Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 28, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 28, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW FORK. HERALD. Vol. XI., Ho. ilV-Wboto Ho. Mf8. W* jTwo Cul? THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNBTT, Proprietor. Circulation?Forty Thonaand, DAILY HERALD?Every day. Price S cent* per copy ?$7 'it> per annum?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Price 8J cei.ts per copy?$4 Wj cente per annum?payable in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at the uraal price*?alway a caah in advance. PRINTING of all kinds executed with beauty and despatch. Q13- All letteri or communication*, by mail, addretsed to tue establuhment, muat be port paid, or the postage will bo deducted from the iubscrlptioa money remitted. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PllC?HlLTOR or THK New YOBS Hk.RALD ESTABLISHMENT North went carnaer of Fulbin and Nassau atreta. JNEW LINE OF PACKETS LIVERPOOL TO NEW YORK. Re fitter lturt hen Ship. Caplgl^.. tons tons. 8K\ W Mwrard......8.7 1400 I.IBEKTY P. P Noru.11 ?9t 1.100 CORDELIA F. M. French... 1010 17 0 MEMPHIS C. H. Coffin :98 MOO OHIO .....H.Lyon 7*8 1370 TAROLIN TA J. G. Smith 604 lino REPUBLIC J. C. Luce 676 1175 GEN 1'tKKHlt.L A. M'Kowu 674 1160 Thev are all first class New York built shiiii. of the choicest and liest materials, and well kaowe aa remarkably fast sailers. of loon experience and nautical e Cabins are passengers. .? ?I w ices, and the rves are tix*d at sixteen guineas ea?h. The recmd cabins a:iJ it erai.ei are lofty and airy, and every way adapted to pro mote the eumfyrt ana health of ptssengeis it a cheap rate, find ing their own provisions, except bread stuffs. I he a, pointed days of sailing will be stiictly adhered to ? Fieijfht of fine goods by this line 201. per tou. Apply to C. OK1MSHAW St Co. ... U Ooree Pi <zus, Liverpool. Persons who may wish to have their meeds cune ont by any of the above named favoiite ships, can secure their passage, by appl>uigio SAMUEL THOMPSON, Old Established Passage Office, alo lm*rc t7S Pearl street, 'j NEW~YORK AND HARLEM RAILROAD CO SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. On and after Monday, April 14th, 1*46, the cars will run aa follows .eave u ty Hall lor t.eav* City Hall for Leave City Hall Yorkviltp, Harlem Fordham and Wil- for While Plains, and Moirisi'nua. liams' Bridge. 7 00 A. M. re 00 A. M. * 00 X M. 10 00 7 00 17 ro i 00 p. M. 8 00 10 00 5 00 9 00 3 00 P. M. 10 00 3 30 1 00 P. M. 5 00 2 00 3 00 3 SH 6 00 6 30 6 30 Leave Morriaiauia Lcava Williams' Leave White Harlem for Bridge for Plains for City Hull. CitvHall City Hall. 7 40 A. M. 7 16 A. M. 7 10 A. M. 8 00 7 40 10 10 R 9 oe 10 40 a 10 p. M. 10 00 I 40 6 10 1 11 on 6 00 2 06 P. M 6 10 3 00 1 00 6 M 6 30 6 00 6 30 7 30 The Freight Tra<n will leave White Plains^ at 7 A. M , and ilie City H<ll at 1 46 P. M.. for the present. all Im'm ALBANY AND BUFFALO RAILROAD OFFICE, No. 50 Courtiannt Street* NOTICE TO IMMIGRANTS. , , The Subscribers, Sole Agents in New J York, for forwarding passengers bv ae-J cond class cara from Albany to are enabled to send them per People's Line Steamboats to Al bany, and thence, per railroad, to Utica, for S2.0C ; Syracuse, $-',92; Auburn, $3,36; ttorhester, $4 61; Buffalo, $6,9*. Chil dren Iron) 2 to 12 Tears old, at half pric; under 2 years free;mrl after the 1 ^th instant, all baggage on the Railroad is entirely free. All information as to different roofs given gratis, and pea scatters forwarded to every port on Lake Ontario and upper Lak*s. at the loweat rates. The subscribers woald call parti cular attention to tha fact, that THEIR TICKETS ONLY are recognized at the office at Albany. Wi.LKk RICKER8, Cole Aft* Albany It Buffalo Railroad, 3d class cars. No. 68 Courtlandt street. New Tftvrk, tth April, 1845. fc?lm*ee FAKE $< N.-R>|yhr Opposition Line ? between Philadelphia sad Baltimore, from the .lower side of Cnesuut street Wharf, every Ivi?rn<uK. Sundays excepted, at 7 o'clock, through in 9 hours, viz.: Cheeeieake and Delaware Canal, and connect with all um line., soulIi and wrst from Baltimoie. On the Delaware, On Chesapeake Bay. Steamer t OUTS MOUTH, Steamer THOS. Jh'FFER Capt. J. Devoe. HON, Capt. Phillips. Aad th-outh th: Canal, adittanceof 13 milta only, are first rate |> tcki t boils. In fact tlie accommodation by this line, both for speed and comfort, ik equal to any other line between the two citiss. Philadelphia, April 17, 1846 MORRIS BUCKMAN, Agent, al7 1m* m Office No. 30 South Whaives. MORNING I.1NE. AT 7 O'CLOCK. KOR ALBANY, TROY, aud immediate landing*. I he lowvressure steamboat TROT, Captain A. Oorham, will leive New York from the pier at the foot of Barclay str.'et. at 7 o'clock, A. M., ereir Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. Returning, will lea re Troy at six o'clock, A. M. and Albany nt (even o'clock, A. M.,erery Monday, Wednes day. and friiday. The low Piei*ure steamboat ALBANY, leaves New York at 7 o'clock, A. M. Monday, Wednesday ana Friday; at Troy at ( o'clock, A. M. Albany at 7 o'clock, A M. Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. Kor Passage or Freight. apply on board the boats, or to F. B. Hall, at the office on the wharf. aJ2 NEW YORK, ALBANY AND TROk LINK, At 7 o'clock, P. M. FOR ALBANY AND TROY DIRECT, ? from the Pier, foot of 'Jourtlandt street.?The ?S:eim Boat EMPIRE, Captain R. B. Macy, will leave the loot of Courtlandt street, every Monday, Wad lie .day and h i .day evenings, at 7 o'clock. Passengers by the above boat will arrive at Albany and Troy iu a nple time tat talte the cars going east or went. Freight taken at low rates. For Passage or Freight, apply on board tho boat or to C. CLARK, at die office on the wharf. aplfitfrc PEOPLE'S LINE STEAMBOATS FOR ALB AN Y?Daily, Bundayseicrpted,through pwmbhhk?direct, at 7 o'clock, F. M?From the 1'ier l>e tween tourtlajiut and Liberty street*. The steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Capt. A. Iloaghton, will leave on Mocday, Wednesday and kriday evenings, at 7 o'clock. Tha Btiamboat ROCHESTER, Captain R. O. Cruttenden, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evenings at 7 o'clock. At J o'clock. F. M.?Landing at intermediate placetfrom the loot of Barclay street. The steamboat SOUTH AMERICA, Captain M. H. Truee dell, will leave on Monday, Weduesday,Friday, and Sunday alicrr.oons, at 5 o'clock. The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain Wm. H. Pack, will leave on Tuesday, Thursday aud Saturday afternoons, at i o'clock. I'assengers taking the above lines will arrive in Albany in amide time to take the morning train of Cars for tlx East or West. Knight taken at moderate rates. All iiersons are forbid trusting any of the boats of this line, without a written order from the Captains or Agents. i Kor passage or freight, apply on board the boats, or to P. C. Bchultz, at the office on the Wharf. all re FOR ULA3UOW?The line flut (ailing coppered ? Barque ALABAMA, C E. Ranlett, master, JW tons MBw^urilien, will sail in a few days, having most -i her cor*o eigaged. For freight, of bulk of 2M bales cotton, fcpply to matter on board, west side of tturlinit Slip, or t? WOODHULL ?t MINTURNB. art ec *7 South U FOR LIVERPOOL?To sail in a Tew days?Th? ,inperi?r, fast sailing, coppered and ropprr fastened .New York built ship SOUTHERNER, T. D. Pal liter, in-uter, will sail as above. u. Kor I n mill of iOfl bales cotton or the bnlk thereof, or passage, having eic?ll?nt accommodations, apply to the Captain on board at west side Bnriiwtslip, or to alJre WOODlltJLL It MINTURNB, in South St. KOR LIVKRrOOli?To tail in a Tew dayt^The tnparior, fast sailinc, coppered and copper fastened jNew Vork built sTiip SOUTHKHNKn, T. O. Pal mer, master, will n til a* above. For freight of 4 <u hel?s of cotton, bnlk thereof, or passage, ap ly to tl?' Captain on board, nr to WOODHUI.L k MINTCRNS, a84rc H7 South street. ? WANTED?