Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 9, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. v<>i.ii,?o.m-wnok??.???. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 9, 1845. Circuit Court of tli? District of Columbia, tor U'Mhlngton County. Tkuu. or C attain Wilkes. (Continued.) F?id4T, April 28, 18-16. C**?. K. Uillol' sworn?Examined by Mr. Bradley, [iflrr some controversy with Mr. May upon the evidence lor the defendant to be found in the log-boolc of the Pea fo<k, I ii'Urfhi this morning into court ; and upon the tcs timu. v oi this new witness, after an agreement yesterday !:>?: the examination of wilnenei ihould then be cjosea. Mr May having, however, conceded the examination ol the he deposed:] I waian officerof the explor ing r> petition. I tailed with the expedition from the I ..!*?? i states; waa with it at the ialand of Oahu in 1840; 1 recollect the circumstance of the marines being impris < l lie foil there; 1 vuited them in the prison; 1 forget the precise tiino, aa I waa living on ahore; I was ii-iMj under permission to leave the squadron: I aaw L .-ut PitKknev, who aald he had a letter from the pri ?? lera lu the tort, in which tbey complaincd of their po a tion .uat they wen- in a atate of suffering, asking him t i take cu^uuauce of it. for that thev intended to com i n ;i to th? Secretary of the Navy. I was asked by Mr i i> hi ry to acconii?ny him to'see them; after aome l.< ' H.OU I consented to go, because their complaint wat ft ill : fnlth thai there were chances of their dying, or ? . r ,,i ol that aort. | went with him into tho fort; at wr ? ,me into the area of the fort I aaw two, perhaps t' |.n-?'m ra near a door within the limita of the forti h >u t'.ey a poke to Mr. Pinckney, and I atood by to li in, to w hat they had to aay; I am not certain that I took a > j iin in thia conversation; did not go into any of the cell?, I think it * aa sometime in November, 1840; the j.i ?i'ii#1 . tw?ke<l filthy?they were dressed in a ahirt and imahxvi> mil n.itMin el e; do not ren eoibor how they ? <? ai in- I; 1 tl'iik l coul.I not identify any of the now; I aaw but very little of them, aa I went but " t.itl..' \ nireni ??, to which ship they were attached; tie uw ti p >rt to the officers of the ship?recollect of >rt ? ? ing made, do not remember the formation the fort, do aat recollect that the area waa in front ol ? ?vac-tor's louse; do not know whether the letter ? Mr fi;i???lie; ) WM aliown to any officer of the ahip; .i nut rcrollect uat Hoab waa a large, gigantic man; I ?< n lie k round uf the ill health of the prisoners; I was at)aelf under arreat; neither detached nor at tecbel ii any ahip at the time, and in thia du t as position waa delicate about going into the fort ? xcr|>4 in the line of my official dutiea. Prisoners in I'1 iiut to mi', aa they w ere in a du . i like myself. It ia a humiliating confos ? 'u; I w i.i .fmid to inquire into their situation; it ?a liable to be construed into disaffection. Do not ak that I had a right to inquire into the matter at all; 1 ? *sd) to offer my servirea had they asked thorn; 1 e a Kenr al impression of telling the priaonera, that il needed mi- iical assistance, I waa ready to offer a my service; but it waa not my office to iaquire into ~ < . uij l tinl, when 1 had no doubt, that they had, or Id have, medical assistance provided (or them, eat rx-immtJ Au Mr. Mar.?I was an asaiatant sur ?r medical officer attached to the Exploring Expe ls I went with Mr- I'inckney to visit these men, having sent him complaints that they were in a i:ig condition, from that part of the fort which 1 the area apgieared to be upon a level; so far as 1 could not judge of the interior, but the area ap I to have a dry surface. The walls of the cells, ti the fortification, appeared to be a mixture of clay rural. Coral is verv porous, absorbs water, and may ;,ain it a long time. I ahould suppose, therefore, that the ground floor ol the cells would be damp; did not see th'iuiinoi ol them; but as the cells were a sort of re ef aa, only oi>en on one aide, should suppose they were subject tu all the inconvemcnrea of such places; think tfcey would he damp. The surface of the area was low, some four, li?e or six feet above the level of the sea. The cells, I believe, had dirt floors. The food called u>?, is a bulbous root, which grows on the island ill wet niarthy places, and consists, in part, of nutritious matter, at..! partly of lerula, or starch. Tho efl'ect ol food upou the system, depends in a great degree upon the previous habits uf men. The habits ol sailors me peculiar -at aea tbey are habituated to hard foo.l, diiicult of oigeatiou, carrying offconstantly a great 1 . <J o( mucilage from the intestinoe. Sailors taken froui thia hard diet to vegetable food, are certaiu in con sequence of au attack of diarrhe. 1 ahould think that il i , u.i lei ,uch cirrumatancea. were given as food, and n ,ni other. that diarrhss must follow , that the vegetable w< ild aridity upon the stomach and keep up the disor di" if continued, and 1 should think confiueinent In the foit would not be so comfortable as on board ship?for cn al.ii-board tho prisoners could have better ventilation by keeping the ports open. and they would not be sub ject to the n.iaama of the fort be'eaus* on board ahip they would have a dry floor under them, kept clean. 1 ahould aui.poae tin- fort a place w here vermin if inlroduc eJ, would be certain to increaae; it would be difficult to tkterminate thcro . for the cells weie dark, and in them you could uot see the verm iu till you fell them, lam BOW attached to the ship < olumbu* ; 1 was ordered by the Mecretary of the Navy to report myself to the Judge of tint < ouit. I have come from New York , it u mj impression (hat the Government pay* the espouses ol my tup [The witues* her* read a letter from the Sec raiar r the Nary. ordering witness to repair to Wash ington and ici-orl himself to this court, for the punpose of testifying iu the fendiuK trial of Captain Wilkr*, commander of the lata i.iplonng Expedition.) Mr. ll**iii.KT here stated, that the order just read, was transmitted to witness at the taatance of Mr. B., who had addressed a letter to the Mecretary of the Navy, request inn him to have the witness brought forward. My Mr. Dbsulct.?It is customary on going into port, to get frevh vegetables fur the crew, I think taro might dom- mixed with other food; taro formed a fart ol tin- loo I of the crew while wo lay at the island. I hare no recollection of the specific disease complained of by uiese men; seldom as possible visited the Peacock at Oaliu; tin rnin? ate frequent at that island. as they are in all mountain regions, near the sea; I scarce ever rode nut in tlir Hiti rnoou. without baing caught in a shower; i.0 sir 1 non-i i.aiil 11 -liJ not nun si Honolulu, it rains frequently theic, liv V.r The taro is not as good aa bread or pota toes, it has less lanuareou* mailer, aud more mucilage iiti'i extraneous matter, cannot say. from observation, wae'liei nxiives eat putrid fish, but I cau tell what they tioinsolvcs have said to me. (Mr. Bradley objected ! I - 011 't know wlioiLer prisoners could have bean confined in the I'eacock; I was mostly resident on shore; I know that prisoucra have been confined in both vessels. Oy Mi Bntiiit. ( annot *at much of the hold of a ?hip, never hating taken particular observation ; I should think it wus mora coinlortable than the fort; il the hold won- broken up, there Mould be more room, it migi.t hate been possible that the prisoners would he more comlottabie in the fort than in the hold of the ship, but 1 can scarcely coucedc it; the hold can be ? ell ven tilated by ojwuiii); the hatchway* and letting a steer down, os is often done. [Witness was here discharged.