## Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 10, 1845, Page 8

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? cnce, and the maximum of concord?to In-' catholic in fa- ( vor of the ^ood, ami Protestant against every error ol nan. No human institution can l>e ? ithout delect, but as little belong* to the \meiicau Bible Society as any other. Thin speaker alio clo?ed liis address t y some remarks on Dr. Miluor, during the delivery of w hich several of tlie audience wore much affected. ? The ltev. Mr. Toco, of Massachusetts, proposed the third resolution, as follows: " Kesolved, 'J'liut while portions of the Bible are so iirolound as to tax the energies of the highest intellect, it is matter ot gratitude that other ami larger portion* are as easily comsroh?iii!ed by the ordinary household cir cle.'' He obsertVl, that whatever imperfection existed in other means ojr doing good, there whs none in the bi ble cause. In/other undertakings, the) might plant, and the tree wojud wither,?they might sow without leap ing, but Une word ot God w ould prosper and abide for ever. Tito reason tlicy lelt such a ,|oy in coming to getheu%t the \merioan Bible Kociet) celebrations, win, that t lie) came to render homage to pure truth. They might as well prai.-c the suu, as the Bible. The speaker contii ued to address the assemblage 011 the Bible, show - ing tl it it wiu Hod's best gi't to man; that it was essen tial t 1 a proper notion ot God, who never couM be know 3 properly through bis works, Me deprecated the viewi of those who magnify tho importance of the study of th< latter, to attach too much lorcc to human discov ery a id investigation, which, alter all. were the move menti of men groping in the dark; whereas, one page of the nc cred volume would enlighten the dark mind, more than i 1 Lite's study of God's w orks. Th< i ltev. Mr. Sci'DDKR, of Albany, next addressed the meet Ing, and proposed the following resolution, viz : He lolved, That the best inteiests of the State, as well a* thi Church, are promoted by a free and wide circula tion d f the Scriptures among ail classes. In < lommenting on this resolution, the gentleman ob served that there were two propositions involved in it, and (one ol which, tiz.: that the interests of the State were howt V-aiP^f'1 " *" ? vt UlW DibU, tl.ougli nut perhflps so universally received an the latter clause of the resolution, yet, that to him it was as plain and pulpa tils a* the first- That it was doubted, how ever, he w as pained to say, was notorious. Why, he had heard it as serted in the legislative hulls of this State, that if the Bi ble was introduced there, so might the works of Tom Paine be also introduced to advocate any particular prin ciple. Those who doubt the importance of the circula tion of the Bible to the state, do not discriminate between the Bible and ecclesiastical authority, and think the Bible is intended solely for theC'hurch; but while it is injurious to the state that any ?ect should dictate to it, the Bible should dictate to both. He felt embarrassed at speaking before those who were so much more able than himsell ; he disliked talking of w ar before Hannibal, 'l'lie topics advocating the distribution of the Bible fieety throughout the whole population, wore so nu merons, that he felt at a loss how to begin, tie would ask, w hat is the. first interest of the State, to which we alw ays look, w hen doubt or danger threaten or assail us .' Was" it not ourcivil liberty,which, next to the snlvatiou of our souls, was most highly prr/sJ, and was it not that w o most -zealously guarded, ana in de fence of which wo made the most strenuous efforts. Our first element in civil life was the proper vindication of our individual rights, which w ere so dear. Next to civil liberty follow ed the command of 'Do unto others as you would be done by.'' And the Bible declares we are all brethren, which was another element demanding pro tection and support ol the community. The Bible was the ejnbiwi of civil liberty. Legislators and Judges hi>x studied it most deeply, and also the Kxecutive pow- 1 "?fTand in its pagesthey had learnt and practised fidelity , without compromise, and justice tempered with mercy. | He would refer them bac'k to tiieoce, which presented ; the finest model in the history ol the world of a govern- | meat, and which had prospered for a while. At least it I had in it the elements ?of prosperity, which, if they had been rightly cemented, w ould have gone on increasing. Had her oracles been the sure record of the word of God, instead of the worthless aspirations of their juggling idols, she w ould have been preserved free, but the want of it proved her overthrow. There was another period he ?would refer to as illustrative of the immense power of the Bible to the State at large, viz.: during what have been called the dark ages,and where in the history of the svorld could they find a period so fraught with tyranny. 9u these dark ages. Their situation w as to be attributed entirely to their want of knowledge of the Bible, as was proven by the immediate action and spread ol intelli gence consequent 011 the Reformation, and tho doc trines promulgated by Luther, which lie had learnt from his Bible No sooner did the people receive the word of God than tlicy became free and 1 obtained their civil liberty as a privilege, We ourselves are a monument of the pow cr of the Bible to promote liberty. Onr pilgrim fathers had they not been possessed ofthis treasure, would never have come out here and reared our temple of liberty. He would refer to two oc currence*, vi/. our ou. 11 involution in 1776, and that which follow ed in France, at u luter period. < lur 1 evolution of 7(5 originated in principles taught from tho Bible. Our leaders perused that In ok and it gave them confidence in going out into battle, and God hurt manifested his pre ?once with the leaders of oui hosts, by conducting them to victory. The Hiblc to us in that struggle was like the ark of the covenant. Contrast our struggle with that of the French in their revolution; thoy took what they call ed the Book ol Reason lor their guide, in lieu of tlie Bible, nnd it led tlicin blinded by its influence, to a point ?where victory was in their grasp, but then it involved both them and their victim* in one common ruin. Go abroad wherever it has gone, whether it be the Sand wich islands or the (bores of Africa, wherever it may be. there you may be sure freedom lias been extended. This is a time w hen we hcur much ofthe importance of educa tion,- ?*nd how many eltorts are making to educate people, but if we give the power, we must also rightly direct it, and we need the llihle to educate the head. He under stood that within the last live days two thousand iivo hundred emigrants had landed here from foreign lands? tie would ask how were these people prepared, coming here as they did, fresh from the prejudices of despotism; how, be would a k, were they to be fitted to be a blessing to the community,instead ofa curse, but by the liible's be ing distributed among them. We hear much said, now -a Jays, about the danger ol inreign interference, but if that w as pa er aecomf lished, Protestants must bear the blame. God has given the weapon into their hand; if the Bible fall-, Protestantism will fall; but all machinations of fo reigu power will 1 e useless. We have the weapons, we truBt we have the heart to use them; we believe we have the ability and wo doubt not of success. The Bible is the snb-tratum of all institution*, social, domestic, literary or religious. In its moral cflecta it operates on the oommu nit, and sa' es men from immorality. Ho w ould not detain thi?m in showing such a manifest truth as that prosperity depended on virtue. That book is our moral defence, and while we are consistent in advocating its principles, Ood w ill prosper us. The Hev. J Spauldiki, of Now York* then moved the following resolution :?Resolved, That while furnishing the blessed Bible to all the destitute on land, we must not forget the destitute on the sea," and followed with some eloquent remarks, and many interesting anecdotes In its support. No one appreciates more than I do, lia said, the necessity of supplying the wants of the desti tute heathen, anil ofthe gieat valloy of the west. I have travelled in that region, and know by personal observa tion the extreme igaorunce and destitution of a large majority ol the innabitauts of that country, on those mat ters which pertain to their salvation, and* the great ne cessity which exists of something being speedily and energetically done , yet, at the same time, we must not forget the destitute on the sea?the men who keep their nightly watch on the heaving waters?who brave the storms and |>eriis ol the deep- w ho carry the Bible aint the niission.ay to othei lands who, as, the agents of commerce, have mut e many of our merchants like the Medici merchant princes, and who hold, us it were, the *"? deep Such men we must not forget. When sabre was rained to strike our gallant Decatur, it ?vas o sailor who interposed, and wuo-e brad received the blow intended to destroy his commander's life ?he periled his liie for another ; him, and such men, we mtr t not forget; and ) et, this is put one of many instances ol a sailor's generosity and heroism, on rccoro. The sailor, though he hits a rough exterior, has a soul like our ow n, capable of infinite pain and pleasure. It becomes us, then, not to ncglect Into, but to disehargo the duty which Hod has imposed upon us, and rich will 1 our reward Vou must out suppose that tailor's are indifferent to these things, oh, no : only put the Bible iu their hands, they Inn e hearts open to roceive the truth, and they w ill prixe it beyond tlie treasures ol Ormus and of lnd. A ship bound to New Orleans w as overtaken by a tempest, amd after combatting for some time with the storm, went ashore on the rock; coas of Kngli I. The wind soon abated, andtnoy were enabled, uy liking a spar Irom the iship to the rocks, to reu< h th< huie; the men were ? oak from excessive iiboi. and it w is as much as they could do t?