Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 2, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 2, 1845 Page 2
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NKVV YORK HERALD.] N?w Vork, Wcdneailajr, April '4, IMJ, The Rctra from Kei ope ? Tlie thi(>e duys later intelligence from Europe, ot wluch we give an abstract th.s morniug, is very interesting and gratifying The prices ot cotton are firm, and the sales have been large. Tnis is the best possible news that we can receive from the other side of the water. News of this charac ter tor a few months longer, would be worth at least fifty millions ot dollars to the plauters and dealers ' in thiscouutry. Another item oi important news is that which in forms us of the continued and growing success of Mi? Cushman. She has already achieved a triumph beyond all precedent. It will be recollect ed that an effort was made by toadying scribblers in some of the papers here, to depreciate Miss Uushmaii's merits and success, whilst they elevated Mr. Forrest, by representing the London Times ubdilnii with respect to the former. But it will be seen that the London limes has fallen in with the popular tide, and is as loud us auy iu its praises of Miss Cushman. It appears that there was not a dry eye in the house when she played "Mrs. Haller." The Sew Revolution?Its Character and Tendency. Mr. Dudley Selden, the whig candidate for the. Mayoralty of ilusciiy, has atteuded and addressed crowded and enthusiastic assemblages of the people iu twelve of the wards, within the last fortnight. Crowds hock every where to hear htm, and en all hands the manifestations of popular sympathy and approbation are appealing to our attention. What is the meaning of all tnis'! What does all this popular enthusiasm iudicalr ? What has caused it 1 It is very evdent that there is something more than mere party feelings and influences now at work amongst great masses of the people of this city. Wnere. then, are we to look tor an explanation of the peculiar, unwonted, and remarkable aspect of afftirs presented in this charter election 1 Tne speech of Mr. Selden at National Hall on the evening of Tuesday, the 18th of March la6t, explains the whole matter. Then commenced that movement?that new revolution, which is now agitating the people of this city throughout every ward. On that occasion and in that speech, a re volution in popular opinion and feeling was origi nated which must inevitably produce, sooner or later, results of the utmost importance and magni tude. The indications which accompany the pre sent course ot Mr. Selden and those associated with him, only mark the inception of one of those great, original movements which constitute an era in the history of human affairs. Society is constantly in a state oi transition?of pro gress. That which many are accustomed to call the old age of the world, was but ita infancy, and it is yet in the days of its adolescence. It is only the philosophic observer, however whose perception is unobBcured, and whose judg tnent is unbiased by the controlling power of asso ciations with the present, that can with any degree of clearness discern the mechanism of the pro gress which is made in human society. The mere partizan?the man who is altogether mixed up with the party politics of the hour?wjjp sees no thing beyond the sphere, and cares for nothing be yond the interests of the little clique with which he happens to be bound up, can discover nought but the struggle of a political faction in the pre sent movement of Mr. Selden. But in that very movement, the calm, reflecting, and independent mind discovers the beginning of a mighty revolu tion, intimately connected with the progress of civilization and the liberties of mankind?a revo lution based on principles similar to those which were at the foundation of that great movement which produced the first settlement of this coun try, and which led afterwards, in the last century, to a still mightier movement, resulting in the deli verance of the people of this country, from the yoke of colonial vassalage, and the establishment, under a new form of government, of an indepen dent empire. The " native" movement was an original move ment, hut baaed on nairow and exclusive princi ples. Yet it was not altogether without reason ableness and propriety of aim. It sought, ostensi bly at all events, to correct a great evil which had just been manifested. It sought to paralyze and defeat the attempt made by a misguided prelate of the Catholic church, Bishop Hughes, to introduce religious sectarianism as a political element. Bui the " native" movement, in effect, endeavored to perpetuate that very thing which it proposed to destroy. It only offered Protestant sectarianism instead of Catholic sectarianism?Protestant into lerance instead of Catholic intolerance?Protestant proscription instead of Catholic proscription?Pro testant persecution instead of Catholic persecution ?Protestant bloodshed and conflagration instead of Catholic bloodshed and conflagration. And what "nativism" offered to give, it did give. It did give us Protestaut sectarianism, intolerance, proscription, persecution, and alas! also, Protes tant bloodshed and uonfl tgration. The movement just originated by Mr. Selden is of an altogether different stamp. It seeks to eradicate from ad mixture with political affairs the sectarianism of every creed. It seeks a position and means of mfluesce far above all sectarian and party associa tions Are we not right then in characterizing it as a return to those sublime principles of truth, union, and liberty which influenced the men of every creed who first began the work of civiliza tion amid the wilds of this western world, and their descendants, also of every creed, who some sixty or seventy years ago created this republic 1 Such then) is the character, and such the ten dency of the revolution which has just commenced in this city. Mr. Selden may not be elected Mayor, but the revolution will never stop till its work be accomplished. It is ihe great demo cratic movement of the ^time. It is a gene ral up-heaving of the original elements of society, that must result in an entirely new organi tion of parties. Democracy is but another name for the sound and enlightened public opinion of any period. The intelligence, sound sense and patriotism of this age and of this country, have only found a response in the speech of Mr. Selden. Whatever may be the issue of this charter election, this great movement will sweep on, and only they who, like Mr. Selden and those associated with hun, have the boldness, sagacity and honesty to cast themselves upon it, will be borne safely in the future. Those words are not lightly spoken, and let every thinking man mark them well. Captain Bob Tvlsr and his Fsiknds the Re pealers.?It appears by the last accounts from Dublin, that the repealers are very savage against Mr. Robert Tyler. The JVation, the oigan of the repealers, denounces him as a slave-holder?and considers his ' fi-ry speeches" in this country as mere clap-trap?" hollow-heatred" attempts to ob tain the suffrages of his Irish fellow-citizens?and says that it does not want any such advocates of the cause of Ireland. Captain Bob may now ask, in the words of the song? " You might have refuse.! me your love, But why did son kick me down stsirs ?" Mails bv the CAHsau.?The Savannah papers state that they received the news by the Cambria, lrom New York, one or two days before the Boston papers, containing the foreign ad vices, reached them. Thia is explained by the fact that the news airived at our office by express, and that ike regular mail from Boston did not reach here till after the southern mail, carrying our extras, had departed. This frequently occurs. Ths Inpant Danhiuse.?Bignonna Feliciana, the pttiu ilnntru?r, who appeared at I'almo's on the occasion of Md'lle. Desjardnie'a complimenta ry benefit, is really a most graceful and talented little creature, and does great credit to herteacher. The ladies who witnessed her performance were quite delighted with her Meeting of the Historical Society? Appal ? lug Intelligence?The t'ounti jr etlll ?vlth_ out a Seme. % Tiie large room in the University, appropriated to die meeting of the lliBlortcal Society, was crowded to excess last evening, in consequence ol the exciting announcement that the committee ap pointed to give a name to the country was to pre sent its report. Amongst those present, we no ticed many of our most distinguished lawyers, tii vines, ductois. politicians, literati, und retired mer chants, and all seemed to have the air of ineu call ed to engage iu some very grave and import an i business Alter the transaction ol some routine business, the nomination and election ol new members, and the presentation of a few donations of moth eaten volumes, and ancient skulls, the President called for the report ol the* 'Committee on giving a uatnc to the country. (Marked sensation ) D. D Field, Etq., then rose and proceeded willi great deliberation 10 unite and unfold a MS. of ve ry imposing appearance. This was the " report " It set forth in the most pathetic terms the hwIii! 