Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1845, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 9, 1845 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Friday, ?. Another Supplement. We publish to-day, W conjunction with our regu lar ?*dition, another Supplement, making the third IHiblished during the present week, for the accommo dation of our subscribers and advertisers. We have been coni|>eiled to adopt this mode of extending our n|>ace and room, in consequence of the ini|>ortance of the local news, growing out of the anniversary week, also the foreign news by the last steamer,and particularly from the pressure ol business u|K>n our columns, in the shajie ol advertisements. This mode of extending the dimensions of our journal ac cording to circumstances, is, ol course, expensive, and demands a considerable outlay. But we are happy to be able to say, that the extraordinary patron age ol the American people extended to this journal, ih of such a character as to justify any exi>enditure that may be required. We are now beginning to occupy the i*>sition of the only independent, com prehensive and rational journal in this metroi<olis, or on this continent?our columns are filled with all kinds of news, foreign and domestic, and we uni formly endeavor, at any expense and at all hazards, to procure the earliest information on every subject, both at home and abroad. The Supplement to-day, like those that have pre ceded it during the present week, is, of course, issued for the use of our _city subscribers. It contains simply advertisements of city business and move ments, and is not to be found for sale with the occa- j sional circulation of the journal through the news boys. The Weekly Herald which will lie published on Saturday morning, at 9 o'clock, will contain two beautiful wood engravings of "Peytona" and "Fashion," who are going to con tend for victory on the race course next Tuesday.? This race between the North and South will be pro bably the most interesting that has taken place in this vicinity for twenty years. It will draw together greater crowds than have ever been collected in this metroi>olis or the neighborhood. The interest exci ted is immense; and to meet it we have set our ar tists to work, and to-morrow the Weekly Herald will contain beautiful portraits of the two crack horses of the age. This paper will also contain the recent imj>ortant foreign news in all its details, to gether with a more extended and accurate report of all the anniversarias, religious and philosophical, held in this city, than any other journal can furnish. On Saturday, at 12 o'clock, noon, for the Bpectal accommodation of another large portion of the pub lic, we Bhall publish a separate edition of the week ly paper, to be called the Holy Weekly Herald. It will contain all the anniversaries, exclusive of the mere local aiatter and news of this wicked world, >uid will be issued in order to meet the wishes of the religious, pious, philosophical, and thinking ]>ortion of the community, who may desire to obtain and preserve a record of the intellectual movements of j the age, The Oregon (fcuestloii In England and America?A New Phase. In looking over the columns of the leading Eng lish papers, brought by the last steamer, we can per ceive a decided change of tone in the articles refer ring to the Oregon question, and the relations o| Great Britain and the United States. The journal" ists si>eak in a much lower key than they did imme diately after the declarations of Sir Robert Peel were made in the House of Commons. There is less swaggering bombast and insolent bravado, and a tolerable sprinkling of moderation and common sense in the recent articles of the London press on American affairs. The A/oitinig Chronicle, the organ of the whigs, and the Timet,which f>i#"aks the sentiments of the [>opular masses, are now equally earnest in deprecating the idea ol a war between England and this country, and they insist upon it, that the difficulty respecting Oregon will be amica bly settled. Indeed, it is only in the movements of the government itself, that we can discover decided tokens of an apprehension of serious difficulty arising out of this Oregon question. It is very evident that the idea of war is not altogethersconted in that quar ter. The bold and unexpected change in Peel's < Irish policy has been avowedly made in conse quence of the anxiety of the minister to unite the energies of the empire against this country in case of the collision that is feared. In this country also, a remarkable change has taken place in the tone of the newspaper press in the service of the administration. The organ of the government at Washington is backing out from its former bold and belligerent position, and now speaks about the difficulties with England in a tone very different indeed from that which was wont to characterise the violent blood-and-thunder philippics of the Globe. The truth is, the administration ap Itears to have prudently resolved to keep this Oregon question quietly in abayance for some time, and so to manage it that it can be brought to bear with full and overwhelming force in the desired direction at the proper time. They mean to keep their powder dry. This Oregon question is, indeed, to be the great po litical question of the day. It is destined to exercise a prodigious influence on the fortunes and fate of parties in this'country. That is the new and most interest ing phase in which it is now presenting itself. The' Texas question revolutionized party organizations. It demolished all the old party questions and all the old party politicians. It killed Van Buren and Clay, ttnd the smaller fry, by the score and dozen, all over the country. It stirred up to their very depths the i>atriotic feelings and impulses of the people,and cre ated an influence which swept all before it. Singu larly enough, just as it has fulfilled its destiny, ano ther question of the same character, but still more exciting and inflammatory, is thrown into the politi cal cauldron. Now? "Oregon,," the wood*?"Oregon," the flood*, "Oregon," the hollow mountain* ring. "Oregon," in fact, swallows up every other party question of the day, attracting and uniting the popu lar impulses and sympathies in a boiling and resist less flood of enthusiasm. Properly directed and managed, this question will be the means of sustain ing the present administration in the most triumph ant manner, and may operate so disadvantagi-ously against the whigs, that in 1848 that ancient and ven erable party may be utterly demolished?made an end of?clean gone forever. This is, indeed, a stirring time, and strange events are coming. Newspaper Enterprise.?The Sun made a great j?arade yesterday, about "one day's later intelli gence" from England, containing the vote in the British House of Commons on the Maynooth Bill, which it appears was brought from London to Liv erpool, by express, exclusively for our worthy con temporary, by Willmer and Smith, of Liverpool. Unhappily for this "exclusive" intelligence so put forth by the verdant philosophers of the Sun, the Iltrald of yesterday contained the whole intelli gence on the subject, without any particular flourish, with the whole vote and opinions of ihe most im portant portions of the English press on the same subject We advise our dignified and financial con temporary ot one remarkable change that has taken place in these latter days. The day of balloon hoaxes is nearly about over, and the age ef humbug in newspapers is drawing rapidly to an end. The Great Race Next Week.? We are. re quested to stat* that Fashion and Pcvtona will start for the great match on Tuesday, the 13th, at one o'clock precisely. Mk. Owe*, the Philanthropist, left town, for Al bany, Syracuse, and the other dark rej^ions west ward, which he means to enlighten. He will plant the seeds of socialism for a week, and then come back to this city, and