Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 20, 1845, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 20, 1845 Page 3
Text content (automatically generated)

Hpoitlng Intelligence. Gkand Tkottisg Match Yesterday over the Union Cotrse?Lady Suffolk Defeated?Ameri cirs the Vicrou.?The attendance on this occasion Jar surpassed that of any of the previous meetings of (he would-be aristocrats of the turf, on the three days of last week, over the same track, both in num bers and resj>ectability. The trot was announced to come oti* at three o'clock, but some time before the hour appointed, all the stands were respectably filled, with a considerable sprinkling on the course. There we pi* a few ladies present on the ladies' stand, ?which added beauty and elegance to the scene. Previous to the trot it was forty to sixty against the Lady which was freely taken; ten to sixty was taken that Aniericus would be the last in?taken to any extent; four to six on Columbus, taken; even on the Lady offered, but with few takers?taken five to four. The horses having been brought forth, Columbus ap|>eared much improved in appearance; and, in consequence, his supjtorters were very sanguine.' The Lady, in figure, looked as well as ever, but in her previous trot to the match did not show that equanimity of temper for which she has been nota ble ; indeed, we were informed that for ftr* 'previous three or four days, she had shown the same temper, a thing quite unusual for her; and, notwithstanding the able tact and talent ot her driven Mr. D. Bryant, he was unable to restrain her. The training and tact of Mr. George Spice r was never more evident than in the appearance of Americus on this occa sion. He almost looked like a winner at first sight, ?which gave cause to the betting as mentioned. On the whole, three finer animals for trotting, in abler hands, it would be difficult to find throughout the Union. The sport announced was a purse of $4C:>, three mile heats in harness; #103 to go to second best. Geo. Spicer enters b. g. Americus. H. Woodruff enters for. g. Columbus. D. Bryant caters Lady Suffolk. Each was driven by the parties entering them; Columbus had the poll, Lady Suffolk second, ana Americas third. After some three attempts at a start, it was found that Columbus over-reached or struck himself some where, which caused him to be pulled up and exam ined. After this had been remedied as far as was possible, he came forth again in as gallant a style as ever. At the next attempt the word was given and they went forth, the Lady leading by about hall a length, Americus second, and Columbus well up; the Lady appeared to open the space between them at the drawgate; they kept thus to the quarter Sle, which she reached in about forty seconds.? ere Americus fell off a little, but shortly after the lady made a bad break, and Americus went in front oh the inside, Columbus as before. The first half mile was performed in about 1:20. They kept thus round the top; at the three quarter the Lady aj> l>eared to gain somewhat upon Americus, and take the lead from him, which she maintained to the judges' stand, whore she came in for the first mile about a length and a half in front, at a square trot, in 2:38. Tney went thus forthe second mile, Hiram some six or eight leivsrths behind; and did not ap pear to work well. They kept thus to the half, where Americus appearea to go up a little; round the top he still further gained, and lapped the Lady. Now much depended on a break or a brush. The Lady immediately made losing three or four lengths, ere she recoveied. In the meanwhile Americus maintained his advantage, but ere they reached home she recovered somewhat of her lost space by about two lengths, and Americus reached the judges' stand, completing the second mile in 2:31. Here it becamc a most beautiful trot; never better before witnessed; all were on tiptoe of expectation.? The cries were, "five to four on the Lady"?taken; "five to four on Americus," with the like reception; "six to four Columbus was distanced," and so on, ad infinitum. The Lady now looked as if she was tiring, and at the first quarter of the third mile feu behind. Shortly after she made a brush for it, and gained a little, but on approach iug the three Quarter pole, made a tremendous bad break; round the top and down the straight side the Lady recovered some of her lost ground; butnotwithstanding, Ame ricus led home, just a neck in front, completing the three miles in eight minutes, amid considerable cheering, and some elongated countenances; Co lumbus half a distance behind. Previous to the next heat two to one was offered that the Lady would take it, but with lew or no ta kers ; three to one that Columbus would be dis tanced. Hiram's horee was dreadfully cut by over reaching, or something else, but notwithstanding, in due time came up to tne scratch as vigorous as ever, and at the third attempt went forth, taking the lead,the Lady in close attendance,followed on the other side by Americus quite as close; at the bottom the Lady made a bad break, and fell off; at the quarter Spicer caught Hiram, and went in front footing it well, but shortly after made a break, and Hiram went up, and kept for som<i time breast and breast with Spicer; Bryan in close attendance, but on approaching the h iff, the Lady lapped them, and shortly after unbar ed to go in front. Round the top Columbus fell ofl considerably, and on approaching the three-quarter, made a bad break, which almost threw his chance out entirely. They came in thus at the end of the first mile of the second heat, the Lady leading about lj lengths in 2 41; Hiram as before, but evidently falling off. Americus was on the inside at the com mencement of the second mile, which he main tained to the quarter, where the Lady made another break, but Aniericus did not make much of it; they kept thus to the three-quarter pole, making one of the most beautiful troU that have taken place in this country for many years past, not more than half a length apart, the Lady leading. At the three-quar ter Spicer appeared to take the lead, but the Lady came in front about two lengths in 2 43, Columbus near upon 11 distance behind. At the next first Quar ter, (lie Ludy made a most dreadful break, which guve an opportunity for Siiicer to come up, which he did, and die I^ady fell behind some three or four iengths. On the back stretch, Columbus broke up and took it easy. After passing the half,the Lady made another bad break,but soon reco vered and Americus looked very like a winner, as he ?closed the gap considerably between them. At the three-fourths they appeared to be breast and breast; tliey kept thus to the drawgate?there whs no telling which had the lead?the cries were, "The Lady wins"?"Americus has got her"?"A dead heat"? " No, no"?" Americus a neck in front"?" A dead heat"?and so they came in. After some little de lay, the judges decided that Aniericus had won the heat and purse in 8 5, by about a head, amid con siderable cheers and a display of |?aper. Thus ended one of the most splendid trots that has taken place for many years in this neighbor hood. Even losers were perfectly satisfied with the ability of the animals and the tact and talent of their drivers on the occasion; and although the previous ly unconquerable Lady Iibs been defeated, there is 110 knowing but she will be as well able to recover her laurels as the conquered ci devant champion of racing of the North?perhaps better and easier, on a subsequent occasion. The following is a summary of the trot Americus, (Ocorge Spicer) 1 1. Lady Suffolk, (D. Bryan) 3 2. 1 Columbus, (H. Weoeruff ) 3 dist. First Heat? Miles. Second Heat?Miles. 