Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1845, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 9, 1845 Page 3
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" ?. ntjr-Kihth Anniversary of tliO A merle... Bible Soolctyr* ;e as is always the attendance at the anniver. ?f tins important Society, an increased au > of those of former years, attended the annual ation yesterday. This took place at 10 o'clock, ?'.ii in the Tabernacle,which became entirely full al ""nutes previous to the time of coin -ing. In a short time after the business began ? lcmity of the platform and every commodious t of the house, became inconveniently thronged, auu the unfavorable position of the reporter's table, placed as it was on the platform, in the rear of the speaker*, rendered what was said frequently inaudi ble. The services began in the usual form with nine inK.fcrayer and reading the (captures, by the ]{pv M r Mvrhay. The President's address whs not hea rd ?' iu rTPtrte?, ,tab,e'?w'n8 aawe,l to the low voice in which he addressed the assembly as to the haW position of the table. ad The report, in taking a review of the nast nm. ceedingsofthe Society alluded in feeling terms to Ihe-lamented demise of the Rev. Dr. Minor inH John Pintard, L.L. I)., both of whom had ac ^d m the capacity of Secretaries of the Society Seven? new auxiliary societies have been added the matorf tv of which are county societies - four him,)-, i !i ?ven,y;fi? n.w lie?iJSS'tad been added also. In the course of the war there have been issued 429,092 bibles and testamenu from iCR^n0t,,nCludin? ,hose Printed at tlio ex < the Society abroad, being an increase of 1.610 over the issue of the year precedir.tr and Jsaasiffssir1 ? lo?ors,|ot -1,013,352 copies of the word Thew st? ear ?sw sarr ft; ?xico Brazil * * we?t India Islands, led and a HihtT .Te"ament have been pul> iea, and a Bible in raised letters for the blind is ?'ni:Y:r- V uwh,Sh the Mawachu^tu Bib!" lety has contributed five hundred dollars and ' WTun^ ZfL?ne l8lllVd' 8 ?" '",""dmak<'n to supply the wants of - a large expense, being in five quarto 1 printed only on one si<?. 1 I agents have been employed by the so 'cf,nine ,h(a^.e been in that capacity for and eight for part of the year. The t'areTnTn' "ll ?"ly ?ent wheVe es are indispensible. The Kcv. S. II s plosed his agency in the Levant and miMionary on Mount LeSanon. Ihmne ? ?nJ t.!! of was first given? rewfnJ from bH1" VC b<"en circulated. Urease of Sl2 9i9OUrCe* 1re ?16(i-662 5 fM? I? . K ?12,212 ?,ver the preceding this has been expended, and a debt of m?!? ?h? ? f f "al>l,itieB h?? been con 813 792 S7 LarnouflUfmB ?f expenditure H. t 'i publishing the Scriptures i V Switzerland, Syria rthem India, and the Sandwich Islands ' Hlack of Pennsylvania, rose to ?St resolution,, which reads: '? 1, I hat the report, an abstract of which ten read, be adopted. infill11?! h'J means by in' VjSSHM this news had been coU5yedU"o dTstam Lff^SZ people who sat in darknesi had seen^ &?. iggsasssts ?efo'ud?^the rer*ol^fo^OT6ne?polnHn paramount importance and 11 tho report waa of by the propagation of Bihle %t?M, *ion some ground for iftvinir *ct there waa ?>"?. ~ ssira fsruTK?* been preached in favor nfiUmVtnS? * e sermon dollar contributed?whii.t in th^? <* C?U,e' ?nd onlr '"-nc hundred f.mi^were wiLut a "a", rf" ^ \T 0 could no* read them u.v'j k a Blh|e. ?nd many who year.. w.^e^XWt h"'6 W?i* tor cru hed by the various 3,.^.7 , rk,t he almost relation. He wSEh ?? SX dev?'VnK UP?" him in that behalf of hi* brethren in thevHSevotuLon of the Wo?t in general for iff li!?e?^,",L,,i'T ? Rnf' clctr, and he kn-w that thlt i nt/.h>em b7 tfci' So" not be lost, for already thev hld ^ r,,0/ 5- would they could eo on anrl nutl et. 1t?r*l#c **>ean? and Home Mis.ionary Swie^v to ?? the e/ortK of,lle much to be done: He h& l.hnrnH < Vu? word'thero wa" ond knew that to facc th. f.^ f , th* m,""<?nary field aimed with the word of God wI/l kTthrn^011^^'^ who should march to fioM * ? of hoits arm. or ammujion The wo'rJ'o/o^ VT? W,ltho"t munition for tho Woit Aro-n^7.^? ^ , on,3r perhapi?argument such a""K^t do at tho Ea?t intellect cXlf^uce-buf in Jhf W, ^ a,ml c,car alone ii St to accomnli.h ln the ^ 0,t, God's word last night by a venerabie fri*n/?B alluded to the people. He kne^one ,ou n^r evan^li"t'?" where the Dreacher ImH ? nAip of nx unlet square, and did ?o all the tima with * for ,evcn 70ar'' and when iiked whit h/ili f 8 co^ of ,ho 6?hle ; member^one -^^eo'u^ ^ rzSSSM :i's.ss,' "Tfi's"s f ?' F;:f in the West ? he i.>.* j" '' not yet d?B<' day. of the Apostle wh^IidTe x^T.bo^ Wh? h? * d'vo?u^ "Vh." cemty for a union of all the friends of jJInl ? ?e" spreading of his word. of Jesus Christ in the foUowsV- Dt W'TT propo,ed 0,6 resolution.. Resolved, That experience hai shown the fcuibflit)-, n? well as practical importance, of united effort among Christians of different name* in circulating the Sacred Srripturei. In support of the resolution, Dr. B. obiorved, that he look the place of the Rev. Mr. Todd, of Mail., who could not attend. There waa a perfect chriitinn union in heaven, where were gathered all the redeemed from Among men of tribei, kindreds, nation*, tongues, and jieople?from the different forms of religious association nnd ecclesiastical organisation, dwelling in pure light and eternal life, and serving their divine author in full holiness. They had passed throughlthe wilderness? they had gone out from the different departments of Israel, and there they were gathered not into tents, but into the temple not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. But. the element* of christian union perfected in heaven, are the elements of christian character here on earth ; it developes the chamcter of the possessor, nnd shines more and more unto the perfect day. Israel may have troubles and perplexities, in travelling onward through the wilderness ; but where oould they find so uiuch security as moving on with the Bible before them as their only rule of faith, tho spring of hope and conso lation, acknowledging that word a* a basis of salvation; it was sufficiently intelligible to all without note or comment, or the' additions of man. If there were any christians who did not adhere to that Bible?the law and the testimony, it is because the truth is not in them. They had sometimes heard of families, long Kciiornted, gathering around the family hearth, and recollecting that they were all born from one common fnther and mo ther. That was the family gathering of the christian de nominations, who, when abroad held different jiositions, but who,when collected together were united in the good work of their master. Mr. Do Witt ended his discourse In a handsome eulogy of the life and character of the late Hev. Dr. Milnor. The Rev. J. W. foos, of Bristol, seconded the resolu tion. which, he observed, contemplates the feasibility and importance of Christian union. How could that remain a question requiring an anssver 7 With the Word of Clod was sent forth a spirit of inspiration that would make It the source of health and salvation to the distant dwellers of the earth. If there cannot be union in inch a cause, there cannot bo union any where. Accordingly there is perfect unanimity. I mean not to say thai there are not points on which differing Christians may unite ; for the most determined nnd rigid adherence to matters of conscientious belief is quite compatible with Christian unitv of purpose. My motto i*. the minimum of differ ence, anil the maximum of concord?to be catholic in fa * or of the good, nnd Protestant against every error of >nan. No human institution can he without delect, hut as little belongs to the American Bible Society as any other. This speflker also closed his address by some remark* on Dr. Milnor, during the delivery of which several of the audience were much affected.' The Hev. Mr. Toon, of Massachusetts, proposed thn third resolution, as follows : "Resolved, That while portion* of the Bible nre so profound as to tax the energies of the highest intellect, it is matter of gratitude that other and larger portions arc as ensilv comprehended by the ordinary household cir cle.'' He Ob-'erved, that svhatcvor imperfection existed in other means of doing good, there wn* none in the Bi ble cnuso. In other undertakings, they might plant, and the tree would wither,?they might sow without r?ip ing; bat tho word of God would prosper and ahldo for ever. The re?son they felt *U'-h a joy in coming to gether nt the American Bible Society celebration*, was, that they came to render horaago to pure truth. They might as woll praise the sun, as the Bible. The speuke'r continued to address the assemblage on the Bible, show ing that it was Hod's beat gilt to man; that