Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 8, 1845, Page 3

May 8, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 3
Text content (automatically generated)

mu AwnlvcMary or tho Kniton. \?w l ork AJitl.siarcry HocUty ?t th. Apollo ialoou <-reat SpoochM of Mr. Jacltaoii, Jamr, G. ?Ilrney, and Alvan Stewart?Kxtraortflnary Resolution, offered I,y Mr. lUewnrl-Vlew. and Objects of the Liberty Party. ' Hir readers will perceive by the following report and resolutions of the so-called Liberty Party Abo litionists, the distinction between tho two great so cieties who profess equally to have for their object tlie amelioration of the condition and emancipation of the .slaves. In our report yesterday of the American anti-Mavery society's proceedings?the dissolution of the l.nion?the annihilation of the church?tho overthrow and downfall of the clergy, was stated by A\ endall Philips to be the only exodus for the slave Irom the house of bondage. And S. S. Fos ter followed, by calling the churches the most infa mous places of resort in the city, and the ministers a band cf pirates and cut-throats?a conclave of in carnate liends. The resolutions offered by Alvan Mewart. are an exposition of their peculiar views the meeting was called to order by Mr fackson who requested the Rev. J. R. Johnson, of WiUianii* ir?\ op?" 'he convention by praver After which Mr. Jackson, as Secretary, made a verbal repoitof the proceedings of die past year, and an the society present con(ilti?n and prospects of .3?JaVKST ?aid-The Liberty party is steadily and hrnilv advancing?its object is to secure free dom for all, for the white as well as the black man -to permanently establish the free and immutable of this government over the whole people an an heie a whig in tho land, who waa not surprised at the smic?1 know both whig, and democrat. woTo .H. l&eTohn TvlM'.f0?rfd H'?( ,!'8r,y gart-v haJ become, 11 ko John I ylcr ? administration, a fined fact IS 000 vote, were cast la.t fall in this Stale, and 66 000 vo a. in the whole country, in .pits of the abu.ive attacul on the don^ Mr*Btrn?TUta(."i0 n ?f 0Ur. can,lidate for th. Presi on nil thp T<r ? i {J ? * statement, was made, and on all the prominent member* of the party that Mr nir ney was going over to the whig part? aJd then thaf hi ? ? , mejr dec in re'1 ho had gone or?r to his own hnmA eyas aS?S ??h'h've done this without sacrifice of principle ?? they profe.s svmpsthy with us ; but we can never unhl ATnfc- ,?nfwh?m' tiieo. Z\T. ESSE WiiihSAfsa' r. to be faithless. I know the time will com#* wVi?n ? v? ^ crack of the .lave-whip will not be heard in our land ?<ce? of emancipated millions rise to Heaven with shouts of liberty. Let overy man do hia duty fear lessly and boldly to uphold the principles of a free eov ernment, and my word for it this country shall be saved The Chaismar said Mr. Birney and Mr. Stewart were *nd he would invite them to come forward Mr. Birkev?Ladies and gentlemen : I came prepared to oiler resolutions which I will now submit, andmake sxsrsriri?j*** <u .7,12 confers no power m tenns to acquire in any w a y fo re ? terrntory. Sd. That the avowed oh^ct, Texas to the Union?the confirmation of slavery?is a shameless announcement for us to mske before the world 4th. That the annexation of Texas wouK a direct breach of the Constitution; an inexcusable viola l'y??bM?a 7 of friendship with Mexico, and a coward ?i . superior power toward a weak neighbor and a|lv, that must forover stigmatise ui as s faithless and thai ."n'h. P??P, N1'- .Birnev now proceeded to show that we had no legal claim under the treaties with France and Spain to the territory of Texas That wo h?H J.SfS all tlie rights we ever h'ad- snd could no Therefore t erthis ternary wi.fn1' "id Mr Birn^' th" po..e?ten el tnis tern.urj will ne\er compensate a nation for its ?X'?,Ui7,CLdQ,m,0'- We ?retold, however that it will "extend thefarea of freedom." ThatTexas alreidv has tulV7 ?nll,We c*nn?1 h?|P it. But is it not the diitv of this people to extend the Declsration of Independence rnrV?l *ftrait*ll men*re eati'led to life, liberty ?f''aPPlnu"- These are the fundamen tal pi ineiples of this government; the moment foreign territory is acquired the principle, of the government become law over that territory by yirtue of its incoiS tion. No government has the right to do the small est particle of injustice. I admire tho principle of *.r statesman who said, when the slightest wronir was done to the meanest subject it was done to the whole. Suppose we had found in Texas an order of nobili t V or an Established Church (both opposed to .ho fom ini ? th K?ve.riun?nt0 ' *ay tho moment it wss admitted into the Union they both would yield to the great prin vn"h ?/h K?T"n,m?nt; ond if the Liberty^ ty pre vailed, the jubilee of freedom would sound for every ,bo"'loSf.- The powers of Congretl s% I 1 as be^n ?l7f. (on<titut'on-a heresy I admit. It lias been said there wns an inherent power in the Constitution to annex territory but it is not an inhe rent power, liut a delegated one'-if ,t wo Je not to, there would be no end to the abuse of it. The people have ? w'ifi H?' tllB. P?wers of the Constitution are not m.equate, they may be appealed to ; bnt Congress prefer ?? iTeXV' \? pu7ue ? difr?rent course -a course which, to ell intents and purposes, is the most signal usurpation of the slsve power eier kn "n know there is a great cry about the glory of the nation hut virtue, mte T gense, and justice?these compose the' glory of a Republic. 1 see before roe. if we go on in this violent acquisition of territory, a line of military posti estending to the I acific Ocean?a provision made' for tue Kons of the aristocracy, as in Ureat Britain?snd the worst kind of aristocracy- a military one. What do we want of i,n army?have we not s police ? Do we want to put down insurrections ? We have none to fear. What do we want of a vast navy?we want it not. Let slavery i for ita defltaee! ?Ur Wh0'? C0UntrJr'' " arm-r uni^' J ?W J (a C0l?r?a TD) .made ? few remarks about tlie old organiration," and defended the church ' from tho as?aultsof (Jarrison and Koster. He said this ; "0h"p^a"au P?rtv-this no creed psity-no church party, I who had no creed except one,that isin their hearts are the I veriest sectarians in the world. If you do not subscribe to every article of their faith, they read vou out of their n<K lanch chnrch unanimously ! You must arree with them, and yet they arc no sectarians Alvan Srrwar.-Mr. President-There is now and then a man who becomes an abolitionist, who expects to leap his cropin lHW?a sort of red sea mlracle-a nation Midw?shed "to stet' Mr' Jark,on r'T'e'ted them"Tto?s?top* i and wished to state a meeting would be held at S o'clock ) liy those people that are going out ere only skind of I roving set, who casually drop't in. end who for sll snb- I j sminl purpose, might a. we!! be in on. as .no- 1 tlicr. The resolutions I am nbout to introduce, if I consul- ! V my own comfort, or what some call popularity I should not offer; but tho time lias come when wo must state we have no connexion with the dogmas and wild speculations of tlie day?they belong to the other party and I lor one am unwilling to bear tl.e load any lonireV resolutions'"? e' lhp following preamble Snd" PacAMni.K. Whereas, the whig and democratic parties, with a view of misrepresenting the liberty party abolitionists in the United States, calumniating their principles, and render ing their measures odious, often assert, in their newspa pers that the liberty porty? the voting abolltioaists. hold as seutiments, that the Lnion should l'e dissolved on ae count of sjavery and the annexation of Texas, and that ? pro-slavery document, originating in ,t7,^ h'7?'I-end that the churches of this country i " - destroyed, as no longer the abodes of vital j "" ,"ie homes of hypocrites snd dens of ?n,r aP?,0K-v nf *liig and de l h loi!.. her'. ?n Phi "l'Ch V"? "lamlpr ,hat ? r'iqu, of san L J 00nntry. of some one or two thou men! nn non-resistants, no human govern menU we ullJri^?^ '? abollti<ir>'?". (wl?o*e senti vanrs ) hold ?iid"a?lri!iU<II? ** h,Vp 80 donf ^"r years.) Iiold and affirm these strange dorsiss that the constitution is a pro-slaverv document ?Tt th,. . ! I nlon should he dissolved, and that the rhtuvK r n ? ou, coiintivmen Ihcrefore, ^ " th" 0I"n,?n (,f Hosolveif, That we believe that the Constitute* u \ nited StBtes.when interpreted in that bonipniiy ofrmnt V hir!