afterwards return to Europe. OlJ- A full report of the proceedings of the Chris tian Alliance Association, last evening, js crowded out of this day'u paper. Minihteeiai. "C'kisis in Knoland.?The np*l news from Europe will be very im;>oruinl. A very short time may now deride whether Sir Robert Peel's administration is to stand or fall. The May nooih Kill, which has passed the House of Commons bv i?uch a large majority, has created a prodigious ex citement unionist all the religious classes in Great Bri tain, and tbo whole press which had supjwrted Peel's administration is now out against him, producing a most singular confusion of parties and in public sen timent. The question now is whether the resigna tion of th? ministry and a dissolution of Parliament may not take place. The Maynoodi question resem bles very much the School question here,?the same religious animosities are at work, and the same principles involved but on a far larger scale. If the bill be rejected in the Mouse of Lords, as is very likely, the resignation of the ministry will probably at once follow. A general election, when the reli gious passions of the people are thus fearfully aroused would be indeed terrible. All thi-<, singularly enough, has been produced by the cHorti of the British Minister to put himself ui a strong position to be able to intimidate the United States. We thus discover die unsettled and frail con dition of the whole substructure of British power, government and society. How different is the condi tion of affairs in this country! We treat everything with perfect nonchalance. Wo would as soon go to war to-morrow as not. But war is a dreadful idea to the British mind. Here we don't care a lig about it, one way or the other. W? are twenty millions of jieuple and have territory enough to maintain five hundred millions. A change in the industrial pur suits of a million or two on the seaboard could be effected in two or three years, and the excitement of the change would be happiness enough for the time being. But far different is the case in England. Thk Pkiwtiho of thk New Corporation.? There is a good deal of excitement amongst the de mocratic rliquet, in consequence of the action of the caucus with regard to the new corporation printing?a large slice of the spoils of victory. We understand that it was decided the other evening that the cor poration printing should be given to the Evening Pott, and the printing of the Detriments (just enough to tickle the appetite) to the Morning Newt, whilst the Plebeian was allowed the privilege of licking the outside of the platter. This has created a terrible excitement, and it is very likely that the Newt and Plebeian may form a coalition of hunger, thirst, and damnation against the Pott, which may lead to funny developments. In all this, however, we only see the beginning of the same dark and disgraceful game of treachery and folly which has occupied former Corporations. Instead of availing themselves of their |>osition to become good and useful magistrates, and to give the people of this city an efficient municipal govern ment, these silly men are already at work to divide the spoils, gorging some, and denying a morsel tooth ers who are equully hungry and ravenous. Execution of Eager.?This wretched man suf fers the extreme penalty of the law this day between 12 and 2 o'clock. The vigor and promptitude with which justice has been administered in the case of this friendless, obscure, and poor man, presents a striking contrast to the tardy, reluctant, and often unfaithful administration of our criminal law in other cases. It is, indeed, a very hard matter for a rich man or woman to get hanged in this country. Transit ok Mercury.?The phenomenon of the passage of the planet Mercury across the sun's disc, occurred yesterday, beginning; at llh. 23m. 24s. in the morning, at the eastern limb of the sun, and passing oil'at the opposite edge at 4h. 48m. Wis. in tiie afternoon. It was distinctly visible with the aid of a telescope. The last two transits of Mercury, in 1832 and 1835, were rendered invisible by clouds. The next transit will occur in 1848. The.transit of a planet affords to astronomers a ready method of finding the difference of the longitudes of two places where the same observations are made, and it was by a transit of Mercury that the distance of the sun from the earth was first accurately ascertained. Dinner of the " Jockey Club."?AJ rather mis cellaneous association of gentlemen, calling them selves the " Jockey Club," were to have had a din ner at the Astor House yesterday, but we believe it was a failure. Dinner was at first ordered for thirty, then for twenty, and finally, we believe, the number was reduced to a baker's dozen. The fact is that a small clique, who loaf about an obscure weekly paper in this city, have got hold of the " Jockey Club," and will ride it to death, without even giving it a chance to get an annual meal of cold victuals. Theatrical Movements.?Hamblin has, it ap pears, been frightened out of Broadway entirely by Manager Hale, of the Tabernacle. The office for receiving subscriptions to the scrip of the new thea tre, has been closed, and for the present the project is abandoned. In the meantime, we understand, that a Mr. Jackson, formerly connected with the management of the old Bowery theatre, has taken a lease for twenty-one years of the ground on which that edifice stood, and intends to set workmen at once upon the ruins, intending to have the Bowery theatre re-built by the month of August. This is the programme for the present. The new Bowery theatre, under the management of Tryon, is making remarkable headway, and we have not any doubt that under any circustances, that establishment, if conducted with the same energy and talent that now characterize its management, will always maintain its position, and be one of the most profitable theatres in the city. The French company of New Orleans have taken the Park, and will commence the season about the middle of June. Palmo's Oi>era House.?The difficulties between the rival lessees of this establishment, appear to have been settled in some manner, for the performances of the Dumbleton troupe went off last night without the slightest disturbance, and in the presence of a tolerably numerous audience. Exhibition of the Oruan of Saint Paul's Church, Richmond.?Yesterday afternoon an ex hibition of the large organ of Saint Paul's Church Richmond, took place at the manufactory of Mr. Henry Erben, No. 172 Centre street, which was thronged with the ilite of the day. In course of the exhibition several pieces of music were performed on the instrument bv Messrs. George Loder, Harri son, Harrington, Munson, Cornell, and a German gentleman whose name we could not learn. Mr. Loder is the organist of Grace Church, and played several airs with great skill and exquisite taste, amongst which was the music from the opera of the Bohemian Girl?"I dreamt that I dwelt in marble | halls." The instrument is of a very superier inanu I facture; the case is of (Irecian style of architecture, | measuring twenty-seven feet in height, twenty-one i feet wide and fifteen feet deep. It has twenty-four sto|>s( and nearly fourteen hundred pipes, principally made of metal?the largest pipe is sixteen feet in length, and twenty inches square. The solo stops arc very superior, particularly the trumpets, hautboys, I clarionets and cremonas. The diapasons are very powerful?altogether, the instrument reflects much credit on the manufacturer, Mr. Erben. Connecticut Legislature.?This body convened at Hartford on Wednesday, the 7th inst. W. Board inan, Esq. was elected Speaker of the House, and las. 11. Holcomb and W. II. Bowers, Esqs., Clerks. The < iovernor's Message was received and read. Professor Roixjers' Farewell.?This remark able man delivers his last lecture for the season, on Friday evening, in the Room of the Society l.ibrary. We