Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 24, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 24, 1845 Page 2
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?. MeaII NEW YORK HERALD. S?w lurk, ihurtjay, April U4. !("*#? Important Sihj for Hurope. The steamship Great Western, Cupt. Matthews, will leuve lor Liverpool at three o'clock this after noon, and h< r letter bags will close at Adams \' Co's, and (iilpiu's, at two o'clock. This packet will take out important intelligence. We may receive later news trom Texas aud Mexi co by this afternoon's mail, from the south, and our evening edition will be iaeued at halt past one o'clock, with all that comes. Whether any news trom those republics is, or i* not received, the even ing edition will contain thr-deiitiments ol this coun try, as just expressed, on the Oregon aud Texan questions. These will be as important to Europe as the recent intelligence trom England is to the United States. This edition will be ready, in wrappers, at two cents per copy. Belligerent Attitude of England and the United State*?The Oregon Question?The Destiny of the Republic. The late intelligence from England has excited a degree of interest in this community which baf fles description Nothing is talked of but the hostile declarations of the British minister; and amongst all classes; in the streets?in the public places?in the merchant's counting room?in the taverns?in the workshop of the mechanic?in the farnrt house? at the village inn?every where, in city, town and country, the Oregon question and the present rela tive position of England and the United States, are the subject of excited discussion. Like afire on the prairies, the flame of excited popular feeling is sweeping far and wide, and :he hearts ef the peo ple are kindling throughout the whole land. We give great credit to the representatives of the British government for the frank, candid, and temperate manner, in which they have announced their policy on the Oregon question. They have spoken in plain and unequivocal terms. With an unreservedness not often characteristic of their of ficial declarations, they have defined the position which they have assumed, and express in the clear est and most intelligible language their settled pur pose of resisting, to the last extremity, the claims ol the United States. And all this has been also mark ed by adegreeof calmness and temperance which is well entitled to respectful consideration Their con duct indeed, in this case, presents a contrast to that of public men in some quarters, which does not re dound much to the credit of the latter, and to which we are quite justified in directing the atten tion ol all who may be entrusted with the manage ment of our national afl&irs. This commendable tone which characterizes the declarations of the British Government is also ol importance, as giving 'an additional assurance that the position they have taken is one from which, under no cir cumstances, they will voluntarily or otherwise re cede. The two countries are, therefore, to be re garded as now standing in the most directly bel ligerent attitude in which they have ever been pre sented since the last war. Both are committed, in the eye of the whole civilized world, to positions from which neither can be driven but by force. In such circumstances, it becomes a most inte' resting and important inquiry?what are the prin tuples involved in this conflict of opinion and olH cial declaration'? The dispute with respect to the possession ol the territory of the Oregon is only the ostensible casus belli. It is but the index to the groat controversy which agitates the mind of the civilized world?the controversy between liberty aud despotism?between republicanism and monar chical government. This country has now come to occupy the same position with respect to the mo narchies of Europe, that republican France occu pied before the usurpation and overthrow of Na poleon. The triumphant combination of the allied kingly powers, when it put the army of Napole on to flight, and chained him on a lonely rock, did not decide?it only postponed for a time?the settle ment of the mighty conflict between the principles of civil and jeligious liberty, and the tyrannical dynasties of the European world. That conflict has never since for a moment ceased. Not with violence, but quietly, slowly, surely, democracy hits been widening its dominion and extending its triumphs. This republic, marching on, year after year, in prosperity and glory, to an imperial power such as the world has not yet seen, has been a pillar of cloud by day, and a pillar of fire by night, to the followers of freedom in every land. Every ship that has borne our flag to foreign shores ?every Presidential message that has found its way to the people ot Europe?every intima tion of our growing national prosperity that lias been conveyed across the Atlantic?has been an awakening summons to the oppress ed of all nations?a message of hope re minding them that the day of deliverance was drawing nigh. Thus a new spirit has been breathed into the European masses. And the most glorious results are already apparent. What was the English Reform Bill, but the work and the proof of the newly created power of the people 1 Catholic Emancipation?the repeal of the Test Acts?the Commutation of the Tithes?all are se many ^monuments, marking the triumphant pro gress of democracy in Britain. It is this growing | strength of the people?it is this universal and vigorous bursting forth of democracy?encouraged, excited, stimulated by the ever present influence of republican America, which has alarmed the go vernment of England. The possession of so many thousand square miles beyond the Rocky Moun tains is nothing, but the moral effect of the bold, aggressive policy of the United States, is every thing. The ministerial organs in England, therefore, greatly misrepresent the popular sentiment of that country, when they declare that the anti-American feeling is universal. It is not so by any means. The Irish papers received by the "Caledonia," are lull of the most enthusiastic rejoicings at the passage of the Texas Annexation resolutions in | our Congress, and express their most fervent wishes that Oregon also may be soon annexed to this re public. They are ia ecstasies at the probable col lision of the two countries, and anticipate in that event ihe most signal triumph of democratic prin ciples. And such is the feeling of thousands and thousands of the masses in England. But they have no organs. We do not hear any distinct and public expression of their opinions and aspirations. But lor all that, deep, strong and irrepressible in England is the swelling popular tide in favor of republican America?so strong that it will sweep the tory ministry from power before they could engage in any war with this country. Mr. Polk is in a position very different from that of the British minister, as respects popular support It is impossible for him to recede a single line. He must carry out the aggressive policy of the democracy, whilst Sir Robert Peel, o.i the other hind, will find the pressure impelling him tj adopt a conciliatory course. In this country the feeling iu favor of territorial aggrandizement is overwhelm ng. It is human nature. It must be so. The law of progress is stamped on every feature of the republic. It is the destined work of democracy to subjugate this whole continent. Great Britain can never successfully impede thut work. The Western Slates?already exercising a preponder ating influence in national adairs?are universally in favor of taking possession of Oregon at all haz ards They ara ready to go to war with Englaad to-morrow if need be. As well talk of drying up the Mississippi, as of controlling the popular feeling on this subject in the great West. Tne only oppo sition to the policy of Mr. Polk's administration, on the Oregon question, will