shockingly, vulgarly, democratic citv but by the possession of that qua lity by which Washington living says a herring be comes luminous?who knows hut they might dis cover themselves to be directly descended Irom -otne Paladin of the time of Charlemagne, some D ge of Venice, or lied Cross knight, whose bright sword eclipsed ihe Saracen Moon, and at whose glance the fierce follower of the prophet quailed be fore the crusader ! It is melancholy such a state ol thinks could have existed ; it commands our spe cial wonder that the march of civilization has not long ago exploded those plebeian notions ol equa lity, and as it passed along,kept a sharp look-out lor those who bear the stamp ot nobility some place or i other, and which is illegible and almost effaced (only because of its great antiquity. It is firmly believed that in- this city, there live at the present day, lord knows how many lineal de scendants of Noah, Nebuchadnezzar, and Joseph-? who had the unlucky interview with Pharaohs wife?ConPtaniine the Great Richard Ccbut de Linn; Guy, Earl of Warwick ; Jack the Giant Killer, Wlutti.igton, Lord Mayor of London; E=op, Brutus, and hundreds besides of the great names of ihe dayB of yore; and it is a melancholy fact, that nothing stronger than a Bly suspicion that they are something over and above the consolatory per suasion thai they have more money than wit (ihe sure mark ot distinction in the 19th century,) ex ists in the shape of testimony, of their illustrious lineage. To be sure, in not a lew instances, the advantage may be altogether on ths side ot obli vion,and tradition may lurnish as agreeable a guide as the recorded truth; but those who are disposed to let the bones of their sires rest in peace for wibo reasons, can stay at home and not engage the ser vices of General Arlington Bennet; nevertheless, kt those who have a penchant lor genealogy indulge in it; and who should blume them for paying so much a head into the coflere of the Herald s Col lege for a chart of their descent Irom any ol those personages above mentioned?of several othersnot to be mentioned?any of those "Udpanoa spirits 01 me migiuy aeaa, They who ut Marathon and L'.uctru bled." We have it on the authority of General Arlington Bennet, that this in an illustrious republic,in which he is quite right?that other republics, among the anciente, Venice, Genoa, Florence, Pise, attended to heraldry, and therefore, so should the United States Of course, on such capital authority, we are bound to believe that Americans ought to en dorse the principles and imitate the customs of their republican predece8sors?to have Helots like the Spartans?an agrarian law like the Romans?a Councilor Ten like Venice, and a Protector like the Commonwealth of England, and by all means culti vate the science of heraldry. Further, on the same authority wo learn, that "no true American can refuse to sanction the institution of an American Herald'sCollrge?that heraldry belongs to the whole family of man"?that "he must be less than human who has no pride of character, or thirst for immor tality"?both of which are in the gift of the Herald's College, to be sure ; and, consolatory reflection ! that the Herald's College is supplied with more than eighty qHarto and folio volumes of the most approved works on heraldry, ancient and modern, from all the countries of Europe, with many rare manuscripts, so that those who wish to trace their pedigrees, will have every facility afforded them. Verily, wc live in a great country, wnere every man may become immortal for the small charge of five dollars, "and no money returned " "Cheapness is the order of the day," as was well said by one of the two-penny postage law orators, at the Exchange meeting, the other day: it has worked well in the post office system in Britain, and, to the great delight of this enlightened com munity, it has been adopted here. It waa a remark able change?but how trifling when compared with clieapheraldryl Who willnotbuy five dollars'worth ot heraldry after this? Come on, ye loons, "deal of my basket of oysters." Officers, civil, military, or naval, presidents, senators, judges, doctors of di vinity, law, and medicine?in a word, all ye who have five dollars, and too little sense to know its value, or that <>| yourselves, just go to