> crawl along the par to the thoie. One ol them had a bundle tied ai nutid hi , waist; he was asked on reaching the shore what it w us "O," said he, "I have been wrecked a number ol times but thanks be to God I have always managed to save tins I am afraid they aie wet." The DuiyUe contained a bible ami pray er book and hj mn hook. Vn o'd sailor went into a store one day, and asked for a chart "What kind'" -aid the clerk. "I want a chart to guide me to heaven, 'was the rejdy;"now do ye? i understand me ' I hav e lost the chart by which lhave steered, and 1 want another." Put the BiHc into the Imnds ol tlie oilor, an i it ? II i rove to him the mean- Of salvation. 1 he word of <?> ; does not always need to ' explained bj a minister i > convert the shine*} many sailor, while read:.his BiMe in his lonel) watch, h.' been struck w;th fonv.cti ti by a single text, which u ?ent home to hi*Conscience by the power ol tin sj iiit Not lon;f ago, a son ol them an wandeted into the -?ii lor's Home in < lierry m.i et, iu tli evenii g, the sailo jMteinbliid, as was customar; i rfunity worship. i apt. Richards ? i read Irom t ie I ? ehapter "I Krekiel " T1 i soul that siniieth, it .ill '? Mi atteii ion was arrest cd, and be began to inqn.ie what is soul,and how will it die? He conversed * <th the < upturn till midnight ujxni the subject, and in h short t.me hewn* happy in bein i ing on the deep. A soilot lay iu the forecastle dying, the officers aud his comrade- w ere gathered around !un, to hear his 1 ist words; he held his liible w ith trcirtblin . hands above hi-.^head, and exclaimed ' let me leave my solenin t. titnony ofthe truth of God's holy hook; ith.. led me to rejentnure to discharge my duty, and now this beloved boo\ pi ints to Heaven, and reveals it glorios to my soul I tr.i ' when the question is put, it will meet with a sailor s re on e n heart] aye! Tl.e question was then put by t - hair, id cariicd. Dr. McC artv, of (joibrn,lii^naddre<ii?d tlio meeting?I will not, he said, present folri e and flowers, bat inter esting facts. I believe tha. whore man is found, t'.ere the Bible should be also, for it i* \ ilmrly adapted to the wjnti of min the CIeahiraol Ood itwol le*d hitnnp to the living wateis, where sorrow < -\er enters, nnd the weary are at rest Wherever lost and mired man i found, the word of fiod ih to bo t arried. It is in accor dance with the genius of the Bible t'uit the herald oi the cross carry it to every human habitation, and tlni 1 it I (ill its de?ign. What is the duty imposed upon chii . tians T It is to Rend the Hiblc to the benighted, that t,ir \ who live In darkness may bo brought to know nnd love the only living and true Hod. We mil\ as well talk ui ?topping the conrst of the stin through the heavens, as to speak of I rutting christian enterprise. The c.h i of the truth of <foci i?progressive -the sun of righfeoti ness will roll on till all nations are hiought to know Lord and om master. There are nntagom dioal prim'i| l< in the world: truth ond error are continually warring; tii powers of oiuiuess are strivi"_' to turn us Wile I n pursuing the comse winch the son of God Ims command ed; yet believe me, wo w ill more than maintain our ow n It is our happy privilege to realise that it is far more blessod to give than to receiie, and that fiom our labor* and the labors of tho'C we tend, the desert anil solitary iaCc will bo glal, eel the wiidernoss blossom liku a rose. But let me (.elect one field of labor, which is many tfcoBMBd miles Iroin here, a* the suhiect of a few re marks. 1 cannot leach it with my hand, but 1 cunwith in) heart, which yearns tow ard* it, for there my bent be loved ?on is a i.,i'sioi t\, i' 1 I w ould esteem it a high privilege to be jormitted in In) inv gray hairs there. U e cull oisi-^Ima gnat}coj'le, and we are. but < hina 1ms n.oie thiinStK) n lilitms 01 inhabitant, w hile w e have only twenty. '1 he province of Keuu Shu alone contains thirt)-M'vi-u millions eight hundred thousand people t an the mitul ol man imagine u more magnificent held of labor than this .' It is emphaticailf true that they aio Without God in the world; the lower classes are degiaded l>ej ond the v ilest in our own land - their moral degradation and social depravity are absolutely beyond conception 1 saw a short time ago, in the So ciety's rooms, a beloved brother, a missionary from Chi na, and a young Chinese he had brought with him from thatcountry. 1 went with him to the Museum, where there were a number of Chinese images, and asked him to show me his lather's god. lie pointed to a little ugly image, and said that w as it. I then nsked him to show me Ins own god. He said, " I have not chosen my god yet." What an illustration of the condition of the people i And yet 1 have heard it sail, "The field is too large -we cannot answer the demand." The Kev. gentleman, after taking a cursory glance ut the uncivilized state of China, \lricii, and the great field thnt was open in these parts of the universe for the introduction of the Scriptures?the improving condi tion of New Zealand, through the influence of the Gos pel, passed a high eulog) on the American missionaries. Alter which he proposed the following resolution : Kesolved, That w hile furnishing the Itlhle to our desti tute countrymen on the land and on the sen, we must not forget the more destitute and benighted in foreign coun tries. The Reverend Mr. Wilkks, of Canada, followed in a very elegant address, during which he took n fling at I'opery, Catholicity, popish influence in Montre al, tfaim.tu, ftiujthc Virgin .Moo , and went on to say? If file Bjiile was generally diffused, it were a g'lo rious thing. This is a subject in which 1 feel a great deal of interest. It deserves the attention of every high minded man. Hut I must conclude. I feel I am in the midst of Anglo-Saxondora. 1 believe all that is great, good and glorious is in that hook ; and I cannot better express the aspirations of my own heart, than in the lan guage of one. who, though an Kngliiliman, is the poet of all who speak the language. (Cowpcr) : " Come, then, and to thy many crowns, Add yet tliis one?the crow n of all tho earth, Thou who alone art worthy. " Anniversary of the American Society for Me liorating the Condition of the Jews?Ad dress of All*. Dllllcdolcr. This society celebrated its anniversary lust Thurs day, May 8th, at the Reformed Dutch Church, in Broome street. The exercises of the evening were commenced with an appropriate grayer by l)r. Mc. Curty of Goshen. Dr. Mn.Lunoi.EK then delivered in a very impres siive manner, the following address, which was lis tened to with deep interest by the congregation. MODEKN JUDAISM. Presuming that a summary view of Mo lerri Judaism will not be unacceptable on this occasion, I venture to present a brief outline of the tenets and views of that singular and interesting people who profess it. Judaism derives its name from Judah, which on the separation of the tribes, included that ot benjamin, and after the capti vity of Babylon, was indiscriminately applied to the whole house of Israel?they were ali-o called Hebrews, from Hrber one of the progenitors of Abraham. The rise of this people must lie dated from the call of God to the Father of the faithful. It was not however, till the giving of the law at Sinai, that that formal dispensation was committed to his posterity, w liioh was thereafter to distinguish them from all other nations of the earth.? Passing by their ancient history, which is recorded in the Old Testament, and in the writings of Joscphus, I will only observe, that from the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus in the year 7li, they have been without a common country?without temple?without prophet, or any com mon leader, or prelector?and that the terrible predic tions concerning them in Dout. 7, "28, have forages been literally and fearfully fulfilled. Hence the language ol Uos suet, "what have done, O ungiutclcil men,?' exclaims e, ' slaves in every country, and under every prince, still )e ferve not strange gods. Why, then, has God who chose you forgotten you ! Where are his ancient mer cies ? What crime?\\hat attrocity more heinous than idolatry, has brought on you a punishment that even your lepeated idolatries did not bring upon you ! Ye are silent! \ e see no? what makes your Ood vo inexora able ! Then recollect the words of your Fathers?'Let his blood be on us and on our children, we will have no | other king than Cicsar.' He it so. The Messiah shall not be your king?continue slaves of t'a^sar?slaves of the ' sovereigns of the earth, 'till the church shall be tilled with the Gentiles?then only shall isiliel lio saved."