Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 20, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 20, 1845 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERA I/D. Vol. VI., No. 13T?Wliolr \o. *000. Prlir Two Crnta. Hl?? I <?)!??? of tliv liev. Dr. Tyiijf of Phlladel* l?hln, mid lilt Pew Holders and Vestry. CliUKCk oP friife irtrHAiY) scfttrYLkiLL lildMTtt axd PltESNUT sTKKtTS. Rev. Stiiuji Hiooinson Ty.w, D D., Rector.? This celebrated divide was born in Neyrburyport, Massachusetts, on the 1st day of March, A. D. 1800. Hia father wu* tlie lion, Dudley Atkins Tyng, a dis tinguished lawyer of that State* and a near relative of the Hon. Stephen Iligginson, a member ot the Convention which framed the Constitution of the United States. Tyng removed to Boston in his fifth year, and was apiwinted reporter of the Supreme Court in 1821. lie graduated at Harvard University in 1817, and previous to 1821 was a merchant of r much promise. In 1822 he was ordered a Deacon by the late Bishop Griswold, and shortly afterwards became the Hector of St. Michael's Church, Bristol, llliode Island. Subsequently he married Anne De Woli Griswold, the daughter of that estimable pre late, by whprn he had several children, four of whom are now living, viz: Annu, ths oldest, #ho is said to be engaged to a merchant of Chicago, Ijlinoia; the next in years is Dudley Atkins, a promising youth, who is busily engaged iji the study of divinity in the Alexandria Protestant Episcopal Theological Semi nary ; tlitJ next is Alexander, a junior in uie Univer !<"j- of Pennsylvania; aftd the youngest Julia, a pretty and active girl of 17. . In 1830, he was Rector of St. Paul's Church, and lh 1834, owing to some difficulties between him and his vestry, resigned his charge, and started another one in the western part of the city, bearing the name of the " Church of the Epiphany." After the de cease of his first wife, he married the daughter of Thomas Mitchell, Esq., the conveyancer, at that time reputed to be in epulent circumstances, but who has since suffered by various losses. We need hardly allude to the Doctoras a preacher; suffice it to say, that he is not excelled by any cler gyman in the land, and his church is, perhaps, better attended than any other in the city. At the present time Dr. Tyng stands in a peculiarly prominent posi tion before the public, from the fact that he is one of the three candidates for the vacant Episcopate of Pennsylvania, the other two being the Rev. Samuel Bowman, 1). D., and the Rev. Thonlas M. Atkinson, the former the Rector of St. James' Church, Lan caster, and the successor of the Rev. W. A. Muh lenburg, and the latter the Rector of St. Peter's Church, Baltimore; and we venture to predict that ol the three, Dr. Tyng will be the successful candi date, and that he will be elected by a much larger majority than even some of his warmest friends an ticipate. Wa are fully aware that our assertion will be ridiculed by not a few churchmen in the dioceses of New York and Pennsylvania, who look forward with much certainty to the elevation ofa high church man to the Bishopric; but we can assure those indi viduals that they are entirely in error, and show themselves to be but little acquainted with the eccle siastical politics of the dtocese of Pennsylvania. We have closely watched the mantBvures of both parties, and have had ample opportunity of judging as to what will be the result: and we feel as confident that Dr Tyng will be Bishop Tyng, on the 22d of May, as we ure that James k. Polk is President of the United States. We shall briefly state our reasons for arriving at tins conclusion. In the first place, neither Dr. Bowman nor Mr. At kiason ure very popular with the high church party, for this reason?that Dr. B., whilst ne is gifted with soinc talent, and possesses very amiable traits of character, is not active enough for such an extensive diocese, especially, as the church in this State will require a mighty deal of stirring up before it will thrive and prosper, owing to its late mismanagement This the hiuh church party are aware of: and for this reason they will caat their votes for Dr. Tyng, as they know him to be the most energetic Presby ter that the church here has ever possessed. The objections urced against Mr. Atkinson, we think are worthy of some consideration. He was once a Dissenter, or,to speak in plain terms, a Congregation aliM, and has b?en in the ministry but for the short space of five years. He has not, therefore, had suf ficient experience to control and manage the one hua(}red and twenty clergy of the diocese; besides, he is youn<? in years, and barely of the canonical age. Dr. Tyng, on the other hand, possesses all the necessary qualifications for Bishop; and under his administration we venture to say that the church in this State will increase tenfold in less than tivr years. His opposers will no doubt endeavor to ef fect hi? defeat, by making prominent his temper, hi. liafty disposition, und his haughty demeanor; bui all this will have little or no etfect on the Conven tion, and idl their efforts to injure him will prove fu tile. If any objection can be urged against the Doc tor, it is that he has had two wives ; and the apostle Timothy expressly declares, that a Bishop should be the husband of one wife. We presume, however, that a majority of the Convention will construe this favorably to the Doctor. We muvt freely confess, that since the suspension ol the late Bituop Onderdonk, Dr. Tyng has been busily engaged in endeavoring to obtain the mitre. He lias sent recruits to various parts of the country, who have electioneered with great diligence for him; and he has himself, in a variety of ways, made se cure the bishopric. Instead of counting the votes of low churchmen (the most of which he felt certain of) he has very shrewdly entwined himself into the aftections of the high church party; and to do this, among other things changed, he altered the situation of his pulpit and altar, and placed them in such a po sition as to gratify even the highest of the high ; be sides, he has been for the past six months more ca nonical and rubrical than he was ever known to have been during his ministerial career. To conciliate the High and Low Church parties, and to make them us but one body at the Conven tion, he delivered a sermon before the clergy, enti tled "A Plea for Union," in which he advanced some very High Church dogmas. This discourse was very favorably received by both parties, and served a very excellent purpose. The Convention assembles on the third Tuesday in May. at which time the election for Bishop will take place, and it will be by far the most important Ecclesiastical Council which has ever assembled. So certain is Doctor Tyng of being Bishop, that he has disposed of his humble dwelling house in Filbert street, and has taken that princely mansion on Chesnut street, near Schuylkill Sixth, which certain churchmen of this city have already began to term the "Episcopal .Residence." This splendid dwelling was built hy C. C. Haven. Esq., formerly a wealthy merchant of (his city, and now a resident of New York; it cost Mr. II. twenty thousand dollars?wai bought during the depressed times, by one of the Ashhursts, for half that sum, and was sold to Dr. Tyng for eight thousand dollars. The corner