| Its own language justifies, is an anti-sla/cry docu ment in its principles an I tendencies. oocu lU'solved, That we hold the Union as a grand bond of public and private faith, to which we are solemnly pledged, and which we will not and cannot recall, and whether slaver, ,s ?r or Trxn, ?r we'w|1,|l stand bj the 1 nion, for its purification and ensltation bemg determined to employ our entire moral and politi cal power to the overthrow of ulaverv. in nil and every th rough ^ he bsl'l ot bo*.n COn'titaU?n?,|y '^"the same nu'lLh'aiufn Ih' ,he of recession, trcr'ou t r^iie his't "r ll,h as high I iri i.1 n nil Hc.pesor mankind, uud us the most wretched of all antcdotes by which to exonerate our selves from the crime of slavery sscm ?;,?b'SA^c? i:i ,r'lovt "? I.old to the l.uion ns tlie means of its nccom,.li\i?m??. and not turn our back upon him as , 2 leing disehai-ged from ari unpleasant duty bvalleirin'J o "hn,na,!uylity ?f mBS'Cr nn ?our ?Z RewoUod, 'J lint it is no part of the mission of the liber II ^nllVilr7rrt,hr"1 r\"n'h""' yote for slave holders .. illHSolve h i Union; bnt it is their distinct unde, taking by all moral, legal, lawful, and constitutions! power to dure slnvery from (his land 1 Mr. ?rr.WASt-Y?s, Mr. rrtsldeat, I am forth* Uuioa. I would fight and die for thli land, whether it ii the iwampe of Oeorgia or the mountains of Vermont. During the afternoon assemblage of the Convention, a Tory respectable lookiug colored man otleied a resolution requiring of the President to report, through committee, the views, objects, and intentions of the Convenliou?and proceded it with remarks (muting to show that nearly all ttio colored popluatioa of this city had withdrawn them selves from attendance upon tho proceedings of this Con vention. Mr. Gahiusoi followod with a speoch on obstruct principles, abu?o of President Polk, and oppositiou to the auuexatiou. and occupied tho Convention for a length of time in furtherance of views to dissolve the Union as the only means to secure succos* to tho cause of abolition of slavery. Having concluded? Ktocii K. Camp, who had attende.1 merely as a spec tator, roso and asked the President, Mr. Garrison, if any other person oxcept the members of tho Convention, were allowed to address it. Mr. Utnnisoi replied " yes?all creation." M r. Camp then continued :?Mr. President?tho roso- I tion presented by one for whom the philanthropy of this Convention appears to be exercised, is in a proper spirit; not only are the colored portion of the population of this city anxieas te know the objects,views, and opinions of the Convention officially recorded, but also ore a large portion of the white population, who have the interests of thii Union at heart, more than sectional interests. It is not surprising that such a resolution should emanate from such a source, as nothing had tended more to rotard the advancement of the comforts and interests of the colored population of thi* Union, than tho movements of the members of the members of this couvontion, who pro fessed to be the friends of the colorod race. (A pnlamc.) Their open advocacy of the dissolution of the Union? their want of prudenco, discretion and patriotism, at a time when the aristocratic government*of the old world were watching to take advantage of the advancement of republican principles, would tend to retard the very cause they advocated for many years, instead of advan cing it for a moment. (Applause.) The treasonable doc trines inculcated by momber* of tliis conventiou since its 6rst assemblage, had produced the very effect that caused tho introduction of this resolution. The colored people of this city and Stato possessed in an ominent degree that peculiar qualification for which they have been ever no ted?cuuning and shrewdness?and they ware not to be caught in a time like this, when war* and rumors of wars we re threatening,in opposition to the true interests of this f;r*at and growing republic. (Applause.) Tho co ored population of thia city and State are patriotic, and I would sooner say to all and overy one of thorn, in caie of collision with a foreign power, " come with me," than trust to the hypocritical professors of this conven tion, who are daily inciting them to acts of treason and violation of tho laws oftlie confederate union. (Applause.) Would they dare talk the same treason agaiust Govern ment in Canada, where those professors of friendship ad vise the colored population to flee to?have they any more right* ia Canada than in this froo State? None, nor never will. If tho colored population of this city or of thi* State. desire really to advance tho position of their race, let them cut looio from such advocates as have pro lented themtelvo* in thia convention, and meet by them ?ctves, with themselves, and through themselves, ((treat applause.) In their rccent convention at Union Hall, they evinced far more prudence, far more judgmeut, far moro wisdom, and much more eloquence, than has boon exhi bited in the proceeding* of thi* convention; and if they de*ire any advancement of position, let them trust to themselvc*, and not thoie who, a* agent*, work for fil thy lucre, and not from principle. The treasonable doctrine* avowed by thi* convention, would not fall, as they ihould, upon the bead* af those who had hero made them public, but they would iucrcase the prejudice against the colored race, aud induce hostility in the mind* of overy true patriot, who, in an emergency would be compelled to adopt tho motto? " Our country?our whole country?right or wrong?we So for our country." (Applause.) Mr. Camp stated iat he should not follow the Prosidont through tho vari ous meanderings he had taken, but confined himself to the resolution presented, trusting tho viows and object* of thi* convention would bo presonted to tho public, in order that they may be fully understood; and if found to be treasonable, that tho author* aud advocates of such treaionabl^opinion* ihould bo thus known at large, and in case of ^collision with a foreign power, to have due notice "to qnit," or suffer the penalty of tho law, that muatbe imposed upon all who advocate an overthrow of the principlos on which our confederacy was estnb | lishod. (Great applauso, amid which Mr. Camp closed his remark*.) Mr. Garrison attempted a reply, but failed in meeting a singlo point. He was followed by a gentleman of recent importa tion, who cloared the houso with hi* tntempcrato re mark*. American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Meeting, This meeting took place last night at the Apollo Saloon, and wm attended by a numerous audience, and was called to order by Mr. Arthur Tam-an, of this city. The proceedings commenced with a pray er from a reverend gentleman, whose name we could not hear. At the conclusion of which, Arthur Tap pan read portions of the annual report of the Society; by which it appeared that several of their most esti mable members had been removed by death during the past year, but that they had had large additions of member? both from the free and slave States, and that the principle* they advocated had been extended all over the Union?that new newspaper! had been added for the advocacy ofthe cause, and that they numbered in all now some forty presses, devoted exclusively to the dissemi nation of the anti-slavery doctrines?that a Liberty party had boon established in Virginia, and that there had been a great call for papers and information from the South? men of influence there, showing an eagerness to look, into and examine their principles?that, among others, an ex Governor of a slave State had become a subscriber to the Emancipator?that in tho letter enclosing his subscription, he stated that he never hail been one of those who looked on thom with scorn and hatred ; and that, though he wishod for information to oppose them, still he came for authentic information on the subject. That the Methodist and Baptist churches had taken highly encouraging stands in the cause; that the execu tive committee, on fthc occasion of a visit from somo members of the Freet'hnrch of Scotland to this country, for the purpose of making collections to aid them, had [ addressed a remonstrance to them against taking sub I scriptions from Slave States, which remonstrance had been published in England. Ireland and Scotland, and | had caused much discussion among eminent men on our ride there, and which was n ot yet concluded. Appeals had been made, and sums of money had been contributed for the relief of the martyrs, Torroy and others. Tho committee had recommended the observance of a day of fasting and prayer, to he hold in commemoration of the i nefarious Texas plot, which, though it was not answered, by the rejectiol of it, as they had hoped, still, they trusted, it might yet bo defeated; and that some churcn es and congregations had so observed the fast recom mended, that tney had remonstrated with Theodore Kre linghtiysen. against allowing his name to he used in connection with that of Clav ; that they have carried on a correspondence with foreign socie ties, and that the Reporter had been published and prominently circulated ; that they have received an ad- j dress from the British committee, containing an appeal to ' the abolitionists of the United States respecting Texas, ; ! which had been widely circulated ; also ono from the : ! Union, presided over by friend Sturge, ontsame subject. That another anti-slavery society had bceu formed at the Sandwich Islands, making two ; and the majority of the missionaries