Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 6, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 6, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Tuxdny. Hmy (I, IMS. Mup(*leiMent> We are this morning again obliged to issue n supplement, in consequence of the great pressure ot interesting and important mattwr. The Hipwtrd Rngllsh B?w?. Ho steamer had arrived at Boston on Monday morning when the cars left, which reached this city at half-past live o'clock last evening. We will, in all probability, have the new# this morning, and will immediately issue it in an extra Herald. Tenth Aunlvcrxury of the Establishment off the N ? ?v York Herald. Thm day ten years ago the tirst number of this journal was issued from the little otiice in Ann street. It is now the greatest circulating paper in this metropolis or on this Continent. The anniver sary of its establishment will, we understand, be kept to-day somewhere, and a full account of the ce lsbration will be given in our paper to-morrow or osxt day. The KellglouM AnnlvortwrlM. " Anniversary Week," as it is called, opens upon us this year with a great deal oi novel and striking interest. In former years the " May Meetings" ware confined almost entirely to the simply religious and benevolent societies?the old orthodox institu tions for the distribution of Bibles and tracts, and the transmission of sickly young preachers to the K-nW. of the Ganges. But now every new sect in religion and philosophy?every new ultraism, has its " annual convention." All the varied movements of that strange mechanism?the mind of a nation ad vancing in the race of civilization and of moral and intellectual refinement, with a rapidity, energy and originality of progress quite unprecedented?are thus brought directly under our review; and the Ta bernacle becomes for the time a sort of camera ob tcwra, where the spectator can see reflected, with all their phantasmagoria, wildneas, sense, folly, vio lence and sobriety, the opinions of the age on reli gion, philosophy, morals, politics, society?every thing. First, we have the old, regular, strictly, purely, and steady-going religious societies, for the propaga tion of the gospel in foreign parts. These do not present any new points of interest. Precisely the ?ame sort of men, with the same straight hair, the ame smooth faces, and the same solemn twang, get up and deliver exactly the same speeches, about the same eternal topics of the glory of the church and the fulfilment of the prophecies, which were de livered ten years ago, and annually ever since. Im mense sums of money are every yeaT poured into the ooffers of these societies, and flaming reports of suc cess are read, presented, and adopted. The truth is, that denominational pride, and Pharisaical pride, are thus gratified, a few heathen annually obtain a smat teriug of christian history and Calvinistic theology, whilst vast moral wastes at home are lying utterly ueglected, and far and wide a cold and heartless for mality is spreading in the religious world, choking the growth of n healthy and vivifying practical Chris tianity, which clothes the naked, feeds the hungry, visits the widow and the fatherless, and carries the lamp of truth amid the dark places at home, instead of coasting of its missions to the Hottentots, and its mu nificent provision for the spiritual wants of the "poor dear brothers and sisters" in the Sandwich Islands. Tilt anniversaries of many of these societies appear, however, of late years, to he falliug off greatly in in terest and attendance. Whether the stereotyped speeches have ceased to afford sufficient excitement, or the increase of rival attractions have occasioned this, we do not positively know; but probably both these causes have had no little effect in diminishing the audiences at the old, cold, straight-laced, and strictly religious anniversaries. Then we have the Temperance and Moral Reform Societies. These, like all moral reformers, go to work with a savagely virtuous determination. There is positively a degree of ferocity on their onslaught <>n every thing that smells of vice. They have no bowels of compassion at all for poor human natute. They cannot tolerate the slightest throb of carnality. Men, according to them, must be forced to be virtu ous. All vice and immorality are to be eradicated by acts of Assembly and of Congress. The whole community, in fact, is at once to be put on Graham diet, and the cooling regimen is to be enforced with the utmost rigor of the law. That the silly, hypocri tical and visionary projectors of the " Moral Reform fJociety," should thus seek to make men virtuous by legislative enactments does not surprise us, but we confess that we have been surprised and painfully surprised, to find so many of the leaders of the tem perance cause endeavoring so violently to obtain the aid of the law in their work of reform. It would have been far better and wiser had these temper ance reformers adhered strictly to the policy of the originators of that great and glorious movement. Argument?reason?example?persuasion?these are their appropriate weapons?these are the only means by which they can conduct that work in future with continued prosperity and triumph. Social habits, however injurious to individuals or to the community, are not to be eradicated by force of law. Enlightened public opinion?mild, but persevering efl'ort?the resistless force of good example?these are the great agencies which slowly, surely, and without violence, accom plish great social reforms. But in these peaceful movements the empty, ranting, raving, furious, hy pocritical reformer has no chance of being seen or heard. That is quite true?hence the existence of "Moral Reform Societies"?hence the violent de mand for laws to force men to be sober. Amongst the most interesting of these anniversary meetings, are the "Conventions" of believers in everything and believers in nothing?the unstable spirits who are fleeing hither and thither, amid the expanse of thought?the ultras who set their faces against all the established principles of morals, reli gion and society. There is a degree of freedom and boldness in the declarations and opinions of these adventurous philosophers that are very remarkable in several aspects. Fifteen or twenty years ago, this unbounded freedom of opinion on all matters, would hardly have been tolerated. The proposal of an "Infidel Convention" would have excited a hur ricane of pious alarm and horror. But now the wildest theories of sceptical philosophy are pro