1 act that tins country was without a na.ne?(evi dent sensation)?that the unfortunate citizens when abroad had no nationality?(increased sensation) that the potts were subjected to the most torturing difficulty on account ni the present barbarous ami ridiculous appellation by which this Republic is known? (exceedingly marked sensation)?und in sisted that good taste, necessity, and patriotism de manded that a mime .? ho"Id be without any longer delay given to this country, The committee then proceeded to report tha!|tlie only proper, 'primordial,"geographies', poetical, respectable, characteristic, ofhodox, cnrisnsi. name of thia country was " Alleghania"?th t by that appellation it ahoul l in all time hereafter be known?and tbut m-inurev should be at once adopted for the purpose of giving it that name. (Great sensation, and diversified manifestations ol feeling, such as shaking and scratching ol heads, blowing of noses, taking snuff, nervous cough ing, and suppressed laughing for joy that a name ha) beeuf und?uinid which Mr Field resumed his aeat.) A pause succeeded?a long, hushed, deep, respectful silence. At length Mr. Field again rose and said in toues tremu lou? with emotion?Mr. President?I?move?that?as? this?is?a?subject - which?requires?great?consid er?a?tion?that?this?repoit?lie?on?the?table. A Mvmb-b? I second that motion. PaesiDt.ttT.?It is moved and seconded that (this report lie on the table; as many aa are in favor of that motion will say?" ay"?(silence)?opposed "no"?(silence) ? the motion is adopted, and the report lies on the table. Mr Wetmoii.-We are now to bear a paper read by the Rev. Mr Giitwold?as 1 have not the pleasure of know ing that gentleman personally, may I ask if he is in the room 1 A pause, but the Rev. Mr. Oriswold did not appear. Mr Wetmork ?It seems the gentleman is not here. 1 know he promised that he would be here?he wrote us to that efb'Ct?and acc rdinglvthe announcement was madrf in the papers. (" Pshaw !"" pshaw !" ami a shuffling o chairs and general movement to the door ) Thus terminated last night's meeting of the learned Historical Society, lenving this wretched country as our sorrowing readers will perceive, still without a name! Vkr/ latk from Buenos Ayres.?The clipper Tweed, Captain Hand, airived yesterday from Buenos Ayres with adviceB to the 11th of Febru ary. The Argentine Confederation are constantly in trouble. It would be an act of humanity to settle the difficulties in that quarter. The fleet of Aigentine continues to blockade Montevideo. The Admiral of the French squad ron refuses to recognise it until he receives fresh orders from his government. The subject of the non-recognition of the inde pendence of Paraguay by the Argentine Govern ment is worthy of consideration. Notwithstand ing this Paraguay will stride ahead of all her neigh bors. There were ninety-seven merchant vessels at Buenos Ayres. Of these eighteen were American. From the Wist Indies.?The Star, Pitman, ar- j rived yesterday from St. Thomas with advices to the 23d ult. We have received the Orenada Ga zette, St. Croix Avit and the St. Thomas THdende j to the latest dale. The U. S. frigate Macedonian, Commodore Per-1 ry, was at St. Thomas. We observe that the Governor of Barbndoe* was una ble to attend the Congress which was held for the jpi po?e of fixing upon the icite of the Penal settlement, ing been prevented from attending by the disastrous fir* at Barbadoei, and the demise of Lieutenant Governor Darling. The papers complain that the weather has been dry, with strong breezes, and that all Liguaneais one dried plain. We regret to find Barbadoes in such a state of excite ment as that into which it has been thrown by the recent repeated attempts to fire the city and country districts.? May Heaven grant that the wretches who could be guilty of such diabolical sets may b? detected, made publio ex amples of, and the country be again speedily restored to its former quiet Our latest accounts are to the 10th ult. Equestrianism.?Hiding on horseback is be coming very fashionable. Yesterday was a charm ing day for this delightful exercise?the roads free from dust?the air fresh and balmy as the gentle breezes that rustled amid the bowers of Eden?and in the afternoon lady equestrians might have been seen returning from the country, graceful and blooming as she who left " the garden" to make a paradise of the whole earth. Theatricals.?The Othello, arrived yesterday from Porto Rico, has Colonel Mann's Circus Com pany on board. Movements of Travellers. The hotels yesterday were much more than hith- j erto usually crowded, the company at each consist ing of merchants, disappointed office seekers, on their return from Washington, military characters, and travellers by the recent arrivals from Europe Amongst this numerous assembly, may be record-1 ed at the American?H. N. Crsbb, U- 8. N.; Robert P. Grimes, Virginia; Henry Ellsworth, Patent Office, Washington. D. C.; Dr. W. Wort, Baltimore; Mr. Morvella, Michigan; D. Bears, Boston; Capt. MrKenzie, army; A. C. Briitow, Hochetter; Er?d Lorton, Ohio; Tbos. P. Ryder, Boston. Astob?Mr. Routb, Montreal; J. J. Anderson,England; J. C. Wood, Livarpool; Dr. Edge, master of the Edge Hill ! school; Messrs Lobden, Derby, Gilmore, Stearns, Bos ton; O H P. Hoyes, Philadelphia; J. H. Everett, Bostsn T.Glanniker, Paris; Colonel Blow, New Orleans, and about 40 others. CiTr.?Judge Fay, Joseph P. Marean. Ark.; C. Tyler, Hartford ; Col Miller, U 8. Marine Corps; Mr. Crossman and Mr. Kreeland, Ireland , J Isbell, A "a.; Capt. D Tay lor, President Morris Canal Company, Norwich ; and ten others Franklin?R. B. Bell, Ala.; C. Benedict, Conn ; C. G. Webster, Yal? C si lege; and twelve others. 8t. Orosos's?Horace Cook, Madisin ; A. A. Thurher. Waterford;8. C. Bishopp; Thomas 8. Aaron. Phils.; Olio White, Washington, D. C.; Robt Cllne, Ala ; W. B. Oris wold. Delhi ; and six others. Globs?Thomss Philips, Phila ; John Perry, jr. Boston.. John W Smith, Phila.; and five others,| Howabd?W. W. Eider, 8 C.; J. Furnean, Boston; H. B ay ley, Boston ; L. Waodburae, Albany : W. C. Hander ?on, Quebec ; Major P, Knight, N. C ; J.N. Pea body, Buf falo ; Col. Walker, Bait.; E Davidson, Detroit; and tony others. Watbrlv?Thor. Ryder, Boston ; F. T. Merrick, Wor cester, Mass.; Jos Westcott, Saratoga ; James Wheeler. Albany; Hon Jno. Cummlng, Augusta, Oa.; and lira others. The above list, abridged, as it must be, in confor mity with our design, exhibits a considerable in crease over and above the arrivals of the past week, whilst the departures, are by far less numerous than usual. Amoagst the permanent occupants ol "Howard's," we have before recorded that of Mr. Collector Van Ness and family ; and it is much to be regretted that the cupidity ot Custom House of fice seekers isnot to be controlled even by the re tirement and privacy of this gentleman. After of fice hours, his apartments are assailed by the visits^ of this class, to the amount of fifty a day; and from which neither his own justifiable determination to resist, or the well known fact of sickness in his family can protect htm. Personal Movements. judge Bavca, the famous democratic orator from Loui siana, it stopping at the Aitor House, and has promised to address the democrats in the Fifth Ward, this evening, st -.he Hohoken House. We are informed that he will em press his views io relation to the principles of the Native American party. Coming from a State where the utmost ? NUM traedom of religious and political opmioa la protected a no ivvcied, and from among a class of people who perish libei al sentiments, he ia eminently qualified to givo a fair