Cent ral Bennet, and become great men all at once. Ladies'Industrial Association meet this after noon at three o'clock, in Palmo's Theatrt, for the purpose of hearing an address on the subject of the present difficulties under which the workwomen ci this city are suffering. The Mayor and the greater portion of the members of the Corporation are ex pected to be present; and some interest is created to hear the statements and views of the fair suffer ers. Dkkadfol Whirlwind.?On Tuesday morning, the I'll instant, h tornado or whirlwind crossed the rice plantation of General Lewi*, situated in the pariah of St. T.i nun any, about six miles from Midiionvllie. For about ten minute* the wind blew with itupendon* force, tearing uj? by the root* tree* three lest in diameter. But the mu*t serious part ol the disaster is the loss of two lives?that oi the owner and of a negro woman. They ha.l taken shelter under a large abed in which brinks were m tde?ih* sh< d waa blown down and the woman and a hoi si' were killed on the spot?the overseer was so badly huit that he died one hour ar.d ? half afterward*. His name was Uiptist Porlu a native of this Stste, and a very in luitriotis worthy man The tornado appeara to have b in confined to the plantation of Gen Lewls-as a e have tint heard at any damage lining done in the neigh bwhnod. Poor Baptist died with great calmness?shook ? hands in his last moments with those around him and bado ti em farewell.?JV. O. Cour. The area of Lake K.rie is U800 square miles?that of La'tc "superior I* ?i (HHi; of Lake Michigan M,400; and of Latin Huron 'JO Ann The average depth ol Lake K.rie is astmiatid at only 84 feet, but the depth of Ltko* Superior, Huton and Michigan, is estimated to'average about 1000 feat. titty iHUIIiyetira u tfit (Oftm Tl'f pwwl Coroour wtil probably ba nominated by the natlvo* ? (heir Bfit candidate lor (he same olhce bo now holds, U Un exhibit* the name spirit of economy that actuate* the papa's ol the city?that ia tat-in* at the tpiggot awl letting oat at the bung hole?as l\e will nut afford sufficient coal although the Cnrpoiution do liavu t-> pay lor it?to keep ?he otlice cumiuriabiy v/arrn, (probably to save the ex peoae ol having the cual box tliird ollener than ia n?Ci ? sary, which comes out ol either bis pocket or that of hit clerk,) and yat, when he ha* a couple of boxes ol dead bodies, ho will hold four im/iusti, swear the jury lour timoj, and charge lor each inquest. It would be well lor ?tovo and grate m inufacturers te call at the Coroner's otlice aud inspect the ingenious ap paratus for saving ooal, invented by Mr. Betkuuati, wbieh consists ol a coupie of oid gridirons fastened into the grate so that it cannot possibly hold more than a pill box lull of coal No patent has yet been taken out. Perfumers are also advised to call, as tkey may obtain some hints which may be useful to them in their trade. I Phacticai. Joke ?In setting up the last joke of Mayor Harper, In yesterday's Herald, the compositor entirely destroyed it by making the Mayor say that all thieves would becomu moral and relig oil* personages, because i n the new police, helhad given them "a Letter" Now this may bs very funny indeed, and, in fact, it is about as good as the moat of his Honor's jokes, but in this instance the comno-it :r should have dropped the "lettei" and set the word Seller, which would huve materially altered the sense. Police Office, Mahch 1(5.?Grand Larceny?A boy named Peter Kelly stole two watches north $30, and 'lb cei.ti in money, Irom the store of Paul McGiun, of No. 00 .Mulberry street. Ho was seen coming from behind the counter by the son of Mrs. McOinn. Hkiiiwat ItoBiKKY ?A man named Francis McKay was arrested last night and committed on a charge ol ha ving committed a robbery in the 1st degree, in having knocked down and robbed a certain individual, whose name is at prosent unknown, In the upper part ol the city. A few poor creatures were brought in by way of giving employment to the six police officers that hove been de tailed to the business of undertake!