Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 20, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 20, 1845 Page 2
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| ..I <??? a duty of 14?., instead of ISj. 8d , ami that double f refined sugar should be imported under a duty of 2ls., the 14) including the five |>er cent. Now, it I is important that I should (jive to the House the best estimate 1 can form of the probable amount of :u,'arto be derived from the possessions of ib>s country abroad. For the purpose of obtaining inlor matiou on that subject, we have applied to tour in dependent sources, wiih the vi.-w of obtaining an estimate of itie probable supply of sugar from Bri tish possessions tor the next year, and I will now read lo the House, with us permission, ihe esti mates ihal have been formed. The stork of sugar on iiand oil ttie* lit of January last, was 45,000 tons, and ihe < sinuate made by the customs of the pro bable production of the British plantations is as follows: From the West India Colonies, 135,000 tons ; from the Mauritius 40,000 toue; and from British India 70,000 tons, being the supply of sugar in the present year, independent ot the stock in hand ot 245,000 tons. 1 trust that there may be reliance placed on the uccuracy of this estimate, as it has been procured from the best sources of information. . The next of the authorities which we had consulted, cir culated the produce of the British plantations at 140,000 tons, the Mauritius at 40,000, and British India at 70,000, making a total of 250,000 tons of sugar to be supplied during the next vear. The next authority we consulted has not given so lliiterina ttu account. They have estimated the produce 11 British Plantation sugar at ou'v 120 000 tons the Mauritius at 40.000 tons, and British Indian at 70 - tons?making an estimate of 230,000 ions. The fourth estimate formed independently, us I said be ore, Of any communication with the authorities R>r;?; k di P9Umule> ?8. this:?the estimate for nth h iiiftw*110'n?"URar? 130 0?? fon*. 'he Mau ritius 30,000 tons, British, India 05,000?making a total 1 f 235,000 tons. The lowest ol these estimates ? U0 tons, and ihe highest is 250 (K)0. Jf you add the highest lo the stock in hand, that givrB a sup ply ol 2V"),1)00 tons; and if you take the lowest, it will give a supply of 275,000 ions. We consider mat the effect of the reduction upon sugar will he, on.; the whole,: a reduction, ot dmy, so far as duty is connected with price, amounting to IjJ per lb., or not quae so much us l^d. But if you udd other charges that accompany a fiigh rate of duiy, we thiuk the full effect of the reduction of the duty will be not much short of three-halfpence per lb? (Cheers?because, as the duty increases, there are charges incidental to that increase. I next propose to give to the House the best estimate we can form as to the probable loss to the revenue which will arise from that proposed reduction. As I said be fore, we calculate, independent ot any supply of tree labor sugar?we calculate on a supply, inclu ding the stock in hand, of 275,000 tons for this year, ihe greatest amount of consumption, I believe has not been more than 207,200 tons in anyone vear. .We think it is probable that the effect of the ti'LUctton of the duty may lead to an increased con sumption ot perhaps 48,000 tons. Of course these estimates must be taken as very general, but it up pears to us probable that the increased consump tion of sugar, consequent upon the reduction of duty, woll make a total not much short of 250 000 tons. The consumption of British Muscovada su gar to the extent of 160,000 tons at Ms , would give 2,240,000/. The consumption of clayed sugar to ?(. 70,000 tons, would give a revenue ol l,I4U,UUQt?: loreigH free Muscovada sugar, 5 000 tout, at 23s. 4d., will give a revenue of 116,7(10/ ? ot clayed, or equal to clayed, 15,000 tons, at 28s' would give a revenue of 450,000/. As 1 said before these estimates must ot course be very general-but supposing them to approximate to to the truth.'the consequence would be that we shall receive from the duty on sugar, in consequence of the reduction, the sunt of 3,946,000/. The revenue derived from sugar, in the last year, was 5,216,000/. There wil 1 consequently, be very probubly a loss, in the next year, to the revenue cf very nearly 1,300 000/. upon sugar. [Hear ] Now postponing any further discussion on the subject ot ihe sugar duties utuil the period when they will come immediately under consideration, I proceed to enumerate the othei duties ot which we shall propose, as a consequence ot the continuation of the income tax, the reduc tion or the remission. It will be recollected that when the tarrift paesed, in the year 1842, there were some small duties still retained upon exports front this country?exports either of raw materials, or manufactured articles so nearly cpproachingraw materials, that they could scarcely be distinguish cd from them. At the same time, it will be re membered that we abolished generally the duties on exports. They were all abolished, with the ex ception of a few articles, such, for instance, as 1 think, china-stone, and some others of the same description We propose to adopt, as a general rule, the abolition of export duties on all articles. Au Hon Member?including coal"? r ^0BBKTf>KEL.?Not exceptingcoal. (cheers 1 I and my right hon. friends will do what we con. cetve to be ourduty, without regard as to whether we may please or displease particular persons. We shall be actuated by other and higher considera tions. Applying, then, a general principle to ex ports of every kind, we do not think it would be wise '? re*?rv? co*l as an article ot exception. (Oheers.) We do think that it will be an important principle to establish, that with respect to exports, there shall be no duty leviable?(cheering)?and, in establishing that principle, we think that coal should he included. We are the more willing to act up to the lull extent of the principle, inasmuch as the amount of revenue derived from coal has noi met the expectation which was entertained when the tax was first imposed. The calculation of the amount to be received w as ?160,000 as a clear nei revenue, whereas, the sum received last yeat from the duty on coal did not exceed ?120,000. 1 ilC7C ?f C0&1 haa been greatly lm peded in consequence of the combinations which have taken place amongst the owners of coal mines. 00 much, sir, for the duties upon exports. Lord John Russell (we believe) asked what was the total amount of the coal duty received bv the government] and what the amount of all the duties proposed to be repealed 7 Sir Robert Peel.?The total amount of duty on the exportation of coal does not exceed ?118 (KM) and the revenue on the other articles is verysnial' indeed I now come to the duties which arc levied on imports, and which, in amount, are very emab in individual cases, but which are applicable to ai ucles which are raw materials used m manufae lures. 