Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 26, 1845, Page 2

April 26, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New Yttrk, OKturilv/, April M, Ih4 5, Tlic Orr^oii (tacitton. n The recent intelligence trom England with re upect to the Oregon question, created a tre mendous sensation in this city for a day or two, but it now appears to be rapidly subsidies.? All the mere party journal.; seem to be atruid of touching the subject at all. This question, however, is destined to exercise (i prodigious influence on the events of the coming year?more than any one imagines. The TexaB, the Brazilian question, or any other, will be as dust tn the balance, compared with this great subject of controversy and national disturbance. We have yet to hear from the East and South, and particu larly from the great West, in order to be able to judge of the popular feeling with regard to the de claration of the British government, aa made in Parliament. Our firm belief is, that this question will exercise on the internal politics of thi? coun try, a much more important influance than the Texas question did. That question, aa brought up by Mr. Tyler, was sufficient to demolish whole batches of old politicians, such as Clay, Van Bu ren, and others, and we should not be surprised if the Oregon question, in the shape in which it now conies before the country, were to determine the next Presidential election. Mr. Polk will be overwhelmed with the difficul ties of his position?difficulties greatly aggravated by the comparative weakness and imbecility of his cabinet. It is the general belief in this com munity that if Mr. Calhoun had been retained aa Secretary of State, a different direction would have been given to this important and troublesome question, of the occupation of the Oregon Territory. And the belief is as general and as strong that Mr. Buchanan will be found unequal to the crisia, with all the other membera of the Cabinet. Mr. Polk eeenu to have uerve and courage enough, but we doubt much whether his Cabinet will back him up. At all events, let us wait and see the progress of public opinion on this most momentous and inter esting question, on which Great Britain and the United States are directly and positively at issue belore the world, without any prospcct ol a com promise based on principles analogous to those on which the question of the North Eastern Boundary was settled. No statesman in this country?no administration?no President?no Cabinet will ever take the responsibility before the fierce democracy of this great republic, ol repeating the settlement of international difficulties in the manner adopted by Mr. Webster and Lord Ashburton in the case of the North Eastern Boundary. It will be seen from our Washington correspon dence that the recent news (rom England created a great excitement in the capital. The fun is only beginning. Democratic Squabbles in the Legislature.? We give iu this dayV, from one of the Albany pa pers, a sketch of one of the recent debates in the Assembly, on the State Convention question.? From the bitter, discourteous, and savage manner in which the democratic members have conducted these debates, it is tolerably apparent that the par ty that elected Mr. Polk in this State, is rapidly approaching a state ot complete disorganization ? Tiiie convention business threatens to revolution ise parties in this Slate completely. It is denounc ed by some ol the whigs, and is supported by oth ers. Amongst the democracy it hos excited a great deal of most violent difference of opinion.? What the result will be, no one can tell. It may end in a complete disorganization of political par ties, and the upheaving of the very foundation of the State government and State institutions. It has passed the House, but has not gone through the Senate yet. The National Institute.?NVe have received the third "Bulletin" of the " National Institute," containing an abstract ol its proceedings during the years 1942-43-44-15, with lists el contributors and members. It is a very interesting document, and preBentB abundant and gratifying evidence of the practical and extended usefulness of this excellent institution. One of the most interesting features ia the opera tions of this "Institute" is the system of communi cation which it has organized with the officers of the Army and Navy of the United Statea?the Consuls at foreign ports?and all the government agents and representatives abroad. A very important and va luable mass of information has thus been already collected, and the future contributions from this source will be constantly increasing in extent and value. An interesting and profitable correspon dence is also kept up with all the principal scienti fic institutions in Europe. But it is not only by means of its correspondence alone that the "Na tional Institute" is adding largely to the treasure of knowledge. It begins to exercise a perceptible and salutary infiaence on the advancement of science and the arts in this country. A small annual appropriation from Congress would be well bestowed on this excellent institution. If thus assisted, it would very soon becomethe pride of the whole country. The friends of science and of the national advancement in literature, philoso phy, and the arts, ought to give it their united and vigorous support. We do not know any way in which the small annual subscription of five dollars, which constitutes the title to membership could be better applied. We trust that the " National Insti tute" will rapidly grow in public favor. A great deal of its success thus far, it ia proper to add, may be attributed to the zeal, industry and talents of its Corresponding Secretary, F. Markoe, jr., Esq.? He is quite indefatigable in his exertions to promste the prosperity and usefulness of the Institute. Steamboat Accidents on the North Rivkr.? Yesterday morning about 4 o'clock, the steamboat Empire, on her downward trip from Albany, met with an accident, but not of so alarming a nature as was rumored. The particulars areas follows: There being a dense fog at the time, the pilot mis calculated his course, and ran her at least twenty feet through the wharf at the foot of Nineteenth street, smashing her stem and injuring her bottom a little. As she was going at considerable speed, the concussion was very violent, and great confu sion prevailed on board tor some minutes amongst the passengers, who were taken on board the Knickerbocker,which came alongside shortly after wards, and conveyed them in safety to the city. The Empire lias been taken off, and has gone round to be repaired in the East River. Early yesterday morning, the " R. L. Stevens" met with an accident opposite "T'iank Point,"' which might have proved fatal to the Pilot, who was at the wheel, were it not for hie great pre sence of mind. Her pillar blocks having broken hor beam phot from its place, carrying with it the piston and air pump-rods, and falling with great violence on the siide over the wheel from whence the Pilot (observing the blocks give way) made an instantaneous exit. The force of the coming down of the btam bent the rodB above mentioned, which if they had broken the beam would have gone through her decks, when the forfeiture of liv s would have, in all probability, been the con sequence. The t'.eamboat "Belle" came up just ?' the mome nt and took all the passengers on board, from whence she eonveved them to their destina tion. We are requsted to state that aj general at tendance of the Committee appointed to solicit subscriptions for the Pittsburg sufferers will be. held ai the Mayor's Office, thia evening, at 7 o'clock. Foreign Naval Arrival.?Tne Sicilian frigate Urania, arrived yesterday from Naples. New York Leoislatur*.? Nothing of conse quence done in either House on Thursday. fcy We would call attention to the free exhibi tion of Plumber's National Uaguerian Gallery, No. 2S7 Broadway, over Tenney'a jewelry stotf. Modksm 8ci*wc* and Old Thkolocy.