come trom the Allan tic cities?from the commercial interests directly engaged in the European trade. In the Hast, the rrtynufaeturers will regard the matter as one en tirely of dollars and cents. They will endeavor lo ptrikea biinncc between the possession of a mono poly of the American trade, and the temporary load o! a foreign outlet lor their goods As for the South, the course taken by England with regard to the abolition ol slavery, ensures ita vigoroua support of ihe iiK'c-t determined hostility to Englar.d. The ImiuUhi Tunes has threatened that the standard ot itbrflion will be raised amongst the black racesol the South in case ofa war with England. These two principles, then, a monopoly ot manufactures, and the stability of their domestic inolitutions, are at work in the eastern and southern States, and united with the universal sentiment ol the western States, will, render the popular feeling of this country in idvorofan aggressive policy, in utter defiance of England, altogether overwhelming and irresistible Mr. i'olk must press the occupation of Oregon at all hazards. There is no help for it. The spirit cf the age?the destiny of democracy?the popular feeling of the country?all demand it?all urge him onward, and if he fail to comply?if he lalter in the least, he must inevitably be himself overwhelm ed andjwnh the party that supports him. Such, then, is the present position of the two countries. We are extremely sorry that we are likely to be diiven to give Great Britain a sound drubbing. It is a sad, sad thing, to be obliged to whip one's own flesh and blood. But we can't help it. Tue thought is really so agonizing to our compassionate bouIf, that we do not know how soon we may e compelled to flog those who are bone of our bone and flesh of our flesh. But it is our destiny and we cannot shrink from fulfilling it. This glorious land and ail the fulness thereof has been given to us, for us aud for our children, and ii England or any other power dare to interfere with us when we are extending the cords and strengthening the stakes of our habi tation^ we must give the impertiuent interned dlera a good licking. That's all. It is very pain ful to do it, but it muat be done. Factory System at Lowell.?We give on our first page the highly interesting report presented to to the Masaachussetts Legislature, by the commit tee to whom was referred numerous petitions on the hours oi labor in the factories at Lowell. This document presents a great mass of important and instructive information. It is particularly interest ing as enabling us to contrast the condition of our operatives and those employed in the English fac tories. This subject is one of much interest, and we shall recur to it soon. French Ocean Steamers.?We find, by the Journal du Havre, of the 1st inst., that the chance oi having a line of ocean steamers to connect this port with France is now very favorable. It appears that the French Minister of Marine has introduced a bill into the Chamber of Deputies, having in view the final settlement upon a direct communication between France and America.? This bill virtually abrogates the bill of 1841, as the Government intends to try the co-operation of pri vate industry; but it has, nevertheless, pledged it self to establish a direct trans-atlai:tic communica tion, in case a private company cannot be formed. The Minister has merely presented the bill, with out stating the reason why that of 1841 does not accomplish its object. The new bill contains seven articles, the promi nent features of which are, that a direct communi cation is to be established between France, Kio Janeiro, Martiaique, Guaddloupe, Havana, and New York, by means of steamers or sailing vessels That secondary lines will be established to connect with the principal lines, and to run to La Plata, La Guyane, and in the Gulf of Mexico. Ttiat the Government will fix the minimum of tonnage and nower of engiues, number of voyages, the course to be taken by the vessels, and the time of depar tures. iu case vjrovernmeru remain cnargea wun tne ar rangement, the points of departure will be from Saint Negaire for Rio Janeiro, Bordeaux, or a neighboring port, for Martinique, and Cherbourg for New York, the latter, however, only till Havre can be made to receive the packets. It will probably take some months to carry this project into effect. That it will ultimately be in operation we express no doubt. We never be lieved that the French Government would abandon an enterprise so important to its interests. Funeral of Aldiriiin D. T. Williams.?Al derman Williams was buried yesterday afternoon in the cemetery in Second street, from his late residence in Olivsr street. The funeral was at tended by a very large body of his fellow-citizens, who united in pay ing the last token of respect to a worthy man and useful member of the community. The funeral cortegi proceeded in the following order. Mount Vernon Lodge of Independent Or der of Odd Fellows, with banner in mourning ; Master of the Lodge ; the two officiating clergy men ; the corpu covered with a black velvet pall supported by six bearers; relatives and friends of the deceased ; his Honor Mayer Harper, with his staves of office, arm in arm with Mr. Havemeyer. mayor elect, preceeded by High Constable Hays; members of the Common Council with staves of office ; members elect and officers of the corpora tion ; Special Justices of Police and Police Offi cers and MarshaU, with their staves of office in mourning, and citizens generally. The number could not have been less than five hundred. Trial of Justice Drinksr.?The trial of Justice Drinker will commence this evening, in the Coun ty Court, at 5 o'clock. 0ty Who is Mary May wood'! Theatricals. The Park.?Anderson had another overflowing house last night to witness his admirable acting as " Claude Melnotte." To-night he appears as "Charles" in the "Elder Brother"?one of his best characters, and one of the best plays ever repre sented. Palmo's Opera House.?Mr. Booth has drawn crowded houses during the two past nights, Tues day as " Oihello," and last evening as " Sir Giles Overreach," and was throughout each evening re ceived with the greatest applauee. He is certainly taking every pains and care ot himself, and it is to be hoped he will continue thus. Hervio Nano has also been well received and highly successful in his pieces. movements of Travellers. We have to record a lurther increase to yester day's catalogue of travellers. The principal hotels present a more than ordinary number of those whom pleasure has, in this smiling season, attract ed to the focus cl rational recreation, while the hooks record the departure of such as have com pleted their commercial arrangements, or return home disappointed from their political pretensions We found at the A Mcaicaif?Capt. Condy, Boston, Capt. Brewster, I/. 8 Engineer, Richard Cohen, Pittsburgh; R Smith, Phila delphia; tV (i Conner, Mus ; John Bates, Ale*.; 8 A Kw in*, Nashville, Tenn.;anJ 10 other*. A<to? ? (Sea. Johnson, State Attorney General of Ponn sylrauia; J Buckley, Rutherford. Kng.; Dr. Tarquaud, t'anaiidaigii.i; Cspt. Delano, "Patrick Henry," O 11 Winder, Col. W H Polk, Kmhryo Minister to Naples; Sir Ueo. Simeon, Northwestern Territory, (bearer of des pi'chei to the Britmti K.mimssy at Washington;) J 8 Kay. StTdnnah: Don J C 8eriel and Joseph Hernuud, 8;iuin, acil at) others. ? irv Mown. I) DeCourcy, Parifi;Capt. Bunting, packet ship ? Gladiator," H*nry Pmiips, tn ? uistingninhed vocal ist. Col J Travel*, Dr. .Maywo>>d, Washington, D C; Col. J r Whseltr, t'anandaigua; W Raphael, and Goodwin, Philadelphia; Gun Sutherland, Hudson; Jesse B DeCa mcra, B More, and JO others. FaASKLin?W H Noberts ami Chn* Thompson, T.nlad Hobf Wa son, Conn, D K Sibley, Canada, A Halo, Buft'jlo; \V Heyw.ud, Bast.m,' Prol. Whitney, Rochester; MhJoi s.-im'l Roisiter, Col .