Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 3, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 3, 1845 Page 1
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----- - THE NEW YORK HERALD. v" NEW YORK. SATURDAY MORNING. MAY 3. 1845. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JA31ES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor. Circulation?Forty Thomand, DAILY HER VLD?Every day. Price 'J cento per copy ? $7 ptr e&nutn?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday? Pricecn_ts per c fi3 l-.'i ct-u'.i per annum?payable in advance. ADVERTISEMENTS at the uaual prices?always cash in aivaao*. PRINTING of ail kinda executed with beauty and despatch. (Xf- Al' let'ers or communications, by moil. udJreaaed to tin* <f sbii>h:m;nt, muit be pott paid, or the postage will be deluded from the subscription money remitted. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PltOreiKTOB or THE NkW Yoaa HkRAI.D ESTABLISHMCNT Northwest carneer of Kulton end Nassau etret* NK.W f,|NE OK PACKETS LIVERPOOL TO NEW YORK. Register Burthen Ship. Captain. Ions tons. 8K\ W til ward VuT 1400 I IPKt'.TY P. P. Norton <9? 1303 COllv ELI A K. M. Krenth... 1040 17 0 MEvlrillS C.H. Coffin 190 J100 O IO H.Lyon 7.a 1370 TAR'?LINTA J. O. Smith.... M>4 lino KEl'U LIC J.C.Luce 676 1"75 w^OSN P vRICHIi.L A. Y.'Konn S74 IliO Th*v are ah first clus New York built shin<.of the choicest and best mutera's, an<1 well known at remarkably futsulers. 'I'heir commanders ate men of l>>ufr eiperiaice and uaaticl judgm lit and well n :ju tiuied in the trade. The cabins are fitt-1 ui> lr n 1 otnely and cnmniodiotialy for cabiu passenger*, w in are found with everything eseept lienors and wmw, and th>-rues are li<-d ?r sixteen guiuea* ea-h. Tin ?ec >i:d cabins and it eta es <16 lofty and airy, and every way adapted to pr - mote the coinf-.irt anu health of piisepgeu it a cheap rate, find ing tli'ir own prmis our. except bread stuffs. I Ik a l oiu'ed days of sailing will be strictly adhered to.? Kieiuht of fin? Roods by this line Ms. i>er ton. Apply to C. (JH1M8HAW It Co. 12 Ooree Piuui, Liverpool. Persons who may wish tu have their friends enme oat by any or the above u.imeJ favoiite ships can seeara their pissage, by applying to SAMUEL THOMPSON, Old Established Passaae Office, n!OJm?rc >73 Pearl street.% ALBANY AND BUFFALO RAILROAD OFFICE. No 50 ConrttnmH Streets NOTICE IO IMMIGRANTS. JgftThe Subscribers, Sole AteoU in NewauggK York, for forwarding passengers tiv srvJMJHHL . W gi/ cond class cars fronOVInauv to ftnff.l/i w w are eunb!eJ lo send them per People's Line Steamboats lo Al I auv, nail ih-nee, i?-r railroad, to Utica, for $J,M ; Syracuse, $2,92; Auburn, S3,36; Rochester, $4 (I; Buffalo, $5,JO. Chil dren Iroin 2 to U \e?n old. at half pric*; nud>r 1 years free;and sftc.'r the 1 V.h ii.suut, all b^ggaga on the Railroad is entirely free. All information as to different rout's given gratis, andpas sonrcrs forwarded to t very port on Lake Ontario and neper LtU?s. at :ha*lowest rat-s. The subscribers woald call parti cular attention to the tact that THEIR TICKETS O.nLY are recognized at the office at Albany. W<>LFIt BICKERS, . Sole Acts Albany It Buffalo Railroad, ad class can. No. S9 ConiUaudt street. New Ybrk, 8th April, IMS. r.9 lm?ee NOTICE. STATEN ISLAND FERRY. foot of 'Whitehall Street. On ard after Tnnwdav. M?j the lit, the beats will leave u follow*, until further notice:? LEAVE STATEN ISLAND: I, 9, 1), 1! and 12 A M.: 1, ?, 4 5 and 6 P M. LKAYE NEW YORK: 8. 0. 10. 11 and 11 A. M.; 1, 2, 3X, 5 ?od 6, P. M On Bundiys?'-rave eveiy honr. from I A. M. until 6 P. M. Ltave Cli.'ton st7)J A. Ai., and New Voik for Clifton at 3K I' M a.TOrc " NEW Alt K AIMD iMfcW YOKiV.. Fare only 19} Cents. Tliefavotit* steamboat PASSAIC, Cspta'n John U'affy, will commence her tiips for the season 03 "1 liunday, Arril St, IMS, aud run a? follows. ii ily, Sundays included, nuttl farther noticr. viz:? LiCAVti NEWARK, I LEAVE NEW VoMK. Foot of Ceutr* street. Foot of Barclay street. 7.*i A. M. | 4 P.M. The Pa?satc hn been lengh-ned 55 feet, and it now two hue (Inn) ninl tweity feet lot*. she hat a new boiler, and a new, commodious sad elegantly famish-d d-ck stloon. 60 leei in length. ,vad it in comple o orlir Her accrinmonatious for fiei;ht? .id | a.tfiigert t.rtv* era very much improved. Fi? iul't r-.rried t redueed Mte?. *|26 lm*m A) ?Bi FARE Si 51.?Kegulir Opposition Line between Philadelphia ?nd Baltnnote, from the AavM^ScMriblowi-r lid? ot Che-tout sfeet Wharf, eveiy >'lornirig, Sundayr. exempted, at 7 o'clock, through in 9 hours, vir..: Ches\peakv and Di 1-iw.ue (.'anal, and connect with all tin I mo i mu'h *i d west from lSnltim >>e. Oil tl.e U 1 wa.e, On Chesapeak- Buy. Steamer rORTSVJOTJTH. JHeamer TrfOsK. JVKKKB Capt. J. Devoe. SON, Capt. Phi'lips. And ili'ou.'li tin Canal, a distance of 13 mil?s only, aie first rate p <Clitt to .tt. lit l'a< t t!i''accommodation by this line, both for treed and Comfort, is canal to any tf jier line between the two ciiut. Philadelphia, April 17, 13lj M011HI8 BUCKM AN, Agent. >17 lm*m "llice No. 38 South Whaives. MOKNINO I.INK, AT 7 O'CLOCK, FOR ALBANY, TROY, and immediate landings. lnw/r-?surv stnunboat TROY, Captain A Gotham, w ill leave p.e.v Yi ik Irorn the piei At the toot of Barclay ?tr et at 7 o'c'?ck A. M., eve? Tuesday, Thursday ai.d SaWrdai . Kenniing, will leave Troy at in o'clock, A. M. mid Aibany at seven o'clock, A. M., every .Monday, Wednes day, en-l Fii'Uj. Tr ? |..? i lesure st?imboat ALBANY, leaves Now York at 7 o'clock, A. J4. VI ,Lday. Wedneidiy and Ftiaav; at Troy u C o'cl t*, A M. A Liuy at 7 o'clock, A M. iaesday, Tiiuisday UU't S-ntUttl IV For t'?-?Kc or Freight, apply on boud the boats, or to F B. 11*11, -it ih?/ flic on the wharf. kJJ PEOPLE'S LINE STEAMBOATS FOR ALBAN V ?Daily, Sundaysegcepted,through 38. .o'clocx, 1'. M?From tlis Pier he thee I,O.I Ii H'ltand Li?ety streets. i i ?? -tfitiihow kNICKKKBOCKER, Capt. A. Houghton, will I???*?; on, Wedneiday and Friday evenings, at 7 cliicn i'iie fi'? nlxiat IKJUHKSTER, Capwin R O. Crnttenden, will If iveou lurtOay, Thursday o'.dSaturday eveniugt at 7 o'clock. At 'j o'clock, P. M ? Landing at intermediate places :?from thv loot of Bi-clay street. Pie tfa nhu^t SOU 1'tl AMERICA, Caotain M. H. Traes d !i, will If'*' on IVionday, Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday ariernthiut. it i o'clock. The >ie.?mlioat CtiLUWBIA, Captain Wm. H. Perk, will |, av oa Tunday, x'iiursday and Haturday afternojns, at 5 o'clock. ras.eugert ta'uing the above lines will arrive in Albany in amj'lc rime to take the morning train of Cits lor the K.uic or Went. ? ifielit t-fceii at moderate rates. All persons are lor rl trn?tiu4Jtny of the boats of this line, wiUiont a n ritnn order from the Captaim or AgentJ. bur i uM2t ?r iVight, apply on hoard the boats, or to P. C., at the office o.i the Wharf. ?2trc i^iS? LiVKHPOOL Ll\E OF PACKETS.?Hegulai m P.'Ckst of tlie 6th ot May?The new. splendid, and jS^??-iiJi.*l'Ka!<t Pack-tShip HKNRY CLAY. EttgeneNve, Jljiiri, buitliea 1400 tons, will )ioaitively sail m aoove, ber teqnhr d n. 11 i?