oxpoaition of the bigotry and intolerance upon which na tiYism is fouuded We shall send our able corps of re porters to givo a faithful account of the proceedings, and a full report of the speech of the Honoreble Judge. We should like to have Dudley 8aldon, the eloquent and able candidate ot the whig party, enter the arena with the chivalrto Louisianian, and discuaa the important and in teresting subjects which ate embraced in the present can vase?a sot t of political tournament.. Which will first throw down the glove 7 The Hon. Linus Child has accepted the appointment of Agent of the Boott Mills at Lowell. He will enter upon the duties about the 1st of May. Mr. Fairchildattended public worship on Sunday at the Methodist Episcopal Church, South Boston, and was invited by the clergymrn into the pulpit, and offered the concluding prayer, and read a hymn. Milkes C. Koikes, Esq., was le-alccted Mayor ol Vlcks burg on the J4th ult. It is stuted that the Hon. John B. Wellor, of Ohio, was married week before last, to a daughter of Col. Buntou. The Hon. John Bell, of Tennessee, la now in New Orleans. The Hon Archibald Yell, of Arkansas, reached New Oilcans on the Hi ult.. dii-ect from Washington, charged with important despatches for Majer Donelson, our Charge d'Aft aires to Texas, then in that city. The YVhlgs of the Fifth Want In the Field LmtNlght'i Meeting at the Mai Ion House. This display was fully maul in spirit and uutn berH to any that has yeitukrn place dining the pre sent canvass. At eight o'clock the hall ol as sembly was lull to overflowing; and but a few mo ments elapsed before the officers were chosen, tie follows:? R Hysi.op, President ; (len. Chamoi.er and A P. Fanokh, Vice Presidents; W. H. Drake and O. M Hoi.mks, Secretaries. Tluse nominations had hardly been adopted, when a voice announced that Mr. Selden was in the room; a burst of scclumation went forth ai once, and continued tor many minutes:? D. Skldkn, E*i. promptly came forward, and said :? Gentlemen-I believe it Us good iule, sud one that n applicable to political parties as well as to individuals, tail wlnu tiny have committed an error, they thoulJ se.k to retract it as soon a* jiomble; and I think the whig party,during the past Presidential election, commi ? ted a capital error, and incurred a capital punishment in const qnence. It is perlectly msnileat to those who have ?-*umined thoTstatu of things iu this city, thai the titbits of the native American party lo obtain power was to lose it te the whigs in the last Presidential election. It Is certain, und within tbe circle ol proof by tacts, thut although we had a general gain in other plact s in the interior of the country, but by tbe loss caused to the whigsjiu this city .through the iDflu f nee of uativeiam, wo lost it by perhaps 10 000 ol a ma jority. There are those who can tsll where these Iossih ccurred, and prove it to a certainty ; and we are here to ask if tbU state of things is to be continued?if we are ibis year to be operatcdupon by tbe fame cause* which were so disastrous to us in 1044. Is there any reason loi it 1 Are our suppor'ers to be detached from the whig movement in favor of tnei Native American party 7 U there any thing to be gained by such a course in any ihapo or way I Why, g.ntlemen, in tbe first place, the veiy prime and only object ol that party is incapab a oi accomplishment. A change ol the naturalization law*, ani 1 do not now sp? k my own opinion, but that ol he me*: distinguished lawyers of this country, that u change, supposing (it accomplished, wou ?1 not affect che vote at all, unless acted upon by the several States ol ihe Union ; thut the Siates have reserved, under the Con stitution, the right of determining who shtll vote, ami has never been given tithe general government at all Consequently, 'his paity has not a practicable object in view ; and the question iheu is, are tbe whigs to ca opr ? rate with them? (Loud cries of "no, ne!") 1 hope that the whigs of the fifth wsrd are resolved, as they arc every where else, to .obandon that move ment. There may be some individuals inclined to continue in alliance with that party, on the grounds ol its tendency to introduce religious questions into the con test, and there may be others who may be indooed to ad here to them for the benefits oi office, if ihey hoped tha' they wonld again obtain power, and vaiious reason* of an equally proper kiDd ; but 1 hope that no whig in the filth ward will consent to coalesce with this movement. (Or it s at " never, never," and terrific cheering.) Let me a?k, i there anything to gain from it 7 You find iio co-operation on Ihe pait oi tne whigs of the interior; they hav. attempted to disseminate their principles in some large towns with but a scanty success ; but in the agricultural district*, in the interior of the country, it has been re oounced by the whigs ns resolutely a* they *et their face* against locolocoism itseli. (Tremendous cheering.) Is it for the interest of this great city, this vast metropolis, that its opinions should be separated from those of tb< ?reat whig fparty of the State 7 If you think thvro i? any advantage?if you believe there is any good, any wisdom, in the principles of the great whig party, I do hope you will at once, and for ever, abandon that native confederacy. The change that took place in our city government last spring, put into pow er a set oi men who promised reformation in the city administration, and economy in the expenditure of the public money. Have they accomplished these promt ?es? I apprehendkhat npon examination of the facts, it will be found they did not?they failed in both. L*t u? see what description of men they putin office. Among the rest they selected two Justices, one oi -which has a - ready been tried and discharged from bis office for mal administration and misconduct; and another is to be dis posed of iu the same wsy. In addition to this, the Attor ney of the Corporation has been dismissed for similar rea sons. Now, gestlemen. in the history of other parties we can find|no instances of this nature. It proves one thing; t clearly indicates that the men who compose that party ire men tofwhom power should not be trusted. (Ap planse) I ask you,can you not find among the great num ber of individuals of the whig partyfmen of respectability, ot character, of intelligence, into whose hands you may commit tbe affairs of the city without running after these new-fangled pretenders?a set of men of whom you know nothing, and whose character baa been established by no me thing done for the benefit of the public. Gentlemen I took occasion to state at a late meeting that, after an at tentive examination ot the list of whig nominations, have never in the whole time of my experience in pol ?ics, known a list of names ot men proposed a* candidates for office more worthy ol taking charge of the city affair* than are now to be your candidates in the approaching spring election. (Loud cheers.) And in this state o' hinga, are the whigs going to abandon their candi dates 7 (Cries of "no, no ") Do you b?lieve it is fot ?he interest of the city, or of yourselves, that any man should abandon the whig poity or go over to the party now in power? Gentlemen, in ma king those enquiries, 1 do nat make them under any fselingof depression. I will confess that I was doubtful when present on the occasion of tha first announcement ol'these nominations at National Hall: Dut let me tell you, I do not doubt now. (Great cheering.) I will not take upon me to speak confidently of the Filth ward: but 1 can state, that in all the wards which 1 have visited, the whigs intend to resolutely and unflinchingly sustain their Doauiistions throughout. (Loud and long continued cheering ) And they can do it not only on whig princi ple*, but in consideration of local and personal interests; ior they have a body of men presented to them who are capable and willing to see Iheir inter* sts, in detail and in tbe aggregate, protected. (Applause) Gentlemen, al though I am a candidate for the high office of Mayor?the highest honor that the people of this city can confer?I have no unwillingness to go for that office. 