there were either officers or members of one society or another. Tkat they have invited Mr. Phelps to conic from Boston to tako the situationfof cOr resjKinding scretary, w hich had been accepted ; and that the Reporter is to be printed monthly in future, and offered lor sale on reasonable terms instead of bring dis tributed gratuitously. At the close of this report Mr. Tappan read a number of resolutions of gratitude for tho advance of truth and freedom in the churches. That they felt much encouraged by the sympathy of their Trans Atlantic brethren, who, honded by Clarkson, aimed to abolish slarerv and the slavo trade throughout the 1 world. That tliey rejoiced that the spirit of enquiry was awakened in the Slave States ; that the Liberty "party aims to abolish slavery and harmonize the United States (iovernment with the'spirit of freedom ; that the consti tution gives no power to acquire foreign territory ; that the annexation of Texas is a direct breach of constitution and a breaking of the faith of nations with Mexico. That the qualification required from colored peoplo for voting be done away with ; that asylums aro to be afforded to 1 fugitive slaves, and that tho friends of slaves aio required ! to afford all aid tbev ean to thoso in jeopardy of being 1 taken by their owner*. At the close of these resolutions Mr. Birnev said, that the cheoring accounts lie had just heard pleased him much, connected as he had been with the movement when it was in its infancy. That the reso lution embrncod many topics of importance that had for merly been looked on with awe; for ono, the protection ' of fugitive slaves ; lie remembered the time when that ; subject was brought before an anti-slavery meeting, and they had shrunk from openly avowing it,'though secret ly glad to see it brought forward. Now he rejoiced to say the feeling had been growing, and had taken posses sion of the hearts of many who oolong to neither (If the parties, but whose natural sympathy impelled thom to aid tho fugitive to his shelter under the flag of a monar chy, but he truatod they would shortly find ample protec tion in our own land. The mattor of abducting slaves may become an important means in consummating uni versal emancipation?for can any human law justify sla very. Mnnv persons attached great weight to tho so called C onstitution ; but even supposing the constitution had sanctioned an unjust law. must it on that account, all unjust as it was, be carried out ? Certainly not. He (Mr. B.) could not enslave one of the audience, it would be unjust: and going farther, is it because many are en slaved r>y force that the injustice is abated. This nation is responsible for its standing in the scale of nations, and cannot bo right on that which is essentially unjust. There is not a Court in the land that will not summon a jury upon the trial of a paltry debt amounting to j>30, vet when a human being is in question they refuse. The South talks of the guarantee Riven it for the perpetuation of slavery, but he would ask where was it to be found 7 'tis not in the Declaration of Independence or in the t 'on stitution. They talk ofthe Convention previous; do they suppose Washington and Franklin for a moment would have consented to such a system so directly opposed to what they had been fighting for. If lie thought so he would cast them out, ,hut they had not done so. Even, supposing they hail agreed thai slavery was to be perpe tuated, what obligatory force was it ? Those who made the Constitution had not the ratification of it. Had the people of New York at the time the slightest idea of such a claim? No, they c\on were dissatisfied that immediate provision wns not made for putting an end to the slave tnule, I iir nation that docs not carry outits principles to other nation*, forfeits the opinion of the world. What is our stard n^ before the universe, with the declaration of freedom upon our lips, and our actions to show for it I lie ?enl Irman went on at some length to cn uiire into the distribution act and the conduct of the Southern States toward i.assachuietts, ?nd reflected severely on the supineness of that State in submitting to the dictates of the South ; of which we took full notes, but have no room lor their insertion. He was followed by Mr. Jacxso* 0f Albanv, and Mr. Wax St. ?*st, who was still speaking when the lato nets of tho hour compelled ui to leave. The drought which hits annoyed us in this reirion for woekl, seems to be general in the State, jn Madison as WO learn from the Wuc^Ussy, no tain of anv conse quence has fallen in four weeks. H itji the exception of one or two veiy slight showers,our deprivation has been longer. Many of our planters are a month behind their prospectsot lastycarat this period.?SaiannA G"?gian >4pr?l SO. Annual Exhibition and Concert by tlie Pupils of the Institution for thi Blind. We attended tins exhibition yesterday afternoon, glad to nee that a crowded and fashionable audience were gathered within the walla of the Tabernacle to street the interesting young band of unfortunates who were there assembled?though we question it die term unfortunate in this oa?e is not misapplied ; for certainly, after the exercises and recitations which wo witnessed, we remain in doubt as to whether the lo?s of sight is really such a deprivation as has hitherto been supposed. We have all read lioeUcal descriptions ol those afflicted with this malady. Who, that has |H>rused " Bulwcr't ImsI Ikiyt of Pompci," but remembers that charming creation of his fancy, the blind girl " Nydia : and the wonderful tact which guided her in the absence of the light of day. But the perfection to which the instruction of the blind is carried now-a day, is reaJIv more surprising than any fiction, and we cannot but admit the beautiful arrangement of nature, which in depriving tho human frame, in one ?erne, endows it with such increased sensibility in the rc?t. It reflect* the greatest credit on the ]>ersevernnce and ingenuity of the preceptors of the institution, who have thus been tho means of remedying, as far as lay in the power of man. tho misfortunes of their pupils. And wo noticed with delight the affectionate intercourse which existed hetwoea them. But we must to our subject and describe the exercises.? They began with the performance of the grand march by the hand, followed by the reading of the Scripture* from raised copies, and the foremost we no ticed in this part of the proceedings was Miss Cynthia Bullock, a |?ery talented and interesting little girl. The next was an anthem, by tho choir?" I'll wash my hands in innocency," the music of which it composed by Pro fessor Iteiff; this pieco reflects much credit on the pupils, which was performed with exquisite taste, and received the unbounded plaudits of the vast assemblage. Next came examinations in geography, astronomy, chemistry, history, geometry, and arithmotic, and, indeod, wo were not a little surprised to hear the answers so correctly given to overy question by those afflicted, but truly hap pv creatures. One of the pupils, Miss Anne Smith, dis played great vocal powori in the sacred song, " Kve's Lamentation," and her performance on tho pianoforte caused a vory lively interest amongst the vast assem blage. Two others of tho pupils, Miss Frances Jane Cros by and Miss Bullock, whoso name we have before taken notice of. recited some original poetry, which was most enthusiastically received. Several duets, trios, and exa minations of the pupils, followod, after which there was a " presto movement" played as a finale by the band, with mnch tasto. In conclusion wo must add that we observed a tono of religious feeling running through the whole exercises, which evinced that not only the caro of their temporal intorests has been attended to, but a duo souse of their eternal salvation impressed on them. American Tract Society. This Society held its twentieth anniversary yes terday morning, at the Broadway Tabernacle, and was attended by a crowded audience. We were struck by the great preponderance of the ladies over the gentlemen, the latter not composing probably more than one-fifth of the assembly, and those were mostly clergymen from the country and strangers in the city. However, it was most delightful to see the great interest manifested by them in the proceed ceedings of this most important society; the benefits resulting from which, have been, and are continu ally, felt over the whole world. It has increased in strength each succeeding year of its existence; and the report of this, its twentieth anniversary, shows that though its operations are most extended, still they are, judging from its past career, but in its in. fancy. The Hon. Thkodork Frklinuhuyakn presided in the Chair, and the meeting, after being called to or der, was opened by a prayer from Dr. McGik, of Klizabethtown, who invoked the divine blessing on the audience and Society, after which Mosks Ai.i.kv, lisq., read an abstract of rhe Treasurer's re|>ort, by which it