> Yaylir and G B.irrington, Mass.; W B Mason, Bridgeport, ?;onn.; and IJ others. H jvtvbos'-A A Dunlap, Albany, Matthew and J Wild, ? olumbli ro : pasienaeis fo.- the (Jieat Western; A I'ar r ns, H W Prescott, Philad; Hon. \ Smith, Maine; Col U V Worcester, Troy; llmi I) L Seymour, Troy ; J imes A ::'iiii', Montreal; i Watsan l.ondon; W w Kail field, ' IlitlKon; ("apt. < '? Hart, Troy; and .Idottura. S| Gkorok's- F iiH' lie, Ohio; W Green, do; Lymar i-d Pembroke, C<>oti; J Jones,Ohio; Messrs. Green Rum fiey and Philips, Va Gi?s?- C Crowell Philad; J C Cooper, do; Monsioui Oe <<i?Md, France; Ed Jar.iei, Albany VV Wood. Kn?- R 0 Woo l, Philad, C Cambridge. and 10 others. Wntiu?Julius Martin. Washington; R C Rtt.warl Ph lad; Messrs Pope and Roger*. Boitoa; Phelan ami Kjidpe*, (pafsengers per Grent Western,) Philad; Gt<orgt tVood.Troy, M-mri Goddirdand Young, Geo Boam^n. Boston, and toothers. Anniversary of the St. George's Society. The St. George's Benevolent Society celebrated ' its unniverary yesterday, la the evening, the I members, with anumberof invited guest*, sat down to dinner at the Aster House. The President ol the Socie'y, Mr. CuthberUon, occupied the chair, supported on his right by Mr. Irviu, the President of the St. Andrew's Society, Mr. Sand, of the German Society, Mr. Barclay, British Consul, Captain Matthews, Mr. Grattan, British Consul at Boston ; and ou bis left by Mr. Draper, of the New England Society, Mr. Ed wards, of the S;. David's, His Honor Mayor Har per, His Honor Recorder Talmadge, Ex-President Fowler, aud Mr. Henry Phillips About two hun dred and fifty gentlemen sat down to dinner. After the cloth was removed, the President gave the first regular toast :? " The day and all who honor it."?St. George and mer ry Koglund Glee. The next toast was? " The Queen?God bless her''?God sau? tht Quern. The third toast wa6? " Prince Albert?the Prince ofWales and the rest of the royal family"?Rule Britannia. Then came? " The President of the United States"? Hail_ Columbia. The next regular toast was? " The United Service of England." Mr. Phillip j sang with inimitable effect the" Sea Fight," which was encored. Mr. P. then with great good-humor, sang " 'Twas past meridian? half past four," which was received with rapturous applause. The next toast was? " The army and Navy of the United State*."? The Star Spmntlrd Banntr." The next toat-t was? " Sir Kichara Pakenham and Her Britannic Majesty'! repie.-eiititivts in this country " Mr. Bakci.ay returned thanks in neat and apro priate term?. The Chairman then gave, after a few compli mentary remarks? "The health ol her Majesty's Consul at Boston?T. C Grattan. Esq " Drank with the most enthusiastic applause. Mr. T. C. Grattan, of Boston, then rose, and was greeted with enthusiasiastic cheering. He said -Imust, owever leebiy and imperfectly, expresj my gratitude lor the kind reception that has been just given to the toast which you have done me the honor to drink. But I can not for an instmt mistake the motives of that more wel come-those cheering sounds trom all pans of the room, and whose echoes are now vibrating around me. 1 would not attempt it if I could, to disassociate my name from the sentiment which a tew minutes ago proceeded from the chsir, and was so handsomely responded to by my friend on the left. I know well that although my name was very loudly called for in connection with that toast, that cvsrycheer which joined in that grand chorus ot glad voiccs?than,which there ii no more glorious music in the world? wai meant as a tribute of love and of pride for our common country, in honor of which we are this night 'assembled?(great cheering)?and in comparison with which every private and eveiv personal letling, on such fun occasion as this, is as nothing. We aru here to night to do hODor to those united islands which form tine "country of our affections and of our hearts' allegiance. (Tremenduous cheering.) 1 cannot oe mistaken. No one will suppose that I could b ; guilty of the indiscretion, or the bad taste ef alluding to political allegiance. But I mean that more sacred sndf holier alle giance of social sympathy which binds our hearts to the country of our birth. (Gieat cheering) It is delightful to mo to meet thus once a year?we have all the rest of it for personal friendship?to do honor to that great country to which webelong?(cheers)?whether by birth or by association. And it is delightful to be allowed the privilege 011 these occasions ?f speaking in these small family patties of relatives almost?at all events of coun trymen and friends of that country; which we cannot look back upon ut this distance without pride und satisfaction This is u delightful audience before which to offer such sentiment?. They are sure of a response, and there is t o response like that which comes from the patriotic heart. (Cheers.) But if I wanted u larger audience in which to And sympathy for these ssntiments, I am quite certain that thousands and tens of thounar.ds could be found in this city, and in every city of the Union, ready to Jo honor and justice to the character and greatness of eld Eng land. (Tremendous cheers.) Wn have at times seen with regret slight differences of opinion on that subject; but I am certain they have proceeded froin mistaken no tions of the policy und mission of England amongst the civilized nations of the world. (Cheers.) Some nations, like individuals, have greatness thrust npon tliem, and when the greatness of England is sometimes made a re proach cast back upon her, we should recollect that sh<" has a high mission of greatness to fulfil Circumscribed in geographical position, she is forced by the very im pulses of lier genius as by the genius of her people, to force hersulf uhroail on a erand and expansive plsn?ex ploring the most distant portions of the earth?first peo pling tnern,and then fllooding them with|knowle 'ge trom ner noble reservoirs at homo. (Great cheers ) Hhe can not act upon a small or circumscribed plan. Immense resources are required?Urge commercial and military meant?science in all iti manifold form*?a lite rature commensurate with her great national pow er to carry out tho object! of her high destiny? (Loud cheers.) I am jetting into rather a teriou* strain upon this occasion But these appear to be days in which men are forced to think, and to think seriously, and wh?-n the subject is the greatness of old England, it ia iaapossi b'e not to look with a serious aspect an the present state of things. We nil admit that England has her faults.? It is a trite observation that any thing mortal is imperfect The brightest snn of science has spots upon it. Vhiloso phv may sometimes be in error, ami religion itself is not always without stains on its purity. But are we, on that account, not to honor talent, lore wisdom, or vene rate virtue? Must we on account of the errors, follies or even some misdeeds of a great nation, not be proud of our origin?of our affinity and association with it?? (Loudcnecra) lam not one accustomed to reason in that fastidious mode. I take nations as I take indviduals ?as I find them?and if I cannot find a nation or an in dividual perfect?if I cannot give my entire esteem or af fection to one or to the other, 1 give them a* much as I can?(A laugh) And If 1 cannot give reverence for those virtues that are wanting, I take those that I ian Had and wear them nearer t* my heart?(Laud cheers.) We ?ll admit the fellies of our common cowntry.? We admit abusea and would wish to reme dy them if we could, but the true patriot ?a he who, in reforming, would not drag down the brancu ea that he meant to prune, bat would retain the stem of hi* country'* greatness, honor and renown. (Great cheer ing.) The greatness oi England is ta be maintained. (Tre mendous cheering.) It must be maintained entire. (Re newed cheering.) No branch must be torn from the ns. 