Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 24, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 24, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YOKE HERAT.!) New York, mon<tajr, IIwcli J4Y, IMS. Our lUlatloiiH with Mexico?Tkc Ttini tluesloii. Our relations v. :ih Mexico and Texus appear to !<e getting more involved every day. The course of the Mexican government at home?that ot their Envoy in this country?and also the recent intelli gence received direct from Texas, would seem to complicate the general nutation of annexation in a higher degree than it has ever yet been complica ted, and to throw more doubt on the actual course and position ot all the parties concerned in that controversy. We are inlormed, on good authority, that Senor Almonte, although he has dissolved hi6 connection with our government at Washington, does not meuu to leave the city ol New York for the pre sent, not at least until he receives further instruc tions from his government nt home, llis recent course at Washington in demanding his passport and dissolving his official connection with our go vernment, proceeded, it appears, from the instruc tions which he hud received from the Mexican go vernment when Santa Anna was in power. It will be recollected that about a year ago, we slated, al most officially, that in the event of the passage of j the treaty then before the Senate, Almonte hud received instructions Irom Santa Anna's govern ment, to demand his passports, to declare hiscoun try in a belligerent position toward the United States, and to proceed to Havana, and there issue letters of marque and reprisal at ouce. These in structions are still good until .they are counter manded by the present Mexican government ? Now it happens that Almonte, according to our in formation, has received no instructions on this subject since the recent revolution in Mexico, and is therefore left in the most curious aud indecisive position as to what his future course will be? what the government at home may do?and what he may expect should he return to Mexico. In this dilemma, which is increased also by the recent in telligence from Texas throwing doubts on the ac ceptance by that country of the project presented in the last Congress, Almonte intends, we believe, to reside in New York?to avail himself of its clear uir and salubrious atmosphere?and to amuse him self as much as he can with opera, and visiting watering places during the summer, until he re ceives further instructions from the Mexican go vernment. The question then arises in this state of things, what is likely to be the action of the Mexican go vernment in the present state of our relations 7 Mr. Pukenham, the British minister at Washing ton, who knows the individuals who created the recent revolution in Mexico, asserts, it is said, that they are very reasonable, moderate, conciliatory and peaceful men?that, heretofore, the revolu tions in Mexico have, been merely brought about by contending generals and military factions, but that the recent revolution was a moral and civil revolution against the military dictation of al> Kinds?aud the probabiity is, that after the first symptoms ot discontent in the popular masses have evaporated, they will be more for peace and conci liation than any previous government. Taking this probable account in connection with tlie difficulties in Texas, regarding the American proposition, now before them, the chances are that the whole question is still in as much doubt as ever, and must be fought over again in the United States, in Texas in Mexico, and every where else. If the Senate of the United States had approved Tyler's treaty, the thing would have been perma nently settled, and every body perfectly satisfied long before this. But in consequence of the jarring views of party politicians in this country, the ques tion has been again thrown into the arena, and may produce a great deal of noise and disturbance throughout the country before it be settled, if i.ver shall be settled. British influence in Texas will not be wanting to prevent it, as well as in Mexico, if not also in the United States. Mr. Elliot, the British envoy, has not been idle; and it is not to be supposed that Mr. Pakenham has been inactive here. The Texas question is, therefore, after all, just as open as the doors of the Astor House in a hot day in midsummer, when they want every puff of air to ventilate the interior. New Organ of Mr. Sbldbn and the Whig Party.?Our amiable contemporary, the Courier ami Enquirer, charges the Herald with the heinous offence of being the " accredited organ" of Mr Selden, and, of course, of the whig party. We may as well plead guilty to this indictment as not. We believe this is the only journal in the city capable of giving a correct report of Mr. Selden's speech Ins famous speech at National Hall?and so far as that is concerned, we may be called with great propriety the "accredited organ" on that occasion. It is uot in thfc power of the Courier or of any other whig paper to give a correct report of any man's speech, and we have occasionally, when impor- | tant interests are at stake, to step in and help the right to vindicate justice and truth, and to advance sound popular principles, because there is no other newspaper press in this community capable or in dependent enough to do it. We admit then that we are the organ of the whig party (or the present, because the whig party happens to be of our opinion and to be right on certain general principles involved in this election. In the same way we were the organ of the " na tives" about a year ago, for this was the only jour nal that reported their speeches correctly. That party have become corrupt, imbecile, and treach erous, and, of course, we could not any longer bs their organ. We are the organ of the whig party for the present, in the same way that we were the organ of the loco-foco party on tre<|uent occasions, nud particularly during the last election, when we thought they had the better of the argu ment against Mr. Clay and the whig#? in the Name way that we were the organ of the whig ?>arty in 1840, when General Harrison was up> and when we showed the whigs of that day, whom we believed to be right, how to conquer ond defeat the locolocos?in the same way that we have been the organ here of Bishop Hughes, ol Dr. Pise, and ol every other public man who has en gaged in r meritorious public enterprise. In the same way we were the organ of Captain Tyler wnen he allowed some sense and respect lor public opiuion, and we mean to be the orgau oi Colonel Folk as long as he adheres to the pledges and prin ciples on which he was elected ; and in the next great contest, if the whigs adhere to the noble prin ciples now avowed, we should not be at all sur prised if we^were still to be their organ, and to see tiiern victorious in 184b in this State, and in 1848 throughout the Union, in connection with General Scott, or Judge McLean, or some other man capa ble of bringing out the masses. Violation of the Post Office Laws.?We see that the Postmaster General is advertising for con tracts in papers without any circulation whatever, particularly the Plebeian of this city. Is not Cave Johnson aware that this is a violation?a gross vio lation, of the new post oflice lawl He may shelter hirnself under the plea, that as that does not come into operation until July, he may do as he pleases in the interim. That's very true, but still it is a vio litton of the principle of the law; and he was pl iced in oflice under the new reform, in order to adhere to the spirit as well as the letter of the law We trust and hope that Postmaster