appeared that the receipts for the year a mounted to ?152,376 28, and the disbursements amounted to the same sum, out of which had been expended for colportage, ?25,382 ;43 travelling l agents, ?5,558 75; corresponding secretaries and | clerks, ?7,613,74; foreign and pagan lands appro priations, $6,000; postage, taxes, insurance, &c., ?5,270,80. Mn. W. A. Hai.i.ocx then read an abstract of the pub lishing and foreign department*, shewing that 68 new and useful publications had been stereoty|?d, by direc tion of the Society, during the past year." The "Society have now published in all. 1170 publications, besides 2007 approved for circulation abroad; that there have been circulated during the year, 374,757 volumes, 6636, 610 publications, 163,737,239 pages, being an increase of 61.945,773 pages over the preceding year, and making tho whole number of pages circulated in twenty years, 1,544, 053,796. The Society have printed during the year, 36,000 volumes in German, of one four page tract 160,000 copies, and of another, 188,000. The committee have sanctioned during the year, 1,009 distinct grants of publications, amounting to 23,708,195 1 pages, of which 13,914,547 have been distributed by col porteurs and agents among the destitute; and 3,041,350 pages have been delivered to members and directors, ma king the total gratuitous issues nearly twenty-seven rail lion pages, in value nearly f18,000. R. S. Coo* then read the report on domestic opera tions, of which the following is an abstract: The progress made in reaching the destituto masses of our population, native and foreign, protestant and papal, shows that the most hopeless classes are accessible to the Gospel. But a catholic organization is indispensable in gaining the confidence and co-operation of the numer ous evangelical denominations represented in every new settlement; and as affording in its constitution, publica tions aud agencies a demonstration of protestant unity, which may silence the cavils of infidelity and popery. The results of the year are most cheering, and encour age to a still farther enlargement of the Society's home operations. While miscellaneous tract distribution and systematic tract visitation have been prosecuted as vigorously as in former yenrs, and the grants to home missionaries, seamen and boatmens chaplain's Jtc. ex ceed those of any previous year, the circulation of pub lications by colporteurs and volume agents has been nearly doubled, mostly in destitute districts never previ ously visited. One hundred and forty-three colporteurs, volume agents and superintendents of colportage hnve been engaged in the Society's service during the w hole or a part or the year, in twenty-four States and Territories, (including Texas) and exclusive of those in the service of the Society at Boston and other auxiliaries ; of whom one hundred and three are still employed. Of the whole number, three colporteurs have been devoted to the Welsh, Irish, and colored population ; 3 to sailors and seamen; 4 to the French ; 26 to the Germans, (including converted Romanists,^ and 107 chiefly for the destitute native copulation. Tlie total number of families visited exceeds 153.000, with most of whom the colporteurs have had personal religious conversation or prayer; not far from 47,000 families, who were destitute of all religious books except the Dihle, were each supplied with a nook gratuitously, nnd several thousands with the Bible or Testament by sale or gift. The total circulation of volumes exceeds 374,000, including 34,000 sets of D'Au bigne's History of the He.'ormation. T)r. Beeches, of Cincinnati, made a motion, that, inas much as this Society constitutes a great part of the evan gelical moniment which God in his mercy has raised up, that the report just read be adopted. Dr. Bacoh seconded the motion, and trusted they would be satisfactory in their indications of the present and fu ture usefulness of the Society, and the line of conduct it had laid down for its rule. I)r. Knot, of the Keformed Dutch Church, addressed the meeting, anil compared the growth and increase of this Society to that of a grain of mustard seed, which, being planted in time, gave out many branches, so that the niwl* of the air rested in their shadow. The great influence of this Society had reached the greater portion of all the Christian families in this land. It had penetrated into many a hiddon ubode of misery and wretchedness, and puritied many a sink of vice and profligacy. Iti in fluence had been felt wherever an American Protestant missionary is stationed. It had brought out of the danger of nerdition thousands of souls ; and tens of thousands had been cheered and sanctified by it on their wav to heaven. Christ's Church, through it, hail been edified ; and during twenty years it had gone on, year after year, increasing in prosperity and favor with the people of God, and at this day it has a deep hold on the Christian community, and to God we lift up our hearts and commit its future state. Not unto us, but unto him, be all the praise. It is a monument reared in testimony of tho fa<-t, that the Kvangelical Church, how'ever distinguished by sects, are but one, anil an embodiment of the spirit and temper of tho God of love, and an ex emplification of tho precept ?? 'tis good to dwell in unity." But our feelings arc not altogether those of gladness. Wo have experienced afflictions, ami in humble submis sion to the will of God, w e deplore the removal by death of hiin who, as Chairman of the Kxecutive Committee, hns identified himself with the exertions of this society. God has taken him from usj-we shall sco his face no more?in the midst of his vigorous and zealous efforts he w as taken from us, and though all do not carry to tho grave the undimmed lustre ot a well spent life, still he did so. Or. Milnor was associated w ith every enterprise of Christian improvement, and a foremost place in the ranks of well-doing was alwavs assigned him by his com peers. He was a man of untiring real and great industry; witness the vast amount of labor he performed?' is own pastoral labor, his attention to church Institutions and others,and various other claims on his time and attention. When we call to mind his fidelity, piety, purity, and gen tleness, you will see why he was so universally regret ted. lie (Dr. M.) bad seen many and illustrious person* laid in the grave, and from them had received ineffacea ble impressions; yet when Milnor was buriml he felt more than he ever did before, aud had it not been sinful, would have almost murmured at his removal from this wicked world. He had always inculcated pure eva'.geli cal doctrines, and with "'csc ' kindred undiluted truths, it has been the prayerful -incere desire of the Kxecutive committee to have uil their publications impregnated, and they have expunged nil books that hail other doc trines besides those of pure evangelical faith. How far they have succeeded, their actions must bear witness to. During the first year of the institution, meetings of ihe committeo were held weekly, afterwards every fortnight, and the unanimous concurrence >f the whole committee was requisite to publish a work; the works that had been altered by them, had chiefly been in way of abridgment, and alw ays with a view to usefulness. The living authors, whose works had been abridged, had always been consulted previously; and of doceasod unthors. a nnmber of standard works'had been adopted, some with alterations and some without, and in all these we have acted in good faith. Tho society's edition of those works all accorded with thoir principles, a de scription of which was prefixed to each volume, and if it had been omitted in an), it was to be regretted. Regard ing D'Aubigne's History of the Reformation there was much doubt and dispute in the committee as to its pub lication ; there were many alterations to l>e made; yet it w as thought that it was so peculiarly adapted to the wants of the couuts y. that it \? as alteirl and eent abroad ptevwui to D'Aubigu * being consulted ot the occt ?ioiL Ha now wa* acquainted with th# A?v might re?t assured that hi* aiuwer to the committee wiu not that of rebuk;e nor did he think thai any of the de ceased author* would rebuke them. Strictures on tho proceedings of the committee have been (pread, but ho in detailing theie occurrences, only atates tho truth' and relie* on tho judgment of tlio tociety. They were always ready to livten to kindly suggestion*, and if any better means of managing affuir* can bo ahown, would gladly embrace them: but in the meantime, let the work go forward?there are thousuud* upon thouiaud* now iu uearen, praising thi* lociety. and in the word* of Dr. Milnor, he would exclaim, "The hallowed L'niou muit not bel> token.'' He regretted that he had trespassed so long on tlieir time, and would cloio by tuboiitting the following resolution Resolved, That, while the Society rocogni/.o with de