? ! Whilst we rcveience the prophecies which predict these calamitous events, and silently adore in their fulfilment the iusciutible Providence of God, yet it is but duo to them to state, that they have sufferedmore at the hands of j man, from insatiate rapacity and talse zeal, than for any j crime"; by them committed against the welfare of society. : A confession of faith was drawn up by Maimonides, one ; ol their most distinguished Kabbies. in the 11th century, ; in thirteen articles. The twelfth of these articles is ex pressed in the words follow ing. \i/. :?" I believe with a ; perlect faith that the .Messiah is jet to come, an I al though hi" retard his coining, yet I will wait for him till j he come." The modern Israelite cannot consistently | with his croed explain that mother promisi?"the seed of ' the woman shall bruise the serpent's head,"northat pro | phecy of Jacob, which predicts the departure of the I sccptro and law-giver from Judah, and fixes the time of that departuie?nor the symbolical signification of the pascal lamh? nor the transfer of guilt from a I sinner, to a victim substituted in his place, the shedding and sprinkling of its Mood, and the burning <>1 its lies.h upon the altar. Nor that minute prediction ol the rejection and suffering, death and resurrection of the Hon of God found in the 63rd ot itaiuh. Nor that equally wonderful prediction in 13th Daniel. Nor that prophecy of Hag<ii, relating to the superior glory of the Second Temple. Nor can they consistently w ith that creed, even account for their own singular, most bitter, ami long protiacted sufferings since the crucifixion of the I.ora of Glory. Having lost the key of knowledge of their own Scriptures, and denied the divinity of Christ and his atonement, they cannot consistently explain the Scriptures which refer to them, nor answer the great question how a sinner condemned by the law, if God be holy, just, and true, can |iossibly by justified at his dread tribunal. Pressed by tin' prophecies, esjieciully of Isuinh, describing the humiliation and subsequent triumph ol the .Son of Goo, some suppose there w ill be two Mes i kiahs. The one they look for is to he not a divine peison I in our nature, making satisfaction for - in, tint a temporal prince?an illustrious warrior, who shall subdue his and their enemies, and reinstate them in their own beloved land. The time and place of his appearance they declare not. They believe that the lost Ten Tribes will then be ? recovered and re-annexed to those of Judah and Benja min?Jerusalem rebuilt?Palestine blest with incompar able fertility?their ancient rites restored with the spirit of prophecy?and all nations turned from their idols to the worship of the living God. V complete system of pure Judaism is found in the old Testament, and esjie ciully in the Pentetuch. Mosps, the acknowledged ?**hor of that work, is universally allowed to tie tin most ancient historian ; and it is a remarkable bet that almost two-thirds of tho world believe him to have bcon Divinely inspired. He-rides the written, the Jews have also an orul law, communicated, say they, by God to Moses -by hiin to Aaron, Kleazar, and Joshua and In them to the seventy elders. That oral law, handed down by tradition to the Christian eia, was at the close of the seound oi beginning of the third ceutury, committed to writing b_\ Rabbi Judah, tlnkkodesh or the iloly, President of* the Sanhedrim at Tiberias? aad is to this day, with exception of the sect of the feint"*, considered as of equal authority with the Holy Koriptures. The book in which it ft written is called Mlsniia, or repetition. Their Gemaras, which are two in number, arc expositions of the Mi?hna, Mid are so called as containing the whole traditionary doctrine of their law. Their Tillmtids are tho Mihna connected with one or other ol the e Ue>r?nu; and their Talcums are translations of nil tin- Hebrew part' 'if tlic <ild Testament into ( haldce, made particularly fur the uneducated pait of tlic uation nftcr tlicir captii ity. '1 hey still have liturgies, contain iti^ tin' piescribe I lorms of their synagogue worship? strictly observe tlieif Salibntlis -prohibit intermarriage with olher nations?circumcise on the 8th day--and ie deem tlioii lust born. Theii males ?t the a;re of lliir teen, pass through a ccici'iony tomewli.it similar to con* I'uroation, heitix then declared tons uf the precept, ami from that time wear Philacteries in prayer, and cover i themselves w i.h a veil in their synagogues The mo dern Reds found amongst them, nri: the Sni aritan, who continic to inhabit their native land, : e the only sect now offering sacrifice, nr.d arc rejected by other '.lens . the Saducees, holding their primitive tenets ?. Rnbbinists or Talmndists. inheriting the ancient ;>irit ol the Phari see1; oti l the Ittiirilos, wi.o reject all tradition tliut is unsns'aineii In .iciiptuie. On account of their scatter ed ituation, it is extremely difficult, if not impossible, t , obtain .mi ae -urate knowle lit" of their numlier. I. lepi.'iulent of ti.e ten tri'.e , they r.c believed to ctcec ! 3,000.000 of io'.iIs, and this n nn:it ha- been preserved in a liin of [Hi eeutiiHi r.nl sufti*tin?, >uti> e it. rea.on would say, to luive ilctroycd them. rootnnd hr.in 'h. I'lli-t lii< l Hlow litrnivhrs a most powerful argument in fa vor of otii holy r> ,.;v i.i-ven in the view ol it* boldest ad vei varies, l.ord < he-iertield, in a beautiful discourse on the evidences of ' hriitiudty. observed that there wii one which he thought to he invincible, arid n<.t to be go over by tinj wit of man, ii/: the pi e-ent state tf tin lew i 1'ict to be ?<. ?<? united for oil rio human principle Jones' i.ile ol Hi hop Home, p tl>1AH lews, say the mthors.il the I nivev-al lli?tory , feel tin- dignity nt then nigin, recollect their former pre-, minenee with con irioiia elevation of character, and bear with indignation lIn-.r pii' ent state ol political subserviency; but com fort themselves with the lioi-o that their hour oftriumpi i- at hand. Whilst they suppose they w ill ever con tinue in their pronent views, < hriatinns nto looking lor ward with co:.;i lence to their conversion. Most < hn - ?i n divines believe that they will, al no di.lant fcri?.l reinhabit their own land. iv. Tt-ie -ly has unnounr. then reslnrati'iii in I vO, and T ti er o i the Prophern mpjin'-e tii .' !'? inieI ? ,, 1 I p. io.l ?i times im i hslf" or I'JIH> y cars, will expiie in l iiii- that the to! lowing thirty yean will be occupied in trio restorati. if Judnh. an i other forty-five yean in that of I m. 1 . il'ler iv Inch, i. e. in nil, will commence the reign of the njileiinltiri), w hen Palestine will a^al 1 be occupied by the low*.?(See Kober on Prophetic 1, vol. p. '2WI, Jul. tilt) In contemplating the pre ? nt state of thi wonderful people, we shall eaiily perceive tb..i they have very strong claims upon our interest in tlei, iveilare. They bio tne dc -er !?? its ol 'he Father of the ;ithfnl \mong their nnci-b'r.' 're found some of the mhlest chaiactcis that ovei l.vod. I cannot forget 1 i? .Ivat.ion is of the Jaws. That " to them pertain the 1 '"ption, anil the '.'lory, and the covenants, r ml f!ie giving >' fie law, i,i|.| tlie ervie.e of ??.?.!. and *.!.e pro n ' * 1 ise tne the I athers, and of n ho 11 as t nnterniit.; i j 'lj-h 1 hi 1st came, who I* over all,'Jod ble ,-i*l forev ? see Konians i\ , 1,5. A Jew moreover is a roan. II. hems 11 derive ! from the ,ar:te o fltnpo'eiit pWn r, an ?us lite dependent on the same houutiful Provi l^nce wit: ny own. He breathe< tho air I breathe, and treads tin ? nth I tread; is endowed with like intellect, and itibje. to like pasKioQ4 ol joy uud aurmw, hope and fear, such, li? is my brother; he is my neighbor also, ami ai such, I um rliM: , I love him as niyitlf. If an hun geiril, to givi in m> if a thirst,drink; if sick, woun ded or oppn to lelieve him; if a wanderer from God, to use ni) best efforts to lestore him; not by rebuke and scorn: uot by the terrors of an iui|uisition?robbing him of his property?bieakiug his bones upon a rack?or burning his Mesh with (ire; but by my reasoning, mv in treaties, and my tears with liim, and with God lor him. In the Jew I see aUo a conservator of the scriptuies ol the Old Testament, and a living witness of their truth. IIo has faithfully watched over, and effectually guarded that priceless treasure He holds up the Old Testament, and tells me whence lie has received, and why he guurds it. Whilst I behold him in that attitude, and tlx my eye upon the work of which he speaks, 1 see lines of living fire stream from its glowing pages, converging, and con centrating iu the person, life, death, and resurrection of tike Son of Ood. 11? this j>eople, as wo firmly believe, are destined hereafter to be foremost in building up the iaith which now they traduce; and if their return to (Jod will be a signal of emancipation to the Ocntilo world, we cannot but feel a most lively interest iu their cause. Although the restoration of this people, as a peo ple, will, we apprehend, be so rapid as to answer the description, that a nation shall I e norn as in a day, and, although we are unable to li\ the precise time, or to de tail tiie peculiar circumstances of their glorious chaage. yet wc do know, that the apostles were chargcd to preach the gospel to every creature, begiuuing at Jerusa lem thai from the day of Pentecost many sons of Israel huT* been added to the church and to the