} Kir. M11 objected to the evidence sought to be intro duced by the counsel for the defen-lant, from the log book of the Peacock, at this stage of the proceedings, as II wo'ilu only o|>eo new issues, and protract the case. Me objected, too, because the log book had been kept at tiie houn- 11I the defendant Subsequently. with a con ditiou attached, the counsel for the plaintiff* assented to the introduction of the evidence fruid said log. The rr?i lue of the d*y was taken up by the two attor n.ts, iii the discussion of the rase before the court, the various issues uoon the evidence Riven points of law. c.onstmi ;j.,ns ol authorities, citations ol pirredents, fcc sought to be introduced, upon instructions asked by the counsel of the court to be given to the jury. At near five o'clock, the court adjourned. Wtnsiisit, April M. IMS. Mr Usstu kt addressed the ( ourt in eaposition of the laws of i ,, Nnvy mil their application to the rase of the plaint-!)-- tlie lis! .lines of the plaintiffs under said regu lations (though expeif Jut lei to the defendant, and the eonso |uant justification of defeadaat la hie effort* to Coerce plaintiffs into duly. Vf Ma* Miw proposed to admit the evidence of the log hook of tl>* Peacock, if Hi* learned adveraary la On* cause would concede, to huu the testimony of Mr. Walker, 1st l-ieuteugpt of the Peacock Mr Hradlev ea se...e4 anili the uudristau.llag tuat the evidence of Mr Walkar dkould be couiried to the Pevcurk Mr Rradlet the* tnriotta memoranda from said lug book, ol Uae tisnsfar "f prisoners belaeea ships Pearoek and \ incea lies, from tin.* to time. dermic the sittings vf oertaia Court martials, also showing vanoas retire of the l ea rock. which Would incapacitate her from balding pri soners ?Mr. May having roatoaded that defeadaat if the Vlncenno* were re all V unfi'ted t? hold prisoner* ?*< ure It, should have traaeforred them to the Peacock rather than to <hi* filthy fort eniter free-fa j?rt*diciion.te which they war* doiaitad Mi M'stiia t-*tH*<l that the P^acark eMoroetst ea tensivr repalt* at HniftlMln. sack as holiiaa rloaning caulking, , think It pm?>aMe we swrwt eat tho hold, did not brook I* ar oatlroly; we eahaietM ?p?? yaws ait-1 snch thii>;r* a* lh?*e isle'*-** to a groat extent < >oes-seem-isf 4? I ehnil.t Ihlst lb*)* onld ea dlf cully ehovt the ??spoony ef the 'hip to c-eae- petaeueis securely; think that fi?e. ar fifty and ??* m?rtw?s nor hi haw he?B confined oa hoard if aeeeeeiry 1 I ar ver under stood thai I he pnsaaar* war* aoat on snore Mr * use a* could not I he rare ?( thorn. d- n*t know tha' th^rsass anv clii-effrotioe. h*?o no rr'?||wti<i? of Rita) ating ta suiting and mniinias laage'ge ea the Hreeeck, de-at re eollccl of martnoe of thai ship raf.i>ia? It do da'v Mr. Rasiiav hero aaked a>>aat the reeesotiv af ma rines bin Mr. M?) ohteelod. and witness a as release.! The lestmon; the Ian the authority* hwanag a pea the case ai d the insiruronne to be submittal u? <wr) fcy the t n.irt, eerr del?ted till four a'rlnrk when 'he I cart adjourned (TV ke ( eo/tooed ) Tiic AUxurnina Hi < Hirer ht> n the IJth says:?" We have heard thai tno or throe ?f oar planters have determined to try a com crop thie sea soo. plantina >*ry little rotium. think this stap a good ona. The crops mil mature **-jch earlier thaa those of the West, and a ill. of raarao. ha the first U tnaikel, with a chance of a reasonable pnee The viold liore to an acre is equal to that ef say portion of the country." There never wan a fairer proapert of ? go??J w heat crop, than there i* at I he present lime We hate ta quired of farmeis from almost avery towa In tha cenatj, and get the same answer - " it looks well? neter belter." .No imect has made Its appearance yet, aad the grain tnny now be considered secure from thai danger The rye looks equally vigorous ami healthy The bloom of fruit trees has been unustsallv fall ami much of the fiuit is already aell sot , but H Is so eariy, and our spring weather is so variable that there m occa sion for appreliension from frost. Mhould wa escape lha frost, there is * prospect of twice a* much fmW aa has been ever before produced in this part of Michigan W* rejoice to learn tTom our exchangee, that crop* look equally well in avery part of tha Mate-- JfersJtoii Em ' p*under, April M. Association of American Otologist* and Natu ralist*. Nkw Havex, Tiksday, May tt, ltH5. Phof. Chester Dewby having returned home, Dk. Amos Bi.nnky, of Boston, wan electod to take his place as chairman. After the minutes were read, an I slightly altered, at the suggestion of several member.", Dr. Jackson arose to thank tue Society warmly for the unexpected honor conferred upon him the ?lay before, in his election to the othce of President for the enduing year; und to assure them that, if Providence permitted, he would be at his post, and use all his efforts to promote the harmony and pros perity of the Society. Prof. Rodger* moved that a committee should be appointed, to petition the Legislature on the sub ect of the distributions of the report of the Geolo gical Survey. The motion was adopted, and Profs. Rogers and Silliman, and Dr. Jackson, were nomi nated as tbe committee. Mil. J. D. Dana rose on behalf of the committee ippointed to revise the scientific nomenclature, as lelined by the rules of the British Association. They suggested their proposed alterations in the fol lowing report, which, upon motion, it was resolved to submit to the three scientific Societies of New York, Boston, and Philadelphia, for their approval, or such amendments as they might think proper to suggest. LAW OF PRIORITY WITH ITS LIMITATIONS. The name originally given to a group, or 8|>ecies, by its founder, should be retained, to the exclusion of all subsequent synonyrnes. The systematic nomenclature having originated with Linnaeus, this last law is not to extend to the writings of antecedent authors. In the progress of science, it often becomes ne cessary to restrict or extend the characteristics of a ^enus, or to subdivide it into several genera. The tollowing principles bearing upon the abovo law, should be adopted in making such changes. A. When several smaller genera are united in one, the name of the earliest, if otherwise vinob ectionable, should be selected as the name of the whole group. B.?When a genua is auMivided, the original generic name should not be cancelled, but should In- rctainod for that portion of it which was considered typical by the luthor; or if the evidence as to the original type is not ?lear and indisputable, it may be given to any portion, and their given name should be ever afterwards retained. C.?When a generic name has a synonymo exactly equivalent to it in its original application, in making a lubdivision of the genus, this synonyms should not ue adopted for either of the now genera formed, except when its type, as laid down by its author, belonged to a liferent section of the genus from that of the other name, ind both these sections are elevated to genera. Kor in itance, the genus " Monaulus" of Viellot, (1H1C,) is a precise equivalent to oi Tommenck, (1813,) both author* having adopted the same species as their type ; ind therefore, when the latter genus came, in the course of time, to be divided into two, it was incorrect to give the condemned name, "Monaulus," to one of the por tions. The name " CEdemia" and " Melanetha," wcro originally iynonyms, but their respective types were taken from different section* of the group, und conse quently, in raising these two sections to genera, their names are retained for the groups. There are other limitations of the law of priority, aris ing from the violation of the rules of propriety in the in troduction of terms. They are as follow : A.?Names given to species or groups unaccompanied by published descriptions, ahoula yield place to the ear liest name accompanying such description. It has been customary for some naturalists to give names to species in their oabinets, or in a published cata logue, and on this ground to claim authority for such aaines. This is not allowable?neither is it sufficient that the description appear in a public ncw?paper, or in a journal not widely known for its scicntific character. A name of a species already in use for