Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 22, 1845, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 22, 1845 Page 2
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I _1 i M? ?gWB? NEW YORK 11 KHALI). s? ? York, THariMlay. !M?y -> ,s*?' Ti'mh Aiiik tntlon not to Certain?A TknaU rnrd Storm. The IVuthiugto* lrniun has been driven into vio lent ecstaciea by the receipt of some private intelli gence from Texas. Annexation is set down as ab solutely certain, settled as " with the bond of fate," and the organ congratulates the country on the aus picious result, with a bounding enthusiasm that is really amusing. Indeed, there is a youthfulness, an intensity, and a light-heartednets, about the joytul declarations of the Union on this subject, that are quite refreshing when contrasted with the usual cold, common-place, frigid sobriety of government organs. We are ruther inclined to believe, how ever, that'the joy of the Un ion is premature. What is the amount of the intelligence from which the "organ" deems itself justified in at once drawing the conclusion that " the die is cast," and annexa tion setded beyond all doubtl Why that Major Do nelson had left Texas 011 the assumncc of Gen. Hous ton that he would interpose no obstacle to the union of Texas with the United States ! Verily, it seems very clear that the " organ" has been making a great fuss about nothing. Annexation is not by any means to be settled so easily as the Union would have us believe. Grant that no opposition whatever will be made to the union by the people of Texas, does it fol low that annexation is " settled 1" By no means. We have no reason to believe that the Texan Government are in favor of annexa tion, as the " organ" so complacently supposes. The increasing, sagacious and well-directed efforts of the English and French ugents in Texas, have not been fruitless. From the movements of Mr. Ashbel Smith, now in England, prosecuting designs not exactly favorable to annexation, and other signi ficant indications, we are quite justified in entertaining the conviction that the opposition to annexation, on the i?rt of the Executive of Texas,which manifested it self only a short time since in such a decided and oner getic manner, has not been all dissipated and scattered to the winds, as the Union tells us,with such rhetorical I flourish and almost hysterical rapture. On the con trary, we have not any room to doubt that there has been a well-laid and settled scheme formed to delay and defeat the measure. But we are not left to speculate merely on the ob stacles which stand in the way of the successful set tlement of the Texas question. We are no longer left in doubt as to the policy which England and France mean to pursue with regard to the difficulty between this country nnd Mexico on the annexation project. A formidable English squadron, as we sta ted yesterday, consisting of a line of battle ship, a frigate, a fcloop of war, und a ten-gun brig, is at pre sent in the Gulf of Mexico; and a French squadron, consisting of u frigate, steamship and corvette, was at last accounts at Puerto Rico, evidently designed to co-operatc with the other. Now, what are the de sign and object of this naval movement 1 On the assembling of the Texian Congress, measures will be at once adopted for the purpose of operating on the Senate, so as to delay the assent of the Republic to annexation with this country. This scheme there is every reason to believe may be successful. It is very true that the people of Texas are in favor of an nexation?warmly and enthusiastically in favor of annexation. But the Executive is exactly the other way. The declarations of Houston are nothing. He does not now speak with authority. If the delay of the measure for a year or for any period be secured, then the whole project is virtually defeated. The people will be indignant, and great popular agitation and disturbance will follow. A revolution may be threatened, or actually take place. Then comes the time of action for the English and French naval forces now in the Gulf of Mexico. They will be called on by the Government of Texas to aid in main taining its independence, and thus by the well-con certed and powerful combination of the Governments of England, France, Mexico, and Texas itself, an nexation may be entirely defeated. The prospect of immediate and peaceful annexa tion is thus seen to be somewhat elouded when we come to look at it with calmness, and in connec tion with the real facts of the case. In Texas itself, intimidation, promises, offers, bribery, and all sorts of secret manoeuvres will be resorted to by the agents of the English and French governments, in order to operate successfully on the Texian Senate > so as to procure the delay of its action on the annex-1 ation question. It is quite a mistake?but one into which many have been readily enough led by the declarations of the British ministry on the Oregon question, and their studious silence with respect to Texas?to suppose that the annexation of Texas to this confederacy has become a matter of indiffer ence to the government of England. It has never been lost sight of for a moment, and the loud denun ciations of Mr. Polk's assertion of our claims to Oregon, it would appear have been mere vaporing bravado, intendod to distract the attention of our people and government from the subtle designs en tertained with regard to Texas. The grand object of the British government, in seeking to thwart and defeat annexation, now appears to be the establish ment on this continent of a rival republican power, to operate as a counterpoise to the United States.? This idea is undisguisedly put forth in late Lon don journals. From all these indications and reflections, it is very obvious that annexation is surrounded with a great deal of difficulty, and is in n more critical and doubtful position than ever. We do not know how soon this business may assume a warlike character. The Gulf of Mexico may be the scene of conflict between the United States and the united forces of England, France and Mexico sooner than many may now imagine. The Union, however, appears to be quite unsuspicious of the probability of such a crisis. It is, indeed, amusing to observe the perfect'a&am/on with which it gives itself up to all sorts of pleasant imaginings. It is so lost in happy visions of the future, as to be altogether blind to the threatening clouds which even the dullest observer cannot regard with out anxiety. One of these days it may get a very rude awaking, and in the meantime we fervently | trust that the government of the United States is a