'ional tree. (Enthusiastic cheering) The greatness oi England is not to be destroyed. It is the most extraordi uary intellectual development that has ever beea made manifest?it haa spread far and wide, on the earth's sur face. It is immortal. It never can be effaced from the great scheme of civilization, until this earth, which is but * speck in the great syitem of the universe, shall, like all mortal thinga, perish (Tremendous cheering) I really fear that I am rather too serious. (" No," " no," and cheering) The fact is, that my excellent neighbor on my left, Captain Matthews, is going to carry away, to morrow, such a mass of serious and material business with him, that it is impossible, especially as it is yst early in the evening, to enter into a less serioui discus sion. (Laughter) But, by and by, we shall have an op portunity of saying something more lively. The night is but beginning. I hope we shall get far into it. (Laugh ter and cheering.) However, I will conclude now?for the present, at least, and beg to offer a sentiment, possibly rather of the serious strain, though short. I will give? "The British Empire, in all its integrity?moral and political." Drank with the greatest enthuisaam. The President theH gave the next regular toast:? " The Mayor and Recorder of the city oi New Yoik." Mayor Hmrsa responded as follows:?Mr. President and Gentlemen : I feel highly flattered on this occasion, that you have blended the Recorder's name with mine ? Ha ia celebrated for making speeches. (Laughter) I uever made ? speech in my life. I lcel greatly honored in receiving an invitation, for the first time, to dine with ynu, for it is the first year that I have been Mayor of the city, and, by the decision of my constituents, it is to be the last (Laughter) I, therefore,{never can flatter my self with the hope of receiving another such invitation ind, indeed, so much do I rrgret this, when I look around md soe fo much talent?the English?the Scotch?the German-the Dutch?the Irish?and you will allow ma to say even these " natives"? (Laughter.)?that, had I known it, 1 should have been induced to have made s f??eater efi.utfor re-clnation. (Laughtnr.) But, as I said, am not a speech-maker. The Recorder is now full toilingover. (Laughter) I ought to give waytobim it once But allow me so nay, in respon?o to what ha* been said by my friend, about England, that 1 hi ! the honor of an English namesake?my grandfather, who wo* i fat little Englishman, and the beat man God ever made (Great laughter, mid cheers.) I am a mere mechanic, md, as 1 once told, on a certain occasion?I don't know whether all the gentleman htre have heard .t before - * l.en I v. as a youth I h?d some ambition, and I proposed 13 turn my attention to|the law?I had a great regard for it, but my father had nut. (Great laught< r) That was iliout thirty fire years ago, arid lawyer* at that time were not what they are now. (Renewed laughter.) I thru I)ought of being a doctor ; hut the old man said that peo ple died eff f ist enough. (Greet laughter.) But stop?I t'orget the Recorder (turning t*? him)? are von f-ill 7 (L*uguter.)J With all yourgreitr.. ss in England, it seems i bat there in rome talk of a war vrithflhis ccuntty. But it .Minn, to me that those who have talked about that forgot the war ol 1812 I conclude t>y olfeting a sentiment, and the Recorder will bdrg np tlio police and the other de partinents (Laughter) I give yau? " The memory of the war between the twr notions?as ve say on the tomb ntones of deceased relatives?' May it rest in p ace.'" (Drink with great applause.) Recorder Tallm too?: then returned thanks. He said it was not at all remarkable that th > Mayor should have concluded his spoechwith an epitaph(Laughttrjand cheer ing ) His Honor was soon to depnrt, pnd he (the RfC'ir lor) most cordially sud rrqulttcit in piei. (Laughter ) The Recorder then i)lltu'?,t to the charoc'or of th>: recn' m'elligenee frm Englsnd. H ? did not nnticip'ite >my iMurliance of tba pe,ac? fill rela ions of the two conu'riea It was true there were individuals who would glad y foment difficulty, b'lt h? thnnUrd God that there was lirmr.eis and patriotism ?nott^h toputilown oil such de na^oguism. In the fullest sincenty of soul lie gnve r,s a a ntlment?" A lasting, perpetual and cordial peace be : ?o<n England ar.d Ametici." (Drank with nr.neb rntltu ?ij?"i) The next toaet was? " Tie representatives of the sister chiritahle socteti's *" Jlulrf J mi ( Si/nr Mr lavn ro-urned thank* in behalf rf the Bt. Andrew'* Societv. i'e made Fomc Voiy n-at remarks en the jiow er iu;f* of Englaiid?h'r itg^ncy in e*ten1ng civr. U tion?and dwelt at aome length r n the raaceiul chi racier of herfpoliry. He gave 11 The n oral power o England?may it ever, sa i ow, l>e lennd on the side ol oeac-, libe ty and civiii/at < n." (Drank v. ith applause Mr. Sa r>, ol the <*ermHi Society, britfly re plie'J.nn 1 gave as a sentimeift ' I'ha u olit on ol slavtrjr throughout tl?? wsrlJ- by Uwlul measures and by nspwting The rights of nations, it miy be complied?by the woikin|io(fiM'ic* Kama.'1 (Drank wi'h applause ) Mr. 1)?apkr replied on the part of the New England Society. He said that aome allusion had been male to." war with Kugland, buthe did not think that a little ?)ip in the adlmss ot a tingle individual, whatever post tion ha occupied, waa sufficient to excite any ?uch alj'm. Tne question o! the relation* btrtwcen Kug land and the United States, wan not to be settle-, by one man or ten, but by the whulo people ? (Cheer*.) But if there is to be any tabling, the Yankees will be there. (Laughter) He concluded by giving a sentiment borrowed from the aprech ot Sir Robert reel: " The umicablo adjualmri:t tl the diftVrencea between Great Brttain and the United State*?the desire of ever} I ue m?n on earth " (Drank with enthuaiasm.) I Mr. Edmonds returned thanks on the part of the St. David's Society. ( The President then gave: I "Our boyhood home." Mr. Phillips sang "The Light of other Pays," ' as he only can sing it. The eorg was loudly en j cored, and with characteristic good nature Mr. P. resumed his seat at the piano, and sung his fa mous "wine song" in the most exquisite style, eli citing a peifect hurricane of applause. The next toast was? " The land we live in " The la6t regular toast was? " The Ladies?God bless them." which was, of course, drank with all the honors. _ The first Vice-President was then called on for j a toast, and pave? I " British diplomacy?based on honor and Justice?1? [ geek* the interest of the world at large, and not sectional advantage." The second Vick- President gave? " The health of Sir Robert Peel and her Mojeaty'i mi nister*." Drank amid thunders of applause. The health of" the Stewards" was then drank. Mr. Walters replied?He said Ue wa9 not a apueofe roikar?he waa only a mechanic, (A. voice, "pipe layer.") Y?a, and if 1 could have laid pipe enough his Honor the Mayor would have been re-elected. (Laughter and cheers ) Mr. W. then gave some detail* of the opera tloni of the Society, from which it appeared that it was prospeinu*, and the meanaof doing much in thaaacred catt *e of benevolence. The " health of Captain Matthews" was then drank with all the honors. Captain Matthews retimed thanks in appro priate terms. A number of volunteer sentiments were then given, and the festivities kept up with much spirit till an advanced hour in the morning. Long Island Rail Road.?There is hereafter to be a daily line to Boston over the Long Island Rail Road. The cars will leave South Brooklyn at IO^l. M. The National Academy. 64. Italian Beggar Children, by J. Freeman.? This beggar boy, with his mute appeal for alms, seems to attract much attention from the numerous visitors of the Academy; and it richly deserves all the praises it receives. The extremities of the figures are drawn with a skill we rarely see, but there is an oiliness of character in the manipula tion of the artist that is disagreeable. The sky it too intensely blue, and destroys the melody of the whole. 