Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 8, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 8, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD ?ol. XI., No. lXfUWlMl* No. 4<W8. NEW YORK, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 8, 1845. Price Two Cent*. HIGHLY IMPORT AWT! FOURTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE, ARRIVAL OF THE HIBERNI&. War between the Protestants and Catholics in Switzerland. Great Excitement between the Sects throughout Europe. Insertion of the War Clause in Marino Toliries at Lloyds. A Ministerial Crisis in England on the Mnynooth Bill. FLUCTUATIONS IN THE COTTON MARkET. Advance in American Provisions. INCREASE OF TROOPS IN CANADA. " itEPEAL MOVEMENTS 15 IRELAND. IMPROVEMENT IN THE MONEY MARKET, &e. ARRIVAL OF GOVERNOR GIL DAVI8, oy CONEY ISLAND, AT PARIS. The steamship Hibemia, Capt. Ryrie, arrived at Boston from Liverpool, via Halifax, at 8 o'clock on the morning of the 6th instant, after* paasage of six teen days and.cighteen hours. By this arrival we have London and Liverpool pa pore to the 19th April inclusive. The Cotton market appears to be in a very feverish state. The slight improvement caused by the ex citement in relation to the Oregon question, on the 5th ult. was lost on the 8th. On die following Satur day?the 12th?another advance was realized, but it was soon lost, and prices current on the 18th, were similar to those realized on the 4th. The Oregon question continued to attract a great deal of attention in Great Britain. Dr. "VVoolf has arrived in England. New York Packet Ships.?The Montezuma and the Virginian, both arrived out on the 8th ult. They were succeeded by the steamer Cambria which reached the Mersey on Sunday the 13th, at 4 A. M. The Hotiinguer also arrived on the 13th Several regiments are to be drawn from Irs/and during the next month. The Dublin Evening Po?t Canada13 * rUm?r 8000 ,roopa are to be ?ent to The English Prelates of the Roman Catholic Church to the nnmber of ten or eleven, in London forwarded to Sir Robert Peel their united thanks for his conduct on the Maynooth Grant. . Lieutenant-General Sir Rjchard Downes Jackson is about to be succeeded in the command of he J Maicsty s forces in Canada, by General the Earl of Cathcart, K.T., and Governor of Hull.?Trtaturl paper. Messrs. Alsopp,. the great brewers of ale for the Eart Indies, whose place ot business is at Burton have iailed, it is said, in the sum of ?300,000. According to the English Churchman. Dr." Lush ington has decided that the holding of koman Ca tholic doctrines is not sufficient to deprive a clergy man o his living, and that the English church i. not I to test unt, nor does she require her members to pro fess Protestantism. H The stock of American cheese on hand in London every kind 8,ock ot English cheese of During the present week policies of marine insu rance have come over from London, with a clause protecting the underwriters from loss, in case of the capture of vessels by a foreign enemy. Letters from St. Petersburg state that the Russian Government had published an ukase, permitting the importation of crushed lump sugar from England Havana mi Rftme ^ ^now 'rnI>?8e on white In France a long debate on the abolition of slave jy in the coloniesl)elongiiig to that countrv has ta ken place. The Peers passed a law, by w'hich the , ve can purchase his freedom. T^e right of the slave to proijerty is recognized. For his moral and , religious rights the bill also provides. It remains to be been how the bill will fare in the Chamber of De puties. Another duel with swords took place in Paris on the Gtli ult. between the Duke of Rovigo and M Pcrrigault. Both combatants were wounded, the Duke de Rovigo rather dangerously. Among the seconds were two peere of France?the Prince of Aioskowa and (.general Lagrange. The amount of money coined at the Mint in twen !mli?arS' Cn1mff 18?6' wa* upwards of sixty-seven nullions sterling; the cost of coinage ?421,000. .hJ!??;?KiaST,a^.du0t,0nJ5I,inner> of Bolton and ,? neighborhood have addressed their employers, soliciting an advance of five |>er cent, wages. . A pugilistic contest for JE200 aside and the cham-1 pionship is on the tapis, between Ben Caunt. the l ornish giant, and Bcndigo. 1 Thomas Hood is seriously, if not mortally ill. .n'!|0Wn?0pJflpTlleath{^9qJw'a8 elec,ed Rovcrnor, n?L ri^ ftobinaon, Esq., deputy-governor of the Bank of England for the ensuing year, on the 15th Of Knf,l,SC.nrJ '^al ofu,hc Dlic ? Br?g,ie> * number of English and I-renoh naval officers who have had experience on the coast of Africa, have been exa mined several times before his Grace and Dr. Lush ington, in Downing street. Cordial good feeling ex-1 i&ts between the t rench and English officers. Capt I Bouet and his friends were entertained at dinner, at WhST*' Blackw,aJ1. by Captain Trotter and Ls brother otficers, on the Sdi mat. . The Right or Search.?The Paris I'rtue savs it id assured " that the result of the conferences iwcen the puke de Brodie and Dr. Lushington is, that the trench and English Governmenu have agreed to suspend the right of search for two years withdrawing for this period the commission given to their respective cruisers." <'Keki?ock, April 8.?The American ship Flavius att Jones, from New York, sailed Feb. 27, encoun ?mj i ,ertvy fro,n W.8.W. to N.W. On the iilt., encountered a tremendous fjslc from W. to S.w ? the ship was obliged to b^ placed before the wind, scudding under close-reefed sail: a hrnvv struck the ship on the starboard, which carried away he boet,, Uer, ?,lt| j.bboom, stnrted the cutwater, in nntopxallant insist, stanchions, and did other da !I?TiS .L ?nrV|"",r 7^ ,lovc ovrr the larboard, esrussa* *IT$ 5" London, which appointment he ha7 re.,rnVd" Also L>ui, understand that he will proceed at once toX ll^r milage, as the precarious health of <*?. Jackson r/dclay" " IO? UnwH"??,t' 'hm b" Amongst the passengers in the Hibernia came a naval constructor, sent out by the govern thclakes. pUrp?"e ot b,,,ld'n? ^ on OBn t.Aitv.-On die JSth.of March, at Pan, Lower i \ renees, Major-General Fsgan, aged (iH, formerly M it' -I 'X'e.H oW"1**1 An,,V; On 29th of .it J}, L f. ,{oniney, aged G7. (>n the 2nd nit.,, utter a short illness, George Windham Earl of 'h- A at SSS;*Tu* Admiral, ir John Chambers White Kt'H On the 5th, Kear-Admiral Raper, aged 77. On ihr fith MhjoMroiiernl Fruemantle nirod "ifi nM ,i i??i' the Karl ot Abergavenny, awd 55 on I. ri#! ' Dublin, the Marquis ?.f /viwnshire. I lis lordship who whs on horsHmek, was seized with alplexv' l( 11, uiiJ innnrdiatr y expired Oiithr i?.t ? ..? I-k- of W,gh, d p. , aJid M tliorof the Encyclopedia of Fi,td ?