Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 10, 1845, Page 9

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 10, 1845 Page 9
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?ur fidelity to rrotestantiam, our lovo of li berty, of unity and Christ-liLe charity?our love of ipiritual liberty and our hatred of despotism. It mean* to put in appropriate action the member* of the Alliance and all Curuuam against spiritual despotism in it* spirit and origin, its outward manifestation and consc quences. There are three forini of spiritual despotism, toleration, arrogance, and uhity. Toleration is des Ctism. What do you mean by toleration I Why, to : you think. I.et meihir.ki I may, my Lord Bishop of London?I shall think. 1 abhor the spirit that lets me think, and 1 worship God in a dissenting chapel. (Ap plause.) It is despotism to tnlk of toleration in religious affairs, and we have embodied our views in this \oung and flourishing institution; because, if light, it will stand ?if not, let it go to the winds. The same we say of ar rogance. This Christian says, " we have ecclesiastical authority, or better men than you." One says they hi e oi the apostolic succession?one prides himself on ban tam ; but the freeman will us soon go to the conventicle as to the Cathedral. We ftbhor arrogance in any man or body of men ; and we abhor too, .Sir, the boasted unity of the church. The perversion of that sweet and blessed name is one of tl.c crying sins ol' the ago. What is the church ? It is the fullness of him that lilleth all the earth. How do you, a man, belong to the church I Get inside his heart and then you can toll. The moment grace divine grafts one of those branches into the living vine? not before?it is of the church, and it is despotism to bring a man into the church in any uther but the simple wav?that is iu accordance with tile word of (Jod. I am in aanger of trespassing to-night, for in order to pive my thoughts more forcible utterance, 1 have written them down, and may as well avow it, I never camo to a meeting with such feelings of awe and deep seriousness. The gentlemen who are'fitting at these tables net giving our speeches a mighty magnitude. I want them to do it; it is a great thing to make speeches, and it is a great thing to report litem. 1 ol'ten thought that if the Christian Al liance talked to the Pope, he would come down nud join them. Mr. K. continued ut great length to animadvert in strong terms on the efforts now making by the Court ol' Rome to spread his dominion over this country, and to contrast the genius and social influence of that w ith Pro testantism. Kev. Ur. Cox followed, and the sum of his address, which was extremely well received, was that the Pope was an old woman in petticoats?popery a quidity of non entity?Rome the mother of harlots?her organization, framed upon the military plan of I'agan Home, the Pope coraesponding with the Dux or leader?but he begged of them to understand that by Dux he didn't mean a certain aquatic animal. In conclusion Ur. C. paraphrased the tilth chapter of the Apocalyp-:e,which he concurred with Newton in regarding as applicable to papal Home; he bo lievod that all the vials orw, ath were not yet to be pour ed out?was ccrtuin the Pope, not Mahomet, was anti christ, and the great battle of Armegeddon as niglt at hand. Alterthc address, the meeting closed w ith prayer. Meeting In Rehalf of the American Board of Commlsslnnrrs for Foreign Missions, at the Broadway Tabernacle, May Oth. This meeting was called by the board of direc tion, for the purpose of improving the opportunity, which the large number of the clergy and laity from abroad, in attendance on the various anniversaries, presented of circulating through the country mis sionary intelligence, and of awaksning in the com" munity, an interest in the aifairsof the society. The Tabernacle was well filled, and the audience ap peared to take u lively interest in the proceedings. At 10 o'clock, A. M., the lion. Theodore Fte linghuysen, President of the Board, took the chair; and the exercises commenced with prayer, by the Rev. Dr. Beecher, of Cincinnatti. The Rev. Dr. Armstrong, one of the Secretaries, then read a statement ?t' the operations of the Hoard during the last year. The past year, said the Secre tary has been an eventful one in the history of our missions in Western Asia; the opposition which has been manifested by the Turkish government; the many obstacles it haa thrown in the way ot a dis semniinatiou of tlie gospel truth, Have been, to a great extent, withdrawn The Sultan has destroyed, bv his religious toleration, the fundamental maxim of the Koran. We have now facilities there for building up the waste places, which, with the bless ing of God, we are determined to improve, Ihe mission to the Nestorians is abandoned. Dr. Grant, the intrepid pioneer of the mission, died ol lever, in 1844; lie haa labored long and faithfully, and now is enioying an exceeding great reward. We had to contend with fearful odds in our mission to that peo ple. The Greek Patriarch and his brothers, with the Catholic priesthood, backed by the political influence of France, at the Persian Court, were all marshalled against our missionaries. In Syria, there has not been muclidone. Our missionaries, however, are preaching, and the people learning that the truth as it is in Jesu->, will set the nations free. J he mission at Jerusalem has been transferred to Beyrooth. W e have every reason to be satisfied with the fruits of this mission; whole Greek families, in the face of the bitterest persecutions, have embraced 1 lotestant ism and 1 rejoice to say, remain faithful to their pro fession. The most bitter antipathy seems to exist in the minds of the unconverted Greeks against the Protestant doctrine. The Bible is not allowed to be read, and in many ways the Greek Church shows it self a fitting coadjutor with the papal hierarchy in the work of oppression. The spiritual existence of the Armenian Church is not healthy?we have, how ever, some native teachers there, who arc effecting mucfi good, and the demand for ihe Bible is increas ing, in face of the most determined opposition. In Constantinople, so many attend the mission church that the cdilice can scarcely hold them, and once a week prayer meetings are held in the city proi>er, by native teachers, and this is in Constanti nople, the metropolis of the Moslem world. The mission on Jabon river, in West Africa, is a most fruitful field of Christian labor, and soona. avenue will be opened to the dark and almost most unknown region in the centre of Africa, where (Christians will have an opportunity of exltnd ing the blessings of religion. I his mission has sus tained a serious loss in the death ot Mr. Griswold. There was nothing of importance from South Africa. The Secretary then went into a detail of the opeia tions of the Board in Hindoo tan, showing the pros perous condition of the missions there, and observ ing, in conclusion, that their agencies there should be increased at least an hundred fold. In Ceylon, the indication of the downfall of idolatry is becoming more and more distinct from month to month. Out missionaries there are sending home loud cries for help, and the prudential committee earnestly desires 10 answer the cry. Nothing particularly interesting has been received from Siain. The unfriendly asiiect which the local authorities of Borneo wore to wards the missionaries is entirely changed, i his is owing to the interposition ot the home government. It affords uj much pleasure to state that the 1 yak mission is in a most flourishing condition. Ihe Chinese want books sent, and the word taught, far beyond our ability to supply. We have two mission aries in Hong Koizumi one in Amov; the last isol the Ueformeil Dutch Church, and labored formerly with great faithfulness in Borneo. Ihe Board strong ly desire to form a third mission on the Northern Coast, and we ought to send out at least twenty more missionaries. In the nastoral care ol large churches, the missionaries have to depend ma terially ui)on tlie native assistants ; they have proven themselves, faithful and competent. In many of the villages, the converted Chinese are building substantial school houses, and some of tlieni sunnort their own churches. One of the churches raised for that pur,.ose *125. the very first quarter tfiev met. No intelligence ol