have watched hi* struggles with popular prejudice among Of, and the triumphant success which now crown* hi* arduous labors, ii most richly deserved, for it was hardly and perseveringly earned. He him proved what the WOllld-be-*jxe Inughnd at; and, to use a po pular pi rase, " the laugh i* now on the wrong aide of their mouth." He has done more to establish the claims I of mesmerism among us than any other man. Those who were loudest in crying " Humbug when he com menced, are now among the loudest in his praise. A Russian, named Ertnett, in 1W vim ted Cincin nati, n poor, ragged cobbler. He oould not make a living, and, therefnre. went South aad engaged in the manufac. turin^ of lucifer matches. He returned to Cincinnati, a , few diyi since, worth $110,000. I f.ntcr and Interesting flrom Texas. We have received intelligence from Texas, by the way of New Orleans, down to the 2tith ult., brought 1 by I he steamer New York from (ialve?toa, and, ac I cording to every indication, there is no doubt of ul timate annexation. We make oar extracts from the New Orleans journals?the " Piatynnf," " Srjfcrtonian" "Bee,** and " Bug-a-boo" newnjm|>er8. At last we have some inkling, from an official source, of the character of Ashbel Smith's mission to England. It is to see if England and France will bid more for the continued independence of Texas than the United States will give for its annexation. This is probably the first time that a gallant little re public has been up for sale to the highest bidder. Why not send it to auction at once 1 We are persuaded, however, that nothing can now stop annexation. Here follow the extracts: The intelligence is but a few days later than wo re ceived by tho McKim last Thursday night. As usual the papers are almost exclusively occupied with the discus sion of the annexation question. They are mora nearly unanimous than could have been expected on a question so momentous, and upon the decision of which European influence has been so strongly and perse veringly brought to bear against the interests 'of the United States. The people of Texas are determined upon annexation.? Through their public meetings and the press they ex press themselves with an enthusiasm whicn cannot, we are persuaded, bo borne down. Tne Civilian and Qalveiton Gazette, which has been avowedly opposed to annexation, comes out in the last number before us with a very significant article. It does not hesitate to avowits preference for independence,but it would at the least appear to intimate the opinion that if annexation be defeated it will be by tho United States Senate. The editor further declares that the last time he saw the President, which was previous to his election, he expressed himself in favor of the Union. As to Gen. Houston's course, too, the same editor chal lenges any one to show that ex-rrosident Houston was, or is, opposed to the measure. It is vory doubtful whe ther he will emeree from his retirement to take part in the discussion or the subject now going on. We an nounced in our pajier of Saturday that ho was expected to address a meeting at Houston on the 31st in favor ol annexation. Houston papers of the 33d make no men tion of such a meeting or address, from whieh we infer that he thought it useless to add his voice to swell the general cry. The Hon. A. Yell arrived at Washington on the 11th in stant. The National Register of the I7th denies that Hon. Ashbel Smith is opposed to the measure of annexation. It also denies that our Charge d' Jiff aire, Major Donelson, had been received with any want of courtesy on his arri val at tho Texan seat of Government. It states that Major Donelson was presented by Mr. Smith, tho morning after hi* arrival, to the President, who, although confined to his bed, received him kindly. It adds, that to " a state ment from Major Donelson of the proposals respecting annexation, which ho was authorized to submit to that government, he was frankly told by the President that earlv steps would bo taken* to submit tho whole subject to tne people. The only doubt then in the President's mind was as to tha propriety of calling Congress ; ho stating, however, his impression that this step was neces sary and proper." Tho editor of the Telegraph assures us that President Jones will cordially co-operate with the people in con summating the moasure of Annexation, and will make every necessary exertion to expedite its accomplishment. Meetings in favor of annexation continue to ne held in various parts of the State. The meeting recently held at Washington, is represented to have been the largest and most respectable county meeting ever held there, and the proceedings were conducted with the groatest unanimity and enthusiasm. At a meeting in Harrison county, to consider the all absorbing subject, there were only three persons in op position. In the counties of Sabine, Robinson, Nacog doches and Liberty, meetings have been held, embracing nearly the entire male population of each, and all exhi biting the utmost zeal ana unanimity in favor of annexa tion. The same feeling prevails throughout Texas. Anothkr Mixistkr to Knuland.?The late " Secre tary of State, Mr. Smith" has been appointed by the Pre sident Charge d'Aflairs to England and France. 'Although by this appointment another outfit will neccsiarily be al lowed, and the republic subjected to an aouitional ex Eense of several thousand dollars, still we will indulge the ope that the absence of this ofHcer in Europe will prove far more profitable to the country than his presence at this critical juncture. We arc aware that he will use all possible diligence to obtain the final propositions of the Britisli premier in season to submit them to tho Congress at its session in June. It remains to be seen whether the terms he expects to obtain from England and Mexico are any more honorable than those ottered by the government of the United States. We think the very fact that he accepts this oflice at this time, with the avowed object of conducting negotiations for the acknowledgement of our independence through British intervention is pretty conclusive evidence that he |S opposed to annexation.?Telegraph, Jlpril 33. Later from Bermuda.?By the arrival of the brig Lady of the Lake, at this port, from Hamil ton, we have advices from that port to the 26th ult. inclusive. II. M. S. Elcctra, from Galveston, Texas, for England, arrived at Hamilton on the 24th of April, with copies of important despatches from the Government of Mexico to that of Texas. The Surport of the despatches, we are informed, is. that lexico agrees to acknowledge the independence of Texas, upon receiving an assurance from the latter power that she repudiates the annexation scheme of the United States. The Vindictive, a remarkably line frigate of the first class, bearing the gallantofncer's flHcr.nad arrived here on Monday last. She exchanged the customa ry salutes with the Illustrious. Sir Francis Austen succeeds Sir Charles Adam in the Naval command of the North American and West India stations. A company has been formed at Turks Island to carry on the Whale Fishery. A battalion of the twentieth regiment is to be re moved from Hamilton to Canada in the autumn months, its place to be supplied by the 16th'regimen now at Cork. The Bohemian Gibl.?This Balfe is indeed a very lucky mail. The Bohemian Girl has been per formed in London over one hundred times during one reason, and here in New York it has reached its thirty-fourth night, without having lost anything from its power of attraction. But, after all, what is the Bohemian Girl, or her father Mr. Balfe 1 A quadrille, a waltz, a gallop, a march, an English ballad, a French couplet?these are the composing elements of the Bohemian Girl.? Take a pound of Donizetti, half a pound of Adam, two ounces of Auber, and one drachm of Rossini; mix it well?put it into a nemly written score ; de tur tignetur, Balfe. Where is there anything, be