Lord?that the signs of the times both iu Britain and on tho Continent are favorable?that growing disposition is manifested in many places of removing their civil disabilities, anil in various other ways of doing them good?so that instead of relaxing iu our efforts, we are certainly called to mote vigorous exertions iu their behalf. It is matter of congratulation that our country has never joine I iu the fierce cry of their oppressors. This is as it should be?lor it is infinitely more desirable to be the dispensers of Ood'* mercies, than the executioners of his vengeance. Let us then present to them Christianity in its unveiled and incomparable loveliness?refer them to their own pro phecies?lay before them the overwhelming proofs that Messiah has already come, and that ho has made that atonement for sin v\ liich is contemplated in their sacri fices. Let us show them in our whole deportment, the power of the Gospel upon our hearts, and like the Good Samaritan, pour oil anil wine into their wounded bosoms. Having done these things, let us await with prayerful, yet confident alliance in the Word of God, the long de sired ami glorious result of their spiritual resurrection from the dead . An anthem was then sung by flu* choir, after which tho Rev. Mr. Lii.i.v, Domestic Secretary ol the Society, read letters i'roni the following gentle men: Dr. Pitman, Dr. .1. P. Durbin of Carlisle, Itev. Willis Lord of Philadelphia, Dr. Skinner, Rev. Mr. Andrews of Troy, and Rev. Mr. Head ol Salisbury, Connecticut; expressing their hearty ap proval oi' tho object of the Society, and their regret at not being able, from a variety of circumstanccs to attend the anniversary. Mr Lilly then reason abstract of the annual report of the Society, by which it appeared that the Society for ?he past year fias been steadily increasing in means and uselulness. That they have now a missionary perman ently stationed in Baltimore, whose labors have been abundantly blessed; and that they have invited a dis tinguished gentleman, well known in Kurope and this country for his labors of love, to assist the Society in its endeavors to bring the children of Israel into the fold of Christ. The Rev. Mr. I)k Witt then moved, that the abstract be accepted and printed. It is important, he said, that in formation be circulated among the community, iu order to interest all in tho efforts of the society. We have reason to be thankful for the progress we have made; not only in this country but in Kurope, is public attention be ing directed to the condition of the Jewish people. The Scottish and Knglish Churches have done much to pro mote the advancement of the Saviour's kingdom among the descendants of Israel ;and he rejoiced to say, that iu a political point of view, ali o, their condition was much improved. In Turkey, Palestine, and other countries, they are gradually assuming a position which will ie lievo them from the persecutions to which they have : been subjected ; and he believed the time was not far dis tant when tho prophecies will be fulfilled, in the restora tion of the Jews to the promised land, where they will worship in the beautiful Church which they shall build to the tiuc Messiah. The Rev. Dr. Joit.vi then submitted the following reso lution Resolved, That the word and the rrovidence of God concur to enforce the claims of Israel ou the tenderest sympathies of the Church, and ospeciolly calls for the renewed and united efforts of American christians in this great and good cuu.se. Ho said in support of the resolution that the time hutl come when the sympathy of the American people was deeply enlisted in behalf of the op ptossed children of I;:rael. He then went on to enquire into the best means of carrying out the objocts of the society, lie believed thai the best means was the simple preaching of Christ, and kim crucified? He had found this in the course of his ministerial experience the most effectual method of converting souls to (tod, ami he had no doubt, that with the divine blessing, it would produce tlic s?jne result w ith the Jew as with the Gentile. There wan a simple energy in the story of tlxs babe of Itethlehem. and in the doctrine ol grnce through faith, w liich would enforce conviction ? He also believed il.ut the publication of judiciously se lected tracts by the Society, would be a powerful means, with the blessing of tiod, in bringing the descendants ol Israel to acknowledge the Saviour all sufficient.? Now, lie said, was the accepted time, and now was the day of salvation?throughout the whole world it was a clearly ascertained fact, that the mind of the Jews is being more and more directed to the subject?the sympathies of all denominations are en listed?the best men of the churches in Kngland, in Europe, are preaching and praying for the speedy conversion of the Jewish people, and the time was ra pidly approaching when 'iings and (Queens will be nurs ing fathers and mothers in tlie kingdom ?!' tiod. It w as sit I by some that the Jewish mind was judicially blinded, and it was not right to interfere with the decrees of Pro vidence. The same arguments might have been raised when I'aul lelt such deep anxiety for his Jew isli breth ren, and w hen, on the day of renlicost, 3000 w ere brought to a knowledge of the truth. 'J he lesolution w as the -put by the Itev. l)r. Milledoler, and carried. The Rev. Dr. .Mc'.'ab iv then ottered the following pe solution:? Resolved, That the conversion of the Jews is the chicl means appointed of God, of consummating the conver sion of the w orld. After aoine forcible remarks by Or. McCarty, in sup port of the resolution, a strange divine arose lo speak, but was requested by the President to give way to Dr. Herschclfro.n London, who had been invited to address the meeting. .Mr. I.illy then read, as the credential <,1 Dr. Heischel, a lutter addressed to him by 60.converted Jew* iu London, who spok*: of the Doctor in the most ele vated terms. Dr. Hkiischkl then aro?e and said, that as it was Into, he woultl detain them for only a few moments. This was o work which would prove not only a blessing to Jews, but to all nations, tongues, tmd kindreds in the world. There were some, however, who raised objec tions to it; it was his desire briefly to answer them. The first objection raised is that of judicial blind ness. To answer that, ho would rite ouo fact, eleven years before the destruction of Jerusalem, there w as not a tingle Gentile convert, while thousands upon thousands of Jews believed the Gospel. 2d. The great moral depravity of the Jews?that 1 mo-t emphati cally deny. I havo travelled far a.id w ide, and have seen every phase of Jew Mi society, and I here assert as an un deniable fact, that the Jews as a body of people are mote moral than any of the natioi s of C hristendom. [Great applause. I Dr. Johns then rose to explain, and said that tie w ished to have his remarks understood as having ro fcrenco to a too prevalent idea, and that so far from en tertaining Mich an Idea himself, lie was constantly engaged in rebutting it.. 3d. Disappointment in the Jewish converts, lie would only soy to this, that t!:e tame objection would apply "to (Jentile converts, and ttiat the greatest difficulty nnd tumbling block in the way ol a converted Jew, was the coldness, hardness and strife among* hristians. ilo then narrated a deeply interesting account of an adventure iu Sinjrna, illustrating bin position, that Jewish converts are true to their professions of Christianity. The doxology was then sung, nnd after tho benedic linn, whicli ?vas pronounced by Dr. Johns, the congrega tion retired. The following are the namrs of the officers for the en suing year:? President?ltev. Piunr Mu.u.poi.fr, D. D., and eleven V ice-Presidents. Ion ign Secretary ltev. John Proudfit, I). D., of New Brunsw ick. Domestic Secretary?Rev. JoUn I.illic. Kocording Itecrotary?Alexander M. Uurrill. Treasurer--Thomas Bussing, and '20 Directors. American Home KlInHlonnsy Sorlcly?Mi)(" (u ntil Aniilrrmary. On Wcdne ~<lny night th?' arecmblagc in thi' Ti ber! ia el e w a - ..h trrcat an hi* hern wen onanyocci >tnnduring the past year; it wa.-> the celebration of the l!Hh anniversary of ih<- American ilnint \1i sionary Society, whose effort* to evangelize ih? Wc>-t f <v<' la-en carried/>n with niticli energy and ?an o'i ?, according to the Keport. The choir w is full ol finneifi; the platform erowded with clergy men, and the large area of the body of the liou.se was crammed w it!i caper li teners The service^ commenced w ith .1 voluntary on the . alt r which n devout prayer was offered up suitabh to ill" occasion. The TreasurcrV report was read by tic Trctu ur ?r. Jasper <'?>riiinif, Ks.|., fiom which a appears that there was a balance in the Treasury of >217 51 011 the 15th April, 1844: the receipts daring the ensuing y ir war .^121,fMW nuking the huiii at the rli ,K). al of the Society for the yearjuM ended, HI22 ? !(?! !s"2. The total liabilities amounted to #1^1,521 7?, of which sum gillH/NiO 12, have been paid ; the debt* contracted and obligations incurred amount to $151,040, n> m' et whieh there is only tit ? nun of id i t the treasury. The increase of receipts tor thia, over the previous year, is S'2>l,0!l 2f?: ol which over .ij'l3,(KX) were donations, and over J* ?)'M acipioi.s. Tuis sum supplied th" #>l2,0iN) n ?ce.