1 think 1 should have hesitated to go and speak to tbe whigs of this city of my own nomination; but 1 consider that the great interests of the whig party, not only here, but all ever ?he country, depend upon their formation in line, and firm array, in the seventeen wards of New York. (Great cheering.) And if I can render you any service, I am ready to do it?I shall not flinch from my post. Gentlemen, 1 am even aur* that already som? good has been done. That oneol he effect* produced by the action of the whig party ha* been, to destroy to a considerable degree, that spirit of ir ritation, that bad nlood and discontent which were exhi biting themselves in sur oity in consequence el the mov< ment of the native American party, and which was not based od any great principle, but arose from motives ane feelings which strike at the peace and stability of society itself. The effect of that was, to set neighbor against neighbor, and proscribe whole classes on account of th* places of their birth or parentage. This must never be admitted under a government like ours?in this land ot freedom?among a people, all of whom claim an origin trom one or other of the great nations oi Europe. We ar? all the descendants of smigrsnts. We are here either at emigrants or the descendants of emigrants, the subjects of a government such as no people were ever blesae with. With a redunlancy of comforts no people ever be fore enjoyed. Wi h peace and plenty and happiness ail .? ' . . " .11. ?ii _ A." 1 -1 l.i.. .ka/l kn n around.-(Cheering.) And is this to be disturbed bye ovement lr party movement lrom which no possible advantage can be derived? Why there is some merit in the declare ions of the old political parties, for they stand on broad ground and well defined issues?and although I feel whig principles are right, 1 will admit that those on the othe: aide are maintaining great principles?but, as it seeors to me, great errors.?[Prolonged applause.) In my whole political experience, and that haa not been circumscribed, 1 know of no set of principles so tensble or sound s? those of the whigs at the last election. Not a point they toek or they maintained, but they were maintainirg the great interests, the honor and tbe prosperity of the nation (Applause.) Among them was the distribution of th? sale of the public lands among the people for State benefit and purposes?if not regard for the wants of tha general government; they sought power to effect a limitation of ?he power and the oorruption of the government of thb i Union?[cheers]?and another settled purpose was to re strain and limit the patronage ef that government Now. gentlemen, I say, with the zeal and skill evinced in tht movements of the democraticSparty?with suchasetol principles to stand upon, they would not have left an op ponent from Maine to New Orleans. And are the whig' to be broken down by a psrty simply existing bj the force of its own organization?without a single principle to rally upon? I do not believa it; nor do 1 be lieve that the whigs of New York will abandon their principles; but they will retain possession not only ol the city, bat of the State government, by depriving the preeent incumbents of office. (Cheers.) Gentlemen, po litical parties are not organic* d in a day? th'y do not grow up liko Jonah's gourd. Thsy are the result or years of reflection. In their operation they bring before the country its ablest and greatest men, who take a position on one side or another, according to tbeir difference ol opinion; and now you are called upon In this city to have all your able men let ailde, in order to yield to an other aet of individual*, who can scarcely present a man aii a statesman, or distinguished in public life, or known to the people of this country. (Tremendous applause) Can any man point me to a single man in the native Ame rican party,oi education,of standing, or of capacity lor the duties of government? (A voice?"Yes, James Har per *') With regard to the ailairs of the city, that is one thing, but I speak of general government; for it is well known that there is a desire and a project to carry thsir designs into effect in re lation to national policy, and if they only could succeed this spring in electing their candidates, you would see a Native American ondidate for President and Governor on the earliest occasion. And let me ask tou are the whig* of New York to be swept a?ty by tne*e|men.'?(Loud cries of "never1, never!" and much cheering ) As men I respect them?but I cannot as na tive Americans?(Great applause) But let me ask this gentlemen, what hat James Harper ever done to distin guish himself from bis (allow citizens? What has be ever dene for which they can feel more grateful to him than to thousands in this city? What are the claims ot tames Ha. par to statesmanship? Let the |M>ople answer I Let any man who can, name the act; let it be made manifeat, and 1 shall give him credit for it, and honor him as a public benefactor. I shall tell you what he has done; he ha* co-operated in exciting the pessien* and religious pre judices of the people?(Renewed appUnse.) Am I not right in saying so ? ("You are, you aro ") Let me ash what has he done to entitle him to more confl denco than Ave hundred men I could And in the fifth ward, in point oi capg-ity. And although this may seem very improper to some to aay?I think I have seen nothing of this kind. Not that 1 claim superior .nerit; the only ere lit I claim is that of being the candi di.t? of the great whig party ol New York (Applause.) Now, gentlemen, I am not so minutely acqusintsd wi'h the city government-not having been incflioe-tosay how (ar Mr. Harper is responsible for bis agents, or bow much he may participate in the acts of The Common Council; but I dare say, that it Mr. Harper is responsible, many acta ot those in ottie.e rpeek out in term* of deep re proach. I have made some details elsewhere and m-ght lie thought tedious if 1 again gave them here, bin I wish to make a few remarks as certain misstatements have ap pe tred in print, which are utterly incorrect and not what I intended. (Movement and a food degl o( sensation; se v|: gi ifreoni m-king observations, one of which alluded to the Herald.) 1 d? not mean to attach any blame nor > ay that it was intended; but whether because 1 spoke too last or iturn the difficulty al taking accurate nous ol tie'ires and calculation.* 1 know not, tmt on error has ap penred in u report at what I said; and bore I must say that . lavtiil twillt who* kii'iMirftT.V mv I um arbu at it i< wondertul with what accuracy my lemarka at National Halt worereported. I bavo seen it reput ed in one of the | a)>ers that 1 spoke of the Com mon Council's having ayplird lo the leaislaiurn lor authsnty to tame three iur lour hundred thousand dollars. That is a mistake. 1 said, tailing back to 1*43 and 1*48 ibat, the Common Council, who have, you are aware, no authority ot themselves to raise funds by taxation, applied to the ltguilature tor power to luise $*70,1)01), to uiect the city exi eusu<: 1 may lie a iitUe from the exact amount, but near enough lor the purpose ot convey ing a correct) general impression, when the present corporation came iuto power, they mode application for authority to raise, by lax, $9a0,000, which, to me, at the time, looked like a saving, and 11 was ready to give thtm credit lor it to the amount ot $'1*,OUO ; but in coming to an examination, 1 found that the estimate of the alleged requisite expenses contained no items tor lamps or gat, or the cny v/a'ch, which would amount to a cost ol about $300.1)00; and it became evident that it was Ira we 1 artfully lor the purpose ol getting credit tor what they really did not nerlarm-rsavo tne city one penny?as a sum amounting to $300,000, for the items 1 have named would be thrown over mi some future corporation Has Mr Harper no thing to do with this 7 1 hold him responsible as connect ed in the administration with tho body. 1 would be glad these men would uame any particular incident in James Harper's lite, or public or private career, to entitle him to uioretbun oidmary respect; because there is a reporter here, and it stated it will go abioad to bis credit. (A voice, "He is u whig.") I wish he was ; ho would not then be a Native American. (Loud uad continued cheer ing ) Mr 8elden continued at considerable length to defend the duclrinea of his party and reprobate eloquently ihose of the natives, and was beard with delight by the dense crowd who were in attendance. The meeting sbprtiy alter broke up. Ctrcmlt Coast* Before Judge Kdmonds. Aran. 1 ? Tiial oj Polly Bodine? Eleventh Day.?Tbe