It wfcs essen tial to a proper notion or Clod, who never could he known properly through his works, He dopiecatod the view* of those who magnify the importance of tho studv of Mm latter, to attach too muck force to human disco* ery and Investigation. which, after til, won the move monts of meu groping l'ie dark; whereat, une huge of the sacred volume would enlighten the dark miud, more than a life'* study of God's work*. The Kev. Mr. Sci'dkkh, of Albany, next addressed the meeting, and proposed tlie following resolution, viz : Resolved, That the best interests of the State, at well as the Church, are promoted l>v a true and wide circula tion of the Scripture* aiming all classes. In commenting on this resolution, the gentleman ob served that there were two propositions involved iu it, and one of which, viz.: that the interest* of the State were best promoted by a free diff usion of the Bible, though not perhaps so universally received ns* the latter clauso of tho resolution, yet, that to him it was as plain and palpa blo as the first. That it was doubted, however, he wa? pained to say, was notorious. Why, he had heard it as serted in the legislative halls of this State, that if the Bi ble was introduced there, so might the works of Tom Paine be also introduced to advocate any particular prin ciple. Thorn- who doubt the importance of the circula tion of the Bible to the State, do not diicriininnte betweon the Bible and ecclesiastical authority, and think the Bible ii intended solely for theChureh; but while it is ii\juriou* to the State that any *ect should dictate to it, the Bible should dictate to both. He felt embarrassed at ipeaking before those who were so much more able than himself; he disliked talking of war before Hannibal. The topics advocating tho diitribution of the Bible freely throughout the whole population, were so nu merous, that he felt at a loss how to begin. He would ask, what i* the first interest of the State, to which wo alwoys look, when doubt or danger threaten or asaail us 7 Was it not our civil liberty,which, next to tho salvation of our souls, was most highly prized, and was it not that we most zealously guarded, ana in do fence of which we mndo the most strenuous efforts. Our first element iu civil life was the proper vindication of our individual rights, which were so dear. Next to civil liberty followed the command of "Do unto others as you would be done by." And the Bible declares wo are iill brethren, which was another element demanding pro tection and luppert of the community. The Bible was tho emblem of civil liberty. Legislators and Judges have studied it mo?t deeply, and also tho Executive pow er, ami in its pagei'they liad learnt and practised fidelity without compromise, and justice tempered with mercy. Ho would refer them back to Greece, which presented tho finest model in the history of the world of a govern ment, aud which had prospered for a while. At least it had in it the elements fof prosperity, which, if they had bocn rightly cemented, would have gone on increasing. Had her oracles beon the sure record of the word of God, instead of the worthiest aspirations of their higgling idols, she would have been preserved free, but the want ofit proved her overthrow. There wat another period he would refer to as illustrativo of the immense power of the Bible to the State at large, viz.: during what have been called tho dark ages,and where in the history of the world could they Cud a period so fraught with tyranny, at these dark aget. Their situation was to be attributed entirely to their want of knowledge of the Bible, as was proved by the immediate action and spread of intelli gence consequent on the Reformation, and the doc trine* promulgated by Lutber, which he had learnt from nit Bible. No sooner did the people reccive the word of God than they bocame free and obtained their civil liberty at a privilege, We ourselves are a monument of the power of the Bible to promote liberty. Our pilgrim father* had they not been possessed of this treasure, would never have come out here and reared our temple of liberty. He would refer to two oc currences, viz: our own revolution in 1776, and that which followed in France, at a later period. Our revolution of 70 originated in principles taught from the Bible. Our loaders perused that book and it gave them confidence ip going out into battle, and God had manifested hit prc ?ence with the leaders of our hofts, by conducting tnem to victory. The Bible to u* in that struggle was like the ark of the covenant. Contrast our struggle with that of tho French in their revolution; they took what they call ed the Book of Reason for their guide, in lieu of the Bible, and it led them blinded by its influence, to a point where victory was in their grasp, but then it involved both them and their victims in one common ruin. Go abroad wherever it ha* gone, whether it bo the Sand wich islands or the shores of Africa, wherever it may be, there you may bo sure freedom has been extended. This is a time when we hear much efthe importance of educa tion, and how many effort* are making to educate people, but if we give the power, we mutt alto rightly direct it, and we need the Bible to educate the head. 'He under ?tood that within the last five day* two thousand five hundred emigrants had landed here from foreign lands? he would ask how wero these people proparcd, coming here as they did, fresh from the prejudices of despotism; how, he would ask, were they to be fitted to be a blessing to the community .instead of a curse, but by the Bible's bc ing.'distrlhuted among them. We hear much said, now-a day?, about tho danger of loreign interference, but if that was ever accomplished, Protestants must bear tho blame. God has given the weapon into their hand; if the Bible falls, Protestantism will fall; but all machinations of fo reign power will be useless. We have the weapons, we trust wo have the heart to use them; we believe wo have the ability and we doubt not of success. The Bible is the substratum of all institution*, social, domestic, literary or religious. In it* moral effects it operate* on the commu nit, and saces men from immorality. Ho would not detain them in ihowiug such a manifost truth as that prosperity depended on virtue. That book is our moral defence, I and while we are consistent iu advocating its principles, God will prosper us. The Rot. J. Spai'mimo, of Now York, then moved the following resolution :?Resolved, That while furnishiug tho blessed Bible to all the destitute on land, wc must not forget tho destitute on tho ?ea," and followed with tome eloquent remark*, and many interesting anecdotes in its support. No one appreciates more than 1 do, ho said, the necessity of supplying the wants of the desti tute heathen, and of the great valley of the west.' I have travelled in that region, and know by personal observa tion the extreme ignoianre and destitution of a large majority of the inhabitants of that country, on those mat ters which pertain to their salvation, and" the great ne cessity which exist* of something being speedily and energetically dono ; yet, at the samo time, wc must not forget the destitute on the sea?the men who keep their nightly watch on tho heaving waters?who bravo the storms and perils of the deep?who carry the Biblo and the missionary to other lauds?who, as the agents of commerce, have made many of our merchants like the Medici merchant princes, and who hold, as it were, the keys of the deep. Such men we must not forget. When the sabre was raised to strike our gallant Decatur, it was a sailor who interposed, and whose head received the blow intended to destroy his commander's life? he periled his life for another ; him, and such mon, wc must not forget; and yet, this is put one of many instances of a sailor's generosity and heroism, on record. The sailor, though he has a rough exterior, has a soul like our own, capable of infinite pain and pleasure. It becomes us, then, not to neglect him, but to discharge the duty which (iod has imposed upon us, and rich will bo our reward You must not suppose that sailor's are indifferent to these things. Oh, no t Only put the Bible in their hands, thoy have hearts open to receive tho truth, and they will Srize it beyond the treasure* of Ormus and of Ind. A lip bound to New Orleans was overtaken by a tempest. anJ after combatting for some time with the storm, went ashore on the rocky coast of England. The wind soon abated, and they were enabled, by fixing a spar from the ship to the rocks, to reach the shore; tho men were weak from excessive labor, and it was as much as they could do to crawl along tho spar to the shore. One of them had n bundle tied around hi* waist: he was asked on reaching the