stone of the " Church of the Epipha ny " wan laid on the 24th day of March, 1834, by the venerable Bishop White. It has struggled through many difficulties, and the vestry deserve much credit for having managed its affairs so economically.? The members and attendants at this Church are well known by the community, and much esteemed and resjiected. Among the prominent pew-holders of this Church are the following named gentlemen: John Hockley. Cashierof the Bank of North Ameri ca : Leonard Kimball. President of the Washington Insurance Company, <vc., Arc. We uppend sketches of these gentlemen, in order that the world may see who are the individuals that are endeavoring to ob tain the Episcopate Chair for Dr. Tyng. Wm. Mi;soravr.?Is of the firm of Musgrave 3c Wurts, wholesale dry goods merchants, Market street, and the son of James Musgrave, a respecta ble broker, formerly a silversmith. Mr. M. is a high Hiurchmun, nnd the only member of the vestry who coincides in doctrine with Right Rev. Bishop Doane, ami others of the Pnseyite school. John Hocrlry.?This gentleman was formerly a Clerk in the Bank of North America, and is now cashier of that institution. Lronarij Kimhai.l.?This gentleman was formerly a broker of this city, now [Secretary of the Wash ington Insurance Company. Came originally from Connecticut?-a very respectable and upright citi zen, of res|H'ctnble qualifications. He hears a strong likeness to the lute and celebrated Dr. Franklin. He married many years ago the daughter of the late Judge Clms. Smith, of Lancaster, Pa. By this mar iiage he aciiuired some property. Wm. E. Bowkn.?'This gentleman isof the firm of Hrowns tV Bowen, of this city, extensive merchants, being connected with the house of Brown, Brothers jc Co., New York, and Brown, Shipley de Co., Liv er|>ool. Mr. Bowen is the son of the late Captain Jioweii, who was lost at sea. He has risen by his own exertions to his present standing, having neither family connexions nor wealth to push him forward. Mr. It. was formerly a Presbyterian. Hohurt A. Caldclkitoh.?This gentleman was formerly a stationer, manufacturer of paper hang ings, playing cards, <kc.; a keen, shrewd man. Has acquired a very large estate, partly by marriage; but much the larger portion by his own industry. His very keen countenance, exhibits the keen, close, calculating, cunning inan. He is of Scottish descent. Dr. William (Jiiwon?This gentleman came ori jiin illy from Baltimore?is Professor of Surgery in the University of Pennsylvania. From that Profes sorship lie has aii income from #8000 to $0000 per annum. Soon after coming from Baltimore he en deavored to get into practice in Philadelphia as a surgeon and physician, but his foqfjneas tor horses operated against him. H? is now much changed, having become very pious. All his fondness for buy ing and selling horses he lias given up. Lewis 11. Asiutt'RSt?This gentleman is son of R. Ashhurst: an extensive and wealthy dry goods ftierChant. Jt has been the peculiar good fortune of this family to bedoltie Connected With the old aristo cratic families of Philadelphia. They ha*e particu larly attended to this matter for the purpose of en deavoring to mjike.the w.orld: forget tliey them selves Were riot always members of the aristocracy. This gentleman is ohe of fhevesfry of the thurch. r Alijcn R. RomnetT?'Ihis gentlerrtan is a drf goods merchant?a keep, sharp, industrious man. Although he hits not ujwuys been fortunate in busi ness, he has acted occasionally as ugent for sonrc of our fire insurance companies. William Shaw.?This gentleman is cashier of the Mechanics' Bank, and was formerly a clerk in the institution. He is a mild, amiable man, but with no great deal of tact. Geo. C. Read?A commodore in the U. S. Navy; born in Ireland; came to the United States in child hood ; Was reared in South Carolina; married late in life the daughter of the late Commodore Richard Dale, who was Paul Jones's first lieutenant. The Commodore is a constant attender of the church, as well as his lady. Mrs. li. is fond of changing from church to church, and generally takes notes of all the sermons delivered by popular preachers. Isaac Hazi-KHUrst?1'This gentleman is a lawyer of good standing at the -Philadelphia bar ; a member of tne present Legislature from the city. He is a brother-in-law of Lewis R. Ashhurst, Mr. A. hiving married Mr. H.'s sister. Mr. H, is deservedly be loved and esteemed. We would be much pleased could we say as much for Mr. Ashhurst. Dr. Caspar Wistar Morris?This gentleman be longs to one of the oldest Quaker families of our city ; a practitioner of some eminence, and is the only Episcopalian who adheres to the old Quaker farb; even his friend Isaac S. Loyd, having aban oned it. Col. Wm. P. Smith?Known as a military man, and also being at the head of meetings forcompli mentaiy benefits, flee.; but does not often subscribe much nimself; he will ba a great man. He is a brother of Thomas S. Smith, wno was made collec tor by John Tyler for a short time. His father kept a small groderv store in an old frame building at the corner ef lltn and Walnut streets. Affairs in Canada.?The correspondent of Li vingston flc Co., writing from Montreal, on the 17th instant, gives the following intelligence: Home twenty veaiel* with general cargoes have arriv ed in port witnin the last eight day*, end our wharvei have aitumed a more animated appearance, but owing to delay* of warehousing and anorting, we cannot look on the opening businei* a* fairly commenced. There aro a* yet few or no Upper Canada buyer* in the mar ket reveriing the general custom, as the buyers have hitherto usually been here before the arrival of the ves sel*. More than '.29,000 barrels of flour have come down ?ince Saturday morning la*t, but no transaction* of any extent have ta.en place ; holder* (till demanding 33s 6d, whilo shippers are not prepared to offer any more than 43s for best brands. Tne vessel* which are now dis charging will in moct case* be ready to reload next week, when we may look for a more active market. Aihe* are now arriving in larger quantities. Pearls have fallen to 24s 9d, at which price there is a tolerable demand. Pot* are worth 33* !>d. Freight* to Liverpool are fixed at 4* Od per barrel for flour: 8s per quarter for grain, and 30s to 33s 6d for ashes. To London flour bbl. 4s fid, ashes 30s. To the Clyde from 31s 3d to 33s 6d for ashes. Flour and grain the same rates a* to tho other port*. At the*e rate* large arrangements have been made. IjgThe Great Britain, which wai the first vessel here, has already 380 tons engaged for the fall voyage from Lendon to Montreal, This arrangement, however, pro hibit* her from loading here with either oil cake or grain, as it might retard her return voyage. A handsome sub cription is in progress here on the part of the trade of Montreal, to present to Captain Swinburne some testimo nial of the high sense entertained of his skill and perse verance in being the first to arrive here for three suc cessive years. At an auction of groceries, lie., brought in under the drawback bill, on Monday last, first lots only were sold in most instances. The new Odd Fellow's Hall, in Great St. James's street, is progressing rapidly, and bids fair to be an ornament to the city; the hall of meeting fur the brethren of the order, will be a magnificent