65. Sirist Chapel, by M Livingston.?Abomina ble. The rock in the foreground looks like a huge worm. 66 View in New Jertey, by R. Gignoux.?Pret tily arranged and pleasantly colored. 68 Portrait of a Boy, by E H May.?Foot bo-, he looks as if he had been spitted by the painter before painting. 70 Peter DeWitt, Esq., by E. H. May.?An ex ceedingly well painted head, and a striking like ness. 71. Land. Storm, by T. Doughty.?One of Mr D.'sold works we fancy ? it looks brown and ladrd 72. Game and Dogs, by Alvan Fisher.?Dogs, birds and gaine bag, all of the Bame tone, and all Ijirlr rhnfflPtPI' 73 The Newsboy's Lament, by T. Lc Clear.?En tirely too respectable for a genuine vender of the Herald and other useful papers?and the hat! what is it made oft As a portrait of individual nature this might be considered meritorious, but as a standard tor a species, it is a decided failure. 75. Portrait of a Gentleman, by S. Herring.? Bad in drawing and worse in colo>. 77. Strangers Visiting their Birth place, by J. Steums.?'Vhc best comment we can make on this subject, is to quote the exclamation of a lady who stood near when we were studying it?" What strange looking Indians !" 78. landscape, Tuscany, by D. Huntington.? This landscape is of a high order ot composition, but evifl?-ntly made up by the artist's fancy?every part id filled nut?none of those flat blank space* that are no irksome to look on, and so irequentl) seen in the works of the quack artists of the present time. Every point is crowded with vegetable life. The right of the picture is somewhat lame?the extreme distance and sky remarkably fine; yet, with all its high points of excellence, there is nn air of unnalurulneefc about it. Mr. H. has studied deeply the works of artists of the " ffbne away time," and consequently his landscape reminds us more of art than nature. 79. Miss Virginia C*****, of Pittsburg, by J. R Lambdin ?Hard in drawing and scragling in color ?disagreeable and unnatural. Theatricals, dfo. Mr. Booth ha* drawn good house* at Palmo'a theatre during the put week; he appear* mora at heme at thi* eitablisbment than at other* m thi* city. Dianeford has not been a* tucceitful a* he merita in hit management at Palmo'a " Antigone," although not a fail ure, did not par, notwithstanding the talented assistance of Mr. George Vandenhoff. He i* about to bring it out in like manner In Beiton, by request. The probability ie ihat the resident* of the modern Athena of America will appreciate it better than the dollar-laving inhabitant* oi old Ootham. The Caatla Garden will be opened a* a theatre about the nerond week in May. It make* one of the largest in the Union. With the exception ot an upper gallery, i: .a somewhat larger than Covent Garden in London. It will accommodate upward* of 6,000 peraoni, with eaae A large steam packet haa been fitted up aa a floating theatre, capable oi holding upwarda of 1300 peraona ?1< is called the "Ttmplc of the Muse*." It i* atpreaeat go ing round the city, taking up it* station at various slips on different evenings. It will shortly visit the va-ioui towns on the margin of the principal rivera ia the Union. There ia a very good company engaged. Mad. Pico, Sig. Sacquirico, and other membera of the Ute Italian Company in thi* city will give Concerts in the new splendid Theatre, Castle Garden, about the se cond week in May. Big. DeBegnia refused to join the troupe, objecting to display his musical powers amid sherry cobblers, mint juleps, and cigars. Mr Anderson takes his benefit at the Park Theatre on KriJay evening, after which he proceed* to Philadelphia to tulfil an engagement at the Arch atreet Theatre. Mr. and) Mr*. Seguin and Mr. Frazer are expected in tbi* city at the end oi the present or the beginning oi the ensuing week, when the English Opera will be brought forward u the Park. The Campanoiogians, or Swiss Bellringers, have pro corded to Havana, where they have been highly suc cessful. Mad,Calve and the French Company from New Or loins ate expected in this city about the latter end oi June or beginning oi July, and it is expected will come out ct Palmo'a Opera Houte. The MUs Macombera and Wattie Ferguson, the piper, have been highly succesafol in their Southern tour. HMr. and Mra. Randall, the Scotch giant and giantess, have been highly aucoaasfal in their Southern tour crowds have daily attended their levee*. Madame Otta's benefit concert 1* fixed for next Tuesday evening She 1* to be assisted, gratuitously, bv Madam< Pico, Miss Wlndmuiler, Malame Buckhardt, Mary Tay lor, Signor Sanquirico, Signor Rapetti, Mr. Hill, it.r Kyle, Mr. Oroenvelt, Mr. Mayer, Mr. Hainrich, s?r Timm, Mr. Beames. Signor De Bignis, and a grand orohe* tra of over flity performer*. A grand complimentary benefit is to be given to Mrs H Hunt in Albany, on Monday evening. Some of ih principal residents of that city have undertaken tht management of the affair. The Mi*ss!i 81cm,m nave a oonccrt iu Lancaster on Tuesday evening, for the benefit of the P.ttsburg suf ferers. ,0!e Ball gave a concert in Cincinnati, on the 19th in. stnnt. ' The Hutchinson's gave their last concert in Philadel phia on Tuesday evening, and had the most rumerou? uuriieuce of th<> seaton. The home was crowded from nit to dnnne. They havo since visited this city and Brook lyn Tney advertise a concert in Boston on Monday next. Mr. J. H. StlcUney, brother of H. T. Stl -kney, the p-o prit tor o the Amptiitbeutre in New Orleans, died oi a dropt.y on the lath initant. The deceased we* a come lian of some talent, aod was well known ta all the theatrical corps. Mr. Wn?. Werren, an old f? vorite of the Albany | ub'ie. ale his appearance at the Mnseum of that city l?t eve. ning. Oie Bull gonerowly gave one hundred dolhra towards rite relict of the .uffer.n { p ior of Pittsburg. A n?'* drnntn. entitled " Moitoii, or Mm'les and Teara,' oun:l< I npon the inlerc.fitiog story hv that name, writiei '>? Wm. R English, i? in rehearsal at the National then r>- Bolton, ?nd wo loam will hf produced next week The remains of the National theatre in Wa?biugton and the ground, wire sold i.n Monday at auction, loi #1 1 ,(500, flndwrre purchased by Mr. Kodman The lo 'nntaiiis moid than fourteen tli >u and square leet, and tin well i more thn-i a million of hrick? Madame Cnatellan has mad? a hit at the Italian Open in I.ondon, where ?he made her Arat iwpearance on the night ol Aoril 1, in " I.nci i dl Limmermoor. The paper <i?'ik very higniy oi her voice, and toitow aimoa' un qualified pruae upon h? r method. Htie is pronounced t vorihy mcc-eaee to Pt-raiani, and thoroughly qualified to mi ain first rate pan a. Court Calendar?Thla Uay. ScraaiOR 'oner?17,4ft, 4ft, 60,48, 114 to 118,120 to 12\ 4S 4*1, fit, 70. < ommom, 91, J0"i, 108, 34 t J 38,116, 38, 17. Amtiaementi F"umtii?o Thbatrr ; Foot of Delancy ureet? (>ne ruglii more, and h cipitel bill. Go aud it, or you will Iom th? otwnce, Cltjr In tell Itfe nee Kur?Yesterday morning, about half put 3 o'clock, a fire broke out in the Organ manufactory of Mr. Henry K.iben, 174 Centre street. It we* first discovered by iodu man who are employed in the Gas works, on the oppo site ?ido of the s*i<?et, who at once gave the alarm, but before any of the fire companies arrived a man who wu pastitg by broke in one ot the window* in the basemen ind by bin limply assistance and that of the never-Uilii'g " Crotou," which was in the room where the fire coin meuoed.tuccftried in extmguishiug the fUroesin a verj >hort lime. The fire it to liuve originated fron. the carelessn< ai ol a boy, who after taking ushts from ? stove, It ft thtrn in a tun by the aide cf a pott which sup porta the lolt nbove. The srnount of damage ia estimator! <t about Ihree hundred dollars- and if the lire had had time to burn through the partition that divided the ad joining rcom the damage would have beeu Immense, as the organs lor Trinity and Richmond churches wei? stowed in it. Police OflBce?AraiL ?Giunp Larckwt.?A ma<> named Joseph Jackson was arrested last night and lodged in the watch-house, cbaigedwith haviug stolen a cart norae, worth ftO. tiom P*t:y & Man, No. 406 Water street He was temporarily committed. Nothing else of any interest came up. A number of petit thefts were committed, and the thieves were also committed for their misconduct. Upper Police?Wfc?ncsDAv.?THK Robbkby on Bcaud thb Babor Clinton?Some days since about $30,000 was stolen liom the barge Clin'on, while on her passage to Pougtikeepsie?