pounded?the most undisguised declarations are made against the received belief of Christendom, and yet the religious world does not absolutely go into convulsions. Good must come of this. When the ultras in religion and philosophy, of all shades and complexions, and motives, are thus al lowed full play, they come out and show themselves. Their inconsiderable strength, and their inconceiv able folly are at once apparent. But besides, and better still, the public mind is kept awake and stimulated to activity. The spirit of free en quiry difluses itself far and wide, and all tfci boundaries of knowledge are extended?the mazy sophistries of error detected?and the do minion and power of the truth made more and more ample and enduring. The experience of the last ten years, ypears to show us that on the whole? sound religion?genuine religion?the religion re ealed to man from heaven?simple, peaceful and pure?has been strengthened and benefitted by the extraordinary freedom with which it has been assailed by the infidelity, the social philoso phy, the materialism, and all the nltraismsof the age. There is one feature which presents itself in the an niversaries this year which we contemplate with a good dealpf anxiety. That isthe increased virulence ?MBrt^WWfcness of (he rtboHtton movement. The dissolution of theIJnio% is ojienly, undisguisedly and insolently announced as the object of one of the funa tieal "coj^^Ht^fis."^ft.u#nl>er of circumstances con spire*Hffip present moment to give to thisiHovement an unuuianiAgAe of"inferem, mingled with dread of the.futt^ey .Jinnpotent element of mischief has ii?tr<? duoed itselfextensively into rife Methodist and Baptist ohurches?t*o of the largest religious denomina | Ions in the country. Tt has torn the MethmfiVtn in to two opposing sections. It threatens to rend, arfd doubtless soon will rend^ the Hapu*t Church. When such large nud influential Christina bodies are thaaf I distracted, and divided, and rent asunder, the moat l fearful consequences in the State inay well be appre ' bended. Then we have the recent extraordinary movement ef the colored people in this State, in con junction with the revolutionary project of a Slate Convention. Altogether, we cannot help regarding the abolition meetings this year with more than usual interest. . To all these movements?religious, moral, philo sophical, sooial, and political, we shall give an ample record. We first originated the reporting of these anniversaries ten year* ago. We have this year commenced the work with our usual.minuteness and accuracy, and so we shall prosecute it till completed, thus giving our readers the best possible means of ! studying the present movements of the mind of this ! country on all the great subjects of human though1 | and human action. The New York Appoimtmknts at Last. Ihe " Wathington Union," (government organ) of Sa turday, makes the following announcement: OFFICIAL. Appoint mmli Ay tkt Prttidenl. Rosen H. Moasis, Deputy Postmaster In ths city of Nsw York in place of John Lorimer Graham, removed. Elt Moose, Marshal of the southern district of Nsw York, in pises of Silas M. Stilwsll, nimovsd. Michael llorrui.i, Naval Offlcoifin the city of Nsw York, in place of Jsrsmiah Towle, removed. Mr. Van Ness, our present Collector, and General Wetmors, Navy Agent, are both retained for the present. We have no doubt, however, but the Bame untiring influences which-hare brought about the changes now wade, will ultimately succeed in the remaining. Dozens of applicants are disappointed in those made?Levi D. Slamm, Gansevoort Melville, Moses G. Leonard, and scores of other patriots have been thrown overboard. These movements at Washington have produced great excitement among the office seekers and loco tocos in this region?and it is generally believed that a vast number of similar changes are taking place throughout the country. Changes will now ! take gplace in the Post Office?and we trust that Postmaster Morris will take care to retain the effi cient clerks, while he removes at once the ineffi cient, put in by his predecessor. We now expect the New York Post Office to be well managed. As to Col. Graham, we oan say that lie is an umiable, gentlemanly and competent man?but his political position made him the sport of faction, cliqutt and an iron destiny. He will find more respect and com fort in private life than ever he did in public- Un easy lies the head that holds an office. State Convention.?The revolutionary project of a State Convention, for mending and patching the present constitution of this State, is still pending in the Ibenate at Albany. According to all rational pro bability it w ill pass both Houses, and be referred to th? people at the next election. We have already given some intimations of the character of this project that it has originated in the uneasy, dissatisfied, un settled, ultra notions of the day on all subjects, and that no one can make any predictions or calculations as to the result oil its refcreuce to the people in the present state of society. One of the most curious movements growing out of this Convention project, is the recent Convention of colored people in this city, and the ideas put forth by them in reference to this scheme for revising the Constitution. We have already given a report of some of the proceedings of those colored people, and the developments are really startling so ?ar as re gards future political results. In the event of a new Constitution being approved of by the i>eopie, on the proposed revolutionary principles, it is very evident that the colored people of the Slate of New York, in all future elections, if they are allowed to vote the same as the white people, will hold the balance of power in all our State elections, and moat likely de cide not only who shall be Governor of New York, but also who shall be Prasidentof the United States. It is probable also, judging from the affinities of the different classes,-that the colored people of this city and State would much more readily unite with the tfhig party than with the locofocos. In that case, if the new Convention should be au thorized by the people, and a new State Constitution be adopted according to the present feelings govern ing different classes of society, the spectacle may be hereafter presented of the State of New York, al ways carried by the colored people voting with the whigs, in favor of the whig party and in favor of a whig Governor, and, probably, whig President. It is thus not at all unreasonable to predict that