-iu superior aceemmod itions for cabin, secona cabin, ni.d iti:er?Ke passengers, pcrsous about embarking by ibis sn Kert ir and *i>leudid P^eket, should makeetrly application on oord, loot of Maiden Laue, or to the tub'-riber. JO<MSPH McMuRHAY, 1(0 Pine street, corner of Month. Th" far iri te and well knowu pa-ket Ship Patrick Henry. J. C. Delano, mister, will sneteedtlie Maury Clay, and sail on the litli f, 1 J iin*. her retiular day, aHec ' (Un LlVKKFOOL?Tlie New Line?Kegulw ? Packet 81st May?The snperior tast sailing packet J^BBWa^ip qUKK.S OF THIC WEST, II5? tons burthen, Cai't. t hilip Wood home, will sail as above, her reitalnr day. !? or frt'ncht or possase, having splendid, large and comfortable state rooint and cabin, apply to tho Captain oa board, wast side Bulling slip, or to wiHMMInt.L St M1NTURNS,?T Ponth sfreer. FiitS of P?ttHi;e. $100. i lie paclteL ship lliicVjter, IW tons, Captain John Bri'ton, will nrrrvil the Qu en of tbeWeit, and sail on Iter regular day, the fclst of J?m. alt ec FOB BAL ZB, Honduras, to sail with iteipatch? kThs t/art>ue JOil.N R. OARUNER, Jamts l ederioo _? a t r . n< ge ouly, having rnperior atcommcdations, apply to th.; Cu./taiu ..ii boa.'d, Pier 11 Enst R ret, or to P. ALttXANDRH, aJO l??rli t* H ,nh niest. LONDON PACK ET?Packet of ths l*th May? kfltjMfWTt>e tiilrnilid and fi't nsllloi; pirket Miip Ntlll JHhM^TIIUSfBK111.aN17, C^'nn 'Jri9i-"id, ti'1 pnai tiveiy ? M as ubore, h-r fgnlnr any. Pi-i -oi.? a'unt to embark for th" old ronntry ihoeld not fail to mak--arty npplieition t" W ft J. T. fAl'SCOTP, n*m 7^ Sonth -tf^-t, epr. Mni'?n lane. PACKETS 'lilt HArpK-Svmn'l Mne-The ? pickntship ttT. NICOLAS, John B. Pell, matter, Bwil, sail o? the rrs? Inn.. POlfD A H1NCKF.N, Agenlt, * ' r * rh i Toatiae Bnilding A* f OR LIVEKt'OOtr-Fiut Packet Shim?The f*sl'ail.",? f cket thip \ OHK9H iRf,, Capt |i)#^B 'i!ey willp-nrtvelysttlouih. 16th May, and the Siehet strip BlIBKIUAN Capt Depsyster, will sail on the itS May, I'er ie;ul .Y day. For pattaae, hiving nnturpatsed aecrmmodations. in cabin and teerste, Hpply to JOHN HEIIDWaN, tn ' trh 61 Somh s rest. FOU Tiir.W OMLh.Ai>H?Louisiana nd ISfW *LV,tVYnrk Line?Heunlsr Packet to nail 6tn May?The Jyatjfcelatr.iul. f?it sailing, paeketship MARTHA W/IBH l.smu V, Capt. vent, will lositively sail as hbove, her ic uul ir day. Km frrinht or pastan, having handsome furnished accom nodati mi, apply on board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall tiiee*,orto E K. COLLINS k CO .M South st. Agent in New Oileans JAMES WOODRUFF, who will prriopuy forward all uooda to his address. mSrc LONDON LINE <"F PACKK.T8-The splendid nid f >?t sailing packet ship NORTHU V1BKII .LAND, R H. Oriswold,master, will tail ou the 19th ,-i . .i < herrenular day Having tnpsrlor arcommodations for cabin, second cahin and si' erago p??engsrs rertons about to embaik should m*ke early ?i"'lii.Hion to lie subacriber. JOSEPH M'MURRAY, too I'ine Itrret, correr .South. P. S?Tlie fivontp packet thi iULAUIA'l OR. ?'ai>t Bunt inK, in is'sr, wnl tncceel the above, and (sail on the 2flth May, her rnjii ?' 'lav. ma It'rh M'u LItKKft'UL?New Line?tteKi.lar Packet aJMRfVof the CS h Mav?The rl -g.iut, fair ?a ling, packet i^fi?.l,.ti SHERIDAN, rapt. A. V. i.e Peytter'.of MIM l( ? , ill s .ii .iigbif* her-Hgulu day. K'.'- fruixti'' r paigigfl. liav.iM accoinmodatiog ?sc<iualVd for a t< I'dor and, a> ply onboard, U Or lean i wharf, foot oi \V&11 stmtt, or to K. K. COLLINS It CO., 56 South st. Price oft?s??g? f 110. , _ . , IVcke snip Owjick, Capt B. J. H. Trssk, of I'OO tons, will snreeed the Sheridan acd ssil 26th June, her regular day. nil ej _______________________ BEE8WAX?I cask aad II bbls Beeswai. For sals by ml E. K. COLLINS k CO.. M Sontk st. Infidel Meeting at National Hall, Laat Sabbatll Evening Some two or three wrrln ago, we gave a report of a meeting of this now Beet, and we have mow to describe a f urther gathering, which took place on Sunday afternoon, in the large room at National Hall. There were present some three score, in cludiug four or fitre females, one of whom appear ed to take an active part in the management of the afTiirs there discussed. A Dr. Hull openedthebusiucss, by delivering a lecture outhe progress of civilization, in which he contended that the Bible was so full of errors nnd contradictions, that there would be no crcdit, even t? au uninspired writer, to have been the author of it; that commentators and reverend writers on it, would not listen to reason in the dis cussion of its improbabilities, and could rarely be got to admit its imperfections, with the exception of two divines, viz t the late Dr. Ciianning, and the present Dr. Dowey. The Swedenborgiau doc trine, indeed, declared that it was imperfect; but to admit that doctrine would be more uphill work than even the present Christian religion. Bat since it is so difficult, when the Bible is criticised and analfbed in the same spirit as other bork?, to comprehend and reconcile its differences, how is it we find so many priests to uphold it 1 Thu truth was that they were well paid for it; fat alaries were poured in on them. What makes every dootrine clear ? About two hundred pounds u year. The Btate of civilization of that tribe calling themselves in the ancient times " the chosen tribe," was, evidently, but little advanced, aa ap peared by their backwardness in the arts, sciences, and more particularly, in their form of govern ment. The degrees of civil.zition to which a na tion had arrived, were always indicated by their form of government. In thelo>vestcondition,weliud polities aud religion joined ; in the 3nd, a prieatiy or ec clesiastical government; in the 3rd, the psliticti and ecclesiastical divided ; 4.h, a one man power or king ; in the Aih. a mixed government, with the elective franchise restricted, influence of population increased, arts, agri culture snd aims attain to perfection, great personal free dom, though still the priests retain power, as in England; in the 8th stage, the popular voice discover their rights, a republican government takes |lice, and man has now attained the greatest freedom we know of, both personal ly und politically, entirely at liberty, save interfering with the rights ol others, and with no more taxation save such as is ab:olutely neemwary lor the administration of government Such is the government of the United State*. In this stage, religion is separated entirely Irom govercinent. The opinions ol men on this subject are so various and extended, that under a republ can form it would be impossible to mingle a religious ruitrict^pn. The influence of priests has alwsys b.en greater over women than men?it his been said, that a* the apostles were delegated to be fi .hers ef men, so have their toilow erj degenerated into Ushers of women. They generally time their visits when husband* and brothers are absent, and 'tis strauge men should ?o give up their natural right to protect and watoh over those they have sworn so to do. What are the mentis of the clergy?does not their character stink in the nostrils ef public o[ ini >n 1 When their actions and thought* are laid bare, what are they 7 Look at them, and note the long lift of reverend delin quents, fiom Avery down to the Oaderdonhs. If there J* but a shadow of reason for the accusations brought against them, whit a picture it presents. The Isratlirud of old were in the 2nd stage of civil.zatlon; tbiy were un der the diieotion of a High Pritst, whs was consulted on all occasions, and implicitly obeyed, because be prefaced his directions with the words "Thus, saith the Lord."; They were a mire barbarous and uociviliied people than is generally suppot d j witness the laws of Mose? chit fly directed toward* their person*! habits and dross Their consciences were entirely in the keeping of the priests, whom-.hty wore perfect slaves to. II a man was netray ed into vowing anything to the Loid, he hud little chance of rescuing it Irom the hands ol the priest*, even wore it'a human aicrtf?- Wituess tho sacrifice of the daughter by Jepthah. and wherefore the extreme anxiety of the priesthood to exact even np to a fellow being's life, lor the purpose ef striking terror into the people and keeping theai In their errors, as is clclily piov-.d by various texts in the Bible How great must have bean the debasement ofhuman nature to autrait to there things The D.ctor then went on tn compare the warfare of the Jews, ss related in the Bible, with that of the African* ef the prosent day, as detailed by Major Harris in his work on Africa ; and urgued liosa the similarity of their mod.!