General John son is not going to turn out a second edition ot Pogtrnaster General Wisklifle. Launch of urn Henry Clay.?This new and magnificent ship is to be launched at 10J o'clock to-morrow morning. She is said fo be the largest American merchant vessel ever built, nnd is in tended to be the most ap'endid Let nil who ran At end the launch to-morrow. I 7 he Election in Philadelphia?Defeat or Nativeism?Approaching Election in New i 'ect'on in Philadelphia, according j? ?? MM accounts, has resulted in a very signal '.He at uf the " natives." They have been beat in a t le principal parts of that city, except in South ivar , the scene of the horrible atrocities which too place a year ago, and marked, in such a lear lul manner, the first results of mingling religion with politics. But in the city proper, and in the Northern Liberties, the "natives" have been all routed by the two other parties. This is the pre lude of a similar result in this city. The approaching charter election in New York is, indeed exceedingly interesting, from the com plexity and importance of the issues involved. We have now four parties in the field, with their can didaies, as followB: L^ro??;?. Uudley Selden. f'S , Mr. Wm. V. Hdvemeycr. AholiGn \ James Harper. AboliUonnti Mr. Aithur Tappan. &uch are the parties now in the field, lu the first place, we have to regard them in connection with the municipal government cl the city. In this point offview,the "natives" cannot stand any chance of success. They have disgusted every body by their gross neglect, imbecility, and extra vagauce. As for the whigs and locofocos, we have not much to chose between them. On the i whole, we think the whigs offer the best prospect of giving us a reform of the city government. But this election is important and interesting in asmuch as the permanence and future successton of the whig party depend upon the stand which the whigs ol tins city may now be enabled to make If they be able to annihilate the "natives" and abolition factions, uothingcan prevent their tri umphant success in 1848. The locolocos are great ly divided, and their internal difficulties and divi siom, must increase. The principles avowed by Mr. Selden and the whigs who go with him in the new movement for the re-organization of the party are such as must carry auy party to victory. Here' is the place to begin the movement. All important political movements originate in New York. The abolitionists originated here-the "natives" origi nated here. If the whigs eradicate "nativeism" from the metropolis, it will speedily die'all over the country, wherever it may have manifested itself. But above and beyond all|these issues, the great principles of civil and religious liberty are involved in this contest. Now is the time when the patriotic and intelligent men of all parties are called on to put down the foul spirit of religious bigotry and intolerance which has been introduced as a potent element of evil into the struggle for political ascen dancy. Bishop Hughes and his little politico-reli gious dt?ue were put down at the last election, and in the same way the "native" movement, with its equally mahgtunt and evil spirit of religious perse cution, must be crushed forever. "This is the consi deration which gives to this election such absorb tng interest, and which has directed to it the eyes ol the wise and good throughout the whole land. New Mail Arrangements.?We have the pro of extensive alterations in the m?il arrange ments, by which ihe public are to be greatly bene, fitted -It is said that Cave Johnson has been busi ly employed since the 4th inst., in the examination ol the old contracts and has discovered, what we have always stated, that Mr. Wickliffe was the weakest Post Master General this country ever had. In Cave Johnson we are now in hopes to find the most energetic and determined mind that has yet had control of the Post Office department. It is stated that he has already made arrangements lor the greatest expedition in the malls all over the country. One of these arrangements is, that the eastern mail which now leaves Boston at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, will leave tnat city early in the morning; arrive here at 5 o'clock in the after noon; start immediately for the south, and reach Washington early the next morning, thus saving twenty-four hours in going that short distance. Another is, that the southern mail is to close here at a later hour than it now does in the afternoon and arrive in Washington the next .morning, and be expedited at the same increased speed through to New Orleans. Another arrangement is, to save t ? two or ,hree hours, which have here tofore been lost in Philadelphia by the tolly of Mr. Wickliffe, by having the southern mail leave that city at six or seven in the morning instead of nine o'clock, as it now does. These new and important arrangements will proba bly go into effect on the 1st of July next, and be carried out with vigor. There will be no humbug in the matter, for, if we correctly understand Cave Johnson, the contractors will be compelled to per form their " time" as per agreement, or pay the penalty. They will not be permitted to tow brigs en route, and thus escape the fines imposed upon them, as was too often the case under Mr. Wick liffe. They will be kept within the path of their duty We shall then have no failures and no corn plain's. New License Law.?A tremendous excitement has been created in this city amongst ihe grog-shop proprietora and their customers, in consequence ol the new license law before the State Legislature, which has already passed the House, and now awaits the assent of the Senate. It is supposed that this law, which will effectually shut up the grog-shops in New York, except in two or three of the wards, has been procured by the influence of the temperance societies and temperance re formers. Be that as it may, a most extraordinary sensation has Ween produced throughout the re gions of drunkendom. Prick of Provisions.?A Fine Prospect for the Poor ?The report of the joint committee on markets, which passed the Board of Aldermen on Monday evening last, in favor of the repeal of the ordinance, whereby the Mayor and Aldermen are empowered to license meat shops ad libitum, with an amendment in favor of empowering the Mayor to license two meat shops in each ward, at conve nient distances, will come up this evening, before the Board of Assistants. The adoption of this report, and the passage Of such an ordinance, will have the eflect to increate the price of meat full 25 per cent. The Board of Assistants, we trust, will not concur. The present average price of meals in the market is from 6 to 8 cents per pound, and should this report lie con curred in, it will be a serious injury to the poor. No change will take place in wages, while their rent will be increased from 25 to 30?if not 50 per cent in uddition, by this proposed change. It seems these are some of the blessings which this reforming Corporation have intended we should enjoy, so that we are going backward in stead of going forward in reform. We congratu late the great mass of the poor on this additional step on the part of the Corporation, which will doubtless enhance their claims?a step which is calculated to raise the present prices in the market some 30 or 40 per cent in addition, and to increase in the seme ratio, the poverty of the poor?the hunger of the hungry?the misery of the misera ble?and the distress of the truly distressed, be they native or natululized?of European or Ameri can birth. Abominable hypocrisy ia these refor mers! Movements of Travellers ?Amongst the ar rivals at the principal hotels yesterday, we recoid at the American, Messrs. Stone, of Philadelphia, and^Mr Urquart, of New Orleans. At the Aator, S. T. Coleman, National Hotel, Washington; Capt. Eldridge, packet shin Liverpool; Col. W. Armstrong, Atk ; Doctor Esselmen, Tennessee; Mr. Patton, Canada, passengers per New York, from Liverpool; Capt. Benney, do 8co land; Hugh Boyd, Ireland ; Hon. Geo. Bancroft, Secre tary ot the Navy ; Col W. Amoy, Jr., Stonington At the Franklin, (). B Titus, Bullalo; C. Combier, Toronto. At the Howard, Capt. Geo. Young, South America; C Latiemer, N C ; John Hen lerjon, Baltimore. At Ihe St. George's, George Kllsworili, Michigan; J. R. Athlon, Michigan; Col. Stone, Canada; General Gage, Alabama Ai the Ciiy, Mr. Wells, Southwark; erancis Burke, Boston ; H. D Cook, Washington. Atthe Waverly, C.I. Oliver, Stonington; Jonas Dale, do ; J. H. Richmon I, steamer Neptune; Jnmes M Pattei ?