Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 12, 1845, Page 2

April 12, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD fv>ivr Vok, 8?lanUy, April 131 1M?, PICTORIAL WEEKLY HERALD Wreck of the Swalicw. Tiic lVtrk!y Herald u! tnu moroiug will contain a luii ucc<rfkt 11 the awful diaib'er to the Svtal low, iliminKd Willi ii correct vie* of the wreck of i!ia? ill tiii? J bteamet ?>u the rocks off A hens. Ii ?v II be ready at 9 o'clock, ut sixpence per copy. IV t \V? I'lOlU KUlU|?e. The Great Western is out fourteen days this noon. Sunday n.ortung is Iter usual time of arri val, but she miy be in to-day. She will bring twenty-one days later intelligence. It is looked u>r with interest by cotton speculators, philoso phers, news boy^s politicians, uud loafer*. TheKcceiit lUty Klcctlou-The l>rol|icct Jit fore Ui. Hit* rcctiiit clcctiou lint? rceultt'd iu a complete revolution m the. city government. A clean sweep has bem made ol the pre ueut Corporation officials, and an entirely new bet of men has been chosen Id succeed them. Several very influential causes i 'ii ptred to produce this result. In ordinary cases these municipal elections are merely the contests between two political parties for the ascendancy, m order thereby to advance the general interests of ihe taction. But it was not so in this instance. A j n' iittal and strongly impulsive desire to effect the vindication of the great principles ol civil and re ligious liberty?the extermination of the foul spirit it religious proscription?and the deliverance of the people of this city from the rule of an imbecile itiid cor.upt government, was the controling influ ence i:i the popular movement which hasjustter Minuted. The probable course and policy of the triumphant party, thus become invested with a far more than otdinary degtee of interest and impor tance. We, therefore, hear it asked on all hands umongst the independent masses of the communi ty, "how is the democratic corporation likely to j behave V' " Will they give us a good govern ment !" "Will they effect needed reforms'?" " Will they give ns a faithful and efficient adminis tration if munijipal affairs'?" "Or will they re fume their old t ic'.tcsol scrambling for the spoils, ttiid neglecting the public interest 1" We :,iust confess that on a candid and impartia; review of the history of former democratic cor porations, we do not find a-great deal to inspire us with hope that that one just elected will bless us with a beneficent, salutary and useful reign. Hith erto, when the democrats have had a controling influence in all branches of the city government, they have exhibited, just as have the present miser able imbeciles in the corporation who are tetter ing to the grave, a most culpable disregard of then public dut'es. Quite intoxicated with power, they have acted as if they were altogother irresponsible to the people, and have launched into all sorts of profligate expenditures and corrupt jobbing, for the purpose of rewarding reckless and unprinci pled partisanship. It was because we had, with all the honeBt and independent parties of this commu nity, thus been thoroughly disgusted with the extra vagance, corruption, and infidelity of the old parties ?for the whigs, when they had the power, were guilty of the same crimes as their ancient foes, the democrats, though perhaps in a s#m" what lc3? aggravated degree?that in the spring ol last year, when the cry of city reform was raised on all hands, we took up the " native" party, and confiding in their solemn and reiterated promises, helped them into that position where they had an opportunity of redeeming their pledger; But in consequence ol the ignorance, obstinacy, imbecility and dishonesty of that party of hypocri tical reformer?, we soon found that in seeking de liverance (rom one evil, we had encountered a still greater one. In addition to the negligence, corruf tion, and unlaithiulness of the old factions, we were cursed by the new party -with intolerance, bigotry and religious sectarianism developed in ?ucn a violent and reckless manner as threatened the very existence of society in a state of peace and order, and which actually did lead, in a Bister city to scenes of horror, which must ever stand a* a toul blot on the page of our national history. On making this discovery we immediately sounded the alarm, and ceased not our efforts, till they were successful in effecting the late revolution. II the past, then, does not present much ground of hope for the future, is there any thing in the present,?in the circumstances which at this mo ment press upon, and may be reasonably supposed to influence, the new corpsration.thai is calculated to warrant anticipations of a belter state of things in our municipal affairs 1 We think there it. The success of the " natives"? their misconduct?their overwhelming defeat, have produced one great and nilutary moral effect. The great truth has been thus presented and enforced, that no set of men can retain the power of administering the city government, unless ihey be honest, faithful, and upright. Our municipal government is no loDgei the mere prey of contending factions. Municipal affairs have been in a very great measure dissever ed from mere party politic?. The population of the city has vastly increased within the last few years. New interests of magnitude and power have been created, and a new element has been developed which exercises a controling influence on the action and conduct of the corporate authori ties,?that is, an enlightened, independent public opinion, which cares not a straw for the interests of auy faction?which demands an efficient and righteous administration of city affairs,?which will not be satisfied with any thing else,?and which can and wili visit a democratic corporation with the same crushing indignation that has anni hilated the " native?," if they also fail to do their duty. This, thm, encourages U3 to hope that the new corporation will avoid the errors and infidelities ol the past. There is, indeed, a great deal ol work before this corporation. Many most important re forms are to be eflscted?a new spirit of vigor and efficiency is to be infused into every department ?i the city government, and the tax-payers are to be relieved of a portion of their present excessive burden, by the adoption of judicious measures ol retrenchment and economy. The police of thtt city, iu all its numerous details, demands a com plete reform, or rather it requires to be created.? We have virtually almost no police regulations.? The streets?the omnibuses?the cabs?the gam bling houses?the receptacles of stolen property? the police courts?the watching, lighting, clcansing of the city?the public grounds?the public charities?the reformation of juvenile offenders innumerable other matters intimately connected with the peace, order, health, morals, acd proa perity of this great metropolis, demand the atten tion of the municipal authorities. Are not these, in Uct, amongat the most important objects of the organization of a municipal government? It is true that heretofore many of these things have been grossly nrgketed, but that will not any longer be permitted. Let the newly elected members of the corporation, from the Mayor-elect down, lefieet t'.ien,on this brief allusion to the duties, on the dis charge of which they will be soou called to enter ; and let them rest assured that if they do not