the whig party will hereafter be always triumphant in this State, and also throughout the Union, should this project of a Convention succeed. Where then would be the guaranties secured to the South by the Constitution, in relation to their domestic institu tions 1 The influence of New York on such circum stances, on the slavery question, would be tremend ous?and that influence now appears likely to be created by the ultraism, and visionary theories, and violent agitations of the two democratic factions in this State?the " bam-burners" and the " old hunk ker." Such a state of things, growing out of the present condition of the locofocos of New York, does, indeed, appear to threaten the permanence of the Union more seriously Uian any thing we have yet seen. Mr. Phillips' Cokcbrt To-Night.?Mr. Heniy Phillip* gives his lust concert at Niblo's thin eve ning, previous to hit visit to Canada and return to Europe. Mr. Phillips lias had quite a novel and in teresting tour in this country. Not only in music does he possess genius of the first order, but in drawing and in poetry, Mr. Phillips evinces a great degree of talent. In the South and West, he has sketched many Bcenes and characters in different sections of the country, and has nlso given a poctic expression to his feelings and impressions, which does credit to his head and heart. He has collec ted the motives of many of the musical coni|>osi tions of the .South, adapting them to words, nnd is now giving them, adorned with all the graces of musical intonation. In his concert to-night, he will introduce a number of these original songs and mu sical scenes, which will prove rich and racy in no common degree. We havs no doubt the room will be crowded. ? Openijiu or the New Bowery Theatre.?This establishment, which we have before had ocasion to notice, opened last night under most favorable auspices. A full, though not a crowded house was in attendance to witness some capital acting. We can assure our readers this is no miserable catch penny concern,{but ono deserving the patronage of the play-going public. The house is well ventilated, and we have no doubt will become a fashionable place of resort for the lovers of good acting?at the same time cheap and respectable. We were sorry to noiice however that the stage was altogether too dark, and we imagine the arrangements hare not as yet been fully completed. We hope the manager will attend to our suggestion and give us " more light." The beautiful and talented Mndnmtt Mossop and Isherwood were favorably received ; the pretty, graceful (Miss Cohen danced amidst Ixnujwtt and wild flowers, -thrown from the boxes, while Mr. MeCntehen, ns one of the " old guard," nnd Chap man as Tom Tinkle, proved themselves artittu of ability. It was in fact an excellent opening night. We learn that Mrs.- Phillips and Mr. Banister of the old Bowery will appear this week. .0r> The Menagerie mentioned in the letter of our Philadelphia correspondent, will not arrive in this city until Thursday, instead of this morning, n.? stated- We shall give the line of march previous to . the nrrivul at their place ofexhibition, comer of 8th street and the Bowery. ? David Salomon, Eso.?We rind by the Mobile paper* that otir former feilow-citiien, who has been for aome time pa?t a leader fn tho political eonneili of Ala bama. ha? been appointed by the IJorernor andCom mandeMn-Chief of tliat State, hit *id-do<amp, with the rank and title of Colonek In luch Menacing time* ai . these, which threaten the Southern States, the (Jerernor i could not have appointed a man of more energy and iter 1 ling talent) for nucli f confidential post. Tiik TJkckxc'v ok "TVIayTjr tr arpkrts Organs ? Hi* Honor, James Harper, Mayor of the oity of> New York, lias long bean vena rated and respected for his decency, piety, industry and genanl proprie ty of conduct. Much has been snid, also, of his management of public affairs during his brief so journ hi the Mayor's office. No doubt hie intentions have beeu good, but we must still say, that he has fallen far short of the expectations which were form ed of him. hi some points, too, a very remarkable contrast between his professions and hi* conduct, does appear. For instance, in looking over the co lumns of his newspaper organ, where we certainly might, reasonably enough, expect some decency and propriety, correspondent with the reputation of his Honor, we find the following disgraceful para graphs :? But an he (the Mayor) hail not bought up Bennett of the Herald, or Greeley of the Tribune, with the city printing, this pair, backed by the keepers of brothel* and doggeries, who hail been made to feel the weight ot the law under this fearless and independent officer, united, the cry of this band of worthies was,"Na tivism must be crushed," and James Harper defeated. * * ? ? ? ? * Selden proclaims that wo mult havo a mongrel mix ture of every nation of the old world to improve our race, In order to catch the foreign roto. Oreeley, Ben nett, and Kynders, marshal the brothel keepers?tho fo reign Alms House inmates?the jail birds, and low dog gery keepers, to eftect this end. And when they have succeeded in defeating this officer, these worthies join in one grand jubilee of victory. What a melancholy exhibition do these paragraphs atl'ord of the character of an organ supported by Mayor Harper and many of the lending methodists of this city! Viler and grosser language, more ?hocking to every pure and rightly constituted mind, never appeared in the columns of any journal in this or any other country. How could it have been expected, that men who were preaching and praying, and talking about temperance and virtue on one hand, whilst on the other, they were abusing and villifying their neighbors in this atrocious manner, could have succeeded 1 How do such newspaper articles tally with the publication of Bibles by the thousand, and moral works by the tens of thousands! Alas! alas! what a sad commentary on die moral consistency of his Honor, Mayor Harper! Rkporm nt tiik Lkjismti'Rk.?The Legislature of the State is full of projects for reform?military? moral?temperance?all sort of reforms. A law has been introduced to reduce militia parades to one tnnually. This is a good project. Another law is under way for the prevention of seduction, by making it a crime punishable by the criminal tri bunals, and also making the tenants and landlords of houses of ill-fame subject to criminal prosecution. ' This project is very important, for if carried into effect it would probably make