shoro what it was. " O," said he, " I have been wrecked a number of times, but thanks bo to Ood I have always managed to save this?I nm afraid they arc wet." The bundle contained a bible and prayer book and hymn book. An old sailor went into a storo one day, aud asked for a chart. "What kind?" said tho clerk. " I want a chart to guide roe to heaven,"was tho reply ;''now do you understand me) I havo lost the chart by which I have steered, aud I want another." Tut the Biblo into the han Is of the sailor, and it will prove to him tho means of salvation. The word of Ood docs not always need to be explained by a minister to convert the sinner; manv a sailor, while reading his Bible in hit lonoly watch, has been struck with conviction by a singlo text, which was tent home to hit conscience by the power of the spirit. Not long ago, a son of the occan wanderod into the Bai lor'* Home in Cherry street. In the evening, the sailors assembled, at wai customary, for family worship, ('apt. Richardson read from tho 18th chapter of Er.okiel??' The soul that sinnetb. it shall die." His attention was arrest ed, and he began to inquire what is soul, and how will it die? He ronvorsed with the Captain till midnight upon the subject, and in a short time ne was happy in believ ing on the deep. A sailor lay in the forecastlo dying; the officer* and hi* comrade* were gathered around him to hear his last word*; he held hi* Bible with trembling hand* above hisjhead, and exclaimed, "let me loavo my solemn teitimony of the truth of Ood'* holy book; it has led me to repentance?to discharge my duty, and now thi* beloved book points me to Heaven, nnd reveals its glories to my soul." I trust when the question is put, it will meet w'ith a sailor'* response?an hearty aye! Tho question wa* then put by tho Chair, and carried. Dr. McCaktt, of Oo*hen,then addreated the meeting?I trill not, he *aid, present foliage aud flower*, but inter etting fact*. I believe that where man i* found, there the Bible thould be alto, for it i*peculiarly adapted to the wants of man?the creaturo of (iod?it will load hiin up to the living water*, where sorrow never enter*, and the weary are at re?t. Wherever lost and ruined man is found, Ihe word of Ood I* to be carried. It 1* in accor dance with the geniu* of the Bible that the herald* of the cross carry it to every human habitation, and thus fulfill it* design. What is the duty imposed upon chris tian* I It is te (end the Biblo to the beuightod, that they who live in darkness may be brought to Know and love the only living and true Ood. We mar as well talk of stopping the course of the *un through tho heavens, as to speak of limiting christiar enterprise. The character of tlie truth of Ood is i>rogrt;?*ive?the sun of righteous ness will roll on till all nations are brought to know one Lord and one master. There are antagonistical principles in the world; truth and errorare continually warring: the powers of darknes* arc *triving to turn u* aside from pursuing tho course which the son of Ood ha* command ed: yetTielicvo me, we will more than maintain our own. It Is'our happy privilege to realize that it i* far more blessed to give than to recciie, and that from our labors, and the labor* of those we send, the desert and solitary place will be glad, and the wilderness blossom like a rose. But let me select one fiold of labor, which i* many thousand miles from here, as the subject of a few re marks. I cannot ieach it with my hand, but I can with iny heart, which yearns toward* it, for there my_ best be loved son is a roissionarv, aud 1 would esteem it n high privilege to be permitted to lav ml gray bain t'irre. We call ourselves a great people, and wc are, but ( hint-, has more than300 millions of iulvabituns, whilu we have only twenty. The province of Kenn Shu alone contains thirty-seven millions eight hundred thousand people t an the mind of man imagine a more magnificent field of labor tlinn thi* I It it emphatically true that they are without Ood in the world; the lower clmse aie degraded beyond the \ilest in our own land their moral degradation nnd social depravity are absolutely beyond conception I saw a short time ago, in the So ciety'! rooms, a beloved brother, ? missionary from Chi na, and k young Chinese lie had brought with him from that country. 1 went with him to the Museum, when there were a number of Chinese images, and asked hi ,, to ahow me hii father's god. He pointed to a little ugly Image, and said that was it. I then asked him to ?ho? trie his own god. He said, " I havo chosen my god yet," What an illustration of the of the people ? And yet I have heard it ioid, " The ulUl ii too large?we cannot answer Mio demand." The Kcv. gentleman, after taking a curaory glanco at the uncivilj/nit state of China, Africa, and the great Held' ttilit Wat oj>en In these parts of fhe'universe for tion of New Zealand, through the influence of tTio Oat pel, pawed ? high eulogy on the American missioi'.arui Aflat which he prepoeed the following resolution . Resolved, That white furnishing the Bible to our desti tute countrymen on the land and on the tea; we muit not forget the more destitute and benighted in foreign coun triei. 'he Her?rand Mr. Wilees, of Canada, followed in j a very elegant add res*, during which he took a fling at I'operr, Catholicity, popisn influence in Montre al, <'anstda, and the Virgin Manr, and went on to say? If fhe Bible was generally diffused, it were a glo rious thing. This is a aubject in which I feel a great deal of interest. It deserves the attention of every high minded man. But I must conclude. 1 feel 1 am in the midst of Anglo-8axoudom. I believe all that is great, good and glorious is in that book ; and I cannot iiettor express the aspirations of my own heart, than in the lan guage of one, who, though an Englishman, is the poet of all who speak the language. (Cowper): "I'ome, then, and to thy many crowns, Add yet this ono?the'crown of all the earth, Thou who alone art worthy. " Anniversary of the American Society (tor Me liorating the Condition of the Jews?Ad dress of Sir. Mllledoler. This society celebrated its anniversary last even ing, May 8th, at the Reformed Dutch Church, in Brooms street. The exercises of the evening were commenced with an appropriate prayer by Dr. Mc Carty of Goshen. Dr. Mimjcdoler then delivered in a very impres siive manner, the following address, which was lis tened to with deep interest by the congregation. MODERN JUDAISM. Presuming that a summary viow of Modern Judaism will not lieu nncceptable on this occasion 1 venture to present a BVief outfino of the tonets and views of that singular and interesting people who profess it. Judaism thITLfh iu .'la"le,fr?n> Ju'lal", which on the separation of the tribes, included that of Benjamin, and after the canti "k't l ' ??' wf* indiscriminately applied to the Sh iUI? T r"14' wore ?'?<> ci?llod Hebrews, riirv^ ?n"i ? progenitors of Abraham. The rise of this people must be dated Irom the call of Ood to the Father of the faithful. It was not however, till the Rivinp; of tho law at Sinai, that that formal dispensation was committed to his posterity, which was thereafter to distinguish them from all other nations of the earth ? 01dTnf.tt ancient history, which is recorded in the Old Testament, and in the writings of Josephus I will only observe, that from the destruction of Jerusalem by 1 itus in the year 70, they have been without a common m?nUr,niryJ*W1 ,OUt tcmP1??without prophet, or any com mon leader, or protector?and that the terrible predic tions concerning them in Deut. 7, 38, have for ares tieou iuet#"^h?t h y Hence tho language of Bos hi >'? y? don?, O ungrateful men," exclaims he, slaves in every country, and under overy prince still ye serve not strange gods. Why, then, has Ood who H??. ? tfh f0rB?tt<ln y?u " W,,er* ?"> >>i< ancient mer fj !?? ,at c"'n??-what attrocity more heinous than idolatrj, has brought on you a punishment that even your repeated idolatries aid not bring upon vou ? Ye aWe'' Then re^olWtT,,hat "'J?' 'A ??d recollect the words of your Kathers-'Let his blood be on u* and on our children, we will have no b! vonM^?*" U *?- T1,e Messiah shall not be your king?continue slaves of Cesar?slaves of the wm!?*nr\?r.I " earth, 'till the church shall be filled wi, heun only ,ha11 ,ir80' b? saved."? Whilst we reverence the Prophecies which predict those calamitous events, and silently adore in their fulfilment tho mscrutible Providencc of God, yet it is but due to man frJ^Vn' fti*! thc>' have ,uff,re<1 mor? at the hands of ?lm.