Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1845, Page 5

May 9, 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 5
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI No. lJI7aa?Whole Ho. 4OM0. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 9, 1845. Price Two Cant*. Circuit Court of the Of strict of Columbia, for Washington County* Tiual op Captain Wilkes. {Continued.) Fbidav, April 29, 1846. Chas. F. Uillou sworn?Examined by Mr. Bradley, [alter some controversy with Mr. May upon the evidence lor the defendant to bo found in the log-book of the Pea cock, brought this morning into court ; and upon the tes timony of tliis new witness, after an agreement yesterday that the examination of witnesses should then be closed. Mr. May having, however, conceded the examination of tlie witness, lid deposed:] I was an officerof the explor ing expedition. 1 sailed with the expedition from the United States; was with it at the island of Oahu in 1840; 1 recollect tho circumstance of the marines being impris oned in the fort there; I visited them in the prison; 1 forget the precise time, as 1 was living on shore; 1 was ostensibly under permission to loave the squadrou: I saw Lieut. I'inckney, who said he had a letter from the pri ?inner* m the fort, in which they complained of their po iat they were in a state of suffering, asking him cognizance of it, for that they intended to com ?tii. he Secretary of the Navy. I was asked by Mr. ' to accompany him to see them; after some -m i I consented to go, because their complaint was ii ilth?that thore wore chances of their dying, or *"iii. .g of that sort. 1 went with him into the fori; as s 5 into the area of the fort I saw two, perhaps "oners near a door within tho limits of the I'orti they spoke to Mr. Pinckney, aud I stood by to what they hail to sa>; 1 am not certain that 1 took in this conversation; did not go inU?*ity at lite think it was sometime in November, 1810: the locked lilthy?they were dressed in a shirt and m, und nothing elie; do not remember how they i . ured; 1 think 1 could not identify any of the r; 1 *uw but very little of them, as 1 went but 3 Vincenncs, to which ship they were attached; ?port to the officer* of tne ship?recollect of being made; do uot remember the formation ; do uot recollect that the area was in front of tor's house; do not know whether the letter ickney) wu shown to any ofHcer of the ship: v. >Uect Mat Buab was a large, gigantic man; I ??4M ie ground of the ill health of the prisoners; I . If under arrest; neither detached nor at ' ' ? . any ship at the time, and in this du i - I * '.ion was delicate about going into the fort >?? t"i" the line of my official duties. Prisoners ? Jc 'i '.omplaint to me, as they were iu a du .< us lion like myself. It is a humiliating confes -i . was afraid to innuire into their situation; it to be construed into disaffection. Do not "!? ? ?}( had a right to inquire into the matter at all; 1 ? k . to ofler my services had they asked them; I ii ?' ? ' 'ml impression of telling the prisoners, that if 'J" . Hi-" d meuical assistance, 1 was ready to offer i'< ' n> t vice; but it was not my office to inquire into ti - lint, when 1 had no doubt, that they had, or w ? i.' I h. , medical assistance provided for them. e,f . mined by Mr. Mat.?I was an assistant sur t i dical ofheer attached to the Exploiing Expe? 'ti. *nt with Mr- I'inckney to visit these men, 'ii>v . i ( sent him complaints that they were in a mdition; from that part of the fort which I ?ea appeared to be upon a level; so far as I >. not judge of the interior, but the area ap . iv' lave a dry surface. The walls of the cells, 'in urtification, appeared to be a mixture of clay ' ? 1<" Coral is very porous, absorbs water, and may ti i it . mg time. I should suppose, therefore, that I <? ?. i i: floor of the cells would be damp; did not see of them; but as the cells were a sort of rc <? > ... iv ?uen on one side, should (appose they were ful'.;.. t u. all the inconveniences of such places; think ill. w juiu be damp. The surface of the area was low, >'? i' . live or six feet above the level of the sea. 'ii- i" .j, . believe, had dirt lloors. Tho food called I. ?lbous root, which grows on the island in wet -lUPsl.;. cs, and insists, in part, of nutritious matter, of fecula, or starch. The effect of the system, depends in a great degree upc previous habits of men. The habits of sailors uro peculiar?at sea they are habituated to hard food, difficult of digestion, carrying off constantly a great deal of mucilage from the intestines. Sailors taken from this hard diet to vegetable food, are certain in con sequence of an attack of diarrha. I should think that if hint, under such circumstances, were given as food, and lioue other, that diarrhse must follow, that the vegetable would acidify upon the stomach and keep up the disor der if continuod, and I should think confinement in the fort would not be so comfortable as on board ship?for on ship-board the prisoners could have better ventilation by keeping the ports open, and they would not be sub ject to the miasma of the fort?because on board ship they would have a dry floor under them, kept clean. 1 should suppose the fort a place where vermiH if introduc ed, would be certain to increase; it would be difficult to exterminate them ; for the cells were dark, and in them you could not see the vermin till you felt them. 1 am now attached to the ship Columbus ; 1 was ordered b> | the Secretary of the Navy to report myself to the Judge of this Court. 1 have come from Now York ; it is my impression that the Government pays the expenses ol my trip. [The witness here read a letter from the Sec letar) of tho Navy, ordering witness to repair to Wash ington aud report hinself to this court, for the purpose of testifying iu tho pending trial of Captain Wilkes, commander of the late Exploring Expedition.] Mr. Bradlkt here stated, that the order iust read, was transmitted to witness at the instance of Air. B., who had addressed a letter to the Secretary of the Navy, request ing him to have the witness brought forward. Uy Mr. Bkadlev.?It is customary on going into port, to get fresh vegetables for the crew; I think taro might have done mixed with other food; taro formed a part of the food of the crew while we lay at tho island; 1 have no recollection of the specific disease complained of by these men; seldom as possible visited the Peacock at Oahu; the rains are frequent at that island, as they are in all mountain regions, near the sea; I scarce ever rode out in the afternoon, without being caught in a shower; no, sir, 1 never said it did not rain at Honolulu; it rains frequently there, By Mr. May.?The taro in not as f(oo<l as bread or pota toes; it has loss farinaccou* matter, and more mucilage and extraneous matter; cannot say, from observation, whether natives cat putrid fish, hut I ran tell what they thenuclves have said to me. (Mr. Bradley objected.) Don't know whether prisoner* could have been confined in the Peacock; I was mostly resident on shore: I know that prisoners havo been confined in both vessels. By Mr. Bhadi-ky.?Cannot say much of the hold of a ship, never having taken particular observation ; I should think it was more comfortable than the fort; if the hold were broken up, there would be more room; it might have been possible that the prisoners would be more comfortable in the fort than in the hold of the ship, but I ran scarcely concede it; the hold can be well ven tilated by opening the hatchways and letting a sheet down, ns is often done. [Witness was here discharged.