vacant several thou sand houses which are most shamefully rented out as houses of ill-fame by some of ourmost fashionable, pious, worthy, moral and tighteous citizens. Then, again, there is a temperance reform project for the abolition of license-giving and grog shops, unless in some specified cases in medical practice. All these are very important reforms, and will hereafter de mand our notice. We doubt much, however, whether they will succeed in the present Lcgis | lature. Reform in the Navy Department.?We observe by the newspaper* that the advertisements issuing from the Navy Department are very generally pub lished in papers of the smallest circulation in their respective localities, especially in this part of the country. Now it is well known that by a recent law of Congress, operating on the Post Office Department, the very just principle was introduced, that all ad vertisements proceeding from the Government should be published in those newspapers that have the largest circulation. This rule is adopted merely as a matter of common sense and justice both to the Department and the public; yet we regret to see that the new Secretary of the Navy, probably over whelmed by his other reforms, has entirely ne glected to look after this most important item in the expenditure of his department. In this region his advertisements appear in the most obscure papers that could possibly be selected. This certainly is not exactly i*form. Marine Ooi:rt Ji'doks.?.Governor Silas Wright has sent to the Senate for confirmation, the names of ex-Alderman Waterman, of this city, for the ap pointment of Judge of the Marine Court, in place of Judge Sherman, whose term of office has expired; and Nelson J. Waterbury, in the place of Judge Randall. The first appointment is very good?the second may be also, but the young man will have to go and study law. Later prom Canton.?By the arrival of the ship Helena, Captain Benjamin, from Canton, we have advices to the 27th of January, thirteen days later than those previously received. Our flies do not contain the first item of news of the least interest. The commercial news will be found under the ap propriate head. News vrom Ci.ua.?By the arrival of the barque Pario, from Matanyas, we are in possession of files of the Aurora de Matanxat up to the 20th nit., from which we extract some interesting items. On that day there were great rejoicings in Matanzas on ac count of the opening of the railroad, by which a communication is opened between that city and the following points, viz- Guanabana, Cidra, and Subn nilla. This useful road has just been concluded in a moot substantial and finished style; in fact, it may be said to be superior to any work of the kind that has been undertaken on the island. It is supposed that its length will shortly be extended to various other points. Mr. Sutton, the ventriloquist, was expected shortly from the Havana. From Honwras.?The brig Noble, Deming, mas ter, arrived at this port yesterday, from Belize, Hon duras, whence she sailed on the 17th of April in?t. The intelligence the bring! ii not of moment. Ths BritUh brig Priam, Mowbray, matter, wai totally loit on the inland of Cozumel, ou the 6th ult. She wai bound from Belize to London. Capt. Mowbray and hii crew arrived at Belize on the 10th nit. in their boats. Tito brig Patiey B. Blount wa* ihortly to tail from Be lize for New York. The schr. Morning Star, for New Vork, was in port on the 13th inst. The mate of the Noble, Mr. Luckley, on the Bth inst. had his log broken, and received other severe injuries, from the railing of a tier of lumber in the hold of the brig.?If. O. Picayuni, Jlpril 00. From Nassau, N. P.?By the arrival yesterday, of schr. Andrew Gray, Captain Dukehart, from Nassau, N. P., we received Dies of the Royal Gazette and Obierver to the 34th ult. There had been no recent shipwrecks on the Bahama coast. Two persons lost their lives at Nassau, on the 18th ult. bv the upsetting of a boat?a Mr. Fleishman, a dentist, of New York, and a Mr. Dtivalier, of Nassau. Mr. P. had engaged ?>'* passage in a vessel which sailed a few days previous for the linited States, but was accidentally left. The French barque Marie It Pauline, J.Lizaritury, mas ter, from Aux Cayes, with a cargo of logwood, put into Nossau in distress, she having been on shore on the Reef of Hcneaugua, on the 11th ult. She was got off by throw ing over a part of her cargo, and discharging a portion in lighter*. Advices have been received at Nassau from St. Do mingo to the Bth ult., which state that that Island was in as disturbed a state as ever, if not mors so, the native black population not being altogether satisfied with the Bresent government of allairs there, their desire being possible, to expel the colored and whites from the Is land altogether.? PAar/rtton Courier, May 1. Assistant J us t lees' Voult for Fifth, Klshth, and Fourteenth Wards. Z-2*. Before Justice I'lysus D. French. 1'^^ -Ma,t ???Immstawt Lsw Cssr.? TKomai Let r?. Jamet Gordon Bennrtt. ? This was an action of assumpsit brought by plaintiff urn inst the defendant for allowed work and labor, and alio for material* furnished in the elocution thereof. The defoncc put in nou-aiaumi) ?it, and accord find satisfaction. The circumstances aie theie, It was alleged on the part of the plaintiff, that n short time ago he was employed to moke a lady's sad dle according to a particular pattern and certain definite specification*. These specifications were pointed out br Mr. Konlstone, the riding master of the scnooi in Mercer Tims saddle was made and delivered by plain tin. but was found by defendant not to Its made accord rceraent It was subsequently returned to the plaintiff; as maker, to correct the mistakes, which he either intentionally or inadvertantly committed, and to make the necessary alterations. Plaintiff again delivered the saddle, which was found still to be deflective, making "bad worse." Rather, however, than have any more trouble with such workmanship, defendant paid the sti pulated price ongi an l|y eoatracted for, which w ns *30. and suit is now brought to recover $6 additional for the orrors iu workmanship, which the plaintiff himself com mitted. Defendant n?t esactjv seeing how ha should paj for the errors of anofber. resisted tne demand, howevei small, (namely, $/i) and thinking that if seoh a'princlple was o#c<f established by law. a tradesman first making an ?e*for--tfien another, a?id tlnis a thlrd, aii infinitt*,,. may be able, on some future oocaiiaii, U> do up a bill, with auy una who might employ hiui, to eaf amount. - rlaintifl, to maintain the issue, called S^r. Koulstonc who was non ett t'nren/us, and the ease Was adjourqei' over to Tuesday, 13th May. for plaintiff, J. Smith : foi defendant, J. O. Oalbraith. Great Trotting Jtateh mrpr C^urw yMterdtf?Ledjr Rafolk almost De feated. There vu a goodly muster yesterday, on thoOti , treville track, of the moat choice spirits of the turf. Much was expected, and much more was don* than j was expected. The weather was favorable an re : gardn trotting, although somewhat cool. The latter ! aided ?|>ort. Previous to the start 100 to 45 was of i fered on the Lady, which was taken freely. The first trot was for a purse of $250, (two mile heats, 1 in harness,) between the celebrated trotting horses, j P. Bryanfi g. m. Lady Suffolk. ; O. Spicer'i b. g. Americu*. Both animals never looked in better fix?"ripe