faith fully endeavor to meet the wishes of the people of this city in these respects, they will, at the end of tiieir term, be ejected with as much contempt and ignominy as the "natives" have been. We trust that the hontsi and intelligent mem bers of the new Corporation will carefully weigh the reflections which we have now offered W? regret that caucusing has already commenced amongst them, and that tome even now art snuffing np afar-ofl, n? it were, the reeking e oil* ol office. Let them t ike c*re. Let them bo warned in tim?. We <?haU watch them from day to day, b'H irom week to week, h? w# hav# w?tehfd th# ? natlrM," ?n4 m loa? ?? diioovir in honeBt denire to do their duty, they shall have our support. But it they forget thetf duty,we shall not forget ours. We thall at ouce direct against them t!ie rebuke of those that made them. And with this sound and atleciiojiate admonition, we dismiss the new corporation for the present. JuiHig Edmonds' Chargk?Tub Birch?Thb Piitss ?The public have, by this time, perused the notable charge ot Judge Edmonds to'the Jury, iu the case of Polly Bodine, ns we took care to put a very (aithlul report of it in their hands iu yester day's Herald. , It was looked torwaid to most ea gerly and auxiously ; it was talked of and specu lated upon betore a word of it was uttered, and at the present moment forma a subject of wide spread discission by the thou-muda and thousands who were horrified by the loal ar.d blasted deeds foi which the prisoner was indicted,and which formed the subjcct matter of this now notorious charge. The public are speaking out, and they cannot well help it. M it who have hitherto not sa d much between ttie prisouer Bodine and the people?but who could not help thinking?are now profiting by the example set by the Judge ; they are expressing their honest feelings, and scrutinizing the evidence ant] the charge most closely, and it is with con siderable pain that wc are compelled to record the fact, that public opinion not ouly does not respond to, but strongly dissents trom the views ot the Judge in his charge to the Jury. And here, we will say, with a frauknt as in no mannei impaired by this legal luuct'onary's attack on the press, that it was with regret we heard him assail the great bulk of this community, as guilty of popular clamor and a thirst for blood; it was with surprise we heard his unmitigated and most indiscreet, as well aa unfounded at tack on the public press; and while we now re cord our disappointment at the cature and spirit of the 6entimen'.s which found utterance from the bench on this solemn occasion, we can attribute it to one cause alone, and thut is the indiscretion I and lack of sound judgment apparent throughout the whole charge. His Honoris not even accurate in averring that the press has excited popular feel ing in this case, aud created prejudice against the accused. Perhaps iu no case of half the atrocity of this one, has a more reserved and dignified course been pursued by the press, with a few ob scure exceptions, and certainly his recollection must be far better than that of any one else, if he can recal any infraction of propriety in publishing. as is their duty, the particulars of the revolting murder charged sgair.Bt the accueed What then, can justify this fierce attack on the press 1 We answer, nothing; and the dillicult)|of finding an excuse for him who pronounced that unbridled in vective against the free expression of opinio?, is only matched by that of attributing it to any thing but some very extraordinary notions on the duties as well as the reports of that powerful instrument, the newspaper press, that is and ought to be, a ter ror to evil doers, and the praise of those who do well?aye, aud the undeterred and honest censor of a weak or partial judge?if such a personage ex ists in Alleghania, invested with authority from its Supreme Court. We have alluded to the operation of some pecu liar notions as the most likely way to account for this extraordinary charge. A man may be both siBgular and eccentric, and, perhaps, slightly hete rodox in his views, and yet be honest; but it is very problematical whether, with a mind of this cast, he is fit to be a Judge. We tell him leirlessly, tha1 an expounder of the law may be oftener too weak, too soft-call it merciful if you will?than the re verse ; and we hardly know what to say to a high If gal functionary, who betrays a total absence o the common sense conviction, that it is as much the sacred duty of writers for the public pxess to detect and expose guilt ami ignorance, as to defend inno cence. And now, having said so much about the press and its duties, it will not be out of place to make a remark or two on another agency, that of Judges and Jurors, which certainly has as many sins to answer for, as many errors to avoid, and as deep a responsibility resting upon it, as any other in the whole range ot society. Why are laws inopera tivel Why do felons escape 1 Why do acts of flagrant guilt, which call on heaven for punishment go scot free; and unhappily, the records of courts of justice in this country, are too good evidences of all this to require a detail cf cases 1 The press has no part or lot in the matter. No. Tneee sins against society are chargeable against the errors the indecision, or the unfaithfulness of the bench and the jury box. What matters it whether the intelligent peopl of this country make good laws if a Judge, out of self-couceit, his pnde of opinion or some new tangled notions of morals and juris prudence, will not arply them, nor expound them in their true spirit aud tenor; but with a mind per verted by some puerile notion, or sanctimonious prejudice about capital punishment, circumstantia evidence, so modify the force and evade the intent of the law, as to make it what, unfortunately, it too often proves now-a-days, a dead letter! Just so with jurymen ; they have their full share of blame to bear, it society is to be sinned against with im punity. They are put in the juty box to sec that guilt does not go unpunished, and that innocence is not unprotected. They are invested with an honorable and plenary commission to see that the laws of their country?as they are written in the book?are administered. They are solemnly sworn to attend to the law and to the testimony, and order to do this conscientiously, thsy ought to take their seats less as men of the world than as jury man, divested of the prejudices, the sympathies and the influences that bear upon them in their commerce with sects aud sections of the commu atty. Forgetful of these great principles, jurors iften err, end judges are not rarely wrong without knowing it. This was the case with Chief Justice Pennefeather, ot the Irish Bench, when in the course of the State prosecutions, his zeil agairs the traversers betrayed him into the involuntary application te the lawyers engaged for the defence of the phrase " counsel on the other side." We trust there are no such judges here, and if we have tound it necessary to muke the charge under con liberation,the subject of some strictures, it certain iy is not because too much zeal for the administra tioa of the law was evinced, but because an inex perienced judge may receive some benefit in being trankly told of his indiscretion. The Late Rrv Da. MtLNoa.?Several of the re ligious and benevolent societies of thiacity.ol nota few of which (he late Dr. Miloor was one