*, that their social state mutt have been equally sunk in brutality as tho o ot t!io Africans of the present day aie kuowntobe; and concluded by comparing the pri*?t hooJ of the present day to the necromancy o: the ancients, and lio;>ed that this delusion would pass uwey ss thnthan done, und indu'grd in the anticipation ot his sudiriice and sect beeemli g yet tho true and accepted tear hers ot science, reason Hud'ptiilosophy. This lecture elicited considerable applause f;otn his au dience, nail at the conclusion cfit. Mr. Vale proposed a collection shonl 1 betaken uj (or the purpose ot paying the expeose of th* roojo. Tne ladies he said were admit ted tree?, but the gen'lemen were oxpccted t.i pay 6j each, which having been done, a meeting was organ iia to elect delegates to attend the Convention to he hi Id next tunJay, at the Coliseum. After mu:h discission, and the exhibition of soma feelli g among the member.', they fl jally concurred in the clec un of twenty delegates to attend the (Jrand Convention, where, doubtless, the unit ed wisdom of these erudi e gentry will, by their delibera tions, set la motion the entno regeneration ol this mil taken world. Mcamerlera and Infidelity?Lecture of O. S. at Clinton Hall?l'be Origin of Life?Ulan a Galvanic Mattery. Od Thursday evening last, we attended Mr. O. 8 F.w let's first lecture at Clinton Hall, on that toysteiiiui, wonderful, and sublime science, called Mesnwrum His audience was small but veiy selcct, the msjoruy being la lies? (by the way it is ctiriou* to see how the lair daughters of Eve s'iil long alter the maivellous and for bidden.)* The learned orator In his peculiarly impressive man ner, so well adapted to the mysterious nature of his subj>*rt, commenced by stating in broad term?, some startling and novel i lea* in relation to the Origin cf Life. Wengurd theae views as peculiar, and de.-erving the a'tonii^n of the piou ? and religioua portion ol our renders, as they wilibe seen to bj at war Willi the doctrinea and precept* inculcated by the wise and bnrntd doctor* ol tne ?ge. Tne lectursr began by s yiig-We know what life it by observation and experience, but bow ant! why it is has ever remained an impenetrable secret of nature which the human mind has hereto'ore failed in discovering? wo find, however.nature in all her operations, works by means? me,us which are 11 * ays capable of producing the end designed So fsr well?but now comei a propu position whick all must see is pla'nly infllel. Tno lec turer sta'ing in plain terma his be-llel that in the beginning, Deity, after having endowed the finely diffused atoms which floated in infinite space with certain piopurties aud laws, left them to tske care of themselves. And these chaotic particles, by virtuo ot their attribates alone, pro duced tho present earth. Thise attributes or Isws ware galvanirm and electricity, which are one an 1 the tarns thing as magnetisn-which Is the orlgiu of life?of ani mal ant vegetable life - beginning at the lowest and mast Iiiimetlve lype. and aicending up to man. Idonotbe ieve (end Mr. Fowler) tast Deity specially superintends the ope; ntions of nature; but that mugnetl.m supports the earth in its journey, upholds the volar system, and g.vss war .iith snd nourishment to sll keings. it is the cause of light snd heat, and it is an atcir;alu>dfact that galvanism (which is only another name far magnetism) will cctue vegetables to grow and flourish?it will therefore make ammils grow, betwen whom and vegetables a wonder ful analogy exists The leaves of vegetable* correspond ing with the lungs df animals?we ai*o flud thatveg?'ta bi< a have the aaino circulatory apparatus as animal*? the same respiratory organs?the *amo in piinciple, and both need food and Lourishment; what ia tne ot th* lower order of animals m also tiui of irun. F.very hi" man being is but a galvanic battery; hi* two Intcrnalsind external-rur Lcrs ol m'icou* membrann and the epidermis corrcapend ing to the two surfaces ot ?,?nc nnd copper In tfcs battory. Both are the state of the atmosphere-?a vlgo rous condition of which sends t- * n-echine on with plan sure, and vice versa. Mr fowled now eTert'l :o apply tho galvanic battery to any one of the andienee. A ?e?v tlemau stepped forward, and 'oek held of the vires. D ?ej it hnrt you now, sir'' No. Doi a it now (giving the lustramct increase'! ptmer). No. Now? Yes?yes, oh' yes I should think it did, screamed the pa tient. Mr. Fowler now tried another experiment with the horse shoe magnet, but tailing to produce tlie desired ?! feet, contested he had not thoroughly examined hia sub ject, hut lelt (to use his own teim) somewhat flustered Hh would proceed, however, to human magnetiim, aud wUhed to nat-* his Arm belie! in clairvoyance, and his opinion that all diseases which arise trom an unequal dis trihution of the ma^neli; fl lid, may be cured by ruanipu lations, where he explained the operation in a ve-y scien tific manner. I wi?h to state a fact, said Mr Fowler, gleaned Irom ex perienoe. If you wish to stop hunger, jon have only to lay your linger on tho organ of alim-ntivenefS, nnd prese hard against It. Yon may by thn meins tlhy the IMiMt gnawing appHitr. fW.: would lespectlllly rworn it'll this mttliiKi to all uufortunate hungry devils, who have not the wherewithal to purche?e a dinner ] Final ly, I WMlld recommend von to sub cribe to the Threno logics! journal, In which 1 lnt?ud ceniinning this *u?\)--t In relereace to the origin cf lite; and, on next l'hursdoy srenlng, I sh >11 lecture on magnetism again The midiencc appeared satlifled with the lecture; ard we anticipate som.: rich and astounding revelations in tha couiS'- which is to be given A post mortem examination ban been made on llie body ot'Mrs.To,''ias,who ilieo mysteriously at Dayton, Ohio, some time ago. The physioians w*re of the opin ion ihat her (loath na 1 been occasioned by poison Tlure Woro suspicions that her husband had administered the deadly drug, hut subsequent investigations have tended to clear him of so foul a suspicion. A fountain is to be tree ted iu Capital Square, Kictamond, Va., in the course ol the praMat lummer National Academy of Design. No. 172. Jacob Barker, Esq , by H Intnun.?A great heud; delightfully fl-shy. li is miterially in jured by the pictures surrounding it; and had the hanging committee been determined upon killing it. thev cou'd not have managed the affair more skilfully. We do not insinuate that it is inten tional; but ihey d serve censure lor subjecting the only head cf an absent artist to such u severe or dral. No. 173. Portrait of a Gentleman, by A? H IVcnzIer.?This portrait, and the one numbered 180, are the works ot a powerful artist?there is a strength and solidity ab out them that is quite re freshing. They remind us of Daguerreotypes, so true are they. No. 175. Landscape Composition, by A B.Du rand.?As a vvhole, this composition is interior io No. 171; yet there are points in it equal to nature hersell, and that is saying all that language is ca paWle of; but the shadow on the right ol the pic ture, the distant laud, and the durker parts ol the s'ty are not equil to the balance of the picture. There is not tu this the peculiar unity,so charming in most ot this artist's productions No 176 Cupid Begging for his Arrowt, by H. P. Gray.?Sweetly colored, and drawn with much beauty; yet it bears the stamp of antiquity that Mr. <i pu's upon all of his productions No 177 landscape-October, by J R Blaktr. ?Very good No. 178. lite MUl-Suns't, by T. Cole ?Were Durand's sunshine not dazzling our memory, we would suppose this almost i>erfection. No 182. Portrait of a Ijidy, by J. Herring ? No! 183 landscape?Road Sccne, by J. L I Vil linmt ?Centre clump of trees prettily touched ? coloring sombre and unpleasant No. 184 Portrait of a Lady, by C C. Ingham. ?Hand and arm delightfully painud. No. 185. landscape, by J. Talbot.?H-l broke I No! 186 Twilight?View in Sidlivan County, by J F Croptey ? Rich in tone?got d foliage-sky crude. No 189. ? 