Sinning from the first bar, and ending with the last, lat could not be traced to any of these already not I over-original sources 1 Balfe does not steal, but he I appropriates another's ideas with the smartness of a London pickpocket, and all with a gracefulness that you cannot help inviting him to your dinner table, and asking him to do you the favor of robbing you again at the earliest opportunity. It must have been in anticipation of Mr. Balfe's becoming a popular com poser, when Kossini uttered his celebrated "St non l invent o, 6 ben trovnta. But to do him justice, he is a very clever and talented manufacturer of operas after a new patent, and although not a great man, yet he is a genius in his own way. His Bohemian Girl is an entertaining opera?merry and variagated. like a harlequin's dress, very pleasant, and not at all English. May he go on writing at the rate of ten miles nn hour, and may he derive more pecuniary benefit from his future works, than he docs from the Bohemian Girl in New York ! The long and continued success of that opera in London, may be explained through its good execu tion by the singers, the orchestra and chorus; or through brilliant scenic arrangements. The scenery at the Park is very pretty, although not uncommon ly grand : hypercritical |>eople might even call the triumphal march of the bakers ana butchers, headed by a whole regiment, numbering six muskets, in cluding the sergeant?a little shabby. But take it all in all, the getting up is very creditable to the manager. Mrs. Seguin has a pleasant, although somewhat feeble voice, and sines this part very neatly ; the short cadence, with shake at.ttv end of her, "I dream'd that I dwelt in marble halls." was even very well executed. Mr. Seguin's vocal duties are not very heavy, but he acquits himself well of what he has to sing ; his acting is likewise very Sood, although his uUermezzo, with Martin, could e conveniently dispensed with. If the fullness of Mr. Frazer's person could be transported to his voica, he would be a winner in a double way. Big tenors with doubtful voices are not pleasant, parti cularly if they cannot sing. Nor is his action, or ra ther absence of action, commendable. He mostly stands with a complacency, that can b* seen to much advantage in an Kn^lishman after a good dinner. But. what can be said of the orchestra and chorus? Very lucky, indeed, that Balfe has not yet pupped the gates of immortality ; for, hearing the overture, he would turn round in his rrave, umess^hc rouhl recover his firet position by listening to the opening chorus. "Boi-ton Abbey in the Oi.mcn Ti mk."?A very beautiful mezzotint of the. celebrated painting in the possession of Lord Francis Egerton. in Knglsnd, has been just issued by Mr. J. Neale, 36 Carmine street. It does the artist infinite credit; it isalinoM equal to any production of the kind that has recently appeared. The Wreck ok tiik Swaij/iw i Michelin, New York. But a very indifferent lithograph. PoKTNMoirrn Htkam Factor*.?So great is the interest taken by our citizens to stir the wheels of enterprise in this town, that in tliren day* of the wenk over fftfl.000 stock was suhirribed by tho middling interest for a eotton mill in thin town. One imlirkluni ? itbueriheil $0000, and no otlior over flOOO. A like nmoiiiit of utock has boen siiburrilKsd for by our more wcnlthj citizen*, and probably more will bo (ubaeribed. These are the preliminary movement*. Nothing will be ma tared until the meeting of the Corporation nest wcalf.? Portmtuth Journal. ?.?ay-lug the ???..? M? at Ui. New Aim. | Houtc IliUlilliig, upon Ruiid all'* Island. , The nntive Common Council have wound up with , the commencement of an act that does them infinite credit and if carried out with the spirit in which it is commenced,will endear them to tho*- that follow us upon tins transitory globe. The corner stone of the New Alms House, building upon Kandall s Island, was laid yesterday afternoon, in presence of a select number of invited guests, including members of the Common Council, members elect, I lis Honor the Recorder, Oneral Tallinadge, Justice Gilbert, Ex-Justice Matsell, Win. M. Price, members of the ?Vn-Hs, Arc. &c. The chanty is a noble one,and i s to the present Common Council that we owe the crrvins' out of the uroject for which the island was originally purchased by the city, upon a lesolution offered by F. A. Tallmadge, (now Recorder, then AThe'[u^oposed'buiIdinga are to be erected MP?"*} scale at once magnificent and usefuj. The islnrid contains 138 acres of land, graduallyrising from the water's edge to a considerable elevation, the surface undulating into hill and valley, so that from the summit ii|xin which the buildings are to be eJec'e?> a magnificent and diversified prospect may be had. | The iiiuin building intended for the Alms Ho"^j I will cover a s^mce ot (iOO feet in length, and 100 leet deen pointing to the south ; it is to be four stories | hi"h .in the centre, and the end buildings three stories high. The building to have four wings, 66 feet wide? and 100 deep. The height of the .m and second stories to be each twelve feet; the story of the rear building to be ten feet; of the cellars and passages between them, seven feet ?ix mclies; unci of the space beneath all the other parts of the first story floor, except in the rear bmlding, to be two feet, all in the clear when finished. All the buildings to he composed of blue b?lldl"g stone, quarried u|>on Blackwell s Island, by the pri soners. The main walls to be about twenty-four inches thick ; the imrtitionsto be of brick. the platform and steps of the portico to be con^)sed of brown stone. The building is to be provided with( water closets, sinks, &c. &c.; portico s on the out side, See. See. In the building, a chapel is to be erec ted capable of holding about 1500 persons. The architectural department is conducted by K. G. Hat HThe?costwiU^bablylbe from 8150,000 to #'200,000. The buildups are to be erected by the 1st ot s*p ' Th^other building is intended for theFann schools, and is already in an advanced stage ot J??a?nKe"fJ; It is to be 330feet long, three stories high, andbuUt of blue stone quarriedon Blackwell s Island. I here are to be three wings 100 feet deep and 40 wide. There are to be eight large school rooms, any quan tity of domitories, play rooms, eating apartments, iXrc.. (Sro.. The building is capable of accommoda ting 1200 children,more than double the number now in the institution. This building 18 bv September, 18f5, and will cost $12,000, which, considering tlie size of this building, and the man ner in which it is to be built is extreme^ chean Attached to thin buildine, about two acre, oflandiitobe laid out for a flower garden, to ^ cultivated drcn, according to the English system The Uland 1? ca pahle of producing, with proper cultivation, ???cient. and more than sufficient to maintain, in the yegeUblo line, treble the number of pauper* now depending on the city beside furnishing pasturage for about sixty head or cat tle, an abundance of apples, fcc. ? . u.v. The Committee on Charity and Alms House, who have projected the buildings upon the island, arc?Wnv S. Mil- , ler, Chairman; Wm.C. ^*man, John A. Bunting,WIUi?m