<f>ii, Alabama. Collector Van Ness left Washing ton yesterday for New York, and may be expected at Howard's, this afternoon, The Kamoua Anti-Rent Trials* To day, the Court of Oyer and Terminer, now fitting in Hudson City, begins in good earnest the trial ot the anti-rent man, (or grave and various offences committed in the county of Columbia. A iury was obtained after three or four days ot lubo rious ?fl'ort, and we hope such a jury ol fair and honest, and right mtuhed men as will weigh the evidence dispassionutcly and give a verdict consci entiously. Nothing less than this will exonerate them Irom the obligation imposed by a seat in the jury box. These prosecutions are of great moment to the fo ure peace and good order of society. Men calls d tnti-renters have banded together, assumed diegui ies, and organized associations for the avowed mrpose of resisting the rights of person and pro >erty, have assumed an attitude of open hostility to he laws of their couutry, and have resorted to phy lical iorce, and deadly weapons, to oppose the le ?al functionaries in doing their duty. Is this a Btate >f things lor a civilized country in the 19;h centu ry 1 Is this compatible with the genius ol Arneri jau institutions 1 la this to be tolerated in the county of Columbia, in the State of New York 1 These ure momentous questions; they arc questions which must be answered, and the sooner the bet ter; they are pregnant with meaning for every lo ver ol his country, and the portentious issues which ire involved therein are, we may say, for the first ime to be decided by an American Jury. If any there be who regard these anti-rent trials with no more than ordinary interest, they are little less than deluding themselves. We know there arc a set of persons, in this city and elsewhere, who openly avow their hostility to all property in land, and perhaps in everything else, who would hail with rapture the advent of an agrariau law by which those who acquire property by the exercise ol that burthensome quality called industry, would be denuded ol all their acquisitions at regularly re curring periods. And wild as are these notions, ihey are not more dangerous than the principles ot mti-rentism; indeed,we do not hesitate to say they ire less dangerous, tor they do not recognize the open breach of simple contracts, like the anti renters ; they do not deny the supremacy of con stitutional law, like the anti-renters, nor do they? jad as their opinions are?fly to brute force, and ;owardly disguises, and deadly weapons, for the impose of propping them up. Is the deadly in fluence. then, of anti-rentism to be winked at, and illowed to spread over the whole country, as it already has done over five or six counties 1 Alba ny, Rensselaer, Delaware, Columbia, Cattaraugus, md Ulster, are diseased with this leprosy, and it is ikely several others are contaminated with it. This is uo time lor the mbjesty ot law to remain masserted?it has been assailed, and it must be naintained at any sacrifice. The State of New York has much at stake; re garded as a pecuniary question merely, she is more concerned in the preservation of law in all its it: tegrity than any other ; but what's that considers tion compared with her honor, her unsullied lepu tatlon?" Take my gold, 'tis trash," &c. New York knows not repudiation ; she pays her debts, and performs her contract ; but be it remembered, she will continue to do so only so long as indivi duals, who in the. aggregate, are the source of law and authority, are honest, and act in conformity with these laws. Any spiritof disaffection must at once be put down ; there is no time to wait in the matter. Strong diseases require strong remedies, and therefore the authorities must grapple with anti-rentism at once, and put it down tor ever. Every country in Europe has i's eyes upon this one ; some with the feelings of jealousy, some to gloat over the downfall they have predicted for it. But whatever be their motives, they all agree in scepticism as to the stability of American insti tutions. We are not believers in these predictions; we have a strong faith in the exalted destiny thai awaits this country; but we also know the value, the iudispensable necessity of vigilance. All go vernments that ever were corrupt became eo by degrees. They had never became eo. but because inlractions of law were first negligently overseen, then wilfully and culpably neglected. This must not be the case in enlightened America, who has education, and along with that the history of past ages to admonish and instruct her. Let her not be deceived ; the lawB cannot, must not, be mocked with impuuily. One grave consideration forces itself upon the mind in relation to these trials, and that is as to whe ther the jury will do the right, will act the wisest part, and prove themselves untiblt, as well as ho nest men in their investigations. We now speak of them as men?we have nothing to do with their opinions or their prejudices, nor have they any place in the jury box. It is an indisputable fact, that jurors err frequently, and for the most part by reason of entering upon inquiries that do not apper tain to their functions. Now, whoever enters the jury box in Hudson city, to try the anti renters, are implicitly bouna by virtue ot their oaths, te throw overboard every sentiment, every predeltction, every impulse?no matter how commendable these may be in their proper place ?if they could by any means divert their minds Irom the simple enquiry?hava the persons charg ed committed the acts with which they are in dicted, and do these acts incur a penalty by the law of the land 1 Anything more than this, is for the Judge to consider, und we are most anxi ous that the jury may act properly, by confining themselves to their legitimate sphere. There is not an element of disorganization in existence more dangerous than the abuse of the powers of jurors, whether it proceeds from ignorance or coiruption, for when it is abused, farewell to civil liberty; there is then no alternative between the tyranny ol the mob and the oppression of law. All these topics, and others too, might be appro priately discussed in connection with, and as di rectly bearing upon the trials of the ami-renters, now indicted in Hudson ; but the limits to which we nre confined does not allow of further remaike at present. Principles of the last moment to the perpetuity of our institutions are involved, and it is with no little anxiety lhat the result of these inves tigations are contemplated by every well thinking man. The entire proceedings will be laid before the public in the Herald, and due attention will be given to the developments as they may be elicited in the evidence from day to day. Theatrical and