* at the police oltice, their duty being to receive all prisoners brought in hyout dour officers and the blue gentlemen, and consign them to the 'i ombs and see them comfoitably bestowed, for which difficult and complicated business they receive $1 60 per diem Was it not the intention of the Common Counail, when they passed this ordinance, to have the list altered monthly, so that a fair division of faver might he made 7 If it was not. the or 'inance or resolution was an absurd one, and ? x'remely illiberal Coroner's Office, March 16.?Avvlkxt?The Cor oner held an inquest to-day at No. Ill Sullivan street, upon the body of a man named Delmon {-'lenders 69 years o' age, a native ol Germany. Deceased fell down in a fit of apoplexy at Catharine marks t, about 7 o'clock this morninr, aud died shortly after. Verdict accordingly. Unfortunate ?Information was received at the Coro ner's office this alternoon, at 1 o'clock, thnt an elderly man, diessed in a beaver cloth overcoat and light pants. I was discovered last night lying dead between 99 h ard 100th streets, between the 3d and 4th "venues, by Mr Mora, florist, of the firm oi Livingston & Mora It was not thought proper to remove him without consulting with the Coroner. As that officer did not come to the | office after the information was received, no investiga tion was made to-day. The Coroner's man Friday,came in about 5 o'clock, and had ike body brought to ihe dead house by the gentleman who hac the superintendence ol the burial depaitment. Theatricals, dec. Mr and Mrs. Wallack bad a farewell benefit at the | American Theatre, New Oileana, on the 8th insL Mr. Dempster gave a farewell concert in Richmond, on | Friday evening last. The Congo Melodists have taken the Richmond Thea tre, for a limited period. The Guinea Minstrels are at the Shawmut Hall, Boston Mr. Chambers, the celebrated performer on the accor dion, is anoat to visit Lancaster, Hairisburg an-l Reading. A manager by the name of Eddy is about to edify- the | people in Cincinnati with a new and talented company. Theatricals are beginning to prosper in Maine. The] performances consist chitfly oi temperance dramas. Herr Clino and the ElUIer Brothers have engaged ths | Avon Theatre, Noifoik, for two nights. In New Jersey they have nn actress called the " Sing ing Wonder." who. it is said, h e Ik en known to run up I the chromatic scale so fast, that tlm org in, which uught | to have acccmpanied her, stopped lor want of wind. There is a Madam Weighse, who travels through France and Belgium with 3-2 dancing girls, and gives bal lets, &.o. Recently the troupe took a benefit in Brussels, and nt the close e'f the performance, the gallants instead ol bouquets, threw sugar plums upon the stage. Some of these sweet tukens of admiration broke, and a curious scene ensued. The entire corps began to scramble lor the can-ties, and the curtain dropped upon the delightful I scuffle. Personal movements. The Hon Abbott Lawrence, has presented the Rtv. Dr Sharpe ol Boston, with one thousand |dollara towards de" I fraying the expenses of his contemplated European tour, [ so say s a Lowell paper. Trofessor Silliman has delivered a series of Lectures on I Oeolrgy in New Orleans, wi-h great success. He is | about to deliver a similar course in viebile. James Rees.Esq , the popular Dramatic author, has In press a new book, entitled " The Dramatic Author* of | America " The venerable Robert Rives, Esq., father of 3enator Rives, died at his residence in Nelson county, Virginia, on Sunday, tha 9th inst. Anti Rent in Delaware County.?The follow ing is an extract from a letter, dated at Delhi, on | 13th instaiit On Monday last, Sheriff Steele and C. E. Patkerwent| to Andes to serve some chancery subpmnas and a sum morn. On their return, n< ar Fish Lake, they were stop ped by some iouiteen disguised men, armed. It bring evening, and somewhatidark, they were forced to return to Andes, where they were detained till near night the next day. While in col flr.ement at Andes, Steele sue ceeded in sending a special messenger to Delhi, who ar rived at about 12 o'clock. The Sharifi then summoned almost every man in Delhi, who went with him to Andes, armed and prepared for a conflict. When we got there, no Indians were to be found?their friends having sent an express from Delhi, to inform them the Sheriff was com ing prepared lor cction. Yesterday the Sheriff, with his posse, returned through Bovina, end arrested one person, who is indicted for having keen disguised, lie To-day, with a posse of about four