another species of the same genus, should be changed; also, a generic aame in Zoology before employed for a genus in the 4ame kingdom should be clianged, and the same in the botanical kiugdom. A name glaringly opposed in its signification to the essential characteristics of a species or group, and likely to propagate important errors should be changcd. Much term* as mono don, Caprrtaulgut, Paradiria apoia and monoculers have acquirod sufficient currency no longer to cause error, and are therefore retained without inconvenience.Names derived from localities where the specimens are found to have wider limits, should still be retained. But when we find a Batrachian reptile named in violation of its true affinities Mastodon saurut, or when a name is derived from an accidental monstrosity, is in Picut Scmirostcs of Linnxus. and Helix diijuncta. Teuton, another name should be substituted. This privi lege should be allowed only in extreme cases. When the name of a specie* is sferwards made the name of a genus, including that species, a new specific name should be given. The generic name, Pyrrhororax, was called by Linn aus a I'y rrhocorux. It, therefore, became necessary to change the specific name, and Mpinui was substituted.? The practice of thus elcvatiug specific names to generic,is a bad one. Objected to in one of the sections below. Laws with aiOAnn to OaTiiOGitArur. In writing systematic names, the rulos of Latin orthography should be adhered to, except in worda derived from proper names in which only the termination should *>e Latinized. Proper names of individuals would often become unintelligible if modified so as to conform throughout Latin or thography. We should not recognize Knighti, Wood wardi, in the words Cnichti, Vuirardi. But words of bar barous origin, having no fixed orthography, arc more pli able, and hence, when adopted into the Latin, should be rendered aa classical in appeanncc as is consisvont with the preservation of the original sound. In compounding two Cireck words, the first of the two should have the form of the gcniUve case, dropping only the terminal consonant. In compounding two I.atin words, the same rule should be followed, except that ?' should be substituted when the genitive end* in <e. Pcnnaformit should bo Ptnni /smut. Words ofdiffe.ent languages must never bo compound ed together. S|K'cific names, lie:ivod from a locality, should termi Date iu tntii. Specific namci deiived from namciof person*, when in lionur of the disco> or, should end in the genitive i or it ; but when in compliment to a person not a discoverer, the adiective should end iu anv$. Prof Itcot as condemned the use of unnecessary names, above all, of complimentary names. It was a fault to which naturalists were very prone to give the names of their friends to new species, and he hoped the committee would recommend in their report the abolition of this in cumbrance to science. I'rof. Hai.dkma* observed that iu the report of the Bri tish Association which wo* widely circulated, they sug gested that unmeaning names of this description should be printed commencing with a small letter ; now this re gulation he was in favor of as an effectual rcmedyagainst the bestowal of auch nainea by naturalists?who would not consider it any great compliment to their friends to have their names'placed in a position of studied obscuri ty. Ills (Prof, li.'s) name had been given to sevoral small animals (Laughter.) But ha expected to aee it redeem ed from the, (bv no means illustrious,) association by the use of the small lettar. Mr. WmLrui was always of opinion that science pu rified itself, and no matter what names were given, if they did not possess a meaning, they would not last fifty jeers. The evil discusse d would correct itself. I'rof Rouses moved th*t the report should be recom mitted with the MMMMh tlint tho committee should adopt 10 tha reyort the usage of the British asso ciation in regard to the small letter. Adopted. The Secretary read a letter from Lieut. Johnson, dated Isn Washita, t hoctasw Nation, containing a few remarks on the neology of the vicinity of that station. Pivfeaeor ILm.i then occupied the association for a brief Brivd un the fossils of the Partially altered slates and M*?i'iu*s of eastern New > ork. 1 tie secretary no\t made some remarks on some of the melail.. oies ?>l Mine l.a Motte, in Missoiui, ?nd followed them by reading a letter from l>r Dickson, of Natchez, dated April It, imi, on the Natchez blufls, with somo mention of a nondescript animal of the elms Mammalia, found Mar Satchel. I. Notes on Nnehe* lllufl's. by C. V. torehy , i. Notes ou the tieology of Mississippi, by B.C. L, and also irmaik* on the fossil Infusoria found ta spsriatsifrsst the ahovo IttralfUM by Ptufe?sor Mo, t as moved the following resolution:? Reaohed Tliat a < ommitte" kcuwilM with iMtfltt ti ns lit inquire -uto the question of tnc geological age of /?ngledoa. audio repot ? ? mimai meeting ?f tha sueriatioa. Adopl'd. Pioirssvr B?ti?? re'narwp^r on som* of the fo**ll co niferous trees of tb? I nited State*. *r M f< W r'rri s ?ta!ril som-pew vlewson geology, ? i.lch r?T. i ed very little of fhe attention of the audience, t 1st as sie rn?ld s;'prt hend his theory, he considered the r rv?t ?.f ti.e cade at <??>? period to he in the form of a patte. ao?l Wii hi. uutains ? en? pro'mde/f by the action ol . i?' ina< lisriii al power, Are, he considered a mechanical Mi rr Mad pllWSI M ilhsde.t Is was iiliiMrnted by the rdact prodn. ed h> pit'sure on a red hot mass of iron. He asked the w*rtety io show any good reason against hta pasittaas. sad was ha said, aniious for discussion; 1.(1 aMkt I - ' ?> " ' 1'iestmn ot not lie had in haad a work which ? utsld shortly appear. He thou read I rose a si ip e4 paj ar the fallow ing I'rnapeetus ol a nets aoik on tieological Subjects, en titled Pasta Theory." bj M D. Whipple, containing tha h>iiots isg among other articles I The ProdartKtn ot I inform Materials, such as the psirer aaads a ad clays directls fiom metal matter ? Ot I amtt K uutie l '.taieritl*. directly from pasty ?Miter, aisled by agitation 1 Maty Mtrurtwie produced by Lamination, while the rerk wee ta a past* eute ?. Jotass M4s hy SlidiM of tha Rock ? Agency of Mecheincsl Action, in separating and mi* lag peculiar eomeouada ?. HrijpB of Tisf Dyke* eome rocks moia luslble than stbsts 7. l-aitMuation frequently causes the Inclined Dip in Hoc ka a. tirooses la Nock made while in a pasty state, t. iteration in the Isnhlity of rucks. since tirst aggre gated Mr Wisteria having ftuiehe I lite peril sal of his pros pectus. looked rouad * ith aa air of evMiant solicitude, bi see If any al tha members would do him tha kindness of attacking him, but on ftading that ah alienee was re ceived with the most prvvokiag silence, he look his aeat, apparently more thaa ever convinced that hie paste theo ry waa us>Miserable > Siu-tnaii, Jr., ysspasad Ue fellow iag resolution i [ Unsolved, That Ui Dickrrtuu of .Nati > <-/ ? I ' ol B. C. L. Waitct, of Jacktuu. Mm t* * commit;?* to report ' ou the (Jeolof* of llie ?i< , uty .if N'atche/. and ?sp?ciai ly un the deixisites furnishing the remains ol Ui* Iim | lotorut or T)godua Uie hMh rrnum ui NMIM Bluff's, aud the runout uoudearnpt auinial meutiuued by Ur. Dieksou in the cominumritt:un already niadc to the Association. The meeting here iru^r for ilnurr Arntanooi Rtuio^ The Serntirj, B. huiiuii, Jr., idilmiwl the Society on tho ivmains of the redar and rv p-est feints found in tho alluvial deposits or bay<>u? ol' V i.?i?? ij? j? i .m l conclu ded with a motion that Protestor Car|>enUi. of Mitsittip pi, should be requested to report to th? So. etj , at its next session, ou the uLiuviil deposits ?>! Mississippi in general. Adopted. Professor Hillima* arose for the purpose of a^alu al luding to the exported visit of that relehratrd na' uralist and geologist, Professor Agassi/. of ??'? itierland, he was coming to this country for tue purpo>? of ?tu>ly ing iti geology, lie., and as It ?