-A Geo logical Convention is to be held in New Haveu in the course of a few days, which will furnish abun dant materials for interesting reflection to the man 0 8eif*nc??ihe professor of theology?the sceptic? toe t iriii.ian an(j t},e Ctt|m a|1(j iudfpemjent 0j,. s> r\rr ot the progress of the human mind in reli gion and philosophy. Many of th? moat distin guiahed scientific men of the country will on this occasion congregate at that pleaaant little capital, celebrated for piety, clam-soup and philosophy, and a very great deal of new and interesting light will oe thrown on rocks, tetracanlodona and the books of Moses. Ot all the inductive sciences, geology is,perhaps, present attracting the keenest attention of philo an^ ** *? Produce some very re mark able results on the religious belief ofChristen om nay, it already forms the point d'aypui of numerous and vigorous assailants of revealed reli fion. Infidelity has, indeed, in one day adopted an entirely new system of tactics in its crusade against Christianity. It has dropped the old mode of warfare altogether. Instead of gross and blasphe mous assaults on the character of the inspired wri ters-instead of violent and irrational invectives? instead of course ridicule and miserable witticisms? instead of profane and impious language which dis gusted all but those hardened in iniquity, modern scepticism enters the lists against the religion of the Bible with weapons selected from the armoury of science and philosophy, and appeals tothe universe itself-to the everlasting hills and the solid crust of the globe-as presenting irrefutable evidence of the falsity of the sacred writings. Pious and religious publishers-learned and saintly wram-venerable and holy divines- are thus now seen uniting in an effort to overturn ancient theology, and all that system of religious belief] which bas been handed down from one generation to another. This is one of the most extraordinary Phases cf the age. The effect of this is manifest in many quarters. Scicntific tceptlcism is fast he coming fashionable. One cause ol the rapid pro gress of infidelity in this new guise, is th? obstinate ignorance of many of the clergy,who persist in the old literal interpretation of the Mosaic account of the creation, which has been so completely explod ed by the discoveries oi modern geologic.-a few enlightened theologians, however, yield their assent to the revelations of science, and have en deavored to reconcile them with the account of the sacred historian. But the ultimate effect of all this must be beneficial. Teachers of religion will be gradually driven from the old beaten tracks of dogmatic theology-rational systems of religious belief will prevail?and science will become the auxiliary of enlightened religion. But in the mean time, we must expect to see a general up-heaving 01 the religions opinions and|the sentiments of the age, and multitudes drifting about on the ocean of thought, lookiBg'in vain for a haven of repose, and at last lying strauded on the black shores of utter infidelity. V iewed in this, as well a3 in other respects, the approaching meeting of geologists at New Haven, will be full of interest. We shall accordingly des. patch a corps of reporters there, and give our read ers an account of all the sayings and doings of the " wiBe men cfihe East." Ma. Anderson's Benefit Last Night.?Ander son had the most splendid benefit at the Park last night, that has been given to auy actor in this city for years. The house was crowded to suffocation. A great many ladies were present, and the house presented the most brilliant appearance. After the play of "Money," Mr. Anderson was called for, and having been greeted by a tremendous burst ol applause,h<* then addressed the house as follows ? ? ?Jr (itntUnun-It is with somr slight degree of J,men. """living that I venture to addro., you ! to understand thot I have jeopardized,onfrr mfhi v h,,0nS' ?"?I"* ot tl,e more wnsible part of the Lhtim'nf. <Rre*"aun* t? K'ie a feeble utterance to those h?. fwilJi esteem and regard with which your kindness ha. filled me. This censure grieves me in two ways firstly, because I should be sincerely sorry, by any^c h2-JU ?? TV0 l0,e tb" reject of any mu-the ^ thu thronged assembly ; secondly, becaus t woulu deprive me of the grnt.tiration of m&kiux for wv !ha k ?n1 *0Dljr '"turn in my pswer-thefervent thanks offcriog of a grateful hearts. I. therefore, hope that you, at least, will not consider what I star say on ?i!C?h0aCtCnVthn'.M beiDf utteredJin Hnr bu* proper ?Pi. rir, that of the sincere*! gratitude and respect. The liberal amount of favor with which you have honored me, both on ttie present and on former occasions, is very dear and flat P"*0?1 le?Uns?-but not on that account alone do I oonsid.r it valuable. No! It is because it contri inM* I r?higker.and ?or" worthy feel rogard it as the assurance that amidst the varieties of amusements which this great city presents to the vota ries of pleasure?amidat all the opposing attraotions that 'pnnging up-the tacts for the intellectual ?n "ie Increase, and that eventuallr it will shine forth brightly and conspicuously in the Empire city. It is an assurance that the Uste for thst art which Thespis invented, which; .-Etchljlus, Sophocles snd Eu ripidts perfected, and which Shakspeare has rendered im mortal, is paramount to any other in your estimation add M* u m7 Mtisfaetion?this my reward I must now bid yen adieu for a few weeks to full! engage whirl! *r ^ Baltimore, at the conclusion of Sirt to Uk# mj o'm-tui then, Farewell, dear fnenda! kind trienui, adieu : How hard the task to teach the lip Sweet verdure from the heart to atrip, And lay, kind friend*, iarewell! , But harder atiU the taik to me, In cold and worldly form, to be Conatrained to say farewell! Yet, tho' the tongue be fettered-bound, The heart will whiiper pray era profound, To bleaa and aay farewell! Some one ia the pit called out "three cheers," as Mr. Anderson concluded, and three most en thusiastic bursts of applause instantly followed.? What a contrast to the closing night of his first engagement in this city. Further from Mexico.?The Christoval Colon, Gapt. Smith, arrived yeaterday,morning from Ha vana with dates to the 13th instant. We have received full files of the Faro and Diarto dt la Hdbana, j-c., to the latest hour. They contain several official Mexican docu ments of some interest to this country. We give a translation of a despatch addressed by the Mexican Executive on the subject of annexation, to the Governors of the Department throughout that re public. Mexico. 33d March. IMS. The Supreme Government baa received official notice ol the approval of the Congress of (he United State* of America of the annexation of Texr.a to their Union, on the terms which are expreaied, in the communication of Don Juan M. Almonte, a copy of which you will find in one of the Journala accompanying thia. Tho house* ef legislation and the Supreme Government are at present occupied in .tho consideration oftbi'Nf riou* affair, and tike thia method of informing you of the mean* they are adopting i.i relation to it. And in order to enn'ire perfect co operation, we have to iulorm you that Hia Excellency the President dfpenda upon the well known and tried patrioti?m ol youraeif and theassistance of all the inhabitant* of your department, and that the Kood feeling heretofore exiating between them and the government may be more particularly luatained at tbi* moment when it it io neceasary to maintain the rights and tair name of the nation. (8igned) CUEVA8. To Hia Excellency Governor o( the Department of . In addition to the above, we have received a letter from Vera Cruz, in which it appears that there hatt been another attempt to revolutionize Mexico, and re instate Santa Anna to power. It | was only an aitempt, for it was crushed at once. [Correapondeacn of the Herald.] * Vera Cruz, 2d April, 1815. The national feelii't; is dpiiy increasing