assembly room. The Montreal In surance Co., arc about to remove tlicir establishment to the uld Wesleyan Church, in Great St. James's street, which will be given up to them as soon as the new church is ready tor the reception of the congregation ; a han'lsome facade is to be erected in front of the building Ur. Oaurret, of Uoston, will preach in the new Unitarian Church to-morrow. The large hotel, known a* Madame St. Julien'i, or the Canada Hotel, i* to be *old thi* morning by auction, by Mr. Levering. We had ice hero yesterday morning a quarter of an inch in thickness. O. P. Later from Texas.?The New York, Captain Wright, arrived here yesterday, (says the New Or leans Picayune of the Uth inst.) from Galveston, whence she sailed on the 8th inst. She brings us papers from Galveston to the 7th. Among her passengers were Maj Donelson, the U. S. Charge, and Gov. Yell, of Arkansas. Gen. Houston, with his wife and son, arrived at Galves ton on the 3d inst. from hi* farm on the Trinity. He pro posed to viiit the seat of government of Texas, and will then come at once to the United State*, he being ex tremely solicitous to see Gen. Jackson once again before the death of the latter, which appears so imminent. He yields to annexation a* a matter of neceitity, it not of choice. Mr. Wickliffe, the ex-Poitmaster General, wa* at Gal veston on the 7th inst. Commodore Moore ha* involved himielf in a contro versy with Gen. Houston, and publiiho* an addre** to the people of Texai, in which ne exposes bis grounds of dissatisfaction with the ex-President. He enclosed a co fiy of this address to the ex-President, threatening to fol ow it up with othor exposures, until he can receive per sonal satisfaction for the injuries which he think* himself to have rocelved. There is no limit to the enthusiasm of the people of Texas in regard to annexation. The only trouble with them appears to be, whether to meet in convention and form a constitution for "tho State of Texas," prior or subsequent to tho meeting of Congress. This i* a fertile theme for the levoral editor*. To show the disposition of the President of Texas, wo make a short extract from the Morning Star of the 3d instant, pnblished at Hous ton :? "We rejoice to say that we have the most positive evi dence that tho Prcsidont and a majority of members of his cabinet are anxious to act with the utmost harmony with tho people, and will cordially co-operate with them in their efforts to consummate this great measure at the earliest practicable period." The Hon. E. Allen, the acting Secretary of State, ar rived at Houston on the OTd ult. The Teltgrapk assures us that he is an ardent friend of annexation, and is desi rous that "the great measure should be consummated at the earliest practical period." The papers contain ample reports of pnblio meetings declarative of the feelings of the people in regard to an nexation. There is no occasion to give these report*, *o nearly unanimou* are the lentiment* of the whole coun try. The Texan* already regard themselves as part and parcel of the United States, and, proud of the Union, are only impatient that any delays should be interposed to it* completion. Even the paper* oppoied to annexation but intinuate their objection*; they *ce that it mu*t take place, and re frain from any open reaiatance to it If we can judge froan the tone of the press, and from verbal communica tions, not all the diplomatic resources of the world can (way at all the general mind ofTexa*. Tne papers have some rumors of disaffection to the Mexican Government in *ome of her Northern Depart ment*. The " wiih may be father to the thought" in thi* case. We have probably a* late advice* here a* to the movement* of General Ariita a* have been received in Texaa. Accidekt to Bishof Dklanck r.?Our usually quiet village was thrown into great excitement, last eve ning. by the report of merer# accident having happened to the right reverend W. 11. Delancey, Bishop of West ?rn New York, who has for the last few wceki been on a tour through hit dioceio. He had made an appointment to officiate at Kait Bethany, a imall place iome six mile* iroin thi?. He expected to pieaeh in the Presbyterian meeting-house at I o'clock in the afternooa. A large concourse wore anembled from the surrounding coun try, and a ihort time before the appointed hour for ser vice, it was ascertained that the uie of the Preibyterian meeting-houie (which had been promiied,) waa refined, and tliey were then ottered the Methodist. iome three fourth* of a mile weit of the Preibyterian Church. The Bishop wa* riding with Mr. Martendale and the Rev. Mr. Boll*, in a two-horse light p agon. After they itarted, ?ome person in the rear cracked a whip and the hone became reitive; one of them jumped violently, got aitride of the pole of the wagon, and commenced kicking.? The Bishop aroie from hi* leat, and in the jarring caused by the rapid ipeed of the horie* he fell out and itruck violently on hit face, cauiing a levere concunion of the brain. He wa* taken up entirely lenielei* and conveycd to the neareit hoaic, where everything possi ble will be done to reitore him. Thi* morning hi* physi ciana pronounce him aa comfortable a* could be expect ed. There has been a gradual return of coniciouanei* all night, aad thi* morning he articulate*, yet with great difficulty. The Biihop remained at four o'clock much as he wai in the morniag. Mra. Delancey had arrived, but it ia doubt ful whether the Biihop recognised her ; hi* situation i* very precarious, though upon the whole ne i* perhaps a* comfortable a* could be reasonably eapected.?/innii (en'i Bilwii letter, May 17, P. M. Bhittai. OirritAOK in Nxirvoo.?The War law Signal says:?Wc learn that on8undaylast,ii man by the name of Hyde, from fort Madiion, viaited Nauvoo on huiinei*. Kor iome offence given to the Hainti, the nature of which we did not understand, hi* buggy and harnei* were cut to piece*, and he, after being grossly ahuicd and insulted, waa bedaubed with filth. The same paper state* that a Mormon elder, named McBridc, re tiding is Camp Creek neighborhood, had seduced' his two daughters, one of whom had left him. That some of the neighbor* collected and gave him thirty-nine lathe* and ordered him to leave the country. The story 1( a hard en* to believe. Adnma 4 Co.'