>< not improbable that members of the association nu^ht have it 1:1 their power to facilitate lys euquiiies.he could not 1.the opportunity slip of bespeaking for him the ready co-operation of American men of science, as it w at due, not >>uly to the cause, but to himself (Professor A.) )x*rso.tally The Sr.catTABr then read a paper written by Professor Samuel Webber, on certain forms of attraction It w<it an elaborate and abstruse treatise, entering closely luto the doctrine of chrystali/ation, affinity, Stc He says, ac cording to Khrenberg's statement,that chalk is c?m|?>ted of the remains of uinuto auimalculi; and kum\ in;r that other sniinulcula have their hard part coinpoted of secins not improbable that the flints foun 1 in the cl.ilW are merely the remains of the lust, as tho chalk itself it of the former kind; nud that both sorts perishing together in the water, tho siliceous ikelotons collected together in masses under tho influenco of the attraction of similarity. In this view 1 am sustained by a now work called "Ves tiges of Creation." If this bo admitted to be the case, might not the acarus crassii be merely the development of ova, which at or near maturity, were envelo|>cd in fie remains of their progenitors, and retained sufficient vi tality in despite of all the hard trials to which they were subjected. to be called at last into life under the po tent influence of the voltaic battery. The concluding paragraph of Mr. Woliber'i paper pre sents a brief summary of his views, thus :? What is this attraction, that has been treated of. and of which 1 have ipoken ns homonrgeous attraction? Is it anything but a general la w by which tho porticlet that constitute a solid of a uniform nature, are brought and held together and of which the law of cohesion and chry s tnli/.ation are but modifications or states, itself being part ofa more general law of the universal attraction of mat ter for itself, which moro general law has its modification of cohesion aud union amoug particles not heteregoneoui. Is it but an imperfect action of tho attraction of polarity exerted over sensiblo distances, bringing particles into cohesion, at any rate acting more powerfully upon parti cles of the same kind, and disposing them to uuite with each other, in preference to foreign particles, and when full, perfect anil unimpeded in its action, to unite in certain regular forms f Oris it, as some imagine, without treat ing of it fully, but a kind of chemical attraction or affi nity? These questions cannot now he answered satisfac torily, but it may be conjectured that tho law of polarity, moaning thereby some great power like electricity, if not electricity itself, seems to me the most probable, and it may be that such it the great law of all attractions of all kinds, and of gravitation itself?a power of universal ex tent and plasticity, deriving its apparently discrepant and diversified action from the circumstances under which it acts, and by the permutation and combination of but a few comparatively simple and general principles. Dr. J ac doubted the orthodoxy of the work quoted by .Mr. Webber, entitled " vestiges of Creation." It was quite true that by pouring sulphuric acid ou certain vc certaiu vegetable substances anamalcula: wore produ ced, but as to the use of silicate of potash, as siioken of in that book, ho had tested it and found uo animalcule were formed. Prof.'Oi..?iTLD, in alluding to the supposed discharge of gelatinous matter from meteors, wondered how such an absurd notion became prevalent. Aftor the great me teoric shower ol 1833, prot, Twining resolved to trace to their sources all these reports, and the result of his la bors was a conviction of their entire fallacy. But he rose more particularly for the purpose of enquiring if ray member present was cognizant of any case of gelatinous mutter being discharged from meteors. [No reply.] Prof. Kookhs observed that ho could not dissent from the remarks mado as to tho production of animalculie ; the subject of generation was ono of great importance, but yet in great obscurity, and lie desired to see it taken up again by this Society! As to the erroneous and spe culative views advanced in that celebrated work, " Ves tiges of Creation," they were far overbalanced by the sublime aud glorious views it unfolded of creation. Professor Ualdkma* thought they should not con demn the author of "Vestiges of Creation," for adopting the course followed by all orthodox writers; that is, of reasoning on premises that were not entirely and unani mously admitted by scientific men. There was as much assumption on one'side as the other, and the doctrine of generation occupied and puzzled the strongest minds of every age. Professor Sillima* cited the authority of Dr. Mantell, of Philadelphia, now in London, against tho book,which, although evidently the production of a powerful, en quiring, but not practical writer, was of a dangerous and irreligious tendency. Tho President hero announced that the regular busi ness was finished, and inquired if members had any addi tional business to offer before they adjourned. Mr. J. P. Dana again brought up' the revised report of the committee on nomenclature, which was adopted. On motion of Professor Sillima*, it was resolved to publish 600 copies of tho report for circulation in the manner best calculated to forward the views it cm braced. On motion of Professor Roaras, it wan resolved that tlie Secretary be instructed to prepare minute* of the Society 's proceedings, ami to tint end obtain from mem bers abstracts of pupers read by them, and that 500 co pies of said proceedings be published at the espouse of the association. It was also resolved that the remaining volumes of the transactions of the Society be placed on sale for the bene fit of tho Society. Mr. Kr.Drir.i.J moved that the local committee appoint ed to make arrangements for the nest session at New York, have power to invite such persons as they thought desirable to attend their session. The General Comnitttee reported tho nnnesed list ol new members,which was approved :? l)r. John H. Kane, New Haven; I)r. M. W. Dickison, Natchez; Colonel W'aites, Washington, Miss.; Dr. Daniels, Savannah; Dr. YV. Alvord, Greenfield, Mass.; Win. Logan, Ksq. of the Geological Survey, Canada; Sir Charles Bonncycastle, Canada; Nathl. T. True, Mon mouth, Me.; Kichard Bolton, Misc.; D. Olmsted, jr. New iiuven. A vote of thanks was then passed to the Governor of Yale College for tho use of the lecture room, and also to the Secretary and his assistant, for their valuable ser vices. Prof. SiicrARD rose, and alluded to some remarks of his made the day before, as to the identity of the specimens produced from Alabama, by Dr. Kane,'and the great bed of Carolina ; he added that by esperiment, he found the latter to contain from 6 to 8, or even 9 per cent of lime. Dr. Jacksok observed, that when engaged in the geo logical survey of Vermont, he found beds of marl that yielded three ]>er cent of lime. He could not help here adverting to the singularity of the fact, that, while the English were honoring Dr.'Justns Liebeg, for his dis covcry of the relation Detween the phosphates and vege tables' they had in their own language a work in which tlie whole subject was treated of in a masterly manner. Thi? volume was written in lfi9.'