2-41 2-43 2-41 2-41 News from thf. Pacific.?Letters have been re ceived from Com. Sloat, in the Pacific, to the 7th of March. The Savannah passed several weeks of tho win tor at Monteroy. Peru was quiet. The Presidential flection was to take place on the f!)th inst. There seem ed to be no opposition to the election of General Castil la, ami there was littlo doubt of his being tho next Pre sident. Every ctf'ort was made to omploy tho force at the Commodore's disposition, in the host manner to give tho utmost protection to tho commercial interests of the country. Kitmobs of War.?The Wheeling, Va., Timet of Saturday last, says: Gen. Henderson, of the Mu rine Corps, passed through this city rn route to Pensacola. The indications of war with Mexico aro somewhat strong, as is reported by all who came from Washing ton. ('ol. Beaton arrived here last evening, from Wash ington. and passed down the river immediately He dates that there is littlo doubt of a war with Moxico. Opening of a New Trade.?The brig Ocean is to take 11 load of Michigan produce from tnis port, pro ceed at an early day llirough tho Welland canal, and down tho St. Lawrence, .and thence along the Atlantic roast to the West Indies. They will there probably sell not only their cargo, font their vessel. This is yet des tined to be a considerable and important branch of trado. ? Vetroil Jldv. Great Fire in Evansvii.le, Indiana.?On Sunday night, the 4th instant, n destructive fire occurred at hvunxville, Indiana, destroying eighteen or twenty hou ses, including the residence of Mr. John Shanklin. Loss not known. The Kvansvillc Journal says : It is the general belief that there aro a set of scoundrels prow ling around us, whose determination It is to destroy our town; ami In our present helpless condition, without a night watch without engines, hose, water, or concert of 1, tion, it will be a miracle if they do not succecd. Circuit Court. Before Judge Edmonds. Ma? IP.? Slrjilitn llurkhaliti e al.rt. IT.Slamm anil Jan. S. Itox'ii?This was an action of assumpsit,brought on an acceptance to two llills of Exchange, one for $1000, and the other for $200, made by a party named (ireen, and accepted by defendant, i'hc acceptance having passed into the hiinds of plaintiff, in the course of business, tl,ey tiring suit for the recovery. No defence was of fared. Verdict for plaintitf $1431 22, and sis cents da mages. Common Plena. Before Judge Daly. Mat ig.?Thr Jury Syifrm.?Several juror* were fined in tho sum of for non-attendance. No Jury cM#i being ready, the Cornt adjourned. General fleaalona. Before Hon. Daniel P. Ingraham, Associate Judge, and Aldermen Comuton and Miaerole. M. C. P*te*?<j", fcsq., District Attorney. Mat 19.?Trial for Mitdr meaner.?John Murphy and Anthony Farrell were charged in the indictment with wilfully and maliciously driving a six horse omnibus, of which thev were the proprietors, into the sleigh of Ar thur T. Jonei (of the firm of Haggerty, Draper, and Jones) on the 7th day of February last, on the 3d avenue. Mr. Jones wu? called, and testified that ho wai driving to New Rocbelle; when thin siJe of Vorkville, ho saw a six horse omnibus coming dowu the road; he turned out im mediately to the right, into the deep enow; the omnibus, instead ot driving to his left, where there was plenty of room, according to law, drove, as he thinks, intentionally into his vehicle, thereby causing his liorsos to fall oo their haunches, uud frightening his family, consisting of his wife, daughter, and another lady. Mr. Jonos further stateil that he was much excited, and could not distinctly recognize the persons driving the stage, but that he af terwards ascertained it was Mr. Murphy. Of.ohci: B. Kimam, Esq., was called, and corroborated Mr. Jones's testimony in all material points, and also stated that the omnibus finally took tho inside, driving Mr. Jones into the road. The Judge charged the Jury that the question for them to consider wus whether the defendants, or either of them, did this maliciously and wilfully; and also whother it had been shown that these were the parties who drove on the occasion referred to; if so, only one of them could be convicted under the statute. The Jury retired, and after an absence of about an hour, returned, and stated they could not agree as to identity of the parties, and were accordingly discharged. Trial for Grand larceny ?Henry Rnge, a Dutchman, was placed on trial for robbing Harbet Uarson, Captain of brig America. The captain stated that on the niglit of tho 4tli of March, ho went out with a party of captains, and became somewhat intoxicated; they called at Ruge's house, and ho treated them; wont up stairs with Mr. Fox; Huge came up and said, " Veil, captain, you ish pretty veil drunk," and then drove him out of the chair, got on top of him, and with the assistance of a compa nion named Frederick, took hi* money, watch, ring, (lie., from him. A couple of watchmen came in, and took him down stairs. A boy testified that he found Ruge on the top of the captain, who threatened to strike Ruge's wife, but was prevented. Here the Court adjourned until to-day at 11 o'clock. Court of Oyer and Terminer. Before Judge Edmonds,and Aldermen Iienry and Seaman. Ma* 19.? Trial of Kleim, for Murder.?Mr. Patterson, Diitrict Attorney, moved for a postponement until to morrow ; in consequence of the absence of Dr. Jones, who is now in Connecticut, who made the pint mortem examination in the case of the woman named Catharine Hanlin, with whose murder the prisoner stands charged. The case is sot down for to-morrow at the sitting ot the Court. The Watchmen in the Cage of Jonei.?The following communication was presented to the Court in the case of this unfortunate man ; and will lead to some decisive ac tion in the proper quarter, which, we have been assured, will be strictly followed up on, until the glaring evils and abuses, of which we have so long complained, will be effectually abated. His Honor, Judge Edmonds, directed the Clerk of the Court, Mr. Vandervoort to road the communication, of which the following is a copy :? To the Honorable Judge Edmonds, and his Aisociate Judges, of the Court of Oyer and Terminer, for the City and County of New York, now in session at City Hall:? We, the undersignod Jurors, in the matter of " The People of the State of New York vs. John M. Jones," wish I to add our testimony to that of the presiding Judge, to the gross and abominable neglect or their duty by two of the City Watch attached to tho Watch-house at the corner of Prince and Woostor streets, as disclosed by them under oath, on the trial, above mentioned, which was to the effect, that on tho morning of the 19th of Au gust, at the early hour of one or two o'clock, a person, whom they believe to be John M. Jones, came to tho Watch-house above mentioned, and stated that he had been set upon by a parcel of negroes and robbed of his wallet; and that he had stabbed or itnck ono of them, and giving his name, occupation and residence ; but, that no watchman made any effort to ascertain the truth thereof; nor did they mention it to the Captain of the Watch, for the grave reason that he was asleep. And what adds to the enormity of the matter is, that one of the said watchmen testified he had been a watchman of this city, ns wo understood him, for eight years; and hence should have known his duty, as one ot those ap Kiinted and paid to guard the persons and property of e citizens during tne silent hours of the night. Were the undersigned, the jury, whose duty it is to present instead of to try cases, wo assure your Honors it would be presented to the Court in a different shape than a sim ple respectful communication. Dated, City of New York, May 17, 1843. Nathan Ely, 17th Ward. Samuel O. Baker, 9th Ward. Freeman Derby,15th " Hobert Curtis, 1st " Philip Bush, 4th " James Duff, 17th " Elias Hatfield, 14th " J. Lee Smith, 9th " Lewis Doty, 17th " W. A. Ely, 3d " Stephon Morehouse, 9th. One ex-watchman, named Josiah Dodge, who was on the Jury, did not sign. The Court adjourned over. Emigration.?The Hannibal (Mo.) Journal of the 3d instant, says: The steamboat BriHgewater arrived at this place on Wednesday last, with upwards of two hundred persons with their effects, from the western counties of Pennsylvania, bound for their settlement back of this place. Two or three thousand more are ex pected during the coming year. The Bridgwater has icon purchased for conveying them and their effects