of the founders, have given public expression of their ea teem and regard for lhat excellent man and t-xem ,?lary christian minister. Dr Milnor was indeed one of that comparatively small class of clergymen who emulate the example of their blessed Master. Throughout his long life the christian graces atitf charities were unobtrusively but consistently dis J.iyed, and in his whole conduct he did honor to us sacred profession. No noisy polemic?no ra ving tectary?no frantic bigot was he. How differ ent (he influence which the unassuming piety and liberal-minded demeanor towards his christian rcthrcn of all sects, of such a man exerts, to that ?f the hypocritical and loud-mouthed profession*, t:ie intemperate zeal, and narrow sectarianism of many ct (he clergy of all denominations! Over he death of Etich a christian minister, good men it every crced may indeed well mourn. May all ngotcd, ostentatious, and ausere priests of the christian religion be admonished and instructed by the expression of public feeling which the depar ure ol Dr. Milnor from the scene of his labors iu .lie cause of nnralny and virtue, has elicited. Womkn and Abolitionum?ftu?an Yaws, alia Susan Reed, hn? been recently tiied in St. Louis, r'or enticing a*vny slaves, a In Delia Webster. A special verdict w? rendered, the contents of vhich wr shall receive to day. E1.IOTI0* in ANNAmis, Mu.?William Bryan wm elaoud Mavor ot? (be Tilt uut. . Aluiiianian Actors in (.nqland.?We publish in this day's papt-r, u very interesting letter, coY?* \ tainuig somefttnusiug gossip relative to the recep tiou which certain Alleghaninn actois met in Lon don. Mr. Hnnkett sustains his former position, and so does Forrest, only perhaps "-he latter is a few |>egs lower than he ever was in the opiniou of the Loudon undieuces. His lailuru has indeed been decided. Our correspondent gives u ver> graphic, though rather ludicrous account of lu? " first appearance." But Miss Ctishman h?4 made one ol the greatest hits since the lime id Mitt O'Neill, whose history and her own, are in deed very similar. Miss O'Neill was for years a prominent actress, not very much es'.eemed, and was playing in Dublin at ?5 a week, when an agent of one of the London theatres, making the tour ot the proviuces for recruits, iaw her, aud at once perceived her transcends nt abilities. He as-ktd her if the would go to London, and, not a lut.'e astonished, she eagerly replied in theaflirma tive. His first offer was ?50 a week, which was accepted, and on her first appearance in the me tropolis, she at once took the highest position, and maintained it till the day ot her marriage to oue ol the moat respectable members of the British Parliament. Such has been in some degree the destiny of Miss Cushmaa?overlooked in iier own country, but justly appreciated in London, where the audiences, whilst they have done justice to her, have also awarded the same to Forrest, placing him iu his proper position. Forrest is doubtlees h fine melo-d.*ainatic and physical actor, but hit triends have over-rated him, and the poor man now suffers only the natural effects ot their indiscrimi nating and toadying adulation. It is very Amusing, however, to obserre the manner iu which the peculiar friend* of Mr. Forrest attempt to convince the world at large, and Alleghania in particular, that t.'ieir favorite is the victim of English national prejudice. The id?a that the London audience* uniformly evince a determination to " put down'> actors from this country, has been in many in stances demonstrated to be absurd and false, b> the marked success with which dramatic artists, who really had talent and genius, have met in thai metropolis, aud which has attended them at the provincial theatres. We could mention several instances of this, but th r. glaring case of Miss Cushman renders it altogether unnecessary to do so. One of the most remarkable features in the case of that lady, has been the candid, frank, and generous manner in which the London i>ress hat alluded to the fact of her being an act /ess, borit and educated in this country. She arent there without friends, unaided, unheralded, and by tbe force of her own genius, triumphed. Forrest made his debut under the most favorable circumstances; and the very tact of his retirement and arduous preparation for his second appeal to the tribunal which had formerly prono nnced upon him a very just, though severe judgment, discovered that he did not himself believe that|" national prejudice" had alone produced that verdict. It is, to be sure, very mortifying and annoying that he hat again failed, but hisadmirendo not, byany means, mend the matter by attempting to depreciate Mist Gu?hnian, and by libelling,wholesale,the character ot the London press and the London audiences. The theatrical critics of the British metropolis have only confirmed, injthe.caae of Mr. Forrest, the decision of the most discerning judges in this country?a fact which his unsuccessful engage ments of late in this city and in other large cities of the Union, demonstrates. But by all sorts of silly paragraphs in seme of the newspapers, and by elaborate and very poctical critique* in such immensely influential journals as the Democratic Review, the toadying admirers ot Mr. Forrest are now endeavoring to cover over the wounds of a mortified vanity, and the errors of a not very disinterested adulation. The most amus ing developments are, however, yet to come. It appears that the little Forrest clique in this city are preparing for a terrible onslaught on Anderson, who will in a few days commence another engage, ment at the Park! Alleghania is to pay off England for her treatment ot Forrest, by sacrificing Ander son ! This is indeed a tunny sort of reprisal, and we therefore await Mr. Anderson's appearance at the Park with a good deal ot interest. Riding on the Bloomingdalk Road.?Thia road is one of the most agreeable in the vicinity of the city for equestrian exercise. The number of per sons employed in the humane business of driving poor hack horses to death is comparatively limited on this road, and it is on that account preferable to the Third Avenue. The canine species is here the source of annoyance. From almost every house and cabin out they rush ? Mongrel, cur, and hound of low degree,? as the equestrian passes by, and fly at the horse'k heels In order to get rid of this yelping plague, the ladies who ride on the road offer the prize of a splendid silver medal to the benevolent and gallant man who will devise the best means of extermina ting these unmannerly "natives" of the Blooming dale Road. "Heard yc that, my masters'?" Dangerous Nuisance.?There appearsto be very little regard (or human life on the part of the over seers of the laborers engaged in widening or open ing some of the streets in the immediate neighbor hood of Union Square. Yesterday they were blast ing rocks without the slightest precaution being used to guard the passers by, from the effects of the explosions. Fragment? of rock were flying in all directions at intervals during the forenoon, and we suppose it is so daily. Certainly this nuisance should be abated. Clouds or Dust.?Tlis city is still enveloped in clouds of dust. Our eyes, throats, and lunge suffer. Slavs Trade.?Captain Pendleton, charged with being engaged in the slave trade, on the coast of Africa, is to be tried in Baltimore, in a lew Santa Anna.?Private letters from New Orleans