and ready, and a' that"?and money was backed to some extent against 5:15. After some two or three starts, Americus had the track, which he held to the quarter, which they reached in SSJ, taking it easy; up the back stretch it was quite a dead level between thein. The half was made in 1:16, the Lady lead ing; but on approaching the three-quarter, she was up, upon which Americus came in front strongly, leading the first mile in 2:34fc. For the second mile, they went well round the bottom together, Bryan evidently waiting upon him. At the quarter Ameri cus went up somewhat; but at the half the Lady led a length. Here it became a beautiful trot, quite even. At the draw gate coming in, Americus was up, by which he lost some five or seven lengths, and the Lady came in front about two lengths, in 5 minutes 9 seconds, performing such a piece of sport as was never known in this quarter of the oountry before. Previous to the commencement of the second heat, the betting was 60 to 20 on the Lady; and 6 even against 5-12 en time on the next heat. After some three or four attempts at start, they went forth, the Lady leading, and Americus well up. but at the bottom he broke, which gave the Lady some tive or six lengths in front; around the top, Americus gained somewhat, but not with much ctFeet, but on coming down the back streatch, evidently in broke, and Americus oame in front home in 6-16. For the third heat it was 100 to 76 on the Lady ; and after one or two attempts at a start, the word was fiven, but no sooner was it done, when Americus rokf, loosing some 5 or 6 lengths. Notwithstanding, up the back stretch, it was evident that Americus could not maintain his position, and the first mile was made in 2 344 ; for the second mile of the heat at the quarter, theLady made somewhat of a bad break, upon which Americus gained some little on her, but at the half he lessened his space between them considerably, and worked so well that he looked like catching her; but as he came home, he made a bad break inside of the draw-gate, which threw his chance out, and the Lady came in a win ner of the purse in 5 12. After this, there was a match for $100, between W. Whelan's b. g. James K. Polk, ana C. Carman's g. g. John Anderson. After some two or three at tempts the word was given, immediately after both broke: John Anderson on recovering taking the lead, out well followed hy J. K. Polk. The first mile was made in 2 66*. In the second mile at the quarter, Whelan looked like winning, but shortly af ter both broke, and Whelan fell behind some five or six lengths, but sofnewhat recovered on coming round the top. At the draw gate, Carman was some six or eight lengths in front in 5 58J, a winner. In the second heat, the reins were resigned to the able hands of Hiram Woodruff, a very judicious proceeding, who made the neat io very similar style as the previous in 5 67. The Great Match between Pettom an? I-ASHiosf.-Numbers am already Hooking into the city in anticipation of this great piece of sport, and ?Lm?nCy " flUCtUating or on the result The supporters of Fashion have somewhat rallied; they now take ninety to one hundred on her, but they were like angels' visits, "few and far between." They do not like the sight of the " big r^ed Zi'zzTJrxs vs*i ksj? jSKSSt" & fed? ?ST2 I S telriffofss sly tsJsjsJjs^b officers, of police of this eity h Sg*''?f determination on the part of the C^ckev r?..h tra?k clear ? th? day, wid u is to be hoped that other matters, equally necessarv will h* as well looked to. It will not be worthy treasurer of the club if it is not so. Aunnw and Destructive Fiuk?Miller AMD 03. a Steam-Saw Mill retook to ashes for ti?f third time. Last night at 10 o'clock, a fire broke out m the steam saw-mills of John A. Miller fc S: r"" L,gh' and Kington streets. Jnh; ww Mund?d, and numerous engine, and hoe? companies were in attendance in a very short time. Meanwhile the flame, threatened de .1? not only "djoming buildings but those on the opposite side of the street, andseveral kemuJ', stej ?f2ss 7bu'id'"s of flame. VoluSEJWEkT Wa' 1 tion?, and the Ire stSl ?!llr0.Wn'P 'rec* mmmmm At thii moment, twenty minute* nait eleran nViJJT? .1 iuefoiure of Mr. Miller'/ ifusssfs.WMV ar ?F-"' mmmw thim* At iVoW^ekthn?''er may b." Clln,bcn<"?? <0 ?hort'time began toelv. wa\ ?*'"*? ,but ln # of mahoffanv and other d'eicrintiom of*tfmbar "rhl ho"fnVnwa. .aveJ hthh0fl ?f fro? $30'000 t0 *40-??<>- " Convention for the Abolition of Capital Pnnliliment. The Convention of the friends of the abolition of capital punishment, met last evening in the large room of the Lyceum. Broadway. The room was completely filled with ladies and gentlemen,amongst whom we noticed several of our most distinguished citizens. A ice Chancellor McCoun, occupied the Chair A number of speakers addressed the meeting. T-ere "* "?? w""?u and Mr. w. L. Garrison, of Boston. ' punhh?."tLdW Ser^rtheTre'itenTTf ? "J?,'1" exhorted the friendi of abolition to per?ever?ncT ?!?!??? .rf; _ tlrenlt Court. Ma* a XK.vfJ . Jf(,V Edmonds. ?"a"1? hundred civil cnie). containing over three Mcktrd W. Thorn r? Rohrrt P'u it ?, tlon of a?iiimpiit on two i>romi. . Bn BC" ? Ifl. The case h?..l?dyP?~STL?"! *? r,co^r time*. Several ilmilor r'n?e. h. ? c" or tllr<,e CoarL It appeared dint ?omc ti?? before the o. W. Tyion^the nephew 3 defenrf.T / P#rtt n,me'1 fcndanfi) name, and obtained ???? ' forKc'' Ms (de ?Imllar to the one in mlt Th* ur ?" v"ri"'" note, Adjourned over to th'i forenoon. n"' Common Piraa. Ma r A.-Wy r/RWS?I'n!;, wa. tried beforeiWSRthi e*'? set on of aaaumpili to recover for.,.?! nKrr* " W l?