Tue.kar. WyltU Blackstone, Charles Alden, Thomas BPThecompany having walked about the island, and re I ceived information froip Aid. Miller and other members of the Building Committee, returned to the corner? ofl:he base of the main building, to witness the interesting cere mony of laying the corner stone. A iiuc box having been prepared, the foHowing docu men?? were deposited in it by Mr Whitney, the lerk of tie Ce n mon Council; The Charter of the City of New York ; Ordinances of City ; Proceedings of the Board or Assistants; Comptroller's Report; Memoirs^ of the Croton Aqueduct; Documents of the Board or Al dermen; Documents of the Assistants; Report or the Committee on Charity and Alms House; the Committee on tnsnij ?uu with tlio resolutions and specifications in relation to the new Alms House; specifications of the Nursery buildings, Common Council documents. City Inspectors s Report, City Directory, Statement of the City Officers for 1S41, fiftv-cieht Committees, Memoirs of the funeral of Oen. Lafayette, Funeral of General Harrison, the great Metro polis of 1845, all the daily papers of the citv of May 8th, 1848, coin of tho year, map of the city. These precious documents having been deposited. Alderman Miller, Chairman of the Committeo, mounted the base, and after premising that, until last evening, he did not anticipate that the honor and duty of officiating on this occasion would devolve upon him, ho had not sufficient time to prepare himself as he wished, he delivered the following address:?We have assombled here to lay the foundation of a charitable institution of a character calculated to exert Jthe ideas of our situation hero, and upon a scale commensurate with its present great, and its rapidly 'In creasing extent and population. It isfnow some % cart since this beautiful Island was selected by our predeces sors, for the purpose to which it is now dedicated. In carrying out their views, wo but lend them our cordial co-operation in a work, the necessity of which their pro vident foresight anticipated,and in the samo spirit in which I it has been thus commenced and conducted to its present stnge, wc look forward confidently to the ready assist ance of those who come after us to complete consu mate it. This Island is to be devoted for the future as an asylum for helplessness, sickness and poverty. It ha* been selected with tho view of separating the unfortunate from the criminal, in the administration ofour munci pal charity. It is to be the home of those whom circum stances have incapacitated from making a home for them selves; for infants thrown upon the world, without a protector, or provision for the invalid, ""'J those are without assistance and support; the able bodied poor, rendered destitude by misfortune, and the aged who in their decripitudo and infirmities of advancing years, are compelled to appeal to the abundant resources of the community for their individual relief. We have thought that in affording this provision, it was our duty Jto pre vent, as far as possible, the association of charity w ith punishment, and for this reason we have de*,^tc^ th'", Island, and the establishment aow about to be erected upon it, to furnish an exclusive retreat and'heUerfor those, whomadrorse circumstanccs have thrown, with out fault on their parts, upon the city for their education and support. The situation ?PP**? admirably designea for the purposes of *uch retreat, and lexhibits all tho natural advan tages that could in any wise be sufficiently remote from tho city, to protect its residents from the visits of more idle curiosity. The grounds are sufficiently extensive to afford ample opportunity to all for employment in the cultivation of the soil ; and so elevated as to insure the exception of the inhabitants from diseases whichi attach to other places, less fortunate In this aspect. Its d vers fied surfkee, including hill, valley, and grove, gives it great capacities for cultivation and ornament, and w Ith suitable care and labor it maybe rendered in all respects capable of the very highest state of cultivation. It com mands upon all sides, prospects as various and beautiful, as were ever presented to the eye of man/ Water *111 be introduced in abundance from the beautiful and mag nificent reservoirs, which the enterprise ?nd ?nergy of our predecessors have introduced, which *jd1_ form for ages a monument of wise and heniflcent policy of the government of our city, no less than the liberal afllu ence of its inhabitants. Nothing is wanting here to se cure the comfort, henlth, and well-being of the very nu merous class dependent upon the city charities, and whose wants wc can thus relieve without easing them to any degrading or painful associations, or compelling them to feel that in the eye of the community, po\ ert J and helplessness are regarded in the light of pnbflc oftcnceSf It is the intention of the proposed organisation of our charitable institutions upon this island, to educate our infant paupers in such systematic habits *" application, as will train them in mind and body, for use fff service's in the employment to which they may he transferred on leaving the asylum; to exact from the able bodied poor a certain amount of labor as the condi tion of their relief, and to afford n hospital, or retreat, for those who are unfitted for all labor, by decrepitude, or other bodily infirmity. The building is designed as an asylum for the infant poor, or children's farm school, is nlrcady far advanced towards its completion. ? e now Iny the corner stone of the main edifice of the island, which is intended to afford a shelter for the invalid, aged, and poor, which may become a charge upon the city, from their infirmities, or other adverse and unfortunateicjrcum* stances. To have been instrumental in the establishment of our charity in such a location, upon a scale so exten sive and honorable to the city, and In the prosecution of a policy so beneficent and humane, must he a source o! lasting gratification. (lent emen, to all of us who are associafod in the present administration of the city g vernment, we may with honest pride appeal to it as t e proof that we have something in ourday which wil long outlive our memories, and transmit its benefits and bless ings to remote posterity. May Ood prosper the goo. work ! May that Providence which tempers the wind to the shorn lamb, smile upon our labors for the relief of suffering humanity, and prosper and perpetuate the institution which injthe spirit of chanty and goodwill, and love to man,we devote to the unfortiinateof^ourrace Oeneral T*i.i.M*n?ir. moved that the address of the A1 derman be deposited In the box. and it was done. The tin box having been scaled up, with the precious documents in the interior, and inserted in the place cut for it in tho corner stone, the stone was deposited upon the spot where, with the blessings of heaven it will lonR i remain. Alderman Miixra then said, that if the gueits pleased they would repair to a building of another sort, which, though unfinished without, wan furnished within in a manner that he honed would not prove nHMOllbb. Without demurring, ,the company departed to a rude iortofalmlldlng, in which were spread three long tables, unon which a very clever and enticing coldspread appear en, and certain ominous-looking gentlemen, with long necks and silver stork*, which very plainly indicated the reason that His Honor the Mayor wan not upon the ground, and evinced a determination on the part of the Aldermen to pop out of ortice with credit to themselves, and to another tune than the running of a Croton hydrant. The entertainment wasiirovided hy tho immortal Down ing, who very well performed hi* part The company being all Heated, Aid. Miller pretiding at the head of the main table, with (tan. Tallmadge upon his right, and Mil Honor Recorder Tallmadge at the foot, all fell to eating, and apparently devoured the edibles with gient gout. Boon nn ominous popping comineucod, which atarted some from their propriety, but tho majori ty of the companr appeared to fall into the ranks, and while in Koine to do ax the rum 'un> do. After the eating and drinking had somewhat abated, His Honor the Recorder arose. Ilr.c or or a.?Mr. President, will you fill for n senti ment J I givo you?(Rattling of knives and forks bj the waiters behind" the Recorder.) 8top your noise there. (I.nughter.) These gentlomon consenting. I give you? "The Special Joint Committee upon the Buildings on Kondall't Island, they have done every honor to the day." (Drank with cheers.} Alderman Milukk.?(Calling.)