to Hannibal. Appointment by the President.?Allen May, deputy postmaster, Middletown Connecticut, vice Eli Wilcox, resigned. Amusements. ETHIOPIAN SeRENAOERS?PaLMo's OrERA Hoitse. ?Last nignt presented a galaxy of beauty that few places of public entertainment could boast of. It is im possible to describe the enthusiasm that marked this exhibition through every act of their beautifully diversi fied performance. A Voice from Boston. Boston, May 1, 1813. Dr. Felix Goiraud? D?Mr Sir? 1 wish you would send me on * cart load of the Medicated Soap, for 1 am constantly getting out ofit. * ? ? ? ? ? nt any rale send on immediately the above order, or as near as you can come lo it. A. S. JORDON. Per W. it. Truth is stranger than fiction. The most fertile inventions of i Dickens or a Bulwcr would utterly fail in comparison with the above brief but truthful attestatiou to to the exalten merits of (JornAuu'sftufiun Medicated Soup?the only compound ex taut which will completely remove eruptions, tan, freckles, Minliurn. snllowness, redness, roughness, fee , from the skin? lenving the cuticle beautifully white and transparent. The medicated properties of this Soap are such, that it will spcedily cure Salt Rheum, Erysipelas, and other skill diseases. Another excellence is itsfinatihiUty, it can be used in either hard or soft Water; and, iu addition, is a most exquisite sharing compound. In fact ho ladv or gentleman should lie without it. Oot'RAl'D's Poudret Subfiles have long been known for their astonishing power in immediately eradicating superfluous human hair, without injury to the most delicate skin. lL/""No oue of Dr. Faux < Jot Rai d's valuable Toilet pre parations can, undrr any circumstancri, be purchased genuine, except at the Doctor's well known depot, 07 Walker street, first store/niM Broadway. Be sure to remember this caution. Agents?76Chesuut street, Philadelphia; Heiuitsh, Lancaster; Jordan, 2 Milk street, Boston; Carleton & Co, Lowell; Chspiu Ik Co., Springfield; Ureen & Co., Worcester; Dyer, Providence; Bull, Hartford; Ferre, Middletown; Myers, New Haven; Tou sey, Rochester Backus 8c Bull, Trov; Peirce, 4 Stanwu Hall, Albany; Seth S. Hance, Baltimore; D. W. Moore, Lynchburg, Va; Anderson, Nashville, Tenn. Cold* from Wet Feet?It should be remem bered that colds, coughs, consumptions, fevers, asthma, inflam mation of tlie lungs, pleurisy, and many other fatal disorders, are often the result of catchiu'T cold, in consequence of wet feet, damp clothes, nightair, 4tc. Wright s Indian Vegetable I'tlls have no superior, if indeed they hare an equal, in removing every description of cold, be cause they carry on, by the stomach and bowels, all morbid ami corrupt humurs (the cause of disease) in so easy and natu ral a manner that the body is actually relieved ofeveiy kind of suffering as if by magic. Four or five of said Indian Vegetable Pills, taken every nijht on going to bed, will in a short time remove the most obstinate cold, rheumatism, gout, paiu in the side or breast, headache, giddiness, and all other unpleasant complaints ; at the same time the digestive organs will be res tored to a healthy toue, and the blood so completely purified, that new life and vigor will be given to the whole frame. Cai'Tion?As many unprincipled persons are industriously engaged in selling counterfeit Pills, t.ia public should be ex tremely careful to purchase from none except advertised agents, persons of known integrity, or at the OHice and Uauaral Depot, !88 Greenwichst, New Vork. N. B.?In all cases be particular to ask for genuine Wright's Indiau Vegetable Pills. Written on a Dog, by a person who had been benefitted by the use of the things lie writes on. You surly, democratic looking dog, sleep on, And as mankind pass by, you still peep on: Vet you're a noble copy of a true friend's feeling, For nature has formed a kindly heait in thee, And every act of thine is but revealing*tte? A specimen for man of what he ou^ht to be. Be he old, young, bald, grey, or he his skin Pimpled, or blotch'd w ith color dark as sin; His hair will be forced to grow?if dead,'twill quickly live, By using Jones's Ha.'r Mestorative. And if disfigurements usurp his face or neck, Eruptions, pimples, freckles, tan or speck, Salt rheum or scurvy, tender skill, chin, or beard, When wash'd with Jones's Soap, arc quickly cleared. And he with otliers the preference will give To Jones's Chemical Soap and Hair Restorative. The public an- cautioned for their own sake, to remember that Jones's itaiian I chemical Soap, and Jones's Coral Hair Restora tive are sold only in this city genuine at the sign of the Ameri can Kagle, RJChsthsm street, and at the branch store, No. 321 Broadway. The soap sold 30 cents a cake?the other, 3, 4 or 8 shillings a bottle. _ _ . Agents?139 Fulton street, Brooklyn; D State street, Boston; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia. Experience lins fauglif the people after more than four years constant use of Dr. Sherman s Medicated l.nieiiges, that they are the best, safest, and most oleasant pre parations la use. HisCough Lozenges act as a charm in the most violent cases of cough, allaying all irritation, and produce free expectoration when otfn r means have been tried in v am. The Doctor's Worm Lotenges are unequalled; they an- sprnly in their effects and give no quarter?the w orms can stand no chance. And who has not heard of his celebrated < amnhor Loitengea 1 They relieve the headache iu five minutes, and are a specific for sea sickness, ;>alpilatinn, lowness ol spirits, and the various nervous affections arising from sedentary habits. Dr. Sherman's warehouse is tOR Nassau street. Agents. ?fl Hudson street ; MS Bowery ; 77 East Broadway ; 13!) and 333 Fulton street, Brooklyn, and fl State street, Bostou. The New Poller?Among the applicants for the office of t'hiel of Police we arc pleaded to lind the name ol our old friend George Deniiiston. Although removed last year by the natives lor his political opinions, lie has always been known for his uiitiriii|t u.iergy and assiduity iu the discharge of Ins duties while an officer. A more excellent appointment could not by possibility lie inade. lie has abundant ability and know ledge for such a situation, together with all the requisite expe rience. Green Turtle Nonp?Thls delicious article will l>e served up to-day, at I'J o'clock, at the Terrapin Lunch, Corner of Ann Street and Brond way. Kpicnres of tlie most fas tidious taste, will find this to equal any they have ever t isted. Bears Hair Restorative, at Ills Ajjeticjr 67 Walker stieet. first store no* Broadway. Dr. MeNalr'i Acoustic Oil, warranted genu ine, 10 csnti a bottle, st IT W*U?r street, first store rnoM Broadway. 4 P?"? Hitnwtor, at kli ? tfeiicy, 67 \\ alker itrwt, first door from Broadway. Me?*|c?l Nollct?The Advertisement* of the v?gy Mrdicin* aiid Pharmacy, established for "" ^""kery in the cure of all diseases. will wEr |,lwar ?'i.rth!; 'oorch !??? and Ut column ot thi< nir- . iW, H KICHARDSON, M I) , Agent. UlliCf itJiu (/Oiuultiiiif Room* ofthe College, 96 Nassau si Balu* of Columbia, (tor the jjrowth of Hair, and pravaatiaK its falling out, at ?7 Walker st. Iir?t store ?0N Broadway. MOSEY MARKET. Monday, May ltt?8 p. M. Tho itock market was very quiet to-day, aud quota tions without any material alteration. Norwich and Wore eater, Vicksburg, Farmers' Loan, renn. 5'?, Ken tucky 6 s, U. 8. Dank, Canton and Erie closed firm at Sa turday'* prices. Harlem fell ofl" 1 percent., Mohawk Stonington went up J, Morris Canal J, and Long 1*. laad J. By tho arrival of the steamship Britannia at Boston, from Liverjiool, we have advices from all parts of Eu ropo fifteen days later than those received by the Hi bernia. We perceive no material alteration in the mar kets, and the commercial intelligence generally is of very little importance. Considerable excitement exist ed in financial circles in relation to the difficulties be tween England and the United States, and great anxiety was manifested to obtain later advices from this side.? Capitalists were withdrawing their funds from stock se curities, and investing them in Cotton. This movement had beon made so extensively, that an advance in that staple had been realized. The probability of a rupture betwoen the two governments was considered by specu lators to be sufficiently groay to reduce the risk attend ing these operations, and many made transactions to a large amount. All kinds of stock securities were heavy, and in some instances a decline had been produced en tirely by the operation of the new oxcitement upon the minds of capitalists. The weekly reports of the Bank of England show a very groat regularity in the movements of that institu tion. Accoiding to the last report there appears a de crease in the amount of notes issued, but the decrease in the amount on hand shows that the actual circulation is much larger than before. Bank or Eikjland. M , . *'eh' 22- March 15. March 29. April K. Noes issued . ?28,679,520 29,148,060 29,171,410 29,263,915 ttold coin fc bullion 12,755,#>7 13,102,753 13,380,953 13 180,672 jEkinjL>?p;t '" 1,921,153 2>0li':W7 2.090,457 3)073)473 ? . 