} Mr. May objected to the evidence sought to be intro duced by the counsel for the defendant, from the log book of the Peacock, at this stago of tho proceedings, as it would only open new issues, and protract the case. He objected, too, hecauso the log book had l>cen kept at tho houso of the defendant. Subsequently, with a con dition attached, the counsel for the plaintiffs assented to the introduction of the evidence from said log. The residue of the day was taken up by the two attor iiies, in the discission of the case before "the court, the various issues upon the evidence given, points of law, constructions of authorities, citations of precedents, lie., sought to be introduced, upon instructions asked by the counsel of the court to be given to the jury. At near fi*c o'clock, the court adjourned. Wednesday, April 30, 184A. Mr. Bradlky addressed the Court in exposition of the laws of the Navy, und their application to the case of the ?ibintid's?the liabilities of the plaintiff* under said regu lations (though expoit facto) to the defendant, and Uie oonsei|ueut justification of defendant in his eltorts to coerce plaintiffs into duty. Mr. May now proposed to admit the evidence of the log book of the Peacock, if his learned adversary in this cause would concede^ to him the testimony of Mr. Walker, 1st I.icutcnant of the Peacock. Mr. Bradley as M>ntcd with the understanding that the evidence of Mr. Walker should be confined to the Peacock. Mr. Bradley then read various memoranda from said log book, of the transfer of prisoners between ships Peacock and Vlncen nes, from time to time, during the sittings of certain Court martinis; also, showing various repairs of the Pea cock, which would incapacitatc her from holding pri soners?Mr. Muy having contended that defendant,if the Vincennos were really unfitted to hold prisoners secure Iv, should linvo imnsfarred them to the Peitcock, rather tlian to this filthy fort under foreign jurisdiction,to which they were defiled. Mr. Wai.kvb testified that tho Prncock underwent ex tensive repairs nt Honolulu, such M bolting, cleaning, cnnlkinr:. fce.: think ft probable we swept nut the hold; did not broak It up entirely; we subsisted upon yams and sueh things pt thrso Islnnds to n great extent. ('roit-rrnminr*?I should think there could bo no diffi culty about the enpicity of the ship to confine prisoners ?.ecu rely; think that five, or fifty and five marines might have been eonflncd on board if necessary; 1 never tinner stood tlint the prisoners were sent on shora bemuse we could not t?ke care of them; do not know that there wa* any disaffection} havo no recollection of Riley using in MiltiiiR and mutinous language on the Peacock: dont re collect of marines of that ship refining to do duty. Mr. naAiu.i v here asked about the necessity of ma rines, but Mr. May objected, and witness was released. The testimony, the law, the authorities, bearing upon the ca?e, and the instructions to be submitted to the jury b> the Court, were debated till four o'clock, when the t ourt adjourned. (7*o bt Continued.) Tlx1 Alexandria Red Rivrr Republican of the 12th says:?" We havo heard that two or three of our planters havo determined to try a com crop this sea son, planting very little cotton. We think this step a good one. The crops will mature much earlier than those of the West, and will, of course, be the first in market, with a chance of a reasonable price. The yield here to an acre i( equal to that of any portion of the country." 9 There never wn? h fairer proapeet of a good wheat rrop, than there is at the present time.?We have in quired of farmer* from almost every town in the county, and get the same answerit looks well?never better." No insect has made its appearauce yet; and the grain may now be considered secure from that danger.?The rye looks equally vigorous and healthy. The bloom of fruit trees has been unusually fall, and much of the fruit is already well set ; hut it 11 so early, and our spring weather is so variable that there is occa sion for apprehension from frost. Should we escape the frost, there is a prospect of twice a* much fruit a* haa been ever before produced in this part of Michigan. We rejoice to learn from our exchange*, that eropa look equall) well in every pait of tho State. Mtrthnll Kr poundt r, Jiptil 3I>. Association of American Ufologliti and Natu ral lata. New Ha vex, Tuesday, May 6. 1W6. Prof. Chester Dewey having returned home, Dr. Amos Bi.n.ney, of Boston, was elected to take Ins place as chairman. After the minutes were read, and slightly altered, at the suggestion of several members, 1>k. Jackson arose to thank the .Society warmly for the unexpected honor conferred upon him the day before, in his election to the ollice of President tor the ensuing year; and to ussure them that, if Providence permitted, he would be at his post, and use all his etforts to promote the harmony and pros l?erity of the Society. Prof. Roixjetis moved that a committee should be apiwinted to petition the legislature on the sub ject of the distributions of the reoort of the Geolo gical Survey. The motion was adopted, and Profs. Rogers and Silliuian, and Dr. Jackson, were nomi nated as the committee. Mu. J. D. Dana rose on behalf of the committee appointed to revise the scientific nomenclature, as 'letined by the rules of the British Association. They suggested their proposed alterations in the fol lowing report, which, upon motion, it was resolved to submit to the three scientific Societies of New York, Boston, and Philadelphia, for their approval, or such amendments as they might think proper to suggest. I? LAW OF PRIORITY WITH ITS UMITAfTOJTS. The name originally given to a group, or s|?ecies, by its founder, should be retained, to trie exclusion of nil subsequent synonymes. Hie systematic nomenclature having originated with Linneeus, this last law is not to extend to the writings of antecedent authors. In tne progress of science, it often becomes ne cessary to restrict or extend the characteristics of a jjenus, or to subdivide it into several genera. The following principles bearing upon the above law, should be adopted in mailing such changes. A. When several smaller genera are united in one, the name of the earliest, if otherwise unob jectionable, should be selected as the name of the whole group. ?a" r.VVhe,'iBBe',Ufi siibdivirlo.l, the original ireneric C ?When ?n "amc "hould *>e ever afterwards retained. equivalent to ltlMf,JE?,a.hM ?. V?T** exactly subdivision nf #1 original application, in making a adopted for cither of The' n*"" ,J nonJ'm? ?hould not he stance, the genus " Monaului" of Viellot (1816 ) is ? ess m?<T??sa, ? Si and thoJfal. ? i, ?ied.the ,ame *P??io? as tlielr type , of tlmp??hm m j'he latter genus came, in the course fi,} bc divided into two, it wu incorrect to give toi 1?,! Monauluf," to one of tiie por ori^n.lT^ * fKdemia" and "Melauetha," were taken from,,I!ffnym.i' "J their ">?pective type* were ^T? ".i. i ?llfferent sections of the group, andconse fj entl), In raisin? these two sections to genera their (!|?if" "* retainea for the group*. 1 There aro other limitations of the law of nrioritv aria Hest name accompanying *uch description it Das been customary for some naturalists to ?r>v? H" LTCi?!i.,rtheir oahineU;or a published cata Jogue, and on this ground to ciuim authority for such tiuTdeirrinil " "0t a"?T?ble-neither i. UsXentVtot e description appear in a public newspaper or in ? '0Arname?ofW?i<ie y kno? n f?r lu ?cientific character. nfiL ipecies already in use for another species of the same genu., .hould be changed; also a ^p rir name in /oology before employed lor a genus in the same kingdom should be changed, a?i UrnS ? & botanicafkingdom. A name gfaringly opposed to it! or^iSSn i?ic i* *"ontial cbaracteri.tics of a sjiecie* be changed y ProPa8at* important error* should anHU^^[n"i" m?nodon> Caprrmulgus, Paraditia apoda and monoculcr* have acquired sufflcient currency no longer to cause error, and are therefore retained without inconvenience.Name* derived from localities whTrethe specimen* are found to have wider limit*, *hould still he retained. But when we find a Batrachian reptile nainod in violation of its true affinities Mattodon saurus or when a name i* derived from an accidental monstrosity ^"""~"?tes of Linacus, and HtlU disjuiicta. l enron, anothei name should be TiiNtihiliH Th%m miai lege should tie allowed only in extreme comm. When the name of a species is af.erwards nade th? SS2ABK,iSS""?"h",p^ ??? -AS p. ?