? Aid. Hunting ! pun ting ! Buntiho.?Millar '? Miller! (Laughter.) , . RtcanuKi.?Gentlemen, u the gentlemen called *pon do not fcol disposed to give you a sentiment, a genue man at this end of the table given the orator 01 the clay Alderman Miller. (Drank with cheer?.) The Kicdimo ?nid that tt appeared to be difficult to resuscitate the Alderman, probably becau*e hi* ?peecn had just bo?n buried. (Laughter.) Alderman Uuntino gare the health of Mr. Pierce, Alderman Elect, and Ptusidont of the Board of Assistants that i* to bo. Aldermaa Fierce gave the health of Mayor Harper, which was responded to with three timef three cheers. Alderman HciHin wa? loudly called for, and after gome little delay the gentleman came forward and said he had not words to express hi* thank* for the honor dono hint, and begged the Kecordcr to speak on hi* behalf. The Records*?Speak for youraelf, 1 have enough to do. (I.aughtor.) The Chairman then gave William K. Haveymeyer, the Mayor thut i* to be. (Drank with great enthu*ia*m.) Aid. Seaman thou proposed the health ol "the Recor der of the city of New York," which wa* done every ''"llocorder Tallmadoe (aid, ho wa* not u*ed to make long ipeeche*; hi* wa* generally very *hort and very inrnificant,?*uch a* two year's to the penitentiary; five year* to Sing Sing, or lomething of the *ame tone and nature-daughter.) But on thi* occasion, he could not help referring to by-gone time*. In 1835, he recommended to the city authorities of thU city, the purchase of thi* very i*land for the object which they Iiave met together to celebrate the commencement ol. In conjunction with an old, able, and good fellow cltixen, Aid. Samuel L. Purdy, thirteen yoar* ago. (cheer*,) he viiited the spot, when Purdy .aid, wewillpuroha.e the iilaud, and if the corporation will not take it from us, we will make a race cour*o of it (Cheer* and laugh ter.) Such, gentleman, wa* the beginning of the mat ter. (Jene ratio us yet uuborn will applaud and prai?c the objects that induced the authoritie* topurchasethis island, as well as the C ouncil that carried the original object out. (Cheers.) He begged to conclude by propos ing the " health of the Common Council of New York, which carried out this most important object, (oneers.) Aid. Bt NT.NO then gave the health of Oen Tallmadge, the President of the Americau Institute. (Cheer*.) Oen. Tallmadoe returnod thank* for the toast ju*t given, and was most happy to do so. On thi* *pot, doe* *o much credit to all concerned, was an example worthy of boing followed. The cattle on thi* very island alone, at one time produced $4000 per annum in milk, and how much more, under proper management, was it capablo of producing. He begged to give atoast <?r ?jn tiinent?"May the ineomer* to office avoid all tho faults of their predeceiior*. and adopt their virtue* tihey would thu* become an example to the people,who wouia havo every confidence in them." (Applause.) The Chairman then proposed the health of the Hon. W. Campbell.?(Drunk with all honor*.) ...... Mr. Campbell brielly returned thank*, and *aid, that it wa* recorded by the founder of Christianity, that charity covered a multitude of sin*, and if ?uch wa* the ca*e, it there were any *in* the pretont Conncil were guilty ot. he hoped the present noble and charitable intent woulil cover thorn all. (Cheer*.) It wa* with great pleasure that he propo*ed the health of the Commi**ioner* of the Aim* House. (Drank with three time* three.) Mr. Van 0*tiian wa* then loudly called for, and after some little time, the gentleman' came forward,and *aid he wa* not a speaking man, and deputed tho Recorder to ?peak for him. , , . .. ?? Recorder Tallmadok.-I mnat *ay again, let the gen tleman speak for himself; or else call on Mir. Pn< o speak for him. A* ho 1* coun*el for all at a los*, he will do *o ; and the gentleman can *end hi* fee to-morrow. ^W.^M^Price, Esq., thanked tho*c present for the notice they had taken of him on the present occasion. He was honored by being invited as a gue*t on thi* occasion, when an institution of the noblest description wa* in con templation. In it, party wa* not known : all were united to carry out the great object a* American*. It wa* like the Court* of Chancery : it* door* were ever opento the necessitous. They looked abroad for the lame, halt, and the blind, and provided for them a home and comfort. This was not done at the expense of the rich, or to the prevention of their enjoying the luxuries of their ?plei lalls ; but, at the same time; to aflord an asylum to the aged and decrepid. Here the unfortunate infant*, who never knew what paternal care wan, would be pro vided for, better than a greater part of the other portion of the community in the city. He was delighted to take the most humble part in the matter, and when he saw member* of the New York pre** around him, they would turn their attention and give their all powerful *upport to thi* noble object. He concluded y g ving, " The New York Pre**." 8 Mr. Clark *aid, that if he had a gla** with *omething in it, he might say *omething on the pre**. (The want wa* *oon supplied.) The gentleman then *aid he had only to say, that the daily pre** alone wa* renre*ented there, and therefore ho begged to giva " the daily pre**. Drank with three time* three. _ ,, There were now loud crie* of " Green, Green, but that gentleman not appearing, Mr. Watson, after *ome few remarks, repeated the toa*t of the Daily rre,? A representative of the press, who wa* present, ro*e and said, that as it appeared that he wa* the only member of the daily pre** pro*ent, who appeared willing to re spond to the toait, he would give, (he spoko a* a jlemo crat) " tho next Common Council?may they, in all good undertaking*,' follow in the fooUtep* of tlieir illu*tnou* r 'ife'c^r d*erTALLMADor. said, there wa* one good fellow anions them although he wa* a foreigner, and he begged to proiio*e the health of Mr. A. Watson. Mr. Watson said, he wa* one of their foreign relations, it was true, and as such he begged to propose the health of the worthy Pre.ident. He had listened with pleasure to tha observations he made when laying the corner stone of the great edifice about to be erected, and hoped that all theirliopes would be realised. _ The health of Mr. Miller wa* then drank with great enthusiasm. Mr. Miller briefly returned thank*. Some two or three other toasts were then the company separated, many taking a tour of the beau tiful island. After which they crossed the river, where omnibusses were waiting to convey thecompanytothe railway, which in a short Ume brought them to Uie city. The whole affair of the day evidenced a spirit that lor the past twelve months has lain dormant?a spirit or libe rality and social foeling, both by the in-coming ties and the out-going. The absence of Mayor Harper was remarked upon, and it wa* said by some that he could not stand the fire of the Champaigne corks, which was kept up to a good extent?so far, tTiat at the feet o ?omeof the ci-devant Council, after the collation, not withstanding teetotal principle*, might lie seen a halfdorcn oTdead men ;'Mn which they werai ably urnM ed by ccrtain reporters, always goo4 hand* at the bottle, or eating and drinking. The partv thcn proceededto take a survey of the island, in which Wm. 8. Miller, Ksq., the chairman, most admirably played the part of ckaptron, ?riving every information to the novices that was re quired. It is ccrtainly a most beautiful spot, and will be an additional gem in the crown of the authorities of thi* city if carried out in the spirit in which it wa* conceived ; and if no other act of the native American party can bo brought forth in their defence, what they have done in this alt'air must redound to their credit for generations to come. Tho nobleness ai# utility of tho plan and objects are only secondary to the Croton movement?one ol the greatest achievements of the present age. Movements of Travellers. There wag still a further influx of