Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 13, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 13, 1845 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New lurk, Tueatlay, May 1J, 1N45. The Atmlveruu-lra ot IN43, Au Extra Edition ot the Wi;t k lv 11?.k w.d it> now pub lished and for sale, entitled the HOLY ANNUAL HERALD. Containing in one theet, Reports of all the Religious, Moral, Philoaaphical, Social ami Abolition Anuivema lies, receutly held in New York. Price tij aunts a copy. Tin* sheet presents an urigiwU view ol society in the metropolis. ?? ~ THE GREAT RAOII Between the North and the South. EXTRAORDINARY EXPRE88 from the Union Course to the Herald OJBcc. Four Editions of the Herald in One Day. AN EXTRA AT TIIE END OF EVERY HEAT. This l>eiiig the day on which tha great contest be tween the Nortli and South takes place on the Union Omw, we shall issue, in addition to our tegular edition, FOUR liXTlWl EDITIONS, , ut lour several periods i/ flu* day, iu order to ac commodate tl?e jmblic with the several results as they are ascertained. The First Extra Herald will be issued at fight o'clock in die morning, and will contain all the intelligence up to that hour on the respective horses?Fashion, the representative of the North? mid Peytona, the representative of the South. The Second Kxtra Herau> will contain the re mit of the first heat between the horses, the intelli gence of which will, if no untoward accident inter fere with our arrangements, be brought to this office \n a few ljimut^s after the heat ip terminated?pro bably at on? quarter to two o'clock, or thereabouts. The Tiiirb Extra Herald will contain, in the like manner, the result of the mroiui heat, and will j prolmbly be readjt about lialfc past < ?' o'clock, or thereabouts. The Fourth ExtHa Herald will contain in like manner, the result o 1 the thirif Ihui4, and the name of the victor. It will be ready about three o'clock, or thereabouts. N. B- *' the name iiorse should win the first two heats, no fourth edition will be published. This is the greatest p'^ce of enterprise ever at tempted in the way ef expresses,, and if no derange ment takes place in our preparations, we shall be able to perform all we promise. , Let the newsboys attend. Notice.?The Herald to-morrow will contain a lull report, in three or four columns, of the race, in cluding the incidents from, morning to night, on Long Inland and in town, prepared by tight compe tent reportert and uritert. No other paper will have such a graphic account. The Abolition Unci tlon?It* Position and Prospect*. The abolition question is beginning to be invested with fresh imi>ortancc, not from uny intrinsic merit which it possesses, but from the relations it main" tains to foreign affairs?to the teeling existing be tween the North and South?to religious prejudices, and to political movements of all descriptions. Du ring the last week,two Conventions were held in this city, each styling itself " abolition," and inscribing on its banner the purpose of freeing the slaves ot the South, and developing abolition opinions of all shades and complexions to the j>eople of this coun try and to foreign lands. One of these conventions was avowedly composed of political abolitionists, who professed to act from party motives, and sought to achieve their purposes in accordance with the principles of the Constitution bearing upon the ex isting relations of the North and South. The other Convention was violent and ultra in its professions and purposes?expressed unmitigated dislike and ha tred of the Constitution, and declared its purpose to be the elevation of the flag of rebellion amongst the colored population in bondage, wherever that rebel-' lious movement could be effected in any part of the country. These conventions and their avowals,have attracted a good deal of observation amongst all intelligent minds, and drawn forth from contemporaryjournals, a number of curious and interesting remarks on the present aspect of the abolition movement and aboli tion party. The excitement and interest in this matter, have also acquired additional importance and a wider scope of action, from certain other movements, both religious and political, taking place before us. We allude to the division which is generating on this question amongst several of the principal (Christian churches in the land?the Metho dists and the Baptists. A dissolution of these churches, divided by the"free and slave States, seems to be inevitable all over fhe country. In addition to that, we see that in some of the slave States, a move ment looking to the abolition of slavery, has already begun in the shape of an agitation, by the establish ment of journals for that purpose. In this matter, we allude to the proposition of Cassius M. Clay? who rendered himself very notorious by his aboli tion fanfaronade during the last election?to esta blish an abolition newspaper in Kentucky, a slave Suite ; and also to the affiliations which have taken place between these movements in the South, and the abolitionists of the North, for the purpose of forwarding the common purpose of all. All these movements, incidents, events, prepara tions and professions, appear to invest with fresh im jiortance, the whole question of the abolition of Southern slavery, and to call for an expression of the opinions and feelings of all sane men in the free and slave States, so that we may know what influence j a concentration of these elementary movements is likely to exercise on society, on the Union, and on the fate of the country. A new, interest is, there fore, thus excited on these subjects amongst our journalists, and we perceive in this eity, that that |>ortion of the press which professes to be the most respectable, and to control the opinions of society, has divided and taken differ ent sides on certain preliminary elements of the question. The Tribune and the Journal of Com' merre, with all such papers of that vague, hypocriti cal, religious or phi losophical character, take the side of the slave against the southern institutions, and advocate?aflectinu, however, to do so within limits of the Const itution,?all measures and agitu* turns that may have the result, pros(ieetively, of de stroying the institution of slavery in the south. On the other hand, the Courier unit Enquirer, which has also some weight with a eertain portion of the public, takes ground strongly, ably and warmly, against all these movements, whether by convention I or newspaper, and argues with a great deal of force against the impolicy, injustice, folly and absurdity of the interference of northern abolitionists with the institutions of the South, in any form or any sha|>e whatever. We agree with the Courier in almost