* *n plnintilTfor a neriei of rear* t<? * rendered by pacity ofhou?ekeoi.er ??T.L . dcfc,"<?nt. in the ?? Hci'defence pSt !;, ^;^,in ?nt' " clothed nnd fed, and kent H !? P's'ntifl wn? taken, The V.r1 ?????? pSid "Ky' ',y ,,ie ',C The J?ry will nn?r^^-t th(i forcnoon Bcfo. Chief Juatlce B#nrtliIor ariSsj11? ^ 8SfaLsr? on Thur?day C0'e ?f ^ wom**wi" ^ "rgued Fiaa.?A Are broke out yesUrdif afternoon it 914 Wo?t Broadway, but wai extinguished in a short time, ?eraral fire companies being in attendance. The tire look place in a room occupied by a painter; damage trifling. Shameful Niouct or thi Pcai.ir Stbeets?Dange rous Hesclt?Mad JU-lls?Amidctt.?Yesterday an infuriated bull knocked down, in the Bowery near Chat ham Snuare, Mr. Daniel Whitney, builder, of this city, severely cutting hii hoad, and otherwise bruising him about the body. We understand several others wore knockod down before the beast .waa captured, but we could not learn their names. Pollen OAcr?May 6?A $1000 Bill on the Me chanles' fli.ii, Philadelphia.?'This morning a stout gentleman entered the exchange otilce of Mr. Secor, in Broadway, and offered a $1000 bill oa the Mechanics' Bank, Philadelphia, letter B, No. 104, dated S?pt. 10th, '43. Mr. 8. looked nrst at the bill and then at the gentloinan. whom he instantly recognised as James VandergriflT, alias Wilson, who was sentenced in 1835 to the States Prison for a term of either 7 or 10 yean for forging Mr. Socor's name to a check on tho Lafayette Bank and obtaining a large sum of money thereon. During the time he was in tne City Prison he succeeded in escaping, and was af terwards arrestod by the veterau Hays. As Mr. Secor had no great opinion of the gentlemnan's honesty, ho conductoJ him to the Poliee Office, before Justice Drin ker, who was the presiding magistrate, suspecting that the money was the proceeds of some roguery?cither the Pougnkeepsie robbery orthe robbery otMr. French's carpetbag. At first Vandergrilt* refused to give any ac count of tho money, but subsequently stated that he had made it by trading in horses, and got the bill from the Bank in Philadelphia, about a month ago. The Justice after keeping the person in custody about two hours and a half, discharged him, and gave Lim the bill, much against the desire of Mr. Stewart, the clerk, who had wntton to Philadelphia, to ascertain if his story waatrue, and who thought that the person who was on board the barge at the time of the robbery of the Pough keepsie money ought to be sent for. But the Justice probably thought as there was no evidence before him that Vandergrilf became possossed of the property im properly, he was bound to discharge him. AaassT or ah Escaped Convict.?Bill Reed, sentenced to the Ponitentiary a short timo since, escaped from there nohody knows how or when, He was last night seen in the street by ollcer O'Keefe, who arrested him and brought him to the Tombs, from whence he will be re turned to the care (/) of Mr. Driggs. It is a little singu lar that it is never known that a person haa escaped from the islaud until he is re-surrested, and in eight cases out of ten tho party is never arrested unless for some subse quent oB'eneo. Juvenile Bi?holabs.?Wm. Davis and Thomas Smith, wore arrested to-day charged with burglariously enter ing the store of Louitz and Becker, No. 34 John street, ? few nights since, by forcing the rear basement window, and stealing several promissory notes of the value of $1143 48, and a $5 bank note. A portion of tho property was traced to thoir possession. Upper Police?,V1av 4?Attempt tq Ravish a Child, eleven tears op Auc.?A black fellow, named Peter Jackson, living at No. 33 Minetta street, wa* to-day ar restod t^pon a chare of committing a rape upon his step daughter, eleven years of age, named Harriet Colton. From the affidavit of the girl, it appears that on the 3d of May, her step-father called her into tho room, and direc ted her to lie upon the bed ; but she refused tq da it. and ran up stairs into the apartment of ?no Phebe Bloom field. The man pnrsued ner with a stick, and drove her down stairs agalr\, when he oommanded her to lie down upon tho floor, and for fear of being beaten, she com plied, and the black scoundrel then ravished her, spite of her ?creams and struggles. Several witnesses, attrac ted by the cries of the little girl, arrived in time to de tect Jackson in a position, which left no doubt that he had accompliahed bis infamous purpose. He was fully committed for trial by Justice Taylor. OaAND Labcenv.?A girl, named Catharine Wessis, was arrested and committed for stealing from Loo Merzbacker, of 361 Rivingston street, $38'in money, the property of Barbara Lanaler and her husband) vrhc* had left it in chargo of Mr. M. for safe kwpii|(- A portion of the property was recovered. Coroner's Oflf*-aMiv a.?Found Diowikd.?The Co/onar thjs morning held an inquest at the dead houso, upon tne body of a little girl, named Jane Rea, 0 yeara of age, a native of Liverpool, England. She was found drownod in the North River yesterday afternoon, at the foot of Albany street It appeared from the testimony of her father, who lives at Jersey City, that the last that was seen of her, was II a wharf in Jersey City about 4 o'clock on Saturday afternoon, picking up cluns. It is supposed that she must have fallen oil tho docV. Vor diot, death from accidental drowning. Disease or the Lunos.?Tho Coroner alio held an in quest at 179 Ludlow street, upon the bodr of Eliza Dary, a native of Peckskill, and 40 years or age, who died about 8 o'clock last night, from disease of the lungs, afi ter an illness of about two months, during vvhich time she refused to have a physician.Verdict acobrding to facts. ?ar^^*Sws^s?s I nsrlHrV- a-~ saw- - So amended, end the minute* approved ESm^SB ?&8Z3S c?t&'" *?"* wi*" ? ?s$o?,"!'""? "" o?Sssr?itr ???- - ??? feMn(N^.eo7'a th^'^*nMott' Dick"?">?. fchtofr in the negaStV th# thr~ miaor*7 member., voting Ali?7^hKf*dlrec .? ^ Aim. House not ty diiuoie ofn n v C???'??>"or of lho the Aim. Homo without ^longing to mon Council which wni iwW? !i ?,,?.50 if* lo th" Com ?nt., c,me npKiopt/oS Pted b-V th# Board of Aid'?" Bunt..,, moved to nonconcur. he concurred in'" J?e hope^thU^H1 'I'h re,ollllio" would ?Potty .pit., bocau.e Zy wor. r . ??UW "Qt' fr? of office, perai.t in .ellinir oil if ?."''out being turnod out non-concurred in 8 lh" f"rnilure'4tc- Solution accepted1 in SV'.^"ifi"at,?n 7ooM ??* >'? vj?able?BoUardneuothr ?? montl. or quarterly lie we. in th"!! m?.re r'lan once * JctpiTn%Ce?r},y,Vanr;^Vh^,i^^"?rn ?? Mr '^' KfiKSSSaS^'SttW with them. Aaei.taat. and concurred Alm7reported^{kTo7ofbhulil|flmltl*0 ?,? Chultf ?