* Kiprtw over l?oiig bland. HALF A MONTH LATKK KILOfl EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF TUB BRITANNIA, AT BOSTON. ADVANOE IN COTTON, The Maynooth Question. AFFAIRS IN 8WITZERIi A IfP. ARRIVAL OF THE OVERLAND MAIL, 6lc, 6cc. Ate. The steamer Britannia, Captain Hcwett, arrived at Boston at 5 o'clock yesterday iworning. She left Liverpool on the 4th mat., tfith eighty__ three passengers. Among the number, it is said, is the Hon. Edward Everett. This we learn from passengers by the Long Island Railroad, arrived last evening. The intelligence is not of much importance. The London Times, and other English papers, are still harping upon Oregon and Texas. The Maynooth question had not yet reached the House of Lords. It had not passed the House of Commons; it only went through a committee, and that on the evening of the 2d inst. There has been a slight improvement in cotton. O'Connell was making the most of the concessions of Poel to Ireland. Afiairs in Switzerland were without change. The monster steamer Great Britain is coming over in July. Parliament was engaged in railway investiga tions. The Repeal Association met again on the 28th ult., and O'Connell again praised Peel's concessions?he looked upon the measure of the Premier in regard to Banking in Ireland, as excellent. The rent for the week was ?417. It is rumored that the Government has given or ders for the purchase of 2000 tons of coals for Ber muda, and 2000 for Halifax, and that probably these purchases will be extended to 20,000 tons. The arrival of the Great Western was looked for with some anxiety. She left New York on the 24th, after the receipt of Sir Robert Peel's Oregon speech. The Queen has been pleased to approve of Mr. John Arthur, as Consul at Turk's Island for the United States of America. A large number of persons from the Highlands of Scotland purpose emigrating to Canda. It was reported on the Paris Bourse, on Saturday week, that England had applied to France to join her in a protest against the annexation of Texas to the American Union. The Arabs who had assembled, to the number of 20,000, to attack Aden, quarrelled, as usual, amongst themselves, had a fight, and the whole force may be said to have been broken up. It appears from an article in the Debatt, that the Frencn government has abandoned the projected ex pedition against the Kabyles for the present year. Puckler Mu.-kau has sold his estate, and with it his title of noblesse, to Count Edmund Hasfeldt Weisweller, for 1,708,150 dollars. The Anti-Corn Law League Bazaar will certainly siiriiass in magnificence and vastness any simil ir display that ever took place in the country; it will open on the 8th instant. The Lords of the Treasury have decided that ves sels carrying passengers to North America be re lieved from the obligation of carrying a surgeon, pending the decision of Parliament on the subject. An elephant, a girali~e,a lion, and two voung cubs, have been shipped on board the George Washington for New York. The belong to Mr. Titus, end form ed part of Van Amburgh's menogerie. Although the new Houses of Parliament are in the ninth year of their building, they have only ad vanced about one-third towards completion, and the Morning Chronicle estimates that they will be at least twenty years more in hand. A game at whist is about to come ort', to be played in quite a novel way by means of the electric tele graph. The four players to be stationed?one at Southampton, and nis partner in London: their ad versaries at Gosport and Basingstoke. The time it will take playing will be little more than the period occupied at the usual game. The Gazette announces that the Queen has con stituted the province of New Brunswick and the island of Ceylon episcopal sees, to be called reflect ively the Bishoprics of Fredericton and Colom bo. The Rev. John Medley, D. I)., is appointed Bishop of Frederickton; the Rev. James Cnepinan, Bishop of Colombo. Dr. Medley, with his family, will leave Liverpool by the steamship Cambria, ou the 19th instant. Iron House for Nova Scotia.?Mr. Laycock. of Liverpool, alter having built an iron palace for an African king, and a residence of the same material for a West India family, has just finished an iron house for a family in Nova Scotia. It is quite com plete, and has lately been exhibited to his friends, Re-appearance of Mr. Ward at Oxford.?In the convocation held on the morning of the 25th ult., at Oxford, at 10 o'clock, a sensation was crea ted by the sudden apparition of the Rev. Mr. Ward, in full costume as Master of Arts. On the Rev. the Vice Chancellor proposing the assent of the house to a letter from his Grace tne Chancellor, relating to dispensations, Mr. Ward gave a non-plarct, and, on the Rev. Vice Chancellor taking no notice of the in terruption, followed up non-plaret by calling for a division of the house. This was, as a matter of course, equally disregarded, and the Rev. ex-gradu ate then quitted the convocation. It was understood that the proceeding was taken by the advice of counsel, and that the Tractarian party, who have entered into subscriptions to try the question of the legality of the Rev. gentleman's degradation, will found proceeding* against the University for tne re fusal of Mr. Ward's claim to be considered as still a graduate of the body. Royai, Maii. Steam Packet Company.?It is un derstood that the Royal Mail Steam-packet Compa ny have completed arrangements for the resumption by steam of the route from Jamaica to Santa Mar tha, Carthagena, Chagres, and Juan de Nicaragua: the mails leaving Kngland on the 17th of May, and and thenceforward will therefore be conveyed by steam packets throughout to those places. Emioratiow to America.?Our advices from the various ports from which emigrants depart, state that emigration to Canada and tne United States is going on to a larger extent than ever before known. From Germany, also, it is equally large; 200 passen gers had just srrived at Havre fromllotterdam, on tlieir way to the Western World. It is to be regret Mi that the authorities of New York, Boston, Arc., mniit establish protective societies, not in name but in spirit, nnd secure the poor emigrant from the robbery and plunder to which he is subjected by the sharks which are allowed to board the ships on their arrival at their destined port. New Link of Packets to Boston.?A new line of packets has been started between Liverpool and Hoston, the first of which, called the Joshua Mates, in honor of the head of the firm of Messrs. Baring, Brothers, is now in the Trafalgar Dock, and will sail the first fair wind, with a full complement of steerage passengers, who find this route tne shortest way to the western States. On Thursday. 1st inst., Capt. Murdock. her commander, gave a dejeuner to his numerous friends, which was provided in his usual sumptuous style by Mr. Linn, of the Waterloo Hotel. Tne healths of the Queen, President Polk, Mr. Bates, Mr. (!air, the representative of the firm of the Messrs. Barings in this town, were drunk, and suitably responded to. Bane Notes (Scotland).?From a return issued yesterday, by order of the House of Lords, it apt tears that the amount of the bank-notes in circulation in Scotland, in 1842, was, on an average, 2.820,726/. The average of 1843 was 2,731,7701; ana of 1841, 2, 900.704/. Some months the amount exceeds 3,500, OOOi.; but the average of the years were as above stated. Trade of Russia.?Letters from St. Petersburg place the commercial movement of Kussia at 360, 000,000 of silver rubles per annum ; the number of vessels engaged exclusively in the exportation of Russian products, amounting annually to 5,000, and the value of their cargoes at 180,000,000 silver rou bles. The coasting trade employs 7,000 vessels, the cargoes of which are estimated at 10,000,000 of sil ver roubles p?r annum. [Krorn Lou.Ion 'I inies. ul May i-J | Obkoon, Texas, and Enolan.t*?The discussions \ now going on in the Republic of Texas between the Americun |>urty which seeks to he absorbed in the Federal union ot the AmericanStates.and the national Texan party, which upholdsthe inde|>endent interests of the new state, are matters of the deepest interest, not only to the annexation question of the present day, but to the future destinies of the continent ot North America. If Texas at once flings away her national existence, and makes