<Jood' and suitable vessels to freight ( oal from Philadelphia and Bristol to Boston, Provi deuce, Hsco, Norwich, Allen's Point, Oieenport, nanlore, New llav^n, Middleton, Albany, Troy and other .. v..?ai'koruw;"c,oT ap26 1 w*rc II Dock street, Philadelphia. firSJ- FOR NEW OHLhi\N?? Louisiana md New aJWfVYork Line?Insular Hcket to sail sth May?The fast sailing, packetship MARTHA WASH T!>uTolN, Capt. Stevens, will positively sail ai above, her re gular day. Kor freight or passage, having handsome furnished accom modations, apply ou boaid, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, or to E. K. COLLINS It CO.. 56 So nth st. Ag? 'its in New Orleans Messrs. HULLIN k WOODRUFF, who will promptly forward all goods to their address a27rc FOR LIVERPOOL?New Lin*-Hegt.ltr Packet ? of the 2f?tU May?The elegant, fast sailing, packet -shin SUKHIOAN, Capt. A. F, Le Pay Iter, of 1IH tons, v ill sail as above her iegul it day. Kor freight or passage, having accommodation uneqnal'ed for s]il?-i 'lor and couifort, apply on board, at Orleans whaif, foot ol Wall street, or to ^ IC. K. COLLINS It CO., K South st. Trice of passage ?1W. Packet snip Ournck, Capt. B. J. H. Trask, of I'M tons, will succeed the Sheridan, and sail 26th Jane, her legular day. a27 en ~ a X* BLACK BALL, OR OLD LINK OF LIVER J?9wPOOL PA(;KKm-FOR 1.1 VERTOOL.?Only jjy(||2^lte<ralar Packet of the 1st of May. 1 lie splendid and well known very fast sailing packetship COLUMBUS, Oeorge A' Cole, commander, will sail positive ly on Thursday, the 1st of May Having umurpassed accommodations for Cabin, Id Cabin, and Steerage Passengers, those returning to the old country, or tending for tlieir friends, will find it to their intaratt and com fort to select tbit aneqnalled lins of packets. Kor terms of passage, and to secure the beat berths, early Kulton street, neit door to tn? Fulton Bank, New York. -I . S HUtory of III* First American Negotiations wlU China, u conducted by Commodore Kearney, and leading to the late Treaty with that Kmplre. Washington, 25th April, 18-15. The aunexed abstoact of correspondence, with copies ol a portion of the communication to and irom ihe Chinese Commisbioner and Commodore Kearney, will show the continued exertions of the gallant old tar l or the interests of his country, and will serve to show that a large portion of the cre dit attaching to the negotiation of the !ate treaty with the Chinese, is justly due to Commodore Kearney. I trust it will be extensively read. The correspondence itself ib extremely voluminous, and covers about half a ream of foolscap paper, and it will, therefore, be perceived at once that this is a mere outline, with copies of some of the most im portant papers Commodore Kearney on the 11 ih June. 1841, writes to the Secretary of the Navy front Saldan ha Bay, transmitting papers respecting repairs which he had found necessary to be made in the Constellation, and also copies of letters containing information which he had obtained respecting the Chinese war with England, the interests of Amer ican citizens, the amount and nature of the trade of the Uuited States with the Cape Colonies, and a copy of the new Tariff of duties on goods imported there. This correspondence numbers about 50 letters Oa the 23ih J uly, 18-11. he sends from Table Bay to the Secretary, a list of bills of exchange, which he had drawn or had endorsed on Baring, Brothers and Co. On the 18th January, 18-12, from Singapore Roads, he sends reports of the state of ofliceia and crew, and also detailed accounts of the visit of the U. S. ship Boston to the Irhnd of Megotta, in search of American vessels and seamen who had been wrecked. At Singapore Roads on the 25ch January, 1842, he wiites, giving an account of the operations of the rquadron since leaving the Cape of Good Mope, and detailing some of the frauds committed by American traders in their trade with Sumatra na tives, and the effect of which frauds on the na tives, Commodore Kearney states, destroys the etficicy of the measures adopted to prevent injuries being inflicted on innocent Americana. He also slates that the Dutch are extending their posses sions in the Island of Sumatra, warring with the natives, and obtaining the control, not only of the pepper trade, but of the whole trade of the Island. He also says that the French have possessed them selves of a fine harbor in Madagascar, and are building forts and strengthening themselves, under pretencrlof aiding in a revolution in the Island From Macao Roads, on the 20th March, 1842, lie writes, stating that American interests have suffered no detriment, and giving a list of the English men-of-war there. From Macao Roads, on the 28th March, 1842, he writes, relative to some repairs of the Constel lation. From Macao Roads, on the 29th March, 1842, he forwards copies of correspondence with the Rajahs of the West Coast of Sumatra, acd also with the King of Johanna. The following is a copy of the letter of the latter to the President of the United Statest? Maiamodo, Island ot Johanna, September, 1841. Sir I am vtry deiirons to be good friends with you, because I have, aud always with lo be, useful to you and your nation. I do all in my powar to aid your citizen* who visit my harbors far health or refre?hments, and Johanna itaeli I with you to think doe* not belong to my self only, but also to you and your citizeD*. I have bad a long unjust war with my uncle, which has injured my pesple veiy much, and during that time I loft the great est part ot my muuitiona ef war, and hope that, having been always useful to your citisenn, that you will have ?he nobility and generosity of heart to Assist me in my present unfortunate condition, by the aid of some powder, mukets and lead, that I may continue to shield my people, who alone look to me for protection. Wishing tor yourself and your country all happiness and that you m?v long continue in noace and prosperity with all the world, I remain, your faithful frienl. (Signed, in native characters :) SEL1M. To His Excellency, the President ef the United Stats; ol North America. From Macao Roads, on the 8th April, 1842. Com. Kearney writes,stating that the purpose of the British appears to be to make a permanent settlement at Hong Kong, and also stating that complaints had been made of simulated American papers being granted to British vessels trading in opium and for warding a copy ot a notice he had caused to be Sublished that no protection would be afforded y him to Americans engaged in the opium Hade From Whampoa Reach on the 11th Mav. 1842, he writes stating the return of the "Boston" f rom Manilla, the trade at which is reported to be sond. auu giving an account 01 me itiendly nature of the intercourse of the Chinese, who had made no ob jections to his being so high up the Canton River, and stating that the Governor and Admiral had visited his ship which was an unprecedented oc currence, except on one occasion, on the British ships engaged in ilie attack on Canton. He also actesthdt a channel if communication, contorting wi h ths d'gnity of the Government of the United Stater, has been opened, although an attempt was made at first to have hit communication go through the Hoag merchants as formerly, and transmits correspondence showing that now direct commu nicatiou is had between himself and the Chinese Commissioner, as h? had insisted on that course to maintain the honor and dignity of the United States. He also transmits translations of an edict of the Governor in relation to this, and also a com munication relative to an American boat which had neen fired into by mistake.and suggests "with regard to the pre^ntstate of feeliugin this quarter, the time would seem propitious for the introduc tion of a Government agent, but separated from commercial pursuits, whicti are so inconsistent | with the ideas of these high officers in points of respectability snd flinnding." He alsi> states the increase of the Knglish fleet with other matters re lative to the opium trade. lie also transmits a transition of a communication in relation to the imprisonment of Mr. Mores and others, showing that it was in con??