moment has reached us from the Oregon ini.vaon. The aspect of die mis sions among the aborigine- of our country generally inmost favorable. The great, dilhciilty.mi^ionnries find in modelling the tr??!i,i* the avarice and 'wick rdness unions professing CliUHtianH. He wouln sav, injustice to tlie Indian character, that the Che- , rokee, and the Choctaw* m point of morality, A e., | compare favorably with Americans m their neigh borhood. A mission to the Ojjbbcway Indians has I been established and is affecting much. And y c t, although we. havdone all we could do, and we hau ??fleeted much,how many have gone without warning j to the land of fcUence Mid darkness, and passed un sanctified to the bar of God and the retnhutions of eternity! If wu look only at what has been don , we see much to call for thankxgiynnr and praise?bm I we consider what has been left undone, we feel that | we have scarcely entered on the mighty w< rk; t iat ; we are not half swake to its vastnc: < and its uni jz ing importance. In the domestic department of the o|wratuin of the Board, th 're are indications ot an j increase of the missionary spirit in the Christian community for which it acts. The numbers of young men in our Theological Seminaries, who profess to have consecrated their lives to ihe publication ol the gospel among the heuthen, is much larger than it was twelve months ago, and the prospect ol obtain ing an adequate supply of laborers for the foreign li.rfd, is fairer than ii has been any previous time since the filtering of the churches, m l$57, exerted so disatrous an inlluence on those who were look ins forward to this work. I'lie Hnarfces of the Board are more prosperous than thev wera l ist vear. The receipts of nine months of the financial year, commencing on the 1st of August, ISM, and clo -nig on the .*)th of April, IHI5, were 81?0,000, exceeding those of the corres ponding period last year, $21,315 Ihe amount thus n'Ceived in die nine month- that have eljqxw-d, is I? ?s bv #13,ISOO than the appropriations for the same pe riod. If the remaining quart' r of the annual year sinill show an increase on the corresponding quartei of last year in the ratio that has hern le ih/.ed thus far, the Board will be tree trom debt at the clove H its financial year on the Illt-t ol July. In ordt i to uccoinpli-h ttiis, the receipts of tlie remaining quar ter must aver.i<?e .>L'ti.:>(tti ,w ?? u ontli. Tlie Board has now under it- ore 2<> n 1.--101 with AIR) lal'oo i . ir.eiudnv', nauve tr acin i-. V\ r have !I5 miss ionmy stations, hiu! free naioi.-K containing about i 1 > . fial _-i me l>o; rdm: , tcllOI'ls illai S i'1 ' ' 111 U llt.'ii l-long fi.'!i'll!-l?t. - ? We have la piiiuiu,' establnliiiients, wbieli In ve printed a!a at tiny i uTions o?>.;;e?m311;-ngnag's, iiot including die I'.n ?a-'h,. .U th re are twenty..-tx chinches of <?> nv Hied In tn'-n with meiuLers m lull cotiimunioii, um.crthe superuueudauer ol die Missionaries sent out by the Board. Dr. De Witt then addressed the meeting insteud of Dr. Wyckotf of Albany, who had been invited to address the meeting, but did not attend. His re marks had reference to the necebsity of action, A*c.. among the Christian churches, lie was followed l>y the Rev. S. HfTcinNas, of the mission at Madras, who, alluding to the many trials, iVo., which await the missionary in the field of his labors, a&id that the missionary receives a call from Christ to go and preach the gospel, and lie goes forth nothing doubting, with perils by land and perils by sea before him, and though the heathen harden his heart and perish re fusing the tender of salvation, he knows that he has discharged hi.-* duty and will receive his reward.? Immediate success is not the expectation of the missionary; lie iH content to labor in the hope of ultimately seeing his exertions blessed to the salva tion of the perilling heathen. A missionary who has labored for thirty years among the destitute of foreign countries, has said that he considered him self amply repaid ii' he hud only a hearing at first. If the missionary leaves his home, his friends, his early associations, and all that is near and dear to him. to labor in the ]iestilential clime of India?to work himself out, he surely has aright to expect tliut you will sustain him with your prayers and property ?that in the morning you will sow your seed ana in the evening you will not withhold your hand. At first the Hindoos would not listen to the word of God; now they pay for Christian teaching, and many of them are training their children in the way they should go, and when they are old they will not depart from it Is not this success 1 The | Brahmin priests wield an iron sceptre over the people. In one district, containing n population ot one million, there are Hi,(MM) Brahmins, 500 attend ant Brahmins, and 2,000 bayaderes, engaged in their religious ceremonies. Tne sniount expended by Christians for secular pur|K)ses,is altogether too dis proportioned to the amount given to promote the cause of Christianity. That is not the case with the Hindoo; theygive largely of their effects to advance the cause of their god. It is a common occurrence to see #2,000 sjM'iit in celebrating an ordinary festi val; and it is said that one million of dollars was expended in the erection of a Hindoo temple. One man in Ilindostan gave one million and a half oi dollars to spread Brahmanisqi. I have myself seen between thirty and forty cart-loads of money p iss through the street on its way to support heathenism In short, when I look at the small number in the field?the cold support given them?the want of spirit among Christians, and the nature of the ob stacles with'which we havM to contend, I almost wonder how we have effected so much. After some further remarks, Mr. Hutclhng's called upon the Church to arise and take possession of the land in the name of their King?to give liberally, as God may have prospered them?and idolatry would be abolished, and God's name glorified mnong men. After the singing of the following hymn in which the whole audience joined? Behold, the mountain of the Lord In latter days shall rise ; Shall tow'r above the meaner hills. And draw the wonu'ring oyes. To this the joyful nations round And distant tribes shall flow ; "Ascend the hill of God," they cry, And to his temple go. The beams that shine on Zion's hill Shall lighten overy land ; The King; that reigns in Zion's tow'rs, Shall all the world commund. Come then, O como from every land To worship at his shrine ; And walking in the light of God, In holy benuty shine. Ilev. J. Todd, of Pittsliald, Mass., addressed the meet ly, and oHbred a resolution on the subject of the reci procating influence that Foreign and Home.Missions had on one another. He was, lie said, sure the audience would be sorry to see him at this time, when they knew that he was taking the place of Dr. Beecher, who wu not able to address them in conscquence of his being in a weak state. [Here Dr. Beecher arose and said, he pre sumed there was somo mistake on the subjoet, as it was the first ho knew of it, but he presumed it was all right.] Mr. Todd continued, by saying, that ho ho]K>d the time might come when he should be too old !n olnciate.if with that time his abseuco should be regretted as his venera ble friend's was, and his place honored as his was. The compliment of calling on him was paid to Massachusetts, and not to him. The State had reason to be proud, for various things, and he hoped that they would he increas ed. The position of tiie gentleman at home was peculiar to the region where he dwelt. The audicnce were doubt less aware that Berkshire contained the highest land in Massachusetts, and the iron horse had to climb lJOt) feet before reaching the altitude from whence they imagined they could see a great way, and tliey could see the t>eau tiful mountains and valleys, and the pure streams, and in hale the fresh air. Sometime* it was interesting to trace out the spot where individuals wore born, and mark the peculiarities of their early days; and old Berkshire has three children whom she loves as much as heart can love, and the fust of them was tiie Home Missions; this, the oldest child, was born there; and before any other was organized in tiie land, and there it still exists, and cvon occasionally sends down its tribute here; the second was the oldest Bible Society in tiie land; it was born