1 he Novel Reader, by E. White.?De cidedly unpoetical. With such a beautitu! model, Mr. W., you should hare done better No. 190 Study from Life, by C, L Elliott ? Strong Hi.d vigorous; eyrs slightly ?ut of drawing. No. 191. Portrait of a Boy, by J. G. Chapman.? Beautiful and hard. No. 195. Dance of the Hiymakers, by IV L. Mount?Perfect in character. Like all of Mr. M.'s familiar scenes, the expression and details le lve nothing to be wished for. No. 199 Thomas Hicks, by Thomas Hicks.? Very creditable head?somewnat constrained. No. 200 Portrait oj a lady, by C. L. Elliott ? This is not equal to Mr E's mal** heads. No. 203. Group of Children, by G. Linden ? Very badly arranged?tit, tat, toe. No 205. Green Pond, Morrit County, by J.Tal bot ?Another sunset. Tnis, however, is quite unique, and unlike all other sunsets that we have ever sren, either in nature or on canvass No. 206 Skirmish of Htrse-(Lieut. Col. Wash ington in the midst of the British dragoons, at the battle of the Cowpens)-f<y IV. Ranney ?The art ist has just failed making an admirable picture? with almost every other requisite, it lacks, for this kind of subject so very important, action. The horses and figures seem galvan'zed into their posi tions, and there is no apparent evidence that they ever intend altering them. We sincerely regret that Mr. It has not been more cautious. A battle scene requires all the excitement of the moat vio leut action, and one step further would have pro duced the desired eflect. The coloring aud group ing command our admiration. No. 211. " Rachel Envied her Sister," by J. G Chapman ?Drapery of Rachel charmingly paint ed, and the entire arrangement of the subject agree able. No 213 Head of a Greyhound, by IV J. Bolton. ?Natural. ? .. No 214 Popping the Question, by W. T. van Zandt ? Looks more like a prisoner sentenced to dcatti begging for a reprieve. Popping the ques tion is, certaiiilv, a serious afliir, particularly if there is anv probability of being accepted, but we hirdly ihmk the mutter requires su:h a dolorous cast, of countenance as the love maddened indivi dual indulges in. We have seen p< rseus actually getting married without displaying 6uch a vast amount of uneasy wretchedness. The miserable expression of the gentleman is the characterise ot the picture?for there is not oue happy touch in the whole n flair. - , , _ No. 215. Pats of Mount St. Gothard, by H. C Stlons.?A clever picture. Can't aecouut lor the mass of intense blue in the v?tllt?y?rotks ure not ol that color, and it is too solid to be v*?nor. No. 218. Spirit of '76, by T H. Matltson.? Figures well grouped. The old man examining the market is remarkably natural. No. 220 Horace Knedand, Sculptor, by C. L El liott ?Strong in ch.uacter, *nu painted withabold pen:il. , . . No. 223 The Bride, b.y A D. l)wand.?Lind bc.ip*. is Mr. U.'s l^r'e. No 224. Cloudy Twilight, by C. P- Crunch ? Wr wisti it bad b-eu uient?it?ky dcrk. No 227. The Xew Scholar, by F. IV Edmonds. ?This picture comes honi;-to iue memory of ul niait everv '?country gentleman" who was smt to school, ft strikes loudly upon the knocker ot our memory, and we admit it at once, for it recalls much pleasure, ulthougn in the retrospect some paiu is evolved., to 8>fsk transcendentally. The figure of 'he " master." witu his sceptre cautiously put out of sight, is admirable?indeed the whole thing is an " o'er tine tal?." No 232 Penitents, by I). Huntington ?We look in vain lor the Huuuugion we formerly admired, in the preepnt exhibited works ol this ouce promis ing artist, lie has degenerated into a style neither agreeable or truthful. Thtre is a stagnant green ness over all Ins works that we cannot leel the ne cessity lor, at-d cannot admire. Yet i3 there much beauty left?the lemalc figure aud the child are finely modeled. Ko. 233 View on Esopus Creek, by S. F. Crop sey ? A delicate little picture. Theatricals. Ac. Mr. Co!ton is administering laughing gas to sun dry residents of Boston. The Hntchinaons have been highly successful in thair last trip to Bottom. They ting once more,in Lynn, and then " tor home." The. Misses Bramson have been well received in Norfolk. Messrs. Henry and Keevil are displaying their plant tirinm. and lecturing on a>tronoTr.y with great sue ceaa in Buftito. Mons. A'irent, the celebrated magician, is draw ing crowded houses in Baltimore The Orphean Family gave their farewell concert in 8arannah on Monday last. Mr Fry, the author of the Libretta of Norma, ii cooking up a new opera fur thetioupe. Miss Kmma lace is rehearsing a new melo-drn matic piece, in the Celeste style. The main character in tho piece is 0 ceitbrnted Polish heroine. The ?q'iestrian portion of G?n. Welch's com pany gave h p?rtormnce at Mansyunk on Monday BiRht, and one at NorrMoarn on Tuesday night. The Jtarmoneon F.tmily, are at present giving cocrert* in tho rur..l di'triMi cf T'ovn 9?"otir< T.j<?y es prit t? return the 1 "r*itStates ria Jo!<n?. Jvlwnrd--,formerly nbuflo r.ngeri" PhilRdelphin. Is n'. Oilre/iton, T?*?i?eo Is CherlM nettlop C"Midora''le profits. The benefit of Borghrse at New Orleans, on t!>e 981 ult. was attended by n most fai.h,ona*>leon<i r'im"o?rt Th" lolloping evening was devoted to the benefit of Plgvora Hicci. On Friday morning Messrs. f^den A*. Weeks' splen'i.l and *-trnrlrp. n.siavan of wild animnW, entered Philadelphia nrrl paroded through a nntnberof ihe prinei p-il sirerts, with a (lae hind ol music in? beautllulli dero ratcd oar, drawn by fjtir full grown elephants, finally pitch i .g thoir quarter.1 in a rapacious p iviilion on Broad street between Chesnut and Walnut itiett Mr. Shires h id a bumper benefit on the 2H;h ult. in Cincinnati. A few days following, he proceeded to Httaburgh tofl'.lno engagement in that city. A transposing piano, enables the player % transpose a composition from whole cotes, is mentioned as a recent French invention. Pirraiitci the Penalty or War.?Tlie British forces seut to the hast Indies lor purposes of conquest are followed by frightful pestilence. On* of the advices trom Scindtt say : ?''The country has bfen found literally the grave of our soldiers " A Bombay paper, of Felt. 1, ssys' " Her Majesty's 7R!h Highlanders are now at Hyderabad ; they aro on their way to the sea coast for the reoov ry at