court room was again crowded with ladies at an early hour. Witnkssbs rox the Dcrxecx. Mr. Gasiixsi intimated that aa the defence would com mence this (Wednesday; ioreuoon.all the witnesses who bad been suiiposnse'l for the defence would be attached in tbe event of their not being punctual in their attendance. Mrs. John Van Pelt testified?Sne knew the deceased, whose habits were extremely timid; she used Lever to sleep alone. The ear rings (otoduced) I am not positive that they are the ones belonging to the late Mrs. House man; they were like them; the brooch (produced) 1 can't swear to; the clasp (produced) I believe to have b*n her's; I waa intimate with the late Mrs. Houseman; the last 1 ever saw of Mrs Houseman waa on Wednesday be-1 fore Christmas, when she left our house Mrs. Symondion identified some of the bed furniture; I slept at tbe late Mra Houseman's at the time af the birth of the child; Mra. Bodine wss in the habit of going to the house of the late Mrs. Houseman. Wis. Henry (colored)?This man testified ha lived on B'et n Island, and saw Mra. Bodine en Tuesday morning alter Christmas, as she passed into the ferry boat on which he was employed. Croii-exaninttl by Mr. De Witt?Q.?What took you to the boat that day, William? A.?1 went to the boat; I wanted to go there. Q?Was it not to see Catharine you went? A ?Well, I cant say. Q.?What time was your first child born, William? A.?He waa not born at all, air. Thi*|announcemunt convulsod the entire court with

laughter, the ladiea in particular enjoying it. A child thai was "not horn at all" must be a curious phenonenon. Q?Did you not go to the prison to see? Mr. Whiting made a remark which was inaudible. Mr. Da Witt (father excited)?I will not allow a cer tain nerson to be barking in this way. Mr. Whiting?Dog* may bark at pig a ; I was only sug node of ] grating tho legal mods of putting the question. Thit witness, alter undergoing a long crosa-exatnina tion in relation to the prisoner's identity on beard the boat, was let down He atated he saw the same women he saw on the boat in Richmond Jail. Catharine Jane Henry, (colored,) wife to the last wit ness?Testified she was stewardess on board ferry boat.' an 1 saw the prisoner on board the boat, the Tuesday after Christinas, about six o'clock in the morning. Tha pii sonersat by the fire stove; she asked "if we had any thing to eat on board ?" I said, " we had pies of all kinds." She asked for a glass ot " gin." I than got her a . iece of pie ; 1 then cleared out and went to my breakfast; I returned, and saw she had removed her seat from where I left hat; she sat there until the boat returned from the Stapleton Dock. [At this stage, Judge Lewis, of the Supreme Court ol Tennessee, was introduced to Jndge Edmonds, and took his seat upon the Bench.] Witness, (tn continuation)?I saw the prisoner leave the l<oat on its arrival at the wharf in New York. The Court took a recess. Dr. Cxoweli. Monday?Testified that the prisoner gave birth to a female child, in the prison in Richmond county, on the fit at Wednesday in 1844. The child was still-born. It had anived at the full period of gestation. I am physi cian to the jail in Richmond county. She had labor pains for some days before. I was not present at the time ol 1 her delivery?not until a few minutes afterwards. The Sheriff took a pocket book from her, containing ten do), lars, in bills and sprcie. She said it was all she had about her exoept her clothes. I was attending her in const - quei.ee of those pains. Joel Cole, engineer?Testified he was employed on hoard the Staten Island ferry boat on Christmas, 1643? the morning after Christmas he saw a woman whom he thought to be the prisoner; he could not positively state; j I knew Mrs. Bodine about at years sgo; she is now <4 years ef age; I eould not recognize her. Sarah W a Mr all? Knew the deceaaed. This witness testified to naviog been on intimate terms with th < de ceased.. Her testimony went in corroboration ol mature already introduced in evidence in relation to the time in which ehe sew the deceased previous to her demise. lu her cross-examination, it was sought by Mr. Grahsm to show a discrepancy between the testimony of this wit ness at the present end former trials. Mr. Whiting objected lo the form in which the ques tion was pot. Mr. Graham protested against this interruption ofooun lel, applying the words "this person," and stated that the only object of the defence was to get at the whole tinth. Mr. Whiting considered that counsel lor defence had no right to impugn the motives of the gentlemen who conducted the prosecution. The Court interposed. Witness withdrew. Mrs. Pratt, sworn?Testified she was at the house of old Mrs. Houseman on1 the Tuesday after the murder : heard her speak of the property that was stolen ; she said ?bout $360 ; I think she stated she went over about four o'clock in the afternoon, and saw that the room was to rights ; she appeared absent-minded ; I was not acquaint en with her ; I addressed her at the breakfast table ; she gave me no answer; I noticed her, on going around the home, that her mother followed her. Court?Her mother ia not here on trial. Mr. Graham?We have no objection to this. Court?Well, 1 must rule it out. Cron-fxmnintd by Mr. Graham?My maiden name is Jsne ford ; 1 was not asked to go to Mrs. Houseman's by any of the family, the night of the wake: I got breakfast 'he following morniog (torn Mrs. Bodins ; I sm married about seven years ; Mrs. Bodine appeared the saddest in ;ha room that night; she kept her band continually up to her eyes. John A. Morrii?Testified he was a member of the Coro iter's Jury held on the body of the deceased. Mrs. House men ; I was requested to get Mr. Houseman and Mr. Van Pelt tor the purpose of offering a leward to discover the murderer ot Mrs. Houseman ; I arrived at eld Mr. House man's, and mat Mr. George Houieman, (husband to de ceased ;) I told him the Jury desired him to offer a reward; Mrs Bodine was present; she said.f'lfwould not doit;" I then went with Mr. Houseman to see Mr. Van Pelt; and Mr Houseman said he had an objection Court tuledoutthe tratimoay, aave what occurred in the presence of Mrs. Bodine. James G. Bsroer, the Coroner, who presided at the inquest held en the bodies of the deceased end her child, testified, he came to the city on the Saturday evening af ter tho inquest was held; I taw a person in Washington street whom I thought to be Mrs Bodine; she went into an eating house about tlx or seven e'clock; I did not fol low her in ; she had on a dark heed, a green veil and striped shawl; tha eating bouse was kept by Mrs. Par sons; I went to Waite's store; I did not see her that night. John Van Pelt, (father of deceased,) testified that he brought the deceaaed on a visit to his house en Wednes day previous to her demise, and saw her home again; ne ver saw her after. Lwmxah Parsons testified she livedj in Washington street on Christinas, 184S, and kept a refectory; she said she would accomodate the priaoner, who wanted lodg ings; she said aha came np that morning and was net able to go to tho doetor'e (Waite) as they were ell out; I asked her where she was from; she said from Staten Island; 1 said then you mnat know about the murder; in the eenree ot conversation I aaked her what could have been the ob ject; she replied I believe that money must have boon the object. Alderman Vandcxtoort, in his examination by Mr, Clark stated?I saw Mrs. Bodire on the Sunday after Christmas 1848; I aaw her with Coddlngton; we engaged a caniage and went to the Police cilice: we afterward* went Io a church and found a basket; it was taken on board a steamboat for Steteu Island: we then proceeded to Staten Island. [Any lurther questions reserved until the proper authorities are consulted by (he counsel in regard to the procedure adopted in the examination of this wit uess] The prosecution here closed with the exception of the further testimony of Mr.Vandervoort.the testimony of Mr. Miller, and, if necessary, the evidence of medical books. Some controversy here ensued as to whether the de fence would be opened to-night. Mr. Graham suggested that it would be conferring a favor if the Court would al low him to consult with his associate counsel before open ing. This was at length agreed to and the Court adjourn ed to this forenoon at 10 o'clock. Court Calendar?Thla Day. Common Pi.bas?Nos. 34, 