there and there it still exists, and it also sends its tribute here. But the brightest of all was the Foreign Mission Society, and since tho timo ? S. J. Mills consecrated hi'uself be*ide the Hoosack river, and by M; movement gave rise to iiie Berkshire | Association "of Minister*, which in turn gave rise to a more general association of ministers ami to this Board, (and lie may be excused, perhaps,forjlooking down from his heights,) and feeling that God Ims especially honored them?they dwell alone amidst their hills and waters, but tliey are emblems of the water of life. We claim not to he thanked; to God ho all the thanks; we aio honored enough in laboring for him. He was not surprised that a s;iirit of lovo and honor for Missionary enterprise should bo developed in Massachusetts ?in that State there wore, he wai going to say thousands, but there are scores of praying mothers and pious fathers, who have consecra ted their sous, and also their daughters, to the work of I pieaching Christ to the heathen. Ceylon, Bombny, Sinin, Africa, the prairies and log-cabins of our ow n far West, bore testimony to the work of sons rcured with prayers and tears, 'i nure were widowed mothers ic .Massachu setts, who have had their beloved sons slain in the exer cise of tlieircalling;slaughtered by disgustingcannibals; and yet those same mothers have daily prayed for tiie mercy of God to be extended to tho benighted heathen In hit own congregation ho hod, mothers who had sons in various parts ol the w orld.and in our western prairies, and daughters also,and looking abroad to China and India to the many benighted souls there,wandering in the ways of darkness,though tliey maybe allowed to feel thntllomc and foreign Missions were the same in love. Still we must consecrato all we can have to Foreign Missions.? Urs. Beecher and brethren, from tho West, gave account of a young giant in its cradle, and one whiclt promises to i increase in strength every j ear. They said tuey wanted . tho New F.ngland Primer and School fnstructois;that tho I Romish faith is there, and that its threatening* will soon i be heard in tones of thunder not to be inistuken. These I point out that we must sustain Homo Missions,aud while I wo love both home aild foreign, wo wish wo had j one hundred fold more assistance to bestow on them. The Home Mission! we are anxious to main tain for three reasons ; our kindred have gone west, and i are increasing every yeur in their removals to that ' part, aud we want the Home Missionary to preach Christ i to them. Secondly, wo wish through the instrumentality of the Gospel of Christ, w hich can save it, to extend salvation to the country. Thirdly, we want the whole country and tho strength of the nation to engage in the work of salvation, ami we must liavo it to enable us to perform our task, which we cannot do, unless the whole i country is bapti/.od in Christ. \ itranger voice yester day said, that they were not Saxons. Wo claim to !><? Saxoni, and there was u great destiny marked out for us; time was when Caucasus contained the Saxon race, and w lien tliey came down and thundered at t!io gates of Home, the Roman Senate looked in their maps for the region whence came these invaders, but could not find , it. still, insignificant as they thought them, they burled the proud Romans from their place of power and empire, and proceeded in their march of tyranny aud rapine tri umphantly. Their gods weie idols, Thor and Woden, from whose names are derived our words Thunder and War. These wore their gods, but 011 the advent of I hris tianity, they became people of the Lord, and their habi tation has become one of the brightest spots in tho world. He would wish the stranger to go home, and say Hint w u too arc Saxon-, and that our only rivaWhip w ith our mother countiy is, w hich shall carry tho Cross furthest iato tho dark recesses of heathen lands. Ho had heard the variety 0! sect talked of; but wo be long to one church, thai of the living God. Our race is Saxon, and our only weapons truth 1111J love, which s erve us to embrace tiio whole family aud bring them to ( hlist. So long as we are engaged as we aic, there ran be 110 dill'eieuco between homo and foreign millions : 1 their objects are reciprocated, aud we must be engaged I in both. Whoever thought that when the Apostle - were i despatched on their missions,that t.ioy loved lude i le>? f : Who ever heard that enlarging the heart contracted the , soul. He wished hi* friends from the counti y w hen they 1 returned, not to say merely, that they bad intend* 1 such ; and auch meetings. They must go and feci they hail 1 been neur the Saviour and his Cross ; that from this day I henceforth, they had a- -umed a heavy responsibility ; i they must go and inscribe on the family altar, that " ! none livetli foi himself alone," and henceforth adopt the j sentiment of living for Christ only. I)r. Bckchf.h, ot < incinnati, rose and said, that God'* ways were not those ol men, but they never failed, and always in the end showi I that the) were what true j 'hi- . losophy would have taught us a-- the true way*, but 110 | subject has shown us more the supremacy ot God, thiWi 1 the order in which ho ha* opened the m*prn>ation ot mission* and revival* in religion. Ho recollected the origin of all these dispensations, of all these concentra tions ol Hod's views tow arils the world He is old now. and in his day, perhajM, many ol hi* hopes of Zioit may not be consummated. When the subject of Foreign Missions lod to tho organization of this board, the com- ' mon sentiment was, charity must begin at home; that they could not. Under pressure of tho new no tied coun trie*, and their own vacancies in the church, attor l ? I send out minister*} but had they followed out that idea, they Would have been mistaken: it ?qs\ci\ easy no* J to see w In the dispensation of God'* Providence C< me need with foreign mission*; It reminded him ol tin anecdote ol < olumtius breaking the oiig befoir t courtiers. The reverend gentleman went on mv ti. ? a spirit of familiarity with sacred thnr_ . einlaie'en-.l their l eingtreated with contempt, and that tho bur m mind while engrossed with little thing*, wanted mi orb to eariy up souls out ol the I.uniliar daily observation ill the great institution* of modern days, weic elemen tary part* ol God'* plan, originated inspirit, inspired b> the Foi di'ii Mission*. Hie shock first stmek in I'.r.g- , land, ..nd he remember* ot the tiding s awakening such j thrilling feelings, that evny heart lusponded to tbem; having got tiie fire awakened up, then came out the sa tellite* ot the iliblo and other societius, sbot from tho gieator body, a* tho Infidels my the oarth was shot out, and made God's plan perfect. Inspecting tho feeling of the endangering of the church at home, lie trusted suiH cientlv in God's plan, to tiiink it the widest. At a speech made dj him at a conveution he attended in Fngland, in favor of sustaining the western colleges which had fall en into difficulties, he had reprobated the idea ol aban doning Foreign Missions. He insisted God's plan was wisest to take cure of thorn, and if they think they can't afford to contribute to Homo Missions, they must keep them where they are; the Foreign Missions have made, and are making, the church a millennial church, and we fear not the west will be behind hand in supporting tiiem with zeal. If we get enough to keep our hearts whole, we shall be enabled to shout our victories to the whole world. Mr. Sp*vldiso, a missionary from Ceylon, paid that when he came this morning he had been asked what he was going to say He answ ered, w Uateverthe rest left un said; nut tliej iiad left nothing; and that as they had men tioned the world, his theme should be the world, lie was most happy to find the Foreign Missionary Society the sun in the moral world, and for it he praised the Lord, and if they all felt as he did, he would, with pleasure, take the next ship and go back to his work. The com mand of Christ, " Go teach all nations," first moved him to the work, and every man in the Church enters under the positive command of Christ to evangelise all nations, and that was the confession of faith in old times. He would like all ministers to pleach from these words in the Bible, viz: the supplicating prayer of Christ to re member his little flock, "as thuu haf-t sent me into the world so have 1 sent them." The gentleman then went on to refer to the immense field for missionary labor, and where they would be as safe in exercising their calling M here, viz: British India; and recommended it to the students that lie saw in the assembly. God has placed this enterprise before you and expressly says, " Go teach all nations," and who will be responsible it' these are left for another generation to attend to. Fathers and mothers, if they pray to the Lord to send forth laborers,must raise ?