little better informed on the real position and pros l<ects of Texas annexation than its easy, good-na- 1 tured, and slumbering " organ." We have always been in favor of annexation. We are so still. The union of Texas with this confede racy, we regard as a measure of the highest impor tance to the stability and future triumphs of free government on this great continent. The honor, dignity and prosperity of the republic are involved in this question. But, unless the government of the I rnited States be better informed, more sagacious and more astute than its "onzan"?an "organ" that is actually thrown into a fit of delirious joy by a "h indbillfrom New Orleans"?it will be over-reach ed, outwitted and completely defeated by the cun ning and subtle diplomacy of England und France and the Texian Executive We will await the next news from the south with anxiety. Correction.?Senor Atocha and the Mexican Mission.?Our Washington correspondent, in men tioning yesterday the arrival of Senor A. G. Atocha ?rt Washington from Mexico, coupled the supposi tioti with his name, that he was on a diplomatic mission. We are assured on the beat authority, that such is not the cane. Senor Atocha is on no diplomatic mission?he has important claims on the Mexican government; but in consequcoce of his in timacy with General Santa Anna, the precx-nt execu tivelof that republic is hostile to him without rea son or caur*. Lonc, Island Rome to Boston.?Hereafter the train for Boston, over Lodr Island, will leave the South Ferry at a quarter past 8 A. M., instead of half past 9. They will leave Boston at 6 A. M. in stead of 7. These changes Bre excellent. The Expedition ?We ^ive 011 the lirst |>agf <>f ilu? day's Herald tome exceedingly in teresting extracts from Captain Wilke's " Narrative of the Exploring Expedition." Three engravings are also given, illustrative of the descriptions of the natives and scenery of the Fejee Islands. (>ur extracts have been made from the cheap edi tion of the " Narrative," issued from the press ol the enterprising publishers, Lea Blanohard, of Phila delphia. This edition contains precisely the same type, page, and reading matter as in the imperial octav? form of the work, and has been brought out in a style of great beauty. The only difference be tween this and the expensive edition consists in the quality and size of the |wiper, and in the substitution of wood cuts for the steel engravings. There are nearly three hundred illustrations in this cheap edi tion, (in five volumes,) and the price at which it is sold places it within the reach of the great mass of the reading community. It is full of the most inte resting and original details of portions of the globe hitherto very little known, and is eminently worthy of general perusal, as will, we think, be admitted by all who read the specimens of its style and matter which we have given. We will continue our extracts from this entertain ing and instructive book, and our next selection will be from the portion of the narrative relating to the Oregon territory, the coast, and a considerable por tion of the interior of which were carefully examined by the expedition, much valuable information being obtained, and admirable charts and maps executed, of which copies are given in this edition. The Collector?Old Hunker Movements.? Mr. Van Ness has returned from Washington, where his advice and assistance had been required on im portant public business connected with the Treasury Department. His continuance in office may be re garded as definitely settled for the present. He is a very excellent, capable and energetic public officer, and the manner in which he has discharged the ar duous and responsible duties of Collector of this port, has given universal satisfaction to all but the raven ous office-beggars of the old hunker clique. The small clique opposed to Mr. Van Ness, how ever, are not at all disposed to relax in their efforts against him. They are of that class who hope even against hope. If out of the President's own mouth they heard the declaration that Mr. Van Ness was not to be removed, they would still continue to get up their "great ward meetings" in obscure groggeries and pass resolutions in which the removal of the Collector would be demanded in the name of the whole democracy of the city and State. Thus in the sixteenth ward a meeting was held the other night, and the removal of Mr. Van Ness as loudly demand ed as ever. At present the "old hunkers" m?y rest from their labors. The prospect of success appears to be more distant than ever. Temperance.?We have been requested to direct nttention to a card published in this day's paper by an association of benevolent ladies, called the " Sis ters of Temperance." It appears that they are very efficient laborers in the merciful work of aiding re formed drunkards. Their efforts were for some time embarrassed and impeded by a few individuals of the " sterner sex," who very ungallantly attempt ed to control their funds, but the association is, we understand, now in a very prosperous condition. IIarlem Rail Road.?At a meeting of the Direc tors of the New'York and Harlem Rail Company, held at their office last evening, Jacob Little, Esq., was elected President of the company, John H. Dykers, Vice President, and Messrs. Davis Banks, Gouverneur Morris and Samuel E. Lyon were ap pointed an executive committee, to take charge of the extension of the road from White Plains to Al bany. This most important and efficient committee will, we have no doubt, prosecute this work with the ut most vigor, and meet the expectations of the com munity, by giving us a first rate road to Albany, at the earliest practicable period. Steamer Rhode Island. Capt. Thayer, performed her first trip to Providence direct, in 11 hours and 19 minutes. She is now called an " outsider." Important"i from Buenos Ayres.?The Moscow arrived at Boston on Tuesday, with advices from Buenos Ayres to the 2d ult. inclusive. We give extracts from two letters containing an account of a victory over Rivera, and the|acknow ledgment by the French Admiral of the blockade of Montevideo. The latter fact was mentioned as a ramor at our last dates. Bccnos Avars, March SI.?Rivera, on the 97th in?t., was completely routed br Urquiza's force*. About 1,000 of Rivera'* men were killed, and 500 taken priioner* : Rivera himaelf eacaped with only eight men. Admiral Lane, by advice of tne French Charge d'Affaires at thii place, will now reeognize the strict blockade of Monte video by the Buenoi Ayrean squadron. Another letter of the ?ame date, say* " It 1* now cer tain that the French and