^.ine.s to enable them t" carry on, a dut 1 njr last year, with 1 fuirplua of H'^tHK) towards enl-mring it# operation \n abstract of the rejMirt of the Iterative Commit tee was read by the Ijev. Milton I! idger, < aa of the sec retail's. The reprit w s, upon the whole, ea couriRini', and the Oj^'ninga fur tic; efforts ef th:? ociety bad nuginentc 1. N'ine hundrcd and f.uiv 'iiree mimst'Tii w. re employed in the work du -at; i" present year, <>( which 2 r> are ad litiou*, u n'ua ir fame |ieiloil The lieM ol their j,l ibor extends . ..j wjntj-tiirec ~t '0 fuel ter'atot ri ill' ?'i?, 1 nlon -.til laaJa ari l fe:.an til?o, ami the aggregate nuatl . 1 ?'.oatfrcgatioan is l.tfrt.V Thirty-six mi xinaarie 1 mar . ,e ili|>lo) 1 I thi yen than l i t Ti e exemplary iihti.t in vhicli the missionaries had performed theh luties, do or vC'l the warmest nappoit nn<i sympat'iy of the .liurc.hox; their Industry, their cadurunce ol' privation, their devotion and adherence to sound principles, were mentioned favorably, and testimony borne to the fruit* , which are produced by their ministry. The extension of Sumla) school instruction in the missionary churchee ! had leen promoted; the number of uupils amounts to ! 60,000. unci the cause of temperance had been so well fos ' teied. that 107.000 persons were pledged to abstinonce principles throughout their congregations. | Rev Joif.ru *? Ciakk, of Boston, nroposed the first ' resolution " That the report now read be adopted." He i hud watched the society from its begining, and road all its annual reports, each of which were more interesting 1 than the preceding, and the present as a testimonial of Christian benevolence was more so than all. 1 told them of an increase of iO.OOO over last yenr. but better still of an increase of 36 in the Ministers of the Oospel, preach ing salvation. Mr. C. continued lit length to describe the excellent efforts of the ministry in the West, and made a striking contrast between what the society found it, and what it is now. Tho R?f. Joitril P. Thompson, of New York, followed in support of the following resolution : " Resolved, That the influence w hicli tho Protestant Missionary exerts over tho organization and general welfare of society in the West, entitle* him to tiie confidence and support of not only the Christian but the patriot." A very long address followed, of the genuine anti-Popery, prescriptive charac acter; the energetic efforts; the sums of money; the systeinutic endeavors of tho Church of Rome to bring tho m hole continent under their tj ranni cal rule, were enlarged upon in very strong language, and tliut creed designated as degrading, corrupt ing. and inimical to civil and social liberty ; its clerg) men inferior in morals and in education to those of the Evangelical sects; and as the students of Den's The ology, demoralized in mind, and every thing that should deter from an interview with them at the Confessional. The address was received with warm applause* Another hymn having been performed by the choir, addresses* were made by the Rev. Asa T. Hopkins, of Uufl'ulo, and the Rev. l.vinuu Ueecher, of Lane Seminary, Ohio, when the proceedings closed with a chaunt, " go teach all nations," und the benediction. Eleventh Annlverttay of the American Fe male Moral Reform Society. This society met on Wednesday evening to cele brate the anniversary of the eleventh year of their existence, A large number of amiable, pioux look ing ladies and venerable, worthy men were in at tendance. The meeting was opened with prayer by the Rev. N. Bangs, 1). 1). After the singing of un I ode, composed for the occasion by the choir, the treasurer's report was read?by which it appeared the society was in a flourishing condition. Tlie amount of cash received for tho financial year ending April 30th, 184.">, was$68\!0 00 Amount expended for publishing, editors and lecturers' salary, &c., was 632i 01 Leaving a balance on hand of \$496 00 The annual report of the Board of Managers was now read by Captain Eaton, of which we give an abstract. The labors of the past year have been attended. with increased prosperity and encouragement; and the Board would ascribe praise to God, to whom alone it belongs. The lloard has not aa heretofore been straitened in their efforts. Once the press scarce noticed the society, only to vilify; now anym .secular and religious journals exert an exten. sive influence in behalf of purity. The Advocate of Moral Reform has been sustained as usual?has had un avenge circulation of some twelve thousand copies p>r number. Seventy-three thousand pages of tracts liava been published during the year. Nine editions of the " Walks of Usefulness" have been published. The Board regard it as highly important to the ele vation of female character that the energiesof woman should be fully developed, and think tliat thousands of the sex might be saved, if some of the avenues of business now closed to them, such asclerkships in re tail dry floods stores,&c , be opened to them. Over a thousand dollars have been received from book sales, and a balance remains in the treasury. Early in the summer the city authorities were petitioned to place matrons in the city prison and on Blackwell's Island, which was done, and a great improvement in the in mates has taken place in consequence. The Bethel missionary has been continued, and from their re port it appears that fifteen hundred and fifty-two ves- , sels have been visited?eleven thousand eight hun | died and eighty-nine paper.?also, seventy-seven S thousand two hundred and fifty-six pages of tracts distributed. The Iter. Mr. J. Pettibotck, from Oneida county, said : That eminent divine and faithful servant of God, How land Hill, said, that three ingiodients constituted a good speech?that it should bo pithy, sweet, and short?ami that as he often failed in itic two former, he was careful to observe the lattor. 1 shall imitate his example. lie then offered a resolution, asking the co-operation of all "friends of moral purity," and expressed thanks and gra titude to God for the success of the Society. The report assures us that the cause is gaining in the public lavor? much of the opposition against us, wo believe in charity, has been owing to a misconception of our plans. It state* that tho press has become more favorable. We have been held up by the press us subjects of malediction; hut the Lord has answered our prayer, and its fulfilment now conies as a sweet odour to us. The ministry arc beeom | ing more enlisted in tho cause, and bore we tind ground I for encouragement. The civil law is also beginning to j lake liccd to us ; nnd wo will not cease petitioning while our hands have power to write our signatures, tint the resolution requests the aid of the Pulpit?and, oh, what a request. It is not enough for us to let these devoted fe males go on unmolested?it is with pnin and mortification that I sny we have not done our duty. Kev. Mr. IUncs (groaned audibly'? God forgive us. Mr. Pf TTiBoNr.?1 must believe that the apathy of many of our clergymen is owing to their misconception. [Here a lady tainted, und was carried out ] I could wish that the pulpit were found earnestly engaged in the prosecu tion of this great cause. Let us be warned by the past, and endeavor to gain the approbation of our Savior. Go to Blackwell's Island. It was my privilege to staud there to-day amid the wrecks of humanity, and the larger por tion have been carried there in consequence of the very vice against which we contend. And when 1 told them that the Lamb of God died to save the t hief of sinners, the tear of sorrow would steal down thoir cheek*. My friends, strive to create an interest in the subject of vir tue. Her. Mr. Van Loon, of Poughkocpsie?The law of love is the soul of every true reform. The moral reform enterprise is the application of this law to the right* of (iod, and tho crime and suffering of man as involved in the violation of the 7th commandment. The greatness of the crime, and the extent of the sorrow and shame and suite ring contemplated by this enterprise, is the measure of its greatness. I had a dream, which was not all a dream?a dark and malignant spirit was suffered to spread its wings over this city, and children forgot their patents, and parent') spurned their children, and all social order u as destroyed. 1 asked what does this mean?what is this spirit?this spirit is licentiousness. Unrestrained, it would produce this effect. Let us pray God that this foul spirit may he restrained. It is easy to see the con nection between vices. See thnt young man as lie filches from the money drawer of his employer?watch him as he pursues his way through the streets? and as he nears the places where he should turn to the home whore lovo -nd purity dwell, ho turns through dark avenues until he comes to the house of her whose way leads down to hell. Nearly all tho crimes committed aro closely allied with the crime of licentiousness. Lot me entreat you to per severe in your work till it is accomplished, and the earth uo longer polluted by infamy and crimo. Itcv. Mr. Domisfl?I thi'uk it time ladies connected with n Moral Reform Society should be at home. I will not, therefore, make a speech. I am rather of the opinion you would prefer having me say Amen to what has been said already, than to liear uio mako a speech. 