3,252,281 3,579,429 3.581,054 3,176 289 Public depositee... 5,237,999 6,451,283 7,321 855 2 C43448 Seven dmy'and'other 10,7,3,052 ?>?** \ , 905,035 980,378 1,023,977 17 181 547 Oovern't securities 13,522,379 13,474,379 13,589 379 13 92 ,'<*6 Other securities.. . 10,784,494 11,836,377 13,120,489 9 680 272 fi'nV'?! ?? 8,(!B9,215 9,451,385 9,717,280 8,10l',770 Geld & silver com 773,783 796,251 732,810 63l)9l3 Wo annex a table showing tho actual circulation of tho bank at the four periods named above : Circulation or the Bank ok England. w . 1 Match 8. March 15. March 29. April 26 Notes issued. ... ?29,040,075 29,148,069 29,471,410 29?iB3,945 Notes ou hand.... 8,340,815 9,451,385 9,747)280 8)i0|)t70 Actual circulation. ?19,699,360 19,696,675 19,724,130 21,152,175 There has been, according to the last returns, a great decrcaso in private deposits, which, under ordinary cir aumstances, would indicate an extensive demand formo noy. Tho private deposits are now influenced so much by the movemonts of railway speculators, that the mar ket has little to do with tho trade of tho country. Sir llobert Peel has introduced a bill Into Parliament for regulating the Scotch and Irish currencies. It did not seem to have given satisfaction to tho parties inte rested. The parts relating to the suppression of small bills, or to prevent their circulation, will creatc a g reat excitement, and meet with much opposition. Tho receipts at this port from customs for the week ending the 17th instant, amounted to $245,676 07, making the receipts from the 1st to the 17th instant, $744,604 76 ; at the same rate the receipts for the month will amount to about $1,300,000. In May, 1843, tho receipts amounted to $943,256, and in May 1844 to $1,863,874. The Governor of Missouri has been unable to procure from the State Bank and Branches, the whole of tho sum authorised to be borrowed of that institution. Ten thou sand dollars of interest on State Bonds fall due in a few days, and there is not money enough to pay it, either on hand, or likely to be received in season. The Cashier of the Bank of St. Clair, of Detroit, Michi gan, was at Cleveland, Ohio, on tho 14th instant, taking up the Bills of the Bank, giving due bills in exchange, to be paid in lumber. Several thousand dollars had been redeemed in this way. The Detroit bankers were paying fifty and sixty cents on the dollar for these bills. The "organ" of the Government at Washington inti mates that tho Secretary of the Treasury is actively en gaged in collecting from all parts of the country, every information that may be necessary to enable him to lay before Congress at the next session a new tariff act, re ducing the duty to a revenuo standard. It is generally conceded that the present tariff bill ?annot stand as tho per.-nancnt system of this country. We are advancing *0 rapidly in the manufac ture and production of articles, now highly protected, that a more liberal construction of tho tariff can with safety be adopted. In the infancy of our manufacturing establishments, we requiro protection, but as they pro gress, as they become strengthened in capital, he., the necessity for a longer support of government is not abso lute, and they can stand alone upon their own founda tions. We roquire in this country a tariff system similar to that which existed under the compromise act, a steady decline in the duty until a revenue standard is reached. It is impossible to sustain a high tariff many years. The high tariff of 1828 exploded in 1832. Tho compromise act of 1832 reduced the duties in about four years to a point satisfactory to every interest in tho country. The high tariffof 1842 has been enforced nearly Ihree years, and the demands from some sections aro so strong and loud, that the Government has been compelled to make its modification a featuro in the administration of its af fairs. Wo have no doubt but that the same scenes will be experienced, that created such an excitement upon the revision of the tariff in 1826 and s27. It is true a more liberal feeling exists at this time than characterized that, but the immense influence of the manufacturing in terests will, without doubt, be brought to bear down any attempt to modify or alter in the slightest particular, the present bill. In 1826 and 17 the very existence of tho manufacturers depended upon the adoption of a pro tective tariff, and in 1832 the preservation of the Union required the repeal of the tariff of *28 ; and the adoption of a compromise, gradually reducing the rate of duty for ten years. At the time the compromise act of 1832 was under discussion in Congress, it wa? understood by both parties that tho average rate of duty levied upon dutiable goods enforced at the expiration of that act July 1st, 1842?should be the permanent standard. Upon those conditions the South unanimously submitted to the gradual reduction in the duties, and the question was satisfactorily settled. At the expiration of the com promise act, the advocates of a highly protective tarifl' became agnin clamorous for the adoption of theiifsystem, and made uso of the distress and financial embarrassment that existed in the country at that timo, as unanswerable arguments in favor of their demands, and as the only ro mcdy for the serious evils that were spreading ruin and desolation over the country. The commercial revulsion that had swept through the States like a tornado was at tributed to tho want of a proper tariff system ; aad tho suspension of the banks, the bankruptcy of individuals, and of manufacturing establishments, was, according to tho statements of these clamorous protectionists, produc ed by nothing else but the absence of proper tariff law*. In fact according to tnis theory all the political and commercial evils that ever visited this coun try, would never have beon experienced had a tariff act, founded upon their principles, been steadily onforced. Like all interested parties, they went too far, and it must be admitted that the advocates ol a rovenvo tariff at that time, also went too far.? In the administration of a government similar to this, where there are so many interests to satisfy, and so muny extremes to equalise, a conservative policy is the only one that can becomo permanent. The most difficult feature of the government to regulate is the re venue or tariff system. Both parties are apparently more widely separated upon thia subject than any other, when in fact they differ less than upon any other ever agitated in the political history of the country. It can hard ly be called now a party question, and the remark of Senator McDuffie, of South Carolina, is undoubtedly true that there are Northern democrats enough, who will go with the whigs to prevent any modification of the protective features of tho present tariff. We do not for n moment entertain the belief that all the protective features of the present tariff will be repealed, and that n revenue standard will be adopted; but wo do think that the time has