tteirhealtn. Everyman is either now tick or has re. cently batn in the hospital. Tnere have died since the 1st of 9'ptimb ;r, 402 meo, 34 women, and i3j children?or SAO in ail, brlorji.ig to the regiment Tha deaths conti nue at tue rate of iro:n four to eight per diem, and the corps, unless itmjveJ, threatens speedily to bccosno cx tinct." From the Sabink Rivrk.?Th? brig Apilacht coln, Capt. Smith, arrived at New Orleans on the 9)d ult. in six days from the Sabine, reports that every person on the river was in favor of annexation. No news. Earl Ferrars of England, was lately sued by an amtabla.and respectable lady, for a breach ol marriage promise. Boston: [ of the Herald.] Boston, May 1st, 1843. Mai/ Day in Boston?All Out of Season?A May Day Clam Scrape?Steamer Caledonia Sailed? The Texas Runaway?A IVootlen Nutmeg Sec rttary?Spit it of the Gallant Texiuns?Rise in Westirn Railroad Stock* ?Corporation Sijuabblts Settled?''Morton, or Smiles and Tears" of Office Holders?Meetings to Stand by the Government ?Influence of the Herald? Ex-Chancellor Bibb, and his IVorms, fyc. fyr. This id a day deur to lovers and other sentimen tal liib, and one of especial row and rumpus in your goodly city. The Yankees, instead of adopt ing the New York fashion of moving on May day, move just when they please, summer or winter; and to my notion that is much the best way. There is, however, a good deal of this upon May day here, erpecially in the morning, when the fair sex and their admirers troop off into the country, on horseback, on toot, or in vehicles, in puauit of flowers- URh! Flowers tuch a day as this! One might a** well look for them in the inidst of a Si berian winter. Here and there, you may see un apiicot tree 111 bloom upon the 1st of May, but the flowers are not so green aa to show their heads yet a while. They have too much respect for u certain personage called John l-Vost, E?q 1 was silly enough once to get up early of a May morn ing and go out lor flowers, with one or two good fellows, and what do you think we brought home, Mr. Editor 1 Why a bag ot clams J Yes, clams, regular bivalves-bv ye gods. Not finding any green spries upon Dorchester heights, and .-eeing the beach below temptingly exposed by the low state of the tide, we just look some pointed sticks and dug up a mees of clams, which we brought home and had made into a moBt glorious clam soup. So touch for my exploits at Maying. The steadier Caledonia sailed this day at two o'clock for Halifax and England, with a full list of passengers. Among them was that Texas run away Secretary of State, Aahbel Smith, Esq., who went cfl incog. 1 am told that he is a regu lar Connecticut wooden-nutmeg Yankee. He has reversed the usual initial designation given to ab sconding rogues. Instead ol G T. T. (gone to Texas,) he must be reported Cr F. T , (gone from Texas) anH as I learn, the people ol Texas are pro. toundly ignorant of his destination and of his pur poses. When he gels back from England he may find that he is a private citizen, and the government which appointed him tumbled into ihe kennel. The people of Texus are not ihe sort of folks to stand much nonsense Irom their rulers, and it ihe latter try to trade them off lo John IJull,a revolution and deposition will be short and easy work with ihe worshippers of a lone star. Western railroad stock went uj> on? per cent yesterday, viz , to 102 This is said to be in con sequence of the settlement upon amicable terms ol a difference between theWeatern company and the Worcester railroad company, ns to the compensa tion to be allowed by the former to the latier far hauling their freight and passengers between Bos ton ana Worcester. The Western road only ex tends from Albany to Worcester, and cf course has to come under the grasping dominion of the Boston and Worcester railroad, in getting its freight and fares brought to Boston. Tnia state ot affairs has given rise to a good deal of heart-burn ing, and at the last session of the Legislature, the matter was so regulated that the arrangement now t fleeted is ihe result thereot. But that extra dollar iathe price of shares will soon be whittled up, and nine more besides, if that road from New York to Albany is ever built. The National Theatre if just now running a local dra ma,written by Wm 0. English, Esq , of this city, the title of which, to say the les?t, n mo?t opportune at t!u* time. It is " Morton, or Srniloa and Tear;:." Tiie pluy is a withy washy affair,ot no great point, but the titlo mikes tome talk; it i? so pat to thealventoi Moitonto the Oni torn House; the smiles he will make by hia appointments, and th-J teaiS he will cause by his removals. The Gover nor goes into offtoe" calm a* a summer's morniag" and like an astute headsman poise* his axe in air, curvcys his work, and disposes himuil to do i'. decently and elfectu ally. The blow.i, t ihink, v. ill not fall very fait or thick, but will bo mo?t?flVctual when they do come. Oh, the smiles and tears thut they will call forth ! Vwu say that there is lo be a public meeting in New Vork, in espective of partus, to consider ti e subject oi our foreign relations This is u good and a patriotic movement, and if tbe ri^ht aoit of folks take hold ct it? not youisoullbacr polit.ciaus or your canting l'anat?c-, but good sulutautia! men of coirmon sense, who know wh?t the honor rn I the intorcsts of the country demand at this crisis, the consequences thereof roust be very use ful in strengthen in g tint hands ol onr government, snd showing to toreigu intermeddlers that young America is one and indivisible, tip and doin j, and bound to go through by day light. A sim.lir meeting is under contemplation in Boston, and yon will probably ere Ion t h .-ar Konker Hill thuoderitg aw;iy,and the fcttnds reverberating from the walls ol old Faiiouil Hall a 11 party distinctions should befotgo'ton, and men should stand toge'her shoul der to sbonMar when the honor of our country is con cerned. 1 hope to God they will do so. but if they do, it is not the party pr,>ss that will mike them ; indt pendent journals like the Herald mint do ihe business, snJ so far thov hive done much towards it. I see that theparers are mak'.rg somo sport ot that dapper lttle man, Ex-Secrr tary Bi.ib, who, having re signed the seals of the Treasury, is still Ashing at W ash io??ton Bibb baits with trgle, they say, and ii?hes for m.nno*s, which ot ccurse is something ot a change fiom his former pursuits, wh'*n he baited wi;h olHi-es and fished lor Tyler men He will, however, do the country foil as much good In his present pursuit as in his former; bnt if the fishes in the I'oiomac are ol Christian principles it is fortunate tor them that they ore de?f, tor the li'.tle man in black swears like a trooper. Some funny stories are told about the manner in which he received visitors upen business when he was Secre tary of the Tieaaury .every o-.her worJ being interlarded a la Sandw ich, with a poetical expression much more energetic than reverend. But be is a good soul, and an honest - one who wears his heart upon his sleeve?and I wish no barm may come to him in his adventurous p.sea tory pursuits upon the Central bridge. Yours, as ever, Gcv Fai'X. Effects of the Storm of Friday Last?lite storm which passed over Baltimore on Friday even ing, appears to have visi'ed a long range of the Atlantic coast. It coMmenced at Alexandria about half fast five o'clock, Washington a little before six o'clock, and Bos ton between nine and ten o'clock, and here between ten and eleven. Mrs. Forney, wife of Jacob Forney, (farmer,) residing on the Westminster road, If mile* from Hanover, Pa., was killed by lightning during the storm of that evening. A little girl, sitting by her side, escsped unhurt At Abingdon, Md., the storm was unprecedented Such lightning and thunder, which continued nearly all night, had never before been experienced. The hsil that fell was as large as pullets.eggs, breaking several hundred panes of glass in the academy and different private residences. . A flash of lightning passed down a small hickory tree standing very near tLe pi.zia in front ol the residence of Green Kenn, Esq., ol Westville, Miss., and when nearly upon a parallel of height with the rocf of the house, glanced off in several directions, striking and badly stun, ning some eight or ten persons, who were in the pis* 7a near the bise of tho tree, three olwhom wereinstantty ktile I HoRRiwf.K.?A Lyons paper gives the following: facts ?Olo day during last febrn-uy, two men an 1 two I women, one ot trhom carried a newly born infmt, left the villar* of nencstour, in the atternoon, lor the church of St. H'ton, forth? r'trpnse *1 the infant. The road "7as covered with ?norr, nnd tbe north wind drilled It into nlgos, ?nd n-ne *"t a fa'th at ar lent as that which animated these Tour tra-reller" could, In such weather litre r;l"cn 'ho ec'-it*^ nc"es?ary to s"?t3inthem in their reli^lo'"S pilgrimage Alterthe