^hv thlm raP?c'ty and false real, than for any crimes by them committed against tho welfare of society A confession of faith was drawn up by Maimonidcs one ?? h7rtr? 0,tiU,t,nBU^'d ia th# Uth centu A m thiitpen artitf lea. The twelfth of these article! ii axl pressed in the word* following, vlt : M I helievn with fifn f^ithalth,t!irtKth6 Me""^ ? yet to come' and a* he come "^Th^ m?H """'"i8, T1l.1 wHI wait for hin> till lie come. 1 he modern Israelite cannot consistentlv with his creed explain that mother promise?"tho seed of the woman shall bruise the serpent's head," nor that pro phecy of Jacob, which predicts the departure of the ?hatP de^ ,aW"K'VCr fromJudah,and flxPe? tho ti.no of thn nf.r.i ^ Tnor S 'ymliolical signification of lamb?nor the transfer of guilt from a ?inner, to a victim substituted in his place tho ? beddinr and sprinkling of its blood, and the burning ot s flesh upon the altar. Nor that minute prediction th. ln^f ,^ !"V ,ufc.rin?;. death ?nd resurrection of the Son of ltod found in the 03rd ol Isaiah Nor that n^onh/r.xWn?HerfU l,rL;di?tion '3th Daniel. Nor that ^ Hagai, relating to the superior glory of the Second Templo. Nor can they consistently with that creed, even account for their own singular, most bitter ,inco "h? crocifixion of the Lord ofOlory. Having lost tho key of knowledge and h- ?. 8cnPtu1re". and denied the divinity of Christ and his atonement, they cannot consistently explain the m.?.IrUre*i, Ch ?refer t0 them' nor answer the groat h . h k" ,W a*'nner condemned by the law, il Ood 5? bolj, just, and true, can possibly by Justified at his I dread tribunal. Tressed bv the prop'hecies, especiallv of I o fVh o Hmfof ?'"h th? hum ation r-"'1 subsequent triumph sial , K i *?T V'l!pose there wiU be two Mis . T,he on? tlu y look for is to be not a divine percon in,our nature, making satisfaction for sin, but a temporal C 7 ? J0U! w arrior, who shall subdue his and l?nH ^V,' reinstate them in their own beloved "I? and I'lacc of his appearance thev declare not. They believe that tho lost Ten Tribes wilf thon be recovered and ro-annexed to those of Judah and Benja ' , ?7J,r?bul,t?:Palestine blest with incompar able fertility ?their ancient rites restored with the iiiirit of prophecy-and ail nations turned fromTheir ldo?s to n,.r? i'^ -P ?' , IiTin8 Uod- A complete system of c ttMvin?hmpM??nd,,Vhe 0,d Testament, and espe the Pentetuch. Moses, the acknowledged author I of that work, i? universally allowed to be the most t w o-?hi rd *''of"tlir. *nd 'iJ* f r1emorkah'e fact that almost two-thirds of the world believe him to have been J Divinely inspired. Besides the written, tho Jews J'i f. an ?. . ' comni"nicated, say thev by Ood to Mose*?by him to Aaron, Eleazar, and Joshua - and by them to the seventy elders. That oral law wn'sat the Wrn|o?y f ,,?<lltion t? tbe Christian era,' ? { th? "?<*>nd or beginninir of the llafelrnH.Vh117' f??"Jitt?d to writing by KabtH Judah, at Tiberias ?I,.H i. ?? r'.|Pre,J<Jent of tho Sanhe<lrim id,t0 thi* day, with exception of witlTthe con,'defed as of equal auU.oritv written f. "?|L The book in which it is which I ttl ' ?Kr rePetition. Their Oemaras, which are two in number, are exposition* of the t?!r#"n' .ar? .*? called as containing tho whole ? , 00 their law. Thfir TalmudS are the Aluhna connected with one or other of these and fh?'J Tai-gums are translations ,.f all I Hebrew parts^of the Old Testament into Chaldee mado ?artlcularly for the uneducated part of the nation ??V.Vrr CaPKV^ Tb'Z ?"? hav? ^turgies! contain .i prescribed forms of their synagogue worship? with o^her'iiation4'! ? 9ahbath? -proh^it intcrmimTg. .u ? ? ? circumcise on the 8th day?and re deem their first born. Their males at the aire of thir finnat^on* bein^th.V Hre,?0n^ ,omewhat ?"^ar to con urmation. being then declared *om of the preceDt and from that time wear Philacterie. in prave^ndP eorer I themiel\es with a reil in their >Ynaffofruea. Tho mo dern cects fournl amongst them, are tho Samaritan who continue to inhabit their native land, are the only sect I M,?Wo?!!<,nnK ,*rrifipe' and are rejected bv other Jews ? I h?ldln?;th?ir Primitive tenets; Rabbinists' Li !! ?nHritln|?t ancient spirit of the Phari sees , and the lUirites, who reject all tradition that is .?I".0* !" "V ??riptwr?. On account of their scatter I f Ki * 11 e*tremely difflcult, if not impossible to obtain an accurate knowledge of their numKr In' d?'? th? ten trihes, they are believed to exceed 3,000,000 of souls, and this remnant hns been preservod fire of persecution and ftuflering, sufllcient reason t0 hf"ve . destroyed them^root and brane" vor of our l ?n|e i"' * mo"t P?werful argument in fa vor of our holy religion, even mthe view of its boldest ad vcrsaries. Lord Chesterfield, in a beautiful discourse on the evidence* of Christianity, observed that there was overWhvC o, ?U*rht to be ln?incible, and not to be got ul. T , .Wil ?f man' vi,: the present state of the Jones" I if.? ? r *cco"n,ed for on no human principle. Jones Life of Bishop Home, p. 332. All Jaws sav the autoor* of the Universal History, feel the dignity of their seioti?'?u i / Jlr form,r pre-eminence with con thldrirleva.tlo"e|T character, and bear with indignation their present state of political subserviency; but com I* at hand \vh iUt ?h h?P? that th*,r ho,,r of triumph :s.'K?:rn ? "r.r"r ?& reinhabit their own land. Dr. Priestly has aoniii?iii-<iH | their restoration in 18S0, and Taber on the Prophecies I *U|Pfl?,1e, 1 D"0'*''" Kranil period of "time, times ami | a half or liflo years, will expire in I8??; that the fol low ing thirty years will be occupied in tlie restoration of Judah, and other forty-five years in that of ItracI after which, i. e. in 10tl. will commence th. of JewtDn,?u? "v? Ptt,c"tin? will again be occupied by the IX?**?Z8?" *aber on Prophecies, vol. 1, p. -iso I wt!ndoifl?l con,?lmP,,tinK ,lh? Present stale of' tkla K 1 P??P'e' w? "hall easily percoive that weffare TVherv If ^P?" ?Ur interest in their faithftir .1 10 descendants of the Kather of the noblest Ht'r. """-e'!0" found some of the "alva.ion ?s ^Th lh.at eVCrr'ived- 1 """ot forget that adontnn .n//k I J#wr . That "to them pertain the of tile ?aw ?ni? ?iory ? an'1 the covenants, and the giving whose "0rTI(:C ?J (^<l, and the promises; flesh Christ can!!.^ ers, and of whom as concerning the -Tee Rnm.nIT ' 7?? '""^r all, Ood blessed forever." beiiur S de?.v?H kl .w Jow moreover is a man. His i i m the same omnipotent power, and my mn briiihthe same bountiful Providence with I MMK Mr.. ! !i T i a',r 1 hr?athe, and trends the to XL Wed W.i,h ,ik? intellect, snd subject c Z r " ?^ Jnd ,orrow- h?P? and fesr; as such I am ?i ' i.,?* n#l*h,,or also, and as juen, i am charged to love him as mvself If imn gered to give him meat; if a thirst, drink, if sick woS? to LTlMt /i"? ',imi if a w?nd?rer from " , ? lo u"e my best efforts to restore him- not hv gppSSss? fire stream from its glowiu, K'i'" lln" of ss :.st T,p wsa-i world, we cannotT.ut feci a most lively interest in cause. Although the restoration or th,7. S. u pie, will, we apprehend, be so rapid as to answor^he description, that a nation "hall be horn as in a day ?nH ?'Ithough we are unable to fix the precise time, o^'to de tail the peculiar circumstances of their glorious chamre >et we do know, that the apoitles were charffccTto lem^/r' '?!2'*!.t0 e/?ry croaturo, beginning atTerusa I h/T i. "?m d*70' 'en'ecost many sons oflsrael have I heen added to the cWch and to the Cord-that the .it" I ttb in Bri,ai,n and on rnAinAtlre mani plarV. n1fow,nK d'?ro?'tion is manifested in places of removing their civil di*at><liti*> I iMti?d\71? I.'.?I!!7-'!">'* j doing them MOd-ro that j a oi rotesiag ju cut effort*, we arc certainly called to more vigorous eiortious iu their behalf. It i* matter of congratulation that our couutry haa never joined in the liorco cry of their oppressors. This it as it thould be?for it ii minutely more aeairuble to be the diapeuaera of God'a mercies, than the executioner! of hia vengeance. Let ua then preaent to them Chriatianity in ita unveiled and incomparable lovelineaa?refer thorn to their own pro phecies?lay before tbeu the overwhelming proof* that Messiah haa already come, and that ho haa made that atonement for sin which ia contemplated in their sacri flcea. Lot ua ahow them in our whole deportment, the power ol the (Joapel upon our hearta, and like the Good Samaritan, pour oil and wine into their wounded boaomg. Having doue these thinga, let ua await with prayerful, yet confident alliance iu the Word of God, the long de aired and glorioua result of their spiritual reaurroction from the dead. An anthem whs then aung by the choir, after which the Kev. Mr. Liu.y, Domestic Secretary of the Society, read letters from the following gentle men: Dr. Pitman, Dr. J. P. Durbin of Carlisle,