71, 1, 43, 63, 3,14, 88,41,7,16, 44, 66. ' Steamboat North Amxrica.?This boat met with a dangerous accident at Hampton, on Sunday night. Her shaft broke close up to the pillar block, which waa followed by the breaking of the crank, when the whole ot the machinery came down with aloud crash, spreading the utmost con sternation among the passengers. Most miracu lously, no one was injured. The passengers of the N. America we? transferred to the Splendid, and reached Albany yesterday morning. The damage to the N. A. is probably over $2000. Teriinli Explosions?Loss of Livks ?During the past week two premature explosions took plnce at the atone quarry ot Mr. Allen, on the Falls Road, a short distance from Baltimore, which produced theme*' disastrous effects. The first explosion occurred on Friday fait, by which Mr. Allen, tho proprietor, waa killed ; and the second on Saturday, by which one colored man wai killed, being literally torn to piece*, and another so aerl ously injured, that it is feared he cannot recover. China ?The news by the CahotA is of no conse quence. melancholy Truth* A womiu with a winning face But with a iirart an run. Though It# util'ul ii valueltss Aa uiamu.iin formrd of dew Aril thus, though caat io mould mort rate Be ? < man'a classic face? Woiili'ess aia all her charms, if there 1*1 in. It- or liu we trace How Many ladies there a e whose own bitter evprrieuce can attest to the tiuthn Keen of the last stanza ! Lovelioeaaol iniud arada >ut liule if it b-imttc ouiikii d by loveliness of lec tures. A pimpled, Irrckled, or sun burnt '"ce, uio* eralli proves fat d{lo the mum ce. Itispaiulul thus t acknowledge tlie wctino*s of i>oor human uat re, but ire fact cauuot bo aaiusayed Ho- high y in.portnut then, is it 'or every lady to a Pply he'aelf wiiliacakeof UOt AAi li'd II ALlAN M1. UtUAICP SUAl'. which is luntiveli wairiiuril to remove eierv blruiish o' the ku.d n no ihe lace, and render the ski* 01 the persou uiiug it? " i'ure aa ibe snow flshe, e'er it ftile, and takes thestaifl of earth!" M-tny ladies, t o, are mpu'sire "? account of having their up per lipa aud tetanies covered witlt an uua-euily gr wlh of hair ; how ridicu'ous it is f r them t > frat in Consequence. when thev know that (lOU BAUD'S POUDRe.8 SuBTlLES are pre pared ripiea,ly for the removal of such aauoyauceat Hi dor gray liair is also a frequent caase of veaatinn ; GOURAUD'S UK ft' -1 AN H MR DYE will clituite it browu orblack in a ? ingle ui?ht*! For pale cheeks GOIJKAUD'd LIQUID VE GETABLE ROUGE is the only reliable remedy?oneap.il ica lion civet tliem ihe color of the rose, and ia permanent as a dye. GOURAUD'fl LILY WHITE is a magnificent article for im parting a aofiuesa and brilliancy to the c inflexion. A laige and choice assortment of perfumery, soar a he. he., can also be had at Ur. K KELLY GOUUAUlj'ff uepot, (7 VVaikrr street, first door from Broadway. ? Remember'. The doctor cahnot be uuswerable for any article unions purchased at his aforesaid depot, 67 Walker street. Aucnis?'76 Chestnut street, Philadelphia ; Jot din, 8 Milk street, Boston ; Carletou h Co, Lowell ; Bliss h Co., Spring field; Green ht 'o. Worcester; Bull, Hartlord; Kerre, Middle towu; Myers, New Haven; Dyer, Providence; Toutey, Ro chester; Backus h Bull, Troy; Pierce, Albany; Beth S. Haure, Baltimore; U. H Mome, Lyuctibnrg, Va.; Audeison, Nash ville, Teuu; Heiuitsh, Laucuater. Pa. Lung Diseases? Doctor Itoae, from Phila delphia, arriveu in the train last evening aud took lodgings at the Aalor House. Ha will rrinaiu in the city a week. Those who wish to consult him in Chronic Diseases and Ltaig A ft c tioua can have the opportunity from 9 to 3 daily. Falu lis Ihe Side and II re eat, Headache, Ac ? IVrtght's Indian Vegetable Pills are a certaiu cu.e for every deacri, tiou oi pains, b cause they purge from the body tho?e morbid humors which are the cauae, not only of the above dis agreeable complaints, but of every malady incident to mui. From three toaix of aaid Indian Vegetable i ilia, taken at night on going to bed, will, in a short time, give lelivf, even in the most intense suffering,suit perseverence, according indirections, will certainly in-tor- ihe body to e e state of iou?d health Beware of Counterfeits -*Tte public a e rrsiecifudy iu fcrinrd that medicine purporting to be impioved Indian Piila. made io New York, and sold by various siuretee| ers iu the^ country, are not the genuine Wright's Indian Vegetable The only security against imposition, is to purchase at the office aud General Depot, No. 188 Greenwich'treet, N.York, aud in all ens-a to he particular and ask for Wright's lnd.au Vegetable Pilla, n. I.-r Beware of all Sugar counterfeit Pilla. Song No. A?Air, "And you'll remember me." What other joye, what other hopes May fill the heart with glee, Give me the greatest soap of soaps? Oh! Jones's Soap for me. Wheu pimples come upou the face, Aa I've seen come on thee, If you would those defects erase, Ob! do remember me. When winter's winds, with ragged power, May chap the hands and face; When Summer's sun your charms deflower, Will hu;n and tan each grace; When freckles or when yellow skin, From face to neck should flee? At such a moment 1 must win, And you'll tem.mber me. Then Jones's Soap will ahow its power Upon your face and neck? Your skia more clear than fairest flower, Without a blotch or speck; And then from freckles, pimples, tan, Your akin w ill be iiutte free? Thus you'll be made the love of man Ana rou'll remember ma The virtue of genuine Jones's Soa|> consists ie its emollient and beautifying qualities. 'J he Medical Society of Paris term ed it e miracle, a blessing, and a wonder, tto cure any eruption, or for clraning dark, yellow, or discolored skin, rdhde.ing it soft, white, clear, aud spotless, at the same time removing freckles, pimples. Ian, suuburn, morphew, and iuf.llibly cu ring aaltrlieuin. scurvy, aud any otherciuption of the skin, par tieulaily in old cases. The public are caulioued to ask for Jones's Italian Chemical Boa*. It is sold ouly in this city at lh> 'sign of the American Eagle, 62 Chath on street, and 323 Broadway; 8 Stata street, Boston; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia, sue 57 Btute street, Albany. Bong No. 14. Air?"The Fine Old English Gentlemen." I'll sing youarrimenew Yankee song, made in a'Yankee!State, Of a fine old Yankee gentleman who'd got a bald o'd pate. And who would not try to stop the same before it got too late, Bat used all sorts of useless stuff, at a very espensive ra'e, out u?u ?" Like , flne old Yankee gsutlaman, kc. This fine old man was lored by all, waa reverenced bythefair, But, elas'. he. could uot boast of wearing hu own "t"7^.h,i r; But was forced to wear a nasty wig.at wh.ch all men did stare, For his feature! all were noble, and nit mind was good, not rare. In a fine old Yankee geotlemau, kc. At length this good old man was told to go a'raight off andgivu Three shillings lor a bottle of Jones s Hair Kestorative, Which, though the hair had long been dead, twould force again And grow daxkVsjft, and beautiful, like a plant or an olive, grow uara, 11.1, ^ ^ flae o)d y^gee gentleman, kc. He used but two small bottles, and his hair grew dark^andllonj,? No daudrufT filled ttiescalp, for the roou grew healthy, aye,ami And he says'at'lasl he's found the right, though he often tried And that Jones^Hnifhrstirative is all that's stated in this song. AUU Uiat Of a flue old Yankee gentiemaa, kc. * To make the hair grow, to stop it falling off, to cure thesc?rf or dandruff, and to make\ight. red or gray hair grow 5 fine, dark aid beautiful; to diess harsh, rough, dry or bad I haw, nothing has ever been invented so economical, se beeutiruj, so infaltinle, and so much admired, as Jones Hair Restorative. Even for dressing toe hair, it is cheaper thanthecommout^h nllrd Mair OiU. Pomade*, &c. Terient *fho u*e it once win ueret wish to ?.?<? ouy. Xog else. Hold. P/mj 3. < or ? shillings a bottle, at the eign nl the Amencan Eagle. 81 ^"imhnra street. 