1 dare say most gentlemen have relerred to the paper which has been prepared by direction ol the government for ihe purpose of exemplifying the operation ol the present system of import taxation It may probably have been observed, that by tha' document there are no less than 813 articles in cluded in the tariff, 430 ol which produce a very small amount of revenue indeed. We propose, sir to include in our financial arrangements the duties' which are now applicable to those 430 articles. We are willing to try the experiment of abolishing the duties altogether, retaining the power of ex amination as to the weight and quautity, so thai statistical information shall be secured, and pre caution taken against the import duty being evaded on articles still liable to duty, under the pretence that those articles are free of duty. The articles on which we propose to abolish the duties will be those generally which are ihe raw materials of our manufactures. The list of these articles contain 430 specific items, and, as that list will be printed 1 do not think it necessary to make such a trespass on the ol the house as to read over iht whole of them. I think it therefore better to post pone the minute consideration of those articles till another opportunity ; but I may state that the tola' number ot articles that will he absolutely swept away from the tariff will be no less than 430 u,eSK ,nc'ud: Ih09e ''brous materials, such as silk, hemp, and flax, which now pay a nominal duty, yarns of different kinds, with the excee ton ot worsted yarns, which are sulJetM LiT?ITe,i,,'eCUj'ttr We propose to abolish the duty on furniture woods. (Ths right honorable baronet here excited considers hie laughter, by markedly fixing hi.) look on the honorable member for Halifax, Mr. C. Wood while speaking ou this part ol Ins scheme' There is (continued the right honorable gentle inanj agreat trade growing up i? thio country which it is very desirable to promote; und tor thai m!Tu. prop,,Be abolishing the duty on all cabi net-making materials. (Continued laughter.) The V pr"*nt ,PVU'd cabinet woods th ill , laughter)?is very low, and we ihink thai.the same.principle which has already been ai> materialsIrVEZ' 21ght 1? be app,"'d '<? 'hole materials. We propose, also, to Hbolieh the du ties on animal urid vegetable oils. These wete in cluded in ihe tariff. We propose likewise! tore move the duty upon ores and minerals, with the exception ot copper ore, with respect to which an arrangement was made in 1812, and whichliw worked exceedingly well. 1 he duties on iron and zinc, in the first stages of manufacture, will also be abolished; and we intend lo remove ine dutus on I all dye-ntufls Hnd on drugs universally, with the exception ot some that are very noxious, and liable to be used as adulterations. There are soine othei articles with resect to which, partly Irom this and par ly from other considerations, tins total removal of du y will not take place. 1 do not propose ma' terially to interfere with the general principle) which we have applied to the timber duties. Tin cooperage trade has been gradually decaying n this country. Even >n our own P "ssess.on^tlie ex the mi ? exoosed 1 a,rtlc>* t,,at are made from tL oart ot the? 'orm,dat,'c competition oi the part ol the United States. The United State). sr.* free and unrestricted import of ? the use of the coopers. Of 'S?* ; lenefh , k ?t,at W "hould limit' th, r 90 that n"?V hs applied to other purposes; p?t without very minut ? and xVem Vt0-" rr*' ,tl0ns lt w,n he impossible to pr. m ? k "nportstion of staves altogether which lor?, wo w ill endeavor to Hubmil lo that eva sion of our intention rather than establish minute regulations lor the purpose of preventing it. Mr. Labouciiekk ?Do you remove the dutv al together? ' s.r Robert PiEL?Yea, we take it oil alto gather Mr. Laboitcherk ?What ia the amount ? ' "[ PtKL?The amount ol duty on this article, I think, is about 33.000/. We remit it alto getner. We diminish the temptation to apply staves to the ordinary purposes oi furniture, by tne Kiug a bimnltaneous reduction in the duty upon all cabinet timber. ..J^r- ^"ouchkkk.?What is the estimated sacri nce ot revenue on all these articles ? ? ,5 Bekl. 1 think the loss of revenue ? Tf{m88ion ?' ,hp du,iP8 on a11 these 430 arti cles will be abbut 420.000/. 1 now come to that ar tele, which of all others is the most important to tne manufacturing and commercial prosperity ol his country. (Loud cheers ) I come, now to cot toil wool- (hear, hear)?and the duty upon it. The present duty on cotton wool is, so tar as the reve nue is concerned, 5 16;h of a penny the pound weight; but as that duty is applicable to the whole fii?k>U'r' wool imported, and as about one nttti ol the total amount of such cotton wool is unavailable (or the purposes of manufacture, and is necessarily waste, the duty, of course, presses with increased severiiy upon that portion of the whole amount which is capable of being used for manufactures. It is estimuted, and 1 believe the estimate to be a reasonable one, that we ought to add 1-ltiihinore to the 5 JGthe, in order to calcu late the amount of duty paid upon the whole of the cotton wool tnat is manufactured in this coun try. 616:hi', or 3-8'hs ol a penny per pound weight would, therefore, be the total amount of duty paid on cotton wool. Now, when the price of cotton I wool is lil a lb. on the average, 3-8ihs ol a penny per ib. is a duty of nine per cent, on the value of the raw materiul. 11 the price of cotton would be, "8 ?' has been of late, not more than 3d a Ib , i ?V' ,d per 'br '8 a dutV amounting to not less thuii lZi per cent, on the value of the raw materi al. I his duty so levied falls with peculiar severity ?n the coarsest descriptions of cotton. Upon the nner muslins you can hurdly estimate the umount ot duly, it is so small; but the coarser the fabric and the more it is in common wear, the higher is the amount of duty. > Seeing and considering these things seeing the amount ot duty impo>ed upon the coarser fabrics?seeing the extent of competi tion to which they are exposed?seeing the impor tance of this manufacture to the commercial great ness of this country, we are prepared to advise the abolition ol the duty on cotton wool. (Loud and long continued cheering.) The estimated loss to the revenue by the abolition of the duty on cotton wool?taking as a guide the amount received last year?will not be less than ?680,000 (Hear, hear ) In respect, then, to the revenue derived from the customs duties, we do not propose to make any further alterations than those to which I have now reDrred J am not quite sure whether or not greater popularity might not have been obtained by proposirg other articles on which a reduction of the excise impost should be made ; but I am satisfied that it is the duty ol the executive govern ment to take those articles which, whether ihere has been any clamor lor a reduction ot duty an them or not, are articles in respect ol w hich any duty at all is open to the greatest objection. (Hear, hear ) The duty to which 1 refer is that duty on the free transfer ol property, which is called the auc ton duty. [No sooner did the right honorable gentleman utter the words "auction duty," than the whole House was convulsed with laughter, af ter which there was much cheering.1 The tola ?T0.Yr'tJeCeiV:<i 'Pr au<?ti?n du'ies m England, bcotland, and Ireland, is ?300,000, There is no duty the remission of which will, in my opinion, tend to such a great reduction ol the Excise stuff (Hear, hear.) Now, 1 propose,in.-tead of the prin ciple of requiring separate licences, to enable auc "oncers to dispose of every description of property by taking out one license. 1 propose to fix the amount ot that license at ?15, thus enabling the auctioneers who take it out to deal in every descrip tion oyiroperty. 