all its views on this subject. The institution of slavery in rfhe southern States, belongs to each of those members of this great confederacy ; and loyalty to the Consti tution, as well as other considerations of justiee and self-interest, should induce the |>eople of the North to stand altogether aloof from any agitation of this question of slavery in the South, whether conducted by Cassius M. Clay, or any other man or body of men. Hut while we thus far concur, with the utmost cordiality, in the views and sentiments of the Courier and Enquirer, we must take strong excej<ions to one form of the argument' which the Courier employs, and which we regard us cowardly, hypocritical, ridiculous, and absurd in the extreme. We allude" lo lhat particular argument, or rather declamation, which many are in the habit of putting forward?that "slavery in a curse," but yet that we are prohibited by the Conutiiution from inter fertng wiih thin "curat'." This form of tins argument is the very essence of hypocricy and cowardice as we have just remarked. Here it is ill the Courier'! own words:? With the exocntion or a band of Houthern fanatics, ?ipitv as imall and quite as contemptible as thai of the Northern abolitionists, the people of this country, iu all seetious, regard slavery li an evil,?as a bitter and most disastorous curse, inflicted U|>ou us while we were colo nies, by the mother country. The suffering it causes its unfortunate subjects, the blight it has brought upon the region by wlifoh it is pervaded, and above sJl, the danger ta the peace und nrosjierity of the whole country, which bungs like a black and portenlious cloud around it, are deeply felt and deeply deplored, by the great body of our people. These sentiments we have always expressed, as we nave always cherished. We should hail with infinite satisfaction, any steps that might be taken, consistently with tho Constitution and the peace of tho Union, to secure its abolition. But we cannot countenance for a I moment, the vile und traitorous acheines by which mad- | men at the North have sough to accomplish its destruc tion. They violate the solemn compact of the Constitu tion, trespass upon the rights of tho Houtheru Status, and could only ond in blood and desolation should they be carried to their consummation. Our views are altogether different. We do not at all admit that slavery us it exists in the South,^ is *? u curse." We do not admit that i U hji " evil." Wc do not admit that any use ful human rights ar? withheld from the colored races in the South. The jiosition which these races occupy is their natural |>osition. It is a position in which their comfort and happiness are secured ; it is one which gives them a lien upon the soil itself, und effectually preserves them from the sufferings and evils to which the colored ruces are subject in the Northern States or in Africa, und to which the lower classes of the white race are subjected in Euro l>eun countries. More folly, more absurdity, and more uii|>hiloso|>hical declamation have been perpe trated by Northern und European writers on this subject, in consequence of their want of candor and courage, and their unwillingness to meet this ques tion on its original merits, than by any other cause of action whatever. It is utterly impossible ever to make the colored races either of the old world or of this continent equal to the white race. The An glo-Suxon race has a different and superior origi^to that of the colored races, and never can be involved in the same destiny with them. Never under any organization of society, or in any age of the world, can the two races exist on terms of civil or political equality. We thus see in the condition and charac ter and |>osition of the colored races in the free States, the operation of that irreversible decree o^ | nature which has made them what they are. In the free States the blacks are in a far inferior onditian | to that in which they exist in the South. They do not, when thrown on their own resources, possess! the faculties or wers which are nec< <rfary to se-1 cure to thei high condition ot sou happiness] and prospi In the South they occupy a position adapted to ueir capacities and or mization. Thus they are happy and comfortable, c in full posses sion of an udequute measure of e vil and religious rights, and are in the enjoyment < an infinitely larger amount of social hap; classes of the white population tries. Yet in the face of all this, we see the Courier and I others adopting such a cowardly and contemptible course of argument as that which takes for granted j that the slavery of the South is "a curse." It is, on the contrary, a benefit. It is the natural and best | condition of the colored racc. The destiny of the Caucasian or Anglo-Saxon race is to occupy the whole earth. The African and Indian will gradual-1 ly go out of existence in the process of ages. And ! here we may advert to the gross mistake and delu- ! sion of English statesmen and newspaper writers that in case of a war with this country, the colored races in the South would, us a matter of course, raise the standard of rebellion. Experience has demonstrated the folly of such an idea. During the last war, and in the celebrated campaign of New Or leans, in which General Jackson figured, two of the bravest battalions iu his gallant army were coni|>o?ed of colored men, and more patriotism, iqore heroic love of country, than were evinced by these colored soldiers did not exist amongst the Anglo-Americans themselves. 1 We, therefore, regard these abolition conventions and their concomitant movements as ridiculous, ab surd and contradictory in the extreme. They are utterly powerless as respects any influence upon the public mind. So also we estimate the attempt of Cassius M.Clay, aided by such hypocritical and ultra journals as the Tribune and Journal of Commerce. All these movements are merely the ripples on the great tide of human progress, which in due time j will abolish slavery, when that salutary and benefi cial institution shall have accomplished its destiny. Fr.NANCiAL Movements.?The Lehigh county Bank, about which so much was Baid some time ago, has commenced operations. Large quantities of its I notes signed " Moses Y. Beach, President," and "Asa Beach, Cashier," are in circulation here and in other parts of the country. How can the 1'resi-1 dent of this Bank reside in New York 1 Is there not some legal discrepancy in this contradictory ar rangement 1 No matter. Now that the Bank is under way we trust that this modern financier will stutr the community well with his notes of all kinds? 