<>ns iiiul daughters in that idea, and plnca them on this al tar to he consecrated. The gentleman continued at some length in a most excellent address, and was followed by '1 no Jlev. Mr. Thompson, who said: With mingled feelings of embarrassment and pleasure I rise to occupy this position at this meeting. Most gladly would I sit here, sir, to receive the counsels and instruction of those honored fathers. 1 cannot have any thing to say to them, or to this audience in their presence, which should claim your attention; and p et, sir, it affords me some re lief to reflect, that thougn tliCSe fathorj may not be in structed liy tho words of a youth, they may be gratified to learn tiiat some of the spirit that hus burned and glow ed in their breasts for half a century, has been transmit ted to those of the second and tiiird generation. It was my satisfaction, sir, a few evenings ago, to address the American Homo Missionary Society in this house, and j tho venerable father from the West, who has spoken this morning, was pleased to say, that although he desired to enter into his rest as soon as (Jod called him, yet, when he saw tho spirit that showed in young mon, lie felt young again, and desired to live u little longer to mingle in their labor. He knew not why that spirit of renewed youth came over him. Twelvo years ago there was a revival of religion in the Fifth PresbyUtfian Church ol Philadelphia, where I, along with some other young men, became a hopeful subject of the grace of God. At that time this honored father was on his way to the West, and came to tell us that he had taken farewell of all his peo ple and brethren, and was going to lay his bones on the other side of the mountains in the sorvice of his Master. I felt then that he wp.s entitled to his rest, but I thank God ho has not gone yet. I thought of the inspiration that led him?of the heavenly breath that he breathed, and it was his own breath and spirit I inhaled, that I breathed the other night, aud I thank God that I have another oppor tunity this morning to catch another spark of that divine fire, and wish myself, and aspire to the honor of being, another satellite, to roll round that glorious ball. Sir, we young men cherish these institutions, and w ill take care ol them. Our Berkshire brethren shall not be ncglocted in this city j we w ill tako care of them, aud as many more as you choose to send us. It was suggested, at the closing of the anniversary w eek last year, that the clos ing of these meetings should be of a character tender anil solemn ; that wo should not go as from a political assem bly, but as under the eye oud in the presence of heaven. It is desirable for the churches in which those fathers minister over the lengfli and breadth of the land ; and now, in a few words, 1 will strive to describe a fow ol the thoughts that have occurred to me here. My thoughts have arisen from this assembly to another, of lar greater interest than the objects that surround us hero. When have we most of the spirit of heaven, if not when we draw nearest to God, in tho closet ! This work can be perfected only by heavenly agency. I must say 1 was delighted witn the idea of the last brother, who spoke of a heavenly telegraph, by which we make the most direct and rapid communication betwoen that other world and this. No sooner tho Christian missionary, in the midst ol his trials and troubles, prays to heaven for relief?no sooner is it uttered, than it is heard in heaven aud on an swer on its way back. In this cause we are in communi cation with the heavenly world. The head of all is living, and controlling all for the promotion of His cause. Think, too, of the vast body of the blessed that are in sympathy with us in that world. We have heard to-day of the death of our beloved missionary ; and does his soiil not glow with more celestial fire as lie contemplates the cause from those loftier heights, ond sees all its trial* and disappointments until the end? We have learned that the beloved Dr. Grant was called away since our last meeting. When tie was last among us, I was de lighted with a remark lie made to me. When 1 observed to him that he would stop and give us an account ol tin vast and strange field he had been laboring in?" O, no,'' said he, " 1 cannot take time for that?I must begin again in my field, and take my station on those mountains, aud lift my voice and cry for help; and if I find jou don't then help me, and come to me, I will come to you." He went back to see his beloved flock devoured w ith raven ous wolves, and to find his own grave at the back of those mountains. Vet he has redeemed iiis pledge. 1 remem ber the words of the patriot?"My country is lost?my people are gone !'' And Dr. Grant is gone. Yet ho is uot. I sec him in those blissful regions w here his visage shines with clearer radiance?where hisej os see us witri the clearer sight of an angel. Oh, the "sympathy thot rings through the heavenly world, responsive to the aspi r itions of eur hearts in such an assembly as this, linking us with heaven in its results I We aro told in the report of revivals in the Kait, ill this State and thai, ol anxious minds, enquiring hearts, of rejoicing souls. What is all this but the work ofheaven in sympathy with us?of our prayers in our houses, in our families, iu our churches. I w as much affected tho othei morning when the Chinese youth was introduced and endeavored to. speak to us through an interpreter. Ho r.oid"wewere talking in a language he diil not understand, and yet he knew we were talking of the father and of his king dom. My heart is superlatively happy, and 1 more than half persuade mysell I am in heaven." My heart leap ed when I heard this language from the youth. Lan guage wastoo weak a vehicle to con\ey my'fcelings that sought utterance in some other manner, and I longed for the day when the redeemed and glorified assembly would join and sing "Glory to the Lamb that was slain, for ho has redeemed us with his blood out of every na tion, and kindred, aud tongue and people." The ltcv. Hk.nrv Wii.kii, of Montreal, was the next speaker, and Dr. Beccher concluded with a few remarks that he had forgotton to make before; after which, the assembly separated. Meeting for Consideration of the Propriety of Abolishing Capital Punishment. Lust night there was a meeting held at the Miner va Rooms, for the purpose of discussing the question of the propriety of this mode of punishment, and the right that man has to take the life of his fellow be ing?-. Tlir occasion was peculiarly fitting, after the execut ion in the Tombs in the morning,and the feel ings of those who are opposed to this mode of pun ishment being fully aroused on the subject. Among the audience we noticed several of the persons who have been assisting at the Anti-Slavery Convention thathns just concluded its session,and the attendance generally was made up of the country visitors, who have been lor the lust week attending tlw anniversa ries; but still, as far as the room would allow, it was well attended. At about 8 o'clock the meeting was addressed by Vice-Chancellor McCoi ?*, who opened proceedings by u few remarks, stating that the city had again been disgraced by the execution of another fellow being, and it had been deemed a lit time for the friends of the cause to assemble, and he stated that several gentlemen would address the meeting. J. I,. O'Scli.iva v, Ksq., Editorol'tlie "Morning News," then introduced a series of resolutions, which recom mended the substitution of perpetual imprisonment for the punishment of death, and resolved the formation ot a National Society for the abolition of the punishment of death, to meet once a year in Philadelphia?the first meeting to bo on the 1st \\ edneaday in October next.? The follow iug gentlemen to bo the officers of the So ciety ; /Vfiirfent?Ocoroi: M. Dallas, Vioe President of the United statoc. >'????? Prtiidenti?The Pre idents of nil State Societies ; those now existing being Hoiiehi IIcitovi,, .ir.,oi llos. ton ; Vi( e < hanccllor Wm. T. Mi ( "t >?, ol .Now Voik. Pronsssor Hknrv 8. Pati i;h?0!?, ol Philadelphia. Hccrrtary Professor Hi mit 'i. Pat rrMon, of Philailel