* on DIhcWv ell'i lalnnri r u,y*nf a ?W?ll pox hospital ini reiHirt' wRh "-oaol.itSon, in ft.vor of par SssySsriSvTii'ssar' "??-??? ?- ??? reported in^nvor of iUtuoiiuKuf the t"i* I,)Cp#rtment ?5 n fo,r proposal.?Adopted. *??*???? to Finance^^ifcid^r^nort'in'f^ "P' C?m?'??" On and Dumb In.titutlSn tKYeai! of 7" ? K1r"",mK th? I??af ?titution for 91 vea? at J ,ot,4a'Vlce?? to the in Alderman H?. "cc , m?vJ . I* V >*r on the table nnd priutod Thi. m ?t ?>ject laid excitement. 1 ?* n>oUon *ome little . w ith'lr dTs.to * pre vent 'he ''do'^i ??!" "? ????? merely to, the purpose of rr'K,rt' h,,t ss, a?sSL*fjswyrTflRS ing tliem .uch aid th?n*** ?ccc,,,ty r?r extend oppoied to giving them a irnti I?* . ' IT*1,0 WM nominal a rent unlaw ? *? lon* "" inve.tiirated tku anbicct wa? more thoroughly daily become m, "ppropriotlon of property which wa? nnce with ^ nn^mor" wu in acoord thronchont .l^l/P'.rit th?' ,h' majority ha. evinced ofthu Boant r*'*n' w'** "te utter recklen.MM Pre*ident, i. tl.at in orderf [The r*re?i. Ho.M 7M eit,"*r <lori?? ?v?r the minulen oI the not hLrr?fc *? ?u,i^ enK?*?d iB reading, that ho did not hoar the K^^tl^man, took no notice.] I'aAKc.?(Hlanpingf hi? hnmti, upon which th* iS' '? ?? K P**iiMNf.. -Voi, air. After considerable debate on both .Unc ih? ~?. the Alderman of the 14th wn. lott nnd th^> r... j10" "f ! aolution adopted. ' B l li" " and re Tke (fag Riilr, and no fnitlaltt ii.i.. rxs sa^Jl?,K^jKru5:n' (Not soconded ) ' " on,c'"> to five minute.. waa carried, and "he'tfatr'rule'i 1??*tion, which | Alderman ",,.?/** lile" "PP?i?"? ">ld that it wu. (ho "?? resolution, the 14th, to wa.tc the time ? S'T *c,,t'cmu? ol ? nothing?partr cam Vi? ?" talk about ",at HI fecliuif ???olBtlon caused a &reat deal- of , th. Alderman 1" Ht Mth Sjjfl #f' Aid^tman H. accu?<xl tl\o Pro^ldeiit und the Aider. I ecnrttiraed discourtesy, and a grant deal of excitement prevailed. Alderman] Hahkouci offered a raaolution to tha af fect, that all tho lagialation of tha Native American He Cabiioan party, so called, be horeafter done ia caucus. oat. Tka Steamboat and Dumpinf Boat*.?Aldermen Milllh and Bvntiiki, ottered a reaolution appropriating the lum of $li,500 for tho purchase of the steamboat and dump ing boat I, in accordant? o with tho reiolutiom rooently adopted. Adopted. Railing round Stuyrnant Square.?Alderman Dam ottered a resolution referring to tho Committee on Fi nance, with power, the subject of fencing Stuyvesant Square. Adopted. At 11 o'clock, the Board adjourned to meet on Wed nesday at 10 o'clock, A. M. Board or Assistants.?TMi Board alto met 1*11 even ing, W. Etebdeli* Esq. in the chair. The minutea of the laat meeting were read and approved. Petition*?The Streeti.?Of citizen! of Leonard street, asking the removal of J. R. Geduey, Street Inspoctor, for ncglect of duty, in allowing tho streets in that locality to remain in ftlth and mud for the laat nine months, which haa created much disease and ill health amongat the in habitants. ? Reports.? In favor of paying Dr. Mercein'a bill for Ser vices at Police Station, $60. Mr. Divveb moved to lay on the table. Lost Mr. Divter moved to amend by inaerting the word "ten" instead of "fifty." Mr. Wiao hoped the motion would not prevail, as the Doctor attended for seven weeks. Mr. Chablice moved to recommit tho report, with in structions. The polico man, Mr. Hicks, who hadLbeen injured, ought be called on to state how he received the injuries, and the time of the Doctor's services, in order to give them some tangible ground to work upon. They ought to know the state of (acts in compliance with the rule of the Board, which also required the committee to state their roason for reporting. The committee, in their report, merely state, that "they consider the bill ought be paid," but it aet forth no fact. The adoption of the re port would, thorel'ore, be contrary to rule of the Board.^ The question on recommitting waa taken and carried. Ayes 8. Noea 6. Report in favor of paying P. H. Dominick for services in keeping the publio clock* in repair. ATot eigned.? Laid on the table. In favor of extending pier to J. N. Briggs, for three years. Mr. Cutanea moved to recommit. The manner in which the city property was voted away, was a matter that should be looked to. Motion lost Mr. Chablice next moved to amend by striking out the word "three" and inserting "one," so aa to rauko it read one year instead of three. Withdrawn. The question on concurrence was taken and lo'st. Report in fkvor of paying John Alicotea, aa Superin tendent of Carts, for extra aervices, $140 : also, in favor of paying P. H. Dominick, Regulator of Public Clocks. Non-concurred in?ayes 6, noes 8. *1luis-Houie Commissioner. ? Resignation of w. J. Roome, Commissioner of the Aims-House. Mr. Chablice moved that this paper be not taken up. as it passed the Board on this evening. Ayes 8, noes a. The Pbesident hereupon took up the special oommu* nication from Mr. Roome, tendering hit resignation. Ac cepted. Report in favor of paying Mr. Ellicott $10,000 for lose on contracts of water pipes. .1 Scene.?During the reading of tho roport,Mr. 8pof fo rd rose and retired outside the bar. Pbesident.?The gentleman of the 13th will take hia se at. Mr. SrarroBD looked back a fow seconds at the chair, and retired. Pbesident.?Mr. Sergeaut-at-Arms, bring back the g entleman of the 19th. The Sergeaut-at-Arma went in search of Mr. Spofford, amid much laughter, aud shortly returned and reportod Mr. Spofford "no? tit inventus." Mr. Chablice oousidcred that gentlomenhad a perfeot right to retire in disgust when they witnesced such m disgraceful system of partv legislation, and so reokless a squandering of the funds from the city treasury. ' Mr. Johnson moved to lay the report on the table, un til the next meeting, as the minority member* had alt lied. The motion prevailed. Doctor'* Bill.?Report in faYor of paying Dr. J. Styles compensation for services in City Prison, $91 50. Re ferred. Another Scene."Mr. Horn here retired. President?The Sergeant-at-Arms will fetch back the gentleman of the 10th. The Sergeant-at-Arms went in hot pursuit, but returned and reported the Assistant Al derman of the Tenth had absquatulated, amid much laughter. Mr. Chablice here rose and retirod. The Sergoant-at Arms was al*o directed to follow Mr. Charlick and re* turned. ScaoEANT'AT.AnM*?I have toon Mr. Charlick and he says ho will return?