'Ixshigh," " Plainfield," and any others that he choses to circulate. |We advise everybody of course to take as many of these notes as they can get. If the community be not now well dosed, it will be their own fault. _____ Newsi\aphr Changes.?We made a slight mis take the other day on this subject, in relation to the Newt and Pott. It is the Plebeian which has been for some time in a very sickly condition, that has been mergedin the iV?e?. The Pott and Newt are not yet ready to come together, but after a few changes they will soon be in a position to fall into each other's arms. In the meantime this union will beget ano ther secret movement for the removal of Collector Van Ness. The removal of this functionary is not given up by the old hunker portion of the democracy here?the office iB of too much importance to them and their future movements, to "give it up so."? Every week?every month?every half year, a new movement for this |iurpose will be started, and the (towers at Washington will be eternally dinned till it be done. How to Depknk the Orkoon Territory.?Col lect an army of 100,000 men from the various States of the Union, send them to the St. Lawrence and let them say to the Canadian people, "do you want to be free and independent V AH the power of Eng land could not prevent Canada from falling like a ripe peach into the hands of this great nation in the saute way that Texas has fallen. St*a*ek Swallow.?Efforts are again making to raise this ill-fated boat. The chain cables used on the former occasion were very large?one inch and a halt in diameter?and broke, it is stated, from the great weight of the steamer. Warm Weather.?Sunday and yesterday were remarkably warm days. In Boston, the mercury, on SndWay, rose 3fl degrees in nine hours, and went to degrees. Mr. Dempster's Concert.?This gentleman pur poses giving a Concert on Thursday evening next at the Society Library, which holds forth much in ducement to those who are fond of the simple style of melody this gentleman is so successful in. The first part of the evening will be devoted to "An honr with Hums," which will be inters|>erBed with the songs of that |?oet, and agreeable anecdotes of his career The evening will close with the new song of the "May Quern," in three parts, the words by Tennyson, the music by Mr. Dempster.'s Opera House ?The performances of the Duinbolton trou|>e went off last night with much eclat, and they appear to be nightly increasing in attraction. The differences between I)innelord and Dumbolton having been arranged, no more difficulty regarding the |k>s8cmior of the house is antici|>atea. KatID f.WJ*KOVf\l?.' v r iv I IN thk United States ir?MOT,VE MArn,?Y ?The great ami Nl)ifi iJj l-1M"E'u>' C?t-e bkity. place iti the tmildimr and ! ! !* d#,Iy takin? the United States ,? ke,>eed ?4 locon,?,lve? in attention i If 18 a subject which is attracting the the77 ?C1?ntiflc minds of the day; and" rem .br^y ,,iCCOUn,f We hea' of ^rJ^TnlZZ tUreof'th ( trta"dy ,,r,'f,en'8 ? most favorable pic that m Hev rT "2 knnW'^c on *'? than Hfk'en ?'* '&nd' 11'? now little more ^wer, ,o ^^vh^T"lTt^7 -h?,ncf ro?l ?nu., 2 -""""y ??d ?" Euro,*, -^y.l.i.Uglck SL*?r" ?? loco^i.,4"US T ? ? ir?n coal cars over the Philuri??i? ? andjfReading Railroad, on Saturday the 'W 5R3t? h au,j!ars and c?a,s',j*? i?n? year or ti . deerned impossible only a year or two since; and it is stated that the same a.TaTt ?wemvW,th ***** *"* * M' have drawn "r Thtensine r length, was started with u level' any "tr*ln' Bevera' rime*, on I Z :? Z",^ CT" ?' 7M fe" will. >hc ^ehuylkiH Hbu ' ?d ""k,ns ,,,e "?? l?u? ,1 I ? 81 ""?<??. >? "She -Tier' TI,C ?i*w,Kxl and "ii <ioub., ffil'*" "r~'? ? "?ta?i?y??j #*mrin , t 8t Performance ever made. The , '*cullar ,n "? construction, and differs en drivers of T 0ther ,nake- The six combined drivers, of <orty-six inch diameter, are ar fromL>L a frteX'ble uVlbra,in* trut*. detached from the main frame, which, while it insures a per Ida r,Ui'ir,IOn ?f ,He Wh?le Weight' when Pulling, adapts itself in an astonishing manner to any ine we'''lZiVr"Ck? I*""'"* friC,i0" in ? *" The engine, in its design and construction, re flects great credit on the skill and well earned repu JU?c. its builders, and lfl a further evlencfof L erelonTE?V*Z Reading Rai,road' which worl nTanat r '? beC?me a ,no8t ,uc?^e engines oHH ** " ??W <Uld with 8uch va,uab,e Sdel 11, W? U " We" WOrth a vi8i? h.Iadelphiato pass over this tine road, passing .0 witDesa <h. ?J 1 cul,ar advantages of this great work. It is not only at home that American engines Irornthp bUtthe ?lder countrie8? where, Irom ,he great attention that has been paid to this subject, we might be led to expect amo^^ rangement of it. I? these countries, American 1. nius and enterprise has prevailed, and is rapidlv Cwi,thT?n their ^ *r?Und> by 8uPply'ng tli American manufactured engines that far rpMB their own. The Messrs. Norris, of Phila delphia, to whom we have referred before in this ar ticle, hav? supplied large numbers to the continent of Europe and England, and have acquired great ce lebnty in their manufactures. They have already for h engl"C8 ,0 Austri?. "d thirty-six more nmy?,weo?rZrr'" Tm t*,e'rwBy'? Trieste l flirty two of their make have gone to Prus 'a'8eVe.nteen have been sent to England, five to -tuttgard, two to France, and two to Italy These operations of asingle house prove that the celebrity of American made locomotives abroad is far from ^ establishments of the kind in the United States, we may anticipate with certainty that the time is not far distant when American genius will carry off the palm from all foreign competitors. lliq?rorj>]'AT1VEf Peculation ?On reference to be seen that'?/18 m ^ B?ard of Supervisors, it will mlm . Natives, wishing to leave a private meme ntotoon r mo rf ^ fPJte a id a legacy to the citizens of New York, in the shape of an empty Treasury, have been voting away 'he public moneys ?ta high pressure steam power, within the last week, regardless of the claims or services of their "very particular friends." Nearly three thousand dollars have been handed over to the t omptroller, on a claim for services alleged to have been rendered in the year 1842!! while serving aUn J A.!" rtKimt' ThiB may considered ful shlulri7 JU8l,ce" which it appears wonder ful should have escaped the notice of these worthies for so long a time. The Comptroller, however, has (ua nest pretty well feathered by this time. But next,as to the one thousand dollars which have been handed over to Mr. Leveridge as Counsel, and to the C'erk in the District Attorney's otfice, Jonas B. I hiHips, for services to the Board of Supervisors, is Uw most humorous part of the farce, which has wound up the -official career of the Natives. Mr Leveridge and Mr. Phillips may be deemed by the Nanve party very good and efficient persons, but as to Bteir ??,.?,/to ffie Board of Supervisors we 3d h AuOU8 t0 'he "biJJ of ^st8," though S i ?an Schieff,lin him"V, who pre. Posed the resolution in the Board. Never have a Party retired from office that betrayed more ffie th~/h:r ?8entmcnt towards the citizens, dcf"nctu Nat,ve I?rty, who seem deter mined to mulct them to the last dollar in as far as Uy ln their power; of which the proceedings of the Boards held almost daily and nightly during the last week or ten days, bear ample testimony. tZ are however, now no more; and, in the lit ?gony the party,we shall exclaim, in memorable phrase ology, "Auu! poor Yorirk." 