cremry ofbaptbm, and somo rrfr>-hmentt had Oeen t:iNen a* r.n a'tberge, the two vrorr't carry ingtbe child, ret ont on their return, leaving the two nen to foll"*v immediately, when they had linish ?J drliV'iK their wine 'ti u few fiu-ite tho men left the a'tbergc and hastened to ovorMke the women. Alter welkins >om? lisfnrr and not seeli % ttiem, they t'ocame mttrh alirrted "nd ha*ten?d their steps. The truth ?.on burst ttfo*' them. In n daih vall?y, overlooked by a wood, they loond the snow stained with la.g? pools of blood, and clothing and human bones rcattcred about ? They were the remain* of the two women and the infant, who had been devoured by a troop of famished wolves. Mormons. ?We learn Iroin the Iowa Standard that the Mormon settlemeni in Iowa county, west ol Iowa City, Is in arms, and divided into two parties, threatening each other with destruction The Shotili ha? levied a pome to go up and rectify the matter, if pos siblu The difficulty ia said to have originated in tho t crrionnl appropriation ol the money and effects of the company ma te by the leader, who has chosen and armed a body -guard for his defence. l'hi) people of Nanvoo are committing ontrages on per sons who visit that place, and who have afforded the citi xoos no excuse whatever for their outrag' ous conduct. Tim f*Ror.i.?'The Paris (Monroe Co ) Men hi v ol la?t Saturday, says:?" Never have we eeen s?> gloomy a prospect for an abundant crop. There has not been rain enough to lay tho dust for months Feed, tvInch has been put into the ground, cannot vegetate, unless it should lain. W heat is dry to its roots. We li> ar complaints relative to tobacco plsnts to pilch a crop, and fears are entertained on that subject. We would ad vise f.trmers to sow tobacco seed agsm, although late in the si a -cn. If tobacco seed hosoakid in new mtik lor n lew days, and then sown, they will come np in a short time, and grow with astonishing rapidity." ! Five leet water in ihe channel, at PilUtbnrf, on 1 the Mth ult. Varieties. On Saturday test th?*re waa brought down on the Reading Railway 868 cars, carrying 3468 ton? of coal. 'J hi? in thu largest umouni ever brought down in one Jay. The Caledonia left, Boston for Liverpool on Thursday, it two o'clock P. M ; the carried out about 30,Oi 0 Jtm r?, wih ti. is usual quantity ot newspapers, and a very lirgs mail fiom Canadu, made up in ten iron chtBtn and fifteen bag*. Her passenger liit uumbeis about 6* irom that pon. It id slated that Dr. McLaughlin, an American citizen, has tominunctd a canal around the dangerous fall* in the Columbia river, at Willamette. Iu length will be about halt a mile, part ol tbu way through n solid bed oi primitive rock, aud the iall in tlie entire distance will be ubout thirty-five feet. It it contt mplated to finish iiiulwoyea:s, at aooat of thirty thousand dollars. Dr. McLaughlin lias a charter irom the Oregon Legislature for twenty years. The total amount of bet root suijar manufac tured in Great Untaiaand IrclanJiu 1841 was Ai97} cwt., anincrraeof 175Jj cwt., compared '.vim 1843 Of this, S420cwt were m'lhiilactured at Stratford, in Kasex; the remainder at Liverpool, and Portaferry, Downshiie. We learn from Columbus, Mississippi, that on Monday evening', the lfnh ult., Mr. Toland, of that county wax murdered near that town. He was in town and had received money for the cotton he had sold, and was no doubt mnrde-.ed to obtain it. Suspicions rest upon certain individuals. Tae llarriiburg Union says that the Susque hanna is now in ttno ratting order, and the up country lum'nrmi-u are availing themselves of the present flouo, to mo down their produce to market The grand paReant contemplated to mark the re opening of the We land Canal, is semiofficially ui nounced at having been postponed to the middle oi May. The St I^andry Whig estimates ihe number oi hogsheads ol ?u*ar raited in that paiish the past season, at fourteen hundred?an increase over tne previous year of upwards of seven hundred hogsheads. The Piqui Register says that the water is to be let into the Miami Extension Canal, noith of St. Marys, about the 15 h of this month, and boats are expected to pass through from Cincinnati to i oledo by the first ot June. The Dubuque Transcript says that emigration to that place has been to great this spring, that there is net a cellar or garret in the town to be rented. A large number of the * migrants are from Germany. * A person who has been travelling in the Western States says, theie is not a lady west of the Alleghaniei over tbe age of fifteen, who is not either married or " spo ken for." A new penny paper entitled the Cent, and Sa tut day Punch, has been ii.r.ied in Philadelphia. It is but an ind.tferent affair. The Northampton Gazette states that from No vember itiib, lb44, to April 18th, 1845, snow fell in that tbwn to the depth oi five fret and five inches on a level, three feet less than fell last year, and tour leet less than the year betore. The Maditon Express, Wisconsin, states that ac extensive body of copper ore has lately been discovered at .he Biraboo, Sanncouuty, the ore yielding 73 per cent The miner* are flocking theie. The General Convention of the Presbyterian Ciiurch of ths United States, will hold its annual session in Cincinnati en the 15ih Hay. A lend mine of great extent find value has been discovered ia Harden county, Illinois, on the Ohio, about ninety miles above its mouth. The Democratic Association of Washington City, of which Hives of the Globe is President, prepared, print ed and distributed three millions and a half of political tracts and pamphlets daring the rcccnt campaign. Upwards of forty new lead mines have been opened in the min>m< iunions upjn the Upper Mississippi, during the lastwintr. The inintral lands of Iowa and Wisconsin era supposed to be more productive of this metal than the whole ef Europe, with the exception ol Great Britain. Ferdinand Kennett, Keq, h.ta been tiaed #23 ?r. St. Louii, for striking tbe Rev. John M. Linn, oi the Me thodist Episcopal Chuieii. There is a colored woman, of Indian extraction, now living in Norfolk, Vs.. who is said to be 132 j ears ol age. She is yet stiong and active. The St Louis Era says one pork packing esta blishment in thai city willclt'^r $30,000,at present prices fur its stock, and one mercantile home over $16,1)00. I'hir is what is called going the whole hog. A vessel recently arrived at Havana from Ja maica, with oinngus, which sold at n g >cd profit. A cargo of 1-mo.s from ftic.Iy had also be.'n received. The master of an American ship, recently Irom London, wr.ting irom Niaiaczas, stutea thai he had taken a cargo oi box sugar at the rated current in London at tne time ot hit ls&virg. he could havesold them in Matlnzas te as tc have realized ?o per ton freight. The marble quarry of Philip Reifz-1, Esq., about cine milet Irom the city cl Lancaiter, Ph., oiiea ed ebou* a year ngo produces fine white morbiu, and is improving greatly i>* the excavation<iacreasta. It iitur -eeptible. of a vary bighpol'?h, anl is said to be peculiar in rcsi: tirg rain er f. jst. Mr. Reitsel his erected a steam power in Lancaster, at hismaible yard, atd is sawing it up into mnntels, tcmb stones, tills, and platforms. On the 6.h of VI*y the sun will rise partial',\ eclipsed, and en the 3ih Mercury will exercise himse'l by a tiattit across tbe due of Old Sol. Gov. John Adams, of Hawaii, the well known chief, last ot the oi l regiir/-, died at KiIIul Pth December. He n -.? emphatic Ily o great mat;, wiighr g, iu his vast est e>t tte, near 400 lbs. It is contradicted that Gen. Hunt, of Jefferson county, hat been ailled by a Mr. Kyle. The sum of ?4,000, was voted by (he Nova Sco tia Legislature, tor the itifftrers by the recent Caibadoep fire. Seventeen ihoutand dollars