arrived for a more liberal modification ot the tarifl laws of this country. Independent of highly protective clauses in the act of 1842, it i* very defective, and conflicts, in many particulars, with existing treaties between this aud other nations?in consequence of which many of its exactions are null and void. A thorough revision of the tariff should be the work of years, and before the question is again agitated,there should be new commercial treaties made with the principal commercial nations of the world, and a tariff perfected in aecorduice with the concessions made in our favor by other govern ments. Since the tariff of 1M2 hi* been enferoed, we have made several very important commercial treaties, the moit important of which?to the preterit generation?in, without doubt, that with the Zoll Verein. That treaty opened market! for the supply of full thirty million* o' people, for the most important manufactured aud agri. cultural production* of thii country, upon more farora. ble terms than thote of any other European government. The Zoll Verein government, an an equivalent for the excluaive advantages extended to this country, required concession on our part, in our tariff' upon certain articles of their manufacture imported into the L'nited States. This treaty, notwithstanding its highly favorable fea tures, has not been ratified by this government, and wh?l if more important, it cannot be, until our system of com mercial treaties has been thoroughly revised, and per haps not then, for a revision of our commercial treaties generally, may make void the exclusive privileges re quired of this government by the Zoll Verein, and compel the completion of a new treaty. There has been within the past throe years, a very great revolution in the public mind in relation to commercial treaties. A disj>osition exists in this country in favor of the negotia tion of commercial treaties with all nations, upon the most liberal terms. We have the best evidence in the world that it exists in Great Britain, from the fact that that government has already set an example to others, in reducing the tariff very extensively, and have particu larly exhibited a disposition to make farther concessions in the rate of duty upon our productions, providing we would extend corresponding facilities to the admission of their products. Previous to the perfection of the present tariff' act of tho United States, in 13-13, the government of Great Britaiu made concessions in its tariff' in our favor, evi* dently with the intention of its having an influence upon our legislators, 111 regulating the duty to be placed upon British manufactures and products. Notwithstanding these reductions, our tariff', when completed, levied a duty upon many of the manufactures of Groat Britain, amounting to a prohibition. This was a sore disappoint ment to the manufacturers and to the government o^ England; but farther concessions have since been made in the British tariff?good has been returned for evil, and our principal staple productions are admitted into the ports of Great Britain upon terms sufficiently favorable to lay the foundation and eventually build up a trade be tween the two countries of vast mutual benefit. These evidences of liberality in other governments, in formng commercial treaties, should be made the most of; and the revolution in commercial systems, that has taken place within the past three years, must eventually bring about a revision of tariff's, a reduction of duties, and a perfect system of reciprocity in all commercial intercourse between the nations of the world. Old Stock Exchange. 8C00 N Y State 7's 1849 104'4 100 shs Harlem RR <60 73 5000 Kentucky 6's 101J? 75 do 74V 50( 0 Illinois Spl Bds 38% AO do tw 71 50000 do 38'j 50 do |,tw 74U' 11000 PennS's 72% 50 do 1)20 74 1000 do <30 72% 150 do 73% 2000 Ohio 6's 1860 W 50 do tw 73?* 5000 do 1856 98% 50 do tw 73'.,, 5000 Ohio 7's 101V 150 do 73 IS shs Vicksburg Bk fllj 75 Mohawk RR 61 50 do 8>? 325 Long Island RR 73% 100 U 8 Bank 6K? 50 do blO 73% 25 Canton Co 45 100 do sthisyr 73k 200 farmers'Trnst 36(4 50 do slO 73% 25 do 36 50 do s30 73% 75 Morris Canal 33V 50 Stonington RR 38 100 do 33% 50 do Jilt 250 do 33?? 400 Nor U Wor RR 74 100 East Boston Co 14% 50 do s30 73% 275 Erie RR 31 50 do b30 74' 50 do 31% 5 Houaatonic RR 30 65 do 31% 10 N H 81 H.irt RR 04 100 do b60 32 50 Reading RR 50% Second Board. 5000 Tenn 5's s30 72% 25 do slO 31% 50 shs Morris Canal 33% 25 Nor 81 Wor 74 V M> Krie RR 31% 25 do 74', 25 do slO 31% Sew Stock Exchange. 25 shs VicksburK Bk cash 8% 25 shs Harlem RR *3 74% 300 Farmers' Trust b3 36 200 do b30 74'4 25 do btw 3SSi 125 do cash 73% 200 do s70 35% 50 do b3 73% 25 do slO 36 75 do s3 73'. 25 Long Island RR b3 73% 75 do cash 73'j 50 do snw 73% 50 do bin July 74 100 do cash 73% 50 Nor & Wor RR s3 74'.{ 50 do s3 73% 100 do cash 74 '4 25 Stonington RR blO 37% 25 do 1 wk 74'4 25 Erie RR btw 31% 75 do cash 74% AT A MEETING of the Retail (Grocers of the city, held at the Howard Home, on the evening of the 16th inst., for taking into consideration the early closing (tore* and other mat ter* for the benefit ofthe trade, Mr. CHESTER DHIGGS was called to the Chair and Mr. E. H. MARSHALL voted Secre tary. lit. A resolution was offered by Mr. B. F. Coo[ -r that we form ourselves in a body called the Retail Grocers Association. Passed. 2d. A motion was offered hy Mr. Ii. A. Kerr, that a Commit tee of three be appointed to draft a Constitution for the regu lation ofthe same. Whereon the Chair appointed Messrs. John Cook, H. A. Kerr, and V. J. Ysile. 3d. It was voted that the Committee have power to call a meeting for the purpose of submitting the result of their delibe rations. CHESTER DRIGGS, Chairman. E. F. Marshall, Secretary. The Committee respectfully invite nil the retail grocers in the city to be present at a meeting to be held on Wednesday evening next, 21st iust., at 3 o'clock, at the above named place. Signed, JOHN COOK, ) H. A. KERR, /Committee. my20 2t*je V. J. YALE, _ S WANTED?A Boy from U to 17 years of age, who writes a _ good hand and is quick at futures, in an Exchange office.? Inquire in the basement corner of Pine and South streets. ni2l) lt?rrc SITUATION WANTED-By a French woman, as Cham bermaid or Child's Nurse, in a small family, in which capa city she has served for the last six yean. Can speak the Eng lish language fluently. The best of city references will be given. Inquire at No. 27 Avenue B, second story, up stairs. my20 3t*rrc LU)H1V TAlLORESSES WANTED,at i:o Nassau st, by J UKQ. LEV IE. my20 If ec A MAHOGANY SHOW-CASE for sale at half price. It is IQfeet hy 2. Apply at 443 Pearl st. Nnff ?ed. my 20 3t*ec LOST, A GREEN SILK PURSE, containing a one hundred dollar bill and a filly dollar bill, both of the Seventh WanJ Bank of this city, 'i lie above is all the savings of a poor man. The finder will be suitably rewarded by leaving it at 7!) Cherrv st, comer of James slip, wyM lt*ec ?STOLEN?On Monday mornm-;. 