1 h"?:Z?r ^DUCATIolt-?This Board will hold, pro ^5 ?'h I"" meeting on to-morrow evening; tie 1/ ?{> ?ne ha'f ?f ^ memb"8 take place, in accordance with the provisions of the law, on the first Monday in June. The Board is composed of thirty-four members, one half of whom retire annually. The election, therefore, of Com, and also, of a Trustee and ? '0'tl W, tak? P?80? Ihe ,ir8t week in June During the last year there has been a good deal of pp^ipssi religion t!>affi;8W der'?a,ory.toX Character of true snectors nn,i r . VommisHioners. In Sous element8*/0'.,he ^,/rerent Wards the en fre coumTand whi Tf latterly 8? convulsed the 5"y"S'"?l,ch i deLte wh,chZvr^lne ,h,; labor "nrf shall call those who are ?.vprll> I .u " "**'?) anti-Biblicals, or SS3 "it"?ol"" i?'?? UnrZ?h"'fr' m" the liohemian (Jirl was rapturously a?J?iHp,l'A,. MSS?ii A" .nJ','?f7^oCldnfr/e'1'? s appearance and appears again this evenmg in ? new drama. The talented young nrtor Mr rlu?L j Mr. B. Williams, of theOldlwJV ?LS2A\?nd first bow. The house ,s well veSled in dte Ir'e' diet a most successful season for (he manager Of courte there will be a crowded house to-nigfit.' I Important Intelligence?War with Mexico? I Probable Ihuc of Letter* of Marine. We have received the following letter from C'apf. Noyes, who arrived at Philadelphia yesterday after noon, in the Sea Flower, from Matanaas. The last |>arugni|>h of the letter is an important one to us. It shows that the Mexicans have already issued letters of hiarque against American com merce ; or that pirates are taking advantage of the |H?sition of affairs between the two countries, by cruizing for plunder in the Southern ocean. It may lie that Mexico has issued secret orders to her small marine to cruize against our vessels. This outrage on the Sea Flower nlay be one of the results of the secret military movements spoken of by the Diurio del Uvbitrno a short time ago. rHiuD[i.rHu, May 11, 3 P. M. Just arrived, Brig Sea Klowcr, Noyei, from Matanzas, ?28th ult., with .'>3'2 boxes brown sugar* to McKean, Borie k < o., and '28 hhds. molasses- to 8. Morris Wain k Co. Spoke olf Cape llatteras, 4th inst., schooner Ex change, bound to New Orleans. Off Chincoteaguo, the 6th, barque Susan Maria, from Savannah, bouad to New York. Vessels were getting scarce at Matanzas, as many had left in ballast, preferring to look farther rather than ac cept of freights at the present low rates?the freight be ing but one dollar per box far sugar, and one dollar fifty cents per 110 gallons molasses. There are large quanti ties of both sugar and molasses remaining to be shipped, and vessels must command totter rates at the close of tho season. The decree which arrived therefrom Havana, on the '.Wth ult., in relation to the tonnage dues, was received with somo little demonstrations of joy, as it was aimed particularly at the American vessels, moddled on the broad plan of burthensome qualities with decreased mea surement. Tho people pronounce this decree an act of justice, although it is admitted to be iniquitous, but the ' people appear to be made for the laws, and not the " laws lor the people." The merchants in Matanzas aro very sanguine in their ideas of the further rise of Sugars, and are holding on to reap the benefit thereof. The planters have aoout finished grinding, and although they have a diminished crop, they actually receive more money than when a full crop is produced. Of course, they feel better satis fied with the " short crop" and great prices, than a full one, at sacriAcial prices. The evoning previous to my sailing, a serious accident occurred on the Cardenas Railroad. A runaway negro, who was asleep on the track, (probably drunk) had his head severed from his body by the wheels passing di rectly over his neck. The i>assenger car was thrown oil' I the track and capsized, breaking an arm of a young lady, ' who had visited Matanzas to procure matrimonial equip ping, and injuring several others. The black was car ried ofl under the particular charge of a priest?the young lady left at a private house near by?tne cars re placed? Antonio" thanked tho virgin it was no worse, and the train proceeded. While on my passage from Jamaica to Matanzas, April 19th, was chased by a small schooner. She hoisted the Mexican ensign, and when within about one mile fired a gun, tho ball of which struck tho water somo distance astern of us, without doing any injury. She gained upon us, but the night coming on dark and cloudy, we tracked to the southward and saw no more of her. Yours, sincerely, JOHN U. NOYES. Late from IIayti.?Advices from Cape Haytien ] to the 29th ult., have been received in Philadelphia. A merchant of this place, named Praderes, engaged in I the American trade, has been appointed by Pierault to succecd him, as General or Military Governor of the North. The alarm arising from an expected invasion by Hera ra appears to have passed away. There is little doubt, however, that this panic served to precipitate the choice upon Pierault,as it was well known that the latter other wise intended to urge his claims with all the force at his command. We have no late news from the South, about which there is some anxiety: it being Herard's former place of I residence, and Pierault is supposed to be much less po pular there than at the North and West. A re-union with the Spanish part of the Island is longer spoken of. Cofleo 13}, and scarce.

Every thing has been quiet since the departure of the Prosidont, who has been proclaimed, with rejoicings, at Plaizance, and other places on his march towards the West. By a decree published here on the 94th, the military is declared to supercede all other authority; and as tho mombers of the Council of State are officers of the army, holding their appointments only during the President's i will, the government of the French part of Hayti may be [ | considered as strictly military. 1 Affairs in Canada.?We are indebted to Living ston & Co., for the annexed intelligence from Cana | da. The letter is dated in Montreal, on the 10th in I stant. The arrival of tho van of the Ispring fleet at Quebec has put us on the 7111? rive, as nearly all the vessels yet report ed with general cargoes are for Montreal, thoro has been as yet, little stimulus to business, owing to the back wardness of tho spring trade, and the perseverance of the banks in restricting discounts. It is not supposed that less capital is employed in banking than usual, but that the amount of business has increased out of proportion to the amount of capital. The auction Bale of fancy goods on account of 8ung k Behrman, of your city, closedon tho sacond morning, the lots being all dispossd of; the prices realized were for J rench cuiinum 3s to Ss 64 ; hosiery 3a to 8? p?i doton-, long champ fashion shawls 4s to 4a 6d ; balzorines 8d to lid; ribands from Is lid to 3s 3d per niece of 1'J yards. At these prices merchant* will be able to judge whether similar speculations will be remunerative. It must be borne in mind that British silk and cotton goods brought direct1 fVom the United Kingdom by the St. Lawrence, pay only a duty of 6 per cent; foreign silks and cotton by the same route are subject to a duty of 20 per cent, on silks and 1'J per cent, on cottons, ana as the customs authori ties at St. Johns persists in considering as foreign all goods brought through the United States, silk and cotton f[oods by this route are, in addition to the charges of and transport, subject to an increase of duty respective ly of 15 and 7 per cent more than if brought by the St. Lawrence. W e have heard of a few private consignments being brought forward, but no further sales have been announced. Flour may be quoted at '23s 3d, but no transactions of | importance have taken placo, although since Monday last upwards ol 'JA,600 barrels have come down; holders here are asking prices which shippers will not give, and tho Upper Canada farmers are demanding rates to which the intermediate merchants will not accede. With the excoption'of a few cargoct already held on British ac counts, it is probable no shipments will take place until the majority of the vessels just arrived have discharged their cargoes. The freights for flour will be very high this season, in consequence of the high rates of freight for lumber. Improvements are still rapidly going on in various parts of tho city, and many of the alterations aro in a su perior style of elegance. Several now public edifices and places of worship are on the eve of completion, and others in progress; the new Unitarian Church,at the head of Palegonde street, leading toward tho mountain, will be opened for divine service to-morrow (8unday); it is an exceedingly chaste and effective specimen of the best school of Grecian architecture; and, from its elevated position, overlooking the whole city, it has a most impo sing appearance. The now Wesleyan Church in Great St. James street is almost completed; the style is Gothic, and tho workmanship excellent; it will afford seat ac commodation to '2000 persons, and will cost ?14,000. The Commercial and City Banks have both removed their es tablishments to recently erected, and superb edifices in Great St.James' street. On TWcdnesday last was laid the fonndation stone of the new Baptist Colleger-judging from the plans, this will be a noble building, and worthy of tho respectable and influential denomination to which it belongs. Movements of Travellers. It is decidedly a misery that we cannot give full scope in our columns, to rocord all the names registered at at the various hotels yesterday evening. Many are ne cessarily omitted, but sufficient will be found to show, that the North and the South are influenced by a spirit of competition in a sporting contost, that will this day decide the merits of the respective competitors for the distinction of equestrian broeding, training and celerity I of action. Tho number of travellers annexed, at each hotel, is but an epitome of the general catalogue, which will be augmentod by the arrival of tho Southern mail, ton fold, but beyond the hour of their recording their re spective position. We found at tho American?John McCoy, Philadelphia ; Geo. F. Lind say, Philadelphia ; I). Breecketts, Missouri; Kobort El wernington, Clermont; G. P. I'rico, Boston; George Van Waush, England; Messrs. Fisher, Learning and Evans, Philadelphia; Ed. Dance, Boston, and fifteen others. Astok?Messrs. Haywood, Clarke, Baxter nnd Thac kcry, Boston ; Crawford and lady, Judge Woodworth, Hunt and Jarvis, Toronto : A. M. Johnson, Boston; Mor rill, Wilcox and Hart, Philadelphia; Todhunter, London; Thomas and family, Va.; Stocker, New Orleans, Judge Parker, Albany ; Evans and Oliver, Indianapolis ; Capt. Albertz, U. 8. A.; Geo. P. Teabody, Boston, and fifteen other*. Citt.?J. 8. Skinner, J. D. Duncan, Washington, D. Mons. De Raffles, Caraccas; W. Cardwell, Ph iladelphia; Jacob Osborne, Albany: W. Pritehard, Philadelphia; Duncan, Campbell and Walton, Schenectady; Colvin Franklin, Ala.: Russell and Dudley, Richmond, Va.; W. C. Givins, Schenectady; Johh lliggins, Norfolk, Vs., and 10 others. Franklin. Thomas J. Timmins and Charles Brady, Philadelphia; White, Davis and Allen, Philadelphia; J. Rice, N. H.; Rornay and Rominay, Boston; H. Migi<att, New Mllford: Brensmade Washington, Conn.; Colonel Williams, Salem; B.J. Randolph, New Jersey; E. L. Mallory, Montreal. Howards.?Hole. Heald, Kelly and Hanson, Philadcl phia; Isham Pritchett and William Hancock, Richmond, Va.; Col. Cole, Florida; Smith, Elliott and Hnzzard, Phi? ladelphia; J. Rashin, Mbryland; Henry (Joodwiu, do.; Ex-Governor Bolick and family, Albany; Dr.Clarke and family, Saratoga, and '20 others. Glohr.?C. E. Bayard, U. 8. N.; Le Count D'Adler crutz, Caraccas; ISamuel H. Green, Laguyara; 8. W. Hutchinson, Philadelphia; J. A. Miller, Conn.; lluaon Tassett, Philadelphia; Incross and Sears, Boston; Gray an? Grant, Va.: Conrad and Thomas, Philadelphia: (Jen. Cadwallader, Trenton: Capt. Cooke, Messrs. Foster and poster, all of tho British Army; P. Dickenson, Trenton; Gen. Barclay, Philadelphia; Robins, Washington. WATKaLr.?Ray and Nason, Philadelphia; K. J. Hey wood, Dorchester: Alien and Tibbs, Philadelphia; If. Wilaon, Canada; Butler, Troy; Mutthowson, Davis nnd snelnon, Providence; Horde and Wheeler, lionton. and soveral others. Track.?About half an hour after the great racc, a very interesting trot will come off over the above course,for $126, in harnet&, in which some four good animals will come forward, which will afford capital sjiort. This is to l>e succecdcd by a foot race, in which Ambrose Jackson, and others, wib display their powrrs. No bad wind up of a grand days sport of quadrupeds and bipeds. Horrible Murder at Hoboken on Muiiday? Poisoning I?Strange and IHjriUrlow Af. fair?Death of A. P. Scudder?His Slater, Mr*. Pennoyer, suspected of the Crime. We learned lost evening, the following particulars