_._!'?* ?pecifie name, and *ilpinui wa* subvtituted The practice of thu* elevating *]>ecilic names to ireneric is * bad one. Objected to in on", if the secUon* befow ' ' I 4lfW" W,TH TO OaTHOOHirHT. r ?.? ri.u"s ?>',tematic names, the rule* of Latin orthography should lie adhered to, except in words derived from proper name* in which only the termination (hould be Latinized. 1'roiier name* If would often become unintelligible if modified so as to conform throughout Latin or- i thogruphy. We should not recognize JCnigkH, Wood \ icardi, in the word* Cnichti, I'udvardi. But words of bar- ' parous origin, having no fixed orthography, are more pli ible, and hence, when adopted into the Latin, ahould be rendered a* classical in appearanco as i? consilient with the preservation of the original sound. . '?c.07,P?u"<,in5 two Oreek word*, the first of the two L uJiffl consonant the Ca,e' dro",in8 ???'>? hh 'when I the gen,t.ve ends in ?. iW/or.3 .hould b?IW | ed1t6getherf<liBerent la"gU*ge< mu,t never bo compound nate^n't ? derived from * 'ocality, should tcrmi Specific name* derived from name* of persons when in hntTh discover, *hould end in the genitive i or it; but when in compliment to a pcraon not a discoverer the adjective should end in onu?. "rer, Prof Ron?:as condemned the use of unnecessary n>m? above all.of complimentary names. lt was a fanlTto which naturalists were very nrono to irivn ?? r their friend, to new .pecie"Whc? hiSd'thl commftU'? rUmbra^ceTom*cie^!hCir re,,?rt ^ atj?Iit,on of thi? ^liic''wWely?clroulate? fhey' ?? jested that unmeaning name* of this description shnn^l irolntinn^h comm.CI,?inK * '?> ? "niall letter ; now this re halation he wa* in favor of as an erfectual rcmcdyairainst the bestowal of such names by naturalists?who would not consider it any great compliment to their friends to have their namBs pfaced in a position of studied ohscuri i i ("rof. H. s) name had been given to several small a .?(L?;,Bl,ter ) B,,t hc expected to see it redwm! iJ,UHtriou'-) -ociation by the rifled iuelf L^hV W#' ?r option that .eience pu J,. }f, '; 1,0 matter what names were givon if y etr* The Jvil Hi" ? m?M,in?. th?y won 1,1 not fast fifty p, r n discussed would correct itself. mitted uT?h ',.V,10Ve u,at th,e ,clK>rt ?houl,l be recom mitted with th? recommendation that the committee elation inrerilfln IT,K,rt 'hetisage of tho British Bsso Th? li'e ,,ma" ,et'er. Adopted. Fort Wuhfth^, B v'Ifr fr0m Licut- John"?". **<*<! i hoctaw Nation, containing a few remarks PrnV/ 'tP ?f uhe vicini,y of that station. t-rolessor Hall then occupied the association for a brief US S'^SSkS,' ?? a from Dr Diokson of Natohe" mcnfio? of a nonl1*' ?n,thc N.atoho1 blurt*, with some' found uear Na?rl?p, ?f ,hc <?'?"" Viammnlm, ? ? v . ,Cli ?? Notc" on N?^be? Blurt's, by C. K f Wait's ' and ?l ?" Mississippi, bv B.C. l. Haiti, and also rcmarkn on tho fossil Jnfuporin found in spocimensfmm the above localities by ProfessorBnil?y ReiolVeiT te",?10*01'thc blowing resolution- - nJ . ? 7 ^ n ommlttee be Appointed with instrue ion. to inquire Into the question oMe geological arr of T,tZ?,r''Z a"\ta '"rott at the nrft Sl mc^Ing or the association. Adopted, ' ' Professor Bsi lkv read a paper on some or tho fossil eo. niferou. trees of the United Rtntcn Mr. M. I). WiiiprLK stated some new view* on ireoloirv which received very little of the attention of the audience! the enfst M f "|,',"!hcnd h,? ?beory. he considered mt.o ind .if. ?n? Rt ono Pcr,od t0 the form ol a paste, and the mountains were protruded by the actinn of *oma mechanical pow er, flie, he censidered a mechanical power, and the process he alluded to w?* illustrated by tlie clteet produced by pressure on a red hot mass of iron hi! "" *?c??ty to show any good reason again*! W""' 1,0 8ai<1, """'ous for discussion; hin^ ? i took ul' "'0 question or not, he had in from a * would shortly ajq^ar. lie then read from a .lip ef paper the following liUeTTasV.*?* "C* rork 00 (^?'"?rical Subject., en zhim*??? a. meuriue" 3.X%t''dedhy^'U?^ <1'reCtly fM,m ,,a,ty rocVwa.rh?rpe..'t7^tUaCted by Lamination' w hilc the 4. Joint* made by Hlldinr of th- p~.l 1" ?,d " atS" " T"P ~r. ,h.? ' is"" IMM Dip l? a Oroove* in Rock, made while in a pa*tv *?.?. gateT"0" ,h? n,,lb"Uj ?f ro<%ks, *inee flr^t aggre. Mr. WHirri.r having finished thi> nsnnal .r n. ??tn?, looked round with an air of evident solicit^?*' ose? if any of thc members would do him tho L<n ? i ?*iyed*w'i^if th'm hnJ ?n ??? apMMirtl* "12 provoking silence, he took his seat ever convinced that hi. part. th.oJ Siulimai., Jr., proposed the following resolution t I Resolved, That Dr. Dickerson, of Natchez, and Col. 0. C. L. Waites, of Jackson, Miss.,be 11 committee to report on the Geology of the vicinity of Natchez, and especial ly on the deposites furnishing the remains of the Base losorus or Tygodon?the mastodon remains of Nacliez Blurts, and the curious nondescript animal mentioned by Dr. Dickson in tho communication already made to the Association. The meeting here arose for dinner. Aftkknoo* Session. The Secretary, B. Silliman, Jr., addressed the Society on the remains of tho cedar and cypress forests found in the alluvial depoaits or bayou* of Mississippi,and conclu ded with a motion that Professor Carpenter, of Mississip pi, should be requosted to report to tho Society, at its next session, on the alluvial deposits of Mississippi in general. Adopted. Professor Dillimis arose for the purpose of again al luding to the expected visit of that celebrated naturalist and geologist, Professor Agassi/, of Switzerland; lie was coming to this country for the purposo of study ing its geology, lie., and as it was not improbable that 1 members of the association might have it in their power | to facilitate his cnquiries.he could not let the opportunity ' slip of bespeaking for him the ready co-operation of American men of science, as it was due, not only to the cause, but to himself (Professor A.) personally. The SrcuFTARr then read a paper written by Professor Samuel Webber, on certain forms of attraction. It was an elaborate and abstruse treatise, entering closely into the doctrine of chrystalization, nihility, fcc. He says, ac cording to Khrenberg's statement,that chalk is composed of the remains of minute animalcula; and knowing that other animalcula have their hard part comjiosed of silix.it seems not improbably that the flints found in tho clalkare merely the rennHns of tho last, a* the chalfc itself is of the former kind; and that lioth sorts perishing together in the water, tho siliceous skeletons collected together in masses under the influeuco of the attraction of similarity. In this view 1 am sustained by a new work called "Ves tiges of Creation." If this bo admitted to he the case, might not the aenrus crassii bo merely the devclopcmeut of ova, which at or near maturity, we're enveloped in the remains of their progenitors, and retained sufficient vi tality in despite of all the hard trials to which they were subjected, to be called at last into life under the po ent influence of tho voltaic