Kev. Willia Lord of Philadelphia, Dr. Skinner, ' Iter. Mr. .Andrews of Troy, and Rev. Mr. Read of Saliaburv, Connecticut; expressing their hearty ap proval or the object of the Society, and their regrot at not being able, from a variety of ciroumatances to attend the anniveraary. Mr. Lilly then read an abitract of tko annual report of the Society, by which it appeared that the Society for tho past year haa been stoaaiiy increasing in means and usefulness. That they have now a misaionary perman ently atntionod in Baltimore, whoae labors have beon abundantly blessed ; and that they have invited a dis tinguished gentleman, well known in Europe and this country for his labors of love, to aaaist the 8ociety in ita endeavora to bring the children of larael into the fold of Christ. Tlve Rev. Mr. De Witt then moved, that tho abatract be accepteil and printed. It ia important, he said, that in formation bo circulated among the community, iu order to intereat all in the efforts of the society. We have reaaon to be thaukful for the progresa we have made; not only in thia country but in Europe, ia public attention be ing directed to the condition of the Jewish people. The Scottish and English Churches have done much to pro mote the advancement of tho Saviour's kingdom among the dcacendanta of larael; and he rejoiced to say, that in a political point of view, also, their condition waa much improved. In Turkey, Paleatine, and other countries, they are gradually aaauming a position which will re lievo them from the peraecutiona to which they have been aubjacted ; and he believed the time waa not far die tant wheu the prophecies will bo fulfilled, in the reatora tion of the Jewa to the promiaed land, where they will worahip in tho beautiful Church which they ahall build to the true Meaaiah. The Her. Dr. JoHna then aubmittod the following reso lution Resolved, That the word and the Providence of Ood concur to enforce the claim* of Israel on the tendereat ?ympathiea of the Church, and especially calls for tho renewed and united efforts of American christians in this great and good cause. He said in support of the resolution that the timo had come when the sympathy of the American people was deeply enlisted in behalf of the op pressed children of Israel. He then went on to enquire into the best means of carrying out the objects of the society. He believed that the best means was the simple preaching of Christ, and him crucifiod? He had found this in the course of his ministerial experience the most effectual method of converting souls to God, and he had no doubt, that with the divine blessing, it would produce the same result with the Jew as with tho Uentile. There waa a simple energy in the story of the babe of Bethlehem, and in the doctrine of ?;race through faith, which would enforce conviction ? le also believed that the publication of judiciously se lected tracta br the Society, would bo a powerful means, with the blessing of God, in bringing the descendants of Israel to acknowledge the Saviour all sufficient.? Now, he said, waa the accepted time, and now waa the day of salvation?throughout the whole world it waa a clearly aacertained fact, that the mind of the Jon is t>?ing more and more directed to the aubjoct?the sympathies of all denominatloua are listed?the beat men of the churches in England, in Europe, are preaching and praying for the speedy conversion of tho Jewish people, and the time was ra pidly approaching when Kings and Queens will be nurs ing fathers and mothers in the kingdom of God. It was said by some that the Jewish mind was judicially blinded, and it was not right to interfere with the decrees of Pro vidence. The same arguments might havo been raisod when Paul felt such deep anxiety for his Jewish breth ren, and when, on the day of Penticost, 3000 wero brought to a knowledge of the truth. The resolution was the put by the Rev. Dr. Milledoler, and carried. The Rev. Dr. McCabtt then offered the following re" solution:? Resolved, That the conversion of tho Jows is the chief means appointed of God, of consummating the conver sion of the world. After some forcible remarks by Dr. McCaity, in sup port of the resolution, a strange divine arose to speak, but was requested by the President to give way to Dr. Herschel from London, who had been jinvited to address the meeting. Mr. Lilly then read, as the credential of Dr. Herschel, a letter addressed to him by #0 converted Jews in London, who spoke of the Doctor in tho most ele vated terms. Dr. Herschel then arose and said, that aa it was lite, ho would detain them for only a few momenta. This was a work which would prove not only a blessing to Jews, but to all nations, tongues, and kindreds in the world. There were some, however, who raised objec tions to it; it waa his dosire briefly to answer then. The first objection raised is that of judicial blind ness. To answer that, he would cite one fact, eleven years before the destruction of Jerusalem, there was not a single Gentile convert, while thousands upon thousands ot Jews believed the Goapel. 'id. The great moral depravity of the Jews?that I most emphati cally deny. I havo travelled far and wide, and have seen evory phase of Jewish society, and I here aasert as an un deniable fact, that the Jews as a body of people are more moral than any of the nations of Christendom. [Great applause.1 Dr. Johns thep rose to explain, and aaidthat he wished to have hia remarks understood as having re ference to a too prevalent idea, and that so far from en tertaining such an idea himself, he was constantly engaged in rebutting it.. 3d. Disappointment in the Jewish converts. He would only say to this, that the same objection would apply to Gentile converts, and that the greatest difficulty and stumbling block in the way ofa converted Jew, was the coldness, hardness and strilo among Christians. He then narrated a deeply interesting account of an adventure in Smyrna, illustrating his position, that Jewish converts are true to their professions of Christianity. The doxology was then sung, and after the benedic tion, which was pronounced by Dr. Johns, the congrega tion retired. The following are the names of the officers for the en suing )ear:? President?Rev. Philif Mili.fdoler, D. D., and eleven Vice-Presidents. Foreign Secretary?Rev. John Proudfit, D. D., of New Brunswick. Domestic Secretary?Rev. John Lillie. Recording Recretary?Alexander M. Burrill. Treasurer?Thomaa Bussing, and 30 Directors. American Home Missionary Society? Nine teenth Anniversary. ()n Wednesdny night the assemblage in the Ta bernacle was as great as has been seen on any occa sion during the |>aat year ; it was the celebration of the 19th anniversary of the American Home Mis sionary Society, whose efforts to evangelize the West have been carried on with much energy and success, according to the Report. The choir was full of singers; the platform crowded with clergy men, and the large area of the body of the house was crammed with eager listeners. The services commenced with a voluntary on the organ, after which a devout prayer was offered up suitable to the occasion. The Treasurer's report was read by the Treasur er, Jasper Corning, Ksq., from which it appears that there was a balance in the Treasury of #1117 54 on the 15th April, 1844; the receipts during the ensuing year were ^fl21,9-16 28, making the sum at the dis posal of the Society for the year just ended, $122, 163 82. The total liabilities amounted to tf 130,624 76, of which stun #118,800 12, have been paid; the debts contracted and obligatiws incurred amount to 951,040, *> meet which there is only the sum of A3,8(13 70 in the treasury. The increase of receipts for this, over the previous year, is #30,041 29jof which over $13,000 were donations, and over $6000 bequests. Tins sum supplied the $12,000 necessaries to enable them to carry on, as during last yoar, with a surplus of #8000 towards enlarging its operations An abstract of the report ot the Executive Commit tee was read bv the Rev. Milton Badger, one of the secretaries. The report was, upon the whole, en couraging, and the openings for the efforts of the society had augmented. June hundred and forty three ministers were employed in the work during the present year, of whiCTi 20!) are additions, within the tame period. The field of their |Iabor extendi over twenty-three State* and territories of the Union, and Canada and Texas alio, and the aggregate number of congregation* ii 1,3*6. Thirty-six raiuionariei more are employed thii year than la*t. The exemplary manner in which the mi**ionarie* had performed their dutiei, de served the warmest aupport and aympathy of the rhurchei; their induitry, their endurance of privation, their devotion and adherence to lound principle*, were montioned favorably, and testimony borne to the fruiti which are produced by their ministry. The