-.rk. The c&bfjtd t'Xr tiSV"0f '!h.r rm ""kS'i "" "" "" - llXlCO AJMD THE LMltK STATKS.?Notwithstand ing uie great disparity in population, wealth and en ergy, between the two republics of North America, tnere tire many consideration* that militate in favor # 1 e I Iexit'iin8- auc^ * wur would not be a war . L- u States, but of a party in that country, which does, indeed, possess u bare mnjoritv, but which has identified itself with everything that is most odious to u large and enlightened minority in the "est States of the Union. Can anything ex ceed the dissatisfaction of the States of New Eng land, or New ^ork, or of Ohio, at having to meet the calls of war for the sake of un atro cious aggression on a neighboring territory, and for the encouragement ?f slavery, winch they have long smce expelled from their own ?oil'? The military establishment of the United States is very well adapted to the objects contemplated by its founders; tora militia, animated by patriotic unanimity, might k i-e-? re' a forelSn 'nemv who should invade the Union. liut offensive und defensive war are two different things. The regular army of the United States was reduced in 1!M2 to 9,012 men, who are employed in the garrisons on the coast, where they must remain. But to undertake field operations a all, even if they were to extend no further than the occupation of the Texan territory, an army of 20,000 or 25,000 men would be indispen sible ; and although such a force might he raised among the loose population of the Southern States, it could only be equipped and maintained at the cost ol the whole Union. IIow would such bur dens be borne for the sake of such a cause 1 By what newly-devised system of credit would the iwr tisansi of repudiation extract a loan from the capital ists of kurope 1 Or, by what new taxes is the re venue to be raised to meet a war expenditure 1 The invasion and conquest of a vast region by u State which is without an army and without credit, is a novelty in the history of nations; and althougfi the Lmtcd States have several times flung abroail ma rauders and sympathizers in great profusion, they would find it rather more onerous to support the operations of regular war. Such a war would indeed be a mere prolongation of a bootless struggle, lfTexas herself took a decid ed part in favor of annexation; but nothing can be further from the truth. American Presidents have told us on various occasions that Texas was solicit ing a humble place amidst the group of United re publics; and that her territory was forthwith to be re-united to that of the Union, which was dismem bered by the treaty of 1819: but it appears to be not improbable that, instead of converting Texans into Americans, the Americans who went out to settle and ?<w^rV.ZC:, cre fHlr,y lurned into Texans! What, they say, " are the advantages of f i y lnUa all"tuuiexin? Union ! They oiler to take all we are worth except our debt, fhey promise us a high tariff, but the Custom house duties which mav be levied on our trade will be carried to the revenue of the United States. Why did we come here ;.r uU,,iJ'iiie first event that befalls us is to replace us under all the restrictions existing in the I nion, and to deprive us of all the peculiar advantages which led us to speculate on the future prosperity of the Texan lleoublic 1" These argu ments are unanswerable ; ana although the Ameri can settlers doubtless emigrated to Texas for the purpose of seizing the country and annexing it to their own, they will have no scruple in betraymg the one any more than the other, and will probably be guided by their own immediate interests, rather than by any political considerations at all. We most sincerely believe that those interests, as well as the general interests of the country, will be sacrificed by annexation; and General Jackson used an argument which was at least sincere, when he endeavoured to raise the jealousy of the United States by describing the progress of Texas, as an independent community, more highly favoured by climate and by commercial legislation than any part of the Union. Some may wish to win Texas as an ally, but many more would be well pleased to crush her as a future rival. Mexico, on the other hand, would be completely united in repelling such an attack. The unsettled state of the country, and the independent habits of the people have left them far behind the United ^.tales in all that belongs to the arts of peace: but the Mexicans are perhaps less unprcnaired than the An glo-Americans for irregular warfare. Strange as it may appear, such a war would be exceedingly popu lar throughout the ancient Spanish provinces; the people would engage in it tn matte; and with ordi nary ability on tfcepart of their Generals, they would oppose a formidable resistance to any American force which could enter the country IjQ at the present crisis, the aflairs of Mexico and of.Texas were wisely and vigorously managed, it might still be possible to terminate this discussion without any evil consequences. The recognition of the independence of Texas by Mexico has been too longdeluycd; let Know be tranted on condition that the Texan Government binds itself to maintain that independence inviolate. Texas has no claim to ren der he reel/ independent of Mexico for the sole pur pose of becoming dependent on th* United States. Her independence is absolute, or it is nothing. And if a compact of this nature could be effected between Mexico and Texas, with or without the mediation and guarantee of the Uuroi>eun Powers, it is not easy to see by what means the United States could give effect to their scheme of annexation, except bv an o|ien violation of all rights, and by a direct ai> peal to force.?J^oiulun Timet, April 15. The Mo.nster Gun for the American Navy.? The heavy piecc of ordnance, ordered some time ago in this town to be made for the Princeton, Uni ted States steam frigate, is now approaching to com pletion; and being the largest cannon ever made in this country, and requiring in its construction great skill and attention to perfect it as a solid mass, it has become an object of considerable interest and curi osity amongst nautical and scientific men. It will be remembered that the Princeton hud on board a gun of great weight and calibre, which. Inst year, burst on being fired, while a large jmrty of American officers were present to view the vessel, by which several persons lost ihcir lives, including the Secre tary of State. It is in lieu of the gun then destroy ed, winch was of malleable iron, and made imper fectly, of the same material, (requiring, if wi ll made, less bulk for a given strength than cast iron.) The mm was manufactured in the solid by Mr. 1 lorsfall at his "Mersey steel and iron works',' and being of great length and proportionate thickness, the secure ly welding or conglomerating the whole from pieces into one equal mass before turning and boring