state .that Santa Anna i? in that city. We hardly think that he would g? there. Albany Boats.?The Empire and Albany will leave at 7 o'clock in the evening, after the 15 h instant. / Grand German Instrumental Concert.?Such whs the success of the recent concert given by the a la Musard German Band, that its repetition ha* been greatly called for, and in compliance with which, it will be repeated this evening at Ni bio's. la addition to the choice selection of music from eminent authors, they will give a potpourri by Streck, executed by thirty-six artists on wind in struments. This alone would be a sufficient treat. Mouse's Telegraph is to be extender! to New Orleans lmmedmtely, contracts having been sign ed for that purpose between Amos Kendall, the agent of Proteaior Morse, and H H. O'Csllsghan, of N Orleans.? It is his intention to immediately extend tha win a tiom theoityof Mobile to New Orleana, whereby he will be enabled at once to obtain the newa twenty-four houra in advance of the mail, whilst o branch tilegraph will alio be pat in operation trom that city to tha Belize, for the ranamii'ion of (hipping newt, lie. The line between diia city and New York, and another from here to Ilarria nnrp, will probably bo finished thU summer.? Phil idtl phia paper. Indian Troubles.?The Cherokee Advocate ot March 20th, gives u long account ol outrages which it aays hsva been committed within the Cherokee terri. tory tiy soldiers trom Fort Oib>on. It chsrgea them with burning a house from which the inmates barely escaped, with brutal assault* on men and woman: and, In short, with being a plague and a terror to the Indian population. ' :olonel Mason, the commandant of the fort, is represented is taking prompt and proper measures to detect and New JuKfXY.?The new election law, which has iiist paesed the Legislature of Nt w Jersey, entirely toe* away with all theOctober elections In that State,and require* *11 the (all elections to bg hel.l on ?' the Tuesday after the first Mondsy in November,"' which is the sam? Jay fixed by Congress nt it* late session for the Presiden tial elections to be held in each St'ito in lbs Union, and for one d#y only, and not two si formerly. Tha olsotioni or Saw Votk tad N?w Jsrisy will hsmtlir ba hsld on Uts iib? dsy days Farther Particular* or the Wreck of the Rwallow. ,i The mournful particulars of the loea of life ou board the Swallow continue to come in. in all the additional intelligence received, the culpable negligence? the criminal carelessness ol Wm. Burnett, the pilot, becomes more and more apparent. One of the passengers gives the following account ol the calamity :? On i xamiuniiini by Jay light, this island on which we struck pioved to bo a rock, covered p?itly with grass, ubout i?i by 60 leot in sizi-, uml 10 16 feet above the wu t<T. The bout in broken a little forward of the wheel*, thxlorward part running up onto the island st an angle ol 4o?. shortly utter 1 tumbled over, (alall of about lSieet,) a ladder uu* brought, and in all 1 think about 100 persons escuped that way. After remaining on the island until. haii-i<u-t 0 o'clock, 1 finally got alt en the Athuns abore, win re I remaintd until la?t evening. Daring yes terday efforts were made to search the boat, whiah redultutl in obtaining inoat of the baggage and aix bodiea. Upin going on board,ol the John Maaou last evening, I wh* iulormed that the coroner's jury bad juitioturned 'a verdict, either acquitting the pilot of, or not charging hint with blame. This verdict has not been satisfactory to any ol the passengers with whom I have conversed ? iudetd, the question of negligence seems to metolie in a very small compass, lor it it were so dark us to prevent the pilot frotn seeing, he aheuld have stopped, while on the other hund, it' he could see, he wus bound to know better than to leave u straight, Uir chunnel ?one quarter ol a mile wide?and run hi* boat upon a well known island, at an angle with the channel ot "ii or JO degrees, and pointing almost into the village of Athens. It it is said that he had just come up from sun per, the above remark will apply to the person left in charge, for on sach a night as that, (if ever) none but persons of known akill and prudence should be at the wheel. Great praise is <ine to'Mr. J. P. Hinsdale, of N< w York, who, with the aid of a small board, snpported Miss I'latt of Detroit, for a lorg time in the water, and until they were picked up and taken ashore in a small boa', quite helpless. Mr. J. A. Hicks, of Detroit,{Chandler Root, of Cooptratown, and Osborn Spencer, of Albany, also de seive honorable mention. Mr. Hinsdale was oblige! to cast front hia arm aSsatchn), which contained S1,W0 in gold, bolonging to Misa riatt, which was lost. From ? careful < x immution ot the above named persons and others who were in the water, (each of whom left differ ent parts of the boat) who state that a number of peraoni were around them, crying for help, saying they could not swiro, ,1 am of opinion that not less than 30. and prr bably 40, lives were lost. No search had yet been made in tho river,nor had that part of the boat where the ladies would mos: likely be found, been reached when I left last evening, the ladies' saloon being entirely submerged. 1 have yet heard no blame attached to Captain Squires, but would be glad to know who it was who started that un fortunate cry which sent those back to perish who might otherwise have been saved. [From the Albany Citizen, April 10] There were many narrow escape* and fierce struggles for lite while the Swallow was fettling into the water. We give an instance that has been related to ui by Auk tin Spencer, of this city. He wti in the after catin ol th? boat when the struck, and was one of the last person* rescued from it alive. At the instant ot the shock he ivas sitting with hi* 70ung sou There were two tre mendous crashes, with but a moment's interval between, ind immediately the water rt'shed iu in a flood, and he. w ith the boy in his arms, started for the companion way. He was among the last who reached the stairs. He found hem obatructed by those who were escaping, and bare ly cleared them before the cabin filled. Very soon the water reached the main deck. Here was a sad scene ol confusion and terror. The stairs leading to the upper leek were eith?r obstructed or could not be reachsd, and numbers of the strong and active were escaping to the upper deck by lilting themselvjsjto it by means ol the strong brace rod that runs serosa the boat just under the upper deck, ard immediately over the gangway in Irent of the ladies cabin Mr. 8. raised up his little boy so that he could grasp the rod, and in a few moments saw him climb salely to the drck above, alter several nai row