821 Broadway, er 189 Fulton e.reet, Broekijn; 8 State St., Bus ton; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia. ^ Samuel R. TaberTof Orient, L. I., who hnd long been sick aud under the.care of phyeiciaM who did not ap p ar to know the caaee of hie comp'aiet, heard of l)r. Sher man's celebrated Worm Lozenges As his symptoms seemed to indicate the presence of worms, he took them sccordmg to the direction, sod brought awev, to use his own woids, nee drtd and hnndieds of worms." His bad symptprambegeii vanish in a day or two, and he is now restored to ihCWJ iym. of peifect h-alih. He euted that he never ?aw any remedy tl. would compel* with Shermaa's Worm Lozengee. Dr. Shermau'e warehouse is 10# Nassau street. AgeauAttf Hodsou street, corner of Spring; 188 Bowt ry, corner ISpring; 77 East B'otdway; i39 Fulton street, Brooklyn; 3 Ledger Build ings, Philadelphia; and 8 State stieet. Boslou. DaUey's Haglral Pain Eitractor, at hll only agency, #7 Walker street, first store from Broadw ay. Seal's Hair Restorative, at hl? Agency, 67 Walket at., lat store raoM Broadway. JHe<tlcal Notice.?'l'lse Advertisements of the New York College of Medieine aud Pharmacy, establuhed foi the Suppression of Qnatkery.in die cure ol ail diseases, will hereafter appear on V^C^DSON. M? 0^^" Otfioe and Conaul -ing Hiwitu of the <ollege.95 Nassau stra All phllaslalpiua Smlmwlptlons to tils liana lp must be paid to the only authorized Agent*, Ziebei a Co.. 3 Ledgei Building. Thiru atieet, ueai Chestnut. Terms ?75 cents a month, includiug ihe Sunday paper; or65 cents without it; delivered fie# of charge in any part of Phil idelphia Single copiea for sale at above, daily, at 1 o dock?Price 3 C*The Weeklv Herald is also for sale every Saturday morn in??Price eld cents, or $1 r*' annum, delivered m any part or Philadelphia, tree of po?tute _ Try- All the new and cheap Publications for sale at their ee tablishmeiit, as soon as issued wholesale and retail try With the ezceptiou of one paper, the Herald is read as much, perhaps, in Philadelphia, as any iiaper published in that city, affording a valuable medium to advertisere. Advev tirements handed to the agents at half paat t? o'clock, will ap pear in the Herald nezt day. u< *v JBUNEY BtAMKBT. Tueiday, April 1?0 P. M. |The 8to?k market ii getting heavier and heavier every day. Prices declined again tc-day.in some Instances 1J and 1} peraent; Stonington fell off J per cent; Norwich k Worcester }; Morris Canal Er.e Railroad l}; Fenn aylyania 6's J; Illinois 1}; Long IsUnd J; Canton i; Mo hawk Harlem J; Pennaylrania 6'a f; Eut Boiton itm provadd per cent, and Kentucky 6's closed firm at yes. terday's prices. By the arrival of the packet ship Queen |of the Wcat, we hava dates from Liverpool three days Uteri than those teceived by the ateemer Cambria. '1 he commercial advices are highly interesting and important. The cot ton merket wea vary firm qnd the selea very extensive. Speculation to some extent prevailed, and prices ware very stiff at the quotations current at the departure ol the steamer on the 4th nit. Reports ere current in this mar ket that there has been an advance oi an eighth o< a pen ny per pound since the sailing of Ihe Cambria, but such is not the fact. The weekly reports of the Liverpool Cot ton merket, are made up to Friday. The report made up previoue to the departure ot the ateemer wee on Friday, the 18th of February, the steamer sailing on the Tuesday following. The Queen of the West atiled on Friday ihfl 7th of March-the close ot the next week?and the ad vance reported, inciudee the total for the week ending that day. The advice* received by the Cambria reported an advance of en eighth of e penny per pound, from Fe bruary 18th to March 8?t, being trom Friday to Tuesday, end the advices per the Queen of the Weet report en ad vance of an eighth of a |ienny per peund, eince the Fri day previous The same advance is included In each re port Prices in Liverpool were therefore without any al teration- The activity in that matket wea very greet, end muit hare an immense influence on thie and all the Southern market* ... ?, u . There was no change in the London Money Market. Capital wea abundant, and the rites of interest as previ ously reported. The revenue from Cueteme received at this port up to th> 80'h of March, 1840, compered with the eeme period in 1814, has fallen off about twenty per cent. Revenue raoM Customs-Port or Naw Total receipt! to March amh, 1844 Total receipts to Match 80th, 1840. ........ 4 010,061 Decrease in $1,119,170 The amount of specie egpoilod in March, 1840, was $149,108. We annex e table showing the quantity oi certain lead ing articles exported from Beeton for the aix months end ing the 1st of March, 1840 These exporte are by sea end do not include the transportation ot merchandise into 'he interior. Ezronrs raoM the Port or Bnsrnv, from SirT. 1st, 1844, to March I, 1845 Articles Quan'y Article*. Quant y. Apples, hbla 13.8ft l.ard bids 4,2*2 A-m"', Pots, barrels 357 l.ae Dye. c set 7J AsSr?, Pearls, do 133 Linseed, bags 'JS 8r*?w <z, ea.lts 13 l.ead. white, kegs ? ' OvvtWRi, liags ? I-ead, pigs ??'I Hitler, fc?{s 7,110 1 e*'l, tons '? Beef, bhls 7.312 l.iirre. casks... ? ?vz 3 fv" Bread, bhls 3,7r8 Lumber.ahoOM k My M 79 toot, k Hlioes, cases... 51,127 Bo,teds fc rlsnk M It... 9,ore Barilla, hhits - Staves and headiag... 7*9 Barilla, tons 6 Li"-0 *1? M 3 9?>3 ( andles, sperm, hoiea.. .15,054 Hhissglwe. M. . " tallow. boies.. .14.881 Molas.ee. hhd. e."" ?i?.ssr'.rr-.:i? ??;;.?* <;?o., bit*.' 7. .7.7.7. iio S'.-.i bbu- 'SS CofTra. bui .. .tt.tn Spirits Turi?jiliut.... 59 Corn, (mth 15 V4 Tar. bblx..; t,47g Cora Meal, bbla 4,853 I'itrli bbls .. 5.158 < ntlou, b?l?a 5,163 'I'uitwutiue, bbla I<jy Dveuooda? IVpprr, bcgi 1.797 Logwood, Ioiij 2,619 Platter, tons 4,269 Logwood, log* jw, Pork, libla 1M90 Map.ru wood, toaa.. . 1,6bOil, bbls 8j7l K"tlic, loot WU Bio, lea 873 I tommies, coa 28,895 H ice, bbla* I.er, Kisti, dry cod, drama ... 4,9 8 Rum, lihds 2,?7i Kith, dry cod, lioxes.... 5,036 Itum, bbla 7.8c, b'iah, dry rod, qtla 63.201 It,? ,im bx? 14.' 3'L PUb, Manhunt, bbla.... 25,341 Malt, sacks 22 6.-1 hiah, H-rnug, boxes... 13,987 Mall, blids lU.IJ'tl b 'our, Wheat, bbla 17,138 She lac, cases 3587 K'our, hy?, bbls 1,913 Mu'iiac. bags 1,119 Glaaswar-, pkgs 1213 H-lt|eire lags 11,718 Gunpowder, kegs 8,143 Hararpnrilla, b?l-s 104 1 Granite, tons 1.997 Sugar, bxi 7,837 Granite, piecea 1,780 Mug tr, bags 7.317iv Guuuy cloth Ik.bags, bla. 2,799 Mugar, bbla 2 u'7i4 (lams, hints 647 Sugar I,lids 1.356k Hams, 59 Soap, bxa 42,7321. Henna, bbls 389 Hoelter, lbs 4(8.1 Haica, somber 1911 Tin Plate, tons ? P Hemp, bales 3,563 " bts ISil, Hemp, tons 389 Tobacco, leaf, hhils.... 663| Hides, bales 3,003 " b dea St rasas.. 2,05ll Hides, number 79,331 " mauul bis.... 3,446V lev.tous 15,464 Tallow, bbls 3,1481 Iron, tons.... 1,662 Te is. chests 4 658'' Iron, pterer ?ud bills 3,851 Wheat, hush 5,191' Indigo, ca?et 109 Whiskey, bids Iu8,< " cercous 5 Whslebose. bdls 207 ! Lard, krgs 36.858 "Wood, bales 370 ' The ptuicipol exporting staples irom ilostou are manu- j Uaturee, am is us Boots and Shots, and Domestic Unoda. All hinua of provtiious, to sobio extent, bin exported, but . they are generally the prodhetion of tho Western Matsa, and had an outlet at Boston. The foreign trade of Bos ton has witkiu tho past three years nearly doubled. Tho , export trade has increased moro rapidly than tbo import i trade, but every season the foreign trsda ia becoming J more direct. A few years ago the merchants of Bo.ton -, imported neatly all their supplies ef foreign maauiactures i by the way ol New Yoik, nut now their line of Liver-' pool packuts, the numerous transient ships engaged at ? season in the trade and the Br tisn stromaln bring nearly' all their supplies direct. There ia an immense amount of capital employed in mercantile business in Boston, and the advancement making in the foreign and demes'ic trade of that port, ia npon a basis too solid for compati tion to destroy. The groat numbarot Internal improve ments iu|New England,starting from Boston running into ' he interior of each of tne States and connecting with tha public woiks of New York, give that ciiy a position emi nentiy calculated to increase its internal and external commerce. The people in that section ot the country, in the construction of th? ir internal mods* ef transporta tion, have i? view the ultimate advantages thrse works must give, re'her '.ban any immediate superiority they may give them over other sections oi the country. They look forward for a veiy gradual but steady inn esse in tha value ot their investments and the ben?nts arising from them. There appears to be a uuion of interests that must t xert a powerful influence for the public good