re qiured the utmost effort of modern skill, and the aid of powerful machinery in heating and fashioning it. In the rough U . was nearly fourteen feet long, and little short of thirty inches in diameter at the thicker end. A round shaft of seven inches in diameter was first formed, and on this, as a foundation, were successively laminated wedges of iron, placed longi tudinarily, on edge, and reversed in position so us to tit. lhese placed round the original spindle, were, (as well as the shaft) brought to a white heat, and securely welded by a hammer eight tons in weight, worked bv steam. Another layer, in like manner, was added over the former, and so on until the whole was of the requisite thickness throughout. When thus so far fashioned, and proved to be per feet and equal in all its parts, the mass?a most cre ditable, and, indeed, extraordinary specimen of forged work?was sent to the works of Messrs. J* awcett Ac Co., engine makers and founders. The gun, as sent to the foundry, weighed 11 tons 3 owt. . 2qrs. and II lbs. In the turning and borim* it whs 1 reduced in weight about 2 tons I ow t. The lenrth of the cannon, now that it is turned and bored, is i:l feet, and the bore 12 feet in length, and 12 inches in diameter, leasing a thicknes*? of so'id metal of ?ne foot at the breech. In form the piece is plain and unassuming in appearance, without, raised mould ings or rings, (on the French system,) the object being to u'tai.i the required strength nt each point, without uscicsa mi tal; und the whole tapering near ly equally horn the breach, which is 274 inches in diameter, 'o the m:jz;!c, which is 19 inches? -giving a thickncss of metal to it ss a tube of 74 inches at the former, and 34 inches at the latter.*.The model for this gun was provided by the .Americans, who or dered it, and was made on an inch-and-a-lialf scale. The turning and boring occupied over a space of neaily three months, though the operation is by no means slow, considering the quantity of metal to In cut away at a gradual and cautious rate, to prevent any inif*rfection. The first drill introduced w as f>e ven inches in diameter; and about a foot from it, a 10 inch boring head followed on the same shaft, making a bore of 10 inches at once. An II 4 inch anil was next used, and finally one of 12 inches. Hie gun, finally adjusted in the lathe, was turned, the borers being stationary. The finishing operation with the 12 inch drill took three successive days and nights, without intercession, the engine being kept . y cca,,'nK even for a short time the il?n.or "Pwwton of the iron might, from al U?!r?i .r " r?ld.' Prrv<"n' 'he production of the ?ThrhnrT* bore- " mark. As rute'!(l ftmoo,h ?" that of a first K I lece ; and the exterior of the gun is bCcL rr.'bl eVC,,i Jh'o-Kh the centre of the brtnh a l.trg? hole is drilled to admit of a thick bolt, with a large head, to be counter sunk in the rounded cut. or basin of ,|le breech, where l e charge will be depo?ted. This bolt terminates ex teriorly in a strong screw, upon which will be se cured the outer or terminating breech piece as n finish; and thin pin in no mannive at the hend nnrl Will he so closely fitted, that it will become pan and iwccl of the gun. and cannot be blown out bv any explosion which the piece will bear. In look ing through thi# hole (now open)the whole resem Hf* '1ST le,e8c?Pe- The i'H-ce will be poiaeTon fnr?T, ^e Mro"tr tn"mio,ls ?f 8 1-3 inches long, orjtd upon ii massive iron belt or ring encircling the gun near us centre. The belt is lli inVhelin w Yf? ^ i in thickness, and will also be brightly polished. It ?ill be put on in a hot state so asto contract in cooling, like the tire of a wheel Im mediately in front of this belt (which cannot move towards the breech, from the increasing thickness of the sun, .as well as a small llauch.^ a\""^or Hat ribbon indenture has lien turned out of the "un STift'V h??P 0f, lr'? of lro? he put on to nushly, but. not welded ; and over this another strong hoop o< iron will be driven on hot amlin contracting will clip the other so tightly 'that the trunnion belt wiU become immovable???,VSUere in one mass with the gun, to resist & recdl ? shock , the gun itself not being weakened in the h"te|tSr Th'/ n, Hln? ?r'H'r'oniUon to secure tne belt. I he balls which this monster itun will carry, will each be inches in diameter, a quarter of an inch being left lor windbore: will each weieh ^2WSnounder" uT"0 Ob pounder. Before delivery it will be proved at Jjlki'i \ i W . f, double charge of gunpowder 472 fbs "i? Jin^, ^'WeIgh,,K c?urse toBether) 47Z lbs. It will be Jcovered during the experiment with mats and sandT to avert the consequences of any accident from disruption?though this, from its admirable and scientific construction, is by no e?rnnV?i I8p,)re lendrd- The l,f"?ceton isf we board. y' t0 ,uke tlle U10nster on Life of the Kino of 18 tan^H'Tf A attempt tipou the life of the King n?rH- 9 man, oi the lower classes, named Durden, is said to have stationed himself in the SiC?,Urt' u"d "w?ited, with a stone in his hand waiting'Z fit1 ln'?8 Tired oi m ,flung the stone mt0 a window on the first floor, and run away, but was soon stoo [T ar''i q^oned. He declared that in throwing had intended to wound the King. Ac cording to another account, the stone was reallv thrown into his Majesty's carriage; but th^ .s in correct for since yesterday the King has taken up his residence at Potsdam.? Manheim Jour., April if. 1 MPRovEMEvr OK Egyit.?Mehemet All's vast ,,m jects for the improvement of the soil of Egypt api^ar to extend themselves in the inverse ratio of his fail vSL ? and declining years. The barrage of ihe ><ile is proceeding; and the pasha is, wehear, on T ?lt??AT' W Is Pn?cipal engineers, to visit the Lake Mane, with a view to devising the means of employing, like the Pharaohs of old, their vast kke as a basin for the irrigation of Egypt during the droughts of summer. F " K lUL ^Luls.?Alexaxdria, March 23.? Ihe lion. Last India Company's eteamer Atalanta which reached Suez on the 19th inst., with the Bom &?