pliia. Cm > fsjwvHing Cnmmitte' -Joli It. Tyson, V ] ; Ptofes ? orilhaifen I), '?leigs; the Rev. Rufus W.t.'riswuld; Dr. Henry S. (iibbon? -with power to add to their own nu mber. Hev. \V. H. fiiANvnc rose to second th< resolu tion*. He said, one scarcely can know how to give ex pression to the leelinga which every one must feel under the tragedy which hat been acted in Onr midst. This morning's sun roue bright on many huppy home , but to how many y oung lieu ts came the n.t information that a fellow i eing was to lu> ushered into cternit \. hi soul to be separated from his body in .< violent and cruel n> inner, sowing the first seed of revenge, anil re venge ? uictioned by law and admitted as a standing instiUition/jlJsocial life : it ihooked t(ie:n to think m b:i t, so atrocious n deed could be committed. Allow me to il lustrate how young minds can i>e affected by siu li deeds. years ago, a scene similar to the one which has shocked us to dav, occurred 11 our city. On the morn 1.., ot the day ot'execution, n child w is eeninti trs, id tie cause was asked} lam afiaid, said the child, I dont love the poor man enough t# Wish to be killed In I is | I e;tl is ?ii? tl.e puie instinct of a pure 1111 allied eai , it \v s S ? hoe , ol surprise la a moral .1 it m* Uti'., to j'st. rani' 0 < one w 1 oa has transpired in this It* to ?' > I v ill u- 'x .. t he it i< ?nj man here, who hits not bee ? oc'?e I at the le\ ? y wh<>Ml has been manifest ed ??< 1 *>'w .niniier for gam, for frivolous doi 1, ?'; not a pub > bent .pucker. 1 ot a s uile been staid; gi .1 ve, sei ions christians tune me. Is> discuss questions; the ex change has been t:-.'\t.v;ed. the workshop resound 1 to ? ound of 1 in.ian iivt 1 < it.) tr. 11eit>nt, an I this indit fcieuee t ? hnman lite , ?? ..a sanHi e In this cu torn. II thO gallows ha nesei e. a he* d ot, and had it been 11 tvi duj . a so 111 Its.1 . a ? . lo to 1 ittere.t out, e\is r> man would I ??e i>eeu ?? ? .h. n>? teilllnif face* v.ot.ld hutebeeii ee > w ?? .!? aa?e beau the deep borre ol tin ttt'..?---> . e?> i v ' would have been paled; . id all u .nil t h ive >?.',! e ill lei t on day at least, I a a sabbath. It would pro luce t nr.feel, lint there Is 110 mode m win 11 it < an I e In 'ked at, unless it is com plete. A crime Iim* bean cuounitte I, an I we destroy the I commandment, tUia l.iy. shllU bt taken lf ' prove that commandment the., .hi f.>?" cannot ' us look. (tod's con'mamTi im ^ '? a social crime. Let theprophet* or from the dictate.'U^Vheart!TheisS.TKh so rev olting to the human soul.to ourWter na, reTT,!' ved from one text, ami the best HebrewV.U-S ' it of doubtfulintcrprctution.but suppose it to v/aVc?iear ^ if we heard afro.,. Heaven. Was ihocr.! or wafw . ' ed to be universal in its application. All the coin'mtu??" i fi:id uo ?Vti,at??"nEeSE ' u'tmm n i i P,i ?? Ijeopie, and the circumstances, to e as loca ZhKh 1 * ?'**?? il m?st b? consider! sal and th -' er m "to W boUl clear and uuiver sal, and thi command binding on society, then societv to. maad'raV ? whoev*' <,i*obr> ed 11,8 command. The com mand ?a} s, w hoevcr commit* murder mil* be killed?not rommitfi^ T ** K?"<> revolting!)? as the murder committed; tins was the practice in the days it which he Co mi ml? f r i in i m l'i" >0W' 11 thore 's"? ''tisis as fs no rieh fn fh ?r ?'8? ProroJ,t'n??. then there force the ex w,|?reKent form ?" s?ciety to en ext" Wl11 any man say that James K?. ^ I, i w.as necessary to Societj ?it was not so?he could have been confined and ?oeiety would have been ?awi?when'p^M v times when there were no ? . . w"en every man s hand was against his neighbor cessary him' " 'mve bX CI cessary , but certainly not now. They sav it was no sav'ft'was'tn arrJn|'le ^hat h,is been the ??mple 7 We say it was to aiousc evil passions ; it was to sav to th* Zutr?::T' 311,1 man's a-K no tin! div ' Th . , ^; mun '',e".v t,,is ,0 be the example to only when the bftto^mTn' i'"hushed^whe i/u a'tiM* are aronsed but calmly, ceo^I'd^ii^'^irTnd* .ion, will say, why then ? can?ake lifj" a"d1hK isC' of alf is t?a'? IT fol," th example, and tl.o most terrible not P.?r l IlfB f,an.be'.aken a,nil1 s? "'"eh levity. Did 1 .! ? know that this city wns iroinR ou as"usual ? an") , letpay w.0,1,(j lau^>. ""'I the solemn brood of care' Ho 7 l>e was in the agonies of dissolution I Heieltthat lie was desolate and lonely?the evam. le that was taught so painfully to him, was taught to Si.? thmi.Df^th ?" W^? h?wked tbo account oi his death !brr?"f! th? streets, what was the example to hiin it could not be worse. By many, tho justification of the punishment of death is based on'its necessity to the safe ty of society. They say that this kind of punishment is necessary, and must be tolerated. I deny the justice it is not a fitting punishment to the crime, because it makes i I ,Mle'!,COmmit the same c?8. lor it pushesthe crimi nal. . It is_a perversion ol justice. The mind that is not a^,the^'j^ witb abhorrence at its 1 i *.nifi I and injustice. When the missionnrio.angliciz ed the savage, and erected a galbws to punish a man the men of nature were amazed?what, said thev com' nut murder for murder I it js u!ljust, not because it k because^t tak?? ?nu'is,1Jmf'lnt tbat ??^ety can inflict, but and hfs onlv U of ,<0,1 what l* bis right, S i J e srcftt1 punishment that can ba in! nictcrt, is in my opinion, utter seclusion from societv ? the 2h? n 8uclet,v't" enjoy the converse of friends I on ?r^ ' , .0 ho(-me;19 tbe U<u "c '"a?. a"'l tbo depriyal Iv li i ? feels to be the A>cat?st punishment To I tho insf ^ i*^n om t!ie tiei of humanity is tho true? I thojust and proper punishmen'. By givinir him tho means oi reformatio", you may lift him Trom YegradatSn ?o occupy the high and holy sphere ho was made for - vvaL^ -lmu? ?n 8 luf out 110m society, a friendly face to waken in his heart his better nature and it will be it once a punishment and a blessing,?the crime done to dav to-morrow passes away and is forgotten and socic t> takes not even a passing notice of the eddying whirl vhere a lcllow creature sank, butjeonsign him to a moral afl h?'i.r? oE . 8 lcsso" against the crime?it teaches 1,!w<'|oM o c,rles are remedial, and tliould be al lowed a chance. There is also danger of takinrr innn 1 ^ !i c!iannin^ thon related several instalfces of the kind, and closod with this remark: when a man shows a better nature, new principle., you "mve God', example to treat him as a man. ' Pll' ?f I,os?on' rosc.in 'be name of religion, to ear testimony against capital punishment, thouith he despaired of uttering his thoughts to the full extent ?'f. wbosc heart has not been hardened by the action ol the day, must have responded to the reimrks of the eloquent ( banning, that life i, violal.le and that w e ?'VkS may ta^e ih0.m ol a fellow being Our ob {?u:i V prevention of crime, and the exorcision of the pint of inurdor. Seeing the secular and religious press i t???h.n? V! SUVeCn ?"??l?fly. what is the lesion that is .5 ' (b>r -n- By the tsking of life, Which is the sa credest of thing., men all around us are taught by the example to loster a spirit of revenge, and are tempted ever} day to exercise that spirit, and the fact that thev do so little resist that temptation, proves that they need ?. CS-on t"orc,a"d n'orc every day that human life is most sacred, and hai that lesson been taught' No To day we have seen that life is violable, and that under StCUITUCeS| ":ut b,?tting out of life Is re cogiu/aMc. T his question is one so plain, that from j U very s.mplic.ty a ,s passed by; things that involve a , most intricate course ol reasoning an.l argument are "e | nerally understood, but things so plain as this, wo can scarcely force into the tortuous mind of tho public ! sorrv to ^.v ?"VCrSCd W'i?t,, one wh0"1' ??i 1 .i . V- , ay' Was a minister of the (Jos pel-that Gospel that teaches to overcome evil with good, not the gibbet. The clergyman argued that the community of evil and depraved beings required the gibbet as an object ol terror, that they might llnow that ni|COv not,,e takcii-but is this true philosophy?. - r?j L 1 'cnyuif h? bad read that great ef forts had latdy been. ma.1e to give up tho wearing of ! that uot^?ii?andfna: tl.e t'error^i'is cl^ton I it increased Hither^t^ndiShed'the'ten?