$12,S00cf which was the pro perty of the Farmers' and Manufacturers' Bauk of that town : $16,000 belonging to the Poughkeepsie Bniik ; all of which was taken from the iron cheat. A Iperson baa been arrested as one of the parties concerned in th? robbery, but wu cannot, at present, give any further par ticulars. Bubulabt ?William Murphy, a nun of very unprepos sessing appearance, was arrested for breaking into the meat shop of Moses E. Arm?nt, No. 616 Broadway, aud stealing ii>me eatables, meat, lie. He was s'-en to emerge from the premises, and arrested with the plunder. Superior Court, Belore Judge Jones. Aran. 28.?Wilkennint and Wife ?*? Eppitein.?In this esse, alrrady noticed, a nonsuit was mo??J and granted, on the ground ol a misjoinder ol ihe parties. Win \V Gilbert et al. vs. Elitha D Sackett ? In this cade action was brought on two notes amiuuting to $b70 and dated January 8th, 1846, payable on ^demand, respectively, at the " North River," aad " Wnion" Banks, ana made by the defendant. Defendant moved for a non suit, on the ground that the protests were informal, inas much as they did not contain the words " (hat the holder looka to him tor payment." This was overruled. Verdict far plaintiffs $189# eg, being the full amount claimed. Herman Herchfeld et al. vs. Curtis P. Ftnttn et at?This was auaetionot trover, brought to reeover the value ol clothing material sent to be manufactured to the defend ants. It appeared that in the summer of 1813, the plain t:fl'a were wholesale dealers in clothing, and they sent to the defendants a quantity of cleth, for the gurpoae of be ing made up ; part of the price of making these articles was advanced by plaintiff*: but the defendants kept back the articlea in question, and plaintiff now brings suit to recover the value of the cloth. Adjourned over to this forenoon. Before Judge Oakley. McOoxcan vs. Green?la this case, ..'ready noticed, the Jury rendered a verdict in favor of defendant. AT. B. Willi! vt. If. Y Harlem Railroad Company.?This suit is brought to recover damages for injuries alleged to have been sustained uuder (hit following circumstances : It appeared that in September last, defendant waa a city Marshal, and in the execution of hia duties had occasion to go to Harlem; and whila proceeding there in a large car called the " Victory," it broke down, and after bsirg dragged some three or four blocks, the car was finally precipitated over a height of some twenty or thirty feet, whereby the plaintiff was severely injured, and haa ail but lost the use of hia right arm, thereby utterly incapa citating him from following his former duties as Marshal. Adjourned over to this forenoon. John Bell* et al. vs. George Kenneth, et al.?Action to re cover costs of a suit before a Sheriffs Jury, in which a controversy occurred on the subjtct of the taxation.? Vnrdict for defendant. Geneial Sesalona. Before the Recorder, and Aldermen Emmans and Mott. M. C. Patebson, District Attorney. Apbil 23.?Grand Larceny.?Richard Middleton and William King were tried and convicted of a gran 4 larce ny, in having stolen from Edward M. Garner, of 89 Gold ?street, on the 19th of March, six dozvn sheep skins, worth ?2bout $100 Both prisoners were sentenced to three years Imprisonment at Sing Sing. Grand Larceny?James Gordon and James Madison were both placed at the bar, charged with stealing a gold wa'ch, value $40, a gold locket, and two silver watches, valued at $8 a piece, the property ol W. B Adams, watch maker. residing at 363 in Bowery. The prisoners were both found guilty. Gordon was sentenced to three years imprisonment at Sing Sing, and Madison to two years and six months. Grand larceny ? John Thomas, colored, was placed at the bar, charged with stealing two cloaks, the property ?>f Mr. Thomas Small. Verdict, guilty. Sentence, four years imprisonment nt Sing Sing. The Court 'hen adjourned. Improved Uvadiiigi or the Poets?No. 15. MRS HEHAISI. As autumn leavesall fall. Anil bright flowers wither at the north-wind'* breath, So Pimples, Tan, and freckle*, vanish all, Befoie my Soap, Uolracd a* sure as death ! No mor? need mortal care Of Aau-i/ lips, e'er mir the joyous health, Since Gouraup's wondrou* Voudres Subfiles are For hair up:uoting, mightiest of the oartb ! Palene*s hath Lad its honr, Ita little honr, to chi'l face of thine ; For Gouraud's Rouge comes with o'rrwli'lming power, To tibt thy click with radiance most dirine ! So wither, lu d so fall E'en as dark Cbli< fell from his abode? Disfii urements of form aud feature all! At thy moat muic bidding, , Oouracd ! fTT"" The inestimable virtuei of Gouraud's Italian Medicat ed Soap, in the lemoval of tiu, pimples, freckJea, sucbums sallowuess, rougtvass, tic. from the skin, need not be dilated in, as the fame of this Soap is spread u far aa the eaat is from thi wes.. Equtlly celebrated are Gouraud's Poudret Subtil** ?'or their wosilerfu' p'Oi#rti<" in completely eradicating huma'. hair. Gouraud's Liquid Vegetable Rouge fu.inshe* me must splendid and ptrm iient tiatuKgiuable to pale ch.eks and lips. Gouraud's Lily fVTiite is a niut exquisite article for softesieg >u? whiten,i g 'he skin; and when used after in application of tl-e Ruge. it fires ? magnificen' chtraeter of beantv, even to r>e darkest skin. Gouraud's Grecian Hair Oye <">|?rs ligt>t. or red hair, a splendid hrown or bla k. Gouraud's Acoustic Drop sharp restored to hearing persons who have teen aftl.cleii with Deafness fur 15 or 20 veors fry To a?oid imposition, purchase onlu at D'. FELIX GOUHAUD'S Depot, 8T IValker street, first store fr.-m Broadway. Note are gtnuine if bought elsewhere. Agents?74 Chesnut street, Philadelphia ; I Milk stra't. Bos ton; Pierce, Albany ; Backus k. Bull, Troy ; Setk 8. Hance, Baltimoie. The Cholera tn Parts !?Rodin the FlrstTIc tim !?In advaace of all oth?r editions we published at 24 Ann treet, yeaterd iy afternoon, the Wauderiig Jew, No. XIX transited by 11. W. Herbert, Ksq., in his elegant aty'.e. This a a most ixciting number The terrible scourge, the Cholera, has at length react ed Paris, following in tli- track of the War d''iirg Jew, wh > a^ain appears upon the seen*. Rodin ita first victim?great excitement Call fot the only genuUe edition, wholly in advance of the spurious copy. Just Published?Florence De Lacey ; or. The Coquette. E., ' ublisher, XI Ann ?t. Vtnslei, like Small Ppx. and other In fee. tions maladies, is usually preceded by shivering. altemat ng w th heats, general debility, loss of app-tite, a w lii'e tongue, thi:st, pain iu the back and limbs, s>re tlireat, c ngh, drowsi ness, coitiveness, Sic. About the fourth or fifth dayane,ui iion begins to appear, first on the face rnd ne. k, t.enoo lh? breast, and so on uutil the whole body is oSvered with ted spots if an irregu'ar figure, slightly elevated, but flat, resembling flea b>tes._ Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills will be found one of tiie licit if not the very best, medicine in the world, for the prevention mil cure of Measles: because they cleai se th* h.-dy from those poisonous hiiur.irs whirh are tlie cause of this and of ov.