> by the Earl ol Dundon ald ; and it not only treated of the action of phosphates, but of all)salts, as well as tho alkalies; in that great work, which was forgotten only because it was in advance of the age, the author was assisted by the famous men, Priestly and Cavendish, the first of whom discovered the simple constituent elements of air. the latter of water. Prof. Roufcits reported on behalf of the committee ap pointed to make certain amendments in the constitution, that they reeommendod tho changing of the name of the society to " tho society for the promotion of science,"' that their secretary should be permanently appointed, like that of the British Association, and that members, on admission, should pay a feo of two dollars each ; it also suggested that chemistry should be added to their field of inquiry. Pmt. Booth thought it would be better to wait a little before acting on that report. Ho had no doubt that tho change* contemplated could be ultimately found practi cable: but although tho British Association was worthy of Imitation In the wide field (hoy took for their enqui ries, it conld not be overlooked that their means were incomparably greater; the) hid great wealth, which ena bled them to conduct gigantic enquiries. There was a danger in forming their fisorhtlon on too grand a scale ; it would bo bettor to build slcvly and surely; and ho fenrod it would he found to he growing too rapidly if the proposition under eonsidention were immediately acted upon. < homlstry was a department familiar to many members of the socioty, nnd therefore might be taken up, and certainly it was one of tho most important, as some of the other hiuncltes dopondod upon It for their fundamen tal prine(plei. Prof. Oi.mstfo would like to throw in n word for natu ral philosophy. Sir John Hrrschcll had shown most con clusively tho connection between these departments of science, and ho desired to see Astronomy receiving the attontion of the socioty, if they decided on adopting Che mistry or other branches. Professor Sn lima v, as one of tho committee recommen ding tho changes, thought that their adoption would be no symptoms of an over rapid growth. They had now gone on gradually and steadily for six years, ond it was time to open their society to aJl communications. In tho meantime, the report might stand over to nest mcotiug, when they could be discussed at morn length. ('apt. Wilkks, C. H. N^wns of opinion that the propos ed alterations were judicious ; if adopted, many men now excluded, and who were ansious to join them, could do so. The researches of men in every branch of scicnce made such persons interesting to each other ; this he found to be the case in the course of the Exploring Ex pedition, where the gentlemen of the different depart ments made themselves reciprocally sources of interest to each other, and the same result would lie found in re gard to this sooietv. No harm could come of extending their enquiries, and It would bo cortaiu to widen the so ciety beyond its present limits, and it would be stretching out the hand of good-will to those scicntific. brethren w ho wished to join them. ? The discussion here dropped, tho report lying over for ftitnre consideration. It was then resolved, that authors who had presented papers to this meeting, have power to publish them ill any vehicle they think proper. Professor Sillimais rose, and in a few brief remarks re viewed the session that was now about coming tot close. As one of the local committee appointed to make the pre liiflnary arrangements, he felt no little responsibility, and some anxiety for tho result; and it waa a source of Kraal gratification to him to observe from day to day, ? harmony, courtesy, and mutual good feeling that wu exhibited during their proceedings, and he could not let the opportunity pass w ithout thanking them individually, for the courteous and friendly bearing they exhibited to ward* himself; and it would not be without a feeling of regret tliat he should witneti for the present, a termina tion of their labors, and desire to seo the period come again, when they should resume them. Professor Olm>t>i> entirely concurred in the obser vations that hml fallen from Professor Sillimau, and he begged to make his acknowledgment* to nicmbeni in general, for the cuurtsey extended to him. A tote of thanks wai then passed to the inhabitants of New Htm for Mr kindness and attention to the society, and it was dcclaied adjourned, to meet again in New York in Scptembor, 1*16. Slew York Historical Society. The regular monthly meeting of the New York Historical, Society w as held at its rooms, in the I nivoraily, on Tuesday evening last. There was a full attendance, as a discussion on the re|>ort of the committee to give a name to the country was antici pated. After some routine business, in the course ofwhich a letter was presented from Ilenry O'Reily, Esq., of Albany,* corre *| Kind i ng member,givingan interesting uecottnt of hmresearches into the early history of this Slate, especially in the Indian department; the order of ImMoeits on die report of the committee was taken U|?. The Skc kktakv announced that a variety of com munications hid been received, from societies and from distinguished individuals, expressing dieir ' ?pinion on the proposed change of the national name. Aixnys those letters were communications from the liistoncdl Societies of New Hampshire, Massa chusetts, Maryland, and New Jersey, all respectfully proposing the cousideraiion of the question. letters were also read from Chancellor Kent, and M. Van Buren. The former dissented point blank from the view of the Committee, and the ex-Presi dent, with characteristic caution, declared that "in present circumstances," he was rather inclined to entertain the belief, that, jierhni>8 it was,after all, not inexpedient to defer making any change. It was then announced (hut the llev. Mr. Grts wold, of Philadelphia, had at lust arrived, and a motion was ottered that his paper be read, and the order of business suspended tor that purpose. Some desultory discussion followed, and finally the motion prevailed. Mr. Ghiswolii then read his paper. The subject was the " Literature of the United States." The paper was lengthy and rather prosy. Mr. Griswold considered that in all departments, the literature of this country was superior to that of the old world. A vote of thanks was given to Mr. Griswold, and the meeting adjourned. Farmers' Club? Mechanics' Institute. Tuesday, May 6. Subject?Prttcrvation of Animal Food. The subject tiniiminced for discussion upon this occasion, attracted a more than usual assemblage of all interested in th? important issue, from the butch er to the farmer, and from the thrifty housekeeper to the government contractor. The first hour was, as usual, devoted to fcubjects of a miscellaneous conversational nature, und not without some pecu liar interest. Mr. Barber, of Massachusetts, was nominated to the chair; and the Recording Secretary, ils usual, was Mr. Meigs. An alarming statement was read, of a disease prevailing generally in Europe, amongst black cattle, bearing all the characteristics of the typhus in the human form, and equally fatal in its consequences in die animal creation. A premium has been ottered bv an agricultural society ill Eu rope, of $'300, for the best essay on its symptomatic developments, the best mode of treatment, its con tagious influences, the pre-disposing cause, and how far it can relate to this climate; as, also, upon the necessity of such precautionary measures as may avert this calamity from our cattle. During the dis cussion of this, another subject was introduced by Mr. Mew, by the presentation of 30 grains of wild rice, used by the Otonabee Indians, upon Rice Lake, in Upper Canada, und which was decided to be food ouly fit for the tribe that cultivate it. A gen tleman then reverted to the disease of cattle, and ascrib ed to those coming l'rom the west, Ohio and Illinois par ticularly, all the diseases of lungs and liver to which oxen are " heirs to." Mr. Edwards, from England, gave a horrifying description of the ravages of this disease in that country, and suggested for that useful class of crea tion the same precaution that the faculty adopt in all si milar human visitations, " white-washing,|bleeding by the gallon, chloride of lime and cleanliness." A member here made an objection to the sweeping imputation cast upon the horned tribe of Ohio by another member, and eloquently repudiated the " soft impeachment" from his optical experience in Fulton market. A member said that twenty years ago, all the cattle in the west were afflicted with liver complaints and dyspepsia, which an improved soil has