& ?f tlie 1" "f March, when off Mocha on the 12th tnst., exchanged signal* with the Iferenice which left Suez on the 23d of February, and shoSld have been by that tune not far fron.Bombay It amiears that when the Berenice left Suez her main shaft was not in very good condition, and it is sup posed that it must have broken at sea, but as she was seen making way under steam against ahead W1j Llt 18 PreHUm.l'd she must have put in at Jedda and there repaired the damage done. ' C atk or Ooon Hope.?Advices hove boen received o?the 30th1 JBnM?f0?d rl01'0 with ??l>?ni?town paper* or the 30th January. These papers contain a return oi w'iof'n ?l eastern province for the vear endintr 1p! ii aToC0ln^0ri J ?,c exports amounted'in value to ?113,372, against ?110,962, In 1843. The increase in the export of wool was from ?66)683, to .?76,809 Tho im ??118 mo"^? ,the yT JtlgSk, against I?' PerhaP?. worthy of notice that in the exports from the eastern provinces tho article of w ine does not appear for tho last year, which shows that that branch of trade has been abandoned for the more profita ble production of wool. There had been anothe?con ference between Mr. Stretch, the colonial aeent and th. (.afire chiefs and the latter had at length Agreed to sicn the treaty, i bey for lomo time demurred against two of the articles, onei of which relates to the establishment of local courts, and the other relates to the permission of the people to attend the missiouary schools. Some of the ch'efs signed tho treaty, under a protest against these articles, the basis of their objection being, that the evils F lnt.?"de,d.t0 Provide against could ut any time be redressed by the authority of the chiefs over their r " rCR' * y?re..therefore, superfluous, aad'an ev ' deuce of unmerited distrust in their sense of justice. B?r discoveries have been made by Lord Rosw s Telescope. It is said that Regulus, instead of being a sphere, is ascertained to be a disc; and stranger still, that the nebula in the belt of Orion is roundVh PrTteni~w fun' Witl? planets moving round it Professor Kobinson, of Armagh. who with other scientific gentlemen, has been staying some weeks with the Earl of Koese, has command cated a few particulars respecting the lirst achieve ments of this great telescope. Of forty-three of lier scbels nebula, considered unresolvablc by him nil were found to be composed of stars, 'Ihe bright centres which some of them have, and which Her schel considered proofs of condensation, prove to he central globular clusters of much larger sturs; and this seems to be a general arrangement. So planets very well, showing'Gam cumstancea.' under veT unfavor^le cir fr !,nl|Ml:n 'AI' TtutATtiM.?The accounts received from the United Mates, both public and private, niav be regarded in every respect of a more pacific and satisfactory tone than any which we have .received gpswa ar crass Meantime, however, trivial as are the reductions in our tan IT introduced in the present session in inXTn'i'ted d^ltfly ,feCline lhc "STicuhural party in tlie Lnited States, the greatest satisfaction is al ready discenuble in the sjiirit with which they have "en received. Nor was tliere ever a period when a" circumstances combined to render anv concessions on our part, to a just and wise conception^ 'mer cantile intercourse, so likely to be fruitful of mutual advantages to both countries. mutual In this country there is a conviction, every dav be coming stronger, that we have in tunes past com muted an enormous error in thc|H>licy that we have pursued towards foreign states?a policy murked by Interests f.^sh regard to special and favored interi sta?a policy distrustful of our powers to sus tain a fair compeUon, in the face of'the stronger lajuh ?f?UF ablI,ty to do 8<)>?a Policy which has called into existence a manufacturing interest in from' ,V,CS W iere mM,1unP but tllc necessities ansing Ti u '"elusion of their more natural products are nnulVlK ?"r 80 ; HUl1 ll,C Worf,t fealare8 of which lh7- CttnnLot c*??t without high protec i af l"'8'!-H P0"?/,which has misdirected the cap which u'irlU8try " C0V"lr>'- as we" "? of those .m,I ? "Uf ncarf8t and n,oe,t naturul associates wol, wh1 ? ln lhe Rrcat i'focess of production, i! '' r i" ?"r "!,erc.our8e need not have been, as it is now, a hot and jealous conipction, but a friendly 'ru^l'u ,ly advantageous co-operation. rnrw.anri "'orwhich we have committed in Eu ropt, and which has already advanced far in Ameri ca, we hove yet the power to arrest in the latter coun try . And the circumstances of the present moment nre more thsn favorable for th.i pur^se. U iHrue that the same reasons which have prevailed in (ier many, have influenced to a rront ?-Ttent ihe e6f il> hshment of manufactures and the submission 'o a pro eej.yc policy in the United Strips. Hut fhere i. sti'l a large majority of Umf nation wh-,?e inier st >i I"','1?V, ,in!1 " !llarkr' for ,hr produce of ?he CO, n VI nr' T'' manufactures of thin ThT. ?."r H'tT hitherto has so tsr estranfed nat natural co-oporation from us. < ?lir re,Tn. acts, trivial though ihev maybe. hHV.> raised hope? that our views and our pohcy sre undergoing a chan re-? change which is not the less dictated rr.nn """ ",",1rnnl necessities rlian bv ...II fo reign eommercial relations. There are still, and especially stfthmtime.pow erful interests in the f'niiod States, willing r? cultivate a close and free mter hange with ihis country ; hut every year that we ?|. low to push entirely removes ?,?nc and weakens all av?f >?<>?>, a icitt policy, onr onpo,i at I hit nid of ^"T* Slatci. coining to the ntw ?Jt.kmTt "?d intercut* of the neii eoyrnmrnt in Amcrico, and of the effort* to he marie tn the next Congrtn in favor of a went redur t/i^m It /? 'ar'>uJ^ ',ot/ailto ^ rrmrned with a, most la*tmg benefit, to both conn trie*. Hut we d ^ aiofuTr,, I'l'f n,0rC. ,han "pt'nH ?"r """? >n ai. graceful squabbles, so derogatory to the dnrnitv wiffinmnS freely t SEjv ^Stimrai '!?* fctl willing, wuhT-wS to 'contend agS tZZl maiiufncturiuff con'prations, whose growth an?F istence is so dependent on the exclusion of liritish nianufactures. Our prohibitory laws alone fu n - them with power to maintain tl.eir monopoly, which nothing but a hheral policy on our jwrt will render Parliamentary?Tli? Maynootli (iatillon. Tlie iirimary boat- of contention in Parliament, as in tile country, hati been the increased grant to Maynooth. The subject wiu brought before tiie House of Commons, on the -1th inut., by Sir Robert Peel, 111 a speech of considerable length and power, lie entered fully into thelsub ject, and astonished the great body of his support ers, by the boldness of his innovations, and the length to which he professed his willingness to go in order to secure the pacification of Ireland. Mr. Shiel, as the mouth-piece of the Irish nation, grate fully accepted, and warmly eulogiHed the Premier's foresight and liberality. In this way the Maynooth grant was introduced, and the second reading ot the jill was fixed for Friday last, when the debate may be said to have commenced 111 earnest. It was mark ed, 011 the jwrt of some of the sjieakers, by more thnn usual acrimony and talent. Amongst the speakers