extension of Sunday school initruction in the miaiionary church** had been promoted; the number of pupila amount! to 00,000, noil the cause of temperance had been io well fos tered. that 107,000 persons were pledged to abetineuce principles throughout their congregations. Rev Jnir.PH S. ('uai, of Boston, proposed the first resolution " That the report now read be adopted." He hud watched the society from ita begining. and read all its annual reports, each of which were more interesting than the preceding, and the present as a testimonial of I < hristitiujbetievoleiice was moie so than all. I told them of Mi increase of'JO,000 over last year, but better still of nn Increase of 30 in the Ministers of the ( Jospel, j reach ing snh ntion. Mr. C. continued at length to describe the excellent efforts of the ministry in the West, and made a striking contrast between what tha society found it, and what it is now. The Rev. Josr.ru P. Tiioxrso*, of New York, followed in support of the following resolution : " Resolved, That the influence which the Protestant Missionary exerts over the organization and general welfaie of society in the West, entitles him to the confidence and support of not only the Christian but the patriot." A very long address followed, of the genuine anti-l'opery, prescriptive charac acter, the energetic efforts; the sums of money; ths systematic endeavor* of ths Church of Roine to bring the whole continent under their tyranni cal rule, were enlarged upon in vsrv strong language, and that creed designated as degrading, corrupt ing, and inimical to civil and social liberty ; its clergymen inferior in morals and in education to those of the Evangelical sects; and as the students of Den'* The ology, demoralised in mind, and every thing that should deter from an interview with them at the Confessional. The address was received with warm applause. Another hymn having been performed by the ehoif, addrcssess were made by the Re* Asa T llopkins, of Buffalo, and the Kev Lvmau Beecher. of Lane Seminary, Ohio, when the proceeding* closed with achaun', "go teach all nations," and the benediction Eleventh Annlveraay of the Asnerlesui F? mal? Moral Reform Society. This society nwt on Wednebday evening to cele brate the anniversary of the eleventh year of their existence. A large number of amiable, pious look ing ladies and enerable, vworthy men were in at tendance. The meeting was opened with prayer by the Rev. N. Hangs, L). D. After the Hinging of an ode, composed for the occasion by the choir, the treasurer's report was read?by which it appeared the socmty was 111 a flourishing condition. The amount of cash received for the finanoial year ending April 30th, IH43, wu oti Amount expended for publishing, editors and lecturers'salary, Ike., wu 6315 01 Leaving a balance on hand of $|9S OS The annual report of the Board of Managers was now read by Captain Eaton, of which we give an abstract. The labors of tha i>ast year have been attended with increased prosperity and encouragement; and the Board would ascribe praise to God, to whom alone it belongs. The Board has not as heretofore been straitened in their efforts. Once the press scarce noticed the sociaty, only to vilify; now many secular and religious journals exert an exten. sive influence in behalf of purity. The Advocate of Moral Reform has been sustained as usual?has had an average circulation of some twelve thousand copies per number. Seventy-three thousand jiages of tracts have been published during the year. Nine editions of the " fvaJkt of Uttfulntu"nave bean published. The Board regard it as highly important to the ele vation of fem ale character that the ensrgies of woman should be fully developed, and think that thousands of the sex might be saved, if some of the avenues of business now closed to them, such as clerkships in re tail dry goods stores,fee ,be opened to them. Overa thousand dollars have been received from book Mies, and a balance remains in the treasury. Early in the summer the city authorities were petitioned to place matrons in the city prison and on Black well's Island, which was done, and a great improvement in the in mates has taken place in consequence. The IVthe 1 missionary has been continued, and from their re port it appears that fifteen hundred and fifty-two ves sels have been visited?eleven thousand eight hun dred and eighty-nine papers?also, seventy-seven thousand two hundred and fifty-six |<ages of tracts distributed. The Rev. Mr. J. P*ttibo*e, from Oneida county, laid : That eminent divine and faithful servant of God, Row land Hill, said, that three ingredients constituted s good speech?that it should bp pithy, sweet, snd short?and that aa he often failed in the two former, he was careful to observe the latter. I shall imitate his example. He then offered a resolution, asking tho co-operation of all "friends of moral purity," and expressed thanks and gra titude to Ood for the success of the Society. The report assures us that the cause is gaining in the public favor much of the opposition against us, we believe in charity, has been owing to a misconception of our plans. It states that the press has become more favorable. We hsvo been held up by the press as subjects of malediction; but the Lord has answered our prayer, and its fulfilment now comes as a sweet odour to us. The ministry aro bocom ing more enlisted in the cause, and here we find ground for encouragement The civil law is also beginning to take heed to us ; and we will not ooase petitioning while our hands have power to write our signatures. But the resolution requests the aid of the Pulpit?and, oh, what a request. It is not snough for us to let thete devoted fe males go on unmolested?it is with pain and mortification that I say we have not done our duty. Rev. Mr. Bsnos (groaned audibly;?Ood forgive us. Mr. Pettibowe?I mustbelreve that the apathy of many of our clergymen is owing to their misconception. [Hero a lady fainted, and was csrried out.] I could wish that the pulpit were found earnestly engaged in the prosecu tion of this great cause. Let us he warned by the past, and endeavor to rain the approbation of our Savior. <Jo to Blackwell's IiTand. it was my privilege to stand there to-day amid the wrecks of humanity, and the larger por tion have been carried ttiere in eomoquence of the very vice against which we contend. And when I told them that tne Lamb of Ood diod to save the chicf of sinners, the tear of sorrow would steal down their cheeks. My friends, strive to create an interost in the subject of vir tue. Rev. Mr. Vak Loon, of Poughkeepsie?The law of love is the soul of every true reform. The moral reform enterprise is the application of this law to the rights of (?od, snd the crime and suffering of man as involved in the violation of the 7th commandment. The greatness of the crime, and the extent of the sorrow and shame and suffering contemplated by this enterprize, is the measure of its greatness. I had a dream, which was not all a dream?a dark and malignant spirit was suffered to spread iti wings over this city, and children forgot their parents, and parents spurned their children, and all social order was destroyed. 1 asked what does this mean?what is this suirit?this spirit is licentiousness. Iftirestrained, it would produce this effect. Let us pray Ood that this foul spirit may be restrained. It is easy to see the con nection betwocn vices. See that young man as he filches from the money drawer of his employer?watch him aa he pursues his way through the streets?end as he nears the places where he should turn to the home where love and purity dwell, he turns through dark avenues until ho comes to the house of her whoso way leads down to hell. Nearly all the crimes committed are closely allied with tha crimc of licentiousness. Let me entreat you to per severe in your work till it is accomplished, and tho earth no longer polluted by infamy and crime. Rev. Mr. Dowli*??I think it time ladies connected with a Moral Reform Society should be at home. I will not, therefore, make a speech. 