battery. The concluding paragraph of Mr. Webber's paper pre sents a brief summary of his views, thus :? What is this attraction, that has been treated of, and of which 1 have spoken us homonegeous attraction) Is it anything but a general law by which the particles that constitute a solid of a uniform nature, are brought and held together and of which the law of cohesion and chrys tulization are but modifications or states, itself being part of a more general law of the universal attraction of mat ter for itself, which more general law has its modification of cohesion and union among particles not hetcrcgoneous. Is it but an imperfect action of the attraction of polarity exerted over sensible distances, bringing particles into cohesion, at any rate acting moro powerfully upon parti cles of the samo kind, and disposing them to unite with each other, in preference to foreign particles, and when full, norfcct and unimpeded in its action, to unite in ccrtain regular forms? Oris it, as somo imagine, without treat ing of it fully, but a kind of chemical attraction or affi nity? These questions cannot now be answered satisfac torily, hut it may bo conjcctured that the law of polarity, meaning thereby some groat po w?r like electricity, if not electricity itself, seems to me the most probable, and It may bo that such is the great law of all attractions of all kinds, und of gravitation itsolf?a power of universal ex tent and plasticity, deriving its apparently discrepant and diversified actioii from the circumstances uuder which it acts, and by tho |>ermutation and combination of but a few comjuiraUvely simple and general principles. Dr. Jackson doubted the orthodoxy of the work quoted by Mr. Webber, entitled " vestiges of Creation." ft w??s quite true that bv pouring sulphuric acid on certain ve certain vegetable substances anainalcula were produ ced, but as to the use of silicatc of potash, as spoken of in that book, he had tested it and found no auimaiculoe were formed. Prof. Olmsted, in alluding to tho supposed discharge ot gelatinous matter from meteors, wondered how such an ubsurd notion becamc prevalent. After the great me teoric shower of 1B33, Prof. Twining resolved to trace to their sources all these reports, and the result of his la bors was a conviction of their entire fallacy. But he roso more particularly for the purpose of enquiring if rny member present was cogtuzantof any case of gelatinous matter being discharged from meteors. [No reply.] Prof, lioness observed that he could not dissent from the remark* made as to the production of animalculae ; the subject of generation was one of great importance, but yet in great obscurity, and he desired to see it taken up again by this Society. As to the erroneous and spe culative views advanced in that celebrated work, " Ves tiges of Creation," they were far overbalanced by the sublime and glorious views it unfolded of creation. Professor Haldkma* thought they should not con demn the author of "Vestiges of Creation," for adopting tho course followed by all orthodox writers; that is, of reasoning on premises that were not entirely and unani mously admitted by scientific men. There was as much side as the other, and the doctrine of generation occupied and puzzled the strongest minds of every age. Professor Sillimax citcd the authority of Dr. Mantcll, of Philadelphia, now in London, against the book.which, although evidently the production of a powerful, en quiring, but not practical writer, was of a dangerous and irreligious tendency. The Pbksidekt here announced that the regular busi ness was finished, and inquired if members had any addi tional business to ofl'er before they adjourned. Mr. J. D. Dana again brought up the revised report of the committee on nomenclature, which was adopted. On motion of Professor Sillimax, it was resolved to publish A00 copies of the report for circulation in the manner best calculated to forward the views it em braced. On motion of Professor Rockhs, it was resolved that the Secretary be instructed to prepare minutes of the Society's proceedings, and to that end obtain from mem bers abstracts of papers rend by them, and that 500 co pies of said proceedings be published at the expense of the association. It was also resolved that the remaining volumes of the transactions of the Society be placed on sale for the bene fit of the Society. Mr. Rkopield moved that the local committee appoint ed to make arrangements for the next session at New York, have |>ower to invite such persons as they thought desirable to attend their session. The General Commtttce reported the annexed list of new members,which was approved :? Dr. John 11. Kane, New Haven; Dr. M. W. Dickison, Natchez; Colonel Waites, Washington, Miss.; Drj Daniels, Savnnnah; Dr. W. Alvord, Greenfield, Mass.; Wm. Logan, K.sq. of the Geological Survey, Canada; Sir Charles Bonneycastlo, Canada; Nathl. T. True, Mon mouth, Me.; llichard Bolton, Miss.; D. Olmsted, jr. New Haven. A vote of thanks was then passed to the Oovemorof Yale College for the use of the lecture room, and also to the Secretary and his assistant, for their valuable ser vices. Prof. Siiktard rose, and alluded to some remarks of his mado the day before, as to the identity of the specimens produced from Alabama, by Dr. Kane, and the great bed of Caralina ; he added that by experiment, he found the latter to contain from 6 to 8, or even 9 per cent of lime. Dr. Jackson observed, that when engaged in the geo logical survey of Vermont, he found beds of marl that yielded three per cent of lime. He could not help here adverting to the singularity of the fact, that, while the Knglish were honoring Dr. Justus l.iebeg, for his dis covery of the relation ootween the phosphates and vege tables, tliey had in their own language a work in which the whole subject was treated of in a masterly manner. This volume was written in 1690 by the Karl of Dundon nld ; and it not only treated of the action of phosphates, but of allfcialts, as well as the alkalies; in that great work, which was forgotten only because it was in advance of the age, the author was assisted by the famous men, Priestly and Cavendish, the first of whom discovered the simple constituent elcmeuts of air, the latter of water. Prof. Ro<i?:n? reported on behalf of the committee ap pointed to make certain amendments m the constitution, that they recommended the changing of the name of the soeiety to " the society for the promotion of science,"' that their secretary should be permanently appointed, like that of the Rritish Association, and that members, on admission, should pay a fen of two dollars each ; it also suggested that chemistry should he added to their field of inquiry. Prof. Hootii thought it would be better to wait a little before acting on that report. He had no doubt that the changes contemplated could bo ultimately found praeti eablo ; but although the British Association was worthy of imitation in the widn field they took for their enqui ries, it could not be overlooked that their menni were incomprrably greater; thev had great wealth, which ena bled them to conduct gigantic enquiries. Thero was a danger it forming their association on too grand a scale ; it would bo better to build slowly and surely; and he feared it would lw> found to be growing loo rapidly if th" proposition under consideration wot immediately acted upon. Chemistry was a department familiar to many members of the society, and therefore might be taken up, and certainly it was one of tho most important, as some of the other branches depended upon it for their fundamen tal principle*. Prof. Oi.mstro would like to throw in a word for natu ral philosophy. Sir John Hcrsehell had shown most con editsitely the connection between these departments o science, and ho desired to sew Astronomy receiving thi attention ol the society, if they decided on adopting Che mistry or other branches. Professor gaums, as one of tho committee recommeu ding the changes, thought that their adoption would be no symptoms of an over rapid growth. They had now gone on gradually and steadily tor six years, and it w as time to open their society to all communications. In the meantime, the report might stand over to noxt meeting, when they could ho discussed at more length. Capt. Winrs, U. S. N., was of opinion that the propos ed alterations were judicious ; if adopted, many men now excluded, and who were anxious to join them, could do so. The researches of men in every branch of science made such persons interesting to each other; this he found to be the case in the course of the Kxploriag K.x pedition, where the gentlemen of the different depart ments made themselves reciprocally sources of interest to each other, and the same result would be found in re