-ry oth er infertous disease. In order to make a speedy and r' rf ? ure of Measles, two or three of said Indian Vegetsb nv,!la should be taken every night on going to bed, until every vestige of th* mihdy has diiap|iear d. Ttua course will not only ? radicate every appearance of Mea sles, bat w ill entirely prevect the malady from falling in the ey?? or the luuss, as is i ften the case when trealed by th? faculty. lieu-art of Counterfeits?The public are cautioned against an imitation article, boiled in sugar, and called Improved Indian Vegetable Pills. The "illy rcrtainty of getting the right medicine, is to pur chase at the W*/it place, No. 288 Greenwich street, New.Yors, and in sit cases, lie particular to aik fur Wright's Indian Vege t.ble Pills. N.B. B-ware of all Sugar-coated counterfeited Pills. Dr Mtiermnn Manufactures Cezenges that radically cure almost every disease that flesh is heir to, from worms in ch.ldie up to rocsump iun in adults. They have ? ow been liefore the public fjr m re thin five years, have be?* testedliu mill ona of rases, anil it is not deputing from the truth 1.1 say, that th-y have tisenl better satisfaction th'iia.y rune ili's which have ever been offer, d to the wor'd. lint I k* nil ?a 'liablereuwli?s, th>y hav? I een abused, aad uiu rmripleJ pn tons haveeudesvo eil to counterfeit thein.aud palm theui off up> hi the community tor the genuine Bo pailicul ir i ? enqtii iu. for Ur. Hhenniu's Worm, Coughor C imphor Lor.eiiMS, and be sure you get the genu us Di. rthermin'? warahooie is '06 .Nassau street Acents W Hudson street; ;8H Bqwerv; 77 Kaat Broadway, 86 VVilliau, street; and 130 Kulton street. Brooklyn. Can n Woman be Knamnlfd 1?It Is very gi'nera Iv believed that the celeb ated Madame Vestris is enam eled. The I eauty of her skiu, at he age, warrants the tetnarh? brill is impossible Many ae not awar-* that in troelliag tin ougli Italy she met Mon>. Vespiini. th- inveut ir of Joi e Italian Chemical foap It is to that a'one ?le owes all h beauty?-it alu ost inst int'y chan"ed her witlieitd and w,inkleil skin to its oiesent youth, grare and boauty. It will act so to all ?one rail* of Jones' Soip w ill cnie piiniihs freckles bl .tches. tan, siinhnrn, mo'pl'ew, and rhiuge dark stiiiliiirnt or yellow ?into a fin-* health} tlesne? I et ivrn us onl> ty it on e ind they will l,e glaJdeiied at its effects. Hold?pri'e Oc-'n's at (he sien <>f the Americau Kaile.SM.ha'hinis>re< t. '21 Mroed wav; .in h'ujton street Hrooklyn; * Sta'e street, Boston; '? Ltdger Buildii g?f Ihiladelphis, and 67 (Stale st eet, Albany. To thnse who would Piiisrsi a Good, a eautiful, a11ky Ile-a-l of Hair, for lha small sum of thte- shil lings. II nsiiy w lia aie too sring ' to risk three shillings, knr v he b'autifnl effect a biitll' of Jones' Cnril Hair ?'e tois'.jie 'is on the hair?if iliey |ki ew liow snft, clear, dark, ail Uy am. ? it mskes rctnth.dry rind coarse hair, they wo?M at ouee u>? ,t. It not only, by its g-rmma'ing qualities, cimsi-s but actual ly fon-es the * row th an I health, cur^s lie dimlr'ff and scnri slips the hair lulling off. Pe sous ate assure ! t^st if tliev gi>i ^liis one trial, 'hey w ill frid ir all her- reptes-ii'el. H. I I?, r re :) I or X shillings a oottle?atjlt i hatham stoet; 321 !!:? adw \ iu BrntAIrn, 139 Kulton street; in Albany,47 Sine street; Bos ton, 8 State street. _ ?tie,in ui Kotli *.?Tit* Advertisements ot tlu <lew Vork Collegeof M-dicine and PiiarmncT, esiahlished f< lie Muiqireision of Uuaekery, in theture of all diseases, wil ier?after arj'enr <m the fonrt1' pigs end I st col nnti or alo sner. V"/. H HICHAtlDSON, M. D., Agert Offr* and ' oesul .ire Kooms of th- Co'lrge.K "sassao stre. till Philadelphia 'shi^riptlons to t? irHUi mnil be paid to t e ?nlu Stlthmizid .1grnt*, '/i't ' l)ii.,3 Lnifei InBsini, IjliM stiee' eat Chest our. Tern -7S cents a rnonih incladlnf the Sunday pacer; or M "n viilio-at its ileljvereil free of charge in my pari, of I'hil .delpni ?ingle sopin* for ?".!e as abon1, daily, at 1 o'clock?Price ?enta The Wskki.v Hcltsf.n is also far sale every Saturday tnon n^?l'ricef,S([ cents or $3 i?-r iUi^uni, deliver 'd in any part i efci'adalphia Iree >f postage _ . . o- All the tie* and eh??n P?HI,ea"i ns for sale at the:r es ildishirent. as soon ss issued *holesale and ret'il w|'h the -sr.eptiou of one paper, the "Herald" is re* as mu? , psrhaps, iu Philadelphia, as any p*|??-.published n hat city, atfortiiDg a valuaMe tn'drniti to advertisers. A<lvrt ?foments hsnif^d to the itffsntl U halt I Mt < 0 cloak, will ty art* lha Ha raid sMtfidar ?< 1 r MOW 10Y MittKKT Wednesday, April M3?6 P. SL There has bwo a general decline in stocks to-day. 8to* aington (rll ott i per cant; Norwich and Worcester, J j* Vicksburg, J; Harlem, j ; East Boston, 4; Farmers' Loan, |; Pennsylvania 6's, 1; Ohio 8"a, | } Long Island, I } Tanton, J ; Mohawk, 1J; Morria Canal, J. The only stock in the liat that improved wm Heading, which went up J per cent. There waa a alight panic in Walt atreet uarly in the day, and soles of stocks were n>wJe before the Board uiet, at one or two per cent below thoie current at the Board whil? in scs>ion. A better feeling prevailed ifter tha Board adjottrueJ, and the market, on the whole, has not been so much aflacted as anticipated. The trans actions at bath Boards wore large. The complexion of the political advices from Oreat Britain has created con siderable excitement in the financial and cosnmerciai cir cles, but the fears of a rupture between this country and England ?-e net ao great as with Mexico. At a late meeting of the Board of Directors of the Bank of Illinois, at Shawneetown, it was resolved to accept of the late act ol the Legislature, putting the affairs of this insti tution into the hands of assignees. By the previsions of this act. the assignees hnve lour years in which to wind up the bank, ana the debtors have that time to make pay ments by securing their debts, by paying 96 per cent an uually. Whether this arrangement increases the value of the bills is doubtful. There is a very active demand in exchauge for remit tances by the Great Western. Prim* steilmg bill* are firm at ??, while second rat* are belling at 9} per oent. There are cotton bills in the market, dl'e ed irtely uto Br cent. Sterling exchange was selling at Mobile on the 16tU instant a? 7J a 8 per cent premium At New Orleans on the 16 h bill* on London were quoted at 8J a a| per cent premium Francs At 37} n 6f. 10.J We ann<>x quotations mlmg in this market at differ*nt periods within the last j ear:? ClUOTATIOJW or KoHKIQN EXCHANGE IN THIS M*a?KT London. " May 15...8V41 " 3(1... 8}ia9.U Jone 15... 9>4*9M " 29...9K,a9H Joly IS... 9\|A9>2 " 2D...9l4aa>? " 3l...9!,a9jJ Aug. 15... 9>a?IU i " 30...9j?.il0 Sept. 13,.. 9^310 30... 9%al0 Oct. 15... 10 alO# " 31,...10Va? Nov. 15... I0>?a? " 29,...95?al0 Dec. 13,...9X?10 " 30...10 alOif Jan. 30. ..9)k nlO Feb. 27...9? atO Mar. 16... 9% a 10 Mar. 29...9Ka 9* Ap*l 13... .1)2 a 9)2 It will be seen by this table that sterling exchange is steadily declining in rates, and it would no< *u prise us tJ see bills on London, in May, down as lew as in th<) same month last year. Our importationa this snason have r.ot been so large as fcrjthe same period last, while the ex ports have tieeu much latger. The value of the exports of cotton from the United States this season has been at least twenty millions of dollars more than forthessma period last, while the imports into the country have fallen olf full ten millions of dollars Thia makes quite an al. teratioa in the complexion of our foreign trade and aervrs to reduce the great balance against ua on laxt year's businrss. As the season advances the deereasa in the im ? portations will, without doubt, be a larger per atnt, as the spring trade, so far, has not been so extensive aa anticipa ted, and the stocks of goods in first and second hands are Muusually large for the season. The issporters and aom misaien houses have it now in their power to ragulato and reduce the importations of this poit to an extent ensuring fair prices for the goods now in the market, and a fair supply for the fall trade. united States and S:ate Stocks have, within the past month, been very inactive. There have beenf so many runors |of war afloat that capitalists have been little disposed to increase their in vrslmtnta in ihose securities. It is somewhat strange that as dividend day for many of these cteaks draw i nigh, prices should decline, but sach seems to be the case.? Even the good railroad stocks in the list are sinking un der the depresssion in the stock market. TaicES or Stocks in the Nkw Ton* Mabkkt. Redeem 1845. 