hundred men, armed, he went to Kortright, and sold on an execution, where he hud been prevented from selling before by the appearance of some seventy five or eighty Indians. Steele has selected about fi ty men, and is preparing to start to make arrests, this evening." Destructive Fire?About one o'clock on Satur day morning last, a Ire broke out in the range ol i-tores on the north tide of Court (tract, commencing at Ely'a corner and extending to the hardware store of J. K Sampson The flie seas first discovered in the passage way between the stores ot Win. M. Ely and R Squires, and from that circumstance, is supposed to be the work of nn incendiary The flro sprrnd with alarming rapidi ty, and in a very brief space of time, the five stores com posing tho range, were enveloped in flames?two young men, who were sleeping in tho second story of Mr. E.'s store, barely escaping with their lives. The loss of most ol the occupants is nearly covered by insurance. The builrfings wero owned by Oliver Ely, who was insured to the amount of $1880 in the Contrinutionship Company, New York city. The building* were of wood. The corner was occupied by Wm. M Ely, as a dry goods store. A part of his goods were saved, in a dam aged state, and his loss is covered by an insurance of $J 000 in tho Saratoga Mutual. Next came the Jewelry store occupied by Richard Squires. Mr S also saved a part of his goods, and was insured $300 in the Firemen's Company, New Yoik city. The next store was occupied hy George Allen as a ra rietv store. His stock was small and hi* loss about $100. No insurance. A. B. Rogers, hatter and dealer in furs occupied the next store. A pait of his goods were saved, but bis entire stock of furs, which were in an upner loft, wete burned He was insured $1100-$(-no in a Hartford, Conn Com pany, and $4Q0 in the Contributionship Company, which will nearly cover his loss The basement ol this building was occupied by Wm. Hurley,butcher, who lost every thing in his shop, $160 to $100. No insurance. The last building burned was oceunied hv B.C.Trivott, dealei| in drugs, medicines, groceries, Ac. Part of bis goods were saved, theugh necessarily very much dam aged. He was insured $1,000 in the Fireman's Company, Albany. Additional losses were sustained by .1 E. Simpson, dealer in hardware, 8.HP Hall, nnd J A C Rogers, dry good merchants, b7 removing their goeds, arid by injuries to their stores. The bail lings on the opposite sideof the street were also scorched by the iutenso heat.?Brtamt County Republican. Western Rivers.?At Wheeling, on Thursday, there were twenty-two feet water in the channel, falling. The " Cincinnati Ojxette" of Tuesday, aays : The Ohio is pouring out i flood, and the water is coming up rapidly upan f.asilly's Row. At the western corner it was about four yards from the curb stone last night. We lear a flood, greater than we have experienced since 1631. The rain has been pouring down in all directions, nnd every stresm is full to overflowing. Reports from above represent the main rivers us emptying into the Ohio with the wildrs kind of swill. The Columbus (Ohio) " Journal" of Tuesday, has the following : We learn that nearly oil the rivers nnd etieams in this section of the country, if not throughout tho whole west, are very high at this time. The Mus kingum was higher last week than it has been for several years. Wa have not, however, heard of any damage done to the Improvements, as yet. The Bcioto has been unusually high for nearly a week pant. In all probability the tain that has continued hern for several davs, has ex tended over a large surface of country. The " Lruisvilifl JournaPol Monday, says : The rain has heen pouring down since Friday night with but little intermission, and there are no signs as yet of it* ceasing. Th > river is very high, nnd is rising so ta<-t thut it will no doubt reach the curb stones on Commercial Row to mor row, one ot the most ilevatrd points on the levee. From present appearand s, the water will be higher than it has been since the memorable oveiflow of *31. A' Pittsburgh, on Thursday, the River had 11 feet wa ter in the channel. I>ancikr in IVkwi.y Painted Houses.?Dr. P. D Badger, of Peterborough, N. H., has published soma statements of facts, which, in hi* Judgment, go to show that to lodge in a newly painted house is hazardous to life He mentions the death of his wife and the certain ly approaching death of his child; also, tho death of one of bis children, two ) ears old; and also several other cases of death?which he says might be greatly mult) piled?all occurring apparently, in consequence of living in houses immediately of,or being painted. The disease engendered was upon the lungs. Tropoaals for the transportation oi 4000 bhls. In bulk to Rio, will be received at the Bureau of Provisions and Clothing until tha 10th of April next. nniiiwim Hanmn MagntU?m, 'fi'ti uj?