K.nglish will acknowledge the strict blockade of Montevideo. In this case we cannot see how Montevideo can hold out mueh longer." We have a copy of a government bulletin, published at Buenos Ayres, containing the despatch of Urquiza de tailing the victory mentioned above. Tkcatricab. Castle Garden.?A very large and elegant audi ence, numbering over fifteen hundred, graced, last evening, this magnificent establishment, to witness the performance of the Barbiere di Seviglia, which was given with a roundness that, considering the circumstances under which it is got up, must have surprised everybody, Piccola diva, who appeared in a partially theatrical costume, looked the Rosina to perfection, and sung with much spirit, frequently emitting notes, rivalling in brilliancy the stars, which mirrored themselves with so much complacency in our glorious bay. Valtellina does not make a good Figaro ; he is rather too ponderous for the wicked barber's sprightly melodies. Antognini sung the Al maviva very well. The honors of the evening were for Sanquirico's Bartolo. He and De Begnis are the only singers in America who are equal to do justice to Rossini's style?a style from which the modern Italian composers have entirely separated themselves, carrying the singers with them. How many dozen ?f them will llossini outlive 1 The Park.?There was a very crowded and ele gant house last night, to witness the never-tiring " Lady of Lyons." Mr. Anderson's " Claude Mel notte" is one of his best performances, and on this occasion it was more excellent than ever. He play ed indeed with great spirit, and was rapturously ap plauded. Personal Movements. Mr. Polk, family and suite, will pass the hot sea son at the Rip Haps. George Mundy, the hatless prophet, is in St. Louis. The Rev. Robert J. Breckenridge has left Balti more, to assume the duties of the presidency of Jefferson College. The Hon. Wm. Cost Johnson, of Maryland, ar rived in Now Orleans, on the 11th inst The Rev. I)r. Krebs, of this city, has been ap pointed Moderator of the General Assembly. Professor Rodgers, the lecturer on Mesmerism, from this city, has arrived in Boston. lltraham I'acha, a nephew of Mehemet Ah, was about to proceed to Kurope in the Nile frigate for the lieneflt of his health. Theatricals, Ate. Rockwell At Stone's Equestrian Company arc in New Bedford. The Orphean Family were at Columbia, S. C., at the last adrioas, where they were extensively patronised. tieorge Holland closed at the Albany Museum on Monday night. Mr. I^eghman is giving Concerts at Georgetown, Kentucky. The Infant Sisters, with Ferguson, the bagpipe player, were at Jackson on the 9th, drawing good houses. The services of " Trip," the Baltimore Clipper, have been engaged for the new theatre, which is to open in Washington stroet, Boston. Miss M. St. Clair, the celebrated English sybil, has commenced a series of her necromantic exhibitions in Lowell. The Jersey Murder Case.?On Saturday last, the further suspension of sentence >n the case of Carter and Parke, convicted of murder in New Jersey, w%s refused by the Supreme Court of the State, sitting at Trenton. Chief Justice Hornblower delivered the opin ion of the Court, advene to any further delay in the painful duty of passing sentence of death upon the pri soner*. .?lr. Owin'i Wturu on t ie Hcrouatractliix Mr. Ow e.\ addressed a very large assembly lasi mg it, in l-raiiklni Hull, Chatham square. This dis course was the lira of a series of the?e, which he pro|(osed to give before his departure to England. Owen was listened to with great attention and j*?pect during last night's discourse, which certain ly treated of matters of high import to all. Mr. Owen begun by observing he could not occu py their time more advantageously than in describ ing the necessary preliminary steps to attain the mil lennium. He had, since his arrival in this country learned that here as elsewhere, there was a superflu ity ol means, if properly applied, to produce such a state of society; but before that could arrive certain changes must occur. Nothing but the truth could save the werld from a revolution dreadful to con template, arising out of the inequality of possession ?luxury on one hand, and misery and degredation on the other. As long as the present state of socie ty remained, these evils were sure to abide and in crease: for so long as the means of wealth co-exist ed with misery, there would be an irritation in the Public mind that would produce dreadful conf usion. wlZ ? AT? t*nod. for the first time, when lien a conflict was going on between truth and falsehood passion and reason?luxury and destitu tion?war and peace?rational enauiry and the su perstitious prostration of the mental faculties. Those who perceived these truths were few; but thev were the superior minds of the day, and i1?11? carry out the work of regeneration. 1 ?ng. P,r*dlcted' and it wa. reasonableto ex I ect that at lome future time, a period of human ^iai>pi ? , !} j arnvo. when knowledge and charity would ho ex ended over all the earth, when peace .hall be unl Indfl*i'tre?ew??hery m.*n W1"?'d under hii own vine fian.Jr ? ?n?,to mak? Wm afraid. Every Chris tian Professed to belioye in this state, and he, (Mr. O.) believed this period was rapidly approaching. All chanae auenUvwhh^t ??* ?ffeCted- ^ human agency, but fro quentlv without thesa agencies being cognizant of the the^umsn niimi*if h k #clioM- During the last century b?e" Post active; by its success in tfon^W 17 increased the means of produc Uen far beyoad human wants. This new power, although u #i? fi?nc/'**ca #<1 the bounds of imagination, ^ ^ U<E ?n w',ich millennium is destin ed to be built, as being the means of supplying all the tUdS t?t?' P . g tn end t0 ,lav<-'T and servi. hP i0*?"1' the millennium. The Hf. would be the improvement of the charac able In*'VhST*? ""if' ",at 1111 would be ch#rit able and kind to each other. Causes were at work j ! change; it was seen in a taste fnL the^iTi^.<Af"?? "r,?L. id^B which never ontered ! ?.f P???thood or rulers of the world. th?Tr !}C,t,oli Pr?P?r|y meant, although in M? O !?w2i? f do.,ire f?r 11 was becoming universal, ?hi# ??* p0n ,ca ,n at *?me length, showing M?n hi!!er'?v coul<1 a ,ound ,y,tem Of educa ??E.n?l '"V1? T0rldi t0 m,ke hum?n beings nitional, and to take advantage of presont faciUties, and S^l^!TnC? -A0 man fit for new statei the ikmivenn!"?- Jhe third step was the gqu'remeBtaf the knowledge by which those circum t "i . badpassions may be removed. Xhtoeouia o^rb* ?fltoetMl by an intimate knowledge fou rth t!ynknowledge bad been acquired. The fourth step is the gradual increase of free enquiry, and thonih?ni?.- ?. th?!6. Pr?fo??'on? that have been 1?. ?lsiwyei-*, pnests ami doc f' ?k k ^ ,tep ,n the Progress towards .Mlum " the abandonment ofall the old principles f T h *?? P?cifio spirit of tho present time was an indication. Tho sixth step would be the abandonment of the immoral and degrading system of buying cheap and selling dear, which engendered hypo crfsy, dufilicity and falsehood. The seventh step towards th? $ ,tQt? W0U,d bo, the ontire abandonment of Vn!n?.f ^??.Cpay,1? ***** forJthe "ervices, physical or rh?n ?L' ofol.he"-the source, of moroTfrightful misery than the veriest slavery that had ever prevailed. The eighth step would he the termination of idleness and The ninth step would bo to fence round the individual from his birth, with tho most favorable ?,,^"r?,ta?fes f?r the best physical, moral and intellec .?..i .CaUon M?oi*anifaUon would admit of. The tenth step would be the destruction of distinctions be tween rich and poor. The eleventh step would be the infusion into each hoart and mind, the genuine spirit of charity for the opinions, tho feelings, and conduct of the human race. The twelfth step was the chief corner stone?tho complete abandonment ofall the principles of falsehood, and tho adoption of truth in tho words,actions, and looks of men. Mr. O. concluded by a few observa tions in eulogy of the happy state of society that would prevail when all these changes should be effected. A .Narrative of the Proceedings of the Farmers' Club. Tuesday, 20th May, 1845. Subject?"Preservation qf Animal Food;" con tinued from last day of meeting. Mr. Newell, of Massachusetts, in the chair. The semi-monthly meeting of this club, from the long and loud intonations of some of the journals, gave us reason to hope that upon so important a sub ject as the "Preservation of Animal Food," there would have been, not only a crowded and eloquent body of those peculiarly interested in the matter, but a digestion of facts, that might have reached the capacity even of the few who attended upon this eventful occasion. The only manner in which we can legitimately apologise for the absence of the far mere, is one that claims for their occupation a res pectful degree of consideration; that, instead of occupying their precious spring time in the theoretical discussions of the science of agriculture they are by far more beneficially and usefully en gaged, in bringing, to practical maturity, the plans of personal experience and laborious industry. It would be presumptuous to detail the hour's conver sation assigned to miscellaneous subjects?it com prehended every thing, but more especially the ex perience of many in protecting the peach tree from the "worms that so easily beset it." The Chairman expressed his diffidence in assuming the responsi bility, but his timidity yielded to the kind and com placent encouragement of the worthy Secretary, Mr. ' Meiggs, who, in the blandest manner, assuming the opinions of the whole Club, assured him emphatically, "We think you are the man." The n taken with profound humility, and Mr. Wakkman read a letter from Mr. Hopkins, on the subject of the " worm in peach trees,' and re commended ashes of anthracite eoal. Somebody else suggested tar, bound round the tree, about Ju ly; another, strong soap suds; another, train oil: an other, the cinders of a blacksmith's shop; another, lime and soot: another, tansey. This occupied the attention of the Club until the considerate Secretary reminded the diffident Chairman that the desultory hour had vanished; when Mr. Wakeman forcibly described the objects of the'Club?a reciprocal com munication of knowledge and experience. Not withstanding Mr. Meigs kind suggestion, a mem ber renewed the subject of " the peach," and recom mended a piece of lead, tea lead, we suppose, to em brace the tree, with coal ashes or charcoal. This suggestion seemed to give great satisfaction, until it was met by another, which recommended a bandage of woollen vara, and boiling water. This would have borne the preference had not another member suggested " tobacco." This brought out the illumi nation of Professor Smith's mind upon the proper ties of " the weed," which it would be impossible to pursue through all its diversified qualities. An other friendly hint from the Secretary again remind ed the members that the hour was exhausted. Mr Wakeman then read a lofig letter from John Cald well, of Tennessee, lull of moral sublimity. We caught these words?"Moral brute force, instead of mental power"?" Heroes of 76, temple of Fame" ?" Revolution still in progress"?" Spirits of fa thers descending to the sons"?" America, the re generator of the world," dec. Ate. At the conclusion, he told us he was building furnaces in Tennessee, and suggested to the Agricultural Society to establish a geological survey and make reports. This letter Jo stultify the sensibilities of all present. Mr. Wakeman said a gentleman?a travelling gen tleman present?was disposed to say something about his conversations with persons in the South when a Mr. Wright told us that agricultural schools had produced much benefit?that he kept no jour 7~ ,''m'#rants bouaht farms for $15 an acre and sold them at f|79. He then told us how they made their manure. In fact, this gentleman sup plied some highly useful facts, from southern far mers experience, that no?doubt will be duly appre ciated in their proper place. He recommended the sowing ot wheat four or six weeks earlier than the customary period. He told us that hemp in Ken tucky wus broken by steam?five minuter finished the process?and that it was far superior to the hemn used in the manufacture of Irish linens. Mr Wrights predilections for the steam process in nreaking hemp were thrown overboard by the asser tion, that steam destroyed the fibres. Mr. Meigs rejoiced that this simple contradiction, showed the value ol free ducussion. The peaches were here involuntarily introduced again, by a gentleman who asserted, that tn Lyons, in France, peaches are graf ted with bittev almonds. Then came the subject of the momentous occasion?"The Preservation of Ani mal rood ""t it came on nt a period when the consumption of the article formed a more important subject for the discussion of the members, and ufter a repetition of the same opposition to the pressure ZTJlf, wa" .?wn in the last report,) and many testimonies to the efficacy of the old system of saving, all departed to enjoy those creature com torts in practise, thatengrossea so much of their con sideration ui theory. Morals of St. Lolis.?The following is from the St. Lou it Republican of the bth instant: The cri minal court couimcncod its session yesterday morning Th# docket of the present term will he large ; there being one hundred and seventy cases to try from tho last term, in addition to Uie now indictment* which will ho found by the srand jury. Nearly throe-fourths of the above oases arc for various violations of the license law* of the Atate. When it Is recollected that thii court holds six terms a year, some conception may be formed of the