vout giatitude to God hi* smile* and protection during the twenty \ ear* of its exutenoe, and rejoice to commit :t* luture interest* to him, thoy bow with humble sub mission to the recent di*i>cn.satiou of hi* providence in the suddenf removal of the llov. Dr. Milnor, who*e devoted and laithful labor* a* chairniun of the Publi.hin* and *lx- I ccutivo Committee*, have been identified with the pros ?*"!/, ?,f "l0 Socioty from the time of its formation. TaJin o7Born0ndeJ by Mr" J?hn after if.V-'n* addre'*ed tho meeting, and remarked, that mp remiT"*? r K'eat >"tere*t to the previous interest ing remaiks delineating so w ell the character of Dr. Mil late'dto fir V,r1ngt''enecl in hii fee'ing1 i he had been re for thn i. T .Mllnor t?'ent7 -vcars- an<1 perhaps, ask for the indulgence of retiring to solitude to give vent to ,',?rrow' it was better to gird himself up and ad l'i"n,0r .oni,e t0 builness. adding one more char acteriitic of hi* deceased friend, one prominent trait, viz : !*?7 """"tonal conduct and public use hnl ?V; and tll0U,Kh he l,a? been ?"""?'I by hi. Master, he hoped hi* example would itill be effectual in promoting ?n,n la'th. The Ker. gentleman then entered '! ? on tho variou* doctrines of justification H|.nr*a"na;lvortin5 ?" Roma?i?m and touching on I t .T'a,fc?ta of 1 "fidelity meeting openly * he ft to r.n 5nll'nK 00 to support this Society-were * ?J^"?l,Ted' .Tbttt tins Society rejoice in the bond that hi* Mdvafion'" ?n<> W?rk ?f making known Christ and Schmuricker '"C0IKled in ? ,hort ipeoch b? profe..or en^to'okpa^f0^'^ ? h,'mn? in Which who,e audi" 1 he Rev. Nkiibmiah Adams, of the Conirreeational Re7ol'ved Th;tth?hn,hbmi"ed ,he l?1,owin? re.olution : itesoued, That the cheering reiult* of the i>a*t rear furnish renewed evidence of the adaptation of tho Soc'iety ont nam/f 'f" * " ?f Ev?ngelical <'hri*tians of differ crucS t'o tLCTVfr?K a k?owl?dKe of Chri*t,and him population de,tJtuto and neglected mas*e* of our re loin IV? i?,e ?.n,is romarks support of the nuhlUh?r,.,h? "!? c.irci'lBtion of tract*, and volume, published by the Society, had been during the present crca^eeho reioi'r,'1|0tlhat of>r<;c,tldinK Tears i and the in neederi to 18J'' "a,i boen "hero it was mo.t been h7thl ?r dc.titute-among those who had / ^orce of c?rcum.tance*, *hut out from the efortn 'W trUth" There had b?n thi, year no? xtra ^heircalls?!hT .* ' lhe? had not becn 'oud in and vet thebonovo'onIce ot their Christian brethren ; flotiri.l!.-., trea.ury of the Society was never in so are detomin.H0? 0n' cbristians ot *11 denominations iir>n? i *1 f? suPPort thi* vital charity. No nues mon , |re?ra h5ro a?out doctrinal points : it ia a com Stt?' whereaU ?!ay ?et to advance the legac?ei^Iirr,h!1,ed0m- - ?fa11 k^s of donations, in ?h! .* perhaps the most aignlficant. Whon a man having .oon'tn "teraity, with^the awful certainty of bodv bX f'1Ve,an account of tl,e deeds done in the as ln'nlm ? the judgment seat, bequeath, to a Society ? last act, an amount of is a most [Pi'?" endorsement of the truth and value of tho charitv increasuu our receipt* thi* year have Uen gwatfy '^213 'J* ic,.T0.*rl!'y"""'"" " . . .19 'ormou and the mind matured How manv o/&tk hack to tho reading of the biography the whnl ^inzeudorf, and Calvin, as having changed th*m ? *1 u.rre of t,ie,r thoughts, and first pointed tore^^iTr0'- ,inte""T r canenterTbook know ^L, for themselves, but the masses do not n",7 ,1^ ', to even if they had the means We must, therefore, do that for them: that is one ofth? trmat ZZZuX" S?cio,J ? .and .ft I'ocomos us in the proscnt .. 0'light leading which ia inundating tho land to bo careful and prayerful that what we cast aCroad mar .erve a* an anudote, and restore health to the moral maZ The liborflUv of r?Kro"'' I"1" b?en- through the praiseworthy I nwlV ofon?Fnan1:.tra],?latcdinto the Welsh language 1 almost envy him hi* feelings-happy must ho ^ w?0 ""'iinvaluable book to a nation of his fellow treat r?a. ? L 1<5V? to bo useful. and that is one ft nir ,-7 . ? y th" ,oc,etJ >? so delightful to them for ^afford' to dlopportunitie. of doing good by distributing, *?.. its jpublications. I never ox no ct to see a theoretic nomiiiutionj''t'n 'H' a11 attemI)t? to brinK tho different de reWv.f. o H t, l 0r' ?,vcn Vhon "nder I*0 influence of ITiTi.j u when all unpleasant feeling, aro at least ^tilled, have proven signal failures; but give them some h(3t? j a,ndf they ,W|U love cueh other as they have benevnl ? before. You cannot repress the feeling of benevolent enterprize which animates Christians; they must be doing, and therefore givo u. that which will ren of the rnl ?rp successful. He thcnwent into a defence Thero ? ^ .I*y" V wh,ch he hoartily approved Tni?i^ T ?n? "ne: wh,ch lie wished to notice : The publication committee had not made thiw a literary socic } by publishing books about animals, reptiles &<? ? gratifying a tasto for natural history, but had issued those d?re^ H y *'? Ch w*ro calculated to promoto piety and I trnnR ??'"I to Heaven. Mr. Adams then exhi ! t .i urC^?lr ?" w cb the Dairyman's Daughter Kli ' felt a^mir?" .durin? her illness, and said that he t a solemn awe take possession of hi. mind when he and^a'd nItart|Lk'ghi,Ri5hmon<1 ha(1 ?tood by that chair, band' uPon it; and ho cklled on the Resolved, That in the results olready accomnli?h?.,l agency of this society in our own and fcreiirn lands there is encouragement to pro.ecute its labor? upon the mo.t extended scale. .oi!e.-aldv.'!l s.uPPort,of the resolution, that many other societies had tottered and fallen, but this founded on ffi.TiI k^''?'h' greatest of which is charity had lived through every difficulty, and he had no doubt would continue to live till time .hall be no more He ' -e"7ei 1,1(0 * defcnce|of the colporteur .vstem and The <rnnrf lnt're,1tin? anecdotes, illustrative of the good which has resulted from their labors. It was a to *230 doll.? ? S"PP0I,C th,.at because men labor for $100 Some ?r ,h pCr an""m thc-v are devoid of intelligence. Some of the colperteurs, he said possessed a pow notlbv >rifie!.'|g and.?rlain'ng the word of God, *r ' ! - . but in a common^sense wav wnC wonderful ef&ct. Millions are coming to tUs best" m.n'n ? ('C,,U"' of moral ''arkness, and the best means m our ,K>wer to dispel tho cloud, fraelf ?r'?i!>Cei " y circu'ating among them the fe-t Mr Stow ?ltiyH T? ,h?jW What onc lract wi" ef" ie. t, Mr. Stow related an anecdote of a christian Karen ?Metoart?rnZ0lt,? afoni?? of dissolution, and just ? ? Mkpd his attendant to bring him tha tract, and finding tho word he wanted, put it to his lins ?,? i v r1,e y- c '0? whcn tho blood left hi. checlts" woifwi?'?.ur"Thh ,K5a,;Jhey '00k thc ,)ook &nd the vs oru H a* Jesui. Thin poor Karen had never seen a mi*. iionary, had no other books of our religion, butsnch was merlThan0 1 H?,'y lhat thi? ?ne, wandering by more chance into a barbarous country, 300 miles from a missionary station, was the mean, of bringing thi. bea t'1. darkues. into marvellou. light. I he resolution was seconded by the Kev. Lrn Spaul. sn,ate't.rvrary fr0m Vey,0n- Mr- 8- proceeded to State that there was an impression prevalent, that the presses connected with the missions, were inimical to labor! nV;^nMn3U? "" ,hey interfered with the personal of lh" miwionarie.; he [procedod to rectify tho mistake, and stated that one newspaper for ten millions f|>eoplc. a dictionary, and some primary work*,were all the results of hotween 00 and 30 years of thc combined nnrtn.ent^the mi'smnaries of Ceylon in the printing de '."Jl ,? ,T, "omo further remarks from Mr. Spaul ca"fl'cd l1?" I"14 lbo reiolutions, and they were The R a v. Paor emo a Don. of the Presbytorian church Princeton, N..J? then moved the following resolution. ' JZ'VA Thut,the Personal efforts of pious men from and efTeetil W)",,?uls to < hrist, is an authorized (Josprl o{ honoring and promoting the ProfoMor Don oftor some eloquent remark, in .upport of hi, resolution, ad\ert?d to the colporteur system. He i ?i 1 COm'nK ofmo11. ?ho labored without money and without price, among those who feared not (}od, as thc messenger of the glad tidings of thc Oosncl of Peace must have a delightful effect?they would such '"?If-denying devotion to tho cause of religion as would ,h.e r"?5t hardened mind a conviction of tho truth of tho doctrine they taught. (Joil snced the good work. Dr. Johns, who has addressed 'you this fl .h ' a". wcrc twenty years ago candidates lor the ministryjfn ihe Presbytorian Churcli I mot him j esterdav for die first time since then. We have pursued different courses and I am happy that now we both charity!"** 0n PUtform to advocate thc *ame great j the resoinTin!>r P/*"''. ^'"'onarv from China, seconded or thirteen nnt ' hln" th<>rc were twelve ei?.!!i . .. P. Christian preachers, all engaged in v? IsltnH1 ?r 'i? ,0cict-y- ?ne ol them ask^d theTnha"^ t" dUtributLg ^ract",* r !S. a 'the?, intro<luced to the nudience a Chinese dressed in his native costume, member of the Hong Kon" Christian gtiage Mr Dean'^?H|the mcctinK ?? '"is native Ian . M ,n,erj>reter. lie feels very hnpny to meet *o many good people and dear father, in Ui .neTi' ?,K wW,<>,li tbom a|l much happiness ; he has iund them thiM??8 ?"