<juence of their not having had the colors; ot the Uuit' d States in their boat, and that they were released as Boon as it waBmaae ap parent that they were Americana. Ou the 13th and 19:h of May ne writes respect ing the friendly relation^ with the Chinese and the expectation of obtaining prompt redress for the in juries alluded to in the last letter. On the 25th May he states that the English force ha* been materially increased. From Macao Roads, on the 26th June, 1842, the I Commodore reports his departure from Whnmpoa and arrival at Macao, and transmits correspondence between himself ana the Provincial Government at Canton, with a man and some books furnished to him by the Rev. ?. C. Bridgman of Macao.? The following are copiea.of the correspondence To hi* Kxckllsncv the Qotrrnor or Cantor, hi. h<s. The undersigne 1 commanding the U. 9. A. wpidron in S?? Cut Indie*, t* charged by the government of hi* conn try with the important duty of protecting the lives snd property of his oountrymen, engaged in nenorable rnr ?uita and lawful commerce. If they am) treated with In dignity, or ire plundered by pirstcs on the seas, it is his i bounden duty wherever hosrtives to manage these sf fsir*, so as to give security to his countrymen ; snd to , maintain the honor of his nation, with all men, ererv where he must endeavor to be at pesce, eonforminr to nil ihtir Just and rightful u*sf;e*. When leaving hi" conn try, he was specially charged to instruct nltvsya when on the high ieaa his otticers end men in their profession ; to reserv.: and return home sny distre?srd shipwrecko 1 mai mers found on dtnolate ialnnda i and on his arriva in Chin', it waito hn his first objec! to enquire regarding the smuggling of opium by hia own countrymen, and not to allow thun or other*, under hi* nation's flag, to engage in that contraband trslo On arriving in China, recently, his countryman certi fied to him indue form that lo the spring of last year, when the English attaskeJ Canton, they were alarmed and anxious to r. move to Whempoa to avoid (he trouble*; that to prevent this the Chinese high authorities repeated ly issue! edicts, givingasautsncesot protection ; ard that on the 'Mth May ths pn'ta?t issued a special one, in which he declared, "that you who have always been respectful ly obedient and long engaged in commerce, the high otti cers of ths Celestial dynasty, in fulfilling the graeioua pleasurn of hit imperial majesty towards loreigi.ers, will give lull protection to the utmost of their strength, and that should native robbers or bandit* come out to plunder or molest you. they shall be punished with increased se verity, and any good* carried ofi' shall be restored, *3 that the smallest loss rhall not be sustained." Two of the merchanta trusted to the faithfulness of ihs prom s sol these high officers and rsaasined unconcerned without But unexpectedly the officers snd soldier* of your country .disregsnling ail distinctions, broke into the facto lie* nnd seized one of the merchants, Mr. Coolidgs, and carried him into ths city snd kept him In cu? ody. Tt e other merchant, Mr. Moras, seeing thise fesrful rroceid ii'ga, got ready two beats hoping to esespe with his clerks snd some of hia papers in separate boats One of the boats in which Mr. Moras was did eteapn unharmed, but unlor innately the other in which were ten men, was attacked by soldier* soon stter she lelt the fsctorins. One man na med Sherry was lost and his body has never ainc.e been seen. Another, Mr. Miller, ws* nearly killed, having re ceived many and very severe wounds. The remaining nine were all injured, some more and same less. Thee* men, bound with chains, were led into the eity and deli vered over to the custody of the criminal Judge ; and were, with Mr. Coolidge, after they hsd been recognised m American*, by hM Kxoellenoy, consigned to prison.? At tiut time the American Vice Consul, Mr. Delano, sent in an adlress to the hi^h authorities, demanding tUair re lease. To thisadJrtsi no reply was L'ivun After the lapie of two d iti, the men were released from prison, but leit unprotected. Again, in November last, Mr. Edwards anl four men going from Whampoa to Canton in a ship's beat, hiving ntissed their way, were ten., d by officers and soldier, he,ivy chain! were put arrund their necks, and they w. re led into the city, and having been severely in jured, were sat at liberty. Tho undesigned hereby begs his Excellency to have the guilty offenders brought to justice, the injuries re dressed, and the unsettled losses repaired. Then he and his coun'rymen will be satisfied; unsuspecting confidence Secured for the future; national honor milntaiaed; and the two countries remain at peace with each other. U. S. Ship Constellation, > Wnampoa Reach, April 27, lb 1-2. $ Signed L KEARNfcY, Commandicg U. a. E 1. Suadron. An ort-ial reply to the Honorable the Commodore, giv>nby Ke, minor guardian ofthehe'r apparent,I*rr?i <!?*nt of the 11 jard ot War, Governor of Kwangtung and Kwangse, Stc : ? On the 23th cf this month, your despatch was received, and fully understood. The imperial kindness to foreign ers, ii, 1 conceive, universal. Especially doellt civil and mllitaiy officers of this province fulfil the sacrtd plea sure in giving security and protection to the merchants of your country; always respectfully obulier.t. La,t spring, when tho English created disturbinces, and j lined battle at Canton, amidst the ccafosion of arm ed men, Mr. Moss and others took to their boats, but did not hoist the American flag; and there being nothing to I distinguish them, was the occasion of their being mista keniy seiz id by tho officers and soldiers, and also of their ben,g wounded. On clearly asc?rtaining that the n>en belonged to your country, they were delivered to the Hong merchants, who were fai hfu'.ly to instruct them, careiuliy cure their wounds, and turn send them to Ma cao. There was no mention made by Mr. Moras and others of the loss ol Sherry. Concerning the things of Mr Moras and o hprs, which were mtaung, and were not severally retained, I, the Go vernor gave repjatod instructions to Swanhequa, to cft'-r Urge rewards, and diligently to seek tor them; one book wia found and returned last year, and the handbill for the reward Mr. Morss has s-en. As to the book* still mis sing, luither rewards were offered, and examination was maao Ol this both Chinese and foreigners art well ia formod. 1 beg again to examine end er quire. Always hlthuito, I, the Gavernor, have treated meu with sincerity and good faith, never deceiving them Hereafter, also, to all the merchants and people in their intercourse and commerce, 1 will instruct and direct <he officers, civil and military, always in all tffiirs kindiy to give security and protection, not allowing them to create more trouble. Therefore be at ease, and I beg you to instruct all the merchants of your country not to enter tain suspicion or anxiety. Buc.a is my hope. With con siderations f f regard this communication is made. April 39, 1812. An edict irom Ke, minor guardian of the heir apparent, a president of the hoard of wur, member of the Censo rate. Governor of Kwangtung and K wtngsae :? It is authenticated that the American Vice Consul, De lano, has presented en addross sayiig. that he had on that day received a letter from the Commodore of his na tions ships of war, calling on him to inform a!l the mer chants of his country, that the previous day one cf the j ships boats, having reached Eihame was two or three times flred on with shot from the guns of the fort; also calling on him to inform his Excellency, that he might givo aa early reply. The Vice Consul as it was right and proper to do, also declared that hia country had al ways been respectfully obedient, and that the said boat carried its national flag: and, therefore, he desired to know why "he was fired on from tho forts, and, ii any, what answer was to be returned to the Commodore. On examination (find that America has always been respectfully obedient; J, the Governor, therefore, in ful filling the pleasure ot bh imperial majesty, kindly to re gard men Irom ufar, have always given them security and