of a most singular and mysterious affairIt appears that Abraham P. Scudder an old resident of llobo* ken, aged 45 years, who kept a grocery store, and who had been unwell for two or three days past, died on Sunday morning last. Mrs. Pennoyer, his sis ter, attended him on Saturday and Saturday evening Marcus C'ranch, a respectable citizen, was also there, but lefteurly in the evening, at the suggestion of Mrs. Penmayer, who remained alone with Mr. Scudder, until Sunday morning, when her son-in-law arrived from this city. Mrs. P., who is a rather good look ing widow, gave notice of her brother's death. The neighbors came in, but he was cold and stiff. The Coroner, CharleB T. Perry, was called and proceded to hold an inquest on the body. The jury ex amined several witnesses, but nothing of importance appearing, a verdict of "Died by the visitation of God" was rendered. The. Coroner then proceeded to search for, and secure the personal effects of the deceased. Scudder had, a few days previous, ex hibited to various persons his gold watch, #100 in bank bills, and a handful of gold eagles and half eagles. These could not be found, a little silver money only remaining, where he usually kept it, in the bureau. Mrs. Pennoyer was then inter rogated, and stoutly denied all knowledge of either the money or the watch. By direction of the Coroner she was watched, and shortly afterwards she went into the store part of the house to the clock, and saying, "Oh! I must wind up the clock," opened the door and putting her hand in, drew forth the watch. It was observed, and handed to the Coroner, who then demanded of her the money. She denied, however, all knowledge of it, but u|>on being threatened with a search warrant, she admitted having it, and was taken into a room and her clothes searched l?y two ladies. They found secreted on her person in an under garment, eleven and a half eagles, one eagle, ninety dollars in bills, another package containing fifteen dollars, in a glove one half eagle, and also a paper containing a white powder, some small black and some white pills. All these articles the Coroner took possession of. Shortly afterwardslMrs. Pennoyer came down and demanded the powaer and 1'i'K "he wished to take some medicine?but b6tn were refused. An examination of the |>owdernow took place, and then for the first time, the idea went abroad that there had been foul play. The Coroner determined to make a ]>ott mortem examination. Accordingly yesterday morning Drs. Cooke, Olcott and Gautier made the examination, and having taken out the stomach the celebrated chemist, Dr. Chilton, of this city, assisted by Dr. Cooke, analyzed its contents una found it contained a large quantity of arsenic? The powder found upon Mrs* P. was also tested with a like result?and upon examination a portion sf the same poisonous drug was found in the pit cher out of which the sick man had dfcmk during the light. Scudder was buried yesterday about 4 o'clock, P. M. Meanwhile Justice John G. Spear, assisted jy J. W. Scudder, Esq., District Attorney, proceed sd to examine witnesses in relation to this extraor iinary affair?the facts above stated appearing in evidence. Mrs. Pennoyer was arrested, and after sxamination, was committed to the county Jail to iwait the action of the Grand Jury at the Hudson Dyer and Terminer, in June. Mr. Scudder had been doing for some time past a food business?but was fond of frolic and drinking, ie leaves a son about 16 years of age. Opening ok thk Castle Garden?Brilliant 3ijccess.?The opening of this magnificent place of tmusement for the summer season, took place last light, and the display made on the occasion certain y promises that it will remain a most popular re peat. The weather was favorable; the heat of a tultry day had subsided, and the air was invitingly :ool and balmy from the effects of the afternoon ihower; the breeze from the South blew gently up; he bay, and there was no withstanding the invita :ion sent forth by the enterprising proprietors, who lave been at enormous expense to fit it up, to be pre sent at the opening scene. By 7 o'clock?half an hour after the entrance was apened, the various walks on the battery were thronged with ladies and gentlemen, on their way to the Garden, and ere the" next half hour elapsed, the vast area itself was echoing to the noise of the lootsteps of those who were taking up their places us fancy dictated. A large proportion went first to the gallery, the front seats of which becama imme diately occupied. About the same was observable below; there was an evident anxiety to be within hearing. not only of the delirious strains of Semi ramide, but to be able to hear the articulations of the voices of the artists. As a detailed description has already been given of the interiorjof the garden, lately, it is unnecessa ry to repeat it in detail here; but ah on no former occasion it appeared to the same advantage, it mav be remarked, that the effect of the gas light much Improved the coup (Tail. To the spectator stationed in a central position, by the fountain, the view around the edifice was really fine. Not less than between three and four thousand spectators could have been there, and a large proportion of these being ladies, their position in the front seats, cor responding to the dress circle, was a happy disposi tion of the audience. The beautiful miniature foun tain, whose waters kept in play until the commence ment of the music, was tastefully decorated with a choice collection of flowers around thf circular edge pf the railing which encloses it. The dome, with its superb mythological representation in fresco, and the scene, also the production Sig. Caoelli, represent ing "Aa triomphe de la pair," sparkled like gems; the latter, on the rising of the curtain, was greeted with a round of applause, partly, perhaps, in addition to its merit,because the subject," the triumph of peace," was regarded as significantly appropriate to the pre sent times. The piece selected for the evening was the Italian npera of "Semiramide." It will be recollected that this piece had a long run last winter at Palnio's, in the hands of the present company, composed of the well known names of Signora Pico, Signors Valtel lina, Antognini, Sanquirico, Acc. In addition to them, other performers of decided merit have been joined to the company, and renders it highly effi cient. The orchestra numbers full thirty; Mr. Bcames the leader, and Mr. Keyser, a gentleman of whom we have seen many flattering notices as a violinist. But where is Signor Rapetti 1 Where is he whose services contributed to establish the reputation of the oneratic performers at Palmo's 1 Messrs. French nnd Ileiser will do well to think of Sig. Rapetti, and if