escapes. In the meantime, the water upon the main deck where he was standing, had reached to his waist, and a - soon as the hoy was safe, he grasped the rod to escape himself. He clung with Cath hands lor his life, hut ceuld not lift himself up. A lsly clung to him with her arm over his shonlder, and he saw others floating ahout shrieking lor help The lady who had fastened upon him was raised to the upper deck by those upon it, and saved. He clung, almost exhausted, several mi nutes, with only hi* head out of water, and then he too was drawn up. He thinks he was the last person saved from the gentlemen's cabin,and that there must have ba?n many lost. From Port au Prince.?The brig Wm. Neilson, Uapt. Robinson, arrived on Thursday, with dates to the 27ih March. We have no newa of impor tance. The Preaident was lying sick at St. Marcs. Port au Prince was quite healthy?not a single case of sickness being reported during Captain Ro binson's stay. The brig Republic, Capt. Wilson, arrived out in the short passage of eight days from New York. The Alleghanian ship Vandalia, Cap tain Chaunccy, was in port. Nkws from Capk Town.?We have received by the Cambrian, at Boston, the Capt Town Gazettt of the 7th o{ February. The following items are taken from it. Tho guano trade as an article of Colonial export, as* sumes from day to day an improving aspect, and the num ber of vessels flocking to our ports in search of this valu ible manure, is constantly increasing. An ordinance ol His Excellency the Governor, published in last Friday'r Government Gazette, declares the guano found on the it lands and rocks, and not being the property of privatt persons, to belong to Her Majesty the Queen. We have again to return our thanks to a " Subscriber" for his communication respecting civilization, advancing ?s it li, with such rapid strides into the interior, and refei eur readers to tho letter itself, under the head ot Original correspondence. On this most interesting subject, ii close connection with the commercial interest of this colony aud the mother country at lurge, we are for want of room prevented from enlarging upon at present. H. M. S. Sappho, arrived in Simon's Bay, 'J 1 inst., Iron' the Mozambique Channel, Lieut. Alexander, ot H. M.S. Cleopatra, a passenger.which latter vessel drove on shore on 18th December, 1B44, oil Uaiiangana River, a brig, which waa found to have on board about 420 slaves (halt of her intended cargo), but in constqutnce of the severit) ot the weather, and the heavy breakers, it was, alter r? peated attempts, lound impossible to take the negroes out,and apprehenJiag the vesiel would,dming|the night, go to pieccs, th* slaves were r.ileas d from their coufiued situation, and allowod to twin on shore to save their lives, which it is believed a greater portion of tkem ac complished, as only eight bodies were seen drowned . -?even boys still found on board of her the following morn ?ng, were removed on board the Cleopatra, the weather having moderated, and brought to Simon's Bay. Santa Cruz.?By the arrival of the Rocalie, Capt Hill, we learn that at the time of her sailing, business was extremely active, not only in a portion, but in all of the ataple products of the Island. Sugars wprt most eagerly sought for at rates ranging for export a' $3 Ma $4 Super cwt. The quality ;ot the new crop i? represented to be uncommonly good, as compared with that of the last two yeara ; and, lurtuuately for the plan ters, is comparatively laige in amount. The stock of Mo lasses in first hands was light, the few holders ia the mar ket were firm at 13) a 14 cents. In relation to freights, we learn that many American vessels were taking in car goes of 8ugar and Molasses for different ports of the Uni ted States at paying rates. For the various article* cf American produce, the demand waa reasonably well su>. tained at prices previously quoted.?Philai. U. S. G? telle, April 11. Sprino in Canada.?In all parts of Canada navi gallon is rapidly becoming free of obstruction. It is now probably open. Movement of Travellers, The arrivals yesterday were ol far less magni tude or importance than those heretofore an nounced, at least for the last tew days. Th? cause may be traced, generally, to those circumstances to which we alluded in yesterday's report, and the <ame cause seemsto operate in the departure. At lew are disposed in these eventful days, to hazard lile and property,to the present dangerous and in efficient system of steam navigation on the Hud son. We found at the Amcbioak ? W. M Richardson, Halifax; Drs. John and Wolfe, Philadelphia: A. Thornton, Richmond; McKie P?. C.; C. H. Huist, V* ; Alex Porer, Louisiana; E. Ber nard, Ol; H A Dorsey, Philadelphia, and 10 others, flarea ? W. Mollis White, Niagara Falls; Geo. Bliss, "vnnglield; M. W. Rogers, W. D Dtipjnt, t^ueb c; He.iry Ludlow, ltichmoat, Vk.; A. Henmker, Cincinnati; N \ Taumpson, and J H Oris wold,Boston; M. Cramp,Opor to; J. K. Thompson, Princeton, and 10 others Citt.?Com Kearney, U. 8. N.; Jonas Bird, N J.: J. M Tarbert. Washington; T E.de Pagos, Caraccas, iff nttuela; 8 |W. Paul, Norfolk; I.. M Sloan, N. O.; J. II. Richardsop, Boston; S. Sharpo, Albany, and eight otheis. Franklin ? B. O. Noble, Bridgeport; D. Wheeler, do; W H Eager, Boston; Edwin Clarke, Ogdensburgh; J H Fiah, Washington; H. White, Syracuse; D. U. Pratt, Philadelphia, and 10 others. St. Oiioack's ?O H. H Harris, Boston; Voung, Phila delphia; J. 8 Cbapper, Boston; O. B. Wait, Vermont, and six others. Globs.- O.-o. Blake, Boston; Silas Bent, St. Louis; B Cocsens, Piovidenc?,and lour others. H?wa?d?Jos Conon, Canada) Rufus Reed, Orleans Co. M. Hijdon, Ohio^John Kirkwood/.Mistoun; ltev. D. Clarke, Boston; Messrs. Harvey, Nelson, and Enstport, Boston; E Wach, Ithaca; John E Fuller, Boston; Roht. A Bernard, Hti tsou; D*-. John Knrwood, Missouri, and 20 others Gen. GomI I. U. S. Attorney, for the northern district Is still at the Howard. Wats but ?Messrs. Weitco'.t and PoMiu, Saratoga: C I. Col-a, London; R. It Potter, Philadelphia, und 10 others We have not been able to collect any further information of Ihe wreck of the illlated "Stcallmv," from private sources?but the general impression tmnng travellers, is, that au. are enumerated who fell victims upon thu lamentable occasion. So It i< to be hoped, lor the uacriiicc of twelve lives ha* yielded a harvest of sorrow to many an aching bo wm, and who would add by anticipation lo the further distresses of the doubtlul. I'trtonal movements The Kentucky Rrriew states that Csssins M. Clay has sent oH all his negroes to tho South, to be sold there or employed i>n n cotton pi inlntion. . Tsis is Henry Cln>'.< birth day, tho Uth of April, he hss now completed his 68th year. rrirlons to tho late visit of tho President to the Navy Yard, he garmHractlont that no salute should be fired, or pwado mudoj but that everything ihoull b? Jon? P*' hotly fjulstly. Circuit Court. 1,,,, .. _ Before Judge Kdmonds The C.Biirt SI "J Ho'lif?Twentiatk l>iy ? up?nin* i.fi D!*1WI" crowded us usual, at the hour of -~h '?.Vp ???x,v;4Si'Ki,ir"'a " "? men 'n'ihini ? co??'Uiiicalion, from yo.i, gentle ? verdiet ol man you kave H rieht ll vnn l ,c *"U 11,0,1 by law ??ui?Uu?btfr hI^ P? ' L? briDg la u verdict lor might not coDfciA^ntiv^hr1011 "?ked hir"'i'' whw.heryou " r. This'is h mutter for you'r^Jwn fon^'ntle* monjbutyof will understand that kVKtm^u ^ A Juhor?I know I hnve boon k'pt between (mu I>,J ^^^^jrisss-'ztsrs; ? W*i l>>aced doling the night ' Mr Tl,??I thiuk it we could shape the verdict ior ing there w?uU N> little ditticulty ia our agree ^nigV0USl.u;UOra) W,Ube k"'"r accommodated 1 he Jury here retired, ar.d the prisoner, whose tate was then trembling jn the balance, betrayed, (or the first time, n transitory symptom ol misgivicg. That extmor dinary degree ol nerve, that sustain d her throughout a tedious trial of twenty days, (during which she braved the public gnze of the curious, and the idle ot her own MX who (locked to see her. and bore the detailed state menu of the cuaie with which she stood chstg-d,coupled with the shiirp commentaries ?f the counsel oil h r case? a trying ordeal, that would test the nerve cf the most athletic of men) momentarily forsook her, when har eyes fillrd up, and her lips q'livered It was but a tran sitory moment, for her count-nance again assumed its wonted expression, deeply mysterious?it was pallid and marble-like?the tear tnat g lis toned in the eye was quick ky wiped away, and nhe sat a*am calm, still, lonely, to lemn as the grave. The manner ia which the jurors harl ?hapei th??ir questions, and the answers giv?n by the Court, iu laying down the law, had un evident strong eltect upon her. and caused this momentary change. 