1845. 1145 Nate. able. Feb. 27. Afar. 29 Jlvril 23. United States|6 1862 114 all4tf 114 a? U2>4all4 5 1853 104 al05 ? a 103>? 103\a ? New York, 7 1848-49 lOS^alOA^ ? a ? 104 a ? " 6 1850-54-60 109 al 11 liOVaUl 10 a ? " 6 1861-62-67 11 lHa 112 llOVa ? lllVi ? " 5>i 1860-61-65 1P5 a 106 lOifgilM Ill5j<sin6 " 5 1845 ? alOISf lOllfa ? 100 alOlH " 5 1846-7-8-9 ? a 102 101]Wal02 101\al02 5 1850-1-3 ? a 102 10lVal02 100 a ? " 5 1855-58 ? alOJX ? a ? WHalOlH ' 5 1859-60-61 103 at04 103?a104 101 a ? " iX 1849-58 95 a 97 ? a ?- ? a ? 18)0 98 a 98V 97 a ? 95Ka ? 1856-60 98 a 90S 97j*a 98 96K 5 1850-56 85 a 90 ? a? 19 a ? " 7 1856 103Xal05 ? a ? ? a ? Kentacky, < 100 alOIX 101 a ? l?0Kal0*X " 5 ? 86a 87 ? a? ? a ? Illinois, 6 1870 41 a 4I? 41 a 41# 38Ka 39 Indiana, 5 25 yean 35 a 3)>4 35Ha ? 33 a 34 Arkansas, 8 ? 40 a 15 ? a? ? a ? Alabama. 6 ? ? a ? ? a? ?a ? Ohio, 6 " 6 rumr ugiu evennu,i>v isointr tai tied te. It will require at ieatt ??after paving fe? cart ant rx to the lit of Pebmery nut, whun 70 a 75 ? a? ? a ? 73*a 74 7SXa 7? 73 a 73X, ? 10ft a 101 ? a ? ? a ? 1857 113 all7 114 al 16 115 a ? 1853 108?at09 108U*108X 108 alMX 1850 ? a ? 99Sa ? i? a ? 1858-70 100 al?0V( IN a ? 99 a 99 full 96Ua 96V 97 a ? 96 a ? ?crip 9fc)<a 96V 96Ji? ? *??? ? X. Y. Life In. It Trust Co. II# al20 ? a? 110 atl5 Farmers' Loan He Trust Co. 3fl^a 39J< 38)?a ? 3iXa 37 Ohio Lifa las. 8c Trust Co. 95& ? 95 a ? t4 a 9*X Bank of U. 8. in TeniTa., 6 a 6K SJia ? 6%a 7 Boston & Providence Rail'd, ? a? ltl'\al09 IPS a ? N. Jersey R. 11. & Trans. Co 93jtfa 94 ? a ? ? a ? Mohawk & Hud'n llailroad, 65 a 66J? f>T-?a 64 60 a 4'K Utica k Schenectady Rail'd, 130 al3tH 12T>j ? 138 a? Syracuse (c Utica Hailrond, 115 allS ? al 14^ 114 a ? Aubaru It Syracuse KaiI'd, 116 all# 117Ha 118 114 a ? Auburn &. Rochester R. 11.. 106 al08 I05%a ? 104'<*105 Tbc stock market has, for the past four orstxwtcks, b?en so quiet arid ike operations in goed atooka lor invent went to limited, tha: our quotation* ate nearly nomiual. It will bo observe.) that since the 39 h ol March, the date of our lost quotation, price* for several of the State stocki included in the lint hart' fallen at vrral per ecu'. ? Phis decline hn? bean confined to delinquent Slate s:orks sod ia principally attributed to the movement* in the La <i*iatu>ea. The decliue ia Pennsylvania 6'* ha* be<n jboat three per cent, and in Ulinoi* about two. The probability orthe) semi-annual interest on the debt of Pennsylvania btinj paid in August, it se very sms!l, that <ioid?r? are anxious to gat out cf the inveitmeut aa anon o* possible. The Legislature pa*s?o a law ju?t be'or? ad journment, providing for the i>a?me:.t af the Atigutt id 'ereat in check* upon the Treasury ? should thtte not 1 ? fnndatimfflcient to pay the whole in ca*h to bo pa<d tut of the first monies roceived Into the Treasury in 'he or. d*r ol presentation. This looks rather nnfsvarahle, and ;a an<H>:lent tocreat* in the Blind* of the stockholder* mis riviugs as te the ultimate rMemption of the iitvitof Pennsylvania. By carrying forward the payment ?f ic 'reac frcm one term to another, and app.v^natiog the re ceipts te pay up arrears, which should uccnmulsi* for he interest coming duo, the finance* of the State twceaie involved deeper and deeper until eventual; v another >.as pen a ion must he! submitted te. the balance of receipt* perucs of the State, up to vother semi-annual interest becomes due, to pay ?fl? the ii.te.ext duo in August, and in this way one term will en croach upon the other, and inevitable bankruptcy *t?in prcad over the commonwealth. This result it anticipa ed from the limited receipts, up te this time; but an in crease in the revenue of the Slate would annul all the** calculations and relieve the finances of the State from the immeusn payments semt-ynnual>y demanded ftom the Treasury. 1 ho profits of the public works and there ?eoue for State tases, fcc , csnnot be realised ami 1 the Aogt:?t interest ia due. Several laws passed the Legisla ture of the State during the last session, in creasing the rate of taxation and providing other means' to furnish revenue to meet the rurront ex psnsisof the commonwealth. These laws are new in operationj but the revenue from the additional fonrcs Till not b .? available un'il the close of the fiscal year It is to be hoped that the receipts will be sufficiently large toliquidate all arrears of the August interest before the F-brniiy dividend becemrs due. Many estimate the provability of non \ aymenf in August, in cash, from the .'act that the receipts up to t bat time, at the rate real'csd U<t year for the corresponding months, will not ba largo en>ugh to ne.t a balance sufficient for that pnrpos- ? What may be the conditoaof he Treaeury af ar the lat It Auituvt, is now impossible to tell (Ml sultic It*? SBJ tkat the receipts up to that time csnnot be large enough ? meet toe payments then due The pnssig? of therevenue liws through the begistae tureol minor* doe* r ot opt eirto have hat a very lavori b e effect on thestcck in this mt'ke'. Whila the L<-gial?. tue was in si s .ion and the revenue laws under debate, he mark* t prire for Illinois ti's was 41 a 4J per cent.? Holders anticiiiated that thepassrge of those laws would *t onoe put the ftock up to 50 a AA per eent. Considerable doubt b ?? existed, and some still ex K-iM, in relation to the construction 1 ke<y to ba nut upon this revenue law by the bondholders in Kurope. HlionU it n<st meet t'<eir exptc'B'ion* the loan of $1 6i 0,000 will not he aade. The agents of the bondholders, Messrs. Davis Ic Leavitt, tuy that it is doubt ful whether ft is accepted or not, hut parties here inter "kte I ar ? confidet.t that the whole will he perfectly satis factors J tnd thai the loan will be made in season to ensure he I'ou.mencem int or the work on 'h? oanal by the 1st J'tne, and it* final completion in two or three years The Leghia'urea oi most pi the State* have (djou'red. V'tne oi thedelinqaent State Legiaiaturea are intension. We muat there'ore wait another year for some action In ?elation to the deht* of these Mtatea. In the meantime the law* passed in Maryland Pennsylvat'la Indiana, Illinois, L itiisiana and Michigan, will heen'orced, and the r?ve ?un 'romth?additional sources will t'eapplied to there lief of the State from the accumulating de mands upon them. Olft Stock Kxchangs. t5S0 N Y State 7V4I |H4 ?hs Harlem BR 71 toeiMI Ohio 6's '60 96 l"0 ?;o 7I? Vint) Kentucky 6's iOiX I >0 d" I "ill 0 d . lfdS I"" _ . do s30>70% WOft Pen n i's 73 *5 Erie H R JO WOO d ? <1# 73 75 do 2*?l? M6t do 73'^ J"*'' . ??l>30 WX (1000 do *30 73? 2ft Ultra k ^ehe RR U8 WOO do 73? w *yr k t tica Rg 1,4 20 sh? Union nk lift 100 Long Island RR 75 in N Hivi-r Bk 104 SO do slO 75 ? no ni? of Com scrip 96 .10 dt *30 75 00 Virli*htirg Bk 9 75 do bl5 75^ no N A T'tiit b30 13 SO do 75* i?i Karm Tru?t S'i^ 150 do 75H ,1 ito 1)30 Sh>, 100 do stO 75*i ill do b60 37 75 Mohswk HU sn 51 ''o 36*( 2t ft do s6m ?0 1 do :.6,(f 25 do slO f.nU '.0 Ho slO Si.', Ml Sioni'iston HR T'i Morr'St nsi 3 3" 1 do 31 50 do bies ?? 3t 2i0 do h'lft 3'iJ^ Ji d 1 1 Kin ill 50 do st't ij'? '?ft do hlO 3 X SO Ha btift MIW 'il <Jo blo 3" . 35 Ner 8t Wor HR 7?S, ?V do 3X ir> d. 7i.l< 5 Canton Co 4 t so d > slO "?V t'i do 275 do 71 <51 do 42Tb 75 do :oT4 oo d") hJO 431-. 1 0 do b30 7 W ??5 _ OO 43W 50 do bio 71)2 8 W Kut l'oitott Ct 14K too Wilmington RH im da

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