1 can heartily say, Amen. Piu'.sior.s r?Amen. Mr. Dowum?I will close with a verse which was composed by a Sandwich Islander, and I recommend it to your earnest attention, and hope you will not forget it. ' It is :? Go on, go on, go on, go on, Go on, go on, go on, Go on, go on, go on, go on, Go on, go on, go on. I And the meeting adjourned, after a benediction. Grantl National Ilc-lorm Convention. SPEAKERS! Goo WIN?ClIANNINQ?BRISBANE? Owen, \*c. Thisd Day?May 7. The Committee met at 2 P. M., pursuant to ad journment, Mr. Hvi kman in the chair. After some discussion, the cull of the Convention was with drawn. Mr. (roi>WLN then moved a resolution calling a Convention, and recommended Albany as the place of meeting. A Committee was appointed to corres pond with otl Associations of Progress, to indue** del'igates to attend. Adjourned to 7|r o'clock in the evening, when they met and were addressed by the Kev. \V. H. Charming, in an earnest and eloquent manner. Mr. Channjno adverted to the present degraded condition of the working classes. lie considered it indicative of a radical defect in tlie order of things. Here, said he, in this land where wehoaM of free in stitutions?of our democratic principles we are the veriest slaves. Even the poor Have of the South, down-trodden nnd degraded as he is, is better off than We of the North. Mr. ('banning then went on Id Hay, that lie considered it the tirivilege and th" duty ol man, with all his energy of usefulness to ac quire Wealth?that is to ucquire what is really good and u.-Hid; and that, as he accumulates wealtn. he i* healthy, morally ana physically. In the increase of wealth is trie increase of health. As a man obtains wealth he also improves his mind. The man who works?who chisels and drives th?iilane?who,stand ing over the. blazing forge, wields the mighty hammer tli.it moulds the implement') of human industry? comes in contact with hard facts?solid, substantial, e\erUstiug facts; and h ? learn.- to under t.md them ?In learn th'' laws of cause and eil'et ; and just as h ? aeeimulate' wealth, does h > unfold and develops his higher nature. Man, from the perception that he i:i increasing matter,awakenshi* social faculties; and as he strikes, lifts, and digs, lie calls out his social a (lections. Ah he develoiws wealth, he has also a strong sense of dignity i he feels that he is come into the world for some end and pur|>ose, ac cording to the will of God; and as he accumulates, laboring and producing, so is he free, good, and fit for eternity. In this city there are men, women, and children, who liavo no chance of getting wealth?no chance of being happy. If they do produce, they see it flying away from them?the drones of society take from them the result of their labor?they have neither honor nor profit. They kuow that they labored and toiled ; and when they seek the product* of tkeir industry, it eludes their grasp, vanishing liko a dream away. As society is constituted, working men are but weapons, mechanized autoinotons, in the hands of others. There is perhaps one-third part of tiie inhabitant* of our city who are able to live without labor. They conceive thut the dignity of man lies in not producing wealth. This is a most mistaken idea, as deleterious in it* effects on them selves, as it is injurious on you. When labor is inademo uotonous, a* it is under the present system, the mind is led oil' from a knowledge of cause and elt'ect?a man who is thus prevented from (developing his mind, is robbed. When a man is boumj down by excessive labor, his so cial feelings are destroyed, and he pours his sweat sul lenly upon an ungrateful soil ; and, as I said before, seeing the disappearance of the products of one's indus try, is the very tantalization of human life j to be an in strument injthc hands of others, is the deprivation ol hap piness. Is any thing done ! Every thing is done. Truth, justice, and humanity, are now marshalling their forces to conquer feudalism. In the first place, the democracy which tills Kuropc and America, is the assurance for man to bo what he is. This is the spirit of democracy?the spirit of reform, which is every where working out the same result. The cause* of crime are not to be attribu ted to the criminal alone. lie is surrounded by circum stances?he oftentimes drink* in from his earliest years the lessons of evil?he has been deprived of education, ignorance and crime are hi* companion* ; and, therefore, it is no wonder that he falls a victim to the temptations which beset his path. And from the fact, that crime late ly has been directed more to property than person, may be seen that property is neither rightly produced nor rightly shared ; in a word, it is by cutting ofl'the chances ol wealth that crime is produced, and society noon will own it. The reason why some are, and some are not wealthy, is owing entirely to the chances not being equal, l'ake for instance a man nurtured in poverty, and he must almost necessarily front the nature of things be poor, lie thinks he never can accumulate, and he never will ; there is no use to struggle; he is bound down to the earth by all the circumstances of his situation. Go to one ol our capitalists, and tell liini that the possession of wealth ndicates the possession of virtue and intelligence, nnd that poverty is the badge of vice and ignorance, and he will think you are mocking him?he don't believe it, for lie knows better pauperism is one of our social institutions, and tho only way to eradicate it is to give man the soil and the imple ments of industry,and then he will work out a great salva tion. There are some who cry education?education;it is a mocking cry. A man cannot carry his spiritual exist ence along witli his material; ho cannot educate while lie has to toil long days and night* for a bate subsistence The spirit of God moving among men, is creating a spirit of brotherly kindness. We see it in the various anniver saries and convention* which meet this week in our city, all having, according to the light they possess, the promo tion of the well being of thoir follow men. Mr. Channing then proceeded to state that lie wont with the association heart and hand, in the distribution of the public lands among the people, and gave his views of what a town ship should be, if the association should succccd in ef fecting thoir object. In the first place, every thing should be in common, that is to say, belong to the town ship. The township should partition otf tho lands, direct how they should he used in regard to the rotation of crops, 8tc , and who should occupy them. The products of the common industry to be divided, and given to each person as they wore useful, and according to their intel ligence, be. &c. All to have au e<iual chance ol obtaining a sound moral and intellectual educa tion. Kvery man to have a right to claim and his claim granted to the position in society which he deserves, and for which he is fitted?tho township to make all transfers, &c. when necessary with other town ships?in short, to bo the merchant. But the question arises, what shall wo do hero, now ? Mr. Channing then promised his allegiance to the Industrial l ongress when formed, but stated that a National Congress would not suffice ; wc must have State. County ana Township Industrial Councils, in addition, wherein every trade should be fully and faithfully represented. He advised the trades to organize, and combine their influence, and also have such an arrangement as to know the position which every man, woman and child conuccted w ith the trades, occupied. He proceeded to suggest a plan for a labor exchange, and advised a systom of mutual assur ance and lifo insurance, which were received very fa vorably by the audience. Mr. Channing then said, that there had been, in most of the radical movements, too much of the bitter poison from the tooth of the old ser pent. All this must be eradicated, for it did no good ; it was a truth that every one would recognize, that no man ever benefitted his brother without reaping his re ward ; and the reverse was equally true?and the spirit that should actuate the members of the association in their movement, should be that of universal brotherhood and love, or sonship to Almiglity tiod. (Great applause.) Mr. Timms theu suggested that Mr. Owen, w ho was present, be invited to address the Convention. Ho said that the Reformers, and the Konricrites, and others, had been represented, and their doctrines to some extent cv plained, and he thought it was but fair that thev should now have n chance Mb. Kta*? stated that he would very gladly listen to Mr. Owen, hut Mr. Collins, of Skcneatclas, who was pre sent, had been invited to address the meeting. Mr. Dmsbank teniarked in reply to the language of Mr. Timms, that lie was no Fourierile; he repudiated the name, lie was an advocate of universal unity, and camc to the convention as a man, earnestly desirous ol' advan cing the cause ol humanity, and not as tho representa tive and exponent of any particular doctrinc or princi ple. j Mr. Timm? said he did'ntwantto give offence to any man, and he would have used tlie word l'halan\arian,only he did'nt suppose he would be understood. f."r. Colm** was then called for by the meeting, and in the course of his remarks, which w ere general in their nature, and related but seldom to the business of the Convention?said that toe had been a christian, and had to this^day many ot the prejudices of the christians about him, but it was now his intention to follow the precepts Of Jesus of Nazareth. He liad read a number of books (applause)?and had