removed. Mr. Me'iggs reiterated the caution he once received from an honest butcher, not to purchase any meat but that impressed with tho Jew ish seal. This interesting discussion was here inter rupted by a motion to publish the letter for the prize essny on tho disease of bulls, which was passed nrm. con. Then there was a discussion about the inven tion of Anastetic Printing, which somo Knglishmnn as sumed as his discovery; while Joseph Dixon, of Taun ton, ten years ago, claimed the honors due to this impor tant invention; specimens were produied, as labels of Oillott's steel pens, which caused a great sensation. After a few heads of corn were handed round, a commu nication was read from Mr. Mclnsier. on tho soiling of cattle. Ho recommends mangel wurtzel, sugar beet, ruta haga, turnips, to. The chairman highly approved of this diet, confirmed by eight years personal experi ence. lie approved of carrots ,u a substitute for oats for horses. At this stage of the business, the secretary circulated somo ?'mammia" of various country's growth, and Col. Clarke some sun flower seeds of great prolific virtue, as also a few seeds of inarrow squash. Several learned analyses of guano were referred to the olfactories of a select committee. Then came the subject of the day, " Preservation of Animal Food." Dr. Lardner and Profes sor Mapcs had both been invited to furnish their expe rience, but both were absent. A long communication was read, prescribing a course of cure, that included molasses, and salt, ami pearl ash, and salt petre. as a val uable remedy. The same author wrote a homily on the preservation" of eggs, butter, hogs lard and trout, for Delaware and Catskill, all proving, incontrovertihly, that molasses possesses " antisceptic" properties, that, none but " sceptic" could hesitate to believe. Another member announced, that he ate part of a ham in Virginia, that was for two years suspended in a bag, in a dark gar ret, and never needed smoking. At this stage of these interesting proceedings, Professor Mapes entered the hall, and all eyes (that is, of those who remained be hind,) were fixed upon him, for his opinion on the " ma teria medica" of salt, which he delivered with hi* usual philosophy, and no doubt, to the edification of the rem nant of the agricultural club who heard him. This inexhaustible subject will be renewed neat Tues day. American Agricultural Association. This influential body met 011 Monday evening at ' the Historical Society's rooms. The Hon. L. I Bradish presided. Some choice flowers were ex hibited. She society also received many dona- | turns. Mioiunt others, a quantity of African Guano for the use of the members. After the preliminary matters, in which a resolu tion for the change oi the day of meeting to th? 1st Wednesday of each mouth was adopted, the read ing of papers commenced. Prof. Loom 18 gave 11 very elaborate account of an extensive rain storm, which passed through the United states in 1842, illustrated with a series of maps, showing the condition of the ?ky, the tem perature, barometrical altitude, and direction of the wind for the whole country. From this examina tion, he deduced many important consequences, and concludcd by call'ng for the interposition of the association, in causing a more profitable series of observations to be made, by the academies of the State, Mr. Swain moved a resolution for the purpose of reaching this object, which was unanimously adop ted by tne association. . Mr. Stevens, of Buffalo, made, an interesting communication on the diseases of cattle, and staled that lioui personal observation, he liarl ttMVVma that a large majority of the animals slaughtered in this city were severely diseased. He suggested the expediency of procuring sanatory regulations from the corporation to correct ihis state of things. The galvanic plants exhibited by Mr.'tPell, elicited an interesting discussion, and led to the appoint ment of a committee to investigate the matter. Dr. Gardner proposed that a liberal premium be offered for a complete series of observations on the potatoe, with a view of discovering the nature and origin of the disease, which has destroyed such large quantities. The society adjourned to the first Wednesday in June. Iron.?The consumption of iron in the United State*, in the crude mm, is animated at .S'J2.ouo, 000 per nnniim, nearly equal to the whole value ol raw cotton produced in the foiled State* at proaent price* ' According to Mr. Virlet, Kraucu, Sweden. Itu*aia, and all the cmlixed power* on the continent, only produce about 700,000 ton* per annum. The quantity of iron Ini- I ported into the United State*, in 1H?4, wa* W,474 ton?, valued fit *3,4?4,4M>. Thomas's Sattinet Factory in Sacarappa village, Maine, wax, with its content!, entirely consumed by Bra on Friday afternoon last. Loss $11,000. Fourier Convention. | Tliis Convention was held last evening at the ; | Minerva Rooms, Broadway, which, when contrast- I ed with the affair of last year, held at Clinton Hall, amid all the "pomp and circumstance" attendant ; upon the fanatical excitement that prevailed amongst the 1' ourierites, or 'Socialists, so-called, who thronged that Ilall during the six days of meeting held in May last, presented a saddened state of de generacy amongst the disciples of the distinguished founder of the sect. The place of meeting was se lected, doubtless, from die classic associations that attach to the celebrated goddess, whose name .it bears. Minerva sprang from the brain of Jupiter, fully armed and equipped for war; and Fourierism sprang from the brain, no matter whether of Horace Greeley, or Brisbane, or Park Godwin, or Robert Owen, but, on witnessing the meeting of last even ing, we were led to exclaim, in the words of the poet?"Oh! what a falling off was there." At eight o'clock, there was a thin attendance, most of whom consisted of fair siiectators, whose faces were fami liar to those who had attended the Bible meeting held at the Tabernacle in the early part of the day, and, we may say, all the anniversaries of the week. Amongst tliem were a partial sprinkling of the coarser ?ex, many of whom hail evidently attended, more upon the ladies, than through any degree of interest in the ob jects of the meeting. The meeting was organized by a Mr. L. W. Rtcsma*, who explained the object of tho convention, and took a cursory view of the Kourierite doctrine, and the im proved condition of Brook Karma. He concluded his re marks by calling on the friends of " universal unity," to come forward and aid them in their struggles for the universal regeneration of mankind. Horace Greeley next came forward, and after giving a lucid exposition of the origin, doctrine, and designs of Socialism, went on to say that the experiment at Brook Farm had been so successful, that it needed nothing to be said in advocacy of the system, the objects of which em braced the most enlarged and comprehensive philan thropy. Mr. O. after ottering some remarks in advocacy of the' general principles ot socialism, and calling on their friends to subscribe for it3 advancement, was fol lowed by Mr. Park tionwix, who travelled over the same ground, and went on to say that there was a wide field for the exercise of the benevolent objects of socialism alone in the city of Now York, whero there was no less than 10,00'J women of ill-fame, as hnd been ascertained by statistics introduced at several of the present anniver saries. The degeneracy of the age in which we lived, produced such a state of things, and they ought to make every effort to regenerate the condition of unfortunate females of this city. The meeting was subsequently addressed by Messrs. Brisbane, Chaining, and others, when tho meeting separated. National Acadcmy of Design. No. 320. Falls of Niagara, by R Uavell.?Verdi gris and milk, what is this 1 A shameful libel on the most magnificent cataract in the world. No. 325. View from the Palisades, by C. H. Crandi.?Hard anu cold. No. 331. Crucifixionnf our Savior, by N. G. Wil liams.?A second