8he lias evidently, from her great firmness throughout the trial, entertained a strong reliance ol ? verdict in some j *hapo favorable to her; hut this interview between the Court and the jury, and the explanations on the atate ol '*.??!!?' 1!?S^ J0 ?waken her, as was thus manifested y her It had atiuck the chord of freling within, that had sustained h*r throughout the trial, and caused a deep convulsive itruggla of feeliug iu her bosom, betraying an ntensity of agony, which excited a deep sympathy in the court room; lor the ladiea had now nearly all retired, and ?ithThV?S?,i;Mm,, ,0 feC} f!ir her- Sh0 a*ain "?red ,.he ?mcer, and remained absent until naif alter three thS Jury T"ere gent 'or ag'in. and she t^e deene??fMp> SS' u'U'L P tCe> betr?y'Dg emotions of ?n!L?? hl(1 hecface in her handkerchief silently weeping, as the Jnry took their place*. Court Gentlemen, I have sent for you again, to an hT? ' .?.Ure,ti*n J0U h,ve put t0 the c*urt Vou nave asked? If, m order to bring in a verdict of wilful ]?)!*1^'H|erem"<tbeP'*,,edPrenHiditation by acts pre vious to the murder; and if there can't?can we draw the proof of premeditation from subsequent acts In regard to tha possession of the property.?" His Ilo.voa here cited the statute, showing the various distinctions in law between the Crimea of murder and the rarious degrees of manslaugther?the species of evidence that was required to constitute these degrees of crime <Ma- Ti?s)_it would enlighten us if the Court cWn Now "if :"0t exPUnttion M t<> prem ditated afelf a'tab^hTm ???h ."L*?fS Up to another ?>d deliber premeditated ,n*#nt' are W? to COn'i,Jer " Coubt? Certainly. Joao*. (Ma 8ED?E?mav)?One mason the jury said ?pi. t' W0il **rep, it ho was to wop for three weehs wiTh "tti?rli.era withdrew, and also the prisoner .?* r^per- ?he '??*, which was nearly freed I .r?? *])? 'adies, and the benches being filled with men ? i ? IcmwI nsrnur as she again passed out of -?ourt, and many in the crowd seemed to feel for her the m i fitu?tlon a tf?od -'al. Towards the cloee ol crowd! if* 1 "Dd aveDU?? b,fgan to fill up, and toutpto aZeZ?0?*** t0 *nd from tbe Ci'y ig^'uynTve'rdiot.t;'',AT Mo,w,wq- Th<> jury had not Varieties. . lav arati?e^,?r'77Ttle P!lilad,tlPki* Aduertiter of Thurs ? ^bt\?bZb"un,./?r^s'b ?"? now?Rdom.'f!PTh J?urn?I,?liat of the various artists grtver. ??? "culptor, on. architect, and eneen city wa^ine^^r-P.?e^"jrJth!t ,hfl ,ravel trough tha WnrSS^fi** (h* Present season. - ?j>bink that portion of the travel hare referred to B"uttn^yhi?i ?Jt to prod"?ti(?n ? 14th of March, at 687.6M bushels Thi?V ?V * ,he, ^ ss i ? Oi leant Picayune of th? 1st, savs ? W? APamiM fouTnd^uyt.?ix*mu" K Kvs^viUe w^heh^ahp^ kt?i,t?:,alf ^?''hltrhk.nd^ab cTty'fo? "ucks'in tlhh: ccs AN?rfor on the 10th of January l(M^ S47o'Aii S ?.,tock in trade nual importations .nd purehitf ?'n': -"s Amusement*. Impurity of ttia Blood eanui pain and occasions diseases upon that part of the body which from any ause mav be the weak-st. .Thin, in peasona whoie bloodi s minire, should the/ hare a cold, the impure matter wonld set tle gpon their luugi, and c nsumption be the trouble : ao with other afTectinna. All troi ble ia saved by nsuig Brandreth's rills, which canuot injure, and which cinn<>t be overdone. Only n?? them in the corcinencement of any disease, uae them in full loses, and von will be up and well, while those who are too wiie to take anch a limpl* medicine, are bed-ridden, or prems tur ly end their daya The Brandteth Pillaare only beginning to be appreciated!; they, are found never to d?cieve ; tney are 'lieonly internal medicine rri|uiied in this climate. Be careful of pretended universal purgatives, which cannot lie used without iijuav 10 the body, as Brandreth s rills can. Whit are they I Kir they not imitatlona of the Brandrsrh's Pi'ls. recomeienaed in advertisements atolen from Dr. Breidre h 1 Were ih*y not orig nully c innterfeit Pills, purp irting to he the genaice Brand dreili Pill* I Bat in consequence of the new libels on the Brand reth Pill boxes, are ,tl>ey uot obliited to comeout nnder other colon equally falw f Ob-erve the makers and travelling igenLs t Are they not inn whom Dr. Brandreth has cast off? aot fir good conduct tiuly I Is notthii tiue as applicable t > ili preteii'ied " Indi in." auu in fact to nearly all the advertised pills of the day I Shall the public trust tlieir live* iu th Inn s of these unpri xipled men 1 Surely not. The Brandre'h PilU Hive strength lor, we .kness ; they are I ketl best by those who nave taken the m ist of them. Or. Braudrath can give tersoual eference to thousands win hive been restored foinabedof sickness by their use, whea every other mean* had proved c i in ly unavailing. These cava are continually occurring i ? thi> city,and in ev?ry part of rhe Union. 4*et Brandreth' PilU i' yoa ate aot perfectly healthy, and tliev will restore you, il ?nedicme can do it because they axprl thos- humors which are lie came of impurity of the blood, and at the same ti.ne tlie body is strengthened by th? operation of this most excellent medicine. H?:?r>?This ia toceitify that I was taken ill dutiog the season of the cholera, ia the year 1132. and eontiuurd thus until the spring of 1842, during which tune I was sevr-ly troubled with disi epsil, and all its various train of suffering I b-earne ex tremely em iriatrd me'ancholy and wm cut ? ith suffering, so that li'e itself se*m> d burth nsome I in t'.e mean time, appli d toa number of the best physician* prescrih. d far me and mau\ was the bitter dosea mtdi iue ih t I took, but without av til, At list I yielded to despair. Th? idea of taking the prescript lions of the i liy siciau longe' was useless, and I waa utterly oi ? rosed to takiug mils. My fiiei.ds ecame a aim d : o'ten soli cited me to try Brandreth 'a I ills, asserting that they had derived great beuelit. from their use At fast I waa t inpt.d to give lliem I tfiai, and it is but juat to *ay lhatart r nsiug them a short titne I began to r c >?er, ai.dsooa was entirely restored to heal h.and I think it a dmy which I owe to the w< rid and to Dr. Brand reta, to make t .is public acknowledgement N. BL188. Bushwick, King's Co. I, I Mir h I. 114). Dr. Brandreth's principal office for hese celebrated Pi Is is at 241 Broadara* .alio it 274 Ilo-ery. and 211 Hudson st est, New Vork, ami Mrs. Bo (th'a, J M irket strict, Brooklyn. "The Monthly KoM."