againbt the United States. Oa the 24th ult, the govern ment scut the American Minister u note signifying to him, that the relatione between the two coun try were stopped at present on account of the ta of the American government. The general i:ry is for war, but they are Lke the council of rats that were puzzled to know who should lung the bell to the cat's nei lc. I think ti;?y would be very "Ind to acknowledge Texm as independent, pro* vided slie would atrree to renuin an independent people or republic. A Frenchman, named Ribo, who has been in 'lie Mexican service, and holds the title of epptain of a fr'gute?the *?me person who fought a duel in New Orleans wuii Senimenat?arrived hure lately, and went lo Mexico. He end- avored to get up a revolution in favor r f Santa Anua, with tue he-lp of' some other ollicers. Their cry wanvtva S,tnta Anna and the Federal government; but the volun teers turned out immediately, and made the leaders ;>r< -onern. The depositions of Santa Anna are finished and neiu to Mexico. It now remains to decide upon m - sentence. The tarift' appears to be forgotten in the smoke you have raised. Bloat Alarming Fire?The Bowtry 'i Hcnlrc Ucitruytd for Hie Kirarlh ?liue?Great Danger of the HtirrouiiUliiK Buildings-? frouptutM and Kncrgy of the Kngtue, Hate anil LuUilcr Compinlcn. Shortly after six o'clock lar. evening, a tiff was discovered ia the rear of the Bowery Theatre, by a volume of smoke issuing from the windows ol the carpenter's shop, immediately in the vicini ty of the gas works attached to the establish ment. The alarm was Bounded. Several engine and hose companies were on the Bpot, but were at a loss for some time to discover|ihe whereabouts of the fire, so as to ascertain the best locality for their efforts; in the meanwhile the flime made headway most rapidly, threatening danger to all arouno, but the different fire companies were not idle,they got their hose iu order and set the invaluable Croton at full liberty. They then commenced playing on ihe rear of the building with great effect, but soon found it was useless, and then they turned their at tention to the adjoining buildings, also the wooden irame buildings on the other side ot Elizabeth street, opposite the rear of the Bowery. Tne en gines, Empire and Southwark did most essential service, the former at the rear and the latter in froat; and wherever the flames showed themselves a lresh, there were their hose directed, to such an extent that when the attic windows of the house on the left of the Theatre caught fire, they played with such effect as to wash the whole away. In the meanwhile the flames were making rapid pro gress to the front, and the heavy wooden cor nice over the entrance took tire, and spread with great rapidity to the great endangerment of the surroundtug buildings; but the activity of the dif ferent fire companies soon got the mastery and confined the devouring element to a certain limit. During this time the scene was most awful ly interesting. Here might b? seen parties, in their unxiety to save their property, dashing chairs, ta bles, beds, See., through the windows, not waiting to open them,but throwing them through thelrauies, smashing the articles to pieces in their fall. Others, far removed from the seat of immediate danger, re moved their furniture into the street, to be run ugaidst and destroyed by the engines and other ve hicles, and pushed about by the mob. Amid the turmoil of the scene, no one was more active than Hervio Nano, on the roof ot Messrs. Bartlett's Hotel, in the Bowery, calling out for those below to send him up a hose, and crying aloud that he would save the buildings. But he was unheeded; not that it appeared to be actually necessary, but at the tame time no one could have exercised himself more en ergetically. At this time the alarm was so great that every one in the surrounding buildings, for several blocks distant, began to remove all their valuibli s. At the sta bles at the comer of Elizabeth street, immediately in the rear of the North American Hotel, some difficulty was experienced in removing the hories, many of which re fused to come out in the glare of the flames; and it was only at the sugge.tiou ot a spectator, that a blanket, or horse cloin, was thrown over their heads and they were got out with safety. Now the fear was that the frame houses on the opposite side of Elizabe'.h street, at the rear of the Bowery, would rignite and be consumed, as they lay ianediately to the windward. They caught several timw; but the activity of the fire companies prevented the extension of the evil in that di rection. In about forty minutes after the discovery of the fire, the whole of the interior ot the Bowery tell,with a tremendous crash, driving the flames out te a considera ble extent, and making all these in the immediate vicini* ty fly with the greatest rapidity. The effect at this mo ment was awfully grand, illuminating the whele atmos phere to such an extent as might be seen for several miles around. The throng .that crowded every part, almost prevented the working of tlio different engines with full I'd'ect. Nor were the M. P.'s idle in endeavoring to keep order, and preventing the mob from rushing towards the adjoining buildings, or approaching the property carried out ol them. Several times did the houses on the right and left of the Theatre, in the Bowery, take fire; but a* quickly were the flimcs extinguished by the most daring acts of some of the firemen enirajed, whom we regret we cannot mention by name, in coiitequence of the confusion prevailing. 1 u about threo quarters of an hour it was evi dent that the firemen had got the mastery of the devour ing element, and it gradually subsided in one bright llame, illumining the whole atmosphete. At a later hour when the fire had somewhat subsided, it was found teat the strong patty walls had protected the adjoining building?. The whole ot the building is en tirelyidestroyed, andjwith it, unfortunately the whole ol the wardrobes of the periormeis, who will ds the greatest suffarers. It is supposed t;.ot the whole an mnt of da mage will be $-25,000 or $S0.000, and no insurance. This unfortunate place of amusement appears to be doomed to destruction. This is the fourth time it has been destroye'l in lilt>' manner. The firH time under tho management of Mr. Oilfert?(he second time under Ham bJin?the third time under Dioneford?the fourth and la?t under Hambiin again. Another Fire?The Harlem Railroad Depot, on 27th street, was also destroyed by tire between nine and ten o'clock last night. Loss not ascer tained. Ma. Murpock's Headings of Shakspkark.?* This gentleman continued his course last bight, and, for his eubjecr, took the tragedy of ?* Othello, the jealous Muorand he treated it in a truly classical style. H:a analysis of the different characters of the tragedy evince deep reflec tion on hia part, and were his ideas more j fully carried out on the stage, it would truly be purged of many ot its present impurities. Hia readings of various of the scenes were much ap plauded bv the tolerably numerous audience which he had. His description ot" the character of Iago was well drawn, and the contrast between it and the noble, manly nature of Othello, was highly shown. He touched on the various points ot the tragedy, and will continue his series ou Tuesday evening next, when the character of Hamlet will be taken up. Movement* of Travellers The arrivals yesterday were limited beyond all precedent. We found, amongst others, at the? American?W. Rogers, Jr., N. J.; Mrnn. Cutter and BiJdle, Boston ; J. M. Van Haahingten, Philadelphia ; B. A. Luther, do; J. T. Browne, do ; W. Mcrrick j do ; and 10 others. Aitor? A. Thompson, U. I. Navy: Messrs. Drummoull and Wilkinson, Kingston, Canada ; Mr. Van Rsnalaer, Jr ; S. T. Van Buren ; Theodore Chase, Boston ; T. B. Cuah ing and lady, Boston ; Captain Kelly, Providence ; Ex Gov. Oibbi, Rhode island, and 30 others. Citt?James