-dav, but he die, not under stand them, they aro not in his language. Ho now a?l. st^nll0 hn.?h "ir? lanP"aKp' which you do not undor he ?I 'J? 1 if |WS A?u tBlk aboul the great (Jo.! nr I he i, well plensed. His mind is ten part, happy uud he fee s hull persuaded that he i. in h,.???,. ''7 . ?l?d made -ome atatcments in lowed by '? coll)0r"!,l"? "e was fol therfo1low'ing'reVolution "' ?f Phi,nde,?'hi4' wl'? nio?-' Thr thc. ""ecess of the Society's labor. , ff /.iT ? j"' Frcnoh and Irish Romanist,.rebukes the er of thl tlnu a^'r ?fJhpir inversion under the pow effort, to ?in th.P'ri. fnco"rnKes kind ami prayerful tttlt" '?> ?-?S k~wS ?'tt? . ?',r'Jr,44l,*E* Proceeded to state that he wa, glad he was seleted to Propose this resolution, for he took a deep interest in the Society'. effort, to disseminate the trutf r" IT""'"1"; ?? "toted, a, reason, why wo may ^ ,r"t?We aro at home and thov are abroad-It is .aid that every cock tights best on it,'ow n nlicaWe to ua'in*!'. Kh ? homely compariaon, wa, ap pin able to ua in thi, case. Second We have the num bers with us ten to one; we do not wish to use force for this is a war of opinion, but if anything of the kind ia at temp e I the., w ,li sufler most Third Ve have the W J* of l^'d'on in society Romaniat. in tins country are he?crs ol wood and draw or* of water they die canals drtchei, lw, hoaonbU aaougU it?ttua, but not elaya. tod. FoMTth?The secular press U Protestant in Its char acter; the oditors tire men of intelligence, and have a great and deserved intlueuce; they maui/est a desire to spread religious intelligence among tho people, and ui that and other way# they are of more tervice to the cause of religion and morality than many are aware. '"tli ? We are in the right and they are iu the wrong. Mr. I ar ker went on to say, that so far an he was concerned, the 'Catholic" clergy and laity hail exhibited the most lriend lv feelings, and that if we wish to effect a great perma I n'eut good, we must act in a conciliating Catholic spirit ' Dr. Kuwahos then offered a resolution lor the election ' of officer*, w hich w as unanimously carried. Alter sing ing the Uoxology, in which the Reporter participated, and the benediction, w hich was pronounced by Dr. Bee cher, of Cincinnati, the members of the Board retired to transact business, and tho audience, apparently high ly gratified with their afternoon's entertainment, retired. Sixth Anniversary Meeting of the Foreign Kvangellcttl Society, In Dr. Hutton'e Church, Washington Square. On Tuesday evening, this elegant church was fill ed to overflowing, and with an highly respectable audience. The pulpit was occupied by several cler gymen and distinguished person^ among whom we noticed Mr. Krelinghuysen, Drs. Baird and Ilutton. Previous to the services of the evening, the choir performed a beautiful piece of music, when the Rev. Dr. Hutton opened the meeting with prayer. The Rev. Dr. Bairp gave an abstract of the an nual report. He represented the society as in a most flourishing condition, far more so than previ ously; more money having been received, and the j services having become more extensive. The do ! ing3 of the committee for the past year were stated. The great field of labor had been the Papal coun tries, and particularly France, Belgium and Italy. Fifty thousand francs, nearly $10,000, for this sub ! ject, and large remittances, had been made to Irene 1 va. Nine students, natives of the country, had also I been educated abroad, and more talent was daily being brought into the work. Even to St. Peters burgh, Moscow, Stockholm, Hamburg, and in all northern Europe, aid had been extended by send ing colporteurs. Everything, indeed, wore an encouraging aspect. That society had been but 6 years in existence, and at this time there were 100 persons laboring for the good of the cause. Many had been converted from Roman Catholicism, and if a snirit of kindness was persevered in, many more would be brought. Dur ing the past year $3000 had been received from Pa I pal countries. In England great interest was felt in ' sending the gospel into Catholic countries, and the | great work was going on everywhere. The total ! amount of receipts, including the Canada mission, was 818,744 74 ; expenditure, about $17,500 ; leav in?t a balance in hand of about $1,244. Rev. Mf. Wilres, of Montreal, wa? then introduced to the moeting, and said :?It it not my intention to make a specch as only fiftoen minutes i* allowed to each speak er, therefore I shall confine myself to a series of facts, which other abler speakers could make more of. The Her. gentleman then took a review of the state of Canada and its inhabitants, and said, that not ono in twenty could read ? women could do so to a greater extent than the mon 'and they not ono in ten. The itato of agriculture was a century behind the age. and what was tho cause of all this ignorance and evil T It could bo traced to Popery and its doctrines. He then proceeded to review the his tory of this colony, dwelling particularly on the conduct of the Jesuits in that country, showing that the governing power was entirely in the hands of tho Catholic clorpy.? He then went on to describe the inhahitant*, and said thoy were a cental^' behind the intelligent Europeans. During the last century, great endeavors had been mado by the church of Rome to recover the powor which was fast falling from their hands. Tho groat wealth of the monas tery of Montreal was .used for this purpose,and proceeded to show how this had' been done, by having under thoir control upwards of 1S00 boys, educntod by a lay order.of Jesuits. The gentleman then proceoded to read a number of extracts, showing how they boastod of their endeav ors, in language only to be oquallcdby tho most flowery figure of specch ol the Kast. These measures havo led to a degree of enthusiasm among the residents, and soma prosecution against the missionaries. Tho gentleman then proceeded to show how this WM do no ; that there was now engaged in this good work 14 persons, from France and Switzerland, four of whom had been Roman Catholics. There were four stations, in which there are 93 persons who were formerly catholics. Thoy had an institution for tho education of youth on a farm, where they were educated for colporteurs, or such other pur poso as would tend to make thein more useful. It w as their intention to increase the accommodation of this es tablishment, for which they had already received consi derable sums from their supporters in Canada and Kngland. and one day might seek the assistance of the generous and intelligent Americans. The gentleman, in conclusion, moved that tho reports of the Secretary and Treasurer be received and printed under their direction. Tho Rev. Dr. Monaiso*, of Baltimore, was much pleased with tho gentleman who addressed the house in the short speech, and in his address to the house on this occasion ho was only limited to eight minutes, he would endeavor to sav something to tho purpose during tho brief period that was allowed to him. It had been said that it would be better to let the Romans alone, but there were many good Protestants who did not hcod this. There were, in a neighborhood which ho knew, a rule among the catholics that was carried into effect of levying a fine of five dollars if they were known or even seen in a Protestant church; fur ther, that where a Roman Catholic had married a Protes tant female.unless he converted her to that churchw ithin twelve months, he was still more heavily fined; notwith standing all this, the fact was that there were more con verted from Catholicism to Protestantism, than other wise; and much of those conversions were owing to tho idolatry of the Roman Catholic church, which opened the eyes of the more sensible to the folly of tho church. He then proceeded to contrast the reformers of Germany of the present day with Luther, Calvin, and others. The King of Prussia had taken a preat iaterest in the present movement in that country, which he hoped would be ex tended throughout the world. He then recommendod the sending of one of their body to that country for the pro motion of the objects of tho Society. It was now their duty to assist their German brethren, and send out to them as a good old lady once said, " More coal heavers, for she said that coal porters and coal heavors were one and the saine thing." (Laughter.) Rev. Mr. Thompson, of Philadelphia, said, that sj>ccches had been a great drawback to their proceeding, arid it np iieared to him that short speeches were likely to have the same ill effect; although he was not limited to fifteen or eight minutes, he was only permitted to speak five, with an intimation that one minute would be much more pleasing. (Laughter.) The gentleman proceeded to debate on the nature and objects of the "Foreign Evange lical Society,'and