arc to be expended this so (ton in improving the hmhor of Chicago. Ti'p Montpelier IVatrhman estimates the valor of ilie sugar ciop of Veimont, the pre;ent year, a? 1,000 000 lbs. There wit a considerable feaca' at Madieon. la , on Kri day se'night, on account cf tbe abolitionists attempting to rescue u i.cgro.c'aargei with ki mapping fUvta in Ken tucky, frcm the cus'.ody of ar. etilcer bat iip him i.i charge The unities failed in their atumnt. A small rifle ball it now la our possession, says the editor of ? Iip Racine dvoratr., which wa* fired in'.o the hou.seefH N Chapman, Esq., of that village, on Monc'ay morning la,t In p'eriorating the window glass, the ball mad^anola scarcely larger than itself, and pa<s.d be ?ween tbe lieadi ot Mrs Cnapman and that of the child on her lip, lodging in the opposite side of the loom ! It is supposed the ball was fired at ducks Irom a ehot guc, on the epposite side tf the river. At Wheeling, on Tuesday, there were four feet of water in the channel?ri-ing. The Frederick Examiner says We have never feen the crops so fo: waid at tbn ?nuou of the } e<. r as they am atprejenV The whict is fine and heavy; an'i the Rye is already in the bead The prospect could not fe mtrefa vorahle. Two beautiful Arabian hcrses were brought into Sales, on Tuesday, in a batque irom Zauzibar. Tne Columbia Spy says vast quantities of iron ore are new brought into Columbia, i om the inexliausu ble teds about ubout three miles from that place Theie ore now upwards of thirty wagons employed in this busi ne-s, which h ml *bout 300 tons daily. Steamers now carry passengers from Wheeling to LouUville for frcm $3 to $.">, noard and lodging inclr.d ed. From St. Lonii or Louisville to Ntw Orleans for $10, board and lodging included. The distaneo from Louisville to New Orleans, too milet. From St. Lnuit to New Otlennt. 1SOO. The Southern papers complain of the drought, which has prevailed in that section of the country for the past tix or eight w?ks, and which has so much injured the crops. In addition to the dr*?n?'it there have t"en sc7ere frosts. The Rev. Joseph ^rocfor, for t'tirty-rx years a rreeeher of the gosped in Kertnelry, dfsu in I'rCfmbsr |-*t, and was bnried with military honor*! TT- ha-' been e notM 'nd'nn "ghter In e"tly tfnei. Beatiks or Guano T?tor?iNo ? Ta the U. S. lUs trtct Court, recently. Jumca Smith and other seaman vs. the ship BrooHI'ne:?Tht* was a libel tor estra r. sges, and dntnages fer h??)ng bee?i tatt^n on a voyage to which the libellanta had not sgreed They shippad in the Brookline, of Kalem," bcind ironi thenjrt ol ^osten to a port or ports eastward of the 0| Oood Mo;-e, or to an; other |>orts or places to tvhh h thi maat?r may s?e fit to proceed to fer the purpase of proenrii g a caigo, and back to tlie Unit??d S;a?es." So said the shipping artieles which thecraw signed. Thetlrst intimation which they received of their real dastlnatlon.they got at seo.hy orsr hearing a parley between their car'ain and the eap?ain of another ship, bound to Ichaboo for guor.o. After the Brookline came to anchor in the raads ol Ichaboe, Capt. Allyn called upon the cr> w to help load tlaa K'iclld,an English ship. At first they refused, but after all sortt of threats had been uttered in valn.thecaptain agreed to pay each man tbree pnnce sterling a ton lor loading the Euclid, and the men went to work. They aiterwar/s filled up thi Brookline, and the ship returned to Boston with her carg?,bu? the ownert refused to pay the eatia compensation prom sed by the captain fVi-st, because he was not authorised to make any such special contract; 3 I that such supplementary contraots are against the folicy of the law, and ', that the contract was mane usd> r duress Krom the testimony it appeareJthet the business of procuring gtiino is peculiarly perilou". The iilnnd Is surrounded with breakers, the wind is generally high, and men are drowned every day. A great miny are ala.i killed by tin caving in of tae MM OlthS pits, which srs nstreacherous as quicksands. OfthecrewsMom luir ta *ixinev#ry vessel are by sickness,cither by catching cold from the heavy dew s In tUe tents nan ore, oifrom theod >remitted Irotn tho cargo on board. In stow ing the cargo, a quarter of an honris ai long at anifrn can work ut a time. While working In the hold,the m< n can hardly catch hreath For the respondents, howerer, the miteoftliH Brookline testified that there was nothing nnplea'arit in the o.lor of guano, and that he usually ! carried a small pieceol it around in hit vest pocket, be I canse he liked the smell. O? |?s non ? Besfoti Poit Personal Movement*. Dr S. Inclehart has received ihe appointment of Collector oi Customs at Cleveland, In place ot Wm. Mil ford, Esq ,rtmoveJ. Mr. GliHdon is lecturing at Petersburg, a., with great success The Chief the Cherokee Nation, John Boas, ao companied by hii lady ?nd the delegation J|r|>Jn *" rokee Nation, arrivi u in Philadelphia on Ftiaay. rney are en route to Washington. William Petitt, E q , with forty miners, for tfa* Copper Hdibor Mining Compiny, i assed up yesterday | lor Lake .Superior, on hoard tne steamboat lluuoU.?Vo | hoit jtdon titer rf Wtdnetlay. Ex <t )v?"rrior Morehead hns been nominated by the whiga lor Congress in hi* district in Nerih Carolina. '1 he CincuiHHti papers state that Miss Eliza A. Dupuy, ol? Augusta, Ky , has a new novel in the pre*#, which it ij expected, will appear during the present month. Th? Hon Jonathan Philip?, of Boston, a de scendant of one of the ? arty eleTgvmm of Rowley, has presented to the Fust Congregational Society in that plane, a flac bv ll,Wuiguiog UUO pound*, anil costing about 400 dollars. Marcus Morton entered on hia duties in Boston, on Thursday, us Collector ol the port. Wm. B. Snowhook has been appointed Collector oi (he port of Chicago. William B. Bulloch, Esq., recently appointed bv the Paesideut Collector ol the Customs at Savannah, entered uprn tbe discharge of his official duties on Satur day l??t. ? , . , It ib said that Proletsor Morse has been electro mag&etised by a heautUul daughter ol the Commissioner o( Patents, and that a telegraphic communication has bee n established between the parties, which if likely to result in a co partneiship. Rev. John F. McLaren has been installed pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Hageistown, Md. L-tters from Mr. D'Abigne, dated iB March, at G?neva, state that he avss about to visit England to su Loi intend the publication ol the fourth volume of his istory. Hj has been very unwell and all the letters received from him of late have been dictated to his wife. We have it upon good authority that Sir George Simpsnn. a passenger in the Caledonia lor Boston, goes out as Gavernor of the Oregon Territory?if *?. the question oi right and possession will be brought to a speedy issue.?Halifax Htrald Movements or Travellers. There was yesterday, a still farther accession of tra vellers and visiters to the city, tf whom we enumerate I the following. At the _ Amkbican?W P Rogers/Washington; Messrs Thomp ;on arid ltives, rhila; W Appleton, Boston; James Glysen, N?w Haven; Robt E Livingston, Clermont; N Long | worth, Ohio; nod ten others Astoh?John Quiucy Adams, Qumcy, Mass., on his return home from Washington ; Ex-Governor Gibbs, or Rhode Islind , Hamilton Easter, Baltimore ; Enoch Bal lard, Boston ; J. T. Forbes. Troy ; Charles C. Guyer. Philadelphia ; A. P. Grant, Oswego ; George W Wesd, Albany ; T. B. Campbell, Nova Scotia ; Messrs Glover, Marsh, Lincoln, and Whitney, Boston ; P Outcate, Cin cinnsti; Robert Bertie, Hamilton, Canada West; P. 8h?l toa, Boston ; H. A mts, Connecticut, and twenty others. City ?John Young, Philadelphia ; Lathorp, North ampton ; Asa Pi ok. Pennsylvania ; Commodore Perrv.iT St. N.; Allied Dey, Boston; Messrs. Nottingham snd Hoi land, Virginia; Thomas Meggett, New Orleans; W Williams, Richmond, Va.; W. Neil, Columbus, Ohio ; A. Muir, Montreal, and six others. Franklin.?T. Baker, Wutertown ; W. Sawyer, Meat* Pa her, New Haven ; E D Hovty, Crawfordville i^has. Fuller, Boston; Dodge and Lemont, Vermont; W. P. Scott, New Orl'Hns;Tweedy and Lloyd,Danberry.Mass.; J. S Dotty, Buffalo; H Hoyle, Lacon: Mr. Burche, Washington; G. M. Peek, ; Mr. Fairbanks, Boston. St. Gkohies.?Cel Brooke. 