J. Brooks, Richmond, Va.; Robert Reese and Richard Weller, Philadelphia; Brown and Hasdon, Worcester ^Messrs. Kelly and Waters, Philadelphia; W. Breedon, Richmond; Commodore Kearney, U. 8. N., and lour others. Franklin?Joseph Lake, Ohio j J. Mitchell, Westbury Co.: Mr. Durie, Pert Wayne, la ; T. Clarke, Chicago ; J. II. Jewell, Milwaukio. St. Gcoroe's?M. Smith, New Haven ; Messrs. Clarke and Henderson, Buffalo ; Colonel Brow neon, Eaton; F. fay.; Philadelphia; General Matthews; Horatio Trice, New Orleans ; J. Van Darling, Concord, and 10 others. Oloss?E. Cunard, Halifax, N. S.; Henry Bogga, Lon don ; J. W. Cad wslhtder, Philadelphia; Mr. and Mrs. Lup king. Howard's?W. Hughes, Philadelphia; Hon. J. Cra mer, Watcrtord ; C. Pl*tt, Ohio ; John Jones, Rochester; T. Adam, Boston ; Messrs. Robinson and Davis, Albauy, W. H. Tyler, Pittsfisld, and 15 others. Watkrlt?Bam'i Nicholaa, Geneva : Franklin Moore, Detroit; Woodworth, Mass., anil 10 others. Personal movements. Rev Orestes A Brownion is to deliver the annual ad lri-ss belore the literary societies of St Mary's College, Baltimore, ot the next commencement of the institution, in July next. The Kinluchy Yeoman says tbat Mr. Clay has received rich pecuniary presents from his friends?enough to pay off a large debt to Mr. Alitor, and another to the Lexington Bank. Unfits W. Griswolii, in a letter to the In/illigmcer, says that 6,600 copies of the Poets and Tostry ot Americn, have fieen published in less than three yeirs. A seventh edition is rt ady for the press. Grorge Pitt, Esq., messenger of the SUte Drparlmert, passed through this eity la?t Sunday, on his way to Texav, with despatches.?Mobile lleiaid. Mr. Haitings is publishing, in Cincinnati, an interest i' g volume on thn subject ot Oregon and California. It is c id that his book will be eminently us?-f'ul to emigranti to that region, and interesting to general readers. A Mr. Tuttlo, sf Washington county, Ind.lws recover rd $600 cf H. W.Smith.Jthe clerk of Washington county, ior itMiiug, contrary to law, u marriage license to his daughter. Lieut. Kremont, of the Corps of Topographical Engi tirers, is bn-vetted a Caj tain tor his gallant and nurito rioua services in two excursions to the Rocky Moun tains H. W. Rogers, Esq , has been appointed Collector of the port el Bufl .io, vice J. H- Lathr?|> removed. General Jesnp has rcctdvcd orders to ri pair to our sou thern lrontiei on service. It is thought thi.t the Gov Fanner Legislature will li oi-rate Gov. Dorr bo'ore the Liberation ' lovcrnor tuki'i his teal. The Qlohe thJ P. Dsvi?, of thn 7ih regiment ol inbiiitry, and assist ntqirntrrmaster in the mmy, hnvi i>< 1 lilt ,1 ta settin his a i:om ??, s disbursing officer, with th? i'n aiury Depar'mcr.t, haa been dismimed from the sir vice. Just beforo the departure of Com. Foxhall A. Par. ker, commanding :no U. States East ndia squadion, fioui Canton for| this country, lha Americans rcsidi ig then presented to him u very superb ami munsive i>ei vice ol i<la' e. The !{arri?bvrt Teleriaphtayt The statement In thn Philadelphia i?w|i-.r',ttiRi the Hon. Jamc* Csopcr intcndi to remove to Lancaati r, is incouer.t. Th ; Vandama's Sic*.?We le.irn ihut two of thf 'icli in the N./al Hospital died on Monday. They were of those who wep> at .tr.V rt v. .ih the disease : fter the sh'p enme i:' '< g<?, and before ?he rame up to Cianey Ulard There u-e fiv<or mx persons wi)0?o re covery is (totlMftUl .1 roiheptlrss. No new cssm of the !?>ver have occurred since the rhip hasbfen In pott; but ?? e egret to learn tt at ron e lew of th-* hfSlthy, a* well ui of l ie convalescent ot tint tever, have btit-n attacked witn iliadjjcn' i ry- a legacy v. hiv-h that direlul scourge very often entails upon those na'ient* who art- so foit'i> uttj Bi to survive its attacks?Norfolk UtraU, April 33. County Court. Before Judge UUhorffer XCnaumio,) Judge D^ly, the Re cordes, the Mayor, and a quorum ot iUe Bus. J of Aldermoa. A rniL id - The Court met at half-past s o'clock. Barnabas VV. 0*?oknk (Police CWk) produc.d in rela tion to the Hist specification, whic'i chirges as toilows s? " That on or ..bout tho 13th day ol July, 1&44, oue Joseph Goratz, w.e charged ou t'.ie outh of Joseph Do Begnit. wi h having leloniouily stolen, tamu and carried away a diamond ring ol the value of one hundred Joilais, the pro perty of the said Joseph Ue Begnis; that on the wme day and > ear, the said Jos. ph (iotnez h hj arrested and brought belorx the Mid Justice D. inker, and by him committsd to pusun to answer tho naid chargc. That on the 14th da) of July, the aaid Justice Drinker, illegally and without examination or bail, diaohnrged the said Joseph Gomez from prison, and p a nutted Lim to go at large, contrary tj his duty as a Magistrate, and to the manifest perversion ol the enas ol justice. Witness examined by Mr. Pateraon?I took the affidavit in the case ol Gomes and Justice Drinker was present. Crm-txamintd by Mr. Okaham? Mr. De Begnis came to the office in rather ax excited state in consequence ol an advertbi ment which appeared iu the Sunday Herald, with which he was displeased. Tim adveitisemem stat ed the riuK had beec recovered. De B. said tho thing must have been given out by the officer. Mr. Patrrson elf. red to read the affidavit of Mr. De Begnis, as taken by the witness (Osborne) Air. Graham ? bjected on the ground of the illegality of the introduction ol'suoh testimony; on the ground thst the affiJavit of a third party could not implicate his client.?A nugistrate was liotto be held liable by the mere affidavit of a party, who may chose to place it in the police office. Mr. Huffman contended that inaimuch as the affidavit in question was part of the res gista, the affidavit ought to ba introduced in evidence. Mr. Graham replied there were iwo affidavits?one taken on the 14th ol July, and the other on the 30th July, the affidavit in question was taken on the 30th of July, and the present charge being confined to tho 14th July, it wouldbe illegal, preposterous, and contrary to alllrgul rule to put the Justice on trial upjn any matter which was not specified in the charge. The question on introdueing the affidavit in evidence was taken and negatived. Mr. Patrrson hereupon tendered the affidavit of Wm. B. Lett*, in relation to the seventh specification, first charge :-th#t on the lltli day of November, 1844, Robert Vaugiian and Wm. F. P. ice were arrested and brought bc iore the said Justice William Wain Driuker upon a charge of gracd l ircony in stealing a dralt of the Rochester City Bank, upon the American Exchange Bank ot New Yerk, lor thro? hundred dollars, which ssid dralt was stolen from one Win. B. Letts, on the ltth ol September, 1844, when on his passage from Troy to New York on board the steamboat Swallow, and that on the 13th day of No vember, 1844, the said Justice discharged the ssid priso ners, without proper examination, and without bail. The affidavits of parties proving the existence of the draft in question, were put in and admitted. These affi davits also showed how the draft got into Lett's posses sion, through a party named William Armstrong. Officer Relyka examined by Mr. Patrrson?1 arrested the prisoners charged with the thoft in question : one in the Bowery, named Price, colored, and another on board tho Swallow, named Vauhan, colored ; Armstrong was with me; I brought them before Justice Drinker, and told him that witnesses could be ^produced to prove the charges against the prisoners ; we went into the prison ; lie said he had not3|time to attend to the examination ; on the 7th or 8>h of November the witnesses were there, and they were there the next day, end after again ; I applied to Justice Drinker, stating the witnesses were ready to be