|y i<it?fP|t:ng H W Urin^i g for (be sneers aua of ike piit'lltf. f t>ct, ieoea> irovertible fact, th? only true prop cf u'leoee, hits estab lished the truth of Human MHgne(itm on a basl? not to be overthrown. England it full of the auhject?the prets already tetm: with it. The most tueci'.kiui ond itowerlnl msgutdiZ'T who ha* appeared tiefoi. the public, Prolmior Itodgerv, who, duiirg his lectures In this city last winter, was treated by ct rtbiu persons with a rudeness unworthy of a civilized community, has the oatialsction of witness ing the triumph of the trnth he srught to incul ate. Du ring Profersor HodgciV course of lectures, many astound ing tact* have been witnessed by as respectable au iences as ever assembled in New Yoik ; and on Friday evening last, notwithstanding the inclemency ot the weather, a considerable assemblage collected in 8t Luke's Hall, Hudson street, and after listening with deep interest to the I'roieisor's able lecture, witnessed all the phenomena cf magnetism, including clairvoyance o( the moat decided character. The audience then, with the exception of one individual, "-pasted a voto expressing their entire ss tisfactionftwith the truth and success of <he ex periment*, in clairvoyanoe particularly, which in; eluded reading of various cards, newspapers, fcc.; telling tho time by dilTervnt watches, naming a number of articles presented by the audience, lie lie., while the eyes ot tho clairvoyant were tightly bandaged by n nodding prepared expressly for ?h? purpose, and affixed by the audience; and while the Professor remained at a distance, and did not see the article- presented At the close of the exhibition, it was unanimously resolved that a report should be made of the experiments, and published; and (he following gentlemen give their names as references lor the truth ot the Lets above named :? Mr James McMillan, 11 Leroy street ; Mr. J.imes War ren, 293 Hudson street ; Mr John H, Porter, 981 Hudson street; Dr. Akin,292 Hudson street; Doctor Frishee, 19 Hammond street * This individual, with nine or ten others, was after wards, magnetized, and placed upon the rostrum, where baconfcssid his inability to extricate himself from his situation, and admitted his convictien of the truth of magnetism. A FRIEND OF TRUTH. Men, with scarr'd. in&rr'd, invrk'd, and red or fiery faeaa, Disgrace to m?nly health or minly gracra: ftrputtie* walking libe's ou naturalbeauty, Here read in plninest lerma y< ur proper duty : Go with .dear, and with clerer thought J o the sd.trass b-low, wheu you li-ve iirud and bought A cake of Jones' famous Chemical, All scan and marks will vanish, aye, elope From your disfigmad face. Beauty reigns now Ou check, on neck, on chin, on hands, on brow. PReadrr, try Jones' Soaplonce. Yon will not lie dissatisfied? its ettrcts are really amsiOsrly (notifying on ihe skin?to se* how- it clea a, softeua and beautifies it. curing all eruptioua and dpiligu'enieiits. tuch at p.mples, frrckles. salt rh- um. tau, sun burn, morphew. fcc. The genuine is s .Id nowhere in Ihe city hut at ihe sign of the Am-rican Eagle, RgChath in, or ?23 Broidway, New York; 8 Plate street Boston; 3 Ledger Build ing*, Philadelphia; and 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. A Hook for Iloly Week ?The fn-rocatlnn of the Saints?Yeiieration of Sacred Images and Purgatory. By the 11-v Chsri.ks CotiSTARnnr. Pisk, D. D., hector of Hi. Pe'er's Church. A wcrk which should be r-sd by all good Ca tholics, is in the press, audi will he published on Wed n-sday Morning next, by I1ENKY G. DAGGERS. 