traveller* yesterdoy, a* may b? scon by the following rocord. At the Am-aicAS? J. 11. Fisher, Harriiburg.V*.; S. S. Haider man, Columbia, Ta.; Lieut. Scott, U. 8. Navv: Messrs. Kislicr and Rice, 8. C.; Tho?. S. Temj le, A. Oliver, Bos ton; and ten others. AsToa?J. K. Dorr, Washington; Rev. W. Ruddington, Charleston; W. Beacon, Quebec; Geo. Bliss, Spring field; P. Handy, Ohio: J. M. Uunter, Cherokee Nation; Messrs. Kellogg and Hvde, Skeneatelas ; J. Morse, Washington; Messrs. Hall and Hastings, Boston; and thirty others. City?J. Blcechcr, New Bedford; J. 8. Tringlc, rhila.; G. L. llicard,.Va.; Mr. Gilushia, Vicksburg; A. J. Brown, Worcester; John Cox, Philadelphia; D. P. Peters, do.; Messrs. Harmstrad and Mathias, Boston; and six others. K?a?slih-E. Howard, Providence; Mrs. Brisdale, Au Ijusta, Geo.; G. M. Wood, Canada; Messrs. Rupele, Lcs ie, and Cleary, Alabama; J. Hammond, N. II. Howasd?Messrs. Scott and Walker, Nashville, Tenn.; C. D. Forrest, Yalo College: Col. Morton, Goshon; J. Crooks, Canada; Col. R. W. Lober, B. More, Myers, Young, Creighton, and Clinton, Canada; Capt. A. H. Pierce, Troy; Mr. IJrquhart and family, Montreal. (>i.i)in?B. H. Cheevcr, Washington City; Mr. Smith, Tennessee. St. (Itosnt's-Jose* Maria La Zerabel Curaccas; W. Haskett, Denicrara; N. Colver, Boston; W. Baker, do. 11. Robinson, Consul to Bremen; J. R. Brown, and John Dawson, Providence; A. Carry, Ports mouth; Major Hazard, Phila.; J. Butterworth, II. I.; J. Stockton and H. Ilancson, riiiludel|>hin. City Intelligence. Fiat. -Yesterday afternoon a fire broke out in the house No. 7 Pearl street, which was very trilling. As usual, several fire companies were on the spot, amongst which we noticed the "Empire." The apparatus having been put in requisition, in a short time the lire was "iion tit invenlut." Premises insured. Fraioi:s Dmvinci i iiHon,ii Broauwav.?We would call the attention of the proper authorities to the out rageous conduct of stagemen driving furiously through the public streets. Vesterday no less than tlirec acci dents occurred, and in one instance very nearly over turned a private cairiage. We arc unwilling to give ti c name of the oft'euder, which we have in our office, from well knowing that if complaints were lodged against those persons to their employ ers instant dismissal would ensue. If the system is not monded,wo shall do so. So look out "Jarriet." Police Office, May H.?Stahrikg.?A black man, namod Joseph Franeit, last evening, having nn alterca tion with a man named Krauci* Bundy, of 'J3 Orange street, drew a knife and stabbed him in the right thigh. Coroner's Office, May it.?Unrini-.?The Coronet was called to hold an inquest at 103 Twentieth street, upon the body of James Stewart, about 40 years of age. born in Scotland, who committed suicide, by taking last evening, about four ounces of laudanum. Ho was found in the cellar, and died about an hour and a half afterwards. Deceased was formerly a master of a vessel. Di atii rnoM iNTCMPCRAatne.?The Coroner held an ii quest iii the City Prixon. upon the body of a woman named Bridget llerm, 40 year.i of at,'e, who was brought in yesterday, about noon, and died iu the afternoon. Ver dict, death from intemperance. Korf?u DaowiKii,?An unknown min was found drowned in the North River, this inorniug, near pier No. 1. Taken to the Dead House. Rhoi>k 1hi.\nt> Asnkmhi.t.?The Gene ral Awvmlily met sit Newport on Tuewlny morning. Governor Fenner was prevented, wo logrol to say, b> ill health froma'.tcndin ;, mii.I Lieut, Gov. Iiimnn presided it the org mi/.atio.i of t!ie Scuttle. George Rivers ami Jo seph 8. ntman were put in nomination for < lork of the Senate. Mr. Uivers wns electo I by ~l majority. GeorgeG. King, of Newport, wis elooto.l Speaker of the House of liupruseiitn'iviM, and Thoioat A. Jenekos and Francis E. Mo|.|>in. Clirtls, ? ithovt oppo'ltlon. The two Houses joined in Grand l oTiirnittoo lor t.u |airp iso of roceiving the votoi for Uovornor anil < tuuerul Officers. A Committee of three from each county wa? appointed to count the votes ami report to the Oraud Committee lit fly* o'clock, to which time th< tfr?nd Committee adjourn ed.? Provi4?nit Journal Sccuml Amtlvcrsarjr of the Amirletn Pro. tMtant Society at the Reformed Dutch Church. The meeting was o|>ened by prayer by the R Mr. Sputtlding, Missionary from India, after wl) the Treasurer's re|>ort for the year ending April 1X15, was rend, by which it appeared the ex|?er for salaries, publishing tracts, Arc., was ?jf,72tj 52; < n?'.i on hund und received during the year #b721 08. An abstract of the annual rs|?ort was read by the I Mr. Morton, Corresponding Sacretary. The r saysWith regard to one great object of the rican Protestant Society, viz: the conversion o. ' papal poiulation of our country, the expectation of the Protestant Church is neither high nor extrava gant. The rei>ort will show, however, that the ef forts of this society, during the past year, have not been unproductive. In the spirit of humble depen dence we can this day erect our Kbenezer, and in truthfulness can say, " hitherto the Lord hath helped us." We are persuaded we utter the deep convic tions of the best minds in our country, when we say that the question whether Romanism will be ascendant here?whether in its insidious influence it will ultimately subvert the freedom?corrupt the purity of our institutions,'is the great question for this nation to consider. The Society would recog nize, with the most grateful feelings, the agency of God in raising up men for this work. How loudly does the zeal ol the Romanists rebuko the slothfullnos* of the Froteitants?but we cau itate to the churches that all the Missionaries and Colporteur* of thia so ciety have either been raited in the Roman Church, or educated for the Roman Priesthood, or intimately acquainted with the system of Popery from their childhood. Portuguese testament* ana tract* have beeu publiahed and diueminatcd among them. We are aware that the faith of rait number* of the Christian Church i* very weak respecting the conversion of Romanist*. For ago* they have been eviewed a* hopelessly doomed to perdition,but our prayer* and effort* shall ever be direct ed for thi* end. Rev. Mr. Ukioi.ev, of Vermont, offered a resolution that the report should be published by the executive commit tee and laid?I have nad some practical knowledge of the colporteurs in Vermont, where there are large number* of Catholic French emigrant! from Canada, exceedingly ignorant?in fact who cannot read, but who are willing to send their children to ichool?but the adulti cannot un deritand our preaching. A colporteur commissioned by your lociety came among us and went to work in Montpclier. I had but little faith that he could gain ac cell to the people. I told them, however, that 1 had a priest stopping with me. The people aiked me if he wai a Catholic priest. 