19th iust., a double plain case gold dial Watch, No. 13,873; makers' uaine Johnson. Jewelers and Pawnbrokers are requested to stop the same if offered A liberal reward will be paid forth; same at the office Kranklin House. my20 lt*rrc CONNOR WARD. INFORMATION WANTED of Connor Ward, late of | Springfield, Mass. Any | erson who will give any informa tion respecting him will confers favor on his wife, Ann Ward. Address W. Ic J. T. TAPSCOTT South st, ?ny20 rrc i >r. Maiden laue. WILL BE PUBLISHED, on T.iunuLy next, by C. MER rilield, at 293 Broadway, a new book, entitled ALICE MAY AND BRUISING BILL, By J. H. Ingraham, Esq. Price 12>? cents. A book written by this author needs no comment, but this one will lie an unusual production. m2fl 2tis*rrc DINING. THE PUBLIC are respectfully informed that the subscriber has taken the basement ofthe Broad street Hotel, comer of | Broad and Pearl st, enlarged and refitted it in an elegant manner for a Restaurant, where he hopes, by unremitted attention to the wants of his customers,to meet a share of the public patron age. m>20 lt*rrc WM. S. HORN. CViSY' OFF CLOTHING AND FURNITURE WANTED. LADIES AND GENTLEMEN having any any cast off or superfluous Clothing to dispose of will find it to their ad vantage to send for the subscriber, who will pay the highest cashprice for the same. M. 8 COHEN, 69 Duaue st. N. B.?A line through the Post Office, or otherwise, will be promptly attended to. m20 lm*ec BLEA<:HIN(TT()VVT)KR^lan ~ca?ks of Bovd's superior Bleaching Powder, ex ship St. George, from Liverpool, for sale by TERSSE BROOKS, 6J and 67 Nassau st. my 20 3t rrc _ PACKET SHIP GENESEE, from New Orlea is, is dischar ging at Pike street wharf, foot of Pike St. Consignees will plesse attend to the receipt of their goods immediately. m20 PACKET SHIP m-'EEN OF THE WEST, for LIVER POOL?This ship will sail to-morrow. Wednesday, 21st inst., at half prat II o clock. Passengers will please be on board steamboat Hercules, at Whitehall dock, at tliat time. Letter Ci"[s will close at II o'clock, at the Merchants' Exchange Read ing Room, Hales, and Courier Office, Wall st. iny20 PACKET SHTFgARRICK, from Liverp.iol-Co.ismn.? by this ship will please have their permits on board, at Or leans wharf, foot of Wall it, immediately. All goods not per mitted in five days must unavoidably lie sent to the public store. m:iO SHIP MISSISSIPPI, from Liverpool?Consignees by this ship will please have their permits on board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall street, immediately. All goods not permit ted in five diys will he sent to the public store. myiW NOTICE?DIBBLEE'S ll.ur Dressing and Ladies' anil < Jentlemeus' Wig Making Establishment has removed from No. 271 to%5'a Broadway, a few doors below. He would re spectfully inform bis customers and the public that he will al ways be in attendance to wait on those who will favor him with their patronage. Strangers wishing to purchase Hair, of any description, would do well to call and see the assortment which he has constantly on lianA at wholesale and retail. N. B.?His justly celebrated Japonica Juice, for cleansing tlie head and moistening the hair, cannot be obtained at any other place than at his store. WILLIAM DIBBLEE.2UH Broadway. mj20lw* je opposite the I'irk. DOCTi ?l{ J. prtARBELL'S CELEBRATED PILLS. 'l^HESE well known and truly valnahle Pills, so justly ce M. lehntcd for their beneficial effects, are now becoming the most popular family medicine of tlie day, as thev sre war ranted as h speciAc for the cure or prevention of (not all tie'di seases thit flesh is heir to) but for tlie following?Liver Affec tions, Dysiiepsia, Piles, Rheumatism, Headaches, Jaundice, Scrofula, liilious, and Diseases of the Chest; in short. I hey are unrivalled, anil no family should be without them, as they can be used a sure and safe remedy for in'rsons of all ages, at any time. Directions encloses! in each box, and none are genuine without bearing the fsc simile of tlie proprietor on the wrapper. For sale, wholesale and retail, at tlie principal depot, Hall of Pharmacv, E. P. HASKELL k Co., corner of B roome and Mulberry streets. Dt. T VRBEI.I. will he iu his office, comer of Broome and Mulberry street*, from 8 to 9 A.M , 2 lo 3 and 8 to 9 in the even ing* . . N. B. Those wishing to obtain the sole Agency for these Pills, in any one county in tlie 8tat?*, enn make arrangements to that effect bv addre**iuif the proprietor as above. A liberal discount allow ihle. m20 lm*ec LANDS to UK SACRIFICED TO RAISK MO NEY. ?Mg|K'ELLOW CITIZENS: yon that have a small amount gO&or money to put out, this is the best and surest opportuni ^JLk.ty ever offered to the public. Land at $1 71 an acre, worth in ttiiee years 8100. A TRACT of 160acres, on a river, water , power and all for $130, which maybe worth $1000. A farm of | inn acres,some clearing, house nart up in the NEW SETTLE MENT, first rate, for $XU only ! A TRACT of 116 seres, on the river, with the OLD MILL-DAM,lie.; HOUSE, barn and i about 12 acres cultivated, allfor $400 only. The WATER POWER NEVER FAILS! SOME LAND at M cents an | acre. Call at No. 90 Naisau st, corner of Fulum, 2d flooi. A farm of M acres, warranted good, house, some clearing, wstar powar and all, lor $l?0 or I?m my* fw'rro AUCTION NOTICES. A. C. TUTTL E. Auc 11 o nee r. ?? , AM88lONF.ES HALF. OK AN ENTIRE STOCK Of GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES, OOLD JEW KLRY, lie. lie., removed fmin tlie Store ,c""j ul Broadway and Maiden lane, lor, cuWWWW of Mle J A.COB S. PLATT will sell on V\ eduesday, *lst .May, ?? 10 unlock, at th?* Auction Room. No. 23 Piatt corner o Gold, by order of Aasiguees, under the direction ol .1. t. Van Antwerp, the cutire stock of a well known Jewelry Katabllah men* consisting in part of gold .?d silver lever. anchor es capement, horitonul, lepiue. vertical and rerm wachM. nue gold lob, Anl ind watch chains; fine gold and .time bracelet*, fine gold r?ff atone and diamond broaches, real stone ana dia mond finger riugs; gold lieysjear hoopa; gold locket., Ij mens' scarfpins; gold and .liver snecti-cles and eye ?la?.e?, .liver ua and table ipooiu; fork* and butter knives; gold Mid silver thimble.; card cases andjjoeket books; i"ld and silver pencil ca.e?; i|.>ld neck lace.; sm*le and double plated tea sett Britannia do; silver and plated cups; plated cake baskets; caa* tors; high and chamber candlesticks; butter coolers; waiters, assorted sizes*, mantel clocks; French time pieces, occ. Also, a fir*i (juality Regulator. , . . Also, one Salamander Safe, with all the modern improve ments. Also, the fixtures of the Store. . Catalogu es are uow ready, and the goods can be examined, m20 lt*rrc FINE PLANTS AT AUCTION. A LEVY will sell at auction on Tuesday morning, at 10 ? o'clock, at his sales room, 293 Broadway, Lafarge Build ings a large collection of beautiful Parlor and Greenhouse pi^'ts. In the collection will be found Oranges, Alalia., Rho dodcndrona, a grea^variety of Roses, and a lartie usortment ol LA VA "oKNAM ENT8?Also, an invoice of Ladtea Onia menu, for the head, neck, 8tc. y HAMILTON HOUSE, AT THE NARROWS, L, I. HP HIS HOUSE is situated at the Nwrowa, ii?jr Fort Hamjl 1 ton. L. 1., eight miles from the city of New I or*, on a. *r&'&3KiiS? ??> ."?"?'rta.'i'". ssaniraa (of the hours of starting see steamboat bilU.) ao U at ttoae wno ing, attend to their business,and returu III time to dine with f*ThIfhotel is well adapted for the purposes for which it was designed, and since last year has beeu*^7?^f? iard iuid larired. The dining rooms, parlors, reading rooms billiard and bowling saloons, are all spacious and well arranged for ai ex tensiveWl. The bedroom, are unu?ual^ U?ejnd a^ ...d c?tII1,? wTli tie attached to the house a band of music, and balls House^tlie approbatioou ol its guests. AljONyo REED. I"y"" LKARY (V CO'? crif.VENTIL-.1 TING SUMMER H*iTS. novel improvement. t ra WE have perfected, and will introduce at our sales wished for by all gentlemen who would unite coinfort and taste. firk works t. F'M works n MR EDGE respectfully informs the public that his ar ISAAC EDOE, Jr., Pyrott-hnist,y my20 lm*ec ? UYMNASlt'M. MH HOOERS would inform hi. subscriber* and friends, ^hat his Oymnas?um at No. 360 Broadway, near Frankly is now oiH>n for the reception of pupils. Those ol his rubTcribenwhSi terms have not expired, are invited to call and finish thetnu The of these exercises to persons of sedentary habits, is too well known to need oomme^.t pupils as above. ?? TO FKINTEKS. WANTED A good second-hand Imperial Printing Press, No 2 or 3 tetters addressed X V. Z., No. 73 ffeUncey treet, stating the lowest prce, will be attended to. cSsSSciAL AND "ABROAD BANK OK VICKB Vicksbnrg. for sale at a low rate, or would be given in ex change for productive or-^ucm. ^esUte.^ m 19 3t i.* rrc opposite Bank of ? omiwrce. _ ?<iAM lon S\LK?A GO Church OmJ, with six HCjAiN i"*- swell octave of pedals and shifting HOUSTON, Herald Office. nL?JJ TO THK PUBLiC. t , TV AI I I'V'S MAGICAL PAIN EXTRACTOR?In offer D^ng this most v aluable remedy for the following coinpla.nU the pn'pri!"or feels confident that the intnnsic worth oI tlie a n Kxtractor will of itself be a sufficient recommendation, lu no histance hal it failed to cure the following d.?: Hvailsehe Tic Doloreaux, filons, Wounds, new or old, Rheumatism, mMum"0 Pain.of all kinds, ftnuse.