Pontius Pilate. No. 338. Miniature of Children, by Miss A. Hall?Weak and delicate. No. 339. Group of Children, by Mrs. Bogar dus?Ditto. No. 34>?. Miniature of Mrs. S. IV. Pantile, by J. A. McDoused?There is much delicacy, and some power in McDougal's miniatures. The" flesh tints are appropriate and pleasant, and the likenesses un exceptionable. The shawl in this picture is beauti fully painted. No. 350. Storm on the Htulson, by M. Livingston ?A dreadful storm. No. 351, 352,353.?Miniatures, by II. C. Shum way.?Exceedingly well painted heads. No. 356.?A Frame of four Miniatures, by Miss M. I.. Wagner.?Miss W. is not happy in her style of color. No. 354?Miniature of an Artist, by J. R. Isimb din.?Decidedly the best colored miniature in the exhibition. No. 358?Marine, by S. Birch.?The front waves are delightfully transient. Mr. B. is unapproach able in paintings of this nature. No. 368?Bust of Professor Mapes, by H. Knee land.?An admirable likeness, and sculptured with great delicacy. No. 369.?An Antedelurian. by P. P. Duggan? It is not often that a model of such a high order of i merit is presented to the American public; and when we reflect that it is the work of one so young, we caunot withhold the praise our heart prompts us to indulge in. The positionenables the artist to exhibit his wonderful knowledge of anatomy to the fullest extent; and although there is probably some exaggera tion in its muscular developments, we should not cen sure the artist for a fault, (if it may be called one,) that he has committed in common^with all great modellers from Michael Angelo to the best sculp tors of the present day. It ia truly a wonderful pro duction. The only objection we can possibly otfer, is that Mr D. selects unpleasant instead of acrceabla sub jects, which is an objection we have (>ernaps no right to offer. Perhaps he may be induced to try the beau tiful in some of his future efforts. We hone so, and if he is as successf ul in that line of excellence as he has already proved himself to be in the terrible, he may look forward to a proud career in fhe noble world of sculpture. Within a few days past, a charming bust has been added to the exhibition ; it is the work of an Ame rican artist at Rome, named H. K. Brown. The bust is done in marble, and chiselled with infinite de licacy and skill. W e have now concluded our remarks. The task has not been an agreeable one, for there are so many works exhibited that are entirely unworthy, that we were forced in many instances to be se vere?not, we can assure the exhibitors, with any personal feelings towards them, for, with one or two exceptions, they arc entire strangers to us.? Many persons are under the impression that it is doing injustice to the artists tocondemn their works that they should be judged leniently, and praiseo instead of being criticised, but this is" a false notion. Although the remarks of the critic may at first an noy, yet it will teach reflection, and the faults iioint ed out may, in future works, be avoided. all we ask. Let them, if they have talent, improve from our suggestions; if they have none, better that they should be ridiculed out of a profession for which they are incompetent, than to be dragging out a painful lifetime in employments that they were never fitted for by nature. Albany. [< onespondence of the Herald.] State legislature. Ar.BA.XY, 6th May, 18-15. The .Senate now meet at 9 o'clock in the morning. Mr. Bockec, chairman of the select committee of eight Senator*, to whom wan referred the bill for the renewal and extension of the American At lantic Steam Navigation Comimny Charter, made a favorable report, and recomincnded the bill to a third readinff. He stated that the object of the company *ik of great national iini>ortance ; that Congrra#, at it* last session, passed an act, which he ln-ld in lua hand. brought forward and promoted by ihe company, authorizing the Ponmastcr Gene ral to make rontrarta for carrvti*? the American Foreign Mails in atraniship*, and that they had re- | cr-nred to tbemadKrw th<- option of taking tn?- sixain -liipa eitiplowd in carrying the Foreign Mail*, for the service of the navy in t w of ?nr. He consi dered, thf-reforv, that the eharfT was net-canary to carry out the view a of tlm General Government.? The bill passed with only two neirntivc-s and some unimportant amendments, and ^ as returned to the Assembly lor their ooannwer. "Hie charter is for 24 V'-ars, aiui a capital of two million in 910U shares. May 7 th.?The Strain MB was referred by the House lute yesterday afternoon to the standing com mittee >>n trade and manufactures, to report com plete. This morning, th?* report was t>rouuht in, re- | conimeiidiiig the Aesemblv to concur iu the amend ments ot tin- Sermte, which the House agreed to.? , The main question was then t?k? n by yeas and naya, and |M*eeti unanimously, aavt oar tote. Thus the represented |*?|silatmn ot thi* State, tv\u millions and a naif, have given their voi"e in favor of this great enterprise. J. O. The appropriation lor fulfilling treaty stipulations ? between tlie I mted Matoa and the several tnVn of In diana for thi? jr?r etuling wh June. IH4*. amount to s. One hand red and sevrnty-three Mormons front England sad 1'f Isn't rseestly pssse ' thrruifh at Lent on their way to Nsavoo. A Philadelphia paper autes, that there la a young lady in that rlt) , who ?ma* at concerta, who ner.l'not surprised At an srieit oaa of lliese days in our informa tion, for tittering fa2?e notes Not rerv, it s f rate. ? George \VheeIwrtght, of H*o?o?. M a in*, a merchant of integrity and in a flt of .leapanJaa cy, drow ned him*elf a dav ur two iiafc in thr river, leaving a wile sud tare* cbiMinn to ,t?|dors his loss. There haa been a smart fre-het in the Kennebec river for a w?ek past, occasioned bj the wsrSi weather and thr logs have gsawssf*^ mnalna msriilj The ground in the open AeM< ia an* nearlv Prae fVosi snow, and the famers sis prepannf for a brisk tusnmsr , campaign.?ftrtlmni wfrfus | Common Council. Board of Aldiumew?Lust livening?Alderman Schieffelin in the Chair. _ Mtm The minute* of the la*t meeting war*' road and ap proved. * A number of petition* were thon prcieuUdfand ri ferred. R*i>oiti.?A. number of report! were made,tbut they wem mostly in relation to individual claim*, and of very little intcrekt. Payer! from the othtr Board.?A great number of pa pers were received from the other Board, and most of them adopted in concurrence. The business w as of the usual winding up nature, and as a matter of course uninteresting, all the odd* and end* of the vear being wound up. The board adjourned about 10 o'clock till Monday even ing next. Circuit Court. Before Judge K.dmond*. Ma* 7.? Samuel Ingalh and Rodman H. Willi v*. Cor* ntliui I'anderbilt, it al$?This was an action of treipeae on the cako, brought against the owner* of the iteamer Nimrod, plying between Brigeoort, Connecticut, and this city, to recover the value of Ave case* of satiuette. It appeared that plaintiff* are the owners of a woolen fac tory at North Haddnms, a village in Nlaiiachuiett* ; and on the lit March, 1H43. conkigned the good* in queition to Messrs. Tiffany, Ward k < o., Baltimore, with direo tions, that the same be transported by the railroad line. The good* never reached the consignees ; after coniid arable delay, the plaintiff* bring action against the steam boat owners. The defence nut in was, that defendant ship|>ed them by the Two Polly'* line, which vesiel wa* lost at sea. The question i?, as to the right of the party in defeuce. The case stand* adjourned over in coose sequence of the absence of witnesses. fngalh 4" U'tlh vs. f'anderbilt.?Thia case, (already ilotieed, being an action to recover the value of good* loat by public curriers, which was placed in their hand* for transportation - stand* adjourned over. Marine Court. Before Judge Bmith. May '?Haughtu-out rs. //???.?This was an action for a breach of covenant, brought to recover from defendant $ 100, for rent of certain pren.ise*. The