business of that court. Hev. Movse Fortwr, cure of St. George d'Aubert Oallion, on bia way to 8t. Marie by water, wm drowned with several other pertoas, opposite M. Frtacta tit^iteauJc ltly'/or Meliorating the Co.. Oltluu uf Um Jews. There w;u u meeting held U?t evening at the Ta bernacle of this Society, for the imrpose of intro ducing th<* Rev. Mr. IIerncuku-. of London, who hub been invited by the board ?f this society, 10 vuit the principal cities of the United States, and speak on the subject of the present condition of Judaism i? Palestine, Asia Minor, and the Euroi>ean conn tries, among which he has travelled extensively. The reverend gentleman is a descendant ot the house of Israel, but ha^cceived the holy truths o the New Testament, and has labored long among his people. The meeting was opened with music from the choir, and Mr. HERsc HEU. was then intro duced and saidThat it afforded him much plea sure to see so many assembled to hear what he haB to say regarding his brethren, and that it wascheer ing to see so many among the Gentiles, who having received the love of Jesus Christ, were willing to come forward to express sympathy and an' in the cause of Israel, ana that this was one ofthe tokens that the appointed time was approaching lie came not as a tourist to describe the scenery and attractions of the different lands he ha/ passed through, but to fulfill a duty incumbent on nim to describe an p - pent to them those parts of Syria and Palestine, and illustrate the present state of the anient peo^. ud he bciiaed tliem to excuse his mode ot conveying his i</eas. He would first speak of Damascus, wnicn wSs weH known as one oT the most ancie* ciUes in existence. The outward appearance of this city as viewed from its approach, has been described in Sowing colors by travellers, but he must say he was disappointed in it, and could not ascribe to it the beauty given to it i>y Mahomet, who never vis - ed it during his life, as lie said one paradise was suf ficient for man, an(i that he would n?t on thitaCj count visit a city that was so celestial in its outwara appearance. iL interior of it was ako u^pleasmg to the eye, presenting the great filth and dueoinfiKrt common to Eastern cities. He was of course^ani ious to visit his brethren, theJews, and he??gage a Jewish guide, a native of Poland, and byhim was directed to the We of one of the wealthiest and most pious Jews of Damascus, and he wm received by him and the ladies of the family w.'^ ^egreat est kindness. The personal feehng against nim was not at all perceptible, whjch might be accounted for from the tact of his coming from England, and pe? haps his "light, endeavors to ?(d the:mdurtn^ their persecution might have added to tt. He would tafc occasion to say that the Jews were a grateful affec tionate, and warm-hearted people, and their grjtt tude to the English for having defended Jem jjunng their persecutions was a proof of it. Any one neea only to say to them that they came from EnglandI to be received by them with open arms. . He wouia briefly describe the cause of the sufferings of the Jews at Damascus. A Roman Catholic Priest li ving disappeared, it was reported that the Jews ha<f killed him for the purpose of obtain ing his blood to use in their ceremonies of cele brating the Passover. This moftstrous calumny was immediately supported by the Armenian Greeks who form the so styled Christian Church, and at their instance the most respectable and wealth yJews was thrown into dungeons, whipped, thumb screw ed and tortured in the most horrid m?nner. i he kindness shown them by civihxad ChristiaM in thoea days has never been forgotten, and frotn al? these tortures, being inflicted on them by P????" wearing the garb of Christians, the Jews say that the English and Eastern Christians cannot have learnt their religion from the same source. Reverting to the reception given him by the family m the youngest (laughter of the family waited on with confectionary and pipes, and on his directing his conversation to the state of education in the tMt, ha was sorry toj learn tliat there were no female schools whatever, and that only one of the ladies of the family could read. On this he took occaswn to speak of the advancement ot woman at the present time, being owing to the march of th?.^rote^. Church. After describing some other recep tions that he had in Damascus and stating that the Jews of Damascus, were purely lvab binical, and that no reform had commen ced among them, but still that their prejudices against Christians was fading away, he went on to describe his route to Jerusalem, and the Lake of Tiberias, near which-he was encamped, on his route; he described the desolate situation to which it had been reduced, harmsed by earth auakes and plagues. There were not more tnan two or three hundred Jews there, and those dwelt m tents, for fear of earthquakes, and worshipped m synagogues that were mere hovels. Of Bethsaiaa aid Capernaum absolutely nothmg remained. the word of the prophesy being thus fulfilled. He then went on to describe Jerusalem as it now is. and con trasted the approach to it in the present day to that when the tribes of Israel were wont to to celebrate their feasts. He wasfiUed wt? WMJness when he saw the filth and wretchedness there, and thought on its former glory. uThe first Friday wasin Jerusalem, he went to where the J^8n?