herself subservient to the policy of the United States, it is highly improba ble that any other new state will attain to independ ence in the southern regions) of North America, and the progress of the dominions of the Cabinet of Washington will be as rapid as the decav of its de fenceless and ungcrverned southern neighbors. More than twenty years have ela|?ed since Mexico threw off" her allegiance to Spain, and during the whole of that period the decline of the nation has been incon ceivably great and rapid. The result is now pitia ble. The country is stated by a recent observer to be as defenceless as it was in the days of Montezu ma. Another Cortez might march with a few hun dred men upon the capital; find as for the northern and western provinces, more especially the magnifi cent territory of California, since the sequestration of the missions and presidos, they are without even the semblance of a government. The whole white popolutron of California is hardly more than 500(>, scattered over 2000 square leagues of territory; tl?e Mexican administration does not even communicate with the province ; and to conquer the whole of it would not be more diliicult than to take possession of a desert island. In these thinly-peopled regions the inhabitants are manifestly unable to defend their territo#al rights; and when they have lost the pro tection of a great power, whose policy is jealous of all encroachments on the future interests of its sub jects, they fall an easy prey to a sort of retail inva- ] sion, until the sovereignty of the country is filched away before an effort has been made to challenge the assailant. . The eager, gain-seeking, and roving population of the western States of the Union are fitted beyond all the rest of mankind to carry on this kind of sur reptitious warfare. They conquer provinces as the cuckoo steals a nest; and if their irregular enter prises be allowed to carry with them all the political consequences of lawful war, it is evident that at no very distant period they will have made themselves masters of all such parts ot the North American continent as are not defended by the forces and the resolution of Great Britain. But the conduct of Tex as in the present emergency will determine whether these itolitical consequences are to be realized. It depends on the aweptanoe or rejection of the pro posed measure of annexation by the people and Go vernment of Texas, whether every fresh step ol the Anglo-American race is to add citizens and lands to theUnion; or whether the new States which may be formed in the course of time on either shore ol that vast continent may not uphold an independent flag, independent interests, and an independent policy. * , , . When we take into consideration the position ot Texas, the decline of Mexico, and the luture condi tion ot the unappropriated lands, rivers, and regions lying between the coast of Upper California on the Pacific Ocean and the Rio ael Norte, it is impos sible to doubt that such a country ought to possess an original character anil an inde[>endent existence. Its annexation to the United States, if that measure be consummated at the present time, would only lead the more surely to the eventful disruption of 1 that wide and imnerfectly-united confederacy, and to a struggle which would prove injurious to the best interests of the whole continent. But Texas inde pendent is peculiarly qualified to interpose,as it were, the keystone of an arch between the 1 nited States and Mexico, on the one hand, and between the ma ritime interests of European and of American na tions on the other. These views are so clear and evident that they will probably have a decisive in fluence on the Executive Government of Texas,pro vided the Mexicans can be brought to recognise in a liberal spirit un arrangement which is the sole "uaranfee of their national existence. Nor can we Relieve that this policy will be defeated by the popu lar emissaries of the United States in Texus, who are avowedly engaged in promoting the work of an nexation solely with reference to the interests of their own party in the United States,and to the cause of slavery with which that party is identified. The part taken by Engl.nia and France in this question?for we are happy to find that the most en tire concurrence prevails between the two great pow ers by which Texas was first recognised in Lurajw ?has been dictated by no such selfish or exclusive objects. To them individually the annexation ot Texas offers no very formidable dangers, and lier independence promises no very certain or conspicu ous advantages. But they are actuated by; a sincere desire to uphold in America that respect for territo rial rights which is the only sure basis of peace ; and in maintaining the independence of'Texas, they may hope to establish an important element in the distri bution of power over north America. There, as well as in Europe, an universal dominion is imprac ticable. . e. If, however, the annexation party be successful, and the patriotic intentions of the President are de feated by the foreign iwrty in the commonwealth of Texas, that result only 0|>ens the door to fresh diffi culties of the most serious character. The claim ol the United States to Texas is a claim studiously un defined. and purposely obscure : but once admitted, it would be found to embrace the distant objects of American ambition, even on the shores of the Paci fic. Already several attempts have b:-en made by the ministers and officers of the United States to ob tain the cession of the great harbors on the coast ol California. In 1835, Sir. Forsyth offered to the Mexican government five millions of dollars for the port of San Francisco?one of the finest naval posi tions in the world ; and a few days later an Ameri can commodore actually seized, on some pretended rumor of war with Mexico, the town and harbor ot Monterey. . . The time is now rapidly approaching when tne western coast of North America?hitherto the least peopled, the least productive, and the least frequent ed portion of the globe?will become the scene of great potitical interests, and will gradually be ani mated with the stir of nations and the activity ol so cial life. The United States are seeking to subject these future races and States to their dominion, and, without an army, or any of the ordinary instruments of conquest, to extend their sovereignty over nations yet unborn. The scheme for the annexation of Texas is the most decided step they have made in this direction ; but that is only the prelude to their ulterior designs. The claim to the exclusive pos session of the Oregon territory is another indication of the same policy : it will be followed by an attack, either by force or by fraud, on California. On all these points the same unlimited spirit of aggrandize ment prevails. For the protection of the British do minions in North America ample means exist: and, indeed, the possession of the Oregon territory by the Hudson's Bay Company, under the joint conditions of the convention of 1818, is practically conclusive on the point. But in provinces in which no Euro pean power has any direct concern, the only check to the rapacious encroachments of the United States will be found to consist in the establishment of ano ther energetic and independent power to share the dominion of North