2t 30 Ann at., up stairs. Bald,'.Grey, and Red Head*, Read ?A splen did a delicious, a I eautiful head of hair, can b* had by using a three shilling bottle of Jones's Coral Hair Restorative; its qnal ities ere (and mind, reader, it does all here staled) to force the growth of hair, to soften, clean and tender it b-autiful, to stop it ftl'ing off, and dispel dindrijff from th-scalps and roots, and to dress it dark, and keep it in order thrice ?s long as any other a-ticle made. Ho'd at 82 Chatham sttaet, 323 Broadway, 130 Fulton street, Brooklyn. A Chapter on Moustaches.?From the re motest period of time of which we have any recount, the mous tache has been th* f-vorate appendage of man; and notwith standing the many attempts made, bv legists'ion and otherwise, to bring it into disrepute, it has stead Jy grown in public favor. The Normans alone, of all people, were averie to in.s besutifirr of the " human face divine. ' Ledwick, in his volume of anti quities, says: "The O'u'f, Germans, and all worn iniiustaclles, and so did the Anglo-Saxons and Irish, until their Norman maalSM forbade if." But however much we admi e the moustache on a man, heaven tar- ns from (he woman whose upper lip is garnished with this warlike feature ! A d yet how common was the custom, until the introduction of Oouraup's celebrated I'oudre Subtile, for uprooting ha.r. By refeta. ce to tarred history we find that even Moses himself was annoyed by tlielprevalence of moustaches among the dark-linirrd daughters of Israel, and he consequently ordained thrt "a woman shall not wear that which nppertaineth to a man" Had the great law-giver been in the possession of the secret for manufsctnring Italian Medicated Stop, lie would doubtless lis ve eoactcd that neither matron or inaHeu of the tribes of Jud-li and Israel should be suffered to apiiear in the synagogue with pimpled, blotched, tanned, or sunburnt faces ! L)r F. F. Gouuaud's oxly depot for the sale of his Pnudre Subtile, for eradicating superfluous hair; Italian Medicated Soap, for removing pimples, tun, fcc. fcc., Pom the human skin; and vsrious other preparations, is at 67 Walker street, first store from Brovdway. Agents?76 Cherlnutstreet,Philadelphia ; Jordan,2 Vilk atreef, Boston ; Carleton fc Co., Lowell ; Bliss III Co., Springfield ; Green fc Co., Worcester ; Bull, H.vtford ; Ferre, Middleman ; Myers, New Haven ; Dyer, Providence; Tousey, Rochester; ilackns fc Bull, Troy; Pearce. 4 Stiuiwix Hall, All any ; Re h S. Hance, Baltimore ; D. 11. Moore, Lynchburg, Va.; Aiider ion, ivasliville, Tenn.; Heiuith, Lancaster, Pa. Rev. Sirs Sparry, of this City, hat used Dr. Sherman's celebrated Worm Lozenges in his family with the most d-cided benefit. Hi children were troubles w ith worms, and a few doses of the Lozenge* brought them aw ay in large quaiititis, and restored the children to the eujoj tneul of perfect he<lth. lie recomtn-nds tlieui in preference to any verini'uge known, ns being altogether th: safe-t, most ex|ieditioui and cer tain in their effect!. Dr. Sherman's warehouse is 106 Nassau street. Agents?227 Hudson street; 188 Bowery; 77 East Broadway; 86 William s r-et; 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn; 3 Ledger Build iugs, Philadelphia; 8 State street, Bostou. Dalley's magical Pain F.xtraitor, at hli only agency, 67 Walker street, first store from Broadway. Bears Hair Hentovallve, at III* Agency, 07 Walket St., 1st store trom Broadway. Blctllcal Notice.?Tlx* Ad verl Ivementl of tits New York College of Medicine and rharmacv , established for the Suppression of tfuackrry, iu the cure of all diseases, will hereafter appear on the fourth rage rud last column of Hiis paper. W. !i K1CH AKDSON, M. D.. Agent. Othce and Consnl .inn booms of the College,96 Nassau sire* All Philadelphia Subacrlptloi.x to tlta HkraLD most be paid to the agents. Zieber fc Co., t Ledger Buildings. Third street, near Chestnut, where single copies msv also lie obtained daily at 1 o'clock. .IT/1* All the new and cheap Publications for sale at their es tablishment, wholesale and retail. [CP" With the excel??ion of one paper, the "Herald" is read as mnch, perhaps, in Philadelphia, as any paper published iu that city, affording a valuable medium to advertisers. Ad err tirements bunded to the agents at half past 4 o'clock, will ap pear in the Herald nvst^dav. n4 lv HONUY JHAKKtCT. Sunday, March 10?8 P. M. Tho atock market during tha w. ck juat cloied ha* been in a very