*to weep on the outer wall of Monah. A small place is there hired by them at a heavy expense, and there | they go to weep over and view the massive stone ot their ruined temple. He described this scene mo?t effectively, and called on the Israelites in ^ coun try to contrast their condition with that of their east ern brethren. He spoke indignantly of the frauds and unblushing blasphemies earned on by the Armenians at the holy sepulchre in Jerusalem. After pursuing this subject for some time, und shaking of the re turn to Palestine of the Jews, m fulfilment of prp phecy, he glanced at the condition of the Jews in Hungary, and the great revival that had taken place among tKem lately on the subject of Christianity, and concluded with an appeal for assistance in the great work to the Christians of this land. At the conclusion of his speech, a collection in aid of funds ofthe society waa taken up, and the meet i ine dismissed. There was a crowded house in the early part of. the eveaing, but before the gentleman concluded his speech, manyyiad left. General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church.?The Assembly met on Friday, May 16, 9 o'clock, A. M., in Cincinnati, and was opened with prayer. Tne Moderator appointed the usual standing commit tee*. A communication from the Free Churoh of Scotland, a [ether with a report on the subject of slavery, was erred to the same committee. A letter was received from the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Ireland, and referred to the committee on foreign correspondence. A letter from the delegate to the German Reformed Church, was read and referred to the committee on bills and overtures. On motion, Messrs. Olmsted, Bellville and A. Smith, were appointed a committee to nominate delegates to foreign ecclesiastical bodies, and said committee were instructod to report on the expediency of continuing to send delegates to such bodies as have not for years sent delegates to the General Assembly. The Assembly determined to select a place for the next meeting, and it was agreed that the next Assembly meet in the Tenth Presbyterian Church, in the city of Philadelphia, at the usual time. The docket was now taken up, and the report on the marriage question was mado the order of the day for Monday next, at 11 o'clock. The committee on the anniversaries of the Board re ported, and their report was adopted, and is as follows, viz : That the Board of Education present their report on Monday next, at 10 o'clock, A.M.; the Board of Fo reign Missions at half past seven o'clock, P.M.: the Board of Domestic Missions en Tuesday, at 10 o'clock, A.M.; and the Board of Publication on Wednesday, at 10 o'clock, A M. The Assembly then adjourned. ArTKBNoo* Session, J past 3 o'clock?The Committee on Bills and Overtures reported Overtures Nos. 1,' a, 3, 4, ft, 6, which were disposed of SM follows, viz: Over ture No. 1, the potition of the Synod of South Carolina and Georgia for a division into two Synods, viz : " To the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, to be held in the city of Cincinnati, May, 184ft. On motion, it was Resolved, That the prayer ofthe petitioners be grant ad. Overtures No. 9, 8 and 4, were put on the docket.? Overture No. 9. Two papers, one from the Synod of Missouri, the other from the Presbytery of Salem, re questing the removal of the Board or Domestic Missions to the West, were referred to tho committee hereafter to be appointed on the report of the Board of Missions. Overture No. 6. A question from the Presbetery of Columbus, "Is Bnptism in the Church of Rome valid V was taken up and discussed, but did not close that day. The appeal of Mr. McQueen from a decision of the Presbytery of Fayetteville in his case was presented and referred to the judicial committe. Mr. Lowria informed the Assembly that a company of missionaries, on their way to tho Iowa mission, oa the upper Missouri, liod arrived in this city, accompanied by a chief of that nation, and moved that the Assembly re ceive the chief to-morrow nt 10 o'clock, and adilres* him through the Modeiator, and rcceive an address in return. The motion parted unanimously. Adjourned.?Cincin nati Cat. A Presbyterian (Old School) Anti-Slavery Convention organized in Cincinnuti on the day the General Astembly convened. On the 10th, a memorial to the General Assembly was rocommitted for some ver bal alteration*. The clerk read a resolution, declaring the course of the Assembly in past years, acknowledging slavery to be an evil, nnd yet keeping slaveholders in fellowship, to involve many of the principles by which the scripture'; designate the man of sin. The resolution was adopted. The second resolution declared that the convention had no disposition to secede from tbo Presbyterian Church, yet recognize') the possibility of a secession being made necessary !>v a persovering adherence to slaveholders on tha part of the Assembly. Rev. Mr. Dickey foareil the allusion to secession. He did not believe in withdrawing from the Presbyterian Church, but it might become necessary to forsake the (leneral Assembly, which, though ho had no objection to it, ho did not consider a necessaiy pRrt of the I'resbyte Han Churoh. , llev. Dr. Crothers was not in favor of secession. He had no objection to the Assembly if they would not be composed in part of?he must say it?mea-atealera?for mcn-stealers they are. Tho man who steal* his neigh bor's dog is a dog stealer?he who steal* a horse I* a horse-stealer?he who iteal* hi* neighbor** Wife and child 1* a man-stealer. Tha resolution was adopted, and thf pMfMtton ad jouraad for tha day.?<?*, City Intrl'lgeiice. 8j. o? XlW"*' NirjHT.?The Are. it is helieved, broke out in a wardrobe iu which there wu a quantity of locofoco matches?an<< it it supposed that mice, which were in the habit of fre quenting it,bail (track or scratched ?ome of the matches, hcau?ed them te ignite. Thia is certainly *?ry pro hable? There is a great deal of damage done in the di iliM parlor of the house. the furnitiu* greatly damaged, andcarjiets entirely burned, hesideea quantity of orna ments broken, though we are infenrind that several ol the police force were ?& the spot.The lady of the hou<c had ner watch stolen off a table in an upper apartment. The damage will not be loss than $600. The premises and iitock are injured. We must alio itate the great exertion of the different fire companies, and particinarly No. 4, who were at the scene of deitruction before the alarm was given by any of the fire belli; and this is not the flrat time we have noticed their great vigilance. Cautiok to Holsk*Li:rcm.?The house of Mr. Tay lor, 132 Liberty staeet, was entered last evening while the family were at supper,and ? black frock coat was sto len from the parlor, containing a pocket book with a few dollars, and tome papers of value to the owner. If the latter be returned,no further inquLiy will be made in the matter. Police Office?May 31?A PBoriTA?L?:JOrF.BATiow? Mtsteiiioui ArrAi*.?John H. Kahrs, who keeps a gro cery and liquor store at No. 10 Thames street, was ar rested yesterday for receiving a $100 bank bill, and in tentionally giving change for only one dollar. It appears that David Elston, of 90 Hicks street, Brooklyn, gave hit wife on Tuetday a $100 bank note by mistake, his intention being to give her a one dollar bill. His wife, without examining the note, came over to this city, and