America, and such a power we still hope Texas may become. Paruamkntary.?The last fortnight has been almost exclusively occupied with the ques tion of Maynooth?the great question of the | day. The public mind is still fermenting, and will continue to do so long after the statute book has recorded the enactment of the mea sure. All doubt about its parliamentary success was set at rest by the unexpectedly large majority which passed the second reading?147 ; and although its zealous opponents have since shown fight in the House of Commons by another debate, and another division on the bringing un of the report, yet the last was a battle more marked by parade than earnestness, and the foreground was occupied by a number of small men who must say something to justify their inconsistency. The same thing will lake place on the third reading; and al though we henr, in the out-door meetings of the zea lots, that at least a dozen members are to die on the floor of the House to prevent its passing, vet this lirutum fulmen is estimated at its worth, and |>eople laugh accordingly. The House of Lords will be vigorously bombarded with petitions against the dreaded measure, but being less under the influence of popular feelings, the medicine will be swallowed with faces less wij. Sir Robert Peel has hazarded much in perma nently endowing Maynooth. There is no chord in the national mind so sensitive, none that thrills with an emotion so keen as that which ihe bare idea of supporting Popery out of the public purse calls into action. On the principle that the hatred of the nearest relations is the most bitter, we may account for the feeling which marks the churches of England and Home. Mr. O'Connell, who knows no medium in his praise or censure, has " blarneyed" Peel and Graham in approved style, and from the Treasury liench of St. Stephen's, the " soft sawder" is reci P Hut this Maynooth business is calculated to make a stir abroad as well as at home, and the consequences arising out of it will affect, .?>ore or less, not only the composition of parties in Eng land, but possibly our foreign relatione. OGon ncll dm often declared that the tint hoetile shot ?* w'- ' nfunitf England or by her, would umm!!hv fr"!' ",U" ,'V"'N PrudenNas i',:d l Li . , c tution u In.-chief characteristic? he blundered into an admission of the truth of 0 Conn ell s statement. In t!ie debute on Maynooth ; he travelled out of tiie record, us the lawyers say' and took credit lor the "Message (,f pt.Je whi)fc he hud sent to Ireland," before lie in belli gerent style to President l'olk about the Oregon This indiscreet admission had been commented? and people feel surprised that so experienced a tacti cian could have been found giving utterance to so ! dangerous a sentiment. Where a country's weak ness consists of millions of people, the admission will be turned to good purpose by all interested? whether abroad or at home. A new combination of parties may be the result as in 1829. We hear of round robins being signed by some of the constituencies, indicative of notice J" (lu"i an election will occur in a year or two. 1 he admissions, too, of the ministers, that more must be done for Ireland, the avowed intention of .Lord John Hussel and the whigs to lay violent hands on the church revenues in Ireland, with which to endow the Roman Catholic clergy?these circum stances would seem to point to the probability of a re-distribution of parts in the political drama, at no distant day. The motion of Mr. Ward for appropriating the surplus church pro|>erty in Ireland to the last men tioned purpose was drugged into the Maynooth de bate as u make-Weight. Mr. Mucauley asserted the supremacy of intellect by throwing new tints into an old (Kirtrait of Irish grievances, and he made the occasion available for another bitter attack 011 the right honorable gentleman opposite." But the de bate, as a whole, wits heavy, and a large majority rejected Mr. Ward's proposition. The Division oh ni* Matwooth Question.?The division which took place on Saturday morning is almost as curious in its details as it is remarkable and important in its general features. A close analy sis of the list shows that the Ministerial proposition would have been negatived, if submitted to the con sideration of the unfettered portion of the Conser vative narty. The motion of Sir Robert Peel was not only carried by the votes of opposition mem bers, but he actually marshalled under his banner upon this occasion no less than l(i5 whigs and radi cals, while he could only retain the services of 158 conservatives; and even from the latter number we arc bound in justice to deduct the mere place-hold ers, the members of his own administration. These are 30 in number, two of whom acted as tellers; so that the 1 remier of a conservative ministry could only muster upon this question 128 unplaced conser vatives, and many even of that number are hangers on and expectants; full of that political gratitude w hich consists in "a lively sense of favors to be re ceived.'' It is clear, then, that if the duty of decid ing on (he. grant to Maynooth had been left in the hands of the conservative party, the motion would have been negatived try a majority of 15; for the supporters of the amendment Were 145 conserva tives and 31 whigs or radicals. This division is not only the most remarkable that has taken place dur ing the present session, but one of the most extraor dinary that has ever occurred. The wonder is, not that the votes of ojiposition members carried the ministerial proposition, for such an event is by no means unparalleled, but that the measure itself should have been one which the existing opposition ear nestly wished to propose when they were in iiower, but never could hope to carry.?London Times. April 21. CoMMERciAL.-~The demand for almost all kinds of produce has received a great im petus by the relaxation of duties, the plen tiiulnc&s 01 money, and general employment and prosperity of the country generally. In Sugar, Lollec, and other great staple articles,the demand lias been very great: and although the market has not been ouite so brisk during the last week, yet we believe there will be at present no great reaction. The Cot ton market has been buoyant of late, and, in some descriptions, the improvement has reached a farth ing a pound. The threatened rupture with America has caused this advance, and as the share-market has been pretty well cleaned, parties, speculating on the rupturs, are disjwsed to invest their capital in the staple. If President Polk will listen to reason, these persons, with the produce of the new crop staring them in the face, will assuredly burn their lingers; but if he will not, their gain will be great : and as the affair seeins pretty much like a game at chance, they reckon that the risk is worth I the outlay. In the present temper of the market, and with the ejfcitable topics that have been recently before Parliament and the country , the least move in the right direction?right, we mean, for the s|*?cilators, deeply injurious as the result, whatever form it might take, would be for both countries?would send up the cotton market with unexampled rapidity. Every account from Un united States is most anxiously looked for, and will continue to increase until it is seen whether the " little cloud in the West" has grown bigger, or has disappeared. Parliament is now fairly engaged in the railway investigation. The committee are up to their eyes and ears in business, counsel learned in the law are making a rapid and a golden harvest, and engineers clerks, and others, throng the lobby and rooms ot that most inconvenient of all public buildings?the j House of Commons. A committee of the House have investigated the atmospheric principle of rail- ' ways, and the resul- is a flattering report as to its practicability. The news that Brazil has advanced the duty on British-manufactured Cotton 20 per cent higher than the old tariff, has caused some vexation, hut very little surprise. Sir Robert Peel's plan for the currency in Scotland and in Ireland has given pretty general satisfaction. The Scotch members apprehended a more stringent measure, and expressed themselves agreeably disaiv pointed. The government securities have fluctuated but lit tle, and as regards speculation, that is now centered in the Share and the Cotton markets. Craws Co*?BwonDEi*c?