protection. Uu tuc 31 inat. between 1 2 and 1 o'clock P. M., a boat having proceeded from Whampoa by the small channel, aoundiog north and south serosa the liver up to the bar rier, and the aoldiers having in a proper manner admo nished her to atop, and she not consenting, therefore the gitna of the fort were flred. The hairier of the fort at Eahame, stopping up the channel, waa built by the Chi neae officers, gentry, merchants and people, in conse quence ol the troublea with the English, and for the pro taction of the provincial city. After the troublea cease then the channels will be again opened as formerly. The foreign merchants in the quiet and peaceful pur suit of their business when proceeding to Whampoa, ought after passing the barrier, to go directlv to the fo reign factories, 'x he boat on the 31 mst. could have had to neoesaity for cruising about and taking the soundings The soldiers having repeatedly gone and admonish-d her to atop, without her doing ao, feared thnt tha people in her were robbers, carrying a borrowed fltg, and hav ing some sinister purpose; and, therefore, they twice opened their guns which never would have been done, had she been in her place and not cruising about. Her*alter let all the boats be informed, that, if in tae quiet pursuit of their business, they ought to proceed di rectly from Whcmpoa to tecchy,and not to go into all the channels and take the soundings ; and I, the Governor, will give oommand to all the officers and soldiers to abide by thiir duty. Th?( both the one and the other will all alike quietly engage in commercial pursuits, together enjoying great peace. I, the Governor, will always treat meu wiiu sincerity and good faith ; and the Celestial Em pire and Ameiica,long bound toge'her fcv favor and jus tice, will be without dislike and without hatred. I have hear 1 that the newly arrived Commodore manage* affairs with clear understanding, profound wisdom, and great justice. Therefore, take this my explanation and careful ly communicate it. Thic is the edict May 6th. 1412. ao ouicin rcpiy ro ino Honorable*, the Commodore, | given by Ke, ?>inir *uardian of the heir apparent, Gov. or nor ut the two Kwaug?communicated in oidirto explain the ca-o iu detail. The ssverU particulars of Your despatch before re ceived, have been airnaly replied to; hit fearing they were not explained lullicitntiy ia detail, 1 low again make this explanatory or communication. Concerning the things loatlast year by Mr. Mora* and others, and concerning wound* received by Mr. Miller au? otheii, it is to be remarked, that, on account of the disturbances created by the English at that time upon the nvtr at Canton, the impossibility of making distinc tion between one person and another, led to the mistaken seizure. Having on inquiry ascertained that the wounded persona were Americans, it then becamc an incumbent duty, soothiogly and mercifully to heal them ; and con cerning the things lost, command'! were early given to the I long merchants to act and manage well. But if Mr. viaraa an 1 the others are atill unsatisfied, the said Hang merchants are to be inquired of, and you the Commodore will dcci le the case in accordance with what ia Just. Concerning tie lis* cf Sh-tirj-, aa stu el 11 the despatch, Mr. Mors* and the othera said not one word at the time And supposing the case really to bens stated, it iato be remarked that just at that time, the fighting at Canton oa the river had commenced, and of the soldiers and the people many were the dead. Haw then could he be se cured and protected ? You, the Commodore, mmt clearly understand this. Mr. Coolnlge at the time gave to Elliott a list of the things he had lost, sad $30,000 were paid by the Hang merchants, and passed over to him by Elliott. Mr. K. I wards, cnl the four men in the boat, by mistake, went up the western passage ; and their thua net cob forming to the old regulation, was the cause of their be ing mistakenly seized by the officer* and soldier*. I have on inquiry ascertained that there was for it no other reason. These things are equally known both by the native and foreign merchants and people, and 1 again, aa bound to do, state theia in detail for your inclination Again, according to the fixed regulations of the Celes tial Empire, foreign merchant vessel* are permitted to come to Whampoa : the thipa of war, however, have at wajsanchercd iu the outer sea*, not bring permitted to enter Whumpjs. Now the American ships of wcrhave already been at Whampoa half a month ; and the people andsoldieis are not without suspicions and apprehen sion* Hut on the !>th instant, the Admiral reing on boatd theic shipi, observed that your behaviour in inter course with him w*s extremely respectful and civil, so that it I* apparent that the words ol the peoploareun wonhy of credi*. Yet by long anchorirg at that plaoe suspicion* will be unavoidable. By jour compliance with the Axed regulations, snd early proceeding to the outer seen, wo shall nllVe promote harmony and good will, and forever fullness of pcac?. forthis, I, thi (Jnvornor, ardently hope. With con aldnrntions nf regard this commu-<icntion la made. May 10,1 Mi. T" His l',trit,i.i:srV tv* Ootsio* or C*"?toi?, .Ve. fc:. Commodore T'eerney commanding th* H. I* A. Pqtiad ron tn the ' est 'ndtea, mikes this second commjinicatioe. Your Excellency's fovora "f the'10th April and the 16th May, have been both received, and attentively permod. The several particular* obligingly dcteiled In your re. pile*, regardlog the Inquiries and losses of lif" and pro perty, have beet r-lnutely and crreftilly examine J by me, the Commedorn Aa to the less el life of Sherry and the imprisonment of Ocrtein Amerk-rtn citizens, there being the result* ef mis takes, it would be aa difficult to prosecute at this late pe riod, aa it would bi haul to punish the authot* thereof; and therefore, the?e mialortunea mutt, I conceive, be alike deplored by all who are acquainted with them. The statement* made by Mr. Morsa, regarding the seve ral leases subtaincd by himrelf, Mr. Miller, andotheis, by the leisure of the heat of the American ahip Morrison, Captain Benaon, have been carefully examined by me, the Commodoic: and I have directed Mr. Delano, the U. 8 A. Vice Conaul, to inform too Houg merchants of (he .nil amount claimed by mo, and to receive the same, and ilis tribute it to the several persons, Mori* and otner*, aa In deoinity for the loases they suatained by the seizure of the Morrison's boat. Having to decide in accordance with what Is just, aa iniinruted in your reply, I have not failed to regard the liberality and confidence displayed by your Excellency : and my claim for remuneration, being limited to actual loaiea, will, I hope, hi satisfactory to your Excellency. With assurances of respect. June 4th, 1S4J. From Hong Kong roads on 23d July, 1812, Com. Kearney transmitd duplicates of the foregoing let ters and correspondence, reports of state of crcws, 4cc., list of bills and acknowledges receipt of com munications from the departments. On the 27ih July, he forwards werka containing Chinese state papers, and also works containing