Musical. The Tark Theatre thia evening will doubtless boarowd ed by all the faabionable, intelligent, and literary resi denta of the oity, for never waa there auch a aenaation created in theae circlca na there haa been by the an. ncuncemrnt of Mra. Mowatt'a new comedy. Never did we hear auch commendation* oi a new piece, in advance from a variety of quarters, as we have of thia. It ia, however, supposed that, although attributed to Mrs. Mowatt, that several literary characters have been aaaiat ing in its production, by suggestions, lie., and particular mention ia made of the name of Epea Sergeant as being connected with its authorship. However this may be, we will take aome pains in examining the merits and de merits of the production, and if it is at all deserving oi patronage, and is reaily worth it, we will cheerfully sup port it It it fall short of this, as candid critics, we shal1 condtmn it at oncc. Dinneford'a proclamation for the re-opening of Palme's Theatre, has created a deal of talk in certain circle* Tb* object he ha* in view is certainly excellent; but there is some doubt expressed whether he can get the materials for accomplishing the object. There has been much talk about the revival of the drama far some ytars past, yet little has been done to advance it. In the minor theatres, the " cheap and nasty " sy stem still prevails Tho recent impulse given to the drama in Louaon by the appearance ol American performers may do something lor it* resus citation lure. Dinnelord is a man ol business, and activi ty, and ia deserving ol success. Sanquirico's Concert takes place this evening, at Pal mo's Tnoatre. in which he will he ussistod by ail the mu sical talent at present in the city, including the incompa rable Pico. Sanquirico ranks high in the musical world, and is au able and competent artist iu every respect. He never mixed himself up with those ioolish squabbles that have disgraced the iate Italian company in this oity, but was evei ready to carry out the wishes of the supporters of the Italian Opera. We trust that ho will have a bum per to-night, as he certainly deserves it. Among the many Complimentary Concerts of the day, none has attracted so much ottention aa that about to he given to Madame Otto. No one better deserves such a compliment, no, not even the Btigadier Poet; or his better hall, Willis. Mad. Otto, siuco her residence in this city, has generously and frequently come forward far all pur poses of charity, more than any other artist that has ever been in New York To such a prolusion b0|* her aid been given to charities and iodividu ils.thatto it mayba at tributed the carelessness with wbich the public treat bet powers. Her iweetnesa cf tODe and power of voice at one period were held in high estimation in London,when she occupied tho highest tank of art. Her benefit ought to bring around her all the admirers and supporters ol music, both native* and foreigners, that are in ths city. Mss J Brum son, the youthful pianist, is drawing capi tal audiences at Iter csncerts in Baltimore. The Orphean Family are giving concerts in Norfolk. Personal Movements Hon. Isaac Hill, of N. If., was at the New Orleans 8t Chatles Hotel on tbo 13th, in improved health. Professor Silliman is lecturing at Mobile. Firfs in B/\t.T!MORr ?The shoe store of Mr. Taylor, Pratt street, was destroyed by fire on Friday last, togfcthrr with the hardware store of Mr. Proctor adjoin Ing There were nesr upon $7ftH) worth of propcrtj destroyed. The some day hnntlier (Ire broke out in Wa terloo How, in an unoccupied tenement, wliieh w?* t-n tir-ly dettioyed. The latter was luppoied to be the wotk ol an Incendiary. Bestow* [Csrreipondence ot the Herald.] Boston, March 22,1845. Sharp Winds?lectures on Ear opt?Animal Mag netism?Office Seekers wide awake?Massachusetts legislature?Long Pond Annexation ? Candi dates for U. S Senator? The Harvard College War?President (?nine;/ resigned?llis probable Successor. J. G. Bknneit, Esq : ? A man lUycd alive and besprinkled with black pepper, well tubbed in, lorm a most excel lent concepticn of the cutting March wind, with which we notionis'.s are at this time alllicted. The streets are dry, and the hnely pulverised resi duum of MacAdam is caught up in clouds by the cold, boisterous, unmerciful wind, and poured into all unfortunate pedestrians like hot shot. It it were not for the anticipated approach of " gentle spring." suicides would be plenty about these days, and as it now is, if this horrible weather lasts many days, the price of halters, pistols, charcoal, rats bane, &c , will rise. Among the literati, just at this time. Dr. Baird's lectures on Europe are all the go. He delivered the first of the serips on Thursday evening, to a large and highly respectable audience of ladies and gentlemen. His subject was llu9sia?and in the two hours during which he spoke, he poured forth a perfect deluge of information about that singular empire, in a pleasant conversational style, and without any reference to notes. His second lec ture will take place this evening, and will be at tended by a still larger audience. In fact, the Doc tor will prove quite a card. I see that animal magnetism still makes some stir among your citizens. Here it meets with but little favor. The phenomena ure generally admit ted with us, but some circumstances have occur red among some of the "Professors" and their "subjects," which have rendered the whole busi ness disreputable here,and placed the ban of public opinion upon the practice ot the art. A certuin reverend Doctor, who has flourished somewhat in magnetic lectures, it is well known, has taken ad vantage of female "subjects," when in the "per fect state," to gratify his diabolical passions upon thern ; and thougli public justice has not yet been appealed to, and |>erhaps could not be, successful ly, yet the circumstances are well known among a large number of people, and the black-hearted vil lain sleeps on thorns. Rumors here as to government appointments are very rife, and the small toad-eaters who want place, or to be kent iu, are assiduous in their court to the probable recipients of executive favor. Gov Morton|will, in all probability, be named Collector of this port, and contrary to general expectation, the Post interest are very much in his favor, all of a sudden. At the office of the Post yesterday, the information was dispensed free-gratis, that Gov. Morton is to be Collector, and the same authorities assert that Gen. McNiel, of New Hampshire, will be Surveyor, and Leonard Jsrvis, of Maine, Navy Agent. These are all good men, and would do honor to the executive confidence, but at the pros pect, the "young demneracie," the young Htcko r <? of the last camp "(Grin horribly, a ghastly by ?mile." The legislature of this late arc still in session, ind will not yet brake up until the middle of next week. This will make a session ol twelve weeks, during which a considerable amount of business will have been bcc: nplished, though mostly of a private character. Plie water committee have re ported a bill ulhorising the city government to bring in water in Framingham, a la Croton wo 1 unex Long Pond to Boston, and po ir i . jsiy throats of our thirsty citizen .11 much opposition iu the House, n at length passed by a large majority, alter an amendment giving the city the alternative ot taking the water from Charles river. This plan of harmonizing adverse interests was ill imitation of the Texas compromise iri||the United States Senate, whereby, by taking Benton's resolutions for a treaty, us an amendment to Brown'a resolutions for admission by Congress, the matter was got through the Senate