(Loud laughter.) Document No. 39?being a report in Jkvor of construct ing a Sewer in Chapel street. Mr. Chablice opposed the adoption of this report on the ground of the inexpediency of constructing *uoh a Sewer. Mr. Huivm waa of opinion tho report ought to be adopt ad, Colonel Ewing wanted a job he believed, and want ed? Mr. Chablice?I muit protest against the gentleman of the Fifth indulging in any personalities: I am here to answer for Colonel Ewen, ana he i? now absent Pbesident?The gentleman of the Fifth will confine his renxarks to tho quostion before u?. Mr. Tt'car.a examined tho old Sewer, and the wrotch ed condition in which It was placed, required the con struction of a new Sewer. Mr. Chablice further opposed the adoption of the re port. It would entail an expense of from $1# to $90,000. He moved to lay on the table. The report was rejected. The Board adjourned to meet this evening at seven o'clock. Before the Recorder, and Aldermen Winshtp and Mott. Mathew C. Patebson, District Attorney. Mat 0,? Officeri of the Court.?The following named officers hare been detailed by the Sheriff to attend the court for this term. Jacob Hays, High Constable. Henry Oetchell, Win. II. Knapp, Robert 8. Martin, Jamas Riggs, Joseph Car lisle. Isaac Stickler, Nathaniel Hepburn, Samuel Young, George Keitner and Levi D. Pierce. The Calendar.?Number of cases, 9#.?Robbery ?; Forgery, 9; Burglary. 6; Perjury, 3; Grand Larceny, 8; Tetlt Larceny, (second offence) 1; Conspiracy, 9; Illegal voting, 1: did cases, 10. The Grand Jury.?The following gentlemen were sworn a* tlie Grand Jurors: Ellis Potter, Foreman; Geo. W. Abby, Stephen Buckholter, Peter Bogart, Theodora Banks, John Campbell, James Cuahing, John Dunoan, G. M. A. Ellery; Heury Ellsworth, James Ficket, John J. Gale, Jabez Gardner, Archibald Hall, Richard Nelson. Daniel Parriah, Cornelius B. Timpson, and Oeorge T. Trumble.?18. The Recorder charged tho Jury in relation to their general duties, and oalled their attrition to several sub jects, which he desired them to investigate, if their time and inclinations would permit, that their views and sug gestions might be presented to the party about to come into power/ny whom they would, no doubt, be received with respcct, and be entitled to its just weight. Much complaint had existed in relation to the administration of criminal justice, commencing with the arrest, and ondiiyf with the consummation, by either the acquittal or con viction of the accused par y?of the frequent oMap*| from the prisons and penitentiary, evincing a laxity which requires some action. He disabused the grand jury of the general belief that grand jurors had no right to act In matters except actual violation of law, and in formed them that they were % sort of board of investiga tion, and could act in any matter pertaining to the wel fare of the community, lie suggested tp tnem tl*e pro priety of their vlsUing the prisons ty (h|? city, and the penitentiary upon nlaokwefl's bland, to ascertain how our citizens rights are guarded and protectod, and what other modes shonld be adopted, which suggestions would prove valuable to the party about coming into )>ower. In relation to females, until within the past year it had been nocessarv for the court to sentence fe males, who had erred, perhaps for the first time, for some trilling theft, either to the City Prison or to BlackwoH'e Island, where they were thrown among tho most infa mous and degraded old offenders, and of necessity ho came contaminated by commingling with them. During tho past year, however, at the suggestion, he believed, of a grand jury of this conrt, a female department bad been built, with express regard for the class of females offending for the first time, or not too deeply steeped in crime, where, undercharge of a good matron, their mor^l condition had been much improved and i4?(>y reforms made. It had been said that this depertMiHt was M con siderable expense to the city, ami thaf the new party proposed to at>olisli it; and he therefore hoped tHat tha gritudjqry would tislt thq department and make such representations as they deemed proper. The Grand Jury then retired, in oharge of two officers, to their room. Non-.lttendant Jurors.?The usual fine of $'M was or dered to be Imposed upon each of ton non-attendant ju rors. ? No further business was done, except swearing on se veral causes, and at 10 o'clock the Court adjourned till to-morrow at II o'clock. Superior Court. Before a full Bench. Mat 8.?Dr.rntox*.?Geo. D. Poll ??? Churltt Kdtrar^. ??.Motion for di?covery?gfRrmqd. Baldwin (}ard\nrr r?. Utyrg* Motion tor ooit* permitted tor relaxation. At Chamum*. " David lleaton ?*?. Lmhir C. Carltr el ah.?Motion for new trial denied. Verdict to be modiAed m to the i**ue on tho report of nil debit IV. Caimn el uxor, ri. Julian fl. Chit ban? Judgment for defendant on demurrer, with liberty to plaintiff to re ply. on payment of co*t?, within ten day*. 'Hannah Mttavi r?. thiff Ureen.?Judgment for plain tiff. Henry J. fleantan rf. Daniel l.a\r.?Motion for new trial denied. John TV. Soiithock, artmr. ??#, Henry I.eur.?Mution I not n?ide report denied Pkifrt*! H'mtetl, U'nl, r*. IK H'vtmart Jndgmont fer defendant. CnnH or Oyer and Terminer. Mav It. -Thi* court met pro /orme, and adjoumod o*er lo thi* forenoon. Court C(?len?li??wThU l)ay. Ciaci'lT CoraT.?No*. 3, S|, fl, 7, 9, 11, 13, 14. Common Pir.A*.?No*, 64, 66, 13, 13, M, 4, 17, M, (10, 114. United Stntee Clrrult Court. Before Judge Bett*. Mav tf.-?Trial roa irrmrr to IIktolt, a*i> a!.?o ?on Amai'i.t ami 8TAr.?i"?o.?Edward Potter ntid William II. Ilallock. two seamen, were placed at the bar, charged with having endeavored to create ft mutiny on board the ?ehooaer "Portia." vvlillvt lying at Bnracao, in the Inland of ('uIir, on tl.e evening of the (1th of April ln?t. On the the part of the pro?eoution, it wm ihnwn that on the evening in question botli the prisoner* were aont on ?borc by order of tlx* I iiptain, and wore brought aboard again by tliu cook at nhuurtl o'clock in tho evening?tho ( nptnin romalulng on vliure. Mullock, the prisoner, cnnie on dv.'k Mr-fl, leaving Potter, the pri*oner, in the irtiAll boat shifting u oeantTty of orange*. On reaching the dealt, *ome word* occurred between Hallock and the Mint tin e. Tho*. M. Watford, and tho latter ordered hiinforward. ila'lock did not obev,and u**aulte l the mate, Tho jury rendered ? verdiut oi guilty agalnat lUllo-k on the fourth count in the indictment, viz : confining the ma*ter, and a vordict of uot guilty in brur of Pvlter. i

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