first lessons in one of the dialects, and showing the Bgress made in the acquisition of Chinese know ge by the Americans On the same date he writes giving an account of | e operations of the Eugli&h forces, aud stating 'heir evident design to be to make an impression on the Emperor, by making the war terrible to the towim they attack. From Macao Roads, on the 28th August, he for wards the usual monthly reports. SOn the 3J September he writes, stating his de rmination to remain on the coast oi China us long ts he can, consistently with the duties ol the government to the men enlisted in his ship, as he sees no prospect of the termination of the war and considers it important to look after American interfsts. On the 4th September, he forwards an English Canton newspaper, charging the American squad ron with smuggling, and also a full refutation of the charge. From Hong Kong Bay, on the 23d September, he writes stating that peace has been concluded be tween the British and Chinese, and stating his in tention o\ remaining some time, iu order to ascer tain the feelings of the Chinese government to wards the United States He also reiterates his puggesiimi that " an agent should be tent from the United State*?one that is not connected with com merce?and that also some of our large class ships iruuld be advantageous here, to imprest the Chinese with a tense of respect fo^ht United States " He also forwards a brief ab. idct of the treaty. Tnis letter wns forwarded overland by W. Delano, the United States Vice Consul at Canton, us bearer of despatches. From.Macno Roads, on 12'.h November, 1842, Commofore Kearney encloses copies ot his cor respondence with the Governor ot Canton and the United States Consul, and his instructions to Com mander Long to proceed on his journey home with the Boston. The following are copies ot this cor respondence :? TO THE GOVKRNOR OF CiNTOIf, fcC k.C. i ? The address of commodroe Kearney, corrmamWr-in. chief of a Mjuudron of United States sir p?, respectfully re presents,tlia', he learns with de?p interest the High Impe rul Commissioners deputed to arrange commercial afl'uri with the British are expected in a short time at Canton, nad that a commercial treaty is to be ni gjtiatedto operate in favor ot " British merchants" exclusively. The undersigned is desirous that the attention of the Imperial Government might he called with resptct to the commercial interests of the United States ; and he hopes that the importance of their trado will receive considera tion, and their citizens in that matter be placed npin the same footing as the merchants of the nation most tsvered. The unde:signed does not press this matter at present; but, trusting to the good and friendly understanding which exist*, he submits the rase, and has the honor to be, your Excellency's most obedient servant, (Signed) L. KEARNEV. Dated on board the U. S ship Constellation, ) Macao Uoads, October 8th, 1842. { To COMMODORE Kk*R!?E?, &C. StC.? KeS guardian of the young Prince, member of the board of war, member of the imperial cabinet, and gover nor of the two Kwaiifr provinces, states, in reply to the subject of the loth ofuth month, (I nth October.) that I have received your potite communication, relating to the English commerce. 1, the Governor, have hitherto treated the merchants of every nation with the same kindness. Moreover, the Americans, who have come to Canton, have had free commerce, month after msnth, and year after year. These merchants have been better satisfied with their trade than any other nation;and that they have been re spectfully obseivant of the laws, is what the august Em peror has clearly rrcegnized, and I, the Governor, also well know : how, then, should 1 not rather, en the ces sation of diAcuities with the English, wish to show favor to them 7 Now, I have ordered tho Hong merchants, with the said (Knglishl nation's merchants, to deviso be forehand, and to wait tne arrival, in Canton, of the Impe rial Commissioners, great ministers of State, when I shall bavo received the newly devised regulations, concerning the free trade of the English; then I, the Governor, to gether with the Lieutenant-Governor, and Tartar Gene ral, wilt immediately deliberate upon the proper adjust ment ot the regulations, and will make a representation to the Emperor, that he may hear and direct what shall be dene. Decidedly, it shall not be permitted that the American merchants shall come to have merely a dry stick, (i. e. their interests shall be attended to ) I, the Gavernor, will not be otherwise disposed than to look up to the heart of the great Emperor in his compassionate regard to wards men from afar; that Chinese and foreigners, with faith and justice, may b? mutually united, and forever en joy reciprocal tranquillity; and that it bn granted to each ofthn resident merchants to obtain profit, and to the people to enjoy life and peace, and universally to partici pate the bl? ssings of great prosperity, striving to have the same mind. This is my reply. C&NTOK, October 16th, 1812. The above is a faithful translation. (Signed) PETER PARKER. Canton, October 19,1842. Sm The war in China being at an end. and peace re. stored by a treaty concluded in faver of British merchants by Sir Henry Pottinger with the Chines* High Commis sioner!, on the 20th of August last, induced ?? to address a note to the Viceroy, requesting tho attention of the Im perial Government to the importance of the American trade, and clawing for the citizens of the United Statea the same commercial privileges in China as may be granted to the nation most favored. I enclose yo? a copy of the Governor's reply, which may be considered very favorable, ami it is communicated for the information and satisfaction of those concerned. Our commercial privileges in China, it would appear, are to be based upon those efthe English,and subsequent ly thereto,so that some months will elapae before any fur ther steps can be taken, and therefore it is proper I should proceed in my cruize, and I have to inform you of this intention. I hope to sail from Macao about the first next month, of which the merchants may be informed who have communications with the west coast. I will be obliged if yeu will, in the meantime, furnish me with all the political and commercial information which may be obtained calculated to promote the inter, est* of the United Statea and their citizens. 1'especially, your ob't servant, (Sigr.ed,) L. KEARNEY. To P. W. Stow, Esq. U. 8. Consul, Canton. Cawton, October 28,1842. Sir?Your letter of yesterday, enclosing a copy of the Governor's reply to your communication, I have had the honor to receive. iThia answer must be very satisfactory to you, and evinces a disposition on tho part of this go vernment to grant evury reasonable call on them by a representation of our owl, particularly when backed by a heavy man of war. You notify me in your letter of your determination to leave this station on the first of next moi>th. Thial regret extremely to learn, for at this critical moment, when a new order of things is about to take place, when commer cinl regulations of the first importance to the interest of our merchant* and of our nation are to be made, and the payment of debts due from the Cohong to American citi zens is to b? demanded, (for Sir Hanry Pottinger has re ceived the money ior the English claims.) The .nagaitude of our trade, the contemplated duties at home on iinport-i from hero, oft'jrding a very large reve nue ol far greater extent than the whole Soath American trade combined? the groat increase cf imports of native pro.luct* ol our own country, altogether leaves not a doubt on my mind, that it can never be the intention of our government in leave us entirelv at the mercy of this. You hava been here long enough to know the prompt and immediate action by this government on communi cations from the commanders of an American tqnadron. It is my firm belief that year stay here until the middle of Februaiy next, ii ofthe utmost importance. The con tinuation of your cruize to the Weal Coast of America, where there is always an ample number of ships of war, will be considered, I think, by our govrrnmen', of minor importance,compared to the unprotected state our trade would be in if you leave here at the time you name. If your order* arc not poaitivefor your viait to the West Coist, 1ft us hope you will continue on this station, umil ?U the Arrangement* with this government and Sir Henry Pottinger (ball have been completed, when I *hall consi der the war at an end, and not before I am, with great respect, vour obedient *ervnnt, (Signed) P. W. SNOW, V. S. Consul. ToCohmooorb Kkarnvv, Ccnmandlng TJ. P. Squadron. On the l"?th November hr tranrmita duplicates of th:s correspondency nnd stairs his intention to remain eome lime longer in the Chinese sen, mak ing a visit to Miuilia in tho meanwhile. From Manilla Hay he writes on the 2Hrcl of No vember, 1842, detailing the leaky condition of his ship, and the necessity he will be tinder of relum ing home in the