\o'com' ! mit murder. In Now Orleans nnH v.\>i !? * 10 com ' the code of honor so called, wns in operation"^! .,f^b was well understood that no man could comma rt. j ' 'i?bt0,st I'is fellow-man without running Hie risk of being cloven to the ground. What has this j s\ston? of terror done? lias ii increased the safety ol' human life? No In proportion to the number of assaults has the insecurity ol life increased. No man is so liable to insult as he w.io goes armed at all times to repel iu sult. It is not true, in fact that men are deterredfrom evil doing by terror of the law, if terror is to be the punishment, how comes it that so great an imorove mcnt in the discipline and arrangement which he-ees with much pleasure, but if be believed tho eibbet was required to punish crime be would tro and wag? war against these prison discipline Soucties that go in any way for abreviatimr i , punishment, and would exhort all to quit from beinS I i kind to the sinning child ; but tho sinner might think i fuJ'"*, n fooJ an(l unpuuwhnble thing. \ cleriyinan I this day had sgid to him that it was dangerous for a murderer even to remain in prison. Sir, said I, eighteen i bundled years ago a character worse than all was Drought to the Saviour for condemnation, w hat was his reply ? "Co, an.l sin no more." And ho was wiser than we are of what was for the interests of the sinner and community at large. The clergyman rople.l, Sir. th< reason of this reply was that she had not been tried and found guilty by a regular tribunal ! And if she had lie would have joined iu her punishment!! Would the Saviour have carried this doctrine out ? Imagine to-dav when James Kagcr was taken from the Tombs for r \ cution, a the person who killed him was pure and peaceful; a Jesus ( hint would have assisted at it.? to IhnrV seems horrible (and he did not wish j i?.i^ an> b??Jy m tho room.) but unless vou I In i i f i ?' 'V"1,1'1 ''0"? U >?? are unjust, tho c/ihii? il l hol>',memory in associating it with ! i' ? !1 S0."' tl,at ,be Bibb?l is "ei essary to w ,.rn ti 0r?"n ''carts of the community ; then w h> " '' l' i1.', ?) i?.V .C ,t0 ,\itness thc ^noblin,; and trail. ?iiii "0f "d'-'Ct some noble nm|.hitrentre and then calling together the men, woiiion and children of this city, execute your man, ami if tho idea was to in,til a w holesorno terror, let them witness it. \nd whv il life is so ?red, and its taking is so solemn, why not choose a day when men could take advantage of it .' He was struck with the remark of Mr. ( banning, that there . h id been no leeling exhibited on this day. II an es.imple I were neccsserv, why not take a time when community were readj to listen to it/ Had it been dono on tho Sab- 1 "Hi "JJ -ll!"' "i presence of children, and the execution- i er been n clergj man, there would have been a solemnity I attached to a hut the feeling of the whole community re- ' ject tins. But the law has decided that this dreadful ex- 1 ample shrill be performed secretly, so that none sla.ll linv e advantage of a. Among the crowd assembled in' the viciniU ol the prison and endeavoring to obtain a ?uol I when a glance at the dreadful scene might perchance l>e obtained, w hat teehng w .s predominant? That of feelini;' ;>o, the reverse. He went on to allude to the visit of tough, and the Hutcliiusons to "he state prisons, and tho lorce ol their kindness to the prisoners, as a prool ot their openness to reasoning; and concluded with a .-ovcre no tite <jf those cloip w ho maintain the doctrine of hanging amidst some applause. o?"?> Mr. Deli , 01 Kentuck) , being called upon, said, Ladies and Gentlemen : I should be sorry?very sony?it one of the remarks made by the gentleman who preceded mc were time, and that is, that tiio people aro losing faith in Christianity I don't believe it. i'hero ma) be individuals, and there may ho tocieties who have lo.t fni h in the forms of Christianity ; hut there is aaessen i d principle, si 1 vital one, in it whlch no society, or no man con gainsay; thai was as relf-evu'ent a I p.dpiiNo.as that two and two make four ; and imoag then, is the one vou recognise, in the repudiation of ce4 ital punishment. Nothing, sir, in my visit to your city, atthnls mo greatel" pleasure than my attendance at this meeting 1<> nr. ht. No Kidijoct appears to me mure clear and satisfactory th in the proposition that in tho infliction of c ,ntal punish ment wo outrage nil tho instinct*, the sympathies th? charities of our naturo. Why, when 1 Or-t thought of the subject, it flashed on m) mind ItUo a flood 01 light. Kvcry thing charitable, good and ympattietir in our rot ture. is a ainst it; arid il is the plainest, im| ie.-t thing pos-dlilc. II is not bemuse the people are 1 edng i.iitu in Christianity, but because the) have iot ulltiuen them selves to think. Tho world is so ocenph- I hj its own pursuits, that it will not allow itself tiro# to tiii I lief) an) .eligible, honest man, to sit dow i a el reflect halt un hour uAthe subject, without lisiigwitil the oonvici ?n thai capital pui:<dnn;ni! is wio.ig fiienls, individual character is formed on the colleciite character. It society has i right to take life, ??o lutre I. If society has a ie; <?. to take life, 1 have n right to pull a potol out of in) pock t nul shoot the man who oflends me. Now 1 feel tho thing perhaps tiMlie than you, living in Kentucky a* 1 do, w here p - ds > i feowle knives are u eoi.imo i as wate,lies, and uven the students lit Transylvania College, carry j.i-tols quii. commonly. I look u;?i>m it a- on jn-nlt to tliis audience to the u)ii!urrtandin : or the r mut r) for a :v ,n in la sa> capital puni ihnicnt is neco<-a. \ tor > sample . xa.nplo : i ? 'anil get the Newgate ( ale i !? i,l ; i it, ' I vol ? s .' t ii id that places of public execution e t . > ?? Whine v e an I i rim# most prevail. I roer was *h t cntion which wis not li grac Mil to ! u.-.t i Iture I . peat it t is Qhi iggrcjrHle cliaia'tei olso'a .. that gi\ tho h-ihit, nod customs to children ; Ihr ? did Ire:. j;i a n,i and bi o.ao moil. When t!ir-y gro.'. up o Jj oi : \ ears, thinking thotnsclves men. they ?!., ., also >' , . , e a right to Carry a pfatol or bowfa knife, an! ? e ( ...I when insulted. I an any thin; bn p! < tii ,it that those o se .'oUon.4 I'o.inive at mm an I nations/ who can donbt tb.it they do nut '.ausetlie e and ?thcr Giimcjf This it sa pisin, that /t would he an of fence to the audience to reus?n upon it. If society has a right to take life, so have I, and nothing struck me with more horror than the sentiments I heard from pro fessing Christians. Vengeance i? mine saith the Lord. In the name of truth, Mr. ( hairman, what more is wanted than this t It is not worth my while to talk of the effects of hanging. I could nut tiegin to talk of the harm done among those who arc left behind the victim. To fling from the gallows into eter nity the erring victim, one would suppose enough to end this law, hut the effects on the poor w ile and motherless children arc such as to bajffle description. What becomes of tiic wife, the manly sons, the virtuous daughters of him w ho trues to the gallows ? Where can they fly for refuge ? .No state?no city?no foothold in the land will receive them and there is not a place on this earth where they can And protection. My friends, for such hapless outcasts there js iv> aid ; tdiamo is their portion, and this fact is enough to warrant the abolition of hang ing. And now,sir, 1 will not detain this audience further tliau to say, I shall fie happy to havo my name cnteied as a member of your society, and I beg to plumose this rexo lution? Unsolved, That Christianity in its most manifest injunc tions?that every fact in nature that surrounds us?that human experience in all times?that reason and common sense, all directly prove that the object of human punish ment is and ought to be reformed. Mr. English next addressed the meeting. He observed that there was much error in thinking that lie w as op posed to the law for punishing crime ; It was quite true he was opposed to banging, but his views weie much op posed to those he heard to-night from the gentleman who had spoken. He did not care a crack of his finger as to tho result of this question in reference to its bearing on human life abstractly, He did