^The aioht publishes the following cunous correspondence as explaining why Captain Meynell, though holding an office in thehouso hold, was again absent from Friday's division : MR. TOV.tO, M. P., TO CAPTAI* MKTKCLL, M. P. Dfar MtrjtF.LL?Pray come up. Peel wants overy Tory vote. If we havnt a majority of our own on the second reading, it will be as much as my place is worth. D?n Lisburne. Fitzroy votes, Pringle cuts; and old Forbes Macl.enzio, who has beon vapouring at the Carl ton that ho shoul.l vote, perhaps, against, certainly not for us, has just been with me to say that he had been thinking a great deal on the subject, and should vote with us. He pretended he didn't know that Pringle had resigned. Oh yes ! Kelly is going to rat too. 1 hope ha wont be sold. For God's sake come up and vote. Yours, ever, , J- YOUNG. Treasury, Wednesday. CAPTAIN MCVKKLL, M. P., TO MR. VOCSO, M. P. DrAR Yoimn,?Peel and all of you may be d?d before I come up to vote for Maynooth. Because Fitzroy and Mackenzie and Kelly are rogues, is that the reason why 1 should be? Yours, ever, H- MEYNELL. W indsor, Thursday. Tint Premier's.Son 1* Trottblk.?The Clamor Publico of Madrid, tells this anecdote, under date of Toledo, 15th April. " Yesterday, in the afternoon, the son of the celebrated English Minister, Sir Ro bert Peel, one of the Attaches of the British Kmbas sy at Madrid, arrived here. Just as the carriage was passing before the post at the gate of Alcantara, thn carabineers on duty approached it to ascertain whom it contained. The son of Sir Robert Peel, without j any more ceremony, presented to the carabineers a brace of double-barrelled pistols. The latter, wish ing to acknowledge that dclicatc attention, ran to I their arms, in order to repay the youhg foreigner in the same coin, and to make him understand that un der such circumstances Simniards nre not |>eople to remain in the background. This friendly interview might have had fatal consequences but for the inter ference of some civil officers. The Political Chief, on being informed of the occurrence, summoned be fore him the Knglishman: who told him. with the candor that characterises his nation, that he did not understand S(>anish, and that he had merely shown his pistols to the carabineers to know if they were subiect to duty. The Political Chief, deeming the reply satisfactory, allowed the innoceht foreigner to de|?rt. Had he been a Spaniard!?" Navai. Force ok Great Britain ?According to the official return of the Lords of the Admiralty, the naval force of Great Britain consists of 880 shifts of war, carrying from one to one hundred and twen ty guns each. Of this number there are 125 armed steam vessels, constructed on the most approved principles. This immense fleet employs in the time of peace, 23,000able bodied seamen, 2000 stout lads. and JM coni|wnies of royal marines. Steam-Snip "Great Britaii*."?We beg to draw the attention of our American readers to the adver tisement of the Steamship "Great Britain," which is to leave this port for New York on the 2tith of July next. Her amval in the magnificent bay of that great commercial city, will, no doubt, be wit nessed by the largest number of s|>eclators ever there assembled. To our old favorite, Lieut. Hos ken, R. N., is intrusted the task of taking this splen did steamship her maiden trip across the Atlantic.? His successful runs to and from New York with the "'-?feat Western," is a guarantee that nautical intel ligence will not be wanted to make the " Great Bri tain" more famed even than her predeceaeor. Quern's Visit to the Great Britain ?On the 22d ultimo, tliix extraordinary vessel, which has created so much interest in the nautical -ind mer cantile world, wiih visited hy her most gracious Majesty and suite, who left Buckingham Palace at half-past two, and arrived at Greenwich at twenty minutes past three, where she was received by guards of honor of the pensioners and marines, the boys of the school, and 11 brilliant assemblage of officers, and shortly afterwards embarked on board the Dwarf for Die Great Britain. The royal |?rty was conducted through the vessel by Lieut. Hosken, R. N., who explained the construction and i>eculiarities of the vessel. Her Maiesty minutely examined every part of the ship, and before leaving, expressed to Capt. liosken her (gratification at the sight of his magnificent ship, and her anxiety for its future suc cess. After remaining on board about three quar ters of an hour, the royal party left the ship, and proceeded to Greenwich on their return. The Lord Mayor went down the river in his state barge, to attend upon the Queen in his capacity of Conserva 1 tor of the Thames, but did not accompany her Ma jesty on board the Great Britain. The scene was a very splendid one. The Great Britain is divided into compartments, to each of which the engine pumps, by means of pipes and cocks, can be applied. The wuter-tight divisions of each coni|tartment add greatly to the strength of the shin, either as struts or ties. All steamers, whether on the score of humani ty or for the preservation of property, ought to be so divided; for if a vessel be divided into five or six compartments, and any one of them should from accident till, her buoyancy would only be slightly affected. If two compartments tilled, and those two were not at the extremes, the extreme compartments wonjd still keep her afloat. If two consecutives, citMr forward or aft, tilled, it is certain if she went down head or stern foremost diat she would be some time about it, long enough probably to give time for all the boats to be got in readiness. Tne Great Bri tain is the largest vessel ever built, being 322 feet long ; main breadth, 50$ feet; weight ot iron used in the ship and engines, 1,600 tons,and is 1,000 horse power; constructed bv T. K. Gappy. Esq., at the works of the Great Western Steamship Company. Bristol; and we understand the total cost will exceed ?95,000. Launched 19th July, 1843. Some idea of her extraordinary length may be fonned, when it is stated that she is upwards of one hundisd feet longer than either of our first-rate line-of-battje ships ?The Queen, Culedonia, and St. Vincent. The Royal Bal Costume.?We have the high est gratification in announcing to our readers that the preliminaries