gard to this society. No harm could come of extending their enquiries, and it would be certain to widen the so ciety beyond its present limits, and it would tie stretching out the hand of good-will to those scientific brethren who wished to join them. Tho discussion here dropped, the report lying over for future consideration. It was then resolved, that authors who had presented papers to this meeting, have power to publish them in any vehicle they think proper. Professor Sii.i.ima* rose, and in a few brief remarks re viewed the session that was now about coming to a close. As one of the local committee appointed to make the pre liminary arrangements, he felt no little responsibility, and come anxiety for the result, and it waa a source of irreat gratification to him to observe from day to day, the harmony, courtesy, and mutual good feeling that was exhibited during their proceedings, and he could not tei the opportunity pass without thanking them irwUxidualiy, for the courteous and friendly bearing they e^w?'1 t0" wards himself: aud it would not bo without a fl&Ming ol regret that he should witness for the present, a termina tion of their labors, and desire to seo the period come attain, when they should resume them. , Professor Olmsted entirely concurred in the ooser vations that had fallen from Professor Silliman, and he begged to mako his acknowledgments to member* in ireneral, for the courtsey extended to him. . A vote of thanks was then passed to the inhabitants ot New Haven, for their kindness and attention to the society, and it was declared adjourned, to meet again in New York in September, 1846. Now York Historical Society. The regular monthly meeting of the New York Historical^ Society was held at its rooms, in the i University, on Tuesday evening last. There was a full attendance, as a discussion on the report ot the committee to give a name to the country was antici pated. _ . After some routine business, in the course ofwhich a letter was presented lrom Henry O Reily, l'.sq., of Albany,a corresponding member,giving an interesting account of his researches into the early histoiy of this State, eHiKxially in the Indian department; the order of business on the report ot the committee was taken 'The Secretary announced that a variety ot com munications had been received, from societies and from distinguished individuals, expressing their opinion on the proposed change ot the national name. Amongst those letters were communications lrom the Historical Societies of New Hampshire, Massa chusetts, Maryland, and New Jersey, all respectfully proposing the consideration ot the question. .Letters were also read trom Chancellor Kent, and M.Vun Buren. The former dissented point blank from the view of the Committee, and ,the ex-1 resi i dent, with characteristic caution, declared hat in present circumstances," he was rather inclined to entertain the belief, that, perhaps it was,after all, not inexpedient to defer making; any change. . It was then announced that the Rev. Mr. (.rris wold, of Philadelphia, had at last arrived, and a motion was offerea that his paper he read, and the I order of business susjiended for that purpose. Some desultory discussion followed, and finally 1 the motion prevailed. . , ,. Mr. Giuswoi.n then read his paper. The subject was the "Literature of the United States. The i>aper was lengthy and rather prosy. Mr. Crnswold considered that in all departments, the literature ot this country was superior to that of the old world. A vote of thanks was given to Mr. Griswold, and the meeting adjourned. Farmer*' Club?Merhsnlrs1 Institute* Tihsday, May 6. Subject? Pretcrvaiion of Animal Food. The subject announced for discussion upon this occasion, attracted a more than usual assemblage of all interested in the important issue, from the butch er to the farmer, and from the thrifty housekeeper to the government contractor. The first hour was, as usual, devoted to subjects of a miscellaneous conversational nature, and not without some pecu liar interest. Mr. Barbkii, of Massachusetts, was nominated to the chair; and the Recording Secretary, as usual, was Mr. Meiks. An alarming statement was read, of a disease prevailing generally in Europe, amongst black cattle, bearing all the characteristics of the typhus in the human form, and equally fatal in its consequences in the animal creation. A premium has been offered by an agricultural society in bu rope, of $300, for the best essay on its symptomatic developments, the best mode of treatment, its con I tagious influences, the pre-disposing cause, and how far it can relate to this climate; as, also, upon the necessity of such precautionary measures as may avert this calamity from our cattle. During the dis cussion of this, another subject was introduced by Mr Meigs, by the presentation of 30 grams of wild 1 rice used by the Otonabee Indians, upon Rice Lake in Upper Canada, and which was decided to be food on*J fit for the tribe that cultivate it. A gen tlcman then reverted to the disease of cattle, and ascrm ed to those coming from the west, Ohio and Illinois par ticularly, all the diseases of lungs and liver to which oxen are " heirs to." Mr. Edwards, from England, Rave a horrifying description of the ravages of this disease in that country, and suggested for that useful class of crea tion the same precaution that the faculty adopt in all si milar human visitations, " white-washinglbleeding by the gallon, chloride of lime and cleanliness." A member here made an objection to the sweeping imputation cast upon the horned tribe of Ohio by another member, and eloquently repudiated the " soft impeachment from his optical experience in Fulton market. A member said that twentv vears ago, all the cattle in the west were afflicted with liver complaints and dyspepsia, which an improved soil has removed. Mr. Meiggs reiterated the caution he once received from an honest butcher, not to purchase any meat but that impressed with the Jew ish seal. This interesting discussion was here inter rupted bv a motion to publish the letter for the pme essay on the disease of bulls, which was passed new. con. Then there was a discussion about the inven tion of Anastetic Printing, which some Englishman as sumed as his discovery; while Joseph l?ixon, of Taun ton, ten vears ago, claimed tho honors due to this impor tant invention; specimens were produced, as labels^ ol (lillott's steel pens, which caused a great sensation. After a few heads of corn wore handed round, a commu nication was read from Mr. Mclnster, on the soiling of cattlo He recommends mangel wurtiel, sugar beet, rut a bnga. turnips, fce. The chairman highly approved of thia diet, conlirmed by eight years personal expert ence. He approved of carrots as a substitute for oats lor h?\uhii stage of tho business, the secretary circulated some " mammia" of variou* country 's growth, and ( ol. Clarke some sun flower seeds of great prolific virtue, as also a few sccdt of marrow snuash. Several learned analvses of guano were referred to the olfactories or a select committee. Then came the subject of the day, " Preservation of Animal l-ood." Dr. Lardner and Profes sor Mapei had both been invited to fornish their expe rience but both were absent. A long communication was read, prescribing a courao of cure, that included molasses, and salt, ami pearl ash, and salt petre, as a val uable remedy. The same author wrote a homily on the preservation of eggs, butter, hogs lanl and trout for Delaware and Catskill, all proving, meontrovertibly that molasses possesses " antisceptic" properties, that, none but " sceptic" could hesitate to believe. Another member announced, that he ate part of a ham In V lrgnua, that was lor two year* suspended in a bag, in a dark gar ret, and never needed smoking. At this stage of these interesting proceedings, Professor Mapes entered the hell and alleyes (that is, of those who remained be hind',) were fixed upon him, for his opinion on the ma teria mediea" of salt, which be delivered with his usual philosophy, and no doubt, to the edification of the rem nant of the agricultural club who heard him. This inexhaustible aubject will be renewed next Tues day. Amrrlcan Agricultural Association. This influential body met on Monday evening at rh?- Historical Society's rooms. The Hon. L. Bradish presided. Some choice flowers were ex hibited. She society also received many dona tions, amongst others, a quantity of African Guano for the use of the members. After the preliminary matters, in which a resolu tion for the change of the day of meeting to th? 1st Wednesday of each month was adopted, the read ing of papers commenced. I'rof. Loomirave a very elaborate account of an extensive rnin storm, which passed through the United States in 1812, illustrated with a series of maps, showing the condition of the sky, the tem |x ratnre, barometrical altitude, nnd direction of the wind for 'he whole country, f rom Ibis examina tion, he deduced many important consequences, and concluded by calling for the interposition of the association, in causing a more profitable scries of observations to be made by the academies of the State. Mr. Swain moved a resolution for the pur|>osc of reaching tlus object, which was unanimously adoj> tcd by tne association. Mr. Stevkns, of Buffalo, made an interesting communication on the diseases of cattle, and stated that from personal observation, he had discovered 1 that a large majority of the animals slaughtered in this cilv were severely diseased. He suggested the expediency of procuring sanatory regulations from the corporation to correct this stale of things. The galvanic plants exhibited by Mr.Veil, elicited an interesting discussion, and led to the appoint ment of a committee to investigate the matter. Dr. (?ardnkr proposed that a liberal premium be offered for a complete series of observations on the |w?tatoe, with a view of discovering the nature and | origin of the disease, which has destroyed such larce quantities. The society adjourned to the first Wednesday in .Innc. Iron.?The consumption of iron in the United States, in the erode state, is estimated at $42,000, l 000 per annum, nearly equal to the whole value Of raw I cotton produced in the United State* 8t prenent prire?. According to Mr. Virlet, France, Sweden, Kuania, and all the civilited power* on the continent, only Produce about 700,000 ton* per annum. The quantity of iron im. |>orted into the United Htatei, in 1844, wat 09,474 ton?, valued at $1,484,499. Thomas's Sattinet Factory in Sacarappa village, Maine, wai, with it* content!, entirely conaomed by fire on Friday afternoon laat. Loo $11,000. Coartfr Convention* | This Convention was held last evening at the i Minerva Rooms, Broadway, which, when contrast ed with the affair of last year, held at Clinton Hall, amid all the "pomp and circumstance" attendant upon the fanatical excitement that prevailed amongst the Fourierites, or Socialists, so-called, who thronged that Hall during the six days of meeting held in May last, presented a saddened state of de generacy amongst the disciples of the distinguished founder of the sect. The place of meeting was se lected, doubtless, from the classic associations that attach to the celebrated goddess, whose name it bears. Minerva sprang trom the brain of Jupiter, fully armed and equipped for war; and Fourierism sprang from the brain, no matter whether of Horace Greeley, or Brisbane, or Park Godwin, or Robert Owen, but, on witnessing the meeting of last even ing, we were led to exclaim, in the words of the poet?"Oh! what a falling on was there." At eight o'clock, there was a thin attendance, most of whom consisted of fair spectators, whose faces were fami liar to those who had attended the Bible meeting held at the Tabernacle in the early part of the day, and, we may say, all the anniversaries of the week. Amongst thorn wore a partial sprinkling of the Conner sex, many of whom had evidently attended, more upon the ladies, than through any degree of interest in the ob jects of the meeting. The meeting was organized by a Mr. L. W. Rycrman, who explained the object ol'the convention, and took a cursory view of the Kourierite doctrine, and the im proved condition of Brook Kanns. He concluded his re marks by calling on the friends of " universal unity," to come forward and aid them in their struggles for the universal regeneration of mankind. Horace Greeley next came forward, and after giving a lucid exposition of the origin, doctrine, and designs of Socialism, wont oil to say that the experiment at Brook Kami had been so successlul, that it needed nothing to be said in advocacy of the system, the objects of which em braced the most enlarged and comprehensive philan thropy. Mr. G. after offering some remarks in advocacy of the general principles of socialism, and calling on their friends to subscribe for its advancement, was fol lowed by Mr. Park Godwin, who travelled over the same ground, and went on to say that there was a wide Held lor the exerciso of the benevolent objects of socialism alone in the city of New York, where there was no less than 10.000 women of ill-fame, as had been ascertained by statistics introduced at several of the present anniver saries. The degeneracy of the ago in which we lived, produced such a state oi' things, and they ought to make evory effort to regenerate tho condition of unfortunate females of this city. The meeting was subsequently addressed by Messrs. Brisbane, Chankino, ana others, when the meeting separated. National Academy of Design. No. 320. Falls of Niagara, by R Havell.?Verdi gris and milk, what is this 1 A shameful libel on the most magnificent cataract in die world. No. 32o. View front the Palisades, by C. H. Crantli.?Hard and cold. No. 331. Crucifixionof our Savior, by N. G. Wil liams.?A second Pontius Pilate. No. 338. Miniature of Children, by Miss A. Hall?Weak and delicate. No. 889. Group of Children, by Mr*. Bogar dur?Ditto. No. 345. Miniature of Mrs. S. W. Partnle, by J. A. MrDougal?There is much delicacy, and some power in McDouual's miniatures. The flesh tints are appropriate ana pleasant, atul the likenesses un exceptionable. The shawl in this picture is beauti fully ]>ainted. No. 350. Storm on the Hudson, by M. Livingston ?A dreadful storm. No. 351, 352,353.?Miniatures, by H. C. Shum way.?Exceedingly well painted heads. No. 356;?A Frame of four Miniutures, by Miss M. L. Wagner.?Miss w. is not happy in her style of color. No. 354? Miniature of an Artist, by J. R. I si in b din.?Decidedly the best colored miniature in the exhibition. No. 358?Marine, by S. Birch.?The front waves are delightfully transparent. Mr. B. is unapproach able in paintings of this nature. No. 3<j8?Bust of Professor yiapcs, by H. Knee land.?An admirable likeness, ana sculptured with great delicacy. yo.