Ca pitalists of this cily and inhabitants of this State, puraue a oourae in all their public works, totally opposite to that pursued by the capitalists of Boston and the people oi New England. Here most of the charters obtained lor railroads, *c ,are applied for by speculators w ho have ne other object in view but the creation of a stock to use in Wall at, for cor nering operations. Companies are formed and many of our most wealthy and influential sit zsns are tnduoad in some way to land their means to gat the stock taken, but they go no further. They do not step forward and subscribe largely themselves. They do not set an example for others to follow, but suffer their names to be used by stock specu lators to got up bubbles (or the purpose of fleecing those who place too much confidence in their representations. This is not tha case at tha East. The maxim that union ia strength appears to be uppermost in tho mmda of the people of that section, as they ia variably sot upon that prineiple As an evideaeo of the beaefit do ivvd from a use of this priociple, we need go no further than the city of Troy, in tuis State. The citizens of that place have, by a complete combination of interests, bean able to build it up and to successfully compete with Alba ny in many branches of business. They have, by a con ceutration of capital, been able to complete several works of public improvement and to build up largo manufacto ries, and tho influence of the many interests cantered there ia sufficient to give thom many votes in the legisla ture of this State to extend any enterprise they mty eon ttmplate. There are no doubt many other placet in this country where tho same cause has produced tha same results, hut these two will suffice to show the influence of a union of interests. The legislature of Massachusetts has aroendad the energy and enterprise of tho citizens of that common wealth, in granting charters with liberal conditions and privileges, incorporating railroads. Ice. At tha last ?e? sion the following acta were paeaod, incorporating new railroad companies, and improving old:? An act to incorporate the Greenfield and Northampton Railroad Company. An act to incorporate the Medford Branch Railroad Company. An not to establish the Winterdon Railroad Cerpo rat en. An not to Increase the capital itock of the western Railroad Company. An act to inoorporate the Groton and East Wilton Rail road Company. An act to eatabliah the Randolph and Bridgcwater Rail roud Corporation. An act to eatabliah the Middleborongh Railroad Corpo ration. An aotto authoriae the Charleatown Branch Railroad Company to construct a branch. An act to authorize the O d Colony Railroad Corpora tion to build a branch Railroad from Abington te Bridge ware. An act providing tor the appointment of a Board of Railroad Commissioners. There wet e nine acta paased to eatabliah and incorpo rate railroad companies the laet aeaaionof the Legialatare, are to increase the capital of a company, already in active operation, end one to eppoiat e Board of Railroad Commieeioners, for the supervision of the railroads ol the State. The moment the charter of a railroad in obtaiaed in Maaaaahuaatti, and a company la formed, the stock gees to par, and long before the reed is finished the share# ere in de mand at a piemiam All wa want oa the part of oar or pitalifte, ia a union of strength of ovary description. Let whatever public work* that havebe?a commerced be completed, and there ie no doubt hat that they will prove aa productive a* similar works ia any part of tke coun try. ! The report of the Bank of France for the year 1844 hat rtcently Wen received. The annexed atatement exhibits the leading features of the Bank at the cleta of each of the last three years. Bi.ik or Fbarcc. Specie. Ditcnunls. Circulation. Dcooiilte Dee. l*4t...fl9T233,647 15S.334.772 224,254,632 37,711,930 Dec. 1(43... 1244,191,314 IIH.949,774 224.(4*644 34.784,2(3 Dee. 1814... f243,096,8O2 1I2.612.C74 249,133,(CO 47,311.629 The circulation of note* haa increaaed. In 1841 tho maximum wea-247 009,000 , and the miouanm*l6 460.<>00f; whereas, in 1844, the maximum was 971,000 0001, and the minimum 933 000,000f. The medium circulation in 1843 was ?230,000,0001. and in 1844 it vu 248 .800,0007. Any ad vantage to the Bank, however, from this source ia only apparent, aa the increase in the amount of bullion has lully kept pace with the above -issue of notaa. In 1843 the maximum stack held was 947,000,OOOf, the minimum 192,000 OOOf, [and the average or medium 226 040 SOOf; while in 1844 these amounts stand? maximum 279 000 OOOf, minimum 234,000,000f, medium 266 000 OOOf The rapait incidentally remarks, that this maximum haa only been surpassed twice?namely, in 1839 and 18*8; while tha min imum amount in 1844 has only been exceeded oaoe? namely, In 1888. In 1843 the number of bills discounted was 649,819, and the average amount of eaoh was l,l?4t; the average num ber of days each had to ran before maturity was 61 days, being the time on which tho hank received the discount. In 1844 thesanumbera wero aa (allows :-Number of bills 696.116; average amount, 1,076(.; average maturity, 44 days. The private accounts currant present an increase. Oa comparing 1844 with the year 184* the maximum amount of these account! had increased from 66 000,OOOf to 60 - 000,(OOf, and the minimum from 34,080 OOOf to *7,600 OOOf. The Treasury accounts, on the contrary, bad dimii hh?d, the maxiasum falling from 160,060.080ffen 1848 to 14u 000, oooI in 1844, and the minimum fiom 94 ooo.ooof to 86 060, OOOf. The report says? " Although the past year shows an increase in the amount of business when compared with the preceding one, yet the profits of the institution have cgain suffered a diminution, and tha dividends have in consequence been decreased. Tha dividends in 1849 amounted to IMf per share; in 1843, they were 129r per share; and in 1844. they have only been 107f per share. In explanation of this decrease in the profits, the report points ont that the increase in the total operations ia wholly lormed by the increase of 78 000.0001 in the business of the branch banks, which are the leaat profi'able part; while arainst this there must be placed tha lallfog off of about 30 0C0, 0061 in tha total operations of the Pari* establishment; this la principally made np by the balance between the decrease of 99,182 9l7f in the amount of disaounta, of a decrease of 18 679,10Of in the amount of advances on stacks, and on increase of 11,091 400f in tha advaneeson bullion. Another cause of diminished profit which is pointed out in the report is, the singular toot of the de crease in the average number of day a which the discount ad billa have to ran before maturity, and tbair Increased number ?n compared to the total amount, thaa producing leas profit to the Bank from the same, or even a greater, amount discounted in the course of the year. stiff Stock Kxchange, 81000 N V city 7'e '37 113 100 shs Morris Canal MOM v Y State 0's '60 10914 130 do $1000 Ohio 6's '60 91% 200 do 6508 do 99 73 do Slfl $7000 Penn 3's 7>* 73 Erie Hit 31 $10000 do r30 73S 30 do 130 31 ('.tlOO do S30 73H 130 do 30 6*040, do . 75* 23 Mohawk RR M* $3(M0 Kentucky 6'a 101 200 Harlem HR 666 70 13'Ofl Indiana bds 1410 33*4 30 d? 69* 630*0 do hso 35* 300 L lila.d RR 76)2 (130(0 do b?0 36 30 do >30 76 83" 00 do sOO 35* 175 Btonington RR 40 (3000 do S5lh 23 do bl0 40* l.'iflSO Illinois 8pl Bd? 40 too do so 10 ah. Bk arstste N Y 123 30 Nor It Wore bt5M* 20 City Bank 109 30 do b)0 69* 11 Dsl A Hod Caasl I3?* 30 do ??>? 69 ?tfl lank of Com, lull 93 175 do 69* 13 do scrip 96 23 do stw I""' .30 Yirkabarg Bank 6)4 23 do tw' 20 Canton Co 46* 130 do 230 do s30 46 100 do itw 69 100 do 46 230 do s30 09 230 N A Truit oo Cut (ostoa Co 30 do 30 do 175 (tomngtoa RR 39? 25 do *W 23 do b4l 40 IM d? b30 39> 30 do rw 3?H 30 do ?* Jo do bi3:m loo Harlem RR hOOfcOit 210 do 6# 30 L Island RR 76 ll?W Mtrvrl ISO she Vickbtirg Bk >10 6* 30 Farmers' l'ruat tw 'KV , 20>) do 38* mi Nor A Wore RR 50 do 25 do 30 Mo>ri> Canal 25 E. Boston Co 30 do 30 do 23 do 25 L Island KK 30 4$ 23 Btouington RR 0 Hmuxtoaic "B 3'* 30 Wilmington RR <7* *3 do 4* Bsai'tl, P13 Nor A Wore RR 60* 25 do 69* 200 do 69 30 do ?tw 69 .30 do ? 10 1.0 25 do 69 30 Eria K K 29 30 do M 50 Canton Co 16 30 do 46 Hgvhangs. 23 sba K.ri* RR 36* 23 do 30

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