-Th? latllra attached to the "Albany K> male Academy," published a monthly | erio dical entitled The Monthly Hose '' which breathes the aom ma of minds, si gnlarly giltrd The rieh programme ef foe t y.Pi ty. Truth and Mirtt.fulness which the petals of this Monlhly llo'e emit, niU't "amell sweet in the nostrils or a I lovers of Litrratum Wecopytlie following sprightly extrac from an "intercepted I Iter." as it e< niains a Iwell merited tri bute to the s< ientilic attainments of Dr. K. Uornai'D, the emi ueiit cheini tof f.7 Walker ttreet, in this city. ? ??? " One of our young ladies said that I should be very hindsome if my skin was uot so covered with freckles, and my bnw so uuintellectual. I said I did'ntcare ; for la could g-t somsthing to make me both handsome and intellectual! I went directly and told Anut Husan what Miss hid said ; and my dear Auut immediately wrote to Pa. reqne.ting him to go to Dr Honraud's and hay me mme of Ills Ilaltiin Medicated Soap and likewise snme Voudrtt Subtilei. The track aire h is arrived, vid Aunt tella me if I uae tfce Soap regularly, I shall get rid o. all my freckles and tan, and by applying the I'oudres to iny foreh-'d, I shall eradica e the hair which now ..overs inyiite leptnal orgins. Of couraa I am in ecst'ces! ' a y Dlt tflfclilX (il)UKAUi)'a Italian Mctiicalrd Soap it an infallible remedy for tail, pimples, fierliles, siillowi.e-s, sunburn, rnmhiieis, letter, or any oilier cutaneous delect ll's Poiuhri Stibtilf penetrate to the roolt of any hair to whii h they are applied, and are therefor* certain to erar#i'r <i/e all ??? nefnnoas nilr. His Grecian lluir Dyr is a anl-nrlil dye anil makea the nair soft and jtloasy. Ilis f.i<iuiii yrgrtahle Hoiife gives pale chee?a and lips a natural and permanent mine ? tlia lilanc H'Kipafnr inipar'a to the skin a hrilliant white n*ss aud delightful amooinnesa. ({nurand'n ,/lcointic Dropt (preinred after the recipe, of Dr. t urns, of Ijondwi,) will re move th" moat inveterate cases of Deafneit in a ahor time These articles, (totether with a large stock of *1'," K.inrv *rticl. s) c-.n only be obtained genuine at Dr. r. MlIU RAUD'8 dep?t, #7 H'alket ttreel first store from Broadway. I'urcliuers aie requested to rtmtm'ier thia. Ag*nH?t'hmnut lueet, Philadelphia l I Milk, illr* J. BOI< ton; Piarce, Albiav i U?cku? k flnll, Troy 1 ffth B. ntnet, iiltlmon, WrljhtHi Indian V?f?tabl? Pills will I* found oae of the beat, if not the ?"_> best medicine in the world, lor the prevention ai d car* ?<( Mesa lea, becaute they c rawf thr body liom tli'tie puiioitcu* humors winch are th-3 mute til tlua .md every other infectious duase. In order to make i ijwili and perfect lure of Measles, two or three oisa.d Indi'in V I'ne'kble 1'ills should tie taken every light on going lo lied, until ererr vestige of the naladv lias diaapiear'd. Thu course will not only eradicate every anearauce of Measlei, but will enmelf preveut the uialndy fiom falliuK in the ?-yes, or ou the lungs, as is often Uie case wh?u treated by the faculty. (17-Beware of Counterfeits.?The public a'e cautioned ?ti(mist >n imi aiiou a? icle, veiled iu su ar, aud culled Im proved ladi.ni Vegetable fills. Tl e enly e-.r'aiuty ofgettin* ihe righ* medici e is to par cliue at the righ'.place No. 288 Oreeuwidi sir et, New York, aud ia all cues be particular to ask lot Wright's Indian Vege table I'll la. J\. 1J.?Beware of all sug.ir coatedcnunteif^lt Pi)l?. Moiigi for tb? fM|il?-No 1*4. Air? '1 dreiint that I dwelt u marble halls." 1 dreamt that I dwelt In marble balla, With pimples and tan ou my lace, Aud I thought that at rutins, at routes and at balla, I wna termed a repulsive disgrace. 1 had riches enough, but alas, could uot count Ou possessing a lieallhv skin, Yet I thought that a w hisper said, you may surmount Such dsiect, be tney hateful as sin. I dreamt that suitors now sought my hand, Hut they all repudiated my lice; For they criel, though her l'eatu rs are foimed mild and bland, '1 he yellow neck -ud pmipltd akin are disgrace. Then I thought fiat 1 cried iu a voice void of hope. Cut ins pimples; make my skin while and fair, A voice cried, a Cake ol Jones's famed Soup, Akd your miud will be Iree from despair. Then 1 dieamt that | used it; oh, tint moment of bliss! iVly sain changed ironi its vellowish hue, Mv neck wss mede cleai, anil my face made to kill Though an angel might claim it hia due. Tne pimplea, the blotchea, ihe freckles, .he tan, Had decamped, and a voice by mv sidi Said, indeed, you will now be the glory ol man, Ay, the virtue, the hope and the piide. Jones's Soap! wond'uus Soap! for all this I thank thee! Who doubta the magical power of the genuine Jones's Soap / None but those who nave uwd bad articles-and so thi?k all alike. Let us tiy it once?its efluc ? an singular?it whiiens, clears, aud rentiers the skin beautiful, removing iiu.ckly all eruptions, disfigure menu, lie., salt rhruin and scurvey. To sa ti.fy yourself, ask your physician what he thinks of Jones's Soap? He will tell you?"I u?e it daily in my practice."? Buy it uowhe e else but at the sign of the American r^agl- 82 Chatham street; 123 Broadway, New York; 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn. Itead.r, be very cireful and get none but Jones's Soap. A Delicious, a Beautiful Head of Hair can be had by using a three shilling bottle of Joi-ei's Coral Hair Renor?tive; its qualities aie (a. d mind, reader, it does all Here stated,) to force the growth of hair, to soften, clem .\nd render it leaotiful, to stop it falling off, a< d dis|iel diudrutf from the scalps aud roots, and to dress it d?>k, a >d ke?p it iu order thiice as long as auy other article wade. Sold at ?2 Chilham straet. 323 Broadway, 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn, Kvldences of the Wonderful Virtues of Sherman's Worm Lozenges may be fouLd in a variety of cer tificates iu the Doctor's possession, and in the public journals ; the most striking is, howevar, cue thit came under the obae< va tion of a druggist in this cily, who was applied to for advice by a man who looked like aliving skeleton?he hjd been robust for merly : gnawing pains nt] tha stomach, and ((variety of symp toms, together W'th a prodigious appetite, which indicated worms; he was induced to try the Lozenges of Or. Sherman, and the upshot is. a perfect cure. Dr. h her man's warehouse is 106 Nassau street. Agent*. Hush ton's, Broadway ; Coduington's, corner fcf Spring and Hud son streets ; 188 Bowery, corner of Spring ; and 77 East Broad way. Shaving Cream. " Cut off thy b^ard. I say." "1 will, my lord, but tell me how ln?Old Play. It is l<uly an unple*?ant ordtr to cat offoue's beard il it can not badoua without pain Wh u the old si Idier was ordered to have his beard takeu off by hia superior, he might well ask " how V It was not an age of " good inventions" like the pie sent, if i had be?u, ?' HKNHY'd CHINESE SHAVING CREAM" would have been considered a sovi reign r* meny to aid the ra zor Badinage asiile, this compuitud is softeuing, emol.ient, and delightful to the skia ia an unequalled degtee. No smart follows its application. Prepared aud sold by A. B. SAN DS It CO., ChemisU and Druggisu, 171 Broadway, comer Chambers stieet. Sold alsoat 79 Fulton street,#ud 77 East Broadway. Price il cents per jar. Beat's Hair Restorative, at lxis Agency, 6T Walker st. 1st (tore from Broadway. Dallejr's- Magical Pain Kxtr actor, at his only agency, 67 Walker afreet, tirat store from Broadway. All Philadelphia suba rijitiuin to tha Herald must be paid to the only authorized Jlgenfi, Zieber a Co., 3 Ucagei Building, Third street, neii chenuut. Term* ?75 cents a month, including the Sunday paperior 65 centa without it; delivered fiee of charge in any part of Philadelphia. Single copies for (ale aa above, daily, at 1 o'clock?Price S cell's The Weekly Herald is