made some calculations which re sulted as follows :?If the public lands were distributed among families of five persons in the United States, it would give each family a snug farm of 247 acres. He said ho knew men of great hearts?w ealthy and philan thropic men, who arc willing to spend, and be spent in this great work?this he said w as common ground where ?II philanthropists could inrct. He said the principles of the association would rapidly spread; in his town he could obtain in a fortnight 1(H) votes, and in one month they would hold the balance of power. The spirit of the age' is philanthropic?virtue, honor, truth Mid justice is the motto?even the politicians think they must be good men now, and lie has heard clergymen talk about virtue. Oh, the world was getting on bravely, nnd every county doing much to advance the cause of tlie regeneration of the masses. Mr. Owes, amid vociferous cheering, then took the stand.?He said he didn't know much about the peculiar views of this association. It seemed to him, however, to be this?Hiat all who hnvn't l ind w ant some, and those who have some want more. He had been accustomed, from the nge of 10. to look at things in a practical light, and he hardly thought this plnn a feasible one. Its foun dation was sand, and the building would fall, lie believ ed years ago, that as no man inade the land, no man could give a just title to it. There was no great difference between Socialists, Kourierites, tic.?they all had one common object in view, the inelioiotion ol the condition of the oppressed of nil classes. (Cheers.) Mr. Kvans then said?Mr. Owen seems to think Hint w e are building upon a sandy foundation, and can do 110 good. Mr. Owrw.? O, I beg your pardon ; I don't think so. 1 want the society te go on, for I think it of great use. Mr. Kv\n? then mode some further remarks, when the Comeution, on motion, adjourned linr die. Tlilrd Anniversary of the Christian Allinnee ?ComjMl^n Against Ills Holiness the Pope? Approach of the Terrible A pocn lyptle Conflict of Arina^ctldoti?The Protcs 1 truit Iloxts In l.lne of Iiattle. The Christian Alliance held it*- third anniversary meeting on Thursday evening, in Hr. Cones'Church, Rroome street. At eight o'clock tlie edilice was en tirely fill), and the services had to undergo some slight interruption, from the efforts made to provide seats for ladies as they arrived; a large number ot person.-', all apparently ot the more wealthy claws of our citizens, stood on the galleries, and iu the aisles for three hours, with a patience that showed the deep interest taken in the contemplated Antt-i'o ? i?tv movemt nts of this confederation. i The Rev. l)r. Conk opened the exercises by read ing the 15th chapter of Isaiah, and prayer was oi | feredhy l{ev. L)r. Ifr rroi. | The "Rev. Ml. Roskviu.k read the report of the Corresponding Secretary, which set forth that it was | not yet the privilege of the Ajiiinee to report vry j large or extensive results, In in.r only thus tar in a j forming state ; hut their movements for ho far show ed it practicable to erili-t the various Protestant sects i in this country, and so direct their combined force i as to acquire nower in papal countries. They had commenced the translation of l)'AI>igu6's History j of the Reformation into Italian for circulation in; that country. The association was in no breathless ; haste toatlvane", althou h tliev were anxious to join ! together all < ihristi m sects who are opposed to Ro- ] monism. They had evidence from various sourcs that the formation of the Christian Alliance had j caused -"lions nnxiety to the Romanists; and the I i'ope had dedicated nn mall part of his last encycli- I enl letter to this Society. The Pap;il See showed uno quivocnl igns of alarm, nrt'l if they carrio I their scheme j tliey would undoubtedly famish Hid [felines with hiitil- I rient reason. The gentleman hero read :i letter from sirt.'. Kardley Smith, ot Devonshire, Kngland, eouehed { in strong terms ot approbation of the object! and orguni- ' nation nl the Society, and giving a subscription ot X'tO ! sterling towards lit funds. The llev. Dr. Con?: then introduced Bishop Jinks, w ,10 roue nti.l s.iid ? Mr President. I move the adoption of the report, and that it be printe 1 under tho direction of tho Society. Sir, in compl airice with the request of tho officers of the Society, I will tuUo oecu ion to ?ly a few word* (is to the Society and it# objects, It is an old adage, that if we have too many irons in the fire some oflhcm must cool; Dr.' lsrke, how ever, says that tho said adage contain! en abominable 1 fnbehood; that no m^n can have too many irons in the fire; 1 that every man should have us many in in he can tong:, ? shovel, poker and all, nnd then depend on rigid attention i and energy to keep them from horning. I recollect well ; that ot some of the preliminary meetings that preceded the organization of tlii society, it wa? offered uv man) ns a re:i?? n against this, tint having so many a freed) ot these ben jvolent institution*, that if this did not sutler itself, it would he the cause of suffering toothers already existing. I, liowever, urn iiot uf that opinion ; I say we cannot have too muuy christian lutUtuliou*. I believe, iiir, wo can take care or them all ; that there are men enough, and means enough in the Church of Christ, if properly directed, to sustuin, uml sustain properly, all the christian organisations that cxif>t, or that may exist for the furtherance of tho truth of God and the religion of Christ. Why, sir, I am persuaded in my miud, that what ought to be done ran he dune. Ho then the question simply comes up " ought the Protestant Church to send the gospel of Je?us Christ?the light of Christianity into Italy I Is this a part of her duty 7" I believe it is ; and this conviction of my mind comes up from this passage of scripture?" Go ye into all the woild and preach the gospel unto every creature, beginning at Jerusalem." Now, sir, inasmuch as Italy is a par of the world, and the Italians a portion of its mortal and redeemed inhabi tants to whom tiie gospel' is to be preached, 1 believe, sir, it is our bounden duty to send t) e gospel there, and that we also can accomplish it. We may have to over come difficulties ; it may cost us much larior, much time, money, and perhaiis blood ; it will require much of zeal, faith, patience, unil perseverance ; but with (>od on our side?with his wisdom to guide us?his spirit to sustain us?the work, difficult as it may I c?great as may be the obstacles, can be carried out. Why, sir, your report de clares that tho Tope has already been alarmed ; if, how ever, I could speak into his Holiness'* ear to-night, I would tell him he need not be afraid. Certainly we will not harm him; even had we the disposition, we have not the power. We Protestants have no inquisitorial power; we have no rack, no pen ances to use towards him ; and we have not the wish ; we seek to do them good only, and that in the name of the Lord. I presume there may be those here to-night, who may send the Pope an account of our meet ing?what was said and done ; if so, I shall be much obliged to them, if they assure the old gehtljman of i?y sincere wish for his welfare, and that he m ly come to the knowledge of tho truth, as it is in Jcus. There are sovo ral reasons why I am interested in this society, and one is, sir, because of its boldness; it .seems to stand up in the true spirit of Christianity; to look difficulties and danger in the face ; and though we cannot do harm to the Po|>e or to those for whom we are concerned, nevertheless, we can tell him, that if ho sends infuriated built among us here, we will take thein by the horns, that they may .not gore us or others. (Applause.^ The groat reason, how ever, which interests me in this society, and which as sembles this christian audience, is the fact that it aims at the salvation of the souls of these people, as part of those for whom Christ died?immortal, like ourselves, and ca llable of sharing with us the bliss of heaven ; and if by sending to them the Gospel, and giving to them n know ledge of the truth of Christ?if, by favoring them with light and the institutions of religion,we can bring them to Christ, to holiness and heaven, it is as high an object as we can aspire after?as great a good as it is possible for us in any way to accomplish. Another reason, sir, why we desire tho salvation of these persons, is to remove the harrier out of the way of extending the liospel to others. You are not ignorant of tho fact, that wherever Protes tant missionaries are successfully empoljed in tiie evan gelization of men, the Komish Priest is thete with his doc trines and discipline. And how is the poor heathen to discover whicn is the christian religion f How can he be blessed with religion, and enlightened by tho fiible, and led to Christ agcinst such obsta cles as these Romish missionaries present ? Well, sir, if wc can convert those who are engaged in sustaining those missions opposed to ours, and bring them to enjoy gospel fellowship with us ; and instead of oppo nents, have them as co-workers with ss in the vineyard of the Lord, and to enjoy the religion ol" the Bible?us we would save them and remove the great hindrance to the kingdom of the Messiah, we must come up to the support of this institution, and give it vigor and .efficacy. And with the conviction that it will be successful, and