feverish, unsettled atate. Q .otations have been gradually settling down, until many stocks have reached a level lower than has been realised for a long time. We i<ave repeatedly stated that prices lor many stocks on the books of both boards ot brokers, were too high. Fancy stocks particularly are so high that it Is impossible to got up any speculative movement. Speculation usually com mences when prices are very much reduced, and it is pos sible and even probable that a reduction of prices now may produce a speculative movement that will cany up prices to a point much above the current rates, but the brokers will find it impossiole to start a speculative move* mont of any consequence from present prices. During tho tremendous speculation last spring, which commen ced about the middle of March, prices for many stocks advanced fifty per cent, but at the commencement quota tiona were very low, and tbero was a very large margin for an advance, but now it is just the reverse; there is no margin for an improvement in such stocks aa Harlem, Long Island. Norwich k Worcester Canton end-Farmers' Loan. At the commencement of the specula*ion alluded to,Norwich and Worceater was selling at 37}; !? row sells at 60. Canton was selling at >6, I* now sells at 49; and very recently has been up to 86 a 69 Harlem was sell ing at fid, it now tells at 70. Quotations to.-these stocks nre yet too high; there must be a very great decline bo. fore prices reach a point where speculation can com mence. We annex our usual comparative table of prices, show ing the quotations for each day of the past, with Ihoso current at the close oi tha two previous weeks. Quotations for the rRiNctrsL Stocks in the New York Market. Sat' y. S<i> M?n. 7\iV Wefy. TA'y FY'y. Sat tut int. L. Island 79* 80 78)4 " ~ ?' ? * - Mohawk 05 Harlem ? Canton 54 *4 Farmers' Loan.. 4<M Wor. T1V Ohio Sines.. I Illinois Sites,.. Indiana Re uiucky Mites, mm F i?es.... Stoningtiin Klie Kail load . Vicksliurg U. S. Uaiik Heading HR,. . 60 Morris liana)... 33*< Kaal Diuton... US 31)4 31 >? 31), - 11)4 - The closing price* yesterday and those ruling on Satur diy 1st instant, do not vary much, but the cloaing prices for the w*ek ending yesterday, were in several instanci *, three te five per cent below these current at the close of the week uniting the 8th instant Long Irlaud declmul 3) percent.; Mohawk, 2}; Canton, 4}; Farmers' Loan, 9|: Norwich & Worcester,6^; Illinois 6's,|l); Stonington 9, and Morris Canal,'J The only Wocks in the list quotations ol which have been sustained, are Pennsylvania 6'*,Vicks burg, Uui ed State* Bank arid Reading Railroad. Tue Baltimore money market is very easy. The offer ings at the hanks were about rqtial to the reenptximd the discount line is said to he as full as is desirable. Bal timore is largely indebted to the eaitern cities, and ex change on Philadelphia, New York and Boston, was in active di man I at 4 a 10 premium. The Stamford (Ct.) Bank lias declared a dividend oi 3J per cent out of the earnings of the last six months I'hn quotations lor foreign exchange are very firm but the demand is very limited. There ha* been very littlo alteration in rate* within the past two months, but tho supply of Sterling bills coming upon the maiket is so large, that it will t>e impossible to sustain the present pro mium. Quotations or Forf.ion F.ichanof in this Market. London. full's. Jimntrr'm. llam'e. firm. May 19... 8)4*9 5,27)4* ? 3?J4*40 " 30... 8*4*9*4 5,t5 S.'|,2R*4 ? *46 June I J... 9)4*9)4 ? *6.15 " 29.. . 9)aA9H 5,25 a ? July I5...9'4*9!4 5,28*4*5,27 ' 20... 9'?a9'i 3I...9*4*9? Aug. 15.. .9)4*1111 " 10.. .9)1*10 Sent. 13.. .97,1,10 A 30... 9)4*10 Oct. 15. ..Ill *10*4 " 31,...lOQ*? Nov. 15... 10*4*? " 29,. ..9)4*10 Dec. 11, ...9)4*10 " ?in>4 Jan. 30...9)4 *10 Feb. 27,..9st *10 Mar. 18.. .9)4 *10 This time kit year, aterling exchange was selling at 9| a 0 per cent. From that time to the middle of Nuvem her. the premium advanced until the rates reach' il It) a 10} per cent. While tha importations were coming in so extensively und the premium for sterling ?x*hai>gi< ruled so high,Urge shipments ot specie were made and the mo ney m irket was very stringent. From the middle of Au gust last?when sterling exchange touohed 10 per cent?

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