showed that many-countries who wero nominally Christian, much needed their assistance?they required as much assistance and light as the heathen who never heard of Christ, w hoso command it was to go into every part of the world and preach the word. It was not their object to send missionaries to them ; but to raise such from among themselves. They were debtors to the Greek aud barbarian?the heathen and tho nominal Christian. It was thoir duty to supply them with the Word of Life. They should be treated like the prodigal son, and give them welcome. It was also expedient as the pathway to conquer the world. He then recommen ded renewed exertions, to make the Society stand No. 1 in the great work. The Rev. Dr. Br.eoHr.a, of Boston, then moved a reso lution of thanks for their endeavors; pointing out where their exertions had been most useful. He said he would confine himself to one great principle?that was for Pro testants to become holier themselves ; and said that it was their duty to look upon < atholics as the great means of making the" world holler; that unless they used prayer , for their conversion, their energy would never be suffici ent for the object they had in view. The great fault in I their endeavors was that a sufficient distinction was not made between Roman Catholics and the Roman Catholic I system. It appeared as if they forgot that Luther, Cal vin, Melancthon and others were Roman Catholics. It , was in the cloisters of the Roman Catholic church that the glorious reformation was nursed. If thero was a de- I sire to kill a crocadile, you would not strike the scales on his back, but aim at the vulnerable part of the belly, but if yon attack the Roman Catholics you arc striking the scales on tho hack, but if you attack the system you would then get at the vulnerable part, and this could not be done better than by tho colporteur system. Great as the wrongs of tho Roman church had been to the hu man race, unless the Protestants had an unforgiving spi rit, they would never succeed?for success depends on their lovo to their fellow men. The third point was, that they should exert themselves divested of all ill feel ing. merely for the love of souls. Finally, in taking this course we follow the providence of God ; for it w e only looked around, the greatest good that ever had been done ? as iierformed by members of the Roman Church. There had been one great fault, thej had not prayed for the re generation of the Roman Catholics ; and to do this ef ficiently thev must be holier themselves. The Itov. Mr. McKia*. of Boston, then addressed the meeting. He said that all had but one spirit to contend against?error and sin. It little mattered what men's po litical feelings were, it would be of little consequence fifty jean hence ; but not so in this mstter ; it depended i upon their endeavors to spread God's holy w ord, and! abiding by hi* precepts; according as they supported and l promoted tho great work, so would their names be in the book oflile, He almost regretted there w ere such | things as speeches to be made at all on theso occasions, , only that tn a good would arise from it, that from the iron w ings of the press, by the following day would these w ords go forth. The "gentleman then proceeded to say. that revivals, such as this meeting, was the only way of obtaining their object. It was by prayer that thou sands of Luthers could bo raised to put down Po pery and all its false lights. The Holy Spirit, can and w ill raise from the sanctuaries of that Church such men. This ciu be only obtained by prayer in oui own closets. There was another obvious means I bv which tii:s great object could lie maintained. The RomanCatholles themselves needed revival*. It was ft well known fact, that in all Human < atholic countries, the upper classes were the most unscrupulous infidels ; the middle classes were sceptic* ; while the lower were both sincere and superstitious. The fnct was that the Roman ( atholic religion had done little or nothing to remove the mas* from paganism ; and it w as only by opening the eyes of it* supporter* to this fact could tliev succeed. The people of Rome do nyt get the spirit of tho gospel, but the neutralising power of the t hurch of Home. They cannot see Christ, by the great Rl.ire that wa* thrown around them by [he Tope on nis throne and his ministers. In conclusion, ho observed, the anxietv of tho French people for a knowledge of the Bible and of Jesu* Christ. In 1S30 the cry was, ' u LthrrUt! La Libtrtir.!" It wa* true, they got civil liberty , but ala* . did not (ucceed in getting religious liberty. Ruch was the anaiety for religion* liberty in that country, that it wa* said that M. Thiers wa* about to lead the movement for that purpose. This was the way in which the sub ject was taken up in France, and he prayed Ood to pros piece of music was then gisen by the choir, a brief pra/ei made, and tho meetin# broke up thortly alter !<> oclock National Rcferin Cooventlon at Croto" HaLl. 9kco*io 1>AT?May #. The Convention met pursuant to adjournment ai 2 P. M., and *ft?:r some desultory conversation aiuuiu; the sages, Mr. Ityckman, the representative of tha working men ot New Kngland, submitted soma resolutions, expressing tli?i concurrence of the Con vention in the resolutions of the Lowell Convention in favor of an Industrial Congress; and declaring thai the way is discovered, the hour aliuobt arrived, and the [man living, who, as the exponent of the senti ment of the American people, shall eradicate tha principles of monopoly, force and fraud, from all our political institutions, and establish tiieni upon tha eternal foundation of truth andjuaticc ; and pledg ing the allegiance of the working men to the proposed Industrial Congress, provided the constitution, upon which it shall be organized, be universal in its phi lanthropy, christian in its morality, and democratic in its policy. After some remarks from Mr. ftyck man in support of the resolutions, the Convention ad journed, to meet 111 the evening at half past 7 o'clock. The Convention met accordingly, and the resolu tions reported by Mr. Godwin yesterday, after some debute, were adopted. Mr. B'ivay then offered a resolution stating in affect that a* National Reformers, they would use the principal agent of the State, the ballot box, as a means of effecting elevation and progress. Mr. Bovay said that the National Reform Association was political in its character, and in order that this association may co-operata with others, it must resort to the ballot boi. Many hare do not under stand this matter, as they did; they considered political action essential in all political reforms?that men must rally round a measure which they consider fundamental ?such a measure is freedom of the public lands, and they can only effect their object through the ballot box , and it was in order to seo who entertained with them these views he had offored the resolution. The soil was originally possessed in common by mil men, and we con sider the monopoly of laud, wliic'h at present exists, as the occasion of sill slavery feudal, barbarous, and mon eyed. This state o fthings can only be remedied by the ; occupation of the land; as was intended by the great or iginator; and if that was accomplished, crime, ignorance, and all that stains the annals of the world, will be the legend of a by-gone day?in short, there will bo a hcavon below. Thero was something, he said, beautiful land harmonious in the plans j of the Association which commcnded it to all men; I and if all who desired reform would only assist in cairy | ing them out. the association would appreciate and reci i prorate ; but if they would not, then they could have no further fellowship with them. Mr. Rtckmar said that ho considered political action as the highest and noblest means on earth to achieve a rosult, and in New England they would use it as wisely as they could?but, if the gentloman expects all to aot with nis association, exclusive of their own peculiar views of reform, he would be disappointed. Mr. Bovay expressed himself dissatisfied with the gen tleman's remarks, and he would ask the Now Englanaera that if they considered the freodom of the public land as aa important principle, they would carry it to the ballot box?as for him ho considered it as the great political quostion of this country. Mr. Rtcsmam held the truth to be self-evident, that no intelligent man will refuse to vote, and vote for this plan. Mr. Uhisbani:, the apostle of Kourierism, was then in troduced by tho President, and spoke nearly as follows : This is s Convention called to raise the working classes , who now claim a chance beneath God's sun to assert their inherent dignity. When a movement is commenced it behoves men to know of what they are talking, to un derstand fully the nature of their grievances,and seek for an intelligent mode of reform. What do the laboring ' classes want ? Thoy want justice eternal, everlastiBg justice, and nothing else. They desire