7 1 .An Hon. Member was understood to ask whe ther each member of a firm would be required to take out a separate license. M 10 h ?'LKo?ERT '9 Pr?P?8(,(i that each mem ol a nrm should be required to take out a li cense. There still remains an article upen which, after what hats passed regarding another, I shall make no preliminary observation, but mention it at once, glass. (Hear, hear ) It has seemed to us that it has special claims to the repeal of the duty. Hmou,lt Lof du,y>8 not lets than 200 or 300 per cent upon the value of the. ma nu actured article. (Hear.) What takes place vf ' . u l je ,1S a 8reat import of foreign glass into the bended warehouses ol this country ? foreign glass is brought into our bonded ware houses, is afterwards exported, being liable to no duty, and beats our own manufacture, not only in hrf'bgnr Btatets I*"1 even in our own colonies. ] k. ,a.n "J8ke out this point without entering into details; for it is most important to observe the progress of gradual encouragement in the export of I foreign glass from ihis country, as compared with glass of our own manufacture. During the last seven quarters there has been a gradual in crease in the foreign glass brought into our bonded warehouses, and afterwards exported, as compared with glass, the produce of our own domestic manu lacturc. (Cheers ) Is not that a strong fact to ex emplify the policy of some new arrangement in this respect . (Cheers.) A case has been got up in favor of the remission of the window duty, (cheers) -but let us just take the case of glass, to see what a much more beneficial effect upon the laborious portion ot the community will be produced bv the reduction of the duty on glass, than by the repeal ?h.t ,1? W tBX- ,<Hear- hp?-) I"8 estimated ihat there are in Ureal Britain about 3,500 000 houees, of which not more than 500,000 are charge w,nd?w tax5 therefore there "re o,<)00 000 of houses which ri quire glnss for the cont ort ot the inhabitants, nnd it the House sanctions the removal of the duty upon glass you thereby confer a most excellent benc-fir. The loss to the re venue from the abolition of duty on glass will amount to 642,000/. I have now exhaus'ed the ar ttcles in respect Jo which ministers intend to pro pose a re mi sol on of duties, and I will here venture to recall the recollection of the House to the esti mate i made of the amount of the revenue on the assumption that the income tax would be conti uued. I will also elate the immediate effect the reductions will have in lessening the surplus in our t?l8nJ/Kt,rnated th5 turplna "se the tncome In .h ? k r continued, whteh would be available on the 6th of April, 1846, at 3,499,000/.; and I will now recapitulate the reductions of the revenue rm^i? TaM8if lf0m ,he rppeal of the d'ffcr 2 .u J?dV.? enumerated. I mention ed thein specifically as I went on, but I will J1.?* 8{ate. lbc aggregate amount of diminu non. f estimated the loss upon sugar at ?1,800 **? a"d "P? coal at ?183,000. The loss upon ml nor articles of import to be looked upon as the raw material ol manufacture, I stated at ?320 000- the less upon cotton wool I calculate will be ?680 000 upon auctions it twill be ?250,000; bufihen i reckon upon some receipt for licenses, which would make up some part of the loss. The loss by the abolition of the duty on glass would be ?640 000 and upon staves 320,000/ Thus the total lo/a to the revenue, supposing the House to sanction the course 1 have recommended, would be 3,338 000/ 3*400 toolYi t absorbin5 tbp nntunl turplus of 3,409 000/. I have stated already that in proposing Hie continuance of the income tax, I do not nro revenue foM8V?l havln* a large surplus revenue, for 1 should think it right, after defraying tnc necessary expenses, to appropriate it to the removal of taxes, which in my opinion, are the most oppressive. The term for which I suggest the continuance of it will not exceed that for which it was originally imnosed. ] do not propose thRt it should be renewed lor more than three years, and 1 hope he House will not insist upon a shorter pe nod. J believe 1 have now executed the task I pro -(C 'fr8 > ?"r conviction is, by the adontioa (4 this proposal, industry nnd commerce will be immediately benefitted, and that indirectly all class* s ot this community will find its we lare irnmoted.?(Cheers.) Scqau Duties.?On the 26th ult. Sir Robert whleh h",Y1knce rp'f"ing to the complaints J " had been made tn the course of the debate against the working of the intended measure, when . ought to have been known that that part'of the S i , pUrl,osely deferred until the House 'aoki whioh ?!m'Uee- He nex' adluded to the Ht tacks which the t ppositiori speakers had made on whiu2h? i"X?u mpa,,"rp which they supported while they denounced it. He admitted that his Government had not been successf ul in nsgociatinc commercial treattes but lhat wa8 (he why they should reduce their duties so aa to favor lln2? li0nY w'u Hon> Uutonet then proceeded. What is the course you propose to wholl' i 0U 8ti nbol,9h slavery throughout the whole of your colonies, rendering them entirely dependent upon voluntary labor tor the cvltivatton nl the soil, and you next proceed to throw open your markets for the indiscriminate admissiou ol Srr57V^he Brazils and Cuba, countries where . Uvery not only exists in its very worst form, bui also countries which have maintained their slave 'au^,r baffle in human life, in open viola counirv /w"108!, 9ole,nn engagements with this Ura? effi-ef }{ U enr } I1lhlllk. s'r, 'hat the prac i ? admitting tiie slave grown sugar n( b* ?" from sunaoriinff ih^T8 u8 t0 ,ncnPap'n,e them mu"hwnoh,.r mi hurt hens, so that 1 doul, this r-s;xc t ot he i nureS c f ^ho ? VfU m"k'' ir { Y"'J - i" b-p any "XViJ,\75irCw0on?ldmno, be more tnan conntertmlanced by the Tniurv vo, (Ifear )r, Ttrerrehn?rpP08?TfllOn, rV^? ~ ?It; whoN- world which ^r^'formXhT r'i' -'ur.a'ndThUtumries" tw'21 ?t?tcs winch HUnd towards England In t|i? pccnlmr | ?w relation maintained by Cuba and the Brazils The right bon. gentleman stated in the course ofTus speech, that lie would not interfere in the family ot domestic Hflairs of the United States, meaning in their interim I regulations or lawn atft cling slavery tie said that the tl.ive population there had no claim upon him, and ne expressed his doubts whether the enforcement of such a claim, supposing it to have existed, would have done any good. Bui I will show the House that the conduct ot the Bra zils and Cuba in respect to the production of sugar, is contraiy to the dictates of humanity, and that i' tnfitcta the greatest evils upon that cluss of human beiugs which ha-< the strongest claims to our sym pathy and protection, I mean the negro races who inhabit the .African coast . After stating that the admission of the sugar of Cuba and Brazil would stimulate the slave trade, give it a fresh impetus, he proceeded to show, on the authority of Lord Palmereton, that the trade is not far from being extinct. He quoted a speech made by the noble Lord in July, 1833, on the subject of the slave trade, and then gave the following official result: In the course of the last year, between the months ot April and November, we captured either 37 or 47 slave vessels on the coast of Aftica We putan increased force en the stations along that coast Htid the result was that no leses than 37or 47 ves sels were captured. In the year 1814, as compared with the year 1843, the number of captured vessels adjudicated upon by the Mixed Commission Court wus, in 18-13, 15 vessels; and, in 1814, 35 vessels Hits was the consequence of the more vigorous measures we adopted, so far us the detention of vessels is concerned. 