moat direct way, imteud of by ths Pacific. On the 13th December, lie announces a change, which heavy weather hod compelled, in Ihe course of the Boston. From Macao lioads on the l.r?th January, 1848, he tranamitn pome correspondence on the subject ol losses fiy Heard and Co., in a riot at Canton, on the 7th of the previous month, in which they re queued liu> interference to obtain compensation trom the government, and also his reply, making a communication to the government through the Consul. ? Oa the Kith January he announcea his intention to proceed to the city, and make a direct commu nication with the government relative to the above losie9. He alto Halt* hit intention to addrtu the government on the tup/eet of American commerce, a tut to take the preliminary tlevt to make a treat y with the Chinete, at otherwitt /? apprehend* that the Uritifli Treaty will operate to the detriment of Amer ican commerce. From Canton River on the 27th January, 1843, he forwards copies of correspondence with the United States Vice-Consul at Macao, and United States Commercial Agent at Canton, relative to the losses of Messrs. Heard aud Co. On the same date he writeaa letter to Mr. Up shur, staling his reasons tor assuming " the respon sibility of a non-compliance with orders to be home from June to July, 1848," in order to attend to American interests, and trusting that, in so doing, he has only anticipated the wishes ot the Depart ment. On the Uth February, 1843, he announce* that the claim of Measr*. Heard <Ss Co., amounting to $2&i,430 50 100, Was not yet been settled. Ou ihe simc date, lie transmits copies of corres pondence relating to the above looses. From Whampoa, on the 25ili oi February, he writes of the probable payment of the above claims, ana gives an account ot ihe state ?f feeling in Can tos towards the foreigners. From Hook Kong Bay, on the 7ih April, 1843, Commodore Kearney transmits copies ot a commu nication of hie to the Governor ot Canton, and the reply of the Governor, which is as follows:? To Hi? Eiciumicr, Thu Governor of Canton, Sec , &C., The undersigned,Commodore, commanding tho United States Squadron in the East Indies, has the honor of making mis address, on the occasion of his visit to Whampou. With regard to the outrage, and burning of the facto ries, and robbery of American citizens by the mob in Da comber last, your Exce.lency haa been fully informed ; and it i? known to tbo Commodore that your Excellency has ordered payment to be made for remunerating the Americana lor th?-ir losses on the occasion referred to. He regrets, at this late period, to tind his countrymen are not satufiuJ ; that an alleged i.. ability on the part of the II?ng merchants to collect the amount due is the cause of delay; a->d the Commodore prays to bring this matter to the notice of your Excellency, aa three montha have al ready pasted by, and lour more months delay required. The claimants state that the Hong merchants wish to settle with them by a bond, payable lour months hence ; but this arrangement is not acceptable to them, and they deoliae those terms I, the Commodore, will not under take to determine what should ho done in such a case, but leave i'. to your Excellency to do what is right and just, that strict compliance should be onserved in fulfilling the edict which your Excellency issued on the occasion, in reply to the respectful address made by Edward King, Esq., United States Commercial Agent, on the 10.hoi January last. Th? undersigned haa (he honor to be, Very respectfully, your Excellency's Most obedient servant, (Signed :) LAURENCE KEARNEY. Dated, " On Board the (J. 8. S Co^steli^tioh, ? Canton River, March, 1843 " i The above ia a copy of the original address, as written by C mmodore Kearney. It wus then translated kto Chinese by the lit v. Dr. Parker, and then re-translated into English, and the re transiation is annexed to show the variation in phraseology, when translated into Chinese:? Literal Translation of Commodore Kmlrney's Jtddreu in Chin'te to Ke, Governor General of Kicangtung, and Kwangte ty the Rty. Dr. I'akkkr :? The Ami riian nation'a man of war. Captain, and Admi ral Kearney, having arrivid at Whampoa, communicates with his equal, Hia Excellency tho Governor General ol the Two Kwaug. Touching the aflair of the Taou Kwang, the iil year, the lith month, and the 7th day, the outrage the burn ing of fsctories, and plundering my American nation's merchants of meichandize,and foreign money, I am hap py to know that Your Excellency the Governor Gene ral is informed ; and 1 the Admiral also know, that your Excellency has issued his proclamation to repay my American nation's men their lost treasure. Now, 1, the Admiral have ascertained that as yet my American nation's men's losses have not yet been paid, because the Hong Merchants state, saying that they themselves are unable to collect so much money. I, the Admiral, request that your Excellency will look to this affair, as three months'have already passed, and four more are req uired before the losses shall he repaid. My nation's merchants, who have sustained these losses, these mm state, that the Hong merchants wi?h to give bonds, in four months to settle the account; but tins arrangement my nation's merchants do not like, and reject it. I, the Admiral, will not determine what is right to be done, but leave it with Your Excellency to order what is right and just, in order that V. E.'s proclamation of the aecond month, and third day, to the Hong Merchants, may be obeyed; (i e) the proclamation in answer to the respectful petition of my nation's Vice Consul, King, dated Taou Kwang, the aid yoar, lith month, and the 16th day. It ia on account of this business that this communica tion is made. The foregoing communication is made to the Guardian of the Young Prince, member of the Board of War, mem bur of the Imperial Cabinet, and Governor General of the two Kwang provinces, Kr. On board the man-of-war named Constellation, new an chored at Whampoa, Taou Kwang, the 33d year, and the id month Reply of the Govrmor Gmeral of Canton and Kwangte to a Covimunicatioii of Commodore Kearney, if March 16, 1843 To thk Honorable the Amkbicax Commodore : Ke, the Governor General ef Canton and Keoangse, Member oi the Imperial Cabinet and Board ot War, and Guardian of the young Prince, makes this reply to the communication he haa received, and which he ful.y un derstands. Awvuiumg tv iuv cmuiionwi iaw? vi mc VOICIUHI Dynaety, whenever among the people any sustain losses by the ft, it is absolutely requisite to seize the offender, and persevere to the utmost, that the original goods tbut have bsen stolen may be restored la the present case, the property lost and stolen should in jastice, as it is found among the offender* the (owner's) name upon it, be seized and delivered up : but since the amount is exceed ingly great, it cannot, at this time, be taken and restored Therefore,the Oovernor has issued his proclamation, or dering the Hong merchants positively to arrange, (for the emergency)?for the Oovernor compassionates tbe wisbes of men irom afar. Jiut now the Hong merchants, in settling this account, instead of paying back the iden tical property plundered, have fixed upon a plan?viz: thov have sent up their petition, stating that being un able, at this time, to meet the demand, they have taken care to settle it positively?that within the month ol July next they will pay the losses, but your Honor, the Com modore, ha* communicatcd that "your countrymen dis like this arrangement," &C. Previously to the receipt of tnis communication, the Governor had ascertained that Ihv sum duo for merchandise and treaiuie was not small. Now it devolves on the Hong mrrehant*, as ia light, to payoff all the debts (due to different foreigners), and these are exceeding great That it ia difficult at this time to pay all alike, as stated in thtlr petition, is really true. What the Commodore has communicated, that hia countrymen cannot wait a long time for their fey, is self (vi lent and accordiog to the principles of human lesaon, ai d the Governor has now entered the Hong merchants strenuously to endeavor, positively so to manage, as to settle one month earlier (than they propose)?that within the period of June next the debt be paid without fail. On a former occasion, the G>verror received your Honor the Commodore's communication, requesting him in his behalf to " solicit the favor of the august Emperor to allow the merchants of his honorable nation to trade anon the same terms as those granted to the merchant* of other nation*," &c. As in duty bound, the Governor having already addreeaed theEmpfror clearly upon the subject, waited the coming of the High Commissioner* at Canton, where they were in concert to attend te the foreign relations ; but the Tarter general, Eleepii, having arrived at this city, but a short time had elapsed, when, mo?t unfortunately, on account of disease, he " went out of office"?i. e. deceased. 