examined ; this was for three or four days ; I told the Justice, that the prisoners admitted they had gone to Armstrong's store with the draft that belonged to Letts ; they both denied the knowledge of the fact until they wore confronted ; they admitted to me that they took the draft lrom Lett; and I communicated all that transpired to Justice Drinker , the prisoners were both let go by Justice Drinker ; Mr. Osborne was also present and ob jected to this discharge of the prisoners; the witnesses I brought up were never examined. Cross a amine A ky Mr. Patrrion?I arrested the prison er at the request of Armstrong; Armstrong was the per son who brought the witnesses I allude to to the office; I never saw Mr. Letts; I know not where he resides; my nrti-'avit was taken belore Justice Drinker; I told him what the witnesses could prove; I stated to Justice Drink er several times what had transpired; each charged the other with having taken the dralton board the steamboat; this fact ii not in the affidavit; the affidavit was shert; 1 brought the prison* rs lace to face upon my own responsi bility; this occurred before they were put in prison; I attended on each of the ocoasions I refer to in my direct testimony, with Mr.Armstrong and the witnesses. Officer Aimsr Millikvn produced and sworn?exam ined by Mr. Paterson?1 informed Justice Drinker,en the 11th and 13th November, that thu prisoners mutually charged each other with having found the draft on board the Swallow; I was present all the time; the prisoners wereexamiued; Alegars. Price and Voorhis attended the examination oa part of the prisoners; they were dis charged by the Justice; Osborne, the clerk, remarked they ought not to be discharged. Mr. Araham?A very curious thing, to see the clerk advising the Justice. (Laughter.) Witness (in continuation) -1 know nothing further on the matter. Crost rxumintd by Mr. Graham-I do not recollect hearing Mr. Price remark there was no justice could hold the prisoners on the affidavits of these men. B W. Ossorn recallod?Armstrong was charged at Ihe Police Office, also, and had counsel there; the Justice re marked be would hold one of the prisoners (Price) as a witness; Imsdesome remark to the Justice on the sub ject One was discharged. un the ninth specification?First charge, ai follows :? That during the month ot July, 1C44, on? .lamps H. Shaw vi as arteaieu nnd brought to tho rolice Office bjr Officer C >ckelair aud Thomas W. Can, proprietor ol the F.x. changt Hotel No Ufl Courtlandt itreet, in the oity of New York, charged with having feloniously attempted to pass >) counterfeit note of the denomination of ono hundred dollars upon tho said Thomrs W. Cair, purporting to be upon the Marine Bank of Baltimore, knowing the samii to he false nnd counterfeited, and that the said counterfeit note was then and there produced and exhibited to the said William Wain Drinker, one of the Special Justices for preserving the peace in the city of New York, which efflee he now holds, but tho said Jos ice then and tl ere refused to take tho complaint ot the said Thornus W. Carr, nnd then and there discharged the aaid pri aoner without bailor examination, to the great perver sion of public jtutice, and in violation of nis duty as a magistrate Isaac Cockefair,Police Officer, was sworn?I arrested James H. Shaw; think that it waa about the month of luly last. [Mr, Qraham objectod to going farther into tuis matter, as it did not counect itself with Mr. Drinker: waived for the present.]?Arrested him at the rrqueit of the proprietor of a notel in Courtlandt street; when brought before Justice Drinker, Mr. Carr, the proprietor of tho hotel, s.iiJ that 8hiw had attempted to pass a $100 counterfeit bill; Mr. Drinker retired to an inner roam with the pri tooer; witness followed but was requested hy Mr Drinker to retire, Mr Drinker, after coming ertt ol the inncrjirison naked me to go down town and enquire tut to the statements made bythe prisoner to him in regard to the way he obtained the $100 note: but'the in dividual was ent of town; after I came back I paid little attention; I lelt the prisoner in charge of Stokeley; I af 'erwards heard he was disc hat ged. In flit croiftxamination by Mr. Dbineeb?Hive no per sonal difference with Justice Drinker; was struck off' the roli by him. but had no ill-feeling in consequence; Mr. Carr came for me at the police office; when I brought the prisoner in Justice Drinker told him not to answer any questions; I do not know why he did so; it Is a part ef ?ur business to endeavor to gr.t as much information from the prisoners in our custody as possible; don't recollect saying anything hostile against Justice Drinker, either in general or particular. Officer Stf.waxt, examined by Mr. Patebspn?I was in the public effice when ths prisoner was brought in before Justice Drinker; Coekefair made some complaint in rela tion to a counterfeit bill: they then n tired to the hack room; alter Justice Drinker camo out In gave me $100, and told me to write out a receipt for it, siting Shaw would call to morrow, and in the meantime it could be ascertained whether the bill was good or not. 1 told him ibat in my judgment the bill was decidedly counterfeit. I don't recollect there was any oath admini?tered to Carr. Crou-examined by Mr. Qbaham?I don't remember tbrt a person was sent far to tho police office respecting this Shaw. I have heard Justice Drinker condemn the praa tkn nf the examination of prisoners in the back room. Officer Cocxei-air recalled?I saw a Mr. Aubrey and his clerk at the office I never made an affidavit before on this snhjact. The Court adjourned over to Tuesday weak at five o'clock. City Intelligence. Owner Wantbo.?Officer Boyer arrested Autonio Wil liams, having in his possession a quarter chest of hyson tra, market,"Clarendon W (in a circle), Houching, No. 9l,"fjT which on owner is wanted. lipper Police?Friday.?Abreit or another Taii f.r ok Counterfeit Monet ?A possee of < dicers st?r'ed lor Sing 8i-g a tew days since, and returned yesterJay, having in tlicir custody a man named Levi Forsliav, a tavern keeper of Sitifr Sine, who is charged with having passed a x,umber of filtered bills, purporting to lie on thf Wakefield B ;nk, of the denomination cf $10, to severs] ;>? rsons iii this]city Forsbay is an accomplice cf Fred Paik jr, cliaig-d with tb? saiae offVnce Forihsy is tin der indictment ut Westchester county, on ;< charge of th? swine nature, and was on bail upou that charge when h> was arrested by the office r:. from thh city. liOWrr Police ?Orand Lakcint.?A man n?m?d lobu Oocley was arrested this alti rnoon for lobbing e man named Michael O'Sallivsn, of Jam? s street, ci $ 184 iu gol l. Gooley met Sullivan lost nmht.aod pr? tended 'o know him. ond took bim to srveial barrooms and cot him groggy, and he supposes while in that con dition, rul l.od h m. Hirgi.art.?The store cf Bart. Df lap n, No lltOrnnd str* ?t, Wiis entered by fal?o keys, and about $00 worth ol i?old and silverfrnge stolen. Coroner's Gfflce.?Death from Horns ? Tho Corn nor was callei to hold an inquest a' tkeCit-. Hospital, or the body ol n female named Ann Kicottrt, who came tc !>rr death ic co'i?equence of burns rtc.rlved from her elothes tailing fire,ot a house id Witer street, on the 8h lns'at t She was a i ros'ltuto. Verdict la accordant* Mi'.h facts. Conrt Calendar?Monday. Common Pifas?Nob. 1<'s, 109, ?jb m 17,1J, 14, 18 107, 31. Michigan Appoimmbnt.;.?'Th* subjoined list H ippiuntroenta appear* in the Chicago Democrat r\ hen h : -1 he office of the Mutre>or Ueneial fjr Ohio. Indiana and Michigan, ha* been tranff rred to D> troit iiom Cincinnati. and Hon. Lucius Lyon, M C rf th? last 'engross from the Oraod Hiverdiattict of Michigan, bai ie<?n appointed Surveyor Gnrral. Col. J. McHeynnld?. of D etroit, has h en appointed S'ip**. in* en dent of LUht I?u?' ; (.>r ihe Upper Likes, s McKnirht, Esq. hn em appointed Superintendent of Indian Affairs ?t Sault t. Mario. Klori Kan 1 worth, do at Mackinac <;ol> ?>oocklon, Superintendent of Mineral Grounds nan. Lake Hvperioi Mr. Bradley, of Murshall.U. ?. District attorney. Antboov Ten Kyrk, Commissioner to th? ?tun l-vioh Iji i;j,|s. ^'r. Johnsoti, of Grand River, Consul ?