aUo for (ale every Saturday mors ing?Price 6X centa. or $3 per anaum, delivered in any part of Philadelphia, free of po(tage ICy All the new and cheap 1'nblicatious for sale at their es tablishment, as aoon as issued, wholesale and retail II f With the exception of one paper, the "Herald" i( read u much, perhaps, iu Philadelphia, as any paper published in that city, affording a valuable medium to advertisers. Advar lirements handed to the agenta at hilf paat <4 o'clock, will ap iiear in the Herald next day. n4 It Medical Notice*?Tha Advertisements of tha New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, eatabliahed for the Suppression of Quackery, in the cure of all diseases, will hereafter appear on the fourth page mid last column of ihia paper. W. S. KICriAKDSON, M. D., Agent. O to sod Coasul .ing Koom( of the Collrge.95 Nassau stre, MONtT HAKKE I'. Friday, April 11?0 P.M The itock market remaius iu au unsettled state and flotation* fluctuate from day today. Yesterday there was a general decline, and to day price* for many stocks improved, while others Ml off. Stonington went up a quarter percent; Norwich k Worcester J; Viekaburg 1 Long Inland J; Canton 1; Morris Canal 1; Erie Railroad tell off j; Penn. 6'.1Ohio 6's J; Wilmington Farmers' Loan East Boston J; Reading Railroad IJ. The money mark* t is gradually tightening, and as the day approaches onjwhich the banks ot this city and State make their quarterly returns, it must become more strin gent. The amount of specie in tbe backs we learn will not vary much trcm the last report, and the ge neral movement of the city institution*, will not te much different from the movement at tne date of the last returns. Tin depression in the stock market, is, in a great degree, caused by a contraction in the loans of the binks. The loans during the past quarter have been large upon stock security, and the banks gene rally reduce that line of discount as much as psasibie, be fore miking their returns to the Comptroller. These loacs are Keneraily on demand, with a day's notice, and the contraction cf these operations can he made very rapid. The usual end regular discount line of the banks of this city, we aie inclined to believe, is rather limited, or does not exhibit much extension The condition of the commercial classes is; such that the banks prefer making loans on stock security. The heavy loa?es of tne past year of the importing and jobbing houses of 'his city have injured the crvdit of tbe class generally, and ihu banks ducouLt no more of tho paper of those doing ?n extensive western an l aouthern business, than they can possibly help. The banks oi this city are almost ex clusively devoted to the in'ereats oi thefaiock specula tors of Wall atreet. They are indirectly ot some benefit t? the mercantile classes, but the brokers of the street are accimmodatcd with one hundred dollars where a regular merchant is accommodated with one dollar. The banks lisgui*e and cov< r up the loans to stock speculators in every possible way. They report as distinct and separate ?tens a certain amount loaned to broken; loana to directors; and the usual diiscount line. Tne last I em is intended to represent the loana to those engaged in legitimate business operations, but a true and correct classification of the nature of the loana ?f every banking institution in Wall street, would show an amoun loaned to brokers whose whole business is to (peculate itocks, much larger than the amount loaned to any other claaa ef buaineas men. There is no deubt but that loans upon such security as United States, New York State or city,or any other good steiling stock, is much safer thnn leans on tne general run of business paper, but thesu banks were net chartered for the exclusive benefit of a few stock jobbers, but on the contrary were chartered to facilitate trade and to extend commerce by a concentra tion of capital. The movements of the city banks between this anthe flr>tof May, will,without doubt, have a very untav; table effect|upon quotations lor stocks, as the contraction of loans will compel many brokers to realize on their stocks hypothicated for the purpose ol taking up their notes. We therefore look for a decline in pricoa until the banks are relieved from the restraint these quarterly leturns invariably produce. Many stooks in the list have been steadily but gradually falling, and ia some of them there is even now a small margin for an improvement, but a depression in the market lor two or tkree weeks more, will enlsrge this margin and give room lor quite a apecu ? lativo movement in May ?r June. The apeculation inVicksburg Bsnk continues unabated, and the operation* in this stock give an activity to tho market, which but for this would be bad enough. Tho steady decline in Illinois 6'*, cannot be accounted lor. It wss expected that tho course pursued by the Legislature ol that State la^t sen ion, would improve the atock, but such does not pro\ e to be thecjse. The movements in cotton at Mobile this season, com pared with last, have bten extensive. The receipts irom slept 1st 1844. to April 1st this year, were 46H.7J8 bnlea sqainst 889,e79 bales lor the same period last year, while ihe exports this year have been 330,016 bales against i36,asi balea last year. This increased movement in the staple has given employment to a large numSer of vessels. Commebcp. ok Mobil*? Abbivals and Dr.rABTuacs fo? M?? h, I84J, ?.*CLi!iivt or Sloops, Litinmi Pilot Boats, am> Ktsimdits. ?Jrriveii?, r-Cleared?, g> * ? 2? ? * * Port*. *8' 2 Ore* Britain, 3 28 "l * Fran ? a, 7 1 7 " " Oilier e'oreigu Porti 3 7 6 7 8 2 '< 'lit Coastwise U 6 4 I!) 12 11 ? 12 Tot?l St 17 It 26 SJ 21 16 21 Of the arrivala, 19 ships, 6 barka and 1 schooner were British, 1 ?htp Austrian, 1 brig ant 9 schooners Spanish 1 rcbooner Mexican. Ol the clearances, Ui ahips, 9 barka anil I schooner British, 1 ship French, I brig and7 achoo nt'is Spanish. Tbe proportion of foreign vessels engaged in'the trans p.) tation oi the principal s:aplrs of the south is shown in this statement. Of the fships cleared for foreign porta more than one half were British. Of the arrivals from foreign ports nineteen out oi forty two were British. Ol (ort> .two i hips in the port of Mobile on the 1st last., fif teen were British and one Austrian. Of twenty-one baiks. eleven were British. Nearly all the British ships engaged in tbeloreign carrying trade of our southern porta arc vii'sels of large tonnage, capable of taking on board an immense freight, and making one voyage a season profitable. The largo portion of the exporting staples of me to ith transported m foieiijn vp?s- Is, takes from Am< c?n vessels un iimount ot employment scrituaiy ail c: inn the p'odnctivenr ss of our i-omm' icial marine Vea. ?i.us ennirtged in freighting aro very unprofi.able prop' rty. Keen our loieign iind coasting pnrket-1 pay but a trill rig j)*r ccnt on* the capital in?e.t. .1 in Un m With competi io.i among thi msclves, and with foreign vessels, the rates ot freight and paMago htvn been so reduced that it rg quire i the pia^tica of lh" irait rigid econoaayto oven make both ends m?et. We h ive hem informal by an "wnerol one of the lines ofN?w Orleans packets, that tho bti; ship In hl6 line had rot netted ona far crnt on !b?s 84?it?l invested in it during the past three years. fJo?mis?)oner? af tb? New York c?mi runrt bir?

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