producable secure his services. It is not requisite to criticise " Semiramide" over again ; suffice it to say, that Signora Pico met with a very warm reception; and although the audience was, throughout, in as eoop hnmor as any audience could be, and were prodigal of their approbation to all the leading performers, they gave a point and emphasis to it, in the case of Pico, not to be mistaken. We must also observe that Miss Deluce won many plaudits; nothing could be finer than the duet be tween these two ladies at the owning of the second part. During the performance there was not a mur mur?not a breath heard?the thousands were as calm as the sleeping fountain; it was unquestionably a triumph. , There is no desire, nor is there any room, to find fault; and yet pleased, as all seemed to be, we pre dict even a great improvement in the singers, and also in the orchestra. From the great size of the area, over which it is desirable to send its melody, the voice accustomed to a more confined scene will be slightly at fault ; this will form no impediment here; such as will not give way to practice; and it is satisfactory to know that the voices of several of the artists comprising this company, are of a far more than ordinary power and compass, even for excellent singers. We are constrained to bring this notice to a close; we could particularize many |?ints, all of which contributed to the enjoyment of last evening, if space permitted. We could dwell on the circular promenades?of the beauty?the gallantry?and why should we omit saying, the choice refreshments to be met with at the < 'astle Garden. But it may be the best way to make them the subject of another chap ter. The Dead Unix:?Remains or Eaher.?llavintr heard that the remains of the late unfortunate Eager, who was executed on Friday last, still remained in the dead house, we caused inuuiry to be made, and found it to be so. It appears tnaton the evening of the day of execution, some persons waited on the Sheriff in the character of friends to the deceased, and asked his remains for interment; this was con sented to, and they promised to return forthwith.? This, however, they did not do, and the next day passed over in a like manner, until Sunday coming on, it prevented the removal of the corpse to Han dle's Island, which it is expected will take pi ice this evening. Some blame is due to those prisons who interiKised to prevent the lusi rit?'s from being performed at an earlier time ; and breaking their word makes the offence wor>e. Election in Potts villk.?Tlir election resulted in the choice of a portion of all political parties?the democrat* curl) ing n majority of the TownTonnetl, nnJ tho Burieii; the whig* tho School Director* and ono of tho Auditors, and the Native American* tho Town Ulerk and one of the .Supervise**. Emigration to California.?A wagon drawn by six mules, and accompanied by a number of hardy, rough looking men, pn**ed through Wnrrnnton, Mo, on the'18th, on tlioir way tn California. They afpeeied to >e fully equipped for a Jong and rough voyage across ho continent. SPORTING 1NTELLIU E The North ri. The Mouth?Great Match Iter 9'40,000, four mil,. hraU, o?cr the Union (ourae, L. 1., between Fashion and Peyto no. This Day. I he excitement still increases aa regardsthe great race to come off ov the Union Course, L. I., to-day. All bp* on the tip-toe of expectation as to the result, hvery chance or opportunity is made availuble to get at something like fact; but the more it is sought for, the greater distance it ap|>ears. The numerous arrivals that have taken place in this city yesterday, have given a different feature to what is going forward as regards betting; those from the South ap|<ear determined to back the " Big Mare," whether others would or not. The consequence is that Peytona had the call ut a late hour last evening A shower passed over this city between four and five o'clock, which gave every hope to the timers?but alas! their ho|>es must fall short when they are in formed that it never reached the course, beyond a few drops. hvery preiwiration is going forward on and around the course, to make things as they ought to be. All the supports of the different stands have l>een examined, and additional ones added thereto, quite sufficient to maintain all they arc capable of holding, in the field track or centre, are numerous booths erected for refreshments, dcc., and under neat h the stands equally so. In the space opposite the entrance, there are some splendiu and capacious tents erected, and that of Messrs. Harrington and lyings, cannot fail of striking attention?with flag flying, t.Vc. It is some 01) or 70 feet long, and about r . ,e 'fbles groaned beneath the load of eatables and drinkables with which they were loaded?hams, tongues, rounds of beef, turtle soup, chowder, oysters, Arc. &c. in abundance beyond enumeration, and all of the first quality. There were some SO or HO others right and left, equally as well provided, but of somewhat more limited charac ter, but perhaps equally good. Beneath the stand we observed un establishment with upwards of 500 (?and whs. loaves, with ready dressed hums and pieces of beef, to make the same into the necessary sandwiches. The largest oyster beds that ever were displayed to the human eye, might be seen in anticipation of the hungry season approaching. It apjwared as if all the world, his wife and children, after a severe lent, were going out there to eat, drink and be jolly. Tnere iseverv reason to believe that all that is provided will fall snort of supplying the wants of the great masses that will be in attendance on the occasion. We had the gratification of seeing the two great chumpions of the North and South yesterday; the latter for upwards of two hours; saw her plates put ' on, well dressed, take a roll in the sand, and after wards take a canter, with the indomitable "Barney" on her back, and truly a nobler animal never paced a turf,?such paces?such a stride?only think 27J feet at a stretch, which, from appearancc, there is every probability of her being capable of performing at a brush. According to all accounts she was never in better condition, considering the lonjj way she has so lately travelled; it is almost a pity that she has not had longer time to train after her iourney, so as to give her every chance; but her supporters, under all circumstances, arc very sanguine, and no doubt she will give a good account of herself ere the closo of the present day. Fashion is at stables close to the course, and at a glance appeared in first rate or der, but some would-be judges of horse flesh said that her ap(>earance did not show that she was all right?there was a heavy _ eye, a languid carriage, and drooping head. She is not