> >ho Matan/^s. No change is yet mod*) in the office ol Pottar.nter at Detroit, or Collector at that f ott. Olfar NAVtaaTron ?The BTngor Courier of Tinxliiy, sHya :?The ice 1'If our river yettetday morning. The na-/igation is now clear, anil we repoit two departures, tnd it the first southerly wind then Will be many arrivals- We shailbe glad to see them." Mm. Editor Bknnstt: ? Dtur Sir ? la your editorial you intimate " that the wing party will be an'i-war." Allow me to itate tliat if Oregon ia the question, no true whig mil have scruples of conscience how to act. We, ( hope, consider that our rights encroached upon, nation insulted, and country invaded, does away ?vith all parly distinctions That we used our beat endeavors to eieteat annexation, in its present term, ??., contrary to the consent of Mt xico,?I ad mit; but, being defeated, we are bound, as Ameri cans, to support the dignity of the Union, and to defend it from aggression, right or wrong. Oregon we know to be ourown.it any but the Indians own it. Does not Sir It. Peel prove himselt false, when,in one breath, he endeavors to show that we have no claim,and in the other treats of a treaty of joint occupancy 1 Would England form a treaty of occupancy with a nation which has no right or claim to a territory 1 We appear, et this time, to be surrounded by dif% Acuities Let but one course be adopted by both parties, (for myself, I am willing,) in case of war, to organize volunteers?not lor one tour, cam paign, or year, but tor the whole war. The revo lution, and late war of 1812, show that short enlistment of volunteers was attended by serious evils, and, in many cases, disaster. Whole com panies moved oft the field of battle, because their terms expired on that day, and produced, oltimes, serious panics. Men who love their country will and ought to sacrifice all business and party to one great ellort,?the defeat of all our enemies, " and nothing else." Yours, <fcc. A Whiq. Theatricals, tbc? Mr. Newton, lite ef the St. Charle* Theatre company, U about to open a theatre in Galveston. Among the com. pany he ha* engaged, are Mrs. Hart, principal voealist of the 8t. Charles Theatie, Mr?. Newton, Miss Young, Mesirs. Hait, Newton, McDougall, and Edwards, late of the St. Charles, and the Priors (father and son), late of the American oompany, Mr. CharWa Webb, Mr. Bennie, aid the little favorite "Oceana." A melodrama, it ia sail, ia about to be produced at the Walnut street Theatre, Philadelphia, in which the twelve apostles of Christianity are to be represented in the act of receiving their commission from their Divine Master. Mons. Adrian, the great Magician, has arrived in Balti more. Little Bellini Smith, of Philadelphia, a oloae imitator of Russell, the voealiat, a clever young man, is singing in London in the same imitative style. Punch gives both him and Russuli a sharp hit He says: "Mr. Henry Russell comes irom America, with a few senga about a ahip on fire, and a msn.ao, when a Mr. Something Smith starts up?also from America?and brings into the mark et an opposition Shipo u Fire, and an opposition Miniac. it is hard to tell which is the legitimate Ship on Fire? neither, by the bye, will ignite the Thames?and as to 6?ying which of the two gentlemen is the old original Ma mac,we must decline giving an opinion, though we admit the pretensions of both gentlemen. A French circus rider has sppeared at Astley's, Lon don, with an act of horsemanship representing many scenes in the lite of Napoleon. Varieties. The total amount received on behalf of the Pittsburg sufferers, in that city, up to Monday evening, was $11,703 83. The King of Sweden has is?ued sn order of the day to his army, announcing that his youngest son, Nicholas Augustus, has entered the service ss a private soldier in the Norwegian Chssaeurs. The Madrid journals announce tho arrest of a famous brigand, named Jose 8astre, who is charged with having committed one hundred and seventeen murders. Graphite, or metsl of oirbon, has been found in Wake county, in North Carolina, in a vein of unusual size. Captain Warner, it is (aid, alheres to his undertaking, of Blowing up, at his own expense a line of battle ship, at the distance oftve miles. The salt makers in Manchester, Ky., have determined to refrain from all work en the Sabbath day after the first of June next. With regret we are compelled to announce the decease of Mrs. Auguata Erring, late Miss Coffin. Mrs. Erviag waa a frequent contributor to the oolumna of this paper, and her name is familiar to the readers of saany of our magszines. She wastwenty eight years of sge ?Brooklyn Star. Several old iron furnacen'in Pennsylvania are to be renewed, among them the Saroh Ann Furnace near Co lumbia, and another near Middletown, Dauphin county. It will be remembered that we some time since an nounced the arrest of a rain named Dean, at Lancaster, Pa , for the mnrder of Mr. Ed wards, at Chilicothe, Ohio, and that h* was subsequently conveyed to that place. It ipi>ears from the Lancaiter Intelligeneer, that hs has made l lull confession, Implicating as his sssooiate in the crime, a man named Maxoo. The murder o; Mr. Edwards, was ono of the moat atrocious in tho record* of the State, and was perpetrated while the offenders were engaged in the commisaicn of an act of burglary. Oreen peas were selling in Baltimore at a dollar a peck. It is now denied, as confidently as it was once asserted, that Mr. Milnis is the author of " Eothee." The Penobscot is clear of iee, and the navigation is free to Bangor. A few days since, at Cincinnati, a woman went into another's hou*c, and accused the man of stealing. Upon this he took up u billet of wood and struok her upon the head, breaking her skull, ol which sbe has since died! Af'er the woman waa struok, her husband rush-diutho other house with a knife, and stabbed the man who ' truck the blow. The wound is supposed to bo mortal, though the man was slive at tho last accounts. Horrid Murder?Escape of thk Murdkrkr.? Wf learn from indubitable authority that Mrs Hol loway, wife ef Mr. Holloway, of Person county, (who was once a member of our legislature) having pre vailed on her husband, one day last week, to tie the hands of one ef their negro women, brat and tortured har to df nth. It is said tliat she heated a pan handle red kot and ran it down the negro's throat, t? aides burning her lips to a crisp This horrid tale, about the burning, seems too incredible to be believed, end we mention it, on the authority of tumor, without vouching lor its accuracy.? The negro wss privately buriad eight feet deep, in un ob scure place, and Mr and Mrs. H made their escape to parts unkrown to their neighbors, doubtless to Texas ? Whether Mr. H. waa accessory to the murder further than to ?ie the negro, we are not apprized?Richmond Star, Jipril 94 These wlihlncto learn ftluatc are direct* d 'o oar *d??rt;eement of M. Dnmnltr. Prnfeaaor of Inetrumrn t ?! and Vocal Mu?i?, vthi poia.