who most distinguished themselves wasMr.D'Israeli. lie addressed the ilouse with point and bitterness, and the taunts which he levelled at Sir Robert Peel were more savage than playful?more personal than argumentative. He rested Ins objection to the mea sure principally on the previous character of the men from whom it proceeded?men who in opposition had done all in their power to raise the "no popery" cry, and contributed, by their then tactics, to raise the storm of bigotry which is now sweeping oyer the country. He sneered at Sir Robert Feel's refusal to " bandy personalities," and made a forcible appeal to the leader of the opposition, Lord John Russell, not to uttain power other than by legitimate means? means which, iustcad of embarrassing his position when in office, would materially strengthen it. The evening was marked by an unlooked lor speech from W. E. (Gladstone, who was understood to have left the ministry on account of his op|>osition to this same Maynooth g;ant. With some nibbling criticism on the measure, Mr. Gladstone gave it his unbounded support, on the ground of its urgency, and the pecu liarity of the times. These were the principal sha kers during the lirst night. On Monday the ques tion was renewed; the crack 8|>eakcr of the night was Mr. Macaulav, the member for Edinburg?a man of popojar talent, and something more than a hack politician. Mr. Macaulay's constituents are strongly opposed to the measure; but he professed his readiness to sacrifice his seat rather than his principles with regard to it. lie followed in the wake of D'lsraeli, and was bitterly sarcastic at Peel for histactics inopposition. This part of the speech, as is generally the case in matters involving person alities, was more telling than the mere abstract truths to which he gave eloquent expression. On Tuesday and Wednesday the speakers were not, generally speaking, men of great mark. The pros and cont were nearly divided. The "Young England" section, led by Lord John Manners and Mr. Smy the, made warm, even enthusiastic speeches, in favor of the increased grant. The result will not be without its etfect on the constitution of parties.? Out of favor with the agriculturists, Sir Robert Peel has been dcueitad by numbers of his political suppor ters, while many of the liberal members, represent ing constituencies in which the dissenters are nume rous, will, by supporting the government measure, bid adieu to their seats. It is certainly creditable to the moral courage of the Premier, that", well knowing the hornet's nest which the measure would raise, he had tlie temerity to introduce it. The whigs,as a j>arty, have exercised a praiseworthy forbearance on tne oc casion. It wus a tempting opi>ortunit)- to trip the Min ister's heels; and had Uiey followed the example which he set them in opposition, they would have done so. As the professed leader of the Tories, Sir Robert is censurable for having pandered to the sec tarian prejudices which now threaten to overwhelm him. The business of the House has been delayed every night by the presentation of petitions against the measure. Indeed so well organized are the reli gions bodies throughout the country?so perfect is their machinery on any point involving violencu to their sentiments, that their influence and agitation can, by meetings and petitions, be heard and felt in almost all parts of the country simultaneously. The meetings of which Exeter Ilall is the scene, on any such emergency, may be referred to in proof of llit fact. On Thursday, the principal speaker on the govern ment side was Sir James Graham, who entered into an elaborate defence of the measure, and rebuked the " No Popery" cry of its opponents. He alluded to the phrase to which he had given utterance pend ing the Irish State Trials, that " concession had reached its limits"?a phrase which had been so much commented on?explained the sense in w hich he used it?and apologized for having, in a moment of excitement, uttered, as a minister of the crown, language which was calculated to irritate a sensi tive people. He defended the policy of the govern-1 ment, when in opposition, and contended that his conduct, and that of Lord Stanley, had always had for its object the civil and ecclesiastical progression of the Irish |>eople. The tone of the Home Secre tary's speech was Arm, but conciliatory, and gave no evidence that he or his colleagues were disj>osed to bend before the blast. On the last night of the debate, (18th April,) the interest was immense, and the Minister, (Sir Hu bert Peel,) avowed that his motive was to conciliate Ireland, for the purpose of being prepared for war with the United Mates, if necessary, on the Oregon ques tion. The following are] his closing remarks, and the vote:? Sir Robert Pkkl said? * * * As a Minis ter responsible lor the public peace, lie said that it was accessary to break up that formidable combination which at present existed in Ireland against the British govern ment. lie did not thiuk that that combination could be broken up by force, but he did think that it might be sub dued by kindness, forbeaiauce, and generosity ; and it was essential that it should be subdued il' we wished to cement the union between the two couutries, and to in crease the strength of this united empire. When he tirst thought of proposing this measure to Parliament, he had no anticipation of any interruption of the relations* of amity between this country and any other. liut on a re cent occasion Jstrd John Russell had considered it to be a duty to raise the veil which concealed the distant future, ft then became his duty to state publicly that, though he u-as anxious for an amicable arrangement of our differences n ith the United States, we were resolved and proyartd 10 defend our unquestionable rights, \J' they were incaded.? lie owned that, when he was called upon to make that declaration, he recollected with pleasure that he had sent the very day before a message of peace to Ireland. Mr. Smythc had' said in his very aloquent speech on a former evening, that the time might come, irAen all the en ergies of the country might be wanted in its defence. Ood forbid that ]>eacc should be broken ; but if it were bro ken, thoup hhe might not be a member of the Govern* meut called upon to vindicate the honor of tho country, lie would be tound by the side of the Minister, whoever he might be. supporting hiin in the prosecution of a jn*t and honorable war. W heuever that war should occur, he trusted that it would find Parliament ami the country united in loyalty to the throne, and in determination to support the common interests ol the empire. Then, con tiding in our good cause, and in the valor, perseverance, and lortitude of every component part ol these united kingdoms, he should view the result with composure, being convinced that the energy of au united people must insure safety of the empire. The Huus^Theu divided, w hen there appeared? For the motion 3J3 Against it ' ' ' 50 Majority 147 On thia extraordinary question, all the tory jour nal* are out against fSii* Robert Peel. The f/otirivn Times ha* the following significant remarksi? The public will have been prepared for tho majority by which tho Ommmn have passed the second rending of the Meynooth bill. The most obvious remark to bo made upon it is, that it does not bear quite the sam" ratio m the total sum of the votes as at the flrst reading; a cir cumstance which indicates thnt thosa members who had not compromised themselves nt the flr^t rrading, havo pot mustered to strongly to the support of the bill as thny hav nirnlnst i?. F or this we nro indebted probably to the popular feeling so vigorously e*pres?ed on tho subject. It is with real concern that n e And the public sentiment so little represented cither in tin debates of the House, ?