1 am afraid, however, thai the number of vessels captured is a very imperfect test, for I fear that the number of negroes landed J? Brazils and in Cuba has not diminished (heur, hear,) and this is not our fault, but the fault of the authorities of those countries, who have not discountenanced hut encouraged this traffic. There it>, indeed, un apparent inconsistency in permitting the importation of cotton from a country where it is cultivated by slave labor, and then denying the importation ot sugar from the same countries he cause it is cultivated by like labor. It is, sir, diffi cult to take any course in which there is not some inconsistency, (cheers from the opposition) and I do not suppose that any one will ativiee the total prohibition of cotton lrom entering this country ; and yet cotton is the produce of slave labor. But the question is, whether the importation of sugar from Cuba and the Brazils will not be a great curse to the African race, and whether the horrors of tlu slave trade and of slavery will not be aggravated hy the permanent importation of sugar, the produce r>t those two countries, into this kingdom. Jf that tie so, it was not a question whether there will be a slight inconsistency in permitting the importation ol cotton, but whether tne course you pursue will be lair with reference to the interests ol humanity, jo deeply concerned in it, to our own nets, and to he engagements we have entered into with other jowetp, to establish a police on the coast of Africa uid to attempt n suppression of the slave trade tLoud cheers.) He referred to the growing feeling >n the part ol France, Sweden and Denmark, to cllow the example of England ia abolishing ?lavery throughout their dominions, and stated hr.t even in the United States the feeling against t was on the increase. Lord Palmkkston recapitulated several of the irguments used by preceding speakers, insisting >articularly upon the shabby manner in which the weeeni[government had given up the right of search o the United States?a measure which deprived >ur cruisers of the best means which [they possess ?d for suppressing the slave trade. The committee then divided, when there appear ed?against the amendment 236; for it 142 ; ma jority against it, 94. ?K RIG1IT 0F SEARCH. Lord How/ck?No man abominated the slave trade more than he did, or was more anxious to see it suppressed ; but, at the same time, he could not help asking himself what had been the result of nil our efforts to do away with it. For thirty years we had persevered in those efforts ; for thir ty years we had endeavored to keep the police of the seas, and to prevent the slave trade from being carried on; and what has been the result"? He hrmly believed that we had not in any degree di minished the extent of the slave traoe, while we bad certainjy aggravated greatly its horrors: and he therefore did think it became us seriously to con sider whether this was a policy in which we ought to persevere. Last year they were told In ner .Majesty s Government that new measures were to be adopted lor more effectually blockading the coast of Alrica, and hopes were held out of greater success to our future efforts for the suppres sion of the slave trade. He was not prepared to object to the trial of these means, if there were any ration al hope of their success; but he confessed for his own part, that he entertained a great doubt of their being so successful as it was anticipated they would be He believed,that while there was such a strong in terest engaged in the slave-trade, and while the government of those countries by the people ol which it was carried on did not endeavor to sup press it all our efforts to put an end to the trade would be fruitless. He believed it to he impossible by any vigilance or activity on the part of naval cruisers to suppress a smuggling trade of this kind, carried on along the whole coast of a continent, over a space of thousands of miles, and where it was easy to baffle the utmost vigilance that coula be employed. He confessed he could not help feel ing some suspicion that more success would follow from a different course ; he could not help believ tng, if we were no longer to take on ourselves the task of keeping the police of the seas, but were to leave every nation to prevent its own subjects from engaging in the trade, that the feeling of shame which would be excited before the civilised world when there was no longer any feeling of pride in resisting our eflortp, and that a regard to their own interests and honor would induce Brazil and Cuba to nut a stop to the trade. It was as easy for them to do it as it was difficult to us. When a nation were determined to put an end to the trade, the ex perience of ourown colonies showed that there was no difficulty. Therefore, he thought other nations could succeed, while we should only continue to tail. The dinger to which those countries would be put from the continuance of the slave trade, af ter we had ceased to interfere to suppress it, would of itself be the strongest motive to them to alter their policy. CANADA. Mr. Roebuck lately put u question in regard to Canada affairs, referring to a despatch from Lord Stanley to the Governor General of Canada, con veying the thanks of the Imperial Government to a returning officer for the election of candidates to represent the city of Montreal in the Provincial House of Commons?the conduct of that officer be ing now under investigation before that House, and the election return contested, i ,yr Y Hopk "Plied, that the noble lord had felt it his duty to transmit a dispatch, conveying his own expression of approbation of the conduct of Mr. \oung, and not her Majesty's thanks?that it was the opposition candidate, and not the govern ment one, who told the Stipendiary Magistrate he thought it would he advantageous to commence polling under military protection. Tobacco Diixixs.?Mr. Hawkcswiahed to direct the attention of the Chancellor ol the Exchequer to a recommendation which hud been made, and to an expectation which was genetally entertained that some alteration would be made in the tobacco duties, and to ask if it was the intention of govern m??t t(Vna*e ?"iy such alterations 1 x he Chancellor of the Exchequer was aware that great anxiety existed on the subject, and was, there lore, much obliged to the honorable gentleman for having nut to him the question. He was aware that it had been recommended that a differential duty should be imposed, so as to make a distinc tion between leaf tobacco and the other sorts of tobacco. Hut he had to state that it was not the intention ol the government to make any altera tion at present in the duties on tobacco. The New British Tariff. The following are amongst the articles of import on which duties ate to cease alt<r the New tujtoma' Act ?ua!l have been passed : ? Agatca, (not set.) aiginobilla,alkali. (not being barilla ) alkanet root, hitter ulmor.di, aloes, alum, do. rock, umber amboJ,'tr wood, angelica, annatto, do roil, ore of antimony, crude do, p gulus ot do, aigal. aria, toiochia, arsenic, aches, peari uud pot, do soap, weed diacum unenumera ed aaphaltum, or bitumen ju Balsam, including Canada, capivi, Tern, toiu, balm ol nfjfj'f fc1. J,Mll?e?,ed barilla, bar wood, r*. ?', , ' , 0r I1 ?Lher ,Vfff?tabl* substances, t? be used only for tanning leather, berk for tanners or dyers' use, ease aril la, I eruvian, and of other sorts i ot for tanning or Pte?eJ ar"' unl,,elei). beet wood, hay rnmmo'rl f . J',nll"T. yellow, and those commonly made meol for ciitmicol purposes, juniper une"umerated, commonly made'.ueot to,' bon?? HJ.KV,lr?ll,S M|J". blackwood, bladders, il.i a ?*UI? a'"' oU'<r animals, and ef flsh (except ^x wo Jirra. r'fl^'^ ?r r,0t" or aB Ch?5 n ' i . . ,(,0? or Unctl. unrefined, boracic miH' \o"Vn H ,iwot"<. refined bnmstone. in wav sorted bronVlVL1' rou*b "ristles, or in any way sorted, bronza works ol art, buirurbes. dlewkkmcanel?irrhnCfmpi,0r' unr,fiu'd' camwood, can aiewick, canella, bamboo canos, do iced do. rattans not grained, do. or sticks, not enumerated caoutchouc' cardamoms, cassia bud., do. fistula ca/tor ?t, 2' unmanufactured chaik, cnipor willow for plattJas cZ*. dru*."' ^enumerated, ebony. oing In ith? r in j?nrt or wholly ma rufprt m ? .1 not Mm ZTZriZ rr0h,U,,d' gceavea for dogs and tab . JJX? ' f?,I9n<,? *"1" '"eluding animi, Arabic, us ofwtida, ammcriocum, Benjamin canal iiinh*rhii.?, gttlacum, kmo, lac dye, m&ntic.sccd'negaJ, iLellac) storax, tragacantb, umrnumeratfd, gun itocki, in the rough, of wood, gypsum. Hwr, including camel hair or wool, cow, ox, bull, 01 elk, horse, human, nod uuentimerated, heath tarbrushes helt-bore, hemp, dressed, do, rough or undressed, or any other vi gctuble substance ot the nature and quality of uu dressed.h> nip, nod applicable to the name put poses, hide* not tanned, mw.J, curried, or in liny way uiessed, dry