^ Black Tongue, Swoleu Joints, Chilblain#, Sca|d Head, SfiraiM, Sore Throat, Pi?e. ' Krozen Feet, Salt Rheum, ? i pi*.nri?v Broken BreasUaiidS^re Nipples. jT' (kc Sore and Inflamed 5tc. ate. etc. A^lil wholesale and retail at No. 128 Fulton stivet, (Sun Build ings) New York. None genuine without thewntteii (notprin - idlsignature of H. D.illey on (care of Ansel All orders to be addressed to H. DALLt.1, Frost)No. IM K ulton street, New \ork. ? OLD CLO'! OLD CLO'! OLD CLO'1 rpHE SliBSCRIBER pays the higlieat prices Tor Second ^-"clMVie. *2< Im-rc DR. URADSHAVV HAS REMOVED HIS OFFICE TO No. 0 Barclay street. myH lw*ec NOTICE?MK. CLARKK has removed hi* Intelligence Office from 330 Broadway to 95>? Duane st, on* door from Broadway, where he continues to pro*id* protectant help, both white and colored. of good character, (it $2 ? year. At 9i>< Dunne street uucurreut money bought mid exchanged. my4 lm*ec MONEY LENT. rrMlE Subscriber has removed to 423 Pearl, comer of Rose A street, where he continues to loan money on any amount o.i dry goods, gold and silver watches, plate, jewelry,diamonds, fur niture, wearing apparel, and every (iescriptio^ Licensed Pawnbroker, 423 IVarl, comer of Rose street. N. B.?Persons miy be received in the private office by ring ing the bell at the hall door. a30 1m* rc READ Tills. ALL CASKS ill the Surgical and Medical line, e*|iecially those of long standing, can receive advice and medicine gra tis ou the first application, neither name or residence required, at No 57 Reade street S 11 KINK. VI 0 HOARDING AT 27 COUKTLANDT STREET. GOOD BOARDING, with pleasant room*, for single gentle men. Likewise, a handsome furnished parlor with bedroom adjoining, suitable for a genteel family?by mvl3 lm*rc MRS. OKllK. 711 ,'ourtlandt street. 'PO BOATMEN, AND OTHKRS.-Paving Stone of firs J. rate quality, wanted immediately. Apply to WILLIAM FOROAY, >14 Im're No 4i Norfol (^street ROULSTONE'S RIDING SCHOOL, 137 and 130 Mercer Street. MR. JOHN S. ROULSTONF. has the hour r to inform his friends and the public in general, that his School for Instruction in Horsemanship is now open ay and evening, <u follows .? Hours for (ientlemen from 6 to t A. M. " " Ladies " 9 A. M. to 3 P. M. Terms of instruction made known on application to Mr. Roulstone. Mr. K. has just received from the country several fine and stylish Saddle Horses, which he is authorised to sell at a rea sonable price. my7rc .NEAPOLITAN BONNETS. ^ THK UNDKRSIONKD, Patentees and Manufacturers C^^)of the Neapolitan Bonnets, respectfully inform the trade that they are now ready to supply tlie above article of the atiMt style and of su|<erior quality, m quantities to suit pur chasers. They warrant that they can alter and clean the Bonneu to ?Pgwr equal to new. Buyers are cautioned against an inferior article of the kind in the market. The genuine article, for which we received the sil ver medal at the last fair of the American Institute, has our tick et U|??n it. Apply to V YSK k SONS. 173 Pearl street, or at the manufactory of PATTISON, NOK li CO., my4 Imu'ec No 25 Delancy street NB.?Private House of Refreshments by D.W. TKLLKR, ? Front street?Ureakfaat, Dinner and Supper. Is 6d, each. Breakfast fVom 6)^ until 9; dining hours from a quarter before 12 until 3; Supper Irom !> until 8', o'clock. Also, 2K Beds, all in prime order. Lodging* ii rt*. All gentlemen wishing to resort to a fine cool din nig apartment, Will do well to call fid satisfy themselves. The proprietor also keeps the old stand corner of Fulton and Front streets; 7, 8 and!) Fulton Market, where he will contiuue to serve up all the delicacies of the season. Also, Wines, Liquors, and Segars of all kinds and of tlie choicest brands, direct from the importers. m 17 Im-rh NEW YORK, ALBANY AND TROY LINK. jga FOR ALBANY ANO TROY DIRECT ffl. ?The steamboat KMPIRK, Captain R. h 3Caa_JBBL_JE_ Macy, will leave the foot of Courtlandt street, on this, Tuesday evening, at 7 o'clock. The F.mpire, owing to her light draught of water, will be ena bled at all time* to pass the bar, and reach Albany and Troy in iinnle time to take the morning train of cars goinf east or west !? <>i Passage or Freight apply on board, or to C. CLARK, at the office on the wharf. _ m20 rc NKW LINK OF PACKETS FOR LIVERPOOL mCTIJV?Packet of 21st May?The splendid and favorite pack jKAE*tshii>qUKKN OF THK WEST, 1100 tons burthen, Captani Philip Wood home, will sail on Wednesday, Slay 21? her regular day. W. It J. T. TAP8COTT At their general passage office, South street, m20rc comer of Maiden Lane. FOR NEW ORLKANS?Louisiana and New .York Line?Regular Packet, to sail Monday .the 9th ?Joiic?The elegant, fast sailing Packet Ship ST. M (? [TTTTapt. Foster, will positively sail as above, her regular day For freight or passage, having handsome furnished accomm* dat ions, apply on board, at Oilenns wharf, fool of Wall st., or to E. K. COLLINS fc CO., M South st. Positively no goods received on board after Saturday sveuing; June 7th. Agent in New Orleans Mr. JAMES K. WOODRl'FF who will promptly forward all good* to hi* iWww m "PA88A<?E roiHAMlCRO-With Despatch? Ttie splendid new packet ship SILAS HOLMES, i' apt. I Berry, will tail a* above and* ill Very coiiitoitanly accommodate a limited mm her of of passengers in ?hin a id steerage. This ship liaving l>eeii built expressly for a New Orleans packet her accommodations are of the best and most costly description. Persons wishing tosecure berths should mtke early application on board, or to W. It J. T. TAPSt OTT, myM ire comer South street and Maiden last. BY THE SOUTHERN MAIL. WushliiKtoii. [Correipondence of the Herald] Washington, 17th May, 1&I5. Mr. Calhoun and Oregon?Tht Cuse Plainly Stated ?South Carolina (>jt)>osed to the Ocrujxitum, and Why ??The Hula hi c' of Power to be Controlled by the Trade of the Pacific?California Required to Divert this Trade to the Stnith?Next Session of Congress?Post-Office Scales?The Weather?Mr. Blair and Gen. Jackson?Circuit Court and Cap tain Wilkes?John Jones Redivivus?The Ethio pians, <J*r.?Naval Movements?Strangers, tfc. Will Mr. Calhoun go out as special negotiator to Kngland, in behalf of "Young America" and Ore gon ? No sir; but he will come back to the Senate. Stopped and superseded in his negotiations with Mr. Pakenhain, by the ap|>ointment of Mr. Buchanan, he is not likely now to resume this business. Mr. Calhoun believed that there were but two alternatives in the settlement of the Oregon question :?1st, to suffer the question of jurisdiction to be settled by the sui**rior activity of impulse in the occupation and settlement of the country, without disturbing the compact of joint occupation. By this quiet pro cess, he calculated that the Hudson's Bay Company, and the de facto jurisdiction of England in Oregon, would, in a few years, be extinguished. 