and House. So, you see, that the Massachusetts coons, bad as they hate Texas, can adopt a Texas manmuvre to carry their points. The Charles river project is de cidedly the best, promising a more abundant sup ply, purer water, and at a much less cost than Long Pond ; and it is to be hoped that the city go vernment will adopt the latter clause, and give us a drink of glorious, sparkling river water, instead of the stagnant infusion of peat hogB and horned animalcule, which Long Pond offers. Candidates for United Stales Senate, in place of the lamented Bates, are plenty and importunate, but in compliance with a bargain made with " hon est John" Davis by the whig leaders, when he was run lor Governor, he will be again sent to the Se nate. Davis was the Senator when he was last nominated for Governor, and said he did not wish to leave a good, easy, profitable place, as the agent and organ of the princely manufacturers of New Eugland, for the barren honor of ruling over the unruly cubs of Massachusetts lederalism. The whigs pressed him hard, and promised him that he should go back to the Senate after he had done the Governor business a tew vears. llone.-i John did it until he broke down under the weight of the State arms loaned to the Rhode Island Al geriaes, and then the coons soothed liirn with the idea of being Vice President under Clay. As the whigs have agreat horror of repudiation, they have accordingly fulfilled their promise by nominating honest John in caucus, and he will probably be elected by the Legislature next week. Monday af ternoon next at 4 o'clock, is assigned by the House for a choice on its part. Besides Davis, Levi Lincoln, Lewis Child, and Governor Brigs, have beeu talked ot lor the vacancy in the Senate. Briggs was not pushed on his own merits, but by the friends of Abbot Lawrence, who wanted to get him out of the way, so that Law rence could be put up for Governor. But Briggs smelt the rat, and told his friends that he did not want the office, and would not take it. So Law rence's friends could not make that card work, bu< they breathe vengeance against Briggs, and swear they will throw him over in the State Cpnvention next fall. And nut un their idolised Abbot in spite ol him. The war by the Liberals upon Haivard College, has been productive of the good effect of driving Old President Quincy out Jof hisjuest. The old fellow has resigned, but to save appearances, he has written a letter saying he has thought of re signing for three years! Ihis is all gammon, and reminds me of the notorious liar who, on his death bed, and while the death-rattle was in his throat, told a by-stander that he, had known a person to live three weeks with the death-rattle, and expired while, telling the lie. Quincy says with his last breath, that he has had the death-rattle for 3 years. The fact is that Bancroft's vigorous assault has driven the old fellow out of his den, and the result is an honorable trophy of the prowess of the new Secretary of the Navy. The successor to Mr Quincy will be either Edward Everett, our present Minister at the Court of St James, or the Rev. Dr. Walker, of Charles town. The former will be upheld by the Boston aristocracy, and would make a very pretty Presi dent. The latter is a man of more energy of mind, and of greater attainments, though without the tint polish of Everett. He would make the more valua ble President, Everett the more brilliant Walker would represent the reforming interest, Everett the Old Hunkers, though to nothing like the extent of Quincy. Yours, to serve, Guy Faux. IcoriTT cr American Sbamri*.?Two articles recently appeared in the Tiitune, relative to this subject : one s gnml " J. 8., of Maine," and the other " Mariner*;" but. evidently, from one and the name source. They apeak oi the Naval Apprenticeship System hi an exploded one; nnd sliow na much the ignorance aa tho prejudices ol the writer. This wire-acre asks why the Navy Depart vacnt should be taxed to raii.o its own sailora to man its own vessels; and insists that tin: burthen of raising sea men for our men of-wnr should fall on our merchants nnd their vessels. As well might we insist in this free coun try that our barber*, shoemakers, and dry gooda mar chants should be compelled to raise seamen for our men of war. Already the merchants and merchant vessels are taxed an heavily on their imports, lie , that they actually, by the revenue they yield, support the entire expense of the. United States Navy; and it is preposterous to ask them to go further, and raise men for our vessels oI war. The same writer says that the Naval Apprenticeship System has had a /air trial. This is not tiue; as we shall hereafter show by accurate data. He also denies the pro rata of Amsrican born seamen in tho service, is given in a recert pamphlet; and takes, as his data for the reat ol the Union, the number furnished by the State of Maine ! Now, it is well known the*. Maine and Massachusetts furnish more American seamen than all the rest of the States put together; therefore, this part of his argument falls to tho ground. At the same time, from B.ith and Boston, the principal seaport* in those two Rtatts, the proportion of foreigu sailors ranges from one hall to two thirds of all that aro shipped thence; and it is a notorious fact, that from all I he Kastcrn ports a latge proportion ol the sailors are foreigners. As to the preposterous notion thet our merchantmen should bo compelled to raise sailors for our vessels ot war, we may simply ohse.rvs that this notion svas exploded as long since as 1838- '9 ; when it was put belore the people, and all our seaports, with the solitary exception of Baltimore, were found op posed in toto to such a plan. Wo have not spaca to day to go further into the details of this subject, but shall re fer to it fully in a d*v or two, exposing the ignorance of the writer in the 7Yiiunr; and fully maintaining the post tion which wo have always assumed in this paper in re lation to the Naval Apprenticeship Sya'em. MANY MARINERS. Murdkr.?We are informed that a woman by the n.itttf of Van Vnlkenburgh residing in tin town of Perth, Fulton county, murdered her husband e few days since, by administeiing poison to him in his tea or other drink All the reliable particulars of this foul Jped we have, been unable to obtain. The woman, how ever, has hern arrested, hut previous to he.r arrest and in her efforts to escape ^which were desperate,) she fell from the Isit of u barn, where she rought concealment, an t broke hrr thigh bone, dislocated a shoulder, and wa? otherwise severely Injured. It is said she till ma le a full ceulesslon of the murder.?Fonda Smiinel. City Intelligence. The Common Council will meet to night, but it U not known whether they will appoint another Justice t sup ply the placo ot' Job Haskell, removed , before next Mon- j lay evening. Thcie are already about twenty applicants lor the olti e, the majority of whom are tar lean compe ?cut than the lute incumbent. The Aldermen had bettrr pause In lore they h i the vacancy tiguiu. I'm haps till after May next. A Pxai-kwoBTHv Act.?Yesterday ?fte:noon, a youth, about 13 years of age, Mi into one ol the slips, at the loot of Canul street, uud several attempts were made to rescue him but in vain, and was about sinking for the third lime, when a giiiileinuu ot the name ef Otitis, residing at the corner of I'earl and Wall streets, who was passing by, and being attracted to the spot by the ciics of those near, seeing what was likely to take place, immediately threw ?ill his coat and plunged into ihe water, and rescued the bay Irom his threatened fate, to the great admiration of