80 that whatever may be Jtut and equal in the trade of oach nation remains unsettled It is, therefore, necessary to await the arrival of hi* suc cessor, or. J when some plan is adopted, then n personal interview may be held with your honor the Commodore, and, face to face, the reia'ions between the two countries may be arranged, and the same be reported to the Kmperor for his disposal. 6 Thi* i* the reply. Taou K wang, J3d Year, 3d Moon, 17th D.y. 17 March, A. 0. 1843. From Maca*, on the 2lst of April, 1813, he trans mits duplicates of correspondence and edicts rela tive to Mr. Mors* and his losses, and announces his intention to proceed to Manilla, relit and take in provisions, and to remain in he find no vessel to relieve him, as he considers the state of affairs to rtquire the presence of an American force. Hwp Macao Roads, on the 21st of April, 1843, Commodore Kearney also transmitted various cor respondence between himself, the U. R. Vice Con sul and the Oovernor. The following are copies of his communication to the Governor and hio re ply :? "earney, Commodore cf the /"merioar sbirvi of T#r, and directing hi* country's neslrs in China, hereby ex c'.aim* and respectfully informs your Kacellenry, more particularly regarding V. K '* former communication, in which were some expressions respecting the tra-lo. nnd unsettled business between t^e two countries. The Commodore is led to believe that your Excellency has misapprehended the owning of hii communication of last October, nnd in V. F ? communication of the 17th ultimo, which the CommoiHrn hnt received, and which he he* carefully rea l, he conclude* that V. E. suppose* him to have received extensive porrers from ills own Go vernment, able to manage the weightiest aflfcin, nnd so qualified to settle a treaty with the Imperial Commis sionrr.which.alierbsingraMflcd by hh Imperial Ms'e'ty, shall b.torne a permanent treaty between our two coun tries I, the Commodore, perceiving Y. P. cherishing this good feeling, liuve already roipeetfally memoriali7ed my Movereign fully regarding it. If, however, 11 1. M. will declare hi* will 0lathis ponit,?try country will, no doubt, rejoin to it in the tame spirit of nmity, end straight re turn an answer, and *end a high officer to China, who, in connection wita the lmp?risl Commissioner, will delibn rate and settle a permanent treaty of lasting peace and friendship. But to commence this good thtnfjr, to open thia roal of mutual benefit, belongs to H. I. M.of China, for to take that which will highly benefit another country, and beg that country'.! favor to permit, i( rather dtnean ing one's self and honoring another. America ia a high ly prosperoe* aud great country, and need* to atk no favor of any other country. Regarding hi* communication cf last October, the Commodore r quested Y. R. to inform hi* Imperial Majesty that hi* countrymen at present liv ing in China ought to be treated with kindnets, and their right* regarded ** they properly ought to be. If Y E in reading these words, inferred that the Commodore wis begging a favor from China, then Y. L. was undoubt edly mistaken, for no luch thing was meant.? Moreover, hi* own country would not allow him to do any act derogatory to the high honor of either coon try. It ia rather the dcaire of the Commodore alway* to obey hi* own coantry'* high commands; and in any cn*e to advise a* to thomeena of attaininx national benefits, does not appertain him. But it he can be the mean*, al though for a thort time, of procuring tneee great benefit* for the trade ot his country, it will afford him the highest ?leaatire. If the Governments of Ameriea and China rally know the Imperial will, ail difficulty will In fntnie I be prevented. Kor the laws of hia oountry forbid all in terference la th? internal policy of other o?untrie?, and thereforeJChina need have no apprehension of subsequent difficulties arising. But there are persons in all countries wto, gr*S|/iuj for gum, and to bent tit themselves alone, never regard the national boner; they who scheme tor protlt, aud in all ways transgress laws, trampling down all obstacles in their path, aie of this sort; these, too, who by opium, gaining great profits,are getting their living, it is we 11 known belong tu the same class. The Commo dore has no other object besides maintaining peace and quietness for his country m?n tiaJing here legally; and if others are seized by the Imperial cruizsrs in the act af smuggling opium into China, then let them be judged and sentenced according to the laws. Y. E.'s Itind expression in a firmer communication, haa bean roccived with gratitude: "That his oountryaaeu have been observant of the laws, contented more than any other nation's merchants, with their trade." The Cwmmodore has siucere pleasure in respectfully reporting this testimony to his sovereign. What course may be pursued ia future, and how long the peace aud trade can bu maintained, rests with the Em peror, and also whether his countrymen can trade hera on the same term* with the merchants of other countries, is a very weighty matter; and he requests Y. E. to exa ir iae, tor if it cannot be equally permitted, it will cause much unfiiei.dJy feeling in his own country. The Commodore ulso avails of this communication again to say what H. 1. M. grants to the traders from other countries, his own sovereign will also demand for bis merchants. And to prevent any subsequent difficul ties, Y. E. will readily peroeive that in order to negotiate a permanent treaty between the two countries, and settle the term) of amity ana friendship, the sovereigns of both countries ought to appoint high officers to negotiate thereon", and settle the tems ol a lasting treaty, which would be a great benefit ? Y. E.'s former communication has been received, in which the time (or the Hong merchants to pay the losses of his countiymeu was fixed in the second decade of the 4th Month. Ilia cotiDtrymen regarding this time as very loog havo repeatedly sent te me, requesting that the high ottieers would older the Hong merchants to pay these losses immediately, according to the accounts already rendered. The Commodore knows that Y. E. will not allow this trifling matter of trade to be the cause of future embarrassment, and he, therefore, requests Y. E. at once to order the Hong merchants to pay it. Besides settling the matter of these lossei, tho Commodore has no fur ther business; end thus to be dtlayed by Y. E. he cannot regard with pleasant feelings. His countrymen's property was plundered by a mob, and because the high officers thus aelay to repay their losses, the Commodore has already remained in Canton three months, for this matter aloa \ He cannot, therefore, again biing this bu siness before Y. E., but must respectfully memorialize bis own soverign regarding the whole matter from be ginning to end. Tho Commodore has now no other business in Chins, anrf only awaits your Excellency's reply to return home. With sentiments el high consideration, Ice. &C. Macao Reads, China, April 13,1843. ToH's Excellency, Kb, Governor General of the two Kwang Provinces. Ke Kung, minor guardian of the heir apparent, Preai dent of the Board of War, and Governor General of the Provinces of Kwang Tung and Kwangse, hereby returns an answer. 