not look upon human life as of any value, if it were necessary to take it away for the good of society. If the public safety required the sacritice, he looked upon life as worth nothing, per tr. Eut experience had tuught that this capital punishment was productive of no (rood object, nor deterred from Clime, and that it would De poo.I policy to abolish it ulto? gcther. I do not ask myself what are the dogmas of this sect or that?although I profess myself a Christian : this is a plain matter of government ; it is a question of law ? of simple municipal law, and nothing else. It presents itself to ui as citizens of the republic, ami nothing else. What are the ends of law I Are they revenge .' If they are, I do not know a single commentator or legislator who understands the spirit of our laws. The object of law is to deter from crime ; and to deter, they must be terrible. How are they to be terrible f 1 tell vou. if you make them sanguinary?if you scatter blood like water through the land, the inward sympathy that lives in the breasts of men will not let them execute your law?will prevent them. The terror of the law, I say, is its cer tainty. If laws are not certain, they ore not terrible; and if they are not terrible, they are good for nothing. Law can be evaded. Some observant author has said, that all laws were like a net, in which the strong pass through and tho weaker are caught. And why is this 1 Why is it that the poor man is caught, and the rich, who has money to bribe the executive, or to ride on popular favor, escapes / How would such law deter individuals from committing crime ? How do tliev benefit the com munity I I have heard it here admitted this very evening that capital punishment was an ordinance of wise men, originally devised to prevent crime. It was no such thing, in the early times of society, w hen the man with strong arm and coat of mail, and dexterous sword, prevailed against his antagonist, the friends of tho latter were obliged to take up his quarrel and have vengeance, and so it w as transmitted from one to another and socioty kept continually in a turmoil. At last it was determined to transfer this vengeance taking from the hands of individuals?this was not done to pre vent hanging, but to confer the power on the State that was befoio held by individuals. And yet they tell you tho law has no feelings of revenge. Neither has it if properly executed ; but 1 say the origin of law is in re venge the most hellish. (Applause.) The efficiency of laws is their certainty. Now, how many criminals, ac cording to the records of our Courts, are convicted in the course of a year, in proportion to.thosc who escape I Is this right 1 Is this conscientious I Is this the spirit of justice, that one man is punished and another escapes I In Philadelphia, whence I have returned to-day, they have for years been prosecuting and convicting crimi nals for murders, time after time, and I have just learned that at last they have got the length of executing one poor negro. Mr. E.'s remarks were directed to show that a modified and softened criminal code would prevent crime more effectually than the present, if the penalties were certain and inevitable?but so long as the law existed as it is, he would not oppose its enac tments. A collection was taken up to defray the expenses of the room and the meeting adjourned after a couple of flourishes in the defence ol the clergy by David Hale. Aiutlvt'vanrlt'rt. The Abolitionists gave themselves full play Tues day, and their antics made up the chief feature of the day's proceedings. We give interesting sketches of their meetings, both in the forenoon and evening, which will be read with interest by all classes of readers. In agreeable contrast, however, to the melancholy exhibition of human extravagance and weakness af forded by the Abolitionists, we have the pleasing celebration of the Sabbath School Society. This is one of the few associations whose anniversaries are celebrated about these days, which really deserves the sympathy, admiration aud love of all intelligent friends of virtue and religion. The Sabbath Schools of America are among its noblest and most valuable institutions. Like the gentle dews of heaven, their genial influence descends in peace and silence all over the land, and almost imperceptibly its blessed results are scattered far aud wide. In this city im mense numbers of poor, miserable, neglected little out casts are collected together, instructed and clothed by the munificent, but simple instrumentality of the Sun. day School. Devoted women, whose hearts have in deed been warmed by the charity that cometh down from heaven, are the chief laborers in this great field of Christian exertion, and in their own quiet, unostentatious way, they are, Sabbath after Sabbath, effecting an amount of practical good which cannot be calculated. They are, in truth, doing morejthan the pulpit itself to advance the cause of true reli gion anil the best interests of the human race. Ve ry often, whilst sectarian bigotry or a cold and pro fitless dogmatic theology is thundering from the pulpit of the church, the humble Sabbath School teacher in the basement blow is to be found redeeming the sanc tuary from the indignant rebuke of heaven, by do ing its work; and we therefore record with the greatest satisfaction, the continued and growing prosperity of the Sunday School Society, and most heartily bid it God-speed in its pure and elevated career. The abolition fanatics are, it will be seen, more noisy, viralcntw vindictive and unreasonable than ever. Nothing appears likely to satisfy them but a dissolution of the Union. To effect that tln-y bend all their energies. And nothing dis covers more intelligibly the hypocrisy and hollow heart edness of these men, than the ruthless violence with which they assail the integrity of the Union. Justice?truth?peace?til 'ir country?all are a* no thing in the eyes of these fanatics, when compared with their own selfish and designing movements.? Look at the intemperance, the violence, the blasphe mies?the ruthless denunciations of all that is dear to the christian or die patriot, which characterize these abolition meetings, and then judge of the claims of these men to the name of philanthropists. The poison thus seems to carry with it the antidote. All men of sobriety and intelligence turn aside hi utter disgu: t at these exhibitions of raving fanati cism. The meeting of the ''National Reformers," a re port of which we also give in this day's paper, pre sents many interesting points. It will be seen that anti-re ntism entered largely into the proceedings.? That spirit of rebellion against the 1 iw, hud, indeed, s good t ight to be represented in the assembly of the new reformers, for by them it hits been most af fection itely sustained. The first steps in the reform of society, according to these philosophers,should be the distribution of die public lands to all who are Without land?as soon as possible nil abolition of all nut- a general repudiation of ill leases and title deed:?a pel feet restoration, so far as respects individual rights to land or water, of thai primitive social organization which prevailed when? "VVilJ ill wood* tlic noMo >in\n|r<> rnn." It is, however, curious to remark, by what a mise rable faction, after all, these lilt raisins?abolition and "national reform"?are supported. A lew thou sands are all they can muster?men, women, chil dren and cattle. They do not so much as raise a tipple on the great tide of practical sense and sound intelligence, which year after year sweeps over the land. Tli crowd, as it rushes on, pauses occ ion ally to be amused by the capers and vagaries of the e fanatic . knav or fools, .is the case may he, b. t the great sot lal movement never for a moment ceases to he conducted with common sense and sa city. The great work of civilization and social , r< gress i> ally puffers no more from thesei:itorru| t -ns, than does the h i uic s of a mighty city from t ? ? noisy conflicts of Punch and Judy, Lonu Ist.AMi Raii.isoai>.?The Hc:-ion train ovi 'he Long Island Railroad arriva I last evening ni'ie hours forty-two minutes fioni Ho t< ., with a iai.;e number of p sen e . The runtiinj Wa done in eight hours and fifty-eight minutes. The Phllowiphjr af the Rccent Ailnlvcnarlei. The numerous anniversaries?amounting to about thirty in ull?which have been held in thia city du ring the week, suggest a great deal of interesting, and not altogether profitless speculation and tefleci tion. They are so many indices of the movement# and workings of the popular mind in leligion, morals, civilization and philosophy?annual reports of hu- I man progress, which no intelligent and thoughtful I observer can allow to pass unstudied. Let us look I at them in this aspect. Two thirds of these meetings are of a purely re ligious and moral character. And one remarkable feature which distinguishes all, is high toned Pro testantism. A strong and decided sectanjaruBm I marks every one of them. The circulation q>f the Protestant Bible?the dissemination of Protk'stant ?