-m^u^Anmiei avian, by P. P. Ihiggan? It is not often that t model of such a high onier of merit is presented to the American public; and when we reflect that it is the work of one so young, we caunot withhold the praise our heart prompts us toindulgein. The position enahlesthe artist to exhibit his wonderful knowledge of anatomy to the fullest extent; and although there is probably some exaggera tion in its muscular developments, we should not cen sure the artist for a fault, (if it may be culled one,) that he has committed in common^with all great modellers from Michael Angelo to the best sculp tors of the present day. It is truly a wonderful pro duction. The only objection we can possibly orter, is that Mr D. selects unpleasant instead ofngreeabU sub jects, which is an objection we have perna|>s no right to offer. Perhaps he may be induced to try the beau tiful in some of his future efforts. We hope so, and if he is as successful in that line of excellence us he has already proved himself to be in the terrible, he may look forward to a proud career in the noble world of sculpture. Within a few days past, a charming bust has been added to the exhibition ; it is the work of an Ame rican artist at Home, named II. K. Brown. The bust is done in marble, and chiselled with infinite de licacy and skill. We have now concludcd our remarks. The task has not been an agreeable one, for there are so many works exhibited that are entirely unworthy, thiit we were forced in tinny instances to be se vere?not, we can assure the exhibitors, with any personal feelings towards them, for, with one or two exceptions, they are entire strangers to us.? Many persons are under the impression that it i* doinc injustice to the artists to condemn their works; thai they should be judged leniently, and praised instead of being criticised, but this is a false notion. Although the remarks of the critic ntav at first an noy, yet it will teach reflection, nnd the faults point ed out may, in future works, be avoided. This is oil we ask. Let them, if they have talent, improve front our suggestions; if they have none, better that they should oe ridiculed out of a profession for which they are incompetent, than to be dragging out a painful lifetime in employments that they were never fitted for by nature. Albany. [< orrespondence of the Herald.] SUite legislature. Ai.ba.ny, Hth May, 1S|5. Tlie Senate now meet at 9 o'clock in the morning. Mr. Bockee, chairman of the select committee of eight Senator*, to whom was referred th?* bill for the renewal and extension of the American At lantic Steam Navigation Coiniwiny Charter, made a favorable re|?ort, and recommended the bill to a thin! reading. He stated that the object of the company was of great national importance ; that Congress, at its last session, passed an art, which he held in his hand, brought forward and promoted by the comnany, authorizing the Postmaster (Gene ral to make contracts for earn ing the American Foreign Mails in steamships, and tnat they had re served to themselves the option of taking the steam ships employed in carrvinr: the Foreign Mails, for the service of the navy in ra*e of war. Ho consi dered, therefore, that the charter war necessary to carry out the views of the General (tovernment.? The hill passed wirh only two neuatives and some nnim|iortant amendments, and Was returned to the Assembly tor their concurrence. The charter is for 24 years, and a capital of two million in 8100 shares. May 7th.?The Steam Bill was referred by the House late yesterdav afternoon to the standin? com mittee on trade and manufactures, to report com plete. This morning, the report was brought in, re commending the Aasembly to concur in the amend ments of the Senate, which the Honse agreed to.? The main question was then taken by yeas and nays, and passed unanimously, uave one vote. Thus the represented population of this State, two millions and a naif, have given their voice in f..vor of this great enterprizc. ,T. O. The appropriation for fulfilling treaty stipulation* between the United State* anil tho several tribes of In dian* for tho year ending :10th June, lfM?, amount to One hundred and seventy-three Mormons from r.ngland and Ireland, recently pawed through St. t.ouia on their way to Nauvoo. A Philadelphia paper states, that there is a young lady in that city, who aing* at concert*, who need not be surprised at an arre*t one of the?? day* on our infmma tion, for uttering fal*e note*. Not very gallant, *t any rate. George Wheelwright, Esq., of Bangor, Maine, a merchant of integrity and influence, in a lit of desponden cy, drowned himself u day or two since In the river, leaving a wife ami three children to deplore hi* lo?*. There haa lieen a amart freshet in 'lie Kennebec river for a week i>a*t, occasioned by tho wnrm weather, and the log* have commenced running merrily. The ground in the open fields i* now nearly free from *?ow, and the fanner* arc preparing for a bri*k summer | campaign.?Portland Argv. Common Coanclli Board or Ai.nKRMr.ft?Last Evening?Alderman Schieffelin in the < hair. The minutes of the last meeting were read and ap proved. A number of petition* were than presented and re. ferred. Reyorlt.?A number of reports wore made, lint [they were mostly in relation to individual claims, and or vary little interest Papert from the other Board.?A groat number of pa lters were received from the other Board, and most of them adopted in concurrence. The business was of the usual winding up nature, anil an a matter of course uninteresting, all the odds and ends of the year being wound up. The Board adjourned about 10 o'clock till Monday even ing next. Circuit Court. Before Judge Kdmondi. May 7.?Samuel Ingallt and Hodman H. Willi VS. C?r neliui Vanderbilt, et a Is?This was an action of trespass on the case, brought against the owners of the steamer Ximrod, plying between Brigenort, Connecticut, and this city, to recover the value of five cases of satinette. It appeared that plaintiffs are the owners of a woolen fac tory at North Haddams, a village in Massachusetts ; and on the 1st March, 1843, consigned the goods in question to Messrs. Tiffany, Ward & Co., Baltimore, with direc tions, that the same be transported by tbc railroad line. The gonds never readied the consignees ; after consid erable delay, the plaintiffs bring action against the steam boat owners. The defenco put in was, that defendant shipped them by the Two Polly's line, which vessel ww lost at sea. The question is, as to the right of tlia party in defence. The case stands adjourned over in conse sequence of the absence of witnesses. Ingalh 4' Wells vs. Vanderbilt.?This case, (already doticed, being an action to recover the value of goods lost by public carriers, which was placed in their hands for transportation?stands adjourned over. Marine Court. Before Judge Smith. May 7?Haughtwout vs. Haas.?This was an action for a breach of covenant, brought to recover from defendant $100, for rent of certain premises. The execution of the agreement for the hiring of the premises for six months from the 1st of November, 1844, was proved by the sub scribing witness thereto. On the cross-examination of this witness, it apjieared that after the expiration of two months the defendant vacated the premises, and the plaintiff in this suit