>r in the policy of the Cabinet. Wo repeat, that if tho measure was so sound, so humnne, so healing, so neces sary, it is tho greatest pity that Sir II. Teel did not secure beforehand tho sympathy and acquiescence of the people. As it is, the maturity is ministerial, not popular. If I'eel is light, tho nation is w rong ; and if he intends to carry on a series of similar revolutions, it is painful to think of thn vast amount ol public distrust, and indignation, and lemonstrance that lie in store for us. When Peel is on one side, and the people on another, we are not usbamed i to own on which side our sympathies lie. We are al most content, in that case, to resign to him that monopo ly of wi'dom and virtuo whie.h he so sufficiently appro , ciate*, and to seek the consolations of society among the uninitiated, impolitic multitude. < )n this extraordinary state of things, the House i of Lords will probably kill the bill, a crisis will be ! produced, Hnd then Sir Robert l'eel will resign, dissolve the House, and ap|<cal to the people. I'nitkd States' Hank.?On Friday a sale took i place at the Auction Mart, London, by Mr. Shuttle 1 worth, of 343 shares of ft 100, or ?25' sterling each, ; in tho llank of the United Statesof America,amount ing to ?8,575. The auctioneer said that it wus ra ther peculiar property now, but that it must be sold without reserve. There were seven lots, the lowest I comprising sixteen shares, and the highest lift shares. | The tirst olfer was Ids. per share, when, after some ! competition, it was knocked down foi 22s. ner share. [ The remaining lots were sold at 23s. and 24s. per j slurc. The shares were to be paid within seven I days after the day of sale. A Word in tub Eak op Mit. Pout.?Harken, Mr. | Polk, President of tin: United States of America, to a friendly whisper of your friend Punch. You have | been lately expressing an intention of seizing on the [ Oregon territory; mid, in defiance c if the British lion, i appropriating the lion's share. You have thereby caused the said lion to wag his tail, and roar. At tend to that roar, .Mr. Polk?murk that tail?be warned, and beware! ltnn not your head into the lion's mouth. In other words, do not engage your self in a content with Great Britain. In the first place, you want money to buy powder and bhot; you nave no national uncle, nor anybody else to lend you a sixpence, for those who lend sixpences expect to see them again. Secondly, Mr. Polk, there is a cir cumstance on which it behooves you well to ponder. Among your glorious institutions, that of slavery is very conspicuous. You have a large negro population. That's a fact, sir, us your country men say; a great fact. You will hardly ven ture to arm your negroes. You dare not trust your slaves with arms. It would not be against the friends of freedom that they would direct those weapons. Would you expect them to fight for your chains and drivers, and t-o defend me law of Lynch ? Do you calculate that they would rally round their whipping-posts, and be faithful to their colors?the stripes 1 On the contrary, does it not occur to you that England might present them with their freedom in cartouch-boxes ? We should need to send few men to Kentucky, if we sent plenty of muskets. Libertv, remember, is inscribed on the British flag ; it would he awkward for you were we to hoist thnt fhg in America. You are yourself a slave-owner, Mr. Polk. What would be the effect of a proclamation of the O'Connell spe cies, addressed to your "hereditary niggers'?" Think of that, Master Polk. No, sir; vapor, hec tor, bully, bluster, swagger, as much as you please. Shake your fist, cock your chin, make faces, take sights across the Atlantic at the " Britishers," and welcome. You will only divert us?ourselves espe cially?by affording us subjects for iokes and carica tures. In a vvord, talk as lonjj ana tis big ns you like about going to war ; but don't do it. if you do, depend upon it, as Richard the Third says, " a black day will it be for somebodyand who that somebody will be, you may pretty particularly con siderably welljguess.?London Punch. Ireland. Repeal Association.?The rccent proceedings at the Repeal Association on Monday, the 7th instant, were somewhat striking. Mr. O'Connell intro duced Mr. Richard Grey Porter, late High Sheriff of i Fermanagh (und author of a well known pamphlet i on Federalism), and moved that he be enrolled a member of the association; which was carried by | acclamation. Mr. Porter avowed his adherence to Federalism. The chief features of the new act ot Union which he advocated were, firstly, the recog nition of the independence of Ireland as a voluntary itartner in the Ilibemo-Britinh empire; secondly the settlement of the national debt of the two countries i on equitable principles; and next, an increase ot re presentatives in the British House of C ommons, to the extent to which this country was entitled accord ing to population and amount of territory. But he gave ttie associators some advice. He would tell Uiein tome of the reasons which deterred manv thousands ot men of moderate opinions in the north of Ireland, and indeed in every part of the country, from joining them. The [lirst was, the fear that tins association was merely O'Connelhte. But this fear lie believed to be unfounded; they had chosen Mr. O'Connell as their chief because he had the best head among them ; but that he could turn them as he pleased he denied altogether. Another reason was, that they were afraid that the establishment in Col lege Green would lead either to its own suicide, as formerly, or a separation of Ireland from England. He agreed with those who believed that it there was a Parliament in Dublin, there would be u sepa tion of the countries in two years. (" No, no!") He stated this merely as his own opinion. I he last reason to which he would advert, by which many were influenced in persisting to refuse .joining the Association, was the non-publication ot their ac counts. If every thing connected with their ac counts were above board, they would stand much liiijier in the estimation of