gave the note to her sister, Amelia Hanson, of IS Thames street, to get changed. Miss Hanton believing it to be a one dollar note, went to Kahr*t store and requested change. Kahrt gave her change for a dollar only> eind the plaint ill' charges that he kept a hundred dollar bill wilfully and feloniously. Mrs. Elston states in her exa mination that the note Lad on it a figure one and two ci phers, aDd a letter C. Kahrs states that after the girl had been absent from hit store about half en hour, she returned and asked to tea the bill she gave him; he pro duced immediately a one dollar note on the Bank ofTroy, which she said was not the one she offered, and then charged him with receiving a one hundred dollar bill. Kahrs gave bail for his appearance. Stolen.?A year clock was stolen from 109 Fulton street yesterday. Jane Smith was arrested for stealing two shirts, aprons, and stockings, from James Caffrey, 35 White street, yes terday. Officer Mount arrested Hannah Moore, charged with stealing $7 from Thomas Taylor, of New Jersey. Con* mitted. Common Council. ehS"""* Wet lMt eTenin*' Aldora? prored.minUtet ?f ** lMt meetln? worc read and ajv pwpSyTefc?ed^0,,, P*titi0ng Wer" Pre,ented ?<? if Cavanagh, on petition, was re bT ^?C' {, Wei?,h?r- c- h!??. inipector Der. Samuel Howard inspector or lumber. thSrXKffi^ com,m"nica,tion was received from the nm^'nrJZZLhe ,uperin,fndent of public offices and re pairs presented a communication, stating that the deoart a=t I the city be divided into districts, and proTidinir ttiat the i foMheC2S^,i?n?r advertis? f?r Proposal., and contract ?.?? jzrvssgg ?asriff s:??: 2?JEEK?ftssm | ??^J'5n<",on?Tl? rf'gnation of Andrew Clark, trus and accepted0" Schools' in thelat ward, was received in ?uf? wa' "coired from the Comptroller, m^ir/v r!? ?u"ng cartain lotl 'ate of the Bellevue propertj , from the purchasers. Keferrod. Henry L. Robertson re appointed register of water rents. Mathew W. Conlin, measurer of cut stone. ' 1st ward *n?l'ector of elecUons in the 1st district Abraham Towers, inspector of fire wood. *P.trtJr<"*.'Ae other Board.?Several resolutions an erBo"^"erewE' "^other P'P?" from the ot? J , ,nd concurred in. a^JS^assre ?? Mourned Ull ning?the Praaide^it*N' p"Thi> ^ al,? ?et last eve reived.Petitiona beinS n?w in order, a number were Me,,r?- Van Nostrand, E. W. Hourhton No-,9' vi xv. o. Ackeriy, to erect an outside stairs to hi* iimn co?*r of Stanton and Christie streets. o?.5l0m" A-Mar,htt11't0 * tinted city weigher. b7?^rio^^0^Sr,fr0m*MeMment' m*de aad 0U,er??to buUd a P1" at I |^fssri?sa?a?s%ar^ a^iS^-K^ftcarjaai'tt was received Resolved, That the Alderman and Assistants of >??k ward are requested to recommend to th?rit?i-? V a/.UijUb'e.5er,0i> to ^^''arge the duty of Health Garten ??&?& 2K???S 1 ^^SulSut""" ""h"w' Adjourned to Monday evening, at 6 o'clock. _ . General 8cnloni? Before the Recorder and Aldermen Compton andMese IfJ1" M?tt,,rect' ?n tS^Tlh'or ApKlM?m as anon .. fj ' 7? men ?oi?ingdown in a wagon as soon as they saw witness, they got out and ran- h? P"""? ????. and they acknowledged they took' the wagon without permission from the owner. *t?,ed',nhil examination, that he saw Hogan at th^ Wf v"?iK0nlp?ny he now WM) in tlio wagon with him * ' ,lOPO' and at h" reflue,t got in The Rauoatia charged the Jury?The question for h?tUL ^ .MwWfr was whether the defendant took the !i ^ wagon with a felonious intent. The Jurv ra anrd ??ndH . bCiSg ab,ent an hour and a hSf returned ?asaifssaiay'w. "?* m,u'? ?u?"?sr7?"r.^.v5X''.'is!i.:? z issss "" p,"M ???<" i J ?E*0^ and 'baling about 600 pair of woman's K?SESZftS* "",to and shoes of the value of $*MJ taken from A.' bery, one filled with boot, aad shoes, the other cmnt, Lro$$.Kta,Minri-The boots on Hhav's feat warTm.n.. factured in Connecticut; had about 'cn or twenty mh' si?vsHLra? ?J:"r'Xns hM ^ .?0,11?0 ,0" oo#ts of the same make* the ( Urka 1U from maimfi!!1 m#rk!n* tho booti ?hoes coming he aftim?,nn ^ in cach ,tor?i wa? ?t tho (.tore in it tha .tor- In' ,hU ku0W' not wh0 ,ocl?ed it up; wa, not at the .tore in the morning until 9 o'clock. ratk?rinL' A,NI'r"ao''' ?""rn Is a clerk in Mr. Seribnrr s mnrl.i.i i, ,lor,li WM 01 ,Ue at?ro early in tbe 'Tf* opened in his pre?ence, and lie found e shoes au<l boots missing; the bags were there. iiknft v MaasHALi^ sworn?la a watchman: saw Shay on tho morning of tUe 8th. at 3 o'clock, on areoue D.; oiiay said he had just put up kit wagon and wasgoinir home; had been on a bender; the place where I .aw Shay would be on hi. way from hi. stable to his house. Jamus Known?Hhny made hiin a preeent of a jmirnf boots on the 18th of January; delivered them up to Shav upon learning a constable was after him. Jacob Acker, Jr. sworn?Is a watehmaa;saw a wagon .top iu front of Hcribner's store about ten minutes of one in the morning; saw one man get out and go Into the store, and another drove off. Defendant's Counsel her* admitted it was Hhav's wagon. Mr. Sceiaiiaa recalled?Went to see 8hay at fie Citv Prison ut his reque.t; Hi,ay voluntarily said to him ( it was his horse and ? ?gon that was at the .tore, which he hadl.irc J to two men for $10, who w ore to return It to him that night at one o clock, comer of Broadway and 1-enth street; that he ? nited an hour or more tor /uuin heCmnn7. Mn,B u?* '""J ?f bo"? in tho wagon;' the men told him they would have gol more it thev hn.! quested" ,th*r ,h?" *,vo *im th? l.ootH ami tie f..? ? ",ff ll>en' over 10 Ja,"?, Haley's l L i n,orn,fJtf. cJ>rn,r of Seventeenth street ZuI lhe?h ^H0n.M0" I'? ,Ud. ,0' and "aw ?ov.eral paifof booU bags for them*^ thinks Shay said ho borrowed the Crotr-sMmfeetf-ThJa wae nearly two months after the "tore was robbed. Officer IMrong was with me an<l tajgfct by> heard the coaveriationi will not eay poii Ur*l7 whethe? Rhay told hla Um mm Mid they borrow i tbcjr furaitura or not*00 *" th0 PUrpOM ?f feteraa&aa.?A rs t -r ,>rtmaodedand disoBrged bv the Court. The Court here adjournedtill to-morrow at 11 o'clock. New* fhom New M*xico akd Ouqox.?We have received St. Louis pajiers of the 12th inst. They contain intelligence of some interest from Santa Fe; also the latest movements of the emi grants for Oregon. [From Santa Ke Letter, April 6.1 According to promise, I keep you advised of the or thingi in this far-off corner of the world. The seasou for trade ii now nearly over, one or two small cornua nies have already left, and another it about leaving The 2^ tU#t below have none of them returned, h !o *? |ie?r nothing from them by the mail from Chihua ? ''".J?," arrived. Trade in this department tkfl??? duU; M?ny hav? not been able to aell out ?