happiness and in > telligence, to emerge from their prosent degraded stata to the position which Ood has destined they should oc cupy. What is the error we have to striko down ? false politics and one sided legislation, thatjit is; and that jack all, the law. tho minister of the error, which is crush ing tho toiling millioas. (Cheers.) With hellish im piety tho myrmidons of this evil call on Ood to bless and sanctify?the palo faced hypocrites?the very means which they use to knead down the blood and bones of their fellow-men. Thero arc in the United States, two thousand presses, controlled by commerce, politics, and the law, which havo but one object and aim?to deceivo the million ; and it is no wonder that the working men are so blinded to thoir own good, when they receive as gos|?l. day after day, the doctrines and assertions of their liittorest enemies. There is another thing which tha toiling masses havo to contend witli: It is the com mercial and industriul feudalism which is forming, and which will absorb all things -the -.oil, the workshops, and even the implements of industry. Wo see this state of things making rstiid sn V. in "England, where tho mechanic works frou. fo'irteen to sixteen hours a dsy, locked up in a room w here even the windows are closed, that the light of day nay not enter. In Lowell wo see it, where six thousand girls, tho daughters of freemen, are sweating out their lives, that a few rich, pious Boston gentlemen may amass fortunes. We sec in all this a feudalism like that of the dark ages. Woalth is the god of our day, and its acquisition the chief end of life. All are striving for it; and in the struggle, society is torn and convulsed?selfish, narrow, and fiendish feelings en gendered?for the motto ot all is, " The devil take tha nindmostand, instead of a heavenly harmony, making it " a luxury to be"?jarrring discord sows disunion and misery into the hearts of all. Now, what is to be done ? We must organize to stop the progress of this feudalism, and that is the only true method. Again, free competi tion, or false and envious rivalry, it another great ob stacle of social and political advancement. It separates the laboring classes from each other, sets trade against trade, and paves the way for the utter subversion of every kindly and benevolent feeling. It arrays the fam ished artisan of one land against the starving operative of another?it prolongs the hours of labor?it cuts down the price of industrial products, snd will bring tho working man of our own country to the level of the European serf. Monopolized machinery, a terrible engine of op pression, is yet another impediment to progress. It wars with the fearful energy of iron and brass with the bones and sinews of laboring men. Tho present falsi: and outrageous system of commerce is the bloo<i sucker of industry. (Cheers.) The merchants are noth ing more or less tnan the vampires extracting from tha producing classes at least one half of the products of their labor. Commerce also adulterates the articles of consumption?poisons them as they pais through her hands, and by the force of monopoly creates at will plen ty or scarcity in tho land. The scourges of the world in our day are not kings and priests, as in the olden time, but the merchant and the broker. The fourth great prin ciple with which we have to contend is the divorce of la bor and capital, they are twin brothers and should be uni ted. Capital is only tho accumulated products of past labor, and the labor of tho past and present should be brought into co-operation. This unnatural divorce pro duces, like other evil principles, hatred and sorrow in society, but what docs the capitalist care so long as ha accumulates the almighty dollar. He will lay deliberate plans to murder his fellow beings with lingering tortures, bv building dungeons, types of the christian's hell, where every foul disease it engendered, for them to work in?where life is ground out of humanity, amidst the jar and crash of machinery. And while the capitalist lives in a luxurious palace, with everything about him that can satisfy the most fastidious taste, the poor operativa crawls to his unhealthy hovel, after a hard day's work, to rest for a few hours his aching head, with nothing to console him or bid him take heart To him life is a weary load; and were it not for his pale, sickly wife, and puny, half famished progeny, he would long to be where tlie wicked ceasc from troubling, and the weary are at rest. But there it still another great principle which rears its evil front between tho working classes and their redemption?it is Ir^itlation. Legislation is in the hands of a priviliged few, the merchant, the politi cian and the lawyer; and they combined,! control almost everv press in the United States. TTie law yers ?quibbling, narrow-minded lawyers, are all that is bad. (Tremendous cheering.) And so much the slaves of precedent are they, that they carry out hell, bccautc tne Constitution says so. We must take out of their hands the legislation of the conntry, and nut it into the hands of productive industry. (Cheers.) The Bos ton Pharisees make their hands' work 14 hours a dav; and after exacting this, go to church and bless Ood they are not ns other men. A savage, in the American wil derness, ferocious as he appears, would not do it. (Cheers.) When 1 was in Lowell, and fttr the pale, sorrowful girl, hending wearily over ipr task, I thought 1 would rather go to the hell the christians tell of. than work there. All of what are called the great men of tho country?Clay, Wehiter. Calhoun, Van Buren, &e.?support these iniquitous principles, and the multitude bow down to the might of their intellect Now, w hat have we to oppose to these evil principles? We must oppose to false competition and envious rivalry co-operation and combination among the working class es. Without this, there is no union?no brotherhood among t lie laboring many. The next great principle which we must array against the progress of error, is union of labor and capital, and the possession of tho soil and machinery by tho working classes. If they arc not the mastert of it, they mutt be its slaves. If labor and capital is united, the industrial class can fix the hours of labor, snd demand for it a remunerating price, but if they are not united, then, tho working men mus t be prepared to submit to a tyranny which is more des potic and cruel in iti nature than that of the dark ages. The third important principle which should be inculcated in the mind of the working classes, it equal chances for all?for'moral,social and intellectual improvement.and the next two cardinal docrinesare the rights to labor and to tha soil; these are the fundamental rightt, because they ara the rights of existence, (t Cheers,) (tod msde the world, and nil that is therein, and no man or set of men, has s right to monopolize it; and for men to say and preach that they have a rights to hold property it a most gigantit fraud, and it is that which has reduced the working classes to serfdom. The fifth ami last great principle it the right of legislation based upon the interests of production. The present politics of this country must be destroyed, and w ? must rear upon its ruins a beautiful superstructure of true, just and wiso legislation. (( liccrt.) The miettiou aow arises now can we carry out our objects' Tho billot box is primary means, and then wo mutt ettablith presses, the prest of this country is almost omnipotent, and we must ctulea-. or to secure such an influent e in it as w Ijl enable us to disseminate effectively our principles. The spheres of ngriculturo, commerce, ail ma ,ufa<. ,ure? are o|*n tons, and we can do nu h to advance our cause if we use them judiciously to tin; end. The exist ing system of politi s is the Riea' | institute of the l!Hh century. My sou. is sick with '.ne eternal u hine and rant of every day ptilitieinns ind if you with to succeed in your endeavors, you n>iist first of all cut loose from them, and establish lor yourselves an industrial < 'ongrcts (Tremendous applause.^ This Congress will have lor it object the good of all, the c?u>ie of universal justice j It will also serve as a head, a rail} ing |>oint for the laboring classes. It will,in a word, !>? the living law of the masses Mr. Brisbane then advised an ailjonrnment of all quet tioas for the disposition <ri the Industrial Congress when assembled, which would reconcile all differences, and harmoniro all discordant views. In Europe the working clatses are doing much ; in France. Lamartine. the head of the Jrench Chamber of De puties. is striving for them with might; while the be nevolent snd eloquent Eugene Sue. is. by his works, spreading both the knowledge of the evils under which the masses groan, and the means of cure Mr Brisbane then advanced tome suggestions, strongly favoring of bis layout" hobby, Kourierism, for the salvation of hub luad, but u Umm suffertoms had Little nferoMtMM i

Other newspapers of the same day