the world; and for his own part, he did not join them until he obtained a plain promise trom Mr. O'Connell that for the future i the accounts should be published every week, item by item. Mr. O'Connell said, that up to the commencement i of the State prosecution the accounts had been reg ularly published; and since that time the current i expenses of the week, to the last farthing, had been I regularly reported to the Committee every Thurs day. The accounts likewise had been under consi deration with a view to publication; but one ol the auditors had been taken ill, and had only returned among them that day. He had no doubt that within a fortnight they would be able to publish them. Mr. Smith O'Brien expressed dissent from the views put forward by Mr. drey Porter, and declar ed himself an unconditional repealer. Mr. O'Connell, after some remarks on the repeal of the Union, expressed his belief that the T men would be repealed, and that Sir Robert Peel would be the man to bring in the bill. " When you talk of a man's future conduct, the best grounds on which to conjecture what that Khali be is to look to his past conduct; and is there nnvthing in what may be called the antecedents of Sir Robert Peel that is in consistent widi his bringing in an act of Parlia ment for the repeal of the Union himself 1 Was there ever, 1 ask, so determined anenemy of Catholic emancipation as Sir Robert Peel?conscientiously 1 mlimt, but still a little usefully to himself; it was by taking thejground of No-Popery m his early political life that he, the son of a manufacturer?a manufac turer of high character certainly?has risen to the dignity of Premier of England. He was in this country the enemy of Catholic Emancipation, and the principal man that organized the Orange lodges throughout Ireland. He left that system after linn i m operation, which was carried so far that almost every young gentleman m the nordi of Ire land when'he attained his age was, according to Peel's scheme, regularly sworn in an Orangeman. That system continued several years in existence under "his auspices; and no man ever made or published more seeches against Emancipation than Sir Rober Peel. But who conceded it! who car ried it and worked it through the House of Commons, and assisted by his influence to carry it through the House of Lords! The same Sir Hobert Peel. Hurrah, then, for Peel, and Re peal !" They said, indeed, that they gave the legal right to Catholic", but they would have a ^Protestant preference' in all things possible. The words ot the l>ukc of Wellington were 'a Protestant preference. That was a shabby way to emancipate us ; it was like Hinging u bone to a hungry dog without an> meat on it. But, perhaps, as he is growing older he iu growing wiser and better. I think I must fall in i fine with him: for nothing was ever more fair, manly, and excellent in all its details, than his plan resecting Maynooth." On the last day ot meeting he did not hazzard any opinion with respect to the proposed Maynooth grant, and he had intended to | be cautious this dav; but having just read the bill, he had no hesitation in pronouncing it to be most excellent, and the speech by which it was ac companied was as fair and manly us the plan itself was admirable. It was done in a noble and generous manner, and he was grateful for i?. He repeated that the bill was excellent in all its details, and quite satisfactory and unobjectionable. The increased grant was to be given without restriction of any kind ; but would that make them invc up their ngita tion for repeal 1 He firmly believed that tor that vcrv grant he ought to say. " I hank you. agitation. i and Conciliation Hall, I am obliged to vou ; and Repeal Association, Maynooth ought to pray for vou." (Laughter and cherrO Sir Robert Feel was well aware of the favorable impression which the bill would produce on the nnnds of the people of this country ; and, accordingly, the evening of the bringing it in he set the Americans at defiance. It he persevered in his pres?-ni line of conduct towards this country, Ireland would set them at defiance too. "To America I say, dont't dare attack England; they arc conciliating Ireland; and you have threi millions two hundred thousand slaves among your inhabitants." The rent for the. week was Edward Clements Esq., presided at the weekly meeting on Monday the 14tn ins'ant, and the Mem bers of Parliament who think themselves better em ployed spouting and collecting repeal rents in Dublin, than in defending their country and vindicating its' religion in the House of Commons, were Messrs. O'Connell, Grattan, .1. O'Connell. and .T. Kelly. Another truant was announced as coming, Mr. D. Callaghan. M. P. for Cork. Mr. O'Connell Post poned the intended Clontnrf hanouet till the Oth of September, and afterwards read the report of the committee on the Maynooth Endowment Bill. The following is the most material passage" As fir n? : we understand the matter, the bill appears to h- | f ramed in a just and conciliatory spirit, and to present. no matter of difficulty or doubt in any of its details to any Koman Catholic, however suspicious lie may have been rendered by reason of the conduct ot the present ot any former (iovernnient. A question, however, arises upon the principle inyolv ed hi the lull. The Catholic clergy and laity hnr heretofore protested, and they do still protest,against any state provision tor the Catholic Church. I hey have repcatedlv declared, and tliey still arc of opinion, that no one class ot ( hristians ought to be 1 called on to support tli?* clergy of any other |HIWi j sion than their own Circumstanced, however, as I Una country now i*. with it* ecclesiastical state r*. venues, originally granted lor Roman CathoKJT poses, vested in .the Protectant church establishment it is deemed no infringement^ the voluntary princ - pie to receive, by the way of restitution, the mean* of educating the Catholic clergy, especially when ten dered in so satisfactory and conciliatory a way as it f ,hy k'h b,1L ^r. O'Connell having declared "m ,tlw. w Wf f6 |U ^red tV,|,aas into a luw. the Roman ^atnohes of Ireland would gratefully receive it?pro ceeded to refer to the exhibition/uf bigotry EJd irr, 1 ace 1" K%,|iUld. *?d to the pla cards carried ubout, disseminating the grossest of YInvn' l'}>ni?,s against die College ST ! ai i Catholic religion, as proofs of what lie hud been rebuked for saving nainelr "i, KJ'peo"le <*, inent, uidt were opposed to Ireland. ||f was nm place' rrV'if ruchi "n ^'^'tion had taken lice, if the Catholic clergy had objected to th? measure, he would himselT^ave nioved that h bT having Ti?nf teH0USe ; bl" h",?'? ? h3?S iiuvinjL, it in las power to say that Sir Hoh^rt P??i ?ukud"tl!e ciSi'*",!?'"1 ?; 'l"r"u? manner, con. EKatta z triir "? .he bill, bill he would JVS&SStfwX ter employed here. Amougtt tlie contributions IW T.,^rf 1116 W *?"