ami wet do, or puces of hidea, raw or undressed, and' urn numerated, do, tails, butl'alo, bull, cow, or ox do, tanned | uut otherwise dressed, hoots ot cattle, hoops ot wood (loi ns, horn tips, and pieces of horns. Indigo, inkle, unwrjtight, iron, bloom, iron, ca?t, chro I mate cf do do in burs, unwrought, do hoops, do, old, bro ken, and cast, do, ore, do, pig, do, slit or hammered in rods Jalap, jet, jewels, emeralds, and all other precious atones unset, and peurls, Hingwood. Lac : viz, sticklsck, lapis, calimanaris, lard, latteD, sha ven do, lavender flowers, lead ore, red do, white do,black do, cliromate of do, leaveacf roses, leeches, lignum vita: litharge, logwood, lash bides. Madder,madder root,mahogany, manganese, ore of man ua, manures, uneuumerated, bell metal, minerals and fos sils, uneuumerated, models of cork or wood, moss, li chen islundictir, ido, other than rcclt or Iceland moss, rock do, for dyei's use, mother o'-pisrl shells, musk, myrrh. Nicaragua wood, arsenate of nickel,in lumps or powder, being iu uri unrefined state, metallic and oxide ot do, re fined, ore of do,Litm, cubic nitre, nuts, kernels of walnuts and ol peach stones, and ot nu s or kernels thereof, une uumerated, commonly used for expressing oil therefrom, nuts and kernels unenumerated, not commonly used for expressing oil therelrom. Oakum, ochre, oil, including animal oil, castor, cocoa nut, ol olives, except in ships of the two 8icilies, pslm, jiarun, rock, Isrd oil, ar.d unenumersted do, train, blub ber, spermaceti oil, and head-matter, the produce of fish or creatures living in the sea, caught by the crews of British vessels, and imported direct from the flsuery or trom any British possession in a British vessel, seed oils, namely, hempsend.linsotd. rapeieed, walnut, seed cake, seed oil, uneuumerated, olibanum, olive wood, orange peel and lemon peel, ore,unenumerated, orchel, orpiment orris root. ' I'aiuters' colors, unenumetated, unmanufactured, Pal metto thatch, pink root, pitch, Burgundy, ditto, plaster oi Paris, platiua and ore of platina, platting or other manu factures to be used in or proper for making hats or bon nets, oi chip, peel cf pomegranates, prussiate ef potu?h. Quicksilver, goo-e quills, swau do. Radix conlrayerva;, do enultn companao, do eringii, do ipecacuhuEai.dolthateniu:,do. senakte, so. serpentariae or snake root, ruga, old rags,old ropes or junk, or old fishing ne;s, fit only for making paper or pasteboard, pulp of do., woollen do , rape of grapes, red wood, or Guinea wood i liuburb, rosew ood, rosin. SslHower, saffron, salep or aalop, saltpetre,sanguis dra oonis, Santa Maria wood, Saunders' red, do. wbite or yel low, scammony, seeds, acorn, anisera, kidney or French beans, burnet, colchicttm, cole, coriander, cummin, fenu gretk, forest,garden, unenumerated, grass,unenumerated lettuce, linseed and flaxseed, lupines, maw, millet,parsley quince,rape,shrub or tree, tares, worm, croton, common) v used for expressing oil therefrom, hemp, poppy, sessa mura, and unenumerated, commonly used for expressing oil therefrom, senna, shumoc, raw ai'k, knubu or husks and waste do , thrown, not dyed do, skins and furs, viz : maiten, undressed, seal, in the hair, not tanned, tawed or dressed, squirrel or Calabar furs, pelts, and tails, viz ? badger, bear, toaver, cat, chiuchilla, coney, deer, undress ed, ?log, in the hair, not tanned or dressed, dog-fish elk ermine fisher, fitch, fox, fox tails, undressed, goat, raw' goose, hare, husso, undressed, kangaroo, rnw and un dressed, kid, in the hair, undressed, koliuski, leopard lion, lynx, marten tails, mink, mole, musquash' nutria, otter, ounce, panther, pelts, undressed oi goats, do. oi all other sorts, racoon, sable, sable taila or tips, squirrel or Calabar, tuils of swan tiger, weasel, wolf, wolverings, undressed, fori, pelts tails, tanned, tawed, or dressed, namely, deer, Indian' half-dressed, tanned, tawed, or in nny way dreased er mine, dressed, kid, dressed and dyed or colored, lamb tanned or tawed, do dyed or colored, dressed in oil. mink' dressed, pelts ol all sorta, tanned, tawed, or in any wav' dressed, deer, Indian, uudreased or shaved, goaf, tanned tawed, or in any way dressed, lamb in the wool, sheep in the wool, tanned or tawed, dressed in oil, squirrel or Cala bar, tawed, kid, dressed, not dyed or colored, skins and furs, or pieces thereof, unenumerated, tawed, curried or dressed, woif, tawed, and skins and furs, or pieces there of, raw or undressed, unenumerated, specimens of mine rals, fossils, or ores, unenumerated, exceeding U pounds weight each, speckled wood, spelter or zinc, rolled but not otherwise mnnufactured, crude, in cakes sponge rquills, dried and not dried, stavesacre, staves not ex ceeding 73 inches in length, 7 inches in breadth, nor 3} in thicknesi, steel, unwrought, scraps, straw or grass "for scalped*',wett wo?d, atone in biocka, shaped or rough Talc, tar, Barbadoes do, Tartaric acid, coflee, elephants tee h, sea cow, sea-horse, or sea morse, (terra Japonica and cutch, sienna, verde, umbra, tin ore, and regulua of tornsal, tortoiaesheil, or turUe shell, unmanufactured tulip wood, turmeric, turpentine of Venice, Bcio, or Cv prua, turpentine, unless above the value of ISspercwt Valonia, vamantunt, not of atone or wood, vermillion' walnut wood, mineral water, beeswax, in any decree do bleached, do unbleached, myrtle wax, vegetable do,weld whalo fins, of British takiog, and impor'ed direct lrom the fisheries, or from any British possession, iu a British ship, wood, wood for ship nuildiDg, now admitted at the V* te8ke wood'birch d?. hewn, not exceeding three feet loDg, nor exceeding eight inches square, im ported lor he sole purpose oi making herring barrel. Zr the use ol the fisheries, teake wood, beaver wool, do cut and combed, do coney, do hares, do cotton, yarn cable do, camel or mohair, do, raw liner, z a fire, zebra-wood dafJi mlnUoMYea8eOathef0UOWing ,mp0rU alter tbe Spermaceti 164g Sperm Oil of Foreign Fishing ditto Train Oil or Blubber of Foreign Fish Whales' Fina of Foreign taking, and"'80''' not prohibited jan. 1( 1849 nn^.'p!!0^* reducUon, are t0 h? made ?n articles im ported. Painted gl&gg or paintings on glass?for pwrv ?100 of the value, ?3. AFl othe? gfos. andgU? maaZ fact area?for every 4,'100 of the value. ?16 Isinglass Mp. . Oils. r.hrmioAl manntiol J-Vf..* ' ! i . PW CWt. Oils, chemiaal, ???ential *or perfumed I s per lb ' TurnPriHnA ahnvn ihn .?1?A _r ?*._ per CWt. Turpentine, above the value of 1*6j! verdigHi.0*1;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ??' peerrcwt' ^dutiea Vxporti'are to celielCement, atone, and flint, grout d or ungroupd, clay and china to h,C,? aV ,rLUlr?,.?r Clnders> "ported in a British ship ikiiZiiK idutlf" n,owl payable on sugar and molasses there will be charged the following duties: ' 1st. On sugar, the growth and produce of any British nos seasion in America, or of any British possession within JiH. JiV? .3,t 'nd'a Company's charter, into which the importation of foreign angaria prohibited and imported trom thence, double retfucd sugar or su gar equal in qua'ity to double refined, for every cwt Alls. Other refined sugar, in ioat, complete or whole' ?hor?nPM ?'B<,1'.Lavln* been perfectly clarified and thoroughly dried in fhe stove, and being at an uniform whiteness throughout, or such sugar pounded, cruahed or broken, lor every cwt, 18s. 6d ' White clayed sugar, or sugar rendered by any pr.cest equal to white clayed, not being refined, for every cwt" Brown sugar being Muacaradoor clayed, or any other sugar not being (quo! to white clayed, for every cwt. 14s ewta?iri6^?WD' f?r *V8ry CWt'' ?l 63'' White' for every Molasses, for every cwt., As. 3d. 3d. On sugar, the growth and produce of any other Brit ish possession within tho limits of the East Inula Cornea ny ? charter: 1 White clayed sugar, or sugar rendered by any process ?1 is 9d 8y ' DOt