(according to the t*?timo ?linls of M?ml of oar worth; citizen.) a remarkeble tact for ' teaching the art. __________ How To Be Lorely, * Like the hlu.h in a ahell, j Jnat anfluaikg it* i? arl, j Will tlir Rouge of OavRaUD Tiu?? thy cheek, pallid girl! j Doee the en .ion. hair Thy tin* for<head conceal 1 I Diaenc umber ihv brow With hit Poudre Subtile I Do pimple.i, iau, frrcklea, l)ufi? ur? thy f?ce I Ln ' Italian Soup ! Will each blemish mac ! Oo to Walker itree.t, then? 1 Suily-Seven'! the ?'ote,) And, improving on Natoie, fia homely u? more ! To prerent imposition, be ??r? that theie nrtir.lei are pur chiwa at Dr. FELIX UOUItAUD'S Depot nf Cosmetics nml 'erfume'y, 67 IValker it eet, firat atore from Broadway.? iy"None are genuine nule.s procured Ha ?b;re. Agents?74 ' hestnot street, Philadelphia; A M Jordan, 1 Milk atreet, Bea ton; Pierce, Albany; Backua It Bull, Troy. Bore Throat, Cougha, Consumption, Pains in various parts of the bod v. and other unpleasant s', mptotr.s, are the nsnal eff eta of catching cold. Wright'a Indian VegeUtle t'illa I fine a cleanser of the a'omvh anH bowels, aud a direct purifier of the bloed, an* cer tain not only to remove pain aud distiess of trerv k nd from iha body, but if used nccaaioually, ao as to keep the body lr?e from tho?e humors which are the cause of .very malady inci dent to mat, they will moat asMiredly promote inch a jrat and equal circulation of th! blood that ihoae who lead a sed-ntary lite will be enabled to e-.jov son* d health, and disease of any kind will tie absolutely impoja'b'e Beware, of Counterfeits?The public are cautioned agninat imita'ioM article, bull, d iu sugar, aud c tiled Improved lndi.ui Vegetable Pilla. The only certainty i f getlinu the right m-dicine. ii to pur chaw at the right place.'No. 288 Oreanwich .tree!, New.Yorli, ind in all cues, be part cul >r to aik for Wriglit'a Indian Vege t'.lile Pilla. * N.B. Bnrare of nil Sngar-coated counterfeited fills. A very lin|?ort?iit Public. nollei?The -Ag?l>t? of 'J'. Jmei. prcpr etor of Jonea' I hImii Chemi al S?oa ? ? nJ .li>iiea' llair Maatoraiiva? Vlea-ra Ked-liim rf Boston: Zei l erof P iladelpbii; I)eile- of A'hany, *nd othrr??ar? inform ed that tleir wid-ri <"Otr>? toi rapi ly: they caom't be ex.-cut d. Our immense retail tr*de preclude* ih ? po?.ibi!ity of heir be 'ni fulfill* d unti'.'our larg it-??in factor* inTwentyrcveiifh ?i. ilcom .e*ed, when Jones'j Hoap for c'earimrthe completion* and .Jones's Hair stuff for ri storing the h?ir, can be snp- li?-d in tnv quantity. At pre rat, our New Vork eity ra'ail cnunnrm seem to like each article nell, tlmt the demand eveeda eur means nf inamif 'during. Fndir. we in it'll von fhai Jo*ei' foap wi I pmcricAliy?not h^orf?icAlly-cu r pimp'ei, Im, tin, ?unburn, rrorfhtw, salt rheum. Ike; undiione^ Coral Hair !l^troraiir? v*i 1 rn*kt? or force th*hair to frow ?f>P it from aljing oft, care ?curf or diiwlruff, ar.d ma^e iKhf, red or *rev h^ir grow nnrurllv dark. For drrftftirig ih? hair, it will k^? f it i ?fr dark, clean, silky, thrice a* long a? anv o her pr p*ranin mide The soap in sold, price50Ctnts, ?nd ih* t'tfier 3? a h I tle, at the nign of the Aoiericai H agle, f?2 Chuham afreet, and 121 Broadwav. Agent* A SiA'e street R<aton; 3 Ledger uniM ingt, l'h l.tdflphia; 57 Stale #tra^t, Albany. F.TMfiifea of the* Wonderful Virtues of Sherimn,a Worm Lozeogea may b? fom d in a rari'-ty rf rer tificafei in th** Di ctwr's pocaension, ard in 'he public j^n -nuU; tlie moat atriktng ia how. vt**1, on# thnt * am* undc the r?b?crvi?* ion of aCdnggiat in fhiaCi'T. who waa applie I to for advice by a man wh ? looked like a liviujr akel# ton?he hail been ro'ttir formerly; gnawing paina at llie atrmach, and a yrifty ?>f tymitnma, together wfth a prodift'tia aoi-e'ite, i?h:ch indica ted worma; lie w^? induced to try the L( let gea of Dr. (Sherman, tad the upahot i?, a perfect cure. D.% hherman'a wa.ehonae ia 101 Na'aau at reef Agenta, Rnah tm'a, Brf>a?lwav; Coddington'a, ti.rner of Hprirg ind Huda -n ?tr"et?; HI Bowery, corner of Hpriugatreti; aod 77 Kait Uroad way. Btedlcal i*nt?ct.-Tlu AdnrtlfemanYaof tt?* Sew York <'ollpge ??f Medicine ami Plwirmacf, eatHbliaficil fo! he Hiypreaaion of Quackery, i.i the cm- of all diaea*??. will >cr?i(ter r t ear oti th- fourth pec- ,!tl l?ar column of ?t?pe. # W. *. HfCHAfl!)HON, 4V P., A^wt Of er and r oianl ?.n- ' . or. - follyye.^ Naa??u atra All PI)lUdal(ihla iilNfri'ii tkmi tn tt?% .irwiLO mutt be oi ?' f#j t'.e only authorized Jlpjtit*, S^iehet \ Co., 1 Lfdtf** Buildtnii, 1 litrd atrae' > ea? ?,lvai not. Tenni ?^75 cents a month tnclndtnir 'h?' S*nmKv paresr: or 65 reu*a irhoMt it: delivered f?e#of ch. rge in nny part of Philad"lpl?ta. ?u?la ?o| ?ei for iale as ibov, daih% at I o'clock?tfrioe I unts The VVri ni.r Hv.nann i? afao for sal* ev#rr wa?urdny moru 09[?Price IH cent? or f.i vr nn-nii, di'iwil ??i aiif part of *hi'idelph? i, fire if postw 'r7fc- All the new an I ehenn r.-bUrations ?? r *?'!e at thm* ea ahfiahmtiii. as soon as issued wholesale i^nd ret-iil \f/r' With I he *ftC#i?t.ion of one p*prr, Uie "Herald * is read as much, i. r!mj>?, in Philadelphia, aa any i?a|ier published io 'hat city,iifToroiiitf a valuable medium to idir??rtiaierf. Adver j tiremmta Minded to th* aaenta it half pait 4 o'clock, will ap pair ia tba ilarald nagt day. a4 if ??SW*?M?M??IMS??W?"??SlHii II H . --'I ? I WHI. 4 MONEY MARKET. Friday, April J45-6 P. M. Thetehaa been a greater improvement to-Jay in stocks than has been realized for msny week* past. The salts were very laige, and prices have advanced from cno quarter to thtee per cent. Vicksburg went up ] per cent; Stoningtun 1; Norwich and Worcester ; Erie Railroad J ; Reading Railroad ] j Farmers' Loan j j Pdnnsylvania 5>j| j IUidoU J;, Kentucky 6's }; Harlem|3|; Morris Canal 1|; Long Island 2 ; Canton 3} ; Mohawk 3J ; East Boston i ; United States Bick closed firm at yesterday's prices. The feeling in Wall street, among stock opera tors, is much bet'er than at any time during the past week, ond although there are hundreds of reports current magnifying the dangers of u war with throe different na tions? Great Britain, Brazil and Mexico?there appears to have been a very audden and rapid increase in confi dence in all kinds of securities. The war fever appeata to have subsided in Wall street, and the di?po*itiou to speculate in all kinds of stock* is much stronger since the arrival of the Caledonia than before. Even in the face of a contraction in the bank movement of this city, the stock market is evidently im proving. Money is by no means plentv, and the rate of interest full up to tha legal standard. This unlocked for improvement, in the face of these facts, gives operators strong grounds for anticipating a great advance in price* after some of the difficulties in our external relations, and in the money market, are settled. The barki have deter mined upon pursuing a prudent course, audi the coati action of loans miJe in anticipation of tha quarter ly returns for .May, will not be resumed immediately af ter. The bulk of thi* spring business will by the 1st of May be over,and the demindjupon the banks for discounts reduced The mercantile classes of this city are not in a condition to command large credits fiorn the banks. The Southern and Western business for the past two seasons, has been so ut, profitable, and many houses have become so duuply involved in that business, that thu banks have, for some time past boea very cautious in ?x tendieg the credits of these house* and have no deubt by re fusiogjto discount their paper, hastened tho suspension of several. The failure ef bouses,extensively engaged in that trade, is inevitable, aud must como sooner crlater. When i wc assert that n very Urge number of the dry goods job ' bing houses, which have for anme time past beon doing almost exclusively a Southern busineis, are this moment insolvent and cannot continue meeting their en gagements at maturity much longer, we do ao for the purpose, if possible, of influencing those about involving themselves in that trade, to be extreme ly cautious and get in no deeper than they can poicibly help. The large profits of that bueines* are very tempting, and it is not surprising that new houses are anxious to get a run of it, but it is as ruinous in it* re sults, whvn carried to n great extent, aa it is flattering in the incipient stages. We have seen houses of large capi tals and immense resources become bankrupt undsr it, and no one can hope to escapo when ther risk every thing in a branch'of business that depends almost entirely upon the season*, and the price ol one of the many staple* of the country. The suocess of onr most wealthy jobbing houses, can almost entirely be attributed to a proper distribution of their credit* throughout the d.ffer ent section* of the country. A large business, conducted upon this system, may be made profitable; at all events, those engaged in it would not be subject to the sudden j fluctuation, a