> America^?From Sffi "/ JtlW; ami i^4 lfi? f[?m i hiladelphia ; and the total amount of the week's rent was announced to be ?700 4s. lid. How the Repealbw will Receive the Or-EE* The Queen is to come here early in July, leaving ? H.a'd?. Parliament sitting?leaving an excused her Ministers to stay from us-leaviHg a Suture a,| 113 I'ttle concessions, or fiery coercion I sllS.Hr.f,'un,s' or cannon shot,as we show ourselves duped slaves or firm men. Let her come-shT?? > oimg and kindly woman?she shull be welcomed with tenderness. Let her come-sheisour fritSSf lstrate (by courtesy at least, for Peel is so ffi and slmll meet loyal respect. Hut let her not co?? if she come to trick us into forgetfulness of liberty* J o that we owe a higher loyalty?to that a deeDcr hTh- ?V*r 'l?1 rrr,nd ,he "0lJ of ?l*e Volunteer the battle-ground of Brian?let her not pass the grave of rone the prison of O'Connell, or the gibbe? ground1 of Emmett, in hopes of teaching us staves ?let her not be falsely made to hope the priests of nationality shall stop their anthems, because a mon arch hath come m. Let the Queen come,a?d e?e!V Deal"' " ?hL "nF al,tCu1Htely "The and rz peal. Repeal and the Queen!" Let her come and see no erouchingi serfs ready to worship her sceptre,or of savage child-men to gape at her glaring ??rZ? he,r coT' ,md ?6ht welcome: buS er may the sod wither from our land, ancf bare the bones of our martyrs to our famished eyes, than Ir? ftnterz; ;^vor' h?u'?t France. I',1 *'l.e Chamber of Peers, on Saturday tlie Colo. 108 to MJU,TKaUOn BlI1-w.a8P?"wed by a majority of jf:???; The report of the committee on the hill admits.that slaveiy is to be abolished ; the onlv Ques tion being, us to how and when that object is ?o ? carried into effect. The ^ 6j cond note addressed by M < Juiznf tn ? ? ration but calls upon the o fee ual measures for putting an end to X a^rchV and disorder that prevail in that country. Arrival of His Excellency Gil Davis Cover*, ok op Conev Islano, United States, at Paris ? 1 I1 IT aXs ,H8?> ^*T Davis, Governor of Conev fWr teste sSr?s ^CWLSTE sssa lady m Rome informed his ExwUcncythatril > as interesting and impressive in the extreme His Excellency describes the father of the feithfiil ..! ' "??< nrfddte heijh?: somevrha. inclined".!) tid/'ukf'sz to wn of Lebanon looking tow ards Damascus thl "- j of,hls llolln^s is 82 vears, and his adds the important and significant information that on the occasion of this visit he weKd drSk Cliampaigne wine. His Excellency wat%v!^a the eriVl k* 'i'"" ^vontlers of the Eternal City? the trndlu in which the Saviour was rocked?the !i ?mi um. which he rode into Terusalem the pillur he leaned against when he disputed with 5"h-??-5 and"aneS "h^hX S K? Mi all the candles and the prf,".- hi- n .l b'eMed L.^0,rned WUh, red, r'bbons was brou-^up aAf a prayer was read in Ins long ear*, to which th# in telhgent animal devoutly wagged his S ?? hi* Excellency did not fail to notice! ' M hl* ^Altogether the tour of his Excellency has been in teresung in the highest degree?full of i humorous ad venture. I l is subjects at Coney lsCd aje now anxiously awaiting his return and'we im. j'^ore tlie winds to be propitious to him,and his shiD laden with something better than the "bottle ol Wt"ch h'8 Kxcp|'ency did not Spain. The Cortes wore to pit on the 8th. A fierce oppo? eition was expected to the grant ofthe three millions of reals whicn wan projioscd bv the Budget Com mitter to be made to Queen Christina. The Clamor Publico, condemns in strong terms the residence of the Munoz family at the Hovnl palace. The Madrid Gazette of the Nth publishes the law in virtue of which the unsold property, the sale of which had been suspended by a Roval decree of the 2fith July, 184-1, was restored to the Clergy. The sitting of the Chamber of iJepuiies presented consi derable interest. The Assembly was crowded, and all the Ministers were present. The President of the Council of Ministers demanded permission to address the Chamber. His Kxcellencv announced that he was about to communicate to the Chamber ? Royal decrec, authorizing the marriage of her Ma jeMy, Queen Maria Christina of Bourbon, and the manner and form which had been adopted. Dispatches had been received from Home, which promised that (he relations of Sjwm with the Holy S-e would ??on be placed upon an amicable tooting. It was proposed to cr* ate two new ministerial de partments. one for public instruction, and the other |nr transatlantic and colonial affairs. A court mar tial had sat at Logrono to fry the persons implicated in Zurbnno'e insurrection; but only one bad sur rendered to *ak - his trial, and lie hndWen sentenced to two years ]>rifi'iio. Sw|(t?rlnntl. The ncoimf? Iro: Switzerland confirm the un favorable impression crested bv previous advices. The free corpn have invaded tne torritory of Lu cerne, anil, contrary to expectation, have been sig nally defeated by the troops of that canton. The ex citement occasioned by this bloodshed pervades all parts ef the Confederation, and a general civil war can only be prevented by ?oi*ie vigorous measures on tb?' pnrt of the l>ict. The last accounts state that the Ihet bad been convoked in great lia.-te, and that at their silting on the full, a committee was appointed to inquire into the state ef aflhirs. From the ac counts we have received, which are somewhat con fused, we collect that the free corps presented them selves before I.ueertie. upon the morning of the 1st, and were received by a lire of musketry, and Jtwo attempts to enter the town were repulsed. It is add ed that the besiegers, believing in a capitulation, re fired to the faubourgs, where tnev were received by a fire of irrape-shot so terrible, that from 800 to lOOi) were hilled. The remain* of the corps returned to ilieit homes. The troops of the city captured a park ol a>? 'lerv, consisting of four howitzers, four can non, ihree howitzer caissons, and a large quantity of smaller ordnance. It i* mud that out of the 81)0 men w ho inarched from the half canton of Hale country, o;dy 100 have returned, and that a man alone has got back to Liestal. Stieger and llothuletz, two of the leaders, who had !w?en captured, had been brought before a military commission. It is ststed that l)r. Steiger was fried and condemned, and im mediately shot. Letters from Zurich of the 9th state that the exas peration of the con<iiiennir party is so great that seri ous apprehensions were entertained as to the fate of the prisoners taken beforr Lucerne. These prison ers are said to be 1,601 in all. Among them are 180 Bernese and ISM Argovians. The Catholic cantons had held a council at Lu

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