beiD?reaned. for every cwt, Brown sugar, being Muscovado, or clayed, or any cwt"riR?U n0t S <<1Ual ,0 wbPe cUyed, for every ,n*ar' 'he growth and produce of China, Java, ot Manilla, or of any foreign country tho augara ot which ht>r\ .i Pt(v(n iwii .uu i. P which h-r Majesty in Council fhall miy herr alter declare, to be admissible as not being tho produce ol slave labor, and which shall be imported into the United Kingdom either from the country of its growth or from nr?.i,,?p0,,e"i0n; havinR fi"t been Imported intc such British possession from the county of its giowth ? White clayed sugar, or sugar rendered by any procesi equal to whito clayed, not being refined, for every cwt Brown sugar, being Muscovado or clayed, or any othei ?l*3s 410t beiDg <(1"81 t0 Wh',e Cla*ed' for CTery CWt dut h; ?n 811 ?thcr rJKar* n0t otherwiae charged with Refined sugar, for every cwt, ?8 8s. Brown, or Muscovado, or clayed sugar, not being refln ed, for every cwt, ?'3 3s. " Molasses, for every cwt, ?1 3s Od. foreverycwTxs I?'CWt' ?6 12' ' ^ th^nl! cwt" proportion for a?y neater or less quantity ,.;Th.C.b("!n.,,ic" no,w P?y*hlo upon the exportation ofcer tain descriptions of refined sugar from the United Kin* dom to cease, and in lieu thereof, there wili be allow* t he following bounties or drawbacks ? doulZFriZed* for everv cw't.0?fn*'lr in <<??>"<? ? Upon other refined sugar in loaf, complete and whalo or lumi s duly refined, having been perfectly clarified am' tlwmughly dried in the stove': and being of an uniform broke" c"?hed Upon bastard or re fined' sugar, broken in nieces a. or broken,'for everyZwt.^'ldt1.'8' P0U^ded? ?r 1 hk New Tariff.?The following communica ion from Mr. Watnwright to a respectable firm k on'yaturdaT:-08' m 'he EAchaD*e News Roorr ., , .. " D.iwxixu Stskkt, Feb. 31, I84A I am dirrc.ed by the Chancellor of the Exchenuor tc acquaint you that all Goods in Bonded W.rehon.e. which have r.ct paid duty, will only nny, on delivery IroA war. titae of de^very7 " Brt'C'C may be sub-tct ,0 a? 'be Tub New Arctic Expkdition.-.So long ego n? . eriembor, 184:1, it wag stated, at the conclusion of cur original account ef the Antartic voyage that expedition to the Arctic circle was con er?H ? M V com"iancl which would be of irnVi A ?'ir Ross- Various circumstances arose to delay the execution of thin <JeSign. ntiil to V?? Difmrn^fl [.fnd'i*1'''?,n hi" ?n,l thi . .dL88 *'v, n 11 " new impulse, 1 i V the expedition under hia com n!ao. A . pn fiDal|y rfeterniintd. After commu men u na from Firf)f Lr,rd of ,h<l A<imiralty the Enrlof Hnddmgton, Sir Joh? Franklin has ttn flcr n4en th's onerous enterpriee ; and, with theex perienced and able Captain Crosier, who in dailt expected from the continent, an hin second, will am Prepare for the srrviee. Roth the Krebu* and Terror returned from their arduoua voyage in as pet feet condition as when they started from Chatham. Their strength arid capability of resist time have indeed been well tried; and thus, for ??tii m their commanders, and the requisite quali ties in themselves, we have every reason to augur hopefully of theTreuite. ? Three vewlii have been towed up to Woolwich, where there is to be a small steam-power attached to each ship, so as to help them, by means of the screw, to push their way through the ice. tMr J. Franklin has, we learn, visited them this week, in company with his gallant companion and Irtend Sir James Ross, whose advice mmtbe so invalua ble on such an occasion, even to fhe most experi enced of polar-sea navigators, and given directions tor commencing their equipment The exiiedttion is expected to sail about the lint week in May, and ought, on no accouut to be later. The ships being in first rale order, will not require the least repair. The only alterations necessary will be for the pur pose of applying the small steam-power und a screw propeller to assist them in light winds or cairns, which greatly prevail amongst the ice of Baffin's Bay. This can soon be done. The officers, we believe, are not yet. but will ol course be immedi ately appointed. The intended route is through Barrow dtraitB, betwesn Cape Walker and Banke's Land, and thence to the continent of America to the westward of Woollaston Land. They will still be able to tuke two years provisions: though the sieani apparatus and coals will not admit of their takiug thiee years complete, 8d on former Arctic voyages. Heaven prosper them, and enable them to complete u geographical survey honorable to the character of the greatest naval nation that ever ex isted on the face ot the earth \?Literary Gvzttte. Emigration to Canada.?The Lords ot the Treasury have instructed the Customs department in Canada to exempt from payment of the Imperial duties, household lurniture, and other necessaries, which may accompany settlers, and are intended only for their own use, or that of their families, and not for the purpose of trade or sale. Obiitjart.?The Rev. Svdney Smith expired on the 1st wist ; he was in his 74th year Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, Bart , died on the 19th ult. The Earl of Mornington expired on the 1st 111st. In Sep tember last, at Brougham Lodge, Wooloomeoloo, Sir James bowling, Chief- Justice of New South Wales. On the 17th ult., the Marquis ot Westmin ster, in the 78th year of his age. At St. Peters burgh, on the 30 h of January, Admiral Gretg. On the 1st mat. by his own hand, Mr. Lamau Blan chard, well known in periodical literature. Gen eral Sharp died on the 12th ult. At Brighton, on the 13th ult, the Earl of Effingham Ireland. At the meeting of the Repeal Association on the 17th ult. the rent was aunounced to be ?752, which included a handsome remittance from Washington and a still larger one from Baltimore. The pro ceedings possessed little interest beyond the fact ol Mr. O'Connell stating that the new grant for the Catholic College ot Maynooth would be .?26,000, and that he would take all he could get for that es tablishment. . . The usual meeting of the Repeal Association was held on the 24th ult , R. A. Fitzgerald, the newly elected member flora Ttpperary, in the chair.? Messrs. R. D. Browne, W. S O'Brien, H. Grattan and other truant members of Parliament, held forth in answer to the observations of Mr. Roebuck and others in the House of Commons, on lite ueglectol their Parliamentary duties by Mr. O'Connell and his followers. The Irish papers, as usual, contain a long list of murders, abductions, and other outrages. France. M. Guizot has triumphed in the Chamber of De puties, on the vote of supply lor the Secret Service, by a majority of 24. This majority is deemed sa tisfactory, as it may enable htm to "rub on" dur ing the remainder of the session. Rumor adds that the Chambers will be dissolved in the autumn for the purpose of testing the Minister's popularity with the electoral body ol France. Spain. The Madrid journals arc chiefly occupied with a new conspiracy, said to have been discovered at Vittoria, and which the government have deemed of sufficient importance to send General Concha to suppress. One party represents the evieute as fa voring Espartero, and the other describes it as a Carltst conspiracy. Several of the conspirators have been arrested. The affair appears, however, to have been grossly exaggerated. A quarrel has arisen between the Queen-Mother and iNarvaez. General Prim had >been pardoned, and ordered to reside at Madrid. Some sensation has been creatca in the Spanish capital by the receipt of letters from London, men tioning that General Espartero had sent a hostile messs ge to the Spanish ambassador,because of some rudeness to Madame Espartero in his excellency's chapel, who, perhaps unconsciously, had taken possession of that part of the gallery usually assign ed to the ambassador. The Spanish ministry is seriously endeavoring to put an end to slavery. A circular has