*??* 01 good., and are leaving them in charge of will blnhli J^'a 1,0 bS,UCC0,,ful hereafter, trader* W. k? $ out for a more *outheru market. Parade* VnH K?tten through with the solemn ?ion week aTm?"!00' the "Semana Santa," or pas we h?,?!mn,i . "i"' WM for ? tim? ?uapondod, and of the varioui'J '? wit,leiis tlie representations t hilat. cena* ?f the tragedy ot the passion of Stamen*. h? bSn S^SILSf fve ^ "??<?' ? ordered hv ihHT? forced loan which waa recently meettot?a^l2,TO,r and Assembly of thl. depart off a few oompanie,0of$^^fort,,'^pUT,e?f1payinF waa leriod .L ragged, cut-throat soldiers. It SSSSftSftn -regain* to pay .JtlSC ffiuSf<S5^to with the "orde r"ofleet**^ f?UI? det?ntion, dismissed, fess ot>Uda weTv ?dM.0.nUh U" lon?'uaud ^ wU? doubf. saffiSSr?^; ssAw .? ,o j<! ? ' ho knew from exmiri United States protect^? ,f?r?'S"er here know, to claim ?iliatinr the Au>t ? A ? m?>ckery: however hu man v i,?? , ?*y he, It cannot be denied. There are aDDl^lnt f,:,nn iU.'al citllen< of the United State* all ???.? rSfhl, V**1 Protection, and why? Let the fasts fc? hth? KSS&tSr New Con?Cu"wM^Vve?lhteP.UiIiC trea,ury- A United States SSF Abr WitaX'; murdered in his own&uae; tie matU^wM^lf/faid'b* Mexico, .ub5ffi??fi'& y2fesa P th? government" a Kco A MfX )!.r'0/' government of New we is authJuL * . d,ed but a 'ow day? ago; no course it wm ? m ?dmlnlaUr upon hi* property. Of face^f 2u?hif. r?'? the puWio traaaury. NVw In the awMHnv kthese facts, can any one be blamed for fore when hf can?r' claiminS other,,protection comm?nweU8wah 'Zt'Z ^""Northern **"*>0 will we'lfof Ih e"taadi/,gI>' f0r 1 ^owboSK doservfT as and quietlv^ubmit. i ?urdered, insulted, robbed public of the United StateL-the ^wlfrM' h^'i*6 n#t,lhe facts cott. 'l protect her citizens heie?Snd he KendUi?^^e,?XCellent work* of G^gg and sis of Mr. Oregg's book EverC0^'"'^ ^S'W ed upon that iffontained in?K booHh^rh'Vr^ X lffstltM f^rh? thi? apathy, this indifference for a mo? H,enpMied unn>0'e?ted. Need we seek T1.? ur . St. Louis Era, Mar ia.1 desr rintwfnof the 3d inst, gives a glowin* the O^on e?^C?ne pr?,Mnted m independence by their westward J^urM^r TLmr g PrePar?tio,1J for ~?sst3 b".S2;?2i: mitetein^?mLSSE?*and which we will ??%S?i?szi%n%zr?2i ?$:??? s3S?'SP SS5SS tfonof'laUtrcoi^te withIFJr??* |,rere.ut W ce,k?* time thoro wTll no^? hv Pe,U'0n 01 trm<1? for a short Governor of New Mexico a/erTTa't"'.^.0.^ IS rioVorta v,?e r c ounfrv* '?h?l I*8 United 8t"te,, a^'h'in^ Magofthj^and Mes.^H?^ go out?the amwefn'o^.^:^; ^ d?termi?d Movement* of Traveller*. The principal hotel* exhibited i tad contrast lait night, in point of numbers, to the lista of the preceding evening. The cause, it hai been suggested to ui, exiits in the pre sumed state of unhealthinen of the city, and tho exist ence of a contagioui malady. Wo leave it to the proper authorities now in office, to let the public mind right upon this important subject; and to the Board of Health, to produce an honest and faithful, and candid testimony to such ficts as may come before them in their respective wards.. We found at the America*?Jno. Randall, Jr., Alabama; J. A. Constant, A. Chapman, Savannah; W. T. Thompson, Albany; Messrs. Hopkinson, Ilcnry and Emblen, Philadelphia} Ir vine and Neyin, Pittsburg; Jos. A. Spencer, Utica. Astor?A. Woodruff, Peterson; Jno. O. Gardner, Rio Janeiro; J. fi. Selby, London; Captain Hall, Baltimore, late from Canton; Mr. Greedy, Antigua; George Beach, Hartford; O. B. Johns and A. C. Lambert and families, Boston; Temple, Albany; Crawford, Toronto. City.?John Brown, New London: Captain Fetherly, Norfolk; Captain Cliamborling, brig Henry Wodis: Col. and Mrs. Fahly, Illinois; G. >1. Stevens, Philadelphia; two Taylors and Perkhard, Cuba; Herman Beche, Alba ny: John Foster, Northampton. Franxlin.?H. M. Nixer, 'Albany; E. B. Palmer, Boa ton; H. F. Hagins, Iowa; George Parker, Boston. Gi.nac.?L. Richard and L. La Muzignero, Boston; H. P. Brown, Philadelphia; Colonel Thorpe, H. B. M. With Regt.; Eyre and Massey, Philadelphia; Courtney Tag gart, London. Howard ?C. C. Shey, Mississippi; Stockhole and John son, Hull; J. Vran, Baltimore; L. H. Trapp, Troy; Lewis llichardi.. Troy; L. Dupler, Connecticut; 8. G. Cameron, Troy; C,|B. Grinnell, Boston; J. Johnson, Attleboro'. Wavf.hl*.?Major Showe. Baltimore; Benedict, Alba ny; Hcuden, Providence; Pierpoint, Providence; George V. Sheridan, Mobile; M. Vlotlat, I toe lies tor. India!* News ?The |HTM>nn who were on trial be foie the District Court of tho United States for the Dis trict of Arkansas, upon the charge of burning some houses in the vicinity of Fort Gibson, and assaulting some Cherokee women, occupants thereof, have been discharged for want of evidence. On Saturday night last, at Foit Smith, some rowdy sol diers, getting dmnk, assailed a Creek Indian ana beat him nearly to death, it is said, without any provocation from the ( leek. They also assaulted ana badly boat with heavy sergeant swords some white "men, with the ?ama wantonness. H e learn that another press will he started in the Choetaw Nation, in the court* of the j*ar, to be con ducted by a native editor The annual council o( the Creeks commenced on Thursday last, and fiu.n what we can learn will he well attended. The runners which were sent out to:the prai ries did not sticceo I in bringing in tho wild tribes, but on the contrary, narrowly ?>einpr murdered. A Ut ter from a gentleman 1.1 tiiu <'tee\ Nation to a friend in this place, states tint the runneis which were sent to the Comanoho* were robhod, uud chatad six days and nights, and escaped very narrowly. Ttie Pawnees, it is thought, will war upon the Creeks during the ensuing summer. The Creeks will decide daring the present council the course to ho pursued to ward them. There is much important business to be transacted, and upon the whole it will be well worthy of attendance. Tho Wacoes, Kir hues and f'addoes are the only prairie tribes that will be represented. The writer abo\e referred to says that lie was present when the upper Creeks sent the news of the reception of the runners, by the Comanche*, to Holly Mcintosh, an 1 that he thinks that there is a great probability of a " frolic'' this summer. The report of tho murder of n party of Cro*ks, who went out on tho prairies to trade, is confirmed; among the^a were Jess. I hlsholm, John S| nnhrd, l> G Watson. Nltt.Mlllor, Air. Colke , Jo ui Connor. Bill Connor. John Kttnhum. an I ?everv| ot.ei'. i lm cicekswill handle the Comanche* latter run .hty, If they get hold of thom. .Irknr.tut InirlU^i-n r ?, Jtfiy8. Snusduiv, the dieti lyumhed naturalist it dead I iged 77.