that wc can sustain it, and that it can achieve all it aims at, I maintain that it merits the cordial sympathy and support of this audience. And, now, Sir, anothor duty requires me to ask your permission to leave this meeting, that I may attend another of a similar character. uoctor is a con , oj sow Haven, seconded the rosolu tion?He said it Rave him great pleasure to respond to the remarks of the last speaker ami support the resolution he proposed, although lie never expected to bo the fol lower of a Bishop ; and, said he, you may take this as an illustration of the unanimity of this Christian Alliance? as one of the spontaneous manifestations of the identity of the household of faith, however it may be nnmed.oriw deportments separated ; und, let me say, that we may yet see a Methodist Bishop laying on hands in the eternal city , and under the.very dome of St. Peter's?that wo may yet sec the Methodist missionary tread the Appiaa Way, freighted with the glad tidings ol great joy, aud proclaim (lie gospel over the ruins of the palace of tho Caesars. We all see, aud feel, and heur, this as an age of revolution?moro eminently such than any preceding age. There is an illusion perhaps in looking back upon former ages. Kvents contemplated at intervals of cen turies seem magnified,'and approximated, whilst those which are nearer us, ond their results, make a weaker impression ; but how few life-times on earth have ever included more great revolutionary events than are in cluded in your life-time ! Mr. Chairman, what caji you not recall I I have not seen more than half your years, and what development have I not seen of this progress There is a revolution in every thing?in every place?it seems as if the wheels of time were rushing onwards with renewed rapidity a* they approach the iinalc onsummation. The progress of revolution in this bljo is the progress of opinion, devo lutions, in the shape of insurrection und w ar, the over throwing of thrones and dynasties,amount to nothing un less the new dynasty bo tfie reign ol opinion. 1 say then,, that the revolution of the age m.i^;- actual progress only so far as the lorco of opinion Tnukes progress. The power of revolution is to be measured only by that of opinion? onjv ps new ideas of God, life a.id liberty are imprinted on the minds of men, and carried out by men, and incorporated iu their institutions. 1 think that to reflecting minds it must be plain that the next great stage in the progress of opinion must be the assertion among the nations of Christendom, of the doctrine of leligious freedom. F reedom is the great thirst of man kind in this age?the great yearning of the nations is for freedom ; they arc struggling lor it, longing for it, ready to arm for it. The nations feel that civil liberty, social liberty, the liberty of the press, will be useless without leligious liberty?the element of vitality to them all. Yet the ussertioti of liberty has not jet taken the >-hapo of a demand fer religious freedom. Hence, in all Homau Catholic countries every attempt to circulate religious freedom proves abortive. One of the signs of the times throughout Christendom, is an increased de velopment of the spirit of enquiry, and the sensibility that characterizes the present period as distinct from the past, both here, in Great Britain, a^id throughout Europe: and we may look confidently in expectation of the next stage in the progress?now slow I v but legitimately and surely going on?of the great i,ie.? of religious free dom; andw lien that shall be transplanted and fixed in the minds of men, il will take possession ol governments and nations, mid bo incorporated deeply in their consti tution r.n 1 the fabric of their laws. It <? the want of all the various forms of freedom, and above nil of religious freedom, that creates that obvious fart of lloniau Catholic countries continually disgorging, as it were, their supcrnhuiiduiit mi*ci v a ml pauper population into the Protestant countries of the w orld ; und the dis tress and misery found in the latter proceeds from the fact that it is tiauHimttcd from the former, and tho liberty they enjoy attracts those who have I/eon oppressed ?>y despotism. Hence it is that emigration sets with a strong current from Catholic into Protectant countries. Eng land, which has such an amount of mi-cry in her own bosom, see* it multiplied and aggravated constantly by tl:ej crowds of paupers from that green Isle, which for 800 years she lias governed with despotism she would not endure herself. We contemplate hei fall, and feel that we | have no greater danger to fear here than from the masses that pour from the Catholic countrie s of the old world. It is a danger we must meet?it is one I would not swerve from, but trust to the God of our fathers und of the Hible, to enrry us through. So in Switzerland, in Geneva, the cradle of the reformation itlelf, is endangered lion the ItomMi countries of Europe. The paupers ol these lire crowding into it because of the superior happiness round iu the light and liberty which has attended the reforma tion. The simple principle li ingal tho foundation of thi* happiness, is the right of private judgment; it is tho prin ciple of Protestantism. The gospel, tuo, tells men to ex cieise their private (judgment, when it tells them to repent and believe ; it calls them to a spiritual religion, and calls them to exercise their min Ih ; and every reli gion that is not one of mechanical j crformanco?one of beads and scapularies, must rot on tiie right und duly of private judgment. This is the true way of serving <Jod, of Iviiowin (, and apprehending him vv ill, an ey o ol faith. Now , sir, it is to the assertion of this principle that we of this society stand pledged ; and it is well that among the assembly gathered hero there should be one stan ling on' from Ine rest-tin utandaul ami emblem the great Christian embodiment otthe light and duty of man to judge for himself. It is right that there should be in this American assembly of ( hristian enterprise, * proof and token to show forth this Idea of universal religious freedom. Howtheuaiewe to act in order to promote religious freedom ? Not by promoting revolu tion in the shape of physical force ; not by going into plots and conspiracies; it is not our vocation?there la another sort of men vv ho deal in this ; it is not the ?eniu> of Protestantism?it is the felicity ol Protestantism, that it is lncupablc of acting by such machinery as this. And our friends here, who i. a) be t.iking notes to transmit mi account of this ling to the ( mrt of Home, will take down, that w e admit i'ull and freely, that we nro cl'dm it as our glory, our Incapacity lor that kinl af uiMion by which the lesuits .e'lieve ! their suree: Wtt rrt openly. VVc are to a t i-olely I?v argument a I the diffusion of Mens. It is a ftrir mean# to read (/oil's hook. Wo trust that as fiod command.? <11 men to repent, it is the privilege of all laon. anil their iluty. to know ! _ the choice of their own i-iinds, the v.i . an 1 stti)icnlous manner in wliicli f Jod has enforced lii*- commands. This i\ the idea we wisli to inculcate ut the propitious time. Now, when the clouds are (rat he 11 rip btacKness when ere long they inny hurst o\eri''.uro,-e in flames of Military violence; it is the time for our object* to ho carried out; and I wish to leave impressed on jour mindi th: the times now pai i,ii( are those for ftcutturliig the -n- Is of opinion, that they may \<-;?etate and spiin-f u;> i.i the minds of tho?o nations, an.I by an! by product their fruit. The spc iker wont on to dcacribe Hi" criticd tiite ef the peace ui Knti'pf--the war that i. ctmlitiffcnt on the death of I.one i'hillippe?the flamu tl.it is i ady to burst fcirth in Ireland, mid the new coutso of K.'"^lish policy in trHi<|iiili/.injr the latter by f- -dlj overHires to Rome?front all which he argued that the < liristian Alliance was to encounter the foe. an.I that at once. 1r. Kirk, ot Boston, after a few pi ? drain u y tvr-iirks, sni I lie projHj c.l lo answer the que'tio i vO.-tt w s the < hri'.tian Alli'iu v considered in its spirit and objects? The < liristian \liiance w as riot a creator,but a creature? not a can????, but an ert'ect. lie had no doalit but various feelings were ? tii i log within the hen is of Ihoso in that hjiiM\ Kew had yet become nnlir iled with the spirit of the i liristian Mliauce ; they had otjet lellv Imbibed the feelings which resulted iri it . oct;inii/,afion ; and standing there to s|>eak to thorn n ? cmhlt : Hint evening, he w if reminded of the time when thousandi gathered on the banks of tic* nolde river that formed the western boundary of the ir city, to see Kul ton's d ? cm rry ; when, ilcsjiite its intrinsic worth, many fi curious i.'./etoldof the little failh the\ had in that achievcui-'til. ol tlic human intellect. The f luistian Alliance n tilts IV-on this feel tog. that we cannot live and ?ee the human <pirit crushed under despotism any longer; wo o?.i ? t -it down under our own villi- arid lig tree, and see the li best countries of the world perishing for lark id piritual food. 'I he Christian Mi.; tlis result ol ivlction that it is cowardly, unmanly, and impolitic, to it f.till and ope? our bosoms to the deadly foe of Rome-to sen our dearest Institutions swept away witliout return injj to Rome th* compliment. (Applause) What is' tho Christian Alliance 1 it is th? espressioa