dependence upon the trade of one section ! of country frequently produce*. The South-western j trade of this city, and many engaged in it hsve been ! ruined this season, in centequence of the low price of the 1 staple of that section in all the markets of the world. The I solvency of the people of the 8outh, from season to sea son, depends upon the extent of the yield, and price of cotton. A favorable season, and high pi ices, liquidate* all their indebtedne**, and enable* tho*e trading with them to realise large (profit*; but an unfavorable! leason, and low prices, prevents them from meeting their payments when due; and, in many instances, ruin* their creditor*, la oonaequence of the discredit, the condition of the southern and western States has placed upon a large portion of the jobbing houses of this city?the bank* have preferred making loans on stock seourity to discount ing* business paper. These leans have, during the past quarter, been very large?too large to appear in their re ports?and a reduction has been going on within the past two or three weeks An extension, to a certain extent, will, without doubt, take plaeesoou after the 1st proximo, but we are informed that the movements of the banks, for a time, will be very prudent, and free from any disposi tion to expand beyond a safe and proper limit. The receipts of tha Mohawk Railroad Company for the week ending the 31st instant, show a very small increase on those for the corresponding peiiod laat year Mohawk and Hudson Railroad. ' Week, ending April 91st. From passengers, $1,886 36 " " " From lreight, 138 S3 Total receipt* for the week $1,814 C9 Corresponding week in 1344, 1.76H 00 Correiponding week ia 184*, 1 044 #0 These weeks compare more equally than those earlier in the season. This road is not allowed to carry freight now, as navigation on the canal has been resumed. It w ill be observed that the receipt* for freight, fer the week given above, were very light. We annex the bida for the five per cent loan of tho State of New York for $300,000 redeemable in 1803 31,000. Mr. J. Mytrs, ronihkeepsie, 30,000 at 100 M-100 Com. Bvikof Albany, inn.tro at 100 to-too f 11.11 King, " M.OiO at 100 3fi-l00 nn ami } " J?.?0" at too St-lOti uu.wv s ?? ?? M i00 M ,00 I " " 50,?00 at 100 24-100 This is a fair evidence of the reduced value ef money end the abundance of capital reared ler a permanent good Investment. This stock will command an advanoo on these rates, as soon as it come* into the maiket. We annex an official atateroent. showing the movement in the three principal articles imported into Havre ler tho first quarter of tho past nineteen years: A A AI ? A I. AMD CONIL'HFTION OF CoTTON, SCOAR AlfD Cer vt* in IIavrc >-?r thi rmsr three months o?- the an HEXED TEARS Cotton. Sugar. Coffee. Bale*. B.iIp*. BM?. Bbli.' ' Kill. kill. ?Qrr'd. Cont'd. %1rr,d. Cont'd. jJrr'd Ctns'J. 1827.... 19 94S 42 446 1,33V a,MO 4.900 (100 4.4U0.C0O IB2S.... J 3, !'?? 46 659 4.310 10.370 4,400,000 I,HOC ,00.1 1829 38,431 42.0>2 4,710 11,710 II00.001 1 OfO.COO 1 ?30. .. fi.31.4 61.834 2 970 9,670 2.320,000 3,ll0.rr0 lUll. ... 83,720 3'.,720 S.4I0 IK. 410 I 440,00? j>3 O'rO 0(0 1812.... 61,179 47.879 2,400 9.410 3 408 OI'O I,5?n OMI 18?3. ... 68 254 47.755 3.M.0 4 860 1.100,000 S,?0tl,C00 1834.... 42 65} 61,444 3,4-0 6 280 2.300,000 3,50?,?M 1834.... 12.390 69,890 4 7'0 9790 4 IOO.OPO 4,040 CO) 1636.... 117,124 109,824 4,212 8,732 3 9i3 0CO 3,903.100 1817 49 666 66,166 2,094 3.494 4.798.000 6.44V OHO 1838.... 90,041 81,04 1 6,618 4,148 3,300.000 3,874.000 1839.... 78,121 44,21 7,700 8.700 2,200 0*0 2,4 0 (00 J840.... 121,117 |01,117 4,420 4 920 4.370,0*0 4,40O.r*l 1841.... 71.094 77,394 3,420 4,920 3,3100f.0 1,720 000 1812. ... 122,184 103.4(4 3,'>20 8,420 4,030.000 5.80,0110 18)3.... 131,831 109.081 7,400 6 40O 2,850 000 2 80)1.0*0 1844 ... . 80,287 74,287 2.2 0 1I.2C0 4.200,000 4,2 0.0011 J815. ... 126,8.6 97,816 1S.M0 10,9(0 4,400,000 3,000,010 With the exception of the year 1943, the iaporUt.on o1 co'.ton (or the flrit quarter of thia yaar hai Mn larger than for any pr?*iou?, while the oonaumption w***ma.lir tiiaD in 183*, '40, '43 and '43. The arrival* of sugar this year have been much larger than for auy prcrlou* year, and the iaercaie, campar?d with previoua i<ftaon?, i.ai been a large per cant^fcThe consumption lor the earn# pc riod, hat fliictuitnl very much, and wai greater in thn llrat quaitar of 1829 and in 1831, than in IMA Thearii vali of co(foe have been large tlifa tenon, while the con sumption ha? been much more limited than for the cer re*po?ding period in previous year* These return*. n-.err.ly made for the port tf Harro alone, being the prin cipal importing market, give no Idea of the consumption or either of th?.*? itaplea in the conntrj at large. The l.Tgor portion of the receipt* into France, are made at flarre, and (applies lor the ibterier are taken frem first bands in that market. The *alei for comumption are con siiiamd an *o much conaumcd The report for the quar ter, cannot b? considered any criteiion of the aggregate movement of these ataplea for tne year. Theae return* arc of great importance te those eagaged in the trade, and stive, in connection with "ther official repoit*. to give a data, by which the course ol the trade for each year can be pretty accurately deflnej. We annex a carefully compiled table ef export* from Bueaos Ay res during the year 1844, distinguishing the destination. KiroHTi raoM Buenos Aran?1(44. Dry HidetAG Britain. SAmtr. Conlin't Unvnoa. Totalt. fl ud Du?, Nol8l,8'G 2'H 900 2S9.32I 7(3 687 88# S\)ifd IIid*a do.4(1 302 21,690 26.(48 ... 632 840 Nalriabkms.di X 4.840 34.93IX 40,771,^ H iir. arrobas of 2j lb. .,..22 838 30,394 1,014 6,800 61017 Sheep Skins, dot. 11,l-* 31 2?l)< 2T6 48 48,8m'* lluroi, No 819,466 24(,580 30,930 I3.0C0 1,111,976 Wool, ariohaa, of 24 Iba...... 1*7,686 3.4,498 3,727 1?0 426,111 Jerked Brrl', qlU oflOOlha ... 304,140 201,240 Tal'ow. ? rub** of 25 l'? 503.806 ... 4,294 1 316 410,440 11 iir*. Nulkio >917,640 264.100 1,201 640 Hide Cu tiuK?, qiUof too lh>. 10 3.444 3.9I5 ... 7 409 II ,r*? hides, No 36.727 1,134 140 ... 33,101 LitiMI kidn," 440 ... 397 73 809 ilrr.t* arrobas of2.4lbfi 1,000 ... 1 900 Oatricli ft-ith m lbs. 340 17,319 15 ... 17,694 Chinrhil Mil. a, dureiiF 601 ... eo4 ... ? 149 (Viet Sliiis, <1*4 ... 2,629 ... ... 2,629 T)e?r8k,in, df's ... 4,400 217 ... 4,717 ilnrii'iip* ... 6 '00 ... 6,000 The greatest customer fur the < X ports of Buenos Ay re* i* (iicai Britain, and tiie U. 8 a'ra rates next. The item* in 'his table are prinnip. 1'V Pi 'ea, iklna and produce of hi i o* ? Thine article* compose the exi<4>fia el that conn tiy. Ahout thre? fonrth* of th? w?iol exported from Bue iio* A) lot com** fo the Um ten 9'atr*. Old Stnok Kiihang*. 3>0"0 I) 8 5'* '43 *> ii aw 10lH 40 *h* Kaat Bo*t< n 15 10000 Illinois S,| Bda 39 r.O do b?0 15 3IK 0 Ifim 4'a 7I W 40 do b60 15 4000 dn *6 7:))< 350 do 11V HHIO Ohio 6'? '60 97 40 Hailrin UK 72H Mioit H.xHmik Hdi ?5 66 I00 do at.w 73 2IIH00 K>nluc:?y6'? b00 10IH 100 do 73 70 >h> Drs* HW 10# 2i'0 Jo 7 IS 6 tik f lJ'>m full 96^ lnn Mohawk RR ?<m 6? moUSHk 6\ 40 do M0 6 U 24 do 7 .50 do bW or HO Vitk borg Bk !>)< 100 do b44 6? ^0 ? do 1 Aob 3i Itoeh KK 105 >74 Farm Trait **'? 74 Lone III tod KH 75!; ,40 d'i blO 3?H 400 do 70 '0 ill J)10 i6S 40 N#w Jrrtey HH 91 24 do bu? I-1* lO'i Stouii'gron IIK ?0'k I'm do 3100 do t.' 36 ** 40 do ?J1> mil IV no iii Morn? ("ar.al 3?'i 10 do i>:m 39V !'ifl d-> b3e 3''4 100 K aduirltH b30 i*'U 250 do it 8> N01 a> wor HR 7;2 40 d 1 >S" 32 7. d 1 130 71? loo do I'30 3> ; 41 . dn ,10 751' 41! do bill ! 2**? 75 do biiw 10" do 3/4 do 72V 15 I'aiO n (!o 44 7> do bIS 71 150 do 4.'i,4 50 do i 5" do 1>10 44'% .50 ri? ?C0 7 Mi 100 do bn ? 44l4 275 d 1 a0.i 71 j !'?? do bio 44S 124 ?'0 |.J0 71 74 di 44H .'/? d> ill) jyty ?'n do 44V 75 di (30 1?V 50 do b2J 44? 40 do 7,^ 15 trie HH :wi 15 Wilmiraioa RR 43 75 . t h? Hx ,S 1,0

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