entered into the possession, and let and rented the same to some person connected with the "magnetic telegraph" of Professor Morse. The counsel for defendant moved for a non suit, on the ground?first, that the instrument was made by defend ant and the Messrs. Howland, the plaintiff being only their agent, and the suit should be brought by the party intorestcd. Second?That before the expiration of the term of sx months the plaintiff entered into possession of the said premises, {hereby releasing the defendant from any obligation as tenant. After hearing argument thereon, the Judge granted the motion lor non suit. Mr. Gerard for plaintiff; Messrs. McCarthy and O'. Conner for defendant. Superior Court. Before Chief Justice Jones. May 8.?Saure vs. De Camp?The jury in this caaa (al ready noticed) rendered a verdict for defendant. After the disposal of a few inquests, the Court ad journed. Before Judge Vandernoel. Wintlow vs. Palmer.?This case, already noticed, was adjourned over. Common Picas. Mat 8.?John Hemmingway vs. Justice D. Miller.?Tins was an action to recover damages for breach of warran ty or sale of 8? pipes of brandy, taken in port payment for the value of a sloop. The case has been already twice tried. It was alleged on the part of the plaintiff that the brandy was far below proof. The defence set up was that the brandy was delivered in according to sample, in virtue of agreement. Ad journed over. Court of SfMlona. Before the Recorder, and Aldermen Haibrouck and Winship. MiTHr.ir C. Patersox, Ksq., District Attorney. May 7.? The Day's liusinens.?Scarcely anything w?? done in this court to-day. A number of persons not ap pearing for trial, their recognizance! were forfeited. A number of defendants not being ready, their casei were sworn off, and in one or two cases the prosecution were obliged to postpone, in consequence of the absence of witnesses. In consequcncc of the almost utter impossibility of get ting an Alderman to sit with the Recorder this week, owing to their being compelled to wind up their yearly business, the court adjourned till Monday morning, at 10 o'clock. It will probably be impossible to do any business even on that day, as it is the last day of the Na tive rule. ? l'< S. Circuit Court* Before Jlidgc Betts. May 7.?Holt vs. Wo?d.?This was an action to recover damages for an infringement of pateni right. Adjourned In Chancery. Before the Hon. Lewis H. Sandford, Assistant Vic* Chancellor. May 5.?Df.cisio*s.?H. and K. Felverten vs. H. Shel rf*n and others.?J. 11. Magher for complainants, O. Bowman for defendants?Decided that complainants are entitled to redeem on paying the amount of the sterling debt alone. Also that 11. Miner is a necessary party. Suit to stand over for parties. Elizabeth Gritu old vs. Executors of N. Van Dykt and others.?11. W. Warner for complainant; O. C. Goddard for the executors; H. B.rDuryea, for infant defendants.? Decided that Mrs. O. is not entitled absolutely to one sixth of tho estate, but may have a reference to a Master as to what is a proper allowance to her out of the capi tal pursuant to the will ; and that she is bound by tne sale on credit made by the executors. Decree for an account ami inquiry accordingly. Martha C. Hipper rs. Jonah flapper.?W. C. Wetmore and George Wood lor complainant; K. Say re for defen dant?Decree for a divorce from bed and board, with costs, in favor of the complainant. Gilbert Coutant vs. Jno. M. Catlin and others.?Decided that so much of the award for damages to Catlin and wife, on the widening of Art street, as was made for the buildings situate on the lands taken at the corner of Bow ery and Art street, belongs to the complainant Ordered that suit stand over to make Mrs. Catlin's trustee, tic. , parties. John Harry vs. Samuel Hradhurst.?H. Brewster for complainant, II. F. Clark for defendant.?Decided that there is not a remedy at law. Decree for an account, re serving all further directions. Maty Chill vs. T. Woodward and others.?W. W. Campbell for complainant, Wm. Samuel Johnson for in fant defendants.?Decree varying the Master's report, and adjudging the estates ol the parties and directed partition accordingly. Edward Hoiteerard and others vs. John Delafield and others.?i:. B. Moore for complainants, K. S. Van Winkle for defendants?Decree for the appointment of a new trustee and special receiver, and that the titles of all the parties to the assets of the lteal I-.state Banking Compa ny of Hinds county, Mississippi, transferred to them re flectively, be vested in such trustee, reserving all their rights, fcc. deference to ascertain such rights, and for the administration of such assets among the creditors en titled thereto, under tho direction of the Master, and on suitable notice, &c. Quebec, April 26.?The weather at Quebec has undergone a complete change. From the temperature of June wn have again that of winter. The east wind of the two last days brought up snow, which fell in abund ance last night. There is but little ice in the river. The St. Charles is open, as also the North C hannel of the Island of Orleans. As yet there have been no arrival! from sea.? Mercury PAVILION, XEH' BRIGHTON. THF. PAVILION, *t New Brighton, i? now in foil opera tion, uid fhr proprietor will lie glsd to enter into srrance 1111 lit" with Imrtirs who ?lio wish to engage apartments for tne Whole ?eason or for a short .-r p< riod. Mr. Blanesrd will br found At the Pavilion every d*v from 12 to 3 o'clock, and st the <Hobe Hotel at all other hours. myt 3wrc itoovtl: Mrs c arrow's MF.oi'- \tf.d vapovr and wn, rilT'Jl MATHS ?re r?-m?ve?l fi..m No H5 Broadway to 181 Fnit'? street, west of Broadway. Open from i o'clock in the morning till 9 o'clock at night. Sulphur Baths require ont hour's notioe. ml lm cc THIKION, MAILLAHDAr CO. AVK HK.MOVKD fmn, No. 96 to No. lit PEARL STTIKKT. (flan rer Hjn*r? ) m\ 4 tw*ec ~ JflNfATURK PAINTING. J A. MrIKHMMLL Iiri rfipovpd from No. 11 Pirk Pluce ? to 186 Broadway, IVjurth none above Whit* ?treet, eaut aide. my4 I N OTIC Bp?MR. C LARKK Imm rmovfd hie Inerllifence Office from 33ft Broadway to 35*% Ihtaiie *t, one floor from Brojid'vtr. \vhfTti He rontintfe* to pao?i?le protectant help, both whitfl alia colored, of Rood character, hi J'W. AtMHi Duane street nncnrrmt money hovffHt and rtrhanfed. my 1 lm*ec H money lent. THK Subscriber hss removed to <71 Pearl, corner of Roar Strret, where lie continues to loan money on any smonnt on dry goods, gold and silier wstches. plate, Jewelry,diamonds, for rilttirr. wearing ?n in ' and even (le.cniaow o^^rsonsl^,,,* Licensed Pawnbroker, 483 Pearl, corner of Rom street. D._Fer'.ms -nay be received ui the pnvate ottce by rinf ing the hell st the hsll door. s3W lm*rr MONKY TO LEND. ABRAHAM J. JACKSON, Pawn Broker. M Rende street, nrir Broadway, loans mone#'. in Urge or small snms. ss may lie required, on gold and silver watches, diamonds, silver piste. >. wilry, dry goods, furniture, wearing apparel and merehsndiae, of every description. IW*W rim BO ATM K.N, AND OTIIK.RS-Psving St.me ef first JL rite quality, wsnted immediately. Apply to Wit.LI AM FOROAY, sll lm'rc No. 4? Norfolk street. FltFNCH ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS,dt . HF.NRV k KAHN, 73 Liberty street, up stairs, have jast received and offer for ssle s complete assortmesit of FRK.Nf H ARTIFK IAL FLOWF.RS In bundles, sprigs and single. Materials for do do, and all WATKR COLORS. for flower manufacturers' use; among which ia a liqaid pink color of very stipemr qnslity. Also an invoice of PARIS CAPS, for Ladies and Children, of very rich embroidery: Hsir Pins, of Infest styles- snd a lot of splendid Kngrarings. plain an so I need mhll tm'rc

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