1 am rather of the opinion you would prefer having me say Amen to what has been said already, than to hear me make a speech. I can heartily say, Amen. President?Amen. Mr. Dowjuifo?I will close with a verse which was composed by s Sandwich Islander, and I recommend it to your earnest attention, and hope you will not forget it. It is Oo on, go on, go on, go on, Oo on, go on, go on, Oo on, go on, go on, go en, Go on, go on, go on. And the meeting adjourned, after a benediction. Grand Rational Reform Convention. SrEAJUtRS: Godwin?Chaxminq?Brisbaxk? Owen, &c. Third Day, May 7th. The Committee met at 2 P. M., pursuant to ad ! joumment, Mr. Ryckman in the chair. After pome discussion, the call of the Convention waa with drawn. Mr. Godwin then moved a resolution calling a Convention, and recommended Albany as the place of meeting. A Committee was appointed to corres. pond with all Associations of Progress, to induce delegates to attend. Adjourned to 7J o'clock in the evening, when they met and were addressed by the Rev. W. H. Channing, in an earnest and eloquent manner. Mr. Channino adverted to the present degraded condition of the working rlasses. He considered it indicative of a radical defect in the order of tilings. Here, said he, in this land where we boast of free in stitutions?of our democratic principles we are the veriest slaves. Kven the poor slave of tho jSouth, down-trodden and degraded as he is, is better off i than we of the North. Mr. Channing then went on to say, that he considered it the privilege and the duty of man, with all his energy of usefulness to ac quire wealth?that is to acquire what is really good and useful; and that, as he accumulates wealth, he is healthy, morally and physically. In the increase of wealth is the increase of health. As a man obtains wealth he also improves his mind. The man who woaks?wh$> chisels and drives the plane?who,stand ing over the blazing forge, wields the mighty hammer that moulds the implements of human industry? comes in contact with hard facts?solid, substantial, everlasting facts; and he lsarns to understand them ?to learn the laws of cause and effect; and just as he accumulates wealth, does he unfold and dcvelope his higher nature. Man, from the perception that he is increasing matter, awakens his social faculties; and as he strikes, lifts, and digs, he calls out his social affections. As he develones wealth, he has also a strong sense of dignity : he feels that he is come into tne world for some end and purpose, ac cording to the will of (rod ; ami as he accumulates, laboring and producing, so is he free, good, and fit for eternity. In this city there are men, women, and children, who have no chance of getting wealth?no chance of being happy. If they do produce, they ?ee it flying away from them?the drone* of aocietv take from them the result of their labor they have neither honor nor profit. They know that they labored and toiled ; and n hen they seek the product* of their industry, it elude* their graip. vanishing like a dream away. A* aoeiety ii conatituted, working men are but weapon*, merhanir.ed.automoton*. in the hand* of others. There i* perhap* one-third part of the inhabitant* of our oily who are able to live without labor. They conceive that the dignity of man lie* in not producing wealth. This i* a moit nriataken idea, a* deleterlou* in it* effects on them ?elvei, sa it ia injuriou* on you. When labor i* mads mo ' notonou*. n* it in undor the p'reaent ?yttcm, the mind I* led oft' from a knowledge ol rau*e and effect- -a man who is thua prevented from {developing bi* raind, ia robbed. When a man i* bound down by excesalvs labor, hi* so cial leeling* are destroyed, and he pour* hia sweat Sttl I lenly upon an ungrateful ?oil ; and, a* I said before, wfin* the di?appearance of the product* of one'* indus try, I* the very totalization of hnman life : to be an ia atiumcnt in|the harxla of other*, ia the deprivation ol hai> i pines*. I* any thing done 1 Every thing iadone. Truth, : justice, and humanity, are now marshalling their forces , to conuuer feudalism. In the first place, the democracy which rill* K.urope and America, ia Uie assurance for man ) to be what he ia. This ia the spirit of democracy?the *pirit of reform, which is every where working out the same re*ult. The causes of crime are not to be attribu ted to th? criminal alone. He i* surrounded by circum stances?ha oftentimes drink* in from hi* earliest year* I he leaeona of evil?he has been deprived ol education, ignorance and crime are hia compenion* ; and, therefore, it is no wonder that he fall* a victim to the temptation* which beset his path. And from the fact, that crime late ly ha* been directe4more to property than person, may be seen that property I* neither rightly produced nor rightly ahared ; in a word, it i* by cutting off the chance* of wealth that crime ii produced, and society toon will own it. The reason why ?om* are, and some are not wealthy, |* owing entirely to the chance* not being .^tial Take for instance a man nuitured in poverty and he must almost necessarily from the nature of thing* be poor He tlUaks ho Mouasulsto, sad he never will, th?ue 11 no un to ttrugglo; he it bound down to by all the circumstance! of hit situation. Oo to onFof our capitalist*, uuj tell him that the pottottion of wealth indicator the poisenuou of virtue and intelligence, unci that poverty it the badge of vice and ignorance, and he will think you are mocking him?he don't believu it, for ne kuowt better? pauperism it oue of our tooial inttitudont, and the only way to eradicate it it to give mau the toil and the imple ment! of induttry.and then he will work out a great talra tio a. There are tome who cry education?education; / it it a mocking cry. A man cannot carry liii tpiritual exig ence along with hit material; he cannot eduoate while h* baa to toil long dayt and nightt for a bare lubsistence. The spirit of God mo Ting among men, 11 creating a spirit of brotherly IuimImm. W? tee it in the variou* anuiver tariet and conventions which meet thit week in our oity, all having, according to the light they potaett, the promo tion of the well being ofthoirTellow men. Mr. (Jbanning then proceeded to ttate that he went with the asiociatioa heart and hand, in the distribution of the public lands among the people, and gave hit viewt of what a town ship thonld be, if the attociation ihotld tuoceed in ef fecting their object. In the irat elace, eVerr thing should be in common, that is to tay, belong to the town ?hip. The townthip thould partition off the landt, direct how they thonld be uted in regard to the rotation of crops, tic., and who should occupy them. The product* of the common industry to be divided, and given to ?tA Grton at thoy were uteful, and according to their inUil 'enee, tic. Stc. All to have an enual chance of obtaining a tound moral and intellectual educa tion. Kvery man to have a right t<* claim and hl? claim granted to the potition in tociety which ho deservet, and for which he it fitted?the townthip to make all tMLnsfert, lie. when necettary with other towa ships?in thort, to bo the merchant. But tho quettion aritet, what thall we do here, now 1 Mr. ('Banning then promited hit allegiance to the lnduttrial Congrats when formed, but stated that a Notional Congrett would not tufllco ; we mutt have State, County and Township Industrial Councils, in addition, wherein every trade should be fully and faithfully ropretented. He advised the trades to organize, and combine their influence, and alio have tuch an arrangement at to know the potition which every man, woman and child connected with the tradet, occupied. He proceeded to suggest a plan for* labor exchange, and aavited a tyitem of mntual atsar ance and life insurance, which were received very fa vorably by the audience. Mr. Channinr then said, that there had been, in most ef the radical movements, too much of the bitter poiton from the tooth of the old ter pent. All thit mutt be eradicated, for it di.l no good ; it wat a truth that every one would recognn*. that no man ever benefitted hit brother without reaping hit re ward : and the reverie wat equally true?a ad the spirit that should actuate the members of the association in their movement, should be that of universal brotherhood and lovo, or sonship to Almighty Ood. (< treat applause.) Mr. Timmi then suggested that Mr. Owen, who wat pretent, be invited to address the Convention. He said that the Reformers, and tho Kourierites, and others, had been represented, and their doctrines to somo extent ex plained, and he thought it was but fair tkpt they should now have a chance. Ma. ?vars ttated that he would very gladly litten to Mr. Owen, but Mr. Collins, of Skeneatelat, who was pro tent, had been invited to addrest the meeting. Mr. Baitatna remarked in reply to the language of Mr. Timmt, that he was no Fourierite; he repudiated tho name, he was am advocate of universal unity, and cam* to the convention as a man, earnestly detiruus of advan cing the cause of humanity, and not as the repreeffbta tive and exponent of any particular doctriae or priaclr pie. Mr. Timmi said he did'nt want to give offence to any man, and he would have used the word Phalanxarian.ooly he did'nt auppose he would be understood. Mr. CoLLi.it wat then ctdled for by the meeting, and la the course of his remarks, which were general in their nature, and related but seldom to the business of tho Convention?said