been sent to all the Spanish consuls in different countries, urg ing them to give every possible encouragement to the emigration of laborers to Cuba, in order that the white population may be increased, and the ne cessity of having slaves there become less and less urgent. Tt is stated that among the military prisoners made at Vittoria is the nephew of the unfortunate Diego Leon, and that the reported insurrection at Burgos was without foundation. Some riot haa taken place, but it was merely of a local character. Portugal. Accounts from Lisbon, of the 18th ult.,state that on the preceding day the Queen was confined, and gave birth to a princess. The medical bulletin of the 18th ult., unuounces that her Majesty and the Infanta are going on well. Three days of rejoic ing, with illuminations, are decreed to celebrate the event. The intelligence of a political charac ter is entirely destitute of interest. Switzerland. The advices from Lausanne represent the adhe sions to the changes effected on the 15th to be reaching the Provisional Government in large num bers. The fallen party were endeavoring to recover their authority in the distiicts of Yverdun, Orbe, and Echallem ; but without success. The revolu tion accomplished in the canton of Vaud was likely to yield impoitant consequences; it would facili tate the formation in the diet of a majority ngainst the Jesuits, nod exercise considerable influence over the neighboringcantonsof Yalatsand Frtburg. The Provisional Government were displaying great activity; and, to check the mantEuvres of their opponents, they had just dismissed the director of the arsenal, and the superintendent of the post office. According to these advices, no disorders have attended the Lausanne movement; but an other Paris print (Ae Globe) publishes a letter, which states that, on the two nights that preceded and followed the resignation ot the Council of State, the trees of the fine promenade of Lausanne were burnt; a churcn was converted into a guard house ; one of the rioters was killed by a cannon ball; and two citizens were Blabbed, fcr having merely expressed their disapprobation of the move ment. The Provisional Government had convoked for the 24th ult. the electoral ussernblies charged with choosing the members of the new Grand Council, wh ch whs to meet at Lausanne on the 3d ot March. The canton of Btrne has recognized the revolution at Lausanne, und entered into cor respondence with the Provisional Government Large purchases of arms for Switzerland have been made in France; but the authorities on the fron tier have received orders to prevent the exportation ol them. The Grand Counci! of Geneva voted, on the 15th, the instructions to its deputies in the diet, aa drawn up by the Council of State, by a majotity ot 111 against 35 Those instructions not being Hgreeablc to the radical party?since they laid no injunction on the deputies to vote for the expulsion of the Jesuits?considerable agitation prevailed throughout the town on that day, and an ineffectual attempt was made to get up a disturbance. Morocco. The affairs of Sweden and Denmark with Mo rocco, have been arranged by the mediation ol France und Great Britain. Tne Emperor has re nounced the tribute. The Danish mid Swedish Consuls returned to Tangtrrs on the 14th ult. Algiers Marshal Hugeaud is to leave Paris for Algeria on the 5ih of March. The country is stated to be per fsclly tranquil. Since the year 1830 the importa tion of slaves has been gradually decreasing. Graces. The draft of the address of the popular chamber had been read to the assembly, and would, it was thought,give rise to a long and violent opposition. Ciocotroni, the opposition candidate, had been elected vice president of the Chamber, in the room of Canarts, the new Minister of Marine. Turkey. The Porte has at length agreed to submit the Tripoli, and other claims made by England, as well as the alleged infractions on the commercial treaty, to the decision of a commission, whosi judgmeiit will be final. It Beamed probable that there would soon be some modification iu the pre sent ministry. The last advices from Alexandria are to the 8th of Feb. The Pasha was at Faioum, Hnd his son Ibrahim in Lower Egypt, where His Highness is particularly engaged in constructing and cleaning canals for the purpose of irrigation. In business little is doing, except in cotton, which is being shipped to Liverpool and Marseilles by the only three tukeraof this staple, who pay the gov ernment nominally 7-3 dollars percantar. Ctrcassla. The Gazette of Silt tin announces that the Rus sian Government! is makufc-j',pwiense preparations for the spnng campaign in' Caucasus, nnd thai Count d?* Nenselrodc has obtained from the Eng lish Government the most positive assurances that all possible means shall be taken to prevent assis tance being received by the rebels (as the Circaa siatisarc called, though thev never paid,and never owed allegiance to Russia) from England. More shame for the English Government if this he true, j The apathy shown towards these fallout mountain z^ssBsssBsam \ \ ? ?>? 11 i" ?i 11 t eers in their struggle with their ruthleaa assailant ia a blot on the free- nations of Earope, only sur pas?? .in jfomtny by the abandonment of unhup py Poland. India and China. i .??pree? ^rorn Marseilles, we have received ih/ISl l?>m Indlli aint China, by the mail which left Calcutta on the 8th of January?the fust Vi ?e ?*rie" bi-ntioiiiliiy communication left Madraa on the 13th, Ceylon on the 18 It, and Aden nth* 28th ult There are no lees than ninety passengers. The mail was forwarded from Alex andria by the Great Liverpool to Malta, and thence ^h'Ach'ron?oM<t"?Illrs. There ia no Inter news from Bombay by thus mail. The news by this mail ia of more importance and interest than the overland mail has brought for mouths. The Punjaub ia again in commotion. A revolution broke out; and Heera Singh, the Ra jah, and Jella Pundit, have been killed. There are several accounts of the cause; but the following ia said to be the moat authentic: From ihe ill feeling J8 m iexi8"!,(' 'or 80rne time betweeu the mother of the Maharajah and Heera Singh, an explosion wuu tooKed tor, sooner or later, as inevitable. She an. plied to Heera Singh ior Mime command of trust warmlv fo'.if'' ttud wld8.!,ac'k,'d 'it demand so ^ y 7?unci1 ?f army, usual on such occasions, that Ileera got alarmed, and nut off the w?? f,n h" "cXl t,e,ore daylight of which he was on his way with 800 troops, to someplace in the vicinity of Juntboo. The Khalsa troops in L^ UD killed htm'^iibn' l>u,reued hl,n> ?nd coining rid ju ' Jella Pundit, ond severol others of the rajah s adherents The heads ot the rej ihand Jella frnn rnnnde.nr0U8 ? ^''ore.aiidcarned in proces sion round the streets The next day, salutes were h?r Th 'p* n,,0,ther of the niaharajah held a dur English government was believ ed, no tdea of interfering in this instunce, though tollo "o n'a^ DOt f ? w'len '' W1" be obliged had tak^n P,RC? a,d0 Nepaul? The rajah had promised to abdicate in favor of his son. When the time came, he refused; on which the eon. assisted by some chiefs, deposed him - The new rajah ia only 17 years old, and an idiot. Ihe Government would be compelled to interfere The war, however, was expected to be one of di plomacy rather than of arms. There had been rather a serious disturbance at Hong-Kong in consequence of a registration decree issued by Government, which was resisted by the Europeans, wh?, in an address to the council ie^i 88 't'Ttitons, arbitrary, uaeon?