8. R. Ridder, Washington; O B. Johnson, New Oileans ; S. Raddeoux, Francis Col lins, Boston ; Baldwin, Pennsylvania ; H. McCole, Bos ton ; J. Dier, Imbrechtoto, Poito Rico ; D. Rhodes, Ohio ; acd four ethos . . Gi.obk -8 Maillord. late Secretary of Joreph Bona parte and Executive of his will, 4tC., Philadelphia; W. Jameisoo, Mexico, and three others. Ho win r> - S. M. Trcutman, Philadelphia; Robert Love, Montreal; J Curti?, Canada; W. D. Maitiicd, Toronto; CoJ. J. 11. Rmfgles.Ve! niont;Uen. Hume.Coluaibus.OhiO} G W. Giiison. Illinois; XV. G. Howard, Miclugso; G. P ck, Glen'a Fells; Jinies A. B> ard, Florida; Hou. Joseph Andiews, Westchester co; Gen. Paddington, Maine; H. H. Van Dyck, Alrmny; John Kcnshaw, Ohio, and20others. Watkblv?E. M. Eaton, r.iilad; F. Tyler, Hartford; H Ruihertou, Prov; J. McCrea, Benton; C- R. Banks, do; V E. GaUslicr, Troy; John Cooper, Albany; J. Jacob, Phi del(ihi.i, and 20 others. Common Pleas. Before Judge Ulshteffer. May 'J.? President, Dir>ctor? and Co. of Merchant t' Exchmge flunk v Henry IVtlket -ThU was an action en a promissory ^oie drutvu by i.'elendaat for il600, fous month" aft?-r da'e, payable to the orirr of John Laturge, and discouated by plaintiffs at Merchants' Exchange BaaU The signature of the maker wasaomitUd, and plaintiffs pion-d, by Wm A. Johnson, Lafarge's endorse m'nt. Tbe defence as?un.ed, 1st, That the note ha 1 been at the ?>, k by Lilarge; and. constquently, the pl.intilft had no interest in it 21, That delendant had giv< n to Liiiarfte, who really owned tho note, a bond sdo mor'gi ?e ou tviuty -ftve :ots ol groumt iiiManhaitsuville, toiDdimnily Ls'i-rge agiintt his liability as ?naorter, which lie sulI holds, and thut this being, iu contempla tion of law, a suit hetwee n endorser snd maker, the latter hi's s riaht to sot ti.?the ton \ mor;gn^? as defence to a-.tion. Plsintifls' connsel objected, 1st, That th" giving oftUe bjud aud mortgage did not amount to pay ment of the note, acd wcro spe -ial matter, and could not be g'ven tn evidence under the general issue. 3.', That it went to show only u partial discharge of cause ol action, and ccu'.d rot I e given in evidence forwantof notice. Ob ftC'ion* orrrrulef?, and testimony lubj^ctto exception The detence proved thbt LqUtk* wmi ?ndorr?r .,u uaother note, drawn by defendanf, which had been proteft^d; that shortly belote this note lell due, Lafsrge lift $IN Oat the Bank, to pro'tot his credit, in case the not^*in question should t o p-oteeted, ami directed the Bink t? sue the note, if it was not paid by the maker.? Thi *lf.00 wss not leit to pay the note, but to protect the B:ink ?Rjinst the non-pay moat otthe note, and to sn.tsin L-iarge s was teit nvo oi three days before tbe note. r. H due, and h?4 since been anplird in dUcharge oi Lifarge's liabilities to the Bsr.k The Bank has at FT*" ?i i,t uo iute-c t .n tho note. Detendan'.'s counsel then cff. ii i to t?td thn bond ai d mo'gage, a'.orementioned. ri .inttffs' connsrl objecte I, 1st, No notice that it would be offered lu evidence on trial was given with delindanf* idea. Ul, That it was a mere itcwrity for payment, and not a payment; <>nd, thpreiore,r.ot a bar to this action ? 3d That the note was not autttcieutly identified hy tne mortgage, and that parol evidenc? could not be inirodn c<?d to supply a defect in au agreement in writing under so\l. His Honor permittrd it to be read, subject to excep tion, and to his cha ge to the Jury on the law relative thereto The Court charged '.hat under the Revised Hta u:es and the evidenco, this must be con .idered 'as an action between Lafarge, the en dorser, lor whose bcLrfit tho suit was brought, and Henry Wilkes, the maker, and that defendant had a liKht to show anything by way of defence to this action, although brought in the nsme ot the bank, which he could have shown had it been hroiisht in the name of La Urge. That th? only question for the jury to determine. wa? whether themoitgpge amounted to a payment ef the note to Litp.rge, or wus given lo him merely as collateral or other security for the payment; thst if given as a mere oecuiity, it did notdestioy a right ol action on the note, al'hcngh it had been taken up by the en("srser ss stated, subkeV, however, to the righl ot defendant to set up sny defence against tho hank hy way of s. t iff or otheiwise, which he could have made ?galns:Lsfjrge the end?"". If th - suit had been brcnght in liis name. J erdhrt or 1 niomiifi' 17 tlrtiriafiffS- S C(nts co^ts. John M? MOT En Mq ^fir t ?a?tm""fi. W. Warner end E. Wilkes for ol v, Th,,mo, L ^rr.?-TW?i an action ot hSeumsit to recover a bill for coal hirntshed lo the defendant by plaintiff between the years IMfli and 1?H. ri-.a uon B'ssumSit. ^ erdict fT plaint.ft flil Kt. f'eor^e Pnchhfttn for plaintiff; R. F. Winilew, for de t.!l ClrrnltCnart. Pefore Jttdgo Nelson. "r-r 3-Cn*?.Vav wnat^roi'ffhtto'rialon an Indictment -har^inp b:m w"h mntlny, fcj. on b "ird the ship Nat chez, Captaiu Watetr*?!?n, *vh)!? on ? voyage from thia port to ' alpirnbe, Canton, and Intermediate pert? It ap prat' from the evidence ef "rpt. Watemian, who wu cnlie<'tiv t^e proevcntion, that the Natclu'sailed from New York on said voyare In .Tune, and relumed in April, IS44. Vail seivnl ??? "anten through the voyage. When Hhont one month out, thf?c?ptnin directed the mate to bring Vail, who wn- firw?rd, alt. io order to punish h:m for Indolence aim dt??h?d)eeoe. \ ril rs.i:-ed to come, but after aome tiottble. wji brought pit. when he received 9" lashts wiih 11 rat ol three tails. A? Vail wax being tied up forth? fogging, he railed on Lis "omradea to as ?ist him. Two stepped on the qitar-er deck, hut, on being ordered ftwsy, retire.). Fli niy I irmei tf tifltd, that he vis a penman on T'nard (he Natohtx during thi^ voyage; that he had sevi ral intorvh ws with 4 barley, as they call ed Vail all tourhlng the taking of the fhip He \.to tee tiled that one Joe, a seaman on board, bad disclosed to htm aplrt. In which Charles Vail, Robert Oilra, Charles Then is Walters, William Mortis, and himaelf, were to be the actors--lo entice the second mate lo the leen-ard sldeoithe ship.on <omefairni?ht. when offCape Horn, and knock hi* brain* out?thon ileal softly into the cabin, stab ibe capftin, acd thua take the ship. Vail did nntsaynny Ihing directly about taking the ship, aa Joe had d nr?only alluded to i', hat in auch a manner aa not ?o Admit ol hiiv doubt aa to what he meant <o'd wit ness he would have the captain's life for the flogging h? had given him; ami told witne-* that be(ivimess) had been theineana of bunting up the planof taking tbcahip; tbnt he would prose tre. the raptnin for /tagging him, lie. Witness to pad y hint told h'm he won'd write home whi n they arrived at Valparaiso, and have thecaptain ar rested when they r.rrived in the United State*. Wi'ness did ao write At Valparaia.i, all 'he m?n engaged In the p'ot eloped from the veeeel, except Vail, who remained on boad that he might be avengul on thn captain f ar the flogging lie h?d rrcelvcd. When the vessel ariiredat Calloo, witness again wiote home to pacify Veil, fork* was afraid of him. While at Callao, Vail said, in the pre aeneo of other* to witnnss, that if it had net been fbr him Uie ship would hnvo been hi*. Witness then told th^ whole matter to the captain Court adjourned