1 have received your communication with which I have made myself fully acquainted. The various particulars relating to the commercial duties to be paid by each country, are all to be regulated uniformly by one rule, without tho least partiality manifested towards any one. As to what duties ara to be increased and what dimiahed, or what poiquisites are to be retained, and what done away witn, are, as your Excellency no doubt already knows, matters ot public end equitable negotia tion with the English We are awaiting the arrival ef the Imperial Commissioner to conclude the negotiationa, and after they have been laid before his Majesty and approved, they will then pass into force in a uniform manner for every country?they will not enable the En glish alone to derive advantage therefrom, while other countries are still restricted in their trade. His Imperial Majesty's commands have already been received permit ting the English to carry on trade at the newly opened ports ol Eucnan Foo, Ningpo, and Shanghai, but whether other countries will be in the same manner allowed to trado there, I, the Wtvernor, cannot presume here to de cide upon. It will be necessary to await the arrival of the Imperial Commissioner, who will lay all the circum stances belore his Majesty, and request instructions how to act. Respecting the matter of a treaty upon which you re mark, it is well known that your honorable country is amicable and well dispose 1 in the highest degTee ; rat during the two hundred years of intercourse between China and other countries, there has never been an inter change of treaties. Recently, indeed, because we and the English have been in collision for successive years, and the two parties mutually distrusted each other, a treaty of pasce was mutually drawn np, in order to remove aU suspicion and jealousy?this arose solely bccause harmo ny did not exist. But if our two couatriee carry on the trade as usual, there will of coarse be peace between us, and no formal compact will be necessary?in addition, it would be nn unnecessary and circuitous act I beg vour Excellency to consider upon this matter, and see if it be not so. Respecting the remuneration to the American mer chants for tneir property lost, 1 have transmitted argent orders to the Hong meichants to have it ready for deliv ery at the time appointed in the fourth month, according to the amount agreed on ; that time will speedily be here, nor shall the matter be delayed any longer than that limn. To Hii Excellency the American Commander, Canton, (Tankwong, 23d year, SJ mouth, 17th dry) April, 16th, 1843. From Manilla Bay, on the 5th of May, 1843, he transmits a duplicate ot his previous despatch and announces a change ia Ins intentions. He also writes on the subject of the participation of Ameri cans in the opium irade,<Hating the measures which he has adopted to prevent it, and which he thinks will be successful. On the 7th of May, he anuouncea the death of two seamen from cholera, and that he ia tinder sail and awaiting the return of a boat to proceed to sea. From Amoy Harbor, on the Coast of China, on the 19th of May, 1843, he writes the following dea patches, which are the last previous to his leaving China:? U. 8. Ship Coimtcllatiok, ) Amoy Harbor, Coast of Ch'na, May 10th, 1848. ) 8ia: 1 have to acquaint you that aince my leaving Ma nilla, on 7th inst, no new case of cholera haa occurred oa board ; the officers and crew are now in good health. The subjoined llat contains the name* of those taken and de ceased. In proceeding noith, a great change in the tem perature from extreme heat to moderate cool weather, haa had tho bencflciuWfl'.ct to remove the cause of the ma lady. The water procured at Manilla, 1 am sorry to say, prev] ed impure, or <1 in order to change the stock before going into the Pacific, I have touched at this place. I attribute the general good health on board, in a great measure, dur ing the cruise to the plentiful supply of good wholesome water and provision*. I have also to inform you, that tbe American schooner Ariel, a notorious opium smug S'er, hat just deposed of a cargo of that article m is vicinity. 8be is one of the vessels referred to in my last despatch. She sail* under tha American flag without other authority than a bill of aale to one Ueorge W. F;az*r, an American citizen, who without any sort of mean* whatever, cow appear* as the owner of very vjluablo American schooners on this coast in the opium trade. I have ample proof that he doe* not belong to any mercantle Arm whatever, and that he ha* not been in tbe United S'ates, or out of this country for six or eight years The American (chooser Mszeppa and others, were expected here momentarily, br* 1 believe have changed their destination orirnformation of tbe seizure of the Ariel beiog sent out by their agents. Thia same adventurer (Krozer) ia owner and master of the Mazeppa. The schooner Ariel has now on board a valuable cargo for English opium tralert in Macao, from one hundred andthiity to one hunired and fllty thousand dollars in Syce silver alone, and the r< maindcr in camphor. The American flar is now the only cover for thi* illicit trade, 8> Henry Tottinrer having issued a proclamation against it, nnd the f'ngliih craft having been turned away from the riven, has placed tbe American* in a peculiarly Advantageous poiition a* freighters under the flag of tko United States. The British officer* have informed me hrri, that their subject* defy them, by pointing to tha Americnn flrg over that contralnnd article; but Ikam In hopes that thia desecration will receive some salutary lessors before I leave, in case I fall ia with any mora vessels of this hind. Wi'h regard to the Ariel, 1 have taken her papers and colora from ber, and I bnve obliged her master ta dis charge the whole of her cargo here, and then ha is ta re turn to Macao. Her paper* are er.dorae?l by ate in a manner whirh will render them unavailable, and ara re turned scaled to the Consulate. War it not far the risk, I would cend her to tbe l.'nited states ; but *he canaizad once or tr7ico ia Boston harbor before she sailed, and i* a dangerous vetstL Should 1 Dill in with any aeaworthy vesseir of her character, 1 shall tend them home, that their cate may be properly decided by the !aw?, er which the owners, m wall aa the consular establishment of the Uni ted States, seem to have beea clearly regardless ia making transfer! tnat ara illegal. These sham pairs are well known, by which our national character ia daily losing S round,and will *o continue while the p-blic consular utiea are confided to merchants, whose interests are so deeply involved in the transactions before cited. The *nb|oined copy of n punllc notice on thi* occaaion, is respectfully presented far venr information The sub ject has boen brought to the knowledge of the Imperial o?!Uer*,t>y n translation ef tbe same into the Chineae language. I hare the honor to remain, vety respectfully, Vour obedient servant. (Signed) L. KEARNEY, Commanding the U. 8. Squadron in the East Indie* T i thii Howoaasta Tfis 8icc**Ti*v or thi Navv, Wash ington. To AMraii-:an MtacHairri |awo (tmiii -AU pereons having goo4s, merchandize, or treasure, to ship from one port a id another on this coast, are hereby cautioned sg nn?t entrusting tha same on hosrd any v?km1 in the '? opium tradr," sailing under the flag af the United fltataa of North America. Da'ed on board the U. 8. 9. Constellation, Harbor ot Amoy, Coast of China, May IS, 1hi3. (Signed) L. KEARNEY, kc ho. Jt doe Lynch in Nrw England.?A maa named Pnrkhursi, who had sold the favors ot his wife and daughter for a contideraMe p?rW of ti??, and ? iub?i? tinc.e at Hanover, N. H . was tsmd and feathered a few evenings since, mnrched through tha streets, and instruct ed to nult the town within s week. This JnsUce Is under stood to hsve been meted out by gentleman connected with Dartmouth College, whose seiantifle researches lad them to the conclusion that the offender had t?en in the vicinity long enough