*:'.ntiona! and despotic. A good deal ol bickeung was the result between Government and the Europeans, as the former refused to answer the address. Three thousand Chinese left the Island, and at last the government deemed it lit to "amend and modify" the registration ordinance. There were still how ever some articled in the "modified" decree which were objectionable; for instance, that of obliging all Chinese vessels to report themselves immediately, and to register their passengers with in twenty-lour hours. ihe consequence of this is, that while Macao is crowded with junks. few or none have come to Hong Kong. Most of the Chi nese who lelt the island had, however, returned Ihe report that the Emperor had abdicated in lavor of a near relation is totally without confirm ation. The report also of his expected death is equally so. It is denied that Colonel Outram was supersed, but that he resigned voluntarily. Australia. .We have Hobart Town and Launceston papers with dates a few dayB later than thoBe last received. The markets were s'eady, and the trade improving. The crop ot wool in Sydney is reported to be abun dant. A considerable shock of an earthquake had been felt at Flanders Island ; a phenomenon rather rare in the Australian group. Theatricals, dec. There has been quite an excitement in the thea trical circles of London by the appearance of Mtss Cushman on the British stage. This lady made her debut in the character ot " Bianco," in Mil man's tragedy of "Fdzio" at the Princesses thea 1 ieV The following are a specimen of the opinions ot the different papers on her performances. The Sun of the 14tn ult., says of this lady: America has long owed us a heavy dramatic debt for enticing away from us so many of our best actors. She has now more than repaid it by giving us the greatest of actrtssesJVliss Cushman. This'iady made her first appear ance before an Engilr h audience, at Princess's theatre, last evening,and since the memorable first appearance of Edmund Ktau, in 1814,{never has there been such a drhut on the boards tf an English theatre. She is, without ex ception, the very first actress that we have. True we have very lady like, accomplished, finished artistes, but there is a wide ond impassable gulf between them and Miss Cushman?the guli which divides talent,even of the very highest order, from genius?that god like gitt ia Miss Cuabmsn's,strictly speaking. She is no artiste, or if she be, hcr's that highest reach of the art ?i? etlart or tern. Another London paper says : Miss Cushman is not only endowed with first rate ta lent, but she has genius withal, and we do, in all since rity hope, that she will long remain to delight the lovers of genuine acting by a display of her extraordinary pow ers. bhe is a highly gifted person, and we cannot afford to Jose her. We trust we have shown that when talent exists, we are not chary of praise. The whole of the London press is equally lauda tory of this lady. In contrast with the success of Miss Cushman. has been the utter failure of Mr. Forrest. The fol lowing is a specimen of the notices he received from the press on the occaesinn of his debut, which ult C at ,he r"DCf8s' Theatre, on the 16:h " We have been informed, on tolerably good authority that ihi? American Talma considers Othello his best cha racter; it so, we cannot congratulate the gentleman on the soundnefs ofbis judgment?perhaps we sre wrong, it may be his best?and if io, Ihe sooner he re-crosses the Atlantic the better. A iPore compete failure, iu every sense of the word, it was never our ill fortune to witness. Mr. I on est cannot appreciate, even if he understand, the language (its beauties are beyond his reach) of the bard of Avon: his reading was defectiva in every line, and fie frayed an gnorance, as well as a lack of intellect, alike disgraceful and distressing. He may he a great favorite in America, but truth compls us to say that we have ac tors of greater merit and higher pretentions in our pro vinces, at a salary of a guinea a week ; and his attaining popularity in this country-in his profession, at least-is loo chimerical a hope to be indulged in ior a moment." There are engaged at Her Majesty's Italian Ope ro in London, for the season, Sig. Moriani; Mud. J/n? C?ccta,Mad. Anaide Castellan, Mdlle. Bram billa, Mad. Rito Bovia, Sig'aRotelli. Sig'a Bavail J n? Lablachea, Fornaaari Corelli, Mane, and Mad. Grist- For the ballet there are Carlottu. C*ntT?? Lucile (rrahn, and the Taglioni? ihJxl , Leon, M Touaaint, and M. di Mattia, the first pantomimiat of Italy. There are engaged also, the "Dauseutet bien Naitet." on?K?? ?arden Theatre, finally closed on the 20th ult, alter a poor season. Mr. Hackett made F?l.a.??rai?nCv at ws ,h,0U8r. in the, characters ol Wl"hle? ?c-t and ?lter playing eight nights to very thin audiences, he left London utr??yincr , performances are well sno Ken ol by the London papers. Madame Damoreau fcinti appeared at the theatre of Marseilles, in I| Barbiere," and performed her part; with undiminished powers The enthusiasm of the Provencals surpassed itself, as did the talent of the artist. She has rstired, to the,regret of her admirers, from the lyric stage at Farts. Mr. Van Am burgh has decided upon retiring frmn his profession and returning at once to America and his whole establishment of elephants, giraffes' lions, leopards, and stud of sixty hones will be brought to the hammer, at Manchester, in the course of the present month. Mr. Sands and his cons of equestrians, and ex tensive stud of horses, after successfully making the tour of Europe, have embarked on board the packet ship Aahburton ior this country. Gen. Tom Thumb is cn route to Paris. Madame Stoltz, the prima donna of the French Opera House, has appeared with immense success in the royal theatre of Brussels, in the part of Geo uor, in "La Favorite." Fashions for March. Morning dresses arv all mad a high a corsogo cnraco that ta. With jsckct* round the waist, whicn entirely cover the hipa. The spencers batquine* ure becoming more and more worn. Low black Mitin dresses with ? black velvet berth**, so fioffly embroidered in braid aa to resemble a Gothic lore, are worn. Kroga are also in great demand for redingote*, whether made ot velvet the prottiMt"*' fini,he(1 off with little acorna are Evening dreifca, in satin, demaak, or brocade, are g(. .Vi^ w 1th lace, sometime* placrd on cche'lo JLfl u. .0 !' r*""' <1r " montant* on each nirip, ?eparated by a plait of nol/un ora tow of bowt, forminr IT,i?i'K|D' ki j " W ,>owg a"<l loriK pnd? are often nr. ;', ?r ?l!- ? itresrea ol gaze lime,trimmed with bouillon..* fa i, j "2 ' through which i? pi*?od a ribbon fatten ed here and there with a ro?e. The ho.lie* are made very ilwep.point* and very low in the comogn. They are al most heart-f hsped, ond f how n chemi?ette of embroidered dre** mualin coming a good way abovo tho fiont of LongcurU falling to the ?boulder* urn very faabion able. Tbi* atyle of dreaiingtbo hair admit* the btinrhe* ol nowen, which are composed of three enter* rosea, or camellia*. Algerian Turban* *ro much worn: that calM Turban kabileia much admired ltd* made ol a ca*?imere gauze, in large blue and silver itripei, Unitbad rfl" win, (ringe ol a new kind. The coiffurea marquise* made of blc lippet* aud Mowera ar? still en grande vegu . The ?<icce*. of green wreath* has it.?pired the idea of la guirlande Naxo*, a mixture of ivy and vino leuvrs, which remind, one of the poeticol head dreu of the lovely An somewhat bacchanalian elegance in tho ! ? 10 D,al,'ir added to the tuition,, h.,Mhir?rrJ ? flower, so brilliant aa to resemble bunches of peor,* or enamel. This is i atocialing tko co. Or'ecc Ur w'th the mythological souvenir) of , ,, Markets. ^0T,*TET? SUrr* '-There is not r.' pre firi. ,c'1 ")c"na '?n to embark capital in nerv rei|u,nv ?!!? t ' U ^ 01 ,h* morn lui'Oftbnt *tocks ntr. requett, nnd os vet Aprcnlntors Appear little inclhw,1 tn 0|M!rate in the Engliab funds; prices of the latter hum JffiT a" . ? undergoti# some fluctuation. A portion raU.?T^VT,r!5! !? h1 m,de foJ^tors of new Muwgy lines lmioro their plus can coma heitre rarlia

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