2d, War. This alternative he whh anxious to evade,and when his correspondence with the British shall be publish ed next session, (as it will certainly be called for by (he Senate,) it will show that he contended indirect ly for delay, by demanding the unqualified surrender of the turritoty, according to our own boundaries, or by submitting the question to an arbitration equal ly objectionable to Mr. I'akenham. When Mr. Al len, in the Senate, proposed, during the last days of the session, to take up the Oregon bill from the House, the motion whs lost by the votes against it of Messrs. Huger and McDuffie. Had they voted for taking up the bill, they would have been called to vote for its passage, which would have settled the quebtien at once.? But the question of war depended upon it; and the preponderance of the North was another important consideration to the watchful statesman of South Carolina. Thnt State, we are satisfied, by the course of Mr. McDuffie, from the introduction of the original Oregon bill of Dr. Linn, down to the close of tne last session, is op|>osed to the extension of tiie power of the North, in the immediate or ultimate occu|Mtion of Oregon. The emigration to that country would drain largely upon die active, working white population of the South, and even with the annexation of Texas, would divert the current of emigration and settlement against the interests of the South. Here is the whole issue between Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Buchanan. With Mr. Calhoun, South Carolina is the first consideration, with Mr. Buchanan, the Presidency. If the retention of Ore gon by force of arms, if necessary, will be accepta ole to the people, as it undoubtedly will, Mr. Bu chanan sees his course plainly defined. Mr. Cal houn regarded it in another light. Would not the occupation and settlement of Oregon, draw from the resources of the South?divert still larther the trade of the world into the ports of the North, either on the Atlantic or the Pacific seaboard, and by a rapid accumulation of political power endanger the slave system;of the South, or prostrate her entirely 1 The reasoning is correct. Such would be the probable result even with the acquisition of Texas. Califor nia , therefore, must be had as a counterpoise. The overland journey from the jwrts of California to New Orleans is, perhaps, not one-third the distance from the mouth of the Columbia to St. Louis, and by fiir a more easy and accessible route. In the acquisition of California, therefore, the South would assuredly command tne transit of the mighty commerce of China and the East Indies to the Atlantic States. A single glance at the map of North America is conclusive to this conclusion, and this result. California in this view would be infi nitely preferable to Texas, as a balancing power of the South ; for it is not in territory, but in com merce, where the ascendancy of the North may be successfully assailed. But the subject is leading us beyond our limits. The points of controversy we have indicated, and the results dependent upon them, however, we regard as compristng the whole merits of the case. The next session of Congress will indicate the cprrectness of these views ; and as we doubt not but thut a decisive action will be had in favor of Oregon, so we doubt not but the incipient move ments will be made for the acquisition of California as a commercial ofiset. Our colleague will have given you the particulars of the decision in favor of Stevens & Co. of Boston, for the Post Office scales. There were about 100 competitors on the ground, which at an expense to each of $100 for travelling, <Jcc., gives ten thousand dollars ex(>ensc to private individuals for the public benefit. But the manufacture of 15 or 20,CO pair of scales was a job equal to a fat office ; and for every office of four or five thousand dollars there is we think as great an expenditure. The weather continues as sour and suicidal as November. Ollice holders, lazy office-seekers lin gering about the hotels?too rainy to walk up to the White House?too expensive for the "youngdemo cracy" to ride. A few of the old ones went up and ascertained that the President was otherwise en gaged. fir. Blair leaves immediately for the Hermitage. General Jackson desires to see him before the last sands of the Old Chief are exhausted. Next week the Circuit Court of this District re sumes its sittings for this county. Samuel Pensyl, another Marine of the Exploring Expedition intends opening a prosecution against C'antain Wilkes, on the same indictments for which tne gallant Captain has suffered $300 in the cases of Dinsman and Baab. The trial is expected to come off the present term, but may l>e |>ostponed. Dow, of the Madisonian,alias "U.S. Journal," has returned from the North, having engaged all come atable poets and blue stockings in his route as regu lar contributors to the paper. Mr. Fisk, the other editor, was at the President's last night, and we are sony to say was mesmerized by the very stately reception, cool and dignified, he received of Captain Polk. He came away with a very lukewarm opinion of the prospects of the " Young Americans" of the magnetised Madiscmian. Oh ! for a little of the pepper and salt of the original John Jones! in the absence of other entertainments, a local Ethiopian company gave us a concert last night, and drew a good house. Cannot Barnum send us some thing from the American Museum?the fat girl?the mermaid?the sea serpent, or old Mqor Noah?the greater the humbug, the better. Among the strangers in town arriving since yes terday, are Hon. Andrew Beaument, of Pa.: Col. A. G. Sloo, of New Orieans; J. S. Kinney, of Mo., and others, at Brown's; W. W. Van Wagenan, N. Y.; J. S. Kennard, U. S. N*.; Dr. Dickson, S. C.; J. H. Foster, George Foster, and others, of New Orleans : Gen. Tailmadge, (the old 'un) of N. Y. and E. W. Hubler, do at Coleman's; R. Miller, of Ohio; T. P. Honkms, do: P. Scoles. Va., and oth ers at the United Staios ; Col C. K. Kennedy, Pa.; Lieut. It. Tansill, U. S. Marine Coroe; John B. Allen, of Florida, and others, at Fuller s. The city is exceedingly dull. The process of re movals is going on so quietly, as almost to have ceased us the subject of tavern conversation. W. Philadelphia. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Philadelphia, May IP, 1846. The Contnt far Bit hop of Pmruytrania. The convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church of the (liocete of Pennsylvania, assembles at 8t. Andrew'* Church, South Kighth street, on Tuesday, the 30th in?t., nt 6 P. M. The city is already itocked with the clergy from the various part* of the diocesc; and we have a mixture of high and low Churchmen, Puieyites, and anti-Puseyites; indeed, all the different parties in the Kpiscopal Church are fully represented; and, judging from present ap|>earancei, thi? convention will be better intended than any former one ever held in thin diocese. The proceedings will, doubtless, he highly interesting. The most important business before thia ecclesiastical body will be the election of a Bishop to supply the vr c.ncv occasioned by the resignation and suspension of the Right Hev. Henry U. Onderdonk, D. P. The candi dates lor this high and holy office, are l)rs. Tvng and Bowman, and Mr. Atkinson. Dr. Tyngisthe well-known Hector of the C hurch of the Kpiphany in this city, and the rector elect of lit. (Jeorge's ( hurch, Now Vork Dr Bowman has, for many years, held the rec.or*hip ol 9t. James' Church . Lancaster?he is connected with the re spectable family of that name who reside at Browns ville. His father and grandfather were well known as wealthy farmers and distillers, near New Holland. Lan caster County. Mr. Atkinson is the successor of Bishop Henshaw, as Hector of St. Peter's Church, Baltimore. He po sesses more than ordinary talents. These three are the mo?t i>romii ent candidates. Dr. Upfold of Pittsburg, and Dr. Potter of Sc'.ierectady, hr ving been laid to one side. Mr. Bowman's friends are straining every nerve to bring about his election. They will leave no stone unturned to accomplish it. They are determined that the episcopal chair shall not he filled by any other than a high churchman, but Mr. B. stands no c'.iance of being elected, and the high church party could not have selected a candi date m ore likely to he defeated. A caucus, composed of high churchmen, was held at Dr. Ducachet's, No. 8 Oirard street, a few evenings ago The object of tba meeting was to adopt measures to secure the election of Dr. B. We understand it w?s very thinly attended, and that there seemed a disposition among not a few of the members from a distance, to run Mr. Atkinson in his steud. Another caucus is to Ihj held lielore the conven tion assemble. The low churchmen, on the other hand, feel ao con# dent of the success of their candidate, that thay are ma king use of no extra exertions to bring about tha result thev so devonth wish for. Dr. Tyng is gaining friends dalfv among both clergy and laitj, and we hava little douht that he is destined to be the mitred heed of the

Other pages from this issue: