Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 22, 1845, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 22, 1845 Page 1
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THE W T? l! XA ? A Vol. XI., No. 139?Whole Ho. 4001. NEW YORK, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 22, 1845. Price Two Cent* THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BKNNBTT, Proprietor. Circulation? Forty Thousand. DAILY HERALD?Every day. frice 3 cents per copy?$7 US per annum?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD?Every Saturday?Prico 0| cenU per copy?$3 l Jj ccnti per annum?payable in advance ADVKRTISEMENT8 at the uaual price*?alwayi ea?h in advance. PRINTING of all kind* executed with beauty and deipatch. (XJ- All lettera ot communication!, by mail, addreated to the establishment, muit be post paid, or the postage will be deducted from the aubscription money remitted JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PaoraiKToa or thi New York Hkrald Establishment Northwest corner of Fulton and Nassau itreeta , Ask for Ring's Verbena Cream N D take no other, If you would enjoy that greatest of all ?fm. luxuries, ease and comfort in Shaving. It is recommended ui lull confidence, as being the very best Snaring Soap in exist ence. There never wa* any thiug that aj>nroached it in virtues peculiarly its own. It is now inade by the original inventor, much improved both in appearance ana quality. To merchant* it will afford a better profit and give better satisfaction than any other which they can sell. All an* requested to call and ?ee the article as now prepared. Those who (Jtirchase at 39S Broome st. or JIO Maiden lane, cannot fail of getting die ue plus ultra of mo dern inventions. For sali* by the inventor, CHAS. H. RING, at 391 Broome street, aS lm*rc between Broadway and Bowery. 1NFALUBLE BED BUG POISON. WATSON S BUG DESTROYER needs but one anplica tion and the bed bags will ehun their former abode for ever. Proprietors of hotels and steamboat!, and private families who wish to kern fr?-e from these vermin, cm do it at a small and in a Tew mutates. Owing to the (treat popularity of this prevention, several worthless imitations have been imposed uik)ii tlie public. The genuine is sold only at Apothecariee' Hall, 36 Cutlierine street; 127 Maiden lane, and in Brooklyn by Mrs. Ilays, 139 Fultou street. Price 25 aud 30 ceuts par bottle. a2S Im'-f PLANTERS" HOTEL., TOMTKINSVILLE, 8TATEN ISLAND. THE SUBSCRIBER respectfully informs his friends and the public, that he is now ready to receive boarders for the sea son, and hones to merit a continuance of their favors. A L-ood Bathing House is sttached to this establishment. And the Jfcolt from the New Ferre, Pier No. 3 North River, (at half the Burner charges) sto|is at Planters' Hotel Dock?Fare 6)4 cents?Freights cheap in proportion. 1'. WOLFE, Proprietor. Hy" Several Houses and Cottages to let?apply as above. May 13th, IBti. myl4 lw*ec SHARON SPRINGS PAVILION, SCHOHAIIRIE COUNTY, New York-The public are re spectfully informed that Mr. Landon, of Cougress Hall, Al bany, has associated himself with Mr. Gardiner, and that this establishment will be conducted by them. Tlie Pavilion will be opened for tlie reception of visitors on the first d ay of June uezt. The subscribers have mad* many improvements in the grounds and bathing-house, and pledge themselves to use their best exertions to render this establish ment fully equal to any watering place in this couutry. * L. k O. Stages will be in readiness on the arrival of the cars at Cana johurrie, to t >ke passengers to the house. Mr. L will, as heretofore, continue the Congress Hall, which will, duriug the summer, be uuder tlie superiuteudence of Mr. Josli i. my21 8m rrc PA ViLiON. NEW BRIGHTON THE PAVILION, at New Brighton, ia now in full opera tion, and the proprietor will be glad to enter into arrange ment* with (tatties who wlio wish to engage apartmeuts for the whole Reason or for a shorter period. Mr. Biancard will be louud at the Pavilion every day from U toi o'clock, and at the (Hon* Hotel it all other hours. myfl 3wrc WATCHi S:-WATCHg^ ANTrTjEWFLRy^Thos. who wish to purchase Gold or Silver Watches, Gold Chains, Gold Pencils, Keys, fcc., will find it greatly to their ad vauta|;e to ? til 011 the subscriber, who is selling all description* of the above at retail much lower than any other house in the Sity. (Jold Watches aa low as $20 and $23 each. Watches and eweliy exchanged or bought. Ail Watches warranted to keep good time or tlie money reluuded. Watches and Jewelry repair id in the best manner and warranted, at much less than the usual price. O. C. ALLEN, Importer of Watches and Jewelry, a!3 lm-ee Wliolesaie and Retail. 30 Wall st-. up stairs. LOOK AT THIS. f UST RECEIVED by tlie packet ship Duchesw D'Orlears, el from Paris, tlie liest article of geutlemeu's French Boots ever seen, and nowolTer, wholesale and retail, at the low price oi $6, and the best of French Calf Boots made to order for $3; and the greatest assortment of all kinds of Boots and Shoes and Gaiters. Ladies, in this store you will find the greatest assort ment of all kind? of G liters, Buskins, Slippers, Ties, and all other kinds Misses and Childrens, from the largest to the small est; an don't mistake the No. 3C7 Broadway, corner of Frank lin street. M. CAHILL myl8 Im-rc COLT'S PATENT REPEATING FIREARMS, WITH THE LATEST IMPROVEMENT OF 1844. THE DErOT for the sale of the Colt's Pistols, Rifles, Car bines and Fowling Pieces, has been removed from No. 171 Broadway to No. 2 Barclay St., near Broadway, under the Aster House, where a general assortment of these superior Fire-Arm. iske|it for sale at reduced pricee. They alao can be had at W. H. Horstmann It Co's, Maiden lane, Mulford It Weudall, Broadway. Albany, Lyman 1'. Knowles: Delhi, Delaware Co., N. V'., Hyde k Goodrich, and H. E. Baldwin It Co., New Or leans, at New York prices. Pistols at from $16 to $28 each, in a can with equipments. Great impoaitioiis are practised u|>ou the public in representing and selling the self-cocking and revolving six barrel Pistol for Colt's repeating Pistol, which is acknow ledged to be superior in every rcs|<ect to any other Pistol manu factured in this country or Euro|>e. The Emiwror of Rusain, the Emperor of Austria, the Kiug of Prussia, Prince de Joiuville of Krone.', tlie Imaumof Muscat, all have them and speak in the highest terms of them. Tile Texan Army and Nary are su|> plied with them, and theU. s. Navy has been supplied with them to some extent, and the officers have giveu the most favorable re port on Colt's repeating lire-arms. aJO lm*ec HANGING PAPER. ? IO AAH LBS. Brown flanging Psper, well sited, for sale 1 A,UUU by PERSSE It BROOKS, inUee No. IA and 17 Naeeau street. LIFE PRESERVERS, OF GOODYEAR'S PATENT GUM ELASTIC COMPOSITION. WARRANTED to withstand the greatest extremes of heat and cold, and not to melt or sol ten in the seams, (the great delect iu Preservers made of the common rubber preparation. >? Also, a general assortment of goods manufactured under the above patent. For sale, wholesale and retail, by OEORGE BEECHER. alO lm"rc 100 Broadway, between Pine and Wall ate. LADIES' FASHIONABLE STRAW HATS. CARL KING, the well known and celebrated .c _ Straw Hat Manufacturer, begs leave to inform tlie Ladies that he has for sale a spleudid and fashionable assortment of Straw Hats, of every description, at hia store. No. 17 Division street, lie particularly calls the attention of tlie public to examine hia new shape cidled tlie Bohemian Gipeey, which for beauty and taste stands unrivalled. N. B.?Imported Lace, Neapolitan Hats, fashionable shapea and warrented to clean, at $2 30 each. s24 1 m*rc CARL KINO, 17 Division street. MISS MADDEN respectfully informs the ladiea of New York and its vicinity, that her French Millinery and Dieea Making establishment, 108 Canal street, is now own. Spring and Summer Fashions, consisting of silk, crease, ribbon, fancy Nea|iolitaii, straw, braid and gimp Bonnets, of tlie neweat Pari sian and London styles, just received per last steamer. Country Milliners and Dress Makers supplied with the newest Patterns at the shortest notioe. Dresses and Robe* of the latest fashion made, to order at the shortest notice. Southern and Western orders promptly attended to. All descriptions of Bonnets cleaned and altered in the neweat style. a24 lm*m GEN1N:? WELL KNOWN HAT AND CAP ESTABLISHMENT, 214 BROADWAY, OPPOSITE 8T. PAUL'S. THE SUBSCRIBER, being desirous of maintaining a repu tation for the suiterior quality and style of his Hats, rather than for the ostentatious and costly magnificence of his store, kas diligently confined his attention to improving the material <iualittes of the article in which he deals, considering such a course much more conducive to the interests of his patrons, than lahorrd ittem, ts to daxr.le their eyes with expensive ornaments to tlMrittore he ocrnpte.1. By these means he is enabled to offer tlie Ibnowing articles, via:? First Quality of Nutria Hats $4 30 Secotia " " " 3 30 hirst " Moleskin 4 30 Second " " ? " 4 08 Third " " ... .3 00 Tlie subscriber recommends with peculiar coufideuce a very superior quality of Silk Hat, manufactured bv him for city cus tom, with minute attention to style and durability, equaling in texture and beauty tlie Anest Parisian Hats. JOHN N. GENIN, 214 Broadway. N. B.?Jnst received per ship Utiea, a lot of French Hats, as sorted sires, to which tne attention ol fashionable gentlemen is solicited. Gentlemen's, Youth's, Infanta, United Statea Nary and Army Caps constantly on hand ruid made to order. n23 Im'rc KCOM'MY AND FASHION, r* ET.EOANT SUMMER HATS. fS HIK E $3. JpL ROBERTSON, determined to maintain the reputation ol the I'lltKNIX HAT AND CAP ESTABLISHMENT, 103 Fulton st, between William and Nassau, Last of Broadway, as ihe cheapest in thu city or anv other, bega leave to introduce to the public a very superior style of SUMMER HATS, which for lightness, beauty and durability, are not sarpaaeed? ami lor cheapness unequalled In addition 10 being very plea S.UII -Old genteel, these Hata are warranted to stand all ordinary eiposure toram without mjary, which it is welianewn Leg horns, Panamas, lu}., will not do without losing shape and colrtr. For business mote especially it is important to keep the head dry and cool, n desiden.tum which has not hitherto lm?n ail ti.ied. These Hats cannot be iuiurcd by perspiration, owing to the peculiar style oftrimmntg which the subscriber haa found by eiperience so very cleanly and popular. Their weight ranges f,0111 2JS to 3Js ox., being much lighter than substantial Leg horns and Panamas. ROBERTSON, 101 Fultun si., mil lin*ec Sign of the Phoenix.?! MILLS, HATTfiH, 178 BROADWAY, (HOWARDS' HOTEL,) fl INDUCED by the llattering success he hea mat with in J^the manufacture of Silk Hata, m imitation of the Fran,h, to call the atteutionof the public thereto, does so in the full con fidence of rendering perfect satisfaction to all who may honor him with a call. Ktrst quality French Moleskin $4 30 Second " " 4 00 Kirst " Nutria 4 90 Second " " 2 30 In addition to the above, there may lie had at Ui is establish ment an elegant article of Nutria llat at $4. which for elegance will rival m.uiy lhat are sold at $9, aud to which lha attention of the public is respectfully invited. A few > sees of Cassimereatid Silk Ilats, aaaaAMared for the counti v trade, on hand, and for sale low. J. I). Tolten, (late of the Arm of Alvord It Co.,)and R. J. Tilfa.lV, (late of Albany,) Would be pleased to see thnir iriends at the aliove place. a!7 lm*e? " NEW YORK. April 11, IN*. rpIIE UNDERSIGNED announce to the public,ami panicu J. (ftrly to the watch merchanU, that from tHis day they have forim-d an association under the name of DELACHAUX It M AIKK, for the trade, of importation of watches, and that from thil said day they have on hand and shall rtceiveTrom their cor n.spouileut manufacturers every description of Wstchna and Movements. DKLACHAUX It MA1RE7 No 127 Falutn street, N. Y. A. Delachaux?H Mail*. alS lm*sa CAPTAIN WILKES' NARRATIVE OF A VOYAGE ROUND THE WORLD. EXTRACTS. Custom* of the Feejee Group?1844). Before proceeding to the narration of the opera tions ot the squadron in the Fejee group, it would appear expedient to give some account of the people who inhaibit the inlands of which it iB composed. A reader, unacquainted with their manners and cus toms. can hardly appreciate the difficulties with which the performance of our duties was attended, or the obstacles which impeded our progress. Our information, in relation to the almost unknown race which occupies the Feejee Group,was obtained from personal observation, from the statements of the natives themselves, ana from white residents.? I also derived much information from the mission aries, who, influenced by motives of religion, have undertaken the arduous, and as yet unprofitable task of introducing the light of civilization and the iljumination of uie gowpel into this benighted re gion. Although, as we shall see, the natives of Feejee have made considerable progress in several of the useful arts, they are, in many respects, the most bar barous and savage race now existing upon the globe. The intercourse they have had with white men has produced some efTect on their political condition, but does not appear to have had the least influence in mitigating tne barbarous ferocity of their charac ter. In this group, therefore, may be seen the sa vage in his state of nature ; and a comparison of his character with that of the natives of the groups in which the gospel has been profitably p'cacned, will enable our readers to form a better estimate of the value of missionary labors, than can well be acquir ed in any other manner. The Feejeeans are generally above the middle height, ana exhibit a great variety of figure. Among them the chiefs are tall, well-made, and muscular ; while the lower orders manifest the meagerness arising from laborious service and scanty nourish ment. Their complexion lies, in general, between that of the black and copper-colored races, although instances of both extremes are to be met with, thus indicating a descent from two different stocks. One of these, tne copper-colored, is no doubt the same as that whence the fongese ure derived.* None of them equal the natives of Tonga in beau ty of person. The faces of the greater number are long, with a large mouth, good and well-set teeth, anu a well formed nose. Instances, however, are by no means rare, of narrow and high foreheads, fiat noses, and thick lips, with a broad short chin; still, tlwy have nothing about thein of the negro type. Even the frizzled appearance of the hair, which is altnost universal, and which at first sight seems a distinct natural characteristic, I was, after a long acquaintance with their habits, inclined to as cribe to artificial Causes. Besides tne long bushy beards and mustaches, which are always Worn by the chiefs, they have a great quantity of hair on their bodies. This, with the peculiar proportion between their thighs and the calves of their legs, brings them nearer to the whites than any of tne Polynesian races visited by us. The eyes of the Feejeeans are usually fine, being black and penetrating. Some, however, have them red and bloodshot, which may probably ue ascribed to ava drinking. The expression of their countenances is usually restless and watchful; they are observing and quick in their movements. The hair of the boys is cropped close, while that of the young gids is allowed to grow. In the latter it is to be seen naturally arranged in tight cork-screw locks, many inches in length, which fall in all direc tions from the crown of tne head. The natural color of the hair of the girls, can hardly be ascertained, for they arc in the habit of acting upon it by lime and pigments, which make it white, red, brown, or black, according to the taste of the individual. Mr. Drayton procured a very correct cameralucidadraw ing of a girl about sixteen years of age, which will give the reader a better idea of the fomales of that age than uny description. She is represented in the cut. The Fqjee Girl. Head of Vendor!, a Fejee Chief. When the boys grow up, their hair in no longer crop ped, and great pains is taken to spread it out into a mop like form. The chiefs, in particular, pay great attention to the dressing of their heads, and for this purpose all of them have barbers, whose sole occupation is the care of their master's heads. The duty of these functionaries is held to be of so Bacred a nature, that their hands are tabooed from all other em ployment, and they are not even permitted to feed them selves.* To dress the head of a chief occupies several hours, and the hair is made to spread out from the head, on every side, to a distance that is often eight inches.? Hie beard, which is al so carefully nursed, often reaches the breast, and when dew or dust. This covering, which has the look of a turban, is called sala, and none but chiefs are allowed to wear it; any attempt to assume this head-dress by a kai-si, or common person, would be immediately punished with death. The sala, when taken care of, will last three weeks or a month, and the hair is not dressed except when it is removed; but the high chiefs and dandies seldom allow a day to pass without changing the sala, and having their hair put in order. The Feejeeana are extremely changeable in their disposition. They are fond of joking, indulge in laughter, and will at one moment appear to give themselves up to merriment, from which they in an instant pass to demon-like anger, which they evince by looks which cannot be misunderstood by those who are the subjects of it, and particularly if in die power of the enraged native. Their anger seldom finds vent in words, but has the character of sullen ness. A chief, when offended, seldom speaks a word, but puts sticks in the ground, to keep the cause of his anger constantly in his recollection. The ob jects of it now understand that it is time to appease nim by propitiatory offerings, if they would avoid the bad consequences. When tnese have been tendered to the satisfaction of the offended dignitary, he pulls up the sticks as a signal that he is pacified. According to Whippy, who had an excellent op portunity of judging, tne Feeieeans are addicted to stealing, are treacherous in tne extreme, and, with all their ferocity, cowards. The most universal trait of their character, is their inclination to lying. They tell a falsehood in preference, when the truth would better answer their purpose ; and, in conver sing with them, the truth can be only obtained, by cautioning them not to talk like a Feejee man, or, in other woras, not to tell any lie*. Adroit lying is regarded as an accomplishment, and one wno is expert at it is sure of a comfortable subsistence and a friendly reception wherever he goes. Their own weakness in this respect does not render them suspicious, and nothing but what is greatly exaggerated is likely to be believed. In il lustration of the latter trait, 1 was told by Faddy Con nel, that he never told them the truth when he wished to be believed, for of it they were always incredu lous. He maintained that it was absolutely neces sary to tell them lies in order to receive credence. The religion of the Feejeeans, and the practices which arc founded upon it, differ materially from those of the lighter-colored Polynesian people. The tradition given by the natives of the origin of the various races is singular, and not very flattering to themselves. All are said to have been born of one pair of first parents. The Feejee was first born but acted wickedly and was black; he therefore re ceived but little clothing. Tonga was next born; he acted less wickedly, was whiter, and had more clothes given him. White men, orrapaIannis,came last: they acted well, weile white, and had plenty of clotnes. They have a tradition o a great flood or deluge, which they call Walavu-levu. Their account of it is as follows s after the islands had been peopled by the first man and woman, a great rain took ; lace, by which they were finally submerged; but, before tne highest places were covered by the waters, two large double canoes made their appearance; in one of these was Itokora, the god of carpenters, in the other Kokola, his head workman, who picked up some of the people, and kept ihem on board until the waters had subsided, after which they were again landed on the island. It is reported that in former times canoes were always kept in readiness against another inundation. The persons thus saved, eight in number, were landed at Mbenga, where the highest of their gods is said to have made his first appearance. By vir tue of this tradition, the chiefs of Mbenga take rank before all others, and have always acted a conspi cuous part among the Feejees. They style thsm Ngali-duva-jki-langi (subject to heaven alone.) Tne l antheon of the Feejee Group contains many deities. The first of these in rank is Ndemei. He is worshipped in the form a large serpent, alleged to dwell in a district under the authority of Ambau, which is called Nakauvaudra, and is situated nesr the western end of Vitilevu. To this deity they believe thnt the spirit goes immediately aftrr death, for purification or to receive sentence. From his tribunal the spirit is supposed to return and remain about the mburfc or temple of its former abode. All spirits, however, are not believed to be per mitted to reach the judgment seat of Ndengei, Tor, upon the road it is supposed that an enormous giant, armed with a large axe, stands constantly on the a Feejeean has these im portant parts of his person well dressed, he exhibits a degree of conceit that is not a little amusing. In the process of dressing the hair, it is well anointed with oil, mixed with a carbo naceous black, until it is completely saturated f Thf barber then takes the hair pin, which is a long and slender rod, made of tortoise shell or bone, and proceeds to twitch almost every separate hair. This causes it to frizzle and stand erect. The bush of hair is then trimmed smooth, by singeing it, until it has the uppearance of an immense wig. When this has been finished, a piece of tapa, so fine as to resemble tissue-paper, is wound in light folds around it. to protect the hair from watch. With Uiia weapon he endeavors to wound all who attempt to pass him. Those who are wounded dare not present themselves to Ndengei, and are obliged to wander about in the mountains. Whether the spirit be wounded or not, depends not upon the conduct in life, but they ascribe on escape from the blow wholly to good luclc. Stories are prevalent of persons who have suc ceeded in passing the monster without injury. One of these, which was told me by a white pilot, will suffice to show the character of this superstition. A powerful chief, who had died, and been inter red with all due ceremony, finding that he had to pass this giant, who, in the legend, is stationed in the Moturiki Channel, loaded his gun, which had been buried with him, and prepared for the encoun ter. The giant seeing the danger that threatened him. was on the look out to dodge the ball, which he did when the piece was discharged. Of this the chief took advantage to rush by him before he could recover himself, reached the judgment seat of Nden gei. and now enjoys celestial happiness! Besides the entire form of a serpent, Ndengei is sometimes represented as having only the head and half the body of the figure of that reptile, while the remaining portion of his form is a stone, significant of eternal duration. No one pretends to know the origin of Ndengei, but many assert that he has been seen by mortals. Thus, he is reported to have appeared under the form of a man, dressed in masi (white tapa), after the fashion of the natives, on the beach, near Ragi ragi. Thence he proceeded to Mbenga, where, al though it did not mease him, on account of its rocky shores, he made himself manifest, and thence went to Kantavu. Not liking the latter place, he went to Rewn, where he took up his abode. Here he was joined by another powerful god, called Warua, to whom, after a time, he consented to resign this loca lity, on condition of receiving the choicest parts of alikindsof food, as the heads of the turtle and pig, which are still held sacred. Under this agreement, he determined to proceed to Veruta, where he has resided ever since, and by him Verata is believed to have been rendered impregnable Next in rank, in their mythology, stand two sons of Ndengei, Tokairambe and Tui I>akemba| These act as mediators between their father and inferior spirits. They are said to be stationed, in the form of men, at the door of their father's cabin, where they receive and transmit to him the prayers and sumtlication* of departed souls. The grandchildren of Ndengei are third in rank. They are innumerable, and earh has a peculiar duty to perform, of which the most usual is that of pre siding over islands and dis'ricl*. A fourth class is supposed to be made up of more distant relatives of Ndengei. These preside over sepnrate tribes, by whose priests they are consulted. They have no jurisdiction beyond tneir own tribe, and possess no power but w hat is deputed to them by superior deities. In addition to these benignant beings, they be lieve in malicious and mischievous gods. These re side in their Hades, which they call Mhulu (under neath the world.) There reigns a cruel tyrant, with grim as|>ect, whom they name Lothia. Sa muialo (destroyer of souls) is his colleague, and sits on the brink of a huge fiery cavern, into which he precipitates debited spirits. These notions, although the most prevalent, are not universal. Thus: the (jod ofMuthuata is called Kadinadina. He is considered as the son of Ndensei. Here also Kokora, the god of carpenters, is held in honor; and they worship also Rokavona, the god of fishermen. The people of lAkemba believe that departed souls proceed to Namukaliwu, a place in the vi cinity of the sea. Here they for a time exercise the same employments as When in this life, after which they die again, and go to Mbulo, where they arc met by Samuialo. This deity is empowered to sci/.'* and hurl into the fiery gulf all those whom he dislikes, On Kantavu they admit of no god appoint ed to receive de|iarted souls, but suppose that these K> down into the sea, where they are examined by c great spirit, who retains those he likes, and sends back the others to their native island, to dwell among their friends. Another belief is, that the departed spirit goes before the god Taseta, who, as it approaches, darts a spear at it. If the spirit ex hibits any signs of fear, it incurs the displeasure of the god, but if it advances with courage, it ia re

ceived with favor. On Vanua-levu it is believed that the souls of thein deceased friends go to Dimba-dimba, a point of land wnicn torrns Am ban Bay. Here they are sup posed to pass down into the sea, where they are ta ken into two canoes by Rokavona and Rokora, and ferried across into the dominions of Ndengei.? When it blows hard, and there are storms of thun der, lightning and rain, the natives say that the ca noes are Betting ready. Some few of* the natives worship an evil spirit, whom they call Ruku-batin-dua (the one toothed Lord). lie is represented under the form of a man, having wings instead of arms, and as provided with claws to seize his victims. His tooth is described as being large enough to reach above the top of his head; it is alleged he flies through the air emitting sparks of fire. He is said to roast in fire all the wicked who appertain to him. Those who do not Worship hitn call him Kaloukana, or Kalou-du. At Rewa. it is believed that the spirits first repair to the residence of Ndengei, who allots some of them to the devils for food, and sends the rest away to Mukalou, a small island off Rewa, where they re main until an appointed day, after which they are all doomed to annihilation The judgments thus passed by Ndengei, seem to be ascribed rather to his caprice than to any desert of the departed soul. This idea of a second death is illustrated by the following anecdote, related by Mr. Yanderford.? This officer resided, for several months after his shipwreck, with Tanoa, King of Ambau. During this time there was a great feast, at which many chiefs were present, who remained to sleep. He fore the close of the evening amusements^ one of them had recounted the circumstances of his kill ing a neighboring chief. Durine the night he had occasion to leave the house, and nis superstition led him to believe that he saw the ghost of nis victim, at which he threw his club, and, as he asserted, killed it. Returning to the house, he aroused the king and all the other inmates, to whom he related what he had done. The occurrence was considered by ull as highly important, and formed the subject of dun ! deliberation. In the morning the club was found, when it was taken, pomp and parade, to the mbure, where it was deposited as a memorial.? \ All seemed to consider the falling of the spirit as a total annihilation of the person. Among other forms of this superstition regard:ng spirits, is that of transmigration. Those who hold it think that spirits wander about the villages in va rious shape3, and can make themselves visible or in visible at pleasure ; thnt there are particular places to which they resort, and in passing these they are ac customed to make a propitiatory ottering of food or cloth. This form of superstition is the cause of an aversion to go abroad at night, and particularly when it is dark. It is also n general belief, that the spirit of a cele brated chief may, after death, enter into some young man of the tribe, and animate him to deeds of valor. Persons thus distinguished are pointed out us highly favored ; in consequence, they receive great respect, and their opinions are treated with much considera tion, besides which, they have many personal privi leges. In general, the passage from life to death is consi dered as one from pain to happiness, and I was in formed, that nine out of ten look forward to it with anxiety, in order to escape from the infirmities of old age, or the sufferings of disease. The deities whom we have named are served by priests, called ambali, who are worshipped in build ings denominated mbure, or spirit houses. Of such buildings each town has at least one, and often seve ral, which serve also for entertaining strangers, as well as for holding councils and other public meet ings. In these mbures, images are found; but these, aluiough much esteemed as ornaments, and held sa cred, are not worshipped as idols. They are only produced on great occasions, such as festivals, &c. , "^e Ambati, or priests, have great influence over the people, who consult them on all occasion, but are generally found acting in concert with the chiefs, thus forming a union of power which rules the isl X8ra?EaLCh chief hais his ambati, who attends him ,Kg0e8' / peo?-le ure eross,y 8U|>ersti ,k iere- *re of theJr occupations in Inch the ambau is not more or less concerned. He in'held sacred within his own district, beinc considered as the representative of the kalou, or spi rit. Mr. Hunt informed me, that the natives sel dom separate the idea of the god from that of his priest, who is viewed with almost divine reference. My own observations, however, led to the conclu sion, that it 18 more especially the at Somu-so mu, where Mr. Hunt resides, and where the natives are more savage, if possible, in their customs, th in those of the other islands. If intercourse with white men has produced no other effect, it has lessened their reverence lor the priesthood; (or, wherever y. h,ave foreign visitors, there may be seen a m^nu in this respect. The oIKce of ambati is usually hereditary, but in some cues may be considered aa self-chosen. Thus, when a priest dies without male heirs, tome one, who is ambitious to succeed him, and -iesirous of leuding an idle hfe, will strive for Uie succession, lo accomplish this e'id, he will cunningly assume a mysterious air, speaking incoherently, und pretend ing that coming events have been foretold him by the kalou, whom lie claims to have seen und talked with. II he should have made u nredicti <n in rela tion to a subject in which the people take an anxious interest, and with wluch the event happens to cor respond, the belief that his pretensions are well founded is adopted, liefore he is acknowledged an ambati, he, however, is made to undergo a further trial, and is required to show publicly that the kalou is entering into him. proofofthis is considered to lie in certain shiverings, which appear to be in voluntary, and in the performance of which none but anexpe? juggler could succeed. I had an opportunity, while at Levuka, of seema a performance of this description. Whippy rave me notice of it, having ascertained that the offering which precedes the consultation, was in preparation^ I his offering consisted of a hog, a basket of yams, and a quantity of bananas. In this case the ambati had received notice that he was to be consulted, and was attached to the person of Sera, (Tanoa's son,) tor whose purposes the prophetic intervention was needed. . such occasions the chiefs dres6 in the morninc in their gala habits, and proceed with much cere mony to the mbure, where the priest is. On some occasions, previous notice is given him; at other times he has no warning of their coming, until he receives the offering. The amount of this offering depends upon the in clination of the party who makes it. The chiefs ana people seat themselves promiscuously in a semi circle, the open side of which is occupied by the person who prepares the ava. This mode of sitting is intended as an act of humiliation on the part of the chiefs, which is considered as acceptable to the gods. When all is prepared, the pnncipaichief, if the ocrosion be a great one. presents a whale's tooth. The pnest receive* this in his hands, and contemplates it steadily, with downcast eyes, re maining perfectly quiet for some time. In a few minutes distortions begin to be visible in his face, indicating, aa they suppose, that the god is enteriiui in*o his body. His limbs next show a violent mus cular action, which increases until his whole frame appears convulsed, and trembles as if under the in fluence of an ague fit; his eye-balls roll, and are distended; the blood seems rushing with violence to and from his head; tears start from his eyes; his breast heaves; his linsgrow livid, and his utterance contused. In short, his whole appearance is that of a maniac. Finally, a profuse perspiration streams from every pore, by wh^ph he is relieved, and the symptoms gradually abate; after this,*he again sinks into an attitude of quiet, gazing about himfrom side to side, until suddenly striking the ground with a club, lie thus announces that the god has departed from him. Whatever the priest utters while thus excited, is received as a direct response of the gods to the prayers of those who made the offering. The provisions of which the offering is composed arc now shared out, and ava prepared. These are eaten and drunk in silence. The priest p irtakes of the least, and always eats voraciously, supplying, as it were, the exhaustion he has previously undergone. It is seldom, however, that his muscles resume at once a quiescent state, and they more usually con tinue to twitch and tremble for some time after wards. When the candidate for the office of ambati has gone fluccettfully through such a ceremony, and the response he gives as from the god is admitted to be correct, he is considered as qualified to be a priest, and tnkes possession of the mbure. It is, however easily fo be seen, that it is the chief who in fact makes (he appointment. , The individual chosen is always on good terms with him, and is but his tool, the purposes of both are accomplished by a good understanding between them. There can be no doubt that those who exercise the office of ambati, and go through the actions just mentioned, are con summate^^ jugglers; but they often become so much affected by their own efforts, that the motions of the muscles become in reality involuntary, and they have every appearance of being affected by a super natural agency. 1 * The quMtion of the origin of the Fcejeenns will be Mr Hal ,r*ted 111 ti,e report of our philologist, ? These When ire called a-ru-ni-ulu. They are at tached to the household of the chief* in number* of from two to a doxen. The oil is procured by scraping and squeezing a nut called maiketui ; the black ii prepared from the Intidi nut I a?""> ?ay haa but one ion, called Mautu (the bread-fruit.) v [To be continued.] SiNon^R Trial.?Dominick Mcllride has recent ly been tried in Colborne District, C. W, for at tempting to murder a Catholic Priest who wm sleeping in hi* house. At the reqneit of McBride's wife, the Priest had admonished him on his intemperate habits, when he *wore he would have hi* revenge. In the mid dle of the night he arose, got hi* gun, and entering the priest * room, stabbed him In *evernl places witn the bayonet. A couple of young men, steeping below, heard the scuffle aad came in time to save the priest'* life. The jury acquitted McBride! Five hundred men are engaged in the business connected with the working ol the stone quarries at Qufney.Man. The quarries are twelve in number. The iargeat amount of stoae got oat from aay one quarry was twenty thousand tone a year. On* quarry is work ed by and for the laborem themselves, who leaied it on tkair own account. Maraenlbo. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Mahacatbo, April 15, 1845. Arrest of a Swindler?Courts of Justice in Marara- j ibn Erudition against the Indians and Troubles between New Grenada and Venezuela?English In terference, fyc., fyc. Your old friend being absent, I presume you will allow me to communicate to you some matters and things here pending and on the carpet of this famed Marucuibo. It is go seldom that we have any thing pertaining to novelty in this place (scandal, Arc., being ail every day occurrence,) that any thing out of the old routine causes quite a commotion. 1 Ins morning an unusual bustle and excitemen* prevailed owing to an arrival from Bogota of a courier in pursuit of an absquatulator from New Grenada, who had made tracks, bringing u ith him some twenty-five thousand dollars in doubloons and gold dust, Arc., (so said.) Now, this courier arrived just in time, as the said absquutuiAtor and companion (arriving only three davs 1.1 advance.) hud en^a^ed passage m the bri' Emma lor New \ork, expre^m-' great anxiety to be gone, as tiie\ were particularly anxious to be in Paris by such a date, and accord ingly their baggage was put on board ami their pass ports duly mid properly procured, and all went well so fai, when to the astonishment of the ( aptain he was politely called on by two police olficere. re questing his presence at the government house as nis Honor had something to communicate. Ac cordingly he, with a friend of his, waited on his llonor who kindly and friendly advised and forbid Ca|jt. \V . from having ought to do with such and such a person, he being proscribed, fee., his pass port cancelled, tec. The next we hear of this per soni is that this .lay he is in the hands of the police at Altftgracia (a town some ten or twelve miles from tins, and over the water,) and on his way to Caro I* his person was found seventy Spanish doubloons, about sixty five franc pieces and three gold watches, Arc. From thence he will be brought here and imprisoned three days as a punishment for paving without a correct.paseport, ancLI under stand that will be all he will suffer, as the Judge of the Supreme Court has decided that he cannot be any farther molested, as he is an alien; and although according to treaty the two republics are to deliver up fugitives to justice, Arc., yet for capital crimes only can aliens come under this stipulated agree nient; find this said i*?rson it appears is French or ruther Swiss. The Consul for New Grenada'has bestirred himself as every efficient Consul ought he being one of the old |?triots of Columbia and for merly one of Bolivar's aids, in those times that tried men s souls. But it is seldom you meet such men as tmn. St. Anna. Another item of news (should you not receive it t?y tiie Emma,) is, that government has culled on this province to raise and equip immediately six hundred troons for marching into the La Guajira province for the ostensible purpose of compelling the barbarous Indians to release two Columbians who are now held by them in durance vile, and who were a Crew ?i a taken by 'he natives of (iua Jira, nnd most of whom were massacred by the na tives (not vour new party in the United States.) The vessel was run on shore, plundered and then set on fire and burnt up, tec., a rather a mgn-handed piece of business you will say. let this is not the first vessel by many that has been so used up, of which but passing notice mn'n i! ." i s?L?n j M'Phewon, (formerly an Irish man by tr ie,) heads this expedition, consequently we shall see whether these said barbarous Indians are as formidable as they are deemed to be. 'Tis said of them, that they can muster some two or tnree thousand mounted warriors, completely armed and equip|>ed with fire arms, tec., (the honis, it is undeniable are among the very best of all South America,) besides an equal or a greater number of foot, armed with spears and poisoned arrows. Although over this peninsula, neither New Grena da nor V enezueha have actual jurisdiction, still both pretend to actual possession?both claiming its' be J" serrate republic. The claim to which will probably lead to a war of words if no more. 1 his is anotherevil of badly defined bounda ries. iiowipyour Oregon question progressing?? w e hear of those things in this far-away,'republic. ? ow " said by some in this place, that the real cause of invading this Indian territory, is to forestall any act or movement of the New Grenadian govern ment, and as actual (>ossession is nine points of the law, they will make sure of those nine points, and run the risk of bluffing otF the odd tenth |>oint by ne gotiation or braggadoein. In times past you would be amused to see many of the idlers about town here, (the mustashoed ones in particular) frequently and suddenly taken with the heroics: as for instance when, some two years since, the English encroached U|>on the (iiigana province, most of these idlers suf fered through theheroic fever, foaming and fuming with their canes, threatening annihilation to Queen V ic, not even spairing Albert. But what will New Grenada say in In-ing shorn of her possessions on this side by Venemela, and the other by the English, they huvmg taken the King of the Mosquito Coast under their protection, and giving notice, through their minister at Bogota, to thai ellect, to the Congress and President of New Grenada So much of items of a public or political nature ? but as regards local aflairs, I have but little to com municate The church holidays are gone by for a space of time consequently the ladies will remain more within doors, until the Lord or the priests will that they must come forth with all their smiles and charms. Say what you may, tew ciUes can pro duce a greater array of worth and beauty than Mara caibo? females- I mean. I wish 1 could say as much I for the males; but they are so completely wrapt up j in themselves, entrenched behind their pride and beard that to other people they arc so extremely ridiculous and absurd. There are some few credi table exceptions, however. Money is much more nhundant here since the opening of the National Bank, as their shin-plaster bills |kiss current, excepting the Varaha traders, who, i according to Johnson's Bank Detector, are cautious and wary?no other paper being now inibhshed here, i the Frnix being defunct. No American vessels in |>ort, excepting the hark Cora, Warren, of Philadelphia, by which you will receive this. Col. Wm. O. Dubs, your ex-consul, has cheered us by returning again to Maracaiho, although I am informed his stay will be short among us. Court of Oyer and Terminer. Before Judge Edmonds and Aldormen Henry and Sea man. ?' C-Pat*??ow, Ksq., District Attorney. .hi i M"rdrr ?Andrew Kleira, a remarka abl v had looking man, with a Jeep (cowl about the brow S" ai?d r?PuJ?'ve aspect, apparently belonging to the u'r , i. i 'aborers, was placed at the bar charged with the wilful and inhuman murder ofUatherine Iianlin bv firing VUC?,mbcr ll,8t' "> the ltm> ward in this city hnrn. dwelling,in consequence of which she wu mH,w! ,^V7' y' I'art.cul^rly about the neck, and also ' . "'nllnS a deeP wound on her l,lMS011 With a sharp in dc.| lu.ri'i? f hpr deat1'' A more inhuman or with JT i .! munler' "carcely on record, than that * "h which the prisoner stood charged. vo lX?1!' ',art of -tho da-v wa" consumed in endea haustoH n?p "f 1,mPnrtiBl jury. The panel was ex ral .,1,1 ? clock,when a tales was ordered. 8ev? the groundXrmeOrtPannell0d w*re ket us"Je> iom? on ?c ground ol entertaining conscientious scruoles u to d^wouVldbetthiS:,at<y; in S caso muntr where formatTnn f ? penalty, and others on the ground of newsier. Tftf""" "tatemc?<8 Published in th. The following jury were sworn:? WllfiSm w?Morehouse, loreman ; Richard Bogardus, Will,am Winslow, James Dull, Douglass Bingham Jtl. Danfi,rth?n' neorg%.uly' French, Herman Griffin, Daiiforth B. Besse, Thomas B. Clapp, William Moore Messrs Hhephard, Porter and Benedict appeared aa counsel for the prisoner. r?Z!'0 ^!'?"er. *** Hereupon arraigned in the usual form. Tho indictment contained eight separate counts. The prisoner pleaded not guilty. Mr. Patkkson hereupon opened the case, the detail* of which will be found in evidence. ???"? ? Lawrence Haulin, son to deceased, a boy about 13 ip6??n!!iwge'?^aIi ? i? fir,t witne*8 examined by Mr. Pa ?" Ho "tated 1 live at 1 ftth street, 3d avenue: I came n*^r Norwich; my mother, father, un vurl ?i! ; Wlth mc in lath street; we had no th? frn^? ?hC ance; entrance to the house is in thn ifm. >er? ar? windows and a door in front of Hit m r lX0nZ ? ?ry hlfh' was not at home on San day morning, the ?d December, but 1 came home that ejrrgi my f",h?r had his breakfast next morning; it was 1 who got it for him; it was between six and seven o clock; my mother was in bed with her baby; 1 saw Kleira take down two boards off the fence at our house; lie then got shavings, blocks and straw out of his own n th.'>? kl? j? them at our doori he then broke V'?.(l|?or with a stone or a board; I ran into the room and told my mother; she got out of bed and holloed murder three or four times; she had the baby in her arms; she then ran back from the window to ttie door Jtli?!".! 1C,into the bedro?m; after she ran in, I stood at the window and kept ho/loeing all the time; */"% u,lg/}boa^ mt and knocked down the stove Pipe, it was then the neighbors began to come; Jamea Lee pulled me out of the window, Klcim went in through tho own ,h?use, and barred himself up; the neighbors came in and quenched the fire; they then acu ofthc house- and took my mother out, they brought her over to Mrs. McGavins; after my mother was taken away, 1 found the baby under the feet ?fa^- M?ffat; I saw Kleim with a stick in hi.h.^d stirring the fire; I saw him push my mother into the house at the door; he had the stick in his hand?(the stick h?ah?aer? Pr?duced)i 1 do not know that that i* the stick WM Pr?duced with a long iron spike in the end); I can swear that is the stick; P kept at tho window,and did not see what my mother did; Kleim wu in his house about an hour and a half before he was tr. rested; our windows were bolted inside; my mother was burned around her breast, arms, and nose; she wu stuck in her thigh at her hip, with the knife that was in he end ol the stick; heard so from the woman ofthe house to whom my mother was taken; did not go with . went some time after; did not go to the hospital to see her; my mother is now dead. sawK lelm "hl^'.TT ***!?* my. br?akfast when 1 first f,^.. I.: ' . Wa" ,akln8 down his own fence; got them fromi his own house; put them outside the door under a outshed; I was looking Uirough the window. t, J '.""-'-?'.'"'"? hy .\ir. eating mr breakfast when I first saw Kleim: it was daylight when I got up; 1 saw Kleim taking ciown boards' left mr breakfast to see what he was doing; he got shavings and blocks, and set fire to the door by means of them^lstood lUaw ki "f1 ?he tinie; 1 awakened my mother when L^r1, ' 18 e to the door; she was awake w ben my father was going out mthe uioming; my mother said she would go and get a w arrant lor hle.m, when she saw him coming to ,ho i.oiise; never heard Kleim make any noise 1 elore at ti.e tliaiuj , e.xccpt when he was playing ar^ my mother told me Kleim had W her ??!, rn.w ri' } b,-loro- aud that she would get a I w .mailt for him; alter the fire got goine ho set fire to the ihavingn; tli^re are no buildings nearer than third huiWinga ou first .venue; t "re are n ,?i f'e acroS8 the w ay w:th people living in them; said aow U.?M V, I"ot!'cr ,hat n'oining; Kleim hit the win f h? i ? i tr> lng 10 gCl out o1- ' tboved it up ? lit ' i. as ,ar "s ,lle lenjfth of Uie hoard would each; Kleitn struck ut the window, missed me, but knocked down the stove pipe; after he set fire to the In'nr0 .*1 8 ? ko,,!",1K me could not get out of the door, as the tlnmes w ere blazing away ; my uncle went to work with m> fatiier that morning; Kleim did i "T ?"c' no ono cun,e "car him to see him, except a colored woman; when the neighbors came that He",i ",t.? h" ?hanty, and about an hour and Li I aftc.rwards, he was arrested by the officers; I did thcar(J|lni '*>' anything to them; he had his door bolt ed, the olhv ers msed tho hinges of the shutters, and rot in; never threw stones at Kleim's shanty, but b??s did who came down town; my father nevir spoke to him?colored women used only to come not ron "V U8,|all> kept his head down ; Kleim did not come into our shanty at all; saw a number ofi>eo?l? moving about that morning; tke morning was fogrr Kleim made hght when the officers came to arrest fi!2' .To ??'caoa?Recollects that to be the stick, saw it in Kleim's left hand that morning To the Couar-The first thing Kleim did was to bear moTher hM J).gl,K "i. Fu"1 ",om 8Kainst the front door. My mother bid me bolt the door; he took a coal of fire out of his own stove; the flames were as high as the top of the T, <, n0t,Sct out' ,he h'aze wfs so great; Psaw my mother fall in front of tho door in the back room Se whole house was filled with smoke. ' ? I ho Court here suggested that it might be aa well to in ihimUn Jr half-past ten o'clock this morning, and that in the meantime the jurors miirht tro in rhon?? A stables, to lath street. .n,l X S pretKl thenf'in this case""^'1 W?UlJ {>erh*P' "?rMl ?uid? ??> o'clocV"* ,talld, a(1J?urned over to this forenoon, at 1(4 8? District Court. \f rt 1 ? . Before Judge Betts. ' ^AT 77^' United States vs. C. N. Schneider ?Thia " hir'h ,c "Z? recover the amount of certRin duties ^1 ? r.7 iC!T ? the *OTen,m<!nt on an imported article called Hocoe. a sort of vegetable used in dye ' "PPcarod that tho article was imported, and pus ed tho Custom-House free, first bv mistake m a fmit . but aflerwanls it was found to be a dye, called Annettoe' Snsu ThL?reidUty ?? IH,rceDt- under the tariff laws .. ''ho defence set up wu that the articU h*i? vegetable, was not subject to duty. The case stands ?? journed over to this forenoon. Common Pirn*. Before Judge Daly. Mat 91.? Sttphm R*id vs. William Jonei.?'This was ijh" ,*,uni,t the defendant, who is the She rift of this city, to recover damages for. llesed neglect on the part of defendant, in not duly serving a JrhAV" """I against a party named VkndervoSrt. The defence put in w as, that there were two persons of that name and that the Sheriff was " put upon {he wrow scent. It was also put in for defence, that the real party in the suit had obtained an order staying proceed order, it wu shown, had not been revoked 7orenoon W r?n * "ealed Terdict thi? (Thursday) Marine Court. Before Judge Smith. Mat 11.?Slander and I.ihel.?This was an action to rt cover damage* for alleged Blander and libel. The plain tiff ii a Doctor, residing in Keade street?the defendant ia a Counsellor at Law. It appeared that certain dealing* wore had between the parties ; and, subsequently, an an gry correspondence took place, In which the defendant stated that the plaintiff was " a consummate scoundrel." The plaintiff, it appeared, was also accused of " catting up his own son, who died at Sing-Sing, and of placing the skeleton in his own offlc.v" The case stands art* journrd over to this (Thursday) forenoon ; and involved a good del of scandal, too gross for publication. V. S. Marshal's (>flier. M*t 21. -John Turner, the seaman, whose arrest we ?mentioned yestorday. was before the Commissioner, for examination, which was postponed to this (Thursday) forenoon. Dkath of Mr. C. Cormet.i,.?On Monday, our resj>ectcd citi/cn, Mr. Cornell, was Attending to his busi ness, as President of the Farmers' Loan and Trust Com pany, apparently in good health, and the same evening, hi six o'clock, he was no more. He <lied ot apoplexy. Mr. Cornell was bred to the mercantile business, he served his time as a clerk in a hardware store, and after wards established himself in the same business, by assi duous and devoted attention to which, for a number of years, ho acquired what he deemed a competency, and then, retiring from mercantile pursuits, he devoted him self to the duties of some of our public charitable insti tutions Kor many years he was an active member of the Manumission Society, and trustee of the African free school. In 1834 lie represented the fifth ward as on of the Aldermen, and was by the Board of Aldermen ap pointed chairman of i he finance comi^idM. He succeed ed the Hon. Stephen Allen as the sub-Ofcsurer for this district. He was a memher of the Board of Trustees of free and public schools for at least a quarter of a centu ry. He had been for a long time vice preaideot of the Board of Managers of the New V'ork Institution for the instruction of the Deal and Dumb, and on Monday after noon, at a meeting of the society, he was elected presi dent of that institution, tho office having become vacant by the death of the Hev. Dr. Milnor. He waa a vie* pre sident of the Society for the Reformation of Jnvaoil* Delinquents, commonly known as the House of Refage, and was one ot the founders of that excellent institution. He was one of the governor* of the " State of New York Hospital ami Bloomingdole Asylum." He wis on* of th* advisers to the Board of Managers of til* Colored Or phan Society. He has been the chief offieor of the Bank lor Savings from its commencement to th* pr*e?nt tint*. Within two years he was induced, at the e*rn*st solici tation of th* Farmers' Loan and Trust Co. to become President of that institution, the dntios of which office he has dischnrged with his characteristic method, Indus try and intelligence, until Monday afternoon.