execution of the agreement for the hiring of the premises for sis month* from the 1 st of November, 1844. was proved by the sub scribing wituek* thereto. On Uie cross-examination of this witness, it appeared that after the expiration of two months the defendant vacated the premises, and the plaintiff in thi* *uit entered into the possession, and let and rented the same to some person connected with the "magnetic telegraph" of Professor Morae. The counsel for defendant moved for a non suit, on the ground?first, that the instrument w ak made bjr defend ant and the Messrs. Mom land, the piaintiO being only their agent, and the *uit should be brought by the party interested. Second?That before the expiration of Uie term of sx months the plaintiff entered into po*aes*ion of the *aid premises, thereby releasing the defendant from any obligation an tenant. After hearing argument thereon, the Judge granted the motion for non suit. Mr. Gerard for plaintiff; Messrs. McCarthy tad O' Connor for defendant, Superior Court. Before Chief Justice Jone*. Mat 8.?Sours vs. lit Camp?Th* jury in thi* caae (al ready noticed) rendered a verdict for defendant. Alter the disposal of a few inquest*, the Court ad journed. Before Judge Vanderpoel. fVintlow vs. Palmer.?Thi* case, already noticed, wee adjourned over. Common Pleas. Mat 8.?John llemrningway vs. Juttice P. Miller.?Thi* wa* an action to recover damage* for broach of warran ty or sale of 3j pipes of brandy, taken in part payment for tnevalucofa kloop. The case has been alreadv tw ice tried. It was alleged on the part of the plaintiff that the brandy wa* far below proof. The defence set up was that the brandy wa* delivered in according to sample, in virtue of agreement. Ad journed over. Court of Seeelone. Before the Recorder, and Aldermen Hasbrouck end Winship. Mathf.w C. Paiirso*, Esq., District Attorney. Mav 7.?The Day't Buiinett.?Scarcely anything wa* done in this court to-day. A number of persons not ap pearing for trial, their recognizances wcie forfeited. A number of defendants not being ready, their cases ware sworn off, and in one or two cases the prosecution were obliged to postpoue, in consequence of the abtence of witnesses. In consequence of the almost utter impossibility of g?t* ting an Aldermen to sit with the Kecoider tins week, owing to their being compelled to wind up their yearly business, the court adjourned till Monday morning, at 10 o'clock. It w ill probably be impoMlbl* to do any business even on that day, as it i* the ln*t day of the Na tive rule. I". S. Circuit Court. Before J udge Betts. Mat 7.? Hott v?. Wood.?'This was ma action to recover damages for an infringement of pateni right. Adjourned In Chancery. Beforo the Hon. Lewis 11. Sandford, Assistant Vie* Chancellor. Mar 5.?Decisions.?//. and R. Yelvtrton ri. II. Shtl ihn and othtrt.?J. II. Magher for complainant*, O. Bowman for defendants?Decided that complainants are entitled to redeem on paving the amount of the sterling debt alone. Also that H. Miner is a necessary party Suit to stand over for parties. Elizabeth Grirwold ft. frit teuton of S. fan IKke and others.?H. W. Warner for complainant; O. C. Goddard lor the executors; H. B.iDuryea, for infant defendants.? Decided that Mrs. O. is not entitled absolutely to one sixth of the estate, but may have a reference to a Muter as to what is a proper allowance to her out of tha capi tal pursuant to the will ; and that alio is bound by um sale on credit made by the executors. Decree for an account and inquiry accordingly. Martha C. Hopper vt. Jonah Hopper - W. C. Wetmore and George Wood lor complainant; F. Sayre for defen dant?Decreo for a divorce from bed and'board, with costs, in favor of the complainant. Gilbert Coutanl vs. Jno. M. Catlin and othtrt.?Decided that so much of the award for damages to Catlin and wife, on the widening of Art street, as was made for the buildings situate on the lands taken at the corner of Bow ery ant! Art street, belongs to the complainant. Ordered that suit stand over to make Mrs. Catlin's trustee, k&. f parties. John Harry vs. Samuel Iiradhurtt.?H. Brewster for complainant, H. K. Clark for defendant.?Decided that there is not a remedy at law. Dccree for an account, re serving all further directions. Mary Chill vs. T. Woo/1 ward ami othert.?W. W. Campbell for complainant, Win. Sninuol Johnson for in fant defendants.?Deere van mg the Master's rrport, and adjudging the estnt ? parties and directed partition accordingly. Edward hoi ird and othtrt vs. John Delafitld and nther?.?C. B. Moore for complainants, K. S. Van Winkle for defendants.?Decree for the appointment of anew trustee and special receiver, and that the titles of all the parlies to the assets of the Ileal Estate Banking Compa ny of Hinds county, Mississippi, transferred to them re spectively, be vested in such trustee, reserving all their rights. &r.. Reference to ascertain such rights, and tot tho administration of such assets among the creditor* en titled thereto, under the direction of tKe Master, end on suitable notico, See. Quebec, April 26.?The weather at Quebec hu undergone a complete change. From the temperature of June we have again that of winter. The eaat wind of the two last days brought up snow, which fell in abund ance last night* There is but little ice in the river. Tho st. Charles is open, as also the North Channel of tho Island of Orleans. A* yet there have been no arrival* from sea.?Mercury PA VILION, NEW BRIGHTON. THF. PAVILION, st New Brighton, is now in fisll oprr*. tion, and the proprietor will be glad to enter into arrange menu with parties who wno wish to engage spartments for tne whole season or lor a shorter period. Mr. Blaricard will be fosuM it the P.- tiIioii every day from IS to 2 o'clock, aud at the Glob* Hotel It all other hnur?. my8 Iwre removal: MK* CARROLL* MEDICATED VAPOUR AND SULr Pill It OATHS ?r" removed from No X'5 Broadway te 1114 Fnltn- utrc t, west of Broadway. Open from 6 o'clock hi the mornii g till 9 o'cloc! a' night. Sulphur Baths require oar hour's ii"t)'?'?? m3 1m ee Tit IK ION, MA1LLAHD ft- CO. HAVE REMOVED from No. 98 to No. Ill PEARL STREET. (Hanover Square.) my4 lw*ee MINIA TURE PAINTING. JV MeDOt'OALI. has removed from No. 11 Park Place ? to 3?i Broadway, fourth house above White street, east side- mv? lm'ec NOT!? E?MR CLARKE has removed his Intelligmice Offie? (Vom MO llroailwav to Dnane st, one door from Bi ladwav, where he rontintit s to provide protestant help, bout white and cowed, of rood cherartcr. nt <3 a vear At Mm Dnane street uncttrranl monay bought and exchanged, my 4 lm*ec MONEY LENT. fllK SnberTiber has removed to lil Tear!, comer of Roaa i street. where be continues to loan money on wiy amount oe dry gofnl*. gold and silver watches, Dlate, jeweliy, diamonds, fur tutt'rr wring apparel videvery descri^i<"^ot^ersoiial^fiDj? Licensed Pawnbroker, 123 Pearl, corner of Rose stnet. N. II.?JVi . ?<!? miy he received in the private office by rin^ int t? ? Ml st thr hall door. *30 lm?rc money to Lend. BRA HAM 3 JA( KSON. Pawn Broker, 5# Reade street, wa/ Broadway, loans mouey, in large or small sums, as may be r? i nr-d. on gold and silver watches, diamonds, silver plate, Ii\ ilr> giK>d. furniture, wearing apparel and merchtndiaa. ,.f errry ?U-.cii|'tion_ a30 lm*rc ri'ii BOATMEN, AND OTHERS.?Paving Stone of firm I i ,te jiiality. wanted immediately Apply to WILLIAM FOROAT, No. 4R Norfolk street. ikfncii artificial flowers,fc . H* \RN It K VIIV, 73 Lilierty Street, up stairs, have jeat (*c*i\ed aiol off> rforaalr s complete sssortmesit of FREM il ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS. in hunijit* sings and singlr. Materials for do ao, and aO kinds oi WATER COLORS, for ll owns manufartoter.' use, among which ia a liquid pink eoloi o| vet\ superior quality Also an invoice of P VRI* t APS, foi Lad tee and ( hildren of verv rich embroidery; Haw Puss,of Is'rst .tyles and a lot of splendid Engravings, plain aa colored ?Oill tm*re A

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