so fleshy as on 3io occasion of ner racebelween Blue IJick and Fashion last year, but her supporters, who were in numerous attendance, amtearcd as sanguine as ever of her powers, and doubtless she is worthy of their confi dence. Her jockey, Mr. J. Laird, will doall that man can do to bring her in successful; but he has a shrewd and able southern to contend against, and " When Greok mooti Greek, then Comef the tug of war." We never saw the course in worse condition for racing than it was last evening; up the back stretch it was some three or four inches deep in dust or sand, or whatever else it could be called, in conae auence of the extreme dryness of the weather, al though every endeavor had been made to make it something like whnt it ought to be. It was well wa tered in the afternoon, preparatory to having it scraned, and much was expected from the threaten ed shower, which, alas! never reached it, so that to make everything something like straight, the mana gers will have to exert themselves, and no doubt Mr Toler, the indefatigable treasurer, will not relax in his present endeavors up to the lutest moment. All the houses on the road-side are in active pre paration to receive the various spectators on the oc casion. Some are making two rooms into one, with additional bars; others ure erecting temporary outbuildings to accommodate their expected guests; with edibles and drinkables in abundance, whether sufficient or not for the purpose, they are at a loss to know, but time will tell, and we shall be able to say something more on the subject to-morrow. The whole affair is most exciting. Never was seen such an unsettled state of feeling?the welfare of the whole country might be depending on the re sult. Lven in Wall street, at an early Hour yester day, stocks were neglected?the principal talk was how to get to the ground?the best means of convey, ance?tne race and its results?Fashion and Peytona ?railrond or vehicles. There was great doubt ex isting whether the new corporate officers could be sworn in in time for them to get off for the race ; and it had been suggested by some of the Solons that an act ought to have been laid before the legislature of the State, to provide for the occasion, so as to postpone the swearing in until tbe day after. However, be that as it may, there is no doubt but that the love of sport will prevail, and tbat certain predominant Aldermen that are to be, will be present on the ground, as aristocratic in appearance and conduct ns ever they were in the most palmv days of minority. As before alluded to, the shower made some dif ference in the betting in the afternoon; it was thought it was just what was wanted both by the owners of Peytona and Fashion?one to make the coursc more light, the other to settle the track and give more foothold. The consequence was that the supporters of Fashion took spirits and began to ay a little odds?about 100 to 90, which was as free ly taken as fast as was offered; and attempts were made to go ahead, but it was no go, they soon fell off, and eventually it was settled down at even, and some strangers, in lack of something belter, betted thit I'eytona would take the first heat in 7m. 38s. The actual betting is even on Fashion?take DO to 100 against her freely; 100 to 5)5 taken to some extent. As to time, U|xm which most business is doing, it is I even against 7m. 38s.; 5 to 4 against 7m. 36s. There was a slight variation on the above figures at a late hour last evening, but nothing veiy important. The fact is. most of the business will be made on the ground. Be it so, as good a place as any. Let there be onlv a clear track, and it will be soon settled whe ther the North or South produce the best blood.? Success to the best animal. The Menagekie in a Stokm.?Ail immense crowd was collected in this extensive concern yesterday afternoon, to witness the performance of Herr Dries bach. The [long tiers of benches, extending tli* whole length of the enclosure, were entirely occu pied with ladies or children, dressed gaily as the the fine weather would have; but just before the hour for the famous Herr's entry into the cage with the leojmrds, ligers. lions, hyenas, and all kinds of four footed fiends, the heavens opened, the lightning glared, the thunder roared, and changed the whole aspect of things in a moment. The bear growled and the lion ronrcd, and the panther howled hideous ly; the elephnnts looked sage,and the monkeys ceased their anties, as the red glare flashed and the rain poured down in torrents. There a lady might )>e seen disposing her parasol to the best advantage to protect a prized plume, whilst wilhm a yard of Iter, the scarlet Macaw and the lemon-crested Cockatoo?the most beautiful of the feathered tribe, were actually climbing up the rails of the cage to Inve their gorgeous lilumage in the trickling rain-drops that fell from tne top down the front of their lit tie dwelling. Old Siam, the elephant, weighing about 10,000 Ibs.j held up his trunk to get a taste of the pure element from above, but finding the supply wofully short nnd disproimrtionate to the de mand of his capacious stomach, lie straightened his trunk and ceased operations, except those kept up, evidently for the benevolent purpose of pleasing the boyn, whose applies, cakes, and even the trifling con tribution of pea-nuts were received with condescen sion and dignity by lhe.?c fleshy iiotentates. Alto gether, for ten or fifteen minutes, the sccne wus fresh and striking, and had < >liver < ioulsmith been there, before lie wrote his " Animated Nature," it is very likelv h>- would have added another chafer to it, on the ,l Menagerie in a storm." Wntlcr-The Sailor who w?? IIrat At (he Pirn on 8 inlay inominitl >?t, at 71 ruhniH will hear of ?.imetkiiiK to !>'? I'T (lllioi Bpo.1 Jm. VV. Birkrr, No. 3 .Monroe sfriut, imwuJiiilPiy. Dnvori rfotyiK^-L. II. IIIiiuhc & Co., Ho. k.1 Will utrret, up *t*ir<, icipecifnlly infirm PhotogYaiihift* tint thr> lure now on Hand a full niipiily of their |i|.iio? of uiffrr *nt No*. urn! ?i*r? of the "I,. H. B. h Co. mirk" ao favorably known throiuihiMit ihr I'niti'.l Si iii>?. Tliry Invr rniuUntly on hiiintlir chrmie ih unit pr.'p-intion* mrtl in the Daguerreotype Nnfrm, M WMM Frtnon tnliea of lery miperior ?iiiality, ci?t Inii Merrir* B'th?, Fill* nKtiliell,(mtiif Mt), mil HtM He?t? of thr lic<l '? y in 'lie. l"l?ni?o!o/y tlinrnn^lil)'It si nl thlxrveiiln^ at Wa.itiinxt.m!, N w.-irl-, liy il mlile ??-*t examination.- ? (i'o?li r anil VV'rlli I ni i iiminiM the name tie ul in tin' tbtenre of enrli ..llier, Alter a iliort Lecture on Hereditary Dewrut, To-moriow Kveninic, Man's Moral anil llelifiout N? tiirr, Boatl 8d. I'rolrMioiial daily at No. I Waahuwum Hall Ai<t>licanu muit call aoon,