for the Roval bal cotlume, to which we nuve several times alluded during the last few weeks, are at length definitely arranged. It is gen erally expected one fete will " take place cm or about the 20th June,which,it will berecolfected,is the anni versary of her Most Gracious Majesty's accession to the throne of these realms. Tne period chosen by her majesty will be about the reign of Queen Anne, and thus will two of the most brilliant epochs of British history have been magniticendv revived in the mimic scene of festivity. We need not re mind our readers that the first festival of the kind given by her Majesty, three year's since, illustrated the fieriod of the great Edward. The Augustan ago of modern British history now chosen will afford an infinity of characters to adopt from among the he roes and heroines of that day; whilst the description of costume then worn will be highly favorable to ths display of female loveliness. We believe we arc correct in stating that tke period intended to be il lustrated upon the present occasion will extend to the reign of George II.?Morning Paper. The Queen's Visit to Ireland.?The London Timet, which is fiercely opposing the Ministry on account of the Maynooth Grant, strongly advises them, as they have not yet publicly committed her to visit Ireland this year, to take the hint, and prevent her from being publicly insulted. Nevertheless, in the present temper of the Irish nation, there is eve ry reason to believe thai the Queen would be cor dially, heartily, and even enthusiastically received on Irish soil, and that the gallantry of tne leaders would prevail over their political tactics. The only Question is, will the Queen's advisers run the risk of the contingency 1 New York Packet Ships.?There being no steam er sailing from Boston in the middle of April, oar later arrivals have been all by the New York liners and ships. The Rose ius, Capt. Eldridge, arrived on the 22d, her arrival being anticipated by the last steamer. On the 26th, there were no less than four arrivals, viz. the Europe, Captain Furber; the John R. Skiddy, Captain Skiddy; the Adirondack, Captain Shipley; and the Sheffield, Captain Sherry; by a sin gular coincidence the whole of the vessels left New York on the 1st of April and arrived here within a few minutes of each other. On the 28th we received dates to the 8th inclusive, by the Independence, Capt. Allen ; and on the following day, by the new ship Waterloo, we were put in possession ol dates to the 11th, being the latest arrival at the hour of our 'toiiig to press. The Samuel Hicks arrived on the -29th. Fesch Gallery.?Extract of a letter from Rome, April 19: '? Presuming that a brief account of the pictures, and the prices they sold for at the sale of Cardinal Fesch, might be of some interest, I beg to forward the following. The manner in which the sale is conducted gives universal dissatisfaction.? Notwithstanding the positive assurance that the sale was to continue without interruption, every week there are two or three duvs' interruption ; in fact, we do not know when it will end. Yesterday we reached the 16th day's sale. Hobbima, a very grand landscape, 44,520f, bought by the Marquis of Hert ford ; Berghem, a winter scene, 6,899f, Harrington ; N. Poussin, the Dance of the Seasons, 33,223f. Mar quis of Hertford ; N. Poussin, the Riposo, 9,4ti0f, Geo ge ; Cuyp, a River Scene, 9,460f, (jeorge ; J. pair by Snyders, hunts, 7,Ub7f, Williams ; B. Luini, the Holy Family (very fine,) 22,371f, Claret; J. Steen,the Siesta (a little gein) 11,1851, Claret; a squall, 5,8081, Tarral; A. Vandyck, Virgin and Chila (very elegant,) 7,791f, Artaria; Giuho Romano, Ho ly Family. 6,785H", Prince of Canino; Greuse, le Mi roir Casse, l8,<IIHf, Marquis of Hertford; Backhuy sen, a grand marine (ships of war) 10,517f, Walsh; Albano, a pair of landecaiies, with Holy Family, 12,298f, George; Rembrandt; a pair of line portraits (Lipsius and his wife,) 24,792f, Blaine and Harring ton; Ruysdael, a nair of waterfalls (excellent pic tures,) 11 ,t?M)f, Harrington ; Metsu, Crucifixion, .?,H43f, Duke of Bracciano; Andrea Mantegna, Christ's Agony (fine,) 6,844f, Artaria; Lesueur,Mar tha and Mary, 15,359f, Passavant; Beato Angelico, of Fiesole, Lust Judgment, 17,808f, Prince of Cani no; G. Zerburgh, a conversational scene (fine,) 15,8881, Detuit; K. Dujardin, le Charlatan (fine,) 1tf,165f, Zami; Giorgione, the Adoration of the Shepherds, 9,75Mf, Tarral; P. Wouvennans, the Re turn from the Chase (very elegant,) 68,T27f. Kolb, Wurtemberg Consul; Claude, Seaport, with sun rise (a gem,) 28,l<KJf, Artaria, for England. These prices include the 5 i>er cent for expenses of sale. I nave only enumerated the pictures sold above 1,000 scudi (5,300f); the others sold for sums averaging from 200 to 800, but the greater part at very insigni ficant prices; in fact, only the star pictures obtain high prices.?Gtilignani't Met*enger. Inundations in Germany.?The Reime <ie Pari* states that the greatest inundations, of which tier many has during two centuries preserved the recol lection, were those of 1656 and of 1784; nevertheless, neither of those events were so disastrous as the inundations of the present year. The entire (ier manic confederation, a part of Austria, and of Po land have been literally under water since the 30th of March. The Rhine, the Maine, the Necker, ths I >nniibe, Um Elbe, and the Vistula, have in succes sion overWVWcd their banks, not in a day, but in an hour. Frankfort, Mentz, Cologne, Dresden.Prague, and a numl>er of other towns, and several thousand villages were covered with water. The magnificent bridge of Dresden has been carried away,and many edifices have been destroyed. A subscription ha* been entered into for ths sufferers, which has been signed by kings, princes, tec.,tec. Ciumf. in England.?The public mind would a|v pear to be diseased by a morbid interest in every thing connected with murderers. The recent case of Tawell afforded daily employment for scores of pens, who found their account in gratifying a pru rient curiosity by the most minute and ridiculous details respecting him; and that sturdy band, in the service of newspai>er literature, the |<enny-a-liners, reaped a rich harvest by their industry. Since the gallows has expiated the offences of the wretched Quaker, the case of Docker?a worthless, inflated youth, who murdered a friend more worthless, if IHissible, than himself, at Hampstead?has occupied public attention. Hocker was hanged, as he de ierved, on Monday last, at Newgate, and the news iwpers state that considerable sums were paid for every f|x>t that commanded a view of the drop even ladies were not above enjoying, at high prices, the contortions of the malefactor. The wretched creature, who had acted his |>art throughout, with liompous aflectation, broke down at the last hour in mental and physical energy, and had to be car ried to the scaffold, and supported whut the ap paratus of death was put round his neck. He preserved to the last Ins aptitude for lying?an apti tede of which he gave a striking proof in his de fence, and during the whole proceedings connected with his apprehension, trial, and execution. His life, short as it was, and speedily as it terminated, appears indeed to have been a living lis. The sub

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