that he had been a christian, and had to thitfday many of the prejudices of the chrittiana about him, but it was now his intention to follow the precepts of Jesut of Nazareth. He had read a number of books? (applause)?and had made some calculations which re sulted as follows :?If the public lands were distributed among families of five persons in the t'nited States, it would give each family a snug farm of 347 acres. Ho said he knew men of groat hearts?wealthy and philan thropic men, who are willing to spend, and be spent iu this great works?this lie taiil was common ground where all philanthropists could meet. He taid tho principle! of the association would rapidly tpread; in hit town h? could obtain iu a fortnight lOti" votet, and in one month they would hold the balance of power. The tpirit of tho age it philanthropic?virtue, honor, truth ajid justice is the motto?evon the politician! think they mutt be good men now, and ho hat heard clergymen talk ubout virtn#. Oh, the world wai gutting on bravely, and evory oour.' v doing much to advance the cauio of the regenerate of the mattes. Mr. Owen, amid vociferous cheering, then took tho stand.?He said ho didn't know much about the peculiar views of this associati a. '? ?'timed to Mm, however, to bo this?that all who hav&' .an ! want tome, and thoso who have some want moro. He had been accuitomed, from tho age of 10, to look at things in a practical light, and he hardly thought this plan a feasible one. its foun dation was sand, nnd the building would fall. He be'iev ed U years ago, that a* no man made the land, bo man could give a just title to it. There was no great difference between Socialists, Fourierites, tic.?they all had ono common object in view, the melioration ot' the conditio* of the oppressed of all clashes. (Cheers.) Mr. Eva*s then said?Mr. Owen seemi to think that we are building upon a snndy loundation, and can do no good. Mr. Owrw.?O, I bog your pardon; I dont think ao. 1 want the society to go on, for I think K of great use. Mr. Evans then mado tome further remarks, when tho Convention, on motion, adjourned tine dir. Lioiiutik Scmmaht?In tbi Sinrr..?A remon strance ?u presented from the Long Island Railroad Company, against the bill requiring them to fence their road. Mr. Donnistou reported against the several peti tions for the reduction or discrimination in eanal tolls; which, on motion if Mr. Hard, was laid on the table.? Mr. Talcott, in reporting complete a bill to renew the charter oftho New Hartford Manufacturing Association, introduced a new proposition in relation to the liability of the stockholders and officers, which was laid on the table and ordeTed printed. The Senate then proceeded to the third reading of bills for one honr. Among those passed, was that in relation to Thirty-third street, in the city of New York ; to repeal the several act in relation to the state Hospital, in the city of New York, (transfer* riag the appropriation of ffl.OOO to the Colored Home ;) to prohibit the throwing of offensive substances into the | Croton aqueduct. The bill to incorporate the Prison Association, in the city of New York, was lost forth* want of a Constitutional vote?ayes 17. noes 13. The bill for the protection and improvement of the Seneca Indiana residing on the Allegany and Cattarangns reservations, was also passed. Tne hour having expired, the specinl order was announced ; and the Convention Bill was taken up?Mr. Wright in the chair, and debated between Messrs. Bockee, Lott, Sherman, and Johnson, during the morning seasion. The afternoon was spent in "Execu tive sesssion. In the House, leave was asked bjr Mr. Young, to lay on the table a resolution of enquiry into the expediency of providing by law for the repair and superintendence of the canals by contract, in tne manner of contract* made by the P. O. department for carrying the mails?the I canals to be divided into convouient sections for that pur pose ; but objections were made, and it conld not be re ceived. Mr. M. Brook* called up his motion to suspend i the SOth rule for the purpose of admitting a motion to re | consider the Rochester Bank Bill. The rule was sn% pended, the vote reconsidered, and the bill passed?ayes I 93, noes 7. During the morning session, Mr. Harris mad* | another effort to suspend the third reading of billa hi ; order to enable him to move to a select committee, to re port complete the bridge bill; but alter some opposition I from Mr. Van Bchoonhoven, the Honae, by ay as 44, nosa .">S, refused to suspend. So the motion conld not be 1 made. The residue of the morning was spent in the third reading of bills, and many local and private billa , were disposed of. The afternoon waa spent on billa re lating to the city of New York.?Albany Argils Conrt Calendar?This Day. Common Plkai?Nor SB, 89, 17, TJ, ?, SO, M, M, ?1. 63. Ciroviv Obtrav?Nos. 31, 39, 40, 41, 43, 4A. 46, 47, 49. Amusements. Ethiopian Skrk^ader.* at Pat.mo'*.?Lm* night confirmed the opinion the public ha* upon all occa sions expressed of the competency of Aermon, Staa wood, llanninffton, 4ic. to sustain the repntation they have acquired, and justly acquired, and to-night they preaenta bill, which is a "caution," to all not to nsglsct the passing moment New York Bowery Amphitheatre Company at the Brooklyn Garden.?Friday and Saturday, May 9th and 10th. In addition to the very Talented Company, the Manager takes pleasure in announcing to the Indies and Oentlemea of Brooklyn, that he has effected an engagement with the celebrated MAN MONKEY, HERVIO NANO, who will make hie ow-ond ap pearance on Knday Evening. and go through with his unequal led Art of Horsemanship, whir h has created the greateet aateoieW meat in all the principal citien in Earops. Notice to Persona from the Country.?.In year* terday's Herald, the attention of the public waa called to the Opthalmic Dispenaary of Dr. Wheeler, at No. f9 Greenwich street. where more curea of (of supposed incraisLe cmrt) have been effected, withia a few years past, than hy any other Oculist on this continent. The ohjeet of that notice was for panose residing in the eonntiy, who may he unacquainted with the fact thai there sra raw, if any, disessea to which the humsn eve i? subject, that may not he cared by the timely attendance, skill. asH .-are of an experienced Practitioner, whose sole tune ie devmsd to Op thalmie disorders Card.?Professor Rodger* begs reapeetfnlljr to tender his most cordial thanks to the eiutens of"New York, for the attention with which immrw audiences have listened to hia defence of the new Nciracc of .Animul Magnetntm. Awnre, when he embarked in the admcsry of ihna* recent dis coveries, that the must eipect to meet with opposition and tuperatioa, from the ignosant and prejudiced, he has not been titHcr nir|iriird or ditconrfrtfd *t the #K??dnct of ccrtun mui viduals. whose nunc, it is unnecessary to mention. As tl.e csuae of truth, nnmurtai truth, is now triumphant, while ? j mouths of lU tradueers are in the dust. rmfe?.ir Rod ? will deliver Ms last Lecture, for the present, in the Ledum Room of tlie Society l.ibrury, on Knday evening .the It sunt, on whirli occasion he is to be assisted by Mr. 1. uu together with his children, Mis" Martha and Master Oacai J bo experiment* will he the most inter" uug of the seriee, and I'ro feeeor Rodgen it determined that Uifir validity shall he incoa trovertihle. Changes of Weathci aud Catching fold? When, from sudden changes of atmosphere, the perspiration b*> come" checked, those nimir. which should escape hy the skin will he thrown inwardly; and headache,nanwn and aickneaa.wa terr and inflamed eve*, sore throat, hoareaneas. conijiis, i on snmptinn, psina in various parts of the body, rheiimstism. and man v other unpleasant svmptorns. are sure to follow. Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills sre a moat delightful medi cine fur carrying off s c Id; becsnse thev etpel frooi the system all morbid snrl corrupt hnmors, (the cause of . very kind of dis case.) in so easy and namr .1 a manner, that th> body is relieved of all it'sufferings sa if hy magic, pour or five of aaid Indian Vegetable Pills, talus, every night en >oi;ig to bed, will iu a short time remove the most violent csae of cold, Mid if used occasioo sllr afterwards, will ?eef< the syatem so completely fee from all bad humors, that diaease in any lorm will be aompletelv impos sible. _ Never* of Cesnsfn/siff.?The public are caationed sgamet an imitation art icJe, boiled in (agar, and called Improved Indian Vegetable Pins. The Only certainty of getting the right medicine. i? to porch*** st therijcS'place. No MOmawich street. New York and, in all cases 1* particular to uk fffr WRIGHT S lnu VatenMs rilta | If t of *U Aufar-eeeUd eewmsfest frUt.