1 told them he wai a good Catholic? but not a Catholic prieit. They did not appear lo under stand me?nor did I wish them to at tint. The colporteur however, made hi* way among them and they received him and tho Gospel like children,and I wai itruck bythil fact,that these people would send for him to vi*it their fa milies, and it lecms to me he is doing a great work. 1 be came more and more intereited in the man and in tho work ho was doing. Rev. Mr. Dowi.iN?i,of New York, offered a resolution, that the arrogant claims of tho Catholic Church for the ]K>s*ession of this country, demandi the attention of Pro tcstanti ; and remarked, t hut .the re seemed to bo an idea that Popery wai not now what it formerly wai; that the Popery of the nineteenth century is not like the Popery of the days of Gregory and the Innocent*. But this is altogether a mistake. I can show, from distinguished Catholic pricits, that the Church is and ha* been always the same. Now, what are the doctrincs of Romanism 1 I reply, in the first place, Popery it an enemy, an open and avowed enemy, of free institutions?of the pren?of tho right to print what we choose.amenable only to the civ il law for the abuse of that right. A decree wai paned b y Pope Sextus the Fourth, ana also by Alexander the Sixth,, forbidding the publishing of books without submitting them to tno censorship of the'Church. The Council <#f Lateren also passed a law that no book should bo pul), 1 ished at Rome hereafter until it wai submitted to thio examination ef the Church, under penalty of fine and inf|. prisonment. Pepery is alio an unchanging enemy to reading of the Bible in the vulgar tongue. The rules of the Index were, that, " inaimuch as it i* evident that the Bible in the vulgar tongue i* productive of more injury than benefit, therefore it is prohibited, unless previously submitted to the Bishop*," lie. And if Popery were the law in thii country, it would be the *ame here. They dare not let the people drink the pure milk of the word. Popery ii the unchanging enemy of freedom of opinion, even forbidding man to tnink what he pleases. Kvcn in the lolltudo of a'cloiet or a dungeon,he ii forbid. Orcgory IV. lay* " From that polluted fountain of indifference flow* that abiurd and erroneou* doctriue, or rather rav ing, in favor of liberty of comcience, for which most, pestilential error, the course is opened by that entire and wild liberty of opinion which is everywhere attempt ing the overthrow of civil and religious imtitutions ; hence in a word arises that pest of all others to be dread ed, in a stato of unbridled liberty of opinion." Po{>e Piu* declared without the palo of the Catholic Church, thero was no solvation. The Council of Trent branded all heretics, and after praying fer the most holy Pope and F.mperor, declared anathemas on tho heads of heretic*, and the Cardinals lilting up their voices,|cried anathema, anathema. Bishop Jakes offered the following resolution Resolved, That the itate of the papal population in thii country, should awaken the lympathy and prayer* of the cutire Protestant church, the only hope of tneir conversion being the diiscmination of divine truth, and outpouring of the spirit of God. He laid, 1 have the utmost confidence in the Holy Bible; it is more powerful than Popes; truer than tradi tions; more orthodox than creed*; und being tho word of God, let the people have it I wa* recently nfTected by hearing an anecdote of Dr. Backu*. A* he lay on hi* death bod. he heard hi* physician say he could not sur vive more than an hour, "then let me," said he, "be ta ken from my bed, and pray for the salvation of the world'" Oh, let mo die as he did. The Roman church is an enemy to this land, but let us pray for our enemies. "Father, forgive them, thoy know not what they do."? Disseminate the Bible, and pray for the influence of the holy spirit, and we shall see the completion of those ho]>ei which we are putting forth our ottorts to achicvo. American Tcmperoncc Union. The meeting of this Union lust evening, in the Tabernacle, was attended by a crowded audience, and the universal feeling of the evening, betokened that though the noisier advocates of temperance, who, by their injudicious method of action, have rather retarded than forwarded the movement; that though they are now no longer heard, still a deep feeling on the subject has taken root in the hearts of those who are most feelingly interested for the sake of the rising generation, in advancing the noble doc trines advocated by this Union, and the pleasing f iet, that the heads of families, and those who move in the class of society that the societies have always aimed at renching, were fully represented in the au dience. The exercises, according to the programme, commenced with music, by the North Carolina bare!, in good style, after which Dr. Bkkc hkr, of Cincinnati, gave a most eloquent prayer, which was followed by Rev. John Marsh. Corresponding Secretary, who read the abstract of the annual report of the society, which showed a most cheering prospect for the onward movement of the cause, fie commend ed, highly, the fnct, that Mr. Polk, in his journey to Washington, set the example of total abstinence, from all species of intoxicating drinks. He was glad that, even out of the political feelings of both par ties, had grown up a wish to obtain a character for total abstinence ; and during the late election it had been clearly shown. The results of the temperance movement had been mighty. The seamen had taken creat part in the cause, in Europe; also, it had spread in Iingland:live und-a-half per cent of her im mense population had joined the ranks, and of them 100,000 were reformed men, and the decrease in the manufacture of the poison had been in proportion to the increase of the population. In Ireland it had be come a settled habit, and they numbered five millions of teetotaller*, anil out of them one in five hundred had not hac'tslideti ; in all <|unrtcn of tlie globe the move ment hn<l spread, but the) called on the Church to como to their ni<l. They had much security in the juvenile movomcat, and though moral suasion had done iauch, unfortunately consciences of men will lie hushed when the lire,)*!' run be bought for ?10. and atl'ord them means of malving money out of the traffic. This union contends against the granting of license* in toto. One State has rdfiiM I, and though the Legislature of this State has also agreed to stop the traffic, but unfortunately the Senate was too democratic to accede to it. The rum aristocracy had defeated tho movement, but we must not reit 'till the curse is removed. Tho report embodied some other re marks, and a resolution was passed recommending its publication. Mr. roHLMAif, of Albany, next addressed the moeting. He related a most appropriate fBble regarding tho neces sity of destroying drunkenness in tho shell; ho com mented on tho various doginding ett'cr.ts of this vice, and rclatcdfhow common u one it was in former days. He re prohated|thc old pie !ge, ami went for total abstinence He wn? followed by music from the North Carolina hand, who performed the Marseilles Hymn ill splendid stylo, and Rev. Mr. THOMrtn* followed, by offering this resolu tion :? Resolved, That as young men ni? the hope of their country, and as the course ti.ey tal.e in regnrd to the use and sale of intoxicating lienor will have a momentous influence upon thoir own character*, and destinies of the nation, every possible iufluenoe should be exerted to spread among them the principle* of tempcranco, and ga n their energetic an I entire support He advocated the resolution in a mint happy stylo, and eoucl.ided by a most cloauout appeal to young men, wariiiu; them against yielding to temptation, and urged the agitation of the l-ceiise law. At the conclusion of his ?pee -h, A Tempe lance Oi!e was ?un;j, an 1 n collection was ta Ven np in aid of th?? Hnciet*. during which the baud again I erfn med pieces. This was followed by R'ir. Thomas lira r, who ottered tho following reso lull m:? ?* He olved, That while the whole community nre cou th wslly groaning under that appalling evil, which tlow s Horn thetra.Hc in intiixicatfcg liquors, it is incumlient on the f.'iouds of Immunity to pursue lirinlv and initiinch. ingly, every measure to relievo society of it, which is consis;ont wiih the righUof the liquor sailers." He c iloie ! into nn a ml) si i of the liquor seller's rights, butasserte I ih it they wi-die I to interfere wit i no man s right?:, still the right of tho moa to carry on tho danger ous traffic wa; \ory pr >-liemn.. mI. He animailvertod strongly on tl.o liijun. >>i ?.,.,:.-rs, and g;ivo n mojt cvccllciit an : stioii^' .|.oe 1;, w i we regret oilrspm a will n it permit u i in gn e in loll. Mr. ( nin.t then road his report of his agency In this State, which was highly cheering. And a/lor more niu sic from the Band, tho benediction was pronounced, au( the meeting septr^M, highly plotted with the ereuuigs ?MtfrUioment. "