numbers standing around. Police OJIlcc?March 23.?Ct-osr.i> Doom ?As the County Court saw tit to remove Justice Haskell last eve ning, there was no morning Magistrate to preside at the Lower Police Office this morning, so, alter discharging the watch, the undertaker* closet the doers, and no busi ness was done till -2 o'clock, at which time the alternoon Magistrate camt down,lie might as well huve staid away, for there was little or nothing for him to do. Cupid's Visit to Gouraud's. I.ovk determined one dry, in his Psphian bower, To sp-n 1 in the city of (Jot <?in an hour. His dow aid his ipiiver he hid in a rote? And. I'ouniiis a t of plain citizen's clothes, Stole a cloud for his chariot fro a J inn's pavilion, Aid aligh ed in Broulway a ? audsnme civilian ! He entered eacli store, and es mined with ears, Jewels, watcb-s, silk film's, c'-oito ctbiuet ware, And other et "eteras of luxury 'air; 'T II ht lensih as if torn thins; mire rare h? ciaee ned, Thi re estia1 strung-r dowu VPalkcr street tuned ; And pausing at Uoiraud's, ex'-'aimed iu hii" alee, "Tins, by Veaus's . irtllr 'sthe temple for u.e!" V? ith the tint of O umud's Liquid Itung", he drcUred, That the blush of Aurora con a not hi comp-ired ; Nt Diana s > spleU' id aforeheid reveal. As with ease was btai ed with the Poudre Snbtd". Then lie vowed, e're 'r. ui Oourm'I's he vntur-d t > slope, lln foi Venus must port base 3'ime Italian Soap, (As the h -t heath of I'htcbui had tanu'a her past hipe :) r.v n Hebe' compleclio?, t o' deemed without stain, He thousbt't would add charms, aud th' old ones tetain ; 'I hen l.o rowrd by his wiuss, there weie not in Jove's Ha ven Spells so potent as thore at (iou aud'e, sixty-seven. Mow, whether Young Love did some pa.en. bestow lu his Jl>nig-pop via t to helix Uouraud, la a secret?but this 'tis but justice to say, The Lad rs er>chsuted. c u 't, won't keep away Front Beauty's own Temple?the malcMeai depot, Of Iter agent in Walker street, D tc or Uouraud. Caution.?Never buy Dr. Uouraad's Chemical Preparations except, at the original depot, 67 Walker it eet, first store frotn Broadway. Songs for the People?No. II. Air?Meet ma by Mocnlignt. Meet me by moonlight alone, And there 1 will tell you a tale, Concerning this laeeot mv own; M hich is now covered o'er wirh a v ile. You must nromise to comr, this day week, For I've just been to Jones' and bought? A e?ke of his Chemical Poap, which 1 hey tell me, gieat wanders have wrought. If"member, be sure you are there, For you know well, how olten I've trkd To make my skin spotless aud fair; *udcure the pimples yon never have spied. Po we've met?we're alone, now the tale, My fare tells withoitaid of my tongue, Jones'' liemical Soap did prevail. On my face, to look healthy and young. '1 he pimplev, the freckles, the tan. At its touch vanhli'd off from my skio; And tli.- yellowness vanished as fast As morality pursued by sin, Now, remember, that if ever your face Shonld be pimpled (tlut I may not hope ;) You ? an .ever ?uch detects erase, Bat by asking for Jours' Chemical Soap. The magic aud astonishing chemical properties of the genu ine Jones' Soap are the th m- of admiration and wond-rof all. To see how beautiful, soft, clear and healthy it makes harsh, roug", discoler dand disfi ured skiu At the same lime curing all pimples, fr ckles, discoloratious, &c. Let "11 who doubt its power try it once. > ind and get none but Joves' Poap Y -u are, fo' yonr own sakea, requeue J ti b- particular in ibis (Jet it uowheeelse in this cit ? bur at the aigu of ihe American Ka Jle, Si Chatham street; 323 Broadway; or 13) Fulton street, r oklyn;.8 State street, Boston; 3 Ledger Buildiugs, Phila delphia Bald, Grey, nnd Unci Heads, Head.?A splen did, a delicious, a baautifuljhrad of hai-, can he nad Py using a three shilling bo tie o Jones' ' orsI 1 air Keitorative ; iia qusl ities are (and mind, reader, it does all here slated,) to force the pr wthufhair to sof en clean and render it beaut ful, to stop it falliue off, and tliapel daiidrufffrom the scvlpa end roots, and to dress it d irk, and keep it iu order thrice as long as "ny ot' er article made. Sold at 82 (ha him street, 323 broad way, 139 Fulton it act, Imkljs. Card.?To th? Merchants of New York. ? Tin Kricsson Steamboat Line, running between Philadelphia aud Baltimore, hare transported all goods snipped lrum lew York City*to Baltimore, via Philadelphia, for the last three years, at the rate of 23 cents p-r 100 lbs., aud w" tiust to the sa tisfaction of all; the Kailroed Cmnpsiiy charging 50 cents per 100 lbs for the tame service, and with less despatch. Au at tempt is now made by the Philadelphia, Wilmington aud Balti more Kailrnad Company, to break down the Line, for the pur pose of securing to themselves the exclusive monoi oly of .reight between the two cities, anil at the highest rates. We therefore now appeal to the ineiciiuit* community to sustain us iu this contest. We are determined to transport goods at a 1> si price than charged by the Kail road Company and with more desratch. Our present rates are 10 c-uts per 100 Ins., (exclusive of any other charge,) and, should it be necessary, we will reduce lower Tli-boats leave the upper side of Chesnnt street wharf daily at 3 o'clock P. M., and have excellent accommodations for pas sengers, berths being provided for each person; also, connecting with the Western aud Southern Li* es No transhipment of Passengers' Baggage er Freight between the cities. Six Boats compose the Line. Goods mnst be marked and consigned tp the subscriber. A. OROVKS, Ju, mid 3t 19 Soatli Wharves, Philadelphia. Notice?Cool Dealers desirous of procur ing a verv superior article of fnel, are invited to call this mor n-ugat theCity Hotel, where they willseea fire made of Red Jlsh Peach Orchard Coal, from the mine lately opened, aud known as the Julin Sta-ncer vein, on the property ol the Korevt improvement Company, in Schulkill County, Pennsylvania, when they will have an opportunity to judge of its qauitMS. The burning of this coal needs only to be seen to recommend it, and enable the public to form a proper estimate of its'v due. Arrangement hate been made to furnish dealers in tliii city with a constant supply of this rraltv beautiful article for fami ly use, lor which it is sr|oarticnlarly|tdapted. and worthy the attention of all feeling a desire to obtaiu the very best loel. " Oh, my Back, I can scarcely walk. It pots uie iu such pain." Sach was the txpression of a gentle man in Dr. (therm ui's store a day or two since. He had taken a severe cold, and could not stand erect. He purchased one of the Doctor's celebrated Poor Ivian'a platters, applied it to the back, and in twenty-four hours time was perfectly relieved from his suffering, l'hoiewho are afflicted with pains in the chest, side, arms or back, or with weaktiass, will find the plss ter a never tailing remedy. Be sure and get the genuine, with the Doctor'a fac simile printed oil ihe back of the plaster. ? Dr. Sherman's warehouse is 1< 6 Nesiau street. Agents?No. 227 Hudson street; No. 77 Fast Broadway ; No. 139 Fultou street., Brooklyn ; No. 