*' tracts?the sending forth of Protestant mission aries?the support of Protestant colleges?the Vindi cation and propagation of Protestant doctrines,?are the great objects of these associations. The des truction of Popery is the grand and avowed aim of all their efforts. This is the fa vorite theme of the orators. Th-? movement ot ? these societies then cannot be strictly regarded a* I a putting forth of the energies of the Christian world I for the evangelization of the nations?it is part mid I parcel of the great antagonistic effort which the one ? great sect has been engaged in ever since the Refor mation. Catholicism meanwhile is not idle. It is ever active, but its mighty machinery moves silently and without public appeals and public parade. Its thou sands of missionaries are every where at work. It is planting churches and colleges, and convents, and seminaries all over the continent. Thus with its policy changed and conformed to the spirit of die age, the church of the seven hills still presents its front, massive, extended and unbroken, to die ad vancing forces of Protestantism. One third of these associations are philosophical, Fourierite, Abolition, and Infidel. They constitute a mo&t singular and interesting part of this intellec tual movement. Some of them are directly opposed to Christianity?they denounce all the religious movements as the work of priestcraft and inimical to human liberty and happiness. Others affect to be purely philosophical, announce new theories of so- , ciety and seek to regenerate the world by upsetttJftf'v^ J the present organization of society and substituting - 1 the system of Fourier, or Owen, or some other social reformer. I The number of persons directly engaged in all these movements is very inconsiderable?much more so than many at first sight would imagine And very little influence is exerted on the great masses of the people by these associations, notwith standing all the elf rt and noise which mark their operations. Probably not more than from five to ten thousand individuals, two thirds of them feniajps, take any direct interest in the religious societies The clergy?young aspirants for clerical notoriety and preferment?and laymen whose vanity, ambition for display in the only field open to them, and, per haps, pious feelings, are thus gratified?are tlte chief conductors of these movements. The great mass of business men?die active members of the community, who control the greul tide of social progress?do not take any part in these associations. The infidel and philosophical movements have still fewer supporters Not more than one thousand individuals?one-third of them females, few of them young and most of them old and ugly?unite in these efl'orts to revolu tionize society and public opinion. The philosophers too, are men who have little personal influence in society. They are dreamy wild, and visionary enthusiasts, unfit for the practi cal business of the world, who are jostled aside iE the movement of the crowd of the active and indus^ trious millions, and who wander away and are lost in the wilderness of abstraction and impracticability All this curious, varied, and original machinery? moral, religious, and philosophical of all kinds, can not be set in motion without money. How much money, then, do these associations collect 1 Where does it come from 1 The religious societies do not collect more than between three and four hundred thousand dollars annually. Little of this iscollec ed in New York. The great bulk of contribution* comes from the country?from the pious, quiet, re ligious, Popery-hating rural districts. The philoso phers get very little money?probably not more that, between three and four thousand dollars a year. It is a remarkable trait in the character of these phi losophers, that they will give you a great deal of talk, but very little money. They have, indeed, something of a contempt for money. Industry is contemptible according to them, when it* object w the dirty dross called money. Pure philosophy should, they think, serve mankind for meat, drink, and lodgings. A few, however, do manage to make their philosophy "pay." After all, then,the influence of all these movements on the masses is very slight. The masses are practical masses?they are common sense masses?they are money-making masses. They are masses that love the "almighty dollar" more than they love Almighty God. And yet, these proceedings, year after year, these movements?religious, moral, philosophical, infidel, Fourierite, social, and all?are not withoat certain results?results in u greater or less degree" beneficial. The religious movements on the one hand, representing the strong sectarian feelings and prejudices of the |>ast?and the philosophicid move ments on the other, representing the ultraism of the age, groping its way into the mists and darkness of the future, are like the two opposing forcesof electricity, operating 011 the intellect and opinion of the tune The results must be satisfactory. The spirit of free inquiry is encouraged. The public mind is exeited to new and useful courses of investigation. Foolish theories are seen in all their extravagance ami im practieability. Genuine religion comes out pure and attractive, as ever from the conflict with infidelity Infidelity itself, allowed perfect freedom, become? more modi rat> and less blasphemous. The tritm is all the time widening its dominion ; and slowly, but surely, amid all the dust, and turmoil, and noise, and extravagance which mark its career, the mighty progressive movement of the human mind goes on : the race, ever marching onward to the highest p<- ut of perfection, which it is destined to attain in ph. v sophy, religion, science and civilization. \tw York llUtorlrnl Soclcty. The regular monthly meeting of the New >< rk Historical" Society was held at its room*, in the IIniver.-atv, on Tuesday evening last. There w is a full attendance, as a discussion on the report < the conunittue to give a name, to the country w,l. ;e> pa ted. After some routine business, in the course of wV.-ii a letter was presented from Henry O'lleily, iv> , ol Albany ,-i corresponding member,giviiig aninteresting account ofhi* researches into the early history of tins Slat'', especially in (he Indian depariment; the order of business on the re[>ort of the committee was tak. r> up. The Se< rf.tarv announced that a variety of corr munications had been received, from societies: id from distinguished individuals, expressing i. .1 opinion on the propo* d change of the national nam Amongst tlm.se I'-ti'-rs were communication- from the Historical Societies of New II imp-hire, Mil a chusetts, Maryland, and New Jersey. .i! resp-o' ? r proposing tlv consideration of the tji -Hon. IjCtters w -re also read from ('li iin?llor K> nt. a M. Van I'uren. Tiie former dissented pm-it (?:. H from the view of the Committee, and the ev-l" -i dent, with characteristic ei iiion, d,-lired that '? i, prusent circumstances," he w w rather inclined to entertain the belief, that, i?crliti? >?? it was,after all, not inexj>c<!'' i>t to def, i in..kiii;' any chance. It w m then announced that th ? Hev. Mr. (ir.o wold, of rinladeliihin, had at last arrived, and \ motion wa- otier-ii that Ins i>np? i be read, and the order of l>u ine- suspended tor that purpose. S,''ie ? -nil ir> di?cu ion followed, and Anally t!ie motion pr< ailed. Mr. ??i;tsvvot.i? then read hi* paper. 'Fie sub let ?i j the "Literature ol the Uuited unit's" The >. r wa* lea 'ili) and rethei p..>sy Mr. Uriswold i- i-ider. d that hi all departtti .*nis, th ? lit 'nture of In ct 'atry w.kS superior to that ot the od world \ vot- o! thanks w.w .^iven to Mr. Gil wold, and the incetin;; udjoumed.