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia ; and No. 8 State street, Boston. uaiiey i magical l'ain nxiracior, at nil only agency, 67 Walker street, first store from Broadway. Bral'i Hair Restorative, at lUn Agency, 07 Walket at., lat store from Broadway. Medical Notice.?Tlx* Advertisements of the New Y ork College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established fit* the Suppression of Quackery, in the cure of all diseases, will user uuj'i'icssii/u ui s^uavnri y ,iu kur i.uic us oil uikoscs, trui hereafter appear on the fourth page ami last column of this iper. VP. S KICHARDSON, M. B.. Agent. Office and Consul.ins Remus of the College,95 Nassau strse All Phlladslplila Suhscrl ptlons to tits Herald must be paid to the agents, Zieberfc Co., 1 Ledger Buildings, Third street, near Chestnut, where single copies may also be obtained daily at 1 o'clock. [O" All the new and cheap Publications for sale at their es tablish v^ .iishuient, wholesale and retail. [C7~ With the exception of one paper, the "Herald" is read as much, perhaps, in Philadelphia, as any paper published in that city, affording a valuable medium to advertisers. Advtr tiremeuts handed to the agents at half past 4 o'clock, will ap pear iu the Herald n4 Iv BOIBY MAKKKT. ' Sunday, March 73-6 P. M. The atock market during the past week has been wi'h out any material alteration. Slight changes have takm place from day to day, and the improvement of one doy would be loit the next. Tho closing piicea yesterday were a little better than those current at the close of the week previous. The rnaiket is very leverish, and quota tions unsettled, and until the many things aliectiog ti e feelings of operators are removed, there can be no rest improvement in prices. The movements of tho Mexican Minister are creating considerable exciteaient and anxie ty iu the minds of capitalists, and tho doubt aud uncer tainty as to the course he intends to pursue, seem lo in crease the excitement, and induce stock operators to pause in their transactions. Ho far as these lorcign di plomatists make their intentions public, wu learn that Hignor Almonte intends remaining in this city until he receives iuith? r instructions fiom sis government, in re lation to tho affaiif ol Texas, aud the tenor ol these advi ces will regulate his movements Had the government ol Santa Anna been in power, oil the passage of those reso lutiens, the Mexican Minister would, without doubt, have taken a different course; but the downfall of that govern ment,the government irom which he received his appoint ment, has changed his movements,and lett htm undecided, how to act. When the accounts reached Mexico last year that President Tyler had sent into the Senate a treaty, drawn up by the Secretary ol State and the Texas Com missioners, the Mexican a.inister of Foreign Affairs un der the government of Santa Anna, sent orders to the Mexican Minister at Wnshiugton, to demand his passports iu the event of the tieaty being ratified, and proceed st once to Havana, and there is.-uu letters of marque and mako reprisals. During the debate growing out cf the introduction ol the treaty, Hignor Almonte, the Mexican Minister, came to this city, and withdrew in a measure from his official connections with our government. Du ring the recess ol Congtrsi, his official relations were re sumed, end continued until the ptn-sage ol the Texas re solutions through both branches of tho general govern ment, compelled him to demand his pucsporls, and to dis solve all intercourto with this government. He now remains in this city a private citizen,undecided how to act, a d waiting tho lc elpt of orders irom the powers that be at Mexico, in accordance with which be will govern him-elf. The courso the present government ot Mexico intend pursuing in the premises, is a matter ot so much doubt, that much anxiety is lelt to knww the re sult of the neguciatinn* going on. It is confidently an ticipated by those intimately ecqurinted with the people of Mexico, and intimately connected with the commercial aft lira of that nation, that iome movement will be mode in Mexico on the receipt ot Intelligence Irom this country of the doings ol Congress in relutioa 11 Texss, -mlangering the ssiety of tho property of American citizens and the peace ol the i wo governments. Tin seizure and confiscation ol tho propeiiy of American! in any of the ports of Mexico, would lead to hostilrths at once Ho long as this question is undecided; so long as it it agi tated?our commercial aff.irs must be very ttnHettled.and the stock matkat very muchdepfeased. The probability of litters of marque nr-ingis'-uedby the Mexican govern ment, must have an unfavorable effect on commercial movements, ami retard and cluck business operations, which but lor that would be CBrt h-d on extensively. We annex our usual comparative tabl-t of quotations far stocks la this market lor each <Jay ol the week Juit clMed, with those currentfat] the cloee of the week pre vious. *tUOTATIO(<i roa the nmuru Btocb? in the Ntw Vo?? Market* _ _ , , , . Sat. Man. Tu'y. IKedV Th y Fr'y. Sal. 'V iUn<1 76V 76V 77\a 7?l. 77V 76 V 76V Mohawk 62)? ? 61 _ 61 63)4 63>t Htrletn ? 69 68 69)4 69)4 69 ? rMl mil .. 50 47); 19W 51 M ? lil't barmen' 37 , 37}' jgft? 39)4 39KT38J4 J6).i Nor and Wor 68 671, 69U 72 71?, 7?>2 76'a Ohio Sixes ? ? 911)4 as1*; 98J? ? 98)J 98*4 llliuoi* Sixes 4l?4 4l.S* 43)4 42% 13 11 41)4 lodiaiii ? ? ? 35)2 ? 35 ? Kentucky Sixes 101 ? 101 ? 101 ? ? Peuu hives 75 74)2 74 75*4 76)* 76 76 SMniiiK'ou II 41 41)2 ? 41 41 41)2 Kiie lUilroad 29)2 30 30)4 32 32 JlV Jib, Vtcksburg 6'* 6 ? 6*4 6)2 6)2 64*. 6Sx U. S. Ban* _ 5)4 5?, - 6 5U 5\ Reading Kit 50V 40 4014 50V 51 50)2 ? Morris Canal 31)2 30)2 31)4 32K 33 31*6 31), Boston 12)4 13)2 13 13)2 13)2 13)2 l))a A comparison of the prices ruling at the close of the past two weeks shows an improvement in Mohawk of 1 percent; Farmers'Loan, J; Norwich and Worcester, 9); Pennsyivaaia b'a, I; StoniDgton, ); Erie Railroad, l); East Boston, ]; and a decline in Canton of 3 per cent; Il linois j; while Lone Island, Vicksburg, United Htutes Bank and Reading Railroad closed at prices the same as the previous week. Bills incorporating two new manufacturing companies, for the erection of cotton milin in Newburyport, Massa chusetts, kuvu passed the Legislature of that State. It is the design cf these companies to manu facture heavy drillings of the description which have been exported so extensively aad profitably to the Last India and South American markets. Having estabii?hed the superiority of our manufacture of these good* in all the principal foreign markets,the attention of the Eastern manufacturers has lately been turned to supplying the same markets with a liner quality of domestics. One house in Boston has lately received an order for 250,000 yards oi Ane blesched shirtings, and 150 000 yards of unbleached or brown shirtings, making 400,000 yards for the same|mar ket. These goods arctu lie shipped to Independence, the faithest western town in Missouri, from which they are to be carried across the country in caravans to New Mexico. The rapid increase in our trade in all parts of the world, in these manufacture*, has ccmpelled the ma* nufacturers of Manchester and other ports of Great Bri tain to petition Parliament for a repeal of the duty upou the importation of cotton wool. The repeal of this duly ot -i. 1 Id. per cent, on cotton, relieves the coarser quail* ties of the raw material oi a very large burden and ena bles the manufacturer* to compete more successfully with other nations in the manufacture of a coarser description of goods. The duty on cotton imported into Great Britain, being the same on all qualitios oi the raw material, did not eheck the consumption oi the Aner, so much as I ha coarser qualities, and the manufacturers of this country could not, therefore, compete with the manufacture of the Aaer goods of Great Britain, in the markets ot the East Indies, oi Southern America,or even in our own marketa. The manufacturers of domestics and other coarse cotton goods have| become established in this country by the extreme protection the tariA' laws oi this country and those ef Great Britain guaranteed. Cotton gooda imported into the United States, not printed, and worth not more than twenty centa per square yard, are by the tariff of thia country valued at twentv centa, and thia valuation raiaea the duty on the I actual coat, in many instances to one and two hundred per : cent. In addition to this protection extended by our own government, the government ofGritain Britain mado I the protection atill greater by the levy of o duly of twelvo and a hall per cent on the quality of cotton used by the manufacture!* of Great Britain in the manufacture of these coarser gooda. Thia description of manuiaoturea in this country are now only protected so far aa our own tariA' frees, but the manufacturers ore auAiciently well estnb. iahed to compete succeasiully with those of any other country, without any farther government aupport. The asseasors of Mobile have completed the assessment 1 of the city for the present year. The tax laid thia year I ia 40 centa upon each hundred dollars valuation. The ' following ia the summing up of the number of alavea paying taxea, and their value?value of merchandise, and value of real estate, within the corporate limits of the ] city, by wards : ? Value ok Propebtv in Mobile?Citv Asiehsment. Value Value Value Real IFaids. \o. Slaves. Slaves. mdst. estate. 1 410 174,100 2,140 2,307,040 2 984 341,400 865,775 1 776,1*0 3 353 169 650 1,304,210 2,990,000 4 574 215,070 199,795 fSS 1,993.410 5 137 ?54,500 15.600 1,134,450 6 832 285.050 31,900 1,453.825 7 496 187,250 23,185 966,910 Total 3,807 $1,428 620 $2,442,615 $12,622,085 In addition to the above, there are taxos assessed upon 94 private boarding houses, 943 white polls, 24 ten pin alleys, 7 public billiard tables, $38,720 valuation of plea sure carriages, and 948 special licenses for professions and business of aJl kinds. The bank commissioner*, created by the law of last session oi the General Assembly, convened at Columbus, agreeably to notice from the Governor, on the 18th, end organized by the appointment of G. Swan, Esq , Presi dent, and Joseph Old*. Secretary. The board adjourned to meet again on the Arit Monday of May next. The ob ject of the adjourned meeting was to give an opportunity to transmit certiAeate* to the board of the formation of companies, under the bank law, and to afford an opportu nity to commence operation as early aa practicable. . The annexed table exhibits tbe amount of exports from I Baltimore to foreign porta for the quarter ending Deccm-| bar 31,1844, and for the past iour years Commerce or Baltimore?Value or Exports. Quarter ending Dee. 31, 1844. ToSarco. Flour. Other Jlhds. Value. Rhls. Value, articles. Total. 1843 12,001 $582,6% 61,016 $267,688 $338,792 $1,180 476 1814 . ...12,082 485,329 52,912 231,416 489,051 1,196.796 I Total ralue of all exports for | ears ending Dec 31, 1841 $4,961,215 do do do do do 1142 4,447,456 do do do do do 1142 4.739,440 do do do do do 1144 5,071,269 Tba domestic produce exported wa* distributed as fol | lows To Holland $181,505 To Br. N. Am. Colon's 38.69( " the Hause Towns. 156,346 " Venexul'n ports... 29,661 Br U'txt Iudies... 157,119 " Trieste 23,221 Fr E'u prison All. 82 363 " Br. Guiana 3<>,701 Do on Medilerr'n. 39.130 " Dan W. Indies... 2?,83l I liilian ports 57,467 " Gibraltar 12.811 Brazilian porti... 58,339 " Fr. W. Indies.,.. 10,99 S W. lnd,not Cn'a 46,410 " Texas. 7,i2i England 50,914 " Africa .4.061 China 40,834 " Havti 2,981 Cuba 39,876 " Br. E. Indies 6A Montevideo 39,427 The total of these amounts ia $1,132,438, being the rx parti of dorcestic produce for the quarter ending Iiec. 31 1844. Tbe expoit trade of Baltimore Auctuatea very liitl from year to year, and it willbe observed, on relerenc I to the above table, that the TSlue of the exports from on | year ta another, doe* not vary three hundred thousan | dollar* About one half of tbe value of the exports froi I Baltimore is in tobacco, aDd nearly tbe balance in Aou ! The exports of tobacco in 1843, were valued at $2,093,61 and in 1844, at $2,046,078. Tba exports oi Aour in 1842 were valued at $1,268,931, anil in 1844, at $1,171,968. ml king the total value ol the exports of these two articles il 1843, $3 363,433. out of an aggregate export ot $4 739.44f and in 1844, $3,217,048, out of au aggregate expoit | $6,071,269. Old Mtock Exchange, $1,060 N V State 5's'60 100V 75 shares Erie RR 31 10,060 Ohio 6?,'60 98)J 23 Utica & fchcn RR 127 12.000 do 98>a 200 Long Island KR 76 1,600 Ohio Cs,'50 97)4 50 do 76 5,000 Peuu 5s, s20 76 50 do 7h 1,060 do 76); 200 do bnw 76 20,000 III. Sid. Bds. slO 41)4 50 do b20 76 5.000 do 142 50 do >30 76 lO.OoO d? blO 41); 100 Stonington Mar 29 41 13 >hares U t) Bank 5); 350 do 4i 75 Vieksburgh Bank 6 ? 150 do 41 25 Canton Co 49*; 2<0 do blO 41 25 do slO 49 125 Nor & Wor RR 71 150 Morris Canal 31*4 50 do blO 71 50 do b30 32 50 do *30 70 50 Farmers Trnst 30 250 do 70 400 do 38V 225 do 70 100 do slO 38V 700 do 70 25 East Bo*ton Co 13*6 25 do >30 70 200 do 13? 50 Housatonic RR 32 75 do 13)J 25 Mohawk RR 63 Second Board. . I 200 abas Stoaisgtoa R R 41 25 Nor It Wore R R ?!0 701 75 do 41 'Ji do >10 761 100 do x30 4 1 50 do slO 701 25 do s3 41 58 Farmeri' Trust 50 do 41); 150 Long Island 150 do 41V 25 Morris Csnal 25 East Boston l])x 50 Canton Co Sew Stock Exehange. $20,000 Penn 5s c<uh 75V 150 sht E Boston sJ I 1,000 Oh<o6>, ^0 b3 98)4 25 L1 RR miw 76 3,000 Illinois6s, V % 50 do cash 7fi 1,000 do ..15 38 50 do b30 771 50 shares Farms Trat rah 39 50 do H 25 do cash 38)4 50 do nw 7r 200 do cash 38V 50 Nor It Wor cash 71 25 do slO 38*4 75 do cash 7r I0U do slO 38). 175 do cash 71 *?50 do cash 38). 75 ?lo 71 35 Morria Canal i6ni 29 7 5 do 7i 50 do ibrn 30 50 do |J 71 loo F.ast Boston Co c??h 13)4 25 do 71 150 do , cash II 50 Btooingtoii ItR 4 125 do bJ 13)4 25 do s30'4i 100 do s30 13 8alm or Stocks?Boston, March 22. 3d Fitchburg Railroad 121; 130 Weitern Railroad 10 10 Portland, Ssco and Portsmouth Railroad 100k 21 M> cnantt' Bank 103}; Ml Norwich and Worcester Railioi 8 o Im, 70|; 16 do 70j; 26 I, Island Railroad 77; 96 Rr< inn Railroad 29; 101 Fast Boston Dividend! 6|; 300 ? Boston stock 13}; AO do l.'ij}; AO do. h o lm, 13}; 260 do 1 479 Wilmington Railroad 21}, 60 do, ? o 10 ds,21}; 90 b o ltn,2lj. State of Trade. Coal Tiiade?According to the Potltvillr Jturtin> last Satutday, the receipts by railroad up to Thursc evening last, were i Schuylkill Haven .....3,016 00 rottsvillo 9,616 03 6,962 II Tor last Report,............69,174 67 71,736 69 By Canal up to Thursday evening last; From I'oltsville 3,071 07 tons The Canal was opened throughout on the 10th March, but owing to the stormy weather, no boats mo1 for sever el daya after the opening. No returns fr Schuylkill Haven or Port Clinton. In Albany on the 3tst instant, F.astern orders lor 11 are filled at $4 79. Rye In demand at fiO a 71 cents 60 lbs. Oatt 2hJ a 30 oenta. Corn 48 a 90 cents. Livcarooi, Ci.AStiriCATiori. XJjtldt. f Flnr. N. 0.f AfnA Inferior, 4 a 4} ... 4 a 4} 4} a 6} ... 6} a 6j Ordinary, Middling, Aj ill ... 6} a 6i Good middling 6 a 81 .... 61 a 6; Middling fair, 6} a 6} ... 6} a 7 Fair 6} a 6} ... 7} a 7 Fully Fair 7 a 7} ... 7} a 8 flood fair 8 n 8} ... 8} n flj Vino ..nominal . , . nomlm Stock 69 000 bales. Freights to Liverpool steady at to Havre ]